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irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
A HOT AL ROW AT TUE CAPITAL.
ELECTION OF A CIRCUIT JUDGE.
MEMBERS PAID TO CHANGE THEIR
A SCENE OP AWFUL CONFUSION.
CORBIN QUELLS THE RIOT.
A SIDE-SHOW OUTSIDE.
Scott as a P e a c e Jni a It e r .
[SPECIAL TE LEC RA M TO TBE. HT?W8.]
COLUMBIA, February li.
The two houses met in Mat assembly at 1
o'clock, to elect a jurlge for thc Fifth Circuit,
Senator D. T. Corbin, presiding.
.A very large number of persons was present,
W. J. Whipper nominated Colonel S. W.
Helton, of Columbia. The following were also
nominated: Scott Murray, of Anderson; W. E.
Earle, of GreenviUe; Coy Wlngo, colored, of
Spartanburg; Thompson H. Cooke, of Orange
burg; Leroy F Youmans, of Edgeflcld; C. W.
Montgomery, of Newberry, and D. T. Corbin.
Long speeches were made in favor of the
Upon the first ballot tbc vote stood :
Melton 66, Murray 46, Earle 5, Montgomery
2, Wlngo 1.
When the ballot was announced and it was
found that Melton bad not a majority, the
agents of Murray moved around among the
members, paying them to change their votes.
Some of them did so, but the majority changed
their votes In favor of Melton, electing bim on
the next ballot.
There was great excitement before the vate
was announced, and attempts were made to
dissolve the Joint assembly.
Charges of bribery and corruption were
made against the friends of Murray, and a
committee ol investigation was called for.
When the vote was announced the members
eheered, slung their hats and coats in the air,
and waved them and the chairs over their
The joint assembly dissolved in confusion.
But for the coolness and determination ol
Senator Corbin, there would have been a free
fight on the floor of the House after the ad?
B. Henderson, a colored representative,
struck Wilder, the colored 'postmaster, and a
general row seemed imminent. Two or three j
pistols wore drawn, but the disturbance was
quelled without damage to any one
It is understood that a resolution for thc
expulsion of Henderson wiU be introduced on
Outside the capitol building several persons
got to fighting. The Governor came out, and
at his request tb? combatan ts dispersed.
Judge Melton has qualified and takes his
seat on Monday. He was elected as a man
who accepts the situation, but is not a Repub?
In the Senate, the House bill for the better
protection of laborers was read a first lime.
The Educational bill, with the Hoase.amend
ments, was agreed to.
In the House, the foUowlng bills were read
a firat time: By Toinllnson, to enforce
uniform system of assessment and taxation by
municipal bodies; by Whipper, relative to
taking bail in criminal cases, and a bill con
cernlng master's apprentices and servants
The following were read a second time: To
authorize the purchase of the property of the
Columbia Bridge Company; the Senate bill to
amend the act to incorporate the Charleston
Boafd of Trade; the Senate bill to provide for
the formation of religious, charitable an
Both houses adjourned to Monday.
TO ITU MONEY, OR YOUR
tVlint Loslic gays of the Sooth Carolina
Railroad-Rights of Parents-Csovc
Station Bridge Company - S t r a y
[FROH OUR. OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
Co LC M ULA, S. C., Febuary 10.
THE COLUMBIA HOTEL BL'EULARV.
This afternoon, officer S. J. Coates returned
from Charleston with the valise of thc burglar
George Patton alias G. W. Martin, who com?
mitted the burglaries at the Columbia Hotel,
early last Tuesday morning. In the valise
were the two watches and chains stolen from
Captain Jenks and Mr. Sofer. When officer
Coates saw the prisoner yesterday morning,
he recognized him as an old offender, under
the name of George Patton, and told him that
was his name. The prisoner at first denied
tbe charge, but afterward admitted it, confess?
ed that he had committed the burglaries, and
gave Coates the number of the check ol' the
valise in which were the stolen articles. When
arrested at Ringville, the prisoner threw his
check away to avoid any chance ol his batrgage
being secured. Officer Coates went to
Charleston yesterday afternoon, reached lhere
this morning, secured the valise, returned here
this afternoon, and restored the stolen prop?
erty to the rightful owners. It is generally be?
lieved that the prisoner is the man who at?
tempted to rob the rooms at the Charleston
Hotel last week.
TUE SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
Shortly after the Senate convened this morn?
ing the joint resolution providing that the At?
torney-General be required, with the least
practicable delay, to institute such proceedings
In the courts of this State as, in his judgment,
may be necessary, to enforce the provisions of |
Section 20 of "an Act to Incorporate the Cin?
cinnati and Charleston Railroad Company,"
passed December 19, 1835, was taken up and
adopted without a dissenting voice. Next
came the bill to provide a remedy against
charges for transportation, conveyances or
toll, in excess of limits prescribed by stat?
ute, and to declare the proper cons?
truction thereof, the gist of which is that
after the passage of the act, any sum of money
paid in excess of rate, or maximum rate, pre?
scribed or limited by act of Assembly of the
said State, for thc transportation, conveyance
or toll of auy goods, or produce, or any per?
sons, passengers, or animals, shall be held to
have been extorted, and may be recovered
back by the person paying the same, together
with interest thereon, at the rate of five per
centum per month, in an actiou for money
had and received; and that in said action, no
defence of, or in the nature of, voluntary pay?
ment, shall avail. Corbin took the floor on
this, and argued that it would be usel-ss to
pass such a billi, as it was questionable wheth?
er if passed it would be legal.
YOUR MONEY, OR YOUR LIFE.
Leslie, who, It is asserted, belongs to the
"big railroad monopoly ring," became very
much excited at hearing Corbin speaking
against anything which he (Leslie) believed to
be the right thing, and raved for a few min
utestfsaying substantially, that the South Caro?
lina Railroad, like aU other railroads in the
State, bad been in the habit of taking the hist
cent ol* the last man they could get hold of; in
the habit of playing the '?rab game, thc South
Carolina Railroad had been robbing every?
body for a long time; it said to
every man, "Your money, or your life,''
or at least it didn't say exactly that,
but to every man who wanted to send freight
il said: "All of your money, or no goods trans?
ported.'" The merchant Alden, ol' Camden,
who had dared to complain, was a brave man;
it would not be surprising to hear that he had
already been crashed down by the people for
his boldness; but he has complained, and when
measures are set on foot for his relief, the sen?
ator from Charleston, who is interested in the
road, who is thc counsellor of it, gets up here
and opposes it.
Thc above ls the substance of what the land
commissioner had to say. During his remarks,
he .iraphically alluded to Corbin as the counsel?
lor of the road. Corbin corrected bim until, be?
coming weary ol thc erratic individuals insin?
uations, denied the charge so indignantly and
firmly, that Leslie sat down looking as if he
feared something more than words wotdd
come from the indignant "legal senator from
After Corbin's denial of Leslie's charges, the
bill received its second reading and was or?
dered to bc engrossed for a third.
THE OBJECT OF THESE
measures against thc South Carolina Railroad
cannot bc stated with any certainty, but it is
believed that lt is the work of tho "big rail?
road monopoly ring," ns the "ring" now con?
trolling the Blue Ridge, Greenville and Colum?
bia, Spartanburgand"Uuion and Laurens Rail?
roads ls called." As rumor hath it, this ring
desired to get control of the South Carolina
Railroad also, but failing, wlil now usc every
means to injure it The introduction in the
House to-day, by Crews, of a bilL to provide
for a railroad, by the shortest and most practi?
cable route, Irom Charleston to Columbia, is
said to be done at thc instance of this "ring."
In the Senate to-day Wimbush Introduced a
resolution providing that the Judiciary Com?
mittee be instructed to inquire and report at
an early day whether or not the Judge of the
Sixth Circuit (Thomas) lives In his circuit.
The rule was suspended, and the resolution
adopted at once; previous to which, however.
Corbin desired to know what occasioned Its
Introduction; to which interrogatory Wimbush
replied that it was believed that thc judge of
the Sixth Circuit did not live within its limits;
as the constitution provided that the judge
must live within the limits of the circuit over
which he presided, and if lt were ascertained
that he did not comply with the law, he must
To-morrow the two houses meet in "joint as?
sembly" to elect a judge to till the vacancy In
the Fifth Judical Circuit caused by the death
of Judge Boozer; and to-night a caucus was
held to hear the views of tho candidates
Messrs. C. D. Melton, or Columbia, Earle, of
Greenville, and Cooke, of Orangeburg. At the
present writing the chances ofMr. C. D. Mel?
ton seem more favorable.
RIGHTS OF PARENTS.
The bill to protect the rights of parents, and
to prevent the procuring and carrying from
the State persons under the age of twenty-one
years, which was introduced in the House a
few days ago, provides that If any person shall
hire or employ any minor or person under the
age of twenty-one years, without the knowl?
edge and consent of Sie parents or guardians
of such minor, such person shall pay lo thc
Raid parents or guardian the full value' of the
labor of said minor, or be Imprisoned in the
county jail for a period of six months; that If
any person shall procure and carry without
tho limits of thc State any minor" or person
under tue age of twenty-one years, without
thc consent of the parents or guardian of such
minor, such person shall, on conviction there?
of, be tined In a sum not less than one hun?
dred, nor more than five hundred dollars, or i
be imprisoned in the penitentiary of the Slate,
for a period of not less than one year. The
House Judiciary Committee, to whom thc bill
was referred, have recommended that it bc not
passed. No action has been token upon the
report v .
GROVE STATION DBI DOE COUPANT.
A House blU to incorporate a company by
tho above name received its second reading
in the Senate to-day. It has lor its corporators
8. Dalton, S. F. Trowbridge, R. S. Elrod, N. S.
Clardy and A. B. Holland, of Anderson and
Greenville Counties, and provides that the
corporation shall have the privilege to keep In
good repair the bridgo now built over Saluda 1
River, near the depot at Golden Grove, on the
Greenville and Columbia Railroad, and
known as Grove Station Bridge, for the
term of fourteen years, and be allowed to
receive and collect the following rates
of toll, to wit: For u footman. Ave cents; for a
man and horse, ten cents; for all carriages
drawn by one horse, mule or ox, twenty cents;
for all carriages drawn by two horses, mules
or oxen, twenty-five cents: for all carriages
drawn by three horses, mules or oxen, thirty
cents; for all carriages drawn by four horses,
mules or oxen, forty cents; for all carriages
drawn by five or six horses, mules or oxen,
fifty cents; for horses, single, five cents per
?head; for cattle, three cents per head; and for
hogs and sheep, three cents per head: Provid?
ed, All passengers shall be charged only one
fare for going aud returning on the same day:
And provided further, That no one shall be
charged going to or returning from church or
elections, or children going to or returning
Thc above sub-head became so familiar to
the people cf Columbia and vicinity, from its
connection with the "exclusive right" phos?
phate bill, and conveyed so much or dread to
anti-cxclusivists, that even its appearance now
may startle many of them into a fever of ex?
citement and action; yet they need not bc
alarmed. The monopoly to bo treated of is
confined exclusively to Beaufort County. Im?
mediately after the recess two bills were In?
troduced in the Senate-one "to Incorporate
the Port Royal Dock and Warehouse Company,''
and the other "to Incorporate the Port Royal
Improvement Company." These blllsare quite
lengthy, and provide that a dozen men shall
be Incorporated to build docks, wharves, ware?
houses, railroads, Ac., and in providing for
this gives them virtually the privilege ol'doing
what they please with the earth, waters, ana
thiugs on top and underneath the surfaces of
these bodies, lying in and about Beaufort and
Port Royal. The bills have received a first
reading, and since then numerous efforts have
been made to bring them up for a second read?
ing, but they have failed. They were the
special order for yesterday, but when called up,
on motion of Arnim, the further consideration
of them was postponed, and made the special
order for Saturday next. Before Wright (sen?
ator from Beaufort County) was elevated to
the supreme bench, he announced on the floor
of the Senate that he thought that they "look?
ed very much like a huge monopoly/ and de?
sired time to look Into them.
Heretofore tho Secretary of Slate received
$3000 for his services, out ot which he was ex?
pected to pay for all clerical services. A bill
passed the Senate to-day giving bim a thous?
and dollars more for a clerk.
The civil rights bill will be reported upon
favorably in a day or two.
Tlie Senate Judiciary Committee reported
to-day unfavorably upon the bill to exempt
from taxation for five years all manufactures,
because the provisions' of it were contrary to
the ConsUtutlon of the State. L.
THE DEATH PENALTY.
RICHMOND, February ll.
Alexander Gardner, a colored man, aged
thirty-five years, was hung at New Kent Court?
house, this morning, for murder and rape of
Mrs. Stewart, and the murder of John Raker,
her colored farm manager. The prisoner the
night before the execution confessed that with
John Kennedy, who afterwards made bis es?
cape, he agreed to murder Baker. They lound
Baker in the field, and Kennedy shot him.
Kennedy then went to Mrs. Stewarts house,
and Gardner heard her crying, and a few min?
utes after Kennedy came out saying he had
ravished and murdered her. They fired the
house and burnt her bo?y, and threw Baker's
body in the river. On the scaffold this morn?
ing Gardner only said: "I am not guilty. I
don't know whether I am going to heaven or
hell." A crowd of colored women around the
gallows assailed him with crieB of, "You are
going to hell, that's where you are going."
The drop fell, and Gardner died instantly.
THE CABINET AND CUBA.
DECISIVE MEASURES TO RE TAKEN.
ANOTHER AMNESTY BILL.
[.SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE SEWS.]
WASHINGTON, February ll.
At the Cabinet meeting held to-day it was
decided to take at once additional measures to
protect the life and property of American citi?
zens in Cuba.
The otficial dispatches show that the assassi?
nation of three American citizens in Havana
was wholly unprovoked. The consul tele?
graphs that thc Spanish officials have faiied to
discover the assassins.
Farnsworth, of Illinois, (Radical.) intends to
present a bill in the House next week, to re?
move the political disabilities of all persons
living in States which have ratified tho Four?
h [FROM TUE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, February ll.
This morning's New York Sun has the fol?
lowing special: "The President to-day pro?
nounced all reports which* have represented
him as expressing any opinion on the merits
of thc Georgia situation, for or agaiDSt either
ol' the contending delegations now here, as
LATER.-Hill and Miller, two Georgia sena?
tors, are here ready to present their claims at
the proper time. Should the present Legis?
lature elect others, Hill and Miller will contest
the election before the Senate.
The treasury balance is one hundred and
three millions, Including fifty millions gold
certificates and twelve millions of currency.
The treasury officials have advices of the seiz?
ure of J. Kinschaffs <fc Co.'s establishment at
The revenue receipts are 1475,000.
The President has appointed Thomas F. Wil?
son, of Pennsylvania, United States Consul at
The Banking and Currency Committee are
investigating the gold panic.
No business o? importance transacted in the
In thc Senate, Sherman introduced a reso?
lution that the United States recognize *.he
existence of war between Cuba and Spain, and
will observe strict neutrality.
LATER.-The bill for the sale of the lands on
the sea islands in Beaufort County, S. C., was
reported in the Senate.
Sherman offered a resolution reciting the
sympathy of the United State3 with the
people of Cuba, and all American colonies, in
their efforts to obtain independence from
European powers. It declares that thc United
States recognizes the existence of a state of
war between the Kingdom of Spain and thc
Colony of Cuba, waged on the part of Cuba to
establish its ind?pendance, and thc United
States will observe Btrict neutrality between the
belligerent parties, as is their duty under the
law of nations. After a brief discussion the
resolution was referred to the Committee on
The bill to abolish the franking privilege and
the Mississippi bill were considered, but not
disposed of, a motion to postpone the latter
for len days being defeated by one vote. The
Senate adjourned to Monday.
In the House, Howard was Interrogated
about the cost of the Freedmen's Bureau since
its organization. ,
The death of P. F. Hopkins, Republican
member from Wisconsin, was announced and
the House adjourned.
THE LEGAL-TENDER DECISION.
NEW YORK, February ll.
The Board bf Underwriters held a consulta?
tion over the legal-tender decision. Thc im?
pression prevails that companies must demand
gold for principal and interest on contracts
made prior to the act. A committee was ap?
pointed lor consultation with other money in?
The Legislature-Death of a Southern
RICHMOND, February ll.
In thc Legislature, George Eyer, of She
I nandoab, was elected State treasurer, receiv?
ing 119 out of 157 votes cast. Rycr ls a native
' of Shenandoah, and in that county cast his
vote lor Hale, Fremont and Lincoln for Presi?
dent. lie was the secretary of thc State Con?
stitutional Convention. The conservative
member who nominated him explained that It
was done as an Indication that the Virginians
intended to forget past parly differences.
Dr. diaries B. Briskcn, a well known
physician, theatrical lessee and dramatic au?
thor of some note, was killed to-day by the
discharge of a pistol in his hands. He was the
author of "Cabin and Parlor," a play lor a long
time performed in the Southern theatres as
an offset to "Uncle Tom's Cabin.''
Order Reigns in Paris.
PARIS, February ll.
The city is entirely tranquil. Flourens ls
still at large.
LONDON, February ll.
ThcbullHon in thc Bank of England has in?
creased 145,000 pounds.
A Rumored Insurrection.
MADRID, February ll.
It is reported that thc Carllsts are preparing
another insurrection, and the authorities are
SPARKS PROM THE WIRES.
Thc Bteamcr Ville de Paris arrived at Halifax
Thursday night, short ot coal.
The sentence of diaries L. Pitcher and John
A. Richardson, condemned to four years' impri?
sonment by a military commission in Texas, is
commuted by the President. They were sen?
tenced in October last.
The steamer Maggie Hayes, from New
Orleans for Pittsburg, exploded near Helena.
Captain Martin, the second engineer and eight
deck hands, were killed. The steamer Com?
mercial, passing at the time, rescued the
balance of the crew and passengers.
-The English papers variously comment on the
Queen's speech. The Times thinks the weak point
in the ministry ls the timid policy on the Irish
question, though this is somewhat redeemed by
the courage displayed lathe matter of finance
and the promise to urge rigorous legislation. The
Dally News (Radical) only refers to the speech and
debate which followed to urge the ballot as a
pauaeea for the national grievances. The Stand?
ard (Conservative) considers the government re?
sponsible for the violence in Ireland, yet it has
failed to protect life and property there.
THE EXPERIMENT IN KERSHAW.
Some Sound Advice for tile Carolina
TO TUE EDITOR OF THE NEWT"""
CAMDEN, S. C., February 9, 1870.
Tour correspondent from this "ancient
town," in your issue of yesterday, refers to
the sudden emigration of certain German im?
migrants rather dolorously, and asks, "Will
German labor be a success ?"
I propose to answer the question, and to do
more, to give '"the reasons why," as did thc
Sunday School boy In relating Joseph's temp?
tations and virtuous triumph.
M German labor " will succeed here now. as
it has succeeded in all places and in all times.
It is needless to Inquire the causes of its un?
varying success. They are ?potent; and the
same causes will produce the same results In
the future. We may look for this success as
surelv a:? for the morning sun.
This little local experiment, here In Kershaw
District, made by a lew gentlemen, weak In
resources, may meet with difficulties and trials,
but lt need not have been so; it were as easy
tor the planters of this district to have Import?
ed five hundred immigrants as for these few
gentlemen to have Imported twenty. Then
there would have been social Hie tor them,
community of language, interests, Ac, and an
abundance of "cooks!" but It ls easier to stand
by and watch "experiments" that others make
for the redemption of our "native land" than
to "go In" and take the buffets of the contest,
and even in this honored and revered old dis?
trict there yet survive a few disciples of the
" I-to)d-you-so" school ot phllantnropy; but
your correspondent does knew that a non-suit I
is not fatal; lt leaves you a chance to try again.1
So the gentlemen from whom "Jean" and
"Friedrich" ranaicay, as soon as they learned
there was no "obligation of contract" In this
Slate, ordered a fresh supply the very same
day of the escapade; moreover, "Jean" and
"Friedrich" ure not lost; they are in Colum?
bia, and'are valuable additions to the laboring
class of that Uk.
The pioneers In this enterprise do not Intend
to fall; their object is to gather here this sea?
son about twenty laborers, to instruct them In
our agricalture, habits, customs, Ac; to ren?
der them flt for leaders of their own class, so
that next year they may lead to prosperity and
usefulness hundreds of their own people. That
they can prosper here is unquestionable; our
country IB growing rich under a miserable sys?
tem of labor, a burden of debt, and a Pelion of
taxation on an Ossa of theft. Our agricultural
staples are the richest In the world, and these
laborers are capable of entering Into their pro?
duction successfully, either as hirelings or as
independent producers, and it ls purposed to
put them in possession of lands for themselves
as speedily as they become flt tor the work of |
managing separate farms.
But even it a few men lose a little money
and have a Utile trouble In the Initiation of this
work, the result will more than compensate,
and there is a good deal of fun, top, in the in?
terchange of "bad" German for "bad Eng
glish." To spend an hour with your "Ollen
dorlT' or "Phrase Book" In thc evening, and
to go out primed next morning and find your
Germanas incomprehensible as "Scotch meta?
physics," get no response beyond "nicksver
atmd," and And yourself like thc little school
boy with his alphabet, "knowing their faces
but unable to call their names," is rather a dis?
appointment, but one that can bc laughed at.
The work ls an earnest and serious one. The
labor of the country Is too busy with politics,
fovcrnment, the Judiciary, railroads, theatres,
c., to do the necessary producing on which
we all must live, and upon which our social,
political, civil and material prosperity must be
rebuilt, aside from the many obvious reasons
demanding an influx of a better class.
There may bo loss and trouble In start?
ing successfully thlB plan of the "tide
that leads on to fortune," but effort and
and,persistency will accomplish lt. If there is
risk let It bc met. Your correspondent ls
given to Held sports, sometimes. Let me il?
lustrate by the opinion of a "mighty hunter."
"Jake Frampton" had spent many years of an
useful and honored life, a slave, on a large
estate on the Wateree, In thc pursuit of stock
minder and hunter; his young masters spent
many a day with him in shooting ducks, wild
geese, Ac; eat many a savory meal at his
board, and slept many a Friday night in his
cot. Years passed away and one of his young
masters settled a large plantation in the Arkan?
sas valley; a young friend accompanied Captain
Frampton on h's first trip, and "Jake" went
along as friend, counsellor and guardlan-tn
chlef- on field days at least. "Jake" was de?
lighted with the country. Bursting corn cribs,
hundreds of sleek cuttle and fat hogs suited
his ideas of business, while thc bear, deer,
turkeys, ducks, Ac, that fell before Captain
Frampton's "Purdy," his young friend's "Man
tin" and "Jake's" unerring rifle, made "Jake"
supremely happy aad engrossed his every
thought. ' One morning as they were about
to start on a hunt, Colonel J-said to Jake,
"Have you noticed, Jake, how high these
houses are all built from the ground?" "Kl,
massa, yes," Bays Jake. "Wha fer dey. do em
so?" "Look," says the colonel, "You will see
a boat under every one of them." Jake looked
and saw the huge boats under every house.
"Wha dat for now, Mass Bob?" "Sec that
river way up yonder," says Mass Bob; "lt cov?
ers everything here In the spring rises." The
memory of the little Wateree freshets occurred
to Jake's mind. These rises' seemed as cor?
respondingly large as the bi" river before him;
his hair did not stand on ena as "it was not its
nature to;" but lt struggled while his face be?
came ashen, if not pale; at last, with a long
breath, as be thought of the corn, and cattle
and boga, the bear, and deer and turkeys, he
exclaimed, "I God, any how Mass Bob do kun
try ls wert de risk; so let us take this risk; we
can afford to gambel on this spot, and I Intend
to bel'against the eagle'" every time. Loy?
alty forbids my properly classifying Hie bird.
We are In a position where all wc want ls labor,
and that want must be supplied, or this country
is irretrievably ruined. If a few run away, it
is very easy to fill their places,and the runaways
go into some useful employment, and very
probably are men who spent nothing to bring
them herc. And the gentlemen who nave start?
ed this business here intend to keep on sending
for them, even if they have to get cripples, who
cannot run away. And this reminds me, as
thc sainted Lincoln would have said, of a lit?
tle anecdote, and I rejoice thus to evince
my loyalty and my appreciation of his
saintship. Now, if my friend-your corres?
pondent-wishes lo get a German that will
stick, let him hearken to the words of wisdom
which come as modem loyalty, teaches
not In prophecy, proverb or parable, but in lit?
tle anecdotes, ?fatly years since I was riding
in the swamps of Mississippi, on the box of a
stase coach, cliattiu^ will; that cosmopolitan,
the stage driver, when hu stuck down his
drag before a house whose piazza cached the
road, threw down his relas, jumped into the
piazza and says "Come in Massa and take a
drink, it is thc day before Christmas, and this
is tho joliest place in old Mussisslp." I de?
clined. Ile opened thc ebor and walked in,
leaving it open. Such peals of laughter I I I
never neara; really jolly, side-splitting shakes | I
of fun. Across the room I saw a mun in bed
seemingly convulsed with laughter and Joy.
and "all went merry as a marriage bell." As I |
the driver resumed'his seat, and we drove off.
I remarked, "that was a jolly house, and your | 1
friend in bed was rather gay lor an Invalid."
"Oh yes," he replied, "he does laugh well for
a man who haint been out ol' bed for ten years,
and that woman you heard laughing was his
wife; sue was in a bed in thc corner of the room; | I
she never was out of bed I believe. "What"
suys I "a man who can't walk marry a woman
who can't get out of bed ?" " Yes/' says the
driver, "that's how come lt. That man three
years ago had thc prettiestwifeinall Noxubee.
The fellow who drove this line before me was
a bad chap; wore a green coat aud brass but?
tons, a red cravat aud a streaked wiistcoat;
was devilish good-looking and popular with | ]
the women. He took the old fellow's pretty
wife up to Columbus one day. and retired from
the stage, and waa never heard of any more.
The old 'un was a little cut up at first, but said
he would fix it. Old Farmer Graves, near by,
had a gal that was crippled-couldn't walk a
step, ile sent and got the old man to bring
his gal over, clinched the bargain, anti they
were married. He says: 'd-d if he ain't got
one now that can't run away,' and there tiley
have been laughing together near upon three
years." So your correspondent need not at?
tempt to discourage this immigration society;
for if they tail to get " Deutschers " who xoiil
not run away, they will get thoae who cannot
THE BLACK SENATOR.
His Disqualification under thc Const i tu?
nori-V Radical Dilemma and its
Probable Solution -The Carpet-bag
Senators and Revels-Thc Former Mor?
ally and Virtuously Indignant-The
Ultimate KfTect of "Negro Equality."
It has been suggested that the negro Revels'
admission as a senator wu! be opposed on the
ground that he is disqualified under the pro?
visions of a clause of article 1, section 3, of thc
constitution, which reads as follows:
'.No person shall bc a senator who shall not
have attained to the age of thirty years, and
been nine years a citizen of the United States,
and who shall not, when elected, be an inhab?
itant of that State for which he shall be
Hie Washington correspondent of the Balti?
more Gazette, speaking of the alleged dis.
I have no idea that thc objection, howeve r
sound, will be in the least regarded by Radi?
cal senators. To be sure, it has been all along
the burden of Sumner's song that the' Civil
Rights bill conferred on the negro, for the first
time, the rights and privileges of citizenship.
This much had to be claimed in order tbat the
Radical party might reap the honor of con?
verting the negroes en masse into citizens by
op?ration of their all-powerful statutes. It will
hnrdly bc contended that by any legislation of
Congress, reaching back so far as nine years
ago, this metamorphose has been effected. By
the admission of this man the Radicals will,
therefore, stultify themselves. They must give
the lie to their professions of having been in
any manner whatever instrumental in altering
the political status of the negro race, since it
must needs be thus confessed that individuals
composing it were entitled to occupy and pos?
sess the highest posts of power in the United
States before the Radical organization had
power, or even an existence !
Such ls the hourly necessity of eating their
words and repudiating their heresies by the
Radical faction. Of course senators will swal?
low this negro without a grimace, Suppose
the case to vary as to the personnel. Il an
Irishman or a German, or any other white
foreigner, had been naturalized only eight
years ago, does any one believe he would be
admitted as a member of the Senate ? Tet
the "Civil Rights" actis obviously of no more
sanctity or of no more retroactive efficiency
than our naturalization laws. I recollect very
well that Schurz was threatened with rejection
until it was lound he could prove (whether by
truthful witnesses or the reverse ls not the
question) that he had been a "citizen" for the
required time. In the contingency of the
annexation of San Domingo, will Radical sen?
ators gag at the admission of Baez as another
Thc carpet-bag senators are working against
Senator Reveis in an underhand kind of way.
They are circulating newspaper extracts charg?
ing Afr. Revels with immoral and disorderly
conduct while pastor of a church in Kansas;
with unlawful appropriation of the church
funds; with an undue affection for thu female
members of his flock, and with having whiskey
bottles broken on his head, <fcc. Of course such
Immorality ls very objectionable to the carpet?
bag gentry, who are, one and all, of unexcep?
tionable moral character, and who do not wish
to run the risk ot being contaminated by con?
tact with a man who has ever done anything
in violation of thc ten commandments. It is
understood the Democratic senators generally
are disposed to take no action in the matter,
but Mr. Vickers, of Maryland, will object to Mr.
Revels on the ground of Ineligibility under the
constitution, feeling it to be his duty to do so.
But, after all, it ls probable that the Intro?
duction of an unequivocal negro into the Sen?
ate will be,productive of a final good effect.
The end of thc tether must of necessity be
reached, and the sooner thc better, as it seems
the prevailing mania at the. North cannot
be corrected but by practical extremes. God
have mercy upon their dupes when the fever
of madness now possessing the country shall
have subsided ! The negroes will then recog?
nize their true friends In those who have stead?
ily counselled avoidance of thc pending colli?
sion. They will have cause enough, by-and
by, to curso the mountebanks wno nave set
them upon thc pretension of equality.
The citizens of this district have been sub?
jected to the ordeal of perfect political equality
of the whites and blacks, and you see the con?
sequence! The doctrine, in reality, has been
repudiated by the very men who were, but a
few months ago, thc lustiest In Its applause.
In the movement for a territorial government I
here, you perceive Radicals and former Abo?
litionists bent upon breaking up the Radical
organization, but upon a false pretence. They
pretend to see in a change of the form of gov?
ernment a panacea for existing evils. These
men are not fools. Their aim ls manifestly to
break down negro suffrage, but they have not
thc manliness and courage to avow it. By thc
lime the Fifteenth amendment shall be In op?
eration, an overwhelming public opinion will
render it a practical nullity!
THE POSITION OF COTTON.
[From Norton, Slaughter ? Co.'s Circular.]
NEW YORK, February 1.
Thc cotton market this season has passed a
most trying and severe ordeal, and has main?
tained its strength and exhibited its vitality in
a most remarkable degree. Without some ex?
traordinary stimulant lt must have yielded
under the late adverse influences of heavy re?
ceipts and the low rate of gold and foreign ex?
change, and fallen much below the lowest quo?
tations of the past two months. But, as stated
in our last regular report, the speculating In?
terest upheld thc scale of prices, in the face of
continued large receipts and tue fullest esti?
mates of the American crop. Thc Southern
people generally seem to have an abiding con?
fidence in the staple, and in bisher prices later
in the season, as ia evidenced by the fact that
orders for contracts for future delivery from
Southern speculators have boen weekly on the
increase, and are being dally filled by their
New York merchants at current rates. It will
be seen by our appended statement on this
head, that these future contracts, sold in this
market during the past month, Include an ag?
gregate ot nearly 50.000 bales, a large propor?
tion" of which is for Southern account.
Impressed with the apparently strong posi?
tion of cotton by the facts Jjist mentioned, we
have of late in our daily correspondence ex?
pressed our views frankly; and while we re?
peat that we look for no sudden advance in
prices at any time during thc remainder of the
season, nor any rapid or violent fluctuations,
we are encouraged to believe that we have
passed the lowest prices, and that a gradual
improvement will follow a marted diminution
in receipts. We believe this especially ot good
cottons, which are already scarce, and must
tiecome scarcer as tho season advances, and
consequently in better demand than the low
jrades, whicli are yet comparatively neglected,
uid which enter so largely into our present
Jtocks; but 6houki thc late reports from India
jf much smaller crop estimates be fully con?
firmed, we may have a better market early in
;he spring for even tho low grades. At pres?
ent they are not desirable, especially stained,
Highly colored and seedy, and lt is next to im?
possible to sell them at satisfactory prices,
the most desirable grades for this market aro
"uti style low middlings and mlddliugs, whicli
ire largely wanted for export and spinning;
md even the higher grades of strict and good
middlings find ready buyers at very full prices.
We may remark, lu this connection, that of
atc the press quotations daily given have been
somewhat below actual sale's, and that good
lotions have generally commanded from j to
Under the most comprehensive view we are
low abie to take of the whole situation, wu are
Jisposed lo think that although prices will not
touch as high a point this season as last, for
Che reasons given in our last circular, we shall
liave a more steady market during the spring
ind summer, and a somewhat better scale of
values than at present.
In concluding our remarks we have to state
that much of thc cotton of late coming lo this
market from North Alabama and Miss ia ippl is
af very poor quality, Including a large quan
Llty or mixed, stained and dirty cottons, with
some seedy bales; and we desire to caution
shippers in this regard, and to suggest that
they thoroughly examine their cotton bet?re
shipping. They should bear In mind that a
mixed bale of cotton ls worth really less than
a uniform baie composed entirely of the low?
est grades of cotton in it, the good cotton in a
mixed bale not being counted any redeeming
ALL ABOUT THE STATE.
A correspondent of the YorkvUle Enquirer
reporto a daring robbery at Chester on the 6th.
The provision noose ol Messrs. Wylie, Roddy
& Argus was broken Into, and their safe con?
taining money and other valuables taken
therefrom. The burglars effected an entrance
by boring through the front door. Fearing
that any attempt to break open the safe in the
house would give the alarm, they had a wagon
in readiness and hauled lt to the grove in the
rear of the Male Academy. Having reached a
more secure place it was forced open and the
treasure appropriated. The amount abstracted
was about $1500 In currency, and $700 In gold.
The firm offer a reward of $300.
Thc Edgefleld Advertiser says: "Three weeks
ago we chronicled the prevalence and fatality
In Edgefleld and Its vicinity of the terrible
disease above named. And we are pained to
announce that, after a cessation of about two
weekg, it has broken out again. Within the
last two days two children have died of lt; a
little boy of Mr. B. C. Bryan and a little girl of
Mr. W. W. Adams. This makes eight victims
of mcningetis since Christmas, among the
whites alone. All these were young persons,
ranging from five to seventeen years of age.
Among the blacks the number of. victims ls
twice as great, or more. And these also have
been very young persons. In most cases the
disease baffles all treatment. The patient suf?
fers indescribably, and finally dies in total un?
consciousness. " *
Fire In Edgefleld.
The Augusta Constitutionalist says: "A des?
tructive fire occurred in Edgefleld County,
South Carolina, on last Wednesday night. The
fire took place on the plantation of Mr. John
Clarke, about two and a half miles from Sand?
bar Ferry. It appears that a little while after
dark on Wednesday evening, Mr. Clarke re?
turned to his home with his horse and put the
animal In his stable. He then went into his
dwelling house and sat down to supper. While
engaged in eating that meal, the alarm of fire
was given, and,, rushing forth, he discovered
his stable to be In flames. No appliances for
extinguishing the flames were available ex?
cept the old-fashioned well and water bucket,
which, of course, did no good whatever. The
stable had a good deal of combustible matter
stored in it, and it did not take long for the
flames to reduce the building to ashes, assisted
as they were by the wind, which was prevail?
ing. Several animals were confined in the
stable, but fortunately, they were all extrica?
ted alive. Mr. Clarke had hts band slightly
burnt while rescuing his cattle. One thousand
pounds of fodder and twenty-five bushels of
corn were consumed.
Shreds of State News.
Dr. Theodore D. Crofts, of Greenville, died
on Monday night.
There was a snow storm in Anderson, Green?
ville and Spartanburg on Monday.
Governor Scott has appointed Thomas' D.
J er rey. B. C. Webb and John Phillips notaries
public for Charleston; James N. Hayne, magis?
trate, for Barnwell.
HATTE JCS IN GEORGIA. .
Mules are selling at Rome as high as three
Thc smallpox luis broken out among the ne?
groes In Atlanta.
. Colonel John Sere ven has been anani mouly
re-elected president of the Atlantic and Gulf
There are, it is said, one hundred and fifty
car loads of through and East Tennessee
freight at Dalton.
Preparations arc being made to build an ex?
tensive female college on the site of the old
hotel at Marietta, Ga.
I Five storehouses were destroyed by fire ut
: West Point, Ga., last week, involving ? loss of
! $30,000, of which but $3000 had been insured.
Believed to have been the work of an Incen?
David Singleton was killed at Clayton, Ga.,
on Friday last, by Samuel Rogers. The wounds
inflicted, and which caused his death, were
numerous stabs with a knife. Rogers has fled
to parts unknown. Cause-too mach whiskey.
The Dawson (Ga.) Journal regrets to hear
that many farmers of that section are selling
a part of their plough teams In consequence
of a failure to get labor. A few substantial,
good tanners have so far failed to get a single
eedman. Those who have succeeded have
gone vigorously to work for thc crop of 1870. :
The Qui tm an Banner says : " In the year
1857, a citizen of Brooks County purchased a
negro, and cave his note for $1000 as the con?
sideration. Although the negro. proved un?
sound, tile purchaser, at various periods ante?
rior to and since the war. made payments on
his note, and on last Wednesday visited Quit
man, paid over $300 to the holder of his obliga?
tion, and carried it off In triumph. The total
amount paid was $1000; and when we take In?
to consideration the facts that thc negro prov?
ed unsound, that he was emancipated by the
I government, and all such debts declared null
and void, we are of opinion lt can be referred
lo as an extraordinary act of honesty In these
? days of general demoralization and repudia?
THE LEGAL TENDER DECISION.
What tho Newspapers Say About lt.
Thc leading New York presses generally
comment upon tho decision of thc United
States Supreme Court declaring that debts
contracted before tho passage of the Legal-ten?
der act of July, 18C2, are payable In coln. Tho
Tribune says the opinion "docs not go to the
question of the right to make United States
notes a legal tender in all contracts made after
the passage of the bill, but Its general ten?
dency ls plain. 'Get your houses In order,' ls
thc meaning of the warning sounded to the
whole business community from the bench of
the Supremo Court. This decision means a
speedy resumption of specie payments !" The
New York Journal of Commerce says :
The court has heretofore decided that pa?
per money is not a legal tender for debts where
coln is expressly promised, and now adds that
lt will not suffice for debts contracted previous
to its issue, even if no special mention was
made of coin. This sweeps away the succes?
sion of falsehoods that grew out of the govern?
ment's unreasonable promises, and al ono step
carries the whole country back lo the position
taken by the fathers of the republic. We con?
gratulate our readers on this result, as it set?
tles the disputed question for all time on the
principles of truth and Justice. It will be seen
that even thc dissenting opinions find no war?
rant for Hie action of Congress in forcing this
money on the people except In the 'war power,'
and we trust tuc final adjudication ot the re?
maining Issue will dispose of that dangerous
heresy, and leave the country at peace in a po?
sition where Its honor eau be evermore main?
The New York World, however, thinks that
the Judgment of the Supreme Court would
have been of great importance had it been
more timely; but at Ibis late day it is about as
valaable as a set of medical prescriptions foi
ail the diseased persons who have died within
the past eight years. This remark, however,
will hardly apply to the extent indicated, at
thc South, at least. The World thinks the clas3
of debts included in tho decision have nearly
all been paid; but the holders ol' State and
railroad bonds and other long securities, will
hereafter receive their interest in coin, and
tills is nearly the whole extent to wl?ch the
decision will be of any practical value. The
World adds :
It will be perceived by those who read thc
decision that the court keeps very cautiously
aloof from thc question whether the Legal-ten?
der act ?8 valid in respect to debts Incurred
subsequent to its passage. But, In spite of all
their caution, much of the reasoning of the
judges seems pertinent to thc whole scope of
theXegal-tcnder act, and to bear with as much
force against thc constitutionality of its appli?
cation to subsequent as to prior debts. But
we apprehend that a decision to that effect
would be of no great consequence, except as
lt would lend to hasten a return to specie pay?
ments. If the Legal-tender act were set aside,
a contract to pay greenbacks would probably
be treated like a contract to pay wheat or any
other commodity, and the courts would either
enforce a specific performance or award equit?
able damages, payable in coin.
The Herald remarks :
It is enough that the majority of the court
are with the Chief Justice ia. his opinion that
gold or Its equivalent must be given in the set?
tlement of all debts and obligations contracted
before the passage of this Legal-tender act of
18G2. In the single item of interest on mort?
gages in this city alone,: this decision, practi?
cally adding twenty per cent, to their value,
will perhaps require an increased, payment in
greenbacks of seven or eight millions; for we
estimate the principal of the -unsettled-mort?
gages in this city contracted prior to the ap?
proval of the Legal-t?nder act as covering
not less than five hundred millions ot dollars.
Throughout the country the holders of .mort?
gages and other, contracts,. to which .this deci-'
sion will apply,'are gainers to the extent prob?
ably of over a hundred millions in greenbacks.
HAMILTON.-Departed this life on toe 27th of
January, is70, at Hillsboro,' North Carolina, RE?
BECCA MOTTS, wife of the late Colonel Daniel
Hey ward Hamilton, and daughter of tue late
John Middleton, of Charleston, Sooth Carolina. *
MAULL.-Died, at Bamberg, S. C., on the 5th
Instant, Mr. DAVIS M. MACXL, In the 59th year ot
After one year of intense suffering, with perfect
resignation and the brightest evidence, he has
"There ls rest for the weary.?
BRANFORD.-Departed this Ufe, on the 20th
Jan nary, 1870, C. 6. BRADFORD, aged (3 years, 1
month, 16 days. He was a martyr to disease for
many years. In his last momenta' lie called upon
his Saviour for. relief. That sweet .request.was
granted, and he expired without a moah. He
leaves a wife and sDx children to mourn bis irre
parableloBS. - ,
"Praise ye the Lord. Blessed is the man that
fearetb. the Lord, that delighted greatly in His
Greenville and Columbia Railroad B0ND8, State
Spartanburg and Halon Railroad Bonds, State
guarantee. ' ?1
Spartanburg and Union Railroad Coupons, past
due. ' ..:?...; .
Memphis City Coupons. %\ "
Tennessee State Coupons.
Columbia City Coupons. v;
State Bonds. By
A. C. KAUFMAN, Broker, * ;
febl2 2 No. 25 Broad street.
gTOCKS AND BONDS WANTED.
! Greenville and Columbia Railroad Guaranteed
BONDS. . *?j
I Greenville and Col nm bia Railroad Guaranteed
Memphis City Bonds, endorsed by Memphis and
Memphis City Coupons.
Mississippi and Tennessee Railroad Bonds.
Memphis and Ohio Railroad Bonds. '
Apply to JAMES H. WILSON,
febll 2 , _No. 6 Broad street.
Jg X C H A N G E .
CHECKS ON NEW YORK bought and sold.
BILLS ON LONDON, at sight or sixty days, m
any sum, from ?1 upwards..
For sale by JAMES ADGER 4 CO.
Business GEcr?s. ;;
ADAMS, DAMON & CO., 16 BROAD ST.,
Dealers In Stoves, Ranges, Grates, Ac, Agents
for the Automatic Washing Machine and Wringer.
IMAR, G. WT-CHOICE DRUGS, CHE
MICALS, Surgical Instruments, Perfumeries
und Tollet Articles, gl King, Bor. Yanderhorat st.
ARCHER'S BAZAAR, 363 KING ST.,
Wholesale and Retail Notions and Fancy
Goods, 60 per cent, less than elsewhere. 5
ALLAN, JAMES, WATCHES, CLOCKS,
Jewelry. Sterling SUver, Platedware; Spec?
tacles, Fancy Goods, Ac. No. 807 King street.
BAZAAR, F. VON S ANTEN, IMPOET
ER ot Paris Fancy Goods, Toys, French Con?
ree tloncry.Indla Robber Goods Ac, No. 229 King st.
CHAPIN & CO., L., MANUFACTURERS
and Dealers in Carriages, Harness, Ac,, 20
Hayne, A 38 A 35 Plnckney st,; also, 193 Meeting st.
CORWIN & CO., WM.. 8.', IMPORTERS
and Dealers in Colee Whines, Brandies, Teas
and Groceries, Wholesale and Retail' 276 Klng-Bt.
CHAFES' & CO., WM. H.? WHOLE
sALE Dealers In Groceries, wines, Liquors,
Ac; Agents for Exton'a Crackers, 207- Bast Bay.
CHAFEE'S TONIC, THE BEST AND
most pleasant Stomach Regulator extant.
Chafee A Co., No. 207 East Bay. Manufactnrers?,
DUVAL ? SON, J, B., MANUFACTUR?
ERS of Tinware, Dealers in Stoves. House
Furnishing Goods, Ac, 337 King st. , ' . ,r
EASON IRON WORKS, ESTABLISHED
1838, Nassau and Columbus streets: Steam
Engines, Marine. Portable and Stationery. Boilers.
FOLLIN, G., TOBACCO COMTVffSSION
Merchant, Mann raot ure re' Agent for the
sale of Standard Brands, No. 161 East Bay.
FURNITURE WAREROOMS, ESTAB
LISHED1838. D. H. Sllcox, Nos. 176,177 and
170 King st. Good3 carefully packed and shipped.
p TJRNEY, WM., FACTOR AND COMMTS
\J SION Merchant, 102 East Bay, and l Accom
modatlon Wharf._ ?_
. p OUTEVENTER BROS., (SUCCESSORS
VT to A. Hiing.) dealers in Millinery, Fancy
Goods. Toys, China, Glassware, Ac, 237 King at.
HENEREY, WM. S., 314 MEETING ST.,
Machinist and Founder, Manufacturer of
Eiurlnes, and improved Agricultural Implements.
KINSMAN & HOWELL, GENERAL
Commission Merchants, and Agents for
Mapes' Superphosphate of Lime, No. 128 East Bay.
LA CRIOLLA. -JOSE JARA, IMPOR?
TER and Manufacturer of Havana Cigars,
Wholesale and Retail, cor. Meeting and Market sta.
LITTLE & CO., GEO., 215 KING ST.,
sell the cheapest and best Clothing and Fnr
nis'ilng Goods in Charleston.
MARBLE WORKS.-THE OLD ESTAB?
LISHMENT. E. R. WHITE, Proprietor, ll?
Meeting st., next old Theatre lot._.,
MATTHIESSEN, WM, STAR SHIRT
Emporlnm and Fine Clothing and Tailoring
House, Gents' Furnishing Goods, 291 King st.
NEUF VILLE, B. K., BLANK BOOK
Manufacturer, Job Printer and Stationer, 9
Broad st. Magazines, ic, bound In all styles.
NOAH'S ARK.-WM McLEAN, JOBBER
and Dealer in Toys, Fancy Goods, Show Ca
ses. Stamping & Pinking a specialty; 433 King st.
PIANOFORTE AND MUSIC STORK
191 King st.. ZOGBAUM, YOUNG A CO.,
Agents for Knabe & Co. and Dunham A Sons.
PHONTX IRON WORKS, ESTABLISHED
1844, John F. Taylor & Co., Enzmeers and
boilermakers, 4, 6, 8,10 and 12 Pritchard at. ..
PERRY, EDWARD, 155 MEETING ST.,
Printer, Stationer, and dealer in Blank,
School and Law Books._. ,:
STOLL, WEBB & CO., WHOLESALE
and Retail Dealers In Dry Goods, No. 289 King
street, three doors below Wentworth.
SCOTTS' STAB SHTRT EMPORIUM
and Gents' Furnishing Room, Meeting st. op
poslte Market HalL Agent for the Champion Brace.
SPEAR, JAMESE., 235 KING ST., OPPO
slte Hasel, Importer and Dealer in Fine Watch
es. Jewelry, Silver, Platedware. Fancy Goods. Ac
THE GREAT SOUTHERN TEA HOUSE.
WM. S. CORWIN & CO., 276 King st., branch
Hoose of 900 Broadway. New York._
TXTEBB, WM. L., IMPORTER OF .CHI?
VY NA, Glass and Earthenware, 128 Meeting
WHUDEN A Cw., WATCHES, JEWEL
ry and Silverware, 255 Klnjr st. Crockery
and Glassware at Wbcles3lft. No. 137 Me^tln^.
S. HAN CSE L, M. D.,
Has resumed the practice of bis profession.
Rooms No. 23? King street, opposite Hasel over
SPEAR'S Jewelry Store. jan25 8 Hutu