Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME Vii.-NUMBER 1054.
CHARLESTON, S. C., THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 14, 1869.
FIFTEEN CENTS A WEEK
THE STATE CATITAX.
LEGISLATIVE PECCEEDENGS- THE CHARLESTON
ELECTION BILL RECOMMITTED-PASSAGE OF
THE ! CrVTLi RIGHTS BELL - 60?TH GASOLINA
RAILROAD COMPANY VS. COLUMBIA AND AUGUS?
TA RAILBOAD COMPANY.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE DALLT NEW?.1
COLUMBIA, January 2S.-Tho Committee on
Eleotions asked and obtained further timo to
report on the bill to declaro valid the Charles?
ton Municipal election.
The bill incorporating thc Citizen's Savings
Bank of South Carolina passed a second read?
Barber introduced a biH to regulate con?
IN THE HOUSE the bill amending the criminal
law passed its 6econd reading and was ordered
to be engrossed.
The same action was taken on the following :
The bill to incorporate tho South Carolina
Phosphate Company ? tho bill to incorporate
the Amateur Literary Fraternal Association of
Charl ?ston, and the b:ll to incorporate tho Ai?
ken Sanitary Association.
Smith introduced a bill to afford aid to the
Spartanburg and Union Railroad CompaDy.
The Civil Bights bill was passed, and sent to
The bill relative to insurance companio n not
incorporated in the Stato was recommitted.
Io the case of the South Carolina Railroad
Company vs. the Columbia and Augusta Bail
road Company, in the Suprema Court, the re?
cords were read to-day, and the argument will
be commenced to-morrow.
KEV. MB. O'CAJ LAH AN, A MEMBER OF THE GEORGE?
TOWN COLLEGE FACULTY-FBIOHT OF THE
WASHINGTON, January 28.-Tho Catholic
priest O'Callahan, killed on the Periere, w?s
a membor of the Georgetown College Faculty.
The Virginia committee of nino was before
thc Judiciary Committee to-nigh t.
The House was in Bession tc-night for de?
Tho Georgia representativos are somewhat
frightened over the action of tho House to?
day. Bullock's friends are gleeful.
THE GEORGIA REPRESENTATIVES-THE PENSION
Bili-SOLDIER'S WIDOWS-CONFEDERATE PRI?
VATEERS - TEMALE SUFFRAGE - BOSIOFFICE
TELEGRAPH-THE CONSTITUTIONAL SUFFRAGE
WASHINGTON, January 28.-IN THE HOUSE,
the Army Appropriation bill amounting to
forty-three millions was made tho special order
A resolution of inquiry regarding thc Geor?
gia members was passed by a vote of one hun?
dred and twenty-seven to thirty-three.
The Georgia cont?sted election was reported,
but its consideration, in view of the inquiry re?
garding the rights of the Georgia membeis,
was postponed to the third Tuesday of Feb?
The House resumed thc consideration of the
Pension bill, and the chastity of Union soldiers'
widows was harshly discussed. No action was
The consideration of the Indian Appropria
tion bill was resumed.
Boots offered a resolution, adding two to the
' Pacific Railroad Committee, which was referred
to the Committee on Bulee.
Bout well gave notice that he would call up
the constitutional amendment to-morrow.
Information was asked of tho number of ves?
sels destroyed by Confederate privateers.
IN THE SENATE, an unusual number of female
suffrage petitions were offered:
Rice introduced a bill for constructing a post
office telegraph between Washington and Bos?
ton, touching at the intermediate cities.
A committee of ive on education was ap?
The McGarrahan bill was taken from the
table after a severe struggle. Yeas 27, nays
The constitutional amendaient was discus?
sed. It provides that no State shall deprive
its citizens of the right of suffrage on account
of race or color.
After an executive session tho Senate ad?
MINISTER DIX IN GREECE.
PAS is, January 28.-Mr. Dix, tho American
Minister, in a recent speech at a public dinner,
said that tho cause of Greece was identical
with thc cause of liberty throughout the world,
and that Greece might feel assured of the sym?
pathy of Amorica.
MORE GREEK TROUBLE.
LONDON, January 28.-It is believed that the
Greek declaration of adherence to the protocol
of tbe oonferenco will contain a reservation
which will protract the Turkish trouble.
MURDER OF A SPANISH GOVERNOR-ARBBST OF
A DEAN AND CHAPTER.
. HAMID, January 28.- Tho government has
L laid claim to the arc. aves and works of art pos
' 6eaaed by the churches, and the enforcement
of this claim has led to the assassination of
the Governor of Burgos. Tho dean and chap?
ter of the cathodral havo been arrested. The
L government h.'iS withdrawn its recognition of
4the diplomatic character of the Pope's Nuncio
j CENTRAL AMERICA.
1 Nsw YORK, January 28.-The Alaska has ar?
rived, with four hundred und seventy-three
ihousand in treasure.
\ There has heen froquont oarlhqaakos in
I War is probably between Sin Salvador and
j An unsuccessful r.ttompt at assassination
whs made on thc person of ?'resident Guzman,
No news from Cush'mtr'a mission.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The Diario of Havana says that tho rebels
are accepting Dulce's torms.
The Georgia Legislature has appointed a
committee to examiue into the cases of alleged
lawlessness in that state.
The question of tho legality of treasury ac?
ceptances by Secretary Floyd is before the
It is proposed to send Ales. H. Stephens,
Herschel V. Johnson, aud other distinguished
Georgiana to Washington, as a committee to
* consult with Ccngrosson Georgia aftaus.
The Virginia Bepublican Stato Coutial Com?
mittee have called a State Convention, March
9th, to nominate Stato candidates for State
Flt QM TH JE STATU CATITAX.
The Charleston Election Bill-Speech of
Mr. Corbin-W&At was Done wit li thc
Bill-Ino General Proceedings.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., January 27.-Senator Cor?
bin's Charleston Election bill is tho principal
subject of interest now before the General As?
sembly. Tho motion by Mr. Corbin that the
bill be taken up for a second reading and con?
sideration to-day, raised some unexpected op?
Mr. Lcsh'c said he was unprepared for any
discussion to-day, not knowing what legal
principles were set forth in tho bill. It was
one of the most important bj ll-j bo thought
that would be brought to the attention ot this
General Assembly, and it was desirable that
when a vote was taken upon it, they should all
voto with a full understanding of the many
aocbtful questions involved in the hill. One o?
the questions would be, can tho party claiming
the office of Mayor bo seated by the General
ABsemDly if be was not legally elected. He
wanted the bill referred to tho Committee on
Wright, ot Beaufort, also opposed any hasty
action on thc i iii, and moved as au amend?
ment that the bill be leferredto tho Committee
Mr. Corbin nr. ved to amend tho smendment
of the senator from Beaufort by adding, "with
instructions to report to-morr?w." Mr. Cor?
bin said :
I have no obj action to the reference of this
bill to the judiciary or any proper committee.
But it is a very simple bill, and 1 desiro that it
should bc considered at once. I know perfect?
ly well that it is a bill that is going to excito
the opposition of some of the gentlemen <>n
this floor. I know it is a bill that excites tho
Feeling of a great many in this State.
I will state to tbs Senate in advance,
that I have been advised that I might expect
apposition to this bill. It is well known
to the S.uato that an etectiou was held m tbe
City ot Charleston under the ?lection law
passed at the special session under au act to
.?emulate elections in incorporated cities
ind towns ot' this State. The ol sefton wus
iel I at the time fixed by law. As is well kn JW?
n that election, certain pen ms were elected,
tod certain other persons, after thc elidion
vas ascertained, got up a protest. That '.lec?
ion bid passed off quietly, but as soon os it
vas known that tbe Republican candidates
vere elected, all at once there spruug up, on
he part of tbe Democrats, a tremendous fu?
me and an effort to set it aside. They insist?
id, then, that the election wis illogaland void,
md this tremendous protest was scut into the
3ity Council to arrest the declaration of thu
Swails-I would like to ask the Senator, did
ie not, in a public argument, published in thc
tapers, pronounce an opinion that the muni
ipal election law on certain points was ille
Mr. Corbin-I never did. I expressod tho
pinion that certain seotions of the election
iw were unconstitutional. I will point out to
he Senate what portion of tho constitution 1
bought was and is in antagonism with that
Alter the protest was sent into tho Mayor
nd City Connell, he and they refused to pub
sh the returns. They refused to make deela?
mon of the election as required by thc law.
t will be seen that it is the duty of tho Ac'mg
Iayor to make such declaration. He relu..vd,
nd called tho City Council together, and said
r? them: "Here is a protest; it is a very grave
nd solemn matter, a matter of tho gravest
nportanco to the City of Charleston. Hero is
lie protest; let us go into au examination."
hey did so, and spent two or three woeks in
ie investigation. The result waswhon they
ot through they said: "Wo doclaro tho elec
A certain oath contained in the act had not
een admi littered in all cases. A registra
rra had beon mad'-, and the eloction was fair
conducted, but it was ascertained that tho
tanagers had not ad minist ?red the oath re
aired by the third seciiim of tho act. An
:her ground was that some of the managers
id not make their returns in a sealed en?
cope. We said that part of the law was sim
ly directory, and that the oath required was
jutrary to thc constitution. Tho oath re?
cured the individual to swear that ho had re?
ded in the county one year. The constitu
on says that the individual must bave ro?
ded in tho State one year, or have been
resident since the adoption of the constitu
on. All that the voter was to show, accord
ig to the constitution, was that bo had rest?
ed in tho county since its adoptio... and th?
*uth was the City Council had got completely
ito the hands of tho Philistines and took their
Ivice, and accordingly declared the olection ,
jid. The party ."bo felt themselves aggrieved
y this cour.su appealed to tho courts and ob
dned a writ of rm ndamus, commanding the
ctmg Board of Aldermen of the City of
barleston to declaro the election as tho law
ltborized and required them to do. The
>urt declared that the Eoard of Aldermen had
) ncht to say tbe election was void. A
:remptory mandamus was issued commanding
tem to go on and declare the < lectiou, .
hieb they finally did, just as set forth in this
ll. They could noe withhold it any longer,
they did, it wou'd bj in contempt of tho |
>urt, aud they would buvo to go to jail. This
luch wai extorted from them. Tho act says ?
my ??hall declaro the election, and their dc- j
sion shall be biudiug upon all partie?. They .
ive declared tho election, aud say thc per- ]
ms bereiu indicated received tho highest
umber of votes. Tho Supremo Court luve ?
nd that was equivalent to saying that these ,
tnoos were duly fleeted. NOM, what hap- j
3ns? After thc declaration bas boeu aqucez
1 out of them, a demand id nedo upon tho
ctiug Mayor und Hoard of Aid rmen tor the ,
ncc*. They reply, nutwituK? ding, wo dc- ,
are YOU aro elected, bu i we rr ,'u?e to giro you j
ie offices. j
Wc then fiud ourselves ii: lbw position. Wo ,
ivo to again appeal to tbe C<urs. There is j
j do.ibt whatever but that Ibu ch'mauls were
ec ted. The Board ol Atdormou settled that j
?estion. Their best advisers, on tho other
do, ?dmit th?t tbe question is practically set- j
sd as a matter of law, and that tho parties iu ,
?Session must surreuder. But still tho
aimants bavo to resort to tho Courts to drive j
? smoko out the a-ting Board ot Aldermen 1 (
hat is the result ? Why tboy can raise tech- ?
cal objections, -rd the Courts aro so organ- j
ed that Mr. Pillsuury and tho Aldermen elect
ay be kept out of their omeo a whole year. ?
Now what we want to do by this act is to stop .
1 delays from mere technicalities, and a long,
borious, tiresome litigation. We simply want j
deprive these gentlemen of the opportunity
enjoying ono half of the term of office bu- j
nging to others and to keep tho claimants
it of offije for that timo. j
Ii the ease is brought up on a quo warran'o, ,
must go before the Circuit Court of Cbarles
n. That court meets on the first Monday of
ixt month, t he criminal business is sufficient i
occupy the time of that court lor at toast ,
ur weeks; there having bo^n no courts held ,
ere for nearly a year, oiiscqoently thc jails
e crowded to overflowing. There aro sume i
ro or tuiee hundred per ons waiting to bo 1
?ed. Wo caunot, therefore, probably get a /
taring until March or April. Then t no dual
tttement of thu question involved would go ^
the ?uprcruo Court, and it will be utterly t
ipossibJc to get a decision of tho ciso in that ?
uri before December uext. lu tb:s opinion I
a sustained by tbe Attoriiey-Genoru'. If this c
is not tho caso. ? would much preter tho T
uris o compel these ?ennenien to vacate tho \
icos tiiey now lt oki. But tho Legislature is ,
session, and cati say that, according to law,
CEO claimants ere c-uiitloJ to their seats. '
icy arc only iiOpt out uf them by the mfa.- j
JUS conduct of eua Ac?ug Board of Alder- j
I would not introduce this bill had I not nu- *
jrous precedents for it. I propose to Bhow j
e precedents in this very City of Charleston
reiercnce to this matter.
Senator Corbin hero quoted from vo'.ume 7, i
atules at Large, pago 12J. "An act to alter
d amen! an act to incorporate Charleston, c
d for other purposes meroin mentioned. "
The case, he said, was simply this : Por teu t
ars tho intendants and Wardens of the City I
Charleston had been doing business, and all t
cir elections and everything oise wore null 1
d void, aud so decided by the highest courts. 1
tey bad to go to tho Geueral Assembly to t
ve passed an act validating tue acts of those i
teuaauts and Wardens for that leugtb of the t
ne. They had gone wrong in redistricting tlio t
rds; hence they nad to get au act of ooliv- ?
i passed in referoar-e to the w?o.e matter. t
ibo last Geucrai Assembly of 18liG, which i
eecdod this, passed "Aa act to declaro valid t
e recent elect.on of Intendant and Wardens i
ihsTowu of T.mmousviile. That act says: i
Se ti cnucfcJ l>y the icnatc and Uouso of Rep're- ? i
aenfaUves now mot and sitting in General Assembly
and by tbe authority oftbesame, That the ?ecent
election for Intendant and Wardens of the Town of
Simmonsville be snd the same is hereby declared as
valid, to all intonts and purposes, ss if the same bad
been held at the timo and under the provis ons of
ousting Ians; and all acta done by tbo said Inten?
dant and Wardens unter the charter of the said
town ar? horobjr confirmed.
In the Senate House tbo fourteenth day of Decem?
ber, in the year of out Lord. 18GG.
W. ?. POUTER.
President of the Senate.
CO AK LES H. SIVONTON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Approve J December 16th. 1866.
JAMES L. ORR, Governor.
That wisc Legislature preceded the new days
in which we live. They did tho thing they
deemed most proper under the circumstances.
This, said the senator, is not tho only case
where there were such glaring irregularities.
All wc ask is simply this: According to a law
passed at tho last session of the General As?
sembly the people of Charleston held an elec?
tion on the 10th of November. That election
was protested. The Acting Board of Alder?
men, under the provisions of the act, have
been compelled to certify to the Supremo
Court the election, and tho act says
'their decision shall be binding upon all
parties." We havo wrung from them
declaration of this election, and they still re
fueo to get out of tho way of the parties duly
elected. They say, wo can keep you out for a
year at toast; and the courts aro so situated
and organized that we cannot remove them.
Hence it is this bill has been introduced. We
do not want to stave off this quospou. Wc say
that although all tho technical provisions of
the act were not observed, Mr. Pillsbury and
his Aldermen are duly entitled to their offices.
It is bnt simple justice that is asked of the
Senate to declare valid this election. Wo want
to deprive tho Acting Board of Aldermen of
their ill-gotten positions-positions to which
they arc not entitled by law, and to which they
know full well they are not entitled by law.
Mr. Corbin then quoted Bellinger on Elec?
tion?, pago 465 ; report of the Committee on
Privileges and Elections, on tho protest of S. S.
Tomkins against the admission of John C. Al?
len to a seat in tho Houso of Representatives.
Tho report ot that committeo quotes from the
case of McMnllen : " That the end ot popular
elections is to discover which of tho candidates
has tho greatest number of votes from
arnon? tho qualified voters ; polls are
of necessity holden hy many persons
at different places, and such elections are,
of course, subject to irregularities. Where,
then, after legal notice to tho voters
polls have been fairly boldon by the pro;ior
managers at tho places and for the time de?
signated, and ono of thc candidates has re?
ceived thc greater number of votes, tho end
of tho election is answored. It follows irre?
sistibly that we aro to construe the rules for
the regulation of popular elections with a con?
stant direction to that ond, and not to ho de?
terred by minute objections and irregularities
of manner and form."
This is not, said tho sena'or, a glaring case
Uko that one; the irrogularitios complained of
aro matters of form and not of substance. It
is not contended that any of the parties voted
for are disqualified, and hence not entitled to
their seats. They simply hold out becauso all
tho technicalities of thc law wore not observed
by tho managers.
We ask the Senate to waivo technicalities,
and to say to theso gentlemen, now holding
over, wc, the State, waive technicalities in the
law. and will not roquire compliance with them
or allow you or anybody else to hold seats to
which you aie not entitled.
This is the object and end of tho bill.
The motion to refer to tbo Committeo on
Elections, with instructions to report to-mor?
row, waa agreed to.
A bill to regulate and provide for tho pay of
Commissioners and Managers of Elections
passed, the titlo was changed to that of an act,
and ordered to bo returned to tho Houso ol
A joint resolution authorizing the Governor '
to employ an armed force for tho preservation
of tho peace, received its third reading, passed, ,
and was ordered to bo returned to tho House
A bill to aid tho construction ot the Port 1
Roval Railroad was made the speeial order for J
February 8. at 1 P. M. ,
IN THE HOUSE this morning, the following !
from tbe Senate were read a first time and rc- 1
ferrod : i
A bill to renow the charter of thc ferry (
across the Great Peedee River, known as Old
Ports Ferry. '
A bill to enable the Savannah and Charles- 1
ton Railroad Company to complete their road, j
Report (favorable) of Senate Committee on j
Removal of Political Disabilities on tho peti?
tion of John T. McAlhany, of Colleton Comity, (
for tho lemoval of his political disabilities, 1
accompanied by a concurrent resolution to ,
grant the same.
Tbo following concurrent resolution was,
on motion of Mr. Turner, referred to the Com- i
mittco on Claims : ?
Resowed, by the Renate, the House of Rep?
resentatives concurring, That bills or claims
against the Stato having its origin under tho '
Provisional Government be, and the same are 1
hereby, deferred for further consideration .
until the next regular session of tho General
The Speaker laid before tho Houso a commu- t
tiicai iou fro tn the Secretary of Stato, stating ,
that they wore twetity-threo comity offices
vacant on account of death, resignation and 1
failure to qualify, I
Elliott introduced a joint resolution to antho- t
rizo the Governor of tho State to fill thc vacan- (
mes now existing in the State Board of Equali?
zation. Bead tho first time and referred to 1
tho Committeo on Wo\s and Means. c
Ou motion of Ile Large, a bill to establish thc
Mount Pleasant and Sullivan's Island Ferry
Company, and to extend tho aid of tbe Stato
to the same, was taken up. '
xbn bill was nut upon its second reading. t
Do La rec, by loa ve, in tro Jilted a substitute
entitled a bill toestablish a company nuder thc |
name of the Mrniut Pleasant and Sullivan's Is
Ihnd Ferry Company, and to extend tho aid of
lie State to the same. Read thc first timo t
md referred to tho Committee ou Incorpora- ,
Tho original bill was then recommitted to
he Committeo on Incorpor?t ions. .
A Dill to incorporate Ibo Vaucluse Manufac?
turing Company in tho State if South Carolina ,
?vas talton ap aud nassed.
A bill to amena an act ontitled "An act to
ease tho Stato Road running iroin the County
jf Greenville, in this Stato, across tho Saluda
Mountain, to the County of Henderson in .
North Carolina," was taken up and passed. .
A bill to entoree the provisions of tho Civil ?
[lights bill of the United States Congress was '
jut upon its second reading.
The bill was read a secoud time and ordered .
a bo engrossed for a third rending. .
Sonato bill to alter and amend Mic criminal
aw was put upon its second read IL
After repeated calls of the yetis und nays on ,
he motion to recommit this bill, thc House,
vithout any final result, adjourned.
Tho application of tho South Carolina Rail- f
.oad Compsny, to tho Supreme Court, for a i
prohibition against the Columbia and August ? j
?ailroad Company, will be brought up to-mor- s
.ow (Thursday) before a full bench. The pro
libition asked for is to be directed lo the 1
Columbia and Augusta Railroad Company, lo 1
ludge Platt and to , Andrew Ramsay, clerk of t
he Circuit Court for Edgofiuld County, to rc- t
itrain them from any further proceedings to '
:oudemti and appropriate tho lauds or right of j
vay of tho South Carolina Railroad Company, \
intil a judicial decision shall bo obtained as to 1
ho legal right of such condemnation. Thc | j
Ion. A. Gr. Magrath, General James Conner,
md Messrs. Chamberlain and Corbin, lor tho
Joutli Carolina Railroad Company ; Mcasrs,
ilunmingcr aud Melton for tho Columbia and | ?
CHARLESTON BICE SHIPPED TO .NEW ORLEAHS
IVITHOUT CHANOS OF CARS.-Tho Selma Times
)f Friday last eavs :
We have great pleasure iu announcing that I ?
o-morrow there will bo in Selma, on routo | t
rom Charleston to New Orleans, via Selma
,wo ctr loads of rice. They will go on rail to
??ew Orleans without chango of cars here,
fuis is the first shipment to New Orleans on
bc Palmetto route. We hail with joy this
lew proof of the growing importance of Selma
IB a railroad ceulro, this further demonstra?
ron of tho fact that thc roads terminal mg in
Julina arc certain to becomo, and are neces?
sary as links in the chain of communication
vhich must, sooner or later, bind together
he Atlantic and tho Gulf ports. This ship?
ment has a commercial significance which wc
ire snr.- will be fuliy appreciated by our busi
THE COTTON WORM.
WHERE, WHENCE AND WHITHER.
The Early History of the Worm-Iti
Natural Kn cm j--Tho Causes ot the
Destructiveness of the Worm-Thc Ef?
fects ot the Season and the Importance
of Early Crops-The Pith Theory-The
Worm on Salt and Rusty Lands.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
The annual rocorrence of the cotton worm is
by no means a foregone conclusion.
All results depend on exciting canses, and
this is manifestly so with tho insect creation.
In ono season we aro annoyed by swarms of
flies, gnats and mosquitoes, whilst in another
we are almost exempt from thom. In one our
orchards and gar lens are made almost value?
less by the presence of aphides and other in?
sects. In anothor we enjoy an entire respite.
Sometimes these swarms of insects are repeat?
ed for several consecutivo seasons, and then
suddenly tbey are gone, apparently without
cause, yet undoubtedly from some controlling
influence. It is thus with the caterpillar as
with all others. We may as well count on the
continuous recurrence of extraordinary mala?
rial seasons as oxpeet the constant recurrence
of tho cotton worm. Now, it is known that
caterpillars of all kinds, at the North as well
as with us, wero unusually prevalent during
thc past season. In 18G7, the cassina (Ilex
cassina) was stripped of its loaves entirely
early in the summer by its own peculiar cater?
pillar. This bad not been known to occur be?
fore in many years' observation of the plan t,
wbicb, on account of its use as a bedgo plant,
was in a position to he closely watched. Sea?
son after season the plant escaped, but in 186 7
it was attacked and overcome by its own pocu -
liar destroyer. And this summor tho ramie
plant was attackod and stripped of loaves by a
worm peculiar to it, and of very singular ap?
About tho period of tho Revolutionary war,
tho wheat fields were infested by the Hessian
fly, and such were tho ravages committed that
tho raising of wheat was almost despaired of,
and tho advent of tho fly feared even in Eu ?.
rope. So, too, occurred the discaso of tbe
grape, which so materially reduced the vin?
tages of several years. So, too, tho well-known
potato rot, which had its thousands of victims,
requiring tho exportation of cargoes of grain
from America lo Ireland.
Tbe cotton worm is the insect peculiar to tho
cotton plant-, and will feed, as far as known, on
nothing else. It is easily distinguished from
other worms hy the experienced eye. This
worm is subject to be developed or not, accord?
ing to the character of the seasons and other
circumstances, as its hatching ind?cales, lt is
itself, howover, subject to bo preyed ou by
some other insects, as well as birds. My expe?
rience teaches mo, howover, that it is not
readily devourod by our wild birds, and in this
I think tho most observant planters will agree
with mo. When crushed in the fingers, or
even whilst eating in afleld.it omits a disa?
greeable and nauseous odor. The inscet which
is supposed to be tho most destructive to tbe
cotton worra is tho ichneumon fly. This fly is
i very active insoct, and can be seen darting
lbout in search of its prey, lt punctures tbe
living worm without apparent injury, and de?
posits its own egg in the worm. The worm, at
.ts appointod time, goes into the chrysalis
jtate, from which chrysalis is hatched tho
:otton moth, which in time deposits its
3gg8 on or under the loaves of the
plant. Thoso minute eggs aro batched
uto very small worms, at first scarcely percep?
tible, tho egg itself not being larger than the
irdinary period mark (.) of a penman. These
ittlo insects, a thousand of which may be pro?
duced by one moth, rapidly grows, so that in a
rery few days they may bo oven beard eating
n the fields. Now, whou tbo ichneumon fly
pierces a worm that worm goos into tbe
chrysalis state, and instead of hatching a cot
:on moth an ichneumon fly is hatch ed, the em?
bryo fly having fol upon and tatou up tho
ivorin within its case. The presonce of this fly
ir its absenco possibly has much to do with
ho prevalence of the cotton worm. Unfortu
?atcly for us, very wet seasons, hooping- tbe
vings of our friendly fly clogged with roois
urc, destroy much of its activity, whilst the
taine weather adds greatly to thc growth of
ho minute colton worms, which live at first
ilmout liko aphides (?) ou tho moist and suc?
raient cotton leaf.
When tho worm is produced from exciting
?alises, whether of moisture, warm and murky
veathor, or some other bidden climatic condi
lon, not known to us, we havo simply thc be?
diming ot' the evil ; but fiko young chickens
>r birds just batched, the surrounding circum?
stances must be favorable to their devclop
ncnt, or tho most if not all of them perish. If
he season is too hot and dry, or tho plant too
nature, thoichnoamon fly abounds; or if tho
a-ason is too cold the lit Clo iuse-et perishes.
I am convinced that wo have tho worm or
thrys dis with us always, subject tobo produ
luced by exciting causes. I saw the unmista
fie chrysalis turuod *rom tho frosh plough fiir
?uu?h last spring; took it in my hand, examiu
)d it carefully, observed its peculiar motion,
ind was entirely uatisfiod as to its being the
nary salis of the genuine moth. Another pou -
loman in my coinmuuity observed an uniuis
tikable worm as eany as April or tue first of
ilay. He bad a stake driven at the placo, and
it that very spot the oatorpdlars first made
heir appearance when they came in numbers.
. havo been credibly informed by anjther geu
lcmen that tho moth lias been seen and one
akeu about the 7th of the present month, lt
teemed very teeblo aud, though carefully
laudied and aud kept, it soon perished. There
tau be uo doubt of this circumstance, as the
rentleman who took tbe moth was perfectly
amitiar therewith and could not nave been
nisiaken. This hoing thc case, there is
;round to hope that our unusually cold winter
viii destroy, to a great deg.ee, the cottou in?
Let mo also state that tho prc valoneo of
heso insects in ono season sounis to havo oo?
hing to do with their prevalence iu another,
they made their appoaranc ; 0artier in 18-10
han ever before or since, aud tbo crops were
lttcrly eaten, and weeks earlier than they wore
n tho season just past. Rut the crop ot 18-16
vas much earlier in its growth than those of
.8G7 or 18GS, and tho season by no means so
vcr. Tho eroD was, therefore, tar bettor thau
he crops of 1867 and 13G8.
I noi iced last fall, before frost, tho weather
icing very warm at the timo, myriads of thc
:o:ton worms, many of them fall grown, porish- j
ng iu tho cotton alleys. Wo liad at tho lune
ni intermission of thu ruiuy weather, aud tho
luifaoo of tho carib was dry nud very hot. L
ook many uf iheui m my hand aud lound them
It may thus happen, from one causo or
mother,'that when they come carly and strip
be plant of its fohagc aud destroy the
?U;>p.y of food, as well as shelter, these worms
lie out in great numbers, both from want of
ood and on account of the scorching ravaof
ho sun. lu 1816 tho sumo tb mg occurred,
thc worms theo filled up thc wheel ruts in tho
oads and also thc ditch corners, and myriads
lied in the hot saud. Bo this ns it may, the
act is, their was not one seen in 1817, and wc
:scaped them for many years afterwards.
In tho year 1860, the worms made tl.eirap
learance in my crop late tn dcplenibor and did
ue some injury. There was not ono to be
leard of in any other direction around me.
ly crop differed." from those arouud nv in one
aateriaJ particular. It was uttorly destroyed
>y a very severe hail storm on tho 27th day of
day; it had to be planted all over, ?.nd there
vas not one original plant lu ten thousand
nat survived. It was therefore extremely
backward and Buffered besides this so
much after coming up from the "leaf
bag," that it was truly problematical, np to
the 8th of Joly, whether it could ..make
anything at all. The season, however, was
good, aud when the plant escaped it leaped
i into growth and fruited beyond all expecta?
tion, prod acing a crop which I think my fac?
tor'? books trill show was very noarlv a baf? to
' the band. It was, however, far behind other
: orops in maturity, and the crop of caterpillars,
i so to speak, though crowing slowly irom the
season being unpropitious to them, had made
at a late period sufficient headway to do me in?
jury. My crop alone was found m the condi?
tion to sustain or grow them with facility. All
i others were far too manure. Now, had tho
season been such as to develops these worms
early in the growth of the plant, it conk!
scarcely have made ten pounds to tho whole
crop, or, indeed a pod of cotton. An impor
, tant reflection arises here, impressing us with
the fact that late crops, though not really pro?
ducing tbe worm, yet in reality may nurture
hordes of the worms tbat would have otherwise
perished for want of food.
Ir is true that great exciting causes
might produce and develop them without the
coincidence of a succulent crop to nourish
them, but, being at first few in numbers, they
would come on slowly, and, perchance, with a
hot and dry summer the first brood would not
appear in tho crops at all, and even with a wet
August it could scarcely appear before Octo?
ber-too lato to do serious injury.
Bear it m mind that these insects are hatched
and grown. Ibo hatching depends on the
season; the growing on the crop as well as the
season. If the plant is very mature when the
worms are first hatched in any appreciable
numbers, tho brood of caterpillars fails for
want of proper nourishment. It, on the con?
trary, the crop is in a favorable condition to
feed the tender young worms in their differ?
ent broods, the hatching, whatever it may be,,
is carried through the worm state Without ap?
preciable diminution towards another brood,
while under either circumstances there would
have been a largo diminution. Such a dimi?
nution at tho first produces a very appreciable
effect when the producing moths at the most
aro few, (but few having escaped the vicissi?
tudes ot the year.) When they becomo ex?
ceedingly numerous, however, even though
they should lose three-fourths of each brood,
enough aro still accumulated to destroy the
With the two past yews wo have found it im?
possible to make our crops grow off. We have
had no spring, and just such seasons as onr
past experience would have wanantcd us in
prouuouncing beforohand as best adapted to
the production of the worm. Tue statement
about the eggs being found in tho pith of the
stalk is ridiculous anu impossible, for the little
moth that lays the egg is too feeble, and
bas nothing wherewith to pierce the wood of
On the wholo, it seems to me that, with va?
ried seasons, timely planting, genial springs
and well prepared fields, wo might reasonably
expect a respite from the cotton worm, or,
speaking more strictly, have no ground for
Major John Jenkins, of Edisto, informs me
that his cotton plantod on what is known us
salt or reclaimed marsh land entirely cscapod
tho ravages of the worm, both in '67 and '68,
the worms proving very destructive on the
nigh lands immediately contiguous.
This would seem to indicate the free uso of
salt as a preventative, bul whatever good uay
bo effected by such use, it should bc remem?
bered that wo cannot reach by an artificial
svpply of salt without destroying vegetation,
such a sahne condition cf the soil as that of
the salt mush land, und thus, without consid?
ering cost of a largo application of salt, we
must confess our incapacity to approximate to
the properties of the salt marsh without ren?
dering it unfit for all vegetation.
I have observed myself the singular exemp?
tion from tho ravages of tho worm experienced
in '66, '67 aud 'C8, in a cotton field disposed to
rust. Tbe soil of this field has medium yel?
low sandy loam, having nodules of ferruginous
sand scattered over the surface, mixed with
In 1866 there was no appearance of caterpillar
at all in the port of this planted field. In 18H7
one cocoon and one worm was alone seen. In
1868, tho whole field being planted, the worms
did some slight damage, scarcely appreciable.
This field matures very early, and in ordinary
seasons, without manure, would probably rust
Ia one instanoe. then, wo have Bait marsh
landa exempted from injury for two years, when
tbe fields around nero ravaged by the worm.
In another, in lands having iron largely incor?
porated with it, tho same entire exemption is
afforded in two consecutive years, and very
nearly the same in the third, whilst the other
fields were eaten up.
I think, however, I have known "salt land"
cotton eaten, and so, also, that grown on
land disposed to rust, but never to tho same
extent as on other lauds.
This article ia a summary of thc very beat in?
formation lean givo upon this subject. 1 would
bu happy to answer any inquiry iu connection
with this matter, and will thankfully receive
information from any one who will communi?
cate with me through IUB NEWS office, or oth?
erwise. 1 think it impossible to destroy these
, insects. There may bo wholesome rosults
roached by every effort towards promoting the
carly growth ol the plant. My advice is not to
plant too soon, but simply io time. Cotton
well put in, from tho 1st to 15th of April, is
abundantly in time. I have yet to learn any ad
rantago from earlier planting.
JOHN W. B. POPE.
P. S.-I propose, at my leisuro, to examine
fer your columns thc following subjects:
L The method of cultivating long cotton,
and how far wc may vary from tho old approved
plan with safety.
2. A careful review of every mercantile ma?
nure sold iu thc United States; what oach ar?
ticle promises for itself; its constituent ele?
ments; ita relation to thc constituents ut plants
cultivated, and its relation to the nuny home?
made mnuiircs hitherto used with marked suc?
cess; its pnce, aud its relative economy in dis?
tribution in tuc fields.
3. Prico of cotton, and its relative injury to
Si.miters when compared with disastor arising
rom natur tl causes.
i. Wealth of planter and spinner compared;
showing how thu produ-cr bas fallon short ol
tho manufacturer m profit.
5. Tho necessity of a cotton board, and
6. Tue area of long cotton plan tod, and the
necessary reduction of crop of 1869, owing to
planters being obiiged to resort to tho "two
day system" for want of c ipital.
7. The necessity of tho long cotton crop to
8. The economy of growing grain crops and
raising cattle in relation to price of cotton as
enabling the producor to hold against buyer,
equal, m sumo instances, to half a orop of
9. Tho growth of manufactures at the South,
arising from the necessity of investing, in Borne
way, a email surplus of profits derived from
the raising of cotton. Tho cheaper the raw
material thu greater tho inducements to manu?
facture at home.
I will, with pleasure, retiro from any one of
these subjects should any other writer under?
AFFAIRS IN TUE STATE.
Columbia and Augusta Railroad stock sold
in Columbia at $11) per share o.i Wednesday.
Arnon : tho magistrates anpointed on Wed?
nesday, by Governor Scott, wro Mr. Angusiiuo
Bacon, of GrounviUo, and lt. C. McMellan, ol
Generals Porter and Babcock, of General
Grant's 8U1?. had an interview with Governor
Scott on Wednesday, aud expressed themselves
highly pleased with tho condition of tilings.
Secretary OarJoza and Senator Kaiuey wore
present during tho interview. Thc officers
left by tho Charlotte train Wednosday after?
Thc Democrat says: "On last Friday night
soino malicious person or persons removed at
least one-third of the flooring from the Switt
Creole bridge OM thc Cash way road, and built
six fences across the road at intervals, between
the v?.ago and Hood's Ridge, on Black Creek.
Lucki.y fae moon shone brightly, and the ob?
structions wore seen and removed before any
damage wad done. Had the night been dark,
the result w mid have been mournful, as the
road is much frequented, and the obstructions
were of a very serious character. Thero is
some hopo of di.-covorina tho perpetrators, and
we hoi'0 thoy will get tho most ampio punish?
ment the law eau inflict.
Judge J. 0. P. Vornon, of Sparianburg, baa
been holding court in Abbeville, for several
days, end states that the business was prc
eeeded with quietly and orderly, and a com
pleto clearance made of the Jail-a number of
cases being tamed over to the magistrates.
Jndge V. says that the court room presented
quite an ante-war appearance ; tbe only mate?
rial difference being the number of colored
persons amone: the spectators.
Wade H. Jones, freedman, was convicted of
rape at the sprint? term, 1868, of tbe Court of
General Sessions for Abbeville An appeal was
taken, bnt the change m the organization of
the Supreme Court prevented tbe appeal being
heard until December last. At the suggestion
of the judge, the punishment has been com?
muted by Governor Scott to one year's impris?
onment in the penitentiary. Dallas Harles ton,
auotber freedman, who was convicted of mor?
der at tho same court, has also had his sen?
tence commuted to one year's impris jnmen t
at hard labor in the penitentiary.
Tho Watchman is urging the formation of a
County Agricultural Society.
The "Sumter Minstrels," composed entirely
of gentlemen residing in Sumter, will appear
next Wednesday evenmg in a series of songs,
dances, instrumental music. &c, in aid of the
Sumter Fire Engine Company to assist in pur?
chasing a new engine.
The Watchman says : "For the months of
September, October, November and December
last, Sumter shipped, from the Snmter Depot,
between four and five thousand hales of cotton.
Tbe greater portion of this was bought by our
merchants, and goods furnished the sellers to
the amount needed. If we take into account
the cotton bought here and shipped from
I other stations on the road, the aggregate
would probably not fall short of six thousand
bales. This, at the average of one hundred
dollars per hale, which is probably within the
fleures, would amount to $000,000. A right
clever little cotton business for Sumter for
four months. Of this amount, Darlington,
Kershaw, Clarendon and Williamsburg fur?
nished their portion, for the business of Sum?
ter is gathering from these soveral districts."
NewborTy is again' moving ' to obtain t?l??
graphie facilities, and a meeting of the citi?
zens was held last night to push the matter.
The Herald eays : That Newberry will have a
telegraph is certain. It is a necessity, and
one of those necessities which cannot bo pat
aside; tho question only remains as to the
time. 1 he sooner the better we say. Lotus
have it at once. Many of our citizens are deep?
ly interested in this matter, as are also a num?
ber of influential gentlemen abroad, and r.
proper effort made now will place the idea be?
yond soeculation. Our trado demands it. our
merchants need it, and Newberry will be built
up in*o an important city by it, which she is
now in fact, but not in name.
Tho citizens of the Town of Helena gave a
christening frolic on Monday night last, the
occasion being the erection of a new building
designed to be used as a co-operation store.
The gentlemen of tho railroad shops sent an
er.giu ' and coach down to Newberry Court?
house to carry the invited guests to the fes?
tive scene, which consisted of a merry break?
down on tbe light fantastic too, followed hy a
supper, which all passed off as merry as a mar?
riage bell, terminating at a late hour in the
The Spartan, in noticing town improvements,
says : S. T. Poinicr, Esq., our excellent and
very accommodating postmaster, has xemoved
bis cfiico as commissioner, magistrate and
postmaster, to a central point-the basement
of the Palmetto Hoaso-for the accommoda?
tion of the public. This now and very hand -
"Gmo establishment, for convenience and
good taste-by a liberal expenditure of private
means, places our poste?les second only, por
baps, to the postoffico in Charleston. Captain
Ball, his veiy attentive and officie ut assistant,
alike with Mr. P., is entitled to tbe thanks of
The Spartan remarks : Cotton is king with
ns now-but wo should be careful that its pi e
sent high price does not create a mauia. lt is
as subject to fall in its price, as it is to rise.
Its large cultivation, however, in thia country,
is necessary to sustain the ascendency it has
always had in European markets. Tho more
cotton we make, will curtail its production in
foreign countries. When cotton is at a mode?
rato price, no country con compete with these
Southern States. But, with this great advan?
tage, it is to be boped that our good farmers
will remember that they cannot make a good
cotton crop without the necessary provisions. It
is feared by our m ist sagacious and trusty
farmers, that too m ich of tho labor and of the
best lands will bs given to the cultivation of
cotton to the exclusion of borne and farming
Eurposes. A deficiency of food for man and
east in the cultivation of crops, enervates the
mind-compels the premature sale of your
cotton-the family and stock are pinched with
short rations-tno crib and meat-house be?
comes empty, and every thing beoomos.disjoint
od and tang lad before the crop is half made.
A man feels bad under these circumstances.
But, worse than that, suppose cotton falls to
one-half or one-third tho present price? You
will havo to boar the loss both ways-the fall
in the price of cotton or tho rise in the price of
provisions which you would be obliged to pur?
DIVORCES IJf TUE WEST.
A correspondent of tho Chicago Advance, in
discussing the question of divorce and its evil !
results, claims that if tbo ability to again
mpi ry was removed, and a ois ability made per?
manent as to botb, there would bo very few
divorces. Ho adds :
Let us examino for one moment the manner
in which tho law operates. A Mr. A sues for
a divorce. Mrs. A does not appear, dolault is
entered against her, thc case is sworn through,
and b th parties are turned loo^e upon society,
with no better reason existing iii many cases
than "eold feet," or a desire which is expressed
m Dryucn's responso to his wife, when she
wishod that she was a book, so that she might
oujoy more of his company; "or bo au alma?
nac, that I can chango you every year." The
following casu lately carno under my observa?
tion : A young man married, and residing in
one section of tho country, removed to an?
other, leaving his wife behind bim. While
away, he proposed to a young lady and was by
her accepted, aud tho marriage day announced'.
He returned to his wife, spent a few weeks with
hor, ana tenderly hado her adieu, sought tho
house of his expectant bride, and mumed
her. A few weeks after the marriage he ob?
tained a divorce from bis absent wife, which,
being discovered by the newly-made ono, was
mada the occasion of a new marriage cere?
mony, after wh'ch the now i epudiated hus?
band went to the home of bis divorced wife,
who, ignorant of his conduct, still fives with
him, while tho other sought her redress in a
court of oquity.
I think I bear som" lawyers say that that
could have been remedied by personal service
of the notice. A friend of mino relates the
following instance as illustrative of tbe frauds
which may bo practiced m this precaution,
even: A poor, ignorant girl unfortunately
married to a scoundrel, was served with a no
tico informing her that her husband would
apply fur a divorce for adultery-tho word
adultery was "tliunibt-d" in tte reading. Too
ignorant to demanda copy of the notice, or to
seek legal counsel, she asked her husband
what it meant, and rested satisfied with
his cssuratico that it was nothing dis?
honorable to her anyhow, until he order?
ed her to leavo his housu, assuring her
that the was no longer his wife. "A
mother, but not a wife." men ns something not
only to thu ruined woman, but to tho divorced
ouc also. Divorce Jaws are a bid to perjury,
and a constant offer to both partios that they
can many again at pleasure; but with a deal
moro of '"red tape ' than at first. There arc
not many instances of divorce in which tho
plainti? or defendant have nut tound out that
th**y could not marry happier, and are only
waiting lor a decres of court to do so. A case
somewhat notorious is r. ported as follows : A
young man married a young woman, and after
residing with ber some time concluded that be
bad made a mistake, and proposed another
marriage. Having moans, he sent his wife
away on a visit, and while she was gone ob?
tained a divorce. Sho came bick, only to find
him the husband ot another. Ohl what triv?
ial causes are alleged fir the diusomtion of an
institution ordained by tho Al mighty os the
first important event after the creation 1
THE FAULTS OF OTHEBS.-Mrs. G. N. Den?
ning, Bochestor, N. Y., write/ : "1 have used
one of your machines fifteon months, audit
has given perfect satisfaction. I find it very
easy to operate, not liablo to got out of order,
and capable of doing every variety of work;
while it is entirely free from manv fm Hs of
other machines. 6tich as dropcing stitches and
drawing the se-iu."'- [Letter to Willcox & G.bbs
S. M. Company, April 2, ld66.
THE NEW AND STRICTLY ll SPAN
IPH Ship PEDRO PL AND Of. TT. AMEN
OCAL Master, having two-thirds of her car
i go engaged and coi LR on board," will load
with dispatch for the above port - -,
For : ur thor Freight eogugcments. apply to
W. p. HALT,,
Janoary 29 10 Brown k Co.'s Wharf.
FOR FREIGHT OR CHARTER. .
THE BRITISH PRIG WM. M. NASH,
Ho BEIDE, Master is now ready tor a voy?
age to any port in the West Indies.
For particulars, apply to
W. P.' BALL,
January 29 . 3 Brown ft Co 's Wharf.
, FUR BOSTON.
TEEPINE SCHOONER 8ARAH CUL?
LEN, Avis Master, having two-thirds of
her cargo ready to go on board, wdl be dis
latched for the above port
For Freight of 200 bales Cotton, or its equivalent
in bulk, apply to - -
COURTENAY & TREN HO LIL
January 25' mwfS Union Wharves.
FOR NE W YORK-MERCHANTS' LINE.
THE REGULAR FIRST-CLASS SCHOON?
ER ROBERT CALDWELL, MCCOBXACX
??Master, having large portion cargo engaged
?and poing on ooarJ, wants a few haxdred
bales cotton or light freight to nil np and a Ul prompt?
ly. WILLIAM ROACH ft CO.
THE FIRST CLASS DANISH BARK
^KAMMA FONDER, KEOGH Master, having
) par t of cargo engaged, will have disptach.
" For Freight engagements apply to T
WILLIS k OtJls?OLlI,
Jannnry8 Imo North Atlantic Wharf.
THE FIRST 0LASS BRITISH BARQUE
?SW. G. PUTNAM, BlOKABB Master, having
> a large part of her cargo engaged, will load '
For balance freight engagements, apply to
WILLIS k CHISOLM,
December 21 North Atlantic Wharf.
FAST FREIGHT LINE
TO AND FROM BALTIMORE, , PHILADEL?
PHIA,- WASHINGTON CITY, WILMINGTON,
DEL., CINCINNATI, OBIO. ST. LOUIS. .MO.,
AND OTHER INORT H W ES 1 ERN CITIES.
THE FAVORITE AND 8WIFI
Screw Steamship SEA GULL, N.
P. DUTTON Commander, will sail for
i Baltimore on T?ZHDAT, the 2i af ?
February, at Eleven o'clock A. M., tro m Pier No. 1,
Philadelphia Freights, delivered promptly via '
"Baltimore, Wilmington and Philadelphia Railroad.''
For Freight or passage, apply to
COURTENAY k TR EN HO) LM,
January 29 8 Union Wharves.
CHARLESTON AND 11 VERPOOL STEAMSHIP
THE FIRM-CLASS IRON SCREW
'Steamship GOLDEN Hw RN, B. J.
- BEAC ELI* Commander, ls now ready
? to receive freight for the above po rt.
For Freight engagements apply to
ROBT. MURE st CO.,
January 19_8_Royce's Wharf.
DIRECT STEAM COMMUNICATION BE?
TWEEN CHARLESTON AND LIVERPOOL.
CHARLESTON AND LIVERPOOL STEAMSHIP
THE PIRlT CLASS AND POPU
' LAP. Iron Steamship "GOLDEN
'HORN," H ABBY C. MCBEATH Com
?mander, is now on bet* passage to
this port from Liverpool dinct, and ls expected to
strive on or about the loth instant, to sall hence for
Liverpool on Drat February.
For Freight or Passage apply to
ROUERT MURE k CO.
January ll_Boyce's Wharf.
FOR NEW YORK.
EEG ULAR LINEEVERY THURSDAY
PASSAGE REDUCED TO ?1?.
jryiTgtmm THC BTEAMSHIP SARAGOSSA,
//X*&*S5L Captain C. RTDKE, will leave Van
.^W^Zka^L derhoret'a WLart on TEDTESSAT Ar
M?Tftinln -, February 4th, at Twelve
o'clock M. RAVEN EL A CO.,
January 29 Agents.
THAVELLKRS PASSING THROUGH
CHARLESTON EN ROU TE TO FLORIDA. AIKEN
Abd other places, should not fal
st?mtiffil to lay in their supplies of PHOVI8
^^JMkM^ I0N!*. CLARETS. CHAMPAGNES
IVIIMTIIT CORDIALS, BRANDIES. WHIS
KIES, WINES, CANNED MEATS, SOUPS, kc
Pates of Wild Gime and Devilled Ham for Sand,
wicbes and Luncheons.
4&*Send for a catalogue.
WM. 8. CORWIN A 00..
No. 275 King-itreat,
Between Wentworth and fieanraln,.
Charleston, S. C.
Branch of No. 900 Broadway, corner 20th street,
New York._: QctobertS
PACIFIC MAIL) STEAMSHIP COIUPY'B
THROUGH LIA IL TO
CALIFORNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN.
FREIOHT AND PASSAGE AT GUS AT LT BM
D?CED RATES I
/V**2?Ra SIE AME BS OF THE ABOVE.
<?3'4f???3BS !eave Pier?,*?- *?, North River,
..j^V?U^tCi ?001 of Canal-atroet, New York, s
JSSksOSSL- 12 o'clock noon, of the 1st, 3th, 16th
and Mth ot every month lexoept wheo these dates
fall on Sunday, then the Saturday preceding).
Departure of 1st and 24th connect at Panama with
steamers for south Pacifie sud Central American
ports. Those ot 1st touch at Manzanillo.
Departure of 9th ot each month connects with
tho now steam line from Panama to Australia and
Steamship J'PAN leaves Ran Fran eis co fer Chi?
na and Japan February 4. 18G9.
> o California steamers touch at Havana, but ge
direct from New York to AspinwalL
One hundred pounds baggage tree to each adult.
Medicine and attendance free.
For Passage i lckots or further information a>pJj
at the COMPANY'S TToK??T OFFICE, oa the wharf,
foot of Canal-street, Not th Biver. New York.
March 14_lyr_F. R, BABY, Agent
FOR BKUNSWICK, GA.
_ h. THE STEAMER "DICTATOR,"
?~Tf!1itT?C^ Captain CHARLES WILLET, will touch
at this point every Welntsday, leaving savannah at
Nine A.' M., and on hor return trip will touch there
on Saturday Afternoon, arriving hick at Savannah
on Sunday Morning. J. D. AIKEN Ac CO.,
November 24 Agents.
INLAND titi Ul'li.
THROUGH TICKETS TO FLORIDA.
CHARLESTON ANDSAVANNAH STEAM PACKE!
LINE. VIA EDISTO, BEA Ob ORT AND HILTON
THE ATLANTIC AND GULF H A IL HO *D AND
CONNECTIONS FOR ALL POINTS IN
f- - wifl-^fc. TBE FINE, FAST RTE A ME B
^i^iLSi. PILOT BOY. Captain FENN PBCE. will
leave Charleston rm Mo -DAY aDd 1 anaaoAX MOBS
INOS at Fight o'clock lt-.turning, will leave -avsnnah
'1UE6PAY MOENTHOB at i i-ht o'clock, and FBXDAY
AJTEUNOOH at Two o'clock, touching 4t lidtsto on
IBOBSOAY trip from Charleston, at Eleven A. M.,
and lo iving Eoisio al Nine A. M, SAXUBDAYS, on re?
The steamer will touch at Bluff on and Cbi-olm's,
each way, everv two weeks, commencing with trip
of January 21st
For Freight or Passage apply to
January ll Accomm da'ie-n Wharf.
FOR GEOIC GK" O . N,
CHERAW, bUOK'S LOWER MILL. ON THU WAC
tiAMAW RIVER, AND ALL LANDING % ON THE
- eil*-* 1HE STEAMER PLANTER CAPT.
figggaSSC C. ti. WHrrp, ia -eec v og Freight at
Arcommudiuun wharf, .iud will te.iv J on FniPAY
MORN .NO, inc 23th instant, at ?sven o'clock.
Apply to JJHN FEitGU&ON.
Jai utry 26
VIA bAVAMiAH, Fl* MN ANiMftA AND JAUESUN
- KTO^J* THB FIR?T-CA?H STE?. MSB
DIO I Al OB. Capt.-.in <*HA2. WILL tr,
wtll sail from Charleston ?vet 't uaiiay Ettning, SA
Ei'Ut o'ci' ck, lot 'he above pol u tu
lbe fLst-c'ans steamer J1TY POI NT, Captais WM,
T. M CN ELTY. will i ail from Ch rle. ton every Satur?
day Evening, a Eluht o'ciock, .or ai ove points.
? onnfcdn? with tho C-'nttal Rsilrnad at .avannah
for Mobile and Ne? O.-leau-, ail with Uta Monda
Railroad at Fernandln t for Ce lui- Keys, at which,
point steamers connect with t"ew Orleans, Mobile,
Peuaaco a. Key West and il -vnaj..
Thronuh Bills Ladio- given tor Frjiffht to Mobile,.
Pensacola and New Orleans.
Both steamer? connecting with H. A Hart's steam?
ers Ociawaha and Griffin f?r Sile*ar Spriggs and Lakes,
Griffin. Eustis, Har? is a.i I Durham.
Ali fMol'l ...yaule i>n the wharf.
Good - not removed at auusu' will be ?tared at risk
and ex pt use oiow- ers.
ror Freight or Pasase enjiatjomcr t, appl" tc
J. D. AIKEN Sc CO., agents,
*>outh Atlantic Wharf.
N. H.- No extra charge for Meal J and "titoroom? -
Steamer >Utv Point will io:vh at ?L AlaryV, OJ 3,
going and returning each week.