Newspaper Page Text
vnT.TTMT? VT-NTT^rRRR 1020.]
CHARLESTON, S. C., SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 5, 1868.
EIGHTEEN CENTS A WKFK
THE ?STATE CAPITAL.
THE CHARLESTON ELECTION BEFOSE THE SU?
PREME OOCRT-THE ACTING COUNCIL REQUIR?
ED TO SHOW CAUSE WHY THEY SHOULD NOT
DECLAXK THE ELECTION-A QUO WARRANTO
TO BE APPLIED FOR TO-DAY-THE CIRC UTI
JUDGESHIP-NEW COUNTY-THE TROUBLES AT
.MARION COURTHOUSE, S. C.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DAILY NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, December 4.-In the Supreme
Court this morning, before Justices Willard
and H?ge, Messrs. Corbin and Chamberlain
moved for and obtained an alternative manda?
mus addressed to theJActing Board of Alder?
men of che City of Charleston, commanding
the^i to declare the city election, and to allow
..ne petitioners to enter upon their respective
offices, or to appear before this court, in the
City of Columbia, on Tuesday, tho 8th instant,
at eleven A. M., and show cause why they re?
fuse to do so. A quo warranio will be moved
for to-morrow, addressed to the Mayor and
Aldermen, by name, requiring them to show
by what authority they now hold and exercise
the offices of Acting Mayor and Aldermen of
the City of Charleston.
The Legislature has adopted a concurrent
resolution to enter into an election on Wednes?
day next for Judge of the First Circuit and for
Register of Mesne Conveyance for Charleston
A bill was introduced into the House of
Representatives tc establish a new county to
be called Aiken.
In the Senate the report of the Committee
on Elections on the credentials of Valentine
Young, dedaring the seat of Abbeville County
vacant by the action of the Senate at the spe?
cial session, was adopted.
J. E. Green was elected sergeant-at-arms of
the Senate to-day.
The first reports of the trouble at Marion
Courthouse, yesterday, now turn out to have
been much exaggerated. The prisoners have
not broken jail, bnt have revolted and obtained
possession of the building. The proper assist?
ance has been dispatched to the support of the
THE TROUBLE AI MAH IO* COURT?
TRUE VERSION OF THE AFFAIR-HOT QUITE A JAIL
DELIVERY-SURROUNDED BY A SHERIFFS
POSSE-A STATE OF SIEGE-STARVING OUT THE
INSURGENTS-A SALLY THREATENED-EXCITE?
MENT IN THE TOWN.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DALLI NEWS.]
MARION COURTHOUSE, December 4.- The
facts in regard to +be trouble at the county
jail here are briefly as follows:
About ten o'clock yesterday mr ming the pris?
oners, sixty-seven in number, made a desper?
ate attempt to break jail. They succeeded in
forcing topen the cells, and had reached the
outer door, when Sheriff Collins, with a poeso
of citizens, prevented their further egress by
firing through the windows from the outside.
Although the effort to escape has thus been
checked, the prisoners are not subdued, and
still hold possession of the jail. They are
closely watched, however, by the citizens, and
it is hoped that a strong guard and no rations
will ultimately bring them to terms. The jail
birds, on the other hand, affirm that they will
never yield, and that they will sally forth to
S ru?ht. Muoh excitement prevails in the town.
-DTO-tf. JEFFERS OA" DAVIS.
PROCEEDINGS IN THE UNITED STATES Oi^CUIT
COURT AT RICHMOND-ARGUMENT OF B. H. DANA,
ESQ., COUNSEL FOR THE GOVERNMENT AGAINST
THE MOTION TO QUASH THE INDICTMENT
AGAINST MR. DAVIS-REPLY OF CHAS. 0'CONOR,
ESQ.-CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE IN FAVOR OF
QUASHING THE INDICTMENT-THE DISTRICT
RICHMOND, December 4.-ih the United
States Circuit Court, Chief Justice Chase presid?
ing, on the motion to quash the proceedings
against Mr. Davis, R. H. Dana, Esq., for the
government, opened this morning. He pro?
ceeded- to show that the Fourteenth amend?
ment^ pleaded in bar of punishment by the de?
fendant, was not a penal statute, but merely a
chango in the political system adopted to
secure trustworthiness in office and to pre?
serve purity in the administration of the gov?
ernment. It was a measure of precaution to
secure the country against filling offices with
persons who had once before filled them and
broken their oaths. If it had been intended to
inflict punishment, it would have been the ut?
most folly of legislation, seeing that while it
would, if viewed as the defendant's counsel
viewed it, lighten the punish lian of leaders
who had held office and broken thel- oaths, it
would leave people who had never held office
exposed to the penalties of imprisonment and
death as denounced in the constitution beforo
the adoption of the amendment. It was only
an expression of the public will as to the fit?
ness of persons who engaged in the rebellion to
hold office again after breaking their oaths. It
was not intended, as alleged by the defence, to
act as an amnesty, nor was there a single word
uttered in the Congress that framed or the Leg?
islatures that adopted it, to warrant such a con?
struction. So far from that, it was intended as a
test by which those men might be reached and
guarded against who had proved unfaithful
to their pledge to the government. It could
not be pleaded in bar of conviction for treason,
seeing that it applied to those only who bad,
after taking their oath of office, engaged in in?
surrection and rebellion against the govern?
ment. Now, treason is something more than
engaging ia insurrection and rebellion. It is
levying war against the government; and of
this the defendant etands charged. It would
be strarge, indeed, if Jefferson Davis could, as
he might under this plea, come to the bar ot
the court, and acknowledging that he was guilty
of treason, deny liability to be punished be?
cause of the Fourteenth amendment.
Mr. O'Conor followed Mr. Dana. He said :
Viewed as the defence would have it, as a re?
peal of the punishing clause of the constitu?
tion, the Fourteenth article would offer a pre?
mium to rebellion hereafter, securing the par?
ticipator, as it would, from all penalties except
Mr. O'Conor argued that, from the very na?
ture of a great civil war, it was impossible to
follow it up by trials for treason conducted
with the fairness required by law. How utter?
ly repugnant to the world's idea of humanity it
is that, after being recognized during the war
as in all respects equal and as honorable men,
the leaders of the conquered force should be
searched out in peace to be hung as traitors.
The government and people had never in?
tended to do that, and it was for this
reason that the Fourteenth amendment
was adopted. It was a constitutional provi?
sion and executed itself, and those who fell
under it were no* ?qffering punishment. He
asked the oourt lc give that oona traction to
the Fourteenth article, which the American
people intended it should bear, and to accept
the great and beneficent act of mercy iu the
construction which they had put upon it, and
which tends to advance what all good men
who are believers in universal suffrage so much
desire," viz : that universal suffrage should be
accompanied hand in hand with universal
amnesty of the supposed offences arising out
of the unfortunate controversy in which uni?
versal suffrage may be said to have had its
The court adjourned until to-morrow.
LATED.-After the adjournment of the Uni?
ted States Circuit Court to-night, tho counsel
were recalled, when Chief Justice Chase an?
nounced that the Court was divided-he
(Chase) being in favor of quashing the indict?
ment, and the District Judire (Underwood) op?
posed. Thereupon, this division of the Court
was certified to the Supremo Court of the Uni?
ted States. Mr. Chase leaves for Washington
MINISTER JOHNSON ON HIS CRITICS-GLADSTONE
ACCEPTS THE PREMIERSHIP.
LONDON, December 4.-At a banquet which
waa given to bim at Birmingham, Minister
Job-json spoke in his usu*! style. In alluding
to the fact of his taking the hands of men
without regard to their opinions during the
war between the States, and the comments
which had been made thereon in the public
press, he said: "If there are any persons,
either in England or America, PO ungenerous
as to render judgment against my conduct, I
appeal (rom their judgment, and shall, in the
language of the lawyers, submit their total
disqualification by nature to entertain and de?
cide the question."
Gladstone has accepted the Premiership.
PARIS, December 4.-The police dispersed a
crowd which was gathered in the neighborhood
of Baudin'a tomb. Some sullenness was exhib?
ited, but no disturbance occurred.
A DICTATOR CN SPAIN.
MADR/D, December 4.-Espartero has been
asked to become temporary dictator.
FRIENDL? RELATIONS BETWEEN FRANCE AND
BERLIN, December 4.-The King of Prussia
received the French Ambassador with assur?
ances of friendship for France.
THE CALIFORNIA HAIL-THE UNITED STATES SU?
PREME COURT- TJSTOMS AND REVENUE.
WASHINGTON, December 4.-The contract for
carrying tho Californian mail via the Isthmus
has been awarded to (be Pacific Steamship
Company, of which McLane is President, for
$150,000 per annum.
At the Cabinet meeting to-day Schofield was
The United States Supreme Court will meet
on Monday. AU the Associate Judges are here.
The receipts from customs from November
23 to November 30 inclusivo, were $2.766,000.
Revenue to-day, $677,000.
Rollins has decided that the manufacturer cf
tobacco, snuff, and cigars, who Bells his stuff
away from the factory is a tobacco dealer.
C ondensed New? by Telegraph.
There was snow in Richmond yesterday.
General Reynolds, commanding in Tesas,
wants more troops and military commissions.
The contest between the Metropolitan police
and City police of New Orleans is beforo the
The Alabama Legislature has passed a bill
punishing the wearing of disguuueB and masks
by fine and imprisonment.
Several of tho Caban rebel chief* and agents
have been carried prisoners to Havana, and
there is great destitution in the insurgent dis?
A misplaced switch caused a collision on the
Toledo and Cleveland Railroad yo3terday, by
which one passenger was killed and several
The North Carolina Legislature has passed
resolutions ordering an investigation into
charges of briber)- and corruption against its
The Florida Supreme Court has decided
against the motion of Lieutenant-Governor
Gleason to remove the impeachment case to
tho United States Courts. Judgment of ouster
against Gleason is expected soon.
Advices from the Eastern Department of the
Island of Cuba state that at a meeting of the
revolutionary Junta, tbe majority, artera short
argument, rofusod to accept any reforms offer?
ed as an inducement ta surrender, and declared
their determination to fight for independence.
Tbe Junta represents the talent and wealth ot
the department. Count Bnlmaseda, on hearing
of their determination, notified them that a
bloody struggle would commence soon.
AFFAIRS IN COLUMBIA.
The Debate Regarding F. S. Lewie, of
Lexington-Jtnks in Opposition-Thc
Home Insurance Company?-A Fight
for Home Institutions-The E lection of
Mr. Young, of Abbeville-Personals
Carrying Concealed Weapons.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., December 3.-The House
of Reresentatives to-day had some sharp,
lively debate. The ball was ?rst started by the
following report of tho Committee on Privi?
leges and Elections :
The Committee on Privileges and Elections,
to whom was referred the certificate of elec?
tion of F. 8. Lewie as a member of this House
from Lexington County, issued under the seal
of the office of the Secretary of State and certi?
fied by the Board of 8tate Canvassers, beg
leave to report that they have considered tho
same and have agreed that they know of no
lawful objections to the said F. S. Lewie from
qualifying and taking his seat as a member of
this House. A. J. RANS1ER, Chairman.
Mr. Jonis made a motion to postpone tbe
consideration of tho report two weeks.
Elliott asked wbat kind of a way of doing
business was that? He wis opposed to any
such dilatory action, and if they were geing to
admit the gentleman elect why not do it at
once. If he held a legal certificate he could
not be kept out. If illegally elected his seat
might bo contested; but tho committee having
reported favorably scarcely admitted of a
doubt, and he should be allowed to take his
seat. He moved to indefinitely postpone tbe
motion made by the gentleman from Charles?
Mr. Tomlinsoo made a telling little speech
in favor of tho immediate admission of the
member, and was perfectly surprised that euch
a motion should be made after the report of
the committee had been read.
Hausier hoped the motion to indefinitely
postpone the motion of his colleague would
prevail. Thc committee had carefully exam?
ined, and were satisfied ho was entitled to bis
seat. He held the certificate which tho Secre?
tary of State bad sent in. No one called on
the committee to s bow any irregularities in the
election, and even had they done so they cculd
only have told them to contest the seat. The
rumor that he had nothing official proved to
he without foundation, and they muBt admit
DeLarge hoped no such motion as that made
by his colleague (Mr. Jenks) would ever again
be made in either House. Had it originated
with any other member he would have be^n
surprised. Besides, it was discourteous to the
committee, as it looked like an indirect cen?
sure on the committee, and a charge that they
had not performed their duty. It was also a
charge against the Secretary of State that he
had issued a fraudulent certificate. He hoped
they would show they were above party consid?
erations in such a matter and would admit the
" On motion of George Loo, tho report of thc
committee was received as information, and
the member elec t requested to present him?
self at the speaker's desk to qualify.
Mr. F. S. Li-wie then appeared, was duly
sworn, and took his seat.
In the discussion on the bill to incorporate
the Home Insurance Company of Charleston,
on a motion to postpone tho consideration of
the subject until next Tuesda;.', Mr. JeDks
spoke iu opposition, and said there was now
LO insurance company in Charleston belonging
to the State, and all the money for insurance
goes out of tho State.
Mr. Tomkinson wanted the bill acted on now,
as the company desire to commence opera?
tions January 1st, 1869.
Mr. Ferritcr also spoke warmly in favor of
immediate action, and the necessity of encour?
aging and aiding home enterprises.
The question being taken on tho motion to
postpone, it was decided in the negative.
Tho bill was theu taken up for a second read?
ing, and two sections read, when Mr. Tomlin
son came to an amendment in reference to the
responsibilities ot directors.
Elliott renewed his motion to postpone to
Monday. The friends of thc bill, he contended,
were not able to explain it, and they all wanted
time to examine it.
Mr. Tomlinson withdrew his opposition to
the motion to postpone.
Whipper said he did not intend to say any?
thing as the Houso was then acting on the
bill, but he was going to move to strike out
the erecting clause. It appeared lo bim the
worst drawu bill he had ever seen. There
were honied words in it, he said, which meant
mischief and decoption. It was artfully drawn.
In conclusion he moved to postpone the bill to
Monday, which was agreed to.
A bill to authorize B. S. and M. B. Bennett
to collect wharfage was taken up, read the
third time, passed, and ordered to be sent to
A joint resolution authorizing the Treasurer
to pay $315 90 to Dr. Alfred Baoul, of Charles?
ton, for services as physician io Charleston
Jail, was read the second time, and ordered to
be engrossed for a third reading.
Sasportas introduced the following concur?
rent resolution, which was adopted, and order?
ed to be sent to the Senate :
Resolved, By the House of Representatives,
the Senate concurring, that a special commit?
tee of two on part of the House, and -on
part of the Senate, be appointed to report tho
number of attaches of this Qeneral Assembly;
to report the number necessary to be added,
if such a necessity exists, or to report the num?
ber which can be dispensed with if there now
be too many.
Mr. Turner presented thc petition of J. F.
Sloan and L. M. Gentry, of Spartanburg
County, for the removal of their political dis?
abilities. Referred to the Committee on Dis?
IN THE SENATE, the day was principally oc?
cupied in tho reorganization of the committees,
filling of vacancies, &c.
Mr. Wright, from tho Committee on Elec?
tions, to wbom was referred the credentials of
Hon. Valentine Young, senator elect from Ab?
beville County, reported back the same, and
say that General Orders No. 79 show that Hon.
Valentine Young was duly elected senator from
Abbeville County, and tho committeo, from the
evidence presented, decided that Mr. Young
has been duly elected senator. But in conse?
quence of the failure of said senator lo appear,
according to the proclamation of the Governor,
in thc Senate during the last session, and the
declaration of tho Senate at last session, that
the seat of the senator be declared vacant and
a writ of election ordered to be issued unless
such writ has been issued, the County of Abbe?
ville is unrepresented in this Senate.
Mr. Ali?n moved that tho report be printed
and made the special order for Tuesday next,
at 1 P. M.
Mr. Wright moved to amend by striking out
"Tuesday next, at 1 P. M., and inserting in lieu
tboroof "to-morrow, at 1.30 P. M."
lhe amendment was accepted, and t he mo?
tion, as amended, was agreed to.
The following bill was read a eecend time in
the Senate to-day:
A bill for the prevention of and punishment
for carrying concealed deadly weapons.
Be it enacted by tho Senate and House of Re?
presentatives of the State of South Carolina,
now met and sitting in General Assembly, and
by the authority ef tho same:
SECTION 1. That on and after the passage of
this act it shall bo unlawful for any person or
persons whatsoever to have or keop about their
persons any of the hereinafter named weapons,
to wit: Pistols, dirks, sword-canes, bo ?vie
knives, or any other deadly weapons, either for
offence or defence.
SEC. 2. Any person or persons within the
limits of this Sute violating this act, except
as hereafter excepted, shall, for each and
every such offence, bo deemed guilty of a high
crime and misdemeanor, and, upon trial and
conviction thereof, shall be fined for the first
offence, in a sum not exceeding five hundred
dollars, nor less than ono hundred dollars, at
the discretion of the court; and every subse?
quent conviction of a hke offence., in a sum
not exceeding one thousand, nor less than live
hundred dollars, at the discretion of the court.
SEC. 3. It shall bo the duty or all civil otbV
cers to be vigilant in carrying out the provi?
sions of this act, in its full effect, as well also
of the grand jurors to make presentments of
each and every offenco under thia act which
shall come under their knowledge.
SEC. 4. All fines and forfeitures arising un?
der this act shall be paid into the county
troiaury, to be appropriated for county pur?
poses: Provided, nevertheless, that tho provi?
sions of this act shall not extend to sheriffs,
marsha's, constables, or their deputies, in tho
actual discharge of their duties.
The city has been made quite lively by tho
arrival of tho party of iand-buyors and the
stockholders of the Augusta and Columbia
Railroad Company. Tho meeting of the com?
pany has been very largely attended.
Hon. F. A. Sawyer, United States senator,
und Hon. B. F. Whittomore, member of Con?
gress, aro both here. Tho latter loaves Co?
lumbia for Washington to-morrow. Tho for?
mer goes first to Charleston, and will probably
leave that city about Monday.
D. H. Chamberlain. Esq., State Attorney
General, andona of the counsel for claimants
in tho late contestod Mayoralty eloction, has
arrived, and I learn will sue out a quo warranto
before Judge Willard immediately on his ar?
Hon. C. C. Bowen is expected here to-morrow.
DEPUTY STATE CONSTABLE.- I he appointment
of deputy State constab.e has been tendered
to Mr. Newton Scott, town marshal, vice Alex?
ander Campbell, resigned. This appointment
will prove acceptable to the people of this Dis?
trict.- Anderson Intelligencer,
j MORE HANKING CAPITAL
GREAT WANT OE CHARLESTO.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEW?.
lu your editorial of 19th ultimo, you tm
mark that the greatest want ol' our city
increase in our available commercial ca
which can be best supplied by an incret
our banking capital. Whilst this fact mu
apparent to every one, no proper effort
been made to remedy tho evil. It is, t
fore, fair to assume that few realize its ;
mount importance and tbe extent to whicl
future prosperity depends upon the supp!
of this want.
The writer proposes to offer some rerr
upon the causes which have led to this de
of capital, upon the importance of makin
effort to supply the deficiency, and to i
out the manner in which this can bc aci
The primary cause of our present final
distress was, undoubtedly, the result ot
war, which swept away tho whole bau
capital of this city, which, previous to the
amounted to some thirteen millions of dol
Not only was our banking capital entirely
stroyed, but property aud securities of
kinds were greatly d?preciated, thus in a i
sure depriving us ot tho means of establisl
new banks to supply the places of the
Our ruin, though great, was not total. Si
capital remained, and our crops, though t
cieut, still brought some accession to our c
tal, as wc have all learned a lesson of econo
aud the present rate of expenditure for arti
not of prime necessity has fallen off in a m
greater ratio than our incomes. We must 1
to some other cause to account for a falling
in om- bauking capital to the one twenty-si
part of what it was before tho war. This ca
is undoubtedly to be found in a want of co
dence which has pervaded all classes of e>
ety, caused by the uncertainties arising fi
the unsettled state of our political affairs, fe
of confiscation, and an undefined dread
evils, the natural result of the entire revc
tion wrought in our domestic institutions i
system of labor. Capital is timid; and it is
torious that men hazard even their lives w
less consideration than they hazard their i
tunes. So long as these causes of anxiety
isted, it was useless to hope for the estabh:
mont of banks of large capital, from ou J
limited resources, and still less from capital
be drawn from abroad.
To show that this cause of our present w:
of capital has been removed, and that a pro]
offort to establish a bank of large capi
would now likely prove successful, will
made the subject of a subsequent article. 'I
writer proposos now to consider the necess
of making such an effort.
For the year ending IstScptember, 1860, t
receipts of cotton at the port of Charles!
were 512,130 balos, at the port of Savann
629,822 bales, and at Norfolk 50,780 bales. I
tho year ending 1st September, 1868, the
coipts of cotton at this port were 240,600 bal
at Savannah 491.185 bales, and at Norfolk 16
135 bale?. The tailing off in the entire recoi]
of thc three ports is, of course, in part i
counted for by tho diminished production, I
tho great comparative falling off at this po
is, undoubtedly, in a great measure attrit
table to tho want of capital. Tho writer
aware that some allowance is to bo ma
for new railroad communications, but if
did not fear to weary his readers, bc cou
show conclusively that thia is uot so serious
cause as is generally supposed; and if it we
not for the want of capital, would have been lu!
counterbalanced by receipts from new poin
opened to us by other railroad connection
Ho will refer to ono fact only, to wit, the grc?
ly diminished quantity of cotton received
tiiiu port from Georgia. Prior to the war,
largo portion of our receipts were mado up
cotton not only from Augusta, but from int
rior towns on the Georgia Railroad, the Wes
ern and Atlantic Railroad, Atlanta and Wc:
Point Railroad, and also from Macon, Coluu
bus, and other towns in Southwestern Geo;
gia. Cotton from those points did not merci
pass through Charleston in transit, but w:
either sent here fur sale for account of th
planters and merchants of thoso sections, c
was bought for account of our own merchant
and resold here, or sent forward to fill ordei
received from abroad. At present our receipt
Iroui all of these sections arc greatly reducec
and from some of them wo receive absolute!;
Ir ia proper here to remark that tho f illinj
offin our receipts, large as it is, does notai
ford the full measure of our loss of business i:
this staple, lt is notorious that before th
war thc great bulk of tho cottou pasain?
through to this city was sold in this market
This not only gave freight to our raihoad
and attracted vessels to our wharves-wh ici
result is attained by cottou merely passim
through in transit-but, in addition, yielded i
largo amount of commissions to our factor:
and shipping merchante, to thc one for selim;
and to tho other tor buying, and also gave ad
ditional employment to our draymen, enabloi
our wharf owners and warehousemen to earn i
largo amount for storage, weighing, kc., in
creased the premiums earned by insurance
companies, and gave "employment to a verj
large number of laboring men, whose earnings
add so much to the general wealth ot every
community. At present it is equally notori?
ous that a very large portbn of om- receipts is
made up of cotton which merelypaeses through
in transit, yielding scarcely any benefit to our
Upon thc other hand it could bo shown that
the proportion of tho receipts ot the neigh?
boring City of Savannah, which is now sent
there for sale, in contradistinction to that
merely pasbing through in transit, is far
greater than it was prior to the war.
Tho effect of this change upon our sister
city can be 6een in tho increased prosperity
which is therj manJost on every hand. Real
estate is more valuablo there than here.
In our city the great bro of 1861, and other
fires which occurred during thc wai', destroyed
not less than two thousand houses, including
residences, stores aud warehouses, and ex?
cluding outbuildings. But tar* of these have
bein rebuilt, and yet rents in this city which,
under ordiuary circumstances, should have
ranged very high, owing to the diminished
supply of houses, aro so low as to yield scarce?
ly moro than sufficient to pay taxes, insur?
ance, and ordinary repairs, wliilBt in Savan?
nah, wbere but few buildings were destroyed,
real estate still yiolds a fair return, and largo
numbers of new buildings aro being erected.
Theso allusions to ibo greater prosperity of
our sister city arc made in no Jaebng of un?
kindness or of envy ; ca thc contrary wo should
rejoice at her prosperity, but we should in?
quire into the chusca 0? thc great discrepancy
which exists between hor condition and ou
own, and endeavor to Rive to our old city thc
seme dogreo of prosperity whi?h Savannah en?
joys. Savannah, before the war, possessed far
less capital than Charleston, hence the cotton
sent here for sale f. really exceeded thc quanti?
ty Bent there for sale. Savannah suffered far
less from the effects of the war than Charles?
ton did. ? mach smaller portion of the capi?
tal of her merchants and other citizens was
invested in banks than with us, and private
fortunes escaped to somo extent the utter
and entire ruin which swept among every ves?
tige of capital invested in our banks. From
some cause or other, which it is scarcely
worth while to examine into, there has, since
the war, been a less degree of insecurity felt at
the North as to investments made in Savannah
than as to investments made here, and hence
Northern capital has flowed moro freely to them
than to us. This feeling no longer exists, and the
comparisons made as to tho relative condition
of tho two cities, boforo and since the war, are
made merely to illustrate the argument that
the one great obstacle to our own prosperity is
tho want of capital, and that we can now, by a
proper effort, remove this difficulty.
A forcible illustration of tho influence of
capital upon the movement of thc cotton crop
is afforded by the fact that for the year ending
1st September, 1868, tho foreign export ot cot?
ton from the port of New York amounted to
about 400,000 bales, or nearly one-fourth of the
entire export to foreign countries. As a largo
poi tion of this cotton exported from New York
is sent thoro for sale, and is subjected to two
commissions, storage and other charges, be?
sides the coastwise freight, it is fair to assume
that, after making all duo allowance for the
lower rate of freight usually prevailing in New
York, cotton oxported via New York is sub?
jected to additional chartres, amounting in the
aggregate to at least two cents per pound.
Merchants usually beck to forward their ship?
ments by the cheapest channels; and this
anomaly in the cotton trade can only bc ac?
counted for by tho fact that tho New York
merchants, by being able to offer greater ac?
commodation in the way of holding cotton for
their customers, are able to attract to that
market so largo a portion of our crop, which
finds its way to the consumers by BO circuitous
and expensive a route. Cotton sent to Charles?
ton for sale must be sold almost as soon as re?
ceived, owing to the want of facilities for hold?
ing. In New York cotton can always be hell
until tho owner desires it to be sold; and this it
is that causes so largo a portion of our crop to
be sent to that market, to the detriment, not
only of our merchants, but alBO of our planters.
In my next I shall endeavor to show that tho
proper time has now arrived for us to make a
determined and successful effort to remove the
disadvantages we now labor under.
Tile Washington Season-Compromis?
ing with Conscience and thc Trea?
sury-Bureau Consolidation Project,
The Washington correspondent of the Balti?
more Sun writes under dato of December 2:
The city is beginning lo be lively. Congress?
men have arrived in considerable numbers,
and a largo number of visitors, lobbyists and
sight-seers have como to tho capital to bo
present at the opening of Congress. The im
pressio i is that wo are to have an unusually
gay season and avery interesting session.
A well-to-do citizoH of a Northern State is
bore proposing a compromise with the govern?
ment iii a matter wherein tho aforesaid citizen
got the better of Uncle Sam. It appears that
some years ago tho Northern citizen, who was
an importing merchant, received some goods
that were invoiced ut au under valuation of
about $50,000. Hi says tho government has
no proofs against him, and can have none.
Nevertl eless. ho generously offers to pay into
tho treasury $25,000, aud take a receipt in full
for all indebtedness, lhe Secretary of the Trea?
sury is considering thc proposition.
The President is urged by influential parties
to recommend to Congress tho consolidation of
three bureaus into one department, namely:
the agricultural, educational and statistical
bureaus. Some suggest that these shall be
embraced in the Interior Department, others
recommend that they shall constitute an addi?
tional depaitment, to bu represented by an ad?
ditional Cabinet officer. The latter proposition
does not meet with much favor.
THE DAVIS TBIAE-CHIEF JUSTICE CHASE AND
THE PltESEDEN'T-GENERAL GBANT'S VIEWS ON
A Washington letter of thc 2d instant, to tho
Baltimore Gazette, says:
Additional interest has been excited here
within a few days past in respect to tho case of
Mr. Jefferson Davis, now untler consideration
of the United Slates Circuit Court at Rich?
mond. In intelligent quarters it has been
known for somo timo that tho law officers of
the government would again resort to pot ?log?
ging and delay, and it bas been whispered that
m case ot failure of postponement au attempt
would bo made to withdraw the cause from the
civil tribunals, and, thronen the influence of
thc lawyers with the satiap of Virginia, throw
it over to a court-martial ander the reconstruc?
tion aet8, on thc ground of that State not be?
ing yet in tho Union I
In referring to thin matter, a Washington
journal chartres thoso movements as bein.- in?
stigated bv tho "government,"au 1 thoro is not
wanting evidence that tho parties aiming at
this end aro endeavoring to evade the odium
by casting the responsibility upon the Execu?
tive. Thia view, however, must bo altogether
erroneous, as will be seen by a brief ref ivncu
to the history of the ca60. It will bo remem?
bered that the President, for tho past two
years, has been incessantly working to bring
on the trial, witli tho avowed object ot testing
important constitutional principles-involving
tho legal question of tho right of secession
and tho present status ot tho ?states which at?
tempted a separation of the South from tho
North. To this purpose bc invoked thc action
of Congress and very recently took the opin?
ion of tho Attorney-General as to whether he
possessed further power in the premises, tho
exercise of which would facilitate a deci?
sion by tho civil courts. It is now ?vi?
dent that tho theory that the Fourteenth
amendment to tho constitution has been
adopted effectually prcventa thu accomplish?
ment of tho President^ original desire of
bringing the important legal points referred to
before the Supremo Court; but there is not a
particle of proof that his wish to have the case
promptly disposed of has been in any wiso
altered or modified. The truth of tho matter
is, that thu case h-is passed entirely out of the
hands of the Executive, and is now, to all in?
tents and purposes, in those of the Judiciary
and the law officers of tho government. To
Chief Justice Chase, tho Distri-t-Attorney for
the District of Virginia, and tho Attorney
General (who bas just made another attempt
to scrcoo himself by employing Dana, of Massa?
chusetts, to conduct tho prosecution), belong
thc whole responsibility. Tho public wi;l boar
in mind thar the power of the President is
limited to absolutely pardoning tho accused as
the matter now Stauda, or, in tho event J? the
case being transferred to a military court, to
interposing an objection to the intuition of
Tho Chief Justico, it will be seon, therefore,
at a glance, has, in this very fortunato junc?
ture ot circumstanc3s, au opportunity of sev?
ering all connection be twee . himself aud his
former po itic il associator. Tho tosiJonsibility
ies's upon iiim nf overruling all dilatory mo?
tions, and il' tho uccusod uhail bo remanded by
the military authorities, to ignore that feature
of tho reconstruct iou system which regards
Ibo State of Virginia as out of the Union. If
thc "law officers" of tho government think to
make their poaco willi tho ..coming man" by
turning this case ovor to tho next administra?
tion, I havo a pieoc ot very pr titablo intelli?
gence to impart to th m. The peculiar and
fast friends of General Grunt say with d.-cided
emphasis that no logacy thoouigo ng govern?
ment could bcqueai li them could be loss ac?
ceptable thin this muddled business.
-A physician says that since the introduc?
tion of short drcj tes there has boen a notice?
able declino in diseases am mg women origi?
nating with eold or damp feet. When lojg
garmonls prevailed, womon were very careless
in thia respect, often wearing thin and broken
EMIGRATION FBOM GERMANY.-The Berlin
correspondent of the Nea York Herald writes
"Considerine all the chances operating against
the prosperity of a German, bad government
density of population, low price of labor and
grievances innumerable, it is but natural that
tho tide ef emigration should continually flow;
indeed, we hear from Mecklenburg that as many
as six hundred and fifty people took their de?
parture for America in one single day. Extra
trains were in requisition to forward so great a
number. This was but two days ago, and on
previous days similar numbera left the coun?
try. A perfact emigration fever exists at the
present moment in Pomerania, and very many
of the inhabitants wait with anxiety to have
tidings of those or their friends and r datives
who have expatriated themselves not for their
country's, but for their own good. Here in
Berlin the movement is less perceptible, but
that there is a vast undercurrent could be
proved at once by reference to the books of the
various emigration agents. The weekly satis
tical register, published by the police, shows
for the autumn months an unusual excess of
departures over arrivals, and wo may justly as?
sume that this is, in a creat measure, owing
to emigration to your side of the Atlantic."
?-The Relatives. Friends and Ac?
quaintances of Mr. and Mrs. Louis HEUEH, and of
Mr. and Mrs. A. PTEPEH, are respectfully invited
to attend the Funeral Services of Mr. LOUIS HETJER,
at No. 58 Mt^ng-streot, To-Morrow Afternoon, at
Two o'clock. * December fi
PERCIVAL -Died at Aiken. S. C.. on the 29th of
November, W. MARSHALL PERCIVAL, -ldest son
of l)r. WILLIAM F. and EMMA PEHCIVAL, aged 21
?? YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSO?
CIATION.-The regular business meeting of thi?
Association will bo held at tho Rooms, This -Satur?
day) Enning, at quarter-past Seven o'clock.
Decembers J. fc'. FOGARTIti, Secretary.
?.ORPHAN HOUSE CHAPEL.-THE
Rev. A. TOOMER PORTER, of the Church of the
Holy Communion (Episcopal), will perform Divine
Service in this Chapel To- Vo-row Afternoon, 6th in?
stant, at half-past Three o'clock. 1 December 5
? TRINITY CHURCH, HASEL-STREET.
Preaching may be expected in this Church To-Mor?
row Morning, by the Rev. R. C. OLIVER, and Union
Prayer Meeting, under the auspices of thc Young
Men's Christian Association, at Night, at quarter-past
Seven o'clock. 1 December 5
?- CONSIGNEES PER S T E A M S H I[P
CHARLESTON, from New York, are notified that ehe
ie discharging cargo at Adger's South Wharf. Goods
remaining on the wharf at sunset will be stored at
the expense and risk of owners.
All Freight money under $20, except in cases of
regularly established houses, must be paid at our
Office before the goods can be received. This rule
?B imperative, and will be strictly adhered to in
ihture. JAMES ADOER & CO., Agents. J
December 5 1
?-ADMINISTRATION OF THE SACRED
ORDINANCE OF BAPTISM.-To-Morro)p-(Sunday),
the 0th instant, at the foot of Council-street, the Rev.
JACOB LEGARE, of the Morris-street Baptist Church,
will administer tho Sacred Ordinance of Baptism be?
tween tho hours of Eleven and Twelve, o'clock A. M.
The pub ic is Invited to attend. A Collection will be
taken up for the benefit of the Church.
December 5 1
?- REAL ESTATE NO .'ICE.-PERSONS
having for sale or loase LANDS or CITY PROPER
1Y, will please leavii a schedule of terms and de?
scription of same, at the office of
RICHMOND ti CO.,
December 3 i* .No. ll Broad-street.
?* UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR
SOUTH CAROLINA.-Tue Law Dockets will be
peremptory- called on Monday, December 7th.
By order of GEOBOB 9. BBYAN, United States Dis?
trict Judge for youth Carolina.
Clerk of United States Court and District Court for
South Carolina._December 2
?-BUY YOUR TEA AND COFFEE FROM
KRISTE* CHAPMAN, corner King and Radcliffe
streets, and get a better article for the same money
than at any other establishment in thc city.
Novembor 14 3mos
?-UNION DI8TRICT.-IN EQUITY.
HENRIETTA KUSER, et al. vs. JULIUS KAISER
et al.-BILL FOR PARTITION.-Pursuant to a De?
cretal Order of his Honor Chancellor JOHNSON, in
the above stated case, thu creditors of CH. KAI?
SER, deceased, and of the firm of CH. KAISER &
S(.N, late of Uuiouville, South Carolina, are required
to present and establish their demands before me,
on or before the first day of January nest.
WM. MUNRO, C. E. U. D.
Commissioner's Office, Uniouvillc, South Carolina,
September 30 ws27
?-BRIDE AND BRIDEGROOM.-ESSAYS
FOR YOI NG MEN on tho interesting relation of
Bndosroom to Bride in the institution of Marriass
a guide to matrimonial felicity and true happiness.
Sent by mail in sealed letter envelopes free of charlo.
Address HOWARD ASSOCIATION, Box P., Phila?
delphia, Pa. 3mos September 22
?- BATCHELORS HAIR DYE.-THIS
splendid Hair Dye is thc best in the world; the
only true und perfect Dye; harmless, reliable,
nstantaneous; no disappointment; no ridiculous
tints; remedios the ill effects of bad dyes; invigo?
rates and leaves the bair soft and beautiful black or
brown. Sold by all Druggists and Perfumers; and
propcrlv applied at Bachelor's Wig Factory, No
Boml-strcct, New York. lyr January 3
?-ELECIRO-OHEMICAL BATHS ARE
now ready at No. 70 HASEL-STUIET, at the office
of Dr. HiiRVEY M. CLEO KLEY, for the euro of all
inveterate chronic affections, which have resisted
the treatment of all medication.
Gentlemen will bo accommodated during office
hours, from 7 to 10 A. M., from 2 to 4, and 7 to 10 P.
M. Ladies at any other hour, when the/ will find
on experienced Lady to attend them.
Dr. OLECKLEY will be glad to see any of his pro?
fessional brethren (who aro favorable to medical pro?
gression!, and will Uko ploasure in exhibiting the
operation of the baths.
Ccrtificateo of roinarkable cures could be furaisb
cd, but it ls not requisite,
November ll Imo
?-PRESENT OR REPENT 1-WHEN
heal h linn been sacrificed for want of the care
neooBsary to protect it, rpgrote aro unavailing. It is
better to prevent than to repeat. The most incle?
ment soaso a of tho year is at hand, aad its cold and
damp ?rc tho source of innumerable distressing ail
moats. Thc best me ins of escaping them is to ke. p
tl o outward auria e of tho body comfortably warm
with suitable clothing, and the internal organs in a
vigorous condition b> the occasional use ol a health?
ful tonio and corrective. Winter makes tremendous
drafts upen tho vital forces, and therulore it is a
s ea ?m when a puro vo.elablo stimulant and iuvipo
rantllkeHO.vrEnbR'8 STOMACH BICTEBSie of
iufinite uso, especially to tho weak and feehle. It
gi\es stamina to the system, and thereby enable-i:
to withstand tho shooks of cold, which produce
cough, bronchitis, catarrh, and ?thor diseases of |
the orgmB of respir?t on. Dyspepsia and every
sp.clee of Indigestion arc also greatly agcrravulcd by
cold, damp weather, and lor these complaints the
BTfTER>aro an acknowledged specific. There is
nc fact better known ia this country, and, indeed,
throughout Lhj oivliiacd poni ns of thc west rn
hemisphere, tima tale genial preparation is a swift
and certain remedy for all ordinary dWeane* OJ the
eloan ? aid the hvor. ? Novemb'-r ?0
FOR H A YUK-DIRK GT.
THE NEW Al (FRENCH LLOYD'S)
* American Clipper Brig ROBERT DILLON,
?BLATCHFORD Master, of small capacity,
. will loi J ir sufficient inducement offers
promptly. For engagements Freight, applv to
WILLIAM KO ACH,
Corner East Bay and Adger's South Wharf.
FOR Ll V [OHFOUL.
THE FINE BRITISH SHIP N. M09HEB,
1 MOBBER Master, baying two-thirds of
> her cargo engaged, ?rill be dispatched tor
.the above port.
For Freight engagements, apply to
November 24 STREET BROTHERS 4 CO. "
FAST FREIGHT LIM:, EVERY FIFTH
DAY, TO AND FROM BALTIMORE, FHILA
DELPHIA, WASHINGTON CITY, WILMINGTON,
DEL., CINCINNATI, OHIO, ST. LOUIS. MO.,
AND OTHER NORTHWESTERN CITIE8.
x?VCf3*ffii THE FAVORITE AND SWIFT
y/S^i isieL s'rew Steamship SEA GULL, N. P.
<?^??<?l?M2? DUTTON Commander, will Bail for
7~\. STTS^ Baltimore on Monday, the 7th De?
cember, at One o'clock P. M., tram Pier No. 1,
Union Wharves, making close connections, and de?
livering freight to all points In connection
promptly and al low Tain.
Through Bills Lading given on Cotton t ) Boston.
Insurance on Cotton, Rice, Domestics and General
Merchandise, by the steamships of this line, % per
cent to or from Baltim re or Philadelphia.
The steamship FALCON will lollow on regular
For Freight or passage, apply to
COURTENAY & TRENHOLM,
December 3 3 Union Wharve?.
FUR NEW YORK.
TO SAIL WITH DISPATCH.
THE Al STEAMSHIP KEY
WEST, RUDOLF Commander, will
sail for the above port with dis
For Freight or Passage, apply to
J. A. ENSLOW k CO.,
December 4_No. 141 East Bay.
NEW YORK AND CHA HUSSION
FOR NEW YORK.
THE SPLENDID.'8TD2 WHFKL
[STEAMSHIP CHAMPION, LOCK?
WOOD Commander, win leay Adgur's
? Wharf on Saturday, the f M Pe.-cm
ber, at 1 en o'clock A. M.
jfcyibrough Bills of Lading given to E J.-:OD and
Providence, K. L,
jfcy Insurance can be obtained on Ute?'-, .-teamerH at
For Freight or Passage, having splendid Cabin
accommoda ions apply to
JAMES ADGER * CO..
Corner Adger'* Wharf and East Bav (Up Stair?),
The ?teamer CHARLESTON will follow on Tua- ?
day, the 8th December, at 2 o'clock P. M.
December 3 ths2
MAC GREGOR LIVE.
DIRECT STEAM COMMUNICATION WITH.
TBE GEORGIA AND LIVERPOOL
LINE OF FIRST-CLASS NEW IRON
CLYDE-BUILT STEAMSHIPS, com?
posed of the
SARASOTA.(To be Built.)
SALUDA.(To be Built )
Freight taken from and to St. Louis, Nashville,
Memphis, Vicksburg. Selma, Montgomery, Enfouit,
Tallahassee, Atlanta, M icon, Columb.is, Augusta,
Griffin, Albany, Amer eua, Greensboro", Madison,.
Covington, Athens, Ncwnan, LaGrange, West Point,
Cuthbert, Dawson, Thomasvillc, Carterivillc, and all
points In tho Southern States, Great Britain and th e
Bills of Lading signed upon railroad receipts a
interior points of shipment. Press receipts at Savan?
nah and dray receipts at Liverpool. Insurance
effected from interior po.nts of shipments and from
Savannah, when desired, on our open Policies here
or in Liverpool.
Advance of three-quarters of the value at fae time
of shipment given upon consignments, oad proceed s
Proposed days of sailing fi oro Savannah, 1st und
15th of each month, commencing os loliows :
WAVERLY, 1600 bales capacity.lGth Dcember.
DON, 2890 bales er pac i ty.1st December.
RIGA, 3500 bales capacity.15th December.
LEITH, 4500 boles capacity.1st January.
Extra. Steamers of 1 Boo and 3O0? bales capacity wll 1
be dispatched to Liverpool, Havre, Bremen, Ham?
burg, Antwerp, Trieste, Genoa and '.'ronstadt, when .
ever inducement offers.
Freight taken from CarJiffor any indirect port to
tar AU Loading done at Press.
Apply to WM. M. TUNNO & CO.,
In Liverpool to SIODDARI BROTHERS.
And in Leith to DON A LD R. MAC GREGOR.
September 6 s3mo
TKAVKLbtOllS PASSING THROUGH
CHARLESTON EN ROU l'ETO FLORIDA, AIKEN
-rr.?-- Aud other places, should not fal
^TJ? to lay in their supplies of PROVIS
fcfjr* 10ss- CLARETS. CHAMPAGNES
s&a CORDIALS, BRANDIES, WBIS
KIES, WINES. CANNED MEATS, SOUPS, ie.
Pates of Wild Game and Devilled Ham for Sand -
Wiehes and Luncheons.
49-Send for a catalogue.
WM. S. CORWIN k 00.,
No. 275 Emg-M^er,
Between Wentworth and Beaufain,
Charleston. 8. C.
Branch of No. 900 Broadway, corner 20th s.Tbct,
FOR SAVANNAH, GA.,
VIA BEAUFORT, INLAND, TOUCHING AT
r sjJtd? STEAMER Sr. HELENA, CAPTAIN
-T-^.yT-^ Ti? G. RUMLEY, will receive freight
for the above places This Day until sun.-e t and leave
To-Night at Seven o'c'ock.
For Freight or Pass ige, apply on board or to
JOHN H. MURRAY,
December 5 1* Market Wharf.
FUR GEORGETOWN, S. C.
AND PEEDEE RIVER, TOUGHING AT SOUTH
ISLAND, KEITHFLELD, WAVERLY AND BROOK
r> . ?rC^S THE STEAMER EMILIE, Capt.
jgg3gg=?l8iAC DAVL?, wll leave Houiniercul
Winriasabove on Monday Mornx-f next, the 7th
instant, at Six o'clock.
Returning, will leave Georgetown on Wednesday
Morning, 9th instant.
The Steamer EMU IE will connect with Steamer
GENERAL MANIGAULT, at Georgetown, f?r Che
raw aud all Landing* on the Peedee River.
All Freight prepaid.
No Freight received after sunset This Day.
For engagements, apply to
8HACKELFORD & KELLY,
Dor ember 5_1_No. I Boyse's wharf.
FOR BRUNSWICK, GA.
r g-??-**)? THE STEAMER "DIOTATOR,"
?SS/BSCt Captain CHARLES WILLST, win touch
at thin poiui eveo Weinaday, leaving savannah a;
Nine A. M., and on hor return trip will touch there
on Saturday Afternoon, ?xrnvin?i back at Savannah
on Sunday Morning. J. D. AIKEN ic CO.,
November 24 Agents.
FOR PAL AT KA, VLOU WA.
VIA SAVANNAH, Fl-RNaNDINA AND JACKSON
r ^dS. THE Fia*7-CAS9 STEAMER
js?iAiESC DICTATOR, Captain CHAS. WILLEY,
will sa>l trom Charleston evert luesaay Evening, at
Eight o'clock, toe the above points.
The Arstens Steamer CITY PO! Captain WM.
T MCNELTY, will tail from Ch/rlcstonevery Friday
Scening, ? Ek'bt o'clock, lor uoovo pJi'iti.
t'onn-ctma with th" C ntral Kailroad at savannah
for Mobile aud Ne > Orleans, and with th? florida
Railroad at Fernandina for C.;dar Keys at which,
point steamers connect with New Orleans, Mobile,
Peusaco a. Key West :.rd il-vana.
Ihrouiih bil.a Ladin ; givea for Freight ta Mobile,
Ptneacola and New Orleaus.
Both Strusen Will connect with the "Oclawafci"
s-tcanai-r? at I'alatka.
All nrrigM " jaule on thc wharf.
Good? not removed at sunset will bs ?:o~^tl at risk
and expense oiowicrs.
For Freight or Passage eawgetnei t. apply to
J. D. AIKEN S 00., ?.gents,
-ouiii Atlantic Wharf.
N. P.-No ex'ra ch; rgc for Meals and ?tatorooms.
[ONE TRW A WEEK.i
CHARLESTON ANO SAVANNAH STBAJI
PA KEI US?,
VIA BEAU*ORT, HILTON HEAD AND 3L?">FTON
STEAMER PILOT HOY.Capt. W. A. VADEN,
SlE&aiEB FAN.? IF..Cat?;. FENN PKCE
*jn"?w OHE OF THE ABGVP STEAMERS
?^V>^>?2^ wil1 'wivi 1 hartetton ?v<*ry Tuesday
Morning, at 7 o'ciook, and Savannah ever Z?ursJay
Morning, at 7 o', leek.
For Freight or pastaje, apply to
Jr,rs 29 Accommodation Wharf.