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VOLUME VII.-NUMBER 1078. CHARLESTON, S. C., THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY ll, 1869._SIX DOLLARS PER ANNUM
PRESIDENT GRANT'S ELRST MES?
CONGRESS INVITED TO LEGISLATE FOR VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON, April 7.-Tue following mess?
age from ?he President was received by Con?
gress at i o'clock: this afternoon :
To the Senate and Souse of Rtj, -ntatives :
While I am aware that the time in whiah
Congress proposes now to remain in session is
very brief, and that it is 'ta desire, as far as is
consistent with tho public interest to avoid en?
tering upon the general business of legislation,
there is one subject which concerns so deeply
the' welfare of the country, that I deem it my
duty to bring it before yon. I have no doubt
that you will concur with me in the opin?
ion that it is desirable to reetore the States
which were engaged in the rebellion to their
proper relations to tho government and tb o
country, at as early a period as the people of
those States ahall bo found willing to
become peacefnl and orderly communities,
anal to adopt and maintain such constitutions
and laws as will effectually secure the civil
and political rights of all persons within their
borders. The authority of the United States,
which has been vindicated and established hy
it j military power, must undoubtedly be as?
serted for the absolute protection of all its
citizens in the full enjoyment of the freedom
and security which is the object of a republi?
can government. Bat whenever the people of
a rebellious State are ready to enter, i i good
faith, upon the accomplishment of this object
in entire conformity with the constitutional
authority of Congress, it is certainly desirable
that all causes of irritation should be removed
as promptly as possible, that a more perfect
union may be established, and that tho coun?
try be restored to peace and prosperity.
- The convention of the people of Virginia,
which met in Richmond on Tuesday, Decem?
ber 3d, 1867, framed a constitution for that
State, wbich was adopted by the convention ou
the 17th of April, 1868, and I desire respectful?
ly to call the attention of Congress to the pro?
priety of providing by law for the holding of
an election in that Slate at some time during
the months of May and June next, under the
direction of the military commander of
the district, at which the question of
the adoption of that constitution shall
be submitted to the oitizens of the
State. And if this should seem desirable, I
would recommend that a separate vote be
taken upon such parts as may be thought ex?
pedient, and that at the same time, and under
the same authority, there shall be au^lection
for *t-ho officers provided under such constitu?
tion, and that tho constitution, or such parts
thereof as shall have been adopted by the peo?
ple, be submitted to Congress on the first Mon?
day of December next" for its consideration, so
that if the same is then approved tho necessary
steps will have been taken for thc restoration
of the State of Virginia to its proper relations
to the Union. i
I am led to make Ibis recommendation from 1
the confident hope and belief that the people 1
of that State aro now ready to co-oppratn win, i
the National, Government in bringing it again i
into such relations to the Union, as it onght, ?
as soon aa possible, to establish and maintain,
and to give to all its people those equal rights i
under the law which were asserted in tbe <
Declaration of Independence in the words of one i
of the most illustrious of its sons. 1
I desire also to ask the consid?ration of Con?
gress to tbe question whether there is not just <
ground for believing that the constitution
framed by a convention of tbe people of
Mississippi for that State, and oooe rejected,
might not be again submitted to the people of
that State in like manner and with the proba?
bility of the same result.
(Signed) . U. S. GRANT.
Washington, D. C., April7,1869.
WASHINGTON, April 7.-IN THE SENATE to?
day, the Chaplain prayed that the patriotic
arms of Cuba might be strengthened, and the
Isles of the Sea delivered from their oppres?
A bill was introduced punishing counter?
feiting trade marks; foreigners to be protected
A joint resolution was offered authorizing
the President to appoint a commission to report*
on the Ship Canal across the Isthmus of
The bill reorganizing the Judiciary passed
with several amendments, and goes back to
The discussion of the DcrScioncy Appropria?
tion bill was resumed. An amendment appro?
priating fifty thousand dollars for the improve?
ment of tbo month bf the Mississippi was lost,
and the bill passed.
TN THE HOUSE, the Indian Appropriation bill
passed, also the bill authorizing the bridging
of the Ohio Riv.-r at Padncah.
The "Butler-Rice" Georgia .11 was intro?
duced. Butler moved.the previous question,
which was not seconded, when a general de?
bate ensued. Bingham mado an elaborate
constitutional argument, in opposition to the
bill, when the House adjourned without.aoy
WASHINGTON, April 7.-The Senate has passed
tbe^Personal Disability bill.
The House has passed the Senate bill reviving
grants of land to Alabama with some amend?
ments; also, a resolution authorizing the Elec?
tion Committee io investigate the Louisiaaa
election daring the recess.
The friends of the Personal Disability bill
have little hopes of their success this session.
The negroes of the district have petioned for
uniform school privileges.
THE SING OF PORTUGAL REFUSES THE THRONS
MADRID, April 5.-Informal meetings of
members of the major'ty ji the Constituent
Cortes have resulted in a resolution to support
ex-King Fernando, of Portugal, for the throno
of Bpain. The Council of Ministers have also
decided to second the majority of the Cortes
in this determination, and a deputatict. -with
Don Salustina de Olazaga at its head, has gone
to Lisbon to invite King Fernando to accept
MADRID, April 7.-The PortugueS^mbossy
have been instructed ' to inform the Spanish
Government that Don Fernando positively re?
fais tho Spanish Crown.
" rSTFRISONJIENT FOR DEflT.
LON DO.., 'April 5,-^-ln the House of Com?
mons the bill for tho abolition of imprison?
ment for debt passed the eeeend reading.
THE MATAIS IE BA CES-THIRD DAY.
NEW ORLEANS, April 7_Sweepstakes, mile
heats, for two years old, that had never won.
Entrance $25, club pnr->o $300.
First race-Richard's chestnut filly-time,
3, 1, 1; Wilson's Jeff Jennings, by Lightning;
time-8, 3. 2; Kenner's Demi Monde, by
Whale; time-1, 2, 3 ; Lipscomb's Alf Winn,
by Melbourne, 4 ; distanced, 1. Time, 1:50?;
Second racu-Dash of four miles, for all ages
-purse $650. Privateer beat Agues Donovan
and Alf Winn; latter only running three miles.
Third race-Mile heats, for all ages-purse
$400. Little Mark, 1, I; Betty Bay, 2, 2.
Time-1:46| ; 1:454. Track and day fine; at?
SPARES FR OX THE WIRES.
The Georgia wheat crop is doing well.
The weather was cold in Savannah yester?
The North Carolina Legislature will probably
adjourn on Monday.
Wm. Stedman waa confirmed, yesterday, as
Consul at St. Jago, and Long as Coneul at
Josiah Turner, the editor of the Raleigh
Sentinel, was fired at on Tuesday night. No?
Admiral Hoff has been ordered to watch the
Peirnvian monitors as well as the expected ex?
pedition from New Orleans.
At the groat billiard contest in Montreal,
Dion beat Foster the third and deciding match,
the game closing-D:on 1200, and Foster 1115.
Spangler and Arnold, the so-ialled assassi?
nation conspirators, who were pardoned by
President Johnson, arrived at Baltimore on
JFJBOAT THE STATE CAFITAZ.
Sleeting of the Supreme Court-.1 n Im?
portant Order-The News and the Stat?
[TOOK OUR SPECIAL COB RESPONDENT. ]
COLUMBIA, S. C., April 6.-The Supreme
Court mot to-day, at 12 o'clock, in one of the
buildings of the University. Chief Jnstice
Moses and Associate Justice Willard were
present; Associate Justice Solomon L. H?ge
was absent, and will probably be BO the re?
mainder of this term. The judicial silk hes no
longer a charm for him.
The docket of the First Circuit was sounded;
no answers were made. It will be perempto?
rily called to morrow. The caso of James
Cosgrove vs. R. M. Batler. D. T. Corbin for
appellant, J. Phillips for appellee, will bc ar?
gued to-moirow. The court issued the follow?
ing interesting order : "Cases on the docKet
involving the validity of contracts for the salo
of slaves, will bo heard on tho 21st instant,
and taken up together." This order is subject
to exception by counsel interested.
The docket for this term is heavy-thero
being one hundred and. five cases-and the
court win, probably, be in session for the next
two months. The 25th instant is set apart for
:he final bearing between tho South Carolina '
Railrnnd and tho Pnlrimhi'o ?r>rl Inirnalo Unit. '
-oat!. The counsel fos. both roads are bore, i
ind are bard at work. <
The scathing editorial in yesterday's NEWS J
an H?ge must have had some effect. Chiaf t
Justice Moses ordered the Clerk to have tho, i
order, from which I have made an extract, J
published in the Courier, and not THE NEWS. 1
His Honor must fear he will bo similarly han?
dled. THE NEWS TB certainly not a favorite !
among the State officials.
Mr. C. D. Melton has been appointed tem- ;
por arv Judge of the Supreme Court, in the
case of Butler vs. Cosgrove, vic Judge Wil- j
The people of Columbia are glad to hear that
Mr. P. B. Glass will probably bo chief clerk,
under C. M. Wilder, the new postmaster. Mr.
Glass is a brother of our former postmaster,
and he bas the main qualities for such a posi?
tion-p*litencBS and dispatch. HAT.TTAT.
THE AUBE VILLE ENLISTMENTS.
State ot the District - How the Knlisx.
meats came A boat-What Guinn did
and Said-The Status Q,uo.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEV78.
ABBEVILLE COURTHOUSE, April 4, 18G0.-A
few words will explain the present condition of
the district and what has been done in regard
io the negro militia.
All went pretty well here from the time of
the election until Governor Scott's testimony
was given in the contested election between
Reed and H?ge. The Abbeville papers pub?
lished this testimony and denounced it in such
a way that it throw Scott into a transport of
passion, as we are informed. He at once at?
tempted to have the writ of habeas corpus sus?
pended. In that he failed, but he had a joint
resolution passed authorizing him to raise an
armed force tor the purposo of preserving the
This resolution we have never seen. It has
not been published as we are aware. Before,
however, we bad any idea of the resolution, or
knew what authority had been giveu, in ran
the negroes, flocking to a man hero who had
been "a constable" and is now "a magistrate"
by tho appointment of Governor Scott. TJpou
inquiry this man Guflln (as it is said) report?
ed that he had authority from Governor Scott
to raise a company of on? hundred men io
keep Abbecitle quiet. It is said that he had
enlisted about fifty negroes, (we have never
heard of his asking a white man to enlist) when
several gentlemen of the village expostulated
with bim, and hesaid.he confessed himself that
he thought it would have a bad effe ct,' and
he promised to ask Governor Scott to suspend
Hie order. I among others u-ged him to do
ibis. Since that time we baye not heard any?
thing about it. I have understood that Guftin
has declined' for ' the proeent thc services of
great numbers of negroes which have been
offered bim. Volunteers at $15 per month are
numerous. Tho thing see J.S tobe suspended
for the present, but I presume it will bo put
into operation before another dec ?on, to dra?
goon the unconquerableopposition of the pco
p'e of this couutry.
Verv trulv and sincerely your triona",
-Dr. Petermann, the eminent geographer
and orieinator of the first Germar, expedition
to the North pole, announces that a second ex?
pedition is to leave Bremerhaven m the first
week of June It will consist of two shipB, a
screw steamer of 120 tons and 30-horse power,
and a sailing yacht of 80 tons. Tho object of
this expodition, aa of the former one, is to in?
vestigate the polar regions along tho coast of
East ?reonland north of tho 75t,ii decree of
north latitude. It is to be provided with a
strong scientific staff, and to piwa the winter
in tho Arctic regions, 60 as to roturo by Octo?
Thc Address of Colonel Will-am h. Tren
holm. President of the Charleston
Board of Trade, on the Occasion of Its
Tbe third anniversary of tbe Cbarleston
Board of Trade was celebrated last night at
the Hibernian Hall, where, at the request of
the Board, an address was delivered by Colo?
nel W. L. Trenbolm, wLose tera of office as
President expired yesterday. Tbe dall was
filled, and a large number of ladies graced the
occasion with their presence. Upon the plat?
form were the newly elected President, vice
President, and officers of the Board of Trade,
and a number of prominent citizens.
After prayer by the Rev. Dr. Hicks, Colonel
Trenbolm then delivered the following address,
which was frequently interrupted by the hearty
applause of his audience :
Our native South, the "Land we love," finds
herself in new and unlooked-for times. Hor
tranquil and hapoy past waa rudely broken by
one of those epochs of which history is full
sudden revulsions in thc life of a people, when
that which is, terminates, and that which is to
Stich moments of tranlition, of brief revolu?
tion, are the landmarks of great eras; follow?
ing, one apon another, they aro the giant st- ps
by which nations mount to a high destiny;
they are never found upon the smooth descent
which leads to degradation; no serrated epochs
jar thc peaceful movement bf thc downward
How short a time ago d<>cs it seem that with
gav colon flattering in a lavonne breeze wo
sailed out from peace and affluence to dare the
storms of war. Like those ancient heroes,
wlo, seeking Eldorado, found America, we,
tempest-tossed and defeated, have been thrown
upon the unknown shores of a now world, and
all the hopes in which we embarked have been
shattered, and now lie stranded before our des?
It is not un nat ural that our minds should be
unsettled and our apprehensions excited; old
oracles aro silent; precedents cannot be ap?
plied; startling phenomena in government and
society present themselves; *7o fool wants that
we do not understand and cannot supply; we
are alarmed by portents which we are not able
To obtain a respite from these troubles by
thinking of tho past and dreaming of its res?
toration has been too tempting to bo resisted
by all; but it is no longer permitted to ns to
indulge in dreams, nor even to encamp beside
the old wrecks, which wa can never refit.
We moat advance to the exploration of what
lies before ns, and we should advance hope:
fully and confidently, for we stand before the
large opening of a new world, whose unmeas?
ured resources await our coming.
In our former state ne were often envied by
certain classes labroad for the tranquillity wo
enjoyed, but that state was nota healthy one.
It was a condition of intellectual and indus?
trial stagnation, in which the mind rests upon
axioms instead of grappling with problems,
the scope of aspiration becomes inverted and
the circle of enterprise is constantly growing
less. Nature and our predecessors made our
eircunstances easv; we were not indolent, but
Dur culture gave dignity to leisure, and when
we sought occup?t ira it was of a kind that
pleased our taste rather than of a kind com?
manded by utility.
La til ese characteristics wo stood apart from
the rest of the world, and being in other things
alienated from other branches ol tho English
speaking family, wo had fallen into a condition
)f morbid exclusiveness. We were averse io
contact with strangers; wo looked with suspi?
r?n and dislike upon immigration; wo wcro
?ven discouraged from travelling, and were
leginii ng to ?urn a.vay from currant litem
nre. _ ._.
nanity to occupy us at home; our coucoptions <
)f government were confined to what existed; t
mr political feeling was upon the side of a i
ithct constitution of written law, a rim J con- j
?et-vatism of all that was old; our simple faith \
ivould brook no scepticism as to the merit of j
shat was established; our declining tastes Rave
JO stimulus to iuvontioo; oui' narrowing enter- (
irises dispensed with the apiri of progress. j
Well was it for the South that tho voice of
ivar roused her from this fatal lethargy; seek- |
ing to avert the chauee of futnro change, our (
awn precaution was made by Providence the j
means of our rescue. By change alone could
we have been saved from decay; by change ;
alono could wo have been brought to the
threshold of the destiny now opening before us. 1
At tho epoch of the war the South bad ful?
filled all tho possibilities of her peculiar civili?
zation; she had reached tbe culmination of
ber development; sho bad accomplished the
ends of her existence; she hod filled the meas?
ure of her destiny.
It is no new thing in history for. a people to
live out more than one phase of civilization. The
genius of Egyptian labor, Grecian art, Roman
law, the honor of Mediaeval chivalry-have
each in turn flowered and passed away. It is
no reproach to our former state to say that it
was a state of maturity, J nat it was becoming
over-ripe and tending to decay; but io is a
source of congratulation that we have escaped
decay, and that we, even in our own time, are
able to see that our past has not been in vain.
We need not bo ashamed of our past; for
though tho world long ago condemned slavery
without understanding it, history will justly
record how difficult its duties were and how
faith fullly and successfully wo discharged
them. Half a century before the war, when
the slave trade ceased, tho South contained
less than a million souls ot the African race;
when the war occurred they had increased to
upwards of four millions. These four million
descendants of savages wore moro ot deriy and
moral than the same class in any other civil?
ized country, und they romain so up to the
presoni moment, notwithstanding thc tempta?
tions and privations of the war, tbe license of
sadden freedom and tho bad advice of political
agitators. They wore deeply imbued with the
principles of Christianity, insomuch that since
emancipation they have cheerfully davoted
their scanty earnings' ti tho building and
maintenance of churches and tho establish?
ment of charitable societies; their intellectual
powers were stimulated and improved as far
as they logically could bc in a condition of
slavory, and sufficiently developed to furnish a
stimulus for continued effort, and to consti?
tute tho basis of future improvement upon the <
part of the freedmen themselves.
Slavory was something moro than a contriv?
ance for consolidating labor with capital; it
was a discipline for both races, a school for the
formation of character. As tar as slavery and
our admiuistintiou of it aro amenable to moral
judgment, it must bc judged by its influence
up JU tbe maturity, aud not by its impression
upon the pupilage, of those whom (Jod placed
under its restraints.
Tho masters as well as the. slaves, tho whites
as well as thc blacks, learned many noble les?
sons iu lite at this discontinued school. Pro- .
vidonce and forecast for dopondcuta. indul?
gence of the woak, and au habitual conscious?
ness of responsibility upon thc part of those
invested with power-tho obligations ot honor,
tho forcoof character, thu power ol self-roli
anco, the sanctity of individual rights, the de?
va 'on of d'gnity above gain, of worth above
wealth, were all character ts tics which we had :i
right to be proud of, and which we sliould still
tenaciously cling io.
Outside our own limits, we exercised an in?
fluence for good, thc effect of which is con?
spicuous all over the Untied States. While
Nev Eugland was exploring communism
atxi dissipating personal identity und re?
sponsibility, tho South was p. i tooting the ide :1
ot' the individual. When thc groat Unod of
Democracy at thc North had obliterated ail
venerable Iandraarkaand levelled all society,
the South elevated still higher her ancien!
families and historic namr-s to point a contrast
winch Bbould abash tho levellers. When the
West was one human river, rolling over over
new soils and territories, retaining nothing,
preserving nothing, but pursuing all things,
until homo meant a camp and companionship
was an incumbrauce, the i?outh rusted tran?
quilly within her aucicnt borders, inhabited
still her ancestral mansions, and cultivated at?
tachment to the soil, repose and content?
It is not nccc3-ary to woigh tho value ot the I
contributions to tho now harmonizing national
character, which have been made hy thc differ?
ent sect.ons of onr common country, lielorc
the war we stood too widely opposed in all tho
relations ot lifo for all our various qualities to
er.tiibiuc, but now tho quick lutoilcot und fer?
tile invon?ion of thc Kast, the large aims and
broad cuit ure of the North, tho rostloss spiri:
i nl'boundli'ss ambition of the We?t, the cou
servative tenacity and intrepid courago oi
South, will all become interwoven, and
one substantial and well defined America:
Planted at the opposite polos of human
velopment, the North at the social cud
South ut the individual, our contrary sys
strained the bond of union and would hare
it asunder. One-half century ago tho si
ation would have been inevitable, but
characteristic of the present age is unifica
Wo Lave seen all the ancient principalit?
Italy brought together into a single nations
wo have seen the great Teutonic Fatherlan
stored to unity and a common destiny
hear from afar the murmur of pan-Sclav
aspirations ; we have seen the combined pi
of Europe invoked to keep down a little loi
the unconquerable yearnings of Grecian
sanguinity. Our late opposing sections,
have felt the hand of Providence constraii
us to draw closer together, and having in
past been severally spinning the web and
woof, we are to-day uniting them in the :
texture of a common and uniform uationa
At the North government and society I
been approximating the Southern type ; i
viduality has been emancipated from coom
ism, the rank license ot thought and soe
bas been restrained within tho bounds of
coram, propriety bas become more influ?e
than extravagance, and distinction is no Ion
conferred by wealth alone.
At the South similar and correlative chao
have turned tho current of our future
velopmoqf towards the Northern ideal. H
authority has been deprived" of its prerogat
personU distinction is being eclipsed by rep
sontative prominence, expediency shares
influence which used to belong io sentim
alone, reason is more consulted than usa
inducement is used rather than oompulsi
public advantage prevails over private pr?t
All tho clements of character and soci
which formerly were bent in one direction i
now straining in that which is the opposi
and yet tho one as much us thc other will bi
us onward in prosperity. When a ship, wh:
Becks ber port against an adverse wind, w
all her sails aslant, has now the utmost limit
her tack and turning sharp athwart her tom
course, hauls round her yards and spreads 1
canvass tor a changed caroer, tho seama
science knows that her progress is still (
ward; and so may we, if we look to princip!
and not appearances, bo assured that t
South is moving still onward to tbe haven
her hopes-whether her prow points norl
wardly or southwardly.
Much as we may rejoice in the evidence
general progr?s?, we are nevertheless not fi
from apprehension aa to the future of indivi
nal interests; we look back upon tho cru
communism of the North as we remember it
the past, and cling- still more fondly to tho pi
tection of our ancient safeguards. This
natural, but it is not altogether justified
reason-we ore approaching their civiueati
from tho opposite side to that at which th
entered it, we are moving to meet them, wo a
not following in their steps. When once the
currents shall have mingled, neither can flt
back to the point of its departure
Apart from reason and interest, many of i
are still held back by a sentiment which i
must respect,. but to which none ought
yield ; our destiny i3 not our own to make
mar as we like, bnt we must conform lo tl
requirements of our times and move to tl
cadence of the great march ct the world.
Tho feudal barons built lofty towers to abie
their tenants and their herds in lawless time
but now those empty strongholds st ind in pi
turesquo decay upon the hills that lot
down on tho peaceful Khi ne, untenan ted by mx
ar beaut, serving no purpose but to adorn tl
landscape, while on tho levol plains belo
x thousand humbler dwellings give tho shelli
ind security of home to a moro numerous ac
i happier people.
So it is with us. Our castled crags of ii
lividual?8in have become obsolete. Ho wh
still abides there chooses solitude and prou
JOjanry; thoso who descend tj the vineyard
iolow will find liberty and prosperity, peac
md companionship. - - ,
Let us not imagine that they who join thi
iestors whose effigies Bland in the niones c
bc ancient walls. The institutions, the law:
:he manners ol' tho past, subserved thoir pm
lose and fulfilled their destiny. God impuso
;hcm, God has changed them. "What is ma
;b at lie should contend with tho Almighty ?"
For us it is left only to explore our now cit
.umstauees, to discover thoir resources, ant
to appropriate their benefits.
To this task we must bnng courage and pt
dence, minds unfettered by prejudice, an
eyes undazzlod by authority; we most be ii
krepid enough to give offence to. ignorance
we must forget to defer to senility, we mue
leora to respect energy and to make usc c
youth. Let the young and the bravo lead ou
van' '.et the true and the wise direct our ooun
sela, let the infirm and the timid follow safe!
in the rear. Thus and thus only can wc ac
vance, thus and thus only can we achieve.
With common ends in view, and commo
objects to attain, our energies must bo united
and a common sentiment pervado our mindi
It is easy for men to bo combined under th
constraint of authority. The influence of po
si'ion, the prestige of fame, place a Bceptre ii
the hands of distinction by which unthinkinj
minds exe ewr.yed, and indolent disposition
directed. Such union constitutes the powe
of empire, it consolidates energy; it represse
selfishness. But this ia not the combinatioi
we should Beek to maintain-our new condi
tion must be a republic, or it will he nothing
no single mind eau solve its varied problems
no single character can prevail against its dil
hculties. The solid front of voluntary oombi
nation, the in esistiblo movemont of in tell i
gen ce freely masaed and understanding iti
aims, are the only forces that can avail agains
tue obstacles which habit has built up, o
which ignorance will thrust in Ibo way of tra
Look abroad upon tho world and contras
the two s vstems. Seo Asia stagnating and Con
tinental Europe wildly heaving under the powe
ot empire, while England has renewed tho dor;
of her history in the last groat triumph shi
has givon to public opinion. The vast g lo bi
itself is not too largo to bo lilied with thi
reverberation of England's mighty shout ai
tho statue of liberty is raised abovo the ancien
seat of unjust privil ;ge and- opprossive prero?
Governments and all social establishment!
derive their sanotion from their useful
noss; under tho common law of modern civiii
zitiou each may be summoned to tho bar o
the public opinion of tho world and put upot
thevindicatiou of its oxiatencc. Wewhohavt
learned only lately what it is to have a govern
men?- over us, in which for the moment wo cat
take no part, should feel tho utmost interest ic
tho sovereignty of the great public opinion o
civilized mankind. It is the only tribunal tc
which wo eau appeal, tho only po ver strong
enough to protect us.
Tho disabilities under whic'i tho South oneo
stood in that high court aro now removed; thu
werie! is growing moro just to our pnst, and is
warmly drawn to us iu sympathy for oar pres?
ent coudilion. To-day wo stand among thc
othor civilized communities of the world,
wearing thc court drees of free labor which
thj ago proscribes, no longer obliged to plead
our right to equality and respect.
'Tho presont. ago has brought all mankind
very near together; through tho rapidity of
communication it has multiplied the reciprocal
ties between distant communities, and has en?
larged thu interests which arc in common
among widely-spreading populations. Human?
ity Ivs become tue prevailing passion of our
time; the brotherhood ol man, which Christ
preached eighteen hundred years ago, is only
now being practically accepted by tho world
winch crucified Him. But now the world ?B
heartily in earnest; Christian charity has be?
come ?.ore universal than Christian faith, and
hbors of love arc moro abundant than prayerd
Wc >vho appreciate thc pest history o? tho
Southern people knov that in tho offices of
humanity they were entitled to rank with .auy
ocher community. WeVnow that tho Liomin
discipline of tho* plan taiiou was tempered with
patriarchal benevolence-that subordination
went bandin hand with familiar intimacy, and
thal courtesy was shown to ago, kowevcr hum?
ble, and respect accordod to morit, oven
in a slave. The time may come when
tho world will do us justice in these
Ulinga, and wo should boldly claim it
of the world, and not stultiry our pist
and embitter our futuro by suffering the
freedmen ot thc Sont h to bo persuado:! Hutt
they have suffered wrongs in tho past or are
likely lo bo defrauded of their nqhts in the
future. The obligations of honor and humani?
ty in which our childhood was educated s;ill
bind us to thc African race; tboj have still tho
claim upon U3 that weakness has upon
streiigtli, tba. ignorance his upou knowledge,
that want Las upton wealth. Their new rela?
tions to us h ire enlarged the area of our com?
mon interest?, Dolore, wo wore materially ?io
tereated in their physical and moral well-bei
only; POW we have a still more important
terest in their Intellectual improvement. Ho
ever premature and hazardous we may r iga
think tho enfranchisement of the negroes,
cannot fail to seo that it ia irrevocable. Wb
ever danger there may be, comes from thi
ignorance, not their malevolence, and th
ignorance may be enlightened. Education
not dependent upon schools, nor does it nt
e8sarily rest upon reading and writing-the
are best, but they are not essential, ai
meanwhile until these can be a?o:
ed, let us loso no opportunity of advisii
and encouraging these simple people
the difficulties and perplexities of their nt
responsibilities. We need not fear that tl
African race will ever impose its inferior ct
turo upon the Caucasian-when we voluntan
abandon the field, tbey may walk in and o
cupy it, if we should unwisely exclude the
from political association with ns, and ?ri
thom back upon themselves, they will fit
leaders of their own blood or of oars, and w
mako their influence foll; but if wo resume tl
personal influence of the past with them, ri
tam their affection and oontinue to deaen
their confidence, they will not be slow to lear
that what is our good is theirs, what bi inc
prosperity to us brings it to them, and that :
we are able to think better than they, so thc
will do well to listen to our counsel and sn;
port our measures. To gain their con fi dene
we need not soil onr hands with, intrigue nc
stoop to becomo sycophants; they have bee
si tidying us all their lives and know when w
are in earnest; our kindly aodsincere purpose
towards them will bo most apprnniatcd ?he
least demonstrative, and our ' own position j
sufficiently assured to make us absolutely Ire
to approach them frankly, unaffectedly and i
tho open light of day.
Such intoroourea is not inconsistent wit
cither the past or present relations of tho tw
races; it is in harmony with tho groat law o
Christian charity, and is plainly poiutod ou
by the most practical common sense. One
established it can never be again intorrAptec
because its benofits will bo too much appr?cia
ted ever to be resigned.
Let equal justice for all bo once fairly est?t
Libbed, let mistrust and suspicion be dispelloc
let law be Boated above politics, and truth an
justice preferred before party, and the fntnr
of tbe South becomes assured. -Then may w
widen tho basis of our prosperity, enlarg
the area of our enterprise, multiply the em
plot mon ts, the interests and the aspirations c
Nat are has Bet no limit to our development
the genial soil of the South would nourish a ver,
mucn larger population than that now inhabit
mg it ; our facilities for manufacture are abund
ant, our mineral res ou roos are almost un
touched, our harbors and rivers are eufiioien
for all the commerce of the Atlantic.
We need population and capital-the one wil
oom? if we open our doors ; the other will fol
low if we assure it of protection. Tbe tbirteei
Southern States, excluding Maryland and Dela
ware, contained in 1860 830,009 square mile:
and 11,500,000 of inhabitants, which is les
than fourteen to the square mile, if all th
South were as densely populated ai
South Carolina, it would contain nearly 24.000,
000 of inhabitants ; if it were as densely pee
pied as New England, the number ? oula bi
40,000,000 and over. That the population o
the South did not progress in the same ratio ai
that of other parts of tho United States, is no
torious. Our uorthern frontier, washed by thi
living tide which has flowed even up to thi
base of the ti ocky Mountains, bas been almos
a burrier to immigration. Between 1850 ant
18G0 the foreign born population of tho North
ern States increased 2,550,000-that of th<
Southern States only 325,000, or as eight to one
yet in 1860 at tho South, only ono acre in even
seven ?as " improved," while at tbe North oa<
in every five was improved. In Illinois formt
were worth on an average twenty dollars ai
acre, iu Alabama nine dollars an acre ; yet un
doubtedly at the South tho beet lands only in
each State were under cultivation.
lt ia trite to say that slavery was the cause
of thu diiforeneo, but few who aro ready wit!
this explanation have considered in what wav
slavery prevented immigration. It bas beer
Bpeakof 'tliri ' IMBLhatts'tJi ^LgaOM} WVWml*
supposed sentimental objections; but this it
uuphilosophical and untrue. Immigrants boc
certainly been taught, by the experience ol
those who had tried it, that the South was nol
the place for them, but the causes that exclud?
ed thom were physical and not moral; they
wore economic and not sentimental. They
arose not from any obloquy attaching to laboi
at the South, but from tbe fact taat here slave
ty mobilized the laboring population and en?
abled it to be massed together in large force,
to be rapidly moved from place to place, and tc
oecupy new and rich Boils just as soon as these
became accessible to immigrants.
Under ordinary circumstances, the native
population of a country is permanently seated:
attachment to tho soil and the ties of family re
tain it until its density beoomes excessive, and
emigration is embraced as the alternative tc
hopeless poverty. If such conditions had ob
tained at tbo South, or it slavery hero had not
been contemporaneous with the extraordinary
facilities for transmigration which the present
century has in trod aced, tho original slave
States wuuld probably have contained to-daj
the eleven millions which constitute the South?
ern population, and European immigration
ffould long since have filled up all
the rest of our present territory. Bul
when the whole intelligence of the South
was intent upon discovering tho best and rich?
est soils, its whole capital was available foi
their acquisition and its whole laboring popu?
lation ready to occupy them, tbe immigrant
found himself at a hopeless disadvantage
Alone, and without capital or credit, he came ii
compotition with the master of many slaves
Occupying tho poorer lands, he earned les?
and spent moro in living than the slave, foi
combina ion augments production and econo?
The mobility of our laboring population noi
only excluded immigrants from our new terri?
tory and prematurely diminished the laboriup
population of tho older Statos, but in these thc
slaves became massed together as the compe?
tition ol tho West came to be more and mon
felt. Thus -rofitable planting required large
capital ; small proprietors were at a disadvan?
tage. Free labor was too expensive for botb
laborer and employer, hence many wero forced
to emigrate ; and so extensive was th.g emigra
tion that thc census of 1860 showed that of the
white persons then living in the United States
who hud boon born in Bmth Carolina, 277,0CK
only remained at home, while 193,000 wert
permanently settled in other States. North
Carolina retained 631,000 and bad parted witt
272 000. Virginia retained 1,000,000 and hat
Bent off 400,000 of her native white population.
The same cause practically prohibited manu
factures, because manufactures aro moro de
pendent than agriculture, even, upon fixitj
of population. Cheapness of living, uniformi?
ty and regularity in tho supply of thc neces?
saries of Ufo, uro conditions which must bo ir
existence in every locality before manufactur?
ing becomes possible there. These conditions
cannot obtain where population is shifting,
nor will capital consent to permanent invest?
ment where values fluctuate with the move
monte of nomadic labor.
With the extinction of slavery tho South pre?
sents to immigration an entirely different as?
pect, um native population, no longer migra?
tory, is already bogiuniug to find the country
loo 'arge, and to conjecture how immigration
can be reconciled with conservatism. Ont
foreign-born citizens, fei in number, but in?
telligent and prosperous, aro earnestly and ac?
tively engaged in inviting thoir countrymen to
to try their fortunes hore, whiio the attitudo
towards immigration assumed by our newly
enfranchised classes reflects infinite credit
alike upon their good sense and their pa?
triotism, and onti les thom to participate,
throughout the future, in tho benefits of a
broa : and liberal public policy.
Lot us everywhere in thc South yiold to this
impulse of the limos. The great popular mind
lias fastened upon immigration us the foremost
mo i -ure of the day, and its ultimate triumph
admits of no question; but in many a private
oircto, in many an ancient coterie, doubts and
apprehensions aro si ill entertained. Many au
empty privilege-many a useless custom-thc
lumbering rubbish which eolhets in old com?
munities-niuy be boino away upon this vigo?
rous flood, Some venerable aud worthy relics,
too. may bo lost; but it is better to loose tho
relics o? antiquity than to moko no bequests to
posterity. The past did its duty and is dead;
bu - wo live upon its works. Let us likewise do
our duty, that our children may in turn livo
upon ours. ******
Fling wide your doors to immigration and
compel them to como in-not barbarians, '.o be
boasts of burden, but intelligent, thrifty, lib?
erty-loving mon, and healthy, industrious and
virtuous women. Welcome all alike, whether
they bo laborers or capitalists, artisans
or merchants. Establish just laws and
watch jealously over their impartial ad?
ministration; see that labor is assured ot its
earnings; that property is made sacred; I
wealth is effectually guarded against pu
and private assault. Let the inviolabilit
tbe person and the sanctity of buman Ufe
ceive the most impressive sanction of
courts; let the public peace be naiutai
with tbe truncheon of the policeman, and
thc bayonet of the soldier; let the public
penditnres bo directed to the eada of g
government, and no1, to the nourishment
Long before these things are all acct
plished, before even we shall all be of tho sa
mind as to their merit, the tide of im mis
tion will be npon us. Our soil is too accessi
and too fertile, and our climate too pleas;
and healthful to bo passed by for the disti
and inhospitable regions, which alone s
offer public lands to the immigrant.
Agriculture in the South presents now gre
er inducements to the farmer than to the pla
or. Science and mechanical invention are mi
effective than muscular force. Varied prod
tion ia more lucrative than the culture o
single staple. The immigrant will find his
tfilligoiice appreciated, his skill available, 1
thrift profitable: our population will beco:
fixed, living will be cheaper, manufacttu
will be possible, trade will become more acti
and more ramified. Our country towns v
grow, our cities will bo multiplied and will 1
come more populous. Occupation and oppt
tunity will be found for all; native taleut a
industry will find freer scope and larger i
ward than ever before, while new-comers TI
no longer be feared as rivals, but will be w.
corned as allies.
The dense populations of the Eastern ai
Middle States can spare us a large number
immigrants, whose education, enterprise ai
ci pi tal will be of vast consequence to our eai
prosperity. The inducements the South hoi
out to this class aro sufficient to bring the
without other invitation, but the people of tl
South owo it to themselves to meet the fte
comers in a manly spirit. It would bo u
worthy of us to tako a mercenary view of sui
a question, and hen:e I say nothing of exp
diency;bnt it is becoming ia ns, because it
manly and generous, to give a frank and hone
welcome to those who aro personally worthy
it, whether they were with us or against us
After the Bo volution, the fratricidal passioi
which had arrayed Whig against Tory w;
banished from the heroic breasts of victo
and vanquished alike; and we who have so co
spicuoual.' imitated tho courage of our ance
tors, need not be ashamed of emolating the
The advent of strangers, however welcen
they may be, cannot fail to have the effect i
drawing closer together all the classes of 01
native and old adopted population. There
something in old associations which cannot 1
entirely expelled from the human breast, ax
we shall all stand more firmly together whe
in the presence of those who do not share i
the memories of the past. With ranks recrai
od, energies refreshed, hopea elated, we of t
South may move forward io the occupation <
our future with the assurance which reaso
S'ves to those who are provided with the rceax
In that future the South will find a destin'
which is not yet revealed to us who must bea
the burdens of the march. Intrepid in spiri
as the South is, resolute in endeavor and no I
in achievement as we have proved ourselve
to be, the obstad s wbioh still lie before u
will not be overcome without great effort an
great sacrifice; the sacrifice, must be indi
vidual, bat the effort must boin common. H
who is conscious of being worthy of leodin
must be content to take a place in the rankt
he who is ambitions of being first to scale th
wall must abide bv the wagons if need be
he who loves solitude must be roady to rus!
into the tlickestof the fray. Thus will pei
sonal sacrifico minister to public advantage
and the common good will grow by comme
effort. Let us array ourselves in a panoply 0
enthusiasm, proof against tho petty darts 0
prejudice and affectation, and shoulder t
shoulder bear down tho barriers of ignoranc
and obstruction; we need no leaders, but w
will find represcnlalivtmtn; we need no crown
ed authority, but we will stand under the fre
haataaa crfSaafaBft opinion-the ruler of th
Public opinion is tho Me.chisidecn or on
agc, receiving tribute from all mankind, allow
ing ompiro, or conduoting revolution, anoint
ed or God, tho King of Peace. Within th
limits of its wide influence no wrong can stain
nncondemncd, no lio can remain unrebuked
but trut i. however homely, is made honor
able-r.ghis, however humble, are exalted ti
There the human mind is free: no antiqui
usage nor obsolete tradition fetters bunni
speech, for publio opinion can only live in thi
atmosphere of liberty ; it is the spirit ot truth
the interpreter of revelation-the only ?0:
populi, cox dei. When thought and speech ar
not free from prejudice and fashion, the domi.
nation of party or the dictation of caucus, tba
which calls itself public opinion is a usurper
for if tho mind be not free, truth is imprisonei
in her own citadel, and ber standard still float
ing. above tho outer wall, becomes the em
blom of successful falsehood.
To establish among us forever the true am
the right, it is only necessary that ever,
man should assert absolute independenc
of thought and speech, and accord tho sam
to every other man. This is no eas;
task; it devolves especially upon the youni
and the bravo, the honest-heat ted am
the humble-minded, for liberty does not corni
of pride, but ot humility; not of strength, bu
of courage; not of experience, but of aspiration
Upon all sides there is work to be done, erro
to be exposed, truth to be illustrated. In on
courthouses and workshops, upon the marts 0
commerce, in the fields of agriculture, where
?wer men are called to labor with the hand 0
the brain, we need clear heads, strong hearts
steady hands-not to dictate, but to persuade
not to lead, but to encourgejnot to control, bu
to point out. Thus, and thus only, will oui
whole population alva..cc iu harmony anil
vi th unity of purpose. A pooplo so moved ant
eing in unison with the gre it prevailing prin
0.plo of their times, acquire a momentum ii
the direction of greatness wnichis irresistible
The greatness of a people is not measured ii
modern times by tho altitude of one class abov
another, but by tbe common elevation of thi
whole. Baise nigh your highest, but leave no
the lowly low; let merit bo exalted, let inteUi
geuce soar among tho clouds, but leave no hu
man being to struggle alone with the degrada
tion that drags him still downward; heap ni
contumely on the head of the humblest aspi
rant for honor and position. Thus will al
unite in building up a glorious future, when
all may dwell in happiness and honor. Timi
will our public greatness bo a perpotual I?
Deum, for there is a grand harmouy in th<
mingling emotions of u free community. Th<
solemn groundtouo of oarnest masses, the vaal
swell of porvading onthusiasni, the whole dia
pason ol Human aspirations, pour their umtet
torrent upward and fill tho oar of Heaven witl
man's great laborare esl orare,whilehigh abovi
thc tumultuous coucoid rises, pure and dca
like the .reblo of a silver bugle, tbe dominatinj
idea of the epoch.
EASTER CHURCH ELECTIONS.
PT. JOHN'S OHDCCH, RICHLAND.
Wardens-Dr. W. Weston, Mr. Robt. Adams
Vestrymeu-J. P. Adams, P. G. Chappell. W
W. White, T. Weston. Uolouel W. Adams, Jas
CHURCH OF THE ADVENT, MAMON.
Vestrymen-Colonel W. S. Mullins, Dr. D. j
Prico, Colonel R. P. Graham, Captain A. L
Evaus, Major A. J. Shaw. Wardens-Dr. D. S
Prico, Coioucl W. S. Mullins. Delegates tc
Diocesan Convention-Dr. D. S. Price, Colonel
W. S. Mullina.
CHBI3T CHURCH, iii RS ' BLUP?.
Delegates to the Diocesan Convention-Wal?
ter Gregg, F. MaudoviUo Rogers, E. P. Harllee.
-Undor-soa tunnels aro attracting tho atten?
tion of litiglish engineers, and in addition to
tho projected tunnel under the English Chan?
nel, betweon Dover and Calais, it ia now pro?
posed to unite Scotland and Leland by a tun?
nel, running from a point on tho northeast
coast of Antrim, Ireland, to Glenstrona, Scot?
land, passing through tho high rocky penin?
sula called the Mull of Cantvro. The total
length of the tunnel ia estimated at fourteen
miles three furlongs. Tho grouud through
which it would have to be dug, it is asserted,
ia exactly suited for tunnelling operations, und
tho saadstono for lining it can bc bad iu auy
quantity 011 the Irish side. It is proposod :b
construet the tunnel for a single lino only, tao
extreme depth being twenty-one f :et, and tho
clear width at tho level of the rads ?fteen feet.
Three lines of rails, to accommodate wide and
narrow gango cairiagcs. however, are to ho
laid. 'The time estimated for completing Mic
tunnel ia about aix y^-rs. and t ho co it $21 233.
OtlO. Topsy a dividend ol fivo por cent, j he
I road should cain ?2JD per t.ii e per week.
, THE SCHOONER ANNA E. GLOVER,
having half of lier cargo engaged, will load.
?with dispatch for tho at?vo port.
? For Freight engagements apply to
T. TUPPER A 80N8,
Marsh 31 Brown's Whare
FAST FK El ti UT HMS ' "
TO AND FROM BALTIMORE, PBTLADELj.V
PHI A, WASHINGTON CITY, WILMINGTON
DEL., OINOINNATI, OHIO, ST. LOUIS. MO..
AND OTHER NORTH WE 8 TERN CITIES -
LEAVING EACH PORT EYERV. 6TH DAY. ?7<
FALCON'.JESSE D. EOL-EZ, Commander;. '
3 EA GULL.N. P. DUTTON, Commander?
HARTLAND..J. V. Jo H.vaos, Commander.
THE FAVORITE AND SWIFT
'Steamship FALCON, J. D. HORSEY
'Commander, will ? a!) for Baltimore
?on 1'HuaanAZ, 8th April, at 4 o'clock
?. M., from Pier No. 1, Union Wharves.
Heavy freights taken at very low rates-to Ph fla-,
lelphia, Rice 50c;Roafn 30o.
For Freight or passage, apply to
COURTENAY A TEENHOLM",
April 7_2_Union Wnarvtf.
JEW YORK AND CHARLESTON
FOB NEW TORE.
3ABIN PASSAGE $30_
THE SPLENDID SIDE-WHEEL
[STEAMSHIPS of this Line will
'leave Adger's South Wharf, during 1
?the m on tb of April, aa folio wa s . 1..
TAMES A Dir ER-TUESDAY, April 6, at 2 o'clock P M
3HAMPION-SATURDAY, April 10. at 4 o'clock P M
CHARLESTON-TUESDAY, April 13, at 8 o'olo?k A M.
MANHATTAN-SSATOBDAY, April 17, at 10 o'clock A M
TAMES ADQER-TUESDAY, April 20, at 12 o'clock M
DHAMPION-SATUJVDAY, April 24. at 4 o'clock-P.M
JHARLESTON-TUESDAY. April 27. at 7 o'clock AM
ter Insurance can he obtained by these steamers
it >? per coat.
49? An J'xtra Charge of SS will be made topae
iengere purchasing Tickets on board after silling.
49- These STEAMSHIPS have handsome . and ?
roomy accommodations for passengers, and .their
tablea are supplied with all tho delicacies of the New:
xerk and Charleston markets.
For Freight or Passage, apply to
JAMES A DOER A CO.,
Corner Adger's Wharf and East Bay (Up-etaira.)
FOR PHILADELPHIA AK D BOSTON.
REG ULAR EVERT THURSDAY. -
THE STEAMSHIP PBOMETHEUB,
' Captain GEAT, will leave North At?
1 lando Wharf, on IHUBSDAX, April. <
.8th, at -o'clock.
For Freight or Passage apply to
JOH N ft 1'HKO. (jETTY,
Aprils_North Atlantic Wharf.
FOR NEW YOUR.
REGULAR LINE EVERT TSURSDAYt
PASSAGE REDUCED TO 915.
THE 6IDEWBEEL BTEAMSKLP
' MAGNOLIA, Captain M. B. Ono
'WELL, will lea to Vanderherst*. ??
?Wharl on THURSDAY, April 8, 1869,.
it 4 o'clock P. M.
Aprils_RAVENED ft CO.. Agenta,
.MARLESTON AND LIVERPOOL STEAMSHIP
THE FT R.VT CLASS IRON 80REW
[Steamship CAMILLA, HlXBX
'PEACE Commander, is now ready
ito receive Freight tor the above port,,
to eall on or about 10th of April. . /.
For Freight engagements, apply to
BO Bli BT MURE ft CO.,
Boyce's Wharf. .
49- Risks taken by this vessel at five-eighth*
[%) per coot. ._March 26
to lay in their supplies of PROVIS
IONS, CLARETS, CHAMPAGNES,.
CORDIALS, BRANDIES, WHK
KIES, WLNh?, CANNED MEATS, 8O0PS, ftc t
Pates of Wild Game, Deviled Entremets, Har*,
Tukey, Lobster, etc, for Limcheoaa, Sandwiches;i1
Travelers' Repast, Ac.
49-Send for a catalogue.
WM. 8. CORWIN A 00.,
.Nc 275 King-street,. .
Between Wentworth and BeaonUn, ?
Charleston, S. 0.
Branch of No. 900 Broadway, corner 20th street,
New York. . - . . OctoberM
PACIFIC MAIL, STEAMSHIP COMP TB'
THBOUGH LIRii TO
CALIFOBNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN.
CHANGE-1 OF SAILING DATS!
STEAMERS Oe* THC ABOVE:
Une leave Pier No. 42, North Hirer,
foot of Canal street. New York, at
_ 12 o'clo-'k noon, of the lot, 11th and
21st of every month (except when theae dates fall
on Sunday, then the Saturday oror.edtngi.
Departure of lat and 21st connect at Panama wita)
steamers for. South Pact tlc and Central American
porte Those of let touch at tt*aaanlllo.
Departure of 11th or each month connecta with
the now steam line from Panama to Australia and ?
New Zealand. ? . _
Steamship J' PAN leaves San Francisco for China
and Japan May 4. 1869.
No California steamers touch at Havana, bat go.
direct from New York to Aaplnwatt, ' *
One hundred pounds baggage free to each adult
Medicine and attendance free.
For Passage Tickets or rartber information aypfr
at tho OOMPANrS TICKET OFFICE, on the wharf,
foot of Canal-atreet, North River, New York. .
March 12_lyr_F. R. BABY, Ageat
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.
INLAND ROUTE-ONLY TWO AND A HALF
HOURS AT SEA.
THROUGH TICKETS TO FLORIDA.
CHARLESTON AND 8 AV AN NAH STEAM PACKE X.
THF STEAMER PILOT BOY, OAP
I 'TATV FEMN Piox, Win leave Aocom'
modallon Wharf every MONDAY and T HU US D AT Mom? .
maa, at 8 o'clock, touching at H-aa: ort only;
returning will leave Savannah TUESDAY and FBXDAYV
at 9 o'clock A. M., making the trip lu eievon honra.
Tho Steamer FANME, captaiu AOALU. will leave
Charleston every WEDNESDAY .\ioimrao at 8 o'ol??k.
touching at Ediato, Chisolm's Landm/, Beaufort and
Hilton Head ; returning, leav? Savannah every THUBB
DAY, at 2 o'clock P. M., luuchiuif at the above land?
Will touch at Blufften on the second WEDNESDAY
in every month, going and returning.
For Freight or Passage apply to
April 6 Accommadation Wharf.
FOR PALATKA, KI.URI?.A, . .
VIA SAVANNAH, ?M???i?A ANIT JACKSON
. ?ffT** THE FIBST-CASS S TEA M EB
?S?ES/SUm*DICTATOR, Captain WM. T. MCNIL
TY, will sall irom Charleston ever lot slay Evening,
at Eight o'clock, lor the above pointa.
Tye first-class Steamer CITY P'.ilM, Captain GEO.
F. .oilILLAS will i ail from Charleston every Fri?
day Evening, al Eight o'clock, lor aoove points.
Connecting with the Central Railroad at Savannah
for Mobile and Ne m Orleans, and wt th. tue Florida
Railroad at Fernandina for Cedar Keya.Bt whloh
point steamers connect with New Orleans, Mobile,
Pensacola. Key West and H-vana.
Thronen Bills Lading given for Freight to Mobile,
Pensacola and New Orleans.
Connecting wiiA H. fe*. Hart's tirtmrrs Oclatoaha
and Griffin for Silvr Spr.ngt an t Lakee Griffin, Eue?
tie, Harrie and Durham
AU freight n tyablc un tho wharf.
Goods not removed at sunset will be etored at ria
and expense of owners.
For Freight or Passage eneaaeuict t, apply to*
J. D. AIKEN G CX, Agent?, .
?omb Apantle Wharf.
N. B.-No extra charge focMei-a and Staterooms.
EXCURSIONS AKOV.VD TI1K HARBOR.
THE FINE*. FAST SAILING AND OOM
'FORTABLZ appointed Tacht ELEANOR,
swill resume her trips to historic points in:
?the harli ir. and will leive Government
Wiriri daily at Ten A. Hi and Three P. M.
For Paseado npply io J HO JA > YOUNG.
D<vem JBI- M . auio'n. oa board.' '
No. 37 LINE-STREET,
BETWEEN KING AN I ST. PHJJ.TP,
LUMBER OF EV ERV DESCRIPTION ANC
BUILDING MATERIAL. 3.1'.il- and PLASTER^
INO L ATHS. PAINTS. OHA GI \ - ES smNGLE?
nlso (?ROOVE AND TONGUE Bi;ARDS, Ac., con?
stantly on baud ?t the lowest market uric s.
Sjplembcr 12 mthslyr