Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME Vii.-NUMBER 1054.
CHARLESTON, S. C., THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 14, 1869.
FIFTEEN CENTS A WEEK
THE STATE CAPITAL.
0 ONFTBM A Tl ? N" OF TREASURER L ANNEAU- EEO U
XiATQtO RAILROAD PASSENGER FARE AT FOUR
CENTS FEB IDLE-THE CHARLESTON RAILROAD
MEMOBUL-AIKEN COUNTY-THE BANE OF THE
STATE CASE -MT. PLEASANT FEBBY COMPANY.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO DAILY NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., Jauuary ll-THE SENATE,
in executive session to-day, confirmed tbe
nomination of Air. Fleetwood Lanneau as trea?
surer for Charleston County.
Wright introduced a biil .'.o regulate thc agen?
cien of insurance companies not incorporated
in this State.
Wright also gav o notice of a biil to aid the
Port Royal Railroad.
Jillson introduced a joint resolution for tho
payment of school commissioners and superin?
The act to punish sheriff) and others violat?
ing the Homestead act was verified.
Tho bill to alter and amend the criminal law
passed its second reading.
IN THE HOUSE, thc memorial of citizens of
Charleston in behalf of the various unfinished
Unes of railroad terminating there was ic
Hayne introduced a bill lo punish persons
violating sect iou third, article fourteenth, of
tho United States Constitution.
Hyde introduced a bill to regulate the charge
of railroad companies lor passengers in this
State. The bill fixes the rate at four cents per
mile for through and five cents per mile for
The House was engaged all day in discus?
sing-the formation of a nsw county to be called
The House Committee on Incorporations
havo unanimously recommended the passago
of tbe bill lending the aid of the State to the
Mount Pleasant Ferry Company.
In the Supreme Court, to-day, in the case of
the Bank of the State, Mr. Hayne raised an ob?
jection to the motion to take up the case unless
before the three regular judges of the Supreme
Court. He contended that Justice Willard was
not disqualified on account of his previous de?
cisions. The court decided that this point
should be argued boforo a full bench to-mor?
row, and ordered the clerk to telegraph for
The Governor has sont for Judge Carpenter,
Wording, his foi mer appointee, not having ar?
COIN TAX-BRICKLAYERS VISIT THE PRESIDENT
-CARL SCH CBZ-NATIONAL COLORED CONVEN
'TION-PERSECUTION OF JOHN 0. BB AINE.
3?VAS HINGTON, January 14.-The Supreme
Court was engaged to-day in the argument of
an insurance case involving the right of the
government to demand payment of tax in coin
. from parties doing business in coin.
The National Bricklayers' Convention visited
Mr. Johnson to-day.
The President said he was glad to meet with
this national body of bricklayers, and thank?
ful for the confidence reposed in him. His
past course, be said, was a guarantee of his
sympathy and identification with the labor in?
terests of his country, without any speech in
that direction at this time. If his acts did not
speak for him', there was nothing that he could
then say which would give them an assurance
of his feelmgB.
Gillem'a evidence before the Reconstruction
Committee was pointed to the effect that there
was a fair election in Mississippi, and that the
constitution was rejected.
Carl Schurz has been elected United States
senator from Missouri.
The National Colored Convention is in ses?
sion, with Fred. Douglas as President. The
movement to exclode female delegates created
a great excitement, and females were finally
adaitted by a large majority. Daring the ex?
citement a Southern delegate vehemently op?
posed female suffrage.
The District Attorney of New York decides
- that the Amnesty Proclamation does not affect
the case of Jbbn C. Braine, Confederate naval
officer, indicted for piracy.
The Virginia Committee, by sub committees,
visited Grant and Schofield. The interviews
wera regarded as encouraging. '
The Sae Murphy case was continued m the
Senate. The opinion of the Senate as enunciat?
ed by the debates in this caso, which is a type of
many others, seems to be that loyalists should
br paid for property taken or destroyed by the
Union army, though the Sae Murphy claim will
probably be recommitted for want of proof of
loyalty. Tho claim aggregates seven thousand
dollars, accruing from the destruction of build?
ings, ?cc. She was sixteen at the opening of
the war, and is now about twenty-tour years of
age. Her parents were rebellious, and her
only claim to loyalty is Kindness to Union sol?
diers. The claim will probably be recommitted
for want of proof of loyalty.
FEMALE SUFFRAGE-MBS. LINCOLN'S PENSION
. ABSORBING UTAH.
WASHINGTON, January 14.-IN THE SENATE,
several petitions for female suffrage were pre?
The Naval Committee reported adversely to
restoring Commodore Meade to the active list.
Wilson introduced a bill amending the Ten
ure-of-office act. It restores the President's
control over the Cabinet, and allows salaries to
ad interim officers. Referred.
A bill was introduced allowing Mrs. Lincoln
Sumner introduced a bill to enforce the
Fourteenth amendment. He said that events
in Kentucky rendered early action imperative.
Sumner suggested that Mrs. Lincoln's pen?
sion be five thousand dollars per annum.
Morrill spoke in favor of thc Reciprocity
The Sue Murphy claim was resumed. Wilson
proposed a commission consisting of Generala
Meigs, Howard, Thomas and Ekin, to com?
mence next April, and to continue for two
years, to whom all such claims stall be referred.
Without action the Senat? adjourned.
IN THE HOUSE, Ashley presented a bill the
object of which wai to absorb the Mormon
territory by increasing tho boundaries of the
surrounding territories. The bill was made
the special order for to-day two weeks, when
the delegates from Utah are expected to be
The Election committee reported in favor of
seating Swetzer from the Ninth Missouri Dis?
The Niagara Ship Canal was discussed ai
great lenRth, oller which the House adjourned.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The Alabama commission, for the transfer
East Florida, arrived in Tallahassee yester?
The clerk, pilot, mate, and several other per?
sons havo died from injuries received afc the
blowiug up of 6tern-wbeel steamer Glide near
Tho Georgia Legislature reassembled yes?
terday. Soveral negro members are in Atlan?
ta, espec*ing to be reseated.
ANOTHER EXPEDITION AGAINST MEXICO-IT
TO BE COMMANDED B? ONE OF MAXIMILIAN'S
MADEID, January 14.-One of tho generals
who wont to Mexico with Maximilian is here
secrotly engaging Spanish scientific and mili?
tary officers in a movement to place Count
Girgcnti on tho Mexican throne. He wants
two hundred officers of high rank, and pro?
mises to secure their pay. Several m:mbers
of tho n'overnment aro assisting the enterprise
secretly. Prim grants to tue officers who de?
sire to leave unlimited leaves of absence. It
is said that the Emperor Napoleon favors the
PAMS, January 14.-Tho conference had a
short session on Tuesday. Greece was not
represented, lt w?lmeot again to-day.
THE.FALL OF CRETE.
LONDON, January 14.-T?c books and docu?
ments of thi Cretan Government have fallen
into the hands of the Turks.
GLASGOW, January 14.-The Prince of Wales
Theatre has been ut-.^t'-oyed by fire. No lives
MORE TBOOI3 FOR CTTBA.
MADRID, January 14.- Dulce telegraphs for
more troops. He thinks he can suppress the
rebellion with 4000 additional soldiers.
The press of Paris and London almost SJM
imously condemn G reece for insisting on
representation in the conference.
DESERTIONS FROM THE ARMY-VALARIA UNABLE
TO BEACH THE INTERIOR.
HAVANA, January ML-Nuevitaa difp*teje&
ofthelQtb instant state that Valaria was un?
able to reach the interior, was surrounded and
hard pressed by the insurgents. A portion of
the Matanzas volunteers have voluct irily gone
over to the rebels. The ro'.urn?n; troops are
destroying the plantations rm &i9 lino of
march, and arms are frequently ltn'.td for the
STEAMSHIP GULF CITY WRECKED AND TWENT?
TWO LIVES LOST.
WILMINGTON, January 14.-The steamship
Gnlf City, from Galveston to New York, went
aground off Cape Lc ioot at ten o'clock on
Monday night, and was soon dashed to pieces.
TJiree of the crow, named Patrick McCabo, of
Jersey City, Anthony Thomas and Henry
McArdle, of New York, were picked np by the
steamship W. P. Clyde on Weduesday at 2 P.
M. and brought to this port. There were
twenty-five persons aboard the ill-fated vessel?
and o nly three are known to hava been 3aved.
FROX TUE STATE CAPITAL.
The Barnie ot tbe State Case-Thc Regis?
try of Alesne Conveyances-General
COLUMBIA, S. C., January IS.-The counsel
for the State, Messrs. Corbin and Chamberlain,
expect to press the case of the State vs. Presi?
dent and Directors of the Bank ol the Slate
before the Supreme Court to-morrow. Judge
Wording is expected here to-morrow morning.
It bas been reported that the defence will re?
sist the reopening of the case, or a hearing
before the court.
Mr. Tresco!;, Register of Mesne Conveyance
for Charleston County, peremptorily refuses
to deliver up that office to William J. McKin?
lay, who was rt ; ant ly elected by the General
Assembly. Application, I leam, will be made
to Judge H?ge to-morrow for a rule to show
cause on a quo voarranlo against Mr. LYeecot.
IN THE SENATE, the militia bill, after consid?
erable discussion and another characteristic
speech from Mr. Leslie, was recommitted to j
the Committee on the ?Military, with instruc?
tions to incorporate the following submitted by
Mr. Leslie :
1. The persons subject to military duty.
2. To provide for the'r speedy enrollment
under superintendence of the Adjutant-Gener?
al substantially, as provided by Sectiou 4 of
tho act under consideration.
3. To authorize the Govornor to nominate
and appoint general officers by the advice
and consent of the Senate-these officers to
draw pay only while engaged m actual ser?
4. State arms to be stored under the direc?
tion of the Governor.
5. No uniforms furnished at expense of
C. Militia to bc mustered and called into ser?
vice only in cases of immediate danger, insur?
rection or rebellion.
7. And such other usual and general pro?
visions us are necessary in bills of like char?
The bill to amend the act to establish a'Statc
Polico was also recommitted to the committee
on motion of ilr. Leslie, with instructions to
amend by the addition of the following aer
SECTION 2. That whenever aDy person or per?
sons shall harbor, conceal, aid, abet, or in anv
manner assist, directly or indirectly, such
bands of organized men, such person or per
^onr shall be deemed guilty of a felony, ana be
punished by imprisonmect'in thc penitentiary
for a period of not less than five years, nor
more than ten.
The bill to re-enact certain acts lending the
name and credit of the State to the Greenville
and Columbia Railroad Company, and to vali?
date the action ot said company thereunder,
received its third reading without a dissenting
The bill to establish a State orphan asylum
received its third reading, its title was chang?
ed to that of an act, and ordered to be en?
The House sent to the Senate a concurrent
resolution, rescinding the resolution passed at
thoir legular session, depriving members of
the per diem during the recess, which was in?
A concurrent resolution to recommend to
the Congress of the United States the removal
of'he i olitical disabilities ol James F. Green,
of Charleston County, was agreed to.
A bill to incorporate certain fir3 engine com?
panies received its first reading, was ordered
for consideration to-morrow, and to be printed.
Mr. Corbin reported ba^k the bill to author?
ize the building of a bridge to connect the
Islands of Wadmalaw and John's, with amend?
ments providing that the expenses and cost
of building the bridge bc paid by a tax levied
upon the real and personal property of said
island; also in favor of the bill to provide a
lieu ou buildings and lands to parties furnish?
ing labor and materials, with amendments;
also tho bill to regulate attachments, with re?
commendations that it he upon the table.
IN THE HOUSE, a resolution to inquire into
the charges made by ferries across the Con
garcc was referred; notico was Riven by Mr.
Mays of a bill to alter and amend the charter
of the Town of Orangeburg; a bill was intro?
duced to extend the powers of magistrates to
imprisonment in certain cases.
The bill to incorporate the Home Insurance
Company, of Charleston, was reported back
with certain amendments, and was laid over
for a second reading.
The bill relative to siles of property under
the decrees of the Courts of Equity and Circuit
Courts waa ordered to a second reading.
Sundry bills were ordered to a second read?
ing, and pending the debate on the bill to es?
tablish the County of Aiken, the House ad?
ox THE maro.
Walhalla-Origin and Progress-Trude
_vor ty Stores-Appearance of the
Price of Lands-Speculation-Church?
es- Schools-Business Firms-Thc Blue
JKidgc Railroad-Water Power, \c.
WALHALLA, January 5, 18C9.- Walhalla, in
the mythology of the ancient Germans, bore a
signification somewhat akin tc the Olympus of
the Grenke, the abode of goda and heroes,
though I believe it had reference more especi?
ally to the latter. Tho great and good of this
mundane sphcro after death met again to dwell
forever in Walhalla. It is well known that
King Louis, of Bavaria, the greatest patron of
art of this century, erected about twenty or
twenty-five years ago, in thc vicinity ol Ratis
bon, a temple specially dedicated to the Ger?
man muse. Here the poets, painters, warriors,
statesmen, in short, those distinguished in
every path of art, science, literature, as well as
those who have shed lustre on Germany by
their achievement in arms, in the forum, or
wheresoever else, all have monuments erected
in this great mausoleum, with suitable inscrip?
tions, tho latter by thc king himse If ; and this
temple is called "Walhalla."
So much for precedent. But our Walhalla,
the new town on tho Blue Ridge Railroad,
though unquestionably a very nice place, a fast
and a thriving place, is not like its namesake,
the abode of gods or heroes, lt is peopled by
mere men. made of flesh aud blood, fashioned
in body and spirit much like you and mo-of the
earth carthy; and it is jost as well that it is so.
I am no great believer in your heathen divini?
ties. One live man, with good brawny arms
and just a little common sense, js worth a dozen
of your Herculescs; and as to women, I dm't
believe the Venuses, Dianas or Thusneldas
would stand the ghost of a chance by the side
of our Walhalla girls.
Walhalla, formerly in Bickens District, now
the county seat of Oconee, was founded about
1850 by the German Colonization Society, af?
terwards incorporated (1853) as tho German
Settlement Society-C. F. Seeba, J. A. Wagen?
er, Jacob Schroder, John M. Hencken and
Glaus Bullwinkel, trusiees. The tract, of which
the town forms tho centre, thirty thousand
acres of land, was purchased of Colonel Jo?
seph Gresham, for about $27,000. West Union,
about two miles from Walhalla, near the rail?
road depot, is an old settlement, but the pres?
ent site of Walhalla was then a perfect wilder?
ness. It was tho intention, I behove, of thc
founders of this settlement that it should be
composed of Germans only, and at first there
were no others; afterwards, however, Ameri?
cans from this and adjoining States settled
there. The population is estimated at from
five hundred to eight "liindred, one half of
whom aro Germans. A nc^ro is a rare bird
here; there are probably not over five or six
belonging to this town.
There is considerable trade here, though very
little cotton-too near the mountains. About
fifty bales have found their way here :his sea
Bon. There is a gie at deal of bart., here.
Everybody who comes here brings something
ho or she wishes to exchange for something
else provided by the shopkeeper. The chief
articlos brought here, and either sold or ex?
changed, are corn, peas, apples, bacon, pota?
toes, onions, rye, wheat, flour, butter, eggs,
fowl, livo stock, whiskey, venison, herbs and
As this is the present terminus of the Blue
Ridge Railroad, Walhalla draws a very large
wagon trade from the mountain districts in the
adjoining States-North Carolina, Georgia and
Tennessee-and wagons may be seen overy day
in the streets of this town from these various
points. Many of the conveyances are of a very
humble character, drawn, it may be, by a mule
and a steor,or only by a single cow. Ox-teams
are very numerous about here. The merchants
here do not sell much fine goods. Cotton
yarns, jeans, homespuns, calicoes for Sunday
wear, together with groceries and hardware,
are the chief articles in demand. Articles of
luxury are less in request than nearer the sea?
shore; hence, perhaps, the greater share of
health and vigor enjoyed by these mountain?
eers. There is, however, a very thriving trade,
and, I must say, the merchants are fully alive
to it, for there are said to be no less than forty
of them h>re now, one-fourth of whom com?
menced business this fall. The principal part
of the business is, of course, confined to a few,
though all get a share of it.
The town is about two miles long and one
mile wide; but tho houses, except iu tho cen?
tral part, very much scattered. Most of tho
stores and dwellings are of a very modest, un?
pretending character, plain to inelegance, and
do not look very comfortable. However, in
this respect they may belie their looks. The
original German settlers havo impressed
their character and their peculiarities on tho
place, and industry, thrift, frugality and con?
tent aro pictured on every countenance, ou
every house, on the streets, on the town, on
thc very pigs that root and grant contentedly
in the streets of this modern Teutonic settle?
They who would sec Walhalla right should
come here in summer, and not, as I did, in
midwinter; and I was pleased to learn that
seekers alter health and pleasure came hither
trom the lower and middle parts of the S:ate
in considerable numbers last summer, and
went away, much pleased with what they had
seen and what they had to pay. In time I
have no doubt Walhalla will be the great sum?
mer resort for those of us in Charleston aud
surrounding country who can rai?e the wind to
waft ns lo that more pleasant summer climate.
In point of health, there is in all South Caro?
lina no spot to compare with Walhalla. Chills
aud fever are never heard of, and if it were not
for thc ravages of time, I do not thiuk they
would need a graveyard. As it is, there is
only one apothecary, and perhaps ono or two
practicing physicians Tor thc town and the
country around; and if I may credit what I
was told, these professional gentlemen are not
The scenery, even viewed fiom Main-street
ia Walhalla, is very fi:;e. Mountains nearly
all around you, ridges upon ridges, and peaks
upon peaks. Before you is Tunnel Hill, ap?
parently within a milo or so, but really five or
six miles distant. Beyond it towers a huge
old giant, reposing far off iu Georgia. To your
right you can see mountains away off iu North
Carolina. In the vicinity of Walhalla there
aro many beautiful spots worth visiting. The
woods, thc h?ls, the falls, the mills, the brooks,
the rills, and a thousand other objects, all at?
tract tho tourist. There is food for the oyo
and pleasure for the car, and the inner eye of
the soul looks with profound gratitude upon
all this expanse of the good and tho beautiful,
to the great Author and Giver.
Hero the artist finds innumerable subjects
for his pencil and portfolio; and the lover of
field-sports may gratify his passion by a drive
in some of the adjacent mountains, and per?
haps, see his efforts rewarded by a brace of
fine largo antlered bucks-patriarchs of th?
forest. The water is cool and pelluoid, eggs
fresh and abundant, beef, mutton and renison
fat and juicy, poultry abundant and cheap,
apples to bo had for the asking, corn e:ghty
cents p?r bushel when it was $1 23 in your old
city, and corn juice-ahem ! what was it I was
going to say ? In short, living is cheap, cli?
mate is good, and land passably productive.
No wonder, therefore, that there should be a
great tide of immigration turned in that direc?
tion; nor is it surprising that lands should be
held at high figures when there is such great
demand for them, As usual in such cases, de?
sire runs a little ahead of reason,.and the
prices asked for lands are not unfrequently
from two to three hundred per cent, above
their present value. Every ono has this land
fever; every one is open to a trade. No ene in
the morning cnn tell whether he will have a
house of his own in the evening, in which to
repose his weary head and dreain of vast sums
of money, copper mines, gold mines, and what
not all. Trade and barter nie the order of thc
da\-. Stores, houses, mills, farms, horses, in
short everything, is hable to change hands
every day. 1 saw a young gentlemen at Bie
mann's, yesterday, who had just sold his farm,
several miles from here, for a buggy and a fine
pair of mares. Ho thought he had made a
good trado, but what to do with the mares he
It is said that Colonel Gresham, when ho
purchased, years ago, all these lands, predicted
that a fine town would some time be built on
this site, and that he set apart a lot for a court?
house. This prediction is now being fulfilled.
Tho convention divided Pickens County, and |
Walhalla has been selected as tho county s<;at
of the newly formed county, 'Oconee." The
courthouseis to bo built during the present
year next to the Lutheran Church, one of the
finest sites in all that vicinity.
There are two churches herc, Lutheran and
Methodist. The Presbyterians have organized i
a congregation, but as yet have no building.
A Bap tish ohm cb is in process of formation. '
The Nowberry College, under the auspices of j
thc Lutheran denomination, has been recently i
removed to this town. A large wooden build- 1
ing, partly furnished, erected by the Ladies' J
Educational Society, has beon diverted from <
its original purpose and presented to the trus- *
tees ot the said Newberry College. The Rev. J
J. P. Smcltzer is president. Tho Sumter Fe?
male Collegiate Institute, in charge of Miss
Morgan, is doing well.
The Intendant of this thriving town ia Mr.
H. W. Van Livere, and Hon. D. Biemann,
senator, ic, keeps the hotel. The chief bas:- ?
ness mon aro: Wesley Pitchford, F. & W. We- ]
per, Waller, Watson & C\, D. Biemann, W. J.
& J. E. Neville, Wm. Rorber, Dr. A. E. Nor?
man, J. N. Benson Sc Co , Cartor &, Matheson,
A. Taylor, Hendrix 4; Simmons, Whitmore & :
Co., C. L. Reid & Co., Boucknight Sc Barden,
R. B. Sc B. R. Chambers, and Oatendorff Sc
The "Keowoe Courier,'' formerly published
in Pickens Courthouse, was removed to Wal?
halla last epnug. Messrs. Reith & Young are
tho proprietors, and Whitner Sims, Esq., is or
rather was, the editor; for Mr. S. having re?
cently taken unto himself a partner, has relin?
quished his connection with tho paper, and
Mr. Wm. C. Reith is now tho editor. Toe Cou?
rier is a good paper, fully representing the
..ontiments of tho people of this part of our
otate, and contributing its shore te a healthy
restoration, political, industrial and social.
Walhalla, of course, cannot get along with?
out lawyers, and accordingly I took tho cen?
sus of tho profession, which is as follows :
Colonel J. J. Norton, Wm. C. Keith, Esq., J.
H. Whitner, Esq., and W. Sims, Esq. In ad?
dition to these, I heard of some others desir?
ous of pitching their tents here; and among
them Julius J. Fleming, Esq., of Sumter,
who, I hope, will do woll in this new field.
I cannot enumerate all the mechanics of this
town; but it is far better supplied in this re?
spect than any place of its size in the State.
It boasts three watchmakers, tinners, black?
smiths, bootmakers, tailors, wheelwrights-all
giving proof that this is the gathering point
and mart of a large number of people.
The groat desire of the people throughout
this section, as you may readily suppose, is
that the Blue Ridge Railroad may be complet?
ed. It may be that they overestimate the ad?
vantages that would accrue to them from the
enterprise; though I am of those who think this
road ought to bo built, and willb3 built. As Wal?
halla is the present terminus, sad must so re?
main during the tedious working and comple?
tion of the tunnel, it will necessarily be mate?
rially benefittcd during all that time, whether
the ultimate completion of the road be any ad?
vantage to it or not. The road, as tar as it is
built, ia iu excellent condition, tho work supe?
rior, and apparently more durable, than is
found on any other road in the State.
There ia much water-power within a few
miles of this town, which, in a few years, will
set innumerable mills at work, it not largo wool
and cotton factories. Thc several streams in
the vicinity empty into the Seneka River,
which, with the Tugaloo (at AnderBonvillo),
forms tho Savannah. In the extreme north?
western part of Oconee the waters run into
tributaries of the French Broad, which emp?
ties into the Holston, this into tho Tennessee,
and thus through ' the Ohio, and the Missis?
sippi, some of our South Carolina waters find
their way into the Gulf of Mexico.
Oconeo County ia so called ofter "Oconee
Station," (Anglice "wild hogs,'.') an old Indian
settlement. There is also an Oconee Creek.
The first house in Walhalla was put np by
Mr. D. Biemann, Christmas, 1851. In tho ori?
nal drawing of lots for town lota, Mr. Biemann
drew thc sile of his present house. Two hun?
dred acros bad been laid off for tho town, each
lot in the town an aero and a half; the ball
aero on Main-street, and au acre on a back
street for a garden. Thc farms were laid off
outside thc lowu, and all drawn by lot. After
the members had drawn their lots, the com?
pany sold the remainder, though it still holds
some laud near the Little River Falls.
But this letter is getting too long, so I must
MURDLU OF GOVEUXMENT OFFICERS m MEXI?
CANS.-The Treasury Department has just re?
ceived the tull details of the attack on Clark3
ville, Texas, and tho murder of Inspectors
Phelps a:;d Hammond. Thc party which com?
mitted tho crime was composed of Mexicans
and negroes, and was organized in Mexico.
Phelps waa shot iu thc hoad and had ten stabs
in other parts of his body, and Hammond's
body shows fivo knife wounds, any one of which
would have been mortal. After committing
the atro-ious deeds the gang recrossed the
Rio Grande into Mexico. The Secretary of tho
Treasury baa addressed a communication to
the Secretary of War, calling his attention to
the outrage and requesting that, as Texas is
still uuder military government, measures
may be taken to bring the assassins to justice
and to guard against the repetition of similar
ac s of violence. The authorities of thc treas?
ury have ascertained that this crime was com?
mitted ia the interest of the whiskey ring,
and, moreover, that certain telegraph compa?
nies are in league with the whiskey ring.
Measures have boen adopted by the War De?
partment to secure the safety in future of offi?
cers or the government on duty along the Rio
CONTRACTS IX CONFEDERATE^CUR?
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
CHARLESTON, January 14, 1869.-No one en?
dorses more heartily than myself, in its sene
ral pi inc i pl cs, the bill introduced in the Legis?
lature of our State by Mr. Corbin, ontitled "A
bill to determine the value of contracts made
in Confederate States notes or their equiva?
len," and ail aro quite willing to concede the
propriety of settling Confederate contracts on
the scaling principle, where the consideration
has been the loan of money, &c; but should
the bill of Mr. Corbin bo passed without pro?
viding for the settlement of contracte wbero
thc consideration has boan real estate proper?
ty, on some more equitable basis than the
mero scaling process, according to tho value of
Contederate notes in gold or lawful monty,
then must tho bill bear with special hardship
on many who were so unfortunate as to dispose
of their real estate during tho late war.
On the 17th of Mafcb, 1863, 1 sold a house and
lot in this city which cost me in gold, before
the war, thirty-five hundred dollars, for the
the sum of thirty-five hundred dollars in cur?
rency, taking in payment fifteen hundred dol?
lars cash, the remaining two thousand JoUars,
secured by bond and mortgage, to be paid with
interest one year from dato of purchase. The
bond and mortgage was not paid at maturity,
and still remains unpaid. Should Mi*. Corbin's
bill pass, establishing as an unexceptionable
basis of settlement that all contracts made in
Contederate currency must be settled accord?
ing to the value of Confederate money in gold or
lawful money at the time of contract, then
must I reserve in payment of tho bond and
mortgage for two thousand dollars, four hun?
dred dollars in gold (the value of Confederate
money being on the 17th March, ?8C3, five dol?
lars for one in gold), or its equivalent rn lawful
money. Valuing tho fifteen hundred dollars
cash received at the same ratio, making three
hundred dollars gold or its equivalent, then
must I receive in payment for my property,
which cost mo before tho war threo thousand
five hundred dollars, the pitiful sum of seven
hundred dollars in gold, or its equivalent in
It must at once appear that any law estab?
lishing, as on unexceptionable basis of settle?
ment of debts made in Confederate currency,
that the settlement must be made according
to the value of Confederate notes in lawful
money at timo of contract, is unjust and in?
equitable. Tho courts of Alabama and Geor?
gia have decided these questions, giving
the seller of real estate tho actual or approxi?
mate value of tbeproperty at time of sale, and
jstablishing, os a general basis of settlement,
the a: : ual value of the consideration of the
contract. It is to be hoped that before Mr.
Corbin's bill is allowed to pass that some pro
cisi?n will bc made for the settlement of con?
tracts made during the war according to
AFFAIRS IN TBE STATE.
Tho Watchman announces the death of Mr.
Freeman Hoyt, of Mr. Samuel Mayrant and
Mrs. Eliza F. Boyd.
The Southerner talks sound sense. It says :
"We are happy for thc sake of our friends to
notioo the rapid rise in cotton. It is the natu?
ral result of that prudence and forethought
which made cotton a secondary consideration
last year. Let our planters be certain that
they plant enough corn and small grain this
year for home consumption, and the control
of the cotton market can never poss away from
them. We regard the present rise as the
work of the speculator, and as it benefits our
people, care not how hieb, they put it; but wo
think no power or "ring" can ever again put
cotton below twenty cents, if tho planter will
make enough provisions for home use. We
think the restoration is at hand-that cotton
will again be kin;;.
Sj jar?a ab arg.
The Spartan gives a cheering account of the
condition of things in Spartanbnrg. It says:
'Most of our merchants and traders are doing
a good business. Money appears to be much
more plenty than formerly. There is enough
hero to buy all tho pioduce of our forms,
including cotton, corn, wheat, peas, oats, po?
tatoes, ?ic, that may be offered. This the
best market in t he up country."
Of the departure of the Reverend James
Stuart Hanekcl, the Spartan says : "Our town
and district have sustained a loss by the de?
parture of the reverend and very excellent
gentleman from this place to Charlottesville,
Virginia., where he had been invited to the
pastoral care of the Episcopal Church at that
place. We understand that his worthy family
will not leove here until spring. This learned
divine and honorable citisen held a high po?
sition in the respect and esteem of all our peo?
ple, and he bears with bim the best wishes
and kindest regards of all who had the good
foi tune of making bis acquaintance."
Incendiar ism and robberies neem to be fre?
quent in the county. Three or four weeks
ago, tho smokehouse of Mr. Jobn Nolen was
broken open and robbed of the meat of three
hogs, a bee!, all his lard and a sack of flour.
On Tuesday night ol last week, tho smoke?
house of Mrs. M. A. Harvy was also entered
and robbed of six hundred pounds of pork, her
lard and about ninety pounds ot flour. The
property of Mrs. Aun Vernon has also boen
set on tire.
AFFAIRS IN NORTH CAROLINA.
Thc Asheville News announces that Dr. Mc?
Dowell, one of the contractors on the eastern
division of the Western North Carolina Rail?
road, threw the "first dirt" on this side of the
mountains ou Wednesday,'tho 31st ult., and
that other contractors are preparing to com?
mence work on the road in Buncombe County,
in a low days.
Davidson College, situated about twenty
miles from Charlotte, now has upwards of ono
I be Raleigh S tao dard announces that tho
trustees of tho university havo de'ermioed to
establish a branch of thc institution for thc
benefit of the negroes.
A meeting was held at Albemarle, Stanley
County, on tho first instant, to forward the
Eroposod railroad from Cheraw, S. C., to Salis
ury, N. C. The following resolutions were
Resolved, That we, tho citizens along the
propose rout9, hereby pledge ourselves to
give tho right of way, should said road pass
over ?aid lands.
Besotted, That no enterprise has yet been
conceived, involving the same amount of ex?
pense, which will yield a greater profit, bear?
ing as it will the freight and passengers from
tho northern and central portions of the State
destined from an" point between the Cites or
Wilmington, N. C., and Charleston, 8. C. In
view of the liberal patronage wnich it is sure
to receive, wo earnestly ask tho Legislature of
the State to lend a helping hand, in order that
said road may be completed at an early day.
Resolved, That wo, tho people of the three
counties over which tho proposed road shall
run, will not relax our efforts until said road be
completed, irrespective ol' assistance from
J?sotted, That tho members on the line of
the proposed road bc /eqnested to use their
best efforts to eecuro the aid of Ihc State in its
Thc Statcsville New3 learns that on thc fore?
part of this week while Mr. John Bradley, son
in-law of Colonel A. M. Walker, of this "place,
who with bia family had been bore on a visit,
was returning to South Carolina, and travel?
ling in a private conveyance, when about ten
miles from town, had his child abont a year
old killed in the following m inner: Mrs. Brad
Icy who was riding, attempted to pass (he
child to the arms of a negro girl, thc nurse,
who was walking near the vehicle, who tailing
to-ecuroit securely, tbs child fell, and the
wheel passing over its neck caused instaut -
NEW NIAOABA SUSPENSION BnmGt.-Since
Saturday tho bridge has been in constant uee,
like otbi:r similar thoroughfares. Sunday af?
ternoon the structure was subjected to as se?
vere a test aa it ever ?viii bo called to sustain.
It seemed as though most of the population of
both sides, with many from Niagara City, Clif?
ton, Drummond rille and elsewhere had turned
Ont to drive or walk across the bridge. The
roadway looked like Broadway in the busy part
of tuc day. lt eeomed full of people and teams
from end to end, passing both ways at the same
time, and for hours there appeared no cessa?
tion ol numbers. The wind was blowing quite
hard at tho timo, yet thc bridge seemed as ih m
as though but few people were crossing. It ia
estimated that there were ten thousand trips
made on Sunday. Such a panorama will not
often bo witnessed, and only on holidays, or
when large excursions visit the Falls.
A Kamran TRAGEDY.-After a Behool ex?
hibition at Sharpsburg Kentucky, on Christ?
mas eve, a number of young men repaired to a
drinking saloon, where two of them, Joshua
Sharp and Dick Taylor, quarreled and went
into the street with pistols to settle tho mat?
ter. Sharp took position on one side of the
street and Taylor on the other, about one hun?
dred feet apart. Sharp said "Are yon
ready?" Taylor replied, 'T am." They then
be?an to dre. Sharp's pistol missed fire the
first time, giving Taylor the first fire, which
was harmless. They then fired about tho
same time, and wore both instantly killed.
Sharp was shot through the head and Taylor
through the heart. They bad previously been
friends, and would have continued so but for
the dram shop.
A NOBTHEHN "SEAMSTRESS" m TEXAS. -Mr.
James L. Malone, writing from Sau Marens,
Texas, says : "Five years ago I bonght one of
your machines at Austin, Texas. It has been
running ever since, and has done the sewing
fora family of thirty-five persons-besides, I
might say, for a "settlement." It his never
had but one needle broken: and that was
caused by a loop in the thread. My wife says
it has done one thousand dollars' worth of sew?
ing. It has never been out of order in any
way, or cost one dime for repaira. Our ma?
chine is always at work, while others are at
the repair shop ! EVERY FAULL? HERE WASTS
TOUR MACHETE."-[Letter to Willcox & Gibbs 8.
FOR PHILADELPHIA-KM PI UK LIMB.
THE SCHOONER SURPRISE, KYM HES
Master, having nearly all her cargo engined,
i will sail in a few days. For engagements
?apply to H. F. BAKER k CO..
January 14_No. 20 Cumberland-6treet
FOR Ii E W YORK- MEUCHA NTS' LIMB.
THE FA9T SAILING BRIG ETJBUS,
.> WILLEY Master, having a large portion of
)freight engaged and going on board, wants
.about 160 to 200 bolea Cotton and light
freight to fill up and sill promptly.
January 14 3 WILLIAM BOICH tc CO.
FOR BOSTON-DESPATCH LINE.
THE REGULAR Al PACKET SCHOONER
JONAS SMITH, NICHOLS Master, having a
i large portion cargo on board, wants 200 or
> 260 bales cotton ana light freight to fill up
and sail promptly. WILLIAM ROACH & CO.
THE FIRST CLASS DANISH BARR
s KAMMA FONDER, KROOH Master, having
?part of cargo engaged, will have d isp ta ch.
For Freight engagements apply to
WILLIS k CHISOLM,
January 8 Imo North Atlantic Wharf.
THE NEW AND STRICTLY Al SPAN?
ISH SHIP "PEDRO PLANDOIIT," AMEN
>GUAX Master, having large part of her
.cargo engaged and going on board, will
load with dispatch.
For farther Freight engagements apply to
W. P. HALL,
January 8 16 Brown A Co.'a Wharf.
THE FINK AMERICAN SHIP "AME
1 LIA, THOS. Bom;HAM Master, ia DOW ready
i for cargo, and being ot small capacity will
. have dispatch.
For engagements apply to
PATTERSON 4 STOCK,
January 6_South Atlantic Wharf.
THE Al CLIPPER BARK LIZZIE H.,
VSFBIKQ, Master, having about two-thirds
>of her cargo engaged and going onboard,
. will have dispatch for the above port.
For freight engagements, apply to
January 6_8THKET BROTHERS k CO.
THE FIRST CLASS BRITISH BABQ?
y W. G. PUTNAM, RICKARD Master, ha vin
)a large part of her cargo engaged, will loa
For balance freight engagements, apply to
WILLIS 4 CH180LM,
December 21 North A'.lantic (Vharf.
EXCURSIONS AROUND THE HARBOR.
THE FINE, FAST SAILING AND COM
'FORTABLY appointed yacht ELEANOR
,will iwrane her trips to historio pointa In
.the harbor, and will leave Government
Wharf dally at Ten A. M. and Three P. M.
For Passage, apply t J THOMAS YOUNG,
December 18 3mo Captain, on Board.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP CUMPY'f
THROUGH LlA's! TO
CALIFORNIA, OHLNA AND JAPAN.
FREIGHT AND PASSAGE AT GREATLY RM
DUCED RATES I
STEAMERS OF THE ABOV >
line leave Pier No. 42, North River,
foot of Canal-?treet, New York, a
12 o'clock moon, of the 1st, Otb, 16 tl
and 24th of every month (except when these datel
fall on Sunday, then the Saturday preceding).
Departure of 1st and 24th connect at Panama wit!
steamers for South Pacific and Central Am erica r.
ports. Those or 1st touch at Manzanillo.
Departure of 9th of each month connects witt
the new steam line from Panama to Australia nt
Steamship JAPAN leaves San Frat cisco fer Chi?
na and Japan February 4, 1869.
No California steamers touch at Havana, but gc
direct from New York to AspinwaU.
One hundred pounds baggage free to each adnli
Medicine and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets or further information a>y. .
at the COMPANY'S TICKET OFFICE, on the wbs'i
foot of Canal-etreot, Nor th River, New York.
March li_lyr . F. R. BABY, Agent.
REDUCTION IN FREIGHT.
THROUGH BILLS OF LADING
'from New Orlense to Charleston, 8,
'C., VIA Florida Railroad and ALLI
. ANCE LIN EU. S. Mail Steanships.
And steamers CITY POINT and DICl'ATOR, will be
bear, to Charleston, per hhd.S7 6
Sugar, to Charleston, per Dareel... .16
Molosse!), to Charleston, per turrel.2 60
Rice, to New Orluaoa, per 100 pounds. -
Other Freights in proportion to the above.
J. D. AIKEN k CO.. Agents.
F. W. PERKINS k CO., Agents,
No. 20 Corondelet-street, Now Orleans.
A. B. NOYES. Agent,
December 16 Imo Fernandina, Fla.
TR AV K LL K RS PASSING THROUGH
CHARLESTON EN ROU TE TO FLORIDA. AIKEN
Abd other places, should not fal
to lay in their supplies of PROVIS
?MkfflfT* IONS, CLARETS, CHAMPAGNES
f~=S^m, CORDIALS, BRANDIES, WHIS
KIES, WINES, CANNED MEATS, SOUPS, kc.
Pates of Wild Game and Devilled Ham for Sand .
wicbss and Luncheons.
49~3esd for a catalogue.
WM. S. CORWIN k CO.,
No. 276 King-street,
Between Wentworth and Beaufain,
Charleston, S. 0.
Branch of No. 900 Broadway, corner 20tb etrott,
FOR CHEUAW, GEORGETOWN,
BUCK'S LOWER MILL. ON THE WACCAMAW
RIVER, AND ALL LANDINGS ON THE PEEDEE
r -^IP-fc THE STEAMER PLANTER, CAP
?rfEBgBgTAlN C. C. WHITE, is receiving
freight at Accommodation Wharf and will leave on
SATUBDAY MORNING, the ICth instant, at Seven
Apply to JOHN FERGUSON. .
FOR BRUNSWICK, GA.
, .a-TfT^h. THE STEAMER "DICTATOR,"
?dBiwStm Captain CHAULES WILLEY, will touch
at this point evorj WeJnesday, leaving Savannah a
Nine A. M., anti on her return trip will touch there
on Saturday Afternoon, arriving back at Savannah
on Sunday Morning. J. D. AIKEN k CO.,
November 24 Agents.
FOR PALATKA, FLORIDA,
VIA SAVANNAH, FERNANDINA AND JACKSON
THE FIRiT-CA53 STEAM EB
_DICTATOR, Captain CHAS. WILLEY,
will 8ail from Charleston every Tuesday Evening, ai
Eight o'clock, tor the above points.
Tho first-class Steamer 01T? POINT, Captain WM.
T. MCNELTY, will rail from Charleston every Satur?
day Evening, al Eight o'clock, for above points.
Connecting with the Central Railroad at Savannah
for Mobile and New Orleans, and with toe Florida
Railroad at Fernandina for Cedar Keys, at which
point steamers connect with New Orleans, Mobile.
Pensacola. Key West and Hivann.
Through Bills Ladiug given for Freight to Mobile,
Pensacola und New Orleans.
Both tleamers connecting with H. S. Hart's steam
ITS Oclawaha and Griffin for Silver Springs and Lakes,
Griffin, Euslis, Harris and Durham.
All freight u iyable on the wharf.
Goods not removed at sunset will be stored al risc
and expense of owners.
For Freight or Passage engagemei t, apply to
J. V. AIKEN 4 CO., Agents,
South Atlantic Wharf.
N. B.-No extra charge for Meals and Staterooms.
'.teamer City Point will touch at St. Mary's, Ge o.
going and returning each week.
THE ?TBST-CLASS IBON STEAM
_ SHIP 8TATTBA. capacity 1800 bales
J. cotton, K?DERT X. WAT Command
3-w er. is now recd vi og Freight, and.
will sall on 26th instant
For freight engagements, apply to
January IS_WE 0. BEE i CO.
DIRECT STEAM COMMUNICATION BE
. TWEEN CHARLESTON AND LIVERPOOL. >
CHARLESTON' AND LIVERPOOL STSAMSLUP
?M THE FIRST CLASS AND POPU
LAR Iron Steamship "GOLDEN
HORN," HABEY C. MCBEATH Com
: mander, is now on her passage to
this port from Liverpool direct, and ii expected to
arrive on or about the 18tb instant, to sail hence for
Liverpool on first February.
For Freight or Passage apply to
ROBERT M ?BE b 00.
January ll_Boyce's Wharf.
FOR NEW YORK.
REGULAR LINE EVERY THURSDAY,
PASSAGE REDUCED TO fia.
THE SEDEWHEEL STEAMSHIP
MAGNOLIA, Capt M. B.CBOWKIX,
Commander, will leave Vander
horst'a Wharf, on FRIDAY MOBN
BO, January 15, at half-past 7 o'clock.
Jannary 8_BAVEN EL ? CO., Agent?.
THROUGH TICKETS TO FLORIDA.
CHARLESTON AND SAVANNAH 8TEAM PACKET
LINE, VIA EDI8T0, BEAUFORT AND HILTON
THE ATLANTIC AND GULF RAILROAD AND
CONNECTIONS FOR ALL POINTS IN
m -?1T^W THE FINE, FAST STEAMER
^?^r~^ PILOT BOY, Captaba FETN PICK, will
leave Charleston on MONDAY and THURSDAY MOBB?
INGS a t Eight o'clock. Returning, will leave Savannah
TUESDAY MOUSING a at Eight o'clock, and FMDAY
ArrEBNooN at Two o'clock, touching ct Edisto on
TH?H&DAY trip from Charleston, at Eleen A. M.,
and leaving EOisto at Nine A. M , SATUHDATB, on re
torn trip. ,
The steamer Will tench at Blanton and Cbisolm's,
each way, every two weeks, commencing with trip
of Jannary 21st
For freight or Passage apply to
January ll Accommodation Wharf.
joints, APils, <?tc>
CAMERON, BARKLEY & GO.,
Meeting and Cumberland Streets..
CIRCULAR SAW MILLS, and
January 1 6mo ?
500 BOXES IC 14x20 ROOFING TiN
300 BOXES LX 14x20 ROOFING TIN
. 100 BOXES IC 28x20 ROOFING TIN
60 BOXES IX 42x20 ROOFING TIN
25 BOXES LX 12x12
25 BOXES IX 14x20 '
20 BOXES IX 10x20
20 BOXES LXX 14x20
20 BOXES LXXX 14x20
20 BOXES LXXXX 14x20
BLOCK TIN, TTNSMAN'S SOLDER, SPEL?
TER, ?Yo., ?Vc.
UT STORE AND TO ARRIVE. \ ,
CAMERON, BARKLEY ?? CO.,
Northeast corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
OILS ! OILS ! OILS I.
1000 GALLONS PURE WINTER LARD OIL
MO GALLONS PURE WINTER No. 1 LARD
500 GALLONS PURE WINTER. SPERM OIL.
500 GALLONS PURE MASON'S 8PERM OIL
500 GALLONS PURE MACHINERY OIL
1000 GALLONS WHITE OAK LUBRICATING,
300 GALLON8 REFINED NEAT8FOOT OLLV
300 GALLONS TANNER'S (STRAITS) OIL.
CAMERON, BARKLEY ?i CO,,
Northeast corner Meeting and Cumberland streets.
January 1 6mo
COLORS, VARNISHES, BRUSHES, 4c, Ac.
RAW AND BOILED LINSEED OILS.
CAMERON, BARKLEY & CO.,.
Northeast corner Meeting and Cumberland streets.
January 1 Gmo
~ BAR IRON,
SHEET IRON AND STEEL,
WROUGHT AND CAST IRON PIPING, '
STEAM AND MALLE ABLE CAST IRON
FITTINGS, tor steam and water.
CAMERON, BARKLEY & CO.,
Northeast corner Meeting and Cumberland streets.
January 1 too
BELTING ! BELTING !
5000 FEET OAK-TANNED LEATHER BELT?
5000 FEET GUM BELTING, 2, 3, 4, and 5
250 SIDES PATENT DRESSED LACE
300 DOZEN METALLIC-TIPPED BELT
100 BOXES BLAKE'S PATENT BELT
150 DOZEN TOLLMAN'S BELT HOOKS
750 YARDS GUM PACKING, 1-16 INCH TO
? INCH THICK
TUCK'S PACKING, i INCH TO IA INCH DI?
SOAPSTONE ^PACKING, 4 INCH TO 1*
WHITE AND BROWN JUTE PACKING
ITALIAN HEMP PACKING
RUBBER A.ND LEATHER HOSE
MANHOLE AND HANDHOLE GASKETS OF
CAMERON, B vi;KLEY ? CO.,
Northeist Corner Meeting and Cumberliud streets.
January 1 _Gmo
STEAM GUAGES, GONGS, GUAGE COCKS
STEAM BIBBS AND SlOr COCKS, STEAM.
GLOBE AND CHECK VALVES, OIL CUPS
WATER GUAGES, GLASS GUAGE TUBES'
MERCURY GUAGES, LOW WATER DETEC?
COPPER AND BRASS WIRE.
CAMERON, B.I RKLEY & CO.,
Northeast Corner Mc.-iing and Cumberland streets..
Jam ir." 1 6mo