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V?iT.TTME VIII.-NUMBER 12&L
CHARLESTON, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 24, 1869.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE STATE LEGISLATURE.
Tho First Day ?f thc Session-What wau
Said and What was Done-A Modest
Karang ne from Speaker Mose?-The
Sapreme Comrt-A Kow in Abbeville.
[STECIAL TELEGRAM TO TUS NEW.*.!
COLUMBIA, November i?.
Both Houses of the Genera! Assembly met
at 12 M. to-day.
The Senate was called to order by I?. T. Corbin
without any opening remarks. A prayer was de
Uvered by Chaplain Adams, (colored.)
Twenty-five Senators were reported present,
and Donaldson, (white,) and Nash and Wright,
(colored,) were appointed a committee to wait
upon the Governor and ascertain if he ha-1 any?
thing to communicate.
W. E. Johnson, colored, of Sumter took the
oath and his seat, and his credentials, with these
Of Cothran. T Abbe ville, were referred to the
Committee on Elections. Raineyr colored, intro?
duced papers relative to contesting the election
of Mr. Cothran.
The calendar was then taken up, and, on mo
tlon of Leslie, ?be biU to aid tho Port Royal Rail
road was Indefinitely postponed, as Leslie stated
that the company did not require State aid
Tho bill to Incorporate the Ashley Bridge Com
pany was postponed until to-morrow.
Affidavits In regard to the "outrages" com
nutted by the Democrats at Calhoun Mills,
AbbevUle county, during the last election, were
referred to the Committee on Elections.
The code of practice presented by Whipper,
Montgomery and Corbin was referred to the Judi
dary Committee. A resolution to give the en
grossing to the Secretary of State was laid over
A motion was adopted that the standing com
mitt ces remain as organized at the last session.
HOUSE or REPRESENTATIVES.
The House was called to order by Speaker
Moses, and a prayer offered by Adams, (colored
Ninety members were present.
Speaker Moses seized this opportunity to un
harden himself of a long and bombastic address
He commenced with some lachrymose allusions
to the legislators who had died since the last ses
sion. After admitting thc self-evident fact, that
the Legislature was utterly destitute of political
wisdom, learning and sagacity, he magnanimous
ly attributed to Providence the legislativ
* triumphs which had been achieved. He point
ed ont what he. considered had been the
wondrous advancement of .the Sute since
the day of emancipation, and, after declar?
ing t$at history could show no parallel to the
great social aad political revolution which had
been wrought, he compared the enfranchise
ment of the blacks to the deliverance of the chit
dren of Israel from Egyptian bondage, modestly
leaving them to infer who had really been
and who deserved to be recognized as
their-Moses. After a passing puff to Gov
ernor Scott,(whom Speaker Moses piously hopes to
succeed in the gubernatorial chair,) he proceeds
to vindicate at some length the manner In which
the State finances had been managed, and wound
op by complimenting by name, and in very ful
son? style, the Secretary of State, the Auditor
the Superintendent of Education, the Attorney
General, and* (not unmindful of the mammon of
unrighteousness,) the Comptroller-General and
Treasurer Parker. To make the burlesque com
plete, he gravely told them in conclusion:
"Schemes of doubtful, and perhaps unnecessary
expenditure may bc urged upon you, bat I trust
that all such wttl meet an unyielding barrier In
your high sense of duty, in your honesty of pur?
pose, and in your unswerving fidelity to your
Thomas A. Sullivan and L. P. Gunin, oftAbbe?
ville; James E. Hagood, (Dem.) of Pickens; w. W.
Ramsey, (colored) of Sumter; J. C. Beatty, (Dem.)
af Horry; william Adamson, (colored) of Ker?
shaw, and James A. Bowley, (colored) of George
town, appeared, took thc oath and their seats.
J.H. Jenks, & J. Lee, (colored,) and Griffith
Johnson, (colored,} were appointed a committee
to wart on the Governor. The unfinished busi?
ness of the last session was referred to the com?
J. H. Fernier, of Sumter, gave notice that to?
morrow he would offer a hui to regulate the sale
ef cotton. The bul provides for a commissioner
for each county, with aa office at the county seat,
and aU cotton purchased shall be weighed by
him or his deputies; a register to be kept of the
seller and purchaser. The person selling or buy -
Big cotton not passed through the hands of the
.ommissioaer to be subject to a fine of $500 or
.ne year's Imprisonment in the Penitentiary.
De Large gave notice that hs would shortly in?
troduce a bUlto repeal the township law.
The new code of practico was presented and re?
ferred to the Judiciary Committee.
Two divorce eases on the calendar were made
ake special order for Friday. The resolution to
give the engraving to the Secretary of State was
The House then adjourned.
The Supreme Court met this morning, Judges
Willard and Moses being present, and adjourned
untU S P. M., when commenced the argument in
the Averill flour inspectorship case.
George W. Addison has been appointed a mag;
intrate for Charleston County.
. At two o'clock the committees from bot h houses
called on the Governor, who informed them that
tho message would be read at twelve o'clock to?
The ?bor Convention meets at Jonncy's Hall
at 4 P. M. to-morrow. About half of the dele?
gates are members of the Legislature.
Senator Sawyer, and Bowen and Hurley arrived
A row occurred in Abbeville on Saturday at a
gathering of negroes who were addressed by
Judge liege. He recommended that the laborers
should take not lees than bair a crop. Cothran,
Democrat, asked him what thc negroes wo"M
take ia money. Hogo replied that negro meant
"dirty Hog," and there were none there. Cothran
Olen desired to know what would thc colored per?
sons take. The negroes became turbulent at this,
and Cothran left, but the negroes pursued and
caught him outside of town, and dragged him oct
ef his buggy and carried him to prison, gnarded
by five negroes with Winchester rifles until night.
Cothran was then released on $2000 bail, and no
charged preferred. The negroes wanted to kill
Sba, saying that fee had drawn a pistol and
threatened to kill H?ge. The latter i3 now in
THE WBW ORLEANS RAC ES.
MEW OELBANR, November 23.
. Tb? Call meeting over the Metarle Cc tiree
sommenced on Saturday and promises to be the
?oat brilUant ever he d here. The stableroom
kanbee*} oil .eeop.e? and ?ore hordesarecom
THE -NATIONAL CAPITAL.
Thc Alabama Claims Ap .lin-Why
Consnl-General Plumb wa* Invited to
Resign-Thc Pretext for the Detention
of thc Spanish Gunboats-Ch; nges in
the Southern Ports of Entry. &c.
[STECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON. November 2.:.
Aa officiai ?iispatch from Minister Motley an?
nounces that tuc negotiations with the Bntish
Foreign Office on the subject of trie Alaoama c ?aims
have been reopened. No details in regard io the
negotiations are known here.
Consu'-Genora! Plumb, at Havana, resigne ! be?
cause he was invite 1 to do so by the administra?
tion, ample evidence having been adduced of his
active sympathy with the Spaniards.
The pretext for the detention of the Spanish
gunboats at New York is a statement made by
thc Peruvinn Minister, who insists that they arc
to be used against Peru.
The Commissi ?ncr or Customs has recom?
mended to Congress that the port ol' Beaufort,
Soutli Carolina, be abolished, an?! atlilcd to thc
Charleston district ; that the port of entry at St.
Mary's, Georgia, foo also abolished, and the dis?
trict added to that or Pcrnandina ; that the port
of St. Marks, Florida, oe abolished, and one es?
tablished at Cedar Keys, and that the port of Pe?
tersburg be added to that of Richmond, Virginia.
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED PK ESS.]
WASHINGTON, Novcmiicr 2.5.
Proceedings arc about commvneiner to libel
Spanish gunboats recently built in New York.
Cornell Jewett is here urging tue government
to take an active interest In the cable from thc
Hague to New York harbor, for wnich Jewett and
associates have important concessions from Ger?
The roll of the House is made up. It excludes
Virginia, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas
and Louisiana, except Sheldon, from Louisiana.
Harvey, Minister to Psrtugal, from whom salary
was withheld by Congress, gets twenty-one thou?
sand dollars in gold from the Treasury.
The resignation of Consul-General Plumb ls ac?
cepted. Consul Hall, at Matanzas, takes charge
of the consulate.
EVBNINO.-One of the charges of the District
Attorney against the Spanish gunboats is that
the vessels arc intended for operations against
the people of Cuba, with whom thc United States
are at peace. The Spanish Minister makes
no objections to legal proceedings regarding thc
gunboats. It is a mere question between the gov?
ernment and thc contractors, the solution of
which is desired by the Spanish authorities.
Grant will make an early movement in refer?
ence to a ship canal over the Isthmus or Danen.
Senator Ramsey has failed iu his posta! agency
The Supreme Court has adjourned from Thurs?
day to Monday.
The President proclaims tho discontinuance of
discriminating duties heretofore levied upon mer?
chandise Imported into the United states in
French vessels, cither from thc countries of !:B
origin or from other countries.
LIVERPOOL, Nov eaibcr 23.
There have boen many failures among the
Liverpool grain dealers, including several linns
with extensive American connection--.
The ship Spendthrift, rrom Shanghai, with tca>
was wrecked only forty miles from her home port.
LONDON, November 23.
The Suez Canal ls not regarded herc as a com?
plete success. Improvements must bc made
before thc canal will answer the full requirements
PARIS, November 23.
The Ministers Bourbeau and Leroux have been
re-elected to the Con? l/eglslatif. Rocherort ls
elected from thc first, Cranchux from the third,
and Arago from thc eighth circumscription. No
candidate having a majority in thc fourth, a new
election is to be held. The city is tranquil.
A meeting of the Italian MiuiBtry last night re?
sulted in its dissolution.
ROME, November 23.
One hundred and fifty Bishops have arrived,
among them many from America.
MADRID, November 23.
Thc Bishop of Havana was brought here to-day
AWARDS AT TUE GEORGIA STATE
MACON, November 23.
Among t he premiums awarded at the fair to?
day, was one to Wm. Knabe, of Baltimore, who
received the first premium for thc best grand
square piano. Miss Ida Feuchtwanger, of Ma?
con, aged ll years, thc first premium for skill as
a performer on thc piano. W. L. Brantley, of
Macon, for th e best upland cotton. The Ameri?
can Safety Lamp Company, of New York, received
a medal and diploma for best lamp. Murfee k Co.,
of Richmond, Va., for a sub soil-lifter. The Rock
Island Manufacturing Company, of Charlotte. N.
C., a premium and diploma for the best woollen
MATTIERS IX VI KU IN l.t.
RICHMOND, November 23.
Arrangements were closed yesterday in
New York with several prominent capita'lsts, by
which the Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad will be
completed at once. Among the capitalists aie
W. BL Aspinwall, A. A. Low, C. P. Huntington,
Fisk and Hatch, and others. The city authorities
here are making cxtensiuc arrangements for
entertaining the National Board of Trade, which
meets here on December first, steamers for ex?
cursions, public dinners, balls, Ac, arc on the
programme. Tb* State Republican Convention
meets here to-morrow.
MATTERS IN ALABAMA.
MONTGOMERY, November S3.
Thc city bells were tolled to-day during the
funeral service of Governor Fitzpatrick. II Ls body
lay in state for two hwurs at the capitol. Thc
funeral service was conducted at the Episcopal
Church. A procession folio .ved lus remains to
An Immense crowd is in the city to attend thc
State Fair; owing to thc heavy ram a great, many
were deterred from going to the grounds. To?
morrow the indications are fair for several thous,
and visitors. The entries are numerous from
I many states.
Tilt: STRUGGLE IN CUBA.
Dispatches frora C?spedes to toe New York
Cuban Junta stales that thc Cubans captured a
fort at Potrenillo on tho Btu. He says that I2,o0(
men have enlisted in the Cuban army since thc
5th of July, and that there ls greater confidence
in the successor the cause. The policy of destroy?
ing the cane mids will bu continued. One hun?
dred and twcn'.y-two nativo Cubans were shot
recently, by uracr or Valmaseda,
SPARKS ?"ROM T1IK WIRES.
Burlingame, willi his mandarins, is ut Cer?
The Supreme Court of Missouri unanimously
legalizes the action of the Presbyterian Genera!
Assembly in 1865, and anirms its order dissolving
several synods and presbyteries adhering to thc
declaration and testimony party. The effect ol
this decision gives church property to adherent
of the GoncTOl Assembly ia divided congrega
The Rev. John P. Dunn, pastor or St. John'i
(Catholic) Church, in Philadelphia, ls dead.
At Lexington, Ky., the floor or the Colored Bap
Mat Church, which was densely packed, gave way
yesterday. Casualties, three Filled and maaj
FROM THE STATE CAPITAL.
Preparation*) for the. Alerting of thc
Legislature-Thc Governor*? Message.
What the Land Commissioner has
Done-Scott's Youthful Pet-T li e
Township Question-The Labor Con?
vention-United States i^ourt-What is
to toe done with the Fair Groantl
nntil the next Pair, ?fcc.
?FKOM ons OWN CORRBBPOKDBNT.]
COLUMBIA, November 22.
Tlic carpenters, carpet-layers, and a host o?
otber workmen, have been busily engaged all day
in patting the finishing touches to thc .Senate
Chamber and Hou?e ol Representatives. Goth hall?,
with their fresh paint, new curtains, new car?
pets, new oilcloths, Ac. look very pretty, and arc
really tastefully titted t.p. They will not, how?
ever, be tu thorough order for this session of the
Legislature. A Radical, with a lady on each arru,
looked in thc Senate Chamber this morning,
and remarked, with that peculiar twang which
stamped lum as a vDcown Bast"-er, that this here
hall tTOnld bc just ready ia time for a Democratic
Legislature to Kit m. As thc hall will bc complet?
ed next winter, after the elections, the Deown
East-er's remark may be considered prophetic.
To-day the Governor was invisible to every?
body and, as stated, was locked up in his ofllce
writing hi** message, lt will be a long document,
compose 1 of all the ?deas on all the subjects that
thc Governor and his private secretary can collect
between them. Thc query is not. as is usually
thc case, what subjects will the message treat of,
but what will it not treat of. lt is not yet known
whether it will be read on Wednesday or Thurs?
day. Those who claim to know thc contents of
the message assert that the ?aborquestion is pret?
ty thoroughly ventilated, and that as the state
Labor Convention convenes on Wednesday, and
will probably on that day come to -ionic conclu?
sion in regard to that vexed question, the Gov?
ernor will withhold his message until Thursday,
lu order that he may know the result of thc de?
liberations of that body, and tone his ideas of the
labor question to suit before giving them to thc
H. H. Kimpton, (of New York,) Governor Scott's
youthful pet, who, according to thc Governor,
has so manipulated the State bonds. Ac, as to re?
flect a shining lustre upon thc annals of South
Carolina, and upon himself, is here.
From the tirst of September, to within two or
three days past, the Land Commission hus, as
I'm informed, purchased about 40,000 acres of
land lying In Marlon, Abbeville, Kershaw, Lex?
ington, Chester, Richland, Laurens, Orangcbnig,
and other counties ia thc middle section of the
A number of county commissioners have ar?
rived to deliberate in regard to the township
question. A meeting will be held utan early day.
It is thought the system will be either abolished
altogether, or its working suspended for ten
Thc I'nited States District Court was in session
in the "chapel" at the Nlckerson House to-day,
Hon. George S. Bryan presiding. Thc jurymen
did not attend in sulllcient numbers to be organ?
ized, and the Judge ordered that others he sum?
moned to appear at ll o'clock to morrow morn?
ing, to which hour the court shortly afterward
Colonel D. Wyatt Aiken, secretary and treasu?
rer of thc State Agricultural and Mechanical So?
ciety, who was sent by the society as a delegate
to thc Macon Fair, returned from there yesterday.
He informs your correspondent that he had made
a contract to have the State Fair grounds planted
in grain, lt is proposed to divide the grounds
in three equal parts, make equal application upon
them of the South Carolina Fertilizer, fGoo. W.
Williams A Co., agents,) of the AVando, (j. R.
Dukes, agent,) and ol' thc Soluble PacUlc, (.1. N.
Robson, agent.) and keep an accurate account of
the cost and results, and report to the Executive
Committee at thc Fair next fall. These fertilizers
have been selected because thc companies luve
otfercd premiums for the best yield of corn, coi
fon or small grain on live and ten acres of land.
Thc result of this test will be looked forward to
with great interest.
The premium list of the State Fair next year
will be over $10,000.
Governor Bonham aud General Gary are here.
A PHILADELPHIA SENSATION.
Thc Man Who Inherited $70,000,000.
Thc Philadelphia Age hus the followta*.'.
There lias been a sudden explosion in our
higher-life circles-an explosion that has caused
disaster, dismay and grief. Some few weeks ago
the announcement appeared that a youngman
who, for three years prior, had been serving thc
guests of a Harrisburg hotel with tripe and
browned lish-balls had fallen heir io an immense
fortune. Discarding the towel, the apron, and
and dispelling that air of servile submission
which all thoroughly-instructed waiters are
supposed to possess, he launched out Into
a career 01 fashionable excitement and flirta?
tion. He caine to this city. Thc report spread
quickly of the rortunc which, by thc death of an
aunt in England, he had fallen heir to ; and gos?
sip passed it from mouth to mouth until it was
declared, with his sanction, that he was thc lucky
possessor of $70,000,000. To authenticate all this,
he would show what appeared to be true and
faithful transcripts of the will, deeds, Ac, of this
great estate. He became intimate with our Mar?
ket-street merchants. Possessing the open
sesame, cheek and money, he found no difficulty
in creeping Into fashionable society, and then
springing up as a real, undisguised Hon.
A certain West Philadelphia Congressman de?
tailed his coacli-and-two to convey this young
loni about. Thc managers of a number of our
charitable institutions received his notes, promis?
ing donations of startling extravagance. He
even went so far as to declare his Intention of en?
riching the friends who had known him when he
was nothing more than a poor, down-trodden
server of tripe and steak, and living in this belief,
they invited him to their homes-treated him in
as friendly manner as their means would allow.
About a week ago thc great dmouernent came I It
was discovered that while he had received a small
fortune, about uve thousand dollars, through his
own actions and conceits il was putred up to the
enormous amount named. What he did have
carried him along for three weeks with all the
eclat and individual grandeur that envelopes a
prince. His money is all gone; he is denied wher?
ever his name ls known; and the oon-fon now
wonder at their short-sightedness in believing
him endowed with the wealth be confessed ta
Unfortunately for him, he had mentioned high
parlies in New York as being his backers. They
were telegraphed to. and returned an answer
that he was an imposter.
TRAVELLING IN STILE.
The most riicla-roynl production in the world
in thc way Of travelling carriages is the Imperial
tra?a of France, lt is a v?ritable train, not mere?
ly one carriage in a train. First, after the engine
and tender, comes a luggage carriage-not au un?
inhabitable van, but u s'.ructuro which, besides
ordinary luggage, contains nantrv arrangements
for refreshments, and accommodation for some
ol the company's and Imperial servants. Next is
a carriage adapted as a dining-room-or at least
as ? refreshment room-with a centre tai;)'*, arm?
chairs, and hinged scats; and when, at night, thc
seats are drawn away from the wal!, they fall
back so as to form bedsteads for the attendants.
Third in tac list, stands an open or platform car?
riage, which may be opened or closed at thc sides
at pleasure, and used either as an open-air look?
out or as a refreshment room. Then cunes the
grand carriage, the imperial saloon, with a ret ir?
ing room attached, and doors at the sides and
end-'. AU that luxury can do is here done In
the provision of couches, arm-chairs, folding?
chairs, movable chairs, small tablas and stands,
curtains, wire-gauze blinds, to exclude dust when
the win-lows are open, a timepiece, pendent
lamps and mirrors. The fifth is a sleeping car?
riage, divided otr Into seven distinct compart?
ments; these comprise ?1 sleeping chamber ?ir
bedroom, two dressing rooms, two rooms for the
Empress' ladies, one for the Emperor's valet.,
and a rei iring room. The sleeping chamber con?
tains two beds, on opposite sides of a compart?
ment uincfect wide. Next, to thc sanctum or toe
Imperial papa and mamma is a carriage for the
Prince imperial, with numerous snuggeries for
sleeping, dressing and attendants. Lastly, there
is a luggago-carriaire, the counterpart or thc one
at the head of the train, AU the carriages have
doors at the end. and platforms which make a
convenient gangway from carriage to carriage;
and there arc electric balls from the Imperial sa?
lomi to all thc other carriage? and to the engine
driver and guards.
THE UNKNOWN REO JONS,
Dr. Livingstone Certainly Safe - His
Report on Iii* African Exploration*
and thc Sources ol* thc ?Vile-Thc
Problem " Xow Solved.'
A cable dispatch received last evening an?
nounces thar, a commnnication had been received
front Dr. Livingstone, dated CTJfJt,- May 13, 1SH9,
in which lie says that he was In good health and
had been treated well everywhere. This news
gives additional interest to the following dispatch
from thc eminent explorer, which was read at a
meeting of the Royal geographical Society of
London, hold on November s. sir Roderick
Murchison presiding :
NKAIl LAKE BAKOWBOLO,. 1
SOUTH ClKTRAL AFRICA, July, 1S0S. j
My Lura-When I bad the honor or writing to
yon in February, ISO". I had the impression that 1
was then on Ute watershed between thc Zambezi
and either the Congo or the Nile. More extAnded
observation luis since convinced me of the essen?
tial correctness of that impression; and from
what 1 have seen, together with what I have
learned from iutclligciit natives, I think that I
rniiv safely assort thai thc chid sources ortho Nile
arise between lo deg. and ii deg. south latitude,
or nearly in thc iv ?si: ion assigned to them by
Ptolemy, whose River Rhapta is probably the Bo
vatua. Aware that others have been mistalten,
and laying no claim to infallibility, I <U> not yet
speak very positively, particularly ol the parts
west and northwest of Tanganyika, because these
nave not yet come under my observation; but ir
your lordship will read thc following short ski tell
of my discoveries you will perceive that the
springs or the Nile have hitherto been searched
lor very much too far to the north. They rise
some 400 miles south ut" thc most southerly por?
tion-ot" thc Victoria Nyanza, and indeed south of
all thc lakes except Bungweolo.
Leaving the valley or tr-.e Loangwa. which en?
ters the Zambezi at Zumba, we climbed np what
seemed to be a great mountain mass, ont it turn?
ed ont to be only t lie southern edge oran elevated
region, which ls from MOO to 6CKW lett above tho
level of the sea. nils upland may roughly bc
said to cover a spaca south or Lake Tanganyika
nf some 35? miles square. It is gent-rally cover?
ed with dense or open forest, has an undulating,
sometimes hilly, surface, a rich soli, is well wa?
tered by numer?os rivulets and, for .Urica, is
sold, lt slopes towards thc north and west, but I
have found no part of it under :woo feet or alti?
tude. Thc country of Usango, situated cast of thc
space indicated, is also an upland, and affords
pasturage to thc immense herds of callie of the
Rassango, a remarkably light-colored race, very
friendly to strangers. Usango forms the eastern
side of a great bat still elevated valley. Thc other
or western side is formed by what are called tho
Rone Mountains, beyond the copper mines of Ka?
tanga. Still runtier west, and beyond the Kone
range or plateau, our old acquaintance the Zaraiie
zi, under thc name Jamball, is said to risc. Thc
southern end of the great valley enclosed between
Usango and the Rone range is between ll deg.
and 12 deg. south. It waa rarely possible there
to see a star, lint accidentally awaking one morn?
ing lietwccu two and three o'clock, I found one
which showed latitude ll deg. 56" min. south, anil
we were then fairly on the upland. Next day wc
passed two rivulets running north. As we ad?
vanced, brooks evidently perennial became
numerous. Some went eastward lo rall Into thc
Loangwa: others went northwest to join tho river
Chambeze. Misled by it map calling this river in
an o If-hand manner "Zambezi, eastern branch,.''
I took it to be thc southern river of that name;
but thc Chambeze, with all its branches, flows
from the eastern side into the centre of thc great
upland valley mentioned, which ls probably the
valley of the Nile, it is an Interesting riveras
helping to form three lakes, and changing its
name three times in the 500 or <;uo miles or ils
course, lt Wits first crossed by thc Portuguese,
who always inquired for Ivory and slaves, and
heard of not liing else. A person who collected
all, even the hearsay geography of Jhe Portu?
guese, knew s-i little actually of the country that
he put a large river hero running :>ooo fed uphill,
and called it the New Zambezi.
I crossed the Chambeze In io dog. 34 in. south
and several ol its continents south and north quite
as large as thc Isis at Oxford, but running faster
and having hippopotami in them. 1 mention
these animals.because lu navigating the Zambezi
1 could always steer the Steamer boldly to where
they lay. sure or anding not less than eight feel or
water. Thc Chambeze runs into Lake- llangwcolo,
and on coining out of it assumes the natue of Ul?
apula. Thc Luapula down down north past, thc
town of Cazcmbe, anti twelve tailem below it enters
Lake Mocro. On leaving Hosea ai- its northern
end by a rent in the mountains of Una. lt takes
the name Luulaba, and passing on N.N.W., forms
(Henge in thc country west or Tanganyika. I have
seen it only where it leaves Mocro and where il
comes oat Of the crack in the mountains or Una,
but am (piitc satlsllcd that even before it receives
thc river Sofouso from Marungti, anti theSobttrl
from the Batons country, it ts quite suflleieut to
lorin Ulengc, whether that isa luke with many
islands, as some assert, or a sort of Punjaub, a
division into several branches as is maintain?
ed by others. These branches are all gather?
ed up by Hie Luttra, a large river which by
many confluents drains thc western side or the
irreat valley. I have not seen the Lu3ra, but
pointed out west or eleven degrees south, lt ls
there asserted always to require canoes. This is
purely native informal ion. Some intelligent men
assert that when 1.illira takes up the water or
Ulcnge, it flows north northwest into Lake Cho?
wan! be, which I conjecture to be that discovered
by Mr. Baker. Others think that it goes into
Lake Tanganyika ut Uv i ra, and still passes north?
ward into Chowambe by a river named Luanda.
These are Ute parts regarding which I suspend
my Judgment. If I am in error there and live
through it, I shall correct myself. My opinion at
present is, if the large amount or water 1 have
seen going north docs not flow past Tanganyika
on the west, lt must have an exit from the lake,
and in all likelihood by the boanda. Looking
back again lo Hie upland, it is well divided into
districts, Lohisa, Lobemba, Ubcngu, Itawa, Lo
pcrc, Kabuirc, Marunga, bunda, or Lom I a, and
Rua; the people are known by the initial "Ha" in?
stead of the Initial Lo or U for country. The Arabs
soften Ha into Wa, in accordance with their Sua?
heli dialect: the natives never do. On the north?
ern slope ol thc upland, on Hie 2d or April, iso",
1 discovered Lake Llemba; it lies in a hollow with
precipitous sides two thousand feet down; it is
extremely beautiful, sides, top aud bottom being
covered with trees and other vegetation. Ele?
phants, buffaloes aud antelopes feed on the steep
slopes, while hippopotami, crocodiles anti llsh
swann in the waters. Onus being unknown, the
elephants, unless Koiuctiiues deceived into a pit?
fall, have it all their own way. It is as perfect a
natural paradise as Xenophon could have desired.
On two rocky islands men till thc land, rear goats
and catch fish; the villages ashore are embower?
ed m the palm oil palms of the West Coast or Af?
rica. Pour considerable streams Mow into Licm
ba, and a number of brooks (Scottico, "trout
burns,"] from twelve to fifteen feet broad, leap
down thc steep, bright red clay schist rocks and
form splendid cascades that make thc dullest of
my attendants pause uud remark with wonder.
1 measured one of thc streams, thc Lorn, ilfty
miles from Its confluence, and found it at a ford
294 feet, say luo yards broad, thigh and waste deep,
and flowing fast over hardened sandstone flag
In September-thc last rain liad fallen on the 12th
of May. Elsewhere the Lofu requires canoes. The
l/mzua drives a large body of smooth water into
Liemba, bearing on its surface duck weed and
grassy islands; this body or water was ten fath?
oms deep. Another of thc four streams ls said to
bc larger than the Lofu, but an ovcr-onlcious
headman prevented my seeing more of it. and
another than their mouths. Thc lake ls not
large, from eighteen to twenty milos broad, and
from thirty-five to forty long. It goes orr north,
northwest in a riverJlke prolongation two miles
wide, it is f aid, lo Tanganyika. 1 would have set
it down as an arm of that lake bul that its sur
race is2S00 foctabovo the level of the sea, while
Speke mukes it ISM feet only. I tried to follow
the river-like portion, but was prevented by a
war which had broken out between the chief of
Itawa and a party ol'ivory traders of Zanzibar. I
then set od* to go 120 miles south, tuen west, un
past the dis: orbed district, and explore the ?rent u,"
Tanganyika, hut on going eighty miles I found thu
Arab party, showed them a letter fruin tho Sul?
tan ofZa?zib.tr, willoh I Owe to the kind offices
of his Excellency sir lian ie frere, uovcrnor of
Bombay, and was at once, supplied with provi?
sions, cloth and beads; they showed the greatest
kindness and anxiety lor my safely and success.
The bends of the party readily perceived Ibala
continuance or hostilities: meant shutting up the
Ivory'market, but t:.e peace-making was a tedious
process, requiring three mouths and a hall. I
wa:-, glad to sc.: Hie mode of ivory and slave trad?
ing of these men, it formed such a perfect con?
trast to that of the raiHausfrom Kllwa, ami to
the ways of tho atrocious Portuguese from Kette,
who were connived ot in their monters by thc
Arter peace was mad .-. I visited Nlsama, thc
chieror itawa, and having left tho Arabs went on
lo Lake Moero, which I reached On September t\
18G7. in the northern part or Mocro iii? from
twenty to thirty-three miles broad. Further south
lt is al least BiXtv miles wide and it is Iii ty miles
long, lunges of tree-covered mountains dank lt
on both Kid.-s, but. ot tho brood pari, ike western
mountains dwindle out of sight. Passing up tin.
eastern side of Mooro wc came toCazembe, whose
predecessors have been three times assisted by
?'ortuguese. Ills town stands on tho northeast
bank of the lakelet Kofwe, Tltis la frota two to
three miles broad mid nearly four long, it has
several low. reedy islets, asd yields plenty of Usn
a species or perch, it la not connected with
either the Luapula or Moero. I was forty days at
GazembeV, and inlghfthcn have gone on to liang
woclo, which is larger than either of the other
lakes: but the ruins had pet In, and lins lake was
reported to bc vory unhealthy. Not having a
grain of any kind or medicine, uud as fever, with?
out treatment, produced vcrv disagreeable symp?
toms. I thought that it would be unwise to ven?
ture where swelled thyroid jrt.iud. known xs Der
byshire neck, and elephantiasis (scro'i) prevail.
1 then went north for Ujijl, where I have goods,
and I hope letters, fur I have heard nothing from
thc wr.r'd for more than two years; but when 1
got wi: MI thirteen days of Tanganyika I was
brought to a standstill by the superabundance of
water in the country in front. A native party
came through and described the country as in?
undated, so as often to be high and waist deep,
with sleeping places difficult to lind. This flood
lasts till May or June. At last I became so tired
of inactivity that I doubled back on my course to
To give an idea of tho inundation which, in a
small way, enacts thc part of the Nile lower
down, I had to cross two rivulets which How into
the north end of thc Macro; une was thirty, the
other forty yards broad, crossed by bridges. One
had a (pinner, the other half a mile or nomi on
cacti side. Moreover, one, the I.uo, hail covered
a plain abreast of Mooro, so that the water on a
great part reached from the knees to the upper
part of the cheal. The plain was of black mud,
with grass higher than our heads. We had to fol?
low t he path which, in places, the feet of passen?
gers had worn into deep ruts. Into these we
every now and then plunged and fell over tho
ancles in soft mud, while hundreds of bubbles
rushed up and. bursting, emitted a frightful odor.
Wo had four hours of this wading and plunging
the last mlle was the worst ; and right glad wc
were lo get out of it and bathe in the clear tepid
waters and sandy beach of Mocro. In going up
the bank of the lake, we first of all forded four
torrents, thigh deep; then a river eightv vania
wide ami .'soo yards of Hood on Its west bank, so
deep we hud to keep to thc canoes till within
Hfty yards of the higher ground; then four
brooks, from live to fifteen yards broad. One
of these, the Cliungu, possesses a somewhat mel?
ancholy interest as that on which poor Dr.
L?cenla died. .Ile was the only Portuguese;
visitor who had any sricntiilc education, and his
latitude of Cazembe'S Town on the Chungn being
tl fly miles wrong, probably reveals that his mind
was clouded with lever when he last observed,
and any one who knows what that Implies will
loo!; on his error with compassion. The ('Mungil
went high on the chest, and one hail to walk on
tiptoe to avoid swimming. As 1 crossed ?ill these
brooks nt high and low water I observed the dif?
ference tu be from fifteen to eighteen inches, and
from all the perennial streams thc Hood is a clear
water. The st tte of the rivers and country made
mc go in the very lightest marching order-took
nothing but the most necessary Instruments and
no paper except a couple of note books and thc
Bible. On unexpectedly finding a party going to
the coast, I borrowed a piece of paper from an
Arab, aud thc defects-unavoidable in thc circum?
stances-you will kindly excuse. Only one of my
attendants would come here; thc others, un vari?
ous pretences, absconded. Thc fact is, they are
all tired of this everlasting tramping, und KO
verily am 1. Were it not. for an Inveterate dis?
like to give in to difficulties, without doing my
utmost to overcome them, I would abscond too. I
comfort myself with thc hope that by making the
country and people better known I am doing
good; and by imparting a little knowledge oc?
casionally I may be working in accordance
with the plans of an all-embracing Providence.
I was in the habit of sending my observations
to the Cape Observatory, where Slr T. Maclean,
thc Astronomer Royal and the Assistant Astrono?
mer, Mr. Manu, bestowed a ?great deal of gratui?
tous attention on them iu addition to the regular
duties of thc observatory. They tested their ac?
curacy In a variety or ways, which those only
who arc versed in the higher mathematics can
understand or appreciate. The late Karl of Elles?
mere publicly said of a single sheet of these most
carefully tested geographical positions, that they
contained more geography than many large
volumes. While the mass"of true observations
arbich went to the Royal Observatory at the Cape
required much time for calculation, I worked out
a number in a rough way, leaving out many
minute corrections, such us for the height of the
thermometer and barometer, the horizontal
parallax and semi-diameter uf planets, using but
une moon's semi-diameter and horizontal
parallax for a set of distances, though of
several hours' duration; corrections for the
differences of proportional logan hising, Ac,
and with these confessedly imperfect longi?
tudes made and sent some sketch Maps to give
general ideas ol' the countries explored. They
wen- imperfect, as calculated and made in the
confusion of thc multitude of matters that crowd
on thc mind of an explorer, but infinitely better
than ma:'y of the published maps. SlrT. Maclean,
for instance, says that short of a trigonometric
survey, no river has been laid down so accurately
as the Zambezi; ?ind Mr. Mann, alter most care?
ful examination of thc series of chronometric ob?
servations, which more than once ra? from tho
sra of Zctteupto Lake Ny ossa, any error in t lie
longitude cannot possibly amount to four min?
utes. Well, ufier all my care und risk of health,
and even of lifo, His not very inspiring lo Hud
200 miles of lake tacked on to thc northwest cud
of Nyassa-and these 'Joo miles perched up on the
upland region and passed over some ?JU00 feet
higher than tile rest of the lakes.
We shall probably hear that the author of this
feat in faueography claim therefrom to be con.
Bidereda theoretical discoverer of the sources of
thc Nile. My imperfect longitudes and sketches
led some to desecrate the perfect ones from the
observatory. This crulung alto in algela was fix?
ed by seven sets of lanar distances, that is, at
least sixty-three distances between the moon
?iud stars, and probably one hundred altitudes
of sun or stars, ull made in risk uf and
sometimes actually suffering from African
fever. Six sets showed from one to three
minutes on each side of longitude 14 decrees
east, bat the seventh showed a few minutes
to the west. The six were thrown aside and the
seventh adopted, because a Portuguese sahl
to me that, he thought that spot might be
about midway between Ambaca and the
sea. Ainhaea he hail never seen, and the
folly of intermeddling ls apparent from the change
not making thc spot perceptibly nearer thc imagi?
nary midway, and no one had ever observed them
before, nur In our day will ubserve agalB. Other
freaks, and one specially immoral, were perform?
ed, and tu my gentle remonstrances I received
only a giggle. The desccrutiuu my positions have
suffered is probably unknown to the council, but
there is all the more reason why I should adhere
to my resolution to be the guardian of my own
observations till publication. 1 regret this, be?
cause thc upsetting of thc canuc, ur anything
happening lo rue, might lead to Hie entire loss uf
My borrowed paper ls done, or I should havo
given a summary of the streams which, flowing
into Cham bese, Luapula, Lualaba aud the lakes,
may be called sewers. Thirteen, all larger than
the Isis at Oxford, or Avon at Hamilton, run into
une line of drainage, live into another and fuur
Into a third receptacle-twenty-three in all. Not
having seen thc Nile in the. north. 1 forbear any
comparison of volume. 1 trust, that my labors,
though much longer than I intended, may meet
with your lordship's approbation. I have, Ac,
P. s.-Always something new from Africa; a
large tribe lives in underground houses in Rua.
Some ?xeavations are said to be thirty miles long,
and have running rills iu them. A whole district
can stand a siege in them. Thc "writings"
therein, 1 have been tuld by some of thc peuple,
arc on wings of animals, and not letters. Of
course I should have gone to see them. Very
dark, well made and eyes Hlautingwards.
Thc reading of the dispatch was several times
interrupted with luud upplause. Extracts frum
several private letters from Dr. Livingstone, the
chief point of geographical interest in which was
the statement that thc sources of thc Nile are to
bc found in thc lakes and rivers that drain thc
great valley in which Cozcmbe is situated, and
lying to the south uf Tanganyika, between ten
and twelve degrees of south latitude.
The president said that the great problem had
now been solved-thc road was open to his Illus?
trious friend. They might expect him within a
few months, anil they would accord him a wel?
come such as few Englishmen bad ever experi?
enced. (Loud applause.)
IMPRESSIONS OF AIKEN.
Its Wonderful Advantages aj ii. Winter
licuor! for Invalid-,.
Thc village of Aiken is rapidly rising into
prominence as a winter resort for invalids, and
especially for such as .sillier fruin pulmonary com?
plaints. The New York Post of Saturday hist edi?
torially says :
Aiken, in Soi;th Carolina, Isa place much visile.!
by Northern invalids. . lt is easily reached by rail?
road, and lies eight miles casi of Augusta. Ga.,
in a forest of pines, 'ibo climate herc from Ne?
ve nbe.r to March is like a long Indian summer.
T?0 sky i?) uf the deepest blue, llieair is singularly
tranquil and balmy, and severe frosts are almost
unknown. Hie hotel at Aiken, bas lately changed
banda, and ls now a first-class house in every
A correspondent of tue Richmond Dispatch,
himself an invalid, writing to Hutt paper from
We arrived here on thC'J2d of October, and at
first wore aol at all pleased wil li Hie place: but
after a general survey uf the situation, and be
coining somewhat acquainted, we were much
pleased- quite willing, iudeed, to loc?te for tho
Aiken is situated on a broad plateau, al an alti?
tude of six hundred feet obovc tide water. Thc
surface ls white ..-'and on a rel clay bed. Thc
place is regularly laid out with very broad streets
and largo lots; so that the dwellings are som"
distance from each other. In a large portion ol
thc city almost the entire natural growth is leif
standing, and thc ?tranger will often be surprised
to lind a neat little cottage nestled down In a
thicket of Jack oak. The water ls good, and b
procured fruin wells, which are very deep. In
tho principal streets they arc arranged at regnlat
Intervals iu the middle of the street. The resident
portion of the population is variously estimated
at from two to three thonsand, a number of
whom are Northorn men who came here some
years ago in the most distressing condition, and,
recovering their health, became attached to thc
place and located permanently.
There is little or no business done here, being
only seven miles from Angosta. With an accom?
modation train down in the morning aud return
in the afternoon, persons can very conveniently
do their trading there. Almost every house here
is a boarding-house, and, strange to say, while
flour, beef, chickens, cgss and bnttcr, can bc
bought as cheap as in Richmond, the plainest
boarding-house In this place will charge you more
for board than the Spotswood or Exchange. And
again, notwithstanding the fact that we have ex?
press trains from Charleston every day, llsh and
oysters are ns scarce as "lieus' teeth."
The cures or advantage derived by consump?
tives who have slopped herc are really remarka?
ble. Numbers that on their arrival 'had to be
carrleil to their rooms, in less than two weeks
were able to walk a mile with ease. I am much
improved. This bracing atmosphere, genial sun?
shine, aud piney odor, tells rapidly on weak
TUE DELIVERY OV LETTERS.
Defects of thc Box System.
The United States Mail ol* this month prints
the following in reference to the delivery of let?
ters by carriers:
Wc arc very glad to see it (nnoilleially) an?
nounced that Postmaster-General Creswell, in his
forthcoming report, will take ground against the
system of delivery of mail matter through boxes,
and in favor of the adoption of thc carrier system
at all offices where it can properly bc introduced
which includes, of course, all the larger offices.
Tlieri' can be no doubt in the mind of any one
at all familiar, by experience, with thc subject,
that Hie '-box system." as conducted ut the post
othees tn our jrreat cities, ls one of the main ob?
starles to the satisfactory performance of the
functions of the deportment. It is easy enongh
to set forth in editorial columns the "glittering
generalities'' that "every merchant lias a right to
have hts letters delivered in that mauner which
best suits his convenience," ami that "the box
system has been in usc for years, and ir those
now rn authority aro not equal to the task of con?
ducting it properly, they should give place to
those who can," cc; but to those whssc eyes
and ears are officially and practically made fa?
miliar with the vexatious, complaints and licwil
dering complications engendered by it, such su?
perficial arguments in favor of the box system
can have no more effect than so many assertions
that four and live make eleven, or that two paral?
lel hues, If only carried far enough, will eventu?
ally iutcrscct each other.
It is a task of no difficulty for an expert to de?
tect the (laws in the reasonings of the theoretical
upholders of the box system. One of the princi?
pal ls that they are based upon the assumption
that the box-holders are the "public," whereas,
although numerous, they form really but a small
portion of the public-and any claim on their be?
half to peculiar and exclusive rights is untenable
and absurd. Hut admitting, for the sake of argu?
ment, that they have a right to be specially and
primarily considered by the postoffiec in thc de?
livery of their letters, let us give a few facts
which cannot bc contradicted-illustrating thc
evita which result from the system to the box
holders themselves. Thc statements herc made
arc the result of experience at one of the largest
postoffices in the Union-say at New Amsterdam.
There ls scarcely one box-holder who ls in the
receipt of many letters, who does not almost
daily receive through his box letters addressed to
other box-holders, which have been placed therein
by mistake. Of course his own letters run thc
same risk of misdelivery.
There ls not a newspaper of extended circula?
tion the publisher of which does not fiud, nearly
every day, among the letters delivered to him
through his box, from one to six letters address?
ed to thc publishers of ot her newspapers-some of
lils own letters being in the same way delivered
There arc no two box-holding individuals or
Hrms in the city of anything Uko a similar name,
whose letters are not being perpetually "mixed
up" by thc delivery of Hobbs' letters to Dobbs, ol*
Barker's letter to Harker, of Henrickson's to Hen?
derson, of J. T. Brown ft Sons to T. J. Brown ft
lt ls no un usai occurrence for a messenger, on
presenting a ticket for the letters in one box. to
be handed the entire contents of another, which
bo may with impunity appropriate and open If so
disposed-us he occasionally is.
Scarcely a week passes without the detection
nf a box-holder's messenger, in purloining the
letters of his employer-who, with the touching
couti leuce in Juvenile human nature character^
tie. nf hu ch?t, ha? ?wiorallv expressed hts wil?
lingness to "trust that, boy with uncounted gold,
sir,"'aud profanely condemned the post?nico as
the cause of his repeated losses. There is hardly
a publishing house of Importance in Hie city re?
ferred to which has not sutfered in this way-thc
largest of them to the extent of thousands of dol?
lars through thc dishonesty of three of its mes?
sengers, detected in succession.
T'-rTHE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances of Mrs. Mary Cahill, and of her
sons, James Patrick ?nd MICHAEL M., are re?
spectfully invited to atteud thc Funeral Services
of tiiCjJattcr, at their residence, No. '24 Cannon
street. Tins AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock, without
further invitation. uov24
>5S0-SPECLVL NOTICE.-ONE OF TILE
largest size MUSIC BOXES, manufactured at
(leneva, Switzerland, with a celestial voice, niue
bells, (lute and pic?lo life attachments, bas just
been received at VON SANTKN'S, 22? King street.
It ls valued ut live hundred dollars, and is thc
largest and ilnesl Music Uox ever imported into
thU country. It plays thc following beautiful
Airs: Romeo and Juliette, Valse; Muette dc Por?
tie!, Overture; Mardie de Faust; La Traviata,
Parigl o cara; Grande Duchesse, Quadrille; Brnanl
Involami; Home, Sweet Home; Guillaume Tell; O
$Sf A CARD.-A GENTLEMAN
wishing to enter in active business, would contri?
bute CAPITAL to any approved establishment in
city or country with a capable and responsible
party. Address "Trade," through thU office,
giving references and stating thc character of
business. _ _ nov22 3?
fgf NOTICE.-ALL PERSONS IN?
DEBTED to the assigned Estate of Mr. GEO. H.
GRUBER are hereby informed that their accounts
have been placed iuto the hands of Messrs. SI?
MONS A SIEOLINO, Attorneys, (office, Broad
street,) for collection, and if settlements are
made before the Hist December uext, no costs
will bc incurred. H. GERDTS A CO.,
novl3 Imo Agents for Creditors.
?&- MEDICAL NOTICE.-PATIENTS
suffering from Diseases pertaining to thc Genito
Urinary Organs, will receive the latest scientific
treatment, by placing themselves under thc care
of Du. T. REENTSJERNA, Office No. 74 Basel
street, three doors casi from^the Post-office.
j?r- NOTICE TO LEGATEES.-T H E
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, LANCASTER
COUNTY.-The surviving Executors or WILLIAM
MCKENNA, deceased, vs. PATRICK N. LYNCH,
Roman Catholic Bishop of Charleston, ct al -
In Equity.-Bill for Settlement of Estate, Ad?
vice,, Ac-Hy order ol' the Circuit Court in
thLs cause, filed October 10th, lStW, notice
is hereby giveu to the individuals embraced
within the classes hereinafter described, with?
in twelve months from thc dato of Ute publi?
cation hereof, to come in ami establish before thc
undersigned Clerk of the Court their rif-'ht to Hie
Legacies bequeathed to them in and hythe last
Will and Testament or William HcKenna, late of
the County and State aforesaid, deceased; or fail?
ing so to do within lite time specified, their clulms
will bc barred, to wit the following: The children
or James McKcnna, a brother or the Testator, for?
merly residing at Castle Nacor, in thc County or
Donegal, Ireland; the children or Owen McKcnna,
also a brother, formerly residing at the same
place; the children of Nancy Clemens, a deceased
sister of the Testator: the children or Einnor Barr,
also a sister; thc children or F.ltinor Moran, a
daughter or the said !"'*inor Barr; the children or
John McKenna, a deceased brother or the Testa?
tor; thc children or Rose McKcnna, a sister of
the Testator; the children of any of the above
mentioned classes who may have died before the
death of said Testator, leaving such children liv?
ing athis death; and, also, thc children of John
W. Bradley, a nephew or the said Testator.
THOMAS H. CLYBURN,
Clerk or the Olrouit Court,
Lancaster Comity, S. C.
Ostober if, ise9. oct20 wSmoe
~??S- HOPE FIRE ENGINE COMPANY.
CHARLESTON, S. C., NOVEMBER23,1869.-I would
respectfully inform the citizens and residents of
the Dpper Warda of this city that the following
Committee, members oj* the above named Com?
pany, have been appointed to solicit subscriptlong
for the purpose of aiding in paying fora DOW
Steamer lately ordered, and which Ls datty ex?
pected from the builders in New York, viz: CEO..
BURKE, JAMES B. PATRICK and J. McCOLEUMV
Esqs. Also, thc following Committee, appointed
some time ago for the same purpose, win ca II
upon the citizens ol tee Lower Wards, viz: B. P.
SEYMOUR, GEO. BURKE, J. KEKNY, WM?
BROOKBANK,4"., Jr., and J. LIPMAN.
W. H. SMITH,
President Hope Fire Engine Company, an*
nov24 wfm3_Chairman of Committee.
NOTICE.-STEAMER CITY POINT
will hereafter leave for Florida on FRIDAY EVB
NINO, at s o'clock, instead of SATURDAY, as here?
tofore. ' J. D. AIKEN A CO.,
?20-N0TICE TO CONSIGNEES.-THE
steamship :i VGNOLLA Ls THIS DAY discharging
cargo at v anderhorst's Wharf. Goods not re?
moved by sunset will remain on wharf at owners'1
risk; or, If stored, at risk and expense of con?
signee or owner. RAYEKEL A CO.,
nova n Agents.
F3- H. KLATTE & CO. WILL CARRY
on their Wholesale GROCERY AND LIQUOR BUS?
INESS at No. 20? East Bay, northwest corner of*
Cumberland street, where they wlU be happy te.
see their customers and friends. novit?
^?S~ NOTICE.-J. N. M. WOHLTMANK
for the present occupies the store of Messrs.
FARRAR BRO., corner East Bay and Cumberland
streets, and wilbbe pleased to see his friends.
??S- JUST R ECEIY ED,
A LARGE ASSORTMENT OP
FINE BUSINESS EN.VET.0PE8,
NOS. 5 AND 6, I
Which will pe furnished to our customers witto
Business Card neatly printed thereon at $4 te fi
THE NEWS JOB OFFICK
AND SEE SAMPLES.
J?h WE LIVE IN THREE CLIMATES.
In this country we have, at different seasons of
the year, the temperature of three climates. Our
springs and autumns have a softness and mild?
ness that belong only to the Temperate Zones;
our mid-summers are torrid, and our mid-winters
almost arctic in their frigidity. These changes,
involving a variation of from ninety to one hun?
dred degrees of Fahrenheit during the year, are,
upon the whole, conducive to health and long Ufo,
but they tend to entail upon us some distressing
complaints which can only be escaped by the ex?
ercise of due care and the usc of a proper anti?
dote when the system Ls predisposed to contract
them. Thc chief and most annoying of these dis?
orders ls dyspepsia, once supposed to be Incura?
ble, but which, siucc the introduction of HOSTET
TEE'S STOMACH BITTERS, now about twenty
years ago, has proved to be a peifoctly managea?
In the spring and fall, but more especially la
the fall, thc symtoms of dyspepsia arc generally
aggravated. The profuse cxpendltnre of the ani?
mal fluids ?'jo'nmdty' burning sun of summer, is
upc to leam the stomach weak and Indolent and .
Incompetent to thc task of perfect digestion. Ik
requires a tonic which will rouse it from Its leth?
argy and brace and invigorate without Irritating
or mfiamiug it. This tonic has been provided ia
the wonderful vegetable preparation which has
replaced in a great measure, all the old palliatives
formerly prescribed by physicians, under tho
false idea that the disorder could not be radically
cured. Thc success of HOSTFSTER'S BITTERS
in all the varieties of dyspepsia, acute or chronic,
has effectually exploded this fallacy, and lt Is now
recommended as a speciflo for indigestion by
some of the most eminent meir/cers of the medical.
profession. nov22 OD*C .
jar-TO CONSUMPTIVES. -THE AD
YERTISER, having been restored to health In a
few weeks, by a very simple remedy, after having
suffered several years with a severe lung affec?
tion, and that dreadful disease, consumption, far
anxious to make known to,his feMow-sufferers the
means of cure.
To all who desire it, he win send a cony of the
prescription used (free of charge,) with the dlree
tlons for preparing and using the same, which
they will lind a SURE CURE FOR CONSUMPTION, '
A wira A, BRONCHITIS, AC. The object of the ad?
vertiser in sending the Prescription ls to benefit
the afflicted, and spread information which he
conceives to be invaluable; and he hopes every
sufferer will try his remedy, as lt will cost then)
nothing, and may prove a blessing.
Parties wishing the prescription, will please ad?
dress REV. EDWARD A. WILSON, Williamsburg,
Kings County, New York. _novo 3mos
JS9-THE GREAT SOUTHERN REMEDY.
JACOB'S CHOLERA, DYSENTERY AND DI AR?
RU O A CORDIAL.-This article, so well known
and highly prized throughout thc Southern States
os a Sovereign Remedy for the above diseases, ls
now offered to the whole country.
It ls Invaluable to every lady, both married and
No family can afford to bc without it, and none
will to whom its virtues are known.
For sale by all Druggists and general dealers.
D?WIE A MOISE,
octll 3mosDAC General Agents.
/?*THE SECRET OF BEAUTY LIES
in the use of HAGAN'S MAGNOLIA BALM for thc
Roughness, redness, blotches, freckles, sun?
burn and tan disappear where it is applied, and a
beautiful complexion of pure, satin-like texture is
obtained. The plainest features are made to glow
Wltll healthful bloom and youthful beauty.
Remember Hagan's Magnolia Balm is the thing
that produces these effects, anil any lady can se?
cure it for 73 cents at any of our stores.
To preserve and dress the hair use Lyon's Ka
fa* ERRORS OF YOUTH.-A GENTLE?
MAN who Buffel ed for years from Nervous De?
bility, Prematare Decay, and all the effects of
youthful indiscretion, will, for the sake of suffer
ing humanity, send free to all who need lt, the re?
ceipt and directions for making the simple rem?
edy by which he was cured. Sufferers wishing to
proflt by the advertiser's experience, oan do so
by addressing, with perfect conndence, JOHN B.
OGDEN, No. 42 Cedar street, New York.
nova ?tatos _
?O* A CARD.-A CLERGYMAN,
while residing in South America as a Missionary,
discovered a safe and simple remedy for the cure
ol'Nervous Weakness, Early Decay, Disease o?
the Urinary and Seminal Organs and the whole
train of disorders brought on by baneful and
vicious habits. Great numbers have been cured
by this noble remedy. Prompted by t desire to
benefit the afflicted and unfortunate, 1 wUl send
the recipe for preparing and using this medicine,
in a sealed envelope, to any one who needs lt,,
free of charge. Address
JOSEPH T. INMAN,
S'.attona , Bible House,
oe? Cooe? New York City.