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VOLUME VIII.-NUMBER 1212. CHARLESTON, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 12, 1869. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
Going to the Georgia State Fuir-Thc
Reunion of tike Army of Tennessee
Admiral Porter on the Rampage-The
Memory of thc Late Robert J. Wal?
[SPECIAL TELBGBAM TO TUE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, November ll.
A very large number of officials lelt the city
to-night to attend the Macon, Georgia, Agricul?
Nearly all the officers of the government in?
tend going in a special train to attend the re?
union of the Anny of the Tennessee, in Loals
vllle, next week.
, Admiral Porter has filed a deposition in addi?
tion to his general answer to Farragut In the
prize case, in which he claims to have done the
principal part of the fighting ai New Orleans, to
have written the terms of capitulation of the
fojtts, and to have received their surrender.
The Treasury Department will be closed on
Saturday next, out of respect to the memory of
the Hon. Robert J. Walker, formerly Secretary of
the Treasury, who died this morning.
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, November ll.
The Hon. Robert J. Walker is dead.
Solon Robinson, agricultural editor of the Tri?
bune, General Halstead and Dr. Trimble, of New
Jersey, wi I attend the Georgia Fair.
The customs from the first to the sixth Instant,
inclusive, were two and a quarter millions; the
total for October, sixteen million, three hundred
TBS CUBAN STBUGGLE.
HAVANA, November ll.
Official accounts of a battle recently fought
la the Southeastern Department state that one
hundred and thirty Insurgents were killed and
many prisoners taken. Among the killed are Jor?
dan's chief of staff, Harry Clowy, and Quarter?
master William Cranstad.
Thc insurgents retreated northward.
WASHINGTON, November ll.
The Navy Department has received the folio w
KET WEST, November 3.
An English schooner arrived to-day from Nas?
sau with one hundred and twenty men from the
steamer Lillian, which left Cedar Keys October 5.
The Lillian rounded Cuba, going east, without at?
tempting to land the men. She went to Nassau
en the 16th, flying Cuban colors, short of coal,
having previously landed 150 men near Nassau
with two days' provisions. The Lillian attempted
to coal the next day, a few miles at sea, but the
coal steamer was seized by the English gunboat
Starling. The Starling fired into the Lillian. The
Ll Iii aA returned to Nassau and was taken posses?
sion of by the English authorities-some twelve
hours afterwards the Lillian sank. She lies across
a reef with her back broken. Nearly all the per?
sons brought to Key West are Cubans.
W. w. QUEEN,
Commander U. S. Navy.
THE BEUNION OF THB PBESBY
PITTSBURG. November ll.
The Joint Committee ot the Presbyterian
assemblies reported informally that they agree
apon all legal points, and recommended the ap?
pointment of committees from both bodies to
complete the details of reconstruction. The
?nlted assembly meets in Philadelphia in May
next. Thia report is regarded as deciding the
cuesti?n of reunion.
MADRID, November ll.
Dulce writes the government exposing in?
trigues withMontpenaier. He warns tbe govern?
ment that the Unionists will fight If Montpensler
Advices from Lisbon Indicate that thc Modera?
dos who fled from Spain are buying arms and
preparing for Insurrection.^
Eighty-three deputies are pledged to the Duke
ST. PETERSBURG, November ll.
Cholera is raging at Kief.
PARIS, November ll.
Ledra Rollin is expected here to-day. It ls re?
ported that he will be promptly arrested on enter?
ing French territory.
The Bullion in the Bank of France has decreased
nearly eight millions.
x, BREST, November ll.
The steamship Periere, from New York, has ar?
rived here, having made the shortest trip on re?
cord, viz: Eight days, four hours, and thirty-five
LONDON, November li.
The specie In the Bank of England bas decreased
three hundred and fourteen thousand pounds.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The printing of currency ls suspended in
Kew York on accoant of alleged suspicious Irre?
gularities. A force of Treasury experts have gone
there to Investigate.
At a meeting of the stockholders of the North
Carolina Railroad, in Raleigh yesterday, they de?
cided the question of the lease to the Raleigh and
Gaston Railroad by an indefinite postponement.
THE WAB IN CUBA.
What General Jordan Saya About lt.
Thc New York papers publish a letter from
General Jordan, dated Gualmaro, October 19th,
and addressed to Colonel Harrington, of Chicago.
General Jordan acknowledges "thc effective re?
sponse" made by the people of this country to his
appeal, some months ago. for clothing, medicines,
arms, Ac, for the Cubans. But more ls needed.
General Jordan says:
While we have no absolute need of foreign
soldiers of any kind to carry this struggle to suc?
cessful fruition, we do need supplies. As near
as I am able to calculate, wc have 26,S00 men who
have arms, and 1 stale In perfect sincerity that
we could use immediately 75,000 stands or arms,
and with that number in our hands could end
this war-dn ninety days. We have not wasted
our annies nor materials in attacking large cities
-seaports, I mean; because, even though we
took them, it would be at a sacrifice of life of our
trained soldiers, with a perfect knowledge that
we conld not hold them, for the reason that we
have no artillery to defend them against the
^Spanish navy. Puerto Principe and all the in?
terior towns we have so closely besieged that
they are really of no avail to our enemy except
the name or holding them. We occasionally are
benelltted by it, ror in their attempts to send
?hem supplies we often capture their traius.
Arter complimenting the ability or the Cuban
leaders and the devotion or their roi lowers, Gene?
ral Jordan says:
I observe that there exists a donbt in the minds
.fa few citizens of thc United Stats or the extrac?
tion of slavery In this Island. Slavery was abol?
ished when the standard of revolt was raised, and
again by the twenty-fourth article of the consti?
tution of this Republic There are 40,000 libera?
ted slaves now following our camps. Thousands
of them are armed with machetas, a half hatchet
and hair tncat-ax. They have shown a willing?
ness to meet the enemy in the open field with
such weapons only as these
But what I most desired to call your attention
to ls our great need of clothing for our people. 1
feel assured that if this pressing want of these
worthy people was well understood in the United
States there would be such a tide of contributions
tf materials and money poured upon us as
would relieve all our wants ami secure for thc
Cubans an early triumph over the truly barba?
I wish this might be brought before the Ameri?
can ladies. I wish that they might comprehend
how 30,000 Cuban ladies are living an aboriginal
?life, half-naked and bnt poorly sheltered, as
'the forest and hRl-sides and spreading palm
trees can shelter them. Such an army or self
; denying ladies was never before usseinbledon
earth. TJjelr devotion knows no parallel except
in the lives of our revolutionary mothers. I hope
tba whole American people may realize the sit?
uation of these people-their wants, sufferings,
de?otiou and worthiness-and then aid them.
THE STATE FAIR.
THIRTY-FIVE HUNDRED PERSONS ON THE
Meeting of the Agricultural and Me?
GENERAL HAGOOD'S ADDRESS.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, Thursday, November ll.
The damp weather of yesterday gave place to?
day to a glorious sunshine. Everybody was in
the best spirits, and there were more than three
thousand five hundred persons present on the
FairGrounds. The gate fees alone for the first
and second days have amounted to over $2000.
A pressing invitation has been extended
through President Magrath, of the South Carolina
Railroad, to Governor Hoffman and party, who
are expected to arrive in Charleston on Friday, to
visit the Fair
Messrs. George W. Williams A Co., of Charles?
ton, to-day received the premium for the best
shirting exhibited at the Fair.
Thc display of stock ls very good. There is a
number of blooded horses, and Durham, Devon
and Brahmin cattle on exhibition; also, several
different breeds of sheep and swine.
The ladles who, according to time-honored be?
lief, are always foremost in good works, have sent
In innumerable specimens of housewifery, needle
work, paintings and drawings, and, what is bet?
ter, graced the exhibition with their sweet faces
and encouraging smiles.
Object? ot Special Interest.
There are numerous articles on exhibition which
are conspicuous for their beauty, novelty or utili?
ty, and of these wc notice the following:
An elegant phaeton, made at the manufactory
of Messrs. Fowler, Foster A Co., at Spartanburg.
Dotterer's rice planter and other agricultural
Implements, manufactured by Mr. W. S. Hencrcy,
A large silver vase, bearing a representation of
the battle of New Orleans and the following in?
scriptions: "Presented to Andrew Jackson by the
Palmetto Society." "Presented by Andrew Jack?
son to W. B. Stanley, (of Columbia.) President of
Palmetto Society, In trust for last survivor." ?
A case of blank books, manufactured by Mews.
Walker, Evans A Cogswell, of Charleston.
Fertilizers and specimens of phosphates, exhib?
ited by Messrs. Geo. W. Williams A Co., Kinsman
A nowell, J. N. Robson, Rhodes A Co., (H. S.
Rhett A Son, agents.) and by the Wando Manufac?
Elegant workmanship as exhibited In a car?
riage and bnggy, manufactured by Messrs. Car?
roll A Co., of Richland County.
Fine woollen goods manufactured at the Rock
Island Mills, Charlotte, N. C. An examination of
these fabrics will satisfy all that as fine and sub?
stantial cloth as need be used can be manufac?
tured at these mills.
A quantity of neatly made earthenware, manu?
factured by Mr. S. M. Lnndrutn, or Richland
A miniature steam engine made by Master C.
T. Mason, Jr., of Snmter, attracts considerable
attention. It ls complete, and altogether is a
most ingenious piece of mechanism.
Master Mason ls evidently a chip of thc old
block, as his father bas on exhibition several
pieces of Ingenions and useful work. One is a
burglar alarm. Thc renee, gates and windows are
connected wita a bell by wires so charged with
electricity that when any one touches either of
the objects named the bell rings. The main wire
can bc disconnected during the day. At night
when connected, if all gates, doors and win?
dows which are connected with the lesser wires
be shut, the bell will be silent; but if one of them
be open lt will ring violently. An attempt by any
one to enter in not by the gate, bot by some other
way, such as climbing over the fence, the bell will
Immediately go ringing the alarm. That bell, un?
der the skilful management of the inventor, ap?
pears to be almost human. Certainly no one can
effect a quiet entrance while it is on guard; if any
of the wires be cut lt rings most viciously.
List of Entries.
The following entries have been made since my
MANUFACTURES-WOOD, IRON, ?C.
Fowler, Foster A Co., of Spartanburg-two
horse wagon and a phonon.
Richland Barry, of Richland-picture frame.
Fagan Brothers, of Columbia-writing desk and
a work table.
South Carolina Railroad Company-two rail?
road sleeping chairs.
H.T. Peake,of Charleston-steel railroad pat?
Adolphus Cumptsy, of Columbia-squirrel cage.
A. Y. Lee, or Columbia-earth closet.
Frank Moore, or Newberry-adjustible buggy
J. L. Stoppard, of Charleston-Di ^le cotton tic.
J. E. L. Amakcr, ol Orangeburg-an open
R. Brandt, of Chester-Sooth Carolina made
M. C. Cox, of Marlboro', Dodge's plough.
James Pagar, of Chester-coulter and corn
E. Morris, of Columbia-cotton gin.
J. V. Strivling, of Oconec-turniug ploughs.
Dodge, Rhea A Co., of Kentucky-several
SCCfLFTDXI AND PAINTINGS.
Miss Ellen Walker, ol Columbia-a lanscapc in
Mrs. C II. Desslkcr, or Columbia-one drawing.
Mrs. R. Tozer, or Columbia-rour engravings.
Edward Hope, of Columbia-one landscape in
A. Y. Lee, of Columbia-portrait in oil, fancy
sketch in oil, "Ncopolitan Hay," and several de?
Mrs. R. II. Snowden, of Charleston-one Grecian
F. M. Mciver, of Columbia-plan of thc Fair
Grounds, maps, Ac,
Ursuline Convent, of Columbia-three pastille
paintings, a game piece aud a vegetable piece.
Miss Kugeuia Orchard, of Columbia-specimens
of oil paintings and crayon drawings.
James R Stuart, of Beaufort-one oil painting.
Dr. John H. Furman, of Sumter-four paintings.
G. M. Cordes, of Columbia-a portrait and col?
ored crayons. **
GOATS, HOGS, A.C.
Dr. J. W. Parker, or Columbia-pair or grade
goats, pair of Cashmere goats, aud one Chester
George 1). Hope, of Columbia-white boar pig.
Dr. J. W. Parker, of Columbia-a Brahmin bull
J. G. Luke, of Richland-yoke or Brahmin oxen.
R. Tozer, of Richland-bull calf.
MULES AND JACKS.
L. L. Toung, of Laurens-two-year old mule.
Captain Thomas B. Jeter, of Union ville-one
two-year old Jack.
MANUFACTURES-LEATHER AND STATIONERT.
A. Lee, colored, of Columbia-pair of patent
J. B. Turner, of Anderson-half dozen finished,
E. Ri Stokes, of Columbia-case of blank books,
George W. Williams & Co., of Charleston-bale
of sheeting and a bale or assorted yarns.
WINES, BEER, ?C.
Mrs. Emily Choice, or Spartanburg-concord
H. R. Rawls, or UntonvlUe-dewberry wine.
Mrs. J. P. Thomas, of Columbia-jar or pears
and cabbage pickle.
Mrs. Joliu P. Kinard, or Newberry-domestic
Ursuline Convent, of Columbia-peach and
Miss A. E. Sloan, or Columbia-sweet pickle
Mrs. W. c. liane, of Orangeburg-pIcklcs^
Miss Eliza Heron, ol Spartanburg-muscadine
jelly, artichoke pickle, horsh raddlsh, Ac.
H. W. Parr, or Fairfield-vinegar.
Mrs. A. Y. Lee, of Columbia-loaf of plain bread.
Mrs. J. B. Harden, of Fairfield-jar of wild
grape wine. ^
Mrs. J. B. Culp, of "Chester-bottle or native
NEED LB WORK, EMBROIDERY, AC.
. Mrs. S. Means, of Spartanburg-infant's dress.
Mis. J. G. Rabb t, or Columbia-woollen and cot?
ton coverlets. "
Miss Sallie Jenkins, orphan nine years of i
of Columbia-crib quilt.
Miss Alice Sloan, of Columbia-box of emt
Miss M. S. McCaslar, or Abbeville-infant's d:
and embroidered handkerchief.
Mrs. J. H. Jennings, of Columbia-gentlemi
Mrs. C. H. Dcssiker, of Columbia-embroide
Miss M. S. Hamilton, or Beaufort-in fa'
dress In crochet, inrant's waist lace, inra
Mrs. W. M. Dwight, or Winnsboro'-inrai
dress and needle work.
Mrs. Theodore M. Pollock, of Columbia
broidered night dress.
Miss Lizzie Stewart, of Winnsboro'-info]
cap, sack, Ac.
Miss N. Baker, or Abbeville-inrant's dress,
Mrs. T. M. Graham, or York-crochet tidy, A
Mrs. Avery, or York-tatten collar.
Mrs. E. Wallace, of York-sofa and chair.
Mrs. IL Tozer, or Columbia-piece or tapesi
Mrs. H. P. Lee, or Mississippi-child's sk
Miss A. E. Wright, or Richland-embroide
Miss Lizzie Fancett, of Richland-collars i
Miss Mary M. Russell, or Union-tatten co
and worsted shawl.
Mrs. Dr. P. P. Butler, of Union-lace work.
Ursuline Convent, of Columbia-several pie
of embroidery and crochet work, slippers, dresi
Mrs. Dr. J. Lee, of Columbia-silk embroide
cushion and design.
Mrs. A. Y. Lee, or Columbia-cushion.
Mrs. M. W. Poole, or Columbia-cloth embi
Mrs. Louis B. DcSaussnre, or Colombia-sei
Miss Martha Stark, of Columbia-knitted cou
Miss CL P. Chapman, or Bamberg-crochet' <
Mrs. John Bryce, or Columbia-set or wore
Mrs. A. A. Morse, of Greenwood-lamp mt
infant's socks, Ac.
WAX AND HU KI.I. WORK.
Mrs. S. S. McCnlly, of Richland-case or w
Miss Ida Marshall, of Newberry-bead work.
Miss Eliza Wallace, of Columbia-bead ball
and case of wax work.
Miss Russell, of Union-case of wax flowers.
Ursuline Convent-variety or bead work.
Miss Townsend, or Edlsto Island-one shell bi
Miss J. B. Pollock, or Richland-one shell bi
C. J. Bollln, or Columbia-Coclrtn China row
Dr. J. W. Parker, or Columbia-geese, Muscc
J. W. Miller, or Newberry-black grazier row
B. C. Swan, or Columbia-Muscovy ducks.
C. R. Franklin, of Columbia-lot of game ton
W. Orchard, or Columbia-game fowls.
T. II. Trezcvant, or Columbia-game cock.
Heyman Green, ol Columbia-Sumatra gai
Mrs. General Preston, of Columbia-bantai
and Hindoo-tan fowls.
A. R. Wylie, of Chester-Brahmin and Spanl
James Walker, of Chester-white bantams.
P. Epstln, or Richlaud- game cock.
STONE AND MARBLE.
J. P. Thomas, or Columbia-marble bust.
A. Y. Lee, of Columbia-specimen of terra ci
ta, fountain in aqnarium.
CHEMICALS, OILS, 4C.
J. A. August, agent, of Maryland-samples or
Wando Mannracturlng Company, or Chariest
-Wando fertilizer, ground phosphate, Ac.
Warren, Lane A Co., of Augusta-phosphati
Saluda Factory, or Richlaud-sample or lub
J. A. Cannon, or Newberry-two barrels or flo
and loaves of bread.
E. Morris, of Columhla-pepper catsup.
Mrs. Thomas M. Pollock, of Columbia-catsu
Jelly and preserves.
Mrs. L. M. Rice, of Union-tomato Balad, bu
Mrs. M. A. DuBose, of Clarendon-cayenne pe
Mrs. McCammons, or Clarendon-dried okr
hard jelly, tomato catsup, Ac.
Mrs. G. s. Trezcvant, or Columbia-basket
mangoes grown In Columbia.
L. M. Bookhardt, or Columbia-jar or cavern
Mrs. A. Y. Lee, er Columbia-bread.
Ursuline Convent-several varieties or pr
Mrs. B. Y. Dwight, of Fairfield-catsup, Ac.
Mrs. W. A. Wright, Nickerson's Hotel-sponi
cake, sweetmeats, Ac.
Mrs. J. R. Harden, of Fairfield-bread, pr
Mrs. Anna DcSaussure, of Columbia-cocoam
and orange preserve.
Miss Carrol, of Columbia-hard jelly.
Mrs. Henrietta G. Jackson, of Chester-bread.
Mrs. R. Tozer, of Columbia-bread.
Miss Amelia M. Hickey, of Columbia- oranj
Mrs. Wm. Caldwell, or Chester-pickles.
Mrs. C. Macree, or Columbia-Ilga.
Mrs. A. A. Moore, of Greenwood-apple an
Mrs. J. B. Harden, of Fairfield-plain cake.
J. W. WatLs, of Laurens-one fleece of wo ol.
Mrs. G. E. Reed, of Columbia-one ladies' boi
C. F. Jackson, of Columbia-one case of di
G. W. Cushman, of Barnwell-cheese cutter.
Dullle A Chapman, or Columbia-lot or schoc
J. W. Miller, or Newberry-pair or deer.
Thus. IL Pollock, or Columbia-cage of birds.
Miss Emma Westfield, or Greenville-two piece
or music or her own composition.
Wm. G. Whlldcp .V Co., or Charleston-gol
headed walking canes, silver cups, forks, masoni
Miss Belle Hughes, of Columbia-swan ski
cape, embroidery, Ac.
Miss Carrie Root, or Columbia-crochet an
Ursuline Convent-victorine (feather work,) sc
of palmetto work.
W. D. Love A Co., or Columbia-carpeting an
M R. Tozer, or Columbia-case or hal
Mrs. C. A. Olney, of Edgell cid-box of hal
Miss M. L. Kreushard. or York-box or bai
Thc Meeting of thc State Agricultura
and Mechanical Society.
Tliis society met on Wednesday evening, at Cai
olina Hall. Thc president, General Hagood, calld
thc society to order, and delivered the followini
address, which was received with attention am
Gentlemen of thc Stat? Agricultural and Mt
chemical Society-More than eight years hav
elapsed since the last meeting or the societ;
whose successors you arc. For rour or these titi
voice or peaceful industry was hushed amid tb?
clash of arms; the energies once devoted lo its ad
vanccmcnt were directed to the preparation am
wielding or the Implements or war, and the accu
mulaliou or two Centuries of labor was freely dc
voted to a cause In which all or it that was de
structible perished. For other rour or these ycaii
we have been recovering from this tierce paroxysn
or civil strife, and have moved "as a sick mau it
It was the teaching or our States Rights poll
tlcians, apart from its being so nominated in tin
bond, that with thc maintenance or their dugui i
thc material prosperity or the Southern Statct
Was Inseparably connected: or our theologians
that our system or labor had Its sanction in Di
vine decrees; and recent experience tu adjacent
countries had shown, that without lt, in tropical
climates at least, a race composing one-third ol
our population could not be utilized, .and would
relapse into fetishism. What wonder, then, that
at the results or the war our people stood aghast:
that the emigrant spirit of their ancestors par?
tially revived; that for a time tho voice of hope
herself grated harshly upon the ear-that it be?
came fashionable to bc poor, and patriotic to be de?
spondent. But, thanks to the reviving ener?
gies of our blood, and the sunny skU-s and
teeming soil with which a bountiful God has
blessed us, to-day in productive capacity our glo?
rious land nearly equals the value, ir not thc
quantity, of thc days or her prosperity. Time,
Which "makes all Illings even," has toned and
mellowed the partisan exaggeration with which
we held our peculiar views; and while with rever?
ent loyalty we bury the dead past, wc now accept
the inevitable present, and stand ready to grapple
with its dilllcultics. lt ls in this spirit you are to?
day assembled-that you arc herc marshulliug
your forces for ouc more advance in the battle of
material progress. Where are the gaps in our
hue? What, means have wc left with which to bear
worthily our part lu this renewed effort at pros?
The destruction or buildings, rences and stock,
or capital invested iu banking, manufactures and
trade, of liutaau lire, and the time devoted to the
war, or lost in the prostration that followed, is so
much clear loss. It is idle to go Into statistics to
estimate it. Wc know and reel its magnitude,
and time and labor can alone make lt good. The
loss resulting irom thc enforced change in our
system of labor is, however, thal which most
prominently attracts attention-as involving both
a loss ol capital invested and ol the means or re?
cuperation. Let us endeavor to make some esti?
mate or ila extent. The capitalist desiring, under
our old system, to Invest $luu,00o in planting,
found that about $40,0>0 was required for land and
stock, and famishing the plantation; while the
remaining $00,000 was required for purchasing
the community or laborers for the place-all of
which, were consumers, and something like hair
oulv cf which were producers. With his bushiest
well managed, at the end ot thc year he found
that 33 per cent, of the gross product of his plan?
tation had been consumed by, or been expended
npon, this community-being in fact the wages of
the labor of the producers among them-and his
balance sheet probably showed a prout on his in?
vestment of from 4 to 7 per cent, frwm current
income, with an addition of 2 to 3 per cent, to
his capital from natural increase of hts purchased
labor. I feel assured that these figures nearly
approximate accuracy, especially in thc item of
the annual cost of slave labor. A strong proof
of this is to bc found in thc uulvcrsal and simul?
taneous determining throughout the South upou
the third as the proper compensation for farm
labor when emancipation made the payment
Tluc to the worker himself, and threw upon
him, and not upon the employee, the support
of thc community of which he was a part.
Farmers, generally, do not trouble themselves
much with the details of .bookkeeping, but most
pf them, hy a lumping process, have a shrewd
Idea of how their business stands. They knew
that they could hope for no reasonable profit and
pay more for labor than they had paid before, how?
ever the form or payment might be varied. Now,
suppose for a moment that after emancipation
this community of laborers had remained undis?
turbed upon the plantation, and that their labor
was as efficient as before. Thc income of thc
planter would have remained the same, and he
would not have realized a change in his affairs,
unless he endeavored to sell out and abandon thc
business. Then he would have found that he
could no longer make a title to thc largest portion
of thc investment In which be had placed his
money. Individuals among us could and did often
sellout to each other, and realize their slave capi?
tal. Hut to whom could a community of slave?
holders-the State-sell out ? And ir thc $6e,ooo
was to remain an Investment permanently back?
ed up In thc ownership of labor, it mattered not
to thc State (thc labor remaining equally efficient)
whether the employer owned the laborer, or thc
laborer owned himself. Nor can I Ree, if as sup?
posed, thc employer's Income from his planta?
tion remains the same after emancipation as be?
fore-If the percentage on iaud and slaves which
tempted him into the business ls now realized
from the land alone-what he lins lost by the
change in the legal relation between himself and
his laborers. He has lost the portion of his capi?
tal Invested In slaves, but his land has appreciat?
ed to exactly that extent. He is gettiug from lt
ike customary rate of interest upou thc amount
of his original investment, and continuing to do
so, In a healthy and normal condition of public
affairs, his land when sold would reimburse him.
These, however, are unfortunately not the re?
sults of emancipation In our case; and Ignoring
thc potent influences of the political tinkering* to
which we have been so mercilessly subjected-thc
cause lies in thc rednccd ctllclency of labor. Thc
extent of this, and not thc amount or thc original
Investment in slaves, appears to me to bc the true
measure or thc loss sustuiucd by thc change In
Thc novelty or rrccdom bas worn away, and the
characteristics of the negro freedman as a laborer
are now pretty well established. Released from
the discipline of slavery, unappreciative of the
value or money, and but little desirous or com?
fort, his efforts are capricious; and while at Rome
kinds or labor the old slave tasks may bc readily
obtained, there arc others In which no amount of
persuasion or pay can keep him steadily un to thc
slave standard. He has, too, au aversion ror
steady work for lils women and children, which
nothing but the necessities of subsistence can
overcome, and with thc first gleam or prosperity,
he remits them to idleness or to casual day labor.
These characteristics have reduced thc value of
negro labor fully one-half, anti the instances are
exceptional lu which plantations arc worked now
with less than twice the numerical force required
bcrorc emancipation. Tho cotton crop, which, in
the almost exclusively agricultural nature or our
pursuits, is thc best criterion of our Industrial
efllclency, ts with difficulty pushed up to half Its
aggregate lu thc years before the war, notwith?
standing thc amount of white labor now diverted
in that direction. V
It ls true that when a full force of negroes ls at?
tainable plantations arc worked Rticccssfully, und
with a larger interest upon tho investment than
formerly-the heavy bonus required In thc pro?
curing of labor by purchase being stricken from
thc account. Hut, gentlemen, wc never had in
thc South In her best days a tithe of thc labor
necessary to develop even her agricultural wealth.
Her rich mining ami manufacturing resources
were almost entirely neglected. Now, more than
ever, population is our need, and population we
must have, ir wc are once more to place ourselves
alongside or thc nations In the grand march of
material progress. From thc shores of Europe
our ancestral home-we must draw an accession
to our numbers, which will fuse with and become
part of us. No effort should be spared in thai di?
rection. It ls our best and safest resource. Hut
pending, or in default or their coming, from the
teeming hive or Asia we must satisfy our vital
need. Should the frugal and Industrious Asiatic,
as his habit has heretofore been abroad, prove
only a sojourner with us-among us, but not of
us, except in his industrial relations-his pres?
ence will have been a blessing to us both. And
shoold he make this bis home, there ls no reason
why we may not dwell together in thc same har?
mony which has marked our intercourse with
another race during ull the vicissitudes of the
years that have gone by since thc first negro
was landed from thc Hutch vessel in James
River. We have not found their presence herc
Intolerable. Alongside of the Southern white
man the negro wielded thc axe of thc pioneer;
under his direction, he advanced thc productions
of our agriculture, until thc markets of the civil?
ized world became tributary to lt; dtiringour des?
perate struggle for political independence he sup?
plied our commissariat; and in our efforts for re?
cuperation lrom the ravages of war, where would
we have been without lils presence, even with thc
efficiency of his labor depreciated as lt ls by
causes perfectly naturul to humanity. In press?
ing Immigration, whether European or Asiatic, lt
is Tn view of the work before us, and in no spirit
or hostility to thc negro. I would exclude not
one of them from this broad (Jeld of labor, nor
withhold from him one particle or the Trulls or his
We have thus glanced, gentlemen, at some of
the losses sustained in tlic eventful period since
the last meeting of an agricultural society In
ibis State. Hut have we gained nothing t Will
the habits engendered by reduced circumstances
avail us nothing in thc struggle for ru mr rc
wealthy Will the fortitude under disaster, thc
patient energy in retrieving it, which misfortune
has developed, be worthless to us? Napoleon,
said that, In war, thc moral was to the physical
as three to one; and if this be true when brute
force most avails, how much more shall the severe
discipline our people have undergone aid them in
attaining those victories which peace may
lt ls, therefore, with a hopeful and a confident
spirit tina 1 look forward to our future, and greet
thc organization of this society us thc first cheer
lug glimpse or thc coming day. Representing,
as you du, nil or thc capital and intelligence that
wc have among us devoted to industrial pursuits,
a grave responsibility rests upon each and every
one or .von, to sec that, so fur as lu him lies, the
good work goes bravely on. Weakened by the
destruction of more than hair ol' our resources;
saddened by the memories of the past; oppressed
by agencies" of the present, over which we have
but little control, thc struggle may have In it a
tinge of bitterness, but it has in lt, too, something
or the heroism that thrilled the veins while yet
thc red-cross banner floated In the breeze.
"Tell Governor l'lckcns," said Maxcy Gregg, as
his life-blood ebbed slowly away upon a Virginia
batllc-tlcld, "tell Governor lMckens that 1 cheer
fully die for South Carolina." It ls our fortune
now to owe as high u duty to thc dear old State.
We must live for her.
The president next called upon thc several per?
manent committees ror their rcporis. Thc fol?
lowing reports were made: On fertilizers-John
S. Green, chairman. On Improved Implements
John H. Moore, chalrmau. On best method of
cultivating cotton-John P. Kilian!, chairman.
Ou best method of cultivating coris-Dr. J. W.
Harker, chairman. Ou Held culture-T. W. Wood?
On motion, Messrs. J. P. Thomas J. H. Palmer,
J. S. Richardson, M. !.. Honliain ami v. w. Daw
Mo, were appointed a committee to repnrt some
scheme to place the Agricultural and Mechanical
Society upon an Improved footing.
On motion, a committee was appointed to nomi?
nate officers i'or thc ensuing yeur, and Mr. J. s.
Richardson was made chairman.
Mr. William Lawton read an interesting paper
on agricultural matters, from a gentleman plant?
ing in Georgia.
On motion or Colonci Wallace, thc meeting ad?
journed, to meet again Thursday evening, at 7
o'clock. Thc meeting was well attended and
animated by an admirable spirit.
-Thc San Francisco Hulletln reports Mr. Koop
manschaap as Baying, on his recent return to that
city, that "the plan or taking large numbers or
Chinamen through this State, and overland to
thc South, ls not practicable, ror like other sensi?
ble workingmen, they would be likely to slop
where thc highest wages can bc had. There ls a
chaucc for paid coolie labor in the South, but thc
track or their Immigration will bc across the lu?
d?an Ocean, through the Suez Canal, and across
the Atlantic to New Orleans.
-lids a peculiar custom of the Chicago Tri
buue to clip from Its exchanges all thc sharp, sar?
castic paragraphs about that city, aud to publish
the collection at irregular periods under the head
of "Complimenta to Chicago," giving each paper
the credit of its savageries. This cheerful de?
meanor under a load of abuse inspires us with
pltj aud respect for tlte uufortuoate city.
THE ASHEVILLE CONNECTION.
An Important Railroad Meeting.
A meeting of the friends of a railroad exten?
sion from Spartanburg, S. C., to Asheville, N. C.,
will be held in the Courthouse at Spartanburg, on
thc evening of Tuesday, November 16. at 7 P. M.,
for the purpose of devising a scheme for the con?
struction of this Important railroad. North Caro?
lina and Cincinnati are expected tosend delegates
to the meeting, and the subject of the road will
doubtless be thoroughly and ably canvassed. Thc
Spartan, in publishing the call, remarks:
We Sope there will be a large attendance, as it
is a subject of vital importance to our district
and country at large. Thc extension of our rail?
road, so as to secure a Northwestern connection,
ls, we think, absolutely essential to the proper de?
velopment of the resources of our country. The
business men of this State and Western North
Carolina are becoming thoroughly convinced of
thc immeasurable advantages which this line
possesses over every other, and they are now
working in earnest to secure its adoption through
thc co-operation of Northwestern capitalists.
Even some of the people of Charleston are be?
ginning to wake up to thc suicidal policy they
have so long been pursuing in spending millions
or money to cuild thc Rabun's Oap Road. They
arc now beginning to see that that road, be?
sides being a much longer and more expensive
route, will, when built, defeat the very object
Charleston had In view In desiring its construc?
tion. Instead of emptying its trade Into titi- lap
of Charleston, thc friends of the Port Royal and
Augusta Road have already determined, as soon
as the Rabtin Gap Road has been completed, to
tap the latter by an extension of thc former to
Ninety-six-thus diverting trade and travel from
Charleston, by offering a shorter and cheaper
route to thc seaboard, and leaving the "Queen
City" to repent, when lt ls too late, for having
famished her rivals with an effectual weapon to
accomplish her own overthrow.
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
Thc Charleston Baptist Association.
The one hundred and eighteenth session of
this body convened at Sumter on Saturday last.
The introductory sermon was preached with
much feeling by Rev. J). W. Cuttino to a large
and attentive congregation. Rev. Or. E. T.
Wlnklcr was chosen moderator and Rev.
W. E. Hughson, clerk. The forenoon of
Saturday was consumed in receiving newly
organized churches, and greeting messengers
from other bodies, Ac, and thc afternoon In
making new appointments, niling vacancies and
appointing the subsidiary boards. Thc charity
sermon was preached with mnch power and elo?
quence at thc Iiaptist Church on Sabbath morning
by Ur. Winklcr, alter which a collection for benevo?
lent purposes was tak-m up. The pulpits of thc
Presbyterian and Methodist Churches were ac?
ceptably tilled, on Sabbath morning, by Rev.
Thomas W. Melllchamp and Rev. I). W. Cuttino.
In the afternoon, addresses were delivered to the
children of the several Sabbath schools of thc
town, assembled at the Iiaptist Church, by Colonel
?. W. Edwards, Ur. E. T. Wlnkler and Rev. W.
Rice. The house was densely crowded, above
and below; thc addresses were full of Christian
love for children, and touching sentiment; thc
music was inspiring, and the occasion throughout
marked by decided Interest. Revs. Thomas W.
Mellichamp and John tiulpcppcr filled the pulpits of
thc Iiaptist and Methodist Churches at night. On
Monday morning, after devotional exercises, re?
ports were received from Committees on Minutes,
Ac, Treasurer's Account, Ac, and from Rev. T.
II. Pope, agent of the State Mission Hoard. Dr.
Winklcr addrescd thc association in behalt or the
Furman University, and was followe i by Profes?
sor Judson, both speakers urging the church to
stand by this time-honored Institution Several
persons came forward and offered to give bonds
as endowments. Thc remaining portion of thc
day was devoted to Interesting reports rrom the
various interests Involved, and on yesterday
(Tuesday) thc business was finished up and thc
association adjourned, after a most pleasant and
successful meetlug, to meet next year at Bethel
Church, near Sumter.
Thc Fire Fiend Still at Work.
The Edgefleld Advertiser says : "Last week we
reported the burning of three cotton gins and
contents, and, on past Sunday night, thc 7th,
some twenty-five bales or cotton, In the seed, be?
longing to Mr. Benjamin Kettla, and boused In a
building at his Hom's Creek place, was set on
fire and almost entirely consumed. No clue as
yet as to the guilty parties, who arc so frequently
of late applying the torch and destroying thc
very bread, as lt were, of those these worse than
devils would be pleased to see reduced to beg?
Shreds of State News.
Jonas Brcwton, an old and respected citizen of
Spartanburg, died on the 6th instant, of para?
A negro horse thief was arrested at Kingstrce
last week with thc stolen animal in his posses?
sion, but made his escape thc first night of his
Imprisonment. The horse ls still in possession of
the town marshal awaiting an owner.
Mr. P. C. Johnston, for several years principal
of the Male High School at Reid ville, in Sparen?
burg District, and one or the most esteemed edu?
cators in our State, has gone West to assume thc
presidency or the Sulphur Springs Female High
School, Hopkins County, Texas.
As thc up train on the Spartanburg and Union
Railroad was passing near Mr. Cist's the other
day, a colored woman In attempting to pull a
child off thc track, was struck by thc eugine,
amt so much injured that there was little hopi; of
her recovery when the train left her.
A PRIMITIVE PEOPLE.
An Arcadiun Community in Tiuna
A correspondent of the London Times
orites from Klausenburg, lu Transylvania :
If you look at the map, Szek is not twenty
miles from thc capital, but ir you want to go there
you must reckon half a day in summer, wheu the
direct road is passable, and in winter or spring,
when you have to make a great round, you may
deem yourself lucky if you get there without ac?
cident towards evening. Where roads in general
arc so good as they are in Transylvania this
seems surprising, but it linds its explanation in
tho natural features or thc district. The Interior
of Transylvania forms one great basin, evidently
once thc bcd of thc sea. lu the very centre ot the
country, between the course or the rivers Maros
and Sumos, there rises au undulating plateau or
late tertiary sandstone and shale, soft and fria?
ble To Judge from single old trees ami small
patches of forest still remaining scattered, the
greatest part of this district was wooded, but IIOW
lt la a succession of nuked downs, harboring
small lakes in every depression.
The whole district, known under the name of
thc "Pasture," is considered the most productive
or Transylvania, lt was the great grazing dis?
trict or the country before 184s, when most of the
large herds of fine cattle and horses were dispers?
ed. Every proprietor lu the surrounding districts
considered il almost as a necessary portion of his
farming to have some lund lu the district, lor lt
?ras, above all, through this part that he made his
running pay. Since the great herds or cattle
have been dispersed, much or the laud has been
broken up. Il strikes you that il has been clone
systematically, for while thc slopes facing south
have been left Intact, the slopes facing north
have been ploughed up and bear luxuriant crops
of Wheat, rape and Indian corn. This is owing
to a peculiarity which you have no trouble in dis
covering, for while on 'the northern slopes you see
fat black soil, on the southern slopes, through thc
scanty grass, you see yellow sand mixed with
marl. As in tile huge alluvial plains of Hungary,
Inc material for roads is wanting on the "Pas*
turo,"' tho stone which is Used decomposing so
soon that lt ls dust almost before it is laid on the
road. With thc exception, therefore, of the parts
of the road lying close to the river, where gravel
may be got, "they can, even with thc great labor
bestowed upon" them, scarcely be kepi up, ami
have to be relaid almost every spring.
Although it boasts of a dial ler from King Mat?
thias Co rv in us of the fifteenth century, which in?
sures to il all those rights and privileges which
lias been granted to linds, thc capital of hun?
gary, the noble town of Szek, as it is called lu
diplomatic language, is little different in appear?
ance from a village. You see the same low, one
storied houses, with their gable-ends turned to?
wards thc street, and separated from each other
by the court-yard, merging into th" garden be?
hind. A wooden verandah runs along the side of
Hie building turned towunls thc court-yard, and
under tho thatched roofs you see the heads of yel?
low indian corn ami tobacco leaves strung up in
a row, forming a sort of festoon.
To judge by Um similarity of thc houses you
seem to have realized in your journey tho land
of equality, nor are you, Indeed, far off here see?
ing thc dream of the enthusiasts realized, for if
thoo) is not much wealth there is no great [lov?
erly either lu Szek; proletarians or beggars are
Where no one ls in ansolnte want, and all arc
more or less on tho same level, Hie greatest in?
citement to crime is gone; and so it ls in this
Transylvania!! Arcadia. Except now and then
a mw on a Sunday evening, there ls but little for
justice and police to do, and even these rows can
only tie of rare occurrence when in a population
of live lliuusand souls only halfadozen are known
as di uikiwds. Theft ls uuheard of; not a house
has a lock, agricultural Implements are kept in
the fields, household property In thc open court?
yards, where not even watch-dogs are kept.
There is, indeed, a prison remaining, but ll has
been used for years as a lumber-room.
In thc midst of all thc political and religious
agitatious through which Transylvania has gone
in olden as well as iu moro recent times, thc place
bas not been disturbed. There Hungarian and
Rooiuan have beeu and arc living in thc best har
mon", th^ best proof of which is that the Mayor
ls a Koornoo, although by fa/ thc greater number
of the inhabitants are Hungarian. As with poli?
tics so ii ls with religion. The place might pass
as a model of tolerance, for there Protestants,
Roman Catholics, Greek Catholics, and orthodox
Greek are living in the best possible understand?
ing with each other, and what is, perhaps, even
more, their clergy are on the be3t terms with
Yet from all this, or from the isolated, secluded
position of the place, you must not imagine that
the people arc sunk In apathy, and do not en?
deavor to better themselves. They are not con
teat with tilling their native soil, but have their
commerce in cattle aud wood. They go away
with their carts and oxen or horses to retch the
wood, which they bring down and sell In the
more prosperous towus.
When one secs this simplicity and primitive?
ness, one almost begins to doubt whether the
railway which is projected in thc valley of the
Szamos, a few miles on", will bc a boon or not, for
it will necessarily modify all this, and gradually
efface thc originality which is so Interesting. But
this will be thc fate of many of those small com?
munities In Transylvania, of which the Town of
Szek is one, and perhaps tho most curious type.
-The Sultan in a recent fit ol'liberality gave
$75,000 to each of his cabinet ministers.
-Abysslnians venerate thc late Theodorusas
a saint, and make a Mecca of his grave, where
nuracrons miracles are pcrrormed.
-Here Is a "personal" advertisement In a
French newspaper: -'Eliza: You can can return
to the house. Thc boil on my nose has gone."
-Key West is Ailing up with Cubans, who have
introduced the custom or letting their children
run about unclothed, at a great expense of Key
-A Detroit paper thinks that the error of its
reporter of putting thc doing3 of a "temperance"
nominating convention under the head of |
"Amusements" not so great after all.
-"Ouida*s" new book, to be published in PulH
delphla, ls all about "Puck: His Reminiscences,
Adventures, Observations, Conclusions, Friend?
ships and Philosophies. Related by himself and
edited by "Ouida."
-It ls proposed in California to erect a monu?
ment to Louis Pr?vost, who first introduced silk
culture in that State. Some one suggests that
thc money would be well devoted in tho payment
of one of Provost's debts, a matter of $10,000.
-New Orleans has a detective who recently
arrested an Innocent individual and charged him
$25 for "expenses," whereof $4 were "cab hire"
and the balance whiskey. The payer naturally
objected to the whiskey charge, but the detective
testified upon oath that "$10 worth of whiskey
would not Intoxicate him."
-A recently appointed postmistress at a post
office on the Plains, sends her first quarterly re?
port to thc department, with thc following foot
note:" For weeks past I have slept witli a six?
shooter by my bedside, and a carving knife
under my pillow, expecting at break-'o-day the
Indians would come for my scalp, but all of this
has not been half so harassing to my mind as the
making out of one quarterly report."
-A few evenings since as a Newark clergyman
was about going to bed he was summoned by a
call from a couple who were anxious to be mar?
ried. Answering the summons he found the
couple all ready, and after jolnmg them In wed?
lock the husband, with a great nourish, handed
him a scaled envelope, and the happy couple went
og with the congratulations of the dominic. On
opening the envelope lt was found to be entirely
-A Paris paper tells a charming story of clever
precocity. "Mamma," said a girl of fourteen,
"yon never let me play charades, but I know how
to make them too. Listen. My first is a domes?
tic animal. My second Ls what every woman
tries to conceal. My whole is thc beginning of
liberty. Can you guess lt ?" "No." "But, mam?
ma, lt ls very slmplo. It ls mari-age." It is, we
suppose, hardly worth while to remind any one
that mari is thc French for a husband.
p&- TIIE FRIENDS AND ACQUAINT?
ANCES of Miss CAROLINA THOELKEN are re?
spectfully invited to attend her Funeral, at half
past 9 o'clock Tins MORNING, from Mr. II. Stend
cr's residence, No. 649 King street. novl2 *
pit- A CARD.-THE THANKS OF THE
undersigned are gratefully tendered to the Fire
Department for their efficient services during the
late conflagration. BEBNARD O'NEILL.
no vi 2 1_
piflO THE JETNA AND STONEWALL
FIRE COMPANIES.-GENTLEMEN-We have the
honor to extend to your companies our sincere
THANKS for thc treats and kindnesses shown
thc L'nited Fire Company on Wednesday night.
Hoping, gentlemen, that we may have the oppor?
tunity to return thc compliments lu a future day
as brother firemen,
I am, gentlemen, with respect,
JOHN H. STEWART,
Secretary United Fire Engine Company.
RESTATE E. CHAPMAN.-ON AND
after MONDAY, thc 14tli instant, the Executors of
thc Estate of E. CHAPMAN, deceased, will pay
the final dividend on said Estate, at tue Office of
G. w. DINGLE, No. ci Broad-street.
G. YV. DINGLE, \ vxcculors
IL II. DELEON, J FCXCCULORS
nov ii fois _
pS- C II A R L E S TO N COUNTY-IN
EQUI T Y .-LAWRENCE W. O'll EAR and
CHARLES M. DESEL, and his wife, vs. ANNA
F. O'HEAR, Adm's., and ANNA H. O'UEAR,
Kx'x., et al.-Notice to Creditors.-In purus;'.ncc
of au order in tho above cause, to me directed
by the Hon. It. B. CARPENTER, Circuit Judge, I
hereby give notice to all creditors of the late
JAMES O'HEAR to present and prove their claims
before mc, on or before thc FIRST DAY OK OCTO?
BER NEXT. IL L. WILKINS,
Special Referee, No. 54 Broad street,
july 2-1 1C2W
jjSMIIE GENUINE LIEBIG'S EX?
TRACT OF MEAT secures great economy, excel?
lence in thc preparation of beef-tea. Buy none
but that made by the "Liebig Extract of Meat
Company." Baron Lieblg's signature on every
Jar. For sale by druggists and grocers.
J. MJLUAU'S SONS,
iiov9 tuflmo No. isa Broadway, New York.
'pa- MANHOOD.-A MEDICAL ESSAY
on the Cause and Cure of Premature Decline In
Man, the treatment or Nervous and Physical De?
"There la no member of society by whom this
book will not be found useful, whether such per?
son holds the relation or Parent Preceptor or
Clergyman."-Medical Tunes and Gazette.
Sent by mail on receipt or fifty cents. Address
the Author, Dr. E. DEF. CURTIS, Washington,
D. C._soptl l vr
p?rBATCHELOR'S HAIR DYE.-THIS
splendid Hair Dye is thc best in thc world; the
only true and perfect Dye; harmless, reliable, in
Btantaneona; no disappointment; no ridiculous
tints; remedies the ill eirects of bad dyes; in?
vigorates and leaves thc hair soft and beautiful
black or brown. Sold by all Druggists and Per
fumers; aud properly applied at Batchelors Wig
Factory, No. - Bond street, New York.
may 15 tyr_
~~p8- PHILOSOPHY OF MARRIAGE.-A
NEW COURSE OF LECTURES, as delivered at the
New York Museum of Anatomy, embracing the
subjects: How to Live and What to Live for;
Youth, Maturity and Old Age; Manhood generally
ile vie wed; thc Cause of Indigestion; Flatulence
and Nervous Diseases accounted for; Marriage
Philosophically Considered, Ac. These Lectures
will bc forwarded on receipt of four stamps, by
addressing: SECRETARY BALTIMORE MUSEUM
OF ANATOMY, No. 74 West Baltimore street, Bal
Minore, Md. apiT9 mwflyr
?Sf JUS C E I V E Dr
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OT
FINE BUSINESS ENVELOPEST
NOS. 5 AND 6,
Which will be furnished to our customers with
Business Card neatly printed thereon at $4 to $?
per 1000. z*
THE NEWS JOB OFFICE
AND SEE SAMPLES.
JSy*RAFFLE OF A BEAUTIFUL
Cabinet Jewel Case and Ladies' Work Box. Im?
ported direct from Japan.
B. SCHUR, Segar Importer, stand at Pavilion
Hotel, will oner thc above elegant articles. Jewel
Case, 60 chances, $1 each; work Box, 60 chances,
50 cents each._novl2 1*
?&- CHARLESTON SAVINGS BANK.
Depositors in the new Bank (started since the'
war) arc required to bring in their BfjQfCS FOR
ADJUSTMENT, as it is desirable to settle its af?
fairs as early as possible.
??* CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
CHARLESTON are notified that she is discharging
cargo THIS DAY at Adger'a Wharf. Goods un?
called for at sunset will remain on wharf at
owners' risk. JAMES ADDER A CO.,
novl2 1 Agents.
^-CONSIGNEES PER S T E A M E R
FALCON, from Baltimore, are hereby notified
that she is THIS DAY discharging cargo at Pier No.
1, Union Wharves. All Goods not taken away at
sunset will remain on wharf at Consignees' risk.
novl21_MORDECAI A CO., Agents.
?&IQ THE FLOUR MERCHANTS
AND ALL INTERESTED.-OFFICE INSPECTOB'OF
FLOCR, No. 68 EAST BAY, CHARLESTON, October
16.-Orders for Inspection of Flour will be re.
oeived at this office from this date, and be
promptly attended to.
C. N. AVERILL,
octi6_Inspector of Flour.
MAN'S SAVINGS AND TRWST COMPANY,.
CHARLESTON BBANCH, No. 74 BROAD STREET.
Money deposited on or before November 16th
wlll draw interest from November 1st.
oct2817_NATHAN RITTER, Cashier.
^.TO CONSUMPTIVES. -THE AD?
VERTISER, having been restored to health in ?
few weeks, by a very simple remedy, after having
suffered several years with a severe lung affec?
tion, and that dreadful disease, consumption, ls
anxious to make known to his fellow-sufferers the
means of cure.
To all who desire lt, he will send a copy of the
prescription used (free of charge,) with the direc?
tions for preparing and using the same, which
they will And a SURE CURB FOB CONSUMPTION,
ASTHMA, BRONCHITIS, AC. The object of the ad?
vertiser in sending the Prescription ls to benefit
thc afflicted, and spread information which he
conceives to be Invaluable; and he hopes every
sufferer will try his remedy, as lt will cost them
nothing, and may prove a blessing.
Parties wishing the prescription, will please ad
dress REV. EDWARD A. WILSON, Williamsburg,
Kings County, New York._nov9 3mos
ERRORS OF YOUTH.-A GENTLE.
MAN who suffered for years from Nervous De?
bility, Premature Decay, and all the effects of
youthful Indiscretion, will, for the sake of suffer J
lng humanity, send free to all who need lt, the re?
ceipt and directions for making the simple rem?
edy by which he was cured. Sufferers wishing to
profit by the advertiser's experience, can do so
by addressing, with perfect confidence, JOHN B.
OGDEN, No. 42 Cedar street, New York.
millions of cubic feet of malarious vapor reek from
thc moist earth every twenty-four hours during
the month or November. This evaporated mois?
ture Ls the active principle which begets fever and
ague, bilious remittents, Indigestion, dysentery,
bilious cholle, rheumatism, and many other ail?
ments which prevail more generally in the fall
than at other seasons, and some of which, In low,
swampy regions and new clearings, take the form
of virulent epidemics. The best safeguard against
these complaints, as evidenced by the experience
of a long seiies of years, ls HOSTETTER'S STOM?
ACH BITTERS, the most pleasant and at th?*same
time the most efficient or all vegetable tonics
The invigoration or the system ls manifestly the
best means or defending it against thc causes of
sickness, whether constitutional or casual. Na?
ture, as every pathologist knows, is the most de?
termined enemy or disease, and the paroxysms
or an acute malady are in most instances the con?
sequences or the efforts she makes to conquer the
foe. The great object, therefore, or preventive
treatment is to reinforce the system, and it is ac?
complished thoroughly, rapidly and safely by the
use or HOSTErrER'S BITTERS. This powerful
tonic contains also an aperient and corrective
principle. It is no less valuable as a regulator and
purifier thar, as an invigorant, and there is no
danger ol exciting the brain or over-stimulating
thc circulation by employing lt as an antidote,
?Sr WORDS OF CHEER-ON THE
Errors of Youth and the Follies of Age, in rela?
tion to Marriage and Social Evils, with a helping
hand for the erring and unfortunate. Sent in
sealed letter envelopes, free or charge. Address
HOWARD ASSOCIATION, Box P., Philadelphia,
Pa. sept25 3mos
A CARD.-A CLE RGTMAN,
while residing in South America aa a Missionary,
discovered a safo and simple remedy for the cure
of Nervous Weakness, Early Decay, Llseaseof
the Urinary and Seminal Organs and the whole
train of disorders brought on by baneful and
vicious habits. Great numbers have been cured
by this noble remedy. Prompted by a desire to
benefit the afflicted and unfortunate, I will send
the recipe for preparing and using this medicine,
In a sealed envelope, to any one who needs it,
free of charge. Address
JOSEPH T. INMAN,
Station ?, Bible House,
oct! 3mos* New York City.
??rTllE GREAT SOUTHERN REMEDY.
JACOB'S CHOLERA, DYSENTERY AND DIAR
KIIOA CuRDIAL.-This article, so well known
and highly prized throughout the Southern States
as a Sovereign Remedy for the above diseases, ls
uow oirercd to the whole country.
lt is Invaluable to every lady, both married and
No family can afford to be without lt, and none
will to whom its virtues are known.
For sale by all Druggists and general dealers.
D6W1E A MOISE,
ocill 3mosD?c General Agents.
jjs^THE SECRET OF BEAUTY LIES
in the nse of HAGAN'S MAGNOLIA BALM for the
Roughness, redness, blotches, freckles, sun?
burn and tan disappear where lt ls applied, and a
beautiful complexion of pure, satin-like texture le
obtained. Thc plainest features are made to glow
with healthful bloom and youthful beauty.
Remember Hagan's Magnolia Balm ls the thing
that produces these effects, and any lady can se?
cure lt for 75 cents at any of our stores.
To preserve and dress the hair use Lyon's Ka
thairon. wotc27 fmmol