Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1268.
CHARLESTON, FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 14, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
IT i fiTTivrimA?i
I crntuoin tho mnrip nrpRrribcd bv that lnstru-1 tion is settled ia favor of the government;!!!
PROCEEDINGS OF THE GENERAL
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, January 13.
Tn the Senate, to-day, thc House bill to au?
thorize the Governor to remove county oflleers,
the bill to extend the limits of Charleston, and
the bill to create a metropolitan police force,
(providing that the whole State be a police dis?
trict, with three commissioners and one superin?
tendent to have charge of all police matters.)
were read thc flrst lime.
Tfe Committee on Finance reported favorably
on the bill to i-j^uc one million of State bonds for
the purpose or buying lands for the homeless.
Hayes gave notice ora bili to amend the act to
provide for perpetuating testimony in relation to
deeds, choses in action, aud deeds destroyed du?
ring the war.
The bill to amend an act incorporating the
Georgetown Railroad Company received its se?
All the phosphate bills, with Corbin's resolotion
^requesting the Attorney-General to take proceed?
ings to protect thc right of the State to river phos?
phates, were referred to the Committee on Incor?
lu the Honse, the bills to punish conspiracies,
to prosecute an innocent person, and for other
cases, was recommitted.
TUc enactment clauses were stricken from the
followiug bills: A bill to provide for the Ucensing
of peddlers; a bill to protect from arrest the ofll?
eers of the State police for any alleged offence
committed by them m thc discharge of their du?
ties; a bill father to amend the law of landlords
and tenants; a bill to abolish imparlanec in all
cases brought to recover wages or shares of
?.rops, and a bill in relation to fences.
The bill to extend the limits of Charleston, and
also the bill to empower the Governor to remove
county auditors, treasurers and other civil offi?
cers by him appointed, were passed and sent to
The Committee on Incorporations reported fa?
vorably on the Senate bill to incorporate the
Charleston Loan Company.
The Educational bill was then taken np and dis?
cussed. Great opposition was manifested to the
cause giving to the superintendent of education
the rower to purchase the school-books.
ANOTHER DAY'S DOINGS.
THE BLCE RIDGE ROAD AND SENATORIAL
AMI A KI LIT V.
Charleston Extension*-Social- Equality
and Civil Rights-Blue Ridge Ring
Show thc Black Spot-An Insult to
r peal of thc Township Act-Absent
Senators-The State Secured-No Hope
from the Legislature-Kills Destroy?
ed-C ou nty Officer s-Charleston,
"Water Company. . f
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESrONDENl^^
COLL uni A, January 12.
TIIK CHARLESTON EXTENSION BILL.
To-day the House Committee on Privileges
and Elections, to whom was referred DcLarge's bill
to alter and amend , thc charter and extend thc
limits of the City of Charleston, and provide for
an election for Mayor and Aldermen of the same,
reported, recommending its passage with an
amendment providing that a flue of Ave hundred
dollars be imposed opon aiy person who attempt?
ed to obstruct the officers elected nndcr the pro?
visions of tins bill. At a quarter-past 2 o'clock ?
the bill was taken np for Its Becond reading.
Alderman McKinlay made several "dilatory mo?
tions," which were voted down. Small moved to
amend the twelfth section by making lt include
the Imprisonment In the penitentiary of the
present Mayor and Board of Aldermen. DcLarge
said they should have been there long ago. Ran?
gier wanted to know if the individual (Corbin,
supposed to be referred to,) who advised thc
Conney that they could not take action in regard
to distinctions made In Charleston against race
and color, could not be Included. After this by?
play, the vote was taken npon thc passage of the
bill through its second reading with the amend?
ment to Une and imprison aoy one who ob?
structed officers elected ander the acL
McKinlay was the only one or the Charleston
delegation who voted against the bill. Jcnks is
jpot in the city. Dennis and Tomlinson were not
in the House when the vote was taken, but stated
after that had they been they would have voted
SOCIAL EQUALITY AND CIVIL RIGHTS.
There is a great deal of discussion at present
whether or not the colored people of the State en?
joy all the rights and privileges guaranteed them i
under thc constitution. The Judiciary Committee
of thc Honse seems to think they do. On the 21st
of December last a bill "to scenre equal civil
rights, and to provide for the enjoyment of all
remedies In law by all persons, regardless
.f race or color," wo? introduced in thc
House and referred to the said committee. It
rceited that as the constitution of this State,
in article l, section 39, provides that
distinction on account of race or color, In any
case whatever, shall be prohibited, and all classes
of citizens shall enjoy, equally, all common, pub?
lic, legal and political privileges;" and serious
doubts are entertained as to whether the reme?
dies in certain cases onder existing statutes aro
applicable to colored as well ns white persons,
therefore, wherever authority has heretofore been
conferred by law upon any free white person or
persons to Institute any suit or proceedings, or to
prefer any information or complaint in any mat?
ter, civil, penal or criminal, the same rights shall
be enjoyed by, and the same remedies applicable
to, all persons whatsoever, regardless of race or
color, subject to the same conditions and none
other. The committee reported a few days ago
recommending that the bill do not pass. Ko ac?
tion has been taken npon the report.
THE BLUR RIDOE RING.
Thc conenrrent resolntion passed by thc Honse
yesterday, providing that a committee, to consist
%t three members of the House and two of the
Senate, be appointed, with full power to send for
persons and papers, for the investigation of every
transaction had since the reorganization of the
Blue Ridge Railroad Company, came up in the
Senate thi3 morning for a "flrst reading." It was
read, and a motion was made to refer lt to thc
Committee on Railroads. To this motion Cain
objected and made a speech in opposition, during
which he Intimated (or led every one who heard
him to believe that he did so) that that committee
knew entirely too much about the Blue Ridge
Railroad already. Lesllo fldgelted In his seat
(some other senator's scat rather, for he rarely sits
in his own, but runs around thc chamber loosely
for some time,} until ho felt that that the Railroad
Committee, of which he is chairman, had been in?
sulted enough ; and then he desired to know if
Cain wished to bc understood as Intimating that
the Railroad Committee was Interested in the
Blue Ridge or any other railroad. To this ques?
tion Cain stated that he did mean to say that the
committee knew something of the affairs of these
railroads; for it had reported upon them. He
knew that a large amount or state money bad
been paid oct for this Blue Ridge Railroad, and
nothing had come of it, and an investigation was
needed; ont he did not want the Railroad Com?
mittee to do it. He then mot ed to lay the motion
to refer the resolution to thc Railroad Committee
on the table.
SHOW TH* BLACK ST?T.
As soon as Cain seated himself, Leslie arose,
and after working himself into a passion, said
it was unfair and indecent for a senator, even In
admiting way, as did the senator from Charles?
ton, to get up and intimate that if the Railroad
Committee wa* appointed to investigate t
fairs of thc' Itiue Ridge Railroad Corapar
?would investigate its own crime. [Cain,
rupUng: I di l not say any such thing, and
misunderstood if the senator from Banr.i
understood me.] Leslie, eoutinuing: If he i
to say that, why did he not say it openly
intimate it: why did he not state what crin
Railroad Committee as a body, or its mei
individually, had committeed? Re couh
point ont any crime. I challenge him or
other senator to point out a crime, or to put
Unger on a black spot. The Railroad Conni
did report favorably upon a bill lo give $i
ooo to aid thc Rino Ridge Road, and thc sc
from Charleston not only voted for it, but :
the biggest speech in favor or it that was i
AN INSCLT TO THE GOVERNOR.
Cain stated that he had made no such charj
the senator from Barnwell alleged he ha
wanted the resolution to go to a special ..ot
tee, and not to thc Railroad Committee, be
it had had the matters of the road under con
atiou before, Lesliesaifl the resolution was
and contemptible, and Intended only as an i
to the Governor and thc olllcers of the Blue!
road. If the mover and supporters of tho
lotion had desired Information on thc sn
they would first have gone to the Govern*
thc officers of thc road, who arc In Columbia
asked them; and if the road refused togiv
information desired, then have introduced
resolution. But they tiffi not want informa
they wanted to Insult the Governor, adn
this method of doing it. The Democrats d
yet their ^brethren a: e mostly connected wit
railroad. You can't step anywhere around
State, but you step on something rotten
belongs to the Democrats; yet if they wat
stir lt up, let them go ahead. The report ol
matter will get out to the people of thc S
If the Senate concur in this resolution, the p<
will say, "There, the Republicans are after
Governor with a sharp stick; they arc goln
singe him and drive him out of his hole." I
refuse to concur, they will say we have
stifling a matter which would have exposed
Executive. Sec the position wc have been pl
in by thc supporters of tne resolution. I
willing to have the resolution referred to a i
mittee, but I am not willing to have it cons
ed without its being referred and reported i
At this stage of Leslie's argument, during w
he displayed more temper than he has show
any other time this session, thc hour for the 4
cial order" arrived.aud lt was taken up and dh
ed of, after which thc resolution was again coi
ered. Hay ne opposed its reference to the Rall
Com mi.-tee, and intimated thal some of the s
tors knew a little too much already of thc
Ridge Railroad, and lu response to a questic
Leslie whether he meant to say that thc Raih
Committee knew too much, replied he had n<
much reference to the committee as to some ol
members of thc Senate. Leslie commenced ano
harangue about such slurs being cast upon
sonators, but was rapped out of order, as
^??so Mayne, who attempted to deny some cha:
of intimations made by Leslie. Rafncy tumour
the language of the senators In their discus
upon thc resolution as undignified, and dcclii
that the impugning of the motive* of scuators
of committees should uot bc permitted. In <
eluding his remarks lie very sensiblbly said I
it didn't make any difference to what comml
thc resolution was referred, that if the par
interested in the road had anything to com
they would so cover lt up that it would not bc
the power of any committee to bring-any thin)
light. A motion to uou-concur was made and <
REPEAL OF THE TOWNSHIP ACT.
The Senate's special order for one o'clock
day was the third reading of the House bill to
peal an act entitled "an act to organize toi
ships, and to define their powers and privilege
As soon as it was called up, Corbin moved to t:
up with it '.he bill to amend an act entitled 1
act to organize townships and to define tt
powers and privileges." This motion caused c
siderable discussion, but was finally voted do
and thc first bill considered. Arnim, Hay
Cain, Maxwell, and Raincy spoke in iavor of I
bill passing at once, argnlug that the State v
too sparsely settled for thc act to be operat
with any success; besides the expenses necessi
to carry on Its operations were more than I
people coo ld bear. Corbin and Wright were i
posed to thc passage of thc bill, taking thegrou
that the act had not been given a fair trial. Af
a discussion lasting a little over an hour, thc n
tion to read the bill the third time and have it <
rolled was put and carried-Arnim, Barber, But
Bieman, Duncan, Foster, Hoyt, Hayes, Hayi
Johnston, Leslie, Lunney, Montgomery, Maxwt
Kash, Owens, Raincy, Reid, Rose, Rodgers,Swal
Wimbush, (24,) voting in thc affirmative; Coro:
Greene, JilLson and Wright (4) in thc negatli
Cain was not in thc chamber when the vote w
taken. Had he been he would have voted In t
The Radical party of this State never hero
did anything that will give more satisfaction tnt
this. By their action thc people arc relieved
the taxation necessary to support a useless sj
tem which cost thc State annually about one m
?ion one huvdnd and sixty-five thousand fi
hundred dollars. Corbin, Jillson and Wngli
after the passage of thc bill, gave notice that tin
would, on to morrow, give their reasons for vt
lng against Us passage, and wished them r
Early in tho morning session Jillson desired
know if thc President n-as informed of thc cam
of thc absentees without leave of the Benato
from Chesterfield (Donaldson,) Lancaster (ide
son,) and Clarendon (Sims.) Thc President wi
not informed, and so staled, whereupon Jillie
gave notice that he would, on to-morrow, intr
duce a resolution in reference to thc matter. E
request of several of the senators, however, he li
troduccd the resolution Just before thc adjouri
ment for thc day. It provides that each of Tti
senators be fined six dollars each day of their at
sence ofter the passage of thc resolution. It wi
TUE STATE SECURED.
It will be remembered that a few days agc
Arnim introduced a resolution authorizing th
Committee on Finance to inquire and report wha
amount of security, if ony, ls deposited by th
Financial Agent to secure thc Stale. Thc com
mittee reponed to-day that they found In th
State Treasurer's office a bond duly aud correct
ly executed according to law, for the penal sun
of five hundred thousand dollars, and the sam'
rocorded in the office or the Secretary of State
and that a voluntary act on the part or th;
Financial Agent, inasmuch as au act authorizing
the appointment of said agent do"s not exact ?
NO DOPE FROM TUB LEGISLATURE,
A short time ago the petition of the citizens o
Cole Hill Township, In thc County of Chesterfield
asking the removal from thc real estate of lol!
township of the one hundred and fifty per cent'
assessed by thc State Board of Equalization to al
thc real estate property of the county, was refer
red to Auditor Tomlinson. To-day he reported
that he could not recommend Hie granting of tin.
petition, on thc ground that thc County Board ol
Equalization, which held Us annual meeting last
month, had full power to revise the assessment!
In this county, and to remove auy Inequities
that might exist a3 between individuals or town?
ships, aud if they railed to make any changes, lt is
to be presumed that they thought no chauges
were needed. It may be, says he, that thc pe?
titioners have been inequitably dealt with, but
the law provides a remedy, and it seemed to him
that nothing but confusion will result ii the Gene?
ral Assembly undertake to decide upon special
cases like this of the petition.
It is very probable that thc Senate will adopt
ihi3 report. From this lt may be seen that the
people need expect no legislative relief from the
oppressions ami unjust assessments of Hie County
Hoards of Equalization.
At the last regular .session of the L?gislature J.
H. Rainey, J. 0. Crews and 15. A. Hosemon, .Ir.,
were appointed a joint committee to numerate
and destroy hills of "thc Rank of the State,1' for
which tionds have becu Issued in compliance with
an act entitled "An act to close the operations of
thc Hank of the Slate.'' Thc committee submit?
ted the following report to both houses to-day:
Thc committee met In October last at the office
of the Comptroller-General, where they received,
examined, counted and destroyed thc aforesaid
lulls to the amount of one million one hundred
and ninety-four thousand three hundred and
ninety-two dollars, and examined interest
vouchers therefor to thc amount of sixty-five
thousand seven hundred and forty-two dollars
and seventy-two cents, and round the dates and
amount strictly correct. In ihe opinion of the
committee, this occurrence reflects credit upon
thc Treasury Department in funding the bills,
when thc mutilated and defaced condition of the
same is considered. All or which is respectfully
In the House, to day, a "bill to empower the
Governor to remove county auditors, treasurers,
and other civil otllcrs by him appointed," re?
ceived tts second reading. It simply provides
that in cases of misconduct of any or the officers
named (he?Governor may suspend him and ap?
point some ono to discharge the duties of thc of?
fice until the charges be investigated, and ir such
officer be found guiliy the Governor eau remove
CilAKLESTON WATER COMPANY.
Thc Senate bill to Incorporate the Charleston
Water Company, of the City or Charleston, Slate
of South Carolina, was thc special order in lhe
House for half-past 1 o'clock to-day. At that
hour it was called up. DcLargc said that he did
not believe that water would ever be carried into
charleston by thc corporators named in this bill:
they only got it up for speculation. It will cost
millions of <lollars to carry waterInto Charleston,
and some of these men named In the bill bc would
not trust with fifteen cents or his own mnnev.
Without waltiug for fa rt lier remarks* the : un her
consideration or the bill was made the special
order for thc loth of this month. ? ' L.
THE GEE AT SAXITAltlVMjS
Aiken as Described by a visitor.
A travelling correspondent rjf the Norfolk
Journal, writing from Aiken, S. C., says:
jWhile roaming around at random this win?
ter "way down in Dixie," for my own recrea?
tion and the gratification of an iure curiosity,
I happened one day to alight in tho thriving,
beautifully planned and healthful little town
from which I date this communication; and,
as it is a place much resorted to In the winter
months, from all sections of the country, and
with marked success, by persons suffering
from physical debility or thc various forms bf
pulmonary disease, lt has occured to me that I
might improve some of my abundant leisure
hours in benefitting those of my former fellow
citizens of Norfolk who may be suffering from
the diseases alluded to, by making known to
them, through the columns of your Journal,
some ol' the advantages of this great sanita?
rium, and the very flattering prospects ot cure
held out by it to those who are not too deeply
entangled within thc meshes of disease.
Aiken Is situated on the South Carolina Rail?
road, one hundred and twenty miles west
wardly from Charleston, and seventeen miles
eastwardly from Augusta, Ga. lt is elevated
six hundred feet above Charleston and three
hundred and forty above Augusta.
The site ol thc town is a beautiful and ex?
tensive plateau of light sandy soil, varying
only in its aspect from a level plain by BUCH
geriilo undulations of thc surface as are sufli
ctent in their grades to cause a speedy dis?
charge of rain water.
Tins feature, added lo thc porosity of tho
underlying stratum, a red, ferruginous perme?
able clay, enables a person (although thctu.
arc no paved sidewalks) to walk all over town
Incommoded by either mud or water, within
an hour aller a heavy rain. Another evidence
ol the porousness and consequent dryness of
the soil, exist in the great depths of the wolls^
which, in order to reach water, have to pene?
trate thc earth at distances i'roiu thc surface
varying from ninety lo one hundred and thirty
In the town itself and in the adjacent coun?
try, to a great distance around, levers arc
'fliedew point is very bw, and when dew
is deposited iris so very slight in quantity that
It quickly disappears from the grass after sun?
The atmosphere is so dry that surgical and
other delicate instruments, guus, ?-c., which
in many oilier localities need great care to bc
Liken of them In order to prevent thc ravages
ol rust, may herc bc exposed for mouths whil?
om, suffering detriment., I have this fact from
physicians long resident here.
Thc dryness of the soil and atmosphere, the
purity arid balminess of thc air, impregnated
as it is with thc fragrant and medical odors of
the long-leaved pine that here abounds, the
mildness and equableness of thc temperature,
added to the great elevation of the place, Utt?
ing it ubove the miasmatic influences of (he
low country, and with no hills above Aiken
anywhere near or even In sight, lo stay or im?
pede thc free How of the air from any quarter
of thc horizon, secinl to be the principal cl??
ments that combine In causing this locality to
bc regarded by some of thc most eminent phy?
sicians even of distant Europe as the most
desirable place of resort in tho world for con?
A gentleman of Charleston, while In Europe
last year, hud occasion to consult an eminent
London physician as to the state of his lungs,
and during the interview asked the doctor
what locality abroad (meaning lu Europe) lie
would advise him to reside lu tor the purpose
of benefitting his health.
"Why, replied the doctor, "there is a lillie
town In your Southern country that excels nil
other localities for those troubled like your?
self: 1 think it is called Aiken."
I know of another South Carolinian who.
some lime ago. on consulting a New York
physician ol eminence for some affection of
his lungs, and asking to bc directed to some
Climate and place most suitable for his case,
was told by ilic physician lo go straight to
Aiken, as thc very best thing he could do.
There is a professional gentleman ol' this
town now regularly pursuing his business
here, who. thirty years ago, was brought here
from Charleston so utterly emaciated and en?
feebled by pulmonary phthisic that he had to
be curried in a bed lroin the curs to his hotel,
and his physicians told him he would die if hu
remained in Charleston. The fact ofhis be'ug
here now in good health and conducting busi?
ness thirty years after having so closely grazed
thc grave, ls alone a pregnant proof of the In?
valuable hygienic conditions of this locality.
I am personally acquainted with another
fcntlemcn, who, being engaged in a profltuble
usiness In Charleston f.eventeeu years ago,
became then so dangerously and painfully af?
fected by larugitis and bronchitis, that he had
to give up business on the order of his physi?
He went to Florida, the south of France,
and to Haly for relief, but in vain. Ultimately
he came to Aiken, where he immediately be?
gan to improve, and where he is now actively
engaged in business, and bids fair lo live many
years'longer untroubled by his former afflic?
tions. I could detail here* the particulars of
many other similar cases did I suppose you
could sparc mc room.
Should any of your readers, who may be suf?
fering from tho "diseases :u verUd to in thia
communication, desire to visit this place for
the benefit of their health, they caa obtain all
necessary informaiion as to hotels, boarding?
houses, terms, ifcc., Ac., by addressing a line
to George Gevncr, Esq., secretary of the
Hoard of Improvements of Aiken, S. C., ob?
serving to inclose a postage stamp for his
This town is most beautifully laid out.
Wherever tko streets intersect each other,
they do so precisely at right angles, aud at
such regular distances as to make each block
pr square a parallelogram of four ncres whose
long side is to Its short,slde as six is to three.
None of thc streets are less than one liuu
dred and liity feet In width.
The dwellings are not crowded into one lo?
cality; but being sprinkled over a large areu
(a few houses lo a block, embowered among
trees and adorned with gardens) seem more
nearly to realize the old classic poet's saying
of "ms in urbe" than many anolber country
town that I have 6een.
Preaching in thc churches of five religious
denominations is conducted hero every Sun?
day, viz: the Presbyterian, hpistopal, Roman
Catholic, Methodik, and Baptist
I was much surprised to And in my walks
about town much fewer negroes ir. proportion
to Hie whites than I did in Norfolk. The de?
portment of thc negroes here towards thc
whites is unexceptionable so far aa 1 can ob?
serve, and I hear of no Jarring or collision
bel ween the two races. Accord reigns between
E U K U f E .
THE MUTTERINGS OF REVOLUTION
Funeral of Victor Noir- Great Excite?
ment-T lie Workingmen attend cn
Masse-Thc Crowd Dispersed by thc
TARIS, Jauuary 13.
Five thousand workingmen from the Fau?
bourgs attended the funeral of Noir, also many
ladles in carriages dressed In mourning.
Rochefoit's presence caused great excitement,
and frequent cries of "Vive la Republic" occurred
at thc cemetery. Hochcfort came down the
Champs Elysees escorted by a great crowd sing?
ing Hie Marsellalse. They were dispersed by the
military. Rochcfort claiming his privilege as a
deputy, was allowed to pass to the chamber,
where he arrived pale and much excited.
The crowd was llia'ly dispersed without resist?
ing military or police, though some arrests were
LATER. - The police and magistrates were
stoned. There ls intense excitement, but no se?
rious trouble. There are one hundred thousand
soldiers In Taris. Thc police force has been large?
ly increased. The Marsellaiie appeared as usual
to day-the tone was very violent. Rochefort's
leader says the cry of yesterday was for justice;
to-morrow the cry may come lor vengeance.
OUR AGRICULTURAL INTERESTl
[From the Sumter Watchman.]
Wc saw, with much concern, among the pro
I wedings ortho Legislature, on the Ctn instant,
? a notice by Wimbush, ol' the Senate, of a bili
to repeal thc act of September, 18C6, which se?
cures liens upon the growing crop, as security
for advances made for supplies to carry on said
crop. We were concerned, because we feared
that the withdrawal of the security basis upon
which such advances were made would put a
stop to such advances, in thc main, and Just at
thn season when arrangements are being
made for thc present year's operations, discon?
cert, disarrange, seriously cripple and obstruct
our Mgricului&l interests-the great basis and
substratum of the recuperation, prosperity
and development of the country.
A let ter before us, from a leading factorage
house in Charleston, under date of January 7
one of enlarged liberality and conservative
views-one that advanced more than $100,000
on lions Um past rear, aud, nuder earnest ap?
plication, was making arrangements to proba?
bly double that amount the present year-con?
firms our apprehensions, and puls the matter
even in a more serious light ilia ti appeared to
us ar. Hist thought.
Wc make thc following extract from this
letter, addressed to parties ar this place:
"Wc saw. thia morning, In the dallies, a no?
tice of a bill repealing thc Lien Law of 18G6.
This stops all proceedings towards advances.
Yon will please suspend all issues of liens, as
we shall lill no order for advances until this
question is settled In the Assembly. If this
act ls repealed it will nearly ruin our planting
friend.** and at once throw out of employment
I 25.001) laborers."
If the object of legislation be the public good
-to foster and develop thc Industry and ma?
terial Interest of the State-then we are totally
at a loss to discover the basis of argument and
reasoning for the proposed action.
It is so manifest as to be apparent to every
observer, that; thc application of the limited
capital of the country, through the operations
of this act, to the industry ot the country, has
been such as constituted it almost the prime
basis ol'the action of the latter. A large por
lion of thc planting interests of the State huve
been conducted, since thc war, upon this basts,
and such was the destitution of the country,
that lt could not have been conducted upon
any other basis. Il has added to the product
of the State thousands of bales of cotton aud
lens ol' thousands of bushels of corn-put In
cultivation broad fields, and; almost Innumera?
ble smaller ones, which, otherwise would have
continued to lay in fruitless waste, and given
employment, with lair earnings, to thousands
of thc freed people. .And very many of these
people, who, by Industry and frugality, have
been enabled, from the earnings of the pre?
vious year, to rent or purchase small parcels
of land for cultivation, have secured assistance,
and were now making arrangements to secure
such assistance-which they could not other?
wise obtain-under the provisions of this act.
Wc know hundreds of colored men now
making arrangements to carry on their crops
the present year under this lien law, who, by
the inevitable results ol' its repeal, will find
their whole basis of work in the soil for the
year checkmated and their operations brought
io a perfect standstill.
And so of hundreds of while farmers. And
if the Legislature repeal this act it cauuot oth
wise result than lu reducing, to a great extent,
the agricultural products ol' the State the pre?
sent year, ?ts it will amount virtually to tho
Withdrawal ol a large amount of capital from
assistance of this great central, vital iuterest.
If, therefore. Hie movement to repeal this
act be designed as a blow at the landed inter?
ests of Hie Slate-to cripple aud obstruct this,
in onler to force the sale of lands, and thus to
wrest it from the hands ol' present owners
(and wc confess we can see no other possible
motive)-it must not only signally full of Its
design upon this class, separately-since It
i will lull upou the colored as well as thc white
1 man-and can only be accomplished by putting
an incubus upon the industrial Interests mid
energies of the country generally, and inflict?
ing u heavy loss upon the earnings ol' the
State nt large.
We call upon those In authority to pause.
These are the facts of the case, disconnected
from all political feeling or priuclple-regard?
less of party or race-and we trust that those
who now sit In the councils of tho State will
not exhibit themselves so blinded and preju?
diced by partisan feeling, as to rush wildly
into a measure like this, regardless ot the
-The New York papers publish a record, made
up from old diaries, of the weather during the
winters which elapsed between 1789 und 1S32.
The table gives thc dates of the closing by Ice of
the Hudson Ri? cr, and of the opening of naviga?
tion in the spring. No general rule as to the regu?
lar alternat iou of mild and severe weather can be
laid down from this table. Of these forty-two
winters sixteen were mild, but 6omo of tin m oe
curred in immediate succession. Thus, from 1792
to 1790, there were four mihi winters; then from
1790 to 1799 three severe; from 1799 to lSQl five
mild winters; then a succession of mild and severe
winters until 1811, when a long series of eighteen
severe wlntcrsset in, broken only by three mild
winters. The record would have been more valu?
able had the warmth of the summers been noted,
as there is a theory that thc average temperature
ls the same for every year; that is, a hot summer
ls counterbalanced by a severe winter, and a tem?
perate summer by a mild winter.
-There was a meeting at St. Louis, on Thurs?
day night, to consider the removing of thc Na?
tional Capital. Thc chairman was authorized to
appoint a committee to visit Washington to usc
their influence in getting the removal question
berorc Congress, but especially to prevent, if pos?
sible, fun her appropriations for government
buildings ut Washington. It was stated by some
of the speakers that there ls a Congressional or?
ganization which, two weeks ago, numbered
nearly eighty members, and ls constantly In?
creasing, whose purpose ls to defeat appropria?
tions und generally agitate the removal ques?
-A landslide of extensive siao receutly took
place in Radnorshire, Wales. The mass of earth
travelled half a mile before becoming stationary
and then rested within a few yards of the mall
road. This occurrence will be quoted to support
the theory recently advanced in England that in
time thc whole island will be washed away Into
UNCONSTITUTIONAL ADMISSION OF
VIRGINIA PROBABLE AT LAST.
[srj:CUL TELEGRAM TO TUE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, January 13.
There has been another bitter and protracted
debate to-day on thc Virginia bill, in both houses,
but thc Conservatives have gained, and now be?
lieve that they will be able to finally pass a bill
simply admitting thc State, and Imposing no new
Thc President lue informed senators, in con?
versation, that he ls opposed to the proposed in?
terference in Tennessee.
[FROM TUE ASSOCIATED TRESS.]
WASHINGTON, January 13.
Regarding Virginia, the best opinion ls that
the original Senate bill, pure and simple, will pass
that body. Thc House will amend, and a com?
mittee of conference will be appointed at an carly
day. Admission is regarded as certain.
In the House the yeas and nays were called on
a bill forbidding clerks to make presents to chiefs
In thc scuatc thc bill making treaties for the
acquisition of more territory was discussed in
The Committee on Ways and Means ls engaged
In hearing testimony regarding the abolition of
the duty on coal.
In the Senate, the Committee on Foreign Rela?
tions have agreed to Insert a clause In thc French
Cable^blil forbidding its consolidation with the
Tl?t>cu9tom8 for thc week ending on the 8th
were three millions.
Thc supervisory inspectors of steamboats arc
in consultation herc preparing a report.
Charles S. Cooper has been nominated as sur?
veyor of customs at Memphis.
Thc President, IJelkuap and ShermaD, after con?
sultation, are preparing Terry to proceed vigo?
rously against flagrant cases of perjury In organ?
izing the Georgia legislature.
The vote In the Senate ^o-day to go Into execu?
tive session was 2fl to 27. The friends of the ad?
ministration, pure and simple, voted in the mi?
In the Senate the Postofllce Committee reported
a bill establishing a lind or steamers between New
York and Enropc.
The Virginia bill was resumed. Drake's amend?
ment was rejected by a vote of 45 to ll. The
question recurred on the amendment prescrib?
ing oaths ol the third section or the Four?
teenth amendment to members or thc Legisla?
ture. It was discussed to executive session.
The Senate confirmed Thoma* Biddle, or Penn?
sylvania, as Consul General at Havana.
The House preliminary proceedings were pro?
longed by a filibustering spirit. The Virginia bill
was finally resumed and discussed to thc adjourn?
ment. Laurence supported the bill; Logan and
Wood opposed it. Thc nou9C ls in session to?
night for debate.
NEWS AND GOSSIP BT MAIL.
Sumner'* Dill to Kegroizc thc Paulie
Schools-Virginia to bc Kept In a Con?
dition of Pupilage-Thc Progress of
Had leal ihiri-Pro tee lion Uti Lsbby lng
-Thc Present Tu rliT to bo Maintain?
ed-Boutwcll's Financial Bill.
A Washington letter of Tuesday to the Balti?
more Gazette says:
The slow, but sure, process in vogue of
ncgroizlug the public schools of the district,
does not suit the sanguine temperament of
Senatorial Dictator Sumner. He has conse?
quently Introduced a bill which provides that
all th<? powers exercised heretofore In re?
spect to this matter, shall be invested in a
new board, but that "no distinction on ac?
count of race, color or previous condition
of servitude snail be made in the admission
of pupils to any of the public schools un?
der thc control of such trustees or other per?
sons, or in thc mode of education or treatment
of pupils in such schools." By his bill it is also
provided that instead of separate funds (here?
tofore existing) there shall bu one common
fund set apart and devoted to educational pur?
poses generally. It further requires that tho
name ot every child (without ''regard to race
or color") applying tor admission to a public
school, and ot every person applying for ser?
vice as a teacher, shall be recorded In the order
of application, and acted on accordingly, and
that "there shall be no preference in respect
to teachers, on account ot race or coftr, nor
shall there bc on this account any difference in
the grade or compensation of teachers." This
bill, the practical effect of which will be not
ouly to inaugurate mixed schools, but, to a
large extent, to put white scholars under the
tuition of black teachers, will .undoubtedly be?
come a law (so-called) this session. So they
The discussion In thc Senate this morning
proves that even those of the Radical scuators
who voted against postponement in the case of
Virginia (in other words, for Immediate ad?
mission,) did so avowedly upon the ground
that Impliedly thc State would still remain un?
der Congressional surveillance. Senator Mor?
ton, tho leader of tho "moderate" wing, dis?
tinctly declared this to be the doctrine ol' the
party at large ! And thus has culminated Hie
vexed question of Virginia's "admission." The
Suite, after admission, ls to be regarded as in
the condition of pupilage, and liable to be re?
manded to military rule at thc whim of Con?
gress ! This feature of tho Radical programme
is iullnltely more alarming than would be the
rejection of the claim to admission altogether,
si net' it develops a clear purpose to use thc
whole South for partisan purposes alone. Mor?
ton declared that If Congress had the authorl-'
ty to reconstruct under conditions, and make
a Slate under additional conditions (which
they had done,) they clearly had the power to
unmake lt at pleasure ! This is logical. But
why prate ? The steady and rapid encroach?
ments of tue dominant party have by no means
reached a stopping point. The word is "On?
ward I" Go ahead ! The necks of the people
are ready !
Thc manuiactnrers' gang of lobbyists have
Just arrived. It was thought that an effort
would be mude to release people fi om the one?
rous burden imposed upon them by the Eastern
protectionists, and hence this efliux of patent
legislative engineers. Their loaders, In a few
hours salidiactorily ascertained that no dan?
ger was to be apprehended from the defec?
tion of the miserable whimperers representing
tlie West. The tariff, it was quickly ascertain?
ed, would not be touched in a solitary impor?
tant point; the bulk of this section of thc lobby
consequently contemplate an early exodus.
Those lobbyists In the interests ol' "concerns"
interested In a revision and loweridg of the in?
ternal laxes might as well also depart in peace,
however dissat isfied ! Cougress will do no?
thing outside of their programme of retention
of power. 1 learn that not oue of the mea?
sures of relief so blatantly promised a lew
weeks ago, will be so much as seriously con?
sidered. Thc financial bill of Boutwell, as bad
as lt ls, ls a mere tub to the whale.
Well, will the people submit to all these In?
sults ? (for they are such. ) I say, yes, and many
more ! Never, until they are manacled hand
and foot, will they see their dauger, and thou
it will be too late I
Thc Fifteenth Amendment-Important
A Washington letter ol'Tuesday, speaking of
that day's proceedings. In Congress, says : <
One of the most important legal questions
debated was that tt3 to the effect of a revoca?
tion by one Legislature of a State of the
ratification of the Fifteenth amendment by
u preceding Legislature of the same State,
as Illustrated lu Hie action taken on the
amendment in New York. It was argued
by several senators that the constitution
does not confer any power of revocatiou
upon a State Legislature; that that body
can only considerer the question ol' ratifica?
tion, and dispose of it only by adopting or
refused lo adopt it. aud there its authority
over the subject ends; the Legislature has no
jurisdiction over the subject save that w hlch
lt dei ives from thc Constitution of the C nited
rient; that in pursuance ofthat mode Congress
submitted thc Fifteenth amendment for muti?
lation, and the Legislature can only determino
hat it will not ratify, and there ls an end of
:ho State's Jurisdiction; having ratified thc
imcndmcnt, lt is not competent for the
Legislature at a subs?quent time to annul
he ratification by a resolution of revocation.
Senator Howe and others wore not so clear
)f opinion, however, that it ls not within the
lower of a State Legislature at any time prior
o thc adoption of thc amendment by three
ourths of the States to revoke, or refuse, or
repeal, their former action, and reject the
imendment. Thc proposition is novel, v4th
)tit precedent, and is to bc thc fruitful subject
Jf discussion hereafter unless very soon the
requisite number of States shall ratify thc
imendment If lt shall turn out that the
Lhree-fourlhs vote of the State can only be
made up by Including New York, lt will be
some a momentous question whether a State
:an revoke Its ralillcation.
A Washington telegram to the New York
IVorld says :
It is said that, under thc influence of Butler
ind his man Whlttemore, the Reconstruction
Committee are refusing to take any steps to?
wards preparing a bill to remove the political
disabilities of any persons in the South. Mean
Llmc, there aro over two Int nd red and fifty
thousand leading citizens excluded from all
public employment-Federal, State, county or
municipal-under the Fourteenth amendment;
while from all Federal employments the whole
mass of the Southern whites of both sexes
?re excluded by tho iron-clad test-oath of 1862;
Thc object is to enable the carpet-baggers to
monopolize all the offices as long as possible,
30 that the New England system of tariffs and
class legislation can be maintained. It ls
thought that thc members of this committee
who desired to reconstruct Tennessee and Im?
pose new conditions, but to keep out Virginia,
ire not much encouraged by the manifesta?
tions of public opinion during the recess. .
BOVTWEZT, O JV THE BEBT.
address of the Secretary of thc Treas?
ury-The Burdens of War-Thc Debts
of thc Revolution and the Rebellion
-Resources of tile Nation-Arguments
Against th? Reduction of the Reve?
Secretary BoutweU delivered a lecture in
Washington on Monday night, for the benefit
af the Charity Fund of the Grand Army of the
Republic. His subject was "The Progress of
He traced the history of the country at
length, showing that resistance to tyranny and
love of freedom were characteristic of thc col?
onists, and that the general spirit of thc peo?
ple found expression lu the declaration of
American Independence. He asserted that
the student of history will find an intimate
connection between thc rejection of so much
of the original draft of that declaration as de?
nounced the slave trade, and thc attempt to
dissolve the Union in 18C1. Independence
was inevitable. It came and it secured equali?
ty to thc colonies as States, in full recognition
of thc American Union and Its rightful posi?
tion among thc nations of thc world. The civil
war was alike inevitable. It came and secured
freedom and equality to the citizen. The war
for independence gave us States, and it gave
us a nation, but citizenship was a privilege and
was confined to a class. The States and thc
nation emerged from the civil war purified and
chastened, while citizenship is no longer a pri?
vilege merely, but lt ls now established as a
right. But it is not enough that we are inde?
pendent politically as a nation. It is not
enough that the inhabitants of the country are
all citizens, and equal before thc law. A na?
tion cannot act fully and freely before the
world. She is not independent in the largest
and best sense unless she is comparatively free
of debt, with capacity to raise revenue much
in excess of ordinary demands, and a credit
unstained by auy act of dishonor, and relieved
of every apprehension oven in the minds of
the most timi J. This statement suggests the
only remaining di liku! ty in our country's path.
As thc men ot thc revolutionary war did not
hesitate to assume their share ol the burden
of thc war debt so I trust that you, who have
made so great sacrifices for the Union, will
courageously Im?talo their example. At
thc close of the revolutionary war the
Interest-bearing debt of the country was about
$75,000,000. Thc population of the country
was less than three millions, but, accepting
that number as the nearest approximation to
the truth, the debt aveniged $25 to each per?
son. The present Interest-bearing debt of the
United States can be put ut about $2,100.000,
000, and it is not unreasonable to estimate the
present population of thc country at 42,000,000.
Thc debi, therefore, averages $50 for each per?
l?n. It is safe lo assume, also, that the prop?
erty of thc country in proportion to its popula?
tion, estimaled at its gold value, js more than
three times as great as lt was in 1780 or 1790
even. If we assume the value of property in
1790 to have been equal to three hundred dol?
lars for each inhabitant lt would be proper to
estimate the aggregate property of the couu
Iry at the present moment to bc at
least one thousand dollars for each in?
habitant or au aggregate of nine hun?
dred millions of dollars at the former pe?
riod against forty-two thousand millions at the
present time. But whether these estimates of
the aggregate property of thc country at thc
two dilferent periods bc correct or not, it can?
not well be denied that tho present average is
more than three times the average in 1790.
The result is that at Ihe former period the
debt was eight and three-tenths per cent,
while al the present time it is only five per
cent, ct thc property of-the country. This es?
timate is at best but an approximation to the
truth; yet relatively lt is an under estimate
rather than an over estimate of thc present re?
sources. I cannot doubt that it was as difficult
for Mr. Jefferson's administration nnd for thc
people of thc country to reduce the debt dur?
ing his term at thc rate of three and a half
millions pur annum, ns lt ls for us to reduce
thc debi at thc rate of one hundred millions
per annum. From 1801 to 1801? the country was
subjected to all tho taxation which those In pow?
er dared to Anposc, for the reduction ol the
debt was a leading feature of Mr. Jeffer?
son's policy. Our condition at the present
time is peculiar. Thc revenue ls large, and
aRer the payment of ordinary expenses, pen?
sions and interest we have a surplus of one
hundred millions annually for the reduction of
the principal of tho debt. The treasury is free
from embrassmcnt and we have no occasion
to borrow a dollar tor any purpose whatever.
Provlslou can bc easily made for thc payment
of the ten-forty bonds, amounting to $194,000,
000, in 1874, when they will be flrst redeema?
ble, or they may be postponed for thirty years
more, as the public interest may require. The
amount of $2S2.000,000 due in 1881 can bc paid
al. maturity. For thc present we are at case
in financial affairs. The proposition for a new
loan has one purpose, and one only-thc re?
duction of tho interest account-and if this
cannot be accomplished wc have no occasion
lo intrude upon the markets of the ' .orld. Our
power to place a new loan at reduccu rate of in?
terest ls, in my opinion, wholly dependent upon
Hie magnitude of our surplus revenue. Noth?
ing but menace" of payment will Induce the
holders of six per cent, bonds to surrender
them and accept a bond bearing a lower rate
of interest. If yon reduce thc revenue so that
lt is barely adequate to meet the necessary ex?
penses arid thc accruing Interest, the holders
of five-twenty bonds will resolutely resist
every effort to induce them to accept a lower
rate ol' Interest Our net interest account, ex?
cluding Pacitlc Railway bonds, i3 $125,000,000.
Thc government has already bought $90,000,
000 ol' its own bonds, the interest on which
is paid to the Treasurer, lcavinc our actual in?
terest at about $120,000,000. Thc reduction ol
tho interest account, $18,000.000 a year, will
enable us, if we choose, to make this the basis
of a sinking fund lo pay thc principal ol the
interest-bearing debt in thirty-rive years, 1J
we reduce our revenue to the necessary
expenses of thc government and the amouul
needed to pay the Interest at thc pres?
ent rate. That ls to 6ay, a saving of $18,000,
000 annually, on the amount of interest, will
In thirty-live years, with thc accumiilalcii
intcrest'bc equal to the bonded debt of tilt
United States. Ought there then, In thc pres
once of such a possible advantage, to be auj
doubt aa to Hie ?wisdom of maintaining oui
revenue at a higher rate for one or two, or ever
three years, if accessary? With a large reve
nue for three years; the result is surely accom
plishod In one way or the other. If the publli
accept tho new bond at a lower rate thu qnes
they decline the opportunity, the revenues will
liquidate the principal of the debt and the in?
to rest will disappear proportionately. In either
case the country succeeds. If, however, we
at once reduce the revenues till they are suffi?
cient for ordinary expenses, pensions, and In?
terest on the public debt, and the public credi?
tors shall consequently refuse to receive a new
bond at a lower rate of Interest, what will
be the condition of the country thirty-five
years hence? It will have paid $4,200,000,000
of Interest upon thc public debt, and the
entire principal will then bc unpaid. Again, I
say, lt is not sufficient for a nation that it ls
politically independent of foreign hostile pow?
ers. It ls not sufficient that the people are all (
citizens; that they are free and equal, or even 1
that political power is in their hands. To ali
these must bc added national financial Inde?
pendence. This America lias not. This she
cannot have until she iiminlshes perceptibly
her public debt and renders its nayment cer?
tain within a generation. I dare not cite ex?
amples, but the nations are many that are
crippled in their policy and retarded In the de?
velopment of their industries by the magnitude
of their debts. Their example should be a
warning to us. The public debt ls the only se -
rious result of the war of any considerable
magnitude now remaining; but it ls a result BO
serious as to demand some present sacrifices for
the future public good. They are sacrifices, how?
ever, which will not interfere with the general
prosperity of the country; nor is the exigency
so exact as to leave us without the opportunity
ot relieving from time to time those interests
that are most heavily burdened. On the. one
hand by courage and thc manful acceptance,
temporarily, of a burden, considerable, no
doubt, but not Insupportable, we secure the
permanent prosperity and financial indepen?
dence ol the country. On the other hand, if
we shrink from the task and the duty, may I
not say, of mastering these difficulties at once,
we Increase the aggregate burdens of taxation
and leave to another generation the comple?
tion of a work which should hare been exclu?
sively our own.
Hr. Boutwell was applauded and congratu?
lated on the conclusion of his lecture.
A SHEPHERD ASTRAY.
A Well-known Clergyman Elopes with
a Young Lady of hie Congregation.
Another evidence of the social depravity of
New York city bas come to light. Last week
a prominent clergyman of Gotham-the Rev.
William Cooke, of West Seventh street Metho
dlst church-eloped with a yoong bury member
of his congr?gation, and the pair have left foi*
parts unknown. This minister of the gospel
and teacher of piety to the people left behind
him a wife and several children. . The New
York World of Monday says of the missing
It is believed they left the country. Tho
evening before their departure he packed his
trunk, after bis family bad retired, supposing
tho good man of the house was preparing his
sermon for Sunday. He quietly took his trunk
out of thc front door and had lt conveyed
somewhere, to await his arrival the following
night. Friday evening he remained ont quite
late, and at mid-night, as he had not returned,
his wife became apprehensive of his welfare.
At about this time thc mother of the young
lady, who had not returned, also heard of her
pastor's absence, and that fact, taken in con- .
nee ti on with thc fact that for some time past
he hos been quite attentive to her daughter,
forced upon her mind the unpleasant Deller
that the missing parties had left in each other's
Further revelations made the u?c^rtain con?
jectures a veritable tact. Saturday everything
was quietly kept from all ears. But yesterday
the flock gathered In their church without
their shepherd. The bishop of the diocese
took thc pulpit and announced the mysterious
disappearance to no one. A pretei.ee was
made for the absence, which satisfied the par?
The clergyman is well known in this city,
and his genial and courtly manners have
made him numerous blends. He is a fine
looking man of thirty years of age, tall, and
Eossesscd of a magisterial dignity which makes
lm distingu?. The lady ls quite pretty, and
belongs to a highly respectable and wealthy
family. Her mother had prudently intimated
to her that the attentions of the minister were
more than a strictly pastoral duty called for.
but thc young lady heeded not She once told
her mother that the pastor was quite flatter?
ing in his remarks to her, but that anything
harmful would grow out of it was not consid?
ered, nor did lt enter Into their minds to com?
prehend. The clergyman has a wife and two
children, whom he professed to love devoted?
ly, and his actions did not belle his profes?
sions. Never has his name been associated
with anything that could blemish. His friends
can dwell on that only as a fond memory
now. His wife is in great grief, and thinks
that ho must be temporarily Insane, and that
lt ls not the development of an evil heart.
S cr tiller s.
1000 barrels Superior LAND PLASTER.
For sale by T. TUPPER ? SON'S.
RUTHS' CHALLENGE SOLUBLE PHOSPHATE.
This "most active and durable Fertilizer," manu?
factured expressly to supply the place of A No. 1
Peruvian Guano, combines all the active proper?
ties of Guano, with the durable properties of
Bone. For sale by
W. B. SMITH A- CO., Agents,
Janl2 Napier's Range.
pACIFIC GUANO COMPANY'S
COMPOUND ACID PHOSPHATE OP LIME,
COMPOSTING vrnn COTTOX SEED.
Hus article bi manufactured at the Company's
i'orks under the direction and supertn tenden oe
of Dr. RAVENEL. lt contains the same elements
of fertility as Soluble Pacific Guano, except that
lt ls not furnished with ammonia. It ls prepared
expressly for com posting with cotton seed, which
furnishes the element of ammonia-the object be?
ing to render that side-product or the plantation
available to the highest degree as an element of
$45 cash, or $50 on 1st November, 1870, for ap?
proved city acceptance or other good security.
For further, and particular Information, apply
to thc undersigned,
J. N. ROBSON,
Agent for South Carolina,
Nos. l and 2 Atlantic. Wharf.
JOHN. S. REESE A CO.,
General Agents Baltimore.
FLEMING'S WORM CONFECTIONS,
They arc purely vegetable, safe and sure. Tnt
best In usc. For sale by Dr. H. BAER,
No. 131 Meeting street,
MIS Wholesale Aaent
??ENZINE, DOUBLE DISTILLED,
WILL REMOTE GREASE SPOTS.
Manufactured and for sate, wholesale and re?
tail, by DR. H. BAER,
nov3 No. 131 Meeline street
^CTS LIKE A CHARM!
THE GENUINE ESGLISH CHLORODINE,
(J, COLLIS BROWNE'S,)
Is the best Anodyne ever known to the profes?
sion. To be had of DR. H. BAER,
n0v3 No. 131 Market street.
j; U S T R*E C E I V E *D
CARBONATE OF AMMONIA
Bicarbonate or Soda
Cream of Tartar
For sale, wholesale and retail, by
Dr. II. BAER,
oct 6 No. lil Meeting street