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VOLUME VT.-NUMBER 940.]
CHARLESTON, S. C., THURSDAY MORMNG, SEPTEMBER '?t 1868.
EIGHTEEN CENTS A WEEK
THE ALABAMA CLAIMS-ALLEGED BASIS OF SET?
TLEMENT-COMMENTS OF THE LONDON TOTES.
LONDON, November 10.-There is the hiebest
reason to believe that the statement relative to
the Convention for the settlement of the Ala?
bama claims in the Times of this morning is
incorrect. The fourth articleof thc Conven?
tion to which the Times parf?culaily refers is
' The commissioners shall have power to ad?
judicate upon the class of claims referred to in
the official correspondence between the two
governments as the Alabama claims; but before
any sr.ch claims are taken into consideration
by thom, the two high contracting parties shall
fix upon some sovereign or head of a friendly
. State as an arbitrator iii respect of such claims,
to whom such class of claims shall be referred
in case the commissioners shall be nuable to
come to a unanimous decision upon the same."
This opens every question involved in those
claims, whether that of the right of the Eng?
lish government to acknowledge the South as
a belligerent, or any other. The Times speaks
of distinguished publicists whose judgment will
aid the King of Prussia. These are, doubtless,
Gessnierand Hoffe ter, both leading writers a
international law, and engaged in tho Bo rh .
administration (the former in the foreign
office), who have, since the war, advocated
American views on the pending questions.
They concurred, ut the time, in pronouncing
the seizure of Muson and SlideL justifiable, and
denounce the selfishness of the British princi?
ples of neutrality.;
DISSOLUTION OF THE Bill TISH PAULI A1IENT.
LONDON, November ll.-The Queen's pro?
clamation dissolving Parliament was promul?
gated to-day. The writs for the election issued
appoint the tenth day of December for the
meeting of the new Parliament.
THE DANUBIAN PBXNCTPKT.TTTES.
VIENNA, November ll.-The Presse says ne?
gotiations are now afloat for the purpose of
amending the treaty of Paris so as to make tho
sovereignty of tho Sublime P>rte over the Da?
nubian Principalities less illusory.
AMERICAN SHIP WRECKED.
JREEMEN, November ll.-Captain Perry and
the remainder of the crew of the American ship
James F. Patten, ashore near the mouth of the
"Weser, were taken from the wreck by the life?
boat and landed in safety. Tho vessel will
probably be a total lo:s.
MADRID, November ll.-The party in favor
of a republic are gaining ground. General
Pierrad bas united with Don Escalante to
rush forward the causo of a republic. Dem?
ocrats express some dissatisfaction at this co?
ST. PETEBSBUBO, November IL-Tha inter?
national military commission called by the Em?
peror Alexander to draw op a convention to
mitigate the horrors of war, has commenced
its sessions in this city, under the presidency .
o! the Minister of War.
ANOTHER RULES DETHRONED.
LONDON, November H.-The political news
to-day is unimportant. Advices have been re?
ceived here announcing that the Queen of
Muscat has been dethroned without a strug?
gle. Tho Chief of Wahabees succeeds to the
FREEDOM OF PUBLIC DISCUSSION IN SPAIN
MADRID, November 18.-The government for?
bids the presence of armed saldiere at political
The Papal Nuncio at Madrid continues his
relations with the now government.
THE PRUSSIAN AHMT ON A WAR FOOTING.
VIENNA, November 13.-The bill putting the
army on a war footing has passed the Reichs?
rath by a large majority.
GENERAL GRANT'S CABINET-NATIONAL EX?
WASHINGTON, November 13.-General Grant
has gone U> West Point, and on his return will
remain one week in New York.
Schofield and Seward were absent from Cabi?
The customs from the 2d to the 7th inclu?
sive are $2.487,000.
Recent investigations have entirely excul?
pated Jacob Thompson from complicity in the
Indian trust fund defalcation of 1860.
Perry Fuller, the Collector of thc Port of
New Orleans, is here.
The President, Mcculloch and E7arts had a
long consultation after the Cabinet meeting,
Treasurer Spinner's report ie published. Tho
expenditures have baen increased, as compar?
ed with those of last year, and are as follows
The interior, $2,000,000; Civil Department, $2
500,000; War Department, $29,750.000, including
however, $38,000,000 for bounties. The amount
of interest paid on the public debt in coin is
$100,750,000; in currency, $35.000,000.
Alabama Totem tor Grant. I ?
MONTGOMERY, November 13.-A point has ']
been raised if the Acts of the Leg isla ture are
legal, as the law requires an election for a new
Legislature on the third of November. A test |1
case will soon be made up.
The State is now conceded to Grant by 2500*f
majority, in many of the counties voting from
1500 to 2000, not more than five or six hundred
voted. They either had no opportunity of re?
gistering, or declined to take the voter's test
oath. The Democrats did not poll their
strength by 20,000, and in Marion County no
election was held.
HAVANA, November 12.-Mexican advices
state that the Congress is about trying seve?
ral important personages, and among them
General Mejia, Secretary of War, for unau?
thorized expenditures. Romero, the late Min?
ister to Washington, is also charged with acts
contrary to law. Escobedo is operating active?
ly against Tamaulipas.
Condensed News by Telegraph.
General McClellan has boen elected Presi?
dent of the California University.
James A. Johnson, Democrat, has been re?
elected to Congress from the Third District of
Ex-Govern?r David Tod died suddenly yes?
terday at Youngstown, Ohio.
Lersundi proclaims the ports of the Eastern
Department of Cuba, where no customhouses
exist, closed for exports or imports.
The deputy collector of the internal revenue
seized at Newbern, N. C., yesterday, about
one hundred barrels of liquor from parties at
that place, who have failed to respond.
The 8herman house at Syracuse, New York,
and a number of adjacent buildings, have been
burned; loss $180,000,
NEW OBLEANS, November 13.-Thomas E
Adams, ex-chief of the New Orleans police,
A claim has been presented against the city
for $270,000 damages caused by the recent riots.
General Harry T. Hays denies having any
connection with a Cuban expedition, and de?
precates all filibustering movements.
The Gubernatorial Imbroglio in Florida
TALLAHASSEE, November 13.-The case of
Governor Reed against Lieutenant-Govomor
Gleason and Secretary Olden, for conspiring
against the Stats Government, was called at
10 A. M. to-day. Judge Cocke decided that
the affidavit was insufficient, and the proceed?
ings were quashod on technical grounds. The
merits of the case were not brought out, and
Gleason and Olden released from arrest. There
are no indications of farther movements of
public interest bofore thc meeting of the Su?
preme Court, on the Iden, wheivthe opinion of
the legality of tho impeachment will bs ren?
TUE STATE DEMOCRACY.
Address to tho Democratic Party of
Fe'low-Citizens-Tho State Central Club
deem it proper to make the close of the late
canvase the occasion of a brief address :
First, we desire most heartily to congratu?
late the party upon the general result of tho
canvass in this St .tc. The South Carolina De?
mocracy has proved itself an eminently pro?
gressive and growing party. Organized in
April hst. in spite or the neaw numerical
odds against lt, it has steadily advanc?
ed, and in every election augmented its power
until in tho canvass just closed, it fell only a
little short of carrying the State for its nation?
al nominees. A Democratic cain of more than
30,000 over tbfcvote given in tho State oloction
of April last, means victory in the future and
not ta?TTP. Nor should we fail to credit the
National Democracy with its achievement in
the late canvass, or be unmindful o' tho vast
power it has developed even in defeat. The
twenty-five Northern and Western States that
entered into the Presidential canvass in 1864
gave to McClellan a popular vote of 1,811,754,
and to Lincoln 2,223.035. The same States, it
is estimated, have, in 1868, given to Soymour a
popular vote of 2,235,920, and to Grant 2,517,
100. Thus showing, first, an increase in thc
Democratic vote of 718 131, and secondly, that
IQ a popular vote of 4 752,920, Grant has a ma?
jority over Seymour of bat 281,080, and this
exclusive of the votes in the late Confederate
States. Including the States voting in 1868
and not in 1864, and the States excluded from
voting ia 1868, and including, also, citizens
disfranchised by Congressional and State legis?
lation in Missouri and the late Confederate
States, the result is that Seymour received a
majority of several hundred thousands on the
In tho second place, we desire to impress
upon the Democratic party in this Slate the
importance of preserving, in all its efiiciency,
its present admirable organization, to the end
that, under the laws of thc State and the
United States, and in full recognition of tho
just obligations of good citizenship, tho party
may gradually increase its number j and influ?
ence until its principles and policy shall com?
mend themselves to tho free and ?nbiased ap?
proval of a controlling majority of the voters of
Thirdly. Tho more effectually to keep up tho
Democratic clubs ol the several districts, and
in order further tu recognize fully all tho in?
dustrial elements that arc essential to thc pros?
perity of tho Stat ', we oarnestly rocimmond
that features looking to the subjects of immi?
gration, agriculture, manufactures o nd educa?
tion be engrafted upon each clu'>, so that an
organized and systematic effort may be at once
made to add to our population, to promote tho
industries of the State, and to advance thc
cause of popular intelligence. And in order
to carry out these auxiliary features to be at?
tached to the Democratic clubs throughout
tho State, and to devise a uniform plan of
action, we respectfully recommend a meet?
ing of tho State Contral Club at this place,
on the 20th of January, 1869, at 7 P. M.
Fellow-citizens, wo address you in the spirit
of hopo and faith. God in Bis providence
has seen fit to deny to us the triumph
which we deemed essential to thc welfare of
the State. If we cannot win, let us seek to de?
serve success. To the manhood of the Sta'e
do we appeal. Let the Democratic party of
South Carolina remain a power and au influ?
ence in the State. Keep your ranks undivided.
Adhere to your political principles uutil better
ones invite you to their adoption. From failure
gather wisdom; out of defeat get patience and
resolution. Preserving your fidelity to tho
eclectic principles of your party, go bravely
and earnestly to work in thc field of material
doveiopm:nt. Thus building up thc State upou
the basis of labor, and surrounding our politi?
cal creeds with tho solid muniments of wealth,
intelligence and virtue, wo will redeem out?
broken fortunes, beal our bleeding wounds,
and, ere long, secure tho peaceful triumph of
those wise and virtuous elements essential to
the dignity of the State and the prosperity of
By order of tho Central Club of thc Demo?
cratic jjartv of South Carolina.
WADE HAMPTON, Presideut.
J. G. GIBBES, Secretary.
THE MUXICWAL ELECTIONS.
The following additional returns have been
At thc Municipal election in the Tow.i of
3umnuiville, the following wcro declared duly
?lected: Intendant-Hon. II. J. Limehousc.
Wardens- W. H. Schroder, Rev. J. K. Saspor
;as (colored), P. K. Coburn, Samuel Kingman.
The whole Democratic ticket was elected, as
f)llow8 : Intendant- Dr. A. A. Moore. War
lens-D. McDonald, J. It. Goodalc, H. C. Sal.
mond, Wm. Daasch. The citizens were much
gratified at the result, as it was believed that
Republicans would have made the town go rem?
uent a paying concern for themselves. Taxes,
ilready high, would doubtless have been raised,
mt the evil has been averted.
Our Laurensville correspondent writes under
late of the 11th instant: "The Municipal elec
;ion passed o ff yesterday, all quiet, resulting as
olio wo: For Intendant-J. Ward Motte. War
lens-Dr. J. G. Traynham, A. W. Kruse,
Jolonel B. W. Ball, Captain R. F. Richardson.''
Our Greenville correspondent writes under
late of November ll : "The election for Mu?
nicipal officers of this town held on yesterday
?esulted as follows: Intendant-Dr. W. R.
Tones. Wardens-Dr. S. S. Marshall, Dr. A.
0. Hoke, Dr. J. H. Dean, T. C. Gower, O. A.
Pickle, N. Wnitmire. This was the ticket
?ominated by the colored firemen. There were
deo two other tickets brought forward ; but
is all of tho candidates were good Democrats,
md prominent and influent ial citizens there
lult turned on personal popularity. The clec
ion was very close, only about five votes dif- ?
'erence, anti many citizens dui not vote at all.
)ut of a voting population of over six hun- ,
Ired only three hundred and eighty registered, ,
nd only two hundred and seventy votes were ,
tolled. Those who did not register and those
rho registered, but did not vote, were exclu- ,
In Abbeville the following gentlemen were \
lected: lutendant-Wm. Henry I'arker, Esq.
/Ouucilmon-J. F. C. DuPre, Matthew Mc- 1
)onald, Jacques Kurtz, Thomas C. Sea!. A .
ew scattering votes wore polled. *
Io Anderson the following gentlemen were
lected. This ticket was nominated by a meet- ,
ug of the Democrats, and was not opposed to '
.ny considerable extent. Only a lew Republi- ;
ans registered, aud none of them voted: In- j
endant-John B. Mooro. Wardens-W. W. '
lumpbreys, W. II. Nardin, James A. Hoyt and !
\ C. V. Borstell. j
The Edgefield Advertiser eavs : " To-day, i
tuesday 10th, we should have had an election 1
or Intendant and Wardens of oui- town. lu t
every other town in the State, a municipal
election ia now in all pnbability going on.
But owing lo the fact that Edgefield District ia
without a Board of Commissioners of Election,
no Municipal election has been ordered bore.
Consequently Edgefield is totally without Mu?
nicipal government. Under these circumstanc?
es, it is the unanimous desire of our citizens
and wisoly so, beyond a doubt;-that the com?
pany of Federal soldiers, stationed here for a
month past, should still remain here. Compa?
ny K, of the Eighth United States Infantry,
under command of Captain Remington, has
been wise aud efScie.it in Edgefield, and its
officers and men are trusted and respected by
Wendell Phillips Heads a Warning
Leetuvc to General Grant.
Wendell Phillips (,:theman that supplies the
KcpubUcan party with brains") thus, in his
Anti-Slavery Standard of this week, notifies
General Grant what he must and must not do
in order to "carry on the government :"
Abolitionists and all earnest Radicals arc
now summoned to address themselves to the
work which is yet to bo accomplished. It has
become very apparent, through what bas tran
spir ;d in Gcoigia and clscwhoie, that the Re?
construction laws requiro careful revisiou and
perfecting in sundry particulars. The negroes
and loyal whites of the South greatly need the
means of self-defence. Tho question of con?
fiscation, especially w tb reference to tho lar.o
amount of land fraudulently cons'eyed from
the possession of the United States Govern?
ment to the hands of rebels, should be at once
considered, iu thc interest of thc landless
blacks, to whom, by virtue of their past un?
requited toil, the soil rightfully belongs. A
system of national oclucalion which shad bc
comprehensive, and at least coextensive with
the extension of tho ballot, should early be in?
augurated by Congress.
The measure of primary importance now to
bo promptly initiated and adopted on the re?
assembling'of Congress is an additional amend?
ment to tho constitution forbidding disfran?
chisement or proscription from official trust on
acccunt of raco or color in any State or Terri?
tory of tho Union. Sue 1 an amendment, it
adopted promptly by Congress, and submitted
to tho Legislatures of the sovcral States,
would, without doubt, now bo ratified by thc
requisito number. It is urgently demanded to
guarantee the billot to Southern colored men,
and to enfranchise many thousands tn the
Border and Northern States. This measure
should not bo postponed for tho consideration
of tho Forty-first Congress, but should bo
promptly acted upon and adopted by the
"Lot us have peaco" bas been many limes
reiterated during the campaign just closed.
One danger before us is tho assumption that
tho fact of Grant's election in itsolt will insure
"peaco at the South. Abolitionists and those
who have studied attentively Southern society
know better than this. While Southern Legis?
latures are permitted to perpolrate such high?
handed outrages as the lawless expulsion of
colored members, as in Georgia, without due
punishment; if reboU are permitted to take
seats in the Houne of Representatives who como
J rom districts wherein colored and white Re?
publicans wero practically excluded from tho
..oils, "pasco" cannot bo realized. The negro
is still the bone of contention, and until his
manhood and political equality is everyw ?ero
recognized ho will continue to bc n disturbing
element in our politics.
Smarting under their political discomfiture,
the Ku-Elux will still bold sway, especially it
their troasonablo chief is permitted to remain
in tho Whito House till tho 4th of March next.
With tho triumphant rc-olection of General
Butler, and tho well-known desire of most ol
tho Southern lnombcrs for tho revival of thc
measure, we havo slrong hopes of thc success?
ful consummation of the impeachment aud de?
position of Johnson by tho beginning of tho
With Wade oven two months in thc Whito
Hon-*o, and such tools of treason as iiousseau.
Steadman ond Company, of Mow Orleans, re?
placed by Sheridan and other trustworthy,
loyal men; with the reconstruction laws prop?
erly revised and amonded; with suffrage aud the
right to bold office vouchsafed lo tho negro
every wboro, tho nation may bc well on tho way
towirda "peace," having "secured its essential
conditions, boforo Grant is inaugurated. While
deliberate and organized injustice to thc negro
is perpetuated, the "irrepressible conflict" will
continue, no matter who may be President.
"Let us havo piaco," then, by promptly doing
.bose tilings which make tor pence.
Tho new era which opens boforo us, with thc
significant defeat ot tho slaveholders and their
apo'ogists 01 Titeada -, is full of interest to
Abolitionists and conscientious Ra Heals, to
whom tho national conflict means something
moro than a more partisan strife, to ond with
election day. Our many triumphs of the past
have boen won under circumstances of adverse
opposition much more fjrinidablo than any?
thing wo are likeiy to have to ouco;inler in the
near future. Opposition wo are undoubtedly
to have, but now, as hitherto, logic and right
are on our '-.Je. We have hut to press urgent?
ly aud perseveringly our demand, and our past
successes aro a guarantee of ultimate, complote
triumph. Tho Time-', tho Post, tho (Jerald,
and the "Conservatives" for whom they speak,
already exultant at what they deem tho eclipse
of Radicalism, reckon without their Host in
supposing it to be within the power of Gonoral
Grant, if, as they allego, it be bis disposition
to materially ob.-itrur-t the progress of Radical
rclormation in national politics. If the Repub?
lican party consents to be tho instrument ot'
that beneficent reformation, all will bc well
with both (he party and tho country. If it re?
fuses it will only be worse for the party. Thcro
is no halfway house for permanent lodgment
botwecn .?lavery and ';cuuiue Repub'icanism.
The only truly formidable opponents tin; Abo?
litionists ever had were tho bram champions
ol'tho slavo system while tlioir power waa Go
extensive willi the nation aud their loa lership
acknowledged North and Sooth. Their day is
over. Tue earnest Radicals oro thc positivo
force in thc new order of things. Tb? tenden?
cy of thia ce.itury is to uuivorsal Radical Re?
Good Feeling and Good Sense.
A gratifying proof of returning reason, as a
i esult of tho lie publican triumph, is reported
by our Charleston correapondent. The Gov?
ernor of South Carolina, it appears, has been
waited upon by Wade Hampton and other pro?
minent Democrats) of the State, who aunounco
their acceptance of the situation and their pur?
pose hereafter to confine opposition within
peaceable and lawful limits. They recognize
the cloction of Grant as a verdict of thc nation
in support of reconstruction; and under thia
impression they proposo to snataiu the new
government, to uphold its acta, aud to rely
upon tho ballot-box for effecting whatever
changea they deem desirable in tho local gov?
ernment. Fortified with thia evidence of grow?
ing harmony, Governor Scott is coming to
New York to seek aid tor an enterprise essen?
tial to the success of tho railway system of the
State, and in other respects to invite tho co?
operation of Northern capital for the develop?
ment of its resources.
This is the beginning of the peaco which all
now hope for. The step taken hy the South
Carolina Democrats is eminently prudent, and
cannot be too soon imitated by the same class
in other States. Foiled in their efforts to
overturn reconstruction, the best thing possi?
ble is to accept it, and to mako thc best ot it
under the law. If it require amendment, tho
people of each State have thc power of adapt?
ing it to their wishes; and Ibis sbonld bc
anough. Tho formal declaration that it is now
regarded ns enough for South Carolina will
doubtless exercise a wtdc influence throughout
the South, and we may expect to witness an
extension of thc movement thus happily hogiin.
There is nothing to hinder it but passion and
prejudice, and these must gradually yield to a
sense of the folly of opposing tuc national will.
Already, therefore, the beneficial influeuco
of Gram'? election makes itscit manifest.
When it shall bo fully and fraukly acknowl?
edged, as io South Carolina, thc South may
confidently seek hom the North the material
succor which will hasten the return of pros?
perity.- Ntto York Times.
-Recent advices from Japan state that tho
r.vcoon bas resigned all authority to the Mika?
do, and all tho adherents or officers under the
rycoon bad been dispersed. 1 bo foreign lega
;ioti8 aro now located at Yokohama, tho British
md French ministers having armed forces of
:heir own troops quartered near them, while
;ho American minister has only an ordinary
Dorter. The Japanese authorities have iuti
uated their desire to the foreign ministers to
lave the treaty of 18GC revised, with a view to
.he readjustment of duties on teas and silks.
THE CH.LRLESTOX PHOSPHATES.
Interesting Sketch of thc Discovery
and Development of thc Native Bone
Phosphates of South' Carolina.
Dr. N. A. Pratt, the energetic practical chem?
ist who has aided so materially in the develop?
ment of the Ashley phosphate beds, contrib?
utes tho following article to tho la8t number ot'
the Southern Cultivator :
At the continued solicitations of many friends
in my native State (Coorpia) and elsewhere, I
have"thc pleasure of contributing to the col?
umns of your journal a concise statement of
the discovery and economic development of
the phosphatic deposits of Ashley River, or, as
I aili them, tho ''Native Phosphates of South
Carolina," together with a discussion of their
chemical, physical and geological history.
Theee remarkable and really wonderful de?
posits of wealth and fertility to the State
arc now, for tho first tima discovered on the
coutincnt of America. A full scientific discus?
sion of this remarkable discovery would, per?
haps, be foreign and ill-placed anioug the prac -
tic.il and eminently utilitarian contributions of
your moro valued correspondents; I shall,
theretoic, elim'nate all that appears theoretical,
and give only facts, which no doubt will bc ol
most interest to your readers.
Tho- calcareous beds of South Carolina are
justly considered the most remarkable, ' per?
haps* in the world, and very carly attracted at?
tention; and in tho time ot the late venerable
Edmund Riiffin, Esq , were extensively explor?
ed and analyzed. Many subsequent explorers
-among whom stand, pre-eminent, Professor
M. Tourney. State Geologist of South Carolina,
and Professor F. S. Holmes, of tho Charleston
College-havo so systematically explored and
studied thssc beds that, previous to tho year
1850, they wore as we 1 and widely known, geo?
logically and pa'ffimthologicallv, as any other
equally extensive iii the world. Bul by con?
tracted, ill-judged and false notions of economy
on tho pait of our Southern Legislatures, and
pervading all of our State '"Geological Surveys,"
the chemical department of such surveys novcr
receive the attention it merits, and is generally
entirely overlooked or considered a matter of
altogether secondary consideration, and of no
importance whereas, it should constitute tho
head and front of all agricultural or geological
survoys, which should always be eminently
practical in their character.
The calcareous mails of South Carolina have
boon closely etudied, classified and analyzed,
and their value as marls, containing a small
porceutago of phosphate of lime, has been
known for twenty years; but theresa another
bel, not of marl, but adjacent to thesa, equally
well known and described, the composition ot
wh eli has, until lately, been unknown and
Reference to tho Geology of South Carolina,
by Professor M. Tuomey, published in 1848,
will show all that was known of them up to the
year 18G7, viz:
1st. That tho calcareous beds of this section
had been carefully studied, classified and ana?
lyzed, and vere known to contain from 50 to 85
per cent, of carbonate of lime, and from 2 to
9.20 per cent, of phosphate of limo.
2d. Thit tho "marlstoncs," "Nodulos," or
"conglomerates," (constituting a bcd which
overlincs tho Newer Eocene marls), bedded in
thc clay, were universally considered as silici
fied, "having lost all or most of their limo, '
which rarely exceeded six per cent.-(Tou?
rney's Geology of South Carolina, p. 165.)
8a. That the fossil bones, marino an l terres?
trial, were also considered "petrified" or ' silici
Soc also magnificent work on tho "Post
Pletoeene Fossils of South Carolina," by Pro
lessor P. S. Holmes (1859), Introduction, p. II.
These are the published records, but Pro?
fessor Hohnes has informed mo that Profes?
sor Tourney made a crudo analysis ot these
"Nodules" some years ugo, and ho thinks tho
estimate was littccn to sixteen per cent, of
phosphate of limo, but not enough to counter?
balance tho carbonato of limo, iron and sand
which they alsocoutaiuod, and it was consider?
ed unavailaole for ngricultur.il purposes.
During the lalo war, while ia charge of tho
chemical departmont ol' the C. S. Nitro and
Mining Bureau, and engaged in inspecting the
saltpetre bods of Uuarlestou and Ashley Uiver,
which wore constructed under tho chargo of
my friend, Prof. P. 6?. Holmes, my attcutiou
was repeatedly directed by him to tho remark?
able accumulation of fossil bono in a bcd long
since described and known as tho "Fish lied of
the Charlosto.i Basin," and also to tho exist?
ence of from two tonino por cent, of phosphato
of limo in tho heavy marls below, as indicated
by tho analysis ol L'rof. C. U. Sliepard,publisli
cd in the Geology of South Carolina iu 1848.
Knowing that the mails of Georgia were com
parativelv poor in that ingredient-so furas
examined by me, rarely excooding (3) three per
cent.-tho contrast was to ? striking to escape
notice; and 1 took various samplos to Augusta,
Ga., for examination, but more urgent matters
at that time prevented thc analysis, and tho
fact was almosL forgotten. It is well known to
my friends in Georgia, and to some in this
State, that during the war I determined to es?
tablish chomical works in the South, and at its
close settled in Cuarleston rather than else?
where, with a new of working up thc native
resources of tho Sute, throngs the supposed
advantages which this citar afforded ; and that
as carly as thc year 18GG, I attempted to estab?
lish a company for thc manufacture of acids
and fertilizers,"but without success. In 18G7,
the attempt was renewod with better hopes of
success, and while, from May to August ol' that
year, ?-electing a suitable location for such
Works, and as chemist to the "North Carolina
Geological Survey," searched in both the Caro?
linas for native homo material which might bo
turned to profit in thu manufacture of acids
and fcrtiliz-rs I was fortunate enough to dis?
cover that a bcd out-cropping within ten miles
of Charleston, contained as large a percentage
of phosphate of lime as any of tho l-bospliatio
guanos imported ironi thc tropical islands,
and used in this country md abroad, for thc
manufacturo of fertilizers.
This bed has been long known in the history
of the Geology of South Carolina as tho "Fish
Bed of the Charleston Basin," on account of
tho abundant remains of the marine animals
found in it- Profcssoi Holmes, of tho Collego
ot Charleston, having iu his cabinet not less
than 60,000 specimens of shark's teeth alone,
some of them of enormous size, weighing from
two to two and a half pounds each T Tho bed
out-crops on the banks of tho Ashley, Cooper,
Stouo, Edisto, Ashepoo and Combahee Rivers,
but ia developed most heavily and richly on tho
former, and has boen found as far inland as
forty or fifty milos.
Near tho Ashley River, it paves tho public
high way for miles-it seriously impedes and
obstructs the cultivation of the lands, afford?
ing scarcely soil enough to "bill up tho cotton
rows," and tho "phosphates" have been for
years past thrown into piles on the lawns, or
into causeways over ravines, to get them out of
tho reach ol' tho plows; it underlies many
equaro miles of surface continuously, at ?
depth ranging from six inches to twelve or
more feet, and exists in such quantities that in
some localities from five hundred toa thousand
tons or more underlie each acre. In fact, it
seems that there are no rocks in this section
which are not phosphates !
HOW THE DISCOVEBY WAS MADE.
While engaged, as above mentioned, from
May to August, 18 J7, in locating my proposed
works, and searching for material suitable for
my purposes, on or about the 1st ot August,
while examining samples of foreign guano, in
the laboratory of Dr. St. Julian Uavenel (who
was then eugaged in preparations for the man?
ufacturo ol fertilizers, aud expected to import
or purchase lus materials from abroad), I waa
shown by him a rock, which ho said was from
Goose Creek, S. C , ?md contained, according
to his estimate?, from toa to fifteen per cent,
of phosphate of lime. Knowing from Tourney's
Geology of South Carolina, and Professor
shepard's Analysis, published in tho year
1848, that nine per cent, was not unusual in
the marls of Ashley Uiver, I was not surprised,
aud ul nm suggestion, Hi at "?ia I waa interest?
ed in such matters, I had better analyz; it." I
did so. Two days afterward tho result was
known, as follows, and immediately communi?
cated to Dr. Ravenel, who was then in my lab?
oratory, with the remark, "that it was well
worth looking after :" Pnosphate of lime, 31.401
sand and insoluble matter, 29.92.
The same day, August 3 (as taken from my
Laboratory Record), recalling to mind thc
"Fish Bcd" of tho Ashley River, and thc "no?
dules" or "conglomerates" buried there, I ap?
plied to my friend, Protossor F. S. Holmes
(who, among all my acquaintance, was best in?
formed as to the geology ol tins section of the
country) for samples of these or similar rocks,
a d finding in his cabinet a qua .tity taken
twelve years before from his own plantation on
Ashley River, was pleased to discover, on Au
gust 10,1867: No. 1-Phosphite of lime, 55 92
per cent.; No. 2-Pnosphate of lime, 55.52 per
Subsequent analysis, made in the next f aw
days, of rocks, collected from the bed by my?
self, showed averages varying from 57 to 67 per
cent., which could be relied on from a large
extent of country-thus having found these
"phosphates" to be identical with the "marl
stones" "nodules" or "conglomerates" of tho
"Pish Bcd of the Charleston Basin," all the
physical characters of which had beon known
and described twenty (20) years ago; and the
nodules, of which I was informed by Professor
Holmes, was known to contain 15 to 16 per cent,
of phosphate of lim 3. Availing myself of Pro?
fessor Holmes' extended information regard?
ing thc outlines of the bed, which he had many
years ago mapped out, I pushed forward ray
examinations and explorations with flattering
results, and in a few weeks extended tho limits
of the bcd far boyond its previously known
Thus this valuable material was discolored
and located, and combining my own knowledge
of its chemical and economic value, and of the
extended limits of the sime, with the exact
and valuable geological information of Prof.
Holmes (to whom 1 would accord tho high o it
praise and my hearty thanks), we endeavored
in vai i, for sixwoo'.s, to induce Southern capi?
talists to interest themselves, and to take hold
with us iu developing the new ?esou co.
One among tho many approached by us took
a lively interest in our" success. Mr. James F.
Welsman, prominent always in every enter?
prise promising to deyelope our native resour?
ces, with unexampled confidence and liberality,
contributed the means wnich enabled us to lay
our plans betoro a fow enterprising and public
spirited Philadelphians, who, immediately
grasping and fully comprehending the immense
interest thus opened up, furnished thc means
to carry thc eatorpriso through to a completa
Thus was organized the Charleston, South
Carolina, Mining and Manufacturing Company,
Prof. F. S. Holmes, President, and the writer,
Chemist and General Superintendent. The en?
terprise thus inaugurated has already brought
hundreds of thousands of dollars' worth of
property into demand, and infused our citizens
with lifo and energy. Stcannrs and ships seek
tho Ashley for outward freights, and South
Carolina has already become tho exporter ra
tuer than the importer of fertilizers.
Such, in brief, is tho history of this remarka?
ble discovery-rem irkablo no more in that the
material ha* remained so long handled but un?
known, than in its immense futura rafluonco in
tho history of the State-remarkable that it is
not thc result of accidental, haphazard adven?
ture, but the gratifying success of organized
scientific research; and while tho writer cannot
bc insensible of honor in having been ti ie in?
strument in discovering, in opening up and
developing this invaluable resource of his
adopted State, he feels that too much praise
and commendation cannot be accorded to his
years of arduous toil and heavy personal ex?
pense of time and means, with far too scanty
assistance from the State, have establishd for
their successors the landmarks which will
safely load thom to thc haven of snc:ca3ful en?
Thus, for the first timo in tho history of the
continent of America, have "Native Bono Phos?
phates" been discovered in avsilablo quautity;
and no supply so abundant, so easy ot access,
and so rich iii tho clements of fertility, is yet
found olsowhero in tho world. This'must'be
worked on a largo scale-private means are in?
adequate-the interest is too vast. Wo are in
need of capital, labor, mining and manufactur?
ing skill, enterprise, energy. Our mountains
aro full of gold, copper, silver, lead, iron, man?
ganese and sulphur; our mid! md bolt abounds
in thc pures', kaolin, now every day appliod to
some new or novel usc; also, in the best fire?
proof clays and sands for pottery, glass and
crucible manufacture. And now is discovered,
for tho first time iu tho history of America,
that which, for many years overlooked, is of all
else in the Stato or country, most valuable to
au agricultural community.
Charleston, September 9,1868.
JFOJtEIO y XISCELZAXY.
-An irreverent Frenchman writes that
Queen Victoria is a "httio dumpy, red-faced
old lady, having in her eye a dull sort of gloam,
which makes ono involuntarily think of a lu?
-Tho last dress Eugenio was seen in at
Biarritz was a chestnut poplin, trimmed with
crosscuts of the same, bordered with satin of
tho samo shade, a waite cloth loose jacket and
a chestnut brown straw hat trimmed with
-Mr. Gladstone, in replv to an appeal from
a lady of Liverpool, England, on tho subject of
female suffrage says that "it deserves con?
sideration in what way property in fcraalo
hands can advantageously be roprosontod in
thc constituencies." but beyond that ho "asks
leave to reserve his lull discretion."
-It is horribly hinted thal two-thirds of tho
thirty thou fand patients iu French lunatic asy?
lum^ are perfectly sane, but havo boen placed
in thom for various infamous reasons. It is
exceedingly easy lo get a person incarcerated,
only tho certificate of a police doctor being re?
quired; but it is proportionately difficult to
-Under thc new order of things by which
tho telegraphs of England aie owned and man?
aged by government, Mr. Beater is likely to
find his occupation gone. A press association
is forming for tho collection and transmission
of news. An arrangement is to bc catered
into by whicii a leader writer can send a late
article by telegiaph to his paper for about five
-Palis has formed a new trado for some of
her peoplo. It is tho hiring of fruit for grand
banquets. In the same way as people hire
china and glass for balls, apples and pears,
prizo melons, aro hired for tho central
piece. As soon as tho banquet is over tho
speculator removes hts fruit, ami it is next day
on some other aristocratic board. Chignons
arc also hired in Paris by tho day for parties,
or by the mouth.
-The working expenses of tho railways of
Europe during 18G5 aro estimated to bear tho
following proportion to tho receipts: Austrian,
38.8 percent.; Prussian, 40.4 por cent.; French,
40.7 percitit.; Netherlands, 43.7 percent.; Dan?
ish, 47.1 per cent.; Gorman States, 47.6 por
cent.; English, 47.9 percent.; Spanish, 55 per
cent.; Portuguese, 55.1 per cent.; Russian 59.4
percent.; Italian, 59.7 per cjnt.; and Swedish,
59.8 per cont.
-Fifty thousand francs salary is paid to tho
editor of tho ludependanco Bolgo, of Brussels.
This papor has a larger circulation ic Paris
than any of tho French government papers ex?
cept the Patrio, and is very rich. It lately tried
to have all its Paris correspondence sent by
telegraph, but that would have obliged all its
contributors to reveal their true names, and aa
they were unwilling to do this the pr., ject was
-Horse railroads have been tried in England
and failed. The experiment was not made on
a very extensive scale. About one hundred
feet of "tramway" was laid down about ten
years ago in Blackfriars road; but no cars
cars were provided. It has never paid any
dividends, and now the order has boen issued
to take up the track, because mtny horses
have been crippled by falling down on tho
rails. It is very clear that horse rai hoads will
not pay ni Engiaud.
-"Charles VII of Spain," as bc calls him?
self, is still staying iu Paris, ?nd lodges in gen?
teel apartments in Inc-Rue Cardinal Fcsch. Ho
is said to be a handsome young man, with
grave, polished manners. He reminds visitors
of his rank and the cloud which overhangs
him at present by in vari ibly handing thm a
chair with his own hands. Strict Spanish
eliquetto forbids any one to sit in thu presence
of the sovereign, and this action id iuteuded
to impress upon his visitors tliat Le waives its
piovisions tor the time beiug.
-A new process of manufacturing steel is
noticed in tho English papers. The Bessemer
or pueumatic plan requires pig iron of tho fin?
est brand, acid is unequal to the conversion of
metal of inferior finality charged with largo
quantities ol' sulphur and phosphorus, 'lue
new process, it is reported, is chemical aud
not mochanic.il, thus securing great economy
of time and labor. Nitrate of soda ia thc in?
gredient employed in the manufacture; aud me
report of a committee upon the tensile >nd re?
sisting s.rcngth of steel mad - by tiiis method,
places it upou an equality with the finest kinds.
Vast doposils of ore, hitherto considered use?
less, it is assorted, can now bo manufactured
into lirst-class steel.
-In Great Britain, sfati-jticj compiled from
authentic sources relativo to the moneyed
power of tho laboring population of Great Bri?
tain show that ibero are one thousand niue
hundred and ten co-operative societies carry?
ing on the business ot grocers or provision
sc-liers, with an aggregate capital of twenty
million pounds, and of these about two-thirds
have been successful in a financial point of
view. The "building and freehold land socie?
ties," represent a capital of seventy thou?
sand dollars, about fifty thousand dollars of
which are invested in dwellings tor members'
The co-operative associations, trade societies,
friendly and benevolent societies, building as?
sociations and savings banks, all combined,
represent a capital of nearly six hundred mil
-Thc Liberals of Dublin, mainly Roman
Catholics, have united upon two candidates to
return to Parliament-Mr. Pim, a Protestant
Dissenter, and Sn* Dominie Corrigan, an inde?
pendent Roman Catholic. The latter gentle?
man for many years has boen at tho head of
the me lical profession of Dublin, and has
taken a prominent ond honorable position in
public affairs. Sir Dominie Corrigan has is?
sued an address to the voters, m which he
promises to vote for the disestablishment and
disendowment of the Established Church of
Ireland. He says: "Peace and good will can
never prevail in Ireland as long as England
compels Catholics and Dissenters, who, with
independent spirit, support their own churches,
to pay tribute for the maintenance of a State
Church. It is contended that the Established
Church holds its right by prescription and the
usage of three hundred years. Neither time,
nor prescription, nor u<age can make that just
which is in itself injustice. I will support and
advocate freedom of education. To an amend?
ed Landlord and Tenant bill I will give my
warm advocacy. Mv guiding priuciple will be
that the bad landlord should bo compelled to
do by law that which the good landlord now
djes from his own sense of justice." The
medical profession of Dublin have contributed
largely to the oxpenses of Cor igan's election.
On Thursday evening, 12th instant, by the Hov.
W. B. W. HOWE, ISAAC HAYNE IO ELLEN PAR?
KER, youngest daughter of (ho late HENKY FBOBT,
M. D.. all of thia city. *
0?- Thc R la ti vc?, Friends ?nd Ac?
quaintances of Mrs. JANE SELLY, and of Mrs.
MAB? CAMPDELX and Mrs. ELIZABETH MUBTORTHEB,
and of ber sons, F. and B. FOWLES, and of their re?
spective families,ire respectfully invited to attend the
Funeral Services of the former, at her late residence.
No. 3 Jjhn-slrcet, Thu Morning, at Eight o'clock,
wimont further invitation. 1* November M
(i? I) i tu a ri).
PERONNEAU.-Vied at Anderson, on Saturday,
October 31st, 1868, AN N'A 8. PERONNEAU, beloved
wile of EOWABD C. PEUONNEAC, aged 61 years, 7
month- and 24 days.
OS- ORPHAN HOUSE CHAPEL_THE
Rev. C. C. PINCKSEY, of Graco (Episcopal) Church,
will pcrforw Divine Service in this Chapel To-Mor
row Afternoon, 16th inst., at half-past Three o'clock.
November 14 1
KS" FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH.
Preaching may be expected in this Church To-Mor
row Morning, at half-pa?t Ten o'clock, and In the
Afternoon, at Four o'clock, hy the Rev. W. H. WIL?
LIAMS, Pastor. 1 November 14
?-CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP CAR?
ROLL, from Baltimore, aro hereby notified that
she is This Day discharging cargo at Pier No. 1,
Union Wharves. All goods not taken away at sun?
set will romain on wharf at consignees' risk.
MORDECAI & CO., Agents.
November 14 1
AS- NOTICE.-N. 0. TlLTON, OF AIKEN,
\ S.C., haviDg executed a Deed of Assignment, con
! veying his property to the undersigned for tho bene
! fit or his creditor.-), a meeting ot tho said creditors
will be held at the office** Mr. A. CANALE, No. 171
East Bay (up sjalrs) at half-past Ten o'clock A. IL
Thit Day, 14th November, for the purpose of ap?
pointing agents to act in behalf of said creditors.
J il. RENNEKER, ) Assignees of
kV. F. ADATR, f N. O. Tilton.
November 14 1
ts-u?vER BAPTISM.-THE RAPTISM OF
THE CALVARY BAPTIST CHURCH will take place
at thc foot of Council-strcot, To-Morrow (Sunday),
the 15th inst int, at lal'-past Eight o'clock A. M.
The public In reneral arc respectfully invited to at?
There will bc a collection taken up on the ground
in aid of their new Chipcl.
By order and ia behalf of the Calvary Baptist
Church. Rev. C. SMALL, Pastor.
T. A. DAVH, C. C.
November 14 1*
?3-UNION DISTRICT.-IN EQUITY
HENRIETTA KAISER, et aU vs. JULIUS KAISER
et al.-BILL FOR PARTITION.-Pursuant to a De?
cretal Order of his Honor Chancellor JOHNSON, in
thc abovo stated case, the creditors of CH. KAI?
SER, deceased, and of the firm of CH. KAISER li
SON, late of Union vii le. South Carolina, are required
to present and establish their demands before me,
on or before thc fir?t day of January next.
WM. MUNRO, C. E. U. D.
Commissioner's Office, Uuionville, South Carolina,
September CU ws27
?ST ELECTRO-CHEMICAL BATHS ARE
now ready at No. 70 UASLL-STREET, at thc office
of Dr. HERVEY M. CLECKLEY, for thc mn of ali
inveterate chronic affeclious, which have resisted
the treatment of ul) medication.
Gentlemen will be accommodated during office
hours, from 7 to 10 A. M., from 2 to 4, and 7 to 10 P.
M. Ladies at any other hour, whon they will find
an experienced Lady to attend them.
Dr. CLECKLEY will bc glad to sec any of his pro?
fessional brethren (who arc fuvorable to medical pro?
gression), and will take pleasure in exhibiting the
operation of the baths.
Certificates of remarkable cures could be fuxni=n
ed, but it is not requisite.
November ll Imo
JOST AVERT DANGER.-"OUT OF THE
nettle Dancer wo pluck the flower Safety," says
Shakespeare. Feeble invalid, do you wish to pluck
this flower ? If so, invigorate your system with H05
TETTER'3 STOMACH BITTERS. Strength is your
sifety. Weakness is never safe. Acute disease
makes short work of the feeble. Re-eDforce half-de?
feated nature with the finest vegetable invigorant in
the world. Not merel> an invigorant, however, but
a gentle laxative, a more poteut blood d?parent than
any prescribed in thc pharmacopoeia aud ihe best
anti-bilious medicine extant. It is because it com?
bines so many important medicinal properties that
this reir?rkiihlcvr.'otable specific produces such et
traordinary effects. As a preventive, it forestalls
disease by endowiug ihe human physique with ex?
tra resistant power; as a curative, it sustains tho
strength while removing tbs complaint. Its use as
a remedy for ind'gestion ls now so general in all
parts of the Unite 1 States, that it may be consistent?
ly entitled thc NATIONAL SPECIFIC TOR DYSPEPSIA.
Its celebrity is not confined to this country, how?
ever, or even to this continent. There is no port in
the Wi stern Hemisphere t which it is not consign?
ed ; not a State between Pattagonia and thc Arctic
bea in which "il OSThTTEK'S BITTER?" is nota
In this mouth of fags, when chills and (ever and
other malarious disorder.! are rifo, a medic ited
stimulant is au article of the Lr>: nc:cs<ity for all
who travel by land or water, or aro in auy way expos?
ed to Hie uiorbitlc i .fl-ieu.-o* abroad in th I atmos?
phere. Of all alcholie tonics thc Ul TIERS are thc
purest and most, offic >cious-a tac- attested by Jeid
iug analytical chemis e, and connraaed by some of
most eminent medical practitioners in the United
S:atcj. ti November 9
?S- BATCHELORS UAW DYE.-1 Hld
splendid Hair Dye is the Lest in tbe world; the
only truo and perfect Dye; harmless, reliable,
U?tantaucoii?; no disappointment; no ridiculous
tints; remedies tho ill effect* ot bad dye?; invigo?
rates aud leaves thc hair soil au.l b'autiiuJ block or
brown. Sold by all Druggists and P?rfwucn?; era
properly applied at Batchelor's Wig i'm tory. No
lio&it-strec?i New York. jyr January J
THE FINE AM. C. PACKET SHIP B.
C. WINTHROP, STEWART Master, having
patt of her cargo enligo J, will meet with
For Freight engagements, apply to Captain on
board, or to PATTERSON ii STOCK,
October 24 sw South Atlantic Wharf.
TO LOAD FOB PHILADELPHIA, BAL
TI M O R E, New i'crk, Boston, Mass.
Charlestown. Mass., Newburyport, Mass,
and West Indies. Cargoes ready.
Apply to H. F. BAKBB it 00.,
November 7 No. 20 Cumber'and-street.
(STEA MERS LEAVE E VER YSTHDAY.)
FAST FREIGHT LINE TO AMD FROM
BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA. WA8HLNGT0N
CUT, WILMINGTON, (DEL.) CINCINNATI, (0.)
ST. LOUIS, (MO.) AND Ol HHP. N0R1HW1 ST?
THE FAVORITE AND SWiFT
S :rew Steamship CARROLL, L. M.
H CD GINS Commander, will sail for
Baltimore on Wednesday, the 18th
of November, at 9 o'clock A. M., trom Pier No. 1,
Union Wharves, making close connections, and de?
livering freight to all points in connection promptly
and at low rates.
Through Bills Lading given on Cotton to Boston
at lc., Bice Kc. ; land to New York Cotton at 3?c,
Rice $2 50 per cask.
Insurance on Cotton, Bice, Domes'ics and General
Merchandise, by the steamships of thia Hoe, J? per
lhe steamship SEA GULL will follow on regular
For Freight or passage, apply to
COURTENAY i TRENHOLM,
November 14 3 Union Wharve?.
NEW YORK AND CHARLESTON
FOR X E W YORK.
joggten THE SPLENDID SIDE WHEEL
/WISSELSTEAMSHIP MANHATTAN, WOOD
.-?ffiilfffiffl H rl-L' Commander, w?U Ad
crfrauesLger'b Wharf on Saturday, the 14th
inst., at 4 o'clock P. M.
Through Bilis Lading on Cotton to Boston and
Providence at low rates.
The Steamers of this Line inxure at three-quarter
OS- The Steamship JAMES A DOER will follow
on Tuesday, 17th instant, at - o'clock.
For Freight or Passage, having splendid Cabin ac -'
commodatione, apply to
JAMES ADGER * CO.,
Corner Adder's Wharf and East Ba; (Up Stain).
November 13 8
TRAVELLERS PASSING THROUGH
CHABLESTON EN ROU TETO FLO BID A, AIKEN
J^v<- ?- r. - Abd other places, should not fat
??5?'?? t0 lay tn their supplies of PBOVIS -
U&XI?H IONS. CLARETS, CHAMPAGNES ,
JESESM CORDIALS, BRANDIES. WHIS?
KIES, WIN Erf. CANNED MEAT.*, SOUPS, A-c.
Pates of Wild Game and Devilled Ha a for Sand -
Wiehes and Luncheons,
jg^i'eud for a catalogue.
WM. S. CORWIN 4 CO.,
No. 276 King-stiec,
Between Wentworth and Li 'amain,
Charleston, & C.
Branch of No. 900 Broadway, corner 20th stret>t,
MAC GREGOR Liff E.
DIRECT STEAM COMMUNICATION WITH.
, TBE GEORGIA AND LIVERPOOL
y?fe??^?*~ LINE OF FIRST-CLASS NEW IRON
?&M\?M^ CLYDE-BUILT STEAMSHIPS, com
- v^^E2?n rosed of the
SARASOTA.(ro be Built.)
SALUDA.(T? be Built)
SELMA.(To be Bui t)
R!GA .Cnptain Hmrxnt.
Fr-in. t takmi from and to St. LouU, Nashville,
Memphis, Vicksburg. Selma. Montgomery, Eufauh,
Tallahassee, Atlanta, Macon. Columbia, Au justa.
Griffin, Albany, Amer.cus, Greensboro*. Madison,
Covington, Athens, Ncwnan, LaGrango, Weat Point,
Cuthbert, DawBon. Thomajville, Carterville, and all
points in the South TU States, Great Britain and tuc
Bills of Liding signed upon iailroad rocoipts a
interior points of ?hlpment. Press receipts at r-avan
nah and dray receipts at Livjrpool. Insurance
effected from interior point- of sliipineuts and from
savannah, when desired, on our opin Policies here
or in Liverpool.
Advance of thre:-quarter* of th? value at the time
of shipment given up m consignments, and proceed s
Proposed days of sailing fiom Savanna1.), ls'and
16th of each month, commencing as lot ours :
WAVERLY, 1600 bales capacity.13th Do ember.
DON, 2300 bales cipacity.1st December.
RIO A, 3500 bales capacity.15th December.
LETrH, 4500 bales capacity.-.1st January.
Extra Steamers of 1500 and 3000 bales cecity will
bc disrate'.jed to Liverpool, lievre, Br.urn, Ham?
burg, Antwerp, Trieste, Genua an l Cronttadt, when?
ever indue rm ?nt offers.
Freight taken from Car Jiff or any indirect port to
AU Loading done at Press.
Apply to WM. M. TTJNNO k CO.,
In Liverpool to 810DDART P.BOTHERS.
And in Leith to DON A LD R. MAC (jREGOR.
September 5 s3mo
STEAM TO LIVERPOOL.
CALLING AT QUEENSTOWN.
A-, ... THE INMAN LINE, SAILING
SEMI-WEEKLY, carryin* the V,
"-^?t?^i'iat?dB^ M"-'8' consisting of the followiLfl.
-??< T steamers:
CITY OF PARIS,
CITY OF BALTIMORE,
CITY OF WAS Li IN GI ON,
CITY OF BOSTON
Sailing every Saturday and every alternate Monday,
at 1 P.M., trom Pier No. 45 North River, New York.
RATES OF PASSAGE.
BY THE MAIL STEAMEES SAILING EVERY 8ATTJBDAY,
Payable in Gold. | Payable in Currency.
1st Cabin.$100 j Steerage.IV
1st Cabin to London.. 105 steer.i?;c to London... S
1st Cabin to Paris... .115 | Steerage to -Paris.4
Pussago by the Monday steamers-First Cabin 530
gold; btcerago 330; payable in U. S. currency.
Rates of oass-'-gc from Now York to Halifax; Cabin.
$2.), Steerage, S10; payable ic gold.
Passengers also forwarded to Havre, Hauiborg,
Bri men, AT., atmodcrate rate.?.
Steerage passaee from Liverpool and Queenstown,
S40 currency. Tickets can bc bought here by ,-sr.
sons sending for their friends.
For further information apply at the Company'
offices. JOHN G. DALE, Agent,
. No. 15 Broadway. Now York.
June 4 fimo
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP CO MP Y'S
THEOUOn LLN.. TO
CALIFORNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN.
FREIGHT AND PASSAGE AT GREATLY RR
-f-zC-S*'-"? SIEAMERS OF THE ABOVS
s??jfi&F?ysL lino lcavc pier ^ortB River,
<^%f\w$X i?ot of Canal-street. New York, a
s3t?r?=?dS???!mH 12 o'clock noon, of the 1st 9th, 16tia
and 24th of every month (except when these dates
fall on Sunday, then the Saturday preceding).
Departure of 1st and 14th connect at Panama with
steamers for South Pacific and Central Americas
ports. Those of 1st touch at Manzanillo.
Departure of 9th ol each month connects with
the new steam line irena Panama to Australia aa *
Steamship CHINA, leaves San Francisco, fo
China and Japan, December 3.
No California steamers touch at Havana, but pc
direct from New York lo Aapinwall
One hundred pounds baggage freo to each adult
Medici HI- and attendance free.
For Passage ITokets or farther information apply
at the COMPANY'S TICKET OFFICE, on the wharf,
foot of Canal-street, Noith River NVw York.
March 14 lyr F. U. HABT, Agent
FOR PALATKA, FLORIDA.
TIA SAVANNAH, Fl*RN'ANDINA, JACKSONVILLE
AND ALL LANDINGS ON TUfc ST. JOUN'3
- r-irR-"?K, THE S T E A M E ? CITY POINT
^JuUt^S3imn? tona burthen), t'a; li n W. T
MCNELTY, ?ill leave South Atlantic ?barf every
lues-tay Ai?,Af at B ?'dock*, ami iavu nab every
Wednesday Afternoon, a; 3 o'clock, lor the above
Returning, wiU leave savannah tor Charleston ever?
Sundau Marni) g, ut S o Y-leek
All nviuU iryablc <'U thc wharf
Goods left an abe wharf after ?uusot wll be otorc?
at expense and ri^k of owners.
J. D AIKEN ii rt,., 't-r-uts,
October 8 >o.:tl> M Un Ho \\ barf.
IOXE TRW A WEEK. I
CHARLESTON A S? D SAVANNAH STEAM
VIA BEAUFORT, HILTON HEAD AN ; BLUtFTOS
STEAMER PILOT BOY.Capt. TV. A VADIH .
SlEAMb.it FANME.Cast. I CNS PECS
r -?cfTT?^ ONE OF THE A POY ti A ME KS
(BQSy^?^will leave Uh ?.ric? .. .? . Tuesday
Morning, at 7 o'cloc!:, and ?avsuu .li vu" llutrtiii
Momma, at 7 o'cicck.
For Freight or passage, a, 11? <.
j ti.> ? . KttL>OS,
Jv.nc 29 A.-con: La o Jai ion Wharf.