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NEWS 8 JJ M MA JU T.
-Gold closed in New York, on Saturday,
firmer at 3Sja33}.
-Cotton closed quiet. Salea 1700 bales, at
-Cotton in Liverpool waa quiet at 124d.
alee 8000 balee.
.4-John M. Langston (colored,) of Howard
University, is spoken of as Minister to Liberia,
in place of J. R. Clay, declined.
-A Louisiana ramie planter bas two hun?
dred thonfand roots in the ground, and ex?
pects to make four crops this year.
-A clerk of fifteen years standing in the
Lowell, Massachusetts, post?nico has been ar?
rested on the charge of opening and robbing
-Charles A. Dana, of the New York Sun,
- having been nominated Appraiser in the New
York Customhouse, will prebablj now become
- a ?raiser er General Grant.
--The New Orleans Picayune says that the
-Louisiana Ice Company, in that city, with their
?ix machines now in operation, manufacture
seventy-two tons per day. They can work all
the year round, too, and what they make
keeps as well as any other. This ice under?
sells the Northern ice, retailing at one.cent
per pound. A block of it weighing three
thousand pounds is now on exhibition at tho
fair iu New Orleans. ?
- Miss Caines, who shot and killed ber se?
ducer, McComas, last week at Jarrettavilie,
Maryland, is still at liberty. Public sentiment
is so universally in her favor that the authori?
ties have not demanded her imprisonment,
nor asked security. Sho still remains at her
home, perfectly reconciled and ready for any
demand the sheriff may make. It is said that
no jury could possibly be found to convict her,
though she owns to a deliberate intention, long
premeditated, if tho deceased failed to make
reparation by marrying her, of taking h'm life.
-Itv is understood that President Grant
does not acquiesce in the views of Secretary
Fish, relative to Cuban affairs. This is shown
by the instructions which have just been pre?
pared for Mr Plumb, Consul-General to Cuba,
who is about to leave for Havana. His instruc?
tions are of the most peremptory charaotor,
looking to restitution and full satisfaction to
American citizens for all injuries and insults
offered by the Spaniards. The owners of the
Mary Powell are to lay the matter of her cap?
ture before tho English Minister, and in tho
event of prompt action not being taken, our
government will assume tho responsibility of
_nm n. -pp.uyxmi.uu
45000, and the City of Baltimore $25,000, to
which the citizens of Baltimore will add $50,
000, by private subscription, to be expended in
the construction of a handsome race-coarse
and fair ground near that city. The grounds
are already purchased, are very suitable for
the purpose, and are located about four miles
from the centre of tbe city. The main drive
te the course will be through the extensive
and beautiful new park, the improvement of
winch'is rapidly progressing, and which is des?
tined to rival the Central Park of New York.
Governor Bowie, and other distinguished
Marylanders, are much interested in the pro?
posed race-course, and it will be completed as
toon as possible.
-Much indignation is expressed in the New
Yo rk journals at the evident determination of
the State Legislature to pass the so-called
Broadway railroad bil' giving to favorites, as a
gratuity, that valuable franchise. Though op?
posed to the project of such a road in that
crowded thoroughfare as injurions, Mr. A. T.
Stewart offers to give two millions of dollars for
the franchise, and pay down the money within
thirty days after the passage of the bill, or he
will pay any higher sum which the franchise
may command at public auction. Notwith?
standing this offer, it is alleged that the origin?
al gratuity bill for the ring will pass, the votes
having been already secured, though the price
for them may now have to be a little higher.
Abd so we go, all over the country, from Con?
-Tbs New York papers publish a letter
from General Shermanjn relation to the terms
upon which General Joblston surrendered his
forces at Durham, in April 18G5. The letter
says: "I drew up the terms with my own
hand. Breckenridge had* nothing at all to do
with them, more than to discuss their effect,
and he knew they only applied to the military;
and he forthwith proceeded to make his es?
cape from th? country, a course that I behove
Mr. Lincoin wished that Mr. Davis should have
succeeded ia effecting, as well oe all the other
leading Southern politicians, against whom
public indignation always turned with a feel?
ing far more intense than against Generals Lee,
Johnston, and other purely military men. I
repeat that, according to my memory, Mr.
Lincoln did not expressly name any specific
terms of surrender, but he was in that kindly
and gentle frame of mind that would have in?
duced him to approve fully what I did, except?
ing probably he would have interlined some
modifications, such as recognizing h's several
proclamations antecedent, as well as the laws
of Congress, which would have been perfectly
right and acceptable to me and to all parties. '
-The recent forgery upon the bank of the
State of New York was most adroitly planned
and executed. Five checks were presented at
the bank at intervals during tho day, drawn to
the order of Alex, B. Hill, assistant cashier for
Jay Cook & Co., and appeared to be felly en?
dorsed by him. They were fac-similes of the
sp?cial checks issued by Jay Cook & Co. The
imitation of the handwriting of Mr. Hill,
whose signature appears throe times, was per?
fect, and their numbers corresponded exactly
with the numbers that were used by Jay Cook
& Co. on that day. Each check was presented
by a different person, so that the suspicion of
the paying teller at the bank might not be
aroused. As it is not customary for Jay Cook
& Co. to keep a large amount of currency on
hand at their banking house, they frequently
.give checks on the bani i to persons selling
them securities, and in every such case the
person bearing the check to the bank is identi?
fied by the cashier, wh ) indorses the check
twice on tbe back, once to denote that the bear-,
er has been identified and is all right. These
indorsements by Mr. Hill were porfectly fami?
liar to Ute forger, and were e: My copied, as
well as his private mark or checa. The scheme
of tho forger waa so skilfully carried out thai
the suspicion ot the paying teller was no
aroused in tho least.
-Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, who bad bcei
known in years past as a protty stiff Tariff man
addressed a meeting of freetraders in 'Brook
lyn, Monday evening. After Announcing hil
political conversion, he said In thought it)
poor way io toko care of the inouct-ie.i of th<
country to let government interfere fl Wi then
-for the government can never ?cd<H J witt
anytbiog except by political influences, ant
"you can never introduce a protection police
into the courtry without making it a politica
one. Since the first tariff in our country then
has never been a tariff that has not been undei
political influences. Now, in this country it it
impossiblo to prevent on* ?arty from followinp
its opposite in power ana reversing or chang
ing all its policies, and when the financial anc
industrial affaira of tho country are said tc
deperd upon politica, tho consequence is, thal
inBteadof a settled, onward progress, you wil
have perpetual change and rotation." Mr
Beecher said that he had laid down the blaci
man, and that if he (tbe negro) could not nov
stand upon his feet, he must fall. "Just nov
it seems to mo that the coming question is th(
mysteries of organized, gigantic capital, as op
posed to the unprotected individual, the labor
er in the community. We have more tofeaj
from the corruption of legislatures than fron
the corruption of indi viduals-from the bribery
of capital than from any other source. At thii
time every virtuous citizen is bound to thiel
and to labor for the purification of morals in thc
matter of monoy,, or we arc swamped in this na
MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 19, 1869.
Tbe Cotton Crop of the State.
The cotton planters of the State, encour?
aged by the prices at which they have sold
the crop of 1868, have invested largely in
fertilizers, with the evident intention ol
making a heavy crop. As we are informed,
the quantity of guanos and phosphates
shipped over the South Carolina Railroad
is far in excess of the shipments of any
preceding season, it being determined, it
seems, to stake all our fortunes on cotton
and allow bread and meat to take care of
themselves. We have already, in common
with the whole Southern press, urged the
planters to make corn and wheat their first
and principal aim, as the surest way of
being independent, and of reaping the ben?
efit of a small crop of ootton; but, if we
may judge by what is going on around us,
what has been said has produced no effect,
and every State in the South will this year
gamble recklessly in cotton. We take it for
granted then that all the cotton will be
raised that can bc raised, and it becomes
interesting to speculate as to what, under
the most favorable circumstances, will be
the probable amount of the crop of 1869.
In the year 1860 the slave population of
South Carolina was 402,406, of which num?
ber 205,000 were between ?he ages of 15
and 60. From the total number must be
deduoted the negroes employed on the rioe
plantations, and as house servants and
mechanics, so that it is a liberal estimate
to say that not more than ISO.OOO slaves
were employed in producing cotton. ThiB
number, at an average of about two bales to
mo nana, wonict give ooa,nz Dates, mc crop
of 1860. In 1867-68 the entire crop of the
State fell off to about 200,000 bales, and the
crop of 1868-69 will not exceed 180,000
bales, or about one bale to the hand upon
the bas's of the working slave population
There is no doubt that the number of
negroes in the State is much lesa than the
number reported in 1860. During the last
four years the mortality among the negroes
has been far greater than it was in the days
of slavery. The negroes are careless in
their habits. They will not work unless
their necessities force them to do so, and,
having but little idea of the provident use
of money, take no pains to keep themselves
sufficiently or comfortably clad. Nor do
they take the proper means for their ow*
safety in cases of sickness. They have no
money with which to pay.a doctor. Herb
tea-., and good luck are their chief reliances,
whether the ailment be an aching tooth
or pulmonary consumption. As a naturaf
consequence, the mortality is much greater
than amongst the whites, it being seen that
in this city where they are least exposed
and where they can always obtain medioal
treatment, there are more than twioe as
many deaths of negroes as of white per?
sons. In the country districts, for obvious
reasons, the proportionate mortality must
be even greater.
But it is not the deaths alone which re?
duce the number of negroes available for
work in the cotton fields. A large number
of negroes have moved to the towns and
cities, hoping to live there more easily, and
the migration is still going on. Then there
is the dislike of the negro women to geing
into the fields. They think, and the men
think, that women should remain at home
and not hoe or pick for a living. This is
an important element in the calculation,
but after all not more serious than the de?
moralization caused by the political condi?
tion of the State and by the conduct of the
officers of the government.
The negroes had become pretty well con?
vinced that without work they could not
live and eat and sleep. They were ready
to work tolerably well and were doing so;
but they have been filled of late with the
hope that some office, big or small, will
fall to their lot, and that at the worst they
can join the State militia. No reasoning
can drive these ideas altogether out of their
heads. We think it, then, safe to say that,
taking into account-1. The excessive mor?
tality of the negroes in the country dis?
tricts; 2. The migration from the country
to the towns and cities; 3. The dislike of
the women, often amounting to a positive
refusal, to work in the fields; and 4. The
disinclination of the negro men and women
to do any more work than they are forced
to do, the number of negroes available for
producing cotton this year will not exceed
100,000, or about one half of the estimated
number in 1860.
And the reduced numbers so obtained
will not give anything near to the average
of 1860. In the low-country, where the
negro population is largest, the capital of
the planters is limited, and the extent of
their operations will be determined, not by
the number of hands they can hire, but by
the amount of monej they can command.
In no place will the negroes work up to the
task? of ISu'O, and we think that, even add?
ing on a fair margin for cotton produced
by white labor, we are naming an outsido
figure whan ve say that the ootton crop of
thc State for 1S09 will not exceed 200,000
bales. And this will be accomplished by
the liberal use of fertilizers and by sacri?
ficing meat and grain.
The circumstances which operate in this
State to reduce th* production, of cottor,
are found in every other Southern State,
and wo see no reason to believe that the
cotton crop of the entire South can, under
any ordinary circumstances, exceed 3,000,
000 of bales, whatever the use of fertilizers
and. whatever the neglect o* food. The
picking power, the quantity that can be
picked, is the limit of our capacity in pro?
ducing cotton. In this, machinery *nd
superphosphates cannot help us. The nua?
ble fingers of the negro must be our reli?
ance. We see, then, no danger that a large
crop in 18G9, or p.uy succeeding year, will
swamp the ootton market; but we do see
great danger that before many months we
shall be going to the Western markets to
buy corn and bacon whioh we ought to raise
at home. Verily this people of ours learnB
wisdom but slowly !
THE VILLA ON THE RHINE. By Berthold Auer?
bach. Author's Edition. Parts 2 and 3.
Kew York : Leypoldt & Holt. Charleston :
In the second and third parts of this charm?
ing novel, the interest is increased by the de?
velopment of plot and character, while there is
no diminution of the idyllic beauty mingled
with philosophical thought which made the
first part so attractive. Tho fourth part, which
will soon be issued, will complete the work,
and we take this occasion to remind our read?
ers that (his ia the only authorized clition of
"The Yilla on the Rhino," published in this
countrv. Price, in paper, fifty cents each part.
*-. ? a? . ?
WE learn that the Hon. Horace Capron,
United States Commissioner of Agriculture,
and Senator Sprague, of Rhode Island, have
been invited by the Richland Agricultural
Society, to be present at the State Agricul?
tural Convention, which meets ia Columbia,
on the 28th instant. Mr. Capron is a gen?
tleman of broad views , and conservative
opinions. Governor Sprague is, by his
investments in Columbia, personally inter?
ested in the prosperity of the State. We
hope that both gentlemen will be able to
accept thc invitations which have been ex?
tended to them.
THE New York Herald of Thursday says :
"Clearly the feeling ol' tho nation ia that if our
* 'labama disputo goes to the war point the
"people are ready. What about the national
"debt? Wc may repudiato it, or, better still,"
"wo may pay it moro easily after such a war
"than now ; for tho ocean is ours. Ever}- sea
"will team with our privateers, and English
"corumorce will dh?nppoar. lu that very fact
"wiil lay for us an incalculable wealth. At tho
"same time we would bavo some benefits at
"homo, and these incline us to hopo that thc
"war feeling may ran high. Our jobbers will
"be so eager in their hunt for the game of
"contracts that the whiskey rings may be
"broken." Docs the journalistic vane point to
the quarter whence tho popular wind ia blow
FOK SALE, THE SLOOP KHZ A LYD?
IA; carries, when loaded, 18 cords of wood, or
1600 bushels of grain-now lying al the south side of
Union Wharf. For terms, apply to H. MOON LY,
No. 217 EAST BAY-STREET, near the corner of
Piuckney-street. 1* April 10
FOR SALE.-THE SUBSCRIBER OF?
FERS for sale bis PLANTATION, containing
seven hundred acres, situated on the Charleston and
Savannah Railroad, immediately around Glover's
Station. Said Plantation is thoroughly settled, con?
tains a fine orchard of Poach, Apple and Nectarine,
mest excellent well of water, together with a pood
stream of water power. Said place having been set
tied tor eicht years, has been thus far very healthy.
Any one desiring to embark in Railroad work has
now a fine opportunity, as the land abounds in
croea tie and wood timber. Terms accommodating.
Apply to J. C SB r GLOVER, Glover's Station, or to
F. G. Ci RT, Charleston. 10* April 19
FOR SA LE. -A CLINKER BUILT
BOAT, recently overhauled and neatly paint?
ed, and in perfect order. She 1? reallv a beautiful
model. CD rri? ? six oars, can also be used with sails.
May be seen at the Savannah and Charleston Rail
road wharf. For further particulars inquire of A. C.
KAUFMAN, Broker and Commission A ?eui, No. 25
Brotd-stroet. fm2 April 16
STEAM ENGINES FOI! SALE CHEAP,
if applied for Immediately
(1) One 12-borae Portable ENGINE
(1) One 4-horse Portable Engine.
il) One S-horse-power ENGINE, in good condition,
CAMERON. BA BE LET 4 CO.,
Northeast corner Meeting and Cumberland-streets.
FOR SALE, OLD NEWSPAPERS IN
anyquintity. Price TS cents per hundred.
The cheapest wrapping paper that eau be used. Ap?
ply at tho office of THE N KWS. March 1
EXCELLENT PRIVATE BOARDING
is offered at Summerville, which ia noted for
its healthfulness; and near to the depot. Apply to
Mrs. C. G. WHITE. m April 12
HIGH SCHOOL OF CHARLESTON.
') bo EXERCISES ot this Institution will be
rt.-urned on MONDAv, 19.h inst. Instruction given
io Latin, Greek, Fru? ch, German, Mathematics and
thc higher brunches of EoglUh.
Terms, 812 per quarter-payable in advance. No
extra charge for French. German, or stationery.
W. R. EJNGMAN, A. IL,
April 14 5 Principal.
CO PA KT.S Eli s HIP NOTICE. - T H E. I
undersigned have this day formed a Copart?
nership over thc style of SIECKE & SCHACHIT,
for thc purpose ot conducting au AUCTION AND
COMMISSION IIUsINESS. at No?. 143 au '. 143 fast
Bay, come, of Unitv Alley, and solicit a -mare of
publicpatrjnage, GERHARD RIEt'RE
EDW. F. SCHAl HlE.
Charleston, April 13, I860. (J April 13
LAW NOTICE.-THE UN OE KS IGN KU
have this day lorin eil a cupartuer>liip for the
practice ot LAW ANO EQUITY in all the Courts of |
the State, under thc uamc aud stvlc of CHAMBER?
LAIN A- ^EAbROOK. Kapeela! attention will be
paid to the collection of claims held bv parties out
ot the State. 1). H. CHAMBERLAIN.
April 2 E. H. SEABROOK.
Pissulutiou o? (lloportncrstjirj.
brietofore existing under the name and style
of F. H. ZhKBsT & Co., at No. SSS King-stmet, ls
tbis day dissolved by mutual consent, F. H. ZERBsT
will continue thc business at tbe old stand in his
own name, and is alone authorized to settle thc af?
fairs of thc old business.
F. H. ZERBST.
D. M. KCSCHER.
Charleston, S. C., April 13,1869.
April 19 mwt3*
Uotirea tn pcnbiupicD.
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE
UNITED STATES. FOR THE DISTRI0T OE
SUUIH CAROLINA-IN TUE MATTES OF JOHN
8. STALLINGS, BANKRUPT.-IN BANKRUPTCY.
To whom ii may concern:-The undersigned hereby
gives notiee of his appolniraent as Assignee of j
JOHN 8. STALLINGS, in the District ot Barn
well, and State of South Carolina, within said
District, who h.is been adjudged a bankrupt upon
bis own petition, by tbe District Court of said
Dated 26th March, 1869. J. E. CROSLAND,
April 5 m3 Assignee.
OF!ICE OE UDOLPHO WOLFE, J
So!eImpm (er of the Schiedam Aromatic Schnappt,"
NEW YORK, November 3. 1808. J
To the People of the Southe rn States s
WHEN THE PURE MEDICINAL RESTORATP
now so widely knov>n aa WOLFE'S SCHIED.
SCHNAPPS, waa inlraduced into tho world arr
the endorsement of four thousand leading roemb
of the medical profession somo twenty years ago,
proprietor was well awaro that it could not whe
escape the penalty attached to all new and usc
preparations. H?'," therefore, endeavored to inves
with strongest possible safeguard against conni
felters, and to render all attempts to pirate it di
cult and dangerous. It wa? submitted to dist
guished chemists for analysis, and pronounced
them the purest spirit ever manufactured. Its pt
ty and properties having been thus ascertained, sa
pies of the article were forwarded to ten thousa
physicians, including all the leading practitioners
tbe United States, for purposes of experiment,
circular, requesting a trial of the preparation and
report of Ibe result, accompanied each specimc
Four thousand of the most eminent medical men
tho Union promptly responded. Their opinions
tho article were unanimously favorable. Suet
preparation, they said, had long been wanted
the profession, as no reliance could be placod on I
ordir. .ry liquors of commerce, all of which wi
more or less adulterated, and therefore unfit :
medical purposes. The peculiar excellence a
strength of the ol of juniper, which formed one
thc principal ingredients of the Schnapps, togetl
with an unalloyed character of the alcoholic e
ment, give it, in the estimation of the faculty,
marked superiority over every other diffusive stin
lant as a diuretic, tome and restorative.
These satisfactory credentials from profeseioi
men of the highest rank were published in a c<
densed form, and enclosed with each bottle of t
Schnapps, os one of the guarantees of its genuii
ness. Other precautions against fraud were a:
adopted ; a patent was obtained for the article, t
label was copyrighted, a Jae eimile of the proprielo
autograph signature was attached to each label a
cover, his name and that of the preparation wera r.
bossed on the bottles, and the corks were sealed wi
his private seal. No article had ever been sold
this country under the Darno of Schnapps prior
the introduction of Wolfe's Schiedam Aroma
Schnapps, in 1851; abd tbe label was deposited,
his trado mark, in the United States District Cor
for the Southern District of New York during tl
It might be supposed by persons nnacquaint
with the daring character of the pirates who pr
upon the reputation of honorable merchants by veu
ing deleterious trash under their name, that the pi
tections so carefully thrown around these Schnap
would have precluded the introductions and sale
counterfeits. They seem, however, only to ha
stimulated the rapacity of Impostors. The tra
mark of the proprietor has been stolen ; the ind ar?
meut which his Schiedam Aromatic Schnapps ale
received from the medical profession has bei
claimed by mendacious humbugs; his labels ai
bottles have been imitated, his advertisements par
phrased, his circulars copied, and worse than a
dishonorable retailers, after disposing of tho genuii
contents of bis bottles, have filled them np wi
common gin, tho most deleterious of all liquors, at
thus made his name and brjnd a cover for poison.
The public, the medical profession and the sic
for whom the Schiedam Aromatic Schnapps is pr
scribed as a remedy, are equally interested with tl
proprietor in thc detection and suppression of tba
nefarious piacticcs. The genuine article, manuia
tured at tho establishment of tho undersigned :
chiedam, Holland, is distilled from a barley of tl
finest quality, and flavored with an essential extra
of tho berry of tho Italian juniper, of unequalled p
rity. By a process unknown in the preparation
any other liquor, it ls treed from every acrimonim
and corrosive element.
Complaints have been*received from the leadin
' physicians and families in the Southern States i
the sale of cheap imitations of the Schiedam An
marie Schnapps in those markets; and traveller
i who are in tbe habit ol using it as an antidote to tl
baneful influence of unwholesome river water, te
tify that cheap gin, put up in Scbiedam bottles,
frequently palmed off upon the unwary. Ti
agents or tao uuucicigaea nave beeu requested 1
institute inquiries on tho subject, and to forward I
him the names of such parties as they may ase?
tain lo bo engaged lu thc atrocious system of decei
tiom In concludion, tho undersigned would say thi
he has produced, from under the hands of the mo:
distinguished men of science In America, proofs m
answerable of tbe purity and medicinal exce
lenee of the Schiedam Aromatic Schnapps ; thc
he has expended many thousand dollars in sui
rounding it with guarantees and safeguards, wbic,
he designed should protect the public and blmsel
against fraudulent imitations; that ho has shown 1
to be the only liquor in the world that can be uni
formly depended upon as unadulterated; that ho ha
challenged investigation, analysis, comparison aw
experiment in all its forms; and from every ordea
the preparation which bears his name, seal and trad
mark, has come off triumphant. He, therefore, feel
it a duty be owes to his lollow-citizens generally, b
the medical profession and the sick, to denounci
and expose the charlatans who counterfeit these cvl
dencies of identity, and ho calls upon the press ant
the public to aid him in his efforts to remedy so grce
The following letters aud certificates from tb(
leading physicians and chemists of this city wi!
prove to the reader that all goods sold by the under
eigne! are all that they are reprc euted to be.
I (eel bound to say, that I regard your Schnapps
as being in every respect pre-eminently pure, and
deserving of medical patronage. At all events, lt ie
the purest possible article of Holland Gin, hereto?
fore unobtainable, and as such may be safely pr-,
scribed by physicians.
DAVID L. MOTT, M. D.,
Pharmaceutical Chemist, New York
26 Puns-emEET, NEW YOUS, )
November 21,1867. J
UnoLrno WOLFE, Esq., Pr?tent:
Dear Sir-I have made a chemical examination ol
a sample of your Schiedam Schnapps, with the in?
tent ufcderermining if any foreign or injurious sub?
stance bod been added to the simple distilled spirits.
The examination has resulted in the conclusion
that thc sample contained no poisonous or harmful
admixture. I have been unable to discover any
trace ol' thu deleterious substances wich aro em?
ployed in the adulteration Of liquors. I would not
hesitate to use myself or to recommend to others,
for medicinal purposes, the Schiedam Schnapps as
au excellent aud unobjectionable variety of giu.
Very respectfully yours,
(Signed,) CHAS. A. S EELY, Chemist.
NEW Yous, No. 53 CEDAU-STBEET, ?
November 26, 1867. J
UnoLPHO WOLFE, Esq., Present :
Dear Sir-i have submitted to chemical analysis
two bottles ot "Schiedam Schnapps," which I took
from a fresh package in your bonne J warehouse, and
Und, as bet?re, that the spirituous liquor is free
tt-oni injurious ingredients or falsification; that it
has the marks ot being aged and not recently pre?
pared by mechanical admixture of alcohol and aro?
Respectfully, FRED. F. MAYER,
i NEW YOEE, Tuesday, May 1.
L ooLPHO WOLFE, ESQ. :
Dear ?ir-The want of pure Wines and Liquors
for medicinal purposes has been long felt by the pro?
fession, and thousands of lives have been sacrificed
by the use ot adulterated articles. Delirium tremens,
and other diseases oi the brain aud uerves, so rife
lu luis country, are very rare IU Europe, owing, iu a
great decree, to tho difference n the purity ol the
We have tested the several articles imported and
sold by vou, including your (jin, which you sell un?
der the name of Aromutic Schiedam schnapps, which
we consider jUBtly entitled lo the high reputation it
has acquired in this couutry; and troni your long ex?
perience as a foreign importer, your Bottled Wines
and Liquors should meet with the same demand.
We would recommend you to appoint some of the
respectable apothecaries in different parts of the city
as agents for the sale of your Brandies and Wines,
where lhe profession can obtain the same when
needed for medicinal purposes.
WUhing you success iuyour new enterprise,
We remain, your obedient tervaiits,
VALENTINE MOTT, M. D., Professor of Surgery,
University Medical College, New York.
J. M. CARNOCHAN, M. D., Professor of Clinical
Surgery, Surgeou-m-Chief to the State Hospital,
kc, No. ll Eaat Slxteeutb-strecL
LEWIS A. SAYRE, M. D., No. 795 Broadway.
H. P. DE WEES, M. D.. No. 791 Broadway.
JOSEPH W0RSTER, M. D.. No. 120 Ninth-street.
NELSON STEELE, M. D., No. 37 Bleeker-street.
JOHN O'REILLY, M. D., No. 230 Fourth street
B. L RAPHAEL, M. D., Professor of the Principles
and Practic: ot Surgery. New York Medical Col?
lege, kc, No. 91 Ninth-street, and others.
The proprietor also oilers for sale.
BOTTLED WHS ES AND LIQ?OP.3,
Imported and bottled by bimsolf, expressly lor me?
dicinal use. Each bottle has his certificate of its.pu?
rity. UDOLPHO WOLFIS.
February 24 19
ST. A ND UK W'S LOUGH, No. IO, A. F. AI.
THE REGULAR COMMUNICATION OF THE
above Lodge will bo held at Masonic Hall, THIS
EVENING, at Eight o'clock.
By order W. M. E. N. JEANNERETT.
April 19 Secretary.
I. I?. O. K.
PALMETTO ENCAMPMENT, No. L
THE REGULAS MEETING OF THU CAMP WILL
be held Trna EVENING, at Seven o'clock, at
Odd Fellow's Hall, corner KlDg and Liberty streets.
By order C. P. BOBERT C. STABS,
ApiiUO rnhl,i5op5.19iny3,17 je7,21jyl,18
? CINCINNATI. ?
THE REGULAR MEETING OF THIS SOCIETY
will be hold THIS EVENING, at Eight o'clc ck, at
April 19 1 JAMES SIMONS, Jr., Secretary.
PUCE MX FIRE ENGINE COMPANY.
ATIEND THE REGULAR MONTHLY MEETING
of your Company THIS EVENIKQ, at Eight
By order. WALTER WILLIMAN,
PALMETTO STEAM FIRE ENGINE
ATTEND AN EXTRA MEETING OF YOUR
Company, at your Hall, THIS EV?NTNQ, 19th
instaut, at Eight o'clock pronisely.
. By order. ALEXANDER DUNCAN,
HOPE FIH.IC ENGINE COMPANY?
AREGULAR MEETING OF HOPE FIRE EN?
GINE Company will be held THIS EVENING, at
By order of tho President.
April 19_ Secretary.
DEUTSCHE JAEGER UNTERSTUET
HEUTE ABEND DEN 19 TEN APRIL, UN 8
Uhr, wird die gaebrliche Versammlung dieser
Gesellschaft im Locale des Herrn Eysenbacb, in St.
Philip-strasse *tatt finden.
Die Mitglieder sind puenktlich eingeladen da
gegenstaonde von Wichtigkeit vorgelegt werden.
April 19 1 Secretare.
CHILD'S NURSE WANTED.-WANT?
ED, a respectable WOMAN, as Child's Nurso.
Liberal wages will be given. Apply at No. 26 DULL
3TREBT, one door from Smith. 3 April 19
WANTED, AGENTS.-WK WISH TO
emptor energetic Agents (male and femalei to
'canvass for our new picture, "LOST CATJSR." Good
agents are now making Iront $16 to $20 per day by
thc salo of this rare work of art. Any lady depend?
ing on her own ezei tiona for support will find this a
very profitable and attractive busine-n. Th's new
and bcautilul picture has reeeivod the commendation
ol the press and public wherever shown, and espe?
cially lrom the survivors of the late struggle. Sam?
ple copies ol this picture will be sent on receipt of
thc price, $3. For particulars address FITCH &
LINDSEY, Publishers, No. 75 Fourth-strcot, Louis
ville, Ky._6_April 17
WANTED. A MIDDLE-AGED GER?
MAN WOMAN, to do tho cooking and gen?
eral housework. Apply at No. 21 LEGARE-sTREET.
WANTED Til PURCHASE. A PAIR OF
HANLSOME PLATED CANDELABRA, (old
fashioned shape) with four or moro lights, and with?
out pendants. For a suiUblo pair a fair price will
be given. Address "M. M.," cure of TUL' NEWS OF?
FICE, slating price and where the articles can be
seen. April 15
WANTED, A SMALL COLORED GIRL
to assist in nursing a child. None nerd ap
ply uulcss well reconnut .ded. Apply at THE NEWS
WANTED TO HIRE, LA BORU KS TO
GO IN THE COUNTRY, a short dis'ance from
the city. Apply to JOHN M. BRYAN, No. 22
Gadsden.street, opposite West Point Milln, or to J.
P. BSYAN, Now Road Station, S. and 0. R. R , 18
mUes from this city. April 15
mmmwmi ? nitnTEiU,
Mobile and Ohio Sterling and Interest Bonds,
Memph's and Little Rock first Mortgago Bends,
Soutu Carolina Railroad Sixes and Sevens, Montgom?
ery and EuLvala Railroad Bonds, (endorsed by Ala?
bama,) Mississippi Central Railroad First and Second
Mortgage Bonis. Address WM. R. UTLEY & GEO.
W. DOUGHERTY, No. ll Wall-street, New York.
April 10 lui*
WANTED, FIRST-CLASS TRAVEL?
LING SALESMEN in every State. Good
wages or a libera) per cont, and steady employment.
Address, with ?Ump, B. F. HOWE, No. 039 Arch
street, Philadelphia, Pa. 3mos Aprils
WANTED, SUBSCRIBERS FOR ALL
THE LEADING MAGAZINES AND NEWS
PAPEBS, at publisher's rates.
CHASLES 0. RIGHTER,
April 21 _No. 161 King-street.
WANTED. AGENTS FOR THE AMERI?
CAN FARMERS^ORSE BOOK, in both Eng?
lish and German, by Robert stewart, V. H., of Miss.
1 he work covers the wholo ground of the breeding
and raising, and the treatment or- nor.CH and mules,
both in sickness and health. It has won its way to
popular favor, and is to-day the most popular and
best selling Horse Book out. Address C. F. VEN f.
Publisher, Cincinnati, 0. 6mo* March 19
WANTED, EVERYBODY TO SUB
8CBIBE to the CIRCULATING LIBRARY.
CHARLES C. RICHTER'S Select Library of New
Books contains all of the latest publications.
April 21 No. 161 KING-STREET.
LOT ON SULLIVAN'S ISLAND FOR
sale low for Cash. Has on it a Kitchen, ready
built, and the frame of a two story Dwelling ready
to be put together, and a good Brick Cistern. Ap?
ply at onco to A. C. MCGILLIVRAY, Real Estate
Agent, No. 29 Broad street. 1 April 19
TO RENT, A VEGETABLE FARM, ON
Moetltg-sfreet Road, with a landing on Cooper
River. Apply to S. M. MARSHALL k BBO., Beol
Estate Brokers, 3? BROAD-STREET.
April 19 mw2
TO RENT, AT FLAT ROCK., N. C., A
FURNISHED HOUSE, near the Church. Post
olhce and Market. Apply to R. 1Z ARO MIDDLE?
TON orto JAMES R. PRINGLE, Charleston, S. C.
FOR RENT, A FURNISHED RESI?
DENCE.-The bnndsome Residence on the
wost side or Rutledgo-street, ono door north of j
Wentworth-slreet, containing twolvc rooms and ex- [
tensive outbui'dtngs, with carriage house, stable,
bc. The Residence is handsomely and completely
furnished, including carpets, mirrors, kc, (all ex?
cept crockery and houie linen.) The above promi?
ses will bc rented to an approved tenant, possession
givon immediately. Apply to LOUIS D. DESAUS
SURE, No. 23 Broad-street. wfro3 April li
rpo RENT, THAT DESIRABLE RESI
.L DENCE, in a healthy locality, No. 103. wen end
ot Trudd-strect, with Iar^e cistern, fine outbuildings,
vegetable and flowor g&rdcu. commanding a beau?
tiful water prospect. Tor terms inquire of present
occupants. wfm6 April 7
mo RENT. A FINE THREE STORY
X BRICK RI SID EN CE, N<>. 26 Goorge-slreet, near
KiDg-street. Largo lot. ci-'eiu, extensive kitchen
accommodations. Apply to G. McT-RlDE SMITH,
Real Estate Agent, No. 31 Eroad-strcet.
ACHANCE FOR EXCURSION AND
PICNIC PARTIES, TARGET COMPANIES,
Ac-The subscriber oll'i-rs his Ball, at Hilliard ville,
to Excursion and Picnic Parties, and visitors gener?
ally. The accommodations are ample, and the Hull
largo and well ventilated. A target has been erected
on the grouuds tor the benefit of those wi sh in? to
practice. For terms apDly to D. H. BEQUEST, Mt.
Pleasant. t* April 16
?o$t and /anno.
LOST, ON SATURDAY AFTERNOON,
fi om No. 2 Atlantic-street, a black and white
SETTER TUP, about four months old. A liberal re?
ward wHl bc given if lett at No. 74 EAST BAY.
FIVE DOLLARS REWARD-STRAY?
ED OB STOLEN, from my residence in Cal
houn-street, on Sunday, 11th lust., a SETTER PUP?
PY-white, with brown head and brown Baddie on
back, aod has a doublo nose. 0 April 17
JJOLMES & MACBETH,
No. 3 6 Broad-.street,
Charleston, 6. C.,
BROKERS, AUCTIONEERS, REAL ESTATE
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENTS.
Will atttend to Renting and CollecUng of Rents
and purchase and salo ol' Stocks, Bonds, Go! I,
Silver and Beal Estate.
To the Purchriso or Goods and Supplies for parties
in the country upon reason i ole terms.
GEOBOE L. HOLMES.ALEXANDER MACBETH.
JJ IBERNIAN H A li Ii.
B. F. WHITMAN.SOLE MANAGER.
A1TRA CTION EXlRAORDINARTk
THIS (?HONDAYJ EVENING, APRIL, 19.
First time bore of Offenbach's celebrated Opera
THE GRAND DUCHESS.
Thc Great EnglUh Prima Donna,
MISS J EN ME KIMBALL,
The Child Wonder, LA PETITE COPINNE.
NewSconery! Grand Music I Brilliant Effects!
B. F. Whitman's Gorgeous Transformation Scene.
4Sr*T?ckots SI; Reserved Seats 91 35; Back Seats
75 cents; Children, half-price; Colored Seats BO cents.
JJIBEBN IAN HALL.
GRAND GERMAN' OP EB A COMPANY.
H. GR AU.Managing Director.
FOR FOUli NIGHTS ONLY,
COMMENCING WEDNESDA T, APRIL 21,
With tho following grand arra; of talent :
CLARA LANG ZIEGLER
MABIE B AGI ARI.
Prima Donna Secundas:
JOHANNA CH I KONG
SOPHIA VON BEBG.
JOHANN A BM AND, THEODOBE HABELMANN.
JOSEPH HERMANS, JOSEPH WEINLIOH, WM.
IGNATZ POLLOK, ANTHONY WEBER.
jS3f Full Chorus and Orchestra, selected from
tbe principal opera Houses in New Torie, under tho
direction of AUGUST PREDlo.AM.
Jt&- Repertoire for the four nights :
Wednesday. April 31,
Thursday, April 22),
FIDE LIO.By BE ETHOVEN
Friday, April S3,
DON GIOVANNI. By MOZABT
Saturday, AprU 2 J
THE JEWESS. .By EA LEVY
The Management will spare neither pains nor < x
pense to give thcBc Grand Operas as perfect as possi?
A3" Reserved Seats for salo at HOLMES' Book
Bouse, where Librettos are for sale also.
P. GBEENWALL, Agent.
Aj til 19 6 WM. BACH, Business Manager.
? 1RTY-FIRST ANNUAL PARADE
CHARLESTON FIRE DEPARTMENT
WILL TAKE PLACE ON TUESDAY, 27TH DAY
CF APRIL, 1809. Companies will assemble punc?
tually at half-past Nine o'clock A. M., on Citad-1.
Green. The procession will move precisely at Ten
o'clock, in tho following orier:
Ckltf, Assistants and Clork of the Hoard.
Mayor and Aldermen.
Charleston Hook and Laddor Company, No, 1
Charleston Company of Axmeu, Pioneer (Steamer.)
Eagle Engino Company, (steamer.)
Vigilant Eng i LC Company, (Hand.)
Pheonix Engine Company, (Steamer.)
.Etna Engino Company, (Steamer.)
Charleston Hook and Ladder Company, No. 2,
Marion Engine Company, (Steamer.)
German Engine Company, (Hand.)
Palmetto Engino Coaopany, (Steamer.)
Hope Engine Company, (Hand )
wa sr. m ?rt on cngi no company, (Steamer )
Stonewall Engine Company, (Hand.)
Young America Engino Company, (Steamer.)
Line of March.
Down Calhoun to King, through King to Hasel
street, through Meeting to Broad, countermarching
at New-street. Tho inspection will take place in
Broad-street, in front of the Guardhouse, by the
Mayor and Aldermen, after which the Companies
will exercise in the following order :
1. VIGILANT. 3. HOPE.
2. GEBMAN. 4. STONEWALL.
No. L No. 2.
Throwing up their Bed Ladder, ascending and de
sending same as on last Annual Parade.
1. PIONEER. 5. M i RION".
2. EAGL1?. fl. PALMETTO.
3. PHOENIX. 7. WASHINGTON.
4. iE INA. 8. YOUNG AMEBIOA.
The exercises Hill begin by the Hand Engines
starting from the corner of Queen and Meeting
streets, tn the same condition aa going to a fire, run?
ning four hundred yards, with eight men ta the one
thousand pounds weight of Engine, reeling off one
hundred tect of hose at the termination of the four
hundred yards, taking auction from the drain pit in
Meeting-street, opposite Hoyne, and playing ?fly
feet. As soon as thc fifty leet is obtained the time
will be called by Captain GEORGE H. WALTEE and
W. G. WHILDEN, Esq., who have been appointed
Judges fT the occasion. H. B. OLNEY and A. STEM
UMMtuat, Esqs., have.- been appointed Starting j
The Chiefs, Assistants and Clerk of the Board will
command the exercises of tho day.
The Steamers will follow thc same regulations,
except tbat they aro allowed five men to the 1000
pounds weight of Engine (not including Engineer
and Fireman.) Steamers will be allowed to carry
what water and such tue] oe they desire. No mem?
ber pulling on tho Beels will be allowed to handle
the Engines dutiug tho run. Fires to start Engines
will commence when the word is given by the Start?
ing Judges, and Eugine-, to be ready at ten minutes'
notice. Cold water must bc lu all thc Boilers, aud
the Boilers must bc cool. Any Engine having heat?
ed water in their Boilers will be ru'ed out. Alter the
fifty feet is obtained, each Engine will be allowed
to remain at the pit ten minutes, but not to exer?
cise. Companies will give tho exact weight of En?
gines, with the weight of water they intend to carry
five days before the Parade, to B. M. SIRO BEL,
Esq , Clerk ut tho Board. The Clerk will mark thc
time of each Company ona Board, which will be ina
Thc Double-break Hand Engines will be allowed to
usc their lower breaks only, if they so desire.
Visiting companies are requested to observe the
new feature of exercise, and may select their time.
The members of tho Department are particularly
requested to assist in keeping the ruu clear, and the
citizens will pleaso to remain on tbc sidewalks.
The Engines and Truck performing tbe work tn
the least time will be awarded the prize by Captain
GEO. H. WALTEK.
By order of the Board ol Firemasters
M. H. NATHAN, Chief Fire Department.
B. M. STBODEL, Clerk and Superintendent,
J. B HEARD, N. Y. I W. J. HEARD, NORFOLK.
C. W. YOUNO, N. Y. j F. E. UOOORIOOE, PORTSMOUTH.
JJEARD, YOUNG & CO.,
PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. ?47 Washington.strec*,
NE W YORK.
SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO THE SALE OF
EARLY VEGEGABLES, FRUITS,
^REFERENCES.-Governor Z. B. Vance, Charlotte;
W. D. Reynolds ii Bro., Norfolk; E. G. Ohio, Super?
intendent S. & B. Railroad. Portsmouth ; Colonel S.
L. Fremont, E. E. Burruss, Esq., Wilmington; H.
K. Thurber & Co., Langhron t Egbert, Now York;
Bernard O'Neill, Charleston; Alexander & Bussell,
Savannah. 3moa April 2
(Sureties noli ?HisitUmaus.
IMPORTED ALE AND PORTER, AT $2 60 PER
Devenish k Co.'s Cbampagno Pale Ale, and Find
later's Dublin Porter at 12 60 per dozen.
New Gooben Buter (Choice) at a reduced price.
For eale at the
Southwest eornf r Meeting and Market streets.
Goods delivered tree._April IS
OST BBL9. W. WALLACE'S CELEBBATED
?O "MOUNTAIN DEW." For aale by
BAVENEL & HOLMES,
April 16_6_No. 177 East Bay.
CEDER 1 CHAMPAGNE CIDEB !
CIDEB! CIDER 11 CIDER ! ! I
Qoarta and Pinto. W. 8. CORWIN k CO.,
_No. 275 Kmgstreet.
LAGER BEER ! LAGER ! !
I f\f\ CASES, PINTS. LAGER BEER
LUU SO cases, Quarto, Lager Beer.
Superior to any Lager in this market.
Try it and be satisfied.
W. S. COBWIN k CO.,
_No. 275 King-street
Choice Shoulders and Strips
Sardelles. W. 8. CORWIN k CO,
_No. 27S King-street.
KTERSON & BATES,
Champagne Ale Brewery?
HARLEM, IV. Y.
THIS CELEBBATED ALE IS BREWED FRESH
all through the year, and ls guaranteecMo keep
sound through the hottest weather, and "an that
account is ol all Ales the best adapted toObe South?
KNOX, DALY, k CO., Agents,
February 15 3mos Charleston, 8.0.
JUST RECEIVED AND FOR HALE BT
DR. H. BABB, No. 131 MEETING
EISOS'S TOBACCO ANTIDOTE
Guaran? (Headache) Powders
Bose's Cough Syrup
Schenk'a Pulmonic Syrup
Schenk's Seaweed Tonic
Saratoga "A" Water
Cherokee Remedy and Cure
Chloride of Lime
8pears' Fruit Preserving Solution
German Blood or "Kaiser" Pills, kc,, kc
April 3 -_/
CHLORIDE OF LIME.
FOR SALE, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL, BY
Dr. H. BABB,
April 3 No. 131 Meeting-street.
No. 1 PERUVIAN GUANO.
OA/l T0NS No1 PEBUVlAN GUANO. WAS
?UU HANTI D genuine and pure, landing from
Schooner E. F. Cabada,
For sale by T. J. KEBB k CO.
April 13 ?. '
iHarlperi), Castings, (Etc.
FLOUR AND CORN MILLS
ALL COMPLETE, FURNISHED AT SHORTEST
NOTICE, and of the nost Improved style and
Four of the said Mills are m operation in this city
now, and have all proved satisfactory and superior
to all others.
Bolting Cloth, Screen Wire, tc, constantly on
hand. HABI k MUNSON.
Utica, New York.
For particulars apply to the undersigned, where
the Mills can be seen in full operation daily,
JOHN CAMPSEN k CO:,
Agesto for South Carolina,
Murph 11_thm flmna_Ch arie? inn. H. 0.
THIS ESTABLISHMENT IS NOW FURNISHING
MCCARTHY COTTON GIN,
STEAM ENGINES AND BOILERS, of various sizes
IMPBOYED VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL CORN
MILLS, SUGAR MILLS, SUGAR BOILERS
AND PANS, of aU sises
HORSE POWEBS AND GIN GEARING, from 6 to
16 feet in diameter
IMPROVED LEVER COTTON PRESSES for Hand.
power, Saw and Bice Mills
MACHINERY AND CASTINGS of all descriptions
made to order
Particular attention paid to
HOUSE FRONTS AND CASTINGS FOB BUILD.
CISTERN COVERS, SASH WEIOHTS, rfc, ?c,
WILLIAM 8. HENEBEY, +
MAC RI NISI AND FO UND ER
No. 314 MEETING-STREET,
CHARLESTON, &. C. 1
August 3 mws
PHOENIX IRON WORKS.
JOHN F. TAYLOR & CO.,
CAMERON ?i CO..
Engineers, Boilermakers, &c$
Nos. ?, 6 andd PRITCHARD-STREE1,
(NEAB THE SST DOCK),
Charleston, S. C.
STEAM ENGINES AND BOILERS-MARINE,
STATIONERY AND PORTABLE.
RICE THRESHERS AND MILLS OF EVEB?
SHAFTING, PULLEYS AND GEARING
IRON FRONTS FOR BUILDINGS,
CASTINGS OF EVERY KIND IN IRON OB
We guarantee to furnish ENGINES and BOILEB8
ol'as good quality and power, and at as low rates as
can be had tn New York, Baltimore or Philadelphia.
Ashcrofts Low-water Detector,
THE ONLY PERFECT SECURITY AGAINST
DAMAGE FROM LOW WATER IN
REPAIRS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
February 1 w nao 3mos
JAiTEs KNOX.JOHN CULL
KNOX & GILL,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
No. 125 SMITH'S WHABF, BALTIMOBE,
Consignments of COTTON. BICE, frc, reirpecir
fully soUclted, and liberal advances made thereon.
Orders for CORN and BACON promptly executed
with care and attention.
April 27 12mo8*