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VOLUME VII.-NUMBER 1072.
CHARLESTON, S. C., THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 4, 1869. _SIX DOLLARS PER ANNUM
. . I " ' ?-?-- J--V" l^.n" ?P ?;?/>nm_ I CkLi^^i^*. >
TUE STATE CAPITAL.
KO PACOLET COUNTY-NO MOKE MONET FOE THE
JUDGES JUST NOW-CITTL BIGHTS BUJLi-MELI?
TTA BILL-PUBLIC SCHOOLS-EUFBATH BUTTAT.
GBOUND-BELIEF FOB THE TBEASUBX-MIS?
SION PBESBYTEBIAN CHUBCH-GEEENVTLLE AND
COLUMBIA KAXLHOAD-BOPEB HOSPITAL-GOV
EBNOU'S MESSAGE AND CHATL:".STON MEMORIAL.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO CHARLESTON NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, February 3.-r>* THE SENATE,
Arnim,.from the Committee on Incorporations,
reported unfavorably Qi) the petition of tho
citizens of Greenville and Spartanburg for the
formation of a new county out of portions of
The bill to increase the salari?e of the Justi?
ces of the Supremo Court and Circuit Judges
wae postpone j to tho next Session.
The Civil Bights hill, whi4h has passed the
House, was read the second timo, passed, and
ordered to be engrossed.
The militia bill was postponed and made the
special order for Monday next.
The following bills vrere read the third time
?nd passed :
A bill to incorporate thc Columbia Building
and Loan Association.
A bill to provide for the conversion of State
A bill to extend tho time in which the Cam?
den Bridge Company may rebuild their bridge.
A bill to renew the charier of tho Town of
Walhalla, in the County of Oconee.
A bill to alter and amend an act entitled "An
act to alter and amend the charter of the
King's Mountain Railroad Company," passed
the 16th of December, 1801.
A bill to amend anact entitled "An act to es
tablish certain roads, bridges and ferries, and
to renew the charters of certain others.1'
A bill to incorporate tho Wilson Bridge Com
A bill to incorporate the Aiken Sanitary As?
The bill amending the Homestead act passed
the second reading, and was ordered to be en?
The bill establishing a system of public
schools in South Carolina was made the special
order for Friday.
IN TH?. HOUSE tho following billi were in
By ToH?inson-A bill amendatory of acts
incorporating tho University of South Caro
By Wright-A bill to incorporate theEuprath
Burial Ground and Charitablo Society of
By Elliott-A bill for the relief of the Trea?
*?" The bill amendatory of an act to regulate the
manner of drawing jurors was passed and
sent to the Senate.
The Greenville and Columbia Railroad bill
and the bill to incorporate the Mission Presby?
terian Church of Charleston, wero read thc
third time, and returned to the Senate with
Bosemon reported unfavorably on tho me?
morial of tho trustees of the Roper Hospital.
Tho Governor sent in a message with tho
memorial of the citizens of Charleston against
Corbin's validating bill. It was received as in?
formation and referred.
PROSPECTS OF W H I 8 E E Y-NO MONEY FOB
TEACBP5BS-NO POSTAL TELEGBAPH.
WASHINGTON, February 3.-In debate on the
whiskey tax last night, Schcnck, chairman of
the Ways and Means Committee, said there
were a parcel of speculators throughout the
country trying to kill the whiskey market by
circulating a story that the Ways and Means
Committee or some member of the House
would propose to increase the tax on whiskey,
or perhaps put it backte its old rate. Ho
would say that, so far as the Ways and Means
Committee were concerned, no such proposition
had been or would be entertained. Ho boped
there would bo no tinkering by the House of
this part of the bill.
. The Committee on Appropriations has deter?
mined to withhold the appropriations for the
It is stated on tolerable authority that tho
Postal Committee will vote down the proposi?
tions for a postal telegraph, on the ground
that the government and the public are better
served by competition.
The tetms of the bill vacating offices in Vir?
ginia, Mississippi and Texas, will throw the
filling of tho offices into Grant's administra?
Revenue to-day $1.000,000.
Hender-on introduced a bill into the Senate
yesterday, to provide for a Department of
Home Affairs. It gives tho head of th9 de?
partment a seat in tho Cabinet, and places
under his supervision tho Land offico, thc In?
dian Bureau, tho Freedmen's Bureau and min?
Tho weather has been very bad all day.
A NEW S?PBEME COUBT AND BEPABATE CIT.CUIT
JUDGES-A NEW BILL TO REGULATE MISSIS?
SIPPI-BE CU3ANT WITNESSES-AIR-LINE BAIL
BOAB FBOM WASHINGTON TO NEW YOBS.
WASHINGTON, February 3 -IN THE SENATE,
Trumbull, from the Judiciary Committee, in?
troduced a bill for reorganizing tho Fedoial
Judiciary. It provides for nine judges of tho
Supreme Court, and for the appointment of
? Ihe Consular Appropriation bill was pissed.
Boutwoll's Constitutional amendment was
considered to adjournment.
IN THE HOUSE, thc secretary was directed to
withhold payment for stationery contracts.
Beck introduced a bill regarding Mississippi,
which provides for an election in May, under
universal suffrage and a general amnesty, for
a modified constitution and for Stato officers.
It wa3 referred to the Remonstration Com?
ibo recusant New York witnesses appeared
it the bar of the House, and wero ordored to
romain in charge of tho seigeant-at-arms until
tho committee are satisfied.
Tho bill for an air-lino railroad from Wash?
ington to New York was discussed.
The Indian Appropriation bill was consider?
ed, and the House adjourned.
SPARKS FROH THE WIRES.
A steamer arrived yesterday at Havana with
[largo number of tro:ps from Spaiu.
There is much alarm in Duchess county,
jw York, caused by sudden deaths of callie,
lavana continues quiet. A serious row oc
red at Betfucal a few days ago, between
Hiards and Cubans, in which many were
International Hotel at St. Pauls, Jlin
Ita, was destroyed by fire on Tuesday
U Loss $100,000. The guests escaped,
g their clothing.
outbreak of thc people occuxred at Masat
lan on tho 20th ult., which was quickly sub?
dued by the military. Serious trouble is pro?
bable there at any moment.
Francisco Antonio Gomez, the newly elected
Vice President of St. Domingo, is of the Amer
can school in politics, and is a man universally
respected for his firm and patriotic ob exacter.
An engine attached to a freight train on tho
Central Ohio division of the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad exploded near Barnesville, Ohio,
on thc first instant, killing tho engineer and
fireman and severely injuring three train men.
GENERAL DIX AND JEFFERSON DAVIS.
PABIS, February 1.-General Dix yesterday
received Mr. Burlingame and the Chinese em
bassadors, with their sui'e. Princess Mathilde
will give a reception next week to the Chinese
A report is current that General Dix pro?
tested against the unusual honors with which
Jefferson Davis was recently received at St. Cyr
while on a visit to the military schools there
It is officially denied by the French Govern?
ment that the minister of the United States has
made any such protest.
VIENNA, February 8.-Tho Reichsrath has
adopted a bill allowing trial by jury in all ca?ce
of violation of the laws for the regulation of
FRANCE AND MEXICO.
PARIS, February 3.-lu the Corps L?gislatif
the opposition speakers demand the restora?
tion of diplomatic relations with the Mexican
ropublic on the gre ?nd that French interests
suffer by their interruption.
MADRID, February 3.-Prim and Serrano will
probably constitute the Directory.
Thc Pope's Nuncio has boon induced to re?
PRO Ai TUE STATE CAPITAL.
The Charleston Election Bill-The Last
Kamora-A New Scheme-General Leg?
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, S. C., February 2, 18G9.-All my
information tends to the conviction that Sena?
tor Corbin's bill to dechro valid the Charles?
ton election, will go through. The outside pres?
sure and combination of circumstances will
cause, it is believed, somo of those who
were among its strongest opponents to vote
in favor of the bill. Another proposition is on
foot, to repeal tho law confirming the ap?
pointees of thc military, in office, until their
successors aro elected. That is, to repeal the
"Act to quiet rights vested under military or?
ders," passed at the special session of the Gen?
eral Assembly. This, it is argued, will leavo
Charleston without a government, and enable
Pillsbury and his Board ot Aldermen to take
possession at once.
A Btrong fignt has been kept up in thc Sen?
ate between tho advocates and the opponents
ot thc bill to increase tho salaries of the Justi?
ces of the Supremo Courtaud of tho Oircuit
Judges. The most strenuous of the iornier
are Senators Leslie and Swails, wbilo those of
the latter are Senators N.ish and Wimbush. It
was onsidorably amusing to-day to hear tho
pathetic appeals of the senator from Barnwell
(Mr. Leslie) to the senator from Richland to
poitpt ne the consideration of tho bill until the
arrival of somo ; i its friends then absent on
leave. The senator from Richland, however,
could not be induced to yield, and so tho dis?
cussion was kept up until the Senat? adjouruod
JU the question of agreeing to tho motion of
?enator Leslie to postpone the consideration of
the bill two days.
IN THE HOUSE, Mr. Pottengill reported on a
bill to establish a board of commissioners of
public lands, and submitted a substitute enti?
tled a bill io establish a board of commission
:rs of public l inds, to define their duties, and
lo authorize thc issue ol bo ids or stocks for
ile purchase of lands, which was ordered to
ie over fora second reading.
A bill to incorporate tho Young Men'.* Chari?
table Society of Charleston was read the first
lime, and referred to tho Committee on Incor?
Tho report of tho County Commissioners of
Charleston County was referred to tho Com?
mittee on County Offices aud Officers.
Mr. Burton introduced the following, which
?vas laid upon the table :
Besoloea, by the House of Representative,
(be Senate concurring, That thie Genet al As
iembly Jo adjourn sine die on thc 22d instant,
it 2 o'clock P. M.
Mr. Sloan presented tho petition of Thomas
H. Russell, of Anderson Couuty, for removal
st political disaoilities. Referred to tho Com?
mittee on Removal of Political Disabilities.
C. D. Hayue itiiroduccd tho following resolu?
tion, which waa adopted by a vote of yeas, 85;
nays, 10 v
Besotted, by thc Ilouso of Representatives,
That au invitation is hereby cxtonded to any
lady to appear betoro thc Committee on the
Judiciary and argue thc claims of suffrago foi
A bill lo provide for tho care of the poor,
iftcr the passage of five sections to a third
reading, on motion of DeLargo. was made tho
ipec.al order for Thursday next, at 1:45 P. M.
Mr. W. H. Jones, by leave, introduced a bill
to establish m agent to superviso cou tracts,
iud to pr?vido for tho protection of laborers
working ou shares of crops. Read the first
lime, and referred to the Committee on Agri?
S. B. Thompson, from the Special Commit?
tee, to whom was referred a bill to renew tho
charter of a foiry across Con garee R:vor, re?
ported that tho samo had been considered,
ind recommended that the bill do pass.
Whipper introduced a bill io amend thc
charter of the Sulphuric Acid and Suporphos
phate Company. Read the first timo, and re?
ferred to the Committee on Incorporations.
IN THE SENATE, Greene, trem tho Com?
ma cu on Eui oiled Act?, reported as duly
enrolled, sealed aud ready for ratification, an
ict to alter aud amend tho criminal law.
A message was seut to the Speaker of the
House of R.presentativos inviting him to at?
tend in tho Senate chamber for tho purpose of
issistiug in the ratification of tho above act.
A message was received from tho House in?
forming tho Senate that a concurrent resolu?
tion from the Senate relative to laying out
townships had been laid on thc table.
The ii J uso acut lo tho Seudto a bill to renew
lie charter of tho Charleston Ancieut Ai t.llery
Society. Tho bill received ila tirst reading,
iud was ordered foi a second reading aud co.i
lideraiion tomorrow; ?uso, a bill to prescribe
iferluiu rules to bu observed iu the government
>i ionios and bridges nrirtlegea to charge
Tho House returned to the Senate an act to
ucorporatB the South Carolina Puosphato
Company. Ordered to bo enrolled.
Lunney presented the petition of the Countv
'oaiiiiissiouers of Darlington County to the
jenora 1 Assembly praying authority to asses
md collect i: x.-s. &c. Referred to thoCouj
uil tee on thc Judiciary.
Wimbush presented the return of the Ccm
uissioners ol Free Schools of Abbeville Coun
y for tue year 1868. Rehrrod to the Commit
?o on Education.
A bill to provide for the appoiulmtnt of a
Commissioner of Railroads and Telegraphs,
md to prescribo his duties, was read by its
itle and referred to tho Committee ou Rail
oads, where it will piobably sleep ita last
'The bill to incorporate tho Wateroo and
S'orth Carolina Railroad Company was made
ho special order tor Monday next, at 1 P. M.
The bill lending <he name And credit ot tho
state lo the Greenville und Columbia Railroad
Jonipauy Kept th* HOOBO of Representatives
recopied nourly t.io entire day. .Nothing else
>f impoiianco transpire '. Thc bill finally
jassecl with a tax clause, by a vote of 47 aye;1,
O JV' THE WING.
Florence-Post and Present-Darling?
ton-Cotton Crop - Business Finns
Churches-K. Iv. K.-Corn-meat- Pig
a Delicate Subject-A New Plan for
Pnnerving Pork-Stealing-Thc Pros?
pect Brightening-Christmas-A Color?
ed Tournament-Negro Sheriffs and
Eastward now the news-bird wings his flight ;
from Columbia to Kingsville, from Kingsville
alone: the Wilmington and Manchester Bail
road past the flourishing Towns o? Sumter and
Timraonsville, your correspondent found him?
self early in the afternoon under the large pas?
senger shed at Florence. Hero he parted com?
pany with his further eastward-bound friends,
and devoted half au hour to sight-seeing
in the famous South Carolina town with
the famous Tuscan name. Every city, town
and village in America lias its history, and all
of it modern history. I am tired hearing
men say, "I can recollect when Chicago
was a wilderness," Atlanta a piece of
woods, or San Francisco an Indian village.
Ono hears this sort of thing so constantly,
that it ceases to excite wonder or even atten?
tion. You have beard of the old negro ferry?
man on the Mississippi, who when asked how
long he had been living there, astonished his
interlocutor with, the reply, "Lor bress you,
Massa, r?o been 'ere long time. When I fust
cum 'ere, dis 'ere ribber wore no bigger nor a
icely branch." Well, L your correspondent,
though I can by no means lay claim to tho dis?
tinguished honor of being tho "oldest inhabi?
tant," can remember when there was no such
placo as Florence-when the site, of tho pre?
sent flourishing city was a vast, ilhmitablo ex?
tent of low pine flat, with nothing to relieve
tho monotony of tho melancholy picture I
spent a day there, from necessity of course, in
185C, and it was lonely, dull, dreary-tit place
for frogs and suicides. That was in the olden
time. Very diffatent now. True, it is not
a very pretty placo yet; but it is tho
centre of trado to a large aroa of coun?
try, and has massed together a consid?
erable population. I should not like to
say how many stores there aro in Florence,
but, from a rapid reconsoissance, without ac?
tual count, I should say there must bo from
thirty to forty. Somo of these do a considera?
do business. Others, again, do very little.
Ibero aro mechanics boro, restaurants, saw?
mills, churches, machine shops-in short, all
tho elements of a substantial and rapidly
growing civilization. Florenco onjoys tho ad
vantag9 of unsurpassed railroad facilities, hav?
ing a railroad to the north, south, east and
west. This, of course, draws considerable
traffic, asido from tho shipping of tho great
staples of the vicinity, colton and naval stores.
Florence has no newspaper at present, but it
has had ono-the Florenco Gazette; and tliero
is no telling how soon one of tho two tapers
now holding forth at Darlington Courthouse
may take up its bid and walk ten miles lo
Florence. As it is tho fashion just now for
every village and cross -roads 6hop to ask our
worshipful Legislature to bo made a county
seat, I expect to sec, before long, in your Co?
lumbia correspondence, that such a bill has
boon presented in tho Houso from Florence.
But the whistle blows, and wc aro off for
Darlington. This is one of tho oldest and
finest villages in the eastern part of the State.
Although scarred and disfigured by tho ravag?
es of several recent fires, tho town BLOWS every
eign of having for years been tho abodo of a
claBS distinguished for their woalth, culturo
and refinement. I am pleased to soo, more?
over, a steady improvement every year I havo
visited Darlington since tho war, over tho year
preceding; and iu another year or two I foci
confident t at every vos tige cf war and lire
will have disappeared; i. e. if tho funds
can bo procured the building a courthouse
and "appurtenances"-I say appurtenances
bccau80 it is not polite to say "jail"-tho latter
word might call up unpleasant associations or
reminiscences in the minds of some of our
Darlington is a rich county, but of course
tha trade is much divided. Timmonsvihe,
Florence and Society f?ll combined get far
more of it than goes to Darlington Courthouse.
Some goes to Sumter, and some, perhaps, to
Camden, while much of it goes dircot to
Charleston or Wilmington. Darhuglon Dis?
trict, according to tho census of I860 had a
population of twenty thousand thrco hundred
and sixty-seven, of which number eleven thou?
sand eight hundrod and seventy-seven wero
slaves. Thcro wetc thou, of improved lands,
one hundrod and fifty-eight thousand eight
hundred and forty-lour ;;crcs, and of nniupror
ed three hundred thousand two hundred und
eighty-one acres. C ish value ol farms $l,78u',
392. Thc number of hales of colton produced
in tho district in 13(10 is set down us sixteen
thousand nine hundred and twenty-three.
The crop of cotton has not boon as good herc
as last year; not half a crop as compared with
before the war. L ist year tho crop was about
10,000 l?ales: this year it will probably not ex
Osctl 8000 bales. So, ulso, I havo been told
that business has not boon as good hero as in
other parts of the Stale.
About 2000 hales of colton havo been shipped
from this depot this season. Tho large A buv
ers hero aro Messrs. Parker & Kelly, for a Bal?
timore house. Th9 business Iii m's hero aro : '
Parker & Kelly, Eason & Co., H irt, Parker <?
Co., B. A. & J. F. Early, S. Marco, H. Hyema,
A. Weiuberg, J. G. McCall & Co., 8. A. Woods, :
E. W. Chailes & Co., and J. M. Woodward. 1
There are two newspapers here, tho Southern- j
er and the Democrat; and there is th9 usual ?
complement of doctors and lawyers. Of 1
churches there are three-Methodist, Rev. J. I
Watson, pastor; Baptist, Rev. F. W. Easou, and !
Proabyterian, Hov. Wm. Biearly. A fl ?urisb- 1
in? institution hero, also, is St. Davi i's Lodge, 1
A. F. M., No. 72. I was also informed, most 1
positively, on u.e word and honor ot several '
gentlemen, that there areno "K. K. K.'s" hore, 1
nor nave thero boen any hero at any time since 1
Tho county made about corn eucugh the 1
past year for home couattmptiuu. Meat-well,
I wu going to say that it was impossible tu '
raise any moat nowheieabou;s; in lach I have
said as much m quent ly of lum upon thean- :
thority ot very many trustworthy persons. But
1 find it is considered very uuu.iudsuiiu lo say
so. lu lact, pig has become a delicate sub?
ject. Tliero are those high in tho counsels nf
tuo-Stato who consider snell a stateniout libel- j
loos ona majority of the "eitisens'' ot thc
Statu. "But--, do you merin to Uetiy
timi negroes havo been stealing, do now Bleui, 1
and will continuo to steal hogs, swi iu, shoats
and pigs ?" '"I admit thc first ?nd second pro- ]
positions, bul- deny too thud. Lot tho farinera ?
have i leny ot pork,cuonglitor tUi'uiso?vcs and <
enough for ibo negroes also," ivp.io? this high j
official, "and }ou will not hear i-u much about i
the difficulty of raising meat." How wise a ;
man gets in a short time, when he ii: high iu ;
office. We pour, low trash cannot seo it as i
cloar;y. Ho.v wi il you raise more pork, ii the i
darkies eat your pigs? The-'scounsel |
reminds mc of the difficulty the bouovoleut ?
ludtea used to find during the war in assuring l
themselves that their donations of food, deli- i
cacies, cordials, &c, wou.d reach the pour sick i
soldiers whom they wished to befriend. The <
complaint was always that thc doctora, hospi?
tal stewards, nurses, matrons, and other pant- ]
sites, eat up all thc turkics, jellies, canned <
meats, fruit, &c, and diauk un all tho liquors. .
W-icii the difficulty was slated to a surgeon, ?
he Kiiggosled that the ladies shuuld send pion- I
ty of gl>od things, enough fut all the attaches, I
and enough atso fur tuc patients. Tais was i
g-jod advico. Whether or not it was acted i
upon 1 am unable to say. I believe, however, i
the war closed before tba experiment was fair?
ly tried. 1
Bat il is not m at only that is stolen-every
thiner movable, be it of ever BO little value,
tempts the thief or the robber. It is much loss
troublo to pick cotton by moonlight, and sell
it to the shopkeeper be/ore day, than to plough
and hoe, and pick the year through, io cold
weather and in hot. Honesty may be the best
policy, but there are some who think stealing
pays better. At all events, it yields quick re?
turns, and at small outlay of time and labor.
Tho consequence of all this is, tu at every halo
of cotton, every sack cf wheat, oats or corn,
has to be carefully guarded, and piazzas, halls,
garrets, iu fact every part of tho dwelling
houso, is filled with produce Farmers do not
consider their property safe now, unless it is
constantly under then: eye. This, of course,
cannot last. If we are to have permanent
peace, we must have protection of property as
well as of fifo and of liberty.' From wuat quarter
this relief ts to como, wbethor liom the L?gis?
lature or tho courts, I cannot surmise, but I
euppose, like other evils, "it will correct itself,"
whatever that may mein.
In regard to the great questions of labor and
of successful agriculture, under the new Sys?
tem, I think 1 can observe an improvement.
There is less despondency in rogard to the fu?
ture, even arnon g the older planters, and both
whito and black are gradually adapting them?
selves to the circumstances of the times. Ne?
groes have worked the past few years, perhaps
not as much or as steadily as under tho old
system; slid cotton can be successfully grown
with free labor. Tho prosout high price ot the
staple has mueh to do, I doubt not, with this im?
provement in public sentimeLt. Wbenpeoplo
get twenty-five and twenty eight cents tor their
ootton, even though they only made "haifa
crop," they can manage to live, and even to pay
dd debts, or lay up some money, and naturally
aro in better humor, than when cotton brought
ten or twelve cents, and tho internal revonue
took two-and-a-half to three cents of that.
The Christmas holidays passed off quietly,
notwithstanding the usual quantum of rumors
about meditated difficulties of ono kind and
another. As in overy other village in the State,
BO here Chrislmaa was a sort of freedmen's
saturnalia. Thousands and thousands of them
were gathered here, standing in knots about
the streets, arrayed in their cheap finery, look?
ing at each other, and at tho magnificence dis?
played in tho windows and on the shelves of
tho'shops. This festivo season was further en?
livened by a colored tournament-"a splendid
affair," as ono of tho participants proudly in?
formed mo. Sai ; informant, a tender colored
youth of sixteen or thereabout, painted, with
glowing imagination, the glories of ths.t tour?
nament. Thursday, December 24, was the
time, thc outskirts ot Darlington tho placo,
and sixteen colored gentlemen thc principals
engaged iu this knightly sport. Major F. F.
Wurley had kindly consented to act as judge,
and acquitted himself with much creditto him?
self a uti to tho credit of tho sable knights.
Thc sixteen colored gcntlomon, all on horse
or mulo back, made four runs a piece.
"But how did you know," I asked the sable
tournant eu ter, 'how to do all this V "Oh,
ttosccd how de whito psoplo did, and don wo
jos did dc same." Tho contestants were as
follows: Thc Knight of tho Forest, tho Knight
ot Jeringo, the Knight ofChicora, the Knight of
Butlor'd Silver Spoon, tho Knight of the Black
Horse, the Kn: g Lt of tho Fig Squool, tho
Kuight of the Lone Star, thoKniqhFof Darling?
ton and the Knight of Florence. ' Lawrence
Hunter is the name of tho victor, ho having
caught six rings;, and ho forthwith proclaimed
as his Dulcinea tho fair Anna Bacot, to ho
honcoforth known in tho County of Darling?
ton, State of South Carolina, as tho Qucou of
Love and Colored Beauty. "Wo all enjoyed 1
oursolvo3 splondid," continued tho narrator, 1
"and in the evening wo had a fine supper, to <
which all the (colored) ladies was invited; it <
cost fifty cents ahead." "Did you danco ?" .?
"0, no, sir; kaso many o' em belongs to de i
church; wo jos sot and talked, but wo had a '
mighty good time." And I have no doubt 1
they had; aud I um glad of it. Healthy en- '
joyment is good for man and beast. 1
Darlington rejoices in a colorod sheriff, and i
in sundry colored magistrates. If all, or even <
a part of what I heard is true, I should tLink t
thc negroes fare badly under the judicial and 1
ministerial officers of their own color, and of <
their own selection. Tho only idea the i jgro i
magistrate or sherill has ot tho administra- 1
rion of justice, is what he saw among tho pro- )
vost marshals, and other military officers ; 1
excellent for tho discipline of an army, but <
perhaps not altogether compatible with the <
modern notions of civil rights. I heard many ]
eases in point. One must suffico hero. A ne- <
gro was brought UD before a colored magie- I
trate charged with cotton stealing. The guilt i
was proved, tho offenoi) admitted, and the ac- <
cuaed ordered to make restitution. As thc cot?
ton, however, was sold, tho magistrate ordered I
tho thief to bo fined twenty dollars in lieu. This <
be was quito willing to do, but only <
had ten dollars. However, he said, another 1
ucgro in thu same village owed him ten dollars, l
which, if tho magistrate could collsct, would 1
make the twenty aoliars. Tue magistrate at
once ordered tho arrest of tho said negro who j
owed, or was alleged to owo, the first named
ton dollars, and obliged him then and thoro to 1
produce ten dollars, or go to jail. Tho money i
was paid and (ho matter adjusted, This is i
primitive aud summary justico-reminding '
ono of thc wiy they do tbiugs in Ubina and j
Tho tax executions aro anotbor featuro of i
tho "new order of things," very unpalatable to I
Mr. Freodman. I have hoard of eases whore ?
tho polt tax. originally only ono dollar, came ]
with costs to amount to four dollars and '
eighty conts; and these colored and Bepubli- I
can sheriffs inako short work with the treed- I
men in their executions. However, 1 suppose i
it will bo all right one of these dava. Nd des?
TUE HLUE RIDGE RAILROAD.
Tho Columbia Phoenix of yesterday baa tho i
following encouraging paragraph iu relation to 1
the Bluo Ridge Railroad : j
We leam that a full report by Colonel James (
P. Low, Chief Engineer of the Bluo Ridge i
Railroad, of his recent reeomioissauoo of the ;
line ot tho road from Walhalla to tho Rabuu i
Gap, has beeu ruccivud by Goueral Harrison, (
tho President of tho Company. Wo aro glad t
lo karn that tho deterioration of the ro ici-bed <
ima bridges, which it was apprehended would i
bo considerable, from tho loug interval j
siuco work was suspended, ia pronounc- <
ed comparatively trivial, in consequence t
ol the substantial character of the work
originally, and tho statement ia officially y
mudo, that tho lino from Walhalla to Rabun ]
Gap (the tunnels iuclu lcd) can bo com- i
pletedin twenty months from tho timo that j
aperations are resumed. Colonol Lowo pro- y
poses at once to commence tho resurvey of tho t
line, with on effective foroe of assistants, and |
expects to have the working estimates ready ?
for the contractors in tho early part of April; i
so that theio are reasonable hopos for the com- t
ploiion of the road from Anderson to thc Rabuu t
Jap by the :uonth of December, 1870. As j
dearly all du difficulties on tho route to Knox- t
rilio are comprised within this emotion, andas \
tho rem linder ot it ia of easy construction, we i
jan all rd to congratulate our readers on tho ?
?aily termination of this work, whtch will t
make South Carolint thc thoroughfare, and t
Charleston tho outlet, of the lmmcuso produc- t
tiona ot the mighty West. >
-?i ? . ? . j
TUE SPARTAN lt URO ANO Ali HE VILLE <
Tho Columbia Pbo.iix publishes the follow?
ing letter explanatory ol' tho msrits of tho I
proposed extension ol the 3partuuburg and J
Union Railroad : (
Wo see that a bill bas boon introduced iu tho \
Legislature of tins Stato to ai l in tho -jxten 1
?iou of the Sparta ?burg an i Union Railroad. 'J
?juth Carolina would soon be io a very pros- i
icrous condition, il her sea-ports were con- <
iected*bya central, air-lino road, wi, h tiio ti
States ol North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky c
iud Ohio. Freight will necessarily fineta trans- t
t over thc. shortest and most direct route lo t
.ho ocean, and from such, wuen established, s
here will be no diversion. Take a thread a
md strotch it from Charleston to Cumber- ?
an I (jap, on tho map. anti seo how closely it t
ipDroxim ;ics Columbia, Alston. Uni'>u, Spar- c
tanburg. Butt Mountain Gap, Flat Rock, Hon- c
lersou. Asheville, Paint Hock and Morristown, t
l'ho road from Morristown, Tennessee, to i
['uint Rock is finished and now in operation, I
.xcect a milo or so, and from Pi/int ROCH lo i
kshevilie, N. C., is bein? constructed, and is ?
imply provided tor. Last week the North ?
Carolina Legislature appropriated $4.000 OOO t
for the extension of tho Wilmington aud Ruth- ;
ilford Riilioad to Ashovillo, fl. C. I'hi3 road c
tv if 1 certainly pass through the Butt Mountain E
Sip via Hondersonville, lo Asheville, N. C. (
I he North Carolina Central Hoad, from Salis- t
bury via Morgauton, to Ashevi?e, N. C., is 1
finished for the greater part of the way, and is
expected to be completed in two years. Thus
it will be seen that Wilmington and Beaufort,
N. C., are extending their arms to grasp the
rich Blores of the West, and surrounding this
State with channels of trade intended to draw
off tho freight, which of right should come to
our own sea-ports. They propose to profit by
the example of Baltimore, in building the
Baltimore and Ohio'Bailroad, which has proved
of incalculable advantage to that city. >
Now, lot as seo how the case stands. The
roads from Agaville, N. C., to Louisville Ky.,
are either finished or in course of construction.
From Spartanborg to Charleston, 8. C., the
road is in operation, leaving a gap of seventy
four milos to build between Spartanburg, 8.
C., and Asheville, N. 0. This route has boen
surveyed bv one of tho best engineers of the
country, and estimated to cost, when finished,
$1,380 OOO. But il the Wilmington and Ruther?
ford Road is finished, which now seems a
certainty, there will tuen romain only thirty
five miles of road, easy of construction, to be
built in order tu mike th? connection with the
North wost.. The difieren c 3 of distance, in favor
of tb is route, between Louisville Ey., and
Charleston, S. C., over that via Nashville,
Chattanooga and Atlanta, is one hundred and
fifty-nine miles. As between Louisville o,nd
Savannah, Nash viii Chattanooga and Atlan?
ta, the difference of distance in favor of the
Spartanburg route is ooe hundred and forty
throe miles. Asheville is nearer to Charles?
ton by this route than to Beaufort, N. C., by
ino hundred and nineteen mdes, and nearer
to Charleston than to Wilmington, N. C., by
ibout thirty-three miles. Besides, Wilming?
ton is some distance from the ocean.
But the State is not asked to appropriate a
lollar, only to lend her credit to a road as it
advances, and is built ready for use. That
such a road, passing throueh tho centre of the
State, by the capitol to tho sea-ports-with its
carious connections at Asheville, the immense
freights in store for it in tho West-may not be
ible to pay tbe im arest on its bonds, we think
too absurd te attempt to refute.
HINTS ON AQUICULTURE.
Large and Small Farms.
It is a common practice of agricultural writ?
ers and speakers to declaim against and to de?
pr?calo the cultivation of large estates. Amer?
ican farmers are characterized as having a
thirst for land, of adding acre to acre, and farm
to farm, of "running over their lands'- with a
wasteful, careless cultivation, which yields
scanty crops at large comparative expense.
They aro accused of "hankering for the owner?
ship of land," which, once possessed, is either
ruined or loft in idiCLioss. On the other hand,
?hey speak in glowing terms ot the "small farm,
well tilled;" descaut upon its large crops
per acre, and the quiet, comfort, happiness,
ind prosperity of tho owner. The largo farm
3i' is assured that if ho will "sell half his
and. tho crops of the remainder will fill as
arge barns as what he now gets from tho
ivholc." Their manner of stating the caso is
mob as to convoy thc idea that the land is the
:auB0 of the mischief deprecated, or that a
ario number of acres predisposes te shiftless
management, aud injudicious or imperfect
Motivation. There aro many reasons why I
lissent from this idea. The principal one*is,
t>ecauso I find, by a somewhat extended obser?
vation, in difieren! parts of the country, away
from tho uifluonees and special advantages of
scarness to town and city markets, that there
iro moro small farms, in proportion to the
?rholo number, that present evidences of ueg
cct and bad cultivation, than there are large
mes; more proofs of a Avant of enterprise
md interest in the farm, and of a dosire to find
it ncr means of employment among small
farmers than largo. AB a general mle, small
'armers complain that they do, and caa do, but
ittle, because thoy have little to do with,
rhey cannot rear stock for want of suitable
pasturage. They cannot cultivate their farms
is they should for want of proper teams. They
:anuot support goo'l fences, from tho want of
imber to build with. The reasons given by
his class ot farmers, in extenuation of their
ihiftlcse ways, are without number, but they
ill cud in about this : "Nothing can be done,
tor there is nothing to do with.*' It must be
ldmitted that too many of our large tarma
rive indications ef a want of thorough propor
cultivation, aud that there is an apparent len?
iency to nogloci advantages at hand lo im
ircvo thom, to increase their crops, and bet?
ter tho condition of tho ownor. As a general
:hing, howovor, their appearance indicates
nore of thrift and proper cultivation than
Tho trouble, in all this imperfect farming, is
not the quantity of land, but is ono whieh lies
leeper and moro inaccessible than the subsoil
pf the farms. lu mjst cases, if those large
landowners were transferred to small farms,
their method of operation would not be im?
proved, but, on tho other hand, would grow
worse, for one of thereat stimulants to enter?
prise aud ira pro verne ut would be taken away.
The fact is, farming, Uko commerce, manufac?
turing, or mechanics, is a business pursuit, and
should be conducted on the same gcnoral busi?
ness principles. If those principles are con?
stantly and thoroughly adhered te, m all trans?
actions, lar JO or small, success is sure to follow.
To persistently depart from them, even if tho
scale of business is small, will result in failure.
Still, men can be found in great numbera, in
nearly every pursuit, who seem to act on the
principle that tho amount of business done is
tbe criteriou of success to themselves, and in
the opinion ol' the community, aud not the
manner of doing it. Merchants, manufactur?
ers, and farmers alike, fall into this error.
With the former, financial ruin is the result;
willi tho latter, poor orops, impoverished fields,
ind general deterioration. Tho natural capa?
city and trained uitelligonco of tho individual
no tho standard of tho amount ot business ho
".au perform well and profitably. Tno men
tro nut very numerous wno have tho talent to
prganizo and systematize extended business
jperatious, iu select, with sure discrimination,
their needed special agents, and to direct ami
control all tho minuto dot ails tn attontion to
ivhich lio tho olemeuts of success. There aro
Stewarts in cummerco, and struwns in agricul
ure, hut every mun cannot bo cither tho one
tr tho other; ..nd most who atlempt it, or even
step beyond the hinits of their natural ur ac
iwrcd business capacity, will bo very likely to
leglcct the cssontial priuciplcs ot success, and
.'all. At tho samo time, ellon in a less extend?
ed field of operations would bj rewarded with
This is the cause why some do not succeel
veil who atlempt to cultivate a largo tract of
aud. But other things being equal, up to thc
ncasuro of the capacity of the individual, th.*
nore hud the farmer cultivates the greater
viii bo his prosperity aud comtorl, and his per
lent, of profit nu th-j capital invested. These
principles apply to the individual, but there
uro cogent reasons of a general na; ure which
nclinemcto favor huve farms, and to consider
hom a natural American characteristic. The
ipirit and genius of our iusututions and noo
)leinclino te stimulato thom to grand aud ex
ended operations. As compared with tho Old
iVoiid, everything hero is ou a large scale, and
uh scupe is lound fur tho development of tho
nust untiring energy and most active and ex
ensivc enterprise. Our pepple take inspira?
ron from their surroundings, and tho con?
cious aa->urauco thal no arbitrary power will
rrest irum them tho results ot their labor.
Su ono dreams Dr it moment of curtailing or
meeking these business aspirations in other
mrsuits, and shall agriculture, the most iin?
juriant ol ail, bu dwarfed aud conduct tea
arro iv sphere ?
Wu havo au unlimited extent of laud, a
argo purl ion of it ofioiuarkible fertility, aud,
?unipared with it, a spar.su population. Amen?
ai! i genius has developed and mado ready to
IUI hu nd every soi l of agr.culttiral machinery
rbcrebyour power to eui irate our acres and
larvcst their products ia increased many tuld.
I h: whole ul uar va.it territory is threaded and
uicriaced with ra hoad and water communl
utiou, so that the products of our iu >st remote
ind ?ecluded sections have quick, cheap, and
?asy communication io the city und seaboard
nuits of tradu lor a profitable market. Is
hero anything in the nature or circum
itancca ol this pursuit which prevents it from
trailing itself ut theso natural and artificial
idvautugcs tu bo conducted on a sea o as ex
onded and profitable as other pursuits? It
?anuos oe; and tu enable us to see it more
hearty in this light, let us examine some ol
ho disadvantages und drawbacks ot tannins
A a small way. lu tho eas torn and older
mr lions of the country, and iu different local
riOd iu that section, tue farms that are called
mall usually contain from twenty-five to
?fly acres, and largo lunns from fifty to two
mildred. This clarification excludes those
Wots of lind near tko cit es. that are used ex
husivcly for gardening purposes. On these
imall farms tho system ot cultivation and thc
tropa grown aro siinilur, if not identical, with
Lo system and crops ol' tho large larras, only
eas ia extent. To this course of cropping the
smaii iarmur ?a umT vj wibo ^ tumm
stances. The person who cultivates thirty or
' forty acree in grass, grain, roots, or to special
crops, and keeps the animals to consume his
projnots, finds he needs, for success io his hu?
smeas, identically the outfit in machines, im?
plements and tools as the man who has a
farm of one hundred and fifty acres. Although
he hos not half so much for them to do, and
cannot make them earn him half so much as
they would the large farmer, he cannot get on
without, and must havo his mowing-machine,
horse-rake, tedder, and horse-fork. He needs
the same ploughs in kind and number, the same
cultivators and harrows, and the same variety,
but perhaps a little less in number, of all the
numberless hand tools of the farm. Thus our
email farmer finds himself compelled to in?
vest as fixed, but very perishable capital,
nearly as much as bis neighbor who carries
on three times his number of acres. In the
matter ot team, he is in precisely the same con?
dition. Ho can hardly orford to keep a pair
of horses for farm work, but in the busy sea?
son of tho year, when his work most be done,
if done at all. everybody is more than busy
it is impossible to hire. Necessity, therefore,
compels bim to buy and own a team, though
it be idle one-third of the year. The capital
invested in this rapidly deteriorates, and it is
a yeariy expense which necosaity alone will
It may be said, such a man can exchange
team and borrow tools and machines, but that
is generally out of the question; but if it could
be done, is a practice which, for many reasons,
is utterly abominable, and should be always
condemned. But his extra, expense per cent,
on bis capital invested in land does not end
here. Ho cannot with his extent of acres af?
ford to hire tbe help necessary to perform
many kinds of work to advantage, as it would
be idle or unprofitably employed much of the
time: therefore he performs much work at a
disadvantage, and loses thereby. He has one
third as much atock of tho different kinds, and
one-third tho amount of products to market,
as the person tilling the large farm, but yet
it costs him nearly as much in thought, care
and attention, nearly as much to tend and
watch bis stock, to guard them from evil, and
promote their comfort, and nearly as much to
seek his market and sell his products.
These, and many other perplexing disadvan?
tages, ore inseparably connected with farm?
ing in a small way, and . ure a tax OD the
patience and oom fort of the farmer, and the
income of the farm, which the large farmer
avoids. I, therefore, am brought to the in?
evitable conclusion that np to our individual
business capacity, tho larger the farm the
greater is tho per cent, of profit oe the capi?
tal invested, and the higher the compensation
for the thought, care and labor bestowed.
Tho point to bo aimed at is, to do thoroughly
and well all we undertake to do, and to under?
take no more than we ?an reasonably expect
to perform, for those are the roal clements of
success in all business. The mau who in that
manner can do a business of fifty thousand
dollars annually, is better off than if be do
one-half of that amount ; and tho farmer who
eau care for two hundred or moro acres in that
manner is the better and more successful for
it, and should be encouraged to go on to his
best capacity. Tho tirade against land is use?
less. Most men w.ll fellow their instincts
instincts engendered by national and surround?
ing influences-to own all the land they cae
buy. Therefore, the true field of labor ot those
who attempt to influence public opinion and
pnvate action in tb s matter, who desire to.see
great improvement in agriculture, and greater
profits accruing to it, is to point out clearly tbe
principles which underlie agriculture as a busi?
ness, and urge over and over, line upon line,
piecopt upon precept, that they be adhered to
-arge to complete thorough cultivation and
fertilization of evory acre farmed-urge to con?
stant, exact attontion and personal supervision
of nil tho minute details which are the elements
of success, and to own no more land, and to do
no moro business, than can be done i u the most
thorough and complete manner, and to 'own as
much and 'do as much as oan be thus performed.
[Hearth and Home.
CURIOUS DISCOVERS IN MEDICINE.-Dr. Hum?
boldt, nephew to the lato illustrious German,
in his practice at Havana, has ascertained that
the pogson of the scorpion ti ihe is a remedy for
yellow fever. Ho inoculated two thousand
four hundred and seventy-eight men of the
military and naval g.rrison; six huudred and
seventy-six afterwi ie caught the fever, or
whom no more thin sixteen died. A distin?
guished Frenchma 1 M. DeGasperin, having
heard of those iaot < < ?ted by one Dr. Dcsmar
tis. communicated to him a fact in his own ex?
perience. He had long been afflicted with
rheumatism, which kept him almost constant?
ly infirm. One day, in picking up a haudful of
weeds in his garden, he was stung by a wasp
ou the wrist. The arm swelled, bat the rheu?
matic pain disappeared. Seeing thia result,
he causod himself to be stung the next day
along tho seat of pain in his leg, and was again
delivered from suffering and able to walk with
ease. This happened turco years ago, and
every subsequent reappearance of the malady
has been cured by a similar means; and byt a
wasp sting on the neck of M. DeGasperin, an
attack of broncbilis was overcome.
PRINTING XN NEW YORK.-Tho employing
printers heida meeting at tho Astor House ID
New York on Friday. A scale of prices for
i"ob-work was read and adoptod. Mias Susan
i. Anthony addressed tho meeting on the sub?
ject ot teaching thc printer's art to girls. The
following is tho scale of prices : English and
German, common .matter, reprint, solid, forty
seven cents; leaded, forty-four conts; manu?
script, solid, fifty cents; leaded, forty-seven
conts. Latin, common matter, reprint, solid,
fifty cenfs; leaded, forty-seven cents; manu?
script., solid, fifty-eight cents; loaded, fifty
fivo cents. French, Spanish, Italian or
Portuguese, reprint, solid, fifty-two cents;
foaded, forty-nine coots; manuscript, solid,
sixty cents; leaded, fifty-seven cents. All
tho matter loaded with a thinner lead
than eight to pica shall rato as solid.
When compositors shall make up t icir own
matter thoy shall bo entitled to three cents
additional on tho above prices, and shall un?
load and clear away their own matter.
_/mc jUti. _ _
QUfINBY'S & CO/S PHOTOGRAPH AND
FINE ART GALLE HY.
NOW ON EXHIBlllUN lHi LA ml EST AND
fluent Collection of CH KO il O LITHOGRAPHS ever
?een in Charleston. They uro perfect copies of cel?
ebrated Works of Art, both ancient -ind modern.
Amoua the collection may ha found SALVA!OB
Hus A'S li LAD CV CHRIS j, Correy's Magdalene,
A. Delacroix's Tide Coins Oat, A. Delacroix's Tide
Coining Ia, l'nruer'n Venice, Jackson's English
Scenery, Rowbottom'* English Scenery, Baxter's
English and Iri.h scenery, Views on the Rhiue, '1 he
Jung fraud, Ihe Wetterhorn, Marine Views, and
lue public are respectfully invited to call and see
thcBo beautiful Works ol Art Thoy are offered for
sale at New York prices.
Great reduction in the proo PUBO?LAIN PIC
1 URL'S. Recent improvements ui producing theoe
pictures enable ita to now offer the at nearly one
half tho former prices, and las tupe. or. Call and
OUR CARTES DE VISITE AND OTHER
PLAIN PHOTOGRAPHS ARE UNSUR?
E-pfwial attention given to children. Also to copy,
ins old Daguerreotypes and otl.er pictures. Saiistac
lion iu allou?e? guaranteed, auU at prices to correa
pona with thc times.
OTHER PilOTOGRAPHS OF CHARLESTON,
PORT SUMTER AND MAGNOLIA
At lteduced Prices.
A fine collection of
STEREOSCOPIC VIEWS OF THE MOUN?
TAINS IN NOR i H CA UOLINA AND THE
FRENCH BROAD RIVER.
These aro the first and oaiy Photographs ever taken
in that locality.
Q, IJ I M B Y M V UM
No. 261 EI-MG-STREET,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
November 12 Sinos
rjtflE B VU\ WE LL SBATtaiKJi,
ESTABLISHED IN 1832.
Published at Barnwell Courthouse, and circulates
in Barnwell, Beaufort, U.-lleton and btdge?VId.
Term* as reasonable as any naper in the ?itutc.
E. A. DRONsON.-Proprietor.
WALKER, EVANS t COGSWELL, Agent* io
Charleston. " Imo January li
TWO VESSELS, 3100 TO 0600 BARBELS
capacity, for United Kingdom or Conti?
Two vessels to load lamber for Portland.
Five Teasels to load lumber for Sou?h Amerioan
One vessel to load lumber for Philadelphia.
One vessel to load lamber for Bal amore.
One vessel to load lom bar for North Side Cuba.
One vessel to load lumber for Antigua.
BISLLY t CREIGHTON',
February 1 Accommodation Whait -
THE NEW AND STRICTLY Al SPAN?
ISH Ship PEDBO " 1'L AN DO LIT, AXZN
OVAX. MOB Ur, haring two-thirds of her car?
eo engaged and POIDR on board, will load
with dispatch for the above port
For further Freight engagements, apply to
W. P. HALL,
January 29 10 Brown * Clo.'* Wharf.
THE FIRST OLA-S DANISH BARK
^KAMMA FONDER, KBO?B Master, having
>part of cargo engaged, will havadii? tach.
? For Freight enaagaments apply to
WILLIS * OUlbOLH,
January 8 Imo S?rth Atlantis Wharf.
EXCURSIONS AROUND THE HARBOR,
THE FINE. FAST SAILING' AHB COM?
FORTABLY appointed Yacht BLSANOB .
will resumo her trip * to historie points in
the harbor, and will leave Government
Wharf daily at Ten A. M. and Three P. M.
Foi Passage apply to 1 HOM A i YOUNG,
December 18 8mo Captain, on board.
AND LIVERPOOL STEAMSHIP
THE FIB-T-CLAS8 IRON 80BEW
'Steamfhip GOLDEN HORN, R. J.
a Br. i rm .TH Commander, ls now ready
. to receive freight for the above po rt.
For Freight engagements apply to
ROBT. MURE k CO.,
January 29_8_Boyce's Wharf.
FOR NEW YORK.
THE STEAMSHIP CHARLES
'TON, having been detained by
* stormy, weather, will sail THIS DAT ,
?at ll o'clocV A. M. precisely.
JAMES ADGER k OO.,
February* 1 , Agenta.
. FOR NKW YORK.
REGULAS LINE EVERT THURSDAY,
PASSAGE REDUCED TO il?.
1HE STEAMSHIP SARAGOSSA,
'Captain C. Rvs xs, will leave Van
'derborst'a Wharf on FBTSAT, Febru
?ary 6th, at ll o'clock A M.
RAVEN EL k co.. Agents.
^yC-S^oMi THE STEAMSHIP PBOMBTHE*
..^?iy^S US, Captain A. B. GEAY, will leave
s^^MI^if1 North Atlantic Wharf tor Patladal
T aWMlii phln nnTmrmrnT thn I n instant,
at 1 o'clock P. IL
For Freight apply to
JOHN k THEO. GfcTTY,
January 30 > North Atlantic Wharf.
Tit AV I'J L k, Its PASSING THROUGH
CHARLESTON EN ROUTE IO FLORIDA, AIKEN
- ., And other places, should not fat
-jy&sPfP&R. to l?y In their supplies of PROYIS -
?^Umm* IQNS, CLAREIS,.CHAMPAGNES
Z^gt^Sis^L. CORDIALS, BRANDIES, WHIS
KIES, WINES. CANNED MEATS, 60UP8, Ac.
Patea of Wild Game, Deviled Entremets, Ham,.
T?rke-, Lobster, etc., for Luncheons, nand Wiehes,
Travelers' Repast, Icc.
jBjF-Send for a catalogue.
WM. S. COBWrN k CO.,
No. 276 Kina-street,
Between Wentworth and Beaafain,
Charleston, R. C.
Branch of No. 900 Broadway, corner 20th street,
. New York._Octo?er28
PACIFIC MAIL. STEAMSHIP CODIFY'*?
THEO UGH Idbm TO
CALIFORNIA, CHINA ANS JAPAN.
FREIGHT AND PASSAGE AT ORB AT LT RS
DUC ED RATES!
SI KAM LBS OF THE ABOV*
Une leave Pier No. 12, North River,
'JogRf?B?P foot of Canal-atreet, New York, a
raS&BS&Zhm 12 o'clock noon, of the 1st, 9th, lat?
and 21th of every month (except when these datet
fall on Sunday, then the Saturday preceding).
Departure of lat and 21th connect at Panama wiri
steamer? for South Pacific and Centra] A m eric? r
ports. Those of let touch at Manzanillo.
Departure of 9th ot each month connecta witt
the new steam line from Panama to Australia ax?
Steamship JAPAN leaves San Francisco fer Chi?
ra and Japan February 1, 1869.
No California steamers touch?t Havana, but gc
direct from New York to AapinwalL
One hundred poinds baggage free to each ad ult.
Medicine and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets or farther information aio.ly
at the COMPANY'S TICKET OFFICE, on Ute wharf
foot of Canal-street, North River, New York. '
March ll_lyr_F. B, BABY, Agent
FOR GEORGETOWN, S. C.,
AND LANDINGS ON THE PEEDEE RIVER.
.?IT-?a? THE STEAtfER' EMILIE, CAPT.
J5?2?a?5C Is^c DAVIS, will nceire Freight
Tma Day at South Commercial Wbar<?, and leave aa
above To-Monsow (Friday) Mu UN mo, bth instant, at
Returning, " will leave Georgetown on MONT?T
MOUSING, 8th instant.
Freight for Landings on the Tendee River will be
transferred ta Steamer GEN. MANIGAULT, at
All Freight prepaid.
No Freight received after sunset
SHACKELFOBD Ai KELLY, Agents,
February 1_1_No. 1 Boyera wharf.
FOR BRUNSWICK, OA
r -TTP^W THE STEAMER -DICTATOR,"
?S??a^SC Captain L, M. Cox EXT ER, will touch
at this point every Wednesday, lea vug savannah at
Nine A. M., and on her return trip will touch there
on Saturday Afternoon, arriving bick at Savannah
on Sunday Morning. J. D. AIKEN k CO.,
November 21 Agents.
THROUGH TICKETS TO FLORIDA.
CHARLESTON ANDb?VANNAH ST?AM PAOKET
LINE, VIA EDI8TO, ROCKVILLE, BKA?rORT
AND HILTON Ht AD.
\ CONNXCTI^O WITH
THE ATLANTIC AND GULF RAILROAD AND
CONNECTIONS FOR ALL POINTS IN
*? - ?-nr^*>> TBE i l>E, FAST STEAMER
??H?i5?? rrLOT BOY. l aptu.u ~EN-N PECK, will
leave Charleston rn MORTAT aud 1 HUSSDAT Moult
mos at Eight ?'clock Returning, will leave -avannah
ISSSTAT MOONENOS at Habt o'clock, and FBITAT
ArriEsooN at Two o'clock, touching it Kdisto on
J HCBSDAY. trip from Charleston, at Kl o ven A. M.,
aud leaving Eoisto at Niue A. M, SATUSDAXS, on re?
The steamer will touch at Bluffton and Oblsolm'B,
each way, everv two weeks, commencing with trip
ol' January 21st. and at Rockville every THUBSTAX. J
For Freight or Passage upply to
JOHN FLRGBSON, -qt;
January ll Ac comm dation Wharf,
FOR FA LAT K A. F L.OK I DA,
VIA SAVANNAH, FERNANDINA AND JACKSON
- .?rTr??l>. THE FTBM*-CAS8 STEAMER
Js?mSBSSCDICTATOR, Captain L. M. ^OXXTTEB,
wiri Bail irom Charleston ever Iwesaag Evening, at
Eight o'clock, lor the above pointa.
The first-class Steamer CITY POINT, Captain Wv.
T. MCNELTT, will ? ail from charleston every Satur?
day Evening, a* Eight o'clock, lor above points.
Cennechdg with th" Centra] Railroad at wannan
for Mobile and Ne-? Orleans, and. with the Honda
Railroad ut Fernaudina for Cedar Keys, at which
point si earners connect with New Orleans, Mobile,
Pensaco'a. Key West and ii-vana.
IhrouL'h Bills Ladin? given for Fralsht to Mobile,
Pensacola und New Orleans.
Both steamers connecting tc Uh H S. Hort's steam?
ers Oclaicalia and Griffin f.r Silver Springs and Lakes,
Griffin, Eustis, liar ris and Durham.
All IMffli! I'lyaule un the wharf.
Goori* not removed at snnse' wi>l bs stored at risk
a::d expruse ot owners.
For Freight or Passage cntragemei t, apply to
J. I). AlKLN ai V"., .-(K-ute,
.ontb Atlantic vi barf.
N. B.-No extra charge for Meals aud staterooms ,
Steamer iMty Point will touch at St Mary's, Geo.'
going aud returning each week.
J T . Il U M P ll lt E V 3 ,
BROKER, AUCTIONEER AND COllMi
SALES OF BFAL ESTATE. MOCKS. BOM-?, SE
C?RI1IE-- AND P R>0NA1. PROPHETS
AIT ENDED TO.
yo. a 7 BROAD-STKEKT,
CHABLIS CON, S. 0.
Hon. HF>TRT CCI<T, W. J. MAGRATH, ?*q.r
General JAMFS CONNER, T. B. WARING, t,q.