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VOUTME Vin.-NUMBER 1189.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 14, 1869.
SLX DOLLARS A YEAR.
PENNSYLVANIA GOES REPUBLICAN BY A
OHIO STILL IN DOUBT.
BOTH SIDES CLAIM THE VICTORY.
MORTAL ILLNESS OF ADMIRAL FARRAGUT.
A NEW SECRETARY OP WAR.
^ The Cotton Catea In the Supreme Court,
Sic., ?ic., die.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAMS TO THE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, October 13-12.30 P. M.
Additional murts received this morning from
Pennsylvania indicate the probable election of
Geary, Republican, over Packer, Democrat, for
Governor, by a small majority: say 3000; which
would be a Democratic gab?since the last Presi?
dential election of 25,000 votes.
The Republicans had the exclusive handling of
the?f?w registry law in Philadelphia, and suc?
ceeded thereby m reducing the Democratic vote
more than 2000.
The latest returns from Ohio declare that the
result for Governor te very close.
The Cincinnati Radicals telegraph tbiajnornlng
that Hayes, Republican, is probably elected by a
small majority; but add that the Legislature has
gone Democratic, thereby ensuring the defeat of
the Fifteenth amendment.
The Democrats claim that Pendleton is certain ly
> elected, and are firing saintes in Columbus and
Cincinnati in honor or their victory.
The large Pendleton gains In Sontheim Ohio arc
almost balanced by the gains of Hayes in the
northern part bf thejttate. Hence, it is impossi?
ble, as yet, to get at the definite result.
A special dispatch from Nashville says that
Governor Sent er's message was read to the Leg?
islature yesterday. It advises th? adoption of the
Fifteenth amendment, and scouts the Idea of re?
pudiation. It favors a continuation of the present
Behool system, and the sale of delinquent rail?
roads. It says nothing in regard to a Constitu?
tional Convention, but favors a free franchise.
?WASHINGTON, October 13-ll P. M.
The latest retama from Pennsylvania indicate
the election of Geary by a majority of about 4000
votes. ' . , . I . -,
Ohio ls still la doubt, and both parties claim the
election of Governor. The L?gislature ls un?
Tue brief of the cotton tax case is ready for the
Supreme Court, and the counsel are here. The
point of the case is that cotton being an article of
export, its taxation is prohibited. There are
forty-two million dollars involved.
General Sheridan telegraphs tp. General Sher?
man from Chicago that Admiral Farragut is very
low and cannot possibly recover.
[FEOM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, October 13.
Careful comparison based on partial returns
from thirty counties, ta eluding Philadelphia and
AUeghany Counties, show a net Democratic gain
of nearly 4000 votes. The remaining counties
must average nearly 200 Democratic gain to elect
Packer. The majority of Geary, Republican;. In
Philadelphia, by thc official count ls 3330.
The indications are that both branches of the
Stat e Legislature will be Republican.
The latest dispatches from Philadelphia give
the composition of the Legislature " as follows:
Senate, 18 Republicans to 15 Democrats; House of
Represen te ti ves, 30 Republicans to 17 Democrats,
giving the Republicans .29 majority on joint bal?
The Radical papers claim the election of Geary
by from 5000 to 10,000 majority.
The Philadelphia Age, Democant, claims 0000
majority for Packer.
WASHINGTON, October 13-9 P. M.
The majority for Geary in thirty-six counties la
Pennsylvania is nearly 5000 votes. The remaining
thirty counties must average one hundred and
nffy-seven Democratic gain to ensure the election
of Packer. The contest ls very close, but the
chances are In favor of Geary.
From Ohio we hear that Hamilton County gives
Pendleton 6O0 majority, and elects thc entire De
mocratic Municipal ticket It is now believed that
Pendleton is defeated, bat by a very small majori?
ty. The corrected returns may yet eleet Pendle?
ton. The State House of Representatives ls
strongly Democratic. The Senate will be Repub?
lican. This defeats the State's sanction of the
A dispatch from Cleveland, Ohio, says that ac?
cording to returns from one-third of the State,
Hayes, Republican, loses 5000 votes since the last
elections. This average carried throughout the
SUte will elect Hayes by 5000 majority. Many of
the Democratic strongholds, however, have yet to
be heard from.
The few detailed returns which have been re
eelved from Ohio Indicate the election of Pendle?
WASHINGTON, October 13.
As was expected to be the case, Iowa elects the
whole Radical ticket. ^
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, October 13.
Another case involving the constitution tlity of
the State tax on Importations, is to be ar ;ued in
the Supreme Court. The case comes from Mobile.
General Wm. M. Belknap, or Iowa, has been
telegraphed by the President to assume the Sec?
retaryship of War. On bis arrival General Sher?
man win retire.
ft ls rumored that General Sherman accepted
the Secretaryahlp with reluctance and only to ac?
commodate the President. General Belknap is
bot thirty-eight years old, a graduate of Prince?
ton College, New Jersey, and a lawyer by profes?
sion. He served la thc Union army from the be?
ginning to the end of the late civil war, In the
capacity of an aide-de-camp to General Sherman.
THE OLD DOMINION.
RICHMOND, October 13.
About ten thousand persons attended the State
Fair at Staunton to-day. Professor T. W. Mallett,
of the University of Virginia, delivered an address
on the science of farming as a fine art, and how
men of science can help the farmer.
Major John a Lafferty, of the Lexington Ga?
zette, has been appointed superintendent of the
typographical and stenographlcal department of
Washington College, Lexington.
The Border Agricultural Fair nt Danville open?
ed to-day. North Carolina and Danville are well
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
A negro who insulted a lady near Fort Wash?
ington, Va., has been hung by the people.
The signal tower ou the Mine Hill (Pennsylva?
nia) Railroad ls destroyed by fire. The watch?
man, his wife and two children were bumed to
A Paris dispatch says that severa1, public re
ria are announced and disturbances are fear
The government will enforce the law for thc
suppression of meeting? calculated to disturb the
A TH RI riyu Toity.
All About Florence-How it Grows
Appearance of thc Village-A Batch
of Gossip-Hints for the Curi?os-The
Lands, the Laborera and the Crops.
[PROS! OIR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
FLORENCE, S. C., October 13.
Florence, they say about here, ls a city of
steam engines, cotton gins and babies. Em?
brace in the description pine trees and railroad
tracks, and the traveller will not fail to recog?
nize the locality. Within ten years, the place
has grown from a mere wilderness, with its
wayside blacksmith shop, to a town of more
than respectable dimensions, and the eye rests
upon as picturesque a collection of fresh look?
ing country homes and tidy stores as are to be
found In this portion of South Carolina. In
truth, Florence has all tlie elements of pro?
gress and expansion. Two trains a day from
Charleston, Wilmington and Augusta, and one
from Cheraw and Darlington, rest in its spa
clous depot, to gather or deposit merchandise
and passengers. Thirty or forty merchants,
already established here, are building up a
permanent trade. Cotton from the surround?
ing country is brought here to be ginned, baled
and shipped. Saw mills are at work in the
vicinity cutting out lumber for home use and
distant markets, and the handiwork of thrift
and enterprise is everywhere observable.
There are four ministers, two or three pretty
churches, a graveyard of no use to anybody,
and a round dozen of doctors who growl
chronically at the prevailing good health. The
colored population are orderly and lazy, and
cotton stealing measurably increased.
The Ano hotel, so familiar to ' our soldiers
during the war, is still kept by Mr. J. W.
Gamble, assisted by his son. Architecturally
it is one of the prettiest structures In the
State, and the wayfarer is always sure of
a substantial and stomach-satisfying repast.
Its a superb place to pick up "personals." As,
for instance. General Joseph E. Johnston and
President W. J. Magrath stopped here yester?
day. An old North Carolina farmer, who has
made money by producing, buying and ship?
ping twelve hundred bushels of blackberries
during last year, is on his way to a locality near
Georgetown to purchase with his surplus a
phosphate plantation. Another stranger IB on
his way from Philadelphia to look after kaolin
-pays there's a heap of money in it. and peo?
ple don't know it. A third, talking around the
parlor fire, believes in draining our swamps
and getting otu timber. He says that thirty
years ago, until people went wild over cotton,
timber was cut Imo staves, and constituted a
handsome proportion of the trade of Charles?
ton with thc West Indies and France. The
suggestions of a fourth indicate that he has an
aptitude for agricultural machinery, and that
if some Charleston merchant will bring out a
stump extractor that will "snake" lightwood
roots out of the ground, he and his neighbors
are prepared to buy half a dozen. And so on.
In short, Gamble's Hotel is a place where you
can hear suggestive thoughts expressed by
men from every part of the country and en?
gaged In every variety of enterprise.
The business done here is chiefly in cotton,
brought forward from tho neighborhood, the
merchants supplying in turn tho demands of
the planters. Rumor hath it that a well known
Chariest e n dry goods firm Is about to establish
a branch house at tbls point. . Besides the
handsome lists of Florentine merchants, Cap?
tain E. W. Lloyd, formerly of Charleston and
captain ol thc Washington Light Infantry, has
a carriage factor}' and steam mill; and Captain
John Wylie has an extensive steam .ginning
establishment The Northeastern Railroad
shops, under the management of Mr. Daniel
Haynes and Mr. Alexander Corrie, also turn
out the elegant cars and machinery which are
to be seen on that road.
The neighboring lands uro good for cotton
planting, and are appreciating In value. Form?
erly the planters of this section were wealthy.
Many of them are rapidly recovering from
losses Incidental to the war. Within three
miles ol Florence there is excellent water
power, and the wonder ls that some enter?
prising capitalist, with thc example of thc Au?
gusta and Saluda mills before him, dividing
Immense profits among the owners, and saving
fifteen per cent, more than Northern mills,
does not come here and Invest thirty or
forty thoutand dollars in the erection of
a cotton factory. If he did no more than
transfer cotton from the bale to the bob?
bin, he would make his pile. The field ls
ample, and "the early birds" in this growing
town are destined "to catch the worm.-'
Another want, which, for their own business
advancement, these live people need, ls a local
newspaper. A watchful editor never need
hide his candle under a bushel lit
THE CROPS ly THE MOVXTAX2T8.
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
PENDLETON, S. C., October ll.
I have taken some pains to ascertain the
following particulars in regard to the crop ol
tills section In comparison"to that of hist year,
by visiting many ol the plantations and by con?
sulting some of our most intelligent and prac?
The cotton crop will fall off fully one-half,
half ot which ls already picked ont.
Corn on thc creek and river bottoms is as
S?od, if not better, than lt was last year, but
e uplands will fall short at least two-thirds.
Peas are almost an eutire failure.
P. H. E. S.
[FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.]
PENDLETON, S. C., October 12.
In yours of tlie 7th you desired a statement
of the condition of the crops at this date, ?tc.
Since our last, as to our own and adjoiniug
counties-for we have not been much about
we may report that thc all absorbing cotton
crop will probably turn out a half crop; in
other words, half of what it would have been,
if the season had been favorable. And at least
half of it is now housed, and much of that
ginned and in the hands of the merchants,
who seem anxious to buy, anti no wonder, we
think. Were wc a planter wo would not
sell a bale of cotton at this time, unless com?
pelled, as most of our small planters and far?
mers hereabouts, are for money is scarce and
the demand pressing. As it is, so lt goes, like
hot cakes, for the benefit of speculators.
Corn will probably, on bottom lands, yield
an average crop, but on uplands not moro
than one-third of a fair crop for the laud.
Looking to scarcity of forage next winter,
much ot the corn on most upland farms has
been cut up at the roots, and stalk, blades, ftc,
cured for fodder: much better than pulling
and curing the lew blades that such stalks
would have produced.
The pea, potato and turnip crop on upland
ls almost an entire failure.
We have commenced sewing wheat, oats,
rye and barley. If seed sufficient can be pro?
cured a larger space than usual will be devoted
to their culture to meet the threatening wants
of next spring and summer. Weare pleased
to see that many of our farmers are turning
their attention to the culture of clover and the
grasses generally-an encouraging omen of
our future prosperity aa farmers, grazers and
stock raisers. Ours"is not a planting country
by nature, and cotton we consider an Intruder.
-The Masonic fraternity of Louisville, Ky.,
are about electing a widows' and orpbaii8;
hom.', to cost $100.000. on hu.d donated.
TUE CONFEDERATE CONSTITUTION.
REASON'S FOR DIFFERENCES BETWEEN IT
AND THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED
An Unusually Interesting Historical
We find in a Tate issue of thc Memphis A iv
peal the following letter, written in the spring
of 1867, by the Hon. R. B. Rhett, In answer to
certain inquiries addressed to him as to thc
authorship of thc various alterations In the
Constitution ol the Confederate States from
the Constitution of the United States. Mr. T.
M. S. Rhett, to whom the letter was address?
ed, in a prefatory note says : "In conseqence
of suggestions made to him-that the archives
of the Confederate States, showing the forma?
tion of its constitution, may never see the day,
and that his statement, as made to me, had
better be published now whilst the actors with
him are alive and can correct misstatements,
if any there be, he has at length consented to
my publishing his letter
CHARLESTON, S. C., April 15, 1867.
My Dear Stuart-You request mc to inform
you, whether I was not the author of all thc
alterations in the Confederate States Constitu?
tion, from thc Constitution of the United
States ? I answer no; but as I was the author
of a part of them, perhaps the most important
part, I will briefly state what clauses in the
Confederate States Constitution I am respon?
You are aware, I presume, that I was ap?
pointed by the Convent Ion the chairman of
the Committee to Frame a Permanent Con?
stitution for the Confederate States.
The Southern States had seceded from thc
United States on account ol one cause only
the usurpations of the Northern States upon
tlie Constitution of tho United States. Con?
cerning the express powers granted by the
constitution, there had been no contention.
It was the Inferential constructive powers
claimed by the Northern States for tho Gov?
ernment of the United States, which the South?
ern States had opposed as usurpations on the
constitution, beginning with bank, alien and
sedition laws, tariff and Internal Improve?
ments; finally concluding with slavery and in
sectionalism? We determined, therefore, to I
make thc Constitution of ' the Confederate
States simply the Constitu? ion of the United
Suites, as Hie South had always interpreted its
powers, with only such alterations as would
remove ambiguity, and better carry out Its
plain intents. The Soutli was always satisfied
with the Constitution of the United States.
When, by usurpation on the part of the North,
this whole Instrument lost its character, and,
from a limited government, the Government
of the United Slates was clearly lapsing into
a limitless despotism, the Southern States
seceded. They determined, by the Constitu?
tion of the Confederate States, to perpetuate
the government transmitted to them by their
lathers. Tilts is its whole purport
The two great vital powers in all govern?
ments arc the laying of taxes, and thc expen?
diture of taxes. These powers decide thc
character of every government, whether lt ls
limited or unlimited, federal or consolidated;
hence from the commencement of the Gov?
ernment of thc United States strife arose as to
the extent of Its powers. The one party,
chiefly at the South, contended that power In
the Constitution of the United Slates bestow?
ed on Congress, "to levy and collect taxes,
duties,'' &c., was merely for revenue to carry?
on the Government of the United States. The
other parly, chiefly at the North, contended
that this power should be exercised for a dif?
ferent and antagonistic purpose-to prevent
importations on which taxes may be collected,
ana thereby promoto and encourage different
branches of Industry by giving them the mar?
kets of the United States. The one party con?
tended that the expenditure of the taxes
should be limited to the exigencies of the
Federal Government merely, within the ob?
jects designated in the constitution. The
other party contended that they should be ex?
pended to promote the general Interest of
commerce, and the indefinite general welfare
of the United States.
1. At the head of the powers granted to Con?
gress by thc Constitution of the United States,
stands thc following clause : Sec. 8, Act 1 :
M Thc Congress shall have power to lay and
collect taxes, duties, Imposts and excises, to
pay the debt and provide for the common de
iencc and general welfare of thc United States."
An attempt was made to alter the scope of this
clause by taking away the comma at the word
"excises," but on reference to the original
manuscript of the constitution, the comma
was shown to bc correct.
Belore I went to the convention at Mont?
gomery, I had prepared a book containing cer?
tain amendments to the Constitution of the
United States, which might be adopted hy?
the Confederate States. That book was be?
fore the committee which framed thc Pro?
visional Constitution of the Confederate States.
In that bookjfcc above clause from the Consti?
tution of the Uulted States was modified as
follows : "The Congress shall have power to lay
and collect taxes, duties, imports and excises,
for revenue necessary lo pay the debts
and carry on the Government of the
Confederacy." The claus**. Hms modi?
fied, was reported as a part of the Pro?
visional Constitution, and adopted by the I
convention. When the Committee on the
Permanent Constitution took up this cia m for
consideration, it was also adopted as a part of
i this constitution, and reported lo the conven?
tion. Of course, as lt had already been adopted
by the convention in the Provisional Constitu?
tion, lt met no opposition as a part of the Per?
manent Constitution; but conferring with the
members of the convention, I became satisfied
that it would not accomplish the object ol'
limiting taxation to the simple purpose of
revenue. To accomplish Ihis object, when tho
clause was under consideration in the conven?
tion, I offered the following prohibition as an
addition: "But no bounties shall be granted
from the treasury, nor shall any duties or
taxes on importations from foreign nations be
made to promote or foster any branch of in?
dustry."' This amendment was carried in the
convention. So the clause In thc Confederate
States Constitution, Act 1. Section 8, is as fol?
lows: "The Congress shall have power to lay
and collect taxes, duties, Imports and excises
for revenue necessary to pay the debts, pro?
vide for the common defence, and carry ou
the Government ol' the Confederate Slates;
but no bounties shall be granted from the
treasury, or shall any duties or taxes on Im?
portations from foreign nations be laid to pro?
mote or foster any branch of Industry."
2. The appropriation of money from thc
Treasury ol the United States for the purpose
ol'internal Improvements had been, for mort:
than thirty years, one of the great disputed
usurpations which the .South opposed, and hail
been repeatedly arrested by thu vetoes of dif?
ferent Presidents. It hatl been claimed chiefly
under the power granted in the Constitution
of the United States to Congress to "regulate
commerce with foreigu nations, and among the
several States, and with the Indian tribes."
When this clause was reported by the com?
mittee In the permanent Confederate States
Constitution, as it stands in the Constitution
of the United States, and came up in the con?
vention for consideration. Mr. Toomba, from
Georgia, offreed the following amendment:
"But neither this nor any other clause contain?
ed in the constitution shall be construed to
delegate the power to Congress to appropriate
money for internal improvements, intended to
facilitate commerce." I had prepared un amend?
ment very much to the same purport, bul
abandoned it, aud supported this offered by
Mr. Toombs. Aller considerable debate, Mr.
Toomba withdrew the amendment I Imme?
diately arose and offered it ?us an amendment
On the vote being taken, it was carried as a
a part of the Constitution ol' the Confederate
Stales, as folllows:
"To regulate commerce with foreign na?
tions and among the several States and with
the Indian tribes: but neither this nor any
other clause contained in thc constitution
shall ever be construed to delegate the power
to Congress to appropriate money for any in?
ternal Improvement Intended to facilitate
3. But there was yet something more to be
done with this clause to make it complete, A
method ought to be provided by which our
harbors and rivers might have their naviga?
tion Improved. I accordingly drew up and
read to the convention (its presentation at that
time not being lu order,) the following addi?
tional amendment : "Except for the purpose
of furnishing lights, beacons and buoyn, and
other aid to'navigation upon the coasts, aud
thc improvement of our harbors, and the re?
moving of obstructions in our river naviga?
tion, in all which cases such duties shall oe
laid on tlie navigation facilitated thereby, as
may bc necessary to pay the cost and ex?
After I had read this amendment to the con?
vention and explained Its operation, Mr. Mar?
shall, of Louisiana, came to my seat and ex?
pressed his approbation of it, and asked me to
let him take acopv of it for consideration. I
told him to take the amendment and oller it
himself, as an amendment to the constitution.
He took it and the day after offered lt as an
amendment to the constitution, and lt wus
adopted. The whole clause, as modified,
stands in the Confederate 8tates Constitution,
Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3, as follows :
"To regulate commerce with all foreign na?
tions, and among the several States, and
among the Indian tribes; but neither this nor
any other clause contained In the constitution
shall ever be construed to delegate the power
to Congress to appropriate money for any in?
ternal improvements, intended to facilitate
commerce, except for thc purpose of furnlsh
iug lights, beacons and buoys, and other aid to
navigation upon thc coasts, and the improve?
ment of our harbors, and the removing of ob?
structions in our river navigation, In all which
cases such duties shall be laid on the naviga?
tion facilitated thereby as may be necessary to
pay the costs and expenses."
4. The election of a President every four
years, and the abusa of the official patronage
of the government that the elections produced,
were great evils under the Constitution of tho
United States. Tlie re-ellgibllity of the Presi?
dent was not. without danger, as the rc-eliglbl
Ilty of the Consuls of Rome opened the way
to the Roman Empire. I brought up this sub?
ject before the committee preparing the con?
stitution, and proposed the extension of the
term of service of thc President aud vice
President of the Confederate States to six
years, and thnt the President shall be ineligi?
ble to thc presidency after his tenn of service
expired. But I submitted also to their con?
sideration that the same end might be obtained
by making the President Ineligible after an
intervening term of service of six years had
taken place. By this policy, the existing
President would "luivc no motive to use his
patronage lu the election, and the services of
avery able'man might be obtained fora second
term. This latter view was favored by the
committee, and I reported the clnuse to the
convention accordingly, with a six years ten?
ure of office. But when lt came up' for con?
sideration ui tlie convention. Mr. Boyce, of
South C'aroliia, uijyved to strike out tlie condi?
tional rc-eligibility. ?As this made the clause
u* I had o?gJtur?ly proposed it in committee. I
expressed by approbation of ir, and voted for
it with tV majority whjatrAdopted,JL as fol?
lows: ?'.Article rt, ^Seet?OsT t -The Executive
shall be vested in ? J/resIdwit ot thc Confed?
erate States. He and the vice-President shall
hold their offices for thc term of six years,"
but the President shall not bc re-eligible".
5. To make ability and worth thu sole crite?
rion for lu kling office, and to prevent the cor?
rupt use of the official patronage of the Gov?
ernment in elections, I offered In the commit?
tee the 3d Clause, 2d Sec. Art. II, of the Con?
stitution of the Confederate States, which was
adopted by them, and. with unanimous
consent, was also adopted by thc convention:
"The principal offices in each of the 'executive'
deparments, and all persons connected with
I the diplomatic service, may be removed from
office at the pleasure of the President; all
other civil officers of executive departments
may be removed at any time by the President
or other power, when their services arc un?
necessary, or for dishonesty. Incapacity, Inef?
ficiency, misconduct, or neglect of duty: and,
when so removed, the removal shall be report?
ed to thc Senate, together with the reasons
C. Amendments to the Constitution of the
United States proved to be so difficult in the
course of its administration before the war,
that lt amounted to prohibition. Since the
war, the Cuan try has been in a condition ol'
revolution, and practically with no constitu?
tion but the despotic will of n Congress of a
part only of the States. I proposed In thc
committee the filth article of the Confederate
Stitefl Constitution which, both by them and
Ute convention uiterwurds, was unanimously
adopted as a pari of the Constitution of the
Confederate States. If it had been a part of
Hie Constitution of the United States, the vast
discontent which preceded the wai' and made
lt Inevitable, would have been easily arrested
and allayed; mid the Slates assembled In con?
vention would have settled amicably all their
differences. It reads as follows: "Upon the
demand of any three States, legally assem?
bled In their several conventions, tlie
Congress shull summon a convention of
all the States, to take luto consideration such
amendments of the constitution as thc said
States shall concur in suggesting at the time
when thc said demand is made; and should
any of tho proposed amendments to the con?
stitution bc agreed on by the said convention,
voting by States, and the same bc ratified by
the L?gislatures of two-thirds of the several
States, or by conventions of two-thirds there?
of-as the ono or the other mode of ratifica?
tion may be proposed by the General Conven?
tion-they shall thenceforward form a part of
this constitution: but no State shall, without its
consent, be deprived of Its equal representa?
tion in the Senate."
I have (hus, I hope, satisfactorily answered
your Inquiry. Yours, truly,
R. BARNWELL RHETT.
T. M. S. RHETT.
THE BRAIN AND THE BODY.
" Does Brain Work Shorten Life."
Tho Providence Journal discusses this sub?
ject in a very able and sensible manner. It
gives the following Interesting facts to prove
that men In our country are not killing them?
selves with too much brain work. It says :
In the first place, there is good reason for
doubting, or at any rate there ls no good prc if
that mental diseases, or diseases of the brain,
are more prevalent In this than in other coun?
tries. It Is generally thought so, and it mav
possibly be true; but the only proof of lt that
can be given is a general Impression that it ls
so, un Impression whose only foundation Isa
general inference from a few facts, the very
weakest of all proof.
But there ls important evidence upon the
subject, which ls available. It is the average
age of those who die. In various occupations
and professions in this country. In the State
of Massachusetts these records have been kept
for twenty-five years, so that thc number ol'
facts has become sufficient to make the re?
sults Important anil valuable as evidence.
We find, in the report for 18(17, that in twen?
ty-five years nearly the deaths of 35(1G profes?
sional men had been reported, with an average
agc of 50,5 years, and ?S?G merchants, finan?
ciers, agents, ftc., with an average of 48.5
years. These averages are greater than those
of any other class, except farmers and me?
chanics working in the open air. The average
age of active mechanics in shops is 47.9 years;
of Inactive mechanics in shops, 43 years; ot
laborers, 46.8 years; of factors laboring abroad,
34.2 years; of persons employed on the ocean,
45.5 years; of females, 88.7 years; of farmers,
(?4.2 years, and of active mechanics working in
open air, 51.2 years.
There is nothing here to indicate that brain
labor shortens Hie, and when we look at the
individual professions the proof Is still more
marked. Thus the average of those who died
in some of the most important professions and
occupations, was as follows: Bankers, 54.7
years; bank officers, 54.8 years; merchants,
53 years; booksellers, 50.5 years; clergvinen,
57.8 years; judges and Justices, 66.4 years;
lawyers, 66.1 years; physicians, 56 yean; pro?
fessors, 5G years; and public officers, 54.5 years.
The average age of the whole number of
persons who died in the twenty-five years,
whose occupations were specified, was 50.5
years. It seems, then, thut bankers, mer?
chants, clergymen, judges, lawyers, physi?
cians and professors live longer than the aver?
age of all classes of occupations, and very
much longer than laborers or inactive me?
chanics working in shops. Neither the hurry
and excitement of bankers and merchants, uor
thc severe mental labor of clergymen, Judges
and lawyers, seem to shorten their lives. In
fact, it will be noticed that the three profes?
sions last named, whose occupation is wholiy
brain labor, and of the most severe descrip?
tion, are the very highest on the list of aver?
IL is probablo that some merchants Injure
themselves from too much devotion to, and
more especially from too much anxiety about,
their business; and it is possible that some?
times a student or professional mau may in?
jure himself by severo mental labor lu this
country, though we cannot recall a well au?
thenticated case of the kind.
Thc truth la we have but few hard stulenh
in this^ountry, and our students and profes?
sional men are killed, not by too much labor
of the brain, but by too little labor of the body
not by too much food for the mind, but bv too'
much food for thc stomach.
Many more are injured by excessive in?
dulgence of the bodily passions and appetites
than by excessive indulgence in literary labor.
Tobacco and alcohol produce far more soften?
ing of the brain and disease of the heart among
students In this country than close application
to their studies. A healthy mind in a healthy
body is capable of an almost unlimited amount
of labor without injury; but if the body is
broken down by excess or by neglect, the
mind suffers with lt, and both fall together.
VP IN A BALLOON.
A Woman Give? her Experience.
Mrs. Charles Wise, wife of the aeronaut,
made a balloon ascension with him the other
day, at Lancaster. She writes :
When my husband announced that he would
sell the vacant seat in his balloon chariot, "Ju?
piter," I resolved to be the highest bidder,
though lt should be a thonsand dollars; when
he very gravely suggested to me about the
Say, having, as he he said, two cash offers of
fty dollars each. I told him mine was a hun?
dred dollars-poid in advance by numerous
charges against him for darning stockings and
sewing on his buttons for ten years past. From
this he made no appeal, but said, "all right,
you shall go."
At ten minutes past four o'clock on Satur?
day afternoon, Jupiter being sufficiently infhv
ted, I stepped into , the wicker car thereto at?
tached, and with ?'throb of delight loomed up
over the centre of the city. The multitude
below, with upturned faces-the rattling
sound ot martial music-the shouts of ap?
plause-and tho earth with all its life, gra
duallv sinking down - down-down-still
deeper down, excited me very much, and I
Involuntarily began to wave my kerchief In
response to the nappy salutations of my good
My husband handed me the talismanic flag
to wave, while he would throw overboard bal?
last composed of bundles ol'business circulars,
and up, up we went nt a glorious rate. My
replies to his questions for awhile were only
"Splendid ! splendid !" My heart was palpi?
tating with joy over the beauties spread out
beneath and around, so that I could do nothing
but gaxe upon the grand scene before me.
When we got beyond the built-up part of the
city, I ventured my head through the barrier
of ropes to look straight down, and beneath I
spied what seemed a nice little Christmas gar?
den, with little buildings in the middle, which
iny husband told me was Franklin and Mar?
shall College, and lust at this moment a milk?
like vapor rushed down before and under?
neath us, entirely obscuring the world below.
All at once ray Joy and observation changed to
a feeling of amazement-amazement most
profound. Ol), what a solemn silence sur?
rounded us. It was an awfully mysterious
thing to me, how thia heavenly curtain of dew?
drops could so suddenly wrap Itself all around
The big puffed-up globe above our heans,
scarcely visible, seemed to bend and stagger
with this load of vapor weighing upon lt.
Presently a cheerful, mellow glimmer of light
came from above, which cheered us again into
conversation. Herc Mr. W. threw overboord
a considerable bundle of business cards, and
as they scattered through this illuminated
cloud they crackled like little torpedoes. I
wondered what caused lt. Mr. W. said: "li
sounds like electric sparks." As they floated
about, they shone like silver and gold.
Presently we came out at the top of this
cloud and herc again came a new scene. How
beautifully strange up here-great big masses
of white, soft-looking, fleecy clouds below. Oh,
they looked as soft and silky as the finest
down, and they rolled about, as it were, in a
wanton voluptuousness. "But, where arc we
now-we arc entirely partitioned off; how will
we get down ?" Mr. w. said: "I will take you
down now; but before we go, let us eat a bite
or our provisions, kindly furnished us by our
friend, John Sides.
"No, Indeed," sttld I, "tills ls a roast of rea?
son; I can only feast with my eyes." But, to
please him, 1 atc a few grapes off a bunch
placed in the car by John Adams, which he
was devouring with a gusto that indicated a
keen appetite, as he also got out of the basket
a roasted fowl to regale himself with. While
In this solemn stillness I was suddenly startled.
"Oh, what was that?" Mr. W. said: "I let off
some gas to go down." When the valve
snapped shut, lt cracked like a gun, and made
me tremble for a moment-lt made such a
strange noise up there.
Now we gently and softly sank down through
this fleecy beti below; In its mist lt was more
dark this time, and as we carat! out gradually
below, I saw the city as behind a thin gossa?
mer curtain, and now came such a clattering
of Iron wheels, anti puffing ol' steam engines,
and ringing of bells, contrasting strangely
with the bright, silent world above the clouds.
Here we could see the beautiful Susquehan?
na, and here and there a village peering from
behind a dark cloud, and the people below
hallooing all around us, and I heard a voice
distinctly cry, "Charley, come down, down
come down-come down !"
We repeated those cloud scenes five or six
times, going up and down, and I was almost
led to believe that when wc shall change from
mortality to immortality, it will be our happy
destiny to soar through* the realms of space,
visiting, on spiritual wing, tills globe; for the
good book tells us that, "In my Father's house
there are many mansions," and I verily toit
when I was way up above the clouds, that I
was in the house of God-It was so solemnly
grand and sublime.
-Rev. Michael Ferran, pastor of thc Catho?
lic church In Lynchburg, Va., was found dead
In his bed at the parsonage In that city on
-The heir of the Huntingdon estate in Eng?
land, value ?40,000,000, has turned up in New
Jersey, and intends immediately to wrest lils
ancestral possessions from the hands of base
-Robert Wehrhan, thc Saxon engineer to
whom the Chilian Government has ceded Juan
Fernandez, has taken possession of the island
with lils colony of sixty or seventy^nd made
a settlement. -
-"Mrs. vice-President Colfax has come out
with tho whole weight of her moral influence
against the pannier. She thinks the pannier the
proper furniture of a donkey." If it ls, why
the "doose" don't Schuyler wear one ?
-It is said that during her recent trip
through France, Eugenie endured thirty-one
speeches, twenty-three receptions and presen?
tations, eight grand dinners and banquets, two
reviews, aud about two hundred and filly gun
salutes from the fleet alone, four displays of
fireworks, and over eight thousand petitions.
And yet she still lives? If this sort ol'thing
goes on much longer, she will pass into his?
tory as Hie cast-iron Empress.
-A Chinaman named Tye Kinn recently ar?
rived ut Omaha on his way round the world.
He went from China to Eugland seven years
ago by way of the Cape of Good Hope, and
studied tour years at Cambridge. Ho after?
ward directed a coolie plantation in Cuba until
the revolution broke out, when he went to
New Orleans and opened a school. He ls now
on his way to China to engage a thousand
laborers for a Louisiana sugar-planter.
-Slr George Bowyer, in a letter to the Lon?
don Timos, mentions an anecdote of the late
Bishop of Exeter. "Before I became a Roman
Catholic (Sir George writes,) ho used frequent?
ly to consult me on matters of canon law, <fec.
In one of our conferences, more than twenty
years ago, he used these words : 'The Irish
Church must go. It is doomed, and nothing
can save it, and if we don't keep clear of it we
shall go too.' He has Just lived long enough
to have his prophecy fulfilled."
-Thc story goes that a deputy marshal, who
has been looking for Mr. Fisk, Jr., for some
days, foun.l him Wednesday at tho Opera
house, and served tho capias which he had for
him. Mr. Fbk was very kind, and blandly In
quired whether the deputy wished to serve a
paper on any one eise in that quarter. He
replied that he had one for Mr. Gould. 'Til
step in and see if he is here," said Fisk. The
deputy waited an hour, but either Mr. Fisk had
a difficulty in finding Gould, or. he must have
forgotten his engagement.
-The Liberte relates the following incident
concerning the visit of the Prince Imperial to
the fete of St. Cloud: '?Having observed a
poor little acrobat of about twelve years old
treated with neglect by the crowd, the Prince
stepped up to him, and, putting a piece of
twenty francs in his hand, said softly, 'Keep
that, but say nothing about it,' and then re?
joined his young friends. On the return of the
party to the palace thc Empress said to the
Prince, 'I suppose you have spent a good deal
of money ?' 'I have expended twenty-seven
francs,' was thc reply. That, in fact, was the
sum which thc Prince had laid out, including
the present to thc poor boy."
-A correspondent of the London Times has
seen Count Bismarck at a military review, and
describes him as a man of great statue and
size, dressed in a plain dark frock with yellow
facings, and wearing the high boots, ponder?
ous helmet and long straight sword of the
cuirassiers. He was mounted on a powerful
black horse, and during the review General
Von Moltke, the strategist, stood near him.
He was thin, bent and worn, while Count Bis?
marck was bold and stern of aspect, the lar?
gest man on the field, looking fully capable of
upsetting In combat a brace of cuirassiers.
To thc Englishmen he knew or who were pre?
sented to him, he was very cordial, addressing
them In excellent English.
-Madame George Sand ls an elderly lady
with a peculiar physiognomy, a face that at?
tracts your attention immediately. This
famous painter of the passions, the high
priestess of thc free-love sect, is a curious
study. Her physique does, not betray her
age. Her hair is thick and dark, although
she Is past sixty-five, and is worn In puffed
braids. Her forehead Is wide, but retreats,
; while her eyes are very large, limpid ano!
dark, suggesting the idea of absorption. She
has a delicate, soft, white hand, that bestows
thc gentlest sort of a shake when you arc in?
troduced. She dresses in a heavy black silk
without trimmings; a rich point lace collar
and cuffs of antique pattern relievo the som?
berness. A black Cashmere shawl, bordered
with a deep guipure flounce, was over her
shoulders, and a neat cap, with a tea rose on
top, completed her attire. Madame Sand sel?
dom takes the initiative in conversation, hut
when she speaks, torrents of eloquence flow
from her mouth in fine, round accents, lend?
ing additional Interest to any subject. She is
a great admirer ot jewelry, and deems "gold
turned from Its true purpose when sent to the
mint, for such fafry-like creatures can be cre?
ated out of the metal."
Sp cnn Notices.
?&~ PUBLIC SCHOOLS-EXAMINA?
TION OF TEACHERS.-The Regular Quarterly
Examination of candidates for the office of Teach?
er In the Public Schools will be held at the Nor?
mal School, St. Phillp street, on SATURDAY, 16th
instant, commencing at 9 o'clock A. M.
Applicants aro requested to be present punc?
tually at the appointed hour.
By order of the Board.
E. MONTAGUE (?RIMKE,
Secretary Commissioners Free Schools.
pSr A CARD.-A CLERGYMAN,
while residing In South America as a Missionary,
discovered a safe and simple remedy for the cure
of Nervous Weakness, Early Decay, Disease of
thc Urinary and Seminal Organs aud the whole
train of disorders brought on by baneful and
vicious habits. Great numbers have been cured
by this noble remedy. Prompted by a desire to
benefit the afflicted aud unfortunate, I will send
the recipe for preparing and using this medicine,
in a scaled envelope, to any one who needs lt,
free of charge. Address
JOSEPH T. INMAN,
Station D, Bible House,
ocU amos*_New York City.
pa- BATCHELORS HAIR DYE.-THIS
splendid Hair Dye ls thc best In the world; the
only true and perfect Dye; harmless, reliable, In
stantaneous; no disappointment; no ridiculous
tints; remedies thc ill effects of bad dyes; In?
vigorates and leaves the hair soft and beautiful
black or brown. Sold by all Druggists and Per?
fumers; and properly applied at Batchelors Wig
Factory, No. - Bond street, New York.
??H-THE GREAT SOUTHERN REMEDY.
JACOB'S CHOLERA, DYSENTERY AND DIAR?
RHOEA CORDIAL.-This article, so well known
and highly prized throughout the Southern States
as a Sovereign Remedy for the above diseases, ls
now offered to the whole country.
lt ls invaluable to every lady, both married and
No family can afford to be without lt, and none
will to whom Its virtues arc known.
For sale by all Druggists and general dealers.
DOWIE & MOISE,
octll 3mosn&c_General Agents.
"^.ROSAD ALIS.-DEAR SIR
Please send me immediately, per Express, to Tar?
oon),' two dozen more bottles of your ROSADA LIS.
I have carefully examined its Formula, and have
used it In my practice in a number of cases. 1
am well pleased with lt. I think lt, beyond doubt,
the best Alterative I ever used. I have tried lt In
several cases of Scrofula and Scofulous affec?
tions, ftc, with much satisfaction to myself and
patients. I have, therefore, no hesitation In re?
commending lt to Physicians and others, as thc
most reliable alterative now known.
A. B. NOBLES, M. D.
For sale by GOODRICH, WINNEMAN A CO.,
Importers of Drugs and Chemicals, Charleston.
South Carolina. _octfl atiuli3
^.THE EXHAUSTED SYSTEM.-SUM?
MER ls a debilitating season, and the sudden
change of temperature which takes place at this
period of the year linds the healthiest of us con
slderably cuervated by the preceding heat, and
the weakly and delicate almost prostrated. This
is not a favorable condition in which to encounter
thc raw cold winds of October and Its chilling fogs
and night dews, and consequently Intermittent
fever, dysentery, bilious attacks and rheumatism
are more or less prevalent everywhere, but espc
cially In localities where the atmosphere ls natu?
rally unwholesome. In order to avoid the dan?
gers arising from these causes, the exhausted sys?
tem should now be renovate 1 and invigorated by
a course of HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS.
This purest and most pot' nt of all vegetable
tonics and exhilarants regulates thc secretions
while it renews the strength, and purdies thc
milds of the body, while lt gives firmness and
vigor to thc nervous organization. Free from thc
unpleasant flavor which reudcrs the ordinary
touics so repulsive, composed of extracts and
Juices of the choicest vegetable Invigorants aud
correctives, mingled with a diffusive stimulant
from which every noxious clement has been ex?
pelled, this renowned preparation ls, in all re?
spects, the very best medicine of Its kind that the
world has ever known. Such Is the opinion of
distinguished members of the medical profession,
and the general verdict of the public, after an ex?
perience of twenty years, during which HOSTET?
TER'S BITTERS has attained a greater popularity
and a more extensive sale than any specific ever
advertised In the columns of the American press
??r NOTICE TO CONSIGNEES.-THE
Steamship PERIT is THIS DAY discharging cargo
at Vanderhorst's Wharf. AU goods remaining on
wharf--at sunset will be at risk of owner, or if
stored, at expense and risk of owner or consignee.
octl2 3 _RAVENED A CO., Agents.
^ALMOST GIVEN AWAY.-THE
TRI-WEEKLY NEWS ls the cheapest country pa?
per in South Carolina, and THE RURAL CAROLI?
NIAN ls the best Agricultural Magazine ever pub?
lished in the South.
Price for TRI-WEEKI.Y NEWS and RURAL CAROLI?
NIAN one year four dollars.
pb-NOTICE. -ATTENTION IS CALLED
to change of schedule of Steamer PILOT BOY,
which will In future be: To Edisto, Rockville and
Beaufort every MONDAY MORNING; to Savannah
ria Beaufort every THURSDAY MORNING. Return*
lng, will leave Savannah SATURDAY MORNING, at
7 o'clock. J. D. AIKEN A CO.V
03- A CARD.-SOUTHERN LIFB INSUR?
ANCE COMPANY, ATLANTA DEPARTMENT.
To THE PEOPLE OP SOOTH CAROLINA :
The above Company was erganized In 186?, In
consequence of the wholesale forfeiture of South?
ern policies by Northern companies. The un?
paralleled success of the enterprise has forced
several of these companies to restore their South?
ern policies, from the fact that they could not
operate in our midst without the appearance of
We keep all our money at home to build np
our Impoverished country-every dollar of pre?
mium being safely Invested In the State from
which lt is derived. The institution ls purely
Southern, and hence should appeal with great
force to the patriotism and sympathy of every
?Tis not our purpose to make war on other
companies, bnt to exhibit the special advantages
offered by this purely Southern Company-found?
ed on patriotism and solid wealth. Its ratio of
assets to liabilities-the true test of a company's
strength-is second to none on this continent,
being nearly $300 to $100.
Whenever and wherever we have presented the*
claims of this Company, lt has not only enlisted
thc sympathies of our people, but has also secur?
ed their hearty co-operation. We have secured
600 policies In South Carolina since the 10th of
February. We number among our Directors
General Wade Hampton and Colonel Wm. John?
ston, gentlemen well known to every citizen of
South Carolina. We appeal personally to the
people of ?rathCrrollna to assist In pushing for?
ward this? deservedly popular Southern institu?
tion. * ' * J. H. MILLER,
General Agent Southern Life Insurance Company,
No. 23 Broad-street, Augusta, Ga.
S. Y. TOPPER,
Agent, Charleston, S. C.
H. W. DRSAUSSURE, M. D.,
We cheerfully recommend the above Company,
to the patronage of the citizens of South Caro?
COLUMBIA, 8. C.-J. S. Preston, J. P. Carroll,
C. D. Melton, S. W. Melton, J. D. Pope.
CAMDEN_J. B. Kersaaw, Wm. M. Shannon, W.
SUMTER.-John B. Moore.
WINN8BORO'.-W. R. Robertson, J. B. McCants,
James H. Rion.
YORKVILLE.-W. B. Wilson, A. Coward, James
Mason, L D. Witherspoon, J. R. Bratton, J. T.
Lowry, R. G. McCaw.
ANDERSON.-J. L. Orr.
BARNWELL^-JOS. A. Lawton, James Patterson,
CLARENDON_Jno. L. Manning, T. C. Richard?
son, Browne Manning.
REFERENCES IN CHARLESTON.
General JAMES CONNER, Messrs. PELZER,
RODGERS A CO., JAMES H. WILSON, Esq.,
GEO. H. WALTER, Esq., LEWIS D. MOWRY,
Esq. angl9 2mos
pa- A NOTICEABLE FACT.-THAT
ouc way of appealing to a man's reason is through
h s eye. In these busy times men are so deeply
Immersed In the conduct of magnificent projects,
that they forget all about the condition of their
systems, and hence it ls that the proprietors of
the PLANTATION BITTERS, which cures dyspep?
sia, purifies the blood, Improves the tone of the
stomach, regulates the bowels, and, indeed, in?
vigorates the whole inner man, arc so active In
advertising. In fact, advertisements are merely
sky-rockets sent up to attract attention to a really
MAGNOLIA WATER.-Superior to the best import?
ed German Cologne, and sold at half the price.
pf MANHOOD.-A MEDICAL ESSAY
on the Cause and Cure of Premature Decline In
Man, the treatment of Nervous and Physical De?
"There ls no member of society by whom thia
book will not be found useful, whether such per?
son hold's the relation of Parent Preceptor or
Clergyman."-Medical Times and Gazette.
Sent by mall on receipt of fifi y cents. Address
the Author, Dr. E. DEF. CURTIS, Washington,
D .C. septl lyr
CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA.
This first-class HOTEL, situated in a pleasant
location, and in thc business portion of the city,
renders it the most desirable Hotel for either per?
manent or transient guests. Thc accommoda?
tions are unsurpassed, having extensive suites of
elegantly furnished apartments for families and
single gentlemen. The proprietor will endeavor
to maintain the high reputation enjoyed by the
'Charleston" as a first-class house, and no effort
will be spared to deserve a continuance of the
liberal patronage heretofore bestowed upoult.
The best of Livery accommodations will be
found adjoining ti<c establishment.
The hoitse is supplied with the celebrated Arte?
sian Water, of which delightful baths can be had
either dav or night. E. Ii. JACKSON,
COLUMBIA, SOUTH CAROLINA,
The Proprietors take pleasure In announcing
this elegantly-furnished Establishment now open
for the accommodation of guests. The table will
always be supplied with every delicacy of the
season, both from the New York and Charleston
markets, and no efforts will bc spared to give
perfect satisfaction in every respect to our pa?
FREE LUNCH In thc Refectory every day from
ll uutil half-past 12.
WM. GORMAN, j ,,r0ljrietor3
H. H. BADENHOP, J 1 roPrlelo?
When you are exhausted by overwork of head
or hand, and feel the need of something invigorat?
ing, don't drink whiskey or any Intoxicating
thing, whether under thc name of Bitters or ot her
wise. Such articles give Just as much strength
to your weary body and mind as the whip gives
to thc jaded horse, and no more. Alcoholic stim?
ulants are injurious to nerve health, and are al?
ways followed by depressing reaction.
D0DD*S NERVINE AND INVIGORATOK :
Is a Tonic and.gentle'stimulant, which is not at?
tended by reaction. What it gains for you it
maintains. When it refreshes body or mind, it
refreshes with natural strength that comes to
stay. We are not recommending teetotalism in
the interest of any faction; but long and extend?
ed observation teaches us that he who resorts to
the bottle for rest or recuperation, will find, as he
keeps at lt, that he is kindling a fire in his hones
which will consume like the flames of perdition.
Turn from it. Take a tonic that will refresh and
not destroy. DODO'S NERVINE is for sale by all
Druggists. Price One dollar. See book of certi?
ficates that accompanies each bottle.