Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME VII.-NUMBER 1157.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR
AH ADDITION TO O UM STEAM
^ [SPXCL4X TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
Nsw YORK, November 8.
The paddle steamships Tennessee and South
Carolina, built respectively at Wilmington, Del.,
and at Philadelphia, have been bought by Influ?
ential persons tn this city and In the South, and
are to be run regularly between New York and
Charleston. These steamships rate' Al for ten
years, are built of iron throughout, and have
-thee? dimensions: Length 265? feet, beam 35 feet,
depth of hold 20 feet, cotton capacity 2500 bales.
They will have passenger accommodations for
seven ty-flve persons.
The "Tennessee" sails hence In the flrst week'
in December, and the "South Carolina" will
THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
nae Probable Upshot of the Terger
. Cast>-National Baaks Upon a Gold
Baals-The President aad the Annexa*
tlon of St. Domingo, &C.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE 1OWS.J
WASHINGTON, November 4.
The Attorney-General is not disposed to en?
gage In any further argument of the Verger case,
and it is now bille ved that the decision in refer?
ence to the granting of a writ of habeos corpus
will be delayed until Mississippi shan have been
filly reconstructed, when Verger will' be turned
?rer by the military authorities to the State
The Comptroller of the Currency will recom?
mend to Congress to permit and encourage the
mUmlted establishment of national banks upon a
gold hasls. -
Certain parties had an interview with the Presi?
dent to-day, urging him to recommend the an?
nexation of San Domingo in nts forthcoming
message to Congress. President Grant replied
?hat he had the matter under advisement.
^ [FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. ]
WASHINGTON, November 4.
Secretary Robeson has returned.
Commissioner Delano insists that pork packers.
are taxable as manufacturers, as much so as
The ship Golconda, belonging to the American
Colonization Society, sailed yesterday from Balti?
more for Liberia. She will stop at Savannah to
take on board four hundred colored,emigranta for
One hundred and twenty men of the Coban
gieamer Lillian arrived at Key West yesterday,
from Nassau, where the Lillian was seized by the
The Herald says, editorially : "She beats Bar?
num. Mrs. Stowe is possessed of the genius for
advertising in an eminent degree. Her vampire
assault on Byron's sister ia comprehensible, now
?hat she explains that she has a book in press
relating to Byron. She. wanted to make a grand
preliminary excitement to attract attention to.
her book, and did not care what woman's good
hame might stand in the way. What must the
-world think of a moralist who thus deliberately
sacrifices the reputation of another woman, sim?
ply to put money in her own purse."
Cnban Commodore Higgins ls here.. Mrs.
Gaines leaves for New Orleans the flrst of tke
THE NEW TOBE ELECTION.
Kaw YORK, November *.
? Late returns show the Democratic major ty
to be from ten to fifteen thousand. The Senato?
rial returns not all m.- Giving Republicans three
doubtful districts, the Senate will be a tie. The
Assembly ls doubtful. The chancas ravor two
THE CREDIT OF LOUISIANA.
Nrw ORLEANS, November 4.
ATeport havinjr been circulated that Gover?
nor Warmoutk had issued two and half millions
bonds, of which.there is no official record, the
Governor publishes the statement that all bonds
issued have been duly recorded by the treasurer,
and concludes : "One thing is certain and that
is, that not a single bond of the State has been
Issued without authority of law during my ad?
ministration, and the interest has been and will
he promptly paid."
A TELTOW FETEE SHIP.
NEW YORK, November 4.
The steamer Euterpe has arrived from Ha?
vana. The flrst mate died from y eUow fever; the
second mate, a walter and one passenger is
down. The steamer is detained at quarantine.
LOSS OF THE STEAMSHIP ZOE.
SAVANNAH, November 4.
The steamship Zoe, which sailed from this
port September 14, for Liverpool, foundered In
Cow Bay yesterday. The vessel is a total loss.
The cargo wuj probably be saved.
Francis Joseph and Victor Emaruel ?viii
meet at Brindisi.
PARIS, November 4.
. Eugenie has arrived at the t?rminos of the Suez
MADRID, November 4.
Topete insists upon resigning.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
There have been heavy raln3 throughout
Emigrant travel over the Pacific Railroad is
Throe hundred mechanics and laborers have
been discharged from the Charlestown, Mass.,
Agricultural fairs are in progress at Eatonton
and Rome, Ga. Ex-President Johnson, who was
announced to deliver an address at Rome, wm
not do so at present.
A Havana telegram says : "De Rodas has de?
parted on an Inspection tour. He will be absent
ten days. The Spanish bank has reduced the rate
of interest to four per cent.
REAL ESTATE MARKET.
The following sales of real estate arc report?
ed as having taken place on Monday last.
The sheriff sold at tho courthouse one tract
oon ta tiring 400 acres at $2025; 347 acres at $-2375;
731 acres at $2175; 530 acres at $2825: 1649 acres
at $12,445, and 376 acres at $4300;ln all amount?
ing to 4033 acres at $20,645, averaging over $5 50
per 8,*re. Tw? hottes were also sold by the
ahortff, which brought, one $185 and the other
The sheriff sold at the courthouse 50 acres be?
longing to Thomas Hatchett, purchased by Emily
P. Rogers,- $205: 250 acres belonging to Elisha
Houghston, purchased by James Hembree, $2026:
so acres belonging to same, purchased by E. M.
Cooper, $870; 52 acres belonging to S. Brew ton,
purchased by T. A. Rogers, $500; 90 acres belong
tog to E. a Reese, purchased by S. Morgan, $31:
73 acres belonging to E. J. A A. M. Harrison,
purchased by M. Sumner, $390; 35 acres belong?
ing to A. Floyd,-purchased by William Alexander,
$100; 275 acres belonging to Jonas Brewton, pur?
chased by S. S. Drummond, $1195; 185 acres be?
longing to the same, purchased by P. M. Brew
THINGS IN KERSHA W.
Railroads and Revivals-The Central
Railroad-The Camden Branch.
' [FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
CAMDEN, S. C., November 2.
This vicinity is at present agitated upon two
subjects, widely different in their essential quali?
ties. The two are railroads and a religious revi?
val. The latter, however, is confined to the fol?
lowers of John the Baptist, and may be said to
have culminated in the immersion of six newly
made members on Sunday last, a cold and
windy, or "raw and gusty day," which made
sold immersion a thing to be shuddered at.
In reference to the i allroad, I see that you have
published the resolutions adopted by the late con?
vention held in this town. From them you can
learn the spirit of the people cf Lancaster and
? Kershaw with regard to the enterprise.
That Lancaster is determined to have an outlet
by rail is a foregone conclusion, and that her peo.
pie act in harmony with Kershaw ls also evident.
Thoeole question requiring solution is, "with what
corporation 6hall we associate ourselves T"'
The South Carolina Central Railroad offers Its
assistance, provided the people along Its proposed
route subscribe one-fourth of the requisite amount,
in money or land at Its assessed value. But they
refuse 40 come by way of Camden, unless the
branch of the South Carolina Railroad is in some
manner disposed of to Its advantage, either by be?
ing taken up from Ringville to Claremont and turn?
ed round to Sumter, or so disposed of as not to com?
pete with the Central Road. Knowing that there
would or might bc Borne difficulty in negotiating
this, the convention resolved to lay before tho
Board of Directors of thc South Carolina Railroad
a copy of the resolutions adopted,in order that
they might see the advantage to be derived by
?neem by building the railroad from Camden by
Charlotte themselves, under .the charter of the
"Wateree and North Carolina Railroad."
Should thc South Carolina Railroad Company
build under this charter, the Cot?tral Road would
find its terminus at Sumter, for thc reason that it
could not compete with both the Co' ambla and
Charlotte and the Wateree and North Carolina
The very object of the Cent al Road would bc
Should, however, they see Jt not to make the
extension to Charlotte, the'Jentral Road will be
built, and a nearly dlrec. route be established
from Charlotte to thc seabo trd.
The South Carolina Rallr >ad can secure to Itself
[ the rich bait thus tempting ?y offered and within
its reach. KERSHAW.
THE GEORGETOWN ELECTIONS.
The folowlng ta I? Iel shows tho vote at the
Georgetown election, result ing in the election of
Bowley, colored, by lOOO majority :
J. A.Bowley, Radical..
E. L. Rainer, Radical.
John Lucas. Radical...
H. W. Tilton, Dem.
Whole number of votes, 1275.
Majority for James A. Bowley, 1100.
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
Sales-Day at Spartanbnrg.
The Sparten says: "Our town wa? Ulled on
Monday with our friends from the country.
Nothing of special Importance occurred. Our
magistrates seemed to be kept busy in making or
preparing work for the next term of court. Thc
sheriff attracted a large crowd to see what Induce?
ments he bsd to offer In the way of of real estate."
The Soartanbnrg Spartan says: "We are glad
to hear that the corn crop of this district is much
better than was expected. It is hoped that
enough will be cribbed to supply oar wants with?
out foreign importation. Cotton ls turning out
well from the gin, but very scantily from thc
field. From all we can learn, we fear that half
ls too large a fraction to indicate our cotton crop."
Sales-Day in Newberry.
The Newberry Herald says : "There were
more people in town on Monday than a man of
moderate muscle and energy could shake a stick
at; the courthouse square was crowded, and all
the streets radiating to that common centre were
full of humanity, common and otherwise. The
dark element were largely and strongly represent?
ed, some with sticks, some with guns, (they never
visit the metropolis without an old musket, rifle
or single-barrel shot gun.) and all with more or
less money, which was laid out prodigally. Trade
was high/and the mercantile persuasion in full
feather and good odor,"
A Survivor's Association for Spartauburg Dis?
trict was formed ou Monday. The following
oltlcer3 were elected : G. W. li. Legg, president ;
Jos. Walker, J. Banks Lysle, and T. J. Moore, vice
presidents; H. II. Thomson, secretary; E. H. Bobo,
It was resolved that *'an.v person who has been
an officer or soldier in thc Confederate army and
honorably discuurged therefrom, may become a
member of this association by enrolling his name
with the secretary, and paying to the treasurer
The following gentlemen were appointed dele?
gates to attend a convention to be held in Charles?
ton on the isth of November next : J. II. Evins,
J. H. Blassingame. C. E. Fleming, T. J. Muon ,
Wm. M. Foster, H. II. Thomson, E. ll. Bobo. J.
Earle Bomar, J. C. Wlusmith, J. Buuks L.vslc, Wm.
Choice. . '
At a meeting of thc Har held at Newberry Court?
house, on October 27, the following were adopted:
Resolved, That the Bar of Newberry lender to
his llonor, Judge Orr, their sincere thanks for
holding, at their request, thc special term of the
Court of Common Pleas for this county, which is
now drawing to a close.
- Resolved, Thut the manner lu which he has dis?
charged the laborious duties which thus devolved
upon him, in disposing of the vast accumulation
of business on our dockets, aud in the trial of
cases of great magnitude and importance, entl;
ties him to our highest praise as an able, impar?
tial and enlightened jurist, and has won for him
the admiration and esteem of our people.
Resolved, That the patience and courtesy which
have characterized his conduct on the bench has
made his administration of justice and his inter?
course with the Bar and community of the most
agreeable and pleasant character. vi**
Resolved, That our brother, Colonel S. Fair, bc
requested to present the above resolutions to Ins
Honor in open court, and that ' they be published
in the newspapers.
Thu Sumter News, alluding to the recent burn?
ing ol the store of Mr. D. G. Robinson, in that
county, says: "We are palued to hear that two
similar occurrences have taken place, one at the
store of Mr. DuBose, and the other nt that of Mr.
Tindall. These acts were committed by a party of
men tn disguise, ard are supposed to" bc a retri?
bution for the habitual purchase of seed cotton
from persons not authorized to seU it. The pro?
vocation is great; thc farmer has been robbed of
the fruits of his toil, of that upon which he rolled
for the support of his family, and to pay for sup?
plies, perhaps, furnished to the thieves them?
selves; to pay his taxes for the support of a gov?
ernment '.hat fails to protect him-or to save the
remnant of his property from sacrifice at a sher?
iff's sale-while the stolen crop is sold somewhere,
to men who must know that it is stolen. We do
not accuse the men whose stores have been de?
stroyed with being engaged tn this infamous traf?
fic. We know nothing about it. But there are
men who keep their stores open all night for thc
reception of seed cotton, and a great deal ol'
cotton has been stolen from the-tlelds."
The Fire Fiend.
The Edgeileld Advertiser says: "On Wednesday
night, 27th ultimo, the gin house of Mrs. Gregory,
near Riehardsonville, was destroyed by fire, with
a loss of five bales of colton. Late on Monday
afternoon lust, shortly arter the hands had deliv?
ered and stored their day's picking, the giu house
of John Ralnsford, Esq., at his Burt place, was dis?
covered to be on Ure. It was totally consumed,
and with it, sixty bales of eotton. On the same
evening, a few "hours later, however, the gin
house of Mr. Charlie Mathis, living a mlle below
the Pine House, was also discovered to be burn?
ing. It was destroyed, with sixteen bales of cot?
ton. These plantations are about three miles
apart. Nothing ls known as regards the origin of
the fires, but the striking coincidence of two
neighboring gin houses being burned on the same
evening," very naturaUy suggests the torch of the
The Darlington Democrat says: "The barn of
Mr. W. P. Gee, containing six thousand pounds of
fodder and about two hundred bushels of choice
cotton seed, was destroyed ,by fire early in the
evening of the 30th ult. Th? fire was undoubtedly
the work of Incendiaries."
THE CONFEDERATE DOLLAR.
Opinion of Chief Justice Chane, ih Fall
Enforcement of a Vendor's Lien in a
Contract Entered into under the Late
Confederate Government-Thc Confed?
erate Dollar and its Status in the
Contract and after thc War.
The following important opinion delivered
in the Supreme Court or the United States on
Monday last, ls of so much interest that Southern
readers will hardly be content with the telegraphic
abstract already given in THE NEWS. We there?
fore publish the decision in full, as pronounced by
Chier Justice Chase:
THORINGTON VS. SMITH 4 HARTLEY-OriNTON OP
THE COURT BY CHIEF JUSTICE CHA8E.
This is a bill in equity for the enforcement or a
lt ls not denied that Smith k Hartley purchased
Thorington's land, or that they executed to him
their promissory note for part or thc purchase
money, as .set forth in bis bill; or that, if there
was nothing more in the case, he would bc enti?
tled to a decree for tl? amount of the note and
interest, and for the sale or the land to satisry the
debt. Hut lt is insisted, by the way or defence,
that the negotiation for the purchase or the land
took place, anti that the note in controversy, pay?
able one day arter dnte, was brade at Montgome?
ry, In the State of Alabama, where fill the parties
resided in November, 1864, at which time the
authority of thc United States was excluded rrom
that portion or the State, and the only currency,
in use consisted of Confederate Treasury notes,
Issued and put in circulation by persons exercis
lng the ruling power of thc States in rebellion,
known ns the Confederate government.
It was also insisted that the laud purchased
was worth more than three thousand dollars in
lawful money; that the contract price was forty
five thousand dollars; that this price, by thc
agreement ol the parties, was to be paid In Con?
federate notes; that thirty-five thousand dollars
were actually paid in these notes; and thal the
note given for the remaining ten thousand dollars
was to be discharged in the same manner; ?iud it
ls claimed on this state of facts, that the vendor
is entitled to no relief In a court of the United
States, and this claim was sustained in the court
below, and the bill was dismissed. The questions
before us on appeal are these: First, can a con?
tract for the payment of Confederate notes, made
during the late rebellion, between parties rebiding
within thc so-called Confederate States, bc en?
forced at allin thc courts or the United States ?
Second, can evidence be received to prove that a
promise expressed to be for the payment or dol?
lars was in ract, and for the payment or any other
than lawful dollars of thc United States' Does the
evidence m the record establish the fact that thc
note for ten thousand dollars was. to be paid, by
agreemcnt of the parties, in Confederate notes?
The first question is by no means free rrom diffi?
culty. It cannot be questioned that thc Confede?
rate notes were Issued in furtherance or an un?
lawful attempt to overthrow tho Government or
the United States by Insurrectionary force. Nol?
ls it a doubtful principle of law that no contract
made lu aid of such an attempt can bc enforced
through the courts or the country whose govern?
ment ls thus assailed. Hut was thc contract of
the parties to this suit a contract of that charac?
ter-can it be fairly described ns a contract in aid
or the rebellion? In examining this question, thc
state ot that part or thc country in which it was
made must bc considered. It ls familiar history
that, early iu 1801, the authorities or seven States,
supported, as was alleged, by popular majorities
combined, for the overthrow or the National
Union, and for thc establishment, within Hs
boundaries, of a separate and independent con?
federation. A governmental organization, repre?
senting these States, was established at Mont?
gomery, In Alabama, first under a provisional
constitution, and afterwards under a constitu?
tion Intended to be permanent. In thc course
of a few months four other States acceded to this
confederation, and thc seat of thc central au?
thority wah transferred to Richmond, lu Virginia.
It was by the central nutliority thus organized,
and under its direction, that thc civil war was
carried ou upon a vast scale against the Govern?
ment of the United States for more than four
years. HR power was recognized as supreme In
nearly the whole .of thc territory of the States eon
federated. lt was the actual government or all
the insurgent States, xcept those portions of
them protected rrom Ito control by the presence
ot the armed forces or thc national government.
What was the precise character or this govern?
ment tn contemplation or law? It is difficult to
define it with exactness. Any dennitton mat may
be given may not Improbably bc found to require
limitation and qualification. But the general
principles or law relating to de facto government
will, we think, conduct us to a conclusion suffi?
ciently accurate. There arc several degrees or
what ls called defacto government. Such a gov
eminent, in its highest degrees, assumes a char?
acter very closely resembling that or a lawful
government. This ls wheu the usurping govern?
ment expels the regular authorities from their
customarv seats and functions, and establishes
Itself In their places, and so becomes the actual
government of a country. The distinguishing
characteristics of such a government ls that ad?
herents to lt In war against the government
de jure do not incur the penalties or treason; and,
under certain limitations, obligations assumed
by it in behalf of the country or otherwise will, in
general, be respected by thc government (Injure
Examples or this description or government de
facto are found in English history. The statute
ll, Henry VII, C. I. (Brit. Stat, at Large,) relievos
from penalties for treason all persons who, In dc
reucepr the king for the time being, wage war
against those who endeavor to subvert lils author?
ity by force or arms, though warranted In so
doing by thc lawful monarch, (4 Bl. Comm., 77.)
But this ls where thc usurper obtains actual pos?
session or the royal authority of thc kingdom:
not when he lias succeeded only in establishing
his power over particular localities. Being in
such possession, allegiance is due to him as king
Another example maybe found in thc govern?
ment of England under the Commonwealth, flrst ?
by Parliament and afterwards by Cromwell, as
Protector. It was not, iu thc contemplation of
law, a government de Jure, but tt was a govern?
ment tte facto in the absolute sense, lt made
laws, treaties and conquests, which remained the
laws, treaties and conquests of England ofter the
restoration. The better opinion is that acts done
in obedience to tills government could not bc
justly ?cgarded as treasonable, though in hostility
to the king de Jure. Such acts were proierted
from criminal prosecution by the spirit, If not thc
letter, of the statute or Henry the Seventh. It
was held otherwise by the Judges hy whom Sir
Henry Vane was tried for treason. (5 Stale Trials,
iii?,) In the year following the restoration. But
such a judgment in such a time lias little author?
it ls very certain that thc Confederate Govern?
ment was never acknowledged by thc Untied
States as a de facto government iu this sense,
.nor was it acknowledged as such by foreign pow?
ers. No treaties were made by it. No obligation
of a national character were created by lt bind?
ing, after its dissolution, on thc States which lt
represented or on thc nationai governnieni. From
a very early period of thc war to its close it was
regarded as simply the military representative or
the Insured ?on against the authority of the
But there ls another description or govern?
ment, called by publicists government de facto,
but which might, perhaps, be more aptly denom
iuated a government or paruniouut Toree. Its
distinguishing characteristic arc (l) that Its exis
istence is maintained by active military power
within thc territories and against the rightful
authority for established and lawful government;
and (2) that while it exists it must necessarily be
obeyed in civil matters by private citizens, who,
by acts of obedience rendered In submission to
su?h force, do not become responsible as wrong
doers for these acts, though not warranted by the
laws ot the rightful government. Actual govern?
ments or this sort arc established over districts
dutering greatly In extent and conditions; they
are usually administered directly bv military au?
thority; but they may be administered also by
civil authority, supported more oriels by military
te rc e.
One example of this sort of government is
found in the case or Castine, or Maine, reduced to
a British possession (the war or 1S12.) From the
1st or September, 1314, to the ratification of the
treaty ot peace in 1816, according to thc judgment
or the court, in the United States vs. Rice (4
Wheat., 253,) "the British Government exercised
all civil and military authority over the place."
Thc authority or thc United States over the terri?
tory was suspended, aud thc laws or tho United
States could no longer bc rightfully enforced
there, or bc obligatory upon the Inhabitants who
remained and submitted to thc conqueror. By
thc surrender the Inhabitants passed under a
temporary allegiance to thc British Government,
and were bound by such laws, and such only, ns
lt chose to recognize and impose. It is not to be
Interred rrom this that thc obligations of thc peo?
ple or Castine, as citizens or the United Slates.
were abrogated. They were suspended merely by
the presence, and only during the presence, ?r
the paramount force. A like example is. found in
the case ol' Tampico, occupied during the war
with Mexico by thc troops of the United States.
lt was determined by Mils court, in Fleming vs.
Page (9 How., 614,) that although Tampico did not
become a part of the United States In consequence
or that occupation, still, having tome together
with the whole State of Tamaulipas, of which lt
was part, into the exclusive possession or the na?
tional forces, it must be regarded and respected
by other nations as the territory ot the United
States. There were cases or temporary posses?
sion or territory by lawfol and regular govern?
ments at war with the country, ot which the ter?
ritory so possessed was part. The central gov?
ernment established for the Insurgent States dif?
fered from the temporary governments at Castlno
and Tampico in the circumstance that its authori?
ty did not originate La lawful acts or regular war;
but it was not on that account less active or less
supreme, and we think that it must be classed
among the governments of which these are exam
pies. It is to he observed that thc rights and ob
Igallons of a belligerent were conceded to it in
its military character, very soon after the war
began, from motives of humanity and ex?
pediency, by thc United States. The whole
territory controlled by it was thereafter held to
bc the enemy's territory, and the inhabitants
of that , territory were held In most respects
for enemies. To the extent, then, of actual
supremacy, however unlawfully gained, in all
matters of government within its military lines,
the power of the insurgent government cannot bc
questioned. That supremacy would not justify
acts of hostility to thc United States. How far
lt should exercise them must be left to the lawful
government upon thc re-establishment of its au?
thority. But it made civil obedience to its au?
thority not only a necessity but a duty. Without
such obedience civil order was impossible. It
washy this government exercising its power
through an Immense territory that the Confed?
erate notes were issued early bi the war, und
these notes, in a short time, became almost ex?
clusively the currency of theunsurgent States. As
contracts in themselves, in the contingency of
successful revolution, these notes were nullities,
for except in that event there could be no payer.
They bore, indeed, this character upon their face,
for they were made payable-only "after a ratifica?
tion of a treaty of peace between the Confederate
States and the United States of America." While
the war lasted, however, they had a certain
contingent value, and were used as money
in nearly all the business- transaction's
of many millions of people. "They must
be regarded, therefore, as a currency
Imposed on the community by irresistible
force. It sccni3 to follow as a necessary conse?
quence from the actual supremacy of thc Insur?
gent government, as a belligerent, within tho ter?
ritory where it circulated, and the necessity of
civil obedience on tho part of all who remained
In it, that this currency must be regarded in the
courts of law In the same light as ii it had been
Issued by a foreign government temporarily oo
cupying a part of thc territory of the United
States. Contracts stipulating for payments lu
that currency cannot be regarded as nude In aid
of the foreign invasion lu the one case, or of the
domestic Insurrection In tho other. They have no
necessary relation to the hostile government,
whether invading or Insurgent. They are trans-,
actions lu thc ordinary course of civil noclcty,
and, though they may indirectly and remotely
promote the ends of the unlawful government,
arc without blame, except when proved to have
been entered Into with actual Intent to further the
Invasion or insurrection. Wc cannot doubt that
such contracts should bc enforced in thc courts of
thc United States, after the restoration of peace,
to the extent of their first obligation. The
first question, therefore, must receive au affirm?
ative answer. The second question, whether
evidence ?an be received to prove that a promise
made in one of the insurgent States, and ex?
pressed to bc for thc payment of dollars, without
qualifying words, was, in fact, made for thc pay?
ment of any other than lawful dollars of the Uni?
ted States, ls next to be considered. It is quite
clear that a contract topsy dollars made between
citizens of any State of the Union maintaining its
constitutional relations witt: the national govern?
ment ls a contract to pay lawful money of thc
United States, and cannot be modified or ex?
plained by parole evidence. ' But lt ls equally
clear, If In any other country colas or notes de?
nominated dollars should be authorized of differ?
ent value from the colus or notes which are cur?
rent herc under that name, that In a suit upon a
contract to pay dollars made in that country evi?
dence would be admitted to prove what kind of
dollars was Intended; and, if it should turn out
that foreign dollars were meant, to prove their
equivalent value in lawful money of the United
Such evidence does not modify or alter the con?
tract, lt simply explains an ambiguity which,
under the general rules of evidence, may be re?
moved by parole evidence. We have already
seen that thc people of the Insurgent States,
under this Confederate Government, were, in
legal contemplation, substantially lu tko same
condition as inhabitants of districts of a country
occupjed and controlled by an invading bellige?
rent. Thc rules which would apply to the former
case would apply to the latter, and, as lu the for?
mer case, the people must be regarded as sub?
jects of a foreign power, and contructs among
them bc interpreted and enforced with reference
to thc laws Imposed "by the conqueror, soin the
latter ease the Inhabitants must bc regarded ns
under thc authority of thc insurgent belligerents,
actually established as the government of tue
country; and contracts made with them must be
interpreted and Inferred with reference to the
condition of things created by the acts of thc
It is said, Indeed, that under the Insurgent
government the word doimisttiwcryimtnej^fta? ?
mg as under *the Government of the United
States; that the Confederate notes were never
made a legal tender; and, therefore, that no evi?
dence can be received to show any other meaning
of the word when used in a contract.
But lt must be remembered that thc whole con?
dition of things in the insurgent States was
matter of fact, rather than matter of law; and as
matter of fact these notes, payable at a future
and contingent day, which has not arrived, and
eau never arlve, were forced into circulation as
dollars, if not directly by the loglslatlon, yet Indi?
rectly and quite as effectually by thc acts of thc
Insurgent government. Considered in Hiern?
ach es, and in the light of subsequent events,
these notes had no real value, but they were
current as value by irresistible force; they were
the only measure of value which this people had,
and their usc was a matter of almost-absolute
necessity, and this gave them u sort of a value,
Insignificant and precarious enough, lt ls true,
but always having a sufficient definite relatlou to
gold and silver, the universal measures of value,
so that lt was easy to ascertain how much gold
and silver was the real equivalent of a sum ex?
pressed in the currency. In the light of these
facts it seems hardly loss than absurd to soy that
these dollars must be regarded os identical in
kind and value with the dollars which constitute
thc money ol' the United States. We cannot shnt
our eyes to the fact that they were essentially dif?
ferent in both respects, and lt seems to us that
bu rule of evidence, properly understood, re?
quires us to refuse, under the circumstances, to
admit proof of the sense in which the word dollar
was actually used in the contract before us.
Our answer to the second question ls, therefore,
also in the affirmative.. We are clearly of the
opinion that such evidence must be received In
respect to such contracts in order that Justice
may be done between the parties, and that the
porty entitled to be paid in these Confederate
dollars eau only receive their actual value at the
Unie ami place of the contract in lawful money of
Hie United States. We do not think lt necessary
to go into a detailed examination or the evidence
in the record in order lo vindicate our answer to
tho third question, lt is enough to say that lt has
left no doubt in our minds that the note roi- ?io,
Ouo, to enforce payment of which suit was
brought in the Circuit Court, was to lie paid by
agreement In Confederate notes, it follows that
the judgment of the Circuit Court mus; be ?evers
ed and ihe cause remanded for a new trial, in
conformity with this .opinion.
TEE STONEWALL JIOItllOR.
A Woman's Self-Possession-Thc
Drowning of the Man who Proposed
to Save Her-The Caudle that Set thc
Fire-A Murder in thc Struggle ?"ur
The Missouri Republican prints the follow?
ing account of the remarkable experience or
There was a young lady on board of the Stone?
wall, about seventeen years of age, with whom
Anna was well acquainted, and they kept togeth?
er, on Wednesday evening, after supper, Anna
invited her companion to go down with her on
the main deck and sleep with her, as she had a
comfortable berth. The women, being tired, di?
vested themselves of their outer clothing and
went to bcd, On tue deck there were several
Italians who were drunk and noisy, one of whom
hail a candle lu his hand, and carelessly placed
lt on a bale of hay, setting lt ou lire. The
alarm was Immediately given, and lu a second
the boat was a sheet Of llame. Anna jumped
up In lier night-clothes to save herself. All
was confusion. She stood on the guards of thc
boat as long as it was safe, (lin ing which she felt
perfectly calm and self-possessed. A gentleman
caine up and proposed that il' she would jump off
with him into thc water lie wouid try and save
her. Sift said, "N'o; try and save yourself; I
think I can save myself." He Jumped oil", and
she saw him drown. She stayed on Hie guards
until she waa forced to jump Into the river or
burn to death, as the boat tn. th at quarter bi came
nearly enveloped in Hames. She made the plunge !
and went to Hie bottom. When she ernie up she
caught hold of a rope, and thought il led to thc
boat, but was a rope attached lo the spar, which
had tumbled over into thc water. She pulled her?
self along by thc rope until she came to the spar
that had drifted under the burning sicamor.
While here a post of thc burning cabin overhead
fell down, anda portion struck her on the,should?
ers, injuring her severely. By this time she got
off the spar, and while holding, her hand was
burned by drops of melted pitch, which trickled
down. She being under thc guards, was saved
rrom being crushed by the falling spars and
A gentleman at this time, who was struggling
In the water, managed also to get astride or the
spar. At this time the bursting or the coal oil
cans covered the water with a liquid sheet or fire.
As she expressed lt, "thc water was on fire."
She and her companion held on to the spar until
a boat came from Neeley's Lauding to their res?
cue, a mile and a hau* distant, their safety being
due to their position under the gnards.
As near as can bc estimated, there were aboard
the boat: Cabin passengers, 35; deck passengers,
i6?; officers, 16; deck crew, 38; cabin crew, 20;
A group of men in the water sought to save
themselves by the aid or a bale of floating hay,
which was too small to float them all. A savage
contest ensued for Its possession/all struggling
to obtain a lodgment upon, it, when one more
desperate than the rest was roused to demoniac
passion, and drawing a knife, plunged lt into a
companion's body, and the lifeless form rolled
over into the current, which was reddened by his
blood. Thc act of fiendish Impulse was speedily
avenged, for the whole party are believed to have
? URRENT NOTES.
-The gas In New Tork is the subject of bitter
complaint In the Journals of that city, who assert
that there is no town In the Union furnished with
such miserable light and charged such extrava?
-The Irou bridge at St. Louis, connecting the
Illinois add Missouri shores of thj Mississippi
River, is reported to have been commenced, and
four hundred and thirty men, with all thc mo?
dern steam appliances for excavating earth and
moving heavy stones and timbers, are new at
work. Thc bridge structure ls to be composed of
three wrought and cast Iron arches, one of Ave
hundred and fifteen feet In length, the other two
four hundred aud ninety-seven feet each. Thc
lower part of the bridge ls intended for the pas
sago of railway trains; the upper for ordinary
-Sewage, as a manure, Ls now attracting great
attention in England, and it ls asserted that thc
members of the Metropolitan lioord of Works, of
London, by their apathy on the subject, are con?
niving at an enormous waste of money and ferti?
lizing power by neglecting to utilize the sewage
of London. The annual outflow.of the sewer
water of London is estimated at one hundred and
eighty millions of tons, and this refuse is calcu?
lated to be worth nine farthings a ton. Hence, it
is cont ended, valuable manure ls discharged Into
thc Thames worth $7,500,000 per annum, or $20,
54." a day.
-The suffocation of four persons at a fire in
Liberty street, K6w York, has called attention in
that city to tue*ncce38ity of constructing outside
iron stairways to the tenement houses, which arc
frequently crowded with human beings from the
cellars to thc attics. Ladders leading to the roofs,
scuttles and ropes have been tried, and fouud to
be ineffectual. It ls asserted that within four
years over thirty persons have been suffocated or
burned to death in consequence of,the absence of
suitable fire-escapes. Thc four persons who were
suffocated in Liberty street, it is contended, could
have been saved had thc firemen ascended to the
roof of thc building, and then descended through
thc hatchway, instead of attempting to force a
passage upwards from below.
-From tr% reports in the London papers, lt ls
evident that thc people there have become much
more expert than before at the business of mak?
ing Thames tunnels. A new one, which has gone
on without much cosmopolite notice, is now
nearly completed from Tower Hill to the street of
thc "Three Tailors"-Tooley-strcct-a distance of
over 1300 feet, 300 feet or so shorter than our great
Brooklyn bridge, that ls to be. The work was
going on at the rate of nine feet lu twenty-four
hours-a much more rapid speed than that of thc
first Thames tunnel, which, for one cause or other,
took twe've or thirteen years to complete lt. In
the new tunnel people can hear thc sound of pad?
dles and other noises on thc river overhead; but
the arch Ls pronounced a perfectly safe one, and
the listeners are Quittes pour la peur, as the
-Some of the Ideas proposed at the recent
Woman's Parliament In New York are rather
startling. A married woman ought to have a
legal right to dispose In any way she may please
of a share of her husband's income. According
to that plan, an extravagant woman might
a^engaatetof Jmnband'a aomiaga feefet* -hft pfc
eelved them, and he would have no power to
help himself. In cases of profligacy, thc money
which properly belonged to husband and chil?
dren could be withdrawn by the wife. Another
speaker contended that children should be allow?
ed greater freedom-that no article belonging to
them should bc touched without their consent;
.that any question they liked to put should bc
answered, and that they should bc accustomed
to the Idea that they arc to think and act- inde?
pendently. It is generally supposed that In this
country there ls not much room for Improvement
in thc last-mentioned particular.
-The Array and Navy Journal says that thc
Navy Department proposes to take the defence of
our habors out of thc hands or thc engineer corps,
of thc army, entrusting it no longer to forts, but
to monitors and torpedoes. The new torpedo
corps ls being put Into an effective condition, and
in case of need will prove itself a valuable auxili?
ary. A new irou-clad ls in progress, embodying
the main idea of the monitor, having an elonga?
ted turret carrying rourtcen guns, five on each
side and two each front and rear, thus command?
ing ihe whole horizon with its artillery, and with?
out changing thc position of its guns. It will
carry sall and have telescopic masts, which'COO
bc taken in when preparing for action, and a
bowsprit that eau be triced up and got ont of the
way of the forward guns, lt will carry five or
six inches of iron armor, backed with forty-two
inches of oak. These are, wc believe, the main
feature of the . easel proposed, lt is expected to
combine thc excellencies of the monitor with thc
advantages of a broadside vessel.
-Two or throe of the French newspapers or
tho Republican side complain with bitterness of
the lack of sympathy which they meet with in
the United States and England. Thc Americans
who reside in Paris are accused of being, to a
largo extent, toadies of the court-ready to fra?
ternize with anybody who will procure them ad?
mission to court balls and festivities. It is de?
clared that thc French opposition, which no
doubt consists or thc most illustrious men of the
country, linds more friends among any other
class of foreigners than the Americans and Eng?
lish. Certainly the articles or some of the London
papers are offensive enough-the Tory journals
even advising the Emperor to try another 2d or
December. From thc French point ol view, this,
as every one will understand, seems selfishness
Itseir. On thc other hand, it is not clear how
any class of residents arc to manliest their pref?
erence for the opposition if they do preier lr.
The most they can do is to abstain from ostenta?
tious marks or regard for the powers that are In?
JUST NOTICE.-NATIONAL FREED?
MAN'S SAVINGS AND TRUST COMPANY,
CHARLESTON BRANCH, No. 74 BROAD STREET.
Money deposited on or befare November 15th
will draw interest from November 1st.
oe fis 17_NATHAN RITTER, Cashier.
;Z-ir-TlIE SECRET OF BEAUTY LIES
in the usc of HAGAN'S MAGNOLIA PALM for thc
Roughness, redness, blotches, freckles, snn
burn and tau disappear where it is applied, and a
beautirul complexion of pure, satin-like texture ls
obtained. The plainest reatures are made to glow
willi healthful bloom and youthful beauty.
Remember Hagan's Magnolia Balm is the thing
that produces these effects, and any lady can He
cure lt for 75 cents at any of our stores.
To preserve and dress thc hair use Lyon's Ka
lhalron. oct27 wfmimo_^
~~p2r~A CARD.-A C L E R G Y MAN,
while vesiding In South America as a"Mlsslonnry,
discovered a safe and simple remedy for the cure
of Nervous Weakness, Early Decay, Disease or
the Urinary and Seminal Organs and the whole
train or disorders brought on by baneful and
vicious habits. Great numbers have been cured
by this noble remedy. Prompted by a desire to
benefit the afflicted and unfortunate, I will send
the recipe for preparing and using this medicine,
In a sealed envelope, to any one who needs it,
free of charge. Address
JOSEPH T. INMAN,
Station D, Bible House,
oct4 3mos* . New York City.
?tt* THE RELATIONS AND FRIENDS
o? Mr. aud Mrs. Edward Fortune arc respectfully
invited to attend the Funeral or their daughter
FLORENCE, rrom No. 21 Queen street, TO-DAT, at
3 oV.ock, P. M. nov5'*
^.THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances or Captain CHARLE.' FREMDER,
and Mrs. Fremder, also or Mr. and Mrs. Theodore
Cordes, are invited to attend the Funeral Services
or the ronner, at the German Lutheran Chureh,
corner Hasel and Anson streets, THIS AFTERNOON, '
at 3 oclock. nova
WALHALLA LODGE, No. G6.-THE
Members of this Lodge are requested to attend
Funeral of their late Brother, CHARLES FREM?
DER, from the German Lutheran Church, corner
Hasel and Anson streets, at 3 o'clock P. M., THIS
DAY. J. M. PETERSEN,
?ST* GERMAN FRIENDLY SOCIETY.
The Members of the German Friendly Society are
respcctrnlly Invited to attend the Funeral Services
ot the late Mr. CHARLES FREMDER, a member,
at the German Lutheran Church, Hasel street,
THIS DAT, at 3 o'clock, P. M.
nova JNO. A. BLUM, Secretary.
?S~ FREUNDSCHAFTSBUND.-T H E
Members are requested tc attend the Funeral Ser?
vices of Mr. CHARLES FREMDER, at thc German
Lutheran Church, Hasel street, Tnis DAT, at 3
O'clock P. M. CHARLES SIEGLTNG,
nov5 _ _ Secretary.
^GERMAN RIFLE CLUB.-THE
Members are requested to attend the Funeral Ser.
vices of Mr. CHARLES FREMDER, at the German
Lutheran Church, Hasel street, THIS DAY, at 3
o'clock P. M. C. H. BERGMANN,
nov6 _^ Secretary.
fSf S?NGERBUND.-THE MEMBERS
are requested to attend the Funeral Services of j
Mr. CHARLES FREMDER, at the German Luthe?
ran Church, Hasel street, THIS DAY, at 3 o'clock
P. M. C. H. BERGMANN,
nov? _ Secretary.
BUND.-The members are hereby requested to
attend the Funeral or our late Brother, CHARLES
FREMDER, at the German Lutheran Church,
THIS AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock.
By order. R. HEISSER,
^CITY TREASURY, CHARLESTON,
NOVEMBER 1,I860.-Notice or Real Estate owners
ls respectfully called to the following resolution,
passed by Council 2Sth of October :
"That the City Treasurer be, and ls hereby, au?
thorized to extend the time of payment or bal?
ance on real estate ror I860 to the 15th day or No?
vember, with interest rrom 20th day or October;
on and arter which day execution shau be issued
against all defaulters."
Extract rrom minutes.
nov5 3 City Treasurer.
??'TllE RIGHT REV. BISHOP LYNCH
will deliver a LECTURE In St. Patrick's Church
on SUNDAY EVENING, November 7, at hair-past 7
o'clock, on " The Miracle pr the Liquefaction or
tlte Blood or St. Januarius. Tickets of admission
53 centsr ? _novS 2
jem ?LlKJlIXjrr.-r-rr K art '?"v ir r II o .
after date application will bc made to thc Bank
ot Charleston, S. C., ror RENEWAL OF CERTIFI?
CATE No. 4750 lor twenty Old Shares or the Capi?
tal Stock of said Bank, standing ' in the name of
the late O. L. DODSON, the original having been
lost. - N. R. DOBSON,
nov5 lamo3? _Executrix.
?ST* CONSIGNEES P BR STEAMSHIP
JAMES ADGER are notJJe? that she is discharging
.argo THIS DAY at Adger's Wharf. Goods re?
maining uncalled for at gusset will be at the
owners' risk on the dock.
JAMES ABGMR A CO.,
^?-CONSIGNEES PER STEAMER
MARYLAND, from Baltimore, are hereby notified
that she ls THIS DAY discharging cargo at Pier No.
l, Uriioa Wharves. All Goods not taken away at
sunset wlU remain on whart nt Consignees' risk.
novS 1_MORDECAI A CO., Agents.
?3f CONSIGNEES? PER BRITISH
steamship DARIEN arc hereby notified that said
steamship has been THIS DAY entered under the
Five Day Act. AU goods not Permitted at the
expiration of that time will be sent to the Govern?
ment Stores. ROBT. MURE A CO.,
^TO THE DENTAL PROFESSION.
The Dentists ot Columbia suggest to their pro?
fessional brethren throughout thc State that a
Dental Association be formed at thc Capital dur?
ing Fair week. Those who favor the proposition
will please to extend notice or it. nov4 2 ??u
jiE?-PEOPLE'S BANK OF SOUTH CABO"
LINA-The TRANSFER BOOKS or this Bank will
be closed on and after the 10th instant, ror thc
purpose of preparing a correst list or the Stock?
By order. H. J. LOPER, Cashier.
J29-T0 THE FLOUR MERCHANTS
AND ALL INTERESTED.-OFFTOE INSPECTOR OF
FLOUR, NO. 68 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, October
16.-Orders for Inspection of Flour will be re
ceived at this office from this date, and be
promptly attended to.
C. N. AVERILL,
octl6 Inspector of Flour.
^3-THE GREAT SOUTHERN REMEDY.
JACOB'S CHOLERA, DYSENTERY AND DIAR?
RHOEA CORDIAL.-Tills article, so well known
and highly prized throughout the Southern States
as a Sovereign Remedy tor the above diseases, is
now offered to the whole country.
It is Invaluable to every lady, both married and
No family can afford to be without lt, and none
will to whom its virtues are known.
For sale by all Druggists and general dealers.
IDOWIE A MOISE,
octll 3mosDtc_ General Agents.
THE SIIIVERING SEASON.-IT
is impossible to suppose that any human being
can consider an attack or Pevcr anni-Ague a light
visitation. And yet thousands act as if sucli a
calamity was or no consequence, while thousands
who are actually suffering from the distressing
complaint neglect to adopt the certain means of
cure, lt ought to be known La every locality sub?
ject to this scourge, or which is infested with re?
mittent fever, or any other epidemic produced by
malaria, that HOSTETTEK'S STOMACH BITTERS
taken in advance or at the commencement or the
unhealthy season, will fortify the system against
the atmospheric poison which generates these
distempers. This admirable lnvlgorant-harm?
less, agreeable, aud possessing rarer medicinal
virtues than any other tonic at present known,
will break up the paroxysms of intermittent or
remittent fever in rrom torty-elght hours to ten
days. Such is 'the universal testimony from dis?
tricts where periodical fevers have been combat
ted with tills powerrul vegetable Chologogue. In
a thievish neighborhood wise men bar their doors
and windows, yet strange to say ir the same
neighborhood happens to be pervaded by a:rtai
poison they seldom take the trouble to put their
bodies in a state or defence against the subtle
enemy. Shivering viet!" \s endeavoring in vain to
warm your blue, hands over the fire, or consum?
ing with the fever that fellows the chill, remem?
ber that HOSTETTER'S BITTERS ls an aosilute,
speedy andAnfaUiOle specific for your distressing
malady. novl dote
LIST OF LETTERS remaining In the Pofofnae
at Charleston, for the week ending November 4,
1869, and printed officially in THE DAILY NEWE,
as the newspaper having the largest circulation
In the City of Charleston.
ss- Persons calling for Letters Advertised,
should state that they are "Advertised."
?S~ Office hours from 8 A. M. to 6 P. M. On
Sundays, from 5 to 6 P. M.
STANLEY G. T?OTT, Postmaster.
Allston. Mrs M Grason, Laura Reed, Mrs A W
Arten, Nancy Harrison, Mrs Reese, Miss
Ann, Miss Ja- M L Eliza
ney Hayes, Miss C Rivers, Mrs Su
Beatty, Mrs Hall, Mrs J B san
Mitchell Harleston, Miss Riven*. Mrs M
Bee, Mrs W J i Minnie E
Benjamin, MissTIaU, Miss C A Robinson, Mrs
Laura Hurler, Mrs M S
Blake, Mrs H F Higginbother, Robinson, Mrs
Brown, Miss Miss E Sue
Mary Horan, Miss El- Rutherford, Mrs
Blum, Mrs J G len " L
Blassage, Miss Hutcherson, Seignlous, Misa
Ellen Miss E M
Boone, Mrs Ingliss, Miss El- Schroder, Mrs J
Charlott len A
Boen, Miss MU- Jenkins,. Mrs F Seeberger, Mrs
ley L - - 8
Bovleston, Miss Jones, Mrs Mary Skipper, Mrs S J
Eliza Jiles, Mrs Rox- Sparkes, Mrs A
Bullwinkle, Mrs anna Steads, Mrs
D H Klmraey, Miss Ella
Coy le, Miss i Eliza Stellelnoyes,
Louisa Kllldare, Miss M MrsC
Cameron, Mrs Kennedy, Miss Scanting, Mrs J
M C Smith, Miss C J
Calwell, Miss King, Mrs Eml- Smith, Mrs lia
Jennie line ' bel
Carpenter, Miss Lenlr, Mrs Flo- Smith, Mrs Eli
Nellie renee ea
Capers, Mrs Lownes, Miss A Smyth, Mrs Ju?
gue E lia G
Chichester, Miss Lubs, Mrs Julia steedman, Mrs
Mary Mazyck, Miss M Mary
Coleman, Mrs EC- Toonier, Miss C
C Martin, Miss M 0
Cochran, Mrs P Thompson,- Mrs
Charlott M.icbeth, Mrs M c
Croft, Miss Bes- F Torlay, Mrs M
sie Mitchell, Miss A
Darah, Miss Rosa Vaughn, Mrs :
Cathrine Martin. Mrs Clara
Deweeds, Miss Elizabeth Vanderhorst,
Harriet Monroe, Miss A Mrs M
Diskcr, Miss M B Ward, Miss Ly
A - Morgan, Miss M dla
Dunmore, Mrs J Wilson, Mrs J J
E Munzcimaler, C 0
Elliott, Mrs Jane McKune, Mrs Warra T, Mrs
Farrell, Miss M Mary . Amula
L McKenzie, Mrs Williams, BeU
Ferrell, Miss John Williams, Miss
Sarah Nohrden, Miss Alice
Fleming, Miss J Victoria Williams, Mrs
A Northrlp, Mrs Mary
Forbes, Mrs Janny Ward, Miss M B
James Oliver, Miss White, Mrs Sal
Fraser,Mrs Har- Ornara, Miss lie
Wet Bessie - . Welbens, Miss
Fuller, Miss Ell- Opple, Mrs W . -
za George Walker, Miss F
Garrat, Miss C Owens, MTS J B Wlgg, Miss A H
Green, Mrs M Pamer, Miss Sa' Wragg, Miss A
Green, Mrs Mar- rah T
garet Parker, Mrs C O Zachery, Mrs A
George, Miss M Parker, Mrs H
A Peggy Zaylsha, Mrs M
Gibbs, Miss M Penefather, Mrs A
. RB .".
Allen, Isaac Fraser, S S iNash, H R
Alston, Joseph Gantt, Clitas Nelson,Mr (King
Ancrum, Abram Gilbert, T E and Tradd sts)
B Goldsmith, Ed- Norden, Geo
Alstor, Jas E gar O'Nail, John
Barnard, Jr, Green. A Co, O'Neil. JJ
Chauncey Geo W O'Neal, S J
Badger, BenJ F Green, Wm H Oree, David
Bennett, Thos L Gracen, A B Oston, Emanuel'
Begley, John Gray, R F President Pal
Bird, Oliver Grant, Moses motto Base
Bins, John Hagen, J R Ball Club
Blakelyi Robt F Hamilton, Rob- ParsonSjCharles
Blake, Abram crt Patane,Geo Bat
Boland, Patrick Hall, M C tis ta
Bowen, FL Hanes, Ehick Pevez, JoseYsa
Borger, M H Hardy, Thos hee
I gpjtftjsaac N Jjealy, John Peters, Capt
Brown, Julius PR ~" 'Pincicney^am'l
Brower, W Hcfrderson, C G G
Burns, John Helkt, F J Porter, R S
Bull, R Hitchcock, C C Porter, M S
Bull, R B Houston, Robt Quinn, James C
B?ggeln, Jo- Holmes, R P Quinn, John
hann Holmes, Rich- Raine, Jas H
Bullwinkel, n ard Regan, M B
Byoner. Garrett Howard, Sam- Rutherford, J k
Byrd, Wm uel W
Cay, Patrick Howard, Rich- S D A
Carson. Ned ard Sanders, S L
(col'd) Hutwaleker, Sampers,
Cade, Walter - Wm Nicholas Charles
Campbell, John Irving, Robt Schroeder, Au
Carter A Co, Ed- Isaacs, Geo ton
ward Jacob, M J Shepard, W H
Chaplin, John F Jackson, Gab- Sburbern, An?
choen, H riel gustos
Chavers, Jas Jlmmcaus, Jake Singleton, Rich
Chalhil, William Jones, Jas B ard
Clark, Edward Jones, Richard Smith, R- Tillg
Cllnton,CH Johnson, John man
Cohen, Jacob K Smith, Robert
(col'd) Johnson, Peter Smith, Geoffry
Cohen, Dolph Johnstone, R
Collins, Patrick James Smith, H W
Coyne, Cornell- Kelnar, Frankie Smith, Vincent
us Kirk, S D Small, Nat
Cuthbert, Dr Klnlooh, Benja- Spear, T S
Titos L min Sterling, E J
Davis, William Koptr, ACH Summers, Jaa L
Davis, Neptune Koblitz, W G Taylor, Isaac
Davis, Richard Lambert,Walter Tailor, Harry
Dart, Wm M E Thomas, S E
Dauer, F Lollls, Michael Thompson,
De Vere, E E P Mallerd, W (col'd pilot)
D?lau, ratrick Maupln, Seth W Toween, Mlils
Muffle, W Marshman, W Vince, Wm
Dunn, John Marzyck, W Walker, Rev H
Edings, Scott Masterman, EJ AC
F.lzcv, Wm W Mahnckc,. Hen-, Walker, John?
Ems'telnAEck- ry i Walsh, Walter
man Milligan, John Walter, Anton
Emerson, J D Mills, Maj Geo Warren, John
Ferguson, John Miller k Stal- Ward, J W
w lard Waring, Jacob
Fitzgerald, Jer-jMorgan, ' Watson, Wm H
old IMoglan, M C Waterbury, WC
Fields, Capt N 'Murray, Jas Welsh, F P
Flnrie, W H M vers, A G Wetherhorn,
Flemming, R 'McCants, L R Marena
Flynn, Capt ?McCollum, Jas Wiehre, H
Ford, Augustine! E Wiehre, A S
Foley Bro k Co, McFallen, John Williamson, B
DJ IMcSwiney, Wilson, Wm
Powes, Harvey Daniel Wright, Adam
Frazer, Julius ?McKeegan, John.Zelgler, Moritz
&3~ Persons depositing letters In the Postomce
will please place the stamp near the upper right
hand corner of the envelope, and they will also
please to remember that without the stamp a let?
ter cannot be mailed, but will be sent to the Dead
EJrrj @00b0, Ut.
FALL AND WINTER,
MELCHERS & MULLER,
No. 217 KING STREET,
Have thc pleasure to inform their friends and
customers that they have opened a most elegant
and carefully selected
STOCK OF DRY GOODS,
Suitable for the present and coming season.
They also beg leave to call the attention of bay
ers to their large and well selected stock of
BLACK DRESS GOODS, SILKS, 4e.
MELCHERS k M?LLER,
octll mwf Imo No. 217 KING STREET.
DrnrjG, Cljemicals, Ut.
??ENZINE, DOUBLE DISTLLLBD,
WILL REMOVE GREASE SPOTS?
Manufactured and for sale, wholesale and re?
tail, by DB. H. BAER,
nov3_No. 131 Meeting street.
^CTS LIKE A CHARM!
THE GENUINE ENGLISH CHXOB/JDINB,
(J. COLLIS BROWNE'S,)
IB the best Anodyne ever known to the profes?
sion. To be had of DR, H. BAER,
nova No. 131 Market street.