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SIX DOLLARS PER ANNUM
VOLUME VII.-NUMBER 1046
THE MEMPHIS COMMERCIAL CON?
MJOCHIK, Maj 21. -The Committee on Direct
Trade with Europe reported yesterday in favor
of the formatioo of lines from Southern ports,
which should be supported by subscription.
The committee approved of the scheme inau?
gurated Ivy-the Norfolk Convention fot a line
between Norfolk and Liverpool.
Many letters and telegrams were read from
distinguished persona, regretting their ab?
sence and endorsing the work already done. A
dispatch was received from General Beaure?
gard, tendering a free passage to and from
New Orleans to the Commercial Convention.
The folk)wing oispatch was received in regard
to the Southern racine Railroad :
Nsw YOKE, May 21 1869.-Our most cordial
thanks to yourself and friends for the action of
?he convention. Cur *bonds are quoted at the
Paris Exchang-} at 79 in gold.
J. C. FBLMONT, for Directors.
The Committee on Levees have made an
elaborate report, showing the necessity of
government aid. Foe BankingCommit.ee re?
port in favor of a redistribution or an expansion
of thjhv-currency, so as to give the West and
South their duo proportion of circul?t ion. The
convention favors the redaction of the in?
terest on the national debt by means consis?
tent with a faithful discharge of the country's
duties to its crediton. A r?solution recom?
mending all States to repeal the usury laws
was adopted. The Committee on Commerce,
Manuiactmring and Mining reported in favor
of the States freeing from taxation capital
invested in work developing the resources oi
the country. Speeches were made in favor of
improvement in the matter of transportation
aa beyond the reach of the machinations of
the bulls and bea-s.
SEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHTKOTOH. May 2L-The President has
appointed Felix Coate the surveyor of customs
at 8t. Louis. Alfred Sanford supervising in?
spector or steamboats ia the Fourth District.
P. M. Sheibly, postmaster at Rome, Georgia.
W. H. Howard declines the Chinese mission,
and takes a position on the Wisconsin Bail
The day for the Mississiopi elections will not
be named until after the virgin? elections, al?
though both will probably take place in August.
L. C. Norval) is the Reoublican candidate for
Governor. Judge Lewis Dent, brother-in-law of
tho President, will assist Nor veil in the cam?
The following assignments as superintend?
ent a of Southern Indians have been made :
Choctaws and Chickasaws, Major J. M. Craig;
Creeks, Captain G. 3. Olmsted; Cherokees,
There was a full Cabinet meeting to-day.
Two negroes have been appointed to clerk
abifJi in the Bevon oe Department, and the
' Pol i oe Commissioners have appointed negro
police. Judie Bassett, the nesrro minister to
Hay ti, visited the tioeretary of State, and will
receive his instructions m s few days.
Douglass, the negro printer employed by
Clapp, applied to Simon Wolf, the Register
of Deeds, for a clerkship, sayiog that, in con?
sequence of the combinations entered into by
the Printers' Unions throughout the country,
he is unable to obtain employment. Simon
Wolf has given a favorable answer, and says
that he is particularly happy at having the op?
The President has announced that the Eight
Hoar law involves no reduction in wage?.
TRITT. A VD,
DUBLIN, May 21.-The Grand Lodge of
Orangemen have petitioned the Queen against
the disestablishment of the Irish Church.
PARIS, May 21.-The French elections con?
tiene more or less disorderly. Since the 12th,
one hundred and forty-nine arrests have been
made for creating political disturbances-only
seventeen of whom have been discharged. At
Nismes the people sang the Marsellaise. The
prison at Bourges wau forced, and blood shed
in the department of A abe.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The eteams hip Australia is in port at Key
Weet, repairing her boiler.
At the Old School Assembly of Presbyterians
held at New York, yesterday, a committee of
ten was appointed to confer with a similar New
School committee on the subject of reunion.
Dradfowler, a warm advocate of r?union, was
chown Moderator by a vote of 122 to 93.
THE ENGLISH SXBXON TOADS.-The trade
in sermons (manuscript germ ma sold to clergy?
men for use in the pulpit) U an English
institution, as nowhere else do wo see them BO
freely advertised. This trade, we are told by
the English journals, has grown enoimouel.v
within a few vean. The newspapers which
circulate more especially among the elerey of
the English (Btablishments have iegulkrly
contained advertisements offering original,
striking and orthodox manuscript sermons for
sale, and the fact of their extensive advertise?
ment shows that they are extensively used.
Upon this subject the Observer of this city
trathtully remarks that in this country ft
would impair, if not destroy, any man's useful?
ness in the ministry if it were known that he
depended upon others in any way for his dis?
courses, and the grossness of the evil seems
to be working s cure abroad. Within a few
weekes private circular has informed the
clergy in England that a periodical to be made
up entirely of sermons is about to be issued,
ita sale being limited to gentlemen in holy
orders. This is felt to be pushing the system
too far, and the project seems likely to brirg
about i> strong reaction. The Guai dian, wh:ch
has been in the habit of publishing advert .se?
ment? of thu kmd, declares that it will dj so
no more. The Guardian says: "If the-ni ty
once come to the conclusion that preachers MO
commonly indebted to others tor their ser?
mons, few clergymen will be above suspicion.
Only the very able or very industrious will be
able tn defy the bUggestion that they, too,
have gone into the market fora disconroe, and
a taint of insincerity will attach to hundreds of
excellent clergymen who have done nothing to
deserve it. For oe* own part we have deter?
mined net to lend oar advertising columns to a
sv??em which we are unable to defend. We
will at least practice, at a loee to ourselves,
what we preach.''
TEX FALL or ins FEMALE BLONDEN-.-The
London Shipping and Mercantile' Gazette says :
On Tuesday evening an intensely exciting
scene was witnessed at Bolton. In connection
with Mr. Pablo Fanques circus, the "Female
Blond?n" bad been announced for an out?
door performance. She was to walk. along a
rope fixed from tbe third story of the Old Cor?
onation Mills to the top of the circus, the
height of the rope being about sixty feet, ?nd
the distance some eighty feet. About half
past seven the ''Female Biondin" entered the
Coronation Mills, which are being pulled down,
and ascended the rope. She sauntered along
it for a few feet with a light an j easy step, but
at about fifteen feet from where she started
there waa a large ugly knot on the rope seve?
ral inches long. She essayed to cross it and
then turned back. In a moment, however, she
resumed her pefillous jour Dey,amid the breath?
less anxiety of thousands who stood sixty feet
beneath her. She approached the knot cau?
tiously, crossed it, but just as her lost foot was
leaving it she stumbled. At once she throw
ber pole to the crowd below, and with a despe?
rate effort she grasped the rope. She is a
strong, muscular woman, and exerted herself
greatly to regain a position on the rope, but
bung suspended by the hands. The wildest
excitement prevailed amongst the spectators.
There were loud cries of "lower the rope,"
which was done, but only for a very few feet.
With more speed than it can be told, a great
number of men massed themselves together
affine piase over which she hung by the rope,
and begged her to let go and tau. She did so
and was caught by them, and although the
distance she fell waa almost fiftv feet, she sus?
tained BO injn ry beyond the fright and a shake.
SOUTS CAROLINA. AND THE WEST.
THE IMPORTANT RAILRO AD MEETING IN
THE CLAIMS OF CHARLESTON AND SOUTH
Sp??eries by Governor Scott, General
Harrison, J. B. Lafitte, E. D.
Mansfield a nd Others.
The meeting of tue Railroad Committees of
the City Council, Chamber of Commerce and
Board of Trade, which took pla?e in Cincinnati
on Saturday last, was the largest that had been
hold io connection with the vitally impoi tant
question af a railroid to connect Cincinnati
with the Southern railroad system.
There were present Governor Scott, of South
Carolina; J. B. Lafitte and S. G. Trott, of
Charleston; Genoral W. Harrison, Presid?nt,
and Colonel J. P. Low, Chief Engineer of the
Blue Ridge Railroad; Mayor M.**D. Btarden,
Lflon. John H. Crozier and V. H. Sturm, of
Knoxville; Colonel C. M. McGhee, of tho East
Tennessee and Georgia Railroad (Knoxville to
Chattanooga;) Colonel Adrian Terry, Engineer
of the Knoxville and Kentucky Railroad; Dr.
J. W. F. Parker, Wm. Harvey and Wm. Wood?
cock, of Somerset, Pulaski County, Kentucky;
Colonel Gaw, of Chattanooga, repr?sentative
of the'route from:Chattanooga northwardly
via Emory Gap, Chitwood, Ac., besides Ma . or
Torrence, members of the City Council, prom?
inent railroad men and citizens, who, during
the morning session, completely packed the
W. H. Harrison, Esq., chairman of the com?
mittee, called the meeting to order at ten
o'clock, and announced that tbey were again
assembled to listen to propositions and sug?
gestions from representatives from the South,
who were interested in the projected Southern
Colonel John H. Crozier, of Knoxville, was
the first speaker in favor of the Knoxville
route, and was followed by Colonel Terry, Chief
Engineer of the Knoxville and Kentucky Rail?
road, who urged the claims of the Chattanooga
SOUTH CAROLINA AND THE SEABOARD.
Colonel John P. Low, Chief Engineer of the
Blue Ridge Railroad Company, next addi eased
He said there were three main advantages
offered to Cincinnati by a Southern railroad
1. The extension of the area to which she
may supply ber manufactured articles, toe
grain and provisions for which she is a great
market, and over which she may distribute
2. A connection with South Atlantic ports,
through wbicb she may with advantage export
3. A connection with Gulf ports for West In?
All considerations ofpnblic policy and com?
mercial interest, then, seem to unite in urging
you by no means to neglect the Knoxville con?
nection. We are not here to disparage the
ments of other rou tr s which are here advo?
cated. If the meaos were at hand for their
constrnction, all of those proposed could be
built with advantages to your city beyond tbe
most extravasan: statements which^avebeen
mado to you: bot you can desig^^Vut one
terminus. Knoxville offers advantages which
no other point can pretend to do. and whiei?
have been admitted without controversy, by
your most able and far-seeing business men
and statesmen for forty years during which the
subject bas been discussed.
It appears that you can secure the moet im
Iiortant of tbe advantages that yon eeek by a
?ne of 112 miles loss in leogtb to build, and
$3,000 OOO cheaper than by the line which wonld
CHARLESTON - CONDITION", HASBOB AND FUTURE
PUC8PECTS-CINCINNATI CHIEFLY INTERESTED
Di CLOSE CONNECTION-SPEECH OF SIB. LA?
J. B. Lafitte, Esq., of Charleston, was next
c-tiled upon, and said that as tboso who bad
preceded bim had (n'Ty explained tbe advanta?
ges of the Knoxville connection, so far as the
distance and comparrtive cost were concerne 1,
he would confine his remarks to the commer?
cial advantages to be derived from a close con?
nection with tbe port of Charleston. He wonld,
however, venture to express the decided opin?
ion that should Knoxville be selected as the
Southern terminus of the Cincinnati Road, the
Bine Ridge Railroad would be completed quite
as soon as the former road wonld be built to
the Tennessee State line. On the other hand,
should Chattanooga be selected as the termi?
nus, the Blue Ridge Road would, he thought,
bo abandoned. The people of South Carolina
had pushed forward tho work upon their road
with much energy, so long as tb ero was a rea?
sonable prospect that Cincinnati would fulfil
her part of the original agreement; and had
the road to Knoxville have becu completed,
the Blue Ridge Road wonld lon? since have
been finished to that point to moot thom. Tho
f iii ire to complete the Blue Rid go Road long
since was owing entirely to the apprehension
of the people of the State tb at after completing
it they would still be as far from reaching their
much desired connection with the great North?
west as they ware at present.
He sud that since his arrival in this city he
had learned that the great object aimed at by
the people of Cincinnati in building the pro?
jected road was to command tbe interior trade
of the States lying south and east and south?
west Of this city, thereby offering new markets
for ber manufactures and surplus products,
and making Cincinnati the great distributing
point for supplying all those sections, which
should naturally obtain their supplies from
He recognized the geographical position of
Cincinnati as being such as to warrant her
merchants in claiming for her the position ol'
the great distributing centre for all the central
part ot our great country;but toaccompliah
this they must not onl> be prepared to supply
them with the articles or her own manulncture,
and with her surplus products, but must also
be prepared to supply them with ?U other arti?
cles tbey may need, whether of domestic or
foreign production or manufacture. It j ou
wish to nanke t! is city the groat central distri?
buting point of the country, you must ba pre?
pared to sell to every comer every artie'e he
may need; for If you cannot do that, he must,
of necessity, go to other markets where he can
supply those wants, and in doing so will oe
apt to make all of his purchases there, to thc
serious detriment of your trade in articles cf
your own product and manufacture.
Cincinnati, being a port of en ti y< and already
importing a considerable amount of goods from
Europe, it is only necessary that she should
open a communication with sorao Southern
Atlantic port, through which sue could import
all her foreign supplies at the lowest possible
He felt warranted in saying that no port
would offer equal advantages with Charleston
in this respect, and felt sure the mor^thc mat?
ter would be investigated, tbe more clearly
wonld this be made manifest
Charleston, be claimed, had always been ac?
knowledged to be the cheapest port on thc
Southern Atlantic coast, and the ports in the
Gulf could bear no comparison in this respect,
aa they were all much more expensive than tho
Atlantic ports. Freights from the Golf ports
were as a rule much higher than from Charles?
ton. For brief periods, and owing to excep?
tional causes, this might not invariably be the
case; but usually tho difference of European
freights was twenty-five per cent, in favor of
Cbarleston, as compared with the Gulf ports,
and lo a less extent as compared with other
Southern Atlantic ports.
The cause of ibis difference in freighfs wo ii
the moderate expenses of ships visiting that
port. Our bar is quite narrow, but so situated
that vessels need scarcely ever employ tho ser?
vices of a towboat; and when onco over the
bar. the capacity of and depth of water in our
harbor is snch that they can move about at will
under sail alone. The depth ot' water at the
heads our wharves being uot less than forty to
Our foreign export consisting principally of
cotton, which is a bulky articlo, and our import
being very small, Itrga numbe. s ot' ?bips enter
our port from Europe in ballast, a.id these ves?
sels would consequently be glad to take freight '
from Europe to Charles too at exceedingly
Another advantage Charleston was abl
offer, was in the fact that she possessed w
houses, wharves and other facilities for set
times the amount of trade now passing thro
her limits. Before the nar we received al
550,000 bales ootton and 140.000 tierces ot i
now those quantities are reduced to about 1
000 bales and 30 000 tierces. It is true the
ing off in the value of our trade should no
measured by these figures, as the enhai
value of these articles, owing to their di:
ished production, nearly or quito compensi
for the falling oil in quantity. Cotton be
the war usually randed from eight (8!
twelve (12) cents per pound; tho pastseaso
has ranged from twenty-two (22) to twei
nioe (29) cents per pound. Bice usually s
at from two and a half (24 ) to three and a 1
(3)) cents per pound; u bas for two years i
ransred from 60ven to ten cents por pon
Nevertheless, having tho storage room, wi
room, and other facilities for handling
groater quantity, we as a consequence, b
the largest portion of our wharves and st<
houses entirely unoccupied, their vilue I
naturally become very greatly depreciated, i
they can now be purchased or leased t
merely nominal price. You, therefore, h
tho opportunity, if you deairo it, ofbecom
owners of soma of this property at the preBi
depressed valuation, or by using our pori
the one through which to moko vour impoi
tiona, and to export your surplus products ?
can still reap the full advantage to be gah
by the reduced rates of storage and od
Liv.ng in Charleston is very cheap as ca
pared with any other seaport, and the price
labor is, as a natural consequence, also very k
These are but a few of the local advantages
fered by Charleston os a seaport, to be used
you aa an entrepot for your exports and i
ports, and by building your road to Enoxvi
you may be in the full enjoyment of thi
within less than two years from this day.
Something having been ?aid in reference
the necessity of a connection with a Gulf po
in order to command the trade of the Wi
Indies, be wonld remark that Charleston v
practically nearer to the West Indies than a
Gulf port. There WAS, perhaps, a small dir!
ence in the actual diBtance from some of t
West India islands to Mobilo and New (
leans, as compared with the distance
Charleston, but we aro nearer to you, a
whilst the cost of land transportation is i
creas ad with every additional mile of distant
the cost of transportation by sea was vc
slightly affected by such addition. As a mi
ter of fact, however, freights to Chariest
fx om the West Indies were lowe.* than to t
Gulf ports, owing to the low rates of expense
commonly called p rt charges, to which yo
attention has already been call; d. What h
been said of the West Indies is equally app
cable to Bio de Janeiro and the oth?r Sou
American ports. The two great distributii
points of Bio coffee for tho great West are Bi
timore and New Orleans, with a short line
railroad communicating to Charleston, the
is no reason why Cincinnati should not coi
pete successfully with both of those points
supplying at least a considerable portion
the demand from this and all the adjoioii
Another important fact should not be ove
looked, and that is the difference in tho rat*
of insurance fr am Charleston, and to and fro
the Golf ports. Cotton is insured by first-clat
sailing ships from Charleston to Liverpool i
one per cent., with the usual discount: froi
New Orleans the rate by the same class i
ships is two and a half per cent., and froi
some of the other Gulf ports the charge
even higher. The difference upon other pr<
ducts and merchandise is, of course, in th
same proportion. This difference of the rat?
of insurance also applies to tbe ships then
selves, and is another reason why freights t
the Gulf are, as a rule, much higher than t
the Atlantic ports.
Wo would also call attention to thc great ac
vantages offered by the port of Charleston, a
a point of debarkation for the great tide or im
migtation. which has done so much to build u,
tho ITOlllA nrtA f n -r?l of ??% ? ^.. ^ .VT. li Cb C
Charleston, and he would add Savannah, ar
situated in a peculiarly favored latitude, be
lng to a great measure exempt from tho6<
terrific gales which swoop over the North
oro Atlantic for about eight months in tin
year, and which are particularly severe ii
tho winter season. The sufferines of th?
immigrants by the Northern route must a
times be terrible indeed, and many of then
who have long siuc ; bocomo valued citizens o
your State would bear willing testimony t<
what I have said. Many of those who have
more recently come among you could, no doubt
add to this many truthful relations of th.
troubles and losses they have encounter
ed before getting away from tho cities al
which they landed. It is true that specia
laws have been enacted to protect thc honest
immigrant from the wiles of the "land shark >'
who prey upon him; but in large cities) it is
impossible to givo them tho protection thai
could easily bc extended to them in a smallci
community. Thc trip from Charleston to this
point could be made at all times at less cost
than from a Northern port, and in winier with
much less discomfort, not to say suffering.
Thus, not only would the iuimigrRut arrive ic
your mi 'st after less danger anu suffering, but
with more money in bis pucket, ide reiterated
what he had said in tho beginning os to thc
discouragement that would bo produced by the
location of the Southern terminus elsewhere
than at Knoxville, aud repeated tl. at it was his
firm bolief that such action would de fea' thc
completion of tho Blue Ridge Road. They
might have ano her terminus at Chattanooga,
and as many other termini as they pleased,
provided ono of them was Knoxville, by any
route that was di'-ect from this point, or nearly
Mr. Lafitte concluded by saying that ho was
aware ho bad failed to alinda to many impor?
tant points, bat that he would bc at tho Bur
net House for some days, and felt sure that if
any person feeling an ioterest in this matter
would call upon him, ho could, in a conversa?
tional way, explain tho peculiar advantages of
a direct connection with Charleston much
moie to 'heir satisfaction and his own, and it
would afford him much pleasure to have am?
one call, who desired fuller information.
SPEECH OF G EX EBAL HARBISON.
General J. W. Harrison, President ol tho
Blue Ridge Ra hoad, was called for.
Ho spoke of the evidences of prosperity that
he saw in Ohio. Tbe business, the railroads
and sliipiuug ot Cincinnati had far exceeded
Iiis expectations. Ho alluded to the early
efforts to get a connection between Cincin?
nati and Charleston. There was then a mutual
understanding between nine States on the
railroad question, lhere were inducements
that entered into puolic transactions that
could not be disregarded. He could not ch irgc
Cincinnati with bad faith, if she faikd to make
the road to Knoxville, but certainly South
Carolina hadgono on with her system, upon
the supposition that Cincinnati could na "et
A railroad connection had boon made with
Columbia, at a cost of $3,01)0 000.
The State of South Carunna bas built and
projected a perfect not weik of railways, that
will give Cincinnati a direci communication
with Charleston and Savnn.ah.
The speaker said that, in attempt?ue; io te'l
Cincinnati what ben efl s she will io p from thc
Knoxville connection, he would suy something
of its benfits to his own pooplo. tbey had x
pectcd, for a generation, to . ?joy tho advanta?
ges of your grain fiolds ana green pastur?
age. We have planted cotton .nd nee, expect?
ing to be fed hom other section-*. We bare
been compelled to transport oro vision* two
thousand miles, and have lost moro in freights
from the immense roundabout il?tanos than
would build the road from end to end. (Ap?
We cannot, as things now stand, raise rice,
cotton, tobacco and sugar, without also rais?
ing a largo portion of our provisions. If YOU
will bring us within five hundred miles of your
corn fields, wc can plant all our lauds in such
products as will grow most naturally with us,
and exchange with you to tho mutual advan?
tage of yourselves and us. [Applaus';. 1
You cannot fully realize the changed condi?
tion of things in thc South. For example, wc
now need a stove in every house. Before thc
war it was not so. Tho South wants a million
of stoves today. Would you not like to sup?
ply us ?
We are now compelled to use machinery iu
agriculture. Do you not desire this patronage
for your shops? Very little thal is used on the
farm is made at home. Wo have to look abroad
for these things, but we cannot afford to pay
freight on wagons, buggies, &c, for two thou?
sand miles around.
In timber wc have the finest of walnut, cher?
ry, to offer you. Tho engineer said that
iu surveying the road from Walhalla to Frank?
lin, il was not a rare thing to see a black wal?
nut thirty feet in circumference aal seventy
feet to the first limb; also cherry equal!
without a limb. These trees would be
something in your market.
The capitalists of the Southeast are vi
up to the ocean trade, a hey cannot set
the produce of tbe West Indies should
carried past the best of harbors at Port
to Baltimore, New York and Boston,
thence brought back to us. A change v
effected in this regari. Many of us will j
see the day when the richest trade
country will be from South America, Spai
the West Indies, through Southeastern ]
Port Royal will, at no distant day, be a
naval station, which will vastly aid us
tracting that trade which, oj the laws
tare, should come to as instead of possii
us to Baltimore and N*w York. If j.
Cincinnati, will como to our aid, a great
lutiou will be speedily wrought in this re;
'1 he State of South Carolina has loane
credit to tho Blue Ridge Road to the an
of $1,000,000. This will enable us to push
Knoxville in fourteen months, c^nld a m
of material aid from Cincinnati and ant
million from Louisville bo procured,
thought that he could so present theargu
that private capitalists of Cincinnati wou
once subscribe a million.
It may bo that if you don't make Knoi
your Southern terminus, we shall be dist
aged. Cincinnati is worth more than the v
State of South Carolina, and yet our Stat?
expended $7,500.000 on railways, and bas i
her credi? for $1,000,000 more.
With such aspirations as the permlo of
cinnati have in reference to kaNmn g
ness, how can she neglect to extend some
teri al aid to the great universe about ffer
which she expects to?dmwker resources ?
ET? njansrfe eji ?toa.
At half-past two tue-convention again as
bled, and Colonel McGhee made a speed
favor of the Chattanooga connection.
SOUTH CAHOLD,'A-SPEECH OF GOVERN'OB BC
Governor Scott, of Sooth Carolina, was
introduced. In bis opening remarks the <
ernor said it was not h s intention or desii
address the committee and gentlemen pre
on this subject, af er it bad boon so fully
ruBsed and clearly presented by others. T
is no one, he said, who can not comprehend
importance of a connecti. n from tho inte
of the country which you occupy, with tho
board, both to you and to the people of Sc
Carolina, uniting, as it wiD, two legions hit
to separated by the range of the All?guai
Tho people or the Northwest and thu Soi
ern seaboard have long felt that a bi
through this barrier was of tho utmost im
lance to them in a political, military and sc
point of view. Even during the adminis
tion of President Monroe, his Secretary of1
ordered a survey of this region of conn
with the design of connecting the h
waters of the Tennessee with the wal
of tho Savannah River by canal. '
people of South Carolina and East T<
nessee have constantly kept in view the imp
tance of this identical route, through whic
road can be constructed with less expense tl
any other pass through the mountains. 1
commercial and other relations lt will open
tween the great Northwest, rich iu every p
duct of thc sod, in manufactures and in eve
thing that makes a people prosperous ?
great, and tho Southern country, where i
products are all or a different character, wh
tbe people bavo never turned their attent
to manufactures, will be of inestimable adv;
tage to two communities who are consum?
of etch other's products. This is a matter
such vital importance that we have felt it to
our duty to use every means in our power
secure this l:ne of communication. Believi
that Cincinnati was to be equally bonetitte J
not more benefitted, by this connection th
ourselves, we have constantly kept ourseli
in communication with you in the hope tl
you might extend some of your abunda
means in this direction. It has not been o
expectation that you would build our roa
Wc have it now nearly half couplet ed, witho
any debt hanging over it. Six millions mc
will complete it. Four millions of this amou
bonds guaranteed by the endorsement of t
State of South Carolina. Wc thiuk that on t!
completion of this line of road it will pay tl
interest oe its bonded debt, and that it wou
even be a paying roid to the stockholders.
As General Harrison, thc President of tl
road, has in his remarks referred to the fina
mal prosperity of the State, it jill perhaps DI
be out ot place for mc to speak of it more
detail, especially as bearing upon tho State ii
dorsement unon thc bond*. Air. Lafitte, tl
distinguished commercial gentleman, <
Charleston, who addressed yon this murnini
may have left the impression on your mint
that thc State was not as prosperous in its a;
ricultural productions as formerly, which is, i
some extent, true; that is. so far as thc lailui
of thc sea island cotton crop has resulted froi
the ravages of thc caterpillar. Formerly
Charleston was>a largo exporting point, 500"
OOO bales of cotton passing through the ban i
ot its merchants annually, lt is to be noticet
however, that but about 200,000 bales of tbi
were produced in South Carolina, the reman
der coming from States lying to the wesi
During tho Ont two years after the war th
crops of all kinds wore necessarily very shorl
the rice crop particularly so, on account of tin
great expenditure necessary to repair thc in
juries to dikes, water pates and machiner
accessary to tho culturo of that cereal, ani
caused by tho accident ct war and tho dilapida
tiori resulting from abandonment. Partial);
to compensate for this, however, our peopl
have turned their attention to new branches ol
industry. Ono which 1 will mention ii th.
manufacture of turpentine, which has been
very gretly increased above the products be?
fore tho war, abs irbing much of tho laboi
which would otherwise have been employed in
the cotton and rice fields. In 18(18 the cotton
crop was about au average oue; from which
about twenty millions ol dollars have been re?
ceived by thc people ol the ttate; and this not?
withstanding the entire destruction of tbe sei
island cotton crop. It is we'l known that, prior tc
tho war, the credit of South Carolina stood at
a point not exceeded by any other State; at no
time did she ever fail to meet her obligations;
but thc war swept away lier capital, and she is
now simply beginning lo rise from tbe ashes
of her ruins. At the time of the organization
of the present State government, the credit ol
the State was at a very low point, her bonds
emmanding but 3(1 cents on tho dollar,
anti they had fallen even as low as to 117
couts. But I ara happy to state that to-day
they stand in the market at from 73 to 7 > cents,
and ou the payment of thc past duo interest,
which will bo" made by the 1st of next July,
they must tako their place among thc b;st
State securities in tho country. Even now thc
holders of these bonds evince their confidence
in their appreciation by tho pertinacity with
which they aro held. They are almost exclu?
sively in tho hands of the citizens of South
Carolina, who have ever taken a commendable
pride in being tho holders of the securities of
their oin State. It will thus bc seen that thc
means upon which we rely for the accomplish?
ment of our portion of thc enterprise, in the
interest ol which wc are here, ure not visionary
but substantial realities, and that weare able tb
perform what wc promise. Oar public debt is
$0,410.000, and there aro in tho treasury assets
in the shape of Btocks and bonds to the amount
of about $3.500,000, leaving the State iudcLieJ
ncss but S3 000,000 in round nuinbere.
This uircct comaiuuication . between the
Northwest and the South Atlantic slopi- pre?
sents another element of great pr ictical value.
Oat of nineteen millions ot acres of Hms iu
South Carolina, only ab^ut oue-fifili*has'uvcr
been brought under cultivation. These lands
have heretof re been held iu large bodies by
gentlemen of wealth, who are now anxious to
dispose of thom in small tracts lo just such a
class as those of your citizens who are con?
stantly seeking homes in the tar West. Here
thev will find a productive soil, a climate more
genial and healthy than any on the continent,
andacordial welcome. Herc can b: gio wu the
products of both the temperate and tropical
zones, and the apple and the fig grow side In?
side. Corn, wheat and cotton may be seen in
adjoining fields. Bv reference to thc mip you
will notice that the upper tier of c tuutiea is on
the same parallel of latitude with the grape
gr ?wing couutrv of Portugal and Spain, and
when attention i's given to its culture, the vine
grows here in equal luxuriousness. As a route
for tourists this hue ?ill offer great at tractions.
Charleston, one of the oldest cities in the
United States, has become a place ot historic
interest, and attracts many visitors eveu from
the far Northwest, notwithstanding the cir?
cuitous and expensive route by which they arc
now obliged to approach it. On account of thc
mildness ol its winter climate, it must neces?
sarily- attract, also, many business men who
now find it necessary to transact all theiraf
fairs in Ibo Eastern "cities. 1 believe that wc
have presented to you themain reasons,which,
we think, aro worthy of your consideiation,
and which we bclievo justify us in asking to
have this long contemplated connection with
your city consummated. We believe that when
yon mike an actnal survey of tbe ground there
can be no question about the final result.
In closing thc few remarks that I have had
the pleasure to address you on this occasion, I
can truly say that I have spoken to you with
all the feelings and sympathies of a former
citizen of Ohio, although now representing the
State of F - uth Carolina. I feel, therefore, tbat
in a peculiar degree I appreciate the interests
of both Ohio and South Carolina. This pro?
posed railroad connection will be the most effi?
cient means of not only adding to the mate?
rial prosperity of both States, but for bringing
into contact and harmonizing communities
which have heretofore been separated by moun?
tain barriers and by differences of education,
association and experience.
Whatever may have been true of the past, I
can confidently assert in behalf of tbe great
majority of bur citizens, that while they arc
laboring to restore prosperity and harmony
within our borders, moy are equally desirous
of contributing, by every means within their
power, to the wollare and ad/ancoment of the
Dr. Parker followed in favor ol Chattanooga
and against Knoxville.
WHAT IS DUE TO SOUTH CAROLINA.
Tho Hon. E. D. Mansfield was the next
speaker. He said :
I listened with pleasure to the clear state?
ments of the gentleman from South Carolina.
When we fiist proposed to make the road from
hc*vd fp 'the South. Utiarleaton stood over the
great mount nina of Central America before ns
as 1h6?ioarest seaport, and Knoxville-stood in.
the intermediate way. There was then no
Chattanooga, and many of the interests that
have been discussed to-day bad no existence
then. Perhaps some of these later interests
ought to be properly considered in your delib?
Of that convention General William Henry
Harrison, the namesake of tbe gentleman
from South Carolina who spoke to-day, was
Pr?sidant, and I was Secretary. Thr> pro?
position was made to build a great Southern
railroad from tho banks of the Ohio River to
the Atlantic coast at Charleston. The propo?
sition was met by the citizens of South Caro?
lina and Charleston with a directness and
energy of effort 1 bave never seen equalled,
and we owe them something for that. South
Carolina is a small State, but she plodges
almost the entire wealth of Charleston to help
make the road. She expected Cincinnati and
Ohio and Kentucky to have given correspond?
ing amounts. But they were disappointed;
the enterprise for tbat time failed, bot from
that day to this, during thirty years ol peace
and of war, of controversy and conflict, South
Carolina bas always gone as far as she could
forward in that work, until, as you heard to?
day from the engineer of tho road, they have
completed mach of their portion of the road.
1 say, then, we one something to these gen -
tlcmen, but we owe more to great geographi?
cal facts, for as the gentleman from East
Tennessee says, geography nevor changes.
Time leaves tho great clements of nature the
same. The necessities of Cincinnati are the
sa ne, and there is left us the same great work
to perform that we undertook in 1836. I think
there is some obligation resting upon us; if
there is none on a community, there is cer?
tainly some on individuals, ana while I can
raise my voice and pen, I feel bound to do so
fur the interest of South Carolina, in that great
work to which wo pledged ourselves and for?
tunes in times past. lucre is a doctrine pre?
valent in this day, that ono gentlemen cannot
bind another, but this obligation binds me,
and nobody can absolve me from it.
I now come to the routes. The law does not
prescribe tbat you shall go on a straight south?
ern line. It says tbis-but it should not have
said if-that you aro to select tho termini.
This was putting the cart before the horse; tbe
route should come first, and thou tbe termini;
but you must get along with tho law the boat
you can. The termini meant by the law allows of
two or more of them, and this ls the point I
make. There is not as much difficulty in ihe
way us you hive had represented to you. The
T.-t.?l. " fcSPS i.. 5?SS5 Sf SmmSrn il?ii.>k Ke-ntneh-f
is premature. The question as to how you
shall go through Kentucky is ono of engin?
eering, lu order to raako sure of what you all
want, thc Blue tlidgo routo on tho one hand,
and thc Chattanoogt on tho other, is tbat you
should do what every man in Cincinnati ex?
pects you to do-build a trunk lino of road
directly South, and make all the world come to
it. [Applause.] There is co conflict of inter?
est here. The law will admit ot Knoxville and
Chattanooga, both coming in; there is no legal
difficulty iu thc way. You aro all talking as if
it were absolutely necessary to say A; but you
have thc perfect right to say A, B. C. I am
not in favor ol'compromises generally. There
arc few opinions in this world that" could be
compromised witbr ut a fight; but this is one
case in which you eau compromise routes.
As to South Carolina, you can no more ignore
Chat lenton than you could ignore Clcvelanl
and Buffalo. You woulJ not have a Southern
railroad that didn't point toward South Caro?
^Now, mike your trunk road, and put your
energies in it, and make the linc just where al
these interests will moot it.
This is about all I wanted to say. But there
aro other tbinirs wo.ought to think about to
encourage us in this enterprise. Thia is an
age of revolutions; the country bas just passed
through one revolution, and for aught I see
will pass through more. Fortunately, ns I
look at these things, revolutions arc generally
favorable for progress. What is going to
happen? Thirty years ago South Carolina
grew tea, and it was demonstrated beyond thc
possibility of doubt that South Carolina could
grow tea "as well ns China. It li is not b-'an
done, because it requires small and cheap
labor: but it will, sooner or later, bc grown in
the Soul h in larg2 quantities. They fired a
broadside, iu Chicago, a few duys a;?, on the
recepti m of thc first tea received by the
Pacific Railroad, lt will not by moro than a
generation before wc will uro a broadside in
glorification over the first car load or tea
received over Ibo Cincinnati Southern Railroad
from South Carolina.
I close aa I began, by saying that I think
this community owes it to thu State of South
Carolina, which bas remained steadfast to her
first love- for thirty yeats while a whole gene?
ration Ins passed away, to so locate this road
as lo a ?Joni them and us the freest facilities ot
intercourse. And I join with them in tho
hope that our whole Southern country will soon
again bloom with thu to JO, and again bc filled
with the patriotism that belongs to our beloved
THANKS TO VISITORS.
At thc Conclusion of the discussion the fol?
lowing resolution was unanimously adopted:
Resdteetl, That tho thanks of the joint com?
mittees of the City Council, the Chamber of
Commerce and the Board of Trade of Cincin?
nati aredue,and are heroby tendered to tho dele?
gations from tho several Southern cities for
thc vaned intelligence and informat ion relative
to tho products and resources ot the districts
ttnd cities wbica they represent; and wo assure
them that we, as citizens of Cincinna i, will
ever renn mber their visit with pleasant memo?
ries, and trust that tbe intercourse in the
futuro between Cincinnati aud their respective
homes will bc equally pleasant and profitable
Hit committee then adjourned, subject to
the call of the chairman.
? From the Spectator.].
A few boys and girls acquiro the art by some
process which seems intuitivo, and spell per?
fectly years before they can by possibility have
read half tho words they are ultimately requir?
ed to use. Printen all know how very little
Ihe spelling, even of tho best educated, is to
bc trusted; and wc have reason to believe that
if English journalists were weeded by au ex?
amination in which etymological accuracy was
thc sine yuri uoii. the profession would lose
some very comp?tent members. One occa?
sional contributor to this journal, a man whoso
education has been of a singularly perfectkiod,
and who is a true seholar in his way, never
sends in a contribution without half a dozen
etymological errors; and thc rc arc double-firsts
who would rather trust themselves in Ureek
than English without a pocket dictionary.
It is a curious proof of - he accuracy of this
view that tho commercial schools, which pro?
fess to teach, and do teach, spelling, do not
turu out spellers half as accurate as the public
f chools, wuich profess to teach nothing of the
kind a .d that hundreds of persons learn to
spell, or rather begin to spell, well habitu illy
only iu manhood-that is, when thc attention
has at last been aroused. Whether the ex?
treme case, that of a min of high culture, who
absolutely could not learn to spell ever happen?
ed, we are uucertain; but almost all men who
have tc read manuscript believe it; and a kin
dred inability, tbat of recollecting dates and
figures, certainly does exist. But an inability
to spell, arising from a certain failure of inter?
est in words, is a distinct characteristic of J
'English minds, and one which it requires ex?
traordinary effort to eradicate-more especially
Spelling, however, is not the only deficiency
of this kind, though it is, of course, the one
most observed, and owing to the curions caste
feeling mentioned above-a feeling entirely
absent a hundred years ago-it is the one moat
resented. The ignorance of many cultivated
men of arithmetic is frequently astounding.
We feel eure, from our own experience, that J
hundreds of what are called well-educated
men, and thousands of accomplished women, j
could not do a rule-of-thrce sum if their for- I
tunes depended noon it; while a number, pre- I
sumably less but still very large, cannot do
any calculation on paper at all. We venture
to say the majority of middle and upper class
women are worried by the simplest question
about.interest, and to a very largo proportion
the simple adding np of household accounts I
is a wearisome labor very inaccurately per- I
formed, while if thc calculation is in foreign
money they are hopelessly bewildered. Thoy
do not understand compound addition, while
as to compound division, qr any problem of
any sort involving fractions) thoy frankly de?
clino to make the attempt. We have personal- I
ly known a lady, mistress not only of four lan?
guages, but of their hmstufesj give ujV thc
effort to discover.what the 'fourth of a seventh
?whs as Bcmethinft wfiollf)beyond,ber capacity,
and ten minutes after discuss a foreign budget I
with keen .'intelligence, and that is not an
extreme case. ''Tho most extreme we ever r
kilew was that of an Oxford M. A., bead master
of a grammar school, and an almost unrival?
led master of Greek lyrioal poetry, who was
honestly unable, and confessed himself un?
able, to do the simplest sum in simple addition,
who, to get an account light, would put the
actual coins on the table, and always called a
boy to verify the weekly statistics of the
school. There must have been some odd loath?
ing for figures in him, as well as want of inter
est, resembling the loathing some lads have
for Euclid; but we should like to try the
House of Peers with a stiff blt of notation. Not
one in six would put down the figures right,
and of their wives, not one in sixty; yet they
and all those we have mentioned hare, at
some time or other, learned these things, and
are ignorant of them only because their inter
est hos never been excited. It is jost the samo I
with geography, of which educated and com
petent men often do not know the simplest
facts, though they have all learned tbem ia a
way as one usually learns things of no interest
-that is, without learning them. They bare
to learn them again when they want them, and
meanwhile are just as ignorant as medical
students arc of spelling. We should just like
to make the English members in the House cf
Commons draw each for himself a skeleton map
of Ireland, and soo how many of the maps hore I
a fair resemblance to the truth. Yet they were
taught about Ireland as well as England, and
at the same timo. No doubt the English me?
thod of teaching seojraphy, even in the very
best schools, is ludicrously bad, vory few mas- I
ters ever thinking that distances and areas
ought to enter into their teaching, and leaving
pupils undor a happy bcliof that they know all
about Arabia it thoy can draw its outline,
though thoy do not know whether it is as big
as Yorkshire or as Europe. But still, most
educated mon onco knew much more of geo- I
giaphy as lads than they do as men: tho rea?
son being wont of interest in the subject. To
test them on it would not be fair to the schools,
wretchedly bad as their system is, any more
than it would be to test most girls' schools by
their old pupils' knowledge of figures. They
have been taught them fairly enough, bzt the
memory, unstimulated by any interest, refuses
to retain its load.
The real failure is not in these things, bat in
the entire a been co of any attempt to secure
tho main end of teaching, which is not the
communication of knowledge, bat the develop?
ment of tho powers of tho mind. Half an
hour's chat by a shrewd, good-tempered arith- I
metician with a lad on the rule of three, its I
principle- and its management, wlU give the I
student a more perfect control of that invalua- I
ble machine than years of "sums" dono by
cram rules without tho smallest notion why
those rules yield accurate rcsnlts.
We know a child of eight (a girl) whoso ac-1
quaintanco with geography is far greater
than that of most men, whose study of the sub?
ject was induced by the accidental awaken?
ing of an interest in the shapes of tbs different
countries on th? map, arising originally from
some grotesquo remark about the likeness of
Britain to an old lady dandling Ireland on her
lap. 'Ibo teachers even in commeicial schools
are not such bad machines as they arc des?
cribed; but then thoy usually are machines,
and wo need intelligent teachers instead.
Mero practico will not cvon onablo boys to
spell, and it is practice only whioh is required
J T. HUMPHREYS,
BROKER, A UCTIONEER AND COMMIS?
SION MER CHA A 7.
SALES OF BEAL ESTATE, STOOKS, BONDS, SE?
CURITIES AND PERSONAL PROPERTY
No. 3 7 DllOAU-STREET
CHAKI.h - ION. S. 0.
TIE F UK K N C EAM
Eon. HENRY BOIS I. W. J. MAGRATH. Esa,.
General JAMES CONKER, T. K. WARING, Esa.
T> ETER TOTANS,
1 URN Ii It AND DE \LER IN IVORY, |
And Manufacturer of
BILLIARD BALLS AND (CES, ,
AND IMPORTER OF BILLIARD CLOTH, CUES,
Letter Chalk, and Billiard Merchandise in general.
No. 89 Fulton-strcct, New York.
JAMES XKOX.JOHN GILL
JT? V O X ?Si GILL,
GENERAL COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Ka. 123 SMITH'S WHARF, BALTIMORE,
CONSIGNMENTS OF COTTON, BICE, fcc, RE?
SPECTFULLY solicited, and liberal advances made
thereon. Ordors for CORN and BACON promptly
executed with care and att"uticn. amos Mai 13
QHAMPOOIBTO ANO HAIR-CUTTING.
LADIES AND CHILDREN*
attended at their residences promptly and at rpason
Send orders to W. E. MARSHALL, Barber,
Aprill4_No. 31 Droad-slreet mp stairs.)
JOHN D. ALEXANDER,
NOTARYrUBLIC AND GENERAL AGENT,
No. 10 Droad-strcct.
RESPECTFULLY SOLICITS BUSINESS IN AD
JUSTING ACCOUNTS ol Merchants and others,
and in WRITING UP AND POSTING their BOOKS,
either in part or whole. Ac._January 9
THE SUMTER NEWS,
'PUBLISHED AI SUMTER, S.
H ONE OF THE BEST PAPEBtj IN THE UP?
COUNTRY; has a larjc circulation, and affords su?
perior advantages as an advertising medium. Terms
low. Addles DARR & OSIERS,
February 23 Propr^to**.
FOR THE HAIR.
FHALON3 CHEMICAL HAIR INYIGORA
AYER'S HATS VIGOR
MONTGOMERY'S LT AIR RESTORER
BURNET'S COCO AINE
HALL'S SICILIAN HAIR RENEWER
CHEVALIER'S LIFE FOR THE HAIR
CHALFANT'S COCOA CREAM
LYON'S KATH AIRON
For sate by Dr. H. BAER,
Mav 8 No. 131 MEETING-STREET.
FOR LTV'KR POOL.
THB PINE SHIP B. a WINTHROP. J.
?H. METffABT Mw ter, having a Larve part
y of ber car?" enpagod and going onboard,
.vin have dispatch.
For balance of cargo apply to
PATIKBSON k STOCK,
May 22_South Atlantic Wharf.
FUR li I VE It FOL) Ii.
TBE Al BRITISH BABB DALKEITH,
V CHIRLES H. ANDEBSON Vaster, naring a
?large portion ot her cargo on board, viii
.meet with dispatch.
For Freight engagements apply to
B. MUHE k CO..
May 19 _Boyce's Wharf.
TBE FINE FAST BAILING YACHT
'ELLA ANNA, tbs Champion of Ute South,
sis now ready and preparad to make regalar
?Hips, thus affording an opportunity to all
who may wish to visit points of interest in our basa?
nt ul barb or.
For passage, apply to the Captain on Union
EXCURSIONS AROUND THE HARBOR.
THE FINE, FAST SAILING AND OOM?
*FOBTABLY appointed Yacht ELEANOR
kwlll resume har trips to historic pointa lit
?the tarbor, and will leard Government
Wharf daily at Ten A. M. and Foar P. M.
Foi Passage apply to THU M AH yourie},
December 18 Captain, on board.
f. Itt IBW YORK,.
REG ULAM LINE JFvERT WEDNBSDA T\
THE STEAMSHIP SABAGOSSA,
' Captain 0. HYDES, will leave Van der -
'hom's whart, OD WKDBcanar, May
r 20,1869 ai 7 o'clock A. M.
May 20_BAVENBL > 00.. Agatttt.
V KW VOR KL AN O CBABLBITOBT
FOR N ? W YORK?
CABIN PASSAGE $2?.
TBE SPLENDID S IDE-'H'H EEL
'STEAMSHIP OHAMPION, B. W,
LOCKWOOD Commander, wlB sail
from Auger's oouth Wharf on FAT
CETJAT, the 22d inst, at half-past 4. o'clock P.M.,.
BW An extra charge of $5 nude for Tickets pur?
chased on board after sailing,
ny No Bilis of Lading signed after the steamer
tar Through Bills Lading giren for Cotton to
Boston and Prov;deuce, B. L
&W Marine Insurance by this line >? per cont
MW The Steamar* of tbla line ar? Ant class In
every respect, and their Tables are m railed with aU
the delicacies of the New York and Charleston mar?
For Freight or Passage, apply to
JAMES A D?t h & 00.. Agents,
Corner Adger*s Wharf and East Bay (Upstairs.)
MW 'the MANHATTAN follows on SATURDAY, the
29th instant, at 9 o'clock A. M.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMFY S y
THE or O H El? i. TO
CALIPOBNIA, CHINA AND JAPAN.
CHANGE OF SAILING DATS!
STEAM F P. S OF THE ABOVE
line leave Pier No. 12, North Hirer,
foot of Canal-street. New York, at
-_ ll o'clock noon, of the 1st, 11th and
??1st ct every month (except when thew date? fait -
on Sunday, then the Saturday preceding^.
Departure of lat and '21st connect at Panama with
steamers for South Pacific and Central American
port?. Those of lat touch at Manzanillo.
Departure of 11th ot each month connects with
the new steam line from Panama to Australia and
Steamship GREAT BEPUBLIO leaves San Francis?
co for China and Japan July 3. 1860.
No Ca Ufo mia steamers touch at Havana, bst go
direct /rom New York to AspinwalL
One hundred pounds baggage free to each adult.
Medicine and attendance free.
For Passage Tlckota or further Information avals
at tb? COMPANY'S TICKET OFFICE, on the what?
foot of Canal-street, North Biver, New York.
March 12 lyr F. B. BABY, Agent,
FOR SAVANNAH-INLAND ROUTE,
VIA BEAUFORT AND HILTON HEAD. '
THROUGH TICKETS TO FLORIDA
ON ANT) AFTER MAY 1ST *
To Savannah.. .$3. To Beaufort. ...94.
r ??ICJH the STKAMBb PILOT BOY, OAP
JjgEggflGTAIN FETO PECK, will leave Accom
moda?on Wharf every MOOTAI and THURSBAY MOBS.
ruo at 8 o'clock
Returning will lear o Savannah every TOSSOAT and
FRITAY MOUSING at 8 o'clock.
April iw_Accommodation Wharf.
m .a-ff-?a? THE STEAMER DICTATOR,
?EtatSCCAPTAIN W. T. MCNELTY, w?l ?at
(rom cha-le?ton for Savannah on SATOBDAT E"R
KtSO, at 'J o'clock.
"Viii leave Savannah'for Charleston on Sea JAY.
TEHNOOS, ut 4 o'clock.
For Freight or Passage, applv to
April JD_J. 1). AIKEN k CO.. Agent*.
KOK PALATKA, FLORIDA.
VIA SAVANNAH, Ft BN ANDINA AND JA0K80N.
i- -J?dE-^?J*. TnE FTB&T-0A8S BIEAUE'l
??SBEMMSCDICTATOR, Captain WM T. McNx?>
TY, will Ball from Charleston ever? Tut!Jay Eecnin ;,
at Nine o'clock, tor tho above points.
The first-class Steamer CITY POINT. Captain Gio,
F. MCMILLAN will tail from Charleston every F.-i~
day Evening, at Nine o'clock, for above points.
Connecting with the Central Railroad at Saranai h
forMobUeand Now Orleans, and with tbs Flori? a
Railroad at Fernandina for Cedar Keys, at wh!.-h
point xie?mer? connect with New Orleans, Mobile,
Pensacola. Key West and Htvana.
Through Bills Lading given for Freight to MobI.e,
Pensacola and New Orleano.
Connecting with H. 8, Hart's steamers Otlateaha
and Griffin for Silver Springt and Lakee Griffin, Hus
fit, Harris and Durham.
All freight payable on the wharf.
Goods not removed at sunset will be stored at ria
and expense of owners.
For Freight or Passage engagement, apply to
J. D. AIKEN st CO., Agents,
South Atlantic Wharf.
N. E.-Ne extra charge for Meals and Staterooms.
Shirts an?i /nrnisftmjj ?oo?s.
SOOT x ? s
" SHIRT EMPORIUM,"
THE ONLY EXCLUSIVE
FUR MS HING STORE IN' CHARLESTON
r.."CEIVED A NEW DTPLY
OF THE CELEBRATED
STAR SHIRT S
COLLA W S,
ALSO, ALL SIZES OP
GBA.Y'3 PATENT MOULDED PAPEB COLLARS,
Which arc offered at very Low Prices.
OPPOSITE MARKET HALL.
STAR SHIRT SIGN.
January 1 Cm08
fjrrfLLIS d? CHISOLM,
FACTORS, COMMISSION MERCHANTS
Wn.L ATTEND TO THE PURCHA8E, 8ALB AND
SHIPMENT (to Foreign and Domestic Ports) of
COTTON, RICE, LUMBER AND NAVAL STO?ES,
ATLANTIC WHARF. Charleston, 8. C.
E. WILLIS.A. B. OHIBOLK