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vni ?7MTI TY_M?WTtF.R 1297.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 17, ]870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
y vj'Lt umu x^v.--, ~
A S T O lt M A J? S E TT 1 S G . .
AN IND IG NATION MEETING.'
OES ERAL LEGISLA TI VE PROCEEDINGS.
THE SISTERS OF MERCY AND THEIR FOE.
[SrECUL TELEGRAM TO TUE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, February 16.
Tn Hie Senate, Hie following bills were intro?
duced and read a first time: By Cain, to incor?
porate the Enterprise Railroad Company of
Charleston; by Arnim, to provide for working the
public highways; by Corbin, authorizing thc
cession of certain lands to thc United States for
lighthouse purposes; by Donaldson, to incorpo?
rate the Wilmington and Carolina Railroad.
The enactment clause of a bill to recover cer?
tain bonds owned by thc Sonth Carolina Society
was stricken out, after a warm debate, during
which Corbin and Rainey snpported the bill, and
Donaldson, Leslie and Nash opposed lt.
The bill for thc extension of Columbia, and the
bill to provide for the appointment of trial jus?
tices, were made the special order for to-morrow.
In Executive session the Senate confirmed Con?
rad Ehrhardt as treasurer of Barnwell County,
vice L. D. Uailonquist, removed.
In the House the following bills passed: To
amend the act to incorporate the Charleston Board
of Trade; to provide for the formation of religious,
charitable and educational associations; and thc
bill (House) to amend the charter and extend the
limits of Summerville.
The new Code was passed and sent to the Sen?
ate for concurrence in amendments.
Notice was given of the following bills: By Lo?
max, to renew the charter ofCokesbury; by
Smythe, to authorize the county commissioners
in each county to purchase a farm to be cultiva?
ted as a county model farm.
The Railroad Committee reported favorably on
the bill to extend thc time allowed for completing
the Port Royal Railroad.
The following bills were read a first time: By
Ransier, to legalize marriages contracted before
emancipation; by Jackson, to corry out thc pro?
visions of the Educational act, also a joint reso?
lution authorizing thc Attorney-General to insti
ti^e proceedings against the South Carolina Rail?
road for a violation of its charter.
DcLargc arose to a question or privilege, and
had read a letter from Sister Xavier, of Charles?
ton, stating that Jacksou, one of the representa?
tives from Charleston, had written to his repre?
sentative In Congress to use his innuence against
the appropriation of $20,000 to "The Sisters or
our Lady of Mercy."'
Jackson said he acknowledged it, and had the
right to do so, believing that thc General or State
Government should not appropriate public funds
for the assistance of any sectarian institution.
W. H. Jones, of Georgetown, introduced the fol
Resolved by the House of Representatives the
Senate concurring. That the Hon- 1>. T. Corbin,
president of thc Senate, member of thc comry lng
commission, and t^ojncio Lleutenant-Governor,
be requested to resign thc above named positions,
and all others given him by those whose rights he
has always ignored.
The resolution was advocated by Jones, of
Georgetown, and Smalls, of Beaufort, and was
opposed by DeLarge and Whipper. Ransier
wanted to have its consid?ration postponed to
await the action or the Senate on the "Social
Equality bill.*' On the motion of Morrison, the
whole matter was tabled. Ayes 41, noes 37.
The following was circulated in both houses :
The Liberty purchased by the bullet must be
sustained-by the ballot. Corbin to thc contrary
notwithstanding. Rally, Republicans !
A grand Indignation meeting will beheld m this
hall at half-past seven o'clock this evening. The
Republican members are invited to attend.
l'Or further particulars see the report of the Ju?
diciary Committee of the Sena-e on the Civil
(Signed) MANY REPUBLICANS.
[The report referred to will be found In our Col?
THE COLtiK_EX> HAS ASH THE CAE
A SIGNIFICANT AND STARTLING DEBATE.
Sheep Killing-Rc p o rt of Jud ic la ry
Committee on Civil Rights Bill-Thc
Sinking Fund Bill-Thc Carpet-Bag?
ger* "Warned-E du catto n a 1-Acts
Ratified and Approved.
(FROM OUK OWX CORRESPONDENT.)
COLUMBIA, February 14.
In thc Senate, to-day, Hoyt introduced,
without previous notice, a bill to protect the in?
terest of sheep-owners, and to promote the rais?
ing of sheep, which provides that as thc sheep-,
..raisers of thc State have, and do suffer great dam?
age by having, their sheep attacked, maimed and
jellied by dogs, therefore be it enacted, that it shall
*e lawful for persons having i heep under their
?control to kill at sight any deg which they may
lind attacking their sheep, ox to kill any dog
known to have killed sheep; that if the owner of j
a cheep-killing dog shall permit him to go at
large, after being Informed of the habits of said
dog, end any sheep be maimed or killed by said
dojt 0:0 owner shall be flue 1 not less than Arty,
no mose than five hundred dollars, and be im?
prisoned for not less than thirty days, uor more
than'one year, lu the cmnty jail.
The Senate Judiciary Committee, to whom was
referred a bill "to enforce the provisions of the
Civil Rlgh?? bill of the United States Congress,
and to secui-e to thc people the benefits of a Re?
publican government In this State," reported this
morning. The report recommended that thc
title of the billie changed so as to read, "Abul
for the protection of all persons lu their civil
Section second provides that whoever, being a |
common carrier, ut.Jer any public license, char?
ger, rule or regulation, shall, by himself or an?
giner, wilfully assign, any special quarters or ac
co ramada (ions whau-eer to any pass-'nger or
?person whom such common carrier m iy haie
undertakrn lo carry, or who shall, under any
prrtetae, deny or refuse, to any person lawfully
applying for the same, accommodation equal In
??very respect io that furnished by 'dm to any
other person, for like compeusaMor: or reward, lu
a like case, having no regard to thc persons per
se who may be applicants therefor, shall be puu
lshed, Ac. The report recommends to amend by
striking ont thc words In italics, stating that the
"amendment ls necessary for the proper manage?
ment or their business by common carriers. lt
cannot be presumed that the author or author*
of this section Intended, really, to deprive com?
mon carriers, such as railroad or steamboat com?
panies,, of a proper contp.'l of their property and
business, and turn their vehicles over to th
agcracnt of the public, or such persons aa i
temporarily enjoying the accommodate
forded by them.
* The punishments for violations of the 1
recommended to bc lessened, making the li
less than one hundred dollars, nor more th
thousand dollars, and the imprisonment ;
less than three months, nor more than on
or both, within tho discretion of the court.
The committee recommend that section
which provides for the punishment of any
conducting a theatre or other place of a
meut, who shall make a discrimination i
count of color, take effect on and after the
Section four (which provides for thc p
ment of "whoever, not being the principal ot
under sections two and three of thc act, sh
or abet In or about the commission of any
offences therein mentioned,") the coramltt
sert "is superfluous, and should be stricke
All accessories to a uasdemeanor are indi*
as principals, aud the offences created by tl
. Section sixth (which provides that every c
ration or party whatever, holding any charl
license uidcr thc authority of this Slate,
shall violate any of the provisions of this
shall forfeit every such charter or license;
any party or parties who, having so fori
any such charter or license, shall nevertl
presume to usc or operate under or by vii t
the same, as well as every person who th
found aiding any such party or parties th
boat, shall, on conviction, be punished, Ac.
committee think "should bc stricken out
absurdity. In order to forfeit a charter, lt
be made clealy to appear that the terms u
charter have been violated in a material and
stantial manner. The condition upon v
chartered privileges may be exercised are ab
expressed in thc charter, and unless thc rig
expressly reserved by thc State, those condi
cannot bc changed; und this because the ch;
ls held to bc a contract in law. We may ci
offences and punish citizens for commit
them, but the State, no more than Individ
I can violate its solemn contracts."
VIOLATION OF A FOFCLAR MAXIM.
j Section seventh (which provides that in e
trial for violating any provisions of this act A
it shall be charged that any person has bee
fused or denied admission to, or due accomm
Hon In, any of thc places In this act mentlone?
account of the race, color or previous condi
of the applicant, and such applicant is a coli
* or black person, the burden .shall be on ito
fendant party, or parties, so having refuse
denied such admission or accommodation
show that the same was not done in violatio
this act,) thc committee also recommend "stu
bestricken out." It is a direct violation of
tion 12, Article I, of the constitution, which ]
vides, among other things, that "no person s
be subject lu law to any other restra
or disqualifications, in regard to any
sonal rights, thau such as arc laid u
others, under-like cirenmstancesj" and
in direct violation of Section zo, same i
clo, which, among other things, declares "i
dis;inc; ion on account of race or color, in
case irtialever, shall bc prohibited.'' Hy a c;
fut scruUny or this section, lt will be seen tin
broad distinction ls made between a "colorei
black person" complaining of a violation of
act, and a person not "colored or black," the t
den of proof shall bc on the defendant, to si
that he is not guilty; but not so If he bc of i
other color. This section also violates thc soi
what popular maxim thr.t has prevailed dur
tlie last six thousand years, that a man should
presumed to be innocent until found guilty, l
der this section, If "a colored or black pcrsc
happens to oe the accuser, inc aerendant shalt
presumed to be guilty until found Innocent.
TUE nitAO-xrr SECTION.
Section eight (which provides that tn every c
arising nnder tfie drat section of this act, and ;
provided for specific illy lu some succeeding ?
tie::, shall be prosee atcd and decided In acco
ance with the general provisions of this act
recommended to 'be stricken out, as lt "is sur
nuous and its legal significance amounts to n <
In reducing the penalties imposed by this I
we have had in view tue thirty-eighth section
article ene of the constitution, which deda
that "excessive f nes shall not be Imposed, i
cruel and unusual punishments Inflicted."
The committee have also had in view thc ft
that laws in which enormous and excess!
penalties arc announced for the offence charge
become a dead letter on thc statute books, frc
thc fact that juries will not enforce them. Su
laws defeat tncmselvcs.
I The report did not seem to please thc color
senators, but they said nothing and it was (
j derod for consideration to-morrow.
The report of thc Committee on Incorporate
or. a bill to vegulate thc digging and mining
phosphate depo?.ts from thc navigable st rear
and waters of the State of SoulU Carolina. Wi
taken np in thc Senate to-day. The report recot
mended that parties desiring to dig should on
pay arty dollars for a license. Corbin moved th
Ave hundred dollars be required; arguing th;
that amount was required of the company recen
ly Incorporated, and all should bc treated alik
After considerable talking aud offering of amen*
men ts, section third waa recommitted to tl
THE SINKINO l'UNO BILL.
Long tieforc thc sesslou of thc Senate this mon
lng, Leslie was observed button holelng thc sent
tors, carrying them one by one into corners an
talking to theiii confidentially. Every one kne<
by this that Leslie was lobbying for a bill, I
which he was tutercsted, bet what one, was th
question, wltich, at twelve O'CIOCK was answered
lite president thea announcing that thc hour fe
tue "special order," a "bill to provide for a sinn
ing fund and thc management ci the same," tnv
This bill provides that thc Governor, the Comp
troller-Ceneral and Ute Attorney-General of th
State he constituted tiiuiinis-loners to sell and con
vejtifor and on behalf of thc State, all such rca
cr personal property belonging to Hie State asl:
not devoted to educational or charitable purposes
(said sales to bc made from time to time lu sud
manner and upon such terms as they may decir
most advantageous to the State) aud appropriait
the proceeds to paying the present indebtedness
of the State, and the interest thereon, and sucli
further indebtedness as may herea: v.' bc con?
tracted 'jy the State.
Neagle is named as one of thc commissioners.
Ile docs Rjt enjoy the reputation of being an
honest mau among some of thc Radicals here.
Several of Cie senators have privately expressed
an opinion of him, which would be flattering If lt
were considered creditable Tor p: -.ate individ?
uals to appropriate public money; but these sena?
tors may have been prejudiced, as the looks of
thc person in question "arc against him." How?
ever, thc senators know that this bill will place a
tremendous power in the hands of the commis?
sioners, and having these private opinious (lacy
have not expressed, but intimated them on the
floor of thc Senate) of Ncagte, some of them de?
sired to have him out of the "ring." Perhaps,
this desi-e Influenced Cain to move, as soon as
Hie bill was Introduced to-day, thai the words
"the Comptroller-General and the Attorney-Gen
eral or the State" be stricken out, and iu lieu
thereof thc words "Chairman of the Committee
on Finance of thc Senate (Raincy] and Chairman
of the Committee of Ways and Means of thc
House" (DcLargcj be inserted.
When tilts motion was made, Leslie groaned,
and cried out "oh, no'" and then "interviewed"
Cain. Corbin objected to thc two men named
being appo.ntcd, on the ground that they were
Simply chalrmeu of committees, and could be re
moved ar-any time hy a resolution; he i
object to the two persons being added
commissioners. When Corbin concluded
stated that, "by request," he would info
Senate that the Comptroller and Attorney
rals did not desire to be place d on the boa
had so stated, giving as their reasons i
their present official capacity they would
made members of the commission) be cor
to examine into and report upon mattel
nected with the commission.
A BIG YANKEE TO BLOW GABKIEL'S nOIi
The above .statement of Caiu's caused i
"large, incredulous smile''to brighten thc
or the majority of the senators, which exp
the thought: Well, that's all clap-trap,
did not see what right the aforesaid genen
to say auything about their willingness or.i
ingnes3 to serve; it was for the Lcgislatu
for them, to say what they should or shot
do. This bill was a good thing, nearly all
had a sinking fund, and these proposed co
sloncrs were the men for thc place. The
would be satislled with them, at least moi
pie would bc; some people in thc State wo
be satisfied if two angels were sent from li
to bc commissioners; when the angel C
blows his trumpet, some of them will swea
it isn't him, but some old Yaukcc blowing
EXTENT OK LESLIE'S INTEREST.
After Leslie's remarks, Cain withdrew hi
tion, and Johnson attempted to renew It
but Doualdson kept the floor, lauded th
generals, and moved to add to thc commi
ers the chairman ot thc Committee on Finai
thc Senate, and the chairman or thc Commi
Ways and Means of the House of Reprei
tives. Nash expressed unbounded confidei
Governor ScotL He was gratified to hear <
modesty of the two generals, who were g
men of refinement, culture and intellectual:
desiring not to be commissioners, and he w
ravor of gratifying them. He didn't know
right they had to say that they didn't wa
servc;.but then he'd like to know why the G
nor and Secretary of State did not scrv
thc advlsary board of the land commission
they were appointed to do so; he even recoil
that the Senate had to adopt a resolution Inst
lng the Attorney-General to ta?<8 care of the Si
interest In phosphates when it was his duty
so. Here Leslie wanted to know If Nash, hi
been the Attorney-General, would have Inter
with the poor people who were earning a 1
by digging phosphates. Nash said the Atto
General had taken an oath to attend to the d
or his office, and if he had not done so, lu
violated that oath. Leslie started to lntei
Nash again, but be would not permit lt. and
lng to Leslie said: I know that you arc di
Interested In this bill-heart, soul and mind
I know that you'd rather die and go wher
devil drove lils hogs than have this bill
"RACK, ti-LOR OR PREVIOUS CONDITION.'
Donaldsou herc spoke In ravor of his molli
add thc chairmen of the two committees,
complimented both of them highly. Ra
stated t hat he was willing to serve if thc Se
saw flt to appoint him, aud would do his be
attend to his duties, and mentioned, incident
that there seemed to bc a disposition to ol
to a 'man with a brown or a black
serving In any or thc Important places. Per
his brown skin might bc an objection, per
not. As soon as Rainey sat down, Nash sec
the floor and said: I know thal this bl
going to bc passed as lt stands. I know
some of the senators herc say, ia their he:
"What, Bball the sinking fund be control
too, by negroes t" I know that there is a
splracy among the Northern men to prevent
colored senators from coming back. Someb
said to rae: "You and Wimbush may come,
thc rest shall not." I think thc people of 1!
land win not ask any one of these men from
North who shall come back. 1 have con ddt
now In our State officers, but ir j**^*" Iortt
Blnklng fund?, louu commissions, railroad J<
these ring men will say, " we'll tell you who
go to the Legislature." I am not willing to |
my vote to help strangle our party; I don't
lleve the Governor ls In the ring. 1 was told t
man who was Inside of thc ring that he was i
by the the ring men that ir he would wor
break down my Influence In the county, t
would give him any orflce he desired. N*
we have got to meet this question, and I prop
to meet it right here. My people have a majoi
in this State, and I claim that ir these thii
most go on that they shall keep at least sorai
this power in their own hands. Yon arc patti
the patronage in the hands or certain men; tl
will control every nominating convention lu
State; thc land commission has a power, t
which it is using, and that ring will come to
colored men and say, you are living oh
lands or the State, and ir you don't do this or th
wc will put you off. Mr. Negro is getting w
awake, and ir he don't look out for himself, h<
a bigger fool tliau I thiuk he ls. The friends
tuts Sinking Fund bill, doubtless, say that tills
too good a thing for two black scamps to be lu.
"TUE SIROCCO COMETH."
Much more did Nash say lu this strain, duri
which he mentioned that the ignorance or I
colored people was made use or by thc Northern!
who had come among Hiern, to keep Hiern dot
and walk over them Into ofllccs and secure t
patrouage. Donaldson denied that the North?
ers had made use of the colored people, ai
stated that but for thc Northerners thc color
people would bc bad off Indeed. However, tl
was dangerous ground for the Northern sen at
to tread on. and, as Nash had said somcthli
about Ignorance, he turned to that point and as
ed Nash who but thc colored legislators had pi
vented a bill to provide for thc education
their own race being passed last scs.sio
Nash asserted that lt was not due to ti
school commissioner of Charleston County; li
Intrigue and avarice had prevented it. For
short time thc discussion was kept within tho
bounds, aud thc daugcrotis ground avoided; bu
Anally, Wimbnsh secured the floor, and after d
nounclng thc bill as a "bad bill" and asscrtiu
that those of the scuators who voted for il as
stood would regret it before twelve monti
elapsed, stated that whenever any patronage i
favor was to be given, a certain class or men gt
lt. He and thc colored people generally were tire
of such discrimination. He hail heard or thc*
I measures being on root to put the negroes out t
I office and out or politics; he would tell Hies
Northern men, who. il wa? alleged, were ?loin
this, to beware; his people would not submit io ii
He would lell these meu iroin across Mason an
Dixon's Line, that ir they succeeded, the colore
people would root up the Republican party, air
they would hear .of the Radical party wide
would scud them back across thc line.
LESLIE ON WOODEN NUTMEGS.
There was a pause after Wimbush stoppci
speaking. More than one carpet-bagger's fac?
bore a blank appearance, as ir surprised to sci
that His colored men had their eyes open, ar.?
were determined hereafter "to share and shan
alike," or take the whole themselves. Leslii
thought it was time to conciliate. He arose am
made a sickly attempt at it. ile alluded to thu
sharpness of Northerners who made wooden
hams and nutmegs; he had found sharp Southern
ers too, and some colored men whom he believed
could make iwo hams of thc same piece of wood,
and or which a regular Yankee could only make
one. After this, he praised thc colored men,
praised Nash's sharpness especially, and then
succeeded in getting the Senate to resume the
discussion or thc Sinking Fuud bill.
Finally, lt was agreed that Scott, Chamberlain,
Ncagle, Ralney aud DeLarge should bc the "com?
missioners or the sinking rund." Arter, on mo?
tion ol'Corbin, amending the bill by a section pro?
viding "that this uct shall not be construed to. au?
thorize the sale by the commissioners of any
property held in trust ror a specific purpose by
the State, or the property or the State, In the
phosphate rocks or phospUatlc deposits In the
beds of Hie navigable streams nm! waters of the
State," lt received a second reading, and was or?
dered to be engrossed for a third.
WHAT 15 THIS BILI. FOR ?
There are very few persons here who believe
that this bill was introduced for the purpose of
" extinguishing the public debt." It ls generally
thought that its object Is to give thc men first
named in it thc power to sell the State's interest
in such or the railroads which thc "big railroad
monopoly ring" may desire to possess or already
have purchased. There ls something wrong
about thc bill. It provides that those commission?
ers may sell " all the real and personal property
of the State from time to time, in such
manner and upon such terms as they
may deem most advantageous to the State."
To-ilay Cain desired to add another section to
the bill, providing that "it shall bethe duty of the
said commission to give notice in thc public press,
al least thirty days previous, of all sales to be
made of lands, stocks, and of bonds of the State,
and dispose cf the same to the highest bidder." I
It was sent to the clerk and read, but at Leslie's
instigation, was withdrawn. In one of Nash's
speeches about the bill, he Intimated that he knew
all about the "ring" in whose interest the bill
was, but the Lord had given him two cars and
two eyes to hear and see much, hut only ono
mouth, so that he should not tell all he saw
and heard. Cain spoke of lt as in the interest of
a "ring," and said lt was useless to attempt to
stop intellect and capital; these would rule, and
their measures must pass.
A Senate bill to provide for .thc payment of
claims of teachers for services rendered during
the Asea! year commencing November 1st, A. D.
1SCS, and ending October 31st, A. D., 1S09, being
thc unfinished business of yesterday, at the hour
of adjournment, was taken up in thc House to?
day, and read a second lime. Benj. A. Boscmon,
Jr., William R. Jervay, Robert Smalls, James N.
Hayne, Phillp E. Ezekiel and Reuben Tomllnson,
voted "no" on the motion to poss lt to a second
reading, "because of the extravagant and enor?
mous amount that will bc paid teachers under tts
provisions-many of whom will receive
more pay for their services in primary
schools than ls received by thc teachers In the
most advanced schools In other portions of the
country; that they believed lt to be an a:t of in?
justice to compel the citizens of thc State to pay
for teachers' services (when, in many instances,
it is not certainly known that such services were
ever rendered) at a rate fixed by the county
school commissioners, said commissioners not
being authorized or empowered to establish any
rates whatever; and that thc precedent establish?
ed will be detrimental to thc free school Interests
of the State; for, If it be once decided that free
school teachers are to bc so extravagantly paid
for their services, as they will be most certainly
under the provision of this section, when a regu?
lar salary ls Axed, which must, of necessity, be
much lower than thc above rates, lt will be diffi?
cult, If not altogether impossible, to obtain com?
petent and etllclent teachers.
A resolution providing that Hie Governor be
authorized to open a correspondence with thc
Governor of the State of Georgia, with a view to
secure co-operative legislation with the said State
as to thc mutual rights of navigation and fishe?
ries in Savannah and Tugaioo Rivers, was adopted
and sent to thc Senate. Another resolution pro?
viding that the Committee on Ways and Means
be requested to report to-morrow o? a bill author?
izing and requiring thc county commissioners ol
Sumter County to cause forthwith to be'assessed
upon and collected from the taxable Inhabitants
of said Sumter County a sum of money herein?
after to be ect forth, to Indemnify David G. Robert?
son nod the Arm or Dubose & Co., for certain
abuses and losses, was inrjeflnitoiy postponed.
ACTS AITROYED AND RATIFIED.
The Srvo^'--- - -"" .,ul,sc "ciueneniuuvcs
attended In the Senate to-day, when the following
acts were duly ratified: An act to establish und
maintain a system of free common schools for the
State of South Carolina; to authorize thc county
commissioners or Darlington County to levy a
special tax ror the construction or a courthouse;
to authorize thc county commissioners or Colic
ton and Spartanburg Counties to levy an addi?
tional tax to pay the Indebtedness or their res?
pective counties, and for other purposes therein
mentioned; to Incorp?rate the Grove Station
Bridge Company; to amend the charter of thc
Granlteville Manufacturing Company.
The Governor to-day sent messages to the
House and Senate notifying those bodies that he
had approved and signed thc following acts : An
act to amend an act entitled an net to empower
Circuit Judges to change thc venue for thc trial
or actions, both civil and criminal: ror the belter
protection or migratory Ash; to provide for the
appointment of certain officers therein named; to
Incorporate the DcLtney Bille Compnny, or
Charleston. South Carolina; to Incorporate the
Columbia Oil Company; to incorporate thc Sum
ter Manufacturing Company; to secure equal civil
rights, and to provide for the enjoyment ol'all
remedies In law by all persons, regardless of race
or color; to regulate the rights and powers of rail?
road companies; to provide ror a general election
of county oftlcers; to incorporate the Independent
Elliott Hook and Ladder Company, No. I, of
Orang' burg, South Carolina.
Thc Judiciary Committee did not report unfa?
vorably upon the bill to provide for thc appoint?
ment of trial Justices, as was reported.
The bill to provide for the general elections,
and the manner of conducting the same, thepro
v isle ns or which were published In yesterday's
NEWS, received a second reading in Hie House
Ex-Governor Orr visited Hie Senate to-day. L
lu: j) ci-1 a li KUI on Ire -Constitu? ional
i'Aitis, February ic.
Tho Prince Imperial skated to-day on tho lake
In the Bois de Boulogne.- The Emperor was with
the skailng party.
Eugenie is (pille ill.
Ol ll vier concluded a discussion with these
words: "Thc government would persist on Its
liberal course, but would resist dangerous agita?
tion in Hie streets or in thc press."
A Menacing Speech.
PARIS, February ic.
All thc journals consider the speech ol' thc King
of Prussia as menacing.
The Visit of Montpellier.
MADRID, February 1?.
Prim assures the Corles that thc visit ol'Mont
pcusler ha-; nu political object.
The Money Murkct.
PAUIS, Febrnary ic.
TileContiucrtal banks, generally, arc reducing
their rates or iuteresl.
KotlLOLK, February lu.
Thc schooner Bunnan, from Baltimore for
Charleston, with coal ami guano, ls herc in a
leaking condition. Her rudder and part of her
steering gear are carried away.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
Thc smallpox Is raging in Montana, In?
Senator Grimes, of Illinois, is not expected to
survive the journey from Europe.
In the Virginia Legislature, yesterday, resolu?
tions were Introduced praying Hie government to
accord belligerent rights to Cuba.
The contest lor the Mayoralty lu Mobile ls quite
lively. Price, the ronner Incumbent, holds bis
seat, and ls guarded by policemen. Harrington,
bis opponent, will eau upou the military for as?
SOUTH CAROLINA AFFAIRS AT THF
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TUE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, February ie.
The action of thc House of Representatives in
The action of thc House of Representatives in
giving Mr. Slmpsou forty days to allow a contest
of his case from the Fourth Congressional District,
on Its merits, indicates a willingness to remove
his political disabilities and give bim his scat, un?
less the Radicals should all vote for Wallace.
Supervisor Ferry reports to the Revenue Bureau
that thc assessment in thc First South Carolina
District in January exceeded that of the same
month last year by four thousand dollars, and
that thc prospect is flattering for a further in?
crease in future.
The petition of citizens of South Carolina ask?
ing that the salary of Judge Bryan be Increased,
has been referred to the nouse Judiciary Com?
A bill has been reported by thc Senate Finance
Committee, providing that thc sum of three hun?
dred dollars internal revenue tax erroneously
assessed, April, 1S07, npon one hundred and fifty
gallons of whiskey, owned by J. P. F. Camp, of
Spartanburg, South Carolina, bc remitted. No
action has yet been taken.
A bli! to establish a post road from Con way boru'
to Little River, South Carolina, has been reported
in the Senate.
[FROil THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, February 16.
Orders have been Issued to stop all enlist?
ments for the navy. The force is full.
The Naval Committee have agreed to give pay?
masters positive rank.
LATER.-The revenue to-day is $243,000.
The Ways and Means Committee voted, five to
four, to make the Revenue Burean o department
with a seat In the Senate ?
Thc Senate Judiciary Committee, after two
years' consideration, voted against suspending
Judge Bustecd, of Alabama.
Thc House Ls considering territorial matters.
Senate business unimportant.
LATER.-lu thc Senate, the resolutions of the
Alabama Legislature In favor of a r?visai of the
telegraph laws was presented.
A bill providing artificial limbs for soldiers ex?
cited discussion. Sawyer odered an amendment
excluding from its benefit the soldiers of 1812, or
the Mexican war, who aided the rebellion.
Thc admission of Mississippi was resumed, and
an amendment introduced repealing in her case
thc fundamental conditions Imposed lu thc Vir?
ginia bill. The debate was quite stormy, but no
action was had.
In thc House a petition was presented that Mas?
sachusetts be remanded to a territorial condition
for disloyalty. This was referred to the Recon?
Banks Introduced a resolution authorizing and
instructing thc President to maintain absolute
neutrality between Spain and Cuba, and was re?
ferred to thc Committee on Foreign Relations.
Van Wyek was Anally seated-ayes 110, noes 51,
and thc House adjourned.
THE WIFE QUESTION IN UTAH.
\ V..... n^Jt^r.. nf *Ytt. ?nUt. I.. na>?i?M?>?
of Polygamy-Temper of Brigham
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
WASHINGTON, February 14.
Tho bill agreed on by the House Committee
on Territories, to abolish polygamy in Utah, is
causing great excitement In that Territory, as
the telegrams show, and considerable Interest tn
Congress is felt to ascertain what will be the re?
sult If the bill should become a law. Thc com?
mittee have taken a good deal of evidence re?
garding recent efforts to enforce the existing civil'
law with reference to polygamy. This evidence
ls interesting and has not been made public.
One witness tcstlllcd that the great ditllculty in
thc way of thc prosecuting attoruey ls the Im?
possibility of proving a marriage. Since thc pas?
sage of the act against bigamy, thc Mormons
have adopted a new arrangement in reference to
these marriages, so that now noue can And proof
of the second or any subsequent marriage. Noth?
ing is known outside about them, when or where
or by whom they arc solemnized. All marriages
are now performed in thc "endowment house,"
and whatever transpires there ls secret. And
though when it ls done it ls not kept secret that
a marriage has taken place, and many persons
are well known to have numerous wives, yet lt ls
Impossible to obtain any legal proof. Thc men who
perform the marriage ceremony are oath-bound,
and even if placed before a grafted jury on oaf li,
would manage to evade It in some way. Under
thc law ot 1SG2, it ls impossible to prove a mar?
riage according to the rules of evidence, which
accept no testimony except that of a party who
witnessed Hie solemnization of if. No liceuse is
required beforehand, and no record, un?
less it tic a secret one, kept after?
wards. Thc same witness, who has resided
five years in Ulah, was of thc opinion that the
proposed new law could be enforced. It would
create some excitement, he thought, and Brig?
ham would oppose lt with a strong hand; but
when it came to thc pinch, he did not tiiink that
Brigham would resort to violence, and if he did,
thc great mass of thc people would not back him.
The passage of such a law would break up the
concentration of power that at present exists In
Ulah. Brigham is now as absolute as thc Czar of
Russia; there is not an act of thc Legislature
which, If it ls not dictated by him, must meet his
approval; he controls everything, religious and
secular. Thc passage of such a law would break
up all that, of course, at thc cost of great tempo?
rary disturbance, but In a short time that would
Another witness was asked by the comiuittee'if
he heard of a recent meeting lu Salt Lake of
women, defending polygamy; and he replied that
he had not, but that it was not incredible. He said
that a great many women could bc found who
would do that; some of them from religious con?
viction, and some of them from policy. But, on
theothcr hand, hundreds of women would hail
the passage of tills bill wi?tejoy. As it now ls
Brigham lias lt fixed so that a woman cannot
help herself. The probate courts have unlimited
jurisdiction iu cases of divorce and alimony, aud
he hud known tue Arst wire to be divorced and
cut off from everything, sent forth alone, home?
less and penniless; and, In many Instances, being
thousands of miles away from friends. Women
arc compelled to (juicily submit to their husbands
taking other wives, as one of thc provisions or thc
Utah statutes Is, that the fact of parties not
bciug allie to live In peace and harmony together
ls siiniclent cause for divorce. Tills provision,
with a knowledge of thc fact that the probate
court has jurisdiction of divorces, generally se?
cures submission. In many instances, where a
first wife leaves her husband on account -of his
marrying a second time, she Is forced by her ne?
cessities to humbly return and endure it without
complaint. Sonic women, by extraordinary force
of will, manage to get aloug alone, or to escape
from thc Territory. ZETA.
-Au absurd rumor ls telegraphed to this coun?
try that a marriage ls contemplated by her Ma?
jesty Queen Victoria with the Prince Anglisten
THE GEORGIA LEGISLATURE.
ATLANTA, February io.
At noon the Senate proceeded to an election
of United States senators. Bio J get t, for thc term
of six years commencing In 1871, received 31
votes; present and not voting, 7. Farrow, for
thc term of three years, ending In 1673, re
received 29 votes; present and not voting, 10.
Whiteley, for thc term ending In 1871, received 28
votes; present and not voting, 9.
In the House Bldogett received 34 votes, Farrow
79, Whiteley 82.
The Democrats made ho nominations, and gen
srally abstained from voting, preferring to rely on
Hie admission of Senators Hill and Miller.
The Republican candidates received the votes
of nearly two-thirds of those present.
Both Houses meet In Joint convention to mor?
row to annonr.ee thc result.
Colonel Farrow ls now the Attorney-General.
(Ie ls a native South Carolinian, and was educa
:cd at the University of Virginia, and was a
Whiteley is Solicitor-General for the Inferior
Court, and was a member of the Reconstruction
LATER.-The House and Senate met in joint as?
sembly at 12 o'clock thls-mornlng, for the purpose
ir comparing the votes. The president of the
Senate announced that the Hon. Foster Blodgett
md received 115 votes, and was duly elected
United States senator for thc long term of six
fears, commencing March 4, 1871; Hon. H. P.
Farrow had received 109, and was elected to the
short term ol three years, ending March 4, 1873;
Hon. Richard H. Whiteley had received 110 votes,
md was elected to the unexpired term, endlug
March 4, 1871.
Governor Bullock sent a lengthy message to thc
Legislature, establishing the fact that the'acts of
Congress and tho Reconstruction acts do not
render invalid any of the ordinary laws passed by
the several Legislatures. ?
Tho Legislature adjourned until io o'clock to?
Blodgett hos requested thc Governor to with?
hold his cer titi cate of election until he ls acquitted
of thc charges preferred against him.
THE STATE PRESS.
HOW SHALL WE REDEEM SOUTH
WHAT THE PAPERS SAY.
The Logic of Fact?.
[From the Camden Journal.]
Our party, whether you call it Democratic,
Conservative, the People's party, or by any
other name, can come before thc citizens of
South Carolina, both white and colored, and
arraign thc party at present In power. We
will not bc obliged to use argumenta about what
might bc, and what wo think will bc, but we
will use facts. Everybody knows what thc
Radical party in this State has been doing.
Every one knows that their policy has been of
such a nat ure as would long si nee have crushed
thc life out of thc State, had it not been for
the Inherent vitality and strength of thc white
people. If our ^coplu had not persevered In
their efforts in spite of every obstacle which
malignant hatred could place In their way. we
assert that South Carolina, after even so short
an experience of Radical rule, would not bc
rich enough to afford plunder to fctitisfy thc
harpies in power.
Concert of Action.
[Prom the Columbia Guardian.]
Certainly it there ever could be a time when
South Carolina needed perfect unanimity and
concert of action with a view to victory over
misrule, usurpation and prostitution of power,
that time is to-day. The coming campaign Is
bier with thc fate not only of political parties
principles of constitutional right and self-gov?
Every Man on his own Hook.
[From the Colombia Phoenix.]
As for ourselves, we acknowledge that we
have very decided views as to how, In our
judgment, the political work of this year ls to
be carried out. Nor ls it at all unlikely that
other Journalists have equally decided views.
We deem it better for each Journalist to be left
perfectly free to carry on the light in his own
way. We regard that Journalism best which
is most free and less fettered. We desire for
ourselves to be at liberty to strike here and
there, and wherever we And a loose Joint in
the armor of thc foe. If different policies are
presented, let an impartial public decide the
matter. To that arbitrament let honest dif?
ferences bc referred, and may thc right and
the victorious prevail. ?
An Explanation of the Above.
[Prom a later issue or the Phoenix.]
When the voice of our friends roaches us In
an authoritative way, wc shall bow to its de?
cision-unless, indeed, wc shall bc called upon
to make some unexpected sacrifico-which wc
do not anticipate. Thc fact of thc matter is,
that we regard thc recent discussion, ou the
part of tho untl-Radlcal press, as premature.
For this, let thc responsibility rest upon those
who have sought to forestall action. What thc
Phrcnix has said and denounced has been
drawn ont in pure sell-defence. It was due to
ourselves not to let pass unchallenged views to
which wo did not assent. Let U3 give tho
Courier thc assurance that no journal in this
state eau possibly desire mora than this that
thorough "concert of action" to which It refers.
That is what icc have long been seeking, if
our voice, eau contribute to that great, result,
IL will bc heard; and wc shall gladly trample
under foot all petty considerations, in order to
secure thc wollare of South Carolina.
The Problem for South Carolinu.
[Prom thc Orangeburg News.]
Now the problem for South Carolina, Inde?
pendent of tho complex national issues at
stake, is whether thc usurpation, brought about
by the ifefault of our people, is by their de?
fault to bc perpetuated and established. This
ls the question before us to-day, whose answer
will be recorded in the course of thc present
Will we by a devotion to names and habits,
by prejudice to new and changed facts before
us, by sullen apathy, prevent Hie benefits ol'
our change from being accomplished, by thc
means of these incidental results of disadvan?
tage; er will we by admitting tho groat lacts of
our change promote and advance their estab?
lishment and reap thc golden benefits with
which they teem ?
This is thc question for every man In South
Condina to decide to-day.
Let us admit in our own hearts every right
of thc colored man, and guarantee to him this
deep admission and put ourselves in a position
to win him back to our confidence, and adopt
the only moans under Heaven to-day ol' over?
throwing thc present usurpation ol'our gov?
ernment and ol' redeeming the State ?
Is it Victory or Defeat ?
[From thc Anderson Intelligencer.]
The Democratic party in this State must be
progressive and active, not slumbering among
tho ruins of thc past, however glorious that
past may be. If lt is essential to its success,
heretofore leaders must bc laid aside, und men
imbued with strength and activity placed lu
thc van. Not thal inexperienced'liands should
guille thc helm, but to infuse new life and
vigor it may bc necessary to obtain the ser?
vices of such asare not prejudiced by a life-time
education against what has been inevitable.
With lite Democratic parly no longer tilting
aL windmills, it is highly probable the co-exist
cnt races in this State might adjust the differ?
ences of the last three or lour years, and solve
thc (lifllcull problem before them, to the great
discomfltnru ol' the allens and foreigners now
ruling in this Slate, and whose feeding at the
public crib is ut thc expense of black and wliite
alike. A guarantee of equal political privi?
leges, under the luw as it now stands, Js noth?
ing more than duty requires, while such a
declaration lrom the Democratic party would
go tar to removing the obstacles now In the
path of the negro against affiliating with Iiis
white neighbor. Uiitii al least this much ls
done, the Radical majority ol' 30,000 will not
be effectually reduced, and years might Inter?
vene before the opportunity is again so favora?
ble towards oustiug thc corrupt demagogues
from place and power. Are thc leaders'ol' our
party prepared to take this step forward, and
assume ail the responsibility and meet the con
sequences it entalla upoB them ? Hence w?
submit the question, ls It victory or defeat ?
Where la lt Now?
[Prom the Columbia Phoenix.]
What stand does the South Carolina Democ?
racy now take ? We have no authority to speak
for it. But we believe that we fairly represent
it when we declare that, as in April, 18G8, It
was moderate and conciliatory and far-seeing,
so lt is now. As for ourselves, we acknowledge
that we have advanced with the times. We
adapt ourselves to thc situation. Wc see
what has passed beyond the domain of debate.
We accept the political equality of the .colored
man, and neither now nor hereafter would we
disturb his present political privileges. We '
are disposed to get the negro out ot politics
by conceding to him all that can be claimed
for him, to-the end that we may harmoniously
unite In promoting Uie public good. Now, lt
is claimed that the name ol Democrat is dis?
tasteful to the colored voter, and that if this
name bc merged Into another, he will the more
readily vote with the opposition. This Is s
delusion. The colored voter ls no more to be
deceived than thc white voter. And, In our
judgment, a candid, fair, outspoken Democra?
cy will win more votes from his ranks than
any middle party or any new name.
[From the Anderson Intelligencer.]
It ls admitted and agreed upon that the
future of the Democratic party must be direct?
ed to more practical ends, and that its objects
must embrace a wider scope and greater
breadth of political opinion. The masses are
being educatedjn thc belief that the issues of
the past do not concern the people of this State
in the future, and that a sensible, prudent
course ls entirely necessary to the full develop?
ment of all the opposition to the corruption
and profligacy of the present administration.
In our judgment, It ls proper to recognize'
thc fact that the downfall of slavery anet the
establishment ot universal suffrage has brought
about widely different views among the people
from those prevailing here anterior to the war.
The political power ls now in the control of the
laboring clas?s, and by this we do not Intend
distinction between race or color. Both races
are dependent upon individual exertion for the
sustenance and support of life, and only
through this agency will be evoked the powers
and resources of the commonwealth. Indus?
try, then, being the foundation of future
wealth, contentment and happiness, the party
of reform and political regeneration must
stand pledged to the furtherance of every
measure Intended for the benefit of the labor?
ing classes. All grades of society must be con?
sidered as standing upon a Just equality, In a
political sense, and the Democratic party can?
not hope to achieve success unless this theory
ls acted upon.
With this broad and liberal plank as the be?
ginning of a platform, it ls an easy matter to
construit the remainder. Opposition to plun?
dering officeholders, the general demand for
an economical administration of the State gov?
ernment, the lessening of taxes, and the re?
form of all abuses growing out ot the un?
bridled rule of corrupt officials, will suggest
themselves naturally to the honest of all par?
It may be possible that this new departure
of the Democratic party will alienate, for the
time belog, persons of wealth and intelli?
gence, who have not yet overcome their preju?
dices. Wc do not think it probable, however,
and firmly believe that every white man in tho
.-tate, not already allied to the Republican
party, will unite in this movement for thc re?
demption and prosperity of thc whole people.
Indeed, the safety and welfare of every man
is intimately concerned; and we do not see
how il is practicable for men to be blinded by
prejudice and swayed by passion against the .
dearest interest of their own homes. But IT
there be any such, and especially among those
who have heretofore led the people, we shah
part with Hiern "moro In sorrow than In
anger," and turn to the young men of the
State as the only hope to secure political re?
formation and bring about a healthy condltioa
of public affairs.
The New Party.
. [From the Chesterfield Democrat.]
The proposition to form a new political par-,
ty, or rather, to change the name ot the old
and once triumphant, and always honest party,
' Itfetxre lign'diigL^3F?ux?sin^Airew!su!, es.
travangances and rascality. Final victory
awaits us: don't let us be in too much hu ny.
Give the Radicals full time to disgust the peo?
ple and render the masses indignant, then our
victory will be permanent, and from Maine
to Texas, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, will
resound the glad injunction: "Fly not; stand?
still, ambition's debt is paid." Let us fight un?
der the old flag and have neither affix or pre?
fix to the good name of our party. Be confi?
dent, hopeful and Democrats wlU yet sit In
high places and redeem our country from,
threatened ruin and vlllany.
We can't see, if our's is a party professing
long established principles, how we could gai.:
anything by a change' of name. If men ac?
knowledge the correctness of the principles;
we profess and hold back on account of the
name alone, they would not be worth much any?
how. Let us remains Dem?crata In name and
be true to the teachings of our party.
TSE KEY WEST TRAGEDY.
Thc Death of Castauon and \'ir)w jt Came
A correspondent, writing from Key West,
gives a detailed account of the tragedy at that .
place, the 31st of last month, resulting In the >
death of Gonzales Gastan un, editor of the Span?
ish paper La Voz de Cuba, published at Havana:
Castauon, lt appears, with four other Span?
iards, arrived at Key West on the morning of
tlie 29th, being expected on that day, the edi?
tor of tue Cuban paper there, the Republican,
having accepted a challenge from him to fight.
The party was met on the steamer by two Cu?
bans, representing themselves ^> ?.he seconds
of the Republican editor. The former then
came on shore and put up at thc Russell House.
Castauon soon found out that the editor of the
Republican, who had accepted the duel, was a
poor fellow, until to fight a child ten years old
He is a man about fifty years old, quite
small In size, half blind, and his name is
Juan Mary Reyes. Two hours after they
had been in the Russell House, Castanon
and party sent for Juan Mary Reyes, and
when the little old Cuban appeared before Cas?
tanon the latter attacked ulm and began to
beat the poor okAnnn. Some parties Inter?
fered and he was soon parted from him.
On the 30th, another Cuban called on Casta?
uon, and a duel was arranged to take place,
but tho parties were arrested and held to bail
In the sum of $200 each. Various measures
were again resorted to in order to bring about
a light, and it was announced that one would
take place, but next day the Spaniards pre?
pared to leave on the steamer. About half
past 12 P. M., two Cuban gentlemen repaired
to the Russell House and inquired for Casta?
non. A few minutes after, Castanon and two
more Spaniards-big, stout fellows, one his
doctor and the other a commander ot Spanish
volunteers-came down stairs. One of the two>
Cubans who had called and were waiting for
them had a revolver, thc other had no weapon
at all. Once down stairs In thc front parlor, the
uuarmed Cuban told Castanon he wanted to
arrange matters for the duel. Castanon
answered he was not going to fight a duel;
he had slapped thc face of a Cuban and felt
satisfied. The Cuban then called him a d-d
coward. Castanon raised lils hand and hit the
Cuban. His friend drew lite revolver he bad
in his hand, ami the unarmed Cuban snatched
it from his hand. While this was going on
Castanon took two steps backward, drew his
revolver and tired at the Cuban without effect.
The Cuban then fired his first shot; and Casta
Hon, who was standing by an iron safe, fell on
lils knees, and In that position fired the second
time. Tlie Cuban then fired again and brought
Castanon flat on the ground, where he received
two more shots. As soon as the firing com?
menced, Castanon's two friends abandoned
him and fled to the stairs, firing as they re?
tired. One of them in his haste fell and hurt
his shin. I think the other is badly wounde*.
Tlie Cuban who had killed Castanon In the
contest came to the street with a li m counte?
nance, and, brandishing his revolver, said.
"Cubans, you are revenged. Viva Cuba, lil/rcl
Tlie instigator for the murder of all Cubans ls
The following Cubans were soon after the
tragedy arrested : J. Botella and brother, V.
Moreira, F. Aceituno, J. Barces, P. Orores and
A. Ag?ero. The three last named have been
released. Several houses have been searched.
A colored man lias also been arrested.
-The latest dotec or conudence mea ls to make
their checks payable to the order of their victim,
and then ?li ihe backs? that he cannot endorse ly.