Newspaper Page Text
V?T.TTTYTE VT -TOMBER 844]
CHARLESTON, S. C., SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1868.
[EIGHTEEN CENTS A WEEK
TBE NEWS FOB THE CAMPAIGN
GREAT INDUCEMENTS TO CLUBS.
The importance of the great political con?
test upon which we have now fairly entered
renders the dissemination among the people
of sound political views and accurate and ear?
ly information of the progress and inoidents
of the canvass, a matter of peculiar interest
and expediency. Every individual who has
any stake in the welfare of these Southern
States, should give an active, personal ?nd un?
flagging support to the candidates of the
National Democracy-SETXOUK and BLAIR. A
triumph of the Radicals will result in the
utter desolation and min of the South, and
the placing of an ignorant and brutal race in
all positions and places of honor and trait, to
the exclusion of the white race. The govern?
ment must he wrested from the thieves and
plunderers who now have oonlrol of it, end
power placed in the hands of a party pledged
to give peace to a distracted country, and to
make it a government fur white men, and not
for negroes. It is only necessary that the peo?
ple shonid be thoroughly informed to accom?
plish this, and Tas NEWS willie an admirable
means of diffusing this information.- In order
to place the paper within the reaoh of all, we
? have- adopted a scale of reduced rates of sub-: j
scrip tion for . the font months covering the
presidential canvass, and offer besides peculiar
inducements for the formation of clubs. :-Wu
are determined that THE NEWS shall be the
cheapest and best newspaper in the South.
Its blows will fall thickly, steadily and rapidly;
and if the friends of law, order and the Con?
stitution do their duty by extending its circu?
lation, its lar^rs can be.niade powerfully effec?
tive fox good--. We appeal? then, to our readers
to examine our remarkably low terms, and go
to work with a will to get np large clnbs for
THE CHARLESTON NEWS.
SIXES EOE THE CAMPAIGN NEWS,
Daily Nevrs (four months).12 00 j
Tri-Weekly Hews (four months). 1 00
Five copiea Daily Nows, four months, to
one address.... .$8 50
Fire copies Tri-Weekly News, four
months, to one address.. ?25
Ten copiea Daily News, four months, to
one address....."....15 90
g - Ten copies Tri-Weekly News, four months,
Si to one address.-....v7 50
One copy of THE NEWS free to avery person
who Bends a club of ten subscribers at these
zatos. The cash must in all oases accompany
These prices should secure fer THE NEWS a
vast circulation, which would result in a cor?
responding benefit to the Democratic cause.
May we sot confidently ask the kind offices of
our friends in this behalf?. ?
Remittances can be made oy money order at
our risk, and all letters should be addressed to
RfORDAff, DAWSON & CO.,
Charleston, 8- 0.
Our Europe*, u DI? pate ries.
[BT ATLANTIC TELEGRAPH.] .
tm INTERNATIONAL XAOHT SACS-WHY THE
.. . - . -BAPPK? WAS BEATEN. '
-SOUTHAMPTON, August 26.-The defeat of tba
Sappho yesterday is explained by the fact that
she was not in a proper condition to enter the
regatta, and in consecjuence met with a series
of provoking accidents,' which really put ber
oat of the race long before its conclusion. The
Sappho was nndergoing repairs to her boll and
rigging, which were damaged last week in a
colhaion. with the Encnanire?S. The work was
hurriedly done; so that she might' be ready for
the race, and the repairs- were incomplete, sp j
break-downs were inevitable.
When the signal gun was fired the Sappho
was behind, .bat was steadily gaining on the
Oimara when her fore-gaft-topsail' gave way.
In spite of this accident she soon mended her
speed and succeeded In passing the Oimara.
She was pushing ahead ander fine headway
and with a good prospect of coming np with
the other yachts, when her fore bob-stay part?
ed. Temporary repairs were made and the
schooner waa again making up for her lost
time, when, in .consequence of the loss of ber ?
. bob-stay, her jibboom broke off. All efforts
to finish the race on her part were then
Abandoned, as the boat was a wreck.
The following is the time of the yachts :
Cambria, 6- hoars and 17 minutes; Aline, 6
hoars 19 minutes; Oimara, 6 hours 22 minutes'
Condor, 6 hoars 25 minutes; Sappho, 8 hours.
Captain Baldwin, of the Sappho, says that had
these breakages not occurred the American
boat, would har? won,, the race, and he offers a
i new challenge'to the English yachts for a long
tin at sea. On board the Sappho daring the
race were Colonels Armytage and-Voorsobayle,
Captain Legend, B. N., Mr. Grinnell, Mr.
Jones, the owner of the yacht Miranda, and
.others. The schooner Cambria, which won
the race, was bout at Cowes.
.fv * SPEECH OP if A it OTT AT. V ATLANT.
PABIS, August 26.-Marshal Vailant, Minis?
ter of the Emperor's household, was present at
the opening af the Council General at Dijon,
and made a speech calculated to have a highly
tranquilizing effect, coming soon after that of
the Emperor at Troyes. He congratul?t ed the
members of the councii and the p9ople of the
department on the e access fol harvests.. The
blessings of abondant crops, he said, were
readily appreciated by the people, as they had
reason to feel assured, by recent events, that
they would enjoy their prosperity in peac .
The Marshal made a happy allusion to thc
speech of the Emperor at Troyes, which be
cited in support of bis declarations. He con?
cluded with this sentence: "abundance in
peace, bat not eustaioel at the expense of pa?
triotism. This is the summary ot the present
position of France."
PROTECTION 07 EXIGEANTS.
BERLIN, August 26.-The offi?al journals
here say the Prussian Government has accep?
ted the proposals made by the United Slates
for the establishment of effectue regulations
for the protection and welfare of emigrants,
and that agenta have been-appointed to nego?
tiate with the American authorities on the
subject. It is understood that the Prussian
minister at Washington has been instructed
that as the mutual relations of Germany and
the United States are now on such a favorable
footing, the Prussian Government expects that
these negotiations will be brought to a speedy
and satisfactory result.
DEEEAT OF THE REBETiS IK CHINA.
HONG KONG, July 15.-Reports have reached
here from the north that the imperial troops
have gained a great victory. The army of the
rebels, which for several months menaced Tien
Tain, while returning south, was overtaken by
the imperial forces. The latter were assisted
by European officers and engineers. A great
battle took place. The rebels were defeated
and totally routed. Great rejoicing in Pekin
over iuc result.
Oar Washington Dispatches.
WASHINGTON, August 28.-General Meade to?
day visited the President and General Scho?
field, and departed on a visit North. He
says "he is snr? that the Southern people j
mean to do right."
There was a brief Cabinet session to-day,
Messrs. Browning, Evarfcs and Randall being
Tho President and Secretary of War referred
th? Hon. James B. Campbell, who comes from
Charleston, to secure assurances of safety, to
the recent orders sent to Generals Buchanan
and Meade, and to the opinion of the Attorney
General. The President and Secretary sympa?
thize with the objects of air. Campbell's mis?
sion, but can do nothing unless farther emer?
gencies should arise.
The 6th Infantry, part of which is in the
Indian conn try, will be concentrated in Charles?
Rosecrans has arrived, and is the bearer of
no address from the Southern Generals. He
does not know that such an address Was con?
templated, and his visit to General Lee was
simply on his own motion, having acted with?
out the advice or counsel of any person or
party. His intercourse was corral and pleas?
ant, and conclusive to his mind that the Son.h
ern Generals are no impediment to restoration
A special treasury agent leaves soon for the
Northern ports, with a view of reducing the
number of men and the expense of collecting
ST. LOUIS, August 28.-A Denver dispatch
says that the Indians attacked Kiowa Station,
carrying off a woman and child, whose bodies
Were afterward found horribly mutilated. They
killed three men at Lathan, on the Platte
stage route, stripping the country of stock and
provisions. Twelve murders have occurred in
in two days. A Cheyenne dispatch says that
E. W. Pratt was scalped. Volunteers are in
pursuit of the Indians.
ATLANTA, August 28.-In the Senate to-day,
H. P. Farrow WSB confirmed as Attorney Gene?
ral of the State.
In the House, Bryant made a long speech
eulogistic of the negro.
One Effect of N egro Legislation. . *
' NEW TOBE, August 28.-The Brooklyn Eagle
says that at a meeting of prominent New Tork
firms, a rasolution was adopted to sell no
goods to the South during the present season
ezoept for cash.
BzoaitoirD, August 28.-The oommittee hav?
ing the power to call Ihe late Constitutional
Convention together have decided to-day not
to maka snob, a call, the majority being opposed
to the movement.
General Howard ia the Southwest.
NEW ORLEANS, August 28.-General Howard
arrived last night, and visited the Lopislat uro
to-day, accompanied by General Hatcb. He
leay JU for Texas to-day. j
FROM THE STATE CAPITAL.
OBJECTIONS TO DEMOCRATIC COBFOBATOES -THE '
CHOICE OF ELECTORS - PER ' DTEK AGAIN-THE
RADS RESTIVE UNDER THE GOVERNOR'S CC HE?
AN OTHER EATLBOAU CHASTER OK THE TAPIS -
TROUBLE WITH THE NEGROES OF THE LEAGUE
-GOVERNOR SCOTT'S COURSE.
COLUMBIA, August 28.-In the House, the
bill to incorporate the Citizen's Bank caused a
long debate. The real ground of objection was
that the corporators are Democrats. The bill
J The bill to provide for the election of Presi?
dential electors and membars of Congress was
passed to its third reading.
The following were read a third time : A bill
to establish justice courts and define the duties
thereof, and the Chatham Railroad bill.
The joint resolution providing for the pay of
members produced a lively discussion. Elliott
(colored) made an angry speech, denouncing
the assertion of authority by the Governor over
the Legislature. Want of money, however, pre?
vailed at last, and tho resolution was read a'
second time to avoid the Governor's objec?
In the Senate notice was given of a bill to
grant a charter for a railroad from Columbia to
Cheraw, Caanden and the North Carolina line.
Some sir or eight negroes appeared in the
Executive Department to-day, shot in various
parts of their bodies. Bates, the president of
the Union League, of Union District, was one
of the number. He says that he went from
here on Wednesday on the Greenville Railroad.
At Santnck, a email station below Union
Courthouse, a number of negroes were gather?
ed to meet him, to get papers, hear the
news, ?to. The white people present, who
were armed, asked him what he was after,
when he said that he was President of the
Union League^ They then threatened him,'
and he and the blacks retreated. The whites
then fired, inflicting some wounds and killing
Booie. He and others came through the woods
to Colombia. A United States officer has been
sent to inquire into the truth of the story.
The Kennedy who was murdered at Rnckers
ville, Ga., is a prominent league negro. Per?
sons arriving from Anderson to-day say that
the excitement among the negroes, is fearful.
Governor Scott will probably isBue a procla?
mation in regard to unlawful organizations
and introducing arms into the State; also,
..'Ung on the people to keep the peace, and
declaring that the Executive would ase all his
powers to that end.
THE FIGHT OVER THE CHATHAM RAILROAD BILL
TACTICS OF THE OPPOSING MINORITY-HOW
THE BRIBE WORKED-PARLIAMENTARY WIS?
DOM-THE CHARLESTON CITY CHARTER BILL
THE GOVERNOR'S OBJECTION-ACCOUNTS raoa
[FROM OUR OWE OORRXSPONDXNT.]
COLUMBIA, Angust 27,1868.-The only mat?
ter of interest in the proceedings of the Legis?
lature to-day was the fight in the House over
the Chatham Railroad bill. A small minority
were opposed to passing the bill without some
guarantee that the charter granted by it would
not be used to the detriment of important in?
terests in this State. They offered several
amendments, and were filibustering a little,
until they found that the majority were del
mined to rash the bill through, and fort]
opposition would only consume time. It n
be mentioned, as somewhat curions, that wi
the filibustering commenced, the Speaker ci
ed the attention of-the House to the fact tl
"motions are now being made in i
House for filibustering purposes, a
the chair cannot hear them unless order is p
served." Whatever the members may thii
I have no desire to do injnstice to this m<
grel body, but, really, to-day's proceedir
looked, to an'outsider, as if the $20,000 bri
was working admirably welL Elliott (colorei
chairman of the Railroad Committee, led t
forces of the supporters of the bill, andev(
morion that had a tendency to delay the pi
sage of the bill for a moment was at once i
ted down. The only amendments adopt
were one changing the time allowed for coi
mencing the road from three years to one yei
an 1 the time allowed for completing it-ftc
fifteen years to five years; and both the
amendments" were agreed ' to before hand
the managers of the Chatham scheme.
Joint resolutions providing for paying off G
members were introduced in both the Sena
and the House. The President of the Sena
showed his ignorance oi parliamentary law 1
allowing the Senate resolution to be sent
the House for concurrence after one readin
The Speaker of the House knew better, and 1
vored the intelligent body over which he pi
sides with an elaborate explanation'of the d
ference between joint and concurrent resol
The Governor says he has succeeded in t
fecting the loan of $125,000 to pay the expense
of the Legislature authorized by a bill passed
short time ago, and that he will receive tl
money from New York by express on Toesdi
The bill altering and amending the chart
of the City of Charleston has been ratifie
and was sent to the Governor to-day. He hi
not yet signed it, and some doubts are expr?s
ed by outsiders whether he will sign it. Tl
ground which they allege for their opinion i
that there is a conflict between the provisk
of the bill.allowing thirty days' residence as
qualification, and the provision of the Stai
Constitution requiring sixty days residence ?
a qualification for voting in a county, and th?
think the Governor will take this view, and ri
quire that the time Bhall be extended to s ixl
days before he will sign the bilk
Gen. J. D. Kennedy and Col. J. P. Thoma
returned to-day from Abbeville, where the
spoke before a large Democratic gatherinj
There were several thousand people presen
among whom were many negroes. The polit
cal prospect in that section is very favorabli
and if we can do as well in other parts of tb
State, we shall carry South Carolina for Se]
moor and Blair.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATITES.
TEUBSDAX, August 27.-The Committee o
Incorporation made a favorable report on th
bill incorporating the Wando Mining and Mar
ufacturing Company. The report was laid a;
the table m order that the bill might be take:
. The report of the Committee of Ways am
Means recommending that the stenographer o
the HOUBO bo allowed $1200 for the session, wa
Boeeman, of Charleston, presented the appll
ca'lou of the Ashley Fire Company, of Charles
ton, for incorporation, and.gave notice of a bil
to incorporate the said company. ,
The -bill providing for the appointment o
tax collectors was postponed until Tuesday.
The bill granting a charter to the Chathan
Railroad was taken up, and the discussion or
Tomlinson's amendment resumed. TomUosor
spoke in favor and Elliott against the amend'
ment. The amendment was finally lost. Nea?
rie offered an amendment that the building o:
hcrroad be commenced from Columbia, bul
it was lost, and the bill finally rushed through
to the third reading, notwithstanding some
The following bills were read a third time
and their titles changed to acts : "A bill to de?
termine and perpetuate the homestead;" "A
bill to establish tho bonde of county officers;"
UA bill to provide for the temporary organiza?
tion of tue Educational Department of the
State;" "A bill to license certain persons here?
in named to act as pilots," <fcc,
A joint resolution was read and referred to
the Committee of Ways and Means, authori?
zing the Sergeant-at-Arms of the House, and
the Clerk of the Senate, to issue pay certifi?
cates to the members of the Legislature, and
then* officers ?nd employoos, for the amounts
dne them up to August Slat, and that the said
officers be authorized to draw from the State
Treasury $70,000 to pay those certificates.
The second reading of the Tax bill was con?
cluded, bat further consideration of it was
foBtponed at request of the chairman of the
inanoe Committee, to enable him to add one
or two more sections, taxing professions, ??c.
The Governor's Blue Ridge message waa
A resolution m regard to pay wad intro?
duced, similar to the House resolution, except
in the amount called for, whioh was $18,000, in?
stead of $70.000.
JEFFERSON' DAVIS ABROAD.
LIVERPOOL, August 15, 1868.
To the Editor of the Charlea'.on Daily News :
Sra-lyvill be interesting to many of your
readers to receive an account of the reception
of Mr. Jefferson Davis in this country. He ar?
rived by the steamer "Austrian" of the Mon?
treal Une, in tolerably good health, although
to strangers he seemed delicate and careworn.
The Southerners resident in this city and other
friends, on hearing that he was expected, en?
gaged rooms for his family at the Adelphi Ho?
tel and awaited his arrival. They decided to
avoid with care anything that might tend to
invite a public demonstration. Their object
and desire was to evince their deep feeUngs
of respect and sympathy, but within the
limits prescribed by a decorous regard for ex?
By these friends Mr. Davis was welcomed on
the deck of the steamer, and a hearty greeting
was offered to bim and his family. The news
of his arrival spread rapidly around the docks,
and a large number of people assembled on
the quay, by whom, on landing, he was greet?
ed with cheers and a unanimous expression of
warm and kindly feeling.
During the stay he has since made at the
Adelphi Hotel, he has been called upon by
those who had taken an interest in the South?
ern cause, and by leading residents of this
city who bad taken no proninent part, but now
came forward to pay their respects, under the
feeling that prompts every generous mind to
sympathize with suffering and misfortcne.
Baring bad the advantage of frequent in?
tercourse with Mr. Davis, I may venture lo
say, from personal knowledge and observation,
that he has won golden opinions from ah who
have approached him. All are impressed by
his dignity of carriage and courtly bear?
ing, and although there is usually an ex?
pression of sadness on his features, furrow?
ed as they are by thought, anxiety and sorrow,
yet for most there comes a smile singularly
winning and benignant. In conversation his
tone is always calm, often cheerful; and none
have described their impressions to me who
have not been struck, like myself, with the
force of his reflections on men and events, and
the felicity or the diction in which (hey are ex?
Although, as I have observed, public
has been carefully avoided, yet on severa
sions, when he has been recognized, ?
been greeted by the public of all classe
respectful cordiality. In this there v?
trace of political feeling. It is the homag
pay to one who has been the ruler of m
of a gallant race-whose name is inscrib?
ever on the page of history-and on who
rity as a public man slander has left no
When to these there is added the recoil
of Bufferings, physical and mental, sui
were seldom recorded or few have survit
is natural that all should be touched
should approach, even as with a feeling o
erence, the living and present represen
of so much that was great in the past
mnch that must live forever in the reco:
the future. I am, sir, very obediently,
THE DE Jil OC KACY I.V ABBE VI Li
MAMMOTH ; SLEETING-RATIFICATION OF TB
MOCBATIC PLATFORM-HORE BEOR OTTS
SEYMOUR AND ELATE.
[FROM OUS SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.]
ABBEVILLE, August 25.-Long before da
good people of ibis glorious old district <
be seen pouring into the village. Every i
avenue and inlet was filled with sturdy m
taineers, who were on their way to attenc
grand gathering. The weather last eve
was unfavorable and unpropitious, but
croaker's auguries were wrong for once,
about nine o'clock this morning the fier]
of day shone brightly and brilliantly, dispe
the heavy dark clouds that lowered
The special train from Greenville ran of!
the track about three miles from the t<
This caused some delay, as the brass band
aboard. No one was hurt, although the
cars that ran off were filled with Uve etoo
the human order. About eleven o'clock
procession was formed in front of the cc
house, headed by the Greenville brass b
who had kindly volunteered their servioei
the occasion. In the line we noticed se^
banners bearing the names of our wo:
standard-bearers, Seymour and Blair. A
ored D?mocratie club also marched in the
cession. It carried a plain snow-white 1
ner, with the magic words Seymour and 1
inscribed in raised characters thereon,
club numbers about fifty intelligent, v
dressed, honest looking colored men.
The column, numbering at least fifteen I
drei, after moving through several of
principal streets, repaired to a beautif al, i
and shady grove on the outskirts of the to
where a platform had been erected and et
placed for the accommodation of the lad
The position selected was avery admirable c
being, on the side of a huge hill, which slo
gradually. The platform was erected near
base, BO that the audience in front could
over the heads of those persons between th
and the Btand. It is a hard matter to fig
up the number bf persons present. It
thought there wera about three thousand 1
hundred persons' present; at any rate, th
were two acres and a half of good Democn
The meeting was called to order by Colo
Perrin, of Abbeville, who; after a brief I
Eointed address, introduced Colonel A. C. H
ell. That gentleman spoke in feeling ter
of his native town, Abbeville, and said/ :
I am called upon to give the reasons wh;
actuate, and the principles which guide t
gieat Democratic parly. You know that th
offer us a place in the picture of the Unit
with all the rights and privileges of the otl
States. The Radical party have disfranohie
all of your leading men. Those to whom y
looked for counsel and advice have been p;
vented from holding office, and are entirely c
off from all participation in governmen
offices. After three years of Radical rule, wh
have we ga;ned ? Do you not this day sta
ostracised ? You have only nominally tho rig
of suffrage. It therefore becomes the bonna
duty of everyman to stand to his post.
After describing the present condition of t
Judiciary and Legislature of the State, and t
ruin that excessive taxation would cause, 1
When the Democratic President ascends tl
chan* he will sweep away oppression and mi
rule. The voice of the whole people in thu
der tones will sustain the integrity of the bs
lot-box. We must enter the hst with the Dem
eratic party and push forward the glorioi
cau-e. There are in the Southern States eig]
millions of whites and only three millions
colored men. Look at the disparity and te
me if you will still cling to this vile Radie
party. I have spoken plain truths ; controve:
them if you can. 1 have lived among the co
ored people and feel kindly and affectionate!
towards them, and so long as they cling to r
will protect them. Slavery ii eternally dea
&nd can never be revived. I would go into a
army and fight against any attempt to re-ei
slave you. The Constitution of South Carolin
distinctly states that slavery shall never moi
exist within the State.
Colonel Haskell was applauded to the eche
and was followed by Colonel Thomas, of Cc
lumbia, who made an able and telling speech
Amongst other things he said:
Had I been at the National Democratic Con
vention I would have proposed qualified negri
suffrage. The colored people are now incapa
ble of taking part properly m governmental af
fairs, and should leave the political arena
But when the colored man has virtue, intelli
gence and property, he should be permitted t<
take part in toe affairs of the nation.
Colonel Thomas was followed by Gen. Ken
nedy, who passed in review the state of th?
Union, and the questions of finance and taxa?
tion. In conclusion he said:
They called the State reconstructed, but it
is only a chance of foreign masters and aliens,
the chief offices of the State being in the hande
of the stranger and outsider, and the whole
posse, legislative and official, utterly devoid
of responsibility, and paying no taxes. In
this mighty struggle every legitimate means
will be used for success. The North expects
os to do our duty. Self-preservation, the
hopes of the future, gratitude demand it.
Every man must be up and doing. It ? no
tune for doubt or hesitation. Every man must
be on one side or the other.
"Ho who dalli ea is a dastard;
He who doubts is damned."
Every true Southern man ie a Democrat. Let
us spare no time, means or proper instrumen?
talities to carry South Carolina. Mississippi,
ender equally disadvantageous circumstances,
has set us a bright example. In loca!, district
and State action let us have compactness,
unity, and unswerving determination. Intelli?
gence, right and prestige must prevail over in?
justice, a weak cause and still weaker leaders.
I know that old Abbeville, so famed for its in?
telligence, patriotism and beauty, will roll up a
tremendous Democratic majority. May God
speed us in the great work.
The meeting was also addressed by General
Carlington and Mr. Reid, and resolutions rati?
fying the New York platform and nominations
were unanimously adopted.
Before its adjournment the meeting was ad?
dressed by Jim Valentine and Richard Jones,
two colored men from Georgia.
Qeneral Hampton was unable to be present
on account of indisposition, and General Vance
had a previous engagement.
THE MOST PEBFECT LEON TONIC.-HEOEMAN'B
FEBBATED ELTXTB OF BABE.-A pleasant cordial,
prepared from calisaya bark and pyro-phos?
phate of iron, possessing the valuable proper?
ties of iron phosphorous and calisaya, without
any injurious ingredients. AB a preventive to
fever ind ague, and as a tonic for patients re?
covering from fover, or other sickness, it can?
not he surpassed. It is recommended by the
most eminent physicians. Prepared by Hege
man & Co., New York, and sola by all respect?
able druggists in the United States.
POLICY OF THE GOVERNMENT.
THE USE OP UNITED STATES TROOPS TN THE
LETTERS OF INSTRUCTION TO TEE
OPINION OF ATTORNEY-GENERAL EVAETS.
Oar telegrams from Washington have already
briefly given the main points of the position
which the Administration has assumed with
regard to the manner and extent of the inter?
ference that would be justifiable on the part of
the military forces of the Uoited States in aid?
ing the local and civil authorities in the pre?
servation of public order.
We now publish the opinion of Attorney
General E varie ou the whole subject, embraced
in a letter of instruction to Alexander Magru?
der, Esq., United States Marshal of Florida.
Also, the military order issued from the War
Department as a letter of instruction to Major
General George G. Meade, commanding De?
partment of- the South; Major-General George
H. Thomas, commanding Department of the
Cumberland, and Brevet Major-General R. C.
Buchanan, commanding Department of Louis?
iana. The letter to General Meade, which we
publish below, is similar to those issued to the
other Generals named :
- Ano BNET- G ENEB A L's OFFICE, I
August 20,1868. j
Alexander Magruder, Esq., United States Mar?
shal Northern District of Florida, St. Au?
tira : Your letter of the 12th instant reached
me yesterday, and has received au attentive
consideration". Gol. Sprague's information to
you mast have been based upon hie own con?
struction of Gen. Meade's order lately issued,
and not upon any special instructions from the
President to Col. Sprague through Gen. Meade
or otherwise, as no such special instructions
have been issued by the President. Tou add :
"Under some circumstances I should be glad
to have the aid of the military, and if prac?
ticable, would be pleased to have ins true tiona
given to the military to aid me when neces?
sary. I ask this as Col. Sprague informs me
under his instructions he cannot do so."
His desire and request for the aid of the
military, under certain circumstances, I under?
stood to refer to the occasional necessity which
may arise that the marshal should have the
means of obtaining the aid and attendance of
a more considerable force than his regular
deputise supply for execution of legal process
in bia district.
The 27th section of the judiciary act of 1789
establishes the office of marshal, and names
among his duties and powers the following
"And to execute throughout the district all
lawful precepts directed to him and issued
under the authority of the United States, and
he shall have power to command all necessary
assistance in the execution of his duty, and to
appoint, as there may be occasion, one or more
deputies."-(1st, P. 87.)
You will observe from this that the only
measure of the assistance which you have pow?
er to command is its necessity for the execu?
tion of your duty, and upon your discreet judg?
ment, under your official responsibility, the
law Te po sea tue determination of what force
each particular necessity requires. This power
of the marshal is equivalent to that of a sheriff,
and with either embraces, as a resort in neces?
sity, the whole power of the precinct (county or
district) over which ib9 officer's authority ex?
tends. In defining this power, Attorney-Gen?
eral Cashing-and, as I understand the sub?
ject, correctly-says it "comprises every per?
son in the district or county above the age of
Alteen years, whether civilians or not, and in?
cluding the military of all denominations
militia, soldiers, marines-all of whom are
alike bound to obey the commanda of a sheriff
While, however, the law gives you thiB "pow?
er to command all necessary assistance," and
the military within your district are now ex?
empt from obligation to obey, in c JIU mon with
all the oitizenB, your summons in case of ne?
cessity, you will be particular to observe that
this high and responsible authority is given to
the marshal only in aid of his dut v "to exe?
cute throughout the district all lawful pre?
cepts directed to him, and issued under the
authority of the United Slates," and only in
case of necessity for this extraordinary aid.
The military persons obeying this summons
of the marshal will act in subor Jination and
obedience to the civil officer, the marshal, in
whose aid in the execution of pi oe ess they
are called, and only to the effect of securing
This special duty and authority in the execu?
tion of process issued to you mus. not be con?
founded with the duty and authority of sup?
pressing disorder and preserving the peace,
which, under our government, belongs to the
civil authorities of the Stales, and not to the
civil authorities of the United States. Nor are
this special duty and authority of the marshal,
in executing process issued to him, to be con?
founded with the authority and duty of the
President of the United States, in the specific
cases of the constitution and under the statutes
to protect the States against domestic violence,
or with his authority and duty, .under special
statutes, to employ military force in subduing
combinations in resistance to the laws of the
United States; for neither of these duties or
authorities i 9 shared by the subor di na ie officers
of the government, except when and as the
same may be specifically communicated to them
by the President.
I have thus called your attention to the gen?
eral considerations bearing upon the subject
to which your letter refers, for the purpose of
securing a due observance of the limits of your
duty and authority ia connection therewith.
Nothing can be less in accordance with the na?
ture of our government or the disposition of
onr people than a frequent or ready resort to
military aid in execution of the duties confided
to civil officers. Courage, vigor and intrepidity
are appropriate qualities for the civil service,
which the marshals of the Uoited States are
expected to perform, and a reinforcement of
their power by extraordinary means is permit?
ted by the law only in extraordinary emergen?
If it shall be thought that any occasion at
any time exists for instructions to the military
authonties of the United States within any of
the States in connection with the execution of
process of the courts of the United States,
these instructions will be in accordance with
the exigency then appearing.
I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
WM. M. EVABTS,
THE MTL1TABX O KDEE.
In pursuance of instructions from the Presi?
dent, based upon the above opinion, the fol?
lowing order was to-day issued from the War
EZASQUABTEBS OF THE ASICX, )
ADJUTANT GENEBAL'S OFFICE, V
WASHINGTON, August 25,1868. )
Major-General George G. Meade, United Sta'es
Army, Commanding Department of the South,
Atlanta, Georgia :
GENERAL : In reply to your request for in?
struction relative to the use of troops under
your, command in aid of the civil authorities,
the Secretary of War directs to be furnished
for your information and government the en?
closed copies of a letter of instructions to
Brevet Major-General Buchanan, commanding
Department of Louisiana, dated August 10,
1868, and of a letter from the Attorney-Gene?
ral of the United States to Alexander Ma?
gruder, Esq.. United States Marshal, Northern
District of Florida, dated August 20,1868.
The letter to Gen. Bnchanan indicates the
conditions under which the military power of
the United States may be employed to suppress
insurrection against the government of any
State, and prescribes the duties of the Depart?
ment Commander in reference thereto.
The letter of the Attorney-General sets forth
tho conditions under which the marshals and
sheriffs may command the assistance of the
troops in the respective districts or counties,
to execute lawful precepts issued to them by
The obbgation of the military, (individual,,
officers and soldiers,) in common with all ci ti- .
zens, to obey the summons of a marshal or
sheriff, must be held subordinate to their para?
mount duty as members of a permanent mili?
tary body. Hence the troops can act only in
their proper organized capacity, under their
own officers, and in obedience to the immedi?
ate orders of their officers, The officer com
m anding troops summoned to the aid or a mar?
shal or sheriff most also judge for himself, and
upon his own official responsibility, whether
the service required of him is lawful and
necessary, and compatible with the proper dis?
charge of his ordinary military duties, and
must Inuit the action Absolutely to proper aid
in execution of the lawful precept exhibited to
bim by the marshal or sheriff.
If time i. permit, every demand from a
civil offioer for military aid, whether it be for
the execution of civil proceas or to suppress in?
surrection, shall be forwarded to the Presi?
dent, with all the material l'acte in the case, for
his orders: and in all cases the highest com?
mander whose orders can be given in time to
meet the emergencies will alone assume'the re?
sponsibility of action. By a timely diipopition
of troops where there is reason to apprehend a
necessity for their use, and by then* passive in?
terposition between hostile parties, dangers of
collision may be averted. *
Department commanders, and in cases or ne?
cessity their subordinates, are expected, ia
thia regard, to exercise, opon their own re?
sponsibility, a wise discretion, to the end that
in any event the peace may be preserved.
By command of General GBAHT.
J. C. KELTON,
General Longstreet's Political Views
He ls said to Support Grant,
The New York Tribune of Wednesday Bays :
Yesterday a .chieftain of the late rebellion
General James Longstreet-arrived in New
York. Since the war he accepted the situa?
tion, and baa used his influence to counsel and
guide his people and to lead them safely back
tc an enduring peace. Yesterday evening a
reporter of the Tribune called upon the Gene?
ral at the New York Hotel. Imagine seated at
a table a tall, well-built man in a suit of black.
The face is a kindly, pleasant one, the beard is
sandy and grizzled, and the cheeks aro flush?
ed. The forehead is high, and the eyes are
gray, and soft in expression. The mouth,
squarely out, denotes decision ; and there- is?
that quiet, resolute air about him that reminds
one of General Grant, whom he strongly re?
sembles in looks and manner. Although suf?
fering from an attack of fever, he bore him?
self resolutely above pain, and after dinner
conversed freely upon affairs in' the Southern
Slates. As a portion of the conversation
bears directly-upon the coming campaign, I
give it in full.
Reporter : Do you think we will have belter
days in the Southern States?
General Longstreet : Assuredly. The cotton
orop has been very large this year, and we will.
soon have capital of onr own to work upon.
Reporter: Suppose Seymour is elected, do.
you think we will have another war?
General Longstreet : I cannot say as to that,
but I behove that if he is elected it will open
all those old issues, and we will have trouble;
but I do not think he wfll be elected.
Reporter : What do you think of Grant?
General Longstreet : He is my man. I be?
lieve he is a fair man. I met hun at West
Point. I think he is above meanness. His
silence is grand.
Reporter : There is one thing I would like to
ask. It is in regard to the negro'.
General Longstreet (smiling): I will tell you
all I know.
Reporter : Will he keep his contracts in re?
gard to labor?
General Longstreet : I can relate my own ex?
perience. My men have worked well They
like to have a white man come oat in the field
and tell them what to do. There wea always
a class of lazy men who would sit in their houses
and give their orders. These men deserve
to have trouble.
Reporter: And in regard to jury trials-I
mean negroes upon a jury bench ?
General Longstreet: In some cases that is
bad-for instance, where an action involves
an account. Negroes generally are ignorant
upon intricate matters of business. But if a
district is disposed to do right with them, the
jury may be divided-white and black. They
(the negroes) soon learn, and appreciate the
Reporter: Abo at negro supremacy?
General Longstreet: Ah, that can never be;
it is silly to think of it. They can never be
stronger than they are to-day, and the whites
of the South know it; bat they .<ue misled by
Reporter: In regard to the act? of recon?
Gen. Longs' reel : f advise my friends to ac?
cept them, au I come into the Union and try to
bring about peace and prosperity. I told the
people of Alabama if they would not be guid?
ed by the politicians, they would come out all
Reporter: And you think it will come out all
Gen. Longstreet: I do; the crops are large.
The cotton crop is worth $200,000,000. That is
a step toward bringing about the desired re?
sult. Chase was my man. I think if nominat?
ed he could have been elected, and the South?
ern people would rally about him without know?
ing it. I cannot vote for Seymour; but any
way, I think good times are not far distant.
Items of State News.
-The Camden Journal says : "The recent
rains have caused a considerable freshet in
our river. We understand that considerable
corn and cotton have been under water, but
have beaid no estimate of the amount of in?
jury to the crops."
-The Newbery Herald says : "This section
is now enjoying a delightful season of gentle
and frequent showers, and a cool atmosphere.
The crops are looking fine, colton very promis?
ing, aDd corn : pitlly ripening and abundant.
Small crops also showing signs ot promiso un?
der euch favorable circumstances."
-Hamp. Bishop, a respectable colored man
of Spartanburg writes to the editor of the
Spartan : 11 wish to inform tho public through
the columns of your paper, that I now repudi
ato all Republican principles, and that I have
joined tho Democratic party. I did join the
Union League under a wrong conception of
the principles and purposes of that porty, but
teing convinced of the ruin and dangers that
would result from such a policy, I have severed
my connection with the Radical party, now and
-The Anderson Intelligencer says : "Rev.
Elias Kennedy, a well-known colored preacher
of this place, was brutally murdered on Satur?
day last, near Ruckers ville, Georgia, where he
h&u gone to attend a protracted meeting at a
colored church. He was first ordered to leave
the place, and complied with the demand, but
had scarcely returned a mile in this direction,
when he was decoyed from the bnggy, and
shot by some person unknown. These facts
are obtained from his grandchild, a small boy
who bad accompanied bun on the trip."
-The Yorkville Enquirer has the following :
"The corn crop of this district, so tar as we- can
leam, still presents a very promising appear?
ance. The frequent and heavy rains cf the
past few weeks nave made a faur crop of corn
tolerably certain. This remark applies more
properly to late corn, as much of the early
planting was seriously injured by the drought
in June and July. There is considerable com?
plaint of mst in cotton. The probubihty is
th it the crop of that staple will oe light, as, in
addition to mst, cotton has been injured by
being stunted in many places."
A CABPET-BAOOEB MAKES A CONSERVATIVE
SPSECH.-In New Orleans, recrntly, a white
Radical, hitherto reg aided as the personifica?
tion of all that is most objectionable to the
Southern whites, and recently a delegate from
dissatisfied Republicans to Washington, was
invited to address them, and his speech was in
substance as follows:
My Friends : I am a carpet-bagger. I ad?
mit it. I have been among you for some time,
and have never ceased to advocate your cause
in the press of the North-m tue turee lead?
ing Republican newspapers of New York,
Washington aud Philadelphia. But I am go?
ing to leave von. We aro all going to leave
you, and you will soon be alone. My advice to
you is to unite yourselves to those whose favor
it is your interest to secure. Be guided by
those who alone can furnish you with work and
food and clothing. J >in yourself to the p.ople
of the South. We are going; wo cannot find
you work to support you. Your interest lies
.with chose who can.
MEDICAL ??TI? E.-PAT1KKT8 STJF
f Ei'JNu from J iaeasee pertaining- to the
ULM i O URINARY OKGANS. will recoivr i?e latest
scientific treatment hy placing themselves under
the care of Dr. T. REEN i >J?RN A, Office No. 7*
BA3EL-STBtlET, three doora eaet from the Post
FORIIEW Yuk Ki :,.
REG ULAR LINE EVERT WEDNESDAY.
THE STEAMSHIP SARAGOSSA*
' Capt. M. B. CEO WELL, will leaT Van.
derborst'e Wharf, cn Wedsutd&y.
-i2d September, at FOOT o'cloc? P M.
August 27_BAVEN EL & CO., Ag??-?,
PAST FREIGHT LISE TO B ALTIMORE
THE FAVORITE AND SWIFT
STOW Steamship SEAGULL, N. P.
DUTTON, Commander,will sail for
_Baltimore on Saturday, the 29th
August, ; 1 bree o'olock P. M., from Pier No. 1,
Union V .arres, making close connections, and de?
livering freights in Philadelphia promptly and af lo?
1 he usual Through Bills o? Lading win be giren tr "
Philadelphia, Boston, 6U Louis, Louisville, Clncia- "
natl, and other Northern and Western points. '
For Freight engagements or passage, appiy to
COURTENAY A TRENHOLM,
August 25_tuth.3 Union Wharves. -
NE W YORK AND CHARLESTON; . 1
" L ' STEAMSHIP LINE
SI FOB: NEW TOBE.
I -" . "
- ?--- THE -SPLENDID SIDE WHEE
i^Mf'Iocr'ooD, Commander, will leav,
JBHRL Ad ger's W barf on Saturday, the 29t""~
inst, st Four o'chvk P. M
Tho Steamers of this Line insure at three-quarter
per cent "
For .Freight or Bas sage, ha ring elegant cabin,
accommodations, apply to
JAMES ADOBE ? 60.,
Comer Adger'a Wharf and East Bay (Up Stairs).
August 24_. .6. ;
MAC GREGOR LINE. -
DIRECT STEAM COMMUNICATION WITH ,
st*>-lt*egi THE GEORGIA AND LIVERPOOL
>*Z??!Bax2LIN B OF FIRST-CLASS NEW IRON
?^MKMrCLYDE- BUILT STEAMSHIPS, com
gARASOTA.......-. (No w Build mg. ) )
SALUDA.?.(Mow Building. >
HAVANNAH.... :.(Now Building.).
LEITH.Capta-n BAHHETSON. I
Proposed days of sailing hom Savannah, 1st and .
I5th of each mouth, commencing on the 15th bf No- '
vern ber. ?*?
Through Freight taken to and from all points o. t
Great Britain, the Continent and the Soutbern States,
and ihrough Bills of Lading giren.
Extra Steamers of J500 to 8000 bales capacity will.
be dispatched to Live/pool, Harre, Bremen, Hasa
burg, Antwerp, Trieste, Genoa and Cronstadt, '.men- '
er er inducement offers.
Freight taken from Cardiff or any indirect port to
Applyto- ' WM; M TUNNO St CO.,
In Liverpool to 8TODDABT BROTHERS.
And in Leith to DONALD R MAC G Rt GOR.
Savannah, August 15.1868. .s3mo August 23
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPY*
TT?EOUOH lASii TO -'
CALIFORNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN.
FREIGHT AND PASSAGE AT GREATLY BM
DU CED RATES!
' yfyfrOmsm STEAMERS OF THE ABOVE
y/Q&SStTsL ^ leave Pler No- North Ei'er.
??^W?tifx foot oi Canal-street, New York, a
mm?maS??Bfm 12 o'clock noon, of the lat. 9th, 16th
and.Sith of every month (except ween these dates
fall on Sunday, then tho Saturday preceding).
Departure of 1st and 24th connect at Panama with
steamers tor south Pacific and Central Amwi^ft ,
ports. .Those of 1st touch at Vantailllo.
Departure of 9th of each month connects with
the new steam line from Panama to Australia soft '
New Zealand. _
Steamship GREAT REPUBLIC leaves San Erm '
dsco, for Chita and Japan, October L
No California steamers touch at Havana, but go
direct from New York to AspinwaB.
One hundred pounds baggage free to each adult*
Medicine aid attendance free.
For Passage Tickets or further information apply
at the COMPANY'S TICKET OFFICE, on the whait,
foot of Canal-street, North Birer, New York.
March 14_lyr_F. R. BABY, Agent.
NORTH GERMAN LLOYD.
BALTIMORE AND BBEMENV
TBS B0SEW STEAMERS OT THE NOKTH GEM?AN IXOZO.
BALTTMOKK.Capt. VOECKLEB. ' .
OF 2500 TONS AND 700 HORSE-POWER.
? r-r^t-m WILL BON REGULARLY BS*
^apWf***TWttEN BALTIMORE AND BRL
??ffiliB&CM M EN, VIA SOUTHAMPTON. From
-mXSj?BS?L- Bremen on tho 1st of eich month.
From Southampton on tlie 4th of each month. From
Bilriiri ore on the 1st of each month.
PRICE or PASSAGE-From Baltimore to Bremen
London, Havre ai id Southampton-C ab LD $90; a te er
age $36. From Bremen to Ballimore-Cabin $90
Prices of passage payable In gold, or Ito equi va
They touch at Southampton both go?w and re?
turning. These vessels take Creight to London and -
Hull, for which through bills of lading are signed?.
An experienced Surgeon is attached to each vesseL
All letters must poss through the Postofflee. Mo?
bilis of lading but those of the Company will be
signed. Bills of lading will positively not be de?
livered bet?re goods are cleared at 'he Customhouse,
For Freight or Passage, apply to
A. SCHUMACHER & CO.,
No. 9 Soutb Charles-afreet, Baltimore,
Orto MO ni) i- CAI A- CO., Agents,.
East P ly, Charleston, 8. 0. .
April 20 Gmos
FOR GARDNER'S DLL FF,
AND ALL INTERMEDIATE LANDINGS ON PEE?
m -?TITT??? THE STEAMER ST. HELENA,.
????????12Captain J. G. RUMLEY, will leceive
Freight on Mondiy next, August 31, at commercial
Wharf, and leave on Monday Nx,ht at Eight o'clock,
connecting with the Steamer GENERAL MANI
GAULT at Georgetown for the above landings.
No charge will be made lor reshipping Freight at
All Freight must be prepaid.
SHACKELFORD At KELLY,
No. 1 Bovce's Wharf.
FOR GEORGETOWN, S. C.
TOUCHING AT SOOTH ISLAND, KElTHFTELD.
WAVERLY AND BriOOK GREEN MJi LS.
f - itT^fc. THE 8TFAMEB SI'. HELENA,
?s???E3?Captain J. G. RAMLEY, will receive
freight on Monday next, august 31, at Commercial
Wharf, and leave as above on Monday Night at S
o'clock P. M.
No frei ht received after sunset
All freight must be prepaid.
For freight or passage apply to
SHACKELFORD 4 KELLY, Agents,
No. 1 Boyce's Wharf.
[ONE TRIP A WEEK.]
CHARLESTON AND SAYAN NAH STEAM
VIA BE AUF OP. r, HILTON HEAD ANT. BLUFFTON
STEAMER PILOT BOY.Capt. W. T. MoNxXTT
STEAMER FaN.< IE.Capt. FENN PZOX
."W-t*. OHK. OF THE ABOVE Mir AME ltd
fS?iikmBs?m will leave Ghirlenton every Tuesday
Morning, at 6 o'clock, and ba vam; ah ever Ihurtiaf
Morning, at 6 o'clock.
For Freight or passage, apply to
J HN FIBGU'ON,
June 29 Accommodailoii Wharf
FOR PALATE.A, FLORIDA,
VIA BAVANNAH, Ff BN ANDINA, JACKSONVILLE.
AND ALL LANDINGS ON IEE ST. JOHN'S
-jr--. THE STEAMER CITY POINT
^?r^rfersP Captain CHAHI.ES WILLEY, WI
leaveCnanestoi ever; luaaay Nx?,ht at 9 o'clock,
and Sara nab every Wednesday Afternoon at a
o'clock, tor the above places. Hemming wUl leave
kavaonah for Charleston ovary Saturday Morning,
*l Alfgoods not removed by sunset will be stored at.
the expense and risk of owners.
All freight must be preo id.
6 j. 1). AIKEN t CO., Agents.
June 27 "outh Atlande Wbar
YACHT MAiidii MITCH KU,.
THIS FAVORITE 1 ACHI, H A V I N 9
'been ihoroushly refitted tor pleasure par?
ktirs, is now ready lor eigaaementa by sp?
.plication to the captain on bo J rd. orto
BLACK A JOHNSTON,
April 7 tuths<>tno8 Acents
Fl. ICU CHIEF ??F tl IY Dlil'KC
TIVES, CHARLESTON, S. C.. AUGUST 21,
1868.-Rec jvered and brought to this office, one
small GRAY FELLY. The owner can haye ihe ?ame
by proving property and P*gr8,exp|n/?8HiCK8>
First Lieutenant and Ohlei ol Detectives.