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VOLUME VIII.-NUMBER 1250.
CHARLESTON, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 24, 1869.
SIX^DOLLARS A YEAR.
LEGISLATORS OFF ON A CHRISTMAS
They Cannot Walt for the Adjournment
[STECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NE\TS.]
COLUMBIA, December 23.
When the two houses of the General Assem?
bly were called to order to day, it was found that
no quorum was present in either body. So they
at once adjourned until the 5th of January.
THE RONE SILL.
A SET SPEECH BY SENATOR CORBIN.
The Township Act-The Phosphate Mo?
nopoly-Capital-"Paddle Your Own
Canoe"-All ls not Gold, <fcc- The
Charleston Remonstrance-A11 e g e d
Moving Arguments-Conclusion, so
hat Honest-The Judges-Stray Items.
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, December 22
0 THE TOWNSHIP ACT.
[_tne Senate, to-day, Hayno called up the
bill repealing the township act. Corbin did not
object to the bill being brought up, bat he did to
its passage. The General Assembly, said he, did,
one year ago, pass thc act prorld?ig for tue sys?
tem of township?, and now the members are try
lng to repeal the act even before it has had a fair
trial. In many counties the townships have not
boen organized. All of the objections that have
been made to the system hare been met in the
bill which has been offered co amena the town
Ship act. The main objection urged, was that
many of the townships were sparsely settled. In
such places do not apply the system, but walt
until they are populated; that ls the way
they do out West. There are many townships
ont there Inhabited only by the fox and
the buffalo; but In time they wul be settled
by ?migrants, and then the system will be en
forced. Let all the objectionable features be
stricken out of the act. To repeal lt, because there
are a few objectionable reatares, ls to do as fool
?sh a thing as a man who had more money than
brains once did. He built a flue mansion, but did
not like the cornice. Instead of fixing the cor?
nice alone, he had the entire building pulled down
.and built a new one with a cornice to suit. There
must be some system which will give the people
good roads and schools, and the township sys?
tem, as amended In the bill recently offered, is
about the only way to secure it. Cain had a great
deal to say. He was not exactly certain that the
act should be repealed; anyhow, he wanted more
time to*think over lt. It was generally under?
stood that the Republican party was the
friend of the poor man, but some of Its
measures-the workings of the township act for
one-were at variance with the general opinion.
Under its provisions the poor men did all .the work
*- and the rich men strolled or rode around enjoy?
ing themselves. But if the act were repealed the
county commissioners would have m?re author?
ity, more opportun tues for stealing; yet when he
came to think about lt, they would steal anyhow,
and 'twas best to give them as much to do as pos?
sible sa a set off against their stealing. Leslie had
a great deal to say about the county commission
ers generally, but those of Barnwell County, and
the* other officers of lt also, in particular. The of?
ficers nuder Jhe Democratic rule were bad enough,
but those ut#er the Republican rule didn't seem
to be much- better. After some further discussion
a motion to postpone the consideration of the bill
was made, and much to the surprise of many,
THE PnOSFHATIC MONOPOLY.
The opponents of the "bill to grant certain per
sons therein named the exclusive right to dig and
mine In the beds of the navigable streams and
waters of the State for phosphate rocks and phos
phatic deposite," made use of every measure
known to " parliamentarians," as Cain calls it, to
prevent lt beinp considered to-day, but all in vain.
About twenty minutes past two o'clock a motion
to consider the bill'waa carried by a small ma?
jority. After some little sparring, Corbin deliv?
ered himself of a speech, of which he has been
full for several days past.
Afr. President-I shall endeavor to show, in the
few wojjs I am about to utter, that the measure
before us ls lawful, Just and wise.
This State, In common with many other South?
ern States, has bat just emerged from a terrible
and exhausting civil war-a war which has de?
stroyed a large portion of her substance, reduced
her people to beggary, and left the State burdened
with debt and taxation Sad, sad indeed, in this
respect, is the condition of our adopted State.
This being true, lt needs no arRument to show
that the policy of the State Government should
be, while it must oe Tionest and just to Its credit?
ors, to lighten the burden of the people so far as
lies la its power.
in the course of haman events lt has been dis
"covered that In thc low lands, tn the swamps and
marshes and beds of some few of our navigable
streams, a phosphate rock or phosphatic deposit
lies buried. The genius, enterprise and capital of
a few of our citizens have developed the fact that
this deposit ls valuable, that lt oan be utilized
and made to serve an important purpose In the
conduct of human affairs.
Such a discovery haviug dawned npon us, lt
becomes Important to inquire, how can the State
best realize a benefit from lt ?
The public lands of the State were long since
parted with. The navigable streams and waters,
to the extent that they are navigable, are all that
ls left to the State of its wide domains, and
these as highways for Intercommunication
and for commerce, must remain, by our constltu
tlon, forever free. With this restriction the State
owns, and may dispose of, the lands forming the
beds of its rivers. The right to do so has never,
I and can never, be doubted or successfully ques
t tioncd. There ls hardly a State in the Union tba1
sj has not alerted, in some form, a qualified prop
^ crty In them. Sufficient for present purposes,
' then, is it to say, that thc beds of the navigable
< streams within the Jurisdiction of the State arc thc
property of the State, and subject to thc disposal
P of the Legislature, with the proviso that the
?aters shall continue to Dow forever over them,
t unobstructed and unopposed.
S Let us now inquire how can thc State best real?
ize Its property In these phosphate deposits. The
extent and ultimate vainc of thc deposits ls en?
tirely speculative, and can never be known till
\ industry, labor and capital have searched them
out. Sufficient only ls known or them to approxi?
mate to their value, and thia is mainly measured
by the demand for them on the one hand, and |
the labor of obtaining them on thc other. Thus
far lt has been ascertained that the phosphates
In their native beds upon the lands where they
lie near the surface are wsrth about fifty cents
per ton. Those who own the most favored beds,
favorable to mine, arc disposing ol them at this
Now let us consider the policy or thc bill before
us. lt may be regarded in two aspects:
(1.) Capital is required to successfully work and
develop these beds.
(2.) To realizo anything from their develop?
ment, the work mmrt be put Into thc hands of
Capital ls required to successfully work and
develop these bed3. I think thc bare statement
of thia proposition onght to be conclusive. How
cm any^friterprlso of importance In manufactur?
ing or miniug spring into lire without capital?
Waa auch a thing ever hoard of lu the history or
thc world? Most assuredly not. Capital is Ute
breath of life to all business enterprises. Li
our railroads, telegraphs, manufactories, i
trial improvements, Ac., they are alMlie pro
of accumulated wealth.
"PADDLE YOUR OWN CANOE."
It ls true that a few individuals with
scows and canoes can go along and pick up :
nobules, and, perhaps, a few tons of these |
phates,but can they develop the mines tin
down deep in the water.and are to berealizei
dug up only by long Iron arms which must go <
In the depths, driven by the power or never-t
steam? Will thc State, or will thc Senate tl
for one moment, that there is any great de
that can bc dug a i by individual capital al
Perhaps this and that man who owns a c
may pick up, as I have said, a lew nobules a
few tens, but is this the way for the State to
velop and make profitable this important mit
wealth ? Is this the mode by which it ca
made available? Who that is familiar wltti
springs that move the affairs or men can a
cate such an absurdity ? No, let us bc rcasom
let us look with the eyes of business men i
the development of these mines, applying tb
dlnary rules of business to the enterprise. Ir
lng this'we shall, from whatever premise, w
ever principal, we start, travel to but the
conclusion, viz: that capital must be Invoke
start, carry on, and finish the work, or the ra
must sleep and sleep forev er.
"ALL IS NOT GOLD," ?C.
Look at thc Calirornlagold mines. At one t
it was thought that it only required indivii
effort to work thc mines, but it has been fo
necessary to organize large companies, ant!
accumulate millions in order to work them i
cessrully. It was only a few days ago I
placed In ray hands an account of the work ne
eary to develop one or the richest mines In C
fornia. That account says that it cannot bc d
except by the expenditure or five millions or i
lars. The richest mine that has ever been disc
ered m Hie world cannot be worked successfi
except by the Investment of capital to an arno
THE CBARLXSTON HE MONSTRANCE.
If we wish to develop these phosphate beds;
we wish to bring out these great deposits so t
the Slate can get any benefit, we must place th
in the hands of capitalists; yet here ls a rem
stance from Charleston which says that lt ou|
not to be done, lest it will hurt some poor fish
man, some poor4woodcntter: It is as prepost
ons to attempt to work these mines without ca
tal as to attempt to move the earth with a hoi
spike. For a woodcutter or a fisherman to
tempt to develop these mines would be as f?til
task as to attemot to stop the sun in its career
ALLEGED MOVING ARGUMENTS.
I think. Mr. President, I have demonstrated
Intimated the arguments which ought to mo
the people of the State in this matter, to give
to somebody who will develop the mines
beds of phosphates by the proper Investment
capital. What have we been doing up here at (
lamb?a for the parp?se of building ap manafaci
rles? Wc have given Messrs. Spragu? A Co. prc
crty which cost this State from one to two m
lion or dollars. It is believed that they witl c
velop this property; that they will employ a lar
number of laboring men, which will benefit t
State, the city, and thc surrounding section
country. Well, then, If a company with a sui
clent amount or capital will take hold of this b
slne8S, where there are now from tour to five or f
teen to twenty men employed, Umre win be fl
handred given steady employ merit with got
pay. Instead of four or Ave men stealing pho
phates belonging to the State, there would l
five or six hundred men getting honest wage
But capital will never go there unless there
some Inducement or authority to do BO. I uudc
stand that senators here are ostensibly legisL
ting for thc benefit of the State. If we want t
realize anything from these mines, put the li
terest in the bonds of responsible parties. Why
Because none but responsible parties can devele
the mines, bring the phosphates to thc su
face, utilize them and make them fit for us?
[Leslie, interrupting: Did you or anybody els
hear that any one made any claim to thes
phosphates until this bill was introduced In Di
Senate?] Never. I never heard a whisper c
such a thing until this application was made
[Nash, lnteruptlng: You Bay "responsible pai
ties;" will you tell the Senate who are these rc
sponslble parties ?] I mean responsible men wh
have the capital, and will organize the company
I do not care who makes up the company s
they will accumulate capital and devote it to thl
Interest, and become known to the State. I sa:
lt must be put" in the hands of responsible par
ties, in order that the State should realize any
thing from lt. First, because none but rcsponsi
ble parties can develop these mines; secondly
none but responsible parties will send returns t<
* CONCLUSION, SO-CALLED.
I simply want to say, in conclusion, that ir thli
and thal man, with his little canoe or scow, cai
paddle about the streams here and there, plcklnj
np at low tide a Tew broken rocks, the State wil
never realize anything rrom that performance
But ir, on the other hand, responsible men can bi
Induced to engage In the enterprise and entei
Into a contract with the State and pay the propel
royalty, then the State will get the benefit. Bul
what astonishes me ls, that the senators from th?
up-country will sit herc and attempt to deicnt
what arc called thc rights of the people living or
the banks or the streams and digging the phos
phates rrom the beds at low tide rrom property
belonging to the state without any remune
ration. Suppose I happen to live neai
my Mend from Marlon and he showed mc a gold
mine on his plantation, or at least a phosphate
bed. Now, ir during the last year I had been In
the habit or going over to his land, carrying on
his gold or phosphate, and he should at last wake
up to thc Tact and attempt to stop mc, I would
say to him, you have no right to this mine; I pro?
pose to dig this mine myself; the people have a
right to dig where they please because it is a na?
tural deposit, and I have just as good right to it
as you have. This is the only argument used on
the other sid?. The State owns that land just as
much as lt owns this Statehouse, and has a right
to receive thc benefit of it. These people who had
been stealing these phosphates may howl and
groan, but there is no answer to the argument
that the State owns the phosphates, and that it ls
the duty or thc State to develop them in thc best
There were seven propositions in thc Courier or
day berore yesterday, attempting to show why
the State should not undertake this business, and
every one ls raise rrom beginning to end. It first
says the State does'nt own the phosphates-thc
next Bays that everybody has a right to dig, and
do as they rlease. Another reason is, that it
would be interfering with the inalienable rights
or the people. lu the whole catalogue of reasons
given, not one common seusc argument is used.
THE NEWS and the Courier, aud thc Radical sheet
eCorbiu called said sheet by name,) "Tray, Blanche
and Sweetheart, 'ittledogs and all," raise au infer?
nal howl, without advancing any argument; thej
have not given the first reasonable ground Tor their
opjiosltioa to this bill, which would be eonsidered
by any business man in ttie worid. Seeing so
much reeling exhibited, I looked lor some argu?
ment and sense; hut I will declare upon my honor
as a senator ami a gentleman, that I saw not one
such sensible reason given. And when you trace
the opposition to its source, you will find it comes
from gentlemen stealing phosphates by the whole?
sale. [Jillson, Interrupting: Geo. S. Camerou?] Yes,
that ls the name of one or thc gentlemen. I did
not wish lo mention names, but as this one has
come oat, let lt go. These men have been
down into the Coosaw River, and havo moved
almost ten thousand tons during the last year;
and they have never whispered a word about it
until aa honest company ba** come forward and
proposed to make this a source or revenue to the
State. Thc moment the State says these deposits
belong to u*, that these things arc our
own, that thc State has the right to
realize, these men go around the streets
and post up placards and call upon thc
people to rise against jil monopolies, ir thc State
owns these deposits, some mode should bc In?
vented1, (If this one before us bc not the right one,)
I bj which lt could derive thc bcnctltR that might
be realized from such a source or revenue.
The cry raised is that this bill proposes a mo?
nopoly. That has been the cry which has been
made ever since there has been a history in this
world. On the one side lt is thc cry or thc poor
man, and on the other the rich man; it ls nothing
but the ohi cry of capital and laber. I say that
there can bc no such thing as a monopoly in this
phosphate business. So rar as that ls concerned,
there ls no monopoly at all. Nobody can expect
any Important business to bc done, any impor?
tant interest to be subserved or carried on, unless
it is given to some one or some company who
will carry lt on. In other State.0, parties
have been gtven the exclusive privilege to engage
In such enterprises. [Leslie, interrupting : Would
the South Carolina Railroad ever have been built
had not the company been given exclusive previ
leges?] It never would. The company was given
exclusivc'privileges to build their road - rrom
Charleston to Augusta and westward. They were
even given a perpetual charter without even
taxation. It was for the purpose of inducing
men of capita! to engage in that enterprise. The
result was that the South Carolina Railroad was
the first of the kind built In the United States.
Even our friends will not build a bridge anywhere
without being granted exclusive privileges and
protection from competition seven miles above
aud below. These arc monopolies which would
never have been taken without these exclusive
rights. That is the case with all thc Important
enterprises of the State. You must induce some
one to invest his capital lu order to have these
l'.lCIt, BUT HONEST.
I do say this, If there has been an honest,
straightforward proposition made to the General
Assembly, for which a fair and proper considera?
tion was offered to be paid, this ls one. It ls the
prerogative of the State to sell. I do think the
General Assembly ought to protect the rights of
the State, and of Individuals who are Inclined tb
embark in and invest capital, In order to develop
its resources, and at the same time let the rights
of the State be protected. Let these men go to
work, and let them pay a fair compensation.
Corbin then moved that the farther considera?
tion of the blU bc postponed until thc 10th or next
month. The motion was agreed to.
It appears that some action will be taken by thc
Legislature In regard to thc condnct or some of
the Circuit Judges. In the Senate to-day Corbin
Introduced the following resolution, which was
considered immediately, and agreed to:
Resolved, That the Judiciary Committee be in?
structed to Inquire into and report, at the earliest
day practicable, In reference to thc Circuit Courts
of the Second and Seventh Circuits.
1. The number of cases, civil and criminal, and
how many of each, were upon the dockets of said
courts, at the time the present judges entered
upon their duties.
2. The number of cases, civil and criminal, and
how many of each, commenced or entered upon
the dockets of said courts, Rince the present
judges entered upon their duties.
3. The number of cases, civil and criminal, and
how many of each, have been tried aud deter
mined in said courts, since the present judges en?
tered upon their duties.
4. The number of cases, civil and criminal, and
how many of each, now pending and undeter?
mined upon the dockets of said courts.
5. The number of cases, civil and criminal, and
how many of each, that were pending ut the time
thc present judges entered upon their duties, arc
now pending and undetermined.
.0. Thc number of jury triuls, civil and criminal,
and how many or each, have been bad siucc the
present Judges entered upon their duties.
7. The number, date, and length of the terms nf
the courts held by the present Jv.dges since enter?
ing upon their duties.
That for the purposes of this inquiry, the Judi?
ciary Committee are authorized to send for per?
sons and papers, and require reports from, the
clerks and other officers of said courts.
It will be remembered that a short time ago a
resolution was introduced in the House request?
ing that a special committee be appointed to as?
certain the facts concerning the killing of Tolbert
near Abbeville, and to report which person was
entitled to thc reward of ten thousand dollars
offered by the Governor for Tolbert's capture,
either dead or alive. Since then thc Governor ap?
pointed Crews, Jlllson, Wimbush, D. J. J. Johnson
and Boswell to Investigate the matter. To-day,
thc committee reported that Holllngshcad was.
entitled to six thousand Ave hundred dollars, and
that thc remainder should be divided among
those who accompanied him.
In thc House, to day, Whipper introduced thc
following resolution, which was adopted:
Resolved by thc House of Representatives, That
the widow of the late James Martin, (who was
killed in Abbeville,) member of this House rrom
Abbeville County, be paid thc mileage and per
diem allowed other members of this House for thc
regular session or 1RG9; and that the Speaker and
clerk of the House be, and are hereby-, authorized
ami directed to Issue a pay certiffcate to said
widow or her heirs for said amount.
It ls supposed that the report of the smelling
committee appointed by thc Legislature to man?
ufacture outrages upon thc freedmen in thc Third
Congressional District during thc Presidential
election, will make about one thousand printed
pages, seven hundred of which have already been
A bill to amend thc tenth section or the act ror
the keeping and disbursing of the funds by cer?
tain officers was read in thc Senate to-day. lt
authorizes thc county officers to make deposits
lu any '"safe, reliable bank." L.
THE EXPRESS Rouituttv.-The Kingstrce
Star gives these rurther particulars or the rob?
bery reported in yesterday's NEWS:
There was an express robbery committed nt
Salter's Depot, Northeastern Railroad, on thc
night ol the loth instant. Two packages of mon?
ey, one said to contain $?00, and addressed to
Daniel McNatt; the other, said to contain ?3G 92,
and addressed to W. J. Ferrell. These packages
were delivered to Mr. Roberts, the express agent
at Hutt place, and deposited by him in thc money
drawer in his store. At night when he went to
leave his store, and on taking his money out of
the drawer, he discovered that the packages were
missing. He Immediately Instituted a search, but
without success. Detective O. R. Levy, or
Charleston, has been engaged for several days
past In trying to detect thc thief, ami has arrest?
ed Samuel Brown, Rotiert Brown, Rebecca Brown
and Eliza Brown, against whom there appears
evidence or guilt. These parties are rather, wire
and children. Robert, (a penitentiary bird,) seems
to bethe chief actor in thc theft, and thc others
accessories. Mr. Levy recovered through the In?
formation or his sister (who says Robert admitted
to her that he took the money, and that she saw
the Express envelopes) $103," which was in the
possession of Robert's mother. He also fourni in
thc house ot thc paren IS a new trunk, which was
claimed by thc girl, tilled with dry goods, perfu?
mery, confectionery, and a large three dollar
pound cake, Ac. Ac, amount lug In the aggregate
to about sixty dollars' worth, which the girl says
was purchased with money given to herby Rob?
ert. The above parties after undergoing a pre?
liminary examination befo-, .-'agistratc Maurice,
have all been committed t J .lit their trial, and
with the exception of Robert, have all been bail?
ed. Since thc above was put in type Jim Tliarpe,
mulatto, and son of the old woman, has been
arrested and $ 1 'JO found on hts person.
RAILROAD DISCRIMINATION-.-Thc following
petition, signed by a large number or citizens, has
been presented lo "te Columbia City Council:
Thc nude. .*ue< respectfully petition your hon?
orable b"d.v .tot to pass any ordinance permit?
ting the Charlotte, Colombia and Augusta Rail?
road Company to connect their road with the
Greenville and Columbia Railroad Company, by
granting thc right of way through the streets of
the city, unless the following section be Inserted
In thc ordinance as a part or the contract and
condition ou which the permission lo connect
said road is granted:
"That thc charge tor transportation and freight
by the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta Railroad
Company over their railroad, In all cases, tn and
from the City or Columbia, shall not exceed tho
lowest charges for the same service pro rata
over thc entire line lonny point."
Your pct ii toners believing that th^ interest of
the City of Columbia Imperatively demand this
protection from railroad monopolies, pray your
honorable budy to grant this just right, which
must enhance the value of the property in the
city, and winch ts ncscssary to protect them from
unjust and discrimiuatiuir tariffs.
THE FUTURE FINANCIAL POLICY
OF THE ADMINISTRATION
A Twelve Hundred Million Loan, at
Four and a Half per Cent., Principal
and Interest Payable in Gold.
[HIT.CI AI. TEI.H0KAM TO THE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, December 23.
The authorities of thc Trca-.ury Department
have prepared" a bil!, illustrating what is to be
proposed as the future financial policy of the ad?
ministration. It provides for the creation of a
new loan of twelve hundred millions of dollars, to
bear Interest at the rate of four and a half per
cent., and principal and Interest to be payable in
gold. The loan to he made exempts from taxa?
tion, and the Interest is to be paid to foreign
bondholders In London, Paris and Frankfort.
Thc bonds of the loan are to he exchangable for
Secretary Boutwell had intended to submit this
bill tp Congress yesterday, but has decided, in?
stead, to lay lt before the Committee on Finance
during the holiday recess.
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, December 23.
Bullock convenes the Georgia Legislature
on the 10th of January.
The oplDion prevails here that Governor Bul?
lock's proclamation will not secure a quorum of
thc Legislature at Atlanta.
Many members of Congress who voted for the
bill to promote reconstruction In Georgia, have
given assurances that a convention of thc people
of Georgia, pledging the adoption of the Fifteenth
amendment and thc reseating of thc negroes,
will secure thc Immediate repeal of the act.
Senator Morton says that the whole object of
'the legislation is to secure the adoption of the Fif?
teenth amendment. *
The Texas Klectlon.
Texas advices from Governor Pease say that
Davis ls -too ahead, exclusive of Milan and Navarro
Counties, which will elect Hamilton, If counted.
ID Milan, the election was stopped on account of
a disturbance. In Navarro, no election was held
on regular days, on accouqt of incomplete regis?
tration. Questions regarding counting these
counties have been referred to the President, who
awaits Reynolds' report before deciding.
The steamers Yantlc and Albany are ordered
after refitting to join the North Atlantic squad?
ron. Thc Seminole Is ordered to San Domingo;
the Nantucket ls already there. Coal for thc
North Atlantic fleet ls ordered to thc Bay of Su?
mana, which ls now occupied by the United
States. Port Royal, S. tv will probably be used
as a rendezvous for the Hprth Atlantic squadron.
A dispatch from Fortress Monroe says thc Span?
ish fleet ls coming into thc roads.
Boutwell and Robeson spend their holidays
Thc President won't receive visitors during thc
The customs for thc week ending thc 16th In?
stant were two ami a half million.
The NCT York Tribune says: "Wc trust the
President will see the propriety of speedily with?
drawing Hoar's name and substituting therefor
that of some thoroughly capable and thoroughly
trustworthy Southern lawyer."
THE A YER-OLIVER CASE.
RICHMOND, December 23.
At Charlottesville, in the case ol' Ayer,
charged with the killing of Dr. A. R. Oliver, Miss
Ellen Ayer and Dr. Brown, thc family physician,
testlfled to the effect that Miss Ayer was about
to become a mother, and that the deceased had
seduced her. Ayer was hailed In twenty thous?
and dollars to answer thc Indictment.
LONDON, December 23.
The trial of Overend, Gurney A Oo. is-over,
and thc defendants were acquitted.
Lorillard's New York yacht, on a voyage round
the world, was lost In the Meditteranean. The
crew was saved.
PARIS. December 23.
The Corps L?gislatif will probably bc adjourned
Cheering Sign? of Coming Prosperity.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
MARION, December IS.
During tlie past mouth, many tilings have
occurred calculated to produce the Impression
that despite past and present misrule, our county
is recuperating more rapidly from the prostra?
tion of the late war, and thc disorganization of
our social and laboring status, than the most san?
guine expected. Matters generally wear a bright?
er aspect, sad only a dull, gloomy foreboding of
some more destructive blow to thc liberty and
consequently the property of our people than
has yet been dealt restrains us from feeling that
our country must soon vic with the wealthiest In
the Union. The aim of every one ls to plant
again the vine and Hg tree where once they nour?
ished, and to ask from those who now officer the
ship of State proiectlon and justice to all. Give
usthe-e, and thc res: ls our work.
The first chesrlog sign is that litigation is much
diminished-whether becaa-e we are transacting
most of our business on the cash system, or that
debtors are making better crops and can meet
their obligations, cannot be known, but, In either
view, lt is matter for congratulation. Our court
dockets have been largely reduced hy the extra
term held by Judge Green, for two wee*? preced?
ing November 20, and if the Penitentiary would
retain some of the gentry we semi there, our
criminal docket would be so lessened as to open
to litigants the courts without requiring extra
Again, on sales-day of this month, lands brought
prices which had not b:en realized since our ante
bellum sales. The landed property of the estate
of the late Major S. I-'. Gibson brought the gross
sum of $29,iS7, a portion of ono plantation bring?
ing as much as s29 per acre. On Tuesday follow?
ing, thc estates of General Elly Godbold and Mr.
T. W. Godbold were sold by their assignee, and,
to some exteut, commanded as good prices as
thc Gibson estates on Monday.
These evidences of improvement, connected
with thc Improved tone and energetic action of
our people, at least affords ground for hoping
..there's a better time coming." Cot'on ls still
held fur a proper advance of price, ami most
planters, though exercising thc grumbling privi?
leges accorded the:H, have done very well. One
who plante l fir one hundred bales, has ginned
and packed out a crop amounting to one hundred
and eight. Corn crops are un doab ted ly short,
but much of the complaint lu relation to lt results
from a deslio to make more than ls necessary,
and also from devoting undue preponderance of
attentlou te the cotton ero?. Tho seasons have
not been propitious, but, so far as can be ascer?
tained, the yield is greater than was expected
some two months ago. Thc cotton crop is much
Khortene 1 by the cold weather of the last of Sep?
tember und ih? first of Ojtober, and many bolla
which were expected to open seemed to have
been ruined by that weather. Had Hu autumn
of thiayear been a) late ai usual, thc yield would
have com.' near, cousidering the reduced aroa
cultivate.!, to tint of thj faaioui cottuu year
isoo, but that cold weather reduced it very mate?
One fact I regret to record is that the bulk of
thi9 crop will go North, principally to "altimore,
Is it not thc dnty of Charleston factors to endea?
vor to control thc railroad tarin* as to direct the
cotton from thc eastern section of our State from
points north te the "City hy the Sea." We have
direct trade to foreign ports, and it ls but com?
mon prudence In us to endeavor to build up our
own trade In our own country. Planters must
have advancements, and, could our Charleston
firms establish local agents here who would know
the proper persons herc to whom aid could safely
bc given, ll would, to a great extent, increase thc
shipments in that direction. Many substantial
men and planters whose obligations could he
reckoned on are too little known in the city to ob?
tain the necessary aid, while, it appears, others
not nearly so able to meet their dues by some
means obtain credit. To remedy this, a local
agency would probably bc found most efficient,
and surely lt is worth the serious attention of |
Charleston merchants. A new year Is upon us,
and this is thc time to act.
Our village is to have, in a few weeks, a hotel.
The old Urown Hotel, purchased in November by
Mr. T. B. Brady, has by him been sold to Mr.
J. F. Finger, of Wilmington, who ls now refitting
and furnishing it for lils lessee, Mr. S. B. Colcutt,
of Georgetown. Thus one great want is tobe
supplied, and transient visitors will not be hence?
forth at a loss for the wherewith to bc fed.
By the way, the flourishing school of Messrs.
Mitchell and Witlierow has closed its second
session for this year. The examination, which
was held on the 15th ?nd loth Instant, was highly
satisfactory to the parents of the young Ideas,
and very creditable to thc teachers. On Thurs?
day night thc yoathrul Ciceros entertained a
audience for some two hours or more, ' Itrclbly
evidencing their good training for contact with
the coming world, in which they are to bear
their parts. This school is a local academic insti?
tution of many years' standing, and to lt many
who among us now front the evil "day owe their
first lessons in that knowledge which now renders j
them able to show themselves men.
On Monday, 27th, we are to have a public in?
stallation of the officers of Clinton Lodge, No. 00,
A. F. M. The officers are : Major S. A. Durham, W.
M.; W. H. Wlther?ra, S. W.; J. T. Dubois, J. W.
W. C. McMillan, treasurer, and J. M. Johnson,
[vice A. L. Evans declined rc election,) secretary.
Harris Covington, Esq., of Marlboro', ls to deliver
an address to the craft, and a picnic ls to follow.
Till then I defer speaking of lt. PEEDEE.
fat* RAFFLE FOR NORTHERN POUL?
TRY, THIS EVENS?O, at thc Dexter House, tineen
street, between Klug aud Meeting streets.
pa- PUBLIC MARKETS, DECEMBER
24,1869.-To-Morrow being Christmas Day the
Markets will be kept open all of Tors DAY UILJJI 9
o'clock P. M. WILLIAM KIRKWOOD,
dec24 1?_Chief Clertf >\
PO- CHARLESTON, DECEMBER 23,
A. D., 1SC0.-TO THE PUBLIC.-1 herehy state
that I am yet at my Old Stand, No. 03 Market
street, to serve good WINES AND LIQUORS, at
wholesale and retail. Call and sec for yourselves.
pc- VNIO? RANK OF SOUTH CARO?
LINA, CHARLESTON, DECEMBER 23, I860.
SATTKDAY next, 20th Instant, being Christmas
Day, this Bank will he closed a9 usual. Paper
payable on that day must be anticipated.
. ll. D. ALEXANDER,
dcc24 1 _ Cashier.
~pa- CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSHIP
FALCON, from Baltimore, are hereby notified
that she ls Tins DAY discharging cargo at Pier
No. l, Union Wharves. All goods not taken away
at suuset will remain on wharf at consignees'risk.
MORDECAI A CO.,
~~p&- CONSIGNEES PER STEAMSIlfF
CHARLESTON arc notified that she ls discharg?
ing cargo Tins DAY at Adgcr's South Wharf.
Goods not balled fur at sunset, will remain on
thc whariat owners' risk.
nrg^Salurdoy being a holiday, it ls important
that al! Goods should be removed THIS DAY.
JAMES ADGER A CO.,
p&-V I R S T NATIONAL RANK OF
CHARLESTON, CnARLLSTON, 24TII DECEMBER,
1S09.-TO-MOUKOW (Christmas) this Bank will bc
closed. Notes and acceptances maturiug then
must be anticipated. WM. C. BREESE,
dec24 1_t 'ashier.
??T UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
SOOTH CAROLINA DISTRICT-IN EQUITY.-P. A
S. GREEN vs. THE RANK OF GEORGE TOWN, ET
Al..-In pursuance of an order in the above stated
case to mc directed, by the lion. George S. Bryan,
United States Judge Of and for thc District afore?
said, notice ls hereby given to all creditors hold?
ing claims against the said Rank of Georgetown,
to prove them before mc, at Charleston, on or be?
fore the first day oLMarch.? A. I)., 1S70, or bc for?
ever barred of Hie benefit of thc decree in this
cause. DANIEL HORLRECK,
Clerk of thc District Court of thc tr. s..
dec24fll For South Carolina District.
'pf)- IF YOU WANT STRAW, MANIL?
LA and all kinds of WRAPPING PAPERS, goto
EDWARD PERRY, So. 136 Meeting street, oppo
site Charleston Hotel, Charleston, S. C.
declt Gmoa _ _
-^-SHIPPERS PER STEAMERS DIC?
TATOR, CITY POINT and PILOT BOY arc hereby
notified that no freight will be received after sun?
set on thc days of their sailing.
decO_ .1. I). AIKEN A CO.. Agents.
p&-HE\m TO-DAY.-THE ' CHRIST?
MAS OFFERING," by Rev. W. WATKIN HUIES,
can be had at all thc Bookstores T?-DAY.
Orders from the country to any Bookseller in
Charleston will hejiromptly responded to.
Price to Suuday Schools, $3 00 per hundred
?ST- OFFICE SOUTHERN EXPRESS
COMPANY, CHARLESTON, DECEMBER 15,1869.
The Onice Of this Company has been REMOVED
from No. 117 Meeting slrect to Na 84 Hasel street,
Immediately lu rear of thc Pavilion Hotel.
T. D. GILLESPIE,
fSf NOTICE.-ALL PERSONS HAV?
ING claims against the Estate of Dr. J. L. NOW?
ELL, late of St. James s.intec, will present them
to the undersigned properly attested, within the
Hine prescribed by law. All indebted to said Es?
tate will please make payment at once.
E. W. NOWELL,] |.-vCcut0,.c
dcc7 imo_ L. C. NOWELL. (____' '
pS- NOTICE.-RY VIRTUE OF AN
order made by the Judge of the First Circuit,
dated the 1st December, 1809, noto-e is hereby
given to all Trustees and Guardians whose Bonds
were taken by the former Masters In Equity for
this County, to come lu and vouch their accounts
before me on or before the I5lll Jnnnaiy next,
Otherwise they will be reported in default.
JAMES TV. GRAY, Special Refitrce,
deem fa ornee Courthouse.
fSS- WORDS OP CHEER-ON THE
Errursof Youth and the Follies of Agc, tn rela?
tion to Marriage ami Social Evita, with a helping
hand for the erring and unioitunaie. Sent In
sealed letter envelopes, free of charge. Address
HOWARD ASSOCIATION, Box P., Philadelphia
Pa. sept 25 amos
ptrlO REMOVE MOTH PATCHES,
FRECKLES and TAN .rom thc face, u;e PERRY'S
Moth and Freckle Lotion. Prepared only by Dr.
R. C. PERRY, No.4y Boiid-sireel, New luik. Sold
by all Druggists. *>0 Gums
VINCENT-WYMAN.-On the 9th Instant, by
the Rev. Edmund Bellinger, HOWARD E. VINCENT,
of Charleston, to C. GERTRUDE, daughter of Dr.
J. W. Wyman, of Beaufort District. *
VINCE-MACLE.-On Wednesday evening, De?
cember 22d, at Orangeburg Courthouse, by the
Rev. T. H. Legare, THOMAS C. VINCE and CLEMEN?
TINE S., youngest daughter or the late Charles S.
Maule, Esq., all of Charleston, S. C. No cards. *
JOHNSON-SLOO.-Thursday, December 16, at
St. Paul's Church, New Orleans, by the Rev. Mr.
Adams, Dr. J. B. JOHNSON to Miss CITA SLOO.
pf THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances or Mrs. ANN RIVERS, and of Mrs.
H. S. Spencer, are respectfully Invited to attend
the runeral services or the former at her late resi?
dence, No. 29 Vanderhorst street, at3o'clock THIS
jZSf-THE FRIENDS AND AOQUAINT
ANCES of Miss JOHANNAH M. LINO, and Misses
Harriet and Emeline Cleaper, are Invited to at?
tend the Funeral Services or the former, at St.
Philip's Church, THIS AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock.
pf TUE RELATIVES AND FRIENDS
of Mr. THOMAS MARTIN, and of Mr. and Mrs.
Nicholas Culleton, are respectfully Invited to at?
tend the Funeral or the ronner, which will take
place TO-DAY, at St. Joseph's Church, Anson
street, at 3 o'clock P. M. dec24 *
ft Special Notices.
pf OFFICE SOUTHWESTERN RAIL?
ROAD BANK, CHARLESTON, S. C., DECEMBER
23,1869.-Notice is hereby given that on aid after
the 1st January, 1870, the Transfer Books or the
Southwestern Railroad Bank and the South Caro?
lina Railroad Company will be closed till a new
list of the Stockholders bc completed.
J. M. HARLESTON,
dec24 fmw4 Cashier.
pf NOTIC il-OFFICE COUNTY COM
MISSIONERS, FIREPROOF BUILDING, CHARLES?
TON, S. C., December 20, 1869.-All persons Re?
tailing LIQUORS In the County are hereby called
"potato take out Licenses for one year, from 1st
Every violation of thc law relative to these Li?
censes will be prosecuted and the penalty strictly
enforced. F. LANCET
dcc23_Clerk Board C. G.
pf TO PRINTERS. -LF YOU WANT
NEWS, BOOK, CAP, DEMI and MEDIUM PAPERS,
Hill Heads, Statements, Cards, Card Board, Print?
ing Material, Binding, Rali ,g and Cutting, go to
EDWARD PERRY, No. 155 Meeting street, oppo
site Charleston Hotel, Charleston, S. C.
dec!4 Qnios _
pf IF YOU WANT LAW BOOKS,
LAW BLANKS and Legal Printing, go to EDWARD
PERRY, No. 155 Meeting street, opposite Charles?
ton Hotel, Charleston, S. C. decl4 Cmos
pf STAXE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
LEXINGTON COUNTY-In Probate Court-Ex
parte JAMES INABINET and JURIAII E. INABI
NET-I'ctitioi for Partition of Real Estate.-lt ap?
pearing to the satisfaction of thc Court thut
CAROLINE, ISABELLA, JURIAII and JOHN
GEMERS, four of thc defendants in the above en?
titled case, are residents, out of and beyond the
limits of this State, on motion of Messrs. DKTREV
iLLE A SISTRUNK for the petitioners: It ls ordered,
that thc said ISABELLA, JURIAH, CAROLINE
and JOHN GEIJERS, do appear, plead, answer or
demur to the said petition within forty days from
the publication or this order; and In default
thereora Judgmeut p?o con/??so will be entered
against them. ADAM EFIRD,
nnvlQ fl2 Judge of Probate, L. C.
^PERRY'S COME DONE AND PIM?
PLE REMEDY positively cures Comedones, (Bald
Heads or Grubs;) also Red, White and Malterated
Pimples on thc face. Depot No. 49 Bond street,
New York. Sold by Druggist? everywhere.
pf UNDEFINED AILMENTS.--THERE
arc many ailments, trying In their nature, but
the symptoms of which are not sufficiently speci?
fic to enable physicians to classify them under
any particular head. As a general rule they arise
rrom a general debility or thc whole organization,
but their primary cause, in at l??st three cases
out or live, ls a lack or brisk vital action in the
stomach and liver. Stimulate and tone the relax?
ed digestive and secretive organs, and bodily
ease, health and vigor will follow the treatment.
Among all the medicines which have been re?
commended as conducive to this end, none has
been administered with such uniform and entire
success as HOSTETTER'S STOMACH BITTERS.
Its Ingredients were selected from thc vegetable
kingdom, originally, with a view to the Invigora?
tion or thc pnlalquo and the constitution, and
also for their anti-bilious and slightly laxative
properties. Twenty odd years of experience has
proved that these herbal restoratives were wisely
chosen and have becn?judiciously apportioned in
this celebrated preparation. Not only as a speci?
fic for Indigestion und all kindred complaints, but
as a household remedy for all thc minor ailments
Incident to humanity, lt has obtained a reputa
! Hon based on unimpeachable testimony, which
fairly eclipses that of any other proprietary or
otllcinal medicine In use._dcc20 6PAC
~pf TO CONSUMPTIVES.-THE AD
VERTISER, having been restored to health in a
few weeks, by a very simple remedy, after having
suffered several years with a severe lung affec?
tion, and that dreadful diseuse, consumption, ls
anxious ti? make known to his feUowsufferers the
means of cure.
To all who desire it, he will send a copy of the
prescription used (free of charge,) willi the direc?
tions for preparing and using thc same, which
they will lind a SURE CURE FOR CONSUMPTION,
ASTHMA, BRONCHITIS, Ac. The object or the ad?
vertiser in sending the Prescription is to benefit
the afflicted, and spread information which he
conceives to be invaluable; anil he hopes every
sufferer will try his remedy, as it will cost them
nothing, and may prove a blessing.
Barties wishing the prescription, will please ad
dress REV. EDWARD A. WILSON, Williamsburg,
Kings County, New York._novo 3mos
pr MANHOOD.-A MEDICAL ESSAY
on thc Cause and Cure or Decline |in Premature
Man, Hie treatment or Nervous and Physical De?
"There ls no member or society by whom this
book will not be found useful, whether such per?
son holds thc relation of Parent Preceptor or
Clergyman."-Medical Times and Gazette.
Sent bv mail on receipt of ll ft y cents. Address
the Author, Dr. E. DKF. CURTIS, Washington,
p. c._septl lyr
^Y-ERRORS OE YOUTH.-A GENTLE?
MAN who suffered for years from Nervous De?
bility, Premature Decay, ami all the effects of
youthful Indiscretion, will, for thc sake of suffer
lng humanity, send free toall who need it, thc re?
ceipt and directions for making the simple rem?
edy by which he was cured. Sufferers wishing to
prout by thc advertiser's experience, can do so
by addrossing, with perfect confidence, JOHN B.
OGDEN, No. 42 Cedar street, New York. .
novo timos _
pf A CARD.-A C L E Ii G Y M A N,
while residing In South America as a Missionary,
discovered a safe and simple remedy for thc cure
of Nervous Weakness, Karly Decay, Disease of
the Urinary and Seminal Organs and the whole
tralu or disorders brought on by baneful and
vicious habits. Great numbers Miave been wired
by this noble remedy. Prompted by a desire to
benoni the afflicted and unfortunate, I willson'4
the recipe for preparing and using this medicino,
in a scaled onveiope. to any me who needs lt
free of charge. Address
JOSEPH T. INMAN,
Station D, Bible House,
oc:l I'taos* New Tort cuy.
^JANANAS FOR CHRISTMAS.
TO bunches of the fines', kind of the RED BA?
NANA, just arrived.
ALSO, IK 8TORB,
20 bbls. or fine RBD APPLES
40 boxes of those superior Messina Lemons
Cocoanuts, Dates, Figa, Cranberries, and Sweet?
meats in abundance.
Call at once at MRS. C. D. KENRICK'8,
No. 83 Market street, south side,
dec24 2_Near Meeting street.
REDUCED IN PRICES
DURING THE HOLIDAYS.
75 cases, 2 pound cans, BALTIMORE FRESH
PEACHES, at $3 per dozen.
Put up expressly for S. H. W., and warranted
or best quality.
GOODS deUvered free.
Dealer In Family Groceries,
Southeast corner Society and Anson streets,
rjlOYS AND FANCY GOODS.
ANNUAL DISPLAY OP
IS NOW READY AT
CHINA TEA SETS,
MOTTO CUPS AND SAUCERS,
CHINA VASES, Ac, Ac
An endless variety ef
GERMAN AND ENGLISH TOYS,
200 dur?rent varieties of the best
FRENCH CONFECTION E"R I E &'_
MAILLA RD'S CONFECTIONERIES
At 75 cents per pound,
dec23 2_AT KINSMAN BRO.'S.
jyXLLS! DOLLS 1 DOLLS 1
. AT REDUCED PRICES
dec23 2_AT KINSMAN BRO.'S..
?1HRISTMAS AND NEW YEAR
SIGN OF THE EAGLE !
SIGN OF THE EAGLE !
SIGN OF THE EAGLE ?
No. 235 KING STREET,
Directly opposite Hasel streeu
SILVER AND PLATED-WARE,
FANCY GOODS, Ac, Ac.
Thc subscriber desires to call the attention of
Iiis friends and the public "generally to his large
and well selected stock of above named goods,
suitable for gifts on the approaching holidays. A
call is solicited. JAMES E. SPEAR.
HRISTMAS IS COMINGI
KS- G O TO-?
CLAUSSEN'S BRANCH STEAM BAKERY,
No. 290 KING STREET,
Near Wentworth street,.
ALSO, THE SAVE AT
THE BAKERY IN MARKET STREET.
There you will find a large assortment of th t
most saleable and the most useful articles fo r
Wheat Rye French
Potato Milk Graham Sweet, Ac
Butter Sugar Ginger Fancy
Picnic Oyster Boston Lemon, Ac
Soda Wine Milk Cream
Egg Boston Seed, Ac.
Sugar Jumbles French Jumbles
Scotch Washington Shrewsberry
Almond German Vanilla
Plum Roll Maccaroor*
Sponge Lemon Jelly
Christmas, Small Iced, Ac
Cran tx ry
Mint Lemon Sassafras
Cream Clove Raspberry
Strawberry Cinnamon Wintergreen
Barley Sarsaparilla HoarhoundV
1'eunut Cocoanut Kisses
Tags Lump Fruit, Ac ?
FRENCH CONFECTIONERY, Ac
Gum Drops, all flavors
Gum Slicks, Jujube Sticks
Fig Baste, Jelly Gum Drops
Vanilla and Rasln Sugar Almonds
Jordan Sugar Almonds
Cream Sugar Almonds
Cream Chocolate Drops
Nonpareil Chocolate Drops
Family Chocolate, Nugat
Bon Bons, Sugar Plums
Cream Dates, Cream Figs
Cream Fruit, Crystallized Fruit
Wine Drops, Whiskey Drops
Brandy Drops, Cordial Drops
Lozenges, Rock Candy
Sugar Filberts, Ac.
Alaska Crystal Rock Candy
Sugar Roasted Peanuts
Chocolate Roasted Peanuts
Bon Ton Surprise Candy.
KS- Christmas Trees supplied gratia.
QANDY! CANDY ! CANDY!
Let those who want Fresh and Pure CANDY go
to A. 1). FLEMING'S Steam Candy Factory, No.
341 King street. Branch Store corner of King and
Ann streets. Also, received 10 cases of French
Confectionery, of direct importation, composed
or the greatest variety of crystallized and glazed
Fruits and Bon-Bons, of all shapes and forms, to
please thc ladles and little ones, for Christmas.
Also, a One assortment of Cakes and Mince Plea
for Hie holidays. declS 12
BROKER, AUCTIONEER AND COMMISSI?H
SALE? OF REAL ESTATE, STOCKS. BONDS,
SECURITIES AND PERSONAL PRO?
PERTY ATTENDED TO.
NO. 27 BROAD STREET,
Charleston, S. C.
REFERENCES.-Hon. HENRY BUIST. W. J. MA?
GRATH. Esq., General JAMES CONNER. T. H.
WARING, Esq. OCtt