Newspaper Page Text
[f7onrmt8i? /rom .FVT?? /tyf.
?apeal? of at least 40 cents per day each, -
tom whatever to the State for tais hear
The accompanying paper, snarked "E,"
lite convicts in prison on the let day of Jan
were: Whites 29, colored 168. total 187.
"between that date and the 30th of Ap rfl:
colored 83 ; escaped prisoner recap tor d 1 ;
Making a grand total of 280. Of this numb
Dees discharged by the expiration of their
SI have bees pardoned by the Governor; 4
sndiescaptd. Bomainingin prison ont
April, 1863, 232. .
By order cf Gen. Canby, the sum of $661
ly. was appropriated, subject to the draft c
?nor, for the support of the penitential
carrying on the work.
This sum has been regularly drawn, ?
bave been entirely sufficient for all purpos
ibo fact that the draftR were paid In bills l
and the discount at which they have bea
not only entailed a considerable loss, but h
sassed tho operations o? the institution, in :
reducing the monthly allowance mach, be
The appropriation hereafter should at 1
- 96600 permonth In currency; and if the a
convicts is much increased, it may be nei
enlarge the appropriation to $7500 per mon
Fail plans and specifications of the bud
been submitted by the engineer and arch
? are on nie in the office of this U? portman
completed, the- institution wfll aocommoc
one per-on in each cell, 680" convicts; witt
cell, 1060 convicts, which would not be an
nient number, as, the cells aro larger than
most ol the peni tient iario s of the North and
The water power furnished by the cana
ready proved valuable in transporting gnu
the quarry, one mile and a quarter dista:
foot of Penitentiary Hill; and also in suppl
tire power for driving cars np the incline
whereby stone, sand and other building ma
delivered in the yard at the .ppot at wbicl
quired. A machine shop has Just been c
on the bank of tho canal, the machinery of w
be driven by water power.- When the ou
' are completed, this building may be inderi]
' tended and every species of mechanical an
. facturing industry operated therein, at litt
. expanse to the State,
The act of the Legislature authorizing tl
- Uehmentof the pern tentiary, bas vested th
tive with almost unlimited discretionary
with reference to the general management o
sti ration. He is authorized to appoint sud
and guards as in his judgment the service
quire, to rilow them such compensation and
such rules and regulations for the govern
the prison as may be necessary. You will fin
the papers transmitted the rules and reg
A which I have adopted. These rules look to i
trejtrr errt of th? convict, but at the same th
rr" ia bun bard labor. If helas been obediei
?al; a-id has deserved the commendation of tb
intend eut, one-twelfth . f his term of impris
ii deducted and ht is cet free. In often
convict sentenced to twelve months irourisor
discharged at the end of eleven months", prov
conduct during that period has not been a sn
This large discretionary power with wh
Governor ls invested I recommend should 1
tinned. If, with the-little experience wh
people of this State have bad with reierenc
?rirutions ot' this sort, it is attempted by leg
. to provide for the management, gcvernme
discipline of the penitentiary in all of its dets
statutes passed for such a purpose will be fi
be irxomplete, insufficient, and requiring c<
.amendment... On the other hand, the discret!
lided to the Governor will attach to him a
persona and official responsibility in the i
nrpervlcicn of. the institution than would
casa if the Legislative Department itself at
To secure efficient and rebUble guards t
penitentiary, however,- rt is desirable that
should be passed authorizing their enlistmc
sot less thin one year, on such conditions
Legislitm-e may prescribe, It wfll give the (
of the institution a more efficient control over
than is now practicable, and. avoid the fri
changes cleaning under the present Erstem.
y - per penalties should be affixed for neglect of
desertion, and for ah escapes cf-ns.ners, "
iary or negligent."
Eon? htwrhould likewise be enacted afli
rigorous penalty upon all convicts who es ca pi
. the penitentiary o.- from the guards. The ml
scribed upon the ?abject by me provides that,
the recapture of an escaped convict, he snail
quired to remata in custody at har d labor for
national tune equal to tae original sentence,
or some less penalty may very wise."? be in<
rated in the law. There may exist some dont
- ?- far thia rule established alone by the Execntivi
V be enforced by the courts. AU doubt, however
. be removed by the legislation herein sugg
Whatever penalty is imposed should be prese
by the law. and the Superintendent, with tb
V ! ixovai of the Governor, authorized to enron
. without requiring the convict to be tried and
v eted before a criminal court. . .
I have felt it to be due to the character andr?
cbs of Major.Le?, engineer, architect and sui
a tendent, to transmit to yon the record of the
mission appointed by General Canby to invesi
?jJii? official conduct. The investie arion was opt
MIG public, and was eearchuijW Tte report o
mt Abscission is a most satisf-ctory and concl
?pa?on of the course pursued by Major Lee
?lt him before the State as an officer emin
Bad for the discharge of the varied and rei
M Milka.devolved upon bun in his threi
9 ftrgennmbetof convicts in the penfxeni
BW PWP-? greater number of prisoners in the
?Hrtie amount of crime existing in the State :
PMbhr?ajjer than, formerly. The majority of i
MK far larceny, upon every species of Droperty,
?pa rigid enforcement of the criminal law of the
mw jud tte adminisrration of speedy and exemj
punishment upon offenders, aro tue only meant
which thia growing evil can be arrested.
.THE XSXaTIO ASTX.UM.
The report of tho-Eegents of the Lunatic Asyl
covering tho reports of Dr. J. W. Parker, the ra
in tendent and pSyacLm, and ot John Wanes, I
the treasurer, is herewith communicated for j
v The report of Dr. Parker shows that at thee
\ m en cement of the year the number of patients
' " rae hundred.and forty-two; eighty-five were iee
ed during tte year, making a total of two bund
. and twenty-seven. Of-this number forty-one 1
died, or have beon.diaclarged, leaving' now in
r ~~>r Ins:itution one ?mndred and eighty-seven p&tiec
one hundred uxL twenty-six of these are paap
and sixty-oap are paying their own expenses,
males there are eighty-eight; of females ninety-ni
Tte affairs of tho institution have been a dmr
iered with great abihty, medically, financially i
- ? hidnstrially. The long experience of tte Sup?
tendent in treating diseases of tho mind quail
him. pre^mtaen?y for .tte discharge of tte imp
tant-and.delicate duties of that, position t and
c?m^.-xkyoxablywith that wMch bas^hararta
United States. - I invoke for lt your favorable cl
liwitf bocbserved f*-- . _ . _\_tl
hereafter <*~- ' -<*?1JS' Parker suggests tl
' -; .J-* iota hi the. peni emluy. and prison
. JU iali who may manifest symptoms of insani
- *ahall not be transferred from those piares to '
asylum; at is now provided by law; urging, tsar
.sri, ttat-tte 'parient? in the asylum object to 1
practice; and that lt Introduces a bad class of mi
who frequently STtoceed, by imposture, in deceivJ
the'authorities a.upoicted by law to determine i
question of their insamty.5 One prisoner, under st
tence of neath, was sent to tte asyhyn. after a ca
fol and miento tavesttgation or his casa by a boai
consisting of two eminent surgeons of the City
Charleston and a magistrate. These gentlemen ;
ported that he was unquestionably insane; bad be
so lor a considerable time; and that it would be ti
safe to allow tim to go at large. He was, then, fa
. ordereJ to tte Asylum. Subsequently, he effect
bis escape, and tte Superintendent ik. impress
with tte conviction that his insanity was feigned,
convict in tte Penitentiary was also examined bj
similar board, and for th? same reaton sent tot
Asylum. In a few weeks, he, too, mide tis oscar
It Js possible that tte cunning of theso ponies e
abled them to deceive tte legar examiners appoint
to decide upon the mental condition of those w!
.are alleged to be non compos mentis; but in bo
xases every precaution was taken to guard aga-h
imposition. Whether, therefore, persons feign i
sanity or not for tte purpo.-e of escaping from t:
hanjs of justice, lt does not affect tte suggestiv
made by tte Superintendent that criminal lunati
should not be sent to the Asylum, and I carnot co
.cor ta the views presented by that officer.
Tba insac e hospitals ot tte country have been pr
rided by tte public to insure proper treatment ai
attention tot every person in tte community wi
may be afflicted with that most deplorable ol mal
dies-insanity. Superintendents, physiciansmurs.
and attendants, tte regimen, exercise and em pl o
menta of the patientsyare all in-ended to contri bu
to the reUefjjf^bBTsufferer. It is a matter of litt
oonseque*tjewhether the patient be of blah or lo
degree,-whether ho comes from sn exalted, tumbi
^jjTeven disgraced circle; the same general treatmei
and experience arc necessary for all. lp tte Pea
tanuary no faci'iUes exist nor can they exist with!
that institution, and much less in tte jails, for tl
proper treatment of prisoners bereft ot reason,
ia true, that is each there are cells ol sn fueler
strength and means to prevent tte lunatic from do In
violence to himself or to otter?; bat when subjects
to such harsh treatment, without the attendant ic
-finances to be found in a well regulated Aeylun
looking to tte benefit of tte patient tte maladv :
rather increased than diminished. Humanity, tte ,
fore, dictates, in a voice which cannot be dj eregan
ed, that these persons, however degraded they ma
. be, should ba transferred to tte Insane Hospital io
proper treatment, even th oust lt may be at tte tc:
ard of imposition, or of making their e- cape, lt i
natter that one feigning insanity should escape tt
pnnishment be deserves, than that those who ar
really h???n* should be kept within tte wall; of i
pr? on until all hope ls lost of ever restoring a ray o
rosace, and for no otter motive than that otter luna
tics may object tc* their presence under tte same roo
TBS TjjrrvEEsrrr OF SOUTH GASOLINA.
By act of December. 1865, tte South Carolina Col
lege was converted into a ttolvershy, and schools es
tarnished f0f teaching physical and moral scter.ee.
In 1866 the law and medical srhaoto-were cre-ited, and
the institution, sines October, IfiCTyhao been in com?
plete and success/ol operation,
The report of tte Chairman' of. tte Faculty, here
witt transmitted, shows that tte whole number of
matriculates in tte University, since October, ie 115.
The extended course of study which has been intro?
duced as a part of tte University system, and tte in?
corporation of tte medical and law schools therewith,
prom ?se to largely increase tte number of Btudents
and tte benefits of tte Institution. The annual ex?
penses under tte University plan have been greatly
reduced; the appropriation for professors now being
but $10.000, while under tte college system the ap
appropriations pearly amounted to more than $20,
v! *00- " ?be partial' swfr-snpporting character of tho
University sobserre? the double purpos* of?
ing the expenditure and of Etdtnulttmg more ai
ty and energy among the professors io the peri
ance of their duties, each one being interested i
creasing the numbers in his respective classes,
other feature which commends the present ove
former system is, that one student from each co
of the SUte, to be designated by the delegation tl
from, is entitled to attend tue lectures free of ch
for tuition, use of library and room r?nt. This
great extent, is compensation to the State for th
propriation made from the Treasury for the sui:
of the institut:on. -
I commend the Un ' versify to your patronages
the firm belief that it may be built np. as a high
of learning for South Carolina, and continue tc
fuse knowledge and education among ber ye
Entertaining the conviction that the mingan
the races at the lectures of the University will di
both hi their efforts to secure an education, and
mair the usefulness of the institution, I suggesi
propriety and wisdom of appropriating the pre
University to the white r..ce, and of establishing
other college or university for the colored race,
this means a 1 disagreeable collisions and tumult
sultiDgfrom association.will be avoided. The Cit:
in Charleston ls admirably adapted for trio purl
last named, and can be readily transformed int
educational institution. It cannot be doubted
white as well as colored youth will prosecute t
studies with much more profit, separate from <
other, than ia an institution where antagonism
THE ASYLUM FOE THE EDUCATION' OF TBE DEAF
DUMB Aim THX BUND.
This institution was reorganized in Novena
1866, and the commissionersr-whose report is h
with transmitted-recommend tba Legislature
make an appropriation of $8000. if so much migh
necessary, tor the education and maintenance of
deaf and dumb and the blind, at the Cedar Spri
asylum, in Sputanburg District For some rea
the Legislature appropriated but $1000 for this ]
pose. At the first meeting of the commiteioi
til ?rca ft er it was determined to restrict the mun
of students, so that the appropriation would sup]
the institution until the close of the fiscal year,
the 1st of Oclcber, 1667. The school was open
very successfully, and to the entire salsfartioi
the commissioners ; but on the date referred to,
appropriation was exhausted. Two of the three ci
commissioners thereupon held a meeting, and de
mined to suspend tts farther exercises, not know
when tue Legislature would meet, or whether, in c
of its meeting, appropriations would be mide to ;
expenses that might be contracted over and ab
the sum named. On the 1st of October, th ere ic
the exercises of the institution ceased, the pu]
were sent to their respe clive homes, and the co:
of teachers were disbanded.
The location is an admirable one. The- buildu
ire larg? and commodious, and have been erec
at so much cost to the State, that it would be unw
to allow them to go to decay. I am not prepared
recommend an appropriation for reopening the
stitution during the present or succeeding year
view of the great embarrassment surrounding :
people of the Stat? ? but autnoriiy should be gran
by the Legislature to the Governor to rent or lo:
the buildings for two years, or more, so that he nt
avail himself of any opportunity that may present
self of securing a tenant who will protect the pre
ises and keep them in necessary repair until t
finances ot the State shall justify the reprganizati
of the institution.
The General Assembly, by act approved 20th
December, I860, created a Bureau of Emixratk
and appropriated the ram of $10,000 from (he Cc
tangent Fund of the Executive Department, to
expended under the direction of the Governor. Jo!
a. Wagener, Esq., w.s appointed commissioner i
the 161 h of February, 1867, at a salary of 31500,
organize a bureau at 'he earliest practicable dal
which ho promptly p.-Jct ed ed todo. On the 6th
April, Mr. W. J. Feriov was appointed the agent i
Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Schleswig and Holste!
aad?lr. F. Melcher was appointed the agent for Ge
many. Both soon after sailed and entered upon t
performance of their duties. The silary ot each w
$1500 per annum. -.
A publication containing much valuable Inform
rion as to the resources and prospects of South Cai
lina was prepared by Mr. Wagener, and has bei
translated into several European languages. Son
emigrants have been sent forward by these agents i
ready, and others are expected to arrive during tl
coarse of the present summer. Every citizen of tl
State having lands for sale has been invited to lu
nish the location and description of the same to M
Wagener, who enters lt in a book. Be has airead
collected quite sn amount of information upon th
subject, and is prepared to indicate to emigran
coming here and desiring to settle permanently, th
location and qualities bf land most likely to suit the
tastes and inclinations.
The great difficulty which is encountered in seen
mg emigrants directly to our own coast arises froi
the fact that very few vessels are trading directly bi
tween the ports of Europe and Charl*-ton. Whe
the financial condition of the St tte shall have mat?
rially improved it may be found wise to establish
line of steamers to ply between Charleston and th
.ports of Germany, Ireland and Northern Europe, an
thereby facilitate the transportation.of the emigrant
directly to our own ports?_"Wten landed in Northen
ports great exertions are made to retain them h
th? Northern States or to carry them to the Wesl
The greatest want of South Carolina at present i
population. Our territory contains more squat
miles than the entire New England States combine
(excepting the State of Maine), and one or more of ou
districts ls larger than the otate of Rhode Island
The soil is "abundantly capable ol' subsisting ?h
times the present population ; and with th;- number
thus increased, all ot the resources of th- State-og
riculturil, mechanical and manufacturing-would b
rapidly developed, Many of the citizens of tb
Northern and Eastern States are alreidy turnini
their attention to tbe south as a home; and a rordis
invitation and hearty'welcome should be extended t<
those who desire to make actnal settlements upo:
our SOIL European and Northern Baigi anon ough
to be encouraged by all available means within thi
command of the General Assembly end ot the people
ARTIFICIAL LEOS FOR CITIZENS OF TBE STATE.
By act of December, 1666, the General Assembly
directed that the Governor should furnish all citizen:
of the c tate, who lost their legs daring the war in th?
service of the country, with artificial legs, and ap
propria ted the .sum of S20.0C J to poy for the same,
and carry out the provisions of thc act.
Proposals were invited, by public udveriisements,
from patentees who were engage! in the manufacture
of artificial legs, and a numbe; presented themselves,
with their specimens, in March, 1667. I appointed a
Board of Surgeons, consisting of Dr?. Tulley, Gibbes
and Taylor, to . whom all specimen? were retened at
that time, and they reported in favor of the limb in?
vented and manufactured by Dr. Douglas Bly, ol
New Tori'. Tfc? cmrtract was closed with him to
supply the army and ravy pattern, pursuant to the
proviilons of ibo above act, at $74 65 each j parlies
Who desired the ba!lan<I-ifocke$ limb-which w*?
periCT-being, alloted tte privilege of the same at
?150, by paying the' difference I erween that sum and.
the contract price, to wit : $75 3?.
. The contract stipulated that Di\ Dry should be
paid lit United States currency; but his accounts,
j tirns tar, have been paid iu bills receivable, the seve?
ra! drafts drawn from the treasurer showing an. out?
lay of S35,007 TS in these funds, ibis amount hes
enabled ulm to realize only the contract price in
United States currency.
With th~-view of having the work faithfully execut?
ed, I appcmited Dr. George E. Trescott an inspect ng
surgeon of the limbs when completed, and required
his certificate that each 3e^ was furnished in a work?
man-like manner, and properly and satisiactorily
fitted to the stump of the patient. For this service
he received $2 for each legineperjied. Under the con?
tract, thus lar, there have been furnished by Dr. Ely
one hundred and seventy-six legs (and one extra leg
and arm, at a cost of $200, authorized by a joint resolu?
tion of the General Assembly, to be presented to
July Holllday, a colored man of Sumter District,who
josi an arm and leg in Fort Sumter during the siege).
There-remains only twenty or thirty limbs to be sup?
plied under this appropriation. It is proper to add
that Dr. Bly has faithfully complied with his con?
trae', and that the legs furnished by him have been
substantial and given very general satisfaction.
THE NEW STATS HOUSE.
The General Assembly, at the December session,
1866, made an appropriation of $12 000 to place' a
1 temporary tin roof o ver the ne w State House building,
having become satisfied that the unprotected walls
and arches of the structure were being materially in?
jured by exposure to the weather. Proposals were
invited for plan- and specifications, and although va?
rious designs were presented looking to the construc?
tion of a roof imposing in appearance, the limited
appropriation made compelled me to ado; t the plan
submitted by Messrs. Kay A Hewe.son, architects, of*
Columbia, 'f. e contract was then given to the low?
est bidder, who stipulated to do the work for $12,Ssl.
The commissions paid to the architects, who were
required by the Legislature to superintend the under?
taking, amounted to $629 05- so that the entire cost
of the roof was $13,210 U5. The deficiency in the ap?
propriation was made up by an order from General
Conby, authorizing an additional sum to be drawn
Lom the treasury. By the terms of the contract
the builder was to be paid in United States currency,
and-the payment in bills receivable will explain the
excess of dra ts over and above the contract price.
The architect certified that the work bad been done
accoi?in? to the plans and specification". On t-e
29th of May, a destructive tornado passed over part
of the city, and carried away a portion oi the rooi. It
will require some $3000 to repair the damages.
I is recommended that an appropriation be made
to fit np a sufficient portion of the building to accom?
modate the Legislature, its officers; committees, the
Court ol Appeals, and officers M the Executive De?
partment. The edifice is very nearly fire-proof, and
it is cf the greatest importance that the archives and
records of the State which were not destroyed by the
fire of February, 1865, and the lavages generally of
the war, should be preeerved. The rents that will
be lumually requ red to pay for the use of buildings
to accommodate the several departments of the State
government will soon exceed tne amount necessary
to put the State House ia sufficient repair for the
. There is no probability that the completion of the
building, according to tie original designs, will take
place lor years. Very much ol the elegant marble
and granite work which had "oeon finished, and wis
lying under the sheds waiting lo be lilied to its
place, was destroyed by fire or wantonly broken into
fragments during t ue occupation of Columbia by the
army of General Sherman. It is estimated, by the
former architect, that not less than.$8th.,('00 worth of
finished work was thus ruthlessly tu ned. To com?
plete the structure ia the mumer originally de?
signed will cost about $2,000,000, and the impover?
ished condition of the State should certainly admon?
ish those who have authority to levy taxes, of the
impolicy of taking any steps whatever towards a re?
sumption of the permanent work upon the building.
The arrangement suggested is temporary, but it will,
for many, years, subserve all the purposes for which
it may be needed.
HES EDEN CE OF THE GOVERNOR
The new Constitution fixes Columbia as the Capital
of the State, and requires the Governor to reside :
here. Under the former Cons'iruiion, an appropria- i
b'on of $800 was annually mad?, doubtless to
bouse rent of the Executive during the se
the Legislature-it being the custom of the i
ors of tbe State to reside at their respective
except on this occasion.
In most of the States, Executive m ansio:
been erected and furnished for die use ol gov
and the clause referred to in the new Cons
renders it necessary that ?orne provision of t
should be made in thia State. Either the st
the appropriation for house rent should be II
ty increased, or a residence should be provii
furnished for the Governor. The latter com
be adopted at a comparatively small cost Tt
owns a large, commodious and handsomely i
building, situated upon Arsenal HUI-a ]
which commands a picturesque view of the cl
the valleys of the Congaree, Broad and
Rivers ' : many miles; s beautiful grove is ii
of the iioaee; the out-buildings are conven?s
ample, and the adjacent grounds, embracin
eigbt acres, will lurnish sufficient space f
I recommend that this edifice be set apart
Executive Mansion oi ?'?outh Carolina, and t
app opriation be made to enclose the premi
furnish the house, and to make such changes
b.- necessary to adapt it to the use of the Gov
The public lands owned by the State have ;
since been granted to individuals, and the t
now prevailing of regranting the same land
and over again can only have the effect of ina
litigation among the citizens.
I, therefore, recommend that the laws au h<
the grant of lands in this State be repealed,
the proper functions of the Surveyor-General
State have ceased, except the issuing of cc
sions to deputy surveyors lu the. different dil
and the making out and certifying copies of
and pia's recorded in his office. These duri
very well be perfoimed by the Secretary of Sla
the office abolished. All of the records and
on file should be transferred to the office of ti
retary oi State, and the latter officer be amt
by law to discharge the duties incident there!
charge the fees authorized by law for hts servi
In this connection I coll the attention of the
ral Assembly to the fact that the present fee b:
adopted many years ago, and that all the fees r
revision, and some oi them material reductioi
THE CRIMINAL LAW.
The codi?cation of the criminal law of the S
very necessary, not so much for the pu.pose
daring additional or defining existing offed
for the purpose of prescribing some ui
scheme ot punishment adopted to the v
crimes and misdemeanors. Quite a number
fences are punishable by death, which, since t
tablishment of the Penitentiary, might be pul
by imprisonment, at hard labor, in that instit
Murder, arson, and one or two other crimes1
greatest gravity ore exceptions; but there is no
that the incarceration within the walls of a
fui s on will be an adequate punishment lor crir
esser magnitude. A general codification of
the laws of the State, civil and criminal, supei
by lawyers of ability, would prove a great tie
to the people, and at least place the statutor
within reich of every intelligent man in the !
This will be a work 01 time, but it cannot be
ceeded with at too early a day.
lhere is an evil which bas grown to such m
tude within the last two years that some reme
absolutely necessary. The number of escapes of
oners from thc various Jail's of the State, duria j
period, has been nearly four hundred. There:
due partly to the insecurity of the buildings
partly to the neglect of the sheriff's and jailors ni
them in charge, ihe Commissioners of T
Buildings should be required, by more stringent
than now exist, to keep these prisons in a secure
anion ; and as to the liability of sheriffs, the ex
eucb of the 1 as t demonstrates that all the legisli
heretolore adopted to enforce the perlormsm
their duty has been without avail. Ko sh?rif
been convicted, to my knowledge, of official mis
Suet in South Carolina for thirty years; and
many who have held the position have certainly 1
guilty of misfeasance and malfeasance m office.
ts desired to secure from these officials an effie
performance of duty, authority should be confe
apon the Governor, when complaint is made to 1
md be is satisfied of its justice, to remove encl
faulting officer by proclamation, and order a
election to supply the vacancy. If action is post]
ia until courts present and Juries convict, the
will never be corrected.
LANDS SOLD 70S TAXES.
The failure of parties to par the taxes levied u
them by the acts of 1865 and 1866 has caused qui
large number of executions to be placed in the fin
of the sheriffs of the respective districts. In se
localities combinations were formed, so that w
land was offered for sale by the sheriff no bid
made, and the State was t'aereby defeated-althoi
ihese parties had sufficient property to satisfy
;iecutions-in realizing tee amount of taxes d
Io obviate this difficulty, General Canby issued G
?ral Orders Ko. 63 (April 8, 1868). directing that
land should be sold by the sheriff for the tern
seven years; that he should bid for it himself
uBOuct bf taxes and costs, including costs of c
tuting, stamping and recording the cited, for the I
it the State; th it il no nicher bid- was offered,
property should be knocked dowh to the sheriff 1
:cmveyed by thc sheriff to the State for the tern
.even years aforesaid. The sheriff was required
have the deed recorded in the office of the Clerk of:
Court of the district in which the land was situa
forthwith, aud within two weeks thereafter transl
the original deed to the treasurer, wno was rcqu?i
to enteran abstract of the deed and the amount of 1
ronsideration. Where ipoQ the deed was to bc fi
md recorded in the office oi the Secretary of >ta
l he Governor was authorized, after the expiration
thirty days from the receipt of the de d by the tre
urer and until otherwise provided by law, to rent 1
land for the period of one year; provided that if 1
tax-payer should within thirty days pay to the tre
mer the whole amount of taxes and costs, includi
:he recording and twenty-five per cent, upon su
full amount, then the deed should be cancelled ; wi
i further proviso, tkt if the same should not
paid within thirty days, then the onner of the prc
.Tty should be allowed torede?m the same within c
.?car after the date of its sale; by paying the whole
the tax and costs, together with fifty per cent 011
uuount additional; aud If net redeemed within 0
rear from the day of sale, then tb.* Legislature w
luthorized to "dcte mine by law the conditions up
EV hi 'ii the same may be redeemed by the.ioma er ow
it during thc remaining term of the seven 5 cars :
ivhich it was sold." .
Tinder ibis o:der of Geheral Canby sales have ba
reported and deeds filed with the treasurer of fo
Tacts of land in Greenville District and fifteen trac
a Colleto- District. Others will, perhaps, bo flii
luring the present and succeeding month. You't
lennon is, theretore, called to the order and to the a
ion which has a ready taken place, and which mt
lereafter take place under it. to the end that the nc
:asary legislation contemplated by the order moy I
The duty will be devolved upon you of provldii
jy statute foi the selection of suitable persons to a
is grand and petit Jurors in the various courts of tb
state. For more than fifty years in South Carolii
he requisite for placing the name of a citizen upc
the Jury list from which JurorB were to be drawn w?
he payment thc preceding year of a tax of or ahoy
me dollar. In if 3d the jnry law was amended, s
that every pewon who WJB entitlei by thc CoDstlti
lion of the State to vote tor members of the Legisli
ture, "and who sh ill have pa'd the year precedin
he sitting of a court, at which a nev Jury list shs
bf made, a tax of any amount whatever lor proper!
held ia his own right," was liable to serve as a gran
md petit juror. The military orders which huv
been issued ia this district require every tax payer'
name to be placed in the Jury box, from whicn th
jurors are to be drawn, and when drawn the judge 1
Invested, with the power ol setting aside any numbc
of the panel for want of mental or moral firness t
perlorm the duties.
When thc importance of composing these bodies c
per-on s of intelligence is remembered, too much car
cannot be taken m guarding ingress into the jury bo
by such standards ot qualification and character a
will protect it from all suspicion of incompetency 0
corruption. The dcirest right of a citizen ls often
tunes decided by the jury. Life, li berty and prop?
ty is in thc keeping of these persons, and if there b
a lack of understand ?nc, a natural in ?bi i i ty to com
prebend and weigh evidence, to unravel the p?nurie
and m's-oncopiione of wirre ses, ani a want or ?du
cation sufficient to c omprebend the law of the casi
as expounded by the Judge, the most fearful roDse
quer.ces may result to the citizen. The ?tandan
should be two-fold-predicUed upon inteliigenci
and integrity. At all times, a sufficient number 0
persons moy be lound in every District of the State
who will correspond with the high standard tha
maybe adopted by ?ou; and the confidence which,
intelligen'-e in the jnry-b x will inspire among thc
population, in the administration of public Justice
and the settlement of controversies between private
citizen--, will go a gre.t ways towards implantinf
respect and reverence for tbe judicature of the
Heretofore, it was not deemed necessary to provide
by law for purging the jury, either through the Jucj
hs* or by <he Judge m un the bench; but lt is a sys
tem which has beeu practiced for many years.in the
adjoining States. There, a man too ignorant tb com?
prehend the eau; es likely to come before a jury, or
t:o corrupt, d-praved or dishonest to render a" Just
verdie:, is set aside by thc Judge under this general
au hority, which allows no one to be empanneled
who doe j net f tlfi: the requirements of integrity and
intelligence. In some of the States, the tax hate are
revised by the County Courts, and the most worthy
and intelligent citizens are selected, and their names
are placed ia the jury-box, from which the panels
are drawn. In other of the States, a jury beard h s
been created, and consi-ts of the District officer?, to
wit: the Clerk, Sheriff, Judce ol Probate and Tax
collector. These officers being elected by the peo?
ple, are r re'urned to have such general knowledge
of every tax-payer, as will enable them to select iroin
the hst proper persons, whose names are to be piaced
in the jury-box
I, therefore, recommend that a similar jury hoard
be organized in thi* State from the Listrict officc-rp,
who, from the list of tax-payers, may proceed to so?
le.-t persons whose met.tal qualifications and moral
character fit them ?or this delicate and responsible
duty ; and that only the names of such persons be
placed in the jury-cox, with farther authority to tho
Judge, that if by accident or otherwise, persons ore
drawn who do notmett these requirements, to strike
their names from the pan?l and no: allow them ;o be
I communicate to you herewith a statement cf the
pardons granted by Vue, and 0: the rearons therefor,
in conformity to the Constitution of 1865. This re?
port embraces pardons and commutations g'ante-J
sicce the 1st ol rc-.-einber, 18C6. Ihe list is a long
one, but in every este where the Executive clemency
has been interposed, it has boen upon the conviction
that there was merit in the application. Ic execu?
ting the criminal law, I have tried to temper justice
AN AQBICULTT/JIAL ADD MECHANICAL ?OL7_E<?E.
The Congie;s of the TJnited States, by AC: ct July
I, 1862, donated pttblio ?a.ds :o the severa; States
md Territories which mav provide "Oolleces ?or the
benefit of ajrricnlture and the mechanic arte." Thi
Act donated 30,000 acres for eacn Senator and Rep
resentative in Congreas, and its benefits could bi
claimed by the States respectively, at any time wit bit
two yea-6 from tue date of its approval. On the 23<
of July, 1866, Congress passed a second Act, U
amend the 5th Section of the first Act, so as to es
tend the time within which applies ion could bi
made tbree years longer. Hence, uni ess farther es
tended, the benefits under these two Acts will bi
barred in July, 1669.
The General Assembly o: South Carolina passet
sn Act, whifh was approved December 1?, 1866, ac
cepting the donation under the said Act of Congress
and assenting to the provisions and conditions oi
which the said grant of land was made, binding ber
self likewise to the faithful performance of all thi
stipulations therein contained.
The General Assembly, at the same session, by at
Act approved 19th December, 1866, provided that thi
fund arising from the sale of the land scrip-ISO.OCt
acres, assmmlog that the State was entitled to font
Representatives and two senstors-should be invest
ed in the name of the Trustees of the University
of South Carolina, and be devoted to the ?endow
.meut, supporf and maintenance of a college ot
school, in the University of South Carolina, when
the leading objects shall be, without excluding othei
scientific and classical studies, and including mill
tary tactics (this is the language also ol the Act o
Congress), to teach such branches ot learning as art
related to agricultural and mechanic arts, in the man
nermost approved by modem science and expe
i lenee "
By ihe 2d Section of the Act, the Trustees of th<
University .were directed as soon aa practicable te
organize the said agricultural and mechanical schoo
in die University, and to make by-laws for its gov
eminent. They were also empowered "to make suet
alterations in the buildings of the University as ma;
be requisite, and as soon as the funds shall be trans,
ferred to. them, they shall appoint such additions!
professors as the income of the fund will permit."
By virtue of authority conferred upon me by th?
resolution passed at the extra session in September,
1866,. I appointed on agent to go to Washington, whe
carried s certified copy of thi act with him, and filed
.the same with the Secretary of the Interior. Bis
additional duty, while in Washington, was to procure
-the issue of the scrip to which the State was entitled
at the earliest practicable day. He proceeded thither,
and was engaged in bis labor, when the Congress ol
the UniteJ States, by a joint resolution, approved
March 29, 1867, declared that "the further issue oi
delivery of such scrip to any of the States lately in
rebellion against the Unite 1 States, except the State
of Tennessee, or the acceptance ol' such scrip, or ol
any heretofore issued by the registers or receivers,
or any of the land ?nices of the said States, ore here?
by prohibited, until the same are fully restored lo
their rights as Slates by Congress."
The acceptance of the Constitution of Sou h Caro?
lina and the authorization by Congress of represen?
tation, it is presumed, operates as a repeal of this
joint resolution ; and the State will, therefore, be en?
titled to 180,000.acres of land ior the purpoie afore?
said, if only four Representatives are admitted. If,
however, six are admitted, then the amount will be
240,000 acres. It is important that immediate steps
shah be taken to secure thc benefit of this munifi?
In my annual message to the Legislature, in De?
cember, 1866, l8tated that: "In eome of the North?
ern States, the hind thus raised has been used in
establishing schools for teaching the branches re?
quired by the Act of Congress, in existing colleges
and Universities; and if this policy should commend
itself it tc^yonr approval, the agricultural and me?
chanical features of the collette may be engrafted on
the University of South Carolina, and save ihe State
all expense for lands and buildings required to be
rurnlshed by it. The buildings of tho University
are commodious enough to accommodate all stu?
dents who may desire to matriculate, and thc lands
adjacent to and owned by the College, will furnish
sufficient land tor sn experimental farm."
By the origina} Act of Congress, making the dona?
tion, all the expenses incurred in the management
and disbursement of moneys which may be received
from the sale of th'.- lands, shall be pa d by the
States to which they may belong, so that the entire
proceeds of the sale shall be applied, without any
diminution whatever, to the purposes named.
lt is further provided by section 4, that the pro
ceeds of the sal?: of ihe scrip sholl bc invested in
stocks of tho United 6tates, or of the State, or some
other safe stock, yielding not less than five per cent,
noon the par value ot said stocks; and the money so
invested shall constitute a perpetual fund, the Inter
fat of which sash be inviolably appropriated by
each State to the endowment support and maintain
snce of the college or s .hool for the purpose afore?
Section 5, in enumerating' the conditions upon
which the grant ia made, provides that ten per cent
cf the amount received may be expended tor the
purchase of land fr sites or experimental farms,
when a-.thorized by the Legislature; bat that "no
portion of said fund, nor the interest thereon, shall
be applied directly or indirectly, under anv pretence
whatever, for the purchase, erection, preservation
or repair of any bul ding or buildings." The col?
lege li to be erected within two years.
The University buildings, under the control of the
State, would furnish ample accommodations for new
schools, which may be introduced by virtue of the
pro vi-ions of this Act of Congress; and it is very
important that the "AgriculturaNCollege" should be
connected with that institution, or established in
some other building now owned by tho State, where?
by tho expense of erecting a structure for the pur?
pose aforesaid may be saved to the State, in its pre?
sent embarrassed condition.'
The provision of the new Constitution which
secures a homeeteid to each htad of a family not
exceeding io value one thousand dollars, together
with the products thereof, ?nd also Ove hundred dol?
lars' worth of other porsonal property, is a wise and
humane measure, and should induce your early
attention in the passage of an act directing the man?
ner in which the details may be carried out The
gr at advantage of this measure is, that while it
identifies every citizen with thc soil and nourishes
his love of state and country, it is hkewise an in?
ducement to the laborer to save his earnings and
invest them in a permanent resideuce, whero his
wife and children may have shelter and protection.
Equally sagacious is the provision which secures to
thi married woman herpioperty held at the time of
marriage, "or which she may afterwards acquire by
gift, grant, inheritance, devise or otherwise." In
moat of thc states of the Union this low bas long
prevailed, and doubtless lt would have been incor?
porated among the statutes cf South Carolina had
not its necessity been obviate 1 by the moro incon?
venient and cumbrous method of conveying such
property for the benefit of married women in trust,
whereby they were secured In their property free
from the debts and control of the husband.
This feature of the nsw Constitution, however, is
more simple and comprehensive, and while it may
be obie .'ltd that both lt and the homestead exemp?
tion will have the tendency to affect cred't, there
con leno question that If such bc the result it will
operite beneficially upon society. Nothing, per?
haps, has so much clogged the prosperity of persons
engaged in agricultural pursuits in tho South for
many years past os the unlimited credit resorted to
by those who always anticipate the" products of
their forms and plantations a year fn advance. If
this evil be checked, it will redound greitly to the
benefit of aR classes.
Some doubts hove been expressed as to the con?
stitutionality of tbs provisions of the Homestead
law, when applied to debts already existing; but a
careful examination of the decisions which hove
been made in other States settles the question be?
yond peradventure, that the General Assembly bas
the authority to apply the exemption ti existing
debts, cveu such os may now be in judgment and
ex?cution, a? well as to iururo dtbis.
In thc case of Morse va. Gould, 1 Eeraen, New
York Beports page 281, September. 1651, Judge
Deuio, of the Appeal Court, sall : 'T regard the Act
of 1842 (extending the existing exemption laws to a
team and to certain household effects, as a providion
clearly within the competency ol the Legislature,
and one which they might lawiully applv to all future
proceedings in courts, whether such proceedings
should relate to existing or future causes of action."
In this case there was au execution against the
defendant when the exemption low was passed, and
it was held that the law was constitutional even as
against the executions which had teen issued pre?
vious to that time in one of thc courts of the State of
In the abstract made by the reporter of Judge
Denio's opinion, lt is held-first, the ac: exempting
certain property from levy and sale on execution
(statutes 1842, page 193), apphes to judgment and
execu'ions on debts contracted before a* well os
ofter its passage; second, this oct merely modifies
the remedy for enforcing contracts, and neither de?
stroys it nor substantially Impairs its efficiency.
Therefore, it does not Mn?ict with the provision of
the Constitution of the United States forbidding any
State to pass a law "impairing the ob'tga?on of con?
tracts," and is valid.
In the case of Bigelow vs. Pritchard, Judge Put?
nam, delivering the opinion of the Supreme Court of
Massachusetts, suid that the Legislature might Uw
fuliy diminish the creditor's remedy to enforce pay?
ment, by exempting a p.r; ol tho property of thc
debtor from attachment, or munt process, or levy or
Judge Woodbury, in the case of the Planters'
Bank vs. Sharp, 6 Howard, page 301-330. in deliver?
ing the opinion ot the supreme Court of the United
States, enumerated laws exempting tools or house?
hold goods irani seizure, am mg the examples oi
legislaron respecting the remedy which might te
constitutionally applied :o existing contra?is.
In the case of Rockwell vs. Hubbell, 2 Douglass,
197, Sn reme Court of Mlch'gan, it ?B held ' that
property may be exempte J from execution f jr debts
contracted before the law ol exemption was enact?
ed." Similar decielons will be found in the Suprem :
Court? of other States ol the Uiiion.
In 3 Persons on Contracts, p. 552, arter a revhw of
many of the cases ceci jed in different States, he
says: "At the sometime, however, it is admitted
thit a State may make partial-exemptions ol prop?
erty, os ot furniture, food, apparel, or even a home-.
stead." Again, on the same page, he sayE : "It is to
be observed that as to the rem dy, there can be no
difference between a debt existing bet?re, and one
contracted alter the law is mode," kc.
The provision, therefore, of the new Constitution,
securing a homestead and certain articles of proper?
ty for the benefit ot each family, is sanctioned by the
highest judicial authority in *New York, Michigan,
Massachusetts and other Slate-, as well as by legal
writers ot eminent ability; and there is no reason?
able doubt that any law which may be pa:Eed by yon
to carry into effect thc humane intentions of the
homestead exemption, will be sanctioned by the
Courts of this State and ot the United States.
But even were the question doubtful, under the
theory of the Reconstruction Acts, that the late Con?
federate States are out of the Union, and beyond the
operation ol the Constitution ot the United States,
the adoption ot this provision pnor to the admission
of South Carolina, would still be strictly valid, on
the ground takeu by the Supreme Court of the Unit?
ed States-namely, that State laws passed prior to
1733, impairing the obligation of contracts, were
valid, iuasmucu as the Constitution had nvt, previ?
ous to that time, exercised say restraining influ .nco
upon the states.
The indebtedness of very many of the best citizens
of the State, the destruction cl property, ced the
terrerai disasters that hive ensued, rendtr this
Homestead Act and its accompanying exemption,
indispensable to the peace and happiness ol thous?
ands of families within tbe UmitB of South Cai ol;na;
and no more g?nerons or acceptable statute can be
passed by the General Assembly than that which will
at once apply the benefits of this law to all existing
as well as lutnre liabilities, whether they be in the
nature of judgments, executions or otherwise.
Further measures of relief from the pressure of in?
debtedness will be required ; and inasmuch as the
courts are.to bo reorganized, and new duties to be
assigned to the Sheriffs, it would be wise to allow the
present crop to be gathered and marketed before
claims are permitted to be enferced.
I, therefore, recommend that all Sheriffs be pro?
hibited from enforcing executions in their offices,
upon debts contracted prior to tile first day of May,
1865; and that Judges be likewise restrained, until
the first day of March, 18C9, from giving judgments
in all such cases.
Under the new Constitution, the office of State
Superintendent of Education has been created, and
also that of a School Commissioner for each county
the Superintendent and Commissioners constituting
the State Board of Education. The first named offi?
cer bas already been elected, and will doubtless en?
ter up :n the discharge of his duties as soon as they
are defined by law.
A commendable interest is manifested by all class?
es ol our people in the establishment of schools; and
the desire ls general that larger faciiUies thin hereto?
fore shall be furnished for tnis purpose. To devise
a scheme adapted to the wants of Sou b Carolina, and
applicable alike to city, village or thinly populated
country, will require a very full investigation of de?
tails, and not a little acquaintance with the various
localities of the State. Hence, unless great care is
token, no plan adopted is likely to result in benefit at
all commensurate with the great expinseto.be en?
tailed upon tax-payers.
The subject of popular education has long occu?
pied the attention of the legislators- of the State, and
tor fifty yea? they have been met by the difficulty of
reaching the sparsely settled localities or the purely
agricultural districts. It has engrossed the attention
of the best intellects of the State, and yet out of the
cities and larger towns, excepting, perhaps, two or
thre e of the district-, the expenditure for education?
al purposes heretofore mace has been of compara?
tively little service.
As early as 1811 the General Assembly of South Ca?
rolina provided f?r the establishment of tree schools,
allowing one school to each representative, and ap?
propriating S300 ter the support of such school.
They also au-horized the Commissioners to unite the
public fun .s in supporting schools jointly with pri?
vate funds or Individual subscriptions. The annual
appropriation was 237,500, and was continued with
but little modification until 1852, when the amount I
was increased to $76,000 per annum, which contin?
ued until near the close of the war. These sums,
which have been annually expended since 1811, have
placed it within the reach of every orphan, and child
of indigent parents, to acquire a substantial English
education; and if any citizen hos grown up m Igno?
rance, it has not been from any default on the part
of the authorities of the State, but from the neglect
of the parent or child.
It must not be supposed that a school system,
fashioned upon the basis which prevails In Ne;/ Eng
4and, or of the more densely settled regions of the
older Western States, will answer the purpose
sought in South Carolina. To save an unnecessary
expenditure of j ublic money therefore, it is recom?
menced that a system bc thoroughly digested snd
matured upon all the information which con be obtain?
ed from the experience of the other States of the
Union, modified t>y existing circumstances here, and
be then submitted to the General Assembly, before
appropriations of money bc made for the public
The Constitution provides that "there shall be
kept open at least six months in each year one or
more schools in each school district" Gentlemen of
intelligence, who were members of the Convention,
believe that the fair construction of tnis section will
authorize, when the eyeter- is matured, the estab?
lishment of separate schools for the white and
colored children of the State. Another section, how?
ever, declares that "all the public echools, colleges
and universities of this State, supported in whole or
in part by the public funds, shall be free and open
to all the children and youths of the ttate, without
regard to race or color."
If it shall be attempted to establish schools where
both races are to be taught, no provision being made
for their separation, thc whole system will result in
a disastrous failure. The prejudices of race, whether
Just or unjust, ei st in full force not more in Son.h
Carolina than m New England aud the West In the
last named localities separate schools are provided
for white and colored children, and in a community
where these prejudices prevail in so strong a degi ee,
how unreasonanle is lt to attempt the organization of
mixed schools? It cannot but result In constant
feuds and collisions between the children, in which
the parents, respectively, will necessarily take up the
quarrel, dud entire communities thus bo involved in
continual tumult-the consequence of the mis?
judged efforts of unwise persons.
rt is the more remarkable that such a clause should
have been inserted in the Constitution, when no ne?
cessity existed for making such a reckless experl
meut. It was demanded neither by the colored nor
the white race, and, if submitted to their decision,
the idea of mixed schools would have been over?
whelmingly repudiated by both. If it ie attempt? d
to enforce the law in thoso sections of the country
where the colored population preponderate the white
children will be driven from the schools, and m
those sections where tho white population preponder?
ate tbe colored children will likewise find it impossi?
ble to remain in thc same room. In the n:w relation
between the two races there already exist causes
enough for bickering and controversy, and
the prudence or grown people is taxed toits tension
to prevent [disagreeable antagonisms. Bow much
less will I such prudence characterize the rela?
tion between children of the two rices under the
same roof. No greater cruelty could be inflicted by
legislation upon the parents of children of the two
races, than that which is co on template J by this ob?
jectionable feature cf t:.e Constitution. Indeed, the
mingling of the two races in the same school room,
in the lace of known and uncompromising preju?
dices on tho subject seems to have been a wanton
and offensive effort to enforce, by law, a social
equality which will never be recognized or submit?
ted to by the Caucasiau race. I therefore earnestly
recommend that, in adopting an educational system,
care be token to provide for the white and colored
youths separat* places of Instruction. At the some
time, in the nome of peice and of the happiness of
the people, I protest against this amalgamation.
I have thus presented all the information in my
poscssion, with reference to the condition and pros?
pects of the State. The accompanying documents
will furnish you facts in detail, upon which yon may
predicate much of your action during the precut
session of thc Legislature.
The many changes that have been made by the
new Constituti- n, in the organic law of the State,
renders a very large amount of now legislation neces?
sary to carry thc same into operation; and if the
work is well done, your deliberations are likely to be
protracted to on extraordinary length. Tho respon?
sibilities devolved upon you are of an unusually
grave nature. But few of those who have heretofore
been engaged in legislating for the State, ore em?
braced in your number; and there will necessarily
bea want of fiislhariry with the vaiious duties
which you may be colled upou to pcrfoim. The lack
cf such experience may to o certain ex'ent be com?
pensated by a careful examina'ion of ?he ?uestions
subm'tte.l to your consideration; but the solemn de?
termination on your part to do justice to all thc citi?
zens ot the State, to (ho disfranchised as weil cs the
enfranchised, to the white os well as to thc colored
race, will perhaps bo thc bist compass by which io
steer your course as legislators.
Most reverently I Invoke the guidance of on Om?
niscient God ia all or your deliberations, to the en 1
that the maternal and moral, the physical and intel?
lectual, the commercial und industrial int .'rests ot
thc State may be made prosperous and successful,
and that the .ravages which war has so ruthlessly
.ottered may b- speedily obliterated, and the s-tate
be permitted once more to enter upon au honorable
and progressive career.
JAMES L. OBS.
M.\TANZ\S-Per brig Times-07,7*5 feet Lumber.
BALTIMORE-Per steamship Falcon-50 casks Ciay.
2503 bushels Wheat, 15 bushels Peas, 33 bales
Yam, 72 bales Bags, 218 bales Cotton, ll bales
and hhds Hides, 70 tierces Bice, 3 rolls Leather,
3 boles Wool, 16 hhds and erat? s Bones, 5 hhds
Copper and Phosphate, 300 bbls Wcsin. 70,000
feet Lumber, 12 packages. i'J7 crates ard 22 bbls
Vegetables, 1020 crates Peaches and Apples, and
TUc CUarleston Cotton Market.
OFFICE OF THE CHARLESTON DA1L? NEW?,)
CH.VMXS.TOX, Tuesday Evening, July 7, 'C8. f
Sellers arc asking full prices, and. in many in?
stance?, are holding midllings at 32c. $ lb.; eales
78 bales-say 13 at 2?J?; 10 at 27; 5 at 26; :???t 23,1-:;
17at 29;4 et 23.^; 3 at 30, and 10 at 31. We qco'.e :
Ordinary to Good urJinarr.27 (329
Low Middling.30 @
.Markets by Telegraph.
. LOSDON, July 7.-Censo s Vi;?e.S>5; 5 2Ts 73>.?a
LIVERPOOL, July 7-Koon.-Cotton opens firm with
estimated sales ci 11,900 bile?. Eeef hsavy. Lard
quiet and steady.
Two P. M.-Cotton firmer; sales ?2,000 b3les. Pork
Evening_Cotton sales 12,090 bales; Manchester
rews better. Sugar heavy. Eomeay shipmente for
the werk ending the 3d were 21,000 tales.
NEW TOBE, July 7-Noon.-Gold open-? at 1?0&.
Cition a shade firmer at 23:. Tn.-teutine 42;ia43.
Rosin quiet; strained common ?2 cO.
"f Evening.-Clotten firmer and more active; 'ales
3900 bales, at 3C-.\ Flour-Superfine State $i.65a
7 10; common to fair extra Southern $3 90aI3 20.
Wheat-More doing; new Southern mixed ?2 55;
white S2 85. Corn-Westtrn mixed SI 07al 10.
Mes3 perk dui!. Lard a shade belter at 37al" "?c.
Governments closed steady. 'C2 coupons "?2J?.
Tennessee 70,',?'; new 09. North Carolina ai-r 74.
BALxruor.E, July 7.-Cotton steady a: 32,:?. Fie nr
dull and nominal. Wheat dull ; new red ?2 50. Cern
duh; white $112al 15; yellow tl IL Outs du'l. Bye
very dull. Pork quiet at $28;??.29. Bocca firm at
SM. Lard dull at $17. Virginia registered bonds
WILMINGTON, July 7.-Spirits turpentine was
weaker at 3?a88. Rosin in better Oemand; strained
$180, and Ko 2, SI 30, Ko 1, $3 25; pale $?. Tar
weak at $2 IS.
AUGUSTA, Jul? 7.-The market was dull and
irregular; transactions limited; middlings held at
31. BnyerB offer 30J?. Sales 37 bales. Receipte, 10.
SAVANNAH, July 7.-Cotton firm but quiet; no
sales. Mid: Unga held a'. 32c. Receipts * bale?.
MOBILE, July 7.-Ko sales of cotton. Middlings
31e. Erpens 2? bales; receipts 1 bale.
KEW OauEANS, July 7.-Cotton finn; middlings
31 y2. Saleii 227 bales; receipts 23 bales. Gold i0%;
sterling bank sight 65J?; Kew York fight >i per cent
premium. Sugar dull and nominal.
WILMINGTON, July 6.-TUTU-ENTINE-No chsnge
in prices; sales of 367 bbls at $2 60 for virgin and
yellow dip and 3160 for hard, per 2S0 lbs.
SPIEITS TUBPENTTNE-IS steady ; saleB ef 306 bbls
at 38)?a39c per gallon, as to quality of packages.
BOSTN-Market dull, and we quote sales of only i3?j
bbl? at $1 85 for strained and No 2.
TAB-Is dull and prices tend downward; about
68 bbls wero landed to-day, and taken at $2 50 per
COTTON-Sale of 25 bales at 30; per lb for mid?
Consignees per Math Carolina Railroad
19 bales Cotton. 89 boles Yarn, 51 bales Hags, 2118
bushels Grain, 120* boxes fruit, 130 bbls Naval
Stores. 4 cars Wood, ?tc. To Hopkins. McPherson
& Co, Greaser, Lee, Smith k Co, Ow Williams & Co.
thurston k Hohnes, Pelzer, h odgers tCo,IHtW
Dewee-, Goldsmith JE Co, Chisolm Bros, J C H Claw
sen, Bart k Wirti, Konapaux & Lanneau, Eins m an
i-Howell. Welch k Brandes, C L Tites, H W Kins?
man, H F Baker k Co, Cowie k Moire, G H Walter
k Co, G rollin, F W Clonasen,and Bailroad agent.
Consign?e* per Northeastern Railroad,
117 bbls Naval Stores, 2 bales Cotton, cars Stock,
Mdze, kc. ToZ Davis, Seeder k Davis, J Mitchell,
A A Gold -raith k Co, Mazyck Bros, C Byan, H W
Kinsman, P J Pnraon. and F A Sawyer.
Fer steamship Falcon, for Baltimore-Mr and Mrs
Fitzsimons, J S Ladt on, Mrs E.Hoyme, Mr and
Mrs J H Simpson, Mr and Miss. Hamilton, J T Brit?
ton, and Dr Becker.
Per steamship Manhattan, from Kew York-J.E
Semke and lady, B J Touhey, A Schacte, J Brodie,
Master Brodle, B J Simpson, J B Taylor and wife, B
O'Neill, Miss H W?liams, J B O'Neill, C M Drake, G
H Hoppe ck, Master W P O'Neill, Miss Nelli? Brown,
ll G Mrcet, Miss Julia Johnson, W Johnson, Miss
Mary Smith, M(SB Bosa Drake, J Morrissey, Captain
Budds, J Wright, and 13 in steerage.
Per steamer St Helena, from Edisto and Rockville
Mrs Bailey, Mrs P S Whaley, Miss P. M Whaley, E T
Legare, - Wineberg, H Ducker, W E Beeves, c
Seele, and 12 on deck.
Port of Charleston. July S.
Steamship Manhattan, Woodhull, New York-left
Sund av, AM. Maze. To James Adner & Co, Rail?
road Agent, J D Aiken k Co. JE Adger k Co, H Bis?
choff 4 Co, D Briggs, W J Yates, D A Amme, T
M Brlstoll. W M Bird k Co, W S Corwin k Co, Chis?
olm Bros, E R Cowperthwait, J C Cochran, Cameron,
Barkley k Co, X M Cater. H Cobla k Co, R G Dunn
k Co, Dr C Davegs, Dowie & Moise, D F Fleming k
Co, B M Fogartte, Goodrich, Wineman k Co, J Bur
karup k Co, C Grovely, Forsyth, McComb k Co,.h H
Graber, N A Hunt, J W Harrisson, G H Iagraham k
Sos, Jennings, Tbomllnson k Co, H W Kinsman, A
Langer, Klinck, Wickenberg & Co, King & Gibbon,
W Knobeloch, J H Muller, Mantoue & Co, Muller,
Nimitz s Co, J H Murray, W Marscher, J M Martin.
J P Merkhardt, B O'Neill, D O'Neill k -on, D Paul
k Co, W F P.aulon, Raoul & Lynab, J R Rtad k Co,
J Russell. E H Rodgers & Co, P C Schroder.. Street
Bros & Co, L Schnell k Co, W Steele, G W Srronb i
Co, H Stender, G W Steffens 4 Co, J F Taylor k Co,
J B Togni, J H Valiers, S H Wilson, J K M Wohlt-1
mon, Welch k Brandes, Werner fc Ducker, Z .gbaum,
Young k Co, Frost k Adger, and others.
Steamer St Helena, Boyle, Edisto and Rockville.
Potatoes and Mdze. lo J H Murray, S Howe, W C
Dukes k Co, C t?cele, J Tourney, Campbell k Hig?
gins, W S Corwin & Co, Cobon, Uanckel k Co, J C H
Claussen, W Gurney, Roper & Stoney, and others
Steamship Falcon, Horsey, Baltimore-Courtenay t
Brig Times, Ani3bury, Mntanzie-J A Enslow & Co.
British sehr Molvina Jane, Gould, St Johns, N B, via
Savannah-W P Hall. .
Steamship Falcon, Horsey, Beltimore.
?Steamer Dictator, Willey, PaJatkft, via Jacksonville,
Fernandina, and Savannah.'., .
MST OP VESSELS
CP, CLEARED AND SAILED FOR THIS PORT
Sehr Emmi, Anthony, up.Jnne 0
Sehr B N Hawkins, Wyat.', up.June ll
Sehr ? G Sylvester, Sylvester, up.June' j
Scbr Othello, Eldridge, cleared.June :3
?ehr Jonas Smith, Nichols, cleared.June 21
Sehr Argus Eye, Mavbeni, cleared.?July 2
scbr Liny, Francis. up. July 2
jnUSS?bU>9 BOOK STORE.
WEEKLY LIST KEW BOOKS, Ac.
. MORTE D'ARTHUR. Sir Themas Malory's Book
oi King Arthur, and cf his Nolle Knights o: tie
Round Table. With an introduction by Sir Ed.
Strathey, Bart. 12 mo. Cloth. SI 75.
PA3E. Man; Where, Whence, and Whither, being
a G'arre at Man in his Kamral Bistory Relations.
By David Pare, LL. D., F. E. S. E., F. G. S., author
of Past and Present, Lite ol the Globe, Philosophy ol
Geologv, Geology ur Generai Readers, kc, kc
12 mo. ' SI 50.
SEWALL. Evenings with tte Bible and Science.
1 vol. ISmo. SI 25.
BLEDSOE. The Philosophy cf Mathematics with
relerecee to Geometry and the Infinit?sima] Method.
Bv Albert Tavlor Bledeoe, A. M. LL. D. 12mo.,
doth. S2. ^ '
LOGM1?. A Treatise cn Meteorology, with a Col?
lection of Meteorological Tables. By Elias Loomis,
LL. D.. Professor ol Natural tkilospby and Astrono?
my in Yalo Co'lege, and author cf a Course of Mathe?
matics. 8vo. $2.
OZANAM. History of Civilization in the Filth
Century, translated, by permission, from the French
ci A. Fred. Ozanam, late Professer of French Litera?
ture in the Faculty of Letters at Paris. By A. C.
Glyn. B. A. 2 vole., 12mo. *3 50.
FRERE. O'.? Deccan Da-s, cr Hindoo Fairy Le
?1 SO. ".
VAK BORCKE.-^Memoirs oi the Confederate War
for Independence.' By Heres Von Borcke, lately
Chief cf Staff to Gen. J. E. B. Smart 1 TO!., with
map. $2 75.
?ONGE. The Pupils of St/John tte Divine. By
tte author ol The Heir of Hedclyfie, with tour illus?
trations by E. Armitage, A. E. A.. London. ?2. .
ROGERS. Essavs troni Good Words : Ten Essayp,
originally published in "Good Wor2?." Ly Henry
Rogers, author of "The Eclipse of Faith," 1 vc!.,
12 mo. $175. . , _
M'ME RECAMIER3. Memoirs ard Correspon?
dence of Madare Recamier. 1 vol.. 12mo. SI.
M'me Swetchine's Liie and Letters. 1 vol., 12mo.
"ST. BECVE. Portraits , oi Celebrated Women. 1
vol., i2 mo. S2. _
BECKFORD. Vftthek. an Arabian Tale, by Wm.
Beckford, with notes critics] and explanatory. 1 vcl.
?T CLAI5. Dainty Dishes : Receipts collected
byLady Harriet St. C;ai-. 1 vol. Svo. 52.25.
KEW NOVELS. Beaumarchais, SI 50. Fairfax,
by Esten Cooke, 51 75. Malbrock, SI 15. Artist's
Dream, SI 75. Lost Name, 50 cents. Frakeapeare,
by author Guv Livingstone, 50 cents. Poor Human
uv, 50 cents.' Rumor, 75cents. Gerald Ercourt, 75
conti. Lcrds and Lacie--, 75 cents. June 12
CHARLESTON CITT HALLWAY COM?
OFFICE CHABLESTON CITY RAILWAY CO.,1
COBKEB BBOAD ABS EAST BAT STREETS, y
CHARXEBTO?T, 8O. CA., May 18, 1868. j
SCHEDULE OF THE CHARLESTON CITY'
Leave Upper Terminus Leave Lower Terminit
?t 7.30 A.M., and at inter- at 8 A.M., and at inter?
vals of eight (8) minutes vals of eight (8) minutes -
during the day till the during the day till 10 P.
last trip at 9.30 P.M. M.
N.H.-Leave the Battery as follows : On the hour,.
and tice Ire (12) minutes of the hour, /rem 8 A.M.,.
except at twelve (12) minutes of 9 o'clock, A. M. Every
other trip from the old Postoffice until 4.30 P. M.
from the Upper Terminus, when all the trips are to
RUTL EDGE-STREET LINE.
Leave Upper Terminus Leave Lower Terminus
at 7.30 AM., and at inter- at 8.05 AM., and st inter
vals of ten (10) minutes vals of ten (10) minutes
during the day till 9.10 during the day rill 10P.M.
P.M. - .
N.B.-Leave the Battery at fifteen (15) minutes ofter
the hour, and thirty-five (35) minute? after the hour,.
except at 8.35 A. M. Every othnr trip from the old?.
Postoffice until 4.30 P. M. from Upper Terminus,
when all the trips are to the Battery.
Leave Upper Terminus Leave the Lower Termin?
?t 9 A.M., and at inter- uta at 9.80 AM., and ata
vals of nfteen (15) min- Intervals of alteen (15)
utes till 7.00 P. M. minutes till 7.3?) P. M.
N.B.-All the trips are to the Battery.
BUTLEDG E-STBEET LINE. .
Leave Upper Terminus | Leave Lower Terminus,
at 9 A.M., and at inter-1 ot 9.35 AJI., and at inter-,
vals of every twenty (20) vals of every twenty (20).
minutes dil 6.45 P.M. | minutes hil 7.30 P.M.
N.B.-All the trips are to the Battery.
S. W. RAMSAY,
May 17_Secretary and Treasurer.
fSgi SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
GENERAL 6UPERTN TENDES T'S OFFICE, I
CHARLESTON, S. C., March 26,18C8. i
ON AND AFTER SUNDAY, MARCH 29TH, I D?
PASSENGER TRAINS of the South CaroULB?
Railroad will run'as follows :
Leave Charleston.-,.6.3a A. M.
Arrive st Augusta.3.30 P. M?
Connecting with trains for Montgomery, Memphis,
Nashville and New Orleans, via Montgomery an?
Leave Charleston.,.<.6.30 A. M.
Arrive at Columbia.3.60 P. M.
Connecting with Wilmington and Manchester RiiJ
road, Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad an#
. F0B CHARLESTON.
Leve Augusta.6.C0 A. M..
Arri?? at Charleston.....3.10 P. M.
Leavn Columbia.C 00 A. M.
Arrive ttCharlaston.;...3.10P. M.
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS
Leave Caarleston. .?.7.30 P. M..
Arrive at Augusta.6.45 A. M.
Connecting with trains for Memphis, Nashville
and New Orleans, ^ia Grand Junction.
Leave Augusta..'..'.4.30P. M.
Arrive at Charleston.... ".4.00 A. M.
COLUMBIA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.5.40 P. M.
Arrive at Columbia.6.20 A. M.
Connecting (sundoys excepted) with Greenv?lB and'
.Leave Columbia........'.5,30P. M?
Arrive at Charleston..-.6.30 A. In*.
iLeave Charleston.....'.3.40 P. If?
' Arrive at Summerville..5.16 P. M.
Leave SummerviUe,.?.20 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.8.35 A. M.
On Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays.
Leave Ringville..2,20 P. M.
Arrive at Camden.5.Q0 P. M..
Leave Camden.... :.5.10 A. Ia*.
Arrive at Eingville......7.40 A. M.
(Signed) H. T. PEAKE,
April 29 ._General Superintendent.
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.
CHARLOTTE AND SOUTH CAROLINA RAIL?
SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE, I
COLUMBIA, S. C., March 31, 1868. I
ON AND AFTER THIS DATE, THE TRAINS:
over this Road will run as follows :
Leave Columbia at.4.00 P. M.
Arrive at Charlotte at.11.00 P. M.
Leave Charlotte at.11.35 P. M..
Arrive at Columbia at.CCU A. M."
Passengers taking this route, going NorthV make .
close connections at Greensboro', Weldon and Ports
month, to uH principal Northern cities.
jQjrTlckeni optional from Grernsboro', either via.
Danville or Raleigh; and from Portsmouth tither
via Bay Line or A nnanit ssic Route. Baggage checked
Connections made both ways with trains of tte
Greenville and Columbia Railroad.
April 2 Superintendent. -
30,000 FRANCS ! !
AWARDED THE PRIZE MEDALS AT WORLD'S'.
F.\1B, Loudon ; WORLD'S FAIR, New York >
EXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE, Paris;
WINSER OF THE WAGER
30,000 FRANCS ! !
$6,000 m GOLD),
At the recent International Contest in the Paris Ex?
The public are invited to call and examine the re?
port ci the Jury on the merits of the great coniest,
and see the official award to the Herring's Patter
over all cthere.
HERRING, FARREL & SHERMAN,.
No. 251 Broadway, corner Murray-st, New York.
FABRP.EL, HERRING ts CO., 1 HERRING A CO.
Philadelphia. J Chicleo.
HERRING, FARREL k SHERMAN, New Orleans.
Large Stock on hand by
JOSEPH WAIKER, Agent,
Noe. 3 BROAD AND 109 EAST BAY STREETS.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
March 3 9mo
-rn H. KELLERS it CO.,
DRUGGISTS AND APOTHECARIES,
No. 131 MEETING-STREET, NEAR MARKET
FRESH ADDITIONS OF
DRUGS, 1IEDICIXES AND CHEMICALS
^PRESCRIPTIONS PDT UP WITH CARE.-?).
January 3 ruths
O O Iv AND JOB
THE UNDERSIGNED INFORMS HIS FRIENDS -
and the Public that he has a large assortment of
NEW TYPE MACHINERY, and a ALC stoti o?
CARDS, PAPER, kz., direct from manufacturers,
and will execute all orders for
BOOK AXD JOB PRINTING
in a neat manner, and at GREATLY REDUCED
* Having large lents of type, will contract for the
publication 0: a Weekly or Monthly on liberal terms.
Orders for BOOKBINDING promptly attended tc .
at low late?, if left at No. 33 HAYNE-STREET.
May 12 JAS- W. MCMILLAN.