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VOLUME VIL-NUMBER 1050.
CHARLESTON, S. C., SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 9, 1869.
FIFTEEN CENTS A WEEK
TEE STATE CAPITAE.
LEGISLiTTVE PROCEEDINGS'- CHANGING TOE
VENUE rx CRIMINAL CASES- INCRREASINQ JU
DIC1AL SALARIES--ORGANIZING THE MILITIA
1 SPECIAL TELXOHAM TO THE DAILY SETS ]
COLUMBIA, S. C., January 8.-IN THE HOUSE,
Purvis introduced a bill to incorporate certain
McKinlay reported unfavorably on tho bill
for extending tho time lor officers to qualify.
Wilson introduced a bill to incorporate tho
"Wilson Bridge Company.
"Whipper introduced a bill empowering the
Attoraey-Goneral to change tho venae in cor
taiu cases. [Tbis b:ll is proposed with a view
to lemovinsr Colonel D. Wyatt Aiken to Beau?
fort for trial.]
Dennis introduced a bill to regulato lue
^.nicies of insurance companies not incoi po?
nied in the State.
Jenks introduced a bill to define the duties
of State Reporter, and to provide for the pub?
lication of tho Supremo Court reports.
%"omlinson introduced a bill inquiring into
thc management of the State Lunatic Asylum.
He said there were some ugly rumors in circu?
lation in reference to the asylum, which needed
Webb introduced a bill to declare the rights
of creditors, aud provide for winding up the
affair- of railroads in South Carolina.
Fcriier introduced a resolution authorizing
the Governor and the Commissioner of Agri?
cultural Statistics to offer two hundred dollars
as a premium for the best essay on the culture
i IN THE SENATE, Arnim introduced a bill to
incorporate the Vaucluse Manufacturing Com?
pany of Edgefield.
Simms introduced a bill to increase tho sala?
ries of the justices of the Supreme Court and
tho circuit ju Iges. It provides that the salary
of the chief justice shall be $5300, of the asso?
ciate justices each $5000, and of the circuit
judges each $4000.
The bdl organizing the militia waa consider?
ed and twenty-two sections passed to a second
reading. Leslie's motion to indefin itely post?
pone tho bill was tabled by a vole of ye is 14;
Governor Scott, Chief Justico Moses, Jus?
tices Willard aud Hogo, and several United
States officers visited tho Legislature to-day.
DEATH OF GENERAL ROUSSEAU-DETAILS OF THE
COTTON BILL-THE VIRGINIA COMMITTEE.
^ "WASHINGTON, January 8.-Tho death of Gen?
eral Rousseau, which occurred in New Orleans
last night, causes general gloom here; he was
highly respected and loved.
The bill regulating the price of cotton and
encouraging its production, authorizes the
Secretary of the Treasury to purchase raw cot?
ton frown after the passage of the bill, the
cotton to be delivered at any railroad depot or
on any steamer making direct connection with
New York.at twentycents prr pound for uplands
' and thirty for sea islands. Purchases made
through the revenue officers are to be exempt
from tax, but if sold to other parties to be
taxed three cents per pound. Cotton purchas?
ed by the government is to be sold at not less
. iban five, cents advance on cost. Manufac?
turers within the United States to be allowed
two and a half cents drawback on all cotton
used by them. A full report of all tho cotton
transactions is to be presented to Congress at
the commencement of each regular session.
The Virginia Committee are nearly all here.
The meeting to-night is private and only pre?
BILL REGULATING COTTON-BILL PASSED AMEND?
ING THE NATIONAL BANE LAW-SUE MURPHY
SUGAB BEFO,ERS-WE8T POINT.
WASHINGTON, January 8.-IN THE SENATE,
the bill regulating the price and encouraging
thc production of cotton was referred to the
Morrill reported a bill amending the act pro?
viding for a national currency, and mentioned
incidentally t!iat the United States lost $600,
000 by a national bank in Boston. Tho bill
A bill restricting the jurisdiction of the
Court of Claims was referred to the Judiciary
Thc discussion of thc bill for the relief of
Sae Murphy wus resumed. Hendricks favored
the bill, but without taking action on it, the
Senate passed several private disability bills '
and adjourned. /
IN THE HOUSE, an application was received
from the sugar refiuers of Philadelphia asking
for a now classification of sugar for tariff pur?
A number of private bills were passed.
After a long discussion the appropriation
for Wost Point was passed, and the House went
into Committee ot the Whole and adjourned
LAWLESSNESS IN IRELAND.
LONDON, January 8.-The feeling among the
tenantry in some parts of Ireland against the
landholders is very bitter, and many casos of
agrarian violence are reported.
DISTURBANCE IN ITALY.
FLORENCE, January 8.-Distubances, caused
by the collection of unpopular taxes, continue.
?here is mach agitation in Eeggia and Bo?
logna. General Cadana, commandant of the '
military division of Florence, has been dis?
patched to Parma to restore order.
THE VOLUNTEERS IN SPAIN-BEACTI3NISTS-FOB
HID ABLE BEPUBLICAN DEMONSTRATION AI SE?
VILLE AND JEREZ DE LA FRONTERA.
MADRID, January 8.-A proolamtaion ' has
ftcen issued raising tho state of siege of ,
General Prim, in an official circnlar, declarea
that the provisional govemmc.it does not in- j
tend to disarm tho volunteers.
Sagcsta, Minister of tho Interior, has issued
a circular, in which ho ascribes thc recent '
troubles in Cadiz and Malaga to intrigues of j
thc Reactionists, and he charges that their cb- !
ject in fomenting these disturbance i is to pre- ?
vont the plebiscitum.
Quito formidable Republican demonstrations
are reported at Seville and Jerez do la Frjn- 1
tera. At thc latter city the Insurgents made
a futi?e attempt to seizs arms and ammunition |
from the arsenal. General Caballero de Roda
immediately sent a (strong force of so:di;?rs to '
bold the town and remove the arms to Cadiz ,
PARK. January 8.-Thc Conference will cer?
tainly open to-morrow. Tho Sultan has tele
ygrapbed instructions, incindingorders to with?
draw should the Turkish.ultimatum to Greece 1
be discussed. Thc newspaper Turquise, in yes- j
terday's issue, says that if th: Turkish minis- j
ter withdraws, war Tith Greece is inevitable, i
HAVANA, January 8.-Dulce's address con?
tains the following: "I will bravo every dan?
ger, accept every responsibility for your wel?
fare. Revolution has swept away tho Bour?
bons. Rights shall return to citizens, dignity
shall return to men. You will receive nil thc
reforms you require. Spaniards and Cubans
oro bro thors from this day. Thc freedom of
the press, the right to bold public meetings,
the ria-lit of representation in the National
Cortes, arc the fundamental principles of true
liberty, and these shall bc granted tn you.'
He adjures Ibo Cubans and tho Spaniards to
forget :ht past and hope for tho futuro, and to
establish union and fraternity.
DliEADF VISA CCIDEXT.
EIGHT CHILDREN KILLED AND FTE TT WOUNDED
BY THE FALLING OF A SCHOOLHOUSE.
ROCHESTER, N. Y., January 8.-Eight chil?
dren out of fifty, woucd:d by the falling of a
schoolhouse, aro dead. The accident is at?
tributed by the coroner's jury to the neglect of
putting full stone caps on brick piers.
Sr A EUS FEOX TLTE WIRES.
John Minor Botts died at bis residence in
Culpeper County, Va., yesterday, and will be
buried in Richmond on Sunday.
Quiet has been restored in the neighborhood
General Rousseau died at New Orleans on
Thursday night. Yesterday, usually a great
hobday in New Orleans, as the anniversary of
the battle of New Orleans, was in consequence
very dull. General Buchanan has assumed
command in Louisiana for the present.
Sixty civil ageuts and clerks of thc Freed?
men's Bureau, in Louisiana, were discharged
Colonel Thomas N. Burnell, a captain in thc
war of 1812, died in Richmond yesterday,
FROM TUE STATE CAPITAL.
Thc Length of the Session-A Batch of |
Bills, memorials and Resolutions-The
Bank, of tnc State once Moro.
[ KRO?I OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT. ]
COLUMBIA, S. C., January 7.-Tho present
indications are that tho present session of the
General Assembly will extend at least to the
fifteenth or twentieth of Februan*. Opinions
have been given by some of thc oldost and
leading lawyers of the State, Until the Legis?
lature do all that is required by tho new con?
stitution, they have between three and four
months' hard work beforo them.
IN THE Hoii?E, this morning, Mr. Janka in?
troduced the folio-ring resolution, which was
referred to thc Committee on tho Judiciary :
Resolved, by tho Uouse of Representatives,
the Senate concurring, That a special commit?
tee, to consist ot three on the part of tho
House and - on the part of the Senate, bc ap?
pointed, who shall, after due investigation and
conference with tho Governor and Attorney
General, submit a detailed report of the l?gis?
lation necessary for a thorough and completo
organization of the State Government, and
the better protection of hor inhabitants.
The folio wing resolution, introduced by Mr.
Neagle, was laid oh the table:
Rerrxted, That the members of this House
shall not be entitled to receive per diem tor
any time which they are absent from their
seats on this floor, except on account of per?
sonal sickness: Provided, this resolution shall
not take effect previous to the 8th instant.
The following, introduced by W. E. Johns?
ton, after a lengthy .ind lively debate, was
agreed to by a vote of ye is 67, nays 23. Ab
aent and not votin? SI:
Wliereas, It has come to the knowledge of
the members kl this House that a refreshment
saloon has been opened on the west side of |
this hall; and whereas, such establishment is
totally unauthorized; therefore be it
Resolved, That the sergeant-at-arme be. and
he is hereby, directed to bave thc same closed
at once, and allow no such saloon to be open?
ed on these precises hereafter.
'The following were referred to committees :
To moke the representatives of York and Lan
castei a Committee on the Catawoa Indians;
petition o? citizens ot Charleston for a charter
tor a militia company; petition of J. T. Green,
of Charleston, for removal of disabilities; a
bur to authorize the Recorder ol' Charleston
to hold a Police Court: petition of R. S. Cohen
for renewal of State bonds; potition of R. L.
North for renewal of State stocks; petition of )
Charles Logan for tho payment of tho cou?
pons of tile Charleston and Savannah Rad?
icad Company; the memorial of tho Faculty
ol the Medical College against modifications
in medical department et the university; reso?
lution to pay the widow and children of thc
late James Martin, of Abbeville, his per diem
and mileage to the end of the session: memo?
rial of P. A. Ford; accounts of J. W. Ogilvie
andJ.L*. Lrwin; a bill to provide for the
widowj and orphans of men murdered for
their political opinions; a bill to authorizo
courts of arbitration; petitio i of N. Ramsay
for renewal of stock.
A Dill to amend tho act to organizo tho Cir?
cuit Courts was, on motion ot DeLarge, made
the special order for Monday next.
The proper committees were ordered to re
poit bi'ls to regulato tho fees of probate
judges and magistrates; to give authority to
assessor? to cuter at ouco upon their duties
and to complete assessments by February 15,
1869; to incorporate thc Mount Pleasant Perry
IN THE SENATE, the following were referred
to the proper committees: Petitions of Chan?
cellor Inglis and Judge Wardlaw for arreara of
salary; of County Commissioners of Darling?
ton for State loan and donation; of J. W. A.
Harkness, of York, C. II, Rivers and Simon
Sind'>r, of Collcton, for removal ot disabilities;
of J. J. Glover.of Colleton.lor relief from double
lax; of C. R. Franklin for Legislature to make
valid the town election of Clin'.oi, Laurens
County; the memonalof the Dean and Faculty
of tbo Medical College.
The following billa wero read a third time,
passed, their titles cbauged to that of au ac:,
and ordered to be returned to the House ot
Represen tn ti ves :
A hill to punish sheriffs and otbor officer? for
violating tbo honic-stoud.
A bilLrolative to sales of property under the
decrees of Courts of Equity and Circuit Courts.
Mr. Leslie introduced the following resolu?
Whereas, The theoiy and poli'ict.1 philoso?
phy ot the reconstructed government ot South
Carolina establishes and provides for thc elec?
tion or appointment ot local or county as well
as State officers, and as a sequence therein thc
Legislature of the State in compelled to adhere
to thc practice tint local officers and their r x
penses, fees, costs and chartres must Ix paid
by tit; comity or locality for which thfyact
To adopt anv other or diif.'rent in es would bc
in effect to compel sparsely settled communi?
ties or counties to pay tv great portion (if thc
legitima to. natural and local expenses of their
wealthier neighbors, where n tb?yliave nov?te
or voice; therefore, bo it
Rejoiced, That thc Judiciary Committee ot'
the Senate be reqmred to prepare a bill which
?.hal} provide 1er tbe payment of what were
heretofore known tis lovai or district officers by
thc localities or districts wherein tiley exer?
cised their offices.
Thc resolution was ordered for consideration
tc-iaorrow, aud to le priutcd.
Mr. Lunucv gave norice of a bill to increase
the salaries cf thc Justices ot the Supreme
Court and Circuit Judges.
Thc following bills were introduced and re?
ceived their first reading.
By Raincy. A bill to regulate bank- in liqui?
By Mr. Hoyt. A bill to authorize Cuuils of
On motion of Mr. L?slie, the Senate t.?oh zn
cut ot its order for consideration, tho resolu
.ion rcla'ive to tin; appointment of a commit?
tee on inquiry imo thc operation of tbe law
creating a state constabulary loree.
Tue resolution wa1? read, considered and
The iTcsident announced Messrs. L?s):e,
wa1!?, Nash. Hoyt an 1 h'a;n? ?id committee.
The agitation about the issue of the bonds
for the funded bills of the Bunk of tho State
continues, but your readers may rest assure t
that the Governor will not issue tho bonds. In
fact it is reported that one of tho largest bill
holders has advised the Governor against such
action, in order to avoid questions of constitu?
tionality which may spring up. Ho is willing
to leave tho question to r.?e courts.
THE CONTESTEE ELECTION.
DECISION OF THE SUPKElfE COUP.T.
Opinion of Justices Willard and H?ge,
and Separate Opinion of Chief
COLUMBIA, January 7,I860.-At the opening
cf the Supronio Court, this morning, Chici
Justice Moses announced that Mr. Justice "Wil?
lard would deliver tho opinion of thc court in
tho case of Gilbert Pillsbury and others against
the Acting Board of Aldermen of the City of
Judgo Willard then delivered the opinion of
the court, at the conclusion of which reading
the Chief Justice announced that Mr. Justice
H?ge coucurrod in that opinion.
It is believed that the peremptory writ of
mandamus will issue immediately.
Thc following is the-opinion ot the court :
The State ex rel. Gilbert Pillsbury, et al, vs. the
Acting Hoard of Aldermen of the City of Charles?
ton. Supremo Court. Novomber Tem, 1868. Mo?
tion for tferemptory Man.lamusi
WILLAKD, J.-The relators claim to have been
elected to fill tho respective offices of Mayor
aud Aldermen of the City of Charleston, at an
election held on tho 10th day ot November last,
under the act "to prevido for tho election ot
tho officers of the incorporated, citiea and
towns of the State of South Curolina," ratified
September 25,18G8. ?Special session, 1868. p.
106.) They allege that said election bas been
contested, os to a majority of the persons vo?
ted for; that thereupon tue returns, together
with the ballots, were examined, and the caso
investigated by thc respondents, who there?
upon did declare as foll ? we,: "Tho said board
do declare that there has been no legal
and valid election, and that no persons
have been duly elected to the office
of Mayor and Aldermen of the City of
Charleston at said election." Relators claim
that by law respondents are bound to declare
the results of tho election, and had no authori?
ty to declare it void; that they bavo demanded
of tho respondents compliance with their local
duty, which has been refused. Thoy pray a writ
of mandamus to compel respondents to per?
form their legal duty in the premises.
An alternative writ issued accordingly, com?
manding the respondents to declaro said dec-,
tiou and allow said relators to outer upon their
several and respective offices, or that they ap?
pear and show cause for their refusal so to do.
Respondents have returned to said writ two
grounds of non-compliance therewith. The
first is, that in virtue of authority vosted in
them by law as judges of olections, they have
adjudged said election to bo illogal and void;
and that such decision is final and conclu?
sive, and binding ou all paitics. Thc second
is, thal illegalities and informalities wore com?
mitted at such election, and in the returns
thereof, and that fraudulent votes were cast
in excess of tho majorities appearing in behalf
or the relators, and they coutend that this
court, if not bound by tho decision mado by
thc respondents, m?et from thc facts arrive at
tho same conclusion, namely, that tho election
is liles al and void.
Ae io tho matters embraced in thc firs'.
ground, tho relators have demurred; and aa to
the second ground, have moved to strike out
that portion ot tho return as immaterial and
inrelevant, xhe question for decision arises
on the construction of the following clause of
the fifth section ot tho act als* named, which
is as tollows: "The Managers of Elections
shall decide contested cases, subject to tho
ultimate decision ot tho board of Aldermen
or "Wardens when organized, except when
the election of a majority of the persons
v-.teJ for are contested, or the managers
are charged with illegal conduct, in which case
the returns, together with the ballots, shall be
examined, and the case investigated by tho Act?
ing Board of Aldermen, who shall declare the
election, and their decision shall be binding
upon all parties." It appears that the elections
of "a majority of the persons voto*d tor" are
contested, and also that "illegal conduct" waa
charged against the managers. The question
is whether the determination and decision of
the Acting Boord is in conformity with and in
full discharge of their duty iu the premises.
Two acta ore required of them: Firs'. To ex?
amine the returns and investigate the case.
St co id. To declare the election. The first has
been performed, and no question is mada
ibout it. The second ii tbe subject of the
Examine tue powers of tho respon?
dents by the terms under which they
i?e delegated, and no difficulty cither
of construction or interpretation presents
itself. An election is the joint act of
all locally qualified electors choosing to
participate in it. It consists of the expression
of a choice a? to the matter acted upon, which
is, in legal consideration, a secret act of the
elector, and a d?claration of the result of s ach
choice in conformity with tho law under which
thc election is hold, which is tho act of the
officers conducting the election. The officers
performing thia duty ore here termed mana?
gers. According to tho present law, their de?
cisions may bc reviewed in some cases by tho
new board ot aldermen or wardeus, and in
others .before tho old buaid. In tbe present
case, the old board acts. Tho doclitrntioa pre?
supposes a scrutiny of the voies, and is com?
pleted by a return set tins tortii tho whole num?
ber of votes given for each candidate, and
when there has been a choice, in conformity to
law, by furnishing tho prevailing candidate
with suitablo evidence of his election. The
foregoing ia tho general nature ot tho duty
imposed upon tho respondents by the terms of
the statuto. aud if it is to bo regarded as tho
limit cf their powers, it is evident thal they
have not acted in strict conformity therewith;
on the contrary, while admitting tho existence
of an election in fact, they refuse to declare
the same, alleging as tho ground therefor that
it was illegal and void.
Tho respondents claim that by a proper con?
struct ion of tho atatuto, iu connection willi
thc former election law3, it will appear that
they have more enlarged powers, and are com?
petent to adjndgo thc illegality of tho election.
lt is unquestionably true that, under thc for?
mer election laws, tho maua'rers of elections
possessed, by thc express terms ot tho law,
such powers a? are here contended for; but it
is not clear how that can assist the respondents,
who act under a much more restricted grant
of authority. Tho powers in quostio.i ara the
creatures ot the statute, and wa arc not at lib?
erty to cull from statutes passed at different
periods and under widely varying circumstan?
ces in order to increase their efficiency and
symmetry. U tho lonna of the statute are to
tie enlarged it must bo in conformity with thc
principles ^governing legal construction, and
because something ia imputed in those terms
hy a necessary, or, at thc least, by it reasona?
ble implication. That winch is drawn after
the statute by a necessary implication is t.s
much a part of Has that which i* expressed
in tenn.-. Where a subject mai ter is named
till things directly appertamiu^ lo ii art; includ?
ed by neoessary implic it ion. Whcie an aclis
required tobe performed, whatever constitutes
a necessary or ordinary meatis to ils perform'
ance, is in like ruauuer included. The ques?
tion m all these cases is. not whether the mal?
ler of implication will odd lo tho value and ef?
ficiency ut what is conferred in terms, but
whether without it the statute will be wholly
or in part inoperative. Applying th ao tests
lo the case in hand, wo have no difficulty in
discovering that nie powers granted and those
sought to bc ad.l-id byway ol implication aro
in meir natures different and ?io way connect?
ed or dependent, and cannot be united on any
principle of necessary implication. One is ml
luinistrativc and tho other judicial, and. there?
fore, entirely separate and dis: met in them?
selves. Nor duos tho nature:of thc linty to bc
performed demand their conjoint oxercise.
Whether the ciec?on ought or ought not ii? be?
held void there is equal propriety in nuking
its resu'ts officially known; nor can it be
perceived how thc right to vasa judicially
upon tho question of thc legality or
the c'cction can fnrr.ish any facilities (or
arriving at an eiliicial Btatclncut of its
results. There is nu ground brr enlarging thc
tciins of the statute so as io embrace Iii? pow- j
ers claimed by th. respondents on any ide.; oj'
a necessary implication, as strenuous
tended for on their behalf. But if not a
sary, may it not bo a reasonable im elie
This question opens a wide rango of coi
ations. and enables us to determine w
thc enlarged powers contended for are
tho spirit and intent ot thc statute, if no
terms. It is an obvious rule of consti
that that which is unreasonable in itscl
not be the subject of a reasonable ir
r :on. Nothing is more unreasonable tba
tho Acting Board of Aldermen, having
terest in this question, as they retain
seats in the event the election is hold
should be invested with tho power of jud
deciding thc case. But it is saidtbat tbe
of alderman is one of honor, and not of f
ment! A desire for honors may liavo aa co
ing an iufluenco on thc judicial mind as tl
emolument. We cannot do violence t
very principio of judicial purity in on
enhrgo tho powers of tho respondent
ascribe any such intent to thc Logis!;
The powers of tho respondents aro limit
a legal declaration of - thc election, ai
much of their return as is correct by thc
murreris insufficient as in answer to tba:
of the mandato of tho writ that rcqai
declaration of tho election. The only vi
which thc relevancy of tho residue of th
tum can bo supported is, that this coui
in thc present form of proceeding detei
a matter bf fact-the validity ot the elei
We aro satisfied that this question is not
perly before us. If tho return had u
taken to show that no election
in fact taken place, that could
rai-ed an ?SBUO on which their
to declaro tho election depended; but
return only goes to the extent of donyinj
legal validity of the election-a fact altogc
unimportant, so far os their duty is concei
The respondents may have supposed I
the concluding clause of the command o
alternative writ, which directs the rcs
dents to allow thc relators to take posses
of tho offices to which they make claim,
the entire quostiou of tho right of tho rela
to the offices in question was at issue on
record, and that, therefore, it was ucees
to put in issue the validity of the election:
a care ipi examination of the frame of the
shows that such issues are not pertin
I Tbe theory of tho writ is, that soraethii
lacking to enable tbo relators to prose
any claim they may have acquired by the ?
tion to the offices, namely, a declaration of
results thereof. Hence the necessity for ap
ing for a mandate to compel the performanc
that official act, without which tbo right to
office is inchoate. That portion of the n
date that relates to the declaration of the e
tion, must be regarded as fixing the chara
ot the proceedings and the issues triable
der it, and the residue mast be regarded m
ly as intended to enlarge tho scope of the
lief in tho contingencies of a deciaratioi
the election favorable to the claims of tho
lators. In this respect tho mandato is ob
tionable, as it seeks to carry tho remedial
ot the court boyond the case mada by
pleading. It is clear that it tho case i's i
position to enable the court to ascertain lin:
the rights of t lie coo testants in respect to
officers, then it would bo idle to requin
declaration of tho election, fi..- nolh
would be left dependont on such declarati
But tho theory of the writ contradicts si
an assumption, and shows that a declarar
is necessary as a condition precedent to i
contest-involving tho question of right to
the offices. That portion of tho return cove:
by tho motion to strike ont is, therefore, in
uvant to thc true issues of tho case, and may
disregarded. It has boen urged m behalf
the respondents that the peremptory writ mi
issuo in the terms ot tho alternative, or noe
all, and that as it cannot so issue, tho procei
ing must be quashed. Ic is true that the i
rcmptory writ cannot issuo in the cxict teri
of tho alternative, as we have already soc
Can it, then, issue at all? It was held, in t
King vs. Lt, Pancreas (3 Ad. & Eilis, 535), and
Itogiua vs. Tithe Commissioners (14 Adol.
El., U. S., 459), that tbo' peremptory w
must couform exactly lo tho alternative", ai
that tho court could not monk! the writ, thou,
it may the mle to show cause. This Bim
ness resulted from tho notion that this pi
cceding did not partake of the cbaraotcristi
of the formal remedies afforded at commi
law, but WAS a resort to kingly prerogati
because of a failure of justice. This netii
has not been received in this country; but tl
wm of mandamus has been treated as fora
ing no exception to tbe mles governing ort
nary remedies. In the case of ' People v
Thorpe (12 vol., 187) a peremptory mandami
was allowed :n a return to a writ to a rule I
show causo without waiting to issue an alte
native, and tbe relator was permuted to con
pleto the introduction of an alternative wi
pro forma. This is certainly allowir
greater latitude than that of amem
ment limiting tho sphere of the mai
date. Toe liberality with whieh ameni
monts are allowed, is well stated by Judp
Earle in Bauk ot Pennsylvania vs. Coady (Hi
Law, 109 ) The hamed Judge says: "l'h
ancient rigor on the subjects sf amendmcn
has been greatly abated, ai well by tho liben
and enlightened practice of the courts in mot
ern times, as by statute. It is the constar
practico boro to amend proceedings in any pc
riod of their progress, to preserve tho symmc
try. and to mako thom conformable if an yt hin
appear by which tho amendment can be pui
sued. Writs, declarations, judgments and e:
cautions can bo on any day amonded up to th
timo of fin il'satisfaction, and thero can bo n
reason why a verdict should not be also.
This leasonable practico is applicable to m in
CU nt us. The object n m of the lespondenta rt
lates to "symmetry" and "co.itorinity" alone
and concerns no substantial right.
Wc find iu this casa a retur.i and a docisio:
giving a definite mould to tho pro.-eodmg an?
tunning ample ground to amend by, and wo d
not fee-1 at Liberty to disregard tho great ant
humano doctnue of amendment now geuoralt;
precedent, in order to engraft upon tua prac
tico in this very important department of t c
inudial justico tho rigid,ty practiced iu t ari o:
lim s. .
Thc relators will be permitted to amond the!
nltornativo writ in conformity with tho fore
going; and upon such amendment a perempto?
ry mandamus will issue, com m.mding the re?
spondents to declare the election.
OPIMO!. OF THE CHIEF JUSTICE.
Chief Justice Moses then read thc following
Ibo State ex rel. (Silbert Pillsbury vs. the Acting
iiond of Aldermen of tho City of Charleston. Ia
MOSES, C. J. [separate opin!on).- While I
coi cur in the result of the opinion pronounced
by His learned associate, I do not dosire to bo
understood as committed to all which it con?
tains, as leading to tho conclusion to which
tho court has arrived, it I regarded thc
statute conferring on tho Board of Aldermen
thc "powur to examine tho retaras and the
ballots, and investigate! tiio case." as imposing
tho authority "to heir ?iud determine,'' I
would not feel warranted in granting tho
mandamus merely beca nae they had failed to
declare the election. Thc obligation to hear
and determi?e involved the right to consider
and dispose of by judgment-the determination
consequent on the hearing to be carried out by
judgment, which implies decision.
iii thc King ve. LoxLtde, et al, Barr 1,447,
Lord Mansfield said : "It is a nile in tho con?
struction 6t m?tate?, that all which ro?ate to
thc same subject, notwithstanding uonie of
them may be expired, or aro not referred io,
must be taken to bc une system, and construed
'?'he learned counsel for thc respondents re?
cognized thc .. .jori his rale when he reniai li?
ed "that the question is to be decided by the
law and en-rtom of South Carolina."
.-Vre thu powers, however, ot thc Board of A'
dcrmen, under thc Act of 18J?, as croat and ex?
tensive us tiiose ot thc managers ot elections
nuder tho Acts of 1808. 1815.. 1839 and 1840, PO
that this nile becomes Imperative ns a
guide? I", on tho contrary, they are more
restricted, Iben following thc reason on
which it is founded, may we not conclmlc
that tho L-'gislalui'o pro.? c t and iutendod
a different and more limited grant than they
had theretofore given t? the boards of ino
like character? Thc cots of 1318 and 1S15 au?
thorize the imnagcrs "to hear and deter?
mino." Those of 133J and 1346, "tu hear and
determino the validity of the olortion, and
their decision shall bo final." With a knowledge
of these aois, tho Legislature in 18GS, pro
v ding an nuiform system for the election of
officers of incur): ?rated towns, investod with
authority thc Acli.igB lard nf Al laraton, whore
tito eleclioii of a majority of the persons vined
for are contested or thom lingers are charged
with illegal conduct, to examino tho balio:s
and retaras, investigate ihc case, declare thc
election, and their docision was lo be binding
oil ail parties. Does this c infer upon them such
ju -ieial powers ns put then; bcyoud tho
reac h of the process ol vutndanvis '! This pro
j position, is plainly and distinctly announced
I by -'he retain, and il is due to the respondents
thar it should ho considered. Tho received
idea at one time was, that tho writ wenld
only lie to command', tho performance of a
ministerial duty; but later cases have gone
further, and it is now the constant practico to
grant tho writ, to command tho performanco
by any inferior jurisdistion, or officers, of any
public dmy for which there is no specific reme?
dy. Tap pan 12, 476. Moro especially does
this apply in matters enjoined by statute, and
thus thc Court of King's Bench where the or?
dinary (an ecclesiastical judge) refused a grant
ot administration of probate of a will, tbe
Kine's Bench, a temporal court, ordered the
writ. Anonymous, Strange 1, 552; King vs.
Doctor Hay, Blackstone's xtoporta 1, GiS; Ba?
con 6, Mandamus D, 431; and the ruling was fol?
lowed in ^?los vs. Ransom. John G. 279. aud Stato
vs. Watson, Spears 2,105. Io what extent the
court by this prerogativo writ would attempt to
interfere witb an inferior jurisdiction, where ju?
dicial power was to bo exercised; it is not neces?
sary now to decide. In the case of the' Com?
missioners of 'he Poor vs. Lvnab, McC. 2,170,
tho court sa id that they would interpose if thoro
had beeu an abuse of discretion, aud this was
in regard to a body clothed with judicial au?
thority in tho matter in which they had acted.
Judge Brevard, in the case of Bruce W.,
Law Rep. 1, 165, often referred to in the ar
gumout, said: ' But thc authority of managers
is not purely judicial; that discretion is limit?
ed by legal restraints, aud, being inferior,
magistrates of a fixed character, even though
they should confine themselves within tue
bouuds of their jurisdiction, yet they
must be subject to tbe visitoriol juris?
diction of the Court of General Sessions
to regulato and control thom m the exercise of
their discretionary power." And he refers to
E ist. 10,403, and East. 7, 92. The mero power
to investigate and Hectare an election is net of
such a judicial character as precludes super?
vision by the writ of mandamus.
The Legislature appears to have had tn view
all tho acts heretofore passed in relation to
managers of elections, so tar as their powers
were concerned, and t o limit the Board of Al?
dermen in tho contingencies provided for, to
the more investigation of the contested case
and the declaration of the election. This per?
mitted scrutiny, and all that was necessary for
the proper execution of the power thus confi?
ded. What that declaration should be depend?
ed on thc facts elicited in inquiry; but it is re?
quired by the act, for otherwise a party
interested could not be placed in the
position which the law concedes to him,
to assert tluough the courts his right to
an office. The declaration may in the end bo
of no valuo ts bim, but still if tbo act extends
the privilege, it was not competent for the
board to depnvo him of it by a neglect or rc-,
tusal to carry ont its provisions.
It is made a substantive duty on tbe part of
tho managors-the words were intended to de?
note something.' Tho language is plain, and
has a significance and meaning which thc court
is not at liberty to overlook or disregard.
lr is said, howover, that the writ "will not be
granted where it must he fruitlc&s, vain or use?
less, aud that tho corni has full discietion in
lt is true that if the writ could have
no insult, as in the caso of tho Queen
ci. Trustees of Norwich Oaoing Bank,
A. and E. 3, 729, or where tho act* to be
performed would fail to cany out tho purpose | ]
of a relator because it could not bo accomplish?
ed in timo to r .meier it available, the court
would stay its hand. It has not been made to
appear that any 6ucb obstructions or difficnl
tiesprovail in thc caso before us. . .
Of all the powers which a court is called on 11
to exorcise, it approahca nono of thora with
moro caution and distrust than those which 1
are al leget! to bo. within its mero discretion.
Where the law affords fixed principles for gui?
dance, there is less danger of a "falso judg?
Where nothing is to bo followed but tho sug?
gestions of "legal will,'' thero is a conscious
ness of want of salty, because there is no reli
anco; but in tbs dictation of mere reason which
would induce a fluctuation and vacillation in
the law, inconsistent with public security, and
which might entail on the community ali tho
evils which a regulated system of law was in?
tended to prevent.
Wbero discretion is to bo exercised, it must
bo governed by some admitted and prefixed
standard bf right. It is true that where the
end sought is only a private one, or granting
the writ would be attended with manifest hard?
ship, there it will be withhold. Bacon G, 443;
Van Bansac-ller vs. Sheriff of Albany; Cowan's
How, in a matter ot public concern affecting
a large city, can we undertake to say that tbe
relators aro not entitled to the remedy which
the law provides to place them in a position in
which they may assert their claim to an office?
The wrongs and hardships would bo in pre?
cluding them from thc opportunity of establish
ing, if they can, a right from the possession of
which, they aver, they are prevented by the
non-performance by the Board of Aldermen of
a duty which the law enjoins.
SYMMES-AH-.XVNDEB.r-en the 31st ult., by
(be Rev. J. L. KENNEDY, at Walhalla, S. C.. WHIT?
HER SYMMES, E;q.. Editor of tbe Eeowce C mri er,
to Miss NE I TIE, youngest daughter ef Mrs. L.
CLAVSON-ADIOKES -In Yorkville. on the 31st
ultimo, by Rev. H. R. DICKSON, Ur. THOMAS W.
CLAWSON and Miss AMANDA A. ADICEES, all ot
HOLME"?-ROPER.-Tn Edgeflcld. on tho 24th
ultimo, at the rcs;deDcc of Mr. F. U. ROPES, bv the
Rev. J. P. .MEALING, Mr. ALFRED HOI.VES and
Miss MARGARE 1 ROPER, all of Edenfield District.
?3~ The Friends and Acquaintances of
the late Mrs. NATHAN ?AR1', Uer son, S. N. HAKT,
au l Mr. S. HAUT, Sr., are respectfully Invited to her
Funorul.To-MonROW, the 10th instant, at Twelve M.,
from ber residence, corner of Aiken's Row and Meet?
ing-street. * January 9
fir 1 lip lielatlvea, Friends and Ac
qua'nlanccs of Mr. aad Mrs. W. J. O'MALEY are re
apeclfully iuvltod to attend the Funeral Scrviecs ol
Mr. MARK O'MAt.EY, father of Iho former, from his
lato residonco, No. 93 Church-street, near Chalmers,
at Three o'clock P. M. TO-PAT.
J93TSAVANNAII AND CHARLESTON RAIL?
ROAD COMP ANY -Notice is hereby given that the
Annual Meeting of tho Stockholders of thc Savan?
nah and Charleston Railroad Company, advertised
to convect- ia Charleston on the 13th iust., ls post?
poned until tbe THIRD WEDNESDAY la March, being
tbe 17>h day < l the m mfa.
Uv ord.-r of tho Board of Directors.
S. W. FISHER.
Secretary and Treasurer.
?S?-Savannah Republican and Morning News will
please copy and send paper and bill to the ofllco Sa?
vannah and Charleston Railroad Company.
January 7 . ths2
??-C H ABLES 1 OS GAS LIGHT COMPANY.
CHAULESTON, JeNUAKY 5, 18G9.-Ata meeting
ol' tho Doini of Directors of thc Cbarlratoa Gas
Liybt Company, held tin* day, thc foi:u*ing resolu?
tions were- ad .ptcd :
RtnleeJ, 'I hat iu view of the many a?riens aeci
tk-iitu report din ihi newspapers Aram the us? of
other lights, aud in thc couflilcut cxpectttiou that
(ho public will su.-ita'U this Company in th" reduc?
tion the price ol gis by an Increased conjurap
tion, that af.er toe expiration of the fire-sent month
(be p icc b.- r-duceil to F O Ck DOLLAR TElt
Ii solved, '! kata" an additional inducement io new
co UHU m cr--, (he Company will supply ?ind put in at
its own expense the service aa-l supply pine for thc
basvment s-to.-y of :iie house ol' any new applisaut,
under sr.ch regulations a < the UoaiO of Dire-tor*;
mai establish. \V. J. Ll iittlOr, Secretary.
January 7 12 N
~ j?rB?Y YOCn TEA AND COFFEE FROM
K'Mi:i i:& CHAPMAN, comer King ami Radcliffe
streets, and gjt a bott T article for the same uiouey
tuan at any otha establishment in tho city.
November 14 Dmos
.?ST DATCIIELOiVS HAIR DYE.-THIS
splendid Hair Dye is the best in the world; the
ouly Ini? and perfect Dye; harmless, reliable
nstar.taueous; uo disappointment; no ridiculous
t?nTs; remedies the iii etfects ol bad dye?; invigo?
rates and leaves thc bair soft cud beautiful black or
brown. Sold liv all Druggists and Perfumers; and
properly applied at Hatcbelor's Wig Factory, No
Uoud-rtrvct, New York. lyr January 3
OFTEST BAPTIST CHURCH.-PREACH
INGmaybe expected in tats Church TO-MOBBOW
MOBNTNO, by thc Rev. W. H. WILLtAili, Pastor, at
half-past Tea o'clock.
Commemoration Services of the Rev. B*. MANLY,
Sr, D.D., a former pastor of this Church, will be
held in the AFTERNOON, at hilf-paBt Three o'clock.
Sermon by the Rev. W. J. HARD, of Augusta.
The public generally are respectfully invited to atr
tend. January 9
tfSB" CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP FAL?
CON, from Bi'tiaiore, are hereby notified that
she is THIS DAT discharging cargo at Pie.- Mo. 1
Union Wharves. All goods not taken away at sun
set will remain on whar.'at Coaatzneo;' risk.
MORDECAI & CO.,
January 9 1 Agents.
?6S- AUDITOR'S OFFICE, CHARLESTON
COTJNIY, CHARLESTON, JANUARY 8TH, 1869.
The following divisions of this County into As?ese?
me nt Districts, aadasslgumsnts thereto of As'ossors
for thc assse3inent of personal property, taxable um
der the act "Providing for the assessment and tax a
tion of property," passed September 15th, 1868, is
hereby published for genaro! information, to wit:
CITY OF CHARLESTON.
Fitst Disbict-Comprising Wards Nos. 1 and 3, lying
east of Meetiag badmouth of Calhoun streets-Ur. F.
Q. UoHUGH, Asiessor.
Second District-Comprising Wards Nos. 5 and 7,
east of King-street and south of the city boundary
line-Mr. BEN J. E. KINLOCH, Assessor.
Third District-Comprising Wards Nos. 2 and 4,
lying weat of King and south of Calhoun streets
Mr. JOHN W. KIN'Ci ll A.N.
Fourth District-Comprising Wards Nos. G and 8
lying west of King-street and south of the city bonn .
laryhne-Mr. J. M. F. DEREEF, Assessor.
Fifth District-Comprising all that section of coun?
try lying within tho County east of the Northeastern
Railroad and the Cooper River, including Sullivan's
ind adj icent Islands, the Parishes of SU James'
Sant-e, st. Thomas and Christ Church and that por
ion of Sf. Stephen's, St John's Berkeley and St.
rames Goe^e Creek" lying east of the above named
Railroad-Mr. S. F. LEQUEX, Asaeesor.
Sixth District-Comprising all that section of coun?
try within the County c-onsUtiog of that portion of
he Parishes of St. Stephen's, St. John's Berkeley and
51. Jamed Goose Creek lying west of the Northe tet?
ina Railroad, with that portion of the Parish of St
Vndrew's lying west of the Ashley Ri v*r and North
>f Wappeo Cut-Mr. J. W. GRIFFIN, Assessor.
Seventh District-Com.>ridn* all ?hit ac tion or
rou'i try withia the county, coa dst ing of that por
?ion of St. And CH's, lyin? south of Wa-jpoo C ut,
it. Jjbu's Coll Voa, and the adj ment iran's wett
ifthe entraucF'ti Oawtnstoa Ha-b or-Mr. WIL?
LI \M DART, A-fOiior.
Enc h Assess ir ls reqairod t) oom ilo'e fae ass us.
lient wi'Liu bis district before th) lQttt div of
Februiry, 1869, employi.-ig an os>is<ant if doomed
:e*8i?.r-\ and to ex,fl ie h-miid. wt thia th) d e?
pict ti which bs ls as Cg.ied, o'os-'rving strictly tao
jound ry linos of the sam?. While o ich Assessor
?hou'd be c ireful to avoid as fir as possible any
bing that may seem like an linne cssiry inv. sti
.at ou into the pr?vate sffiinof the tai-pavcr, he
must at the mine Lim3 ma cv--ry proper m ians to
salis ly h i ta self aa lo the correctness of the returns
It ls most Important that tho Assessors and all par?
lies inhere ited should understand that the year for
which this assessment ls made terminates on the lat
Jay of September, 1868; and that it is the property
which hos been held by the tax-payer daring the
year preceding that dit : that is to be assessed for
Each assessor herein named and assigned to a dis?
trict .s required to enter upon tho d'scharge of mia
lulies on MONDAY, the 11thinstant, and to report to
this office whenever it maybe d.-enied necessary.
fi ssessors should read carefully the act providing
Tor the a.=se jsmci t and lax ?tien o' property, and the
InstructloB to Assessors appended thereto.
A. J. RAN9IER,
Auditor Charleston Cona ty.
Jaauary 9 _'_elmo
JWIT IS SAID THAT THE PROPRIErORS
if the celebrated PLANTATION BITTERS rent no
less than nine pews from the different denomina?
tions in New York City for all thoae of their em?
ployees who will occupy them regularly, free of
charge. This ia certainly praiseworthy, and it is to
lie hoped that others who employ a large numbor of
pe'ple will follow the example. The above fact, ac?
companied with the belief that a firm who would
look so closely ofter tbe morals and welfare of their
employee.', would not undertake to impose upon the
pnblie, hos induced us to give the PLANTATION
BITTERS a trial, and having lound them to be all
that is represented, we cordially recommend them as
I tonic of rare merit, - Observer, July 1.
MAGNOLIA WATEB- Superior to the best imported
berman Cologne, and sold at half the price.
January fi tutbtt?
J93- THE MACHINE, CALLED MAN, IS A
very complicated and delicito one, and is mo re lia?
ble to get out of order, and much more difficult to
repair, than a-J y combination of wheels and cranks
tn 1 lovers made by thc hinds ot man. As a rule, it
is tinkered too much, aud bidly tinkciod at that. It
is often calomelizel, uarcjt zed, depleted, and otb
erwiso misused, whoa a l that it really needs is a
svholosomo tome aud restorative like Hos TE I'PER 'S
STOMACH BITTERS to put lt in prop ?r trim and
keep it 30. Thc a.omach is shamefully maltreated.
In the first placo, the food which its juices are in?
tended to disao've, ii too frequently thrown into it
nastily, and in a half-masticatod condition, in which
state thc gastric acid cannot properly act upon it.
The result is dyspepsia. Then comes (he doctor,
md, finding the digestive organs weak and the bow?
els inert, he proceeds to weaken and paralyze still
more with drastic purgatives. These tending-as
bey always do-to produce a salutary change, he
tells the invalid that medical science can do no m ore
for him. This, with all due deference, is a ra istake
nm ol ihose mistakes which Talleyrand Bald were
?antamount to crim What the dyspeptic needs IB
invigoration. Strengthen the stomach with HOS
rETTEIt'S BIT I EUS, and the stomach will strength?
en every other part of thu Luman machine, and
make it, in common parlance, as good as uew. Upon
rue state of the digestion depends, in a mourn re, the
condition of the whole system. Now, the Bitters are
he most admirable toni: kaown. They consist of
bc finest, vegetable invigorants an 1 restoratives,
combined with an unadulteratc 1 stimulant. The
lyspcptic needs nolhiug else lo cfl'ect a cure, except
: light, nutritious .lief, aud a fair amoaut of exer?
cise. Even in thc absence of these last mentioned
accessories, thc tonic and alterativo properties of
[he prcpjia'ion will wo k wonders, enabling the
dyspeptic to di?est Inferior ?are with omparatlve
sase, and to uiaintaiu a good habit of holy, in spite
?I the drawback of a sedentary occupation.
January S DAO G
?Sr DULDE AND BRIDEGBOUJI.-ESSAYS
FOIt YOU NG MEN on tho Interesting relation of
Bridegroom to Bride in thc institution of Marricge?
i guide to m.ttriaaouial felicity aud true happiness.
Scut by mail in soaled lettercnvelopes free cf charge.
Address SOWARD ASSOJLVT10N, Box P., Phila?
delphia, Pa. September -'
ii i :i p ti ;t K ? > ,
DB OKEH, AUCTIONEER AND COMMIS?
.'"ALli* OF REAL ESTATE. S TOCKS. BOND?, SE
CURI l IE") AND PERSONAL PROPERTY
So. '4 7 BRUAD-STK BKT,
CH ARLE-TON. S. C.
Hon. HENRY BUIST, W. J. M 4 GRATH. Esq.,
Qpueral JAM KS CONN EB, T. K. WARING icq.
THE FIRST CLA>3 DANISH BABE
^ KAMM A FONDER, Kr.oan Master, haring
fpart of cargo ougaged, will have disptach.
? For Freight cnrigements apply to
WILLIS k CUISOLM,
January 8 Imo North Atlantic Wharf.
THE NEW AND STRICTLY Al SPAN
? ISH SHIP "PEDRO PLANDOLIT." AUKS
t GDAL Master, having large part ot her
.cargo ca jaged end going on board, will
load with dispatch.
For farther Freight engagements apply to
W. F. HALL.
January 8 16 Brown k Co.'a Wharf.
THE FINE SCHR.M4BYD. HASKELL,
BARBE* Master, having one-half her cargo
iensaged, wid have immeii vo dispatch.
For engagements ol Freight, apply to
H. F. BAKER ii CO.,
January 8 No. 20 Cumberland-8treet
FOR BOSTON-DESPATCH LIVE.
THE Al REGULAR PACKET 9CHOON
EB JONAS SMITH, NICHOLS Master, having
t all ber heavy freight engaged, wants a few
'hundred bales Cotton abd light freight to
fill up with quick deapatch.
January? 3 WILLIAM ROACH k 00.
THE FINE AMERICAN SHIP "AME
J LIA, Taos. BOOBAH Master, is now ready
>for cargo, and being ot small capacity will
For engagements apply to
PATTERSON k STOCK,
January 6_Sonth Atlantic Wharf.
THE Al CLIPPER BARK LIZZIE H.,
S SPUING, Master, having about two-thirds
? cf her cargo en RM od sad going on board,,
.will have diapatch for the above port.
For freight engagements, apply io
January S_STREET BBOTHER8 k CO.
THE FIB8T CLASS BRITISH BABQU
JW. G. PUTNAM, BUKABD Master, ha vin
?a large part of her cargo engaged, Trill loa
For balance freight engagements, aoply to
WILLIS Jt CHISOLM.
December 21_North Atlantic Wharf.
EXCURSIONS AROUND T HR HARBOR.
THE FINE, FAST SAILING AND COM
N FORT A BLT appointed yamt ELEANOR
s ?rill resume her tripa to historic points in
.the harbor, and wiU leave Government
Wharf dally at Ten A. M. and Three P. M.
For Passage, apply to THOMAS YOUNG.
December 18 Sane Captain, on Board.
THE BRITISH STEAMER STA
'TIRA, WAT Master, capacity 1800
bales cotton, is dun here on 11th in?
tstaat and will soil on 25th instant
For freight engagements, apply to
Janaary 9 W. C. BEE k CO.
FOR NEW YORK.
REG ULAR LINE E VER Y TEURSDA Y,
PASSAGE REDUCED TO 815.
THE SLDEWHEEL STEAMSHIP
MAGNOLIA, Capt. M. B. Onowxix,
Commander, will leave Vander
horst's Wharf, on TEUBSDAT, Jan?
uary 14,1869, at - o'clock.
January 8 _BAVENEL k CO.. Agente.
KffitV ? Ulll? AND CHARLES ri?
FOB NE W YORK]
TBE SPLENDID SIDE Vf?lhh
'STEAMSHIP MANHATTAN, WoOD
HULL Commander, will ?eave \d
?ger'b Whorl on SATURDAY, the 9:b,
at Three P. M.
4E*T*lhrough Bills of Lading given to Boston and
Providence, H. L
4^Insurance can be obtained on these steamers at
Fer Freight and Passago, having splendid cabin
accommodations, apply to ?< ?
. jAMrt-AuOHt-fc-eo., -
Corner Adeer'? Wharf and East Bay (Wp Starrel.
The steamship JAMES A DOER will fellow on
Ti ?SAT, the 12th imatant, at - o'clock.
PACIFIC Al AIL STEAMSHIP COMPW'l
THROUGH Ll> ?i TO
CALIFORNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN.
FREIGHT AND PASSAGE AT GREATLY BM
BUGED RATES I
STEAMERS OF THE ABOVl
Bne leave Pier No. 42, North Blvsr,
foot of Canal-street, New Yack, a
12 o'clock coon, of the lat. 9th, i tit \
and 24th bf every month (except when th eso da tel
fall en Sunday, then the Saturday preceding}.
Departure of lat and 24th connect at Pananas wilt
steamers for South Pacific and,Central iiaerio?!
ports. Those of let touch at Mtaianillo. . *
Departure of 9th ot each month connects witt
the new steam line from Panama to Australia at
steamship JAPAN leaves San Francisco fer Chi?
na and Japan February i, 1869.
Ko California steamers touch at Havana, but go
direct from New York te AspinwalL
One hundred pounds baggage iree to each adult.
Medicine and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets or further informa Jon atyJy
at the COMPANY'S TICKE T OFFICE, on the whait
foot of Canal-street, North River, New York.
March li lyr F. R. BABY, Agent
REDUCTION IN FREIGHT.
THROUGH BILLS OF LADING
'from New Orleans to Charleston, S,
'C., VIA Florida Railroad and ALLI?
ANCE LIN EU. S. Mah Stcanshipa.
And steamers CITY POINT and DICTATOR, will be
Sugar, to Charleston, per bb l.$7S
Sugar, to Charleston, por barrel.15
Molasse!), to Charleston, per barrel.2 60
Rice, to Now Orleans, por 100 pounds. -
Other Freights in proportion to the above.
J. D. AIKEN k CO.. Agents.
F. W. PERKINS k CO.. AgentB,
No. 26 Carondelet-strret New Orleans.
A, B. NOYES, Agent,
December 15 Imo Fernandina, Fla.
Tit AV ELL KRS PASSING THROUGH
CHARLESTON EM ROD TE TO FLORIDA, AIKEN
<~ ^- >~-r-y And other places, should not fal
?l?&2f?zl to lay in their supplies of PROVIS*
WNS, CLARETS, CHAMPAGNES
->~=Z~?rn CORDIALS, BRANDIES. WSIS '
KIES, WINES. CANNED MEATS, SOUPS, 4c
Patea of Wild Game and Devilled Ham for Sand*
Wiehes and Luncheons.
49-Send for a catalogue.
WM. S. CORWIN k CO.,
No. 276 King-street,
Between Wentworth and Beaufain,
Charleston, S. O.
Branch of No. 900 Broadway, corner 20th street,
THROUGH TICKETS TO FLORIDA.
CHARLESTON AND S WANNAH STEAM PACKET
LINE, VIA BEAU!ORI AND HILTON HEAD,
TBE ATLANTIC AND GULF RAILROAD AND
CONNECTIONS FOR ALL POINTS IN
- -*-?T-?> THE FINE, FAST STEAMER
" . r~L7 PILOT BOY, Captain FINS PECK, wil
leavo Charleston on Monday and Thursday Mornings,
al Eight o'clock.. Returning, leave Savannah on
Tuted ?y and Saturday Mornings, at half-past high
For Freight or Passage npplv to
December 00 Accommadation Wharf,
FUR BRUNSWICK, GA.
- ,fjrZ>, TQE STEAMER "DICTATOR, "
?ffifiBSjSG Captain CHARLES WILLEY, will touch
rtihia ?.uint ever> n'eJr.csday, leaving .savannah a
Niuo A. IL, and on her return trip will touch there
on Saturday Afterwoon, arriving bacs, at Savannah
on Sunday Morning. J. D. AIKEN & CO.,
November 24 Agent*.
PUR PALATKA. FLORIDA.
VIA SAVANNAH, It RN ANDINA AND JACKSON
^^n^K THE FIRS T-CAS3 STEAMER
.-r^S^ttS? DICTATOR, Captain CHAS. ttiLLrY,
will sail trom Charleston ever* lursaau Seeing, al
Eight o'clcck, tor thc above points
Tho first-e'ass Steamer Ctrl' POtVT, ?apf : .> Wsf.
T .MCNELTT, will i ail from Chatterton every Frilay
Evening, a: Eiaht o'ciocS, for aoove pow!?.
Connecting with th? Central Railivwd ut -riva inab
lor Mobile and Hew Orleans, and wi h tao,Florida.
Railroad at Fernaniin 1 tor c a: which
point sieiiaicrs connect Kitti Sew ?ri.aus, Mobile
Penoico'a. Key West and lt-van :.
I brough Dills Lading given tl : fwfcwt to Mobile.-.
Pinsaco'a ?nd New Orleans.
3-th tteamers cmxtctitsg?ilk H. s. Hart's steam?
ers Oelawaka oivl Ort?n 1' r Sitter Springsand Lakes,
Gri?n, F.ustit, Har.'i* n i ! Durham.
All ftvluii! inyabte r-u ike ?barf.
Good-; uot reiiiovf .? at -.n.^-f wiU be stored atrisfc
and exrxi -c- 01 . w cn-.
?"or Freight or Pa? ?s* e .rragemct t, ap?)v to
J. h. dIEEN k CO., i'l-mi', .
iMiii th A tin ul ir v. barf.
N. V.- No extra charge for M21I3 and Statwooma .
Steamer City point will touch at St Mary'*, Ge 0.
going and returning each week.