Newspaper Page Text
irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
A K UNE VENTE UZ JO A T.
(8PB01AL TELEGRAM TO THE SEWS.
COLUMBIA, February 23.
In toe House, to-day, tho Judiciary Oommitte*!
reported favorably on a bill to aboiish the inspec?
torship of naval stores in Charleston, aud on a
bill to incorporate the Sonth Carolina Savings and
Building Association No. 2.
The KaUroad Committee reported favorably on
a Joint resolution to authorize the Attorney-Gene?
ral to institute proceedings against the Sonth
Carotina Railroad, for violation of its charter, and
on a bul to repeal the act to incorporate thc Air
Aresslutlou was adopted requesting the Gov?
ernor to appoint a day of thanksgiving and
prayer npon official announcement being made
of the ratification of tho xvth Constitutional
y A resolution requiring the Land Commissioner
!to render a report of his operations was adopted,
but the vote was reconsidered, and the resolu?
tion was indefinitely postponey?.
A resolution was adopted fer holding two dally
sessions from ll A. M. to 3 r. M., and from 61*. M.
A test vote today indicates that the General
Assembly will adjourn nine Gie on March 1.
The appropriation bili was read a first tune to
In the Senate, the bill to incorporate the Chai lee?
ton Banking ?ad Trost Company; the but to pro?
vide for filling any vacancy in the office of sheriff,
received a second reading.
Hay nc made a favorable report from thc special
joint committee appointed to investigate thc af?
fairs of the Blue Ridge Railroad Company. The
report was-ordered to be printed.
T. J. Mackey speaks In the han or the House to?
night. IR opposition to Corbin's report upon the
Civil Rights bill and the Trial Justices bul.
TRI AZ JUSTICES.
The Charattcr ami Extent of their Jn
?freon ona own CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, February 19.
I tove already -sent the provisions et the
urn io provide for the appointment or trial Jua
tkes. Yesterday it received a second reading
arter celng amended KO as to provide JIU ?he au?
thority or any trial Justice closes ir he remove
from -hid domicile, a distance or three miles,"
aad that "during the vacation or the Senate, the
Governor ht authorized to appoint trial justices,
subject to the approval or the Senate, to aot, un
-?eas sooner removed by him, till the end of the
next session. If not approved by the Senate,
said appointment shall cease at the end of the
seid session." After the 1st of May the office of
magistrates ls abolished. It is to be hoped that
the Governor will exercise more discretion In ap?
pointing trial Justices than he did in bis selection
in the Senate to-day, Corbin Introduced a bill
"to define the criminal Jurisdiction of trial Jus?
tices," which provides that they shall have Joris
-diction of ah offences which may bc subject to the
non ait les of cither fine or forfeiture not exceeding
?no h und red dollars, or imprisonment in the jail
or house of correction not exceeding thirty days,
and may impose any sentence within those 11m
ita, singly or In the alternative; they can punish
bf a line or one hundred dollars or thirty days'
imprisonment In Joli all assault and catteries
and other breaches of the peace when the offence
istnot of a high and aggravated nature, requir?
ing, In their Judgment, greater punishment. All
affrayera, rioters, disturbers and breakers or the
poaee, and all wiio go armed offensively to thc
terror or the people, and such as ntter menaces or
tiireathening speeches,or otherwise dangerous and
disorderly persons, maybe arrested by the trial
Justices and bound over to the peace, and fined or
Imprisoned as above stated, or If aggravated
eases, should oeoommltted or bound over for trial
before the Court of General Sessions. They shall
have Jurisdiction of larcenies or all kinds, provid?
ed the property stolen docs not exceed $20 in
value; or bringing and receiving, or aiding bi the
eoncealment or stolen goods; or offences or ob
tainlng property ander raise pretences, by games
ar In any way whatever. They shall cansa to be
arrested all persons round within their counties
oharged with any offence, and persons who, after
?Committing any offence within the county, escape
ont of the same; examine into treasons, felonies,
grand larcenies, high crimes and misdemeanors;
and commit or bind over for trial those
who appear to be guilty of crimes or
offences not within their jurisdiction, and nonlsh
those guilty of such offences within their Jurisdic?
tion. AU proceeding before trial Justices shall be
summary, or with only such delay as a fair and
just examination of the case requires. Every
person arrested and brought before a trial jestioe
charged with an offence within hU jurisdiction,
shall be entitled, on demand, to a trial by jury, to
ba selected as Juries are now chosen for magis?
trates' coarta. Trial justices aro authorized to
issue aU necessary processes to carry their pow?
ern Into effect, and may exercise all the powers
heretofore conferred by law upon magistrates.
Every person convicted before a trial Justice, of
any offence whatever, and sentenced, may appeal
from thc sentence to the next term or thc Cocrt
of General Sessions for the county. The appel?
lant snail be committed to abide the sentence of
?aid court until he recognizes to thc State tn soe",
reasonable sum, and with such sureties as the
court requires. L.
E UEO EE.
Trouble with thc Conocripts.
PARIS, February 21.
Se eonaorlpta in camp at Lyona became
Macons, and sang thc Marseillaise. Several ar?
resta were made.
TBS SUEZ CAN AZ.
* ALEXANDRIA, February 21.
Tho uniform depth of the Suez Canal ia nine?
HAVANA SUGAR MARKET.
HAVANA, February 21.
Sugar of all qualities slightly advanced, clos?
ing active. Exports to thc United states, 6500
boxes and 8500 hogsheads. Stoek at Havana aud
Matanzas, 200,000 boxes and 20,000 hogsheads.
Meunna, February S.
The ?teamer Emma, hence for Cincinnati,
snagged ni Island No. 33. caught fire and sank.
No particular? are received; but twelve lives are
reported to be lost. The Emma shipped 400 balee
of ootton at this place.
NASHVILLE, February 21.
The mercury Sunday morning was IO decrees
CHICAGO, February 2L
Yesterday was the coldest day or the season. A
number or teamsters and others were frozen.
MEMPHIS, February 2L
There has ^ccn a terrible gale, anU the weather
la Intensely cold.
LOWELL, February 21.
The Merrimac and Concord are very high, and
several roads near Lowell aro flooded. Some
nilla are stopped by back water.
J* ST. LOUIS, February SI.
The weather ls very cold. Navigation North ls
impended, and couth much impeded.
THE CADETS AND THE CA EE ET
WHITTEMORE POUND GUILTY.
A RESOLUTION IVS HIS EXPULSION IS
TWO DAYS' GRACE GIVEN THE CULPRIT.
Koge Doing tko (Same Dirty Work.
[srKC: AL TEi.nc-RAiia TO mg NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, February 21.
Tho excitemont in regard to Whittemore and
oilier cirpet-bag Congressmen, cliarged with scll
cadctshlps, reached fever-heat to-day.
From the testimony taken by the House Mili?
tary Committee, it appears that ten or twelve
cndeiship* were sold by Congressmen, at prices
ranging from $500 to $2000. Most of the culprits
were members er the last Congress, but Tour or
Ave of them sit in the present Congress. Whitte?
more, when before the committee, did his best te
explain his position. One excuse was that he
received 52000, tobe applied to political and edu?
cational purposes. He admitted the receipt of thc
money, bat did not name thc purposes to which
the fund waa applied.
When the committee met this morning, they
promptly decided that the defence of Whittemore
on Saturday did not sufficiently or satisfactorily
oounteraot the evidence against Him. The com?
mittee, accordingly, voted unanimously to report
a resolution for his expulsion.
This resolution, together with the evidence, was
brough: into the House at 3 o'clock, and created
a decided sensation. Ali the evidence was road.
This occupied an hour, the members and the
crowds in tbe galleries listening patiently.
Whittemore, while the evidence was read, sate
in his seat. He was the object of all eyes, and
looked decidedly pule and nervous.
'When tbe House was discussing whether Wdlt
temope should bc allowed time to make his de?
fence, he arose to speak. The members sitting
near him strongly advised bim to keep quiet, and
he did so.
After a considerable debate, it was decided to
allow Whittemore to appear at thc bar or Ute
Honse on Wednesday, and make his de fe noa.
Had the vote been taken to-day, thc members
eay that Whittemore would have been expelled
without a dissenting voice, and it is believed that
ou Wednesday more than a two-thirds vote will
be obtained lor his expulsion.
H?ge, the other South Carolina representative,
who was elected by a majority or several thou?
sand votes against him. ls also implicated. Ula
stated that the committee have evidence to show
that ne trotted foracadetshlp;bnt the particulars
nave not been obtained.
irciOM TUE ASSOCIATED I'KESS.]
WA8U1NGTON, February 21.
Fifteen millions will bc required for pea
plons on thc 4th of March, reducing the currency
balance in thc treasury seriously. Few bonds
will be purchased during March.
LATER.-The Revenue receipts to-day are $087,
The public offices will close at noon to-morrow,
in honor or the anniversary or the birth or Wash?
Two of the professors of the Howard Freed?
men's Unreau University have resigned.
After her admission, Mississippi will be added
to the Department of Louisiana, and will form a
part or the military division or the South.
Three millions or coin Interest on the tea-for
tles ls ?ne ou March 1st.
A bill ls pending allowing fine whiskey to re?
main ia bond three years, with a small interest
on the taxes.
Thc inflation resolution, which passed thc Honse
to-dny, will meet with but little favor m the
The Supreme Court, to-day, decided in the case
of Pelham vs. Rose ct al, that the confiscation act
of 1SC2 required the actual seizure or the property
and cr?dita libelled, and that the seizure or thc
debt or lite maker ora note to thc holder, witbout
thc actual arrest or thc note itself, was Insufa
The presence or the Spanish frigates Feaitad
and Vittoria at New York has been thc subject of
much exaggerated comment. Th<.-y will only ie
raaln there a few days, aud it is bellcveU are now
on their way to another port for repairs. New
York was not selected for the purpose.
In the House, on the regular calls, among the
bills was one removing all disabilities in States |
adopting and con forming Hs laws to the Fifteenth
amendment, and another guaranteeing right ol
entry ?r cltizeas Into States whose State consti?
tutions make restrictions on account or race or
A resolution of instruction regarding the Cur?
rency Committee report, Increasing the currency
fifty Minions, pacsed by a voie or 108 to 73.
in the Senate* resolution ls up to give General
Fiiz-John Portera rehearing. Chandler is phll
hpizlng against Pope's campaign, with "head?
quarters in the Raddle.*'
LATER.-In the House, to day, a bill WUH Intro?
duced abolishing Hie Bureau of Education or the
Freedmen's Bureau; also a bill incorporating thc
Mississippi Valley Land ajid ?tiver Improvement
A resolntlon declaring that pork packers are
not taxable as manufacturers, and directing the
reruading or all taxes collected from them, caus?
ed much confusion, during which the morning
hour expired. The question recurs on Monday.
The Judiciary Committee reported that the evi?
dence against Judge Bustecd, of Alabama, ?ld
not warrant his impeachment, aud were dis?
The House bill for the removal or political dis?
abilities was amended by the addition or a vast
number of names, when lt passed and goes to Hie
Senate Tor concurrence.
In thc Senate a bill was introduced to declare
thc ratification of the Fifteenth amendment.
A bill was reported to abolish the Freedmen's
Bnrcau, and to establish a Bureau of Education,
whith shad co-operate with all other educational
organizailons throughout the United States, for
the education or all classes.
The bill ID payroran Iron lighthouse at Cape
Camavaral, Florida, was passed.
Commodore Chara plln ls dead.
The Alabama Senate, elected In 1336, refnse to
decide by lot what senators shall be re-elected
this rall. The majority contend that all are to
hold over lill 1S75.
The Virgiuia Legislature resolved yesterday
that lt waa inexpedient to elect a United States
senator ror the term commencing in 1S71.
-Tho views of Hungary touching tho mlll
axy bouudary between Austria aud that coun?
try have been generally accoptetl by the gov?
ernment In Vienna.
THE AUGUSTA FIRE PARADE.
ARRIVAL OP THE VISITING COMPANIES.
A W arm and Hearty W elcomc
[SPECIAL TCLK?UAU TU TUK NEWS.]
APQ?STA, February 21.
The Mechanic's fire Company, of Atlanta;
tho Tallala, of Atlanta; thc Mountain City, or
Rome; the Marion Fire Company, of Charleston;
the Young America Fire Company, of Charles?
ton, and Hool* and Ladder Company, No. 1, ol
Charleston, with delegations rrom all the Charles?
ton fire compauies, arrived here to-day.
The Citizen's Fire Company received thc Young
America, while the Filmore Company welcomed
the Marlon boys, and the Pioneer Company thc
Hook and Ladder Company.
Tho whole city ls alive with firemen.
Thc weather ls bright, but bitter cold.
There Is every indication that thc parade to?
morrow will be very grand.
THE POLITICAL UNDERCURRENT.
Tho Social Kqu ?1 it y BUI anil thc Senate
Judiciary Committee-Warra Work in
a Radical Caneas-Corbin Excoriated.
A large number ol Radical legislators met In
caucus, In tho ball of the House of Represen?
tatives at Columbia, on Wednesday evening
last, to consider the Civil Rights bill, as
amended by thc Judiciary Coramittoc of thc
Senate, of which D. T. Corbin is chairman. We
take the following Irom a sketch of tho pro?
ceedings of tbe caucus published In the Colum?
bia Guardian :
Brodie was called to the chair. "Equal
Rights" Jones, of Georgetown, came forward
with the indictment. The bill, be said, placed
colored people in thc same position they had
always occupied as regards their civil rights.
Un the boats from Georgetown to Charleston
they always had to take positions winch were
unbecominc men. He dwelt particularly on
the odious feature of the bill in thc time fixed
for lt to go into effect, viz: first of May. Mr.
Corbin migh* enjoy himself In a choice seat at
the theatre and all such places at any time bc
pleased, but tbe colored people could not pre?
sume to do so until May. Then thc theatrical
season would be at an end, and tho privilege
allowed be but cold comfort. He complained
that Corbin and others filled their coffers, and
used every means to get positions of proiit,
whilo they 6tabN'd, os in this bill, colored men
to the heart in treating them as mere chattels,
not endowed with any regard for their rights.
Hausier maintained that the bill, which had
been so mutilated in the Senate, had been
drawn by a competent man in tho House.
After two hundred and forty years of vassal?
age of lour und a half millions of people, their
rights, privileges anti common Inheritance had
been recognized. It was something monstrous
that they wero practically denied In tills re?
port. if the chairman entertained any objec?
tions to thc bill, ho should have frankly stated
them. If some sections were, in his view,
inexpedient, he ought to have proposed sub?
stitutes for them. Tho course he bud taken
showed that he was not In sympathy with thc
fundamental principles of thc bill, and, in re?
porting it as it now stands, was either knave
or fooL The language used by him as to tho
fourth section, that lt was un absurdity, wus
an insult. He would not taunt him on account
of thc heavy obligations which bc owed lo
him (the Speaker) and others for the various
profitable positions which he tilled. What more
concerned him wus the odious discriminations
nf the bill against the black man. It contained
none against thc white mau, although he might
bc as poor as Job's turkey, that had never a
leather on its tall. It marked thc palpable deter?
mination to give only back scuts to thc colored
man. Corbin's profession of Republicanism
wus bot a pretence. Ho disregarded those
who had elevated bim.
Purvis, a young sprig from Philadelphia,
thought the l>red Scott decision went to
when Taney died, and that every principle or
Southern chivalry which mcaul oppression
went with lt. Thc American past was some?
thing damnable. It was part of his education
to hale a certain class of people. Thc meanest
man in the world ls a Yankee who is not hon?
est, and who affiliates willi Southern Democ?
racy. He would welcome Hie thunderbolt
from heaven or hell which would blast this
State to atoms if, having a colored voting ma?
jority of two-thirds, it would allow 6ticli ob?
vious rights to be denied its people. Hu ls a
fool or scoundrel who says otherwise than that
thc principles guaranteed in thc organic law
are those upon which the State rests, lt
should bo scrupulously looked luto and rigidly
maintained, if a conductor on a train should
hand this bill to a passenger, Its meaning
would be that he must take the second-class
D. T. Corbin was now called on, and smiling?
ly came forward to make Iiis defence. He said
that he ivas born, bred and educated a Repub?
lican; thal he bad fought, bled (but not quite
died) for this principle He reviewed thc sec?
tions of thc bill, replying to the criticisms
which had been made on them. Mr. Ford, a
manager from Baltimore, had appeared before
thc committee, and had represented thc ruin
which was impending over lils head. The pas
sago of thc bill would spoil his calculations if
it look effect at once. He was Interested to
thc tune of $8000 or $10,000 n month, Invested
in them Heals, actors, salaries, lease, Ac, and
must of necessity Buffer heavy pecuniary loss,
unless the bill should be so modified as to
suit the demands and accord willi thc senti?
ments of tho pleasure-seeking, thcalrc-golng
public. It was concluded to let thc bill go
into effect thc first of May. In this way every?
body's bones would bc saved.
Upon this Ransler nnd some others ex?
claimed, "let Ford go to-;" that his ac?
commodation and his money ventures were
not matters of such public concern as that the
fundamental and vital principles of Republi?
canism should be violated to subserve them.
For one, ho was not. willing thal his wife
should be Insulted till the first of May to oblige
Whipper followed up tills skirmishing with a
regular attack. In thc positions of thc bill,
and in the speech ot Corbin in their defence,
ho found an amount of Ignorance for which lie
was Wholly unprepared. As presented now,
it was eu emasculated us to he of no account ut
all. Manager Ford must have thrown power?
ful influences around thc committee, Ac
Whipper came out particularly 6tron<; as iv
lawyer in contesting the legal propositions, of
Corbin, na to the power of requiring forfeit?
ure of charter where individual righta hud not
been respected by corporations and carriers,
tho latter having maintained that charters
were in their nature contracts, ihc inviolabili?
ty of which could not be invaded.
Ransier offered resolutions expressive of the
sense of thc caucus, which, alter interlocutory
remarks of several members, and au elaborate
discourse from Swalls In defence and iu ex?
planation of the prerogatives of tho Senate of
which he is a member, were adopted. They
wero condemnatory of thc bill, as reported,
and recommended to tho Legislature to refuse
to pass it. lt is said that there was a Jug of
whiskey on hand to Influence tho result, but
the resolutions went down anyhow, whether
thc whiskey did it or not. Perhaps in spite jf
it. And thus ended au evening ot a very
peculiar and spicy character.
THE POPE AND THE FENIANS.
Condemnation of the Brotherhood-The
"Secret Society" Constitution E>
It has been for some time a matter of dis?
pute in Ireland whether tho Tope's recent con?
demnation of secret socleUes wa3 intended to
include Uie Fenian Brotherhood. Thu follow?
ing decree, dated Burne, January 12, 6eta the
question at rest :
As lt may be doubted by many whether the
socio ty of Feuians is included and denounced
among the societies condemned lu the Pontifi?
cal Constitutions, our most Huly Father Pius
IX. having first taken thc opinions of the emi?
nent cardinals, thc inquisitors-general ap?
pointed to ffiiard against heretical perversity
in thc universal Christian republic, lest, thc
hearts of the faithful, particularly the simple,
should be perverted to tho. Imminent danger
ot their souls, and adhering to the decrees of
thc congregation of the General Inquisition
Issued lu like circumstances, especially the de?
cree of July 5, 18G5, has decreed and declared
that tho American o: Irish society called Fe?
nian is comprised arnon;' the societies forbid?
den and condemned in tue Constitutions of the
Supreme Pontiff, and in particular by that
lately issued bv his Holiness, dated October
29,1869, beginning "Apostolic^ Sedis;" in par?
agraph 4 ol which ar? declared liable to sen?
tence of excommunication, to be removed
only by the Pope, "Those sects called Freema?
sons, Carbonari, or any other kinds of sects
which either openly or privately plot against
the Church or legitimately constituted author?
ities, together with those who In any way favor
the same; as also their secret hoads or lead?
ers, so lon;r as they Bhall not have de?
nounced them.'' He has therefore commanded
thia answer to bc given to certain bishops who
have asked the question.
Notary o? the Holy Roman Inquisition.
? .. co? ? >
CUIXESE JJ ABOR.
An Interesting Lrttcrironn General Joan
G. "Walker aboattlic Chinamen he has
at Worh in Texas.
To Hie Editor of Otc New Orkans Picayune :
The disorganization of tho labor system of
the South, growing ont of the emancipation
ot the slaves, is already idling the story ol
Southern decay In productive industry. As
the middle aged negroes, whose working
habits were acquired under the discipline of
the old system, die off or become superannu?
ated, we are fin tiing none to take their places.
Tlie young ones rate their political Import?
ance too highlv to waste their energies In lite
production of cotton aud sugar. To what ex?
tent thc country has been the gainer by the
conversion of this large class of producers
Into voters and politicians, is a matter of
opinion, but certain lt is that the material in?
terests of the South have received a
heavy blow, and we have not yet even
felt its worst effects. Year by year
negro laborers will grow more scarce and
capricious, and pari passa the price of field
work enhance. We may, therefore! expect to
see the brambles and weeds of our nelda every
year growing ranker, nnless we can procure
laborera of another race. Can the Cauca?
sians supply tbe want f Theorists may answer
affirmatively as often as they please, but Lou?
isianans, at least, will not bc convinced against
their daily experience and observation,
whence, then, ls help to come? For one/vl
can fee lt nowhere but on the shores of Asia.
Fortunately the gold excitement In California
has made us partially acquainted with the In?
dustrial and economical value of the If ongo
Ilan race. Large numbers of them, drano to
our El Dorado by the universal attraction of
cold, have for many years been settled on tho
Pacific slope. Our first observation of them
was as miners of thc precious metals, but the
surface and Individual mining becoming un?
profitable, these industrious people soon
turned their labor to a profitable account In
other avocations, and for years have Btipplled
to California that desideratum or all new coun?
tries-cheap and abundant labor. They have
built her railways, dug her irrigating and min?
ing canals, drained her lands, reaped her
golden harvests, and In tens of thousands of
households arc at this moment contrib?
uting to tho daily comfort of ber inhab?
itants. These are the people who are walting
to be called to our relief. Shall we accept
their services ? .
If we decide to do so, the sooner we set on
foot the measures necessary to get them here
the belter. Having spent two or three years
on the Pacific slope, previous to thc war, I
had many opportunities of becoming acquaint?
ed with John Chinaman as a laborer, cook, Ac,
and since the war have ohm a strong advocate
for his Introduction Into iheeouttf. Theory ls
worth little without practical demonstration,
and lt occurred lo me that tho best method ot
Impressing our people with thc value of thc
Asiatic was to bring him into our midst and
let him speak for himself, in a language that
requires no iuterprctcr-that ol' shovel and
The Houston and Texas Central Railway
Company, aRer many costly and unsatisfac?
tory experiments in thc Importation from ibis
elly and New York of white laborers, at my
earnest suggestion, concluded to try the ex?
periment of Chinese labor. I was consequent?
ly employed by them to proceed to California
and bring to Texas the two hundred and filly
Chinese uow at labor on the extension of their
; road near Culvert. On this business I reached
San Francisco early in October lost, and from
that time to thc middle of December I was en?
gaged In overcoming the difficulties I found lu
thc way of my success. In the first place, Tex?
as was a wholly unknown country to even the
Chinese who h'atl spent years In California. It
was a bourne from whence no Celestial traveller
had ever returned; and, In thu next place, I
had to overcome the unfriendly Influences of
Interested panics of our own race, who desire
a monopoly In the business of Chinese Immi?
gration at tbe South. At length, however, by
Ene dint ol perseverance, I succeeded in Becu
iug thc services of two hundred and fifty expe?
rienced railroad laborers for a term of three
years, and have Just returned from Texas;
after placing ibis advanced guard ol' the com?
ing army ol' occupation on picket, armed with
shovels and picks, contented and happy, at
any rate fulfilling their contracts.
lt ls lc primier pas qui coule in business as In
morals, utid theso two hundred and fitly Mon?
golians being la your midst and finding good
treatment, good fuod and good pay, will even?
tually attracl to our railrouds and other public
works, and to our rich but neglected fields, as
many ol'their countrymen as we may require.
At first let them come for work on our rail?
roads, levees, &c, and very soon the locations
where they are employed will be known to the
Mongolians or California and Chirm, and be?
come the nuclei ol'Chinese immigration. Our
planters will then be able to employ, ut
reasonable wages, as many of that race as
they require. Ol' till the varieties of mankind,
1 believe these people are Hie most gregari?
ous; and now that a respectable number of
them have led the way into this heretofore, to
them, ierra inonaittia, others, with proper en?
couragement, will not lie?ltale to follow.
Perhaps tho Unto hos not yet come when our
planters will be able to secure a Bufllcient sup?
ply of these laborers in California at the wages
they eau afford to pay. Rut the rate ol' wages
there ls coming down since the completion of
tho Pacific Railroad, anti, I believe, before
many months, a lar^e number of valuable
hands may be employed even In California at
wages within the reach of prudent planters.
Ol'course, lt is to the shores of Asia direct! v
that we must go for tie millions that the South
wlU demand to rebuild her fallen fortunes.
To urtnji Hiera hen; ls thc numbers and upon
the terms wc can afford to pay requires organ?
Kn attendant, something may bc done by In?
dividual effort, and itis my purpose to esUib
lisli an agency in ihlscity for the employment,
and importation from China and California of
voluntary laborers, ccoks, domestic servuuts,
Ac. At present, as 1 have already indicated,
ray efforts will be miinly directed to thc fur?
nishing our railroad companies and other cor?
porations and conttactora on public works
with efficient, reliable and cheap laborers.
A few words beforeclosing as tu the habits
of Hie Chinese in California. Tiley are abste?
mious in their diet, and drink no alcoholic
liquors; opium eiuokiag, however, ls a vice
quite as prevalent as Intemperate drinking la
among Christians. Tiey are inveterate gamb?
lers among themselves, but never allow this
passion to interfere with their avocations.
They arc devoted to tleatrical representations,
and their theatres in San Fraucisco are crowd?
ed nightly. Some of their plays require a
whole week, and often a month or two, to fully
develop their plots. Night after night tile
same audiences are ?een In their placen, in?
tently following the fortunes of the hero ol
the piece, whose whole Hie, from the cradle to
the grave, ls acted out before the piece is con?
As to religion, lt is difficult to ascertain what
they believe, further l ian that the large major?
ity of them arc profesied Buddhists. Certainly
in the matter of outwml worship, lt ls a relig?
ion but Utile exalting, as I have never seen a
Chinaman outside ol the Joss house engaged
In anything that could be construed Into an act
of devotion, unless the scattering to the winds
ol' multitudes of amal. bits of "Joss paper," as
our traiu rolled out or thc depot cf Sau
Francisco, could be taken as such. Upon in- !
qulrv, I was told that this was a propitiatory I
offering to Joss for tte Buccesa of our Journey
across tJic continent. It is certain, however,
that some of them are spiritualists, and firm be?
lievers in the supernatural intelligence of
Planchette, which has been known and con?
sulted by them perhaps from thc days of Con
I fucious. Like the Mahometans, they are fond
of posting up in their houses, and in public
places, short normal maxims, taken from the
writings of their sages. Even in their stores
and counting-houses, they have their walls
covered with colored paper, on which these
maxims are written. Until enlightened, I sup?
posed them advertisements of goods and wares
The staple articles of their diet are rice, pork
and fish, fresh or salted; beef is an unknown
food in China, and it is only since their so
I j on rn in California that they have learned to
eat lt. They are extremely fond of cabbages
and sweet potatoes, and In fact are quite as
omnivorous as the whlteB and blacks of this
country. Thc usual ration of rice, which
stands to them lor bread, for a laboring man
is from a pound and a half to a pound and
three-quarters daily. This amount, of course,
would not be required where they are fur?
nished with an abundauce of vegetables.
Tea is indispensable to them. The usual
ration ls about two and a half pounds per day
for a hundred men. Such tenas they drink
costs lu Now York about sixty-five cents per
Apologizing for the length of this letter, I
am, respectfully, Joiiv G. WALKKR,
No. 60 Carondelet street
OUIi DECAYED aUIEPISO.
Repart o? tho Special Congressional
Committee on Navigation Interests
Cause of its Decline-Important Reme?
The report of the Special Committee on Nav?
igation Interests, submitted in the House of |
Representatives at Washington last week, is a
voluminous document. Tho committee, lu
prosecuting Its inquiries, have held sessions In
thc Cities ot New York, Philadelphia, Boston
and Portland, receiving tho statements ofmer- j
chants, shipbuilders, shipowners and insu?
rance agents, gentlemen having practical
knowledge and experience relating to the
matter under investigation. Circular letters
have been addressed to gentlemen engaged in
the various branches of business connected
with the shipping interests, requesting a state?
ment of their views on the subject under in?
quiry, and also to American consuls at the
principal ports of loreign countries, asking
them to furnish information In regard to tho
condition ol the mercantile marine of those
The committee argue to show that tho rebel?
lion was tho special cause of the decline of I
American commerce. The various pro post
Hons for its revival put forward by those heard
at their meetings aro discussed at length. The
committee ls of the opinion that the readmis?
sion of the vessels that sought protection un?
der a foreign flag duriug the rebellion ls against i
sound public policy: that to allow citizens to j
avail themselves of all tho advantages con?
ferred by our government during peace, and
to escape all thu risks of supporting lt during
war, by placing their property at euch times
under the protection of a foreliru government,
would be a dangerous precedent to eslubllsh.
Neither can they recommend the policy of ad?
mitting foreign-built ships to American registry
on payment of a duly, for whatever duty might
be so imposed would operate only to the ad?
vantage of tbe foreign shipowner, with whom
the American purchaser and owner o?
such foreign built ships would have to com
pete If we were to admit foreign built ships
to American reglstnr at all, lt would be with
the view of enabling our shipowners lo supply
themselves with vessels at a rate as low as that
paid by foreign competitors. An American
shipowner must in such case be able to pur?
chase as cheap as the foreigner, or he must ob?
tain better ships; otherwise he ls deprived of |
that quality of ability to compete, which is an
essential condition of tho success desired by
those who wish to engage In t ho carrying trade
of the world. The committee at length, after
most careful deliberation, Impressed with the
great importance of restoring our commercial
marine, not only os a means of Increasing the
national wealth in time of peace, but also as
one of the most efficient agencies for national
defence In time of war, recommend the follow?
ing measures as calculated lo promote the de?
First. The remission of thc duties lmpcscd npon
thc raw material entering Into thc construction
of vessels and steamers, limiting the amount to
thc minimum of duties por tou collected on the
material required lor certain classes of vessels,
and where American Iron is used lu the construc?
tion of lrou vessels, un amount per ton equivalent
to the dulles ou a like amount or Imported raw
materials, liraltiug the amount to be paid.
Second. That all stores to be uned by vessels
anning to foreign ports may bu taken'in boud,
free of duty.
Third. Further to encourage investment In
shipping, and to extend thc aid to Hhlps already
built, and which have been sailed during and
since the rebellion at great dUudvuntage, allow?
ing to all fiuil vessels aud to all stearne rs running
to thc British North American Provinces, $1 60
per ton; on steamers to European ports, $4 per
iou; und on all other steamers ruunlug to foreign
ports, ia per ton.
In view of the fact that the tax upon ton?
nage cannot be removed without relieving the
vessels of all foreign nations of the same, while
no such exemption is extended to American
vessels In foreign ports, and In, view ot the
further fact that thc shipping interest of the
country ls lo receive some relief by thc pas?
sage of thc proposed measures, the committee
recommend ouly the removal ot all tonnage,
harbor, pilotage, and other like tuxes imposed
upon Hhlpping by Stale aud municipal author?
ity, (which taxes have been declared by thc
Supreme Court unconstitutional) and the re?
adjustment ol' the present tux upon tonnage,
BO thut it will fall more equitably upon the dif?
ferent classes of vessels affected thereby. Tho
amount which will be received from this source
ls estimated by the committee to bu more than
$3,000.000 per nnuum, and will to that extent
contribute to thc relief which ls proposed to
be granted In aid of the shipping interest of
tho United States.
On the question of subsidies the committee
say lt would be a matter of economy if our
government 6hould build vessels adapted to
the uses of commerce in time of peace, and
readily convertible into fighting ships In time
ot war, giving thc free uso of euch ships In
time of penco lo merchants who would lake
care of and use them until required for the na?
tional defence. Under such circumstances the
government would be relieved of the cost of |
laking car.c of the ships wheu not required for
tile public service, and tho national wealth
would be increased by their uso for mercantile
purposes. As the government can have tho
control ot Buch vessels when needed, by pay?
ing only a small percentage of their cost, is lt
not clearly a matter of economy and sound
public policy to legislate with a view to such
Thc committee thus concluded : By thc
adoption of a wise and liberal commercial
policy, we can control thc trade ol' Eastern
Asia and the commerce of the Pacific, and
pour their wealth directly Into flic Valley of I
the Mississippi, which ls tobe thc centro of |
population in the future of our country. Chica?
go, St. Louis and oilier cities of the West are,
as we have said, to become ports ol'entry and
distributors ol' the produc?s of Asia as well as
ol' Europe. Thus the greut West hos the same
interest in reviving and maintaining the ocean
commerce of our country under thc American
Hair that the Atlantic Status have In opening up
Internal linea of commerce, whether hy thu
building of great lines of raliway or by thc Im?
provement oliake or river navigation.' "
TUE REJECTED l'UE.
Thc President Learns that he iv Worth
One Hundred Dollars-He Orders Dent
to Interview a Colored Citizen.
[Mack, in tho Cincinnati Enquirer.]
Just as I was scratching my head for subjects
of epistolary discourse this morning, a friend
came along with a face full of smiles, and said
he, "did you hear about that dog ?" "What
dog," said I, thinking that perhups, another
pointer, or perchance a terrier, had been sent
te his Excellency. '-Why, that same dog that
was sent to the President from Cleveland." I
replied that the last I had heard of the unfortu?
nate animal his late hung suspended between
Barnum and Bologna, und lt was a question
whether he should adorn a museum or be con
verted Into sausages. But my friend immedi?
ately said I was mistaken.
It was very true that the President had con?
cluded at first not to receive that pointer, and
had sent him summarily from his premises.
But since then one of his' confidential advisers,
who was an experienced dog fancier, had
called on bim and set forth the praises of this
Cleveland contribution in glowing terms-told
bim be was an imported animal, worth one
hundred dollars, and that lt was a great mis?
take not to accept him ; furthermore, that the
express charge of ten dollars was an error,
all the cost ol transportation having been pre?
paid in full.
Thc President's countenance was instantly
overcharged with the gloom ol a conscious
blunder ; he saw at a glance that he had acted
hastily In not receiving the dog ; and his first
inquiry on recovering his self-possession was
as to how be could retrieve that false step.
The dog was now the property of a colored
citizen, and the occupant of an Inverted dry
goods box In a back yard adjoining the White
House grounds. The President directed Dent
to proceed thither and negotiate, if possible,
for the surrender of the animal on payment of
But the colored citizen, who ls said to be
an excellent judge of dogs, was not easily per
Buaded into this arrangement ; and at last ac?
counts he and Dent were discussing the mat?
ter in a very animated and excited style cf
language. But Dent was evidently getting
thc worse of IL
TUB COTTON TRADE.
Interesting Statistic* from the London
The following Interesting statistics of the
cotton trade In Europe are given by the Lon?
don Times :
The import of cotton Into Great Britain in
18G9 amounted to only 3,382,620 bales, weigh?
ing 1,198,354,650 pounds, or 277,510 bales (98,
603,380 pounds) less than in 1868. The de?
crease has arisen chiefly from a deficiency in
the crops of the United States and ot South
America. The Imports from India exceed
those of 1868 by 44,540 bales, and those from
the Mediterranean and miscellaneous sources
by 30,190 boles.
The total Import Into all Europe In 1869
amounted to 4,665.000 bales, (averaging 363
pounds each, of which 3,383,000 were received
Into British and 1.182,000 Into Continental
ports. Of the 3,383,000 bales Into Great Britain,
792,000 bales were re-exported to the Conti-1
nent-making the total supply to foreign Eu?
rope 1,974,000 bales, and leaving 2,691,000 for
British consumption. The deliveries to English
spinners in the year were 2,626,000 bales, and
1,966,000 to Continental spinners. In bales of |
4(i0 pounds each the deliveries to spinners
1800. 1867. 1800.
Great Britain.2,864.000 2,248,260 2,817,250
Fran?e. 007,260 645,760 074,250
Ce rm u ny and Holland. 630.600 464,260 438,600
Rest of comment.... 661,250 628,760 ssl,750
Total.4,043,000 3,687,000 4,011,000
There are now, by the latest official returns,
32,000,000 spindles In tho British Kingdom,
against 30,000,000 In 1860.
The falling off in the home consumption of
cotton goods has been attributed by temper?
ance advocates to increased habits of intem?
perance, leaving the working classes less
money to spend on clothing. By the advocates
of reciprocity lt waa attributed to the French
Treaty having Inundated our markets with
French fabrics, which undersold our own In the
home market. The truth ls that the war (in
America) completely changed the relative posi?
tions of the textiles, and cotton, instead of be?
ing the cheapest, became the dearest article of
clothing. The production of wool and flax was
stimulated In an extraordinary degree by the
advance which immediately occurred In prices,
and the consumption of woollen and linen fab-1
rles was enormously Increased, woollen cloth J
superseded fustian, and worsted dresses took
the place ol cotton prints, and calico shirtings
gave way to woollen and linen.- A/fd, although
the price of cotton has experienced a marked.
decline from the highest point, lt is still fifty
per cent above the rates which gave td it com
p?ete supremacy over the other 'texilles; and
our people have become so accustomed to the
wear of the woollen and linen substitutes that
they will only be won back to the old style of
clothing by a return to something like the
former range of values.
The relative production of cotton, woohen
and linen goods, during these last four years,
as compared with four years ending 1860, has
1863-01. 1800-0. 1858-01 1800-0.
,Cotton, per cent. 774 82.7 22.3 17.3
Wollec. 6.0.3 67.4 4U.1 32 0
Linen. 60.0 64.0 to. o 4o.o
Total.7L3 74.7 23.8 25.3
The woollen figures are exclusive of the
shoddy trade, and of the wool derived from
slaughtered animals, of which we have no
The probable supply of cotton this year will
be 1,275,000 bales from America, 1,600,000
from India, 550,000 from Brazil, 230,000 from
Egypt, Ac, and 150,000 from the Wost Indies,
Ac This gives a probable total import for
1870 of 3,760.000 bales. This, alter deducting
850.000 bales for probable export, will give a
total supply to British mills of 55,000 bales per
week, against 50,000 last year, leavingasurplus
stock at the end of the year 60,000 bales'In ex?
cess of what lt was at the end of 18G9. *
Tl\e place to buy
Is where you have a choice of styles of different
makers. Machines sold on the lease plan, payable
I hare the best single and double-thread Ma?
chines now before thc public
TUE WILLCOX A GIBBS-'
"WEED" P. P. LOCK-STITCH
Are the simplest and most reliable Machines
made. Every Machine ls warranted to give satis?
faction, or lt will be exchanged for other kinds.
All kinds of Sewing neatly and promptly done.
Orders taken for all first chus Sewing or Knitting
Machines, Needles, Oil, Torsad, Silk, Ac
REP AIRING as asnal.
D. B. HASELTON,
mayl stat My No. 307 Ktnsr street.
JgXPOSITION UNIVERSELLE, PARIS,
WHEELER A WILSON.
THE GOLD MEDAL.
LOCK-STlTCn, SEWING A>D BUTTON-HOLE
The only Gold Medal.
EDGERTON A RICHARDS, Agents
dec24 No. 82 Broad street.
iUrngs, <?l)cmicals, Ut.
T"CTS LIKE A C H A RUT
THE GENUINE ENGLISH CHLOROD1NE,
(J. COLLIS BROWME'8,)
Is the best Anodyne ever known to the profes?
sion. To bc had of Dr.. H. RAER,
nov3_No. 131 Market street.
FLEMING'S WORM CONFECTIONS,
They are purely vegetable, safe and sure The
best ba use. For sale by Dr. H. BAER,
No. 1S1 Meeting street,
octs _Wholesale Affent
CARBONATE OP AMMONIA
Bicarbonate of Soda
Cream of Tartar
For ?ale, wholesale and reta0, by
Dr. H. BAER,
otto No. 131 Meeting street.
? F. FANKN?N4.
APOTHECARY AND CHEMIST,
Ko. 123 MEETING STREET. CHARLESTON, S. CA
The ad vertlser begs to call attention to Bis stock:
of the best Imported and domestic
CHEMICALS, DRUGS AND PATENT MED?
Upon the DISPENSING DEPARTMENT of hie
business he bestows the utmost perso na! care aaa
attention, and guarantees the purity of the medi?
cines os ed In compounding.
Prepared carefully at ah hours of the day art
Special Agen cr,for the sale ox
Messsrs. GEORGE TIEMANN A CO.,
OF S .W TORE.
HAIR, TOOTH AND HAIL BRUSHES, PEP.M'
U large and well selected.
AO ES OT FOB TBS SALE 09 TUB CKLHBBTED
ROCK BRIDGE ALUM SPRING WATER,
A supply of which ls always on hand.
Manafaetarer of . .
._ ...PA N X NU N ? 8
HEPATIC BI TIER ?,
Which have established for themselves a reputa?
tion surpassed by none.
Throngh constant effort and attention be hope
to merit a continuance of the pnblio patronage
which has hitherto been extended to him.
?RUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL
FOR INFANTS TEETHING.
ALLAYS INFLAMMATION' OP TUB GUMS, CURE*
CHOLIO, 0H0L3KA INFANTUM, DYSENTEBT,
AMD ALL DISEASES TO WHICH
CHILD BSN ABB SUBJ BOT
CONTAINS NO ANODYNE.
RUSSELL'S BOOTHINO CORDIAL ls OlTereVsD.
thc public with an absolute guarantee against ?:
danger from its use. Read the following certin
CHARLESTON, May 16,1868.
Mr. J. B. RUSSELL, one of our careful and intel?
ligent Pharmaceutists and Apothecaries, has auh
?niited to my examination the form?la for the
preparation of a Soothing Cordial prepared and
vended by bim.
It affords me pleasure to express a favorable
opinion of its safe and efllclent adaptation to the
particular cases of the diseases'of children, wolca
lt ls deslgnod to relieve.
E. GEDDINGS, M. D.
Having had occasion to pres oribe RUSSELL'S
Soothing Cordial In severe cases of Bowel Com?
plaints in children and delicate females, I have
been much pleased with its effects. I consider lt
a valuable medicine In ail cases, in which lt may
be advisable to avoid the use of anodyne, and par?
ticularly for family use, as lt is perfectly safe.
W. T. WRAGO, M. D.
CHARLESTON, 3. 0., lees.
Dear Sir-I have used your Soothing Cordial for
Diarrhoea in teething children, and ?nd It a very
excellent preparation. It has a great advantage
over most preparations of the kind ia containing
no Opium or Narcotic.
When these are required they can be added in
proportions applicable to the case.
I therefore can recommend Its use in the affec?
tions for which lt ls designed.
Respectfully years, Ac,
T. L. OG LEE, M. D.
CHARLESTON. 8. C.. 1368.
I certify that I have most successfully used
RUSSBLL'S Soothing Cordial in the Snmmer Com?
plaints of Infants. He has fully exhibited the in?
gredients of his remedy, and the tedious method
of preparation. I recognize the prescription
containing no anodyne whatever-as a most safe
and erl!caclous one ia bowel affection! of children.
When much pain or restlessness attends the affec?
tion, doses of Paregoric can be added to the pre?
scribed doses or thc Cordial according to the age
of the jathnt. The compound, though more
often, acis la an enlcient manner without any ad?
dition of anodyne.
In the Diarrhoea of the aged, In Increased doses.
lt ls of great value as a remedy; never disagree?
ing with the stomach-increasing appetite, im?
proving digestion, and acting as a slow but effi?
cient astringent agent
W. M. FITCH, M. D.
MOUNT PLEASANT, S. C., 1808.
Mr. J. ? JrusseK :
DEAR SIR-I have used your Soothing Cordial
for children extensively In my pract.ee, and most
cheerfully testify to its merits. I have found lt,
without an exception, to accomplish all it claims,
and consider it superior to anything in use for
its freedom from anodyne of any. kind recom?
mends It us a perfectly sate preparation in the
hands or mothers and inexperienced nurses.
Very respectfully, Ac,
D. R. WILLIAMS, M. D.
Made by J. B. RUSSELL, Chemist
Sold by Dr. H. BAER, Wholesale Agent for
J H. HAPPOLDT,
PRACTICAL GUNMAN ER,
No. UO MEST LNG STREET. 1
GUNS. RIFLES AND PISTOLS manufactured
and Imported to order.
REPAIRING executed with neatness and dis?
patch^_ teh* tuih*
COLLECTOR AND REAL ESTATE AGENT,.
No. 26 BROAD STRSFT,
Charleston, S. 0.
Will attend to the RENTING OF HOUSES, Col?
lodion of Rents, Accounts. Ac.
Refers to Messrs. Gourdin, MA:thI?sxen A Co
J. C. Cochran, Esq., Dr. T. L. Ogler A Son. Messrs!
Petter, Rodgers * Cc, Thomas R. Wariac Esa
Messrs. W. B. William? A Son. 4 **