Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME VI-NUMBER 754J
CHARLESTON, S. C., SATUkDAY MORNING, JANUARY 18, 1868.
[EIGHTEEN CENTS A WEEK
Agent foi* Sp?thL Carolina.
To (Consumers of Soluble Pacific Guano.'
.The high!, character attained by: this Guano. 1
superior excellence has, it appears, instigated t
appropr :ation of l;he same name to artic1 es of li ti
or no retjj value, wbich/we' are.credibly inform?
are freely, offered iniNew Tori abd other markt
with asiiurar ce oi'genuineness. Hence it becom
rie?e.s&a ry, both; for '-the..protection : of consume
and the. Pacific- Guano Co.j to call attention to t
fact, in Drder th a : proper caution may'be observe
The jnly guarantee, the .'purchaser can have
that aJorded by the name of tho Company's genet
agents stencilled on th? package^ and buy&rs a
advised ^th?t'.uriXftSf, flie name of Jso. S.REX
& Co., GENL. AI?ENTS, B^LT/HORE, is found ste
eillad cn the ba?;s, the Guano is fictitious, andi)
._. .' '' ' _ I ' ?' ' j ;s
In cur ?o^??ynica.tioR,. of last year on.th
subject,, we. exhibited: the composition of th
Guano in'compaHson 'with that'.'of Per uris
Guano We-showed" that/the difference1 oerwef
the twj consist? : First, in the'- different relaii
proportions ai the .same.'-elements, of fertilit;
Secondy, in th? fact.that so large a proportion i
the phosphate of lime in Pacific Guano exists ?
ready-formed Si>tub(e Phosphate.
We showed'by rational inference'.aud d?dUctio
from acknowledged facts,'developed by.the use?
Peruvian Guano, that tho relative proportion-i
which , the san o elements exist- in this Guan
renders it'al better, fertilizer for. the culture c
cotton and corn than Peruvian Guano.
In confirmation of our deductions we publishe?
the testimony of a large number of planters froc
Georgia, North and South Carolina and Virginia
giving the results of their experience in the crop
We are now prepared to add the results of an
other year's experience in further confirmation o
th?- truth of our conclusions deduced last year
Although the p;ist season was a most unusual ono
by reii8on of tins heavy .'and- continuous ruin s tba
prevailed .throughout large districts of the cot
tou-giowing regions, which rendered it pecu?
liarly adverse.-to-the. favourable action, of th<
guano/ yet in . cases ' where from - this cause iti
action was not entirely .suspended either by the
excessive accuraulation of moisture in the ?oil, sc
as to" prevent; tiie development of roots, Jor where
the soluble pornions.of the, Guano wert washed tc
a depth beyond the reach of the,ro?ts, its TeSulte
have fully, sustained^ the high reputation for ex
"* ? cellenco previously acquired. ' '
By referente to correspondence in another
column it will be seen' that 'where used in com
par i sun with Peruvian Guano it has in many
cases produced better results, and had the season
been uttended .with drought, as is frequently the
case, the difference would have.proved still more
marked and frequent.'
In a letter from Wm. H. ,?ouDg, Esq., of Co?
lumbus, Ga., dated Nov. 20, ?he writer, says:
"On two acres staked side hy side I have to date
picke 1 . from the Peruvian, acre 792 lb?.,
aud from the. Pacific acre 952 ? lbs." E. R.
Beckwith, Esq., S. C., used Pacific and Peruvian
in contrast, equal weightier acre. He states, "That
land m which Pacific was used has produced a
.weed nearly twice as large' as tue Peruvian, and
has bolled in proportion." He used the two in
relative cost per acre, 120lbs. Pacific and 100 Peru?
vian, in'relation to which he eaysj " Th einer ease
of growth and fruit was in proportion to the first
install?e, and? I believe, the yield will be75 per cent
greatBr than the Peruvian," F. W. Perkin says,
" I think it be:;ter on dry land for cotton than.the'
unmixed Peruvian." j, B. Neale says, " I tried
the Peruvian Guano on corn last year and there is
no comparison between them, the Pacific being
superior: to it by far.*' Col.'Beverly D. Evans
says, " I am satisfied by the experiments I have
miado that Solu ble. Pacific is.the best Guano I have
' aeen ". Thos.'K.-Joyner, Esq., says,I haye in
proc??s several experiments betweep Peruvianand
Sola ble Pacific Gurino. In every instance thus far
the ; ippoaran ce i s in/favour of the Pacific Guano in
colo:: and growth-'" Edw. A. Richardson says, ,;I
used Pacific Guano eidu by Bide with Peruvian on
vr he it. The difference i s decided ly in favour of the
Pacific; the plants are thicker, the heads larger, and
the (jrain bettor in quality ." Isaac Oonner,Esq. says,
? "I have been in the habitof usingPeru v?an Guano,
but shall use Pacific in future." J. D. Wade, Esq.,
aayn, " I used Pacifio Guano and Peruvian in
equal quantities in the same field, and the result
wa? about the same." A..L. Land, Esq.,says. "It
wae better and heavier bolled, and opened qui co as
early as any crop 1 saw where Peruvian' Guano
was used." C. Jos. Terrell says, " I have it
. (Pacific Guano) sown side by side with Peruvian,
cost the samo, and it .is the opinion of all who have
seen the crop that the Pacific is the best." Taos.
W: ;Egglestcm, saysy nsed it alongside Peru?
vian Goan o', an d I am fully satisfied the; yield is
as eoodi'if not better, where the Pacific wai used."
;. ,Th,e above is disinterested' testimony^ resulting
from exp?ii?nc?, and. must be accepte d ,?8 .; con.?'
elusive, els?.no. fact, is capable of being establiji^d
?by testimony:.'. We could add muchmctt? ofthe
".same character, W-detoultois s ufBcie n t.
f: ih'?s?,. results, prove. sev?rai Important facts of
the gireafest.?nt?r?stte.^?tbernagriculture. First,
that Soluble Phosphoric Acid is an element of far
greater vallie as a constituent of: Guanothan Am?
monia.: Secondly, that in the purchase of Peruvian
.GuaDo money-is expen ded for a useless. quantity
if-Ammonia, ?nd an inadequate supply b|..PhoW
phoric Acid iaoBt?oed,-.- The truth pf tbiar?tiate.
ment.is made manifest by the results.'of-experience
^aVg?yen inthe correspondence referred. to'. Not
only equal- but better -results are had from the ap?
plication of Pacifle:G?ano than from Peruviana >
? An acre of soil dressed with. 200 lbs. Soluble
Pacific Grilano receives 6 to 7 lbs. . Ammonia, also
'7,0 td 80 lbs. Phosphate of Lime, 28 to 30 lbs. of
which, is re?dyfformed Soluble Phosphate. ' An
'/adjoining \ acre -.dressed with th? - sarnia weight
(200 lbs.) of Perjivi?nXSruano receiv?S28 to SO lbs.
Ammon ia and 50 lbs: Phosphate of Lime, 2 to 3 lbs.
Vf which: aT??rea^y:fo.r>Q^;.^?t^fe.' Now -it must
be : conclusive, if- equul br better results (aa is
abundantly proven) - are had.from, the acre.which
?eceiv.edonly onefo?rth the Ammonia received by
the other,. that the Ammonia applied in excess bf
that quantity,'is.:.a waste, forit is anacknowledged
fact ttoVithaBnoJeffectotf^ The
. Soluble PhqsplmnoA?id'T.eoeivedbyth?.ap
of the Soluble' P?cifieiGua?o proved, to be.more
; than an equivalent ibr* the difference in??mm$ii\m,
aod as iti8;both. & less .costly element, and con?
tributes more, diractly^.the development offrait', it
manifestly. is of much greater importabce.
in the culture of cotton, and tao .necessitytit the
use of Guano in order to mike the land cultivated
'sufficimtlxj'p^odpdiiieito be..rmunerative, it .is- of
the first importinc'eTa). the-planter' to procure the
, inost effective fertilizer . at pe -low?st, dost* ?enoe,
considering the cost of thia'Qhario compared with
iba cost of Peruvian- Guano, it pVesents'an objeot
of no Htde interest to planters. '
JNO/ S. PVMSB & yb.
' [From-. Wm: 3. Young, Esq.]
Messrs. John S: Heese d: Co. -.
I have always; (until this year) used
Peruvian Guano, exclusively-this year .1 used
both. Peruvian and . Soluble .'Pacific separately,
though aide bj side in all my fields, with a-view
.to-test. .the qualities of each.
. My land, is poor-piney woods, sandy l?nd, ex?
hausted, of what little original fertility it ever had,
by constant cultivation: for.' twenty or twenty-five
years and< more. . The land could not produce, in
favorabio seasons,.more, than about 300 lbs. seed
cotton and 6 or 8 bushels corn without manure:
I used 200 lbB. to tho acre-Abant 100;in the drill
.or-hili, the'otb?r 100 lbs. broadcast,.after the cot
ton and corn came up and was brought to a stand.
The Paoific Guano made five bushels of corn over
'Peruvian on acres staked side by side with Peru?
vian-both being notoriously fine corn, and waa
variously estimated from twenty to thirty' bushels
to the acre.
Up to this time I have picked 800 lbs. per acre,
the yield would have been mu?h greater but for-the
rust and but for a storm that it was subjected to,
when a.great deal of open cotton was on the plant.
This storm, accompanied with a very heavy rain,
blew, down my fences,- uprooted .many trees and
switch about my cotton, seriously cutting off the
On two acres staked side by side I have to date
picked from the Peruvian acre 792 lbs., and from
the Pacific acre' 952 lbs. .
My opinion is, that Paoific Guano is bettor than
Peruvian on corn or cotton, and it ia in high favor
with all who have used it.
Before, the storm alluded to my crop was visit?
ed by ?:number of practical farmers, and all
agreed that, without disaster, it-would yield 1,200
1 bs. perfecre average.- I am not done picking and
cannot yet pay what is the yield, thotigh it will
not come.up to the promise before the storm,
j Yours truly,
i WM. H. TOT/NO.
[Letterfrom Chas. A. Peabody. Esq., Ala.]
LBS COUNTY, ALA., NOV. 8," 1867.
Wm. S: Young,. Esq.
Dear Sir :
You ask me for the reRults'of my ex?
periments -with guano,- the past season. As'my
crop has matured;: and'' been "gathered, I : can
give yon a truthful statement without surmise or
conjecture. I manured my whole cotton crop with
guano, but, as I think my method of application
and culture has much to. ao with/the results, I will
briefly give you my method, of tilling the soil.
My soil is a light, thin "piney woods" soil ; has
been in constant culture for more tban'twenty
years. In the winter or early spring:I plow and
subsoil the 1 an d. leaving the surface perfectly level:
About the 1st of April I lay off th? land in checks,
three feet by four ; in the bottom of this check I'
but a tablespoonful of guano, which will take one
hundred pounds to the acre ; then follow with the
hoes, coverine the guano nearly level with the'sur
face; now follow with the cotton seed, dropping
from;four to six over the guano ; now follow with
?ie.h?eB/coverihg a t?
which jprev?nts the Hills ftor?.:4.w?rkin?.!'?ut;.^4,'
secures a good stand. ? When ti'e.^ants-'l^OJa? toi
show ; four to" six leaves^ t?ih out to& stand.!; .If
the soil is gdod,'with.the guano, one. stalk, to a hill
.mVLjieiimorethan two; but if the landis y?^ti?a.
s T^tfe-twq'' stalks. After thinn?ngl^iT?theorop;
ho?r'^itri,. thiB -imp?ementvr' plow^.bb^Vw^y^.
leaving the, gtound perfectly..^
grasa and weeds. upon the surface, tb oe:<killed .ty.
.tfae.sun; -This implement ' ? use as. oiW^?Kjfti^
i?ti tecomes grassy or the surface ^ec^
; .and.baked., iou will observe that th? Guano was
?rut under the cotton pla?id ,'beyond the reacb: of
: the atmosphere; beyond. th? power of the mm to
burn or the rains to wksh^. Bytljis method of ap?
plication, with Bttbsoili^ drought' that I haye
ever.toown wil^.iojure cotton; ' /
. I purchased ^q?al portions of Pittman, and
the Pacifio Soluble, and manured bne-h&f?bf^my
: . crt^, with Peruvian, and, the other .ha?f w4th>the
Pacifio Soluble.., 'Each ..variety was applied exact
.ly'the same way, and the land oultiv?ted^he sAme.;
There weremany int?ll?ge^ig?Stlemeh who-, visited
, ,my farm during;tho growth of^ in^y oottun, and a
maiority of them pronounced in:favqrof the j^ficoo:
Spl?ble ; kui iTTbdd'-forjn no judgment untiltHe
j crop ras matured and-gather?d. The or?p is now.
gathered. The ..Pernean , Guano- ? had before
used^ and .knew-: it'to ,;be ad- invaluable 'fer^iaefc
for cotton. T now find the Pacifie SolobW^tib be
equally as good. At tho 8at?e :'pric? X w
apon have it for. cotton-pr corn as : tbe Peravian,'.'
: Some of my hands insist that it is beetler, but Lam
satisfied it ?3 praise enough for it to prove that it
is-as good. ' I intend to . use two hundred pounds
? to^tfie acre"' another year-one hundred in the
check, and, one hundredr.bro^oaat and itv" ??d
i^d?iy.; I am satisfied that t& jp31 pay better than
?one." The great-ad^
? ??l?, Q&?r ' fertilizers i a the, early st?ft^ it gives the ?
.cotton, the power it gives the plant to ' resist frost,
and the early maturity of the bolls. > ' > ?
The ruBt strack my cotton. v6ry;bad.-etat pfftha'
entire late crop and a part of th?'nuddl?'crop..^ I
have lost at least one-third of the crop, and yet'?
have gathered near one thousand pounds of - good
cotton tc the acre, and ibis from land that would
not produce three hundred pounds without guano
and subsoiling. . '
; If yon deem .the above statement , of any service
to the farming interest of the country, you are at
liberty to'u?e it in any manner yo J. may deem
proper. Very truly yours,
CHAS. A. PEABODY.
The,Cultur?- of, Cotton In the S??therir'S^B.i.
HOW rr CAN BB BKNDHEED v*6jt$i$U[ gc, vw?^. .THH\
CBASQXP BiitDir' AND mos COSTfa- iAB?i.
. The low'.'price;bf ..labor in India; aMj.other for?
eign c??ntri.ea/and the high price?..of^tton:'??Lr;'
.ing the 'wary gave an impefcs'tq'?ts -pr?daction/that'.
m?st seriously interf?r? with its profitable culture
an tlnVcountry^nnless a change of .pblioy is; adopt-:
ed by which the cost of its pfodh?tfpn is reduced."
This subject has engaged the attention''of some- of
the mp'st' practical thinking men of :the'8on'tifern
States. In a series of communications entitled
'1 Facls'for, Cotton; Planters,"! .written hf Wm: -H;
Young, Esq., of Columbus, Ga., and published in
a paper of that' city, it was shoiftl^ by-the writer
that at the present; prices.-for cotton, and present
coat, of labor, considered in connection with^the
average product grown per- acre-, the planter cannot
realize for hie crop the cost of its production'.
.We taite the libertytb quote from me articles re?
ferred to, from which itw?l.b? seen how the eitiv
mates of cost are made pp : .
" I begin with an estimate bf cost of working a plan
atlou.say ono consisting of 1,200 acres of land-?KK) acres
In cotton, 8C0 acree In'corn, 4c., and 400 acres In wood
and waste lands. The 600 a?rea to he worked ny, 60
laborers, cultivating 10 acree In cotton and ? acres In
corn, &c, to the hand, and using 24 mules, 33% acres to
the mule-say < .
.Hire of 60 laborers, at average':price of4125? per'
Cost of bacon, 182 pounds to tho laborer, 9100 . >?'
pounds (for. 50) at 18 c., about '.'.............. . .. ;1,460
Blackpm i th's work .and Iron to .keep.' up plows', -.
wagontt, Ac., In same good condition as com
. me need wi tri; also, for hoes, axes, traces, har. '.'
neos, hames and'all plantation tools..... 1,000
frtsnrance against death and theft of ja mules,
. TAlue 84.800,at9 per cent........ .... .433
Depreciation of mules by age, per annum, value ?
$4,800, at.6 per cent.,... 288
Superintendence of overseer, his board, Ac/.,. .....1,250. '
Depreciation of land, houses, .gin, screw, <tcM ari-:' '"
. nnally. . v. 600
State and,C^>ntyi taxes .100
Rent " 'tt' u. Or Interest on. land, mules, provi- ?
. 'situ. . v.o.. valued at$20,000, at T'jfer cent......':. J',400
Noestimate for provisions, as-lt hs supposed the .
' 300 acres will replace the amount consumed...-, OOO
No charge for bagging and rope; as lt will about
refund cost .'.>..;.;.?. OOO
Cont of operating, plantation.,.... $12.670
As the lands will differ In production, I submit tba
following as the yield per acre, so that .it may be seen
what lt costs.unaer.dlfferent condition : ;
I begin with 800 pounds per acre of seed cotton and
extend lt up to 1.600 ponnds-say
300 pounds seed cotton on 500 acres,, yields 45,00ft V ? - 1
pounds lint, at.$28 15,gives.........$12,607 :
400 pounds seefl cotton'on 500.acres, yields 60,000
pounds lint, at $21 12; gives.?...12,672
. 500 pounds seed cotton on 600 acres, yields 75,000
pounds lint, at $16 90,gives.. .. . 12,676 :
800 ponnds seed cotton on 500 acres, yields ,120,000
pounds of lint, at $10 58, gives..._;. 12,072
1000 pounds seed cotton on 500 acres; yield&lSO,
000 pounds lint, at $845, gives ."...,..:. 12,765
1500 ponnds seed cotton on 600 acres, yields 225,- ;
000 pounds lint, at $5 63, gives. 12,687 '
, s It will thus be seen that the richer the land the less 1
the cost of production, and In an Increasing ratio, that !
ls worth the close attention of planters. Land that will :
not produce over 600 lbs. peracre Bad Ixitter be left un?
cultivated, as it costs more money to produce it than '
the present prices, which range (free of tax) from He. .
to 13>?c., averaging 12#c. ; pnless the planter can be
sure of 800 lbs. or more per acre, he bad -better let his
land He uncultivated and select land that wUl produce' i
800 lbs. or more, or make lt rich enough to do lt."
The writer then shows by figures in detail th?t^ J
the cost of raising cotton in India does not exceed fa
ba anda producing 60oibV^^ M*j0&m
per lb/f aniiDit"?a?sttt??: tbM^ lbi ^?ci^T> f
'avei^;*i?ld.p?r<^ . " v
pla ;e or the culture-bf c?tto'fl? & Amferica ?xi^^be? .v
abandoned. :.. ' ,/.'< . : ,
v;0 ?fiereare tab - drx?rt catt?ei' $f;<K!?jfilB??raf^t^
^l?t^tf^ifl tod' ???k ; --.Mpojk?fy, A ^w? -
foe which tbe /it^? pries is paid - "zi^~^?D?O?fe^s?^0|w|^?.A '
the,r?mo$rpf th? causes.; ..?lefis"naober??ecres--.,.
?'?Bt,b^ ^?t-'uua?r cultivat??^^
th^'deinaud?o^ ,t ;
;Tb 3j4?sser >number^
kadfe ;fo jwt?^ -Y
;hi| b-mana?nfc ^g?qctac, ??qtfat toy ?h^g^rea|?r * v '
bri adth ftrfflVrl/.;^ :*'
t?Mr l?bour paid'fbr^^
citjv Is.t^^eme^^^ ', ,
wc beUeyei.f?capabfc^ . -? \ - '
' lihe-writerifo^ ' /
rco?it of a crotf grown on laM;pro?dc4n^onjy^A .'
lb? ;,.-s??d cbtWvper acre,',i^ M&Wt?^M'r*
wilie if the same;lab?;^
na?rirally ricThveijo^ "',
Ul zing, to yield- l,60Olbs.y the cost- per lb. would ' .
be 6.b^-l(K)/c'eats. ' THt?Teaao? , -
'on ce in eo8frin/t?V>wp;o^
ecce iu tba;produCtivene88 of the, labfiut employ '? ' 1
ed. . ?>e\cpst ;bf "cufttf ,
dt?tiv? orm?de.'so.by. '..
.th i cost of cul?y?^ght?pro?uct? '.| '
it?.j -50? 1bBV>,ae^ ..j
m ide' to yield 1,600 iba.- by sny.p^Uca?aTOl^V*t\ ': . *
a^?ost thatwillM?Bt?fy the outlay. This question
c'tta;bfi answered onJy.^^
;w? tiare ih posa?ssio?of ^ . .
ri ince} which-?hable us to arrive jat definite COTI;
Cl ?B??D3. ;
?. ?B.aatar^fc^ ;
.t? (ft^1;a?d\^eB:,<n?iti?ated,; -?ill in'an average sea- ' \ '
:*i n yield'?ctop Of 1,6^ . .' :t
.ft om $12 tp $13 peracrei Hence}riftheist of?500.
ila. per >.^jpB^:-i?tli?lit. \^?9J^p?<^?i^V!6W.ta^
6' 68-100' centsi.per Jb., tBe1 ? addjtio?al cost?c?nap.-;.
rt.nntnnrtn flirt ?innllYlof?An rtT tili on?nrt .TT^TiUl.n > . ?
t? ? possible, hence the quantity applied: p?
balbeen toa; light, varying from 7t> io
We quote here- from: correspondents showing
xasults of these light applicationg, and think it.
E fair i nference that if the application be increased
l?^,.dAte^??fJ?Q'AWL the writer., says : " My
'< w'a.orop.prbmises'to be'tully^ :titree., times' greater
?i han ti eland-w?tboo? ms^r^.wb^ ' ;
ii??rodaciiig. having used nearlyVQO Zo>. gitanoan?,
Jone per*acre One . of mjrneighbors claires to~ .
1 rave.W acre-oh wM^ v ,.
j Lroduce v^Ut'Umt? as muc?, ^ the land could -pro- . . i \
itace>t^?^iaa?ufecLJ',.. The '3atne-.-writer, says' m a
letter'.,of.Sept. 7x'mhj^ hay^b'adi?yf^^aib
? ny place to see.', the.. etfecttt.-Vj'f 2Q0<^r.-??a^?J?^
* he acre, ?Padi$ :Ta^ r$k?ad^ '
'ifcey say my crop will average ;li200^ .
iseed^cotto?, J. while . c?t^ .'an
! natured; ; (land of/t?ame poo? qu?lity,;) a fence pttlft
between ns, aUsaj,.wiII-.u?t yield ?ver?(W.lbsJ.eeed; '
;ibtton; In a letter; from Dr. W: 'BaTd.e.it, 'o'fc;
atlanta, Ga.? dated Oct! 12t . .186?-, ti? '^teir' ' . '
saya: .'l?-Vam' confident/the. ?ncr?as?d-yit?ld^of ' -
cotton will be at least 100 per'cent A smau portion "
af^ the' field waa very thin arid exhaheted;: on ?his
portion the yield/will be atieast^oO percentigreaV
?r." .'. Dr.-' Hardfen'did .no?* Bt?te' .that,djaa^^--ajft- .
plied per acre, but ' we may safely asflnme; it ! did; ' 5 '
not exceed 150 to .200 lba.: Robert Bttrt? '
W. G. Robaba, of Sanderavill?/ G?iv aays^l 'X??
aaed Soluble Pacific Guano on cotton at the rate of j
150 lbs. per acje; the, present nr asp?cV.i?r th^t ^he
rield will ba ihr<$ timesjfa1&Tg? iwithe ^om?n?r?dV. ?i
(and will^ produce." In an, ?x7?e?imentt,ip?de.,by
Jesse. Mercer,, Esq,, pf. Edge?pmb <county,; N. C,,
the.increased yield froni Soluble Pacific .Guanoj-by
actual weight was l88? per,cent, pyer- the^^^a^an.-.
Died.land, He.did not state^thi^qprati^'ap^^'/
per acre, but we iufef pot mpre l^aa.160 lbs,.' as
thetis more tbari is usnal' in: rtnaVwb^.^t^i':
increase from the; like apph'?4oa of'i^?rt?n1'
(ru?noiasame field waa 70 per cent. $
We take tb? Hb?rQ'"^^to .^?t?i8tJ?n^Ev.Iri9?',. '
one of the articles aboveVr?K?rred "tOf:'.e?t?t?ed,.:)
" Supposa a planter hos 300 acres ofland to cultlvat?,
the land capable of producing' 50(1 lbs. of aeed cotton
and 10 bushels of corn'-td the aare; (whioh take one:
year-With another ls about the average production). Tt '
requires 18 bands and 9 mules, say, about 18 acres to the
band and 83J4 ?vres to the mule.: cultivating ip acres in
cotton and ein Vorn.'The result is that on the
180 acres In roiton be gets C0.00O Ibu. seed cotton or ,.
27,000 lbs. lint, il sold at 12Jic. is. $8,875 j
120 acres in combe gets i;200bushe!B, if worth ]*!. .,. . 1,800.'
jQrosa .proceeds of the cibp-,:! ...?. . $4^?.,
Novy by reference to -ray first, co nrimunicatloa
you will riotlcethe whole 6ost of operating the
plantation waa $12.700. Divide-.thia hy nftr -
laborers, you will see. the cost per laborer waa
8254, and no count :was made In that est?mate
for cost of corn, etc., for feed of hand? and mule?.
Upropose toinoludeitnow*;say- . .'.
18Laborer? at$254each is, .... ....;.$4 672 '
Oom for 18 hands 264 bushels, ...I...:...;.,..
-.':.9muleaS40-r794. ?>?. .
Wlichat$l per bushel is.;.,.., 7?4~$6^66
LOBS on the operation..V.iltot .
Now I propose that the planter only plants 100 acres " '
3f tba land and enriches lt to produce 1600 lbs. seed
iotton and 30 .bushels corn per acre, and to do io he *x
?ends for Bu?no,&c., $1,W0, which will give him400'lb?,'