Newspaper Page Text
irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
TIIE CITA RLESTON EXTENSION HILT.,
THE BLIE RIDGE RESOLUTION.
Kimpton ami hU Bonds-Thc Bunk
Bill?-More Power for thc Mayor o.nd
Aldermen- A Xciv Railroad-The Flour
[Sf~CIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLOMBIA, DeremUer 12.
In tho Senate, to-day, thc House bill lo em?
power circuit judges to cliange the venue in
criminal and civil cases was read a tirst time.
The House joint resolution for an investigation
of thc air&irs of thc Blue Ridge Railroad Company
was discussed. Leslie denounced the resolution
ns an insult to thc Governor, intimating that
some senators knew too much about the opera?
tions of the road. The Senate refused .0 concur.
T^e bill to repeal the township law was passed.
A petition to abolish taxes on manufactures
was submitted by Arnim and referred to the
Corbin introduced bills to amend thc charter of
thc Board of Trade; to Increase the capital of the
Union Bank; to incorporate thc Yemassee and
Millen Railroad, and the Charleston Banking and
Trust Company. These received their first read?
ings, also the bill to amend the act appointing a
Thc Finance Committee reported that H. n.
Kimpton, the Financial Agent of the State, had
voluntarily given bond to the amount of $000,000.
The joint connrlittee appointed last session for
that purpose, reported that they had destroyed
bills of the Bank of the State to the amount of
In the House Mobldy gave notice of a bill to an
??thorize the Governor to fill vacancies caused by
the death or resignation of county ofllccrs.
Ransier presented the petition of the Mayor and
Aldermen of Charleston, for an enactment to re?
move C. N. Averill, the flour inspector in Charles?
The following bills were read a first time: To
incorporate the Coopers' Union of Charleston;
to abolish the office of inspector of naval
stores; to provide a school for the penitentiary;
to incorporate the Y'emassee and Millen Railroad
Company; to vest the right to run a ferry from
Dil?s BlnQ', James Island, to Charleston, in Toncy
Stafford; to Incorporate the Sumter Wide Awake
Engine Company; to renew the act to perpetuate
testimony, records and wills destroyed or lost
A bill to protect thc rights of persons lawfully
JD possession of lands and tenements was
The Charleston election and extension bili was
reported back with an additional section, provid.
ing that if the present Mayor and Aldermen shall,
after a declaration of the result of the new elec?
tion nnder this act, refuse to vacate their office
when the same ls applied for by the newly elect
ed officers, or shall in any way resist the provi
sious of this act, tncy shall be deemed guilty of
misdemeanor, and upon trial and conviction shall
be liable to a line ot not exceeding $700 and Im?
prisonment la the penitentiary for not exceeding
six months. After a little debate the bill was
read a second time and ordered to be engrossed.
Yeas 74, nays 8, as follows: McKinlay, vcolorcd,)
Beaty, (Democrat,! Burton, (colored,) Demars,
(Republican,) Kuh. (Republican,) Stoeber, (Repub?
lican,) Bishop, (Republican,) Sloan, (Democrat.)
The Governor has approved the act to levy a
special tax on Williamsburg County.
THE DAY'S DOINGS.
The Phosphate Monopoly-The Legisla,
ttlre in Danger of being Bitten-Corbin
and Free Trade-Thc Land Commis*
sion-Leslie Rampant-The Charleston
Extension-Jurors-Railrou J Matters
-The "Lien Bill "-Deadly Weapons
Playing Ofl-Stray Items. V
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, January ll.
TUE PHOSTHATE MONOPOLY.
The disappearance of the grand phosphate
monopoly bill into the pockets of the Committee
on Incorporations seemed to have been the signal
for bringing iuto the light other bills upou thc
Laying on the desks of the senators, this morn?
ing, were copies of the resolutions passed "at a
mass meeting of the citizens of Charleston, irre?
spective of race or color, held at Military Hall
i on the 20th December" last, and of a petition to
the Legislature, signed by R. Hunter, T. J. Mackey
and G. B. Stoddard, which recited a great many
things in opposition to the phosphate monopoly
bill, and then Informed the Legislature that lt
might "thus be seen that a grave fraud upon the
! State may be coiled up like a cunning snake in
: this tempting bed of financial roses, on which
! you are invited to repose your faith as guardians
i of the public welfare." If "grave fraud" bites
1 the Legislature, how it (g. f.) will suffer.
Early In the morning session, Hoyt introduced
I a blU to regulate the mining and digging of phos?
phates from the navigable waters and streams 01'
the State. The bill recites that, whereas beds of
phosphate rocks and deposits of great value have
bserTdiscovered in tfTis State, and such deposits
are found iu considerable quantities in the beds
of the navigable streams and waters of the State;
and whereas all of the citizens of thc State have
an equal right to dig and mine for these deposits,
provided that they do notoostruct the navigation
of these rivers and streams, or interfere
with the rights of the riparian proprietors;
and whereas the mining of these deposits from
these streams and waters will, under pro?
per r^guiatlotis, yield to the State a large revenue
' for the benefit of all the citizens: therefore, be it
enacted, that after the passage of this act it shall
not be lawful for any person or corporation to
dig, mine or remove from any of the navigable
streams or waters or the State uuless he or they
shall have taken out a license to do so, thc man?
ner of taking out such license to bc hereafter pre?
scribed, and shall pay in addition to the sum paid
for thc license, one dollar for every ton of phos?
phates so dug or removed; that any person who
shall dig or remove phosphates without such li?
cense shall forfeit a sum equal to double the value
of the quantity so dug or removed: that any per?
son or corporation desiring a license must apply
to the Secretary of State, and ujon the payment
of the proper fees, shall receive a license Tor leave
to dig and mine for twelve mouths, and before
commencing operations must give bo ad to make
a true and faithful return to the State Auditor
monthly or the number of tons of the phosphatic
deposit, and shall pay monthly one dollar for
each ton reported as so moved.
As soon as this was read and ordered to be
printed, Cain introduced a bill to incorporate the 1
SoulJjfcCarolina Chemical a-.d Mining Company, 1
and to license and authorize and empower the
same to .litt and mine in certain navieablc ri
in this Stute, auder certain restrictions and
dil ions. It provides that Nathaniel A. Trait, i
F. Lewis, Samuel F. Fisher, Dr. George Fox, Ja
C. Fisher, IL A. Pratt, Jessie E. Smith, bc in
porated under the above name, for the purpof
digging and mining for earths, marls, phosphi
phosphatic deposits and substances, rocks
minerals, in lands to bc acquired, und also in
navigable rivers of the State: that every year
company shall pay into the State treasury
sum of .rice hundred dollars for a license for
privUcge granted by this act, and to make ei
year a just return of all the phosphates, ear
ftc., dug or removed, to the Comptroller-Gent
and pay into thc treasury one dollar for each
reported as dug; that if the company has c
menccd work upon any water or stream, it s
have exclusive right to dig thc whole midd!
said stream, and for ?ve miles above and be
the point of operations, and any person or c
patty interfering, working or impeding with
company, shall be liable tobe restrained by
junction by any court of competent jurisdict
This bill was also ordered to be printed.
CORBIN AND "FREE TRADE."'
Corbin came into the Senate about half-pas
o'clock, and a3 soon as an opportunity offei
arose and said he had a resolution which he i
about to introduce, and would ask nnaniiu
consent for its immediate consideration. It I
been reporte-!, upon good authority, to bira, t
certain persons had been, during thc past y<
removing from in and about Coosaw River pl
pli?tes, without authority or law, and that
work was still going on. His attention had b
called to an anonymous communication in 1
DAILY NEWS, of yesterday, addressed to hims
with several ftc, ftc, Ac, in which thc rep
about the removal of phosphates from the Coos
River was denied. He said he did not place-n
confidence in thc statements of that commun!
Hon, as the man who wrote it, although he pc
pously professed to be a gentleman, did not h:
thc manliness or decency to sign his name to
that he contradicted, by this very omission, I
declaration that he was a gentleman, as no gi
tleman would write such a low, scurrilous lett
and, second, if he did, under heat of passion,
would have signed his name to it. Whether
(Free Trade) had been stealing phosphates, om
he had done a very much meaner thing In wrltl
that letter, and then shamelessly hiding him?
behind an assumed Dame. He said he did not ;
tend to notice the communication further, a
begged thc pardon of Ute Senate for having sa
as much. After these remarks, during which
showed a bitter temper, he introduced thc resol
tlon, as follows:
Whereas, It has been reported that certain pi
sons have been and arc trespassing upon tl
property of the State by digging, mining and i
moving rrom the beds or the navigable rivets at
waters or the State phosphate rocks and phr
phatic deposits without authority by law; thct
Resolved by the Senate, i te House of represe
tatives concurring. That the Attorney-General 1
Instructed to take such legal proceedings relatl'
thereto as may bc necessary to protect thc righ
of thc State.
Unanimous consent wa? asked for Its iram
diate consideration, but Maxwell objected, mid
was laid over under the rules.
TUE LAND COMMISSION.
There are a number of thc members and sen:
tors who think thc land commission a failure, ar
arc endeavoring to improve it. A bill was intr
duccd in the House yesterday providing for tl
appointment of a land commissioner in cac
Congressional District. It wa3 referred, as wi
desired, and probably, as asserted, will never sc
tho light again. In thc Senate to-day Cain gav
notice of a bill to amend an act entitled "an ac
to create a land commisslcn." It provides thu
there shall bc created a laud commissioner fu
each county, who shall bc appointed by thc Gov
ernor and the advisory board ; that they sha
hold ofllcc for two years, and report to the gene
ral land commission what lands have been pui
chased by him; what price paid, and how dispose
. "-LIE RAMPANT.
To-day, in the Senate, Corbin gave notice o
his intention to Introduce a bill providing tba
the capital stock of the Union Dank of South Caro
lina be increased from one hundred thousand ti
one million dollars. He then asked that it shouli
bc Introduced and considered at once. Lesli
opposed any such motion. Four-filths of thc
banks of this State, said he, are ruled by Demo
crats, who asperse-[Here he was called to order
He attempted to continue lils remarks, but wai
always called to order.] Finally, he. turned tc
leave the chamber and said, "I will say that
Democrats have charge of these banks, and they
will steal anyhow." He then left but in a short time
returned, when the bill authorizing the conn's
commissioners of Colielon and Spartau burg
Counties to levy an additional tax to pay thc In?
debtedness of their respective counties-thc for?
mer two and a half, and the latter two millson
thc.dollar-was upon its second readitig. Leslie
:ot>k occasion to denounce county commissioners
generally, and those or Barnwell County especial?
ly. He said they did nothing but speculate.
Before giving them more money it would be better
to send a committee to investigate their actions
and accounts, and prepare thc way for their pros?
ecution. Hoyt and Wimbush made brief remarks
defending the commissioners of their respective
counties from Leslie's sweeping charge. Thc bill
THE CHARLESTON EXTENSION.
In the House, to-day, Dc Large introduced thc
bill to alter and amend thc charter and extend
the limits of the city of Charleston, and provide
for au election of Mayor and Aldermen of the
same. After some slight objection made by one
member, which prevented its second reading, lt
was referred to the committee on privileges and
elections. I have sent the first, secoud, Hurd,
fourth and fifth section* of Hie bill. Since then
the following sections have been added:
SECTIONS. For the purpose or carrying on the
election as provided tor by this act-, lt shall be thc
duty of the Governor, and he ls hereby authorized
and empowered, to appoint five commissioners
of elections, whose duty it shall be to appoint
three managers of elections for each poll in lite
city, under whose superintendence the registra?
tion and election shall be conducted at each poll,
In conformity with the existing laws and regula?
tions regarding elections, except as hereinafter
otherwise provided. Each wara in thc city shall
constitute at least one poll, bul the commissioners
shall have power to divide each ward lino as
many polls as, in their judgmeut, they may lecui
SEC. 7. lt shall be the duty of such managers.com
meuciug ave days prior lo thc election, and after
having given teu days' public notice, to open their
respective polls for three days, from 0 o'clock A.
M. to ti o'clock P. M., for the purpose of register
lug the names or all qualified voters, und their
places or residence, iu books to be Tarnished by
SEC. S. lu all elections held in accordance with
this act, the polls shall be opened al 6 o'clock A.
M., and kept open during the day at all Hie poll?
ing precincts, and shall ?lose at 6 o'clock P. M.
SEC. 9. The managers or election shall, imme?
diately after the polls ure closet' procewLlO count
thc votes, staling the whole number of votes cast
for each candidate or person voted for, ?iud shall
iransinit Immediately their report of the same to
thc commissioners of election. The said com?
missioners, after having examined Hie same,
shall au noun ce a ud publish the whole number nf
votes cast, and Hie whole number cast for each
candidate, and shall declare Hie result of thc
SEC. lu. The sheriff, and all oilier peace officers
of the eily ami county, are hereby required lo be
present during the whole lime that tue polls are
Kept open, ami until the election ls completed,
and they shall prevent all interference willi the
managers, and see that there ls no interruption of
SEC. ll. Thc otllcers elected under this act shall,
on taking the oath prescribed in the constitutum,
be inducted into olllce on the Friday succeeding
their election, and shall immediately cuter upou
the discharge of their orilclal duties.
Thc Senate Judiciary Committee, to whom was
referred Nash's bill providing that lu all cases of
felony the defendant shall bc entitled to ten
peremptory challenges, and no more, and the
Stale to three peremptory challenges, and no
more, reported io da. , ami recommended Its pas
sag.' with th;amendment ihat thc d?fendant be
entitled to live and the State toi wo peremptory
challenges. The report was not acted upou.
I! Al Li: O AD HATTERS.
The "whereas"' of Hie concurrent resolution
providing that a joint committee bc appointed
for tiie investigation of every transaction since
thc reorganization or tlie Blue Ridge Railroad
Company, states that ihe building or thc Blue
Ridge Railroad has been a favorite enterprise
with the people or south Carolina for twenty
years, and thc present General Assembly having
espoused the cause with an approximation to
unanimity unsurpassed in the annals of legisla?
tion on a subject involving such grave considera?
tion as to State policy, and that tire manage?
ment or thc affairs of said railroad has been such
as to elicit u great deal of inquiry, and to cause
reflection on both the Legislature and those who
manage thc enterprise. Thc resolution was
adopted to day and sent to the Senate.
The bill to "regulate the rights and powers or
railroad companies," providing that it may bc
lawful Tor any railroad company or corporation,
organized under the laws or this State, and oper?
ating a railroad, either in whole within, or partly
within and partly ?ithout this State, under au?
thority or this and any adjoining State, to merge
and consolidate its capital stock, franchise and
property with those or any other railroad com?
pany, received its second reading in thc Senate
Thc Committee on Railroads to whom was rc
fcrred ihe bill to amend Hie charter of thc
Georrcu wn Railroad Company reported to-day,
and recommended that .the words "by a route to
be ieturmiued by thc said company,'1 bc stricken
out, and "in Hie direction or Charlotte, K. C., by
the most direct pud practicable toute"'substitut?
ed. The bill will come up to-morrow, probably.
g. THE MEN BIM..
as thc bill offered by Wimbush to "repeal thc
act to secure advances for agricultural purposes"
16 called, was referred to the agricultural commit
tee a few days ago. To day ii reported, recom?
mending that the bill be passed, on the ground
that the operations of the act were not now of
much service. There are several members of thc
House who have advanced considerable sums of
money for agricultural purposes. They arc now
working zealously In opposition to the bill, and it
ls probable that their efforts will result lu Its de?
feat in the House.
The Senate Committee on Incorporations, to
whom was recommitted thc bill to create the
County or Coosawhatchie, (which they had re?
ported upon unfavorably,) with the petition of
sundry citizens living within the borders or
that portion of Beaufort County proposed to
be sliced off, reported to day, recommending that
the bill be passed, ir the citizens would agree to
do as they stated they would in their petition
defray the expenses of putting up thc ncccsssary
Thc House Judiciary Committee, to whom was
referred a bill to prohibit thc carrying of con?
cealed weapons by any person in this State, other
than a State or municipal officer, reported unfa?
vorably, and the House yesterday struck out thc
enactment clause. Thc provisions or this bill
have not been published and are of interest. They
That any person other than a State or munici?
pal otllcer who shall carry a weapon or weapon?
concealed on or about his perron, snell as a pistol,
slungshot, Bowie knife, dirk, or any oilier dan?
gerous weapon, shall be deemed guilty of a mis?
demeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall bc
fined lu a sum not exceeding two hundred dol?
lars, and shall bc confined iii the jail or thc county
in which thc tulenco was committed Tor a term of
not moro than ninety days, or either or both, at
the discretion or thc cotirt. That ir it tic proven to
thesalisraction of thc jury, on the trial of any case
arising under thc provisions or thc llrst section ot
this act, that the accused, at thc time or carry?
ing any weapon or weapons aforesaid, was en?
gaged'in the pursuit of Iiis lawful business, call
mg or emplovment, and that the circumstances
in which he "was placed, at the time aforesaid,
were such as to justify a prudent man in carrying
Hie weapon or weapons aleresaid, for Hie defence
or his person, family or property, the jury shall
acquit the accused: that any pei?#n, other tban
a State or municipal oilleer, who snail carry any
deadly weapou, such aa a pistol, gun. Howie
knife, dirk, slungstiot, bludgeon, or ot lier deadly
weapon or weapons, within live hundred yards ot
any election precinct on the day or days of elec?
tion, shall bc deemed guilty or a misdemeanor,
and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished
by a flue nm exceeding five hundred nor less
than one hundred dollars, and shall bc confined
at hard labor In the penitentiary not more Hutu
three years nor less than one year. And in no
event shall the accused, under this section, be
permitted to make proof in justification.
The members or Hie House could not have pass?
ed this bill, without rendering themselves liable
to punishment under Its provisions, as lt ls well
known that a large number or them carry pistols,
perhaps a mojorlty. One colored member at one
time had three pistols with all and each of which
lie was going to shoot a poo: white man; who,
however, was living with unperforated skin this
Among Hie engrossing clerks ls a colored man
very nearly while, who was educated in Germany,
and speaks thc language of that country very
fluently. He was In conversation willi i German
to-day, and after leaving, th-> latter was ap?
proached by another of his countrymen who in?
quired where his friend came rroin. ' Oh,'' was
thc reply, "ho ls one of thc colored engrossing
clerks in Cardozo's office." "No.no," said Hie
other, "he is no nigger, he only makes lt out KO
uow, because ho Ands it more profitable."
Thc following members have been announced ns
thc House Committee on Mining and Manufac?
tures: DeLarge, Small. Cooke, Perrin, Henry
Johnson, Tomlinson, Whipper, Lomax, Wright,
There IR a petition in circulation, and receiving
numbers of signatures from thc senators and
mpjpwers, requesting thc Legislature to grant aid
to rebuild the Catholic Orphan Asylum in Charles?
ton, which was destroyed by thc bombardment.
There was a grund reception at Judge Willard's
to-uiglit. No "cullud pussons" admitted. L.
Robbing thc Dead.
LONDON, January 12.
Thc Crown has seized some of Peabody's
land, on thc ground that being an allen he could
not hold real estate. Tlie Probate Court takes a
similar view or the case.
Thc Austrian Cabinet.
LONDON, January 12.
Vloleut dissensions exists in the Austi iau Cabi?
Caste Privileges In France.
PARIS, January 12.
In the Corps L?gislatif a motion was made ren?
dering the Emperor's family amenable to law.
Rocherort said Noir was one or Hie people, and
the people should judge his murderer, who,
though cousin or thc Emperor, must not escape.
Oilivicr promised them Justice, saying in thc
spume or his speech, ' Weare justice, law, moder?
ation; ir you rorce us we will be power."
TARIS, Hecember 12.
Thc entire edition ol Rochcl'ort's paper, the
Uaraellaise, was seized by Hie authorities to-day.
HAVANA, January 12.
Telegraphic communication has been re?
established with Santo Spirito. Caigo. Avilac, aud
oilier points In the Cinco Villas district, whence
Hie insurgents seein to be moving towards
ATLANTA, January 12.
Both Houses adjourned after swearing in
a few members. General Terry to-day isaucd an
order placing Warren, Taliarcro, Wilkes, Lmculu,
Columbia und Glascock Counties as a sub-district
under the command or Major Kline, with in?
structions to arrest persons violating Hie laws
and disturbing thc peace. Helias also removed
the present sheriff of Warren County, aud ap?
pointed J. C. Norria in his stead.
CONGRESSIONAL AND OTHER NEWS
|FROM THE ASSOCIATED TRESS.)
WASHINGTON, January 12.
Thc ScnaSe is considering Sumner's Finance
bill, whose object ls the early restoration or specie
The Election Committees will give precedence
to Nortlrcrn over Southern contested election
LATER.-Senator Drake's amendment to the
Virginia bill will fall and the original bill will
pass the Senate. The result in the House is un?
cen aln, aa new members are constantly arriving,
and thediscussion will probably be prolonged t wo
or three days.
ID thc Senate Sumner presented a protest, sign?
ed by thirteen persons, against the admission of
Virginia. Thurman said that all of them were
officeholders, who would lose their oftlce6 upon
the admission of thc State.
In thc House the resolution of the Legislature
of New York, withdrawing its assent tc*rTie Fif?
teenth amendment, was read and tabled.
Garfield introduced a bill to abolish thc Freed?
A bill was introduced rcpeallng'the act of June,
1R02, defining additional causes of challenge and
prescribing additional oaths to grand anifpetit
jurors in United States courts.
The Virginia lilli was then resumed. Farns?
worth said it would almost be better to follow the
Iiible recommendation and "swear not?t all,"
than to have this eternal repetition of oaths which
excluded Intelligence, worth and wealth from
public office. Without action the House adjourn?
The Senate discussed thc Virginia bill up to the
time of adjournment. The discussion was very
bitter, Involving crimination and recrimination
among the Republicans.
Tite revenue to-day is $3CS,000.
Judge Wood, one of thc new circuit judges,
commences his session this week in Mobile.
Tlie Naval Committee is considering a bill for the
construction of iron-clads equal in all respects to
those of England and France.
Joseph L. Rcgna has been nominated as col?
lector of customs at St. John's, Florida.
General Spinner has bought $1,750,000 of gov?
ernment bonds for the sinking fund, with the ac?
crued interest of the sinking fund bonds.
The weather ls still unsettled.
Ranks has returned from a European iou
Tho Question Assuming a Serious As?
pect In thc National Capital.
A Washington letter ol'thc Mil instant to thc
Philadelphia Day says:
The Board of Aldermen of this city, at its
regular meeting to-morrow, is to dispose of an
ordinance, already passed by the Common
Council, providing that lt shall not be lawful
for a hntel-kcepcr, keeper of restaurant, and
koppers of saloons, to make dist i ncl ion amonsst
their guests and patrons on accounl of race or
colot'i and providing u penalty by fine for any
violation ?. ifc? ordinance.
Upon this proposition there is a division of
opinion amongst; the intelligent classes of col?
ored Citizens, a portion arguing that to urge
this mixing up o? races, at Ulis time, and at?
tempting lo force this sort of social comming?
ling of Hie white and black races is Impolitic,
to gay tho least of lt, and that when the negro
has equal rights with the white man In all
things ol a strict public or official character, as
tiley have in Washington, the attempt to
go further at this time wjll only work
Injury to the colored man. The other
portion of thc colored people' (who demand
tile passage of thc ordinance,) claim that
thc negro should bc admitted upon nn
equal footing with the whlJSman in all places,
save in private dwelJing8V*md thal tills inter?
mingling Bltall lie enforced by law. This porty
are now seeking, also, to pluce the entire com?
mon school and funds tor its support under
one board of commissioners, instead of two
boards, as is now provided by act of Congress.
This last-named party has a large majority
and will certainly pass the ordinance.
The hotel proprietors have come to an un?
derstanding that they will not permita colored
person to put up at their establishments, and
when a demand shall be made to receive a
negro guest, Lite question will go to Hie courts
for a judicial determination. Restaurant keep?
ers propose to lake the same course.
Tlie argument of the hotel and restaurant
keepers is, that their business occupation is
not of a public but a private character, und
that they have Hie right lo refuse to do busi?
ness with whomsoever they jilease, be they
black or willie, lt Is not doubted that upon
ibis point the restaurant keeper may be sus?
tained by Hie courts, but Hie hotel keeper
presents" a more difficult question. Although
his hotel is private properly, yet it is not so
certain that in law he has the right absolutely
to refuse to receive a guest or traveller, upon
Hie ground that he is of a particular race. The
common law, as to Hie hotel or inn keeper
(which is substantially the same) has been
construed to be that he is bound to receive all
"proper persons" who resort to Iiis house as
travellers, at suitable times and in a proper
manner, and are able to pay their fare, so long
ns lie has Hie means of accommodation for
Hiern. Whether they can be sustained in re?
fusing to accept negroes as "proper persons,''
is yet to lie determined.
These circumstances bring us now to the
settlement ot the delicate branch ol tlie ques?
tion, as to Hie standing of the colored citizen.
All rights are conceded and secured to him as
ncitizen beton* thc.law in this district. Ile
can vote, testify in court, serve as Juror, hold
office and ride in the railroad cars', Ac. Hut
shall he be received on an equality with the
white man socially? Sholl the law be invoked
to force social ' intercourse between any
persons, whether black or white? Such, it. is
argued by some, ls to be (lie result of holding
that UK* restaurant keeper (wiiose business ls
private-in no 'sense public) shall receive Hie
colored man in his establishment on a footing
with the white citizen.
NATION A L POLITICS.
Thc (lucst ions of Finance and Taxation
-Thc Reduction of Taxes-Mr. Bout
well and his Funding Policy-How he
Looks upon it-Thc Ways and Means
und thc Turin".
The Washington correspondent of thc New
York Times, speaking of thc work before Con?
gress, now that Hie holidays are over, says :
The first subjects which will be considered
with sufficient interest to thoroughly absorb
all the elements in both Houses, are finance
and taxation. The Ways and Means will,
within a week, report a readjusted tariff-or
rather, an untended tariff, whereby it will be
proposed to reduce taxation from that source
about $2;">,0ut),uuu to $:io,ouo,000. This will be
the tlnst measure to be acted on in tile House,
lu Hie Senate the Drat financial measure likely
lo be considered is a Funding bill. II. mailers
little what theories or arguments may be ad?
vanced, so Tar as the possibil ii.y of funding is
concerned, Mr. Botltwell will unquestionably
get the authority, and il he does lie will cer?
tainly try Hie experiment. He seems to be
very'confident ol success, and argues that wt*
certainly can be no worse oil'than we are now,
even if lie should try it and fail. He differs in
tola from Hie position so widely held by Hie
press, Hutt resumption is absolutely ne?
cessary to funding. He holds that the ability
und willingness of the country to pay is
Hie fuuntlaiioti of the national credit; that the
only way to fund the debt til a lower rate is to
inaiutain the credit at a high rate; that the
only way to inaiutain the credit at a high rate
is to demonstrate ability and determination
to pay the debt, and ihat thc only lest by
which such ability can be judged is the manner
lu which the people respond io the taxes, lie
believes that resumption con aid funding, but
he also believes that funding will aid rusump
llon by rendering it entirely safe and practi?
cable lo reduce taxation; that with such an
enemy before us as the public debi, we cauuot
baldy surrender, lo any large extent the means
at our command to meet it. Hu looks upon
the ability and willingness of the people lu
pay taxes, and thus piuco the debt where il
can be managed, with as much faith us he did
upon their ability and willingness to furnish
men and money to put down the other public
enemy in the Held. For these and other rea?
sons ho wants the powerto fund, and if lie gels
it tlie process will be thoroughly tried. This
is, in brief, thc position of the Secretary cf the
Treasury, as I understand it, though I may not
have stated his positions and arguments as
forcibly and clearly a? he does to ?my one who
chooses to talk with bim about it.
As to Congress, I think lt safe to predict that
it will not only give the Secretary his funding
power, but it will also go on and reduce taxa?
tion to a certain extent. Neither house ls in?
sensible to the demand which ls so urgent.
Yet, while they nilly appreciate the fact'that
taxes ought to bc redtfeed, they will bc grate
ful for all information showing where and how
they can be reduced. They have started out
in the House, as before stated, with a proposi?
tion to reduce the tariff by about twenty-five
millions, and it is estimated that the re-enact?
ment of the income tax at a lower rate will re?
duce by fifteen millions more, with an esti?
mate of five millions additional for sundry
other features of the Internal revenue Hst.
This will bc equal to forty or forty-five millious
reduction, though possibly the stimulus given
to importai ions by a reduction of the tariff on
several articles would prevent thc r?duction in
that direction from being apparent in the an?
Beyond this Congress is not likely to go, from
present appearances. Thc sinking fund fea?
ture will be re-enacted, so as to convert Into the
fund all the*purchases made thus far, and to
lix the rate at which they shall be made here?
after. This late will be one or, possibly, two
per cent, per annum, it is Impossible to tell
which at present, so evenly does the sentiment
of Congressmen Beem<divided on thc subject.
If Mr. Boutwcil's request to bc allowed togo
on and purchase until the requirements of Otc
act are reached, the same as if the law bad
been executed from the date of its enact ment,
then thc regular.purchases will undoubtedly be
fixed at one poncent, per annum; but if not,
there will be an effort to fix them at two per
cent., or fifty millions per year in round num?
bers. The fulfilment of the requirements of
Hie act from thc date of its passage, "February
25,1862, would necessitate the purchase, in
addition to thc present accumulation, ot up?
wards of one hundred and forty millions of
bonds, counting thc reinvestment of the in?
terest every six months, and would require
over two years to accomplish it with the rate
of purchases as they have averaged for the
past eight months.
It ls greatly to bc regretted that the work of
thc Ways and Means Committee on thc tariff
will after all be very incomplete and fragmen?
tary. It will not b? a general .revision of the
list-only a reduction herc and there, with an
occasional change of classification, and proba?
bly, in some cases, a very Injurious Increase
of thc rate. There are some suspicious
changes in the free list also, and one or two
articles are classified as raw materials, the
supply of which is monopolized by American
companies, BO that they get their raw materi?
als free, to thc ruin ol' all other competitors.
The revision ol the general list will be deferred
until some future period. This is. perhaps,
fortunate, as a majority of the present commit?
tee seem entirely Inadequate to the duty.
When the Tariff bill gets Into thc House
there will be a general onslaught on its rates,
especially by the Western members, and more
hope for a reduction ol taxation can be based
upon thc House than upon the committee.
Sugar, coffee, iron, and two or three oilier
leading slaples, will have a hard struggle lo
get through the House without submitting lo
ii furl her "reduction than is proposed in com?
Thc Case of Virginia.
A Washington telegram of Monday, to the
New York Sun, says:
Congress reassembled to-day with a quorum
in thc Senate, but in the House the attendance
at first was much smaller, and there were on
some of the votes seventy members who did
not answer to their names on the roll call.
The most Important feature of thc day's session
WILS the consideration in each house of a joint
resolution to admit Virginia to representation
in Congress. Mr. Stewart, in the Senate, pro?
posed the resolution, and supported lt in a
Messrs. Sumner and Howard opposed the
admission of Hie Slate without Hie further ex?
action of tests. Nov?te was reached in the
Senate, but lt was evident that Mr. Stewart's
rc8olulion will have at least a bare majority.
In the House, under thc call of States for re?
solutions, Mr. Bingham, of Ohio, presented a
ri-solution declaring that Virginia was entitled
to representation. This created quite a hub?
bub, but was considered, under the rules in
force in the morning hour of Monday, without
debate. General Paine, of Wisconsin, and
Mr. Whittemore ot South Carolina, lcd off in
opposition by making dilatory motions to
table, to adjourn, ?fcc, and on thc first vote
the main question was ordered, but on a re?
consideration the vote stood 76 to 76, and
being a tie, the Shaker voted against a recon?
sideration. Tlie House was then about to vote
on the passage of thc resolution, wheu a
motion to adjourn intervened and was lost.
Messrs. Hoar, ot Massachusetts, and Hogo.
of South Carolina, announced that they had
voted to reconsider, but were not recorded,
which changed the above result. By this lime
the ltadiculs reinforced their number, and Hie
main question-to take a vote on the resolu?
tion- was lost by 66 to 71. Thc morning hour
expired, and it went over till next Monday.
This result in the House is a triumph of the
opponents of the admission of thc State, and
reverts thc Virginia question to Hie Recon?
struction Committee, where it will be taken up
as soon as General Buller, chairman of the
committee, returns. There were twenty Demo?
cratic members present. Had all been In their
places, the bil) would have passed. Governor
Walker and other Virginians arrived to-day,
but. ure not very hopeful ot thc situation alter
TUE LIGHTNING STIIIKE.
NEW ORLEANS, January 12.
The derangement of thc telegraph which
was occasioned by thc strike of operators here, ls
virtually ended. Superintendents Flanery and
Compton have been doing duty as operators for
some days witn the assistance obtained from ad?
jacent points. Cencral Superintendent Van Horne
arrived from Louisville, Ky., this morning, bring?
ing seven operators, making a full force for thc
New Orleans oillce.
THE LOUISIANA LEGISLATURE.
NEW ORLEANS, January 12.
Thc Senate passed the bill to amend thc
constitution. The bill removing political disabili?
ties passed. A bill prohibiting gambling through?
out the State, and Imposing heavy penalties and
lines, passed both Houses and goes to the Gov?
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The striking operators at Albany resumed
work to day.
Twelve Spanish gunboats arc lu thc roads at
A number or ofllccrs of the United States Coast
Survey arc at Wilmington, and will begin their
The Grand Lodge ol thc Knights or Pythias, in
session at Richmond, Va., have elected Wm. H.
Wade (?rand Chancellor.
W. Ciimmack, charged with killing Nixon at
New Orleans, surrendered iiimscir and hus been
committed lo the parish prison.
SCENES IN ROME.
Pen-aml-Iiik Sketches of thc Assembled
The English papers continue to have im?
mense quantities of letters from Rome. Tlie
descriptive portions are very good; thc specu?
lations on what might, could, would or should
be, are not in the least trustworthy, and not
very amusing; bul they supply a demand. One
tells us that Rome is the dirtiest place in the
world, which seems a pity when we remember
some oilier places. One admits that a review
oft he Papal army was thc most magnificent
military spectacle he ever looked upon. Thc
processions ol' Hie assembled bishops are also,
as spectacles, magnificent. Thc Times' corres?
pondent says :
I could not tell you thc varieties ol' hue,
chiefly, of course, combinations of red ami
blue. Most of tlie vestments were new. All
had white lace. You see lt in the pictures of
Cardinal Wolsey. The ladies with me said the
lace was beautiful. There were some remark?
ably splendid vestments, which I have since
been told were those of the North American
bishops. There were some covered with pic?
tures of saints, embroidered inpanels. Some
had crimson or violet caps; some caftans;
some a kind of veil, black or white; some ac?
tually a sort of turban. Some had long black
beards; some snowy white Most ot them
carried a large quarto rolled up in their
Ot a procession thc correspondent of the
Standard writes :
The Papal choir led thc way. Then came a
number of consisto^ advocates, followed by
the chamberlains of the court, public and pri?
vate. In their wake, robed in heavy copes of
white and gold, came, two in two, a long array
of bishops, abbots, archbishops and patriarchs
from all quarters of tlie globe. I began by
counting them, but I found thc task too te?
dious, and, morever, lt distracted my attention
from their features and costumes. Less than
six hundred there could not well be, all count?
ed; and lt is possible that t hey were more nu?
merous still. Twenty-live minutes was thc
time it took for thom to pass along. The splen?
dor of their robes and mities-the latter more
in the shape of thc Pope's own tiara-by some
of thc Oriental prelates and abbots, is beyond
all description; and the appearance even of
their chaplains cast into tuc shade that ol
rfhy European bishop. Nor must it be
supposed that they arc Europeans sent to do
duty among the heathen. Their features, com?
plexion and bearing all stamped them of the
true Oriental tvpe. With happy foresight, and
perhaps with a view to mark that the church
knows no distinction of race, land or tongue,
these gorgeous Orientals were not massed to?
gether, but Hashed upon one with ttieir daz?
zling robes at due intervals. I am bound to
say that, taking the Roman Catholic Episco?
pate in their entirety as I saw them this morn?
ing, they form a handsome, impressive body of
men, and the number ot them who are in the
full vigor ol' life is remarkable. There was no
more noticeable countenance among them all
than that of him who was once an Archdeacon,
honored and beloved, In the Angelican Commu?
nion, and is now a shining light In the
Roman Catholic Church, and Archdeacon
of the Important See of Westminster.
I looked for his spare form and keen
ascetic lace, and at last I saw lt coming
up tlie nave. .-Ide by side with Dr. Man?
ning walked Monseigneur de Merode: and as I
saw these two ardent, uncompromising mili?
tant prelates together, I thought that they
were well bracketed. When Dr. Manning had
passed, I knew that there would be but few
more archbishops to follow-for a high place
of honor is always assigned him at Rome, and
nt Rome who comes last is first in estimation.
I proved right in my speculations, for close at
his heels came the College ol Cardinals. The
youngest, and perhaps thc most noticeable
among them ail, was Cardinal Bonaparte,
who owes his hat to an all-potent cousin.
Scarcely had thc eye fallen on the unmis?
takable figure of Antonelll than tlie front rank
ol'the dense crowd dropped on Its knees-the
hinder ranks could not, they %cre so closely
packed, for Pius IX, his face radiant with
supreme happiness, was dealing right and
left his Ponlillcal blessing.
Not willing to be outdone, the correspond?
ent of tlie Daily Telegraph gives a vivid ac?
count ol thc opening of the Council :
His Holiness looked exceedingly well and
happy; his voice was as clear and tuneful as
when I last heard it two years ago; and he has
decidedly grown stouter within tlie same pe?
riod. As soon as his short function had ter?
minated, lie moved towards thc hall, stepping
slowly but firmly along with folded hands, and
casting piercing glances on the bystanders
nearest to him. Four oflicials-I cannot say
of what rank-boro up his magnificent white
robes, and the triple crown was carried on a
velvet cushion before him. Meanwhile, the
bishops had been ranging themselves along
thc green benches ot the Council Cham?
ber; and, when his Holiness mounted
the dais and sale down In the Papal
throne, they also assumed their seats.
Preliminary prayer was then offered up by a
cardinal, thc Pope rising and kneeling, oelng
crowned and uncrowned, alternately, for a few
minutes, after which he appeared to take de?
finitive possession of his throne, anti gave the
signal that the prelates should be covered by
putting on his tiara, flashing with costly
gems. This moment afforded the most strik?
ing spectacle ol'the whole ceremony; as il by
word of command, the six hundred occupants
of the Council benches put on their snow
white linen mitres, and, folding their hands,
sat back in their luxurious stalls. They look?
ed like rows of enormous white flowers, plant?
ed in curved beds of velvety green moss.
Nothing could be more chaste and charming
than the tableaux presented by the Council at
this hour of its opening session.
-Madame Rlstorl is said* to have made
$70,000 In Huenos Ayres.
-"Champagne Charley" is evidently Charles
-Thc Pi/month Church people propose to add
$5000 to Mr. Beecher's salary.
-Dr. Livingstone ls to bc Sir David Livingstone
If he ever gets back to England.
-Thc Queen of Madagascar hos accepted Chris?
tianity, and burned all her idols.
-Manager Bateman has been dismissed from
thc Manhattan Club for his assault on Cranston.
-The new French coinage ls to bear thc pro?
files of thc Empress and the Prince Imperial
alongside that of the Emperor.
-lt looks as if Mr. Edward Thornton, thc Brit?
ish Minister at Washington, bad a life office. It
ls announced that he ls to remain in his present
position till thc Alabama question ls settled.
-The birth of thc brant princess of England
happened quite unexpectedly. The Prince and
Princess of Wales having been ont, returned home
at ll P. M., and an hour afterwards the infant
-Sam Collycr, of Baltimore, has been matched
to fight Billy Edwards, of New York, for $2000 a
Bide and thc light weight championship of Ameri?
ca; the fight to come orr in seven weeks from next
-After an intermission of eighteen hundred
years, Lauglni reopens the Pompeii Theatre with
"The Child of the Regiment," solicits the continu?
ance of the patronage bestowed on his predeces?
sor, Marcus Quintus Martius, and promises to
equal the efforts of that eminent manager.
-Thc precise period at which the unmarried fe?
male is willing to confess that she is an old maid
has at last been ascertained. Miss Jelf, or Eliza,
beth, New Jersey, who has just passed her one
hundred and rourth birthday, admits that she
was an old maid at least four years ago.
-General Joseph E. Johnston lias definitely de"
dined to accept thc proffered presidency or the
University of Nashville, Tennessee. At llrst he
intimated his probable willingness to accept it,
but he lias decided that the business engagements
he is at present under biud him in honor to de?
-Mario did not poison himself ror grier at
Grisi's dentil, but is singing away in tlie opera at
St. Petersburg as if nothing had happened. Next
season he goes to London, but at the close or the
engagement will retire rrom tlie stage in order to
indulge Iiis postponed grief In a decorous and
-Albei t Pelham Clinton ls a youthful English
Lord. As usual he ls in debt. He is also a pedes?
trian. He recently walked ten miles on a wager,
winning ?250. This he handed over to his credi?
tors. Thc Pall Mall Gazette urges him to keep on,
and in time he will walk out of debt, ir not out
of reach of his creditors.
-Tlie New York papers say a divorce suit,
which promises some rich developments, is about
to be commenced in the courts of New Jersey.
Thc parties In the case are a rather aged and
well-known man, a director of the Eric Railroad
Company, reported to be worth five million dol?
lars, and his wire, a young woman or about twen?
ty-eight years, a descendant or a wealthy Dutch
ramily of Bergen. The husband's time was
wholly engaged In the interests of Erie and in |
amassing wealth, and his wire attended balls,
parties and amusements, drew around her plenty I
or admirera, and z? a result was finally driven I
rrom her home.
Lovely Little Place.
BARNWELL C. H., January *.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
We orten hear the complaint that Aiken ls BO
crowded it is almost impossible to accommodate
the many who throng there from the North In
quest of health, (that priceless jewel, without
which fife ls a burden,) and we therefore would-'
call the attention of such persons to oufown lit?
tle village, for we do not think the y ?nid be more
pleasantly situated anywhere. As THF :.'?SWS ls
so widely circulated, wo did not know a better
medium of communication with the outside
To those who are ignorant of its locality, wer
would state that Barnwell Is a quiet little tc-vn,
ten miles from Blackville, its depot, on the South
Carolina Railroad. A comfortable hack plies
daily between the two places. The air is pure
and salubrious, aud the climate not so cold as
that of iflren in winter. Though the weather
has been unusually severe of late, a sweet orange
tree growing in a garden entirely unprotected
is still as green and flourishing as though the
balmy zephyrs of summer still played around lt.
A large aud commodious hotel (the Patterson
Honse) has recently been opened here by Mr.
Chase, and we hope that ids energy and persever?
ance will insure success. The rooms on the
south side of the'building are delightful, com?
manding a beautiful prospect of miles of open,
undulating conntry. There are four churches
here-Baptist, Presbyterian, Eolscopallan and
Roman Catholic. Thc beloved pastor of the first
named church, Rev. L. K. Shuck, bas been re'
cently called to the First Baptist Church in your
city, and we earnestly hope that his labors will be
crowned with success. Barnwell ia a com?
mercial point of view, is very prosperous;
indeed, the merchants have never reaped
so rich a harvest as they have garnered duraag
the fall months. On account of the difference inf
rents and city taxes, goads can be purchased
here almost as cheap as In the neighboring cities,
though, of course, the assortment from which to
select ls much smaller. There bi a strong proba?
bility that the courthouse will be brought back,
and that ere the June roses bloom, the shrill
scream of the car whistle will be heard in oar
midst, as tbe enterprising superintendent of the
Port Royal Railroad has been here making ar?
rangements to that effect. Should this occur,
then, Phonix-llke, our town will rise from the
ashes, and begin the race for prosperity with re?
newed vigor. A bcautifnl stream, which the
most Intense heat of summer never dries, flows'
through our town. It ls amply sufficient for man?
ufacturing purposes, on an extended scale, and
some capitalist would find a splendid in?
vestment for his funds by starting a
factory here In the heart of King Cotton's
dominions. There is a legend connected with
this stream, that those who drink of Its waters,
even ;'iould they wander to the far-off Isles of the
sea, are irresistibly drawn back, as by a magnet,
to wander again on its banks. This is somewhat
annlagous to thc Grecian myth concerning Pros?
erpine, who, because she had tasted of a few
seeds of the pomegranate during her Involuntary
stay in Pluto's dark dominion, was compelled
every year to leave fee bright sunshine of earth
and descend to those subterranean regions.
But lest I weary you with this rambling talk
about Barnwell, like all tcrrcstlal things lt shall
cud, with the wish that yon would come here in
the happy spring time, when all nature rejoices
ia the bridal of earth and sky, when the air ls
laden with the perfume of myriad flowers, and
vocal with the song of birds, and you will agree
with your correspondent in saying, "Barnwell is
a lovely little place." M.
THE TELEGRAPHIC HUDDLE.
A Washington letter of the 10th Instant,
to the Baltimore Gazette, says:
A solution ot the telegraphic muddle will
Ftrobably bc lound in the seizure of all the
Ines in America by the government. This
measure hos been in contemplation for a long
time. Its delay ls to be attributed alone to
thc distorted reports in favor of Radicalism
communicated through the dispatches under
the present system. By monopolizing the dis?
patches per telegraph, the government would1
bc able to tincture even Democratic papers
with their atrocious calumnies against the
patriotic party, and a helpless people. But
many arc of the opinion that in this respect
matters cotdd hardly be in <t worse condition.
Information has been received herc that the
manager of thc Western Union Telegraph in
New orleans, who had been on duty for two
days and nights, was forced to give up yester?
day and close the office. Fotir days' dispatches
for Texas, which he had been unable to for?
ward, owing to the strike being general in that
State, would be forwarded by mail. The oper?
ators in thc Richmond office joined the strikers
to-day, and thc strike hos become general
throughout the South. Communication with
the Cuban cable is thus cut off. The main of?
fice ol* the Western Union Company in Wash?
ington, ls doing its best to forward business,
and Mr. Tinker, thc manager, ls working like
a Trojan. All the branch offices, Including
those nt the capital, have been reopened.
The government ls a heavy loser by this cut?
ting oil* of telegraphic communication with
the South, as it is unable to hear from or ad?
vise the revenue officials in that section. It
has been suggested that some measure be
Uiken by Congress In the matter, but this will
hardly be done. It is quite certain, however,
the strike will result In the breaking up of
certain existing monopolies, which must bea
eilt the people generally, but more particular?
ly those of Hie Southern States, as well as the
press ol' that region.
A Carious Case.
St. Louis ls In a great state of excitement
over the case of Mr. Holtkamp, concerning
which we have already given some informa?
tion. The Republican of January 3d has the
following additional particulars :
The fifth day has elapsed since the body of
Mr. Holtkamp passed into a comatose condi?
tion resembling death, and yet there ls no
change in the color of his features, or the
touch of his flesh, other than a small degree
of coldness. His eyes are closed as if closed
in sleep, and, in fact, if the body was taken
out of tile coffin and placed on a bed, and
then shown to persons ignorant of the circum?
stances, they would most unquestionably de?
clare Hie man was in a deep sleep. There ls
no soltening of the flesh, and no indications
whatever of putrefaction. There ls an entire
absence of that odor that ls alone peculiar to
a dead human body. Thc fingers and wrist
joints are still flexible, while there is an ab?
sence of deathly stiffness from thc neck joints.
These facts, at thc expiration ol the filth day
from the time it was supposed he died, sur?
round the case with great and increasing in?
terest, and many are heard declaring that thc
man cannot be dead. If it is not death, then
what is it ? So far no reasonable satisfactory
explanation for the absence of the usual at>
tendants of death (putrefaction, ?fcc.,) hos been
It is tlie fixed determination of the immedi?
ate relatives of Mr. Hcitkamp to retain his
body from burial until there are unmistakable'
evidences that putreiaction has commenced.
Then, and not till then, will the body be re?
moved from the room in which it now lies.
The atmosphere of the room in which the ?
body lies is not at all cold. There ls a large
stove in the adjoining room, and the commu?
nicating door is kept open.
-We read in the English papers that Traup
mann manifested great unconcern before his
trial. He remarked that if he was convicted ht
should not be executed, as lie possessed the
means of comm lt ting suicide, which no one
could prevent bira from employing; he was sure
lie said, of escaping any watch that might be se
-The French Consul at Richmond, Va., Mons
Sanvan. died ou Suud;iy evening from an attack
of paralysis, j