Newspaper Page Text
irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE CLOSING SCENES IN THE
DBLARGE SUCCEEDS LESLIE AS LAND
A PLUM FOR MOSES.
A FUSS IN TEE FAMILY,
WHAT IT COST TO VOTE DOWN THE VETO.
Disorderly Darkies, &c
^SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO TOE WSWS.]
COLCHE; A, March 2.
R. C. DeLarge, color?!, has boon appointed
land commissioner, vice C. P. Leslie, resigned.
The Senate adjourned-sine die last night at 10
o'clock, and the House=at half-past 8 o'clock. In
koth houses farewell speeches were made.
F. J. Moses, Jr., -Speaker of the House, was
Toted $500 extra compensation Tor his services.
He complimented hie Republicen friends on their
successful legislation, and, haring an eye to the
coming election, ntiered the fervent wish that
tney might all meet tbere ag*, i P. and the Demo?
crats be left "ont'in the cow."
Wilder moved-that the thanks of the( neral
Assembly be returned to- Governor Scott for his
earnest defence cf thc poor man, as evinced in
hl3 veto of thc Phosphate bill. The resolution
was laid on th crab le.
Cain delivered an address in the Senate, In
which he stated that "he had no ill-will against
his political opponents,-ac he considered two par
tics necessary for the good of the State-one act?
ing as a cheek on the oOber."
Leslie mads an able and bold speech, In which
he intimated that the present administration was
a failure. He asserted that the colored men
wanted to form a party for the purpose of driv?
ing out the white men; but advised that the dis?
honest and corrupt of both races bc driven out of
the party, or lt would be destroyed.
The negroes were indignant at this speech, and
both Wlmbush and Elliott wanted to whip Leslie.
Oller Justice Moses said that he would ?arrest
RUlott if he did not cease threatening Leslie. It
ls believed that, had not Leslie's wife been with
him, he would have been mobbed.
The bliis authorizing thc Investment of trust
funds in State bonds, and appropriations-to pay
the Interest on thc-Statc debt in gold, have both
It is .reported that several thousands wore used
to effect the passage of the Phosphate bill over
The General Assembly has been in session nine?
ty-eight days, the date of adjournmeni being the
same as lost year, March 1st. During the closing
hoare '.he galleries and ?oors were crowded with
The negroes are going around thc city demand?
ing drinks at the bars, and insisting on being
shaved, on the ground that they have aright un?
der the Civil Kight3 bill. They have been refused
everywhere, even by the colored barbers. The
negroes are very drunk and disorderly.
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
The Worlc of the Session.
The following is, as well as can be ascer?
tained, a correct list of the acts and joint reso?
lutions which became laws at the session of
the General Assembly now closed :
An act to regulate the rormation or corpora?
Aa act to amend an act entitled an act pro?
viding for the assessment and taxation of prop?
An act to amend an act entitled an act to
amend the law in relation to recording mort?
gages, and to regulate the lien thereof.
An act to determine the maaner of collecting
taxes post due, assessed under the late Fro vi
8ional and Military Covernment of South. Caro?
An act to provide for the payment or the In?
terest of the hoads and stocks or this Stale In
An act to Incorporate the Clan ! n University.
An ace to amend au act to provide for the enu?
meration of the inhabitants or this State.
Aa act to renew ttfc charter or the Columbia
Hebrew Benevolent Society.
An oct to incorporate "the Ashley Bridge Com?
An act to amend an act entitled an act to au?
thorize the Governor to appoint a physician to at?
tend on the jail in Charleston and the Magazine
guard, In St. Philip's Parish, and for other pur?
poses therein mentioned.
An act to prevent and punish bribery and cor?
An act to make appropriation for the per diem
and mileage of the General Assembly and the sal?
aries of the subordinate oolcers, und other ex?
panses Incidental thereto.
An act to better protect holders of Insurance
policies In this State.
Aa act in relation to the registrar of mesae con?
veyance for the County of Charleston, aud to lix
the tenure of Wui. J. McKinlay, elecled thereto.
Joint resolution relative to the exchange of pub?
An act to supplement the act entitled an act to
incorporate the South Carolina Improvement.and
Joint resolution directing thc State auditor and
county commissioners to.levy certain taxes.
An act consenting to the sale of certain lands
to the United Stutes, and ceding Jurisdiction
An act to authorize administrators, executors
and other fiduciaries to -eli certain evidences of i
indebtedness ut public sale, .and to eompromise j
in certain coses.
Joint resolution authorizing the county coni
Sssloners of Williamsburg County to levj a spe
Joint resolution authorizing thc appointment
ol tish commission rs, and deli mug thc duties
Joint resolution tu direct the county commis?
sioners of Cha le.stou County to examine and re?
port to the attorney-general concerning the lauds
belonging to thc State.
An act to repeal an act entitled an act to or?
ganize townships, aud to dellue taeir powers and
An act to protect the rights or persons lawfully
in possession of lauds and tenements.
An oct :o Incorporate the 1'ollc.vholders' Lire
and Tontine Assurance Company of the South.
An act lo estubilsii a company uiulvr the nauic
Of the Mouut Pleasant and Sullivan's Island
An act io incorporate the Vigilant Fire Engine
Company, of Columbia.
Au act to Incorporate the Wateree Fire Engine
Company, No. 2. of Canillen, South Carolina.
An act to Incorporate the Win us boro! Hook and
Ladder Company of the Town or Wlnnsboro'.
An act to recharter Blythe's Oap Turnpike
An act to carry into eireet the provisions of the
constitution in relation to the rigiits of married
An act to Incorporate the Deutscher Artillerie
An actio designate the ottlcers by whom sales
ordered by the Courts of Common Pleas, and
Judges thereof, and of the Courts of Probate, shall
be made, and for other purposes.
An act io incorporate the African Methodist
Eplseopal Church in this State.
An act to alter and amend au act entitled an
act concerning the office, duties and liabilities or
An act to incorporate the Sisters of Our Lady
ol Mercy, or Sout li Carolina
An act to incorporate the Charleston Loan Com?
An act to incorporate the Wlnnsboro' Baptist
Church, or Fairfield County.
An act to amend the charter of thc Georgetown
Aallroad Company, und the several acts amenda?
tory of thc same.
An act to grant and give the consent of the
Legislature of this State to the conveyance to the
United States of the lot of land situate on Rich?
ardson and Laurel streets, in thc City of Colum?
bia, hereinafter described, for the purpose or a
postoftlce and courthouse, or for other purposes,
and to cede to the Uuitcd States jurisdiction
An act to authorize the Governor to remove
county auditors, treasurers, and other officers by
Joint resolution to authorize thc State treasu?
rer to issue a renewal of six per cent. State stock
to thc executor of the estate of Maria Brisbane, or
to his legal representatives.
Joint resolct ion to extend thc time in which the
claims of teachers for services rendered during
the year commencing October 31, 1807, shall bc
presented for payment.
An act to vest In Toney Stafford the charter of
a ferry from Bill's Bluff, on James Island, to the
City of Charleston.
An act to incorporate the Heston Fire Engine
Company, of Georgetown, South Carolina.
Joint resolution authorizing t lie treasurer to ad?
vance six thousand dollars per mont h to the soper
intendentof the penitentiary of South Carolina.
An act for the better protection of migratory
An *ct to incorporate the Dc Laney Rifle Com?
pany of Charleston, South Carolina.
An act to provide for the appointment of cer?
tain officers therein named.
An act to incorporare che Columbia Oil Com?
An act to regulate thc rights and powers or
Joint resolution authorizing the State Treasurer
to ri'.ssnc certitlcatcs of State stock to Wm.
Au act to provide for a general election of coun?
An act to Incorporate the Independent Elliott
Hook and Ladder Company, Ko. 1, ol' Orange
burg, South Carolina
An act to secure equal civil rights, and to pro?
vide for the enjoyment or all remedi3S in law by
til persons, regardless of race or color.
An act to amend an act entitled an act to em?
power circuit judges to change tue venue for the
trial ot actions,'both civil and criminal.
An act to incorporate the Sumter Manufactur
An act to establish and maintain a system of
free commou schools for the State or South Caro?
An act to authorize the county commissioners
or Darlington County to levy a special tax for the
construction o' a courthouse.
An act to authorize the county commissioners
or Colleton and Spartanburg Counties to levy an
additional tax to pay thc indebtedness or their res?
pective counties, aud lor other purposes therein
An act to incorporate the Grove Station Bridge
An act to amend the charter of the Granltevllte
An act to regulate the publication of all legal
and public notices.
An act to bicorporate the Unity and Friendship
Society ot Charleston, and to conter certain
An act to estublish the weight ot a barrel or
An act to incorporate the Wide Awake Fire En?
gine Company, ot Sumter. S. C.
Joint resolution to authorise the Secretary or
State to purchase one hundred copies or Richard?
son's 15th volume or Law Repsrts, and one hun?
dred copies or Richardson's 14Ui volume or Equity
An act -to incorporate, as a public highway,
the rood known as the Cox Bridge Road.
An act to establish a ferry across the Wacca
maw River, in Dorry County, and to vest the
same in JjJ. Reaves, his heirs and assigns.
An act to seil a eenuin lot of land io the Zion
Baptist Church, of Columbia.
Au act to provide Tor the payment or claims or
teachers for services rendered during the Ilscal
year, commencing November 1, A. D. isCS, and
ending October 81, A. 1). 1809.
An act to authorize the formation of a compa
nylor the construction or a turnpike road through
or near Sassafras Gap, and known as Sassafras
Gap Turnpike Companv.
An act to alter uuU amend the charter and ex?
tend the limits of Hie City of.Columbia.
Joint resolution to change thc name or Alex?
ander Henry Riley to Alexandor Henry Buch?
An acfto determine the time when thc salaries
ot the county school commissioners shall com?
mence, and io tlx the dato of the llrst meeting ol
the State Gourd of Education.
An act to amend an act entitled an act to
incorporate the Charleston Board ol Trade.
An act to charter the Manchester and Augusta
An aet to graut, renew and amend the charters
or certain towns and villages therein named.
An act to amend an act entitled au act to
Ox the salary and regulate the pay or certain
An act to recharter Rantowlc's Bridge.
Au act to provide far the farmntlnn or religious,
charitable and educational associations.
An act to amend an act entitled an act to au?
thorize the sale or thc Columbia Canal.
An act to grant lo certain persons therein
named, and their associates, the right to dig and
mine in the beds or the navigable streams aud
waters or the State or South cerolluu, for phos?
phate rooks and phosphatic deposits.
A act authorizing tue State treasurer to reissne
to Martha H. Pyatt and A, H. Ab' aharas, certain
certificates of State stock, lost or destroyed.
An act to incorporate the Wilmington and
South Casollna Railroad Company.
An act to enfarce the provisions of the Civil
Rights bill ol" the United States Congress, and to
secure to the people the benetta or a republican
government In this State.
An act. to incorporate thc Enterprise itallroad
Company -of Charleston.
An act to bicorporate n home far Invalid cler?
An act. to provide far a sinking rund and the
management or the same.
An act to limit the cost of criminal prosecu?
An act to provide far filling vacancies in county
Au act to authorize the State treasurer to issue
certificates et State stock to Riobard P. Buck.
Au act to restore to the family of Isaac Haith
cock, deceased, a tract or land in Sumter.
An act to incorporate thc i lymouth Congrega?
tional chuck of Charleston.
An act to Incorporate the Charleston Banking
and Trust Company.
Au act to provide for the appcintmcnt or trial
A Joint resolution authorizing the Attorney
General to Institute proceedings against the South
Carolina Railroad Conipauy far violation of
A joint resolution authorizing the State Treas?
urer to reissue to Alexander Robertson, J. F.
Blacklock and E. P. Couchman, certain certitl?
catcs ol' stock. j
An act to incorporate thc Coopers' Trades
Union of Charleston.
An act relative to the City Council nnder the
charter to impose punishment far a violation of
An act to make appropriations.
An act lo demie the criminal jurisdiction of
in act to exempt cotton and woollen manufac?
tories from taxation for faur years.
An act to authorise trustees to invest in State
An act to amend an act to charter the Barnwell
An act to regulnte the fees or the clerks of the
court, probate judges and trial justices.
The Irish Church Ulli-Emigration.
LONDON, March 2.
Lord Redesdale* bill to amend the Irish
Church laws passed to its second reading.
Gladstone opposed the bill to aid emigration.
The bili wes defeated by 152 to 48.
There JE much indignation over thc Sadler aud
Heath boat race yesterday, lils thought the re?
sult was prearranged far betting purposes.
Thc Death Penalty- Ju Prussia.
BERLIK, March 2.
Bismarck, ma long speech, opposed the uboli
tionordeath penalties. TiicReichsrath, notwith?
standing, voted far abolition by a majority or37.
Thc Carnival nt Home.
1(0X8, March 2.
For the llrst tima since 180O the police permit
masks at tim carnival.
TUE STRUGGLE I.Y CUBA.
HAVANA, March 2.
The insurgent general, Napoleon Arango,
who originated the rebellion ni the central de
partmeut, has voluntarily .surrendered to the au?
thorities at Las Tunas with seventy men. He
promises to come to Havana to eon er with the
Captain-General as to thc best means ol ending
the insurrection without further bloodshed. The
rebels have burned some warehouses at Incas. A
?pecial from Santiago dc Cuba, dated February
18, gives an account or the trial and execution ol
members or the Cuban Junta at that place.
Among those executed were two Americans,
John Francis Patinada, und Charles Danuery, a
native ot the United States.
- Gustave Dore will cross the Atlantic in a
few weeks for the purpose of making an artis?
tic lour of the United .States, which will extend
into the autumn mouths, when bc will return
LO! THE CONQ TIERING HERO
Another Victim of Greed.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE XEWS.]
?WASHINGTON, March 2.
Thc Reverend WhRtemore leaves Washing?
ton to-morrow avowedly to canvass his district
for re-election. Thc members of the Ilouse, how?
ever, are almost unanimous in declaring that he
will not be allowed to take his scat again in that
body, even should he succeed in inducing the
negro voters whom he has disgraced to forgive
and re-elect him.
The military commission will to-morrow report
a resolution for the expulsion of Butler, a Tennes?
see Radical, who has been caught trading In
cadetships. It will probably pass without much
[FROM THE ASSOCIATEO TRESS.]
WASHINGTON, March 2
Thc Committee on Printing have commenced
Investigating thc charges against the public
Butler will press the Georgia bill as soon as the
Iadian appropriations are over. Bullock address?
ed the Senate Judiciary Committee this morning.
The President has nominated Charles II. Lewis,
of Virginia, as resident minister to Portugal.
Among the conf-matlons by thc Senate, arc
Charles IL Prince, postmaster at Augusta, Geor?
gia, and Thomas F. Wilson, consul at Mata
On Monday while the Senate was In executive
session, on motion of Sumner, thc doors'were
opened for a moment, and during this unnoticed
session of about a minute, he entered a motion to
reconsider the vote on the passage of the so-call?
ed Omnibus Disability bill, and that motion ls
still pending. The motive assigned for this ac?
tion is to reach the case of Senator CUngman,
who is among'the number whose disabilities are
to be removed by the bill.
Whlttemore says that his friends In South Caro?
lina have arranged for aseries of meetings In his
district, to be addressed by him in vindication or
his conduct in thc disposal of thc cadetships. His
object ls to arrange for his re-election to Con?
Thc Senate, in executive session, postponed to
thc 21st instant thc nomination or nradlcy, as
associate JuBtlce or the Supreme Court, by a vote
of 30 against 20. This gives time for the passage
or the new law granting Louisiana, Texas an d
Mississippi a judge resident in that district.
Kellogg took a prominent part In defeating thc
In the Senate, a resolution was introduced and
laid over for future consideration requiring the
President to communicate whether any measures
had been taken to suppress thc slave trallc on thc
coast of Africa.
The Funding bill was discussed, and Sumner
read a long printed speech dissenting rroin the
views of the Finance Committee in regard to the
nature of thc bond In which thc debt should be
THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
Whitteniore to go Bu fore his Constitu?
ents, with Datier to Dacie Him-If
Re-elected will he bc Received by thc
Ilouse !- Amnesty-Forney's Party
Grant's Indecent Behavior-The Cur?
rency-The Charleston Customhouse
-Polygamy-Thc Petition in Favor
1 of Judge Bryan, &c.
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
WASHINGTON, February 28.
The Rev. Mr. Whlttemore, .of South Caroli?
na, as he is known since his expulsion from Con?
gress, drew the last of his salary on Saturday, se?
lected such of the documents as were allotted to
that part of his term which he was permitted to
serve, and, In the course of thc next ten days, he
contemplates returning to Darlington to run ror
Congress as bis own successor l If he ls renomina?
ted, his counsel, Mr. Benjamin F. Butler, undis?
mayed by the unanimous vote with which his
client was turned out or Congress, Intends io re?
pair to that district and make speeches In sup?
port o? his re-election. But ir Butler docs WUitte
morcas much damage In his own district as he
did In the Ilouse of Representatives, then thc
candidate of his own succession will not receive
a vote. It will make no diflereuee,
however, if Whlttemore is renominated
and elected, he will not be received by the
present House, which has declared him
unwortliyof a seat as the representative of the
people, and ll ls the greatest exhibition*of folly
for him to run again, lt will not help his casein
Washington to come back, endorsed by uu Igno?
rant negro constituency, whose votes were
bought lu his second elect toa, according to his
own substantial admission, from thc tro
cecds of Ute sales of offices within his gift 1 You
will notice that in the farewell speech which
Whlttemore was prevented from delivering In
thc House, but which he furnished the New York
Associated Press, he laid great stress upon the
charge that his case had been prejudiced by the
newspapers in the misrepresentations of thc tes?
timony, Ac, and that he fell a victim to this so
called manufactured public opinion. Pending
the secret investigation of the cuse by thc Mili?
tary Committee, there probably woulJ have been
some reason lor such an assertion; but when
I all the testimony is read oincialiy to the
House, and it then appears that no newspaper
? statement had began to make out so bad a case
against him, lt adds very materially to the many
weaknesses which Whlttemore has exhibited. So
far as the newspaper dispatches were concerned,
there was absolute fairness-the special telegrams
of THE NEWS giving him thc benefit of his own
statement lo the committee as to what disposi?
tion he had made of his ill-gotten money. Nor
did the ilouse act hastily. They gave the evidence
two days' consideration, and were unanimous at
the md of that time for his expulsion. Wnitte
more's attempt to manufacture public sympathy
on the ground that he was persecuted by the press,
is quite too absurd. Whittemore's expulsion, or
compulsory resignation, has done much to ndd to
the long-growing prejudice, among Republican
Congressmen, against the carpet-bag and scala?
wag class sent here to represent the South.
The Reconstruction Committee's so-called Gen?
eral Amnesty bill, u synopsisof which has already
appeared in TUE NEWS, does not meet with mHch
favor in Congress, and hardly any without. The
Democratic members of the committee will pro?
bably support it on the ground that lt is thc very
best bill that can be pushed through the prescut
Radical Congress, though, or course, they will
give a united support to General Farnsworth's
proposition for granting universal amnesty. Thc
latter's substitute Tor the committee's bill pro?
vided ror removing the political disabilities or all
persons who resided in States where the Legisla?
ture had ratified the Fourteenth and Fifteenth
amendments, and would have cut oh* several
hundred Southerners residing in New York City.
General F., however, says he will modify his oin,
when lt comes up lu the House, so as tu
make it general in all the States, by striking out
tue conditions about the amendments to the con?
stitution. Mr. Beck, or Kentucky, also hos thc
leave of the committee to move to strike our. of
the general bill the exceptions therein named of
all who have served in Congress or the army and
envy of the rotted States; and an attempt will also
oe maue to mouuy me term* vi mc mu t,v uo u?~w
to the United States District Court of "fature
good behavior." as lt is called, for lt requires con?
trition for the past and moral indemnity for the
fnture. The prospect for the passage of a univer?
sal bill is about even. It requires sixty Republi?
cans in the House to unite with the flfty-flve
Democratic members, to pass the bill there. In
the Senate, it ls believed that lt will go through
with less opposition. Now that the Fifteenth
amendment ls ratified, quite a number of bitter
Radicals say that they will go for amnesty. Even
Butler is relenting, and the other day moved to
put on thc name o? General Humphrey Marshall,
In the special bill that passed. .
There has been a good deal of disgust over the
"grand party" which Forney gave last week, to
which he Invited nearly all the Democrats In Con?
gress, to meet several negroes who hold low
positions in the city government. Two of these
colored officials were negro barbers, and Forney
attempted to place them on a social level with
thc men they shaved and shampooed, but he
failed in this even among white Radical officials.
But the worst feature of this mongrel gathering
was the presence of Grant, who requested a clerk
in the house to read to a roomful of card-players
some ribald poetry on ex-President Johnson. If
the President could not respect Johnson, he ought
to have had some regard for the office he Ulled;
but he didn't, and guffawed between his puffs of
smoke at every stanza that ridiculed lt.
The two Houses of Congress are at a dead lock on
thc question or Inflating the currency-the House,
by a small majority, being In ravor or lt, and the
Senate, by' an almost unanimous vote, opposing
lt. Thc latter fact developed last week, coupled
with thc risc la government bonds abroad, have
caused thc great decline In gold. Thc result of
this situation will bethe adoption or the bill to
rund tac public debt at a lower rate of Interest
though its provisions will probably be discretion?
ary willige Secretary of the Treasury. There Is
a very hopeful reeling herc that wo will touch
specie payments by thc llrst or September next,
and that by July gold will be down to six and
seven per cent, premium.
The Committee on Appropriations ot the House
have had the subject bcrore them, but have uot j
yet decided to report In ravor or making appro?
priations to finish the Charleston Customhouse.
The bill to abolish polygamy In Utah will not
pass .the House. AU of the Pacific coast people
have made speeches against lt, and lt ls generally
regarded as a moasure to get up another Mormon
war In the Interest of contractors. It makes no
provision for taking care of the superfluous wives
whom lt ls proposed to divorce by the bayonet.
Thc Judiciary Committee of the House have de?
cided to report adversely on thc memorial ot cer?
tain South Carolinians asking for thc Increase or
the salary or United States District Judge Bryan.
SPARKS FROM TUE WIRES.
John L. Marge, Jr., was yesterday elected
Lteutenant-Governor or Virginia, and W. H. Rai?
ner superintendent of public education. The Re?
publicans declined to vote for lieutenant-gov?
ernor, claiming thc election to be unconstitu?
Thomas w. Roche, convicted or dealing In coun?
terfeit tobacco stamps, was sentenced yesterday
tn Richmond to thc Albany Penitentiary for ono
Thc North Carolina Legislature have refused to
provide Jor thc payment of Interest on old or new
Edwards whipped Collycr in New York in forty
five minutes on thc forty-first round.
Thc English underwriters still accept risks on
the steamship city, of Uoston at llfty per cent.
Later news from Taraguay states that Lopez,
though much weakened by desertions, still holds
ground against thc allies.
A DEPOT AT (. rc,1 HAM'S TURNOUT.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
I desire to call attention, through the col?
umns of your Journal, to a matter which con?
cerns thc Interests and wishes of thc people of
Graham's Turnout and surrounding country.
One of the military n?cessites of the late
war, was lo deprive the above place of Itu de?
pot, and since Its destruction by Sherman's
army, the South Carolina Railroad Company
has not erected another in Its stead. This has
caused a great deal of Inconvenience to the
country people, who have their wares and mer?
chandise shipped to this point, to say nothing
of the unnecessary expense involved of having
them stored away by those livlug there.
A goodly number of people haul cotton and
other produce lo Graham's Turnout, for ship?
ment to Charleston and other markets, and to
thc same point ti variety of merchandise is
shipped every year.
Under these circumstances, arc not Ute
patrons of thc Sont1: Carolina Railroad, at this
point, entitled to a share ot that consideration
which has Induced thc company to erect depots
at other point'* on its line, for the accommoda?
tion and benefit ol' thc surrounding commu?
We hope the company will sec thc impor?
tance of supplying this long-felt want, and go
to work at unce and build a depot for thc
benefit of those Interested. PAYSAN.
Fork ofEdisto, March 1, 1870.
SUPREME COURT DECISIONS.
Captured and Abandoned Property.
In the United Suites Supreme Court, on Mon?
day, decisions were annouucetLJn the caso ot
the United States vs. Nelson Anderson, and
three other similar cases, all appeals from thc
Court of Claims.
These were actions brought to recover the
proceeds of captured and abandoned properly
under the third section of the act of March
Pith, 18G3. The act provides that any person
Claiming to have been thc owner ol' such pro?
perty may at any time, within two years alter
the suppression ol' thc rebellion, prefer his
claim to tho proceeds In the Court of Claims,
and on proof of ownership and ot loyalty, the
residue shall be paid over lo the claimant after
deduction of expenses attending thc disposi?
tion ol'the properly.
Tile govern incut urged before the court
below thal tho actions were not brought with?
in two years from the time of the suppression
ol'the rebellion in thc several localities where
the claimants resided, and that such a limita?
tion was the intention of thc act: also lliat the
Court of Claims could not determine the
amount of the net proceeds of the cotton and
give Judgment for u specific sum. Both ob?
jections were overfill cd, and judgment given
for thc claimants. The government appeals
to this court where the judgment below is now
affirmed, Mr. Justice Davis delivering thc
The court say, in substance, that it cannot
bc supposed that this act was intended to
operate specially in respect to localities and
the date of the suppression of the r?bellion
Hierein, but it must be considered to refer lo
the dide ut' the suppression of the rebellion
throughout thc country, and to apply general?
ly lo all sections; also that lt could 'not have
been thu intention ol' Congress lo leave that
question to be determined by the people for
themselves, or that thc people were bound to
take notice ol' the date of the suppression ol'
thc rebellion whenever it occurred, and to
govern themselves accordingly, in regard to
these claims and all other mutters.
Some official moile of determining thc ques?
tion must be considered to Mave been contem?
plated by Congress. Accordingly Congress, bv
the act of March 2d. 18U7, recognized the 20111
ol August, 18tib", as the time of the close of the
rebellion, the date ol' the proclamation of thc
President, and that date ls to be regarded rot?
uli purposes of litigation as the day un which
the rebellion ceased. The obj-jctiou that the
Court ol' Claims could not determine the
amount ol'the proceeds and give Judgment tor
a specific sum, could not be maintained with?
out holding that that court was a mere com?
mission, which this court declined to assert.
-M. Olli vier is said lo be the tirst French?
man Who has ever roached the rank ol' First
Ministe:' of thc Crown without having been
thc recipient of a single order, native or for
City of Charleston.| 20is| B307[ 2955] 354
NUMBER OP CH1LOKEN
BETWEEN 6 AND 16 YEARS
21 TR ARS OF|
NUMBER OF PERSONS, OF
4770 6013| 9618 10275 10835 14295
TUE PHOSPHATE MONOPOLY BILL.
VETO MESSAGE OP GOVERNOR SCOTT.
A Pica, for Free Trade in Phosphates.
Thc following is the message of Governor
Scott vetoing the Phosphate Monopoly bill:
STATE OP SOUTH CAROLINA. )
EXECUTIVE DEPAKTHENT, J
COLUMBIA, Mareil l, 1870. )
To the Senate oj South Carolina:
GENTLEMEN OP TUE SENATE-I respectfully re?
turn toyour honorable body, in which it originat?
ed, an act to grant to certain persons therein
named, and associates, the right to dig and mine
In the beds of the navigable streams and waters
or the State ot South Carolina for ? phosphate roc k
and phosphatle deposits, without my signature,
with my reasons therefor.
The following arc the provisions of the aot:
SECTION l. lie il enacted by the Senate and
Douse of Representatives ot the State or South
Carolina, now met and sitting In General Assem?
bly, and by the authority or the same, that the
State or South carolina does hereby give and
grant unto the following persons, to wit: George
w. Williams, Charles C. Coe, James H. Taylor,
Joseph R. Robertson, Edivln Platt, William L.
Kradley, James Bridge, Jr., William Birnie, and
such othor persons as thev may associate with
them, the right to dig, mine and remove, for the
full term of twenty-oue years, from the beds or
the navigable streams and waters within thc
Jurisdiction of the State of South Carollua, thc
phosphate rocks and phosphatle deposits; pro?
vided, that thc persons named, and their asso?
ciates, shall not lu any way interfere with the
tree navigation or thu navigable streams and
waters or thc State, or the private rights of any
citizen or citizens residing npon or owning the
lands upon thc hanks or the said navigable rivers
and waters ol thc State.
SEC. -i. That this girt and grant ls made upon
thc express condition that said grantees shall pay
to the State ot South Carollua one dollar per ton
for every ton of phosphate rock and pho-tphatio
deposits dug, mined and removed from thc said
navigable rivers and waters of-the State; and,
runtier, that said grantees shall pay luto the
treasury or the State the sum or live hundred
dollars as a license foe before commencing busi?
ness under said grant.
SEC. 3. Before commencing operations under
authority or this act, said grantees and their
uMsociat.es shall Ale, or cause, to be filed in.the
office ol the State auditor, a bond in tuc penal
sum of ll Tty thousand dollars, conditioned that
said grantees and their associates shall make
true and fultnrul returns to the said State auditor
annually, on or before the first day or October,
and O? tener, ir required by the State auditor, of
thc number of tons of phosphate rock and phos?
phatle deposits dug, mined and removed by tnein
I from the beds of the navigable streams and wa?
ters or thc Stute, and shall punctually pay to thu
State treasurer, annually, on the llrst day of Oc?
tober, one dollar per ton for every ton of phos?
phate rock or phosphatle deposits by them nug,
mined and removed from thc beds of the naviga?
ble streams and waters or the State during thc
I year preceding. Said bond to be renewed annu?
ally, aud approved by the Attorney-General. The
I books of said grantees and their associates,
shall be open to thc Inspection of thc State audi?
tor, or agent duly appointed by him for that
Divested of Its verbiage and circumlocution,
this act proposes a naked grant by the state to a
few individuals or a most valuable franchise, es?
timated as worth many millions of dollars, the
consideration for which ls a contingent ouc, and
may easily be evaded altogether. Upon exami?
nation lt will be found Hint there is not a single
guarani ec- or si ipul 11 ion that thc corporators will
at any time remove a solitary ton of phosphatle
deposits, or phosphate rocks from the beds of the
navigable streams and waters of the State, and
consequeutly they could not be required to pay
one ceut into the treasury ; while, by thc privilege
conferred upon them, they could prevent all
other persons from doing so, thus depriving the
State or a large amount or revenue, and thc coun?
try or thc advantages of the vast deposits or fer?
tilizing material, so essential to the development
of our agricultural resources. That there ls
strong temptation to such a policy will be admit?
ted when lt is recollected that several of the lead?
ing corporators In this act have already large In?
vestments In phosphates, by thc purchase and
lease of lands containing phosphate deposits,
and the erection or buildings and machinery for
their prepara.ion, which would be greatly dimin?
ished in value ir thc immense quantities or these
submarine deposits were brought Into competi?
tion with them. The interests ur thc corporators
would be as completely subserved by permitting
or comncUing them to remain Idle and un?
developed, Instead ot Incurring additional
expense in working them, and, by bringing more
of thc material into thc market, endanger the
stability of the present highly remunerative
prices of fertilizers. Such a policy has already
had an Illustration In this State, in un almost
parallel case, in which a company from one of
our Northern cities acquired thc exclusive right
tu mine an extensive deposit of manganese on
the Dorn estate, la Abbeville and Edgeileld Coun?
ties, the condition of which grant was, that they
would pay a valuable consideration for every tun
or the material mined and removed; but tlie les?
sees were the proprietors or another mine, In one
of thc Normern States, thc product of which was
. abundantly ample for the supply or the market
at existing prices, and of course there was mi ne-1
cesslty of availing themselves of their South Caro?
lina riisuurces. winch could only endanger exist-1
lng prices and protits; and having secured their |
object. In olitiuulng thc control of thc deposits, I
and tims preventing competition from that
source, the mines were permuted to remain idle,
not a ton or manganese was removed, and not a
dollar of revenue was received by the owners of this
valuable properly. The act under consideration ls
so iincauiloiisly drawn us to afford ample room
for .motlier illustration of the danger ol confer?
ring privileges without adequate provisions to
secure compliance in good faith with the promis?
ed equivalents. Caution ls thc more necessary In
the present case, where tlic property is so Im?
mensely valuable to the State, und its develop,
meut so essential to Hie success ol'Its nuances,
and to the prosperity ur Its agricultural interests.
The temptation to restrict tho supply of fertiliz?
ing materials io such proportions as" will enable
those who now have the control of them to com?
mand their own valuation, ls almost irresistible,
especially when it ls recollected how much maro
desirable, as well as profitable, if. is to derive high
prices from moderate sales, than to lie compelled
tu take moderate prices, however abundant may
be tue sales. Thc interest of those who produce
thc material, and those of Hie consumers of it, as
woli as of the general community, ure, therefore,
antagonistic, ?mil lt ls ueltliar tim part of patriot?
ism or sound pulley, to throw thc weight of gov?
ernment, influence, or government patronage In
the seale ol' the first named. There ls little doubt
i hat. a fair competition in the production or thc
piiu-pliates would reduce thc price or fertilizers
from sixty and sixty-five dollars per ton, as at
present, to thirty-five or forty dollars, which
would afford nu abundant pruitt to the manufac?
turer, and render essential relief to the farmers iff
the State bv enabling them to compete, on their
impoverished soils, with those ot inure favored
The exclusive nature of the grant ls also objec?
tionable. I am aware that, the word "exclusive"
was stricken rrora thc bill during its considera?
tion, by which it was proposed to divest lt or the
odium nf being a monopoly, but this was coun?
teracted by thc defoat or other bills, which pro?
posed to mrow the business open to competition,
and especially to Individual competitors, who
would comply with the prescribed regulations.
The defeat of these bills was, In my opinion, un?
fortunate, and left the corporators under the pre?
sent set us the only persons authorized to dig
and mine for phosphates In the navigable streams
and waters or the State. All others must be con?
sidered trespassers, liable tu arrest, and punisha?
ble by tine und i in prison men t. And ir the State
has the right to confer this granr, it may be oall
d upon by the grantees to pro'ect them in thc
exercise of Its privileges, by the removal and pun?
ishment of intruders, a duty which, from the
large extent of territory embraced by the grant,
and the tempatio'is and facilities for its viola?
tion, would Involve the State lu a heavy expense
and extensive litigation.
Tlte huni'-eds of poor men now engaged In the
business, and who are willing to pay for the priv?
ilege, must cease their occupation and dispose of
their boats and rafts, in which they had Invested
their humble earnings, while, perhaps, a dog-In
the-inanger policy may be pursued bv their tri?
umphant rivals, by neither working the deposits
themselves, or permitting others to do so. The
exclusive right to exercise powers so subversive
of Individual interests, and which may be per?
verted to measures inimical to the general weal,
cannot be considered other than a monopoly, and
one or the most danzerous character, the confer?
ring of which cannot be jnstided except by show?
ing that the objects contemplated could not be
accomplished In any other manner, which ls far
from being the case In the present Instance.
For these reasons 1 have deemed lt my duty to
withhold my assent to the act, and respectfully
return it to your honorable body.
ROBERT K. SCOTT, Governor.
THE IRON-CZAH "MONARCH."
Interesting Description of the Ship-Her
Armament, Speed, Construction, Orn?
The British Iron-clad ship of-war-Monarch,
now at Annapolis, ls attracting a grea: deal oi
attention at thc hands of the Northern papers.
The following is a detailed description of this
The Monurch is a vessel of commanding ap?
pearance, of 6098 tons. She is 330 feet in
length, 67 feet 0 Inches beam, and draws '?8
feet. Her engines are 1100 horse power. Her
battery Is carried in two of Captain Cowper
Colo's turrets, with throe chase guns of a less
calibre mounted-at the extremities and pro?
tected by an afinored casemate. The weight
of the hull, wirli skin louting and extra girders
included, ls 3074 tons; the other weights, boil?
ers, machJnjBttL spars, <fcc, amount to 4632
tons. The hun; vvTitch ls of Iron, ls protected
by seven-inch Iron armor on thc most import?
ant parts, and six inch on the other parts, the
plating being supported by twelve inches of
teak backing, witli one and a half inch thick?
ness of skin plating and an arrangement of
longitudinal girders, which arc worked at in?
tervals of about two feet, thus forming a net?
work of framing in conjunction with the strong
vertical frames inside the skin-plating, which
are about the same distance apart. This de?
vice has proved so satisfactory as regards the
efficient support lt gives to the armored, side
that it has boen adopted in all British iron?
clads built since the famous Bellerophon.
The turrets of thc Monarch are 2C feet C
inches in diameter, and aro constructed on the
same principle as her side armor. The iron
plating on thc turret ls 8 inches in thickness,
ls laid upon a teak backing of 12 inches, with
an iron skin of H inch. Each turret ls pierced
for two guns, and near thc port-holes the
plating is increased to ten inches. The turret
bed rests upon thc main deck, additional sup?
port bciug given to the deck immediately be?
neath by u combination of iron pillars aud sup?
ports. On tho main deck armor-plated bulk?
heads arc placed athwart the ship, Inside of
which arc thc turrets, eugine funnel aud steer?
ing apparatus, the latter intended to he used
when tho ship is In action. These bulkheads
aro similar in construction to ber sides, with
the exception that the war armor is only 5
Inches in thickness, laid upon a teak backing
of 10 Indies, and the usual skin-plating stiffen?
ed and supported by thc ordinary longitudinal
girders and frames. The entire central por?
tion of tho Monarch is thus enclosed and pro?
tected by shot-proof sides and bulkheads,
which enclose tho turrets and ship's machinery.
Thc turrets arc thus deprived of their primary
and supremo advantage-that of providing au
all-round fire for tho guns, and more especially
a head lire. The deprivation, her buildersuys,
ls cons?quent upon thu determination of the
admiralty to adopt forecastles, which aro in
lomlcd to keep thc ship dry In steaming against
a hoad sea, and to enable tho head sails to be
worked. IL was to make np somewhat this
loss of head fire from the turrets that the two
Gk-um guns were put on the forecastle of the
main dock. Tho forward turret guns are ca?
pable only of firing at an angle of not less than
10 degrees with the vessel's kool. The after
turret lunettes arc the same, and the 20 de
I greet lost ls made up by placing a GA-ton gun
' lu an armored casemate similar to tho forward
one, which keeps tho circuit of lire unimpaired,
except iu force, or rather weight of metal.
Tho guns in the turrets arc an unusual height
above tho water, the Monarch having a "free?
board" of upward ol' 12 feet, which enables the
guns to be fought at a height of IC feet above
thc water. The bulwarks within the range of
tho turret guns aro hinged,' and when the ves?
sel is cleared for action, they aro allowed to
hang alongside of tho vessel out of the way.
The turret guns, four in number, are known
as twenty-five ton guns, and arc rifled, throw?
ing six hundred-pound shot. These guns are |
twelve inches in diameter of boro, and are
charged with seventy pounds of gunpowder,
giving lo tho shot when Hied an Initial velocity I
ol' 1212 feet pur second, thc total "energy'' of
the projectile at WOO yards being5H& foot-tons.
Tho three c.V-ton guns employed at the extrem?
ities are rilled. The diameter ot bore is 7
inches. The projectile used weighs 115 pounds,
and 22 pounds ol' powder are used in obtain?
ing an initial velocity ol' 1130 feet per second,
thu tolal energy ol tho projectile at 1000 yards
being 1143 loot-tons.
The speed of the Monurch has attracted much
attention, und has on several occasions ex?
ceeded 14 knots. Her highest rate of speed,
officially recorded, ls 14.937 knots, the highest
attained by any of tho British armor-clad ships
at load draft. From u table recently pub?
lished by the chief constructor of the royal
navy. E. J. Reed, C. H., some Idea can be
gained of the time and distances some of the
principal iron-clads can steam before the coal
is exhausted :
SPEED OP 12>i KNOTS.
Coal. Time. Distance.
Vessels. Tons. Days. Hours. Knots.
Warrior.800 4 18 1,420
Achilles.620 3 19 1,140
Minotaur ....ooo 3 ll 1,040
Bellerophon.. 600 4 ll 1,340
Hercules.GOO 4 14 1,380
Monarch.ooo 6 5 1,560
SPEED OF ll KNOTS.
Coal. Time. Distance.
Vessels. Tons. Days. Hours. Knots.
Warrior.soo 7 23 2,100
Acullica.620 6 9 1,060
Minotaur ....600 6 20 1,540
Bellerophon.. 500 7 ll 1,970
the like facts In reference to some 01 me mst
unarmored vessels of the British navy, that
the iron-clads can make equal speed with the
wooden vessels, and while carrying less coals
can keep at sea under full steam nearly double
the length of time and on nearly one-third
less consumption of fuel; so that, while the
Monarch ls the fastest Iron-clad in the British
navy, she can keep at sea for a longer time on
a less amount of fuel.
The bow of thc Monarch is specially construc?
ted and strengthened to allow her to be used
as a ram, while provision is made for the pre?
vention of serious consequences should- she
sustain injuries while so employed. The spur
or ram may be completely knpckeo>off with?
out endangering the main structure In the
least. She was hullt at the Chatham dock?
yard, and cost about ?55 per ton. The bills
footed up a total outlay on labor and materials
?175,513, or a total, with I2h per cent on ac?
tual outlay at the dock-yard, of ?194,152. She
is fitted out as a full-rigged ship, and instead
of the "tripod" masts she has ordinary iron
ones. A light, lofty upper deck receives the
boats and affords a passage tor the officers
above the turrets. Thc running rigging is
worked upon the upper deck, over which the
turrets have to fire, and consequently a num?
ber of contrivances have been fitted to keep
both the standi nc and running rigging tolerably
clear of the guns. The standing rigging is of
Iron wire, and when the ship goes into action
it ls quickly triced up, and the flying iron deck
is topped np out of the way. An armored,
pilot house is provided, in which the comman?
der is stationed in action, and by means of a
system of telegraphy is enabled to command
cate with the steering wheel, engines, turrets
and the batteries located at the extremities.
The Monarch, as well as other vessels of the
British navy, is fitted with gas works, and can
be lighted throughout with gas. She can be
steered by steam, with one man at the steer?
ing machine, nnd a variety of labor-saving
machines are distribute' throughout the ship.
Among them are s?ve;.1 f Cameron's "Spe?
cial" steam pumps, an American ' Invention,
which bas found favor In Europe, and is now
being extensively adopted In the royal navy.
Some of the turret engines and machinery of
the Monarch have been supplied by the agents
of the same Inventor. Her accommodations
for officers and crew are complete, and she ls
ventilated in the most perfect manner. There
can be no question but that she is the "crack
ship" ot the royal navy. Mr. Beed says : "It
is hardly possible to foresee In what way the
competition between guns and ships will ter?
minate; but having the experience we possess
of the successful accomplishment of what only
a few years ago were regarded as Impossibili?
ties in the construction of iron-clads, lt would
be folly to attempt to set a limit to the results
that will be attained in the future. The admi?
ralty have long been in possession of a design
for a turret snip, with sides plated with 15
inch armor, and turrets with 18-inch armor. .1
have also prepared outline designs, not on ex?
travagant dimensions, to carry 20-inch armor,
both on broadsides and on turrets."
THE SOVTH CAROLINA. BAIL HOAD.
Its Management and Prospect.
"CIvls," a correspondent of the Columbia
Phoenix, writing of the South Carolina Bail- '
road, says :
I do not propose to write a history ol thia
railroad, which was the first railroad ever con?
structed in the Southern States, and for some
time the longest road In the world; but merely
to throw out a few hints, so that stockholders
ma, see their true interest and not part with
their stock, when we have evidently passed
the crisis In bur affairs, and with ordinary pru?
dence and foresight on the part ol thu direc?
tors, the stock, so long almost worthless, will
now continue steadily to advance to its
par value. The directors, doubtless had
many difficulties to contend with when
thc war closed, and it ls not necessary in this
article to discuss the wisdom of their manage?
ment; suffice lt lo say, all thc difficulties have
been overcome-our future prospects . are
bright and the road in excellent condition.
Our foreign debt, of about $2,000,000,- went'to
protest during the war; add to this, the road
and rolling stock was almost totally destroyed
by Sherman's army: tho prospects, therefore,,
were gloomy indeed in 1865, but in February,
'CU, the road was In complete running order.
We have now, If not enough, at least a hand?
some outfit of locomotives, passenger and
freight cars, of all kinds; our foreign debt has
(except a-small sum) been settled upon very
liberal terms: five per cent, and twenty years
to pay. The receipts of the road have been
heavier within the last twelve months than ever
before In the same period, and there is every
probability that they wlU reach $1,600,000 by
February next. Our prospects justify us in such
reasonable expectations. Consider them for
a moment. The Columbia and Augusta Ball
road hos not ruined the South Carolina Bond,,
os was confidently predicted, and lt is evident
there is room enough for both, and instead of
the receipts foiling off, they have actually in?
creased. This ls attributable to two causear
First, the Increased energy, zeal, vitality and
spirit infused into every department of busi?
ness; in a word, the progressive spirit of the*
age. Second, the Important connections this
road hos only partially made with the Geor?
gia roads. In less than one month, the con?
nections will be complete, and passengers
will take the cars at ?lacon and get out
In Charleston. Thousands of passengers,
who go North every year Irom Macon and
points in the interior beyond Macon, have
heretofore gone down the Central Railroad to
Savannah and took steamer to New York and
other points North; they will now have a much
moro desirable and d Ireokroute from Macon to -
Charleston via Augusta, roo miles shorter; in a
few months, also, tho cars will run through
the city to the water, where they can step
from the cars on board the steamers and go di?
rect .o Liverpool, New York, Boston Balti?
more and other points. The steamers are
already on the lines and doing a success?
ful business, and if Southern people will
look to their interest, our cotton need
not, In future, go to New York, on its way to
Europe, to be tolled. The receipts over the
Central Hoad are over $1,000,000, and lt ls not
unreasonable to expect one-fourth of this for
our road. The directors have determined to
declare a dividend In July, to bo quarterly
thereafter, and those stockholders who gave
up lu despair and sold out, I think will only
regret it, for unless war or an earthquake, or
some other unforeseen casualty happen, stock
wlU be double its present price In less than
twelve months. For political as well as pecu?
niary considerations, I would say to South
Carolinians : Keep the control of the South.
_One of the most novel dramatic entertain?
ments ev- offered to a public is attracting
large houses In London. Il ls a combination
of pantomime and readings. Mr. J. M. Bellen
stands in the orchestra of St. George's Hall to
read "Hamlet." The curtain rises and dis?
closes most beautful and carefully-painted
scenery. Actors and actresses, whose dresses
are said to be more rich and elegant than are
usually found even in the elaborate revivals of
Shakespeare, walk about the stage, gesticu?
late and move their lips, but are silent. Mean?
time Mr. Bellen reads the text, assuming each
of the characters successively. The judgment
of the London press is that willie each of the
two departments of the play, the a :tlng and
the reading, ls admirable in'itself, the two do
not harmonize. There Is, of course, no illusory
effect when a lady moves about the stage and
pretends to speak while a man's deep voice re?
peats the words ol'a play. The highest praise is
accorded to the reading of Mr. Bellen, os
being "so Impressive, so original, so full or "
passion and purpose, that the spectator may
well feel iuclmed to wonder that such a mas
ter of elocution should have allowed a thought
about accessories to enter his n.Ind, and to
close his eyes to prevent his attention from
being distracted by the action on the stage,"
and the tableaux, as such, are pronounced to .
be "redolent of genius and research."
-i-The Swedish government is going io estab- -
lisha medical college at Gothenburg, where
ladles of the age of seventeen and upward?
may go through a complete course of study1
laating three years, and including clinical and
anatomical lectures. The diplomas obtainable
In consequence will give them the right to es- -
tabllsh themselves os physicians In any port
of the kingdom.
-When Milton's great work first appeared.
Edmund Waller wrote tims concerning it
"The old blind schoolmaster, John Milton has -
published a tedious poem on the fall of man-If"
Its length be not considered a merit, lt has. no*