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VOLUME VII.-NUMBER 1157.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR
GEORGIA UNDER MILITARY RULE.
WASHINGTON', December 24.
The President to-day issued an order,
through General Sherman, assigning General
Terry to thc command of Georgia, as a district
under *he Reconstruction acts, in addition to
his duties as commander of the Department ot
The revenue receipts to-day are $384,000.
DEATH: OF EX-SECRETARY STAN?
WASHINGTON, December 24.
Edwin M. Stanton, ex-Secretary of War, and
a recently appointed justice of the Supreme
Court, died to-day from heart disease, aged 54
THE PARAGUAYAN WAR.
LONDON, December 24.
Later Paraguayan advices fully confirm the
flight of Lopez, but his whereabouts are un?
4 THE HA YTIEN TRO UBLES.
HAVANA, December 24.
The occupation of Samana excites the insur?
gents to desperate efforts to overthrow Baez,
before Congress can ratify the purchase.
Two Haytien insurgent generals were killod
Salnave now holds only Port-au-Prince,
which he will burn if compelled to evacuate.
THE DESERTED CITY.
Moses to be "Pound" Again-The Dark
Shadows off of Columbia-A Legisla?
tive Jehu-Suffering G aba-A N'ew Re?
ligion-Protection for thc Drummers.
[FROM OHS OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, December 23.
The Senate and House were called to order
ito-day at 12 o'clock, but a quorum not being
present in either, they were declared adjourn,
ed until the fifth of next month. Elliott, in
pursuance of an anounccment made by Speaker
Moses yesterday, called the House to order to?
oday. The reason of this, as understood, was
to give the representatives an opportunity of
roting Moses four hundred dollars as a mark
of their appreciation of his fitness as Speaker
showing their generosity by giving him other
people's money. There were not more than
twenty representatives present, and Elliott
had to deck re them adjourned because of a
Jack of a quorum; consequently young Moses
wUl have to be "found" at the end of the ses?
xfe absence of the legislators m:.kes Colum?
bia look mnch quieter and considerably
brighter than it has looked for sr me time past.
Trinco B. Rivers, colored, member from
Edgefieid, who was formerly a carriage driver,
bas within the past few days purchased a good
-double-team "turnout," and trie < to cut a dash
ic Columbia. He drives so much like a regu?
lar driver that, much to his disgust, pedes?
trians who desire to change, for a time, their
means of locomotion kail him with a view of
being driven around.
Holllngahead, who killed Tolbert, ls here, and
is able to walk about with the aid of a cane.
He seems to suffer considerably trom the
wounds inflicted by Tolbert-- pistol.
There ls being circulated among the
members of the General Assembly a print?
ed address, which tells of suffering Cuba,
-S?d requests all who desire that the United
States should grant her belligerent rights to
sign their names beneath the address. Above
the address is a Cuban flag and a flag of the
41 Gem of the Sea" in two colors, red and yel?
low-the former mach the larger-showing
what portion of the Island is held by thc Cu?
bans, and the latter what is held by the Span?
iards. Several of the colored senators have
I have sent TME NEWS a list of thc speakers
<and their subjects) who will deliver addresses
burring the session for the benefit ot thc Meth?
odist Church (colored) here. When the list
was circulated among the senators, and they
saw that "religion" was to be the subject of
yoJfcg Moses, there were one or two humphs
and one remark. "Well, if he hasn't got the
cheek," which met the cordial approval of all
around. It ls understood that the Speaker is
now "cramming" for his subject. His re?
marks will, doubtless, be very interesting.
It is reported that one ol the first measures
brought up after the recess will bc a bill to
provide for the protection of the drummers
while in Charleston. L.
-Iron laths are the latest idea in building.
They are made of number twenty iron, wira
gauge, and one and a half inches wide, re?
sembling one and a half inch hoop iron, with
a small ridge or head in the middle to stiffen
it Thc laths aro cut in proper lengths, and
afford additional security from fire.
- A surgeon of Paris lately exhibited to a
friend one of his instruments, the handle of j
which was carved in bone. "Do you know,''
he asked, "of what this handle is made T" "Of |
ivory, I suppose." "No," said the doctor,
while tears almost chocked his voice, "lt is
the thigh-bone of my poor aunt."
-Rivalry In trade ls shown in the case o
two sausage dealers in Paris, with shops ad?
joining, one of whom has painted on his glass
window, over a pyramid of sausages: "At ten
cents a pound, to pay more is to be robbed;"
while the other puts his sausages Into an obe?
lisk, and paints above it: "At twelve cents a
pound, to pay less is to bc poisoned."
-A man was onco relating a story of being
on a locomotive that struck a cow standing on
the track, and throw her several yards Into
the field, where she lit squarely upon her feet,
with her head toward the train, and, strange
to say, she wasn't hurt a mite. "But, didn't
she look scared ?" inquired a listener. "Well,
I dont know whether she was scared or not,
but she looked a good deal discouraged."
-" A high wind," lt ls said, " blows every
morning on the bridge at Dresden," and the
people account for it by a curious old legend :
" 81noe the time of Charlemagne there had
been a wooden bridge across tho Elbe, but
every winter it was carried away by the floods.
The authorities sought to aid the famous sor?
cerer, who in his turn consulted the devil. The
latter consented to build a strong bridge on
condition that he should take the souk of all
who committed mortal sin in crossing over it
Boon Dresden possessed a magnificent bridge,
and at early dawe the devil appeared and bo?
gan to blow in such a manner that the hats
and caps of the passengers were carried Into
the water. Somo latighed, but others took to
swearing like so many pagans, and Satan took
note of them for hereafter. By noon, having
made a good collection, he left off blowing and
went home to dinner. Prom that time till
now, .he devU stands in the pass every morn
teg and blows In the same way, so that tbs
bridge of Dresden Is always undor the influ?
ence of a high wind from dawn till midday."
THE SEA ISLAND QUESTION.
Change from Sea Islands to Uplands.
TO THE EDITOR OK THE NEWS,
r crave the indulgence of your readers, as
well as your own, whilst I attempt a satisfac?
tory and careful exposition of thc questions
proposed ia my last article. It shall be my ef?
fort to reaeh substantial conclusions as con?
cisely as possible, but lt requires minute and
painstaking Investigation in all highly practi?
cal subjects to make either our observations
safe or our deductions cogent and useful.
When I say wc can grow uplands compara?
tively as well as is done in the interior, lt is
meant not only that we eau do as well, but
that we can do on an average better to the
acre. Why should not this be so If the up?
lands grow healthily with us at all ? Our lands
are richer by 30 to 100 per cent, as is proved
by our capacity in corn and every other crop,
save small grain, which does not generally
grow healthily with us.
The presumption that the temperature, salt
air or soil of our section ls unsuitable to up?
land varieties of cotton is clearly without me?
rit. The general temperature 13 the same, if
not better, than that of the most favored short
cotton regions. The fact of our soil bein
sandy ls no hindrance to cotton growth, as ls
exemplified by the fine growth of the sea
islands; beaides which, lt ls well known that
??orne of the best upland sections of our State
are also sandy, as is thc case with the Allandale
vicinity, In Barnwell District, and thc lower
part of Edgefleld. Thc salt air or saline prop?
erties of soil are by np means prejudicial to
growth of uplands. D ls a well known fact
that large crops of the same have been made
on our rec'almed marshes, and this when these
lands would not mature the sea islands so as
to escape the great injury from frost. As to the
flatness of our soil, and In some instances
luxuriance of growth, deemed by some In?
compatible with uplands, I would cite the
Mississippi bottoms and Louisiana fields, some
of the finest of which are as level as though
they were graded by rule, whilst some of these
very fields have to be planted six feet each
way owing to the great luxuriance of growth.
So far as our coast is concerned, the growth
of cotton for the most part ls not excessive.
It ls blessed with remarkably equable tempera?
ture and seasons. Wc have never known bc
fcre 1867 and 1868, In the memory of man,
those overwhelming floods of rain or extreme
vicissitudes of season so frequent In the South?
west. Exempt lrom all possibility of freshet-s
and overflows, wc again have no striking peri?
odicities always so Injurious and sometimes
destructive to a slow growing crop like that of
cotton. It Ls to this noxious peculiarity that
both the East and West Indies, as well as the
coast of Africa, are subjected, which necessari?
ly Involves expense and loss.
Uewever we examine thc condition of things
we find lt in the main with us most favor?
able to the cotton growth. But a no less im?
portant question arises as to our gathering sea
son. I may as well state here, as farther on,
that In this particular our coast at least is un
surpassed, as ls fully borne out by what ls ne?
cessary to the silky fibre of the sea islands,
requiring, as lt does, so much nicer gathering
than any other variety of cotton known.
Thus lt appears, reasonably taken, if our soil
has superior fertility it has the adaptability
otherwise to grow larger crops of uplands to
the area than ls done in the interior. So much
for the reasonable presumption; what of the
actual facts 80 far at our command ? I have
previously dealt with the post, tts attempts
and experiments, and have given the same, I
think, with candor and frankness. The expe?
riments of the day differ widely from the past.
The crop of upland reported In THE NEWS OS
made on Edisto Island, during the past season,
ls to the point and striking. Herc we have
300 pounds of lint to the acre gathered by the
1st of November, whilst no more than fifty
pounds of sea Islands to thc acre was deemed
possible as the whole yield. This, loo, in favor
of uplands being planted much later than the
sea islands, both on the same plantation and
both swept by worm. Surely nothing could
be more conclusive as far as lt goes. We are
credibly Informed of another crop on John's
Island pointing In the same direction, if not
extending to thc same degree.
I have before me a still more striking and
interesting case, if possible, of a crop raised
In St. Luke's on inferior lands und un?
der the most unfavorable circumstances. A
highly respectable and reliable overseer,
who managed with repute In this vicinity
before the war, Informs me that he culti?
vated during the past season five acres ol'
uplands under his own hand, having neither
plough or black labor at lils disposal. Ho
planted without manure a common kind ol short
cotton late, and in the "lists," (first choppin
together of rows,) reports with emphasis staud
as " badly missing," and the crop entirely eaten
out by worm, in his opinion sluklug half of
the same. He makes 150 pounds of lint to the
acre, and does not think, In his Informed
Judgment, that the lands could have produced
over 40 pounds to thc acre of good ordinary
sea Island, say at present market value 70 cents
I know these fields, and think that if plant?
ed without manure the estimate of forty
pounds of sea Islands, supposing Injury suffer?
ed from worms to bc one-Half, ls too high for
the same. I have no idea that more than six?
ty pounds to the acre, without worm, could
have been safely calculated upon, and with a
late start, hurriedly plantod, badly missing
stand, and chopped through already with
provision crops, I think forty pounds to au
acre is about all that could have been made.
This may have been what waa meant, but as
my Informant ls not within my reach whilst I
write, I have first given the statement as lt
may possibly have been Intended. My Infor?
mant says that a "stand" can, with us, be as well
caught "by two good furrows of tho plough,
carefully "thrown together, as otherwise. Iiis
opinions aro not only valuable on account of
his entire reliability, but ou account of his va?
ried experiences, having been reared In Barn?
well District, and lamillur with the cultivation
thereof; afterwards removing to the coast,
where he has had long and thorough training
and experience In tho see Island cultivallou
and lands. He is conclusively of opinion that
uplands can be grown to great advantage with
us, and Informed me In this connection, that
he made before Uie war five hundred pounds
to the acre on unclaimed marsh lands, ile
thinks that Improved varieties, like Dickson's
and others, on good land, can produce ut least
titty per cent, more to an acre than the com?
The five ucre fiold cited above is esteemed,
by my informant aa well as myself, u decidedly
under average with us.
I shall not, for the present, cite further cases.
Suffice lt to say, If i am in error I am fairly
open to correction, and invite the same. Ho
shall I be glad to receive facts lu atiy way,
moro confirmatory of views herein entcrla'ued.
Before we go on, let us institute here a compari?
son or so between this yield as above on under
average lands, and under circumstances so un?
favorable, aud the average tbat South Carolina
and other States reached with Hiave culture
then a comparison lietween value of upland
crop with value of possible sea island crop on
same field. Also a comparison between a full
Bea bland crop und a full upland, with dates
disclosed, by above live acre experiment us a
By referring to United States report of the Ag?
ricultural Department of 1867, we find the fol?
lowing averages for thc several cotton States,
during slave culture :
per acre. per hanU.
Louisiana.250 . 2200
Texas.236 . 2150
Now we have a yield of one hundred and
fifty pounds, which, notwithstanding worm
and other unfavorable surroundings, is five
pounds beyond .South Carolina slave average.
Should we allow only one-third lost from
worm, this would give us one hundred and filly
pounds as a two-thirds crop, and a crop without
worm of two hundred and twenty-five pounds,
or exactly Texas slave average. Or should we
allow one-sixth more loss for missing stand, late
start, Ac, this woirtfl be three-sixth crop lost,
and would give three hundred pounds to the
acre, which ls fifty pounds beyond Louisiana
slave average ; sixty pounds in excess of Ar?
kansas slave average, and more than double
South Carolina slave average.
Now let us compare value of uplands actual?
ly raised as above with value ol possible crop
sea islands on the same laud and under same
circumstances, acre for acre:
150 pounds uplands (eaten out by worm) at
40 pounds sea islands (eaten out by worm)
Ut 75C. 30.00
For uplands to acre.$7.50
Allowing one-third los! by each from ravages
of worms, wc have
22? pounds uplands (no wormi at 23c.?06.20
60 pounds sea islands (no worm) at 70c.4VW
For uplands to acre.$11.20
Or allowing for half crop sunk by each from
worra, late start, missing stand, Ac, we have
300 pounds uplands (no worm, Ac.,) at 2">c.. $75.00
SO pounds sea Islands (uov,orm. ic.,) at 75c. G0.M
For uplands to acre.$15.00
Let us next compare full crops of uplands
and sea islands, planted on tho above lands,
according to acreage of each to hand, main?
tained in slave culture. The average upland
acreage to hand In the ten cotton States was
as follows :
North Carolina.0.2 ?Mississippi.9.4
South Carolina.9.C Louisiana.R.8
Georgia .9. Texas.9.5M
Giving a general average Ol 9.3 J. A full
average acreage for sea Islands was about 4$.
This would include Florida, where the average
acreage was much higher in Rca Islands than
on the coast of Carolina and Georgia.
We will now lodge comparison on this state?
9 acres upland at 150 pounds to the acre.
1350 pouuds at 'J5c.$330.00
4M acres sea Island at 40pounds to the acre,
180 pounds at 70c. 135.W
For uplands to hand.$200.00
Allowin; for one-third sunk on each by
9 acres uplands at 225 pounds to acre, 2020
pounds at 25c.$506.25
4M acres sea Uland at 60 pounds to acre,
270 pounds at 75c.202.50
For uplands to hand.$303.75
Allowing for one-half crop sunk from worm
late start, missing stand, Ac.
9 acres uplands at 300 pounds to acre, 27W
pounds at 20c.$675.W
4M acres sea Lslaid at 80 pounds to acre,
360 pounds at 75c. 270.00
For uplands to hand.$405.00
Take actual crop of uplands with worm and
all disadvantages and best possible crop of sea
island escaping worm, Ac, Ac.
Every careful planter knows that eighty
pouuds to an acre of the class sea island indi?
cated, on unmauured land of decidedly wunder
average fertility, is a very good crop, however
Idly people mai" talk to thc contrary. We have
9 acres upland? at 150 pounds to acre, nco
pounds at 230.$335.00
4M acres sea islands at so pouuds lo acre,
300 pounds at 75c.270.00
For uplands to hand.- S6j.oo
Let us drop average of upland acreage to six
aores to hand, and airain lodge comparisons as
6 acres uplands at pounds to acre, 900
pouuds at 25c.$220.00
4'i acres sea island st 40 pounds to acre.
180 pounds at 75o. 130.00
For uplands to hand-...$90.00
Allowing for one third of each sunk by
6 acres uplands at 220 pounds to acre, 1300
pounds al 20c.$335.00
4M acres sea Islands at eo pounds to acre,
270 pounds at 75c. 202.50
For uplands to hand.?t?.
With one-half lost by worm, Ac, Ac,
0 acres uplands at SOO pounds to acre, lt>00
pon?ais at 20C.$450.00
4M acres sea island at so pounds to acre,
;.VJ pounds al 75c. 270.00
For uplands to hand.$100.00
Again, take the slave average acreage of |
South Carolina and above sea Island average,
and strike thc average between the same tor
thc wholesome practical average on the coast.
South Carolina uplands, average acreage
to hand. 9.0
South Carolina sea islauds, average acreage
tu baud. 4.S
Kow with an average of seven acres thus
described, we have
7 acres uplands, loo pounds to acre, 1050
pounds at 25o.$282.50
4M seres sea islands, 40 pounds to acre, iso
pounds at 70c. 135.00
For uplands to hand.$127.00
7 acres uplands, 220 pounds to acre, 1575
pounds at 20c.$393.75
4M acres sea islands, 00 pounds to acre, 270
pounds at 70c. 202.50
For apian .ts lo hand.$191.25
7 acres uplands at OOO pounds to acre, 21W
pounds al 20c.$520.W
4M acres sea uland at 80 pouuds to acre, 300
pounds at 75c. 270.00
For uplands to hand.$255.00
Take a crop of uplands on laud us above, with
injury from worm, Ac, Ac, and best crop sea
islands like lands e-^aping all inj irv, and cul?
tivated to advantage,
7 acres uplands at 150 pounds to aire, 1000
pounds at 25c.$202.50
4M acres sea islands ut so pouni'.s to acre,
300 pouud? at 70c. 270.00
Foruplands to hand.$7.50
Let us tako up thc Edlsto Island experiment
with the three hundred pounds as reported
gathered by thc first, of November, against
fifty pounds sea Islauds, total possible yield :
7 acres uplands at 3W pounds to acre, 2100
pounds ut 2*c.$620.00
4M acres sea i-lauds al 50 pouuds to acre,
2-25 pounds at $1. 226.00
For uplands to hau l.$300.00
7 acres uplands at OOO pounds to acre, 21W
4M acres sea islauds ut 50 pounds to sere,
226 pounds at $2. 460.W
All cnn judge whether thc related prices
affixed to each variety of cotton lias been
done with fairness. It will bc remembered
that uplands at thc first of the season, com?
manded at least thirty-five couts.
As to possible acreage to the hand with us.
lt will be shown, in order, that with improved
silcocks we can maintain a possibly equal aver?
age with tho interior.
The above resulLs como with such startling
fori*1, that it becomes proper to inquire uar
rowly into details. Jons W. lc I'OPK.
- Mount if?tna ls on record us un active and
awe-inspiring volcano one thousand years be?
fore Christ. Compared with lt, Vesuvius,
more seen by lourhts, ls only a bill. /Mina
rises to a height of eleven thousand feet, und
Its base is ninety nilled in circumference. Ita
lava streams, fivo miles wide, and fifty to one
hundred feetdeop, eztead ta a length of elga,
NEWS AND GOSSIP BY MAIL.
Secretary Fish's Promised Recognition
of Cuba-Thc Propositions made to
Spain - President Grant* Projected
Proclamation of Recognition last Sep?
tember-Why Mr. Sumner Dreaded
War with Spain.
A prominent member of the Cuban Junta has
furnished the correspondent of the New York
Tribuno with the following statements relating
to steps taken by our government, which con?
stitute in the opinion of the Cuban leaders a
virtual recognition of the existence of thc re?
public of Cuba, as well as a positive pledge to
do it formally. ?
About the latter part of June last Secretary
Fish sent for J. Morales Lemus, thc accredited
airent of the Cuban revolutionists, who was
then In this city. Mr. Lemus responded at
once. The interview opened by Mr. Fish pro?
posing the good offices ol'thc United Slates in
endeavoring to effect a settlement of the civil
war In Cuba, and to that end the secretary
laid before Mr. Lemus a draa of five proposi?
tions to be submitted to the Spanish Govern?
ment through General Sickles, who had just
sailed for Madrid. Those propositions were in
substance printed some weeks later In the
New York papen. One of those articles pro?
vided explicitly for thc abolition of slavery.
Mr. Lemus, speaking for his government, ask?
ed what would be the result If Spain refused
thc propositions, which in his opinion, was
certain to bc the result. Mr. Lemus told
Secretary Fish that he knew the
Spanish Government, having lived under
it, to be more treacherous and dishonest than
any other. He was, therefore, unwilling to
accept thc proposed intervention until he
knew what would follow the refusal he ex?
pected. Mr. Fish's reply was an unhesitating
avowal that In such a case recognition i f the
Republic of Cuba by the United States would
follow. With that understanding. Mr. Lemus
gave his written assent to the propositions
submitted to him by Mr. Fish. That assent is
is now on file In thc State department, while
Mr. Lemus retains In his possession the draft
ol' Mr. Fish's propositions prepared at the De?
partment, and written on thc official paper
used there. Mr. Lemus, on returning to New
York, assembled the Junta at the Gramercy
1'ark Hotel, and told them of his success.
This was on the 4th of July. They confidently
looked forward to recognition, believing with
Mr. Lemus that Spain would not yield a
straighttorward assent to the propositions.
The sequel showed their suspicions cor?
rect. The proposals were made through
General Sickles. Thc Spanish Government
made two or three additional propositions,
which were sent here. The malu points
in these were that the Cubans should lay
down their arms before any other action
was taken. That complied with, Spain pre?
tended that she was ready to abolish slavery,
to give Cuba Independence if that result was
demanded by the popular vote. When these
conditions came back. Mr. Lemus at once de?
clined the one requiring tho Cubans to lay
down their arms, declaring that it would bc
worse than folly, for no fair vote could be ob?
tained with the island under control of Span?
ish bayonets. These conditions were thus de?
clined about thc 10th of August. Then follow?
ed the famous Sickles note, and the subsequent
excitement lt created In Spain, In which even
thc Republicans of that country, hitherto
friends of Cuba, were compelled to yield
lo the clamor. The fulfilment of the
promise of the administration that recogni?
tion should follow the refusal of Spain was
confidently expected by the Junta early in
September. A Cabinet meeting was held, it
being the last attended by General Rawlins.
Previously Secretary Fish had sent for Mr. Le?
mus to visit him at Garrison's Landing. There
Mr. Lemus was made acquainted with the con?
dition of the Madrid Imbroglio and returned to
New York much elated. At the Cabinet meet?
ing In September, the Cubans were informed
that a question at once arose over the ques?
tion of recognition, Secretary Fish and Attor?
ney-General Hoar taking ground strenuously
against it. General Rawlins speaking earnestly
for lt. While the debate was going on, the
President was observed writing, and after lt
closed Uc pushed tho paper toward Mr. Fish,
saying, "There ls my decision." It was read,
and contained directions for the Issue of a proc?
lamation of belligerency on thc 30th of Sej)
tember. There was nothing more to be said.
Of course the Cubans who were inform?
ed of this were In great delight. What
tollowed Ls, of course, but matter of
conjecture on their part. Thc 3uth of
September passed and no proclamation
came. It ls tho belief of my informant that
the administration was driven from its prom?
ised position by the Spanish threats of war and
by a belief that England and Fiance were In
some way supporting the bluster of Marshal
Serrano's administration. It will not bc for?
gotten that reports of such u coalition were
received about that time from Europe. Mr.
Sumner has recently slated to different per?
sons In substance thal a recognition of Cuba
would have been likely to involve war with
Spain, which must bc in -the main on the
ocean, and that ii was a Burtons responsibility
to iiit'4't with our great debt, our almost ruined
shipping interests, and a large amount ofdo
incslic disaffection which might be found em?
barrassing in such au event as a foreign war.
lt ls certain that from thc date of General
Rawlins' death the administration has been
unfriendly to Cuba. These statements are
given because it ls believed thal the papers
referred to as bearing on thc subject, now in
possession ol the Sute Department, will not
be sent. Into the Senate. Their publication
will be deemed incompatible with the public
All thc members of the Cuban Junta and the
legation of the Republic have left Washington
except one gentleman who retualus beru for
the sole purpose of answering questions for
information regarding tho revolution which
may be propounded by Congressmen.
ALL A BO VT TUB STATE.
San i A ors' Association.
At a meeting of the Survivors' Association
of Kershaw, held on Monday, General James
Chesnutwas elected vice president, and Rev. John
Johnson chaplain. Lleutenaut-Geueral Anderson
was elected un honorary member. In Hie eve?
ning Colonel Shannon delivered a stirring address
to u large and enthusiastic audience of ladles and
The Darlington Southerner says that a cutting
case occurred at Florence on Tuesday, near Mr.
Loyna' store, In the following manner: A white
man by the name of Esra Davis, of Marlon Coun?
ty, made a pass with a bowie knife at Mr. LOTUS,
when a colored man hythe name of Angus Mc?
Intyre, who lived with Davis, jumped between the
parties and received the blow on one of his hips,
making a severe wound, from which be tiled on
incendiarism-Gov cruor Scott will
The Camden Journal says: "The grist mill of
Major K. lt. Cantcy was set on lire on thc night of
thc 14th Instant, and entirely consumed. Tho
loss sustained was confined to the mill, the Major
having used the precaution of removing the grain
accumulated to a secure place, and thai may ac?
count for the Hiing of the null."
The ?niue paper sars: "We regret to learn that
t?ic residence of R-;v. J. L. Sliufonl was burnt un
Hie 12th Instant. His loss is estimated at twelve
The Winnshoro' News says: "TuM.lay morning,
about half-past 3 o'clock, an alarm ol' lire was
given, which was found to plowed from thc
premises of Mr. Charles Cathcart. His barn con?
taining about two hundred arni flfty bushels of
corn was totally destroyed, lt was by the great?
est cxcrtlou or the citizens that Mr. Cithuurt's
dwelling was saved. We noticed particularly
that the young men did noble service. Very few
of thc colored people seeint?! to I uko any part in
stopping the lire, lt was the work ol an ineon
Shrotlu of State News.
Mrs. Thomas Walker died near Ridgeway, on
A prisoner who escaped from Darlington Jail
some weeks ago hus buen recaptured. He revised
to surrender and was wounded.
V. W. Uurboard lins been arrested, lu Columbia,
Tor hoi se and cattle stealing.
Un und arter Sunday next, there wfjl bc a
material change in the schedule or Ute Charlotte,
Colnuibia und Augusta Railroad, The tram for
Charlotte will leave Columbia at 9:40 A. M., and
arrive at 4U>2 P. M. Leave for Augusta at 5:071\
M., und arrive In Columbi i at BniO A. M.
. ?? <o--<- ?
-Six thousand nine hundred workmen were
employed lust yoar In the celebrated Iron
and steel works of Krnpp, al Essen, Ger?
many, and they produced one hundred and
twenty-live million pounds of steel. In 1611(1,
one hundred and ninety-five engines were
in use; now there are two" hundred and forty
WAR ON THE BORDER.
A Georgia Justice Shoots at a Carolina
Thc Augusta Constitutionalist, of yesterday,
Yesterday morning Spencer, the negro consta?
ble of Hamburg, S. C., Invoked a city policeman
to make the arrest of a hog thief, Jerry Taylor,
discovered by him on this side of the river, a fugi?
tive from South Carolina, who had escaped from
thc guardhouse in Hamburg on Wednesday night.
The arrest was made aud the prisoner returned
to police headquarters, where an officer was dep?
utized to guard him across thc city bridge to the
Carolina line and deliver him into the
hands of the Carolina authorities. While
being thus conveyed, the sympathies of G.
A. Snead, bearing the appointment of notary
public, ex officio justice of the peace, for one of
the militia districts of this city, issued by Gover?
nor Bullock, were enlisted in behalf of the prison?
er, and he protested vehemently and frequently
against thc kidnapping of the hog thief and his
delivery to the negro constables of Hamburg. He
announced a purpose to prevent the transfer, and
to that end accompanied the officers in charge of
thc prisoner to the South Carolina line, across the
city bridge, the excitement incident to the occa?
sion gathering quite a large crowd of negroes as
an escort, anxious to witness thc result. Arrived
at the line or transfer, thc officers detailed for the
purpose turned the fugitive over to Spencer, the
negro constable, and his assistant, who proceed?
ed to escort their truant bird to his old quarters
in Hamburg. Thc Georgia Justice herc resolved
to follow and protect the prisoner. Thc constables
had proceeded but a short distance from thc
railroad bridge with their charge, when the sharp
repert or a pistol was heard, fired by Snead, who
imraedlateiy turned lils raco Georgiaward, re?
treating in good order to this side. Spencer im?
mediately drew his pistol and pursued, calling
upon the crowd to stand clear, as ho did not wish
to shoot any one but Snead, who had ilred at
him. At tliis juucture a couple of officers from
this city Interfered, and induced Spencer not to
shoot. Snead's shot took no effect on thc Carolina
constable. During the melee the prisoner seized
the opportunity to make a second escape, and
was making good use of his time when Lieuten?
ant King, of our city police, who was mounted,
pursued and recaptured him, and he was com?
mitted to prison in Hamburg.
We trust this conflict of the Judiciary or Geor?
gia, and the constabulary of South Carolina, can
be adjusted by thc Governors of the respective
States, without Congressional Interference, or a
resort to the last argument of kings. "Let us
In the afternoon Justice Snead getting consid?
erable Christmas in his bones, discharged his pis?
tol from his oillce on Monument street, as police?
man Mosher was passing. This act was reported
at police headquaters, whereupon Chief of Police
Christian ordered his arrest and confinement as a
very unsafe peace officer, la consequence of which,
he was entertained at thc city's expense last
-The actual depth of water In thc Suez
Canal has been telegraphed to London by
Lloyd's special agent at Alexandria. He says
that the canal agent asserts that the minimum
depth ls 5.1 metres, or 16.73 feet, and that ves?
sels drawing 5 metres, or 1C.4 feet have pass?
ed salely from sea to sea. The Suez Canal, ac?
cording to the prospectus of t he company, will
have a uniform depth of 8 metres, or 26.25 feet.
The steamers of the "Messageries Imperiales"
Company, each measuring over 2000 tons bur?
den, but only carrying ballast, have passed
through thc canal.
dlotijing ano Jurnisriing ?oo??.
HE FINE CLOTHING HOUSE,
No. ' Ol KING STREET,
OFFERS A LARGE AND ELEGANT
FOR MEN, YOUTHS AND BOYS,
Made up especially for this market, of the best
workmanship and style o? garments
SnCH AS TUK
THE MORNING COATS
ENGLISH WALKING COATS
DOUBLE-BREASTED DUBBS FROCKS, Ac.
WATER-PROOF GLENGARIN OVERCOATS
WATER-PROOF RIDING OVERCOATS
WATER-PROOF SACK OVERCOATS
NORWAY AND ENGLISH BEAVER OVER?
COATS AND CAPES, of all qualities
PANTS AND VESTS, of all styles worn.
BOYS' AND YOUTHS' CLOTHING,
In all varieties and for ail ages.
The largest and finest supply to be found in
this city, In the collection of FANCY SILK TIES,
HOWS, CRAVATS, SCARFS, Ac, Ac.
THE CELEBRATED STAR SHIRTS
Which havo been sold by this houso for over
twenty years, and noted for their durability and
Supplied with a full assortment of BNGLISH,
FRENCH and AMERICAN COATINGS,| CLOTHS
and CASSIMEREvS, wtiioh arc offered to be made
np in first-class style, at MODERATE PRICES.
B. W. McTUREOUB, Superintendent.
Q.EORGE LITTLE & CO.,'
MENS' A BOYS' COMING AND FURNISHING
No. 213 Klug street,
MUST DOOU TO TUK VICT01UA IIOTBL.
Will off'-r to the citlzons of Charleston and Mic
public generally, their eutire STOCK OF GOODS
lor the next thirty days, AT COST. Evoryining
to be sold on tho "one-Price System, from which
Ibero wiil bu uo deviation. Those in need of any
thing in our Uno, will please give us a cali, and we?
win convince them that wc are selling Clothing
cheaper than nny other establishment In this city.
GLOVER-WARING.- On the 21st Instant, hv
the Rev. Dr. Bachruan, at the residence of Cap?
tain James W. Grace, Yonges' Island, S. C., Miss
M. ANNIE WARINO, youngest daughter of Paul
Hamilton Waring, Esq., or St Stephen's, S. C., to
Mr. FRANCIS Y. GLOVER, or Walterhoro', S. C. *
FANT.-Died, on Friday evening, or a lingering
Illness, Mrs. ANN FANT, in thc sixtieth year of her
pAT THE RELATIVES, FRIENDS AND
acquaintances or the ramlly, and also the mem?
bers or the Citadel Square Baptist Church, are
invited to attend her funeral services at io o'clock
THIS MORNINO, at No. 63 Elizabeth street.
^?r-DIVINE SERVICE WILL BE CON?
DUCTED In the Orphan's Chapel on SABBATH AF?
TERNOON, at hair-past 3 o'clock, by the Rev. E. T.
WINKLER, D. D._dCC28
pSf TRINITY CHURCH, HASEL
STREET.-The Rev. Bishop JAMES 0. ANDREW,
D. D., will preach In this Church TO-MORROW
MORNINO, at hair-past 10 o'clock, and the Rev. H.
IL MOOD at hair-past 3 o'clock In the AFTERNOON.
pSf UNITARIAN CHURCH.-DIVINE
Service will be held in this Church TO-MORROW
MORNINO, at hair-past io, and in EVENING, at
halt-past 7 o'clock, thc Rev. R. P. CUTLER offici?
ating. Strangers are cordially invited to attend.
Subject or the evening service : Jesus, the
. Bright and Morning Star." A Christmas Ser?
pis- CHRISTIANITY IN TURKEY.
THE NESTORIAN, Rev. ARTHUR BOGDON, will
preach To-MORROW MORNINO in Circular Church;
in the AFTERNOON, nt hair-past three o'clock, In
First Presbyterian Church, and at NIGHT, at half
past seven o'clock, In the Second Presbyterian
Church. Subject: "The Sufferings and the Perse?
cutions or the Christians In Turkey." dec25*
PS- ST. JOHN'S LUTHERAN CHURCH
A Sermon suited to the character of the day will
be pronounced by the Associate Pastor in this
Church, at hair-past io o'clock THIS MORNING,
followed by conferring the Rite of Confirmation
on a number of individuals, and t he services pre?
paratory to the celebration of the Holy Commu?
nion, which will take place after morning service
to morrow. Dr. HICKS will also preach SABBATH
NIGHT, at a quarter-past 7 o'clock. Seats at eve?
ning service tree. Sabbath School, at hair-past 3
o'clock every SUNDAY till otherwise published,
^OFFICE CHARLESTON CITY RAIL?
WAY COMPANY, CORNER BROAD AND EAST
BAY STREETS, CHARLESTON, S. C., DECEMBER
15, 1869.-SEALED OFFERS will be received up
to 12 o'clock M., on MONDAY, the 27th inst., for
thc parchase of the Manure from thc Company's
Stables, Shepherd street, ror one year from the
1st of January next.
For particulars apply at the Company's Office,
Broad street. By order.
S. W. RAMSAY,
^ST NOTICE.-ALL PERSONS HAV?
ING any demands against the late NICHOLAS W.
DARRELL, will present the same, properly attest?
ed, and all those Indebted will make payment to
Mr. GEORGE P. ARTOPE, who ls duly authorized
to settle the same. MARY A. DARRELL,
decll s3* Executrix.
pSf SCHOOL NOTICE -THE EXER?
CISES of ST. GEORGE'S ACADEMY, at George's
Station, S. C. R. R., wlll.be resumed on MONDAY,
January 17,1870. J. M. CANTWELL,
dcc25 s3* Teacher.
ps- NOTICE.-OFFICE COUNTY COM?
MISSIONERS, PIREPROOF BUILDING, CHARLES?
TON, s. C.. December 20, 1869.-All persons Re?
tailing LIQUORS In the County are hereby called
upon to take out Licenses for one year, from 1st
Every violation of the law relative to these Li?
censes will be prosecuted and the penalty strictly
enrorced. F. LANCE,
dec23 Clerk Board C. C.
po- NO CURE, NO PAY.-FORREST'S
JUNIPER TAR ror Coughs, Croup, Whooping
Cough, Asthma, Bronchitis, Sore Throat; Spitting
or Blood ami Lung Diseases. Immediate relier
and positive cure, or price refunded. 35 cents.
N. H.-The genuine article has yellow labels,
with white, unprinted wrapper.
Sold by G. W. A1MAR. Agent,
Corner King and Vanderhorst streets,
no vin thstuSmo_
?rAND WHEN ABRAHAM AND
tho people beheld thc wonderful cures which
weroproduced by this drink, Abraham said, "My
children must not suffer; give me thy'drink to
drink, und I will give lt a name."
And so Abraham drank, and said lhere was
nothing like it even In Sangamon County: that it
was bitte- to the lips, but good for thc stomach;
and bi eau ic there were bitter times in righting
the masiu.s or thc plantations, it shall bc forever?
more called PLANTATION BITTERS; and so lt
And thewouderrul work which lt has pen'orin
cd is witnessed at this day in every town, parish,
village and hamlet throughout all the world.
And he said, "Let lt bc proclaimed throughout
the length and breadth ol the land, from the val?
leys and mountain-tops, that all who suffer rrom
revers, dyspepsia, weakness, loss or appetite,
nervous headache, and mental despondency, will
lind relier through the PLANTATION BITTERS.
They add tone to tb J stomach, and brilliancy to
thc mind, of which I, O people, am a living ex?
MAGNOLIA WATER.-Superior to the best Im?
ported German Cologne, and sold at half thc price.
d ccu tuths3_
#&- TO PRINTERS.-IF YOU WANT
NEWS, BOOK, CAP, DEMI and MEDIUM PAPERS,
Bill Heads, statements, Cards, Card Board, Print?
ing Material, Binding, Ruling and Cutting, go to
EDWARD PERRY, No. 155 Meeting street, oppo
site Charleston Hotel, Charleston, S. C.
p?r UNDEFINED AILMENTS.--THERE
are many ailments, trying In their nature, bot
the symptoms ot which are not sufficiently spccl
llc to enable physicians to classity them under
any particular head. As a general rule they arise
from a general debility ol'thc whole organization,
but their primary cause, In at least three cases
out of live, is a lack of brisk vital action In the
stomach and liver. Stimulate and tone thc relax?
ed digestive arni secretive organs, and bodily
case, heclth aud vigor will follow thc treatment.
Among all tluTTacdiclncs which have been re?
commended as conducive to tnls cud, none has
been administered with Bitch unirorm and entire
success as HOSTBTTER'8 STOMACH BITTERS.
Its Ingredients were selected from the vegetable
kingdom, originally, with a view to thc invigora?
tion or thc phlsique and the constitution, and
also ror their onti-hillous and slightly laxative
properties. Twenty odd years or experience bas
proved that these herbal restoratives were wiseh
chosen and have been Judiciously apportioned in
this celebrated preparation. Not only as a speci?
fic for indigestion an J all kindred complaints, but
as a household remedy for all the nilli',r aliments
incident to humanity, it has obtained a reputa?
tion based on unimpeachable testimony, ?bush
fairly eclipses that or any other proprietary or
officinal m ?Heine in usc. decgc Onie
p?r M FDIC A L NOTICE.-PATIENTS
suffering rrom Diseases pertaining to the Gcnlto
Urinary Organs, will receive the latest scientific
treatment, by placbig themselves under the care
or Dit. T. RKENTSJKRNA, Office No. 74 Uaacl
street, three doors eaat from the Postoillce.
pS- POST?FFICE, DECEMBER 25,
1869.-This offlce will open for delivery of Mall?
from half-past % TO-DAY to half-past 6 P. M.
<*ec2S 1_STANLY G. TROTT. P. M.
^"CHARLESTON CITY RAILWAY
COMPANY, CHARLESTON, S. C., DECEMBER 25,
1869.-The Cars of this Company will not run on
THIS (Christmas) DAY.
dec25 1_S. W. RAMSAY. Secretary.
pB" VON SANTEN'S MUSIC ROX.
The Raffle of this magnificent Music Box will posi?
tively take place on MONDAY MORNING, and all
persons whose names are on the list arc request?
ed to call and claim their chances. dec25 2
pS- CONSIGNEES' NOTICE.-CON?
SIGNEES per schooner JAMES YOUNO, Wilson,
master, from Portland, Me., are hereby notifie*
that she will discharge at Venning's Wharton
MONDAY, 27th Instant. All Goods on the wharf at
sunset will be stored at owners' expense and
risk. RISLEY A CREIGHTON,
ps- OFFICE CHIEF OF POLICE,
CHARLESTON, DECEMBER 25, 1869.- -NOTICE.
All blowing of trumpets and other unusual noises
In the vlnclnity of the Acadeny of 'luslc ls hereby
prohibited, as it tends to annoy t'.e audience and
Interrupt the peace of those who seek enjoyment
therein. All those offending v di be arrested.
By order of the Mayor.
H. V. HENDRICKS.
dec25 6_Chief of Police.
pS- DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNI?
TED STATES OF AMERIC A, EASTERN DISTRICT
OF SOUTH CAROLINA.-In the matter of WIL?
LIAM GASTON ALLEN, 'lankrupt-Ex parte BEN
JAMIM E. DUPONT.-iH Bankruptcy.-In pur?
suance of an order la this cause, made by His
Honor GEORGE S. BR i'AN, United States District
Judge, thc Lien Creditors of said Bankrupt are
hereby notified to come in and establish their
Liens before me, on or before the 24th day of
Jannary, 1870, or bc debarred from all benefit of
the decree to be made In this case.
JULIUS C. CARPENTER,
dec25 s3_Registrar In Bankruptcy.
pS- IF YOU WANT JSTRAW, MANTL
LA and all kinds of WRAPPING PAPERS, go to
EDWARD PERRY, No. 156 Meeting street, oppo?
site Charleston Hotel, Charleston, S. C.
dec M 6mOS
^SHIPPERS PER STEAMERS TiC
TATOR, CITY POINT and PILOT BOY are hf eby
notified that no freight will be received after inn
set on thc days of their sailing.
dcc9_J. D. AIKEN A CO., Agents.
pS- OFFICE SOUTHERN EXPRESS
COMPANY, CHARLESTON, DECEMBER 16,1860.
The Offlce of this Company has been REMOVED
from No. 147 Meeting street to No. 84 Hasel street,
immediately in rear of the Pavilion Hotel.
T. D. GILLESPIE,
ps- NOTICE.-ALL PERSONS HAY?
ING claims against the Estate of Dr. J. L. NOW?
ELL, late or St. James Santee, will present them
to the undersigned properly attested, within the
time prescribed by law. All Indebted to said Es?
tate will please make payment at once.
E. W. NOWELL, 1
L. 0. NOWELL, I Executors.
^-THE GREAT SOUTHERN REMEDY.
JACOB'S CHOLERA, DYSENTERY AND DIAR?
RHOEA CORDIAL.-This article, so well known
and highly prized throughout the Southern States
as a Sovereign Remedy for the above diseases, ls
now offered to the whole country.
It ls Invaluable to every lady, both married and
No family can afford to be without it, and none
will to whom its virtues are known.
For sale by all Druggists and general dealers.
?OW1E A MOISE,
octll 3raosDAC General Agents.
pB- IF YOU WANT LAW BOO KP,
LAW BLANKS and Legal Printing, go to EDWARD
PERRY, No. 155 Meeting street, opposite Charles?
ton Hotel, Charleston, S. C. decl4 6mos
SPERRY'S COMEDONE AND PIM?
PLE REMEDY positively euros Comedones, (Bald
Heads or Grubs;) also Red, White and Mal terned
Pimples on the face. Dopot No. 49 Bond street,
New York. 3old by Druggist? everywhere.
pS- MANHOOD.-A MEDICAL ESSAY
on the Cause and Cure of Decline [in Premature
Man, the treatment uf Nervous and Physical De?
"There is no member of society by whom thia
book will not bc found useful, whether such per?
son holds the relation of Parent Preceptor or
Clergyman."-Medical Times and Gazette.
Sent by mail ou receipt of fifi y cents. Address
thc Author, Dr. E. DsF. CUKT1S, Washington,
D. C. _ _ septl lyr
pS- ERRORS OF YOUTH.-A GENTLE?
MAN who suffered for years from Nervous De?
bility, Premature Decay, and ail the effects of
youthful indiscretion, will, for the sake of suffer
lng humanity, send free to all who need it, the re?
ceipt, ami directions for making the simple rem?
edy by which ho was cured. Sufferers wishing to
profit by the advertiser's experience, can do so
by addressing, v.:'h perfect confidence, JOHN B.
OGDEN, No. 42 Cedar street, New York,
pS-TO CONSUMPTIVES.-THE AD.
VERTISER, having been restored to health in a
few weeks, by a very simple romody, after having
suffered several years with a severe lung affec?
tion, and Hutt dreadful disease, consumption, ht
anxious to make known to his fellow-sufferers the
means of cure.
To all who desire lt, he will send a copy of the
prescription used (free of charge,) with the direc?
tions for preparing and using the same, which
they will find a seas CUKE FOB CONSOMPTION,
ASTHMA, BRONCHITIS, AC. The objoct of the ad?
vertiser in sending the Prescription ls to benefit
the afflicted, and spread information which he
conceives to be invaluable; and he hopes every
sufferer will try his remedy, as lt will cost them
nothing, and may prove a blessing.
PartieH wishing the prescription, will please ad?
dress REV. EDWARD A. WILSON, Williamsburg,
Kings County. Now York._novo 3mos
?SrEXTRACT FROM A LETTER FROM
SANTA CROIX.- * * * * * We had wan?
dered for many boura through tangled forests of
Tropical shrubs and trees, some of them emit?
ting a most delicious and invigorating odor,
when wc suddenly came upon a large and well
I cultivated plantation, in the centre of which
were several buildings. Entering these we
found them to be tho "press houses," stills, Ac.,
where thc sngar cane ls crushed for the manufac?
ture of St. Croix Rum. Over one hundred coolies
were at work, and the smell from the fermontlng
vats was very exhilarating and pleasant. We
were shown through tho entire establishment,
und learned that all the Rum here produced was
shipped to Messrs. P. IL DRAKE A CO., New
York, to bc made Into their celebrated PLANTA?
TION BITTERS. Thc peculiar good effects of this
Uiim-which is the purest and best in tho werai
-are well known. Not a sins lc case of Dyspepsia,
Fever and Ague, Consumption, or any such dis?
ease can bc found on this Island, (except of in?
valids oomc here ior their health, and they are
almost always oared.) Combined wits calisaya
Hark. Cascarilla and other Important ingredients,
this Rum becomes PLANTATION HITTERS, and
surely no finer Tonic and general Family Remedy
was ever seen. Thc combination of these Bitters
was first, di covered here many y en rs apo, and all
thc natives swear hy PLANTATION Bin Kits,
ami ?nv "?here I- nm..lng like it." Judging by the
rohust health of the witnesses, I am certain their
testimony ls true. . ? ? . . R. S. T.
MAONOMA WATBR.-Superior to the ixwt Im
uorted Ge.-mau Cologne, and sold at half the
px-QC d?cil tuth?3