Newspaper Page Text
vni imp TV_TV?TMRER 1300.
CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 21, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
TUE SALE OE CADETSHIPS.
Thc Case of Mississippi-Congress Dodg?
ing the liega I-Tender Decision-Peti?
tion Against the Income Tax.
[SrECIALTELEGRAM TO THE N?VS.3
WASHINGTON, February 20.
The investigation or the sale of cadetships
by carpet-bag Congressmen continues to excite
Whittemorc, cornered by the production of his
own letter on tho subject, yesterday appeared be?
fore the committee and made a statcmeut, in?
tended to excite partisan sympathy, to the effect
that he bad appointed as a cadet? young man
who^had a legal residence In his district, and that
afterwards, in consideration of this appointment,
two thousand dollars had been seut into ids dis?
trict for political purposes.
Butler, of Tennessee, (another carpet-bagger,)
voluntarily appeared and stated that he had sold
his cadetship, and received therefor one thousand
^IFROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, February 19.
The Mississippi delegation, headed by Revels,
visited the President to-day, praying him to with?
hold his approval of Mississippi's admission until
the passage of certain acts for disabilities. The
delegation has no objection to the general fea?
tures of the bill. The President wUl sign thc bill
Admiral Poor is instructed to keep a war vessel
at Havana. The iron-clad Saugus ls suggested
for this duty.
Currency balance ia treasury, $23,250,000; gold,
Several votes recently, regarding additional
executive buildings, indicate no disposition to
move the capital.
The Senate passed a bill appropriating $3000 for
witnesses In the cadet corruption investigation,
and it goes to the President.
A bill introduced and referred, provides a stay
of execution In certain cases. This bill, ls intend?
ed to afford some relief against the operation of
the recent legal tender decision, lt gives a stay
of execntion on all judgments founded on debts
contracted prior to the nth of July, 1802-the
date of the passage of the first legal tender act
for from one to four years, according to the
amount. The bill provides that If plaintiff In such
judgment will receive pay In currency, thereshalll
be no stay, and that whenever specie payments
are resumed all stays under the act shall termi?
A. rule was adopted that the Committee ou
Elections for the Forty-first Congress should con?
sist of fifteen members, and that each contested
case may be assigned by thc chairman, to a
special committee of three, for exclusive con?
sideration, and these shall report their decision
directly to the House.
A huge petition was presented from New York
against the renewal of the income tax, its inqui?
sitorial character making lt particularly odious to
the American people.
NEWS AND GOSSIP BT MAH.
Social Equality at the National Capi?
tal-Forney Leads Oft"In Mixing White
and Black at the Social Board.
Governor Scott will doubtless be gratified to
find that bis extreme liberality of views on the
question of social equality has found UL imi?
tator in the great Radical trumpeter at Wash?
ington. A telegram, of Friday, says:
At Colonel Forney's reception last night we
had the first practical commingling of the
white and colored races in a social way that
has transpired this season. The appearance
of General Tate at the President's reception,
and at some other thereafter, was of a severe?
ly formal character, but at Colonel Forney's
reception last night the severe formal cere?
mony of presentation to hosts and guests was
followed by the tipping of the glass In respect?
ful recognition and general participation at
the informal refreshment table. Professor
Vashon and three other colored persons were
the repic?is of these civilities.
Whilst these social comminglings were pro?
gressing, the colored guests gathered about
the refreshment table, after the custom of
their white friends. The waiters at the table
were not only genteelly dressed, but good
looking colored men. A distinguished mem?
ber of Congress not discovering thc difference
between the colored waiters and colored
guests, hailed one of the latter with, "Here,
waiter, give me a 6licc of that cold turkey.
Come, be lively now." To which he received
a dignified bow and thc response : "Thank
you, sir, I am one of the guests. I am Pro
lessor -The Congressman, an out-and
out Radical, somewhat nonplussed, replied :
"I beg your pardon ; I did not observe lt ; we
sha-l get used to these things by-and-by."
Taxation-Proposed $30,000,000 Redac?
tion-Views ot the President on tho
A Washington dispatch of the 17th instant,
to the Baltimore Suu, says :
By consultation prominent members of thc
administration partially effected, through lead?
ing Republicans of the Ways and Moans Com?
mittee, an important determination which was
made by the latter at their meeting to-day, by
which it was agreed to reduce the taxation
fifty millions of dollars. The committee con?
cluded that thirty millions of this sum should
be taken from internal taxation, and twenty
millions relieved by the reduction of duties on
This conclusion was arrived at, after careful
deliberation, on two grounds: First-that the
business interc.-ts ot the country demanded
that the burdens of taxation,; should be light?
ened, and, second, from the "belief that the In?
terests on the public debt could not be reduc?
ed for at least a year on thc plan proposed by
the funding bifi now pending in the Senate.
This p?bposcd reduction was carried iu the
committee with but one objection, and he gave
as his reason that he thought the sum was too
large, as in his opinion the actual necessities of
the government demanded a revenue which
would be cut too short hy this reduction. On
yesterday, the chalrmau of the Ways and
Means Committee had an interview with the
President, and the policy ol' a reduced taxa?
tion was urged on Iiis attention. He said that
while the public debt was so large he had ad?
vised against a reduction of taxation tor the
present year, but he was now satisfied that the
country demanded and that the government
could stand a reduction of internal taxation
equal to at least thirty millions ot dollars, and
he hoped that Congress would take a step iu
He thought that if this were done now it
would bastea the day ol* specie payments and
place the government on such a footing that
next year it could easily fund the public debt
into a consolidated bond bearing a lower rate
ol'interest than was now exacted of the trea?
sury. It was not until thc Republican mem?
bers of the Ways and Means were assured of
these vieira of the President that they agreed
to recommend to the House the reduction al?
ready named. When the action of the com?
mittee became known the telegrams flew
thick and fast to business men and newspapers
in thc leading cities.
One of the principal means to secure less
taxation will be a proposition to be made at
once in the committee to reduce the income
tax from five to three per cent., and lo in?
crease Ihe exemptions l'rom one to two thou?
sand dollars. No direct vote was taken in the
committee on the reduction of the tariff, as it
was claimed that the pending bill in thc House
already made a reduction of twenty millions.
By counting that, the fifty mil'lons of reduction
was mads up.
FJ?OCEEJDIX?S ow THE GENERAL
Thc State Penitentiary-Thc Colombia
Extension Bill-The Relief of the Poor
fFROH OtTR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COM'ii BI A, February 19.
The House Committee, to whom was referred
that part of the Governor's message appertaining
to the Penitentiary, reported yesterday, and state
that the superintendent (Stoibrand) "deserves the
highest praise for the entcient and economical
manner in which he has conducted the institu?
tion." The report recites that a new quarry in
the Congarec Uiver has been opened and put In
good working condition, securing sound and val?
uable building material. About forty cells have
been added to the south wing of the building, and
the foundations of the north wing and outer wall
have progressed rapidly. Machinery and mate?
rial from the State Works at Greenville nave
necessitated the enlargement of the machine shop,
which is now almost complete in all its details.
There are at present three hundred aud three
convicts in confinement, Including nineteen in
the hospital. Thc manufacturing, as well as the
making up of clothing, boots, ftc, arc carried on
successfully. A new branch of industry-that of
manufacturing brooms for the market-has been
added, and worked with success. The food ls
sound and healthy, sufficient in quantity and
well prepared. Ko complaints of ill treatment,
or cruelty, have been reported by the prisoners,
nor have the committee ascertained any know?
ledge of snch through their Intercourse with the
guards and employees. The committee respect?
fully recommend an Cuerease over last year's
appropriation of fifty per cent., in consequence
of the increased number of convicts, necessitating
.additional outlay for material, food, ftc. ; also, to
enable the erection of permanent workshops,
those at present In nae being mere temporary
erections. The committee concur with the re?
commendations or the Governor, and the board
of directors, that the salary of the superintendent
bc Increased from S2000 to $3000; also, concurs and
recommends that a small farm of one hundred
acres, more or less, bc attached to the Instituten
for thc employment of short-termed convicts.
ANOTHER JOB FOR JOE CREWS.
In both bodies or thc General Assembly yester?
day was Introduced a Join t resolution providing
that the committee appointed by joint resolution
ot the General Assembly, entitled "a Joint resolu?
tion to appoint a committee of investigation for
thc Third Congressional Dlitrict," passed March
20, 1809, be authorized to make such investigation
as they may deem proper in thc facts and circum?
stances attending thc late Congressional election
in the Fourth Congressional District of this State,
and to compel the attendance of witnesses and
to send for papers. The said committee shall re?
ceive the same pay and allowances tor the time
occupied in said investigation as ls allowed by
the joint resolution herein referred to, to bc
drawn and paid in thc same manner. In the
House the resolution was referred to the Commit?
tee on Privileges and Elections, and in the Senate
it was laid over under thc rule?. The
committee, of which Joseph Crews (the In?
dividual who talks of "blood and thunder" un?
til one is forcibly reminded of the thrilling, blood
curling recital in that celebrated novel, "Blood
lor Blood, or thc Revcngerul Chinch,") ts chair?
man, have not yet reported thc facts connected
with that "dark and bloody ground," vide MS. of
report, thc Third Congressional District. Accord?
ing to general talk, the report will tell of out?
rages, hair-breadth escapes, blood, d iggers, col?
lins, assassinations, intimidations, enough to form
groundwork for several stories to supply thc New
York Ledger until resurrection time. The ract
that Joseph Crews, a Radical, dared to venture*
among such a bloody, reckless set of Ku-Klux
and Democrats as frequent that district, speaks
volumes In his praise; and his report (for the read?
ing of which nearly all or the Radicals have sup?
plied themselves several thousands of grains or
salt,) will remain a lasting record of his pluck and
endurance. In the resolution offered yesterday
lu the Senate, lhere is a provision "that thc com?
mittee shall nor, receive pay for any time after the
26th day or March prox.," which will not please
the committee as much as thc remainder of the
Yesterday the Senate passed a bill extending
the limits of the City of Columbia. An amend?
ment introduced by Donaldson, providing that aa
election for mayor and aldermen of the city shall
be held on the first Tuesday or AprP is 10, and
on the first Tuesday of April every two years
thereafter, was adopted. The present city ofil
cers, whose terms do not expire tor a year or two,
were elected by thc Democrats. As a man living
in the present city limits is about to plant eighty
acres ot his city laud in colton, and as lhere ls
any number ot vacant lots, it will bc seen that
there was no necessity for the extension, aud
that the objector the bill (believed to have been
sired by Scott, Neagle, Parker ft Co.) was to re?
move thc present city officers and secure thc
election or Radicals. The vote on tho motion to
agreeing to the bill is: yeas-Allen, Barber, Cain,
Donaldson, Hoyt, Hayne, Johnston, Leslie, Lun.
ney, Montgomery, Maxwell, Nash, Ralney, Swails
and Wimbush-15; nays-Messrs. Arnim, Ulemau,
Duncan, Foster, Greene, Hayes, Owens, Reid
Rose and Rodgers-io. During thc debate upon'
this bill, Leslie talked considerably, and said,
while speaking cf Democrats makjng people voie
as they pleased, he was tired or such things; he
remembered that when he lived in the second
ward or New York, Jim Friend used to tate him
by thc car and say: "Vote tor mc, d-n you."
.TUE COLUMBIA BUILDINO AND LOAN ASSOCIATION.
For several weeks there has been berore thc
Senate a bill to amend an act to Incorporate the
Columbia Building and Loan Association. Upon
it the Committee upon Incorporations made a
lengthy report, which was not satisractory to ih<j
Senate, and the bill was then rererrcd to the Ju?
diciary Committee, which reported yesterday,
recommending that it be indellnltely postponed,
upon the ground that the extraordinary privi?
leges sought by this amendment, in thc matter or
foreclosing mortgages without resort to the
courts, Uko other corporations and citizens, can?
not but be regarded with suspicion. Thc ob?
jection ls more t-> the special remedies
to collect debts than anything else. The courts
are open to all alike, and there all creditors can
go and have the same or equal remedies; but if
we grant special remedies to this corporation,
such as to enable them to lore-close a mortgage by
simple advertisement In the ncswspapers, Ignor?
ing courts altogether, we give them special advan?
tages and facilities over other creditors, which, lt
must' bc presumed, wlU be taken advantage or
whenever their pecuniary Interests require lt.
Equal rights and remedies, and none other,
should be given to all men in business. As to thc
power ot any man to mortgage lils real estate,
including the homestead, now, there can be no
more doubt than there Is of his right to sell his
homestead. No one pretends to question the lat?
ter; why should they the former, as that is really
only a conditional sale? This proposition cautiot
bc thought to be the main or real object of the
THE NEWS hos already stated that the two bills
to Incorporate the "Port Royal Dock and Ware?
house," and the "Port Royal Improvement'' Com?
panies, now before the Senate, were believed by
many to be monopolies-giving power to Royal
E. Robbins, H. A. Robbins, D. F. Appleton, II. IL
Boody, Stephen C. Millett, H. L. Stuart, Robert ll.
Tl-ayer, Calvin Adams, and Shelton L. Hall, to
construct docks and warchou.es, foundries,
bridges, canals, streets, sci; goods und monies on
commission, build and employ steam and tug
boats, do a general banking, tire and marine in?
surance business, Ac., In thc county of Beaufort.
These bills were among the "special orders" on
to day's calendar. When called up, Swails moved
to strike out the enactment clause of the first
named bill. Kainey seconded the motion, and
both denounced the bills as monopolies-' rascally
bills." After considerable debate, both bills were
referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Yesterday and to-day the Senate tinkered at a
bill "to provide for the care of the poor." Lajjj
tu-day lt was passed, lt provides thatfhe couflV
commissioners of each county shall provide, as
soon as practicable, after this passage of the act,
In or near the county 6eat, snch buildings as may
be needed for the accommodation of the poor of
the county. The buildings shall have connected
with them sufficient tillable land to give employ?
ment to such persons as arc able to work and
may come upon the county for surrport; and said
buildings and land shall be known as the poor?
house and farm of said county. That the pro?
ceeds accruiug from sales of produce, from rents
or other sources, shall bc faithfully appropriated
to the support of the poor in the county. That
whoever brings into and leaves any poor and in?
digent person in any city or county in this State,
wherein such pauper is not lawfully settled, know?
ing him to bc poor and indigent, and with thc
Intent to charge such etty or county with
his relief or support, shall forfeit a sum not
exc?eding one hundred dollars for each offence,
to be recovered, In any proper action, to thc use
or such city or county. That it shall be the duty
of the city authorities of Charleston and Colum?
bia to provide for the care of thc poor within thc
limltsof their respective cities; and the county
commissioners of Charleston and Richland Coun?
ties shall, when they levy a general poor tax for
said counties, exempt these cities from the pay?
ment of thc same; provided, that thc authorities
shall have made adequate provision for thc sup?
port or their poor. Thc county commissioners or.
Oconee and Pickens, comprising the territory for
merly known as Pickens District, are authorized
to sell at public or private sales thc old Poorhouse
Farm of that district, the proceeds or which shall
bc divided equally between the commissioners or
the two counties, and be applied by them to the
support or the poor.
There is before the House a bill "to renew and
amend the charter or the Town or Mt. Pleasant."
The bill provides that arter it becomes an act all
citizens or thc State having resided sixty days
within the corporates or the town or Mt. Pleas?
ant as at present fixed by law shall bc declared
a body polltlo and corporate; that thc town shall
be governed byan Intendant and seven wardens,
who shall be elected on thc third Wednesday lu
October next and thereafter on the same day in
every second year; that the intendant and ward?
ens shall be vested with tho powers of magis?
trates within the limits of thc town, and the
intendant and any two of the wardens shall bc con?
sidered a quorum of thc whole number, who shall
be known as the To wu Council; who shall have
power to grant or refuse licenses; to arrest and
commit to Jail, Tor a space of time not exceeding
twelve hours, and to line, not exceeding tweuty
dollars, auy person or persons who shall be guilty
or disorderly conduct in the town, to the aunoy
ancc or citizens thereof; to Impose ami collect an
annual tax upon thc assessed property of said
town, provided that no tax shall bc imposed In
any one year to exceed the rate ot ten cents on
each hundred dollars or such assessed property;
and that tIft money so raised shall be applied to
the usc or said town.
GONE BACK ON WUIGUT.
Hayne to-day introduced In thc Senate a joint
resolution providing that on appropriation was
made to pay thc salaries or thc judges or thc Su?
preme Court tor the year 1809; and Associate Jus?
tice lloge resigned, and there remains In thc
treasury a portion or thc appropriation which was
made to pay his salary for said year; therefore bc
lt resolved, that the State Treasurer be instructed
to pay the undrawn portion of thc appropriation
that was made to pay the salary of S. L. lloge to
Cider Just ice Moses and Associate Justice Willard,
to be equally divided among them. It seems to
me that as Wright was elected to mi Hoge's place
he is entitled to that portion, "but they never
did treat a darkey fair, no how you lix it" * *
"so the colored folks say."
THAT SINKING FUND BILL
was then taken up for its third reading In the |
Senate at two o'clock this afternoon. Maxwell I
moved that thc enactment clause be stricken out,
but subsequently withdrew his motion. On Hie
question of agreeing to thc passage or thc bill,
Bleman called Tor thc yeas and nays, which were
taken, and resulted as follows : Yeas-Messrs.
Barber, Cain, Corbin, Donaldson, Duncan, Greene,
Hoyt, Hayes, Hayne, Jillson, Lunney, Montgom?
ery, Maxwell, Nash, Ralney, and Wimbush-10.
Nays-Messrs. Blemau, Reid and Rodgers-3.
It is rumored that the Legislature will adjourn
on the tl rsl or March, to meet again on the first
or May. Several representatives arc know to ravor
such a measure.
During a speech to-day on thc Tort Royal mo?
nopolies, Cain stated that "ll had been said, and,
perhaps, justly so, that for a bill to pass this
Legislature it had to go through ?re." This ls a
new term; thc old ones were io show "light" to
and "recognize'' legislators.
DeLarge gave TUE NEWS thc benefit of a little
"blowing" on the floor of the House yesterday.
Ex-Alderman Thomas Jefferson Mackey ls herc,
and on Monday next proposes to enlighten thc
colored legislators in regard to thc judiciary re?
port on the Civil Rights bill.
It is thought that thc State militia will bc lu
camp bj thc llrst of October next.
Yesterday in the House waa presented a peti?
tion or sundry citizens or James' Island, nut to
grant to Toney Stafford the right ol controlling a
rerry between James' Island and Charleston.
This ls rattier late, as thc act granting Stafford
the right became a law some lime since.
The House Committee on the Penitentiary, to
whom was referred a resolution to Inquire by
what authority persons visltlug the Penitentiary
are charged aa entrance fee, stu ted that tho su?
perintendent was directed by the board or direc?
tors to charge an entrance ree of ten cents to
Whipper gave notice yesterday or his Intention
to Introduce a bill authorizing thc Governor to
appoint a commissioner of phosphates at the
ports of Charleston and Beaufort. L.
The City anti the General Assembly.
Our attentive Columbia correspondent sends
the fol!ow:ng report under date of Saturday last:
TUE ENTERPRISE RAILROAD COMPANY.
Cain, from thc Senate Committee on Railroads,
to whom was referred a bill to incorporate the
Enterprise Railroad Company, or Charleston, re?
ported yesterday, with a recommendation that
the lull bc amended by adding thc names or Lu?
cius Wimbush and George Lee to the list of in?
corpora to rs, and add that the raliway be also
run "to Judith street, through and along America
street to Amherst street, through and along Am?
THE BURNT DISTRICT."
Tlicre was read a second time in the House to?
day, a bill giving authority to the City Council of
Charleston to amend an "ordinance to aid in re?
building the burnt district aud waste places in
thc City of Charleston, in any manner not incon?
sistent with the provisions or an act entitled "An
act to repeal an ordinance entitled 'An ordinance
to prevent the erection of wooden buildings, and
to provide greater security against Ares;' " and
also such scellons of au act or thc General Assem?
bly entitled "An act ror rebuilding the City or
Charleston," as prohibit the erection of woodeu
buildings within the corporate limits of thc said
City of Charleston
Another bill before the same body provides that
the "ordinance to prevent the erection of wooden
buildings, and to provide greater security against
fires," ratlflcd the 8th of May, 1833, and such sec?
tions of the act or the General Assembly "for the
rebuilding thc City of Charleston," as prohibits
the erection of wooden buildings within its lim?
its, ratified thc 1st ot June, 1838, together%ith
such provisions ot the "act to amend the laws in
relation to the erection of wooden buildings in
the City or Charleston," ratiQea?t,he 20th or De?
cember, 18?6, bc repealed, except as to such por?
tions or the said City or Charleston as arc hcreln
arter described, to wit: All lots abutting on the
west Bide of King-street, fn?m South Bay-street to
Calhoun-street, and all rear lots, the en?
trames to which arc on said west side or
King street. All that territory lying on the east
side or King street, and north ofSouth Hay street,
and extending northerly as rar as Society street,
and to Cooper River on the cast, excepting such
marsh, mud or water lots aa may be located
north or Market street and east or East Bay
street; also, all that territory lying east or King
street, running northerly to Calhoun street, com?
mencing at Society street, and jpasterly to Anson
street. . All lots abutting on thc east side or Anson
street, from Calhoun to Society streets, including
all rear lots with entrances on said Anson street.
All lots abutting upon the north side or
Society street, from Anson street, run?
ning east, to Cooper River, Including all
rear lots with entrances on Bald Socie?
ty slrcct. Every wooden building erected un?
der the provisions of this act shall bc not less
than two stories In height, and the Inner wnlls,
including all partitions and ceilings, shall bc
lathed and plastered, and covered with slate, tin,
tiles, or some other materials noe combustible. A
violator of the provisions of this act (which shall
not bc construed os repealing any portion of an
ordinance to regulate the erection of steam en?
gines and machinery propelled by steam within
thc city, shall be tined not less than $300, nor
more than $000. This also received a second
BANKING AND TRUST COMPANIES.
In the Senate, to-day, all but thc last section or
or a bill to incorporate the Charleston Banking
and Trust Company rocclved a second reading.
It provides that RobfTt Benson, Charles Bush, C.
C. Leary, John Berry, D. D. Leary, their asso?
ciate} and successors, be incorporated under the
above name, with a capital stock or two millions
or dollars, to be divided Into shares or one hun?
dred dollars each, with power to make advances
to planters tor the purpose of developing the
agricultural interests of the State, upon loans,
mortgages or part luterest In the crops to be
raised, to receive deposits or money and other
valuables, and issue receipts for thc same, to buy
amt sell bonds, bills or exchange and promis?
sory notes, and advance and loan monies, securi?
ties nnd credits, Ac.
THE MERCHANT'S BANKING COMPANY.
Thc bill Introduced by Wirabush In thc Senate
to day "to Incorporate the Merchant's Banking
and Trust Company," provides that John Bates,
Anson Vf. Thayer, IV. W. Dana, C. L. Lucas. AV.
Weston and D. Ames, be Incorporated under thc
above name, with a capital stock ol one million
dollars, to be divided into shares or one hundred
dollars each, to make advances to planters Tor
thc purpose or developing the agricultural lu:cr?
est s of the Stato upon loans, mortgages, or part
Interest in the crops to be raised; to receive de?
posits of money and other valuables, and issue re?
ceipts for the same; to buy and sell bonds, bills ot
exchange, promissory notes, Ac; that the princi?
pal oiiiee of tho company shall bc located in
Donaldson lntrodnccd In thc Senate, ts-day, a
bill to Incorporate the South Carolina Banking
Company, which provides that R. J. Donaldson
and lils successors bc Incorporated a body cor?
porate fdr thc purpose or carrying ou a general
banking business in thc State of South Carolina
with a capital of one million or dollars, to bu divid?
ed luto shares or one hundred dollars each.
THE SOUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
Hearty Eudorgcment of itt* Policy and
Mun diemen t.
[From thc Barnwell Sentinel.]
We notice, willi great pleasure, the admira?
ble and satisfactory report of the DroaVJgni and
directors of tills pioneer company, to thc late
meeting of thc stockholders, lt is really very
gratifying to see how this brave old company
has struggled against thc many adverse cir?
cumstances willi which it has lind to contend,
lt was torn up by thc Invading army, cross-ties
burned and iron twisted ; its depots, station
houses, warehouses and machine shops given
to thc devouring flames-its engines, coaches
and cars destroyed, yet all have been replaced,
the road put In complete order, and Hie travel?
ler travels with as much comfort, punctuality
and safety, as on any other road lu the coun?
try. It has had to contend against opposition,
litigation, legislation, and depreciation of
stuck, but, to-day, its credit is as firm and
healthy ns in the best days ol' Its prosperity.
Wc say it gives us pleasure to see these signs
of life and vigor; it is an evidence of tho wis?
dom of tile direction and the skill and ability
Alter thc war, as appears from Hie report,
the financial affairs of thc road was greatly
crippled, in fact, nearly destroyed, but Mr.
Magrath, the president", assisted by lils able
directors, had thc firmness lo withstand Hie
clamors of his stockholders for dividends, and
by an exhibition (d'eminent financial skill, hos
placed the monetary affairs of thc company in
such a condition as to put thc credit of the
company on a linn basis, and to enable thc
director's to shortly declare a dividend. The
stockholders have appreciated lils services, by
unanimously re-electing him lo his arduous
and responsible post as president.
This road, from the beginning, lias been
managed more with a view to develop the
resources of the State, than as a commercial,
money-making enterprise. If it had been as
destitute ol'soul as corporations usually arc,
il would never have built the Columbia road,
it.would not have built the Camden road, it
would have had nothing lo do with the various
enterprises in which ils money and inllueuce
haye been employed, but selfishly attended to
the great, business coming through Augusta,
from the south and west lo Charleston and thu
north. Its policy luis been wider, broader,
wiser and eminently patriotic. True, IL may
not have made as much money as other roads,
but it has developed the resources, increased
the prosperity of the whole State, and has
gained for itself a reputation and credit, at
nome and abroad, of which it may well be
(From thc Barnwell Journal.}
It will bc remembered that thc war lett thc
road In a deplorable condition. Tho track had
been torn up by Sherman's army, the cars
were in an almost useless condition, and
tho general disorder in which everything
was left necessitated a large outlay, and de?
manded a large amount ot energy'and hard
work. To the work of reconstruction, thc
management of thc road devoted ?ts entire
time and skill, and it must be ascribed to their
untiring zeal and activity that so much has
been accomplished. Thc surplus gains titus
far have been appropriated to Hie repair ol'
the road, thc construction of new passenger
and freight, cars, and to thc liquidation of thc
general indebtedness. The difficulty between
this company und the Columbia and Augusta
Railroad (furnpuny, which at one time threat?
ened serious litigation, has been amicably ad?
justed, and there seems now no obstacle to a
career ol' profit and prosperity. When wc
consider the heavy losses which thc company
have sustained, and the heavy obligations they
have been compelled to meet, ft is truly grati?
fying to see that the road is at present in such
a good fiuanclal condition. The payment of
dividends, which has hitherto been with helli?
on account of pressing demands, will now be
resumed, and the bonds of the company will
steadily advance in the stock market, as they
must be considered a safe aud remunerative
-La Patrie denies that Austria and other
powers transmitted to Rome a remonstrance
against the Papal syllabus.
SV MM ART OF FOREIGN NEWS.
By Mall and Cable.
-The released Fenlan8 are to have a fine re?
ception In Dublin.
_Tho usual street parades in Paris, on
Shrove Tuesday, will be prohibited.
-Thc Irish members ofdUie English House
of Commons have all agreed to accept the Re?
form bill introduced by Mr. Gladstone.
-Prince Pierre Bonaparte will be tried be?
fore thc High Court of Justice on the charge of
homicide through imprudence.
-The Spanish Cortes are considering a bill
which abolishes the duties levied on the coast,
lng trade ot thc Antilles.
-Advices from Stockholm state that the
Diet has passed a law admitting dissenters and
Jews to political rights.
-The merchants of Glasgow held a meeting
on Wednesday and denounced the new Eng?
lish telegraph system.
-Advices from Spain state that the Carlists
arc plotting a general outbreak In the spring.
Thc outbreaks that have been reported were
-It Is generally thought that the reduction
of interest by thc banks In Europe will create
an improved demand for United States secu?
-An address, signed by London and Liver?
pool merchants, Is in circulation In Madrid, hop
ng the Spanish troops will soon subdue tho
-Advices from London state that a Fenian
demonstration was announced to take place at
Cork on Wednesday, but was repressed by the
-The Paris Journal Officiel published an Im?
perial decree on Thursday, which annuls thc
decree ol' 1851, giving the French Government
the power of transporting to thc penal settle?
ments parties who belong to secret societies.
-From latest Paris advices Gustave FIou
rens has boen sentenced to six months' impris?
onment and a line of one hundred francs. M.
Devereux, publisher of La Marseillaise, has
been sentenced to two months' imprisonment
and a fine of five hundred francs.
-Prince Napoleon will be tried for the vol?
untary homicide of Noir, followed by an at?
tempt npon the life of Fauvellle, and, upon
conviction, be sentenced to death. It ls
, thought the court may, upon extenuating
circumstances, lessen the punishment two de?
-Explanations have been given to England
and Russia, through the medium of their re?
spective representatives, on the subject of the
concentration of troops on thc frontiers of
Montenegro and Dalamatia. It appears from
these explanations of the Grand Vizier that
thc troops will bc gradually withdrawn as
tranquillity Is re-established In the Rocchi di
-Queen Isabella has, according to thc Gau?
lois, magnanimously resolved to suspend all
warlike projects to obtain her restoration. She
has opened negotiations with the members of
the actual government, with a view to their
accepting the candidature for the throne-of
the Prince Alphonse. If they will have the
young Prince for King, the Queen promises
that she will abdicate, and that her son shall
accept the constitution voted by the Cortes.
-A fearful tragedy occurred January 28th
in the Ruc du Faubourg St. Honore, in Paris,
a lady named Lombart, residing at No. 8.3,
having been murdered by her footman, who
also dangerously wounded the lady's maid and
the cook. The man during thc day had had
an altercation with his mistress, and when,
about six In the evening, she ordered him to
serve the dinner, he rushed at her with a knile
and cut her throat, killing her on the spot.
Thc two female servants came to the assist?
ance of their mistress, and In thc struggle
wlilch ensued one was cut so severely that lier
life Is despaired of. The murderer, who Is a
Belgian by birth, and ls believed to haye been
at the moment iii ? state of intoxication, was
eventually secured by an upholsterer living In
thc house, and was given luto the custody of
thc police. A terrible detail In connection with
this crime is that the husband of Mme. Lom?
bart is stricken with paralysis, and saw his
wife murdered before him without being able
to afford her assistance.
-Thc foreign mails bring an examination by
Sir Roderick I. Murchison into the story that
Livingstone had been killed and burned by thc
natives on thc lakes at thc head of Congo
River, ninety days' journey from the mouth.
On comparing dates it appears that Living?
stone, on May 30th, 18GD, wrote from UJijl to
Zanzibar, requesting to be supplied from that
point willi boatmen and goods, to enable him
to proceed to the north of Lake Tanganyika,
so as to connect the sources he had discovered
willi thc Nile of Speke and Baker. On October
2d, I860, Dr. Kirk, British Consul at Zanzibar,
in his dispatch to Lord Clarendon, stated that
lie would lose no time in sending the meu and
supplies to Livingstone. Slr Roderick Murchi?
son argues that Livingstone had not sufllcient
time, even if he had proceeded without wait?
ing for supplies, to proceed to Tanganyika and
then round to the head of the Congo River hy?
the date required to verify thc rumor of his
death. The story, said to have been brought
by a Portuguese trader, was contained in a let?
ter from the west coast of Africa, ami dated
January Olli, 1870.
-The "France" says General Beauregard
has arrived in Marseilles on Railroad business.
-.The telegraph is superseding royal auto?
graph letters. Napoleon III recently Inquired
by it about Queen Victoria's health.
-Judge R. H. Coleman, a promiuent citizen
of Virginia, died suddenly at the Exchange
Hotel, In Richmond, yesterday.
-Martin Tupper, the poet, lately mel With a
serious accident by the upsetting of his car?
riage, which, besides some smaller injuries,
severely crushed his right hand.
-Charles I). Kirk, a well-known editor in
Louisville, fell dead on tho street Thursday
night, from hemorragc ol' the lungs, aged 37
-Miss Susan t?alton, of the (?alton Opera
Troupe, was married at "Philadelphia last week
to Mr. Kelleher, formerly connected with the
troupe, which is now disbanded.
-The Cincinnati Commercial discovers in
Miss Jennie C. Chitin one ul'the firm of female
brokers lu New York, a Miss Tennessee, who
used to prac'ice as a "magnetic physiciunr' in
-It is said thal the French Emperer, while
conversing with an ambassador, suddenly
touched on the topic of thc Auteuil tragedy,
and stated that he fully expected that Prince
Pierre would be acquitted, as there was evi?
dence to show that he had been strnck.
-Godbe, the seceding Mormon elder, is the
husband ol' four wives and the lather of seven?
teen children. Upon being excommunicated
lie told his plural wives they could have di?
vorces if they chose, and he would divide his
properly pro nita between them. They pre?
ferred to remain.
BEHIND THE FOOTLIGHTS.
The Pay of Actors and Actresses.
The writer of dramatic gossip In the New
York Tnrf, Field and Farm, in the lost number
of that journal, says :
Madame Tostee, In the first year she was
here, made five thousand francs a month du?
ring eight months. The second year she made
eight thousand per month. Every cent of this
was carefully put away in thoCaisse d'Ehargnc
in Paris. Mlle. Irma (who is talking of com?
ing back here.) made six thousand francs a
month; Madame Desclauzas, five thousand;
Rose Bell, five thousand, and very little of it
found circulation in New York. Bu: these are
exceptional cases, and lt must not be supposed
that all foreign actresses who have starving
wages in their own country can make a for?
tune here. It was only the effervescence of
opera bouffe that permitted such extravagance
on the part of managers. And sec how. lamen?
tably lt all ended. Bateman did well the first
year. Grau thought to do better, also went
into opera bouffe, and killed not only Bate?
man, (which rather gladdened him,) but him?
self. Yet thc acme of salaries has not yet
been reached by opera bouffe. Operatic sala?
ries go a great deal higher. Lefrnnc, who is
now singing at the Academy of Music, and is
worth one dozen Brlgnolis rolled into one, is
paid $2000 per month for ten performances.
Madame de.Briol gets $1600 for the same num?
ber of performances. But we can go yet
higher. At a lime not very far distant weare to
be favored with the two queens of thc lyric art,
PATTI AND NILSSON,
thc first of whom is under engagement to Mau?
rice and Max Strakoscli for the rall of 1871, and
tho latter to Jarrett & Palmor for the spring of
1872. Patti ls engaged for one year, and du?
ring the year she ls to give one hundred per?
formances, for which she will receive $2000 in
gold each performance. Max tells us that he
will put thc sailo at $3 and $5, and at these
prices he can make money, not otherwise
that is, if Patti's voice holds out till 1871. Thc
voice is so fragile an organ that it can never
safely bo speculated on. Nilsson is also en?
gaged for one hundred nights, at $1000 in gold
each pcrtormancc, besides travelling expenses
of ail kinds, and expenses of a suit of four per?
sons. Another person who commands a price is
recently engaged by Harry Palmer when ho
was in Europe. We know not exactly the
terms of thc present engagement, but, as
Fechter swore never to come over here at less
than $500 per night, wc presume that is what
he gets. Fechter is a Frenchman, and 'still
preserves the foreign accent; so much so, in?
deed, lhat one must have become accustomed
to him before he can be thoroughly under?
stood. But he is a splendid actor in the ro?
mantic drama. Dawlson, when he was herc,
received $1000 a night. Hermann Hendricks
and Heinrich Heins ditto. Fanny Janauschek
manages her own business. Of other foreign
artists it is unnecessary to speak apart, for
they are identified with our own theatres. The
LYDIA TUOMP30N TROUPE,
tor instance, has become acclimatized, and by
thc way, reappear at Niblo's in March. Miss
Lydia's terms are half the gross receipts, and
she pays her company. Its members receive
from $50 to $?00. Pauline Markham had $100
at tue Tammany, and now gets $150 travelling
with the Blende Brigade of British Burlesquers.
have a uniform rate. It ls fifty per cent, on
thc gross receipts. This is what Lotta receives
at Niblo's; what Lucille Western receives at
the Grand Opera House, and In fact what they
nil receive. It then entirely depends on their
own efforts whether they make money or not.
These arc the terms of John Owens, Joe Jef
ferson and Barney Williams. Thc first is the
richest actor In America. Ile is worth $800,000;
Jefferson comes next, and ls worth, we be?
lieve, $500,000; and Barney Williams, $400,000.
Jefferson, in his recent engagement, at Booth's,
made, in seven weeks, $27,000. He then went
over to Brooklyn, and in four nichts drr.tvovor
$8uUo, which nu divided with the manager.
Buch earnings make the mouth water. Edwin
Forrest, who has taken to thc stage once
more, Is a rich man. He always receives sixty
per cent, of the gross receipts, and if he had
acted nil along, would probably have been the
richest actor alive. But Forrest is charitable;
and, besides, he prefers taking lils rest at
times, to wearing his life out continually on
the stage. The actress who at present is mak?
ing the most money of any 1B
MISS KATE BATEMAN,
who, when taken charge of by the old gentle?
man, can feel assured of being coached oy thc
best manager, without exception, in Hie coun?
try. Kate gets thc usual fifty per cent., and
herself pays George Jordan, her supporter,
$200 a week. Thus not a single one of the
houses Kate has drawn hus come under $1400,
?D? uieV sometimes go up !? $1800 and $2000.
Little Morrissey is Kate's special agent.
As a general thing, when an actor has not
succeeded in rising above the rest of bis. con*
freres, like Jefferson or Owens, for Instance,
he ls the worst paid man it is possible to im?
agine. Poor stock actors get from $12 to $20 a
week; good ones from $20 to $30-never above.
At snell theatres as Waflack's and thc Fifih
Avenue, It ls different. There It ls aimed to
get a stock of stars. At the latter place, for
Instance, Mrs. Scott Siddons recently received
$.'100 per wecK for a short engagement. Mrs.
Chanfrau, the best leading lady wc have, gets
$150 per week. At Wallack's, Madeline Hen?
rique;? and Louise Moore both get $100 per
week tor the whole season of eight months,
playing or not playing; John Gilbert gets $100;
Stoddard $50; Charlea Fisher $50, and so on
ALL yt HO UT THE STATE.
The Lancaster Herald says that a party ot
burglars attempted to break into the mill
house of Mr. Andrew Johnson, on Dickey's
creek, on last Sunday night. Thc watch "nt
thc mill discovering them before they .had
gained an entrance gave the alarm, whereupon
the party left in due liaste, and ionising to
halt, Hie watcli fired one shot, wounding, it is
supposed irom the traces of blood, one ol the
Incendiarism in Lancaster.
We learn that tho gin-house of Mr. Andrew
Johnson, In tills county, containing a small
quantity ol colton and seed, fifty bushels of
wheat, peas, thresher, ic, was destroyed by
lire on the night of thc 22d ultimo. It was
evidently thc work of an incendiary, as par?
lies who arrived at the scene before the build?
ing was consumed testify Unit the doors were
broken open and some ol the wheat carried
oil*. Thc loss is estimated at $1000.
Sulcrt of Land.
The Abbeville Press has the following state?
ment of recent sales of land in the Mulberry
section of the dislrlct, which afford additional
evidence of the upward tendency of the prices
of real estate: Pitty acres of forest land was
sold by C. L. Smith to Alex. M. Agnew for $15
per acre; twelve acres of old field, ny V. Young
to Ceo. Shirley, lor $15 per acre; three acres,
by Isaac Ridley to V. Yoting, for $10 per
acre; thirty acres, by J. N. Alexander to
Wm. Whitley, for $!) pe'r acre. In thc Warren
ton neighborhood thu following tracts were
sold: One hundred and forty acres, by D. R.
Penny to Wm. II. Brooks, for $500-mostly
old field. One hundred acres by Wm. H.
Brooks to Morris Boyd, for $:i00-same quall
ly. jpn none of Diese tracks was there any
Fire In Union.
The kitchen and dwelling house of Major
Townsend, of Union, were accidentally burned
on Tuesday last. There was no Insurance.
jp A UL C. TRENHOLM,
(LATE COURTENAY A TRENHOLM,]
BALTIMORE AND CHARLESTON
SHIPPING AND COMMISSION MERCHANT,
No. 2 UNION WHARF,
-y-y ILLIAM A. COURTENAY,
SHIPPING AND GENERAL COMMISSIO
AGENT OF THE NEW YORK AND SOUTH CAR
LINA STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
No. 1 UNION WHARVES,
feb5stu2fm6 Charlea ton 3, C,
ADAMS, DAMON & CO., 16 BROAD ^T.,
Dealers la Stoves, Ranges, Grates, ic. Agents
for the Automatic WashingMachlneand Wringer.
ALMAR, G. W.-CHOICE DRUGS, CHE?
MICALS, tjhrglcal Instruments, Pe ri? m er les
irnd Toilet Articles. 409 King, cor. Yanderhorst st.
A RCHER'S BAZAAR, 363 Klflfe ST.,
J\_ Wholesale and Retail Notions and Fancy .
Goods, 60 per cent, less than elsewhere._
A*LLAN, JAMES, WATCHES, CLOCKS,
J\_ Jewelry. Sterling Silver, F?atedware, Spec
taclcs, Fancy Goods, ?c.. No. SOT King street. ^
BARBOT, ALFRED A, AGENT OF THE
Havana Cigar Factory, "La Valentina^liS
East Bay street._
BISCHOFF & CO., HENRY, WHOLE?
SALE Grocers, and dealers in Wlaes, Li?
quors. Cigars. Tobacco, ?c., 197 East Bay._
BAZAAR, F. VON SANTEN, LMPORT
ER of Paris Fancy Goods. Toys, French Con
fcctlonery.lndla Rubber Goods Ac, No. 229 King st.
CHARLESTON HOTEL, THE B?ST
regulated and furnished Honsc In the South
em States. E. H. JACKSON, Proprietor._
.nOoGROVE'S SODA WATER MANU
\J FACTORY and Bottling Warerooms for Bass
and Hlbuert's London Ales, 37 Market st,_
CHAPIN & CO., L., MANUFACTURERS
and Dealers In Carriages, Harness, Ac,, 20
Uayne, A 33 A 35 Plnckney st. ; also, 193 Meeting at.
C10RWTN & CO., WM. S., IMPORTERS
; and Dealers in Colee Whines, Brandies, Teas
and Groceries, Wholesale and Retail'275 King st.
CH AFEE & CO., WM. H., WHOLE?
SALE Dealers In Groceries, Wines, Liquors,
Ac; Agents for Exton's Crackers, 207 East Bay.
CHAFEB'S TONIC, THE BEST AND
most pleasant Stomach Regulator extant.
Chafee A Co., No. 207 East Bay. Manufacturera.
DUVAL & SON, J. B., MANTJFACT?R
ERS of Tinware, Dealers in Stoves. House
Furnishing Goods, Ac, 337 King st._
EASON IRON WORKS, ESTABLISHED
1838, Nassau and Columbus streets; Steam
Engines, Marine. Portable and Stationery. Boilers.
FRENCH CHINA, AT IMPORTER'S
Cost, now selling at R. H. MCDOWELL'S,
corner of King and Liberty sta._-_
FOLLIN, G., TOBACCO COMMISSION
Merchant, Manufacturers' Agent for the
sale of Standard Brands. No. 151 East Bay.
FURNITURE WAREROOMS, ESTAB?
LISHED 1838. D. H. Sllcox, Nos. 175,177 and
170 King st. Goods carefully packed and shipped.
r\ URNEY, WM., FACTOR AND COMM?S
VX SION Merchant, 102 East Bay, and 1 Ac com -
r\ OUTEVENIER BROS., (SUCCESSORS
VX to A. Hiing.) dealers In Millinery, Fancy
Goods, Toys, duna. Glassware, Ac, 237 King st.
HENEREY, WM S., 314 MEETING ST.,
* Machinist and Founder, Manufacturer of
Epglncs, and Improved Agricultural Implements.
KINSMAN & HOWELL, GENERAL
Commission Merchants, and Agents for
Mapes' Superphosphate of Lime, No. 128 East Bay.
LA CRIOLLA-JOSE JARA, IMPOR
TERand Manufacturer o? Havana Cigars,
Wholesale and Retail, cor. Meeting ami Market ste.
LITTLE & CO., GEO., 213 KING ST.,
sell the cheapest and best Clothing and Far- .
Dishing Goods In Charleston._
MERNA?GH, N., DEALER IN BOOTS, I
Shoes, Hats, Trunks, Valises, Ac, 212 King
MARBLE WORKS.-THE OLD ESTAB
LISUMENT. E. R. WHITE, Proprietor, 119
Mcctlpg st., next old Theatre lot._
MATTHIESSEN, WM., STAR SHIRT
Emporium and Fine Clothing and Tailoring
HflUSfr- flentB' P"-Hlftlilngi flnnila^QUl Ullifc qU?
NEUFVILLE, B. K.^ BLANK BOOK
Manufacturer, Jo.1) Printer and Stationer, 9
Broad st. Magazines, Ac, bound In all styles.
NOAH'S ARK.-WM McLEAN, JOBBER
and Dealer In Toys, Fancy Goods, Show Ca?
ses. Stamping A Pinking a specialty; ?3 King st.
O'NEILL, BERNARD, WHOLESALE
Grocer and Commission Merchant, 189
East Bay, and 48 and 60 State st._
PADDON, V F., GAS FITTER, STEAM
Fitter and Plumber, 447 King st. All kinds
of Gas Apparatus made to order.
PIANOFORTE AND MUSIC STORE,
191 King St., 20GBAUM, YOUNO A CO.,
Agents for Knabe A Co. and Dunham A Sons.
PHONIX IRON WORKS, ESTABLISHED
1844, John F. Taylor A Co., Engineers aaa
Boilermakers, 4, 6, 8, ie and 12 Pritchard st
PERRY, EDWARD, 155 MEETING ST.,
Printer, Stationer, and dealer ia Blank,
School and Law Books._
STOLL, WEBB <fc CO., WHOLESALE
and Retail Dealers in Dry Goods, No. 289 King
street, three doors below Wentworth.
SCOTTS' STAR SHIRT EMPORIUM
and Gents' Furnishing Room, Meeting st. op
SPEAR, JAMESE., 235 KING ST., OPPO
slte Hasel, Importer and Dealer IR Fine Watch?
es. Jewelry, Silver, Platedware. Fancy Goods, Ac.
THE GREAT SOUTHERN TEA HOJSE.
WM. S. CORWIN A CO., 275 King st., branch
Honse of 900 Broadway, New York._
WING, ROBERT, BELL HANGER AND
Locksmith, 122 King st. Hotels and pri
vate houses titted up with Bells, Speaking Pipes.
TX7EBB, WM. L., IMPORTER OF CHI?
VY NA, Glass and Earthenware, 128 Meeting
WHILDEN & CO., WATCHES, JEWEL
ry and Silverware, 255 King st. Crockery
and Glassware at Wholesale, No. 137 Mcetlnrc*.
NecDGpapcrs, fflagajines, Ut.
i ROUND THE WORLD
T H*E NEW YORK OBSERVER.
The Large Double Weekly
Sound and Good.
Try lt. It wiU be Money well Spent.
$3 (0 per Annum.
?S-Sample Copies Free.
SIDNEY E. MORSE, JR.. ? CO,
No. 37 Park Row,
dec3l New York.
vr B w BUSINESS;.
THOMAS P. SMITH,
(Ute Naylor, Smith A Co.)
FACTOR AND GENERAL COMMISSION MER?
No. 10 Boyce A Co.'s Wharf,
Solicits consignments of Cotton, Rice and
N. B.-GEORGE W. McIVER ls connected with
the business, and hopes, by faithful attention to
the interests of his friends, to secure a portion of
their favors. febll tntbslmo
BROKER, AUCTIONEER AND COMMISSION
SALES OF REAL ESTATE, STOCKS. BONDS,
SECURITIES A*ND PERSONAL PRO
PERTY ATTENDED TO. '
No. 27 BROAD STREET,
Charleston, S. O.
REFERENCES,-Hon. HENRY BUIST, W. J. MA?
GRATH. Esq., General JAMES CONNER. T. R.
-Vf- S. HANCKEL, M. D.,
nas resumed the practice of his profession-.
Rooms No. ?3i King street, opposite Hasel, over
SPEAR'S Jewelry S^ore, Jan25 8 tasto.