Newspaper Page Text
irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE CLERICAL CARPET-BAGGER.
"Whim-more Return? Thanks to Scott.
A CANDIDATE FOR RE-ELECTION.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, Marca 3.
It is now certain that ex-Congressman
Whlttemore will seek a re-election to Congress.
He has written to several prominent officials in
this city, thanking Governor Scott for his prompt
action in accepting his resignation, whereby he
was saved from disgraceful expulsion. He also
declares that he will go before the people as a
candidate for re-election.
The friends of Whlttemore say that his eolored
constituents can be easily duped Into voting for
him, and are confident that he will be treated as
a martyr in the cause.
There ls some talk of running an honest color?
ed man against Whlttemore.
AN EXCITING JO AT.
PASSING A BILL OVER THE VETO.
THE SOCIAL EQUALITY BUSINESS.
A BOLD AND SI Alf LT SPEECH BY LESLIE.
Last Moments of the Legisla tn re.
FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, March 2, 1870.
THE PRESSURE ON LESLIE.
In the House, yesterday, Joseph D. Boston
Introduced a resolution requesting the advisory
board to report at once to the General Assembly
the amount of money expended, and the number
of acres of land purchased, and to whom sold by
the land commissioner, inasmuch as nnder the
eighth section of the act providing for the ap?
pointment of a land commissioner, the booka and
records of his office are always open to their In?
spection. The resolution was adopted and sent
to the Senate. Leslie at once advocated its adop?
tion by this body, asserting, as usual, that he
challenged an investigation.
r4 Maxwell asked Leslie why he had voted for the
land commission appropriation. Leslie asked
Maxwell If he was in earnest; li he really desired
to know * And receiving an affirmative answer,
said: Well, I'll tell you. It was because late on
the night before the introduction or the bill, the ;
Governor was closeted In a house below here with
the commissioner [DeLarge.] The Governor ask?
ed bim how I could bc made to vote for the ap?
propriation, and DeLarge said, threaten him.
Yes, replied the Governor, but how? TeU him,
was the reply, that if he does not vote for the ap?
propriation some of his accounts shall not be
paid. It was thc threats of the Governor, and the
rising sun of the commission [DeLarge.] And
they carried ont their threats. Now, I'll promise
that IX the General Assembly adjourn before the
advisory board sends In their report, I win have it
published to the country.
After this Maxwell made a motion to lay the
resolution on tr. o table, which was done by a
vote of eleven to ten. Among those voting for
the "tabUng" were live of Leslie's agents. This
looks very mnch like the agents feared an inves?
THE OUTRAGEOUS REPORT.
It is a somewhat singular fact, that neither the
majority nor the minority reports of the commit?
tee appointed to investigate the disordered state
ef affairs in the Third Congressional District,
were read In either branch of the General Assem?
bly. They were submitted, and that ls all that
was done with them, excepting tue "pigeon-hol?
ing" of them in the desks of the clerks. Crews
was so well pleased with his trip about the coun?
try at the expense of t he State, that he desired to
"investigate" some more. Consequently, a reso?
lution authorizing the same committee to inves?
tigate the Fourth District was introduced, and
passed, however, with the unexpected clause, ...at
the committee should receive no compensation.
Joseph Crews, knowing the trouble of "reporting"
six murders so as to make it appear as LT several
hundred Republicans were furnished with coffins
by the Ku- Klux, and thus prevented from "voting
early and often," was considerably put out by this
action of the honorable bodies. But there is no
help for it now. He stands about alone. Mr.
Back, Mr. Bryant, Wright, SmaU, and Elliott have
resigned. But Joe can auend to the "investiga?
tion" portion of lt, and perhaps induoe Wright to
write the report.
In this connection lt wonld be well to suggest
that Hubbard's salary be increased, as he has
found more murders (or rather reported them)
than the committee. The committee reported six
in the Counties, of Abbeville, AndersoB, Edge
Held and Newberry, and hinted at numer?os
others. Hubbard reports (vide official report)
twenty-five murders in AbbevUle, fonr in Ander?
son, two In Edgelleld, and none In Newberry. It
is true that Hubbard's accouut of these murders
is very indefinite, and he has given to some of
these counties more than their share; yet he has
shown a zeal in furnishing murders to order
which entitles him to the pecuniary consideration
of the party which he has the honor to represent.
Unless the committee does better In the Fourth
District than lt did in the Third, Hubbard will re?
main the "tramp card"
HURLEY TS. SCOTT.
The passage over the veto of the Governor of
the act to grant to George W. Williams, Charles
0. Coe, James H. Taylor and others the right to
dig, raineiand remove, for the full term of twenty
one years, from the beds of the navigable streams
and'waters within the jurisdiction of the State of
South Carolina, the phosphate rocks and phos?
phate deposits, was considered by many as a
settlement of the vexed question: Who has the
most authority with thc Legislature-Timothy
Hurley or Governor Scott ? The reasons for the
v?to have been given to the readers of
THE NBWS. It is believed by many that the
bill was vetoed only for effect; that the Gov?
ernor knew tbat it would be passed
over the veto. Be that as it may, as
soon as the veto was sent in yesterday morning,
bets were rreely offered and aceepted that lt
would be sustained. Those who bet upon the sus?
taining of the veto were a little "shaky" towards
night, the time appointed for the decision. They
saw Hurley and other lobbyists circulating among
the members, chatting with them In their seats,
whispering to them in the corners, or taking them
out to "see that man"' who seems to be always
ready to welcome old friends or new acquaint?
ances. AU of this "lobbying" meant something;
what, was soon told. Thc Senate passed the act
over the veto.by a vote of seventeen to Ave. lt
was then seat to the House. In ten minutes the
same result was announced, by a vote of seventy
seven to twenty-one. The Democrats voted solid
ly for sustaining the veto. Brodie, Bosemon, Mc?
Kinlay, Jenks, Jervey and Moses, of the Charles?
ton delegation, voted for sustaining the veto;
and Dennis, Gray, Samuel Johnston, Henry James,
Geo. Lee, Ran sie r. Tomlin son and Wright agali st
lt. DeLarge and Elliott did not vote.
Mr. R. M. Smith. Democrat, recorded his vote
against the passage of the bill because: 1st. It
ls a monopoly, and Inconsistent with the political
institutions of our government. 2d. It will debar
thousands of working men, of both races, f
the enjoyment of those benefits, which tbey l
heretofore enjoyed as the result of honest la
in the rivers of the State. 3d. It has been ra
a boast upon this floor, and is publicly kno
that thousands of dollars have been Epent to
cure the passage of the bill.
The Civil Rights bill became a law yesten
because of the noncuri ?nee in amendments
free conference committee. This commlttei
is generally asserted, was appointed with the
derstandlng that there should be no agreem
and consequently the bill, as first lntrodui
would become a law. When the President yea
day announced that it had become such, Lt
denounced the whole arrangement as a 4ic
trap trick," and asserted that a standing ai
couldn't force dow i his throat civil rights m
legal in such a desplcaole way.
To-night several colored men got themsel
drunk and then wandered from bar-room to I
bershop demanding their rights under the <
rights btu, to drink and to be shaved. They vi
refused the privilege of drinking, and denied
right to be shaved by those on whom the derna
were made. The barbers were colored men, ;
they protested vehemently against the conti
of these men, asserting that they would ruin
business of all thc colored men If they contin
such a course of action. One barber became
dignam at the Impudence or a colored man 1
would sit in one of the shaving chairs and
mand to be shaved, and thinking the bill af(
said gave him some rights also, severely punc
the head of the offending individual.
The belief that the General Assembly would
jorra last night attracted a large crowd of
faithful, and a number of citizens of Colum
to the legislative halls. Shortly before 8 o'clo
thc clerk of the House appeared in the Sen:
and informed "the Honorable Senate that
House had discharged all of the business bel
lt, and was ready to adjourn sine die." The cl
of the Senate,* a few minutes after, dellverc
similar message to the House. Moses then m
a brier farewell speech to the members, who tl
crowded into the Senate chamber. Rain
Hayne, Wimbush, Maxwell and Cain dellve
farewell addresses. Maxwell made a fool of n
self, as usual, saying very little more than tl
he believed Leslie was crazy half or the th
Wimbush asserted that Leslie was a third pa
man; he(W.) didn't like conservatism, he wan
either Republicanism or Democracy. Rainey co
plimented the senators for the zeal and efflclet
they had shown, and added words of encoura
ment. Hayne bade farewell In a brief and vi
neat speech. Cain showed that thc Ceneral
sembly had done much better than was to
reasonably expected, under the clrcumstanc
and asserted that be bore no hostility to
Democrats, whom he believed were a necessity
the Republican party-necessary because their i
position tended to purify it and keep it united.
BOLD SPEECH FBOX LESLIE.
When Cain concluded, Lesllle arose. It h
been rumored that Leslie Intended denounci
the administration, and when he arose every c
was turned upon him, every form bent
wards him, and the deepest silence prevail!
His face was flushed and he appeared to
excited, but commenced to speak in a cit
voice. The Interest manifested in his remarks
the commencement was maintained to th
Leslie commenced by saying that his opinl
differed somewhat from that expressed by oth
senators who preceded him, and it wa3 impnssil
for him to change it. The ii rs t ?pinion was, th
[ all governments were founded upon thc conse
of the governed; second,_that governments we
for the benefit of the people, and when they fall
to acccompllsh this purpose, their days and th<
hours were numbered. The great question or !
day ls, has the reconstructed government
South Carolina been a success or a failure ? T
constitution was made for thc people; th
fought and bled mauy of them-bo est?bil:
their rights, and they succeeded in so dolo
Seven years or bloody comest clearly demo
strated 'bat the American Colonies were capab
or self-government; yet the ambitions and jealo
sles of men like to have destroyed that gove i
meat. No government cnn be firmly establish
unless it be upon the principles of truth, justl
and economy. I am a Democrat, for the Deine
racy of this country, as 1 understand lt, Is the gc
eminent or the people. Republicanism or tl
country, when rightly understood, means cqu
rights or every man berore the law; uo matt
how poor or unfortunate he may be, he has cc
tain inalienable rights, which aro, the right
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Tl
Reconstruction acts of Congress declare thl
and nothing more. They do not announce ?w
colored man should have an office because of h
color, any more than they declare that a whi
man should enjoy official emoluments. Noi
has this government been a failure or a succ?s.
It might have been better than it has been
could have done much better.
wnirr-EE's AND WRIGHT'S QUALIFICATIONS.
I have now gotten to a point where I am cor
pelled to speak frankly. There are forty millloi
or white people on this coutluent with a prejudh
against the colored man; that prejudice will m
die out. 1 am sorry it is so; nevctheless lt ls
Tact. There are rour millions of colored people i
this country; macy or these, most of them, ai
uneducated; many were slaves, aud few havln
conception of the true purpose or character <
gevernment. 1 think this statement is fuir. Nov
the people or the United States demand th
much: That every man shall enjoy equal and e:
act Justice berore the iaw; that ls the popular sei
Urnen t of thc world, and it is just as far as thl
sentiment will go in that direction, and you cat
not live one hour in opposition to it. But, Mi
President, when this party was orgat
lzed the Devil got Into lt; possibl
I was that devil. There was a clas
of colored men who, when they found they wer
in a majority, proceeded to announce the dot
trine that they must be protected, not becaus
they were Republicans, but because they wer
colored. One year ago, they elected one of thei
race as a codifier. I voted for him because
thought he might possibly discharge thc dirie
of his office, and I desired to give every mau i
chance. The next thing demanded by thc colore*
men, on a pure question of color, was the hijxhes
office lu the State-the oitlce of associate justice
thepost or honor, which everywhere throughou
the United States commands the highest lega
ability, large experience and sound judgment
There is not to-day, in South Carolina, a mat
who believes that either or thc persons to whon
I have referred (Whipper and Wright) IsqualiUet
to hold his position.
IF YOU DON'T LIKE IT LEAVE.
Wimbush, if you don't like the party, whj
don't you get out of it?
Lesli*. This ls the way this body receives
truth. Ha man speak the truth, he is forthwith
charged with being a Democrat, a third party
man or something of the kind. But 1 tell you il
Republicanism means that I shall vote for any?
body or everything simply because he or lt is
supported by the party, then I am not a Repub?
lican. Further, I tell you that thc momeut the
Republican party starts out with such a platform
it will go co pieces. Already you are canvassing
among your people for a United States senator
you wish to send a colored man to that body,
which has been honored by thc presence of a
Clay, a Webster; and you do not ask whether or
not your candidate has any conception or the
duties he may have to perform, or that he posses?
ses the qualities ol" a statesman, or the ability to
cope with the learned men by whom he will be
surrounded; but all you desire to know is that he
ls a black man. You also propose to send a col?
ored mau to congress from each Congressional
district. Well, so be it. You may go on that
track, but lt is the track to ruin, and the colored
men and Hie Republican party will ?o together.
A NEGRO NOT BETTER THAN A WniTE MAN.
Wlmbush. Well, we are in a common eau
and will drown together.
Leslie. That ls a doctrine I don't believe I
and when any class is so ignorant as to announ
such a determination, and so dishonest as to su
tain it, then they demonstrate that they are I
capable of seif-government.
Wlmbv.sh. The sooner you are gotten rid of tl
Leslie. Does not Republicanism mean th
every man shall enjoy his rights without referen
to l uce, color or previous condition ? Yes,
means that, and I am one of that vast majority
the people of the United States, who do not tbii
j a negro better than a white man, simply beean
of the color of hi3 skin.
There are several designing men in the Repu
Hean party, who sometimes play the role of ma
tyr, and endeavor to make it appear that they a
the victims of a combination because they a
Yankees. There ls, at least, one full-blooded re
re6entative of the Yankee race in South Carolin
Itwould be an easy task for me to describe bli
as he kept a doctor's shop In the West; as h
with his pack on lils back, trudged to specula
in the gold of California; as he Anally wended h
way to South Carolina, and tnrncd up his wi
ning card in the shape of the government of th
State. I say here boldly, fearlessly, that th;
man, the Governor of South Carolina, is mo:
responsible than any other man for the dow:
ward course of the Republican party In Soul
Wlmbush asked Leslie how he could expe<
otherwise when he was attached to the party.
Leslie. The Go ven or, In order to make his eic
tion sure, has appealed to all the passions of ti
colored men-hugged them to his bosom, ai
pointed them to office, for which in many caa
they were unfitted, pandered to their prejudice
all for the simple purpose or driving out of tl
party every decent white man tn it, and rulin
Voices in the crowd. "You are a liar," "yo
are a thiel," "look out yourself, or you'll be in tl
penitentiary in less than ayear," "why don't ye
report on the land commission, lt will get ye
Into Stolbrand's institution yet.?
Leslie, after remarking that he didn't mind tl
interruption, said: I wonld like to know if, nndt
these circumstances, the administration ls not
failure, and will BO remain until men are respec
ed and elevated in positions of trust, because <
merit, and not because of color. To-night thei
was a lack of confidence In the Governor, show
by the General Assembly, by passing, by a larg
majority in both branches, the Phosphate bl
over his veto, and most of the opponents of tl
veto were colored men, who are supposed to t
his friends and supporters. If the Democrat
party ever get Into power, there will be a gooc
bye for both you and me. You are trying to ru
this machine with so many impracticabilities an
impossibilities, by mixing np color and corro?
tlon, that It resembles an old wagon runnln
down hill; it wibbles and wobbles, and you ai
uncertain whether you are going io the bottoi
or to the devil. [Laughter.]
In another respect has the Republican party I
change; lt must elect to once those who have tl:
confidence of the people generally-and not apai
of them. In this administration already there ar
shortcomings which arc being adroitly concealer
but the time will come when they will be show
np. Ko dishonest man should be allowed to hoi
his office one hour; and if one be dishonest li
tracks should not bc concealed, simply because li
Ls a party man. Kow, about this third party t
which lt ls asserted I belong. I am connected wit
no such party. 1 say that dishonesty is not Ri
publicanism, and there are In thc State enoug
colored people to bc disgusted with the preset
condition of affairs, and throw their vote In rave
of any other organization which will grant thei
Justice and equality Before thc law. There are 1
South Carolina men who accept the sltuatiot
and who are willing to give colored men the:
rights; who are willing to put them lu office, bi
when they do so, they will demand an honest ot
ministration or public affairs.
Ralncy called Leslie to order, asserting that li
wa3 speaking disparagingly or the party. Swall
desired to know if this was a political meeting
Leslie asserted that he did not mind the interrui
tion, but Intended tn speak In defence of an hoi:
est government; that he had a right to be heart
as he was bidding rarewell to his friends. [Win
bush. "You have none."] Maxwell didn't thin
Leslie had a right to proceed. Kayne, Donaldsor
Nash and Cala though: he had. Finally the Prei
ldent ruled that it was but fair that Leslie shoul
be allowed to continue his remarks, and Lesli
proceeded, saylag every man hail a right to lil
opinion; he had his, and dared to express ll
There are other men on the floor or this Senat
who think as I do. There are other men who dc
sire to see the colored men receive justice, bu
who do not believe that they are superior to tin
white men; that every office in the girt or tin
people should be Bestowed upon the colored mer
simply as a tribute to the race, or to the powe
which they wietd, because or their being In th
majority. Millions or people are In accord wltl
the views I have expressed to night, and the tim
is coming when the colored people, disgusted wltl
their present leaders-verily their masters-wli
conless that I have spoken earnestly and truiy
The bold remarks or Leslie excited thedccpcB
indignation among the colored members, o
whom Elliott and Wlmbnsh were the most vlo
lent. Both or them expressed the intention o
whipping him when he came out. Others in tin
crowd were heard to threaten him with a ride ot
a rall. As soon as Leslie concluded his speech s
vote or thanks was tendered President Montgom
ery for the able manner la which he had dlscharg
ed his duties as presiding officer, to which he
made an appropriate response, and then declared
the Senate adjourned sine die. The members
then rushed out Into the lobby and held an Im?
promptu Indignation meeting-the chief subject
under discussion being Leslie. He started to go
home, but was surrounded by the excited mob,
and for a short time it was feared that he would
be roughly handled. But wiser counsels prevail?
ed, and he was permitted to leave without further
This was the last act of the General Assembly
a mob kept somewhat under discipline for nine?
ty-eight days, broke loose from all restraint al
the last hour, and wanted to wreak vengeance
upon a man who dared to speak boldly and ear?
nestly. Far be it from me to say that this Legis?
lature, as a mass, was a mob. There were seve?
ral men, Democrats and Republicans, white and
colored, who labored earnestly, but with lil suc?
cess, for the best Interest of the State.
A SPECIMEN BKICK.
The "repoit" and "evidence" of thc "Investi?
gating Committee of the Third Congressional Dis?
trict" ls still a subject of comment among the
..faithful," all of whom implicitly believe all that
is thcreiu stated. As a specimen of the manner
In which the committee got up their evidence. I
append a question to Wade Morgan, colored, or
Kewberry, and his answer, on page lat of "evi?
dence." "Question by Smalls: Who was it that
told you that they said they were going to kill
you, because you were a leading League man?
Auswer: Bob Tarnlpseed told me that Owens Tur
uipseed told his brother that a whiteman told him
he was going to cut my head off."
The admittance or the above specimen in the
volume or "evidence"-and there are numerous
other specimens or a similar character-shows
how earnestly the committee worked to secure
"evidence" to prove that Republicans were mur?
dered, whipped and threatened by a "thoroughly
organized party ('an offspring of the Democratic
party,') to defeat the acts of Recoaatruction;"
also lt proves the worthlessness of the report.
Harper's Weekly contains an excellent wood?
cut likeness of Associate Justice Wright.
The rages gave an entertainment to-day.
Speaker Moses addressed mem-ana Moses wepu?
his "eye pumps" are always In order, and a leak,
in the shape of tears can bc BI art ed at a moment's
Drawing of per diem was the "order of the
day" to-day. The 6ergeants-at-arms were not
sent out "to bring In absent members." L.
THE MARION CONFLAGRATION.
Fall Particulars-Heroic Death of Mr.
We get from the Marion Star the following
account of the destructive fire at Marion
Courthouse, of which we had a brief state?
ment by telegraph In our last issue :
On Monday night last, a conflagration befell
some of our good citizens, by which many who
were an hour before this lamentable misfor?
tune in prosperous circumstances, have been
left in almost a penniless condition. Sad in?
deed at any time is a destructive fire, but more
especially In this case, as a happy family have
been deprived of a kind and affectionate pro?
tector. But it is some consolation at least to
the bereaved to know that this kind husband
and affectionate father lost his life in his man?
ly efforts to save his nlcco and a female friend
with an infant in her arms. He did save them,
but lost his own life.
About ll o'clock on Monday night this fire,
which has rendered so many homeless and
penniless, was discovered in the store of Mr.
Henry Clarke, who was occupying the seeond
story of the building as a residence at the time,
and had retired with lils family and was wrap?
ped In sleep, little dreaming of the devouring
Hames that were threatening with destruction
the very pillows on which he and his wile and
infant were reclining. But at a sacrifice of
life this family was saved.
From thc most reliable Information that we
can obtain, thc fire broke out in the tenement
building owned by Messrs. Knox & GUI, of
Baltimore, and occupied as residences and
stores by Mr. Henry Clarke and Mr. Gerson
Richard, In two places simultaneously, and
before the nearest neighbors could be notified
the whole building was wrapped in flames.
This building was insured for $2500, and the
stock ot Messrs. Clarke and Richard for $3500
each, of which the insurance will not cover
more than half the loss. Next was the large
two story building of Mr,. Baum, of George?
town, recently built and occupied by Mr. W.
H. Crawford as a grocery store, and Mr. H.
Steel as ajewelry store. The entire stock of Mr.
Crawford was consumed, but was covered by
insurance to the amount of $500. With the
exception of a showcase and its contents, Mr.
Steel lost his entire stock, and unfortunately
has no insurance. The insurance on this
building, we learn, was cancelled about two
weeks ago, and the owner is loser of at least
$3000. The next building was the law office of
General Graham, lnsuredlor $800. His library
was saved in a damaged condition. His safe
contained $3400 in greenbacks and valuable
papers subjected to thc destructive element,
could not be easily moved, and proved, on
opening, almost a total loss. We should also
have stated that many important papers
and some valuable Jewelry were preserved In
a damaged condition in a sate belonging to
Mr. Richard. Next was the large two-story
buil?mg of Mr. K E. McMillan, occupied by
Mr. JC McLauchlin as a grocery, Messrs.
Evans <fc Evans as a law office, the county
treasurer and the Crescent office. Save thc
tax books of tho county treasurer and the law
library of Messrs. Evans & Evans, the build?
ing together with the goods of Mr. McLauch?
lin and tho material of thc Crescent office
were, entirely consumed. Mr.- McLauchlin !
had no Insurance. Mr. McMillan, we learn,
was insured for $??000. which will not cover <
more than the loss of his building. Just
here wo beg to tender our sympathy
to thc Crescent, and also the use of our press?
es and material until the proprietor can re?
place his office. Next was a small tenement
building belonging to thc estate of Godbold,
and in close proximity to the drug store of
Mr. W. C. McMillan, both of which were al?
most simultaneously wrappe*in flames. .Mr.
McMillan had probably one of the most com?
plete drug establishments in the State. A
large portion ot lils stock was removed In a
damaged condition, and it will take time to re
pienistt and make his stock as complete as it
was. This was a large two story buiildlng, and
besides being used asa drug store, was occupied
by Mr. M. M. Ferguson as a jewelry establish?
ment and photographic gallery. Mr. McMil?
lan, we learn, was Insured for $7000. The
next and last fuel of tho devouring flame was
tho office occupied by Dr. D. S. Price, which,
at the time, threatened thc store of Messrs. S.
A. Durham & Co., which caught on Are twice.
By prompt and manly action this was saved,
and the threatening flames stayed, and a
larger portion of our town than has been
burnt preserved from the destructive ele?
ment. The loss of this firm is at least $500.
All present at, thc fire, both white and col?
ored, deserve the highest praise for the ser?
vices rendered, and we take tho liberty, in
behalf of all who occupied residences on the
public square, of returning sincere thanks to
those wli? so promptly rendered assistance in
saving thur property.
With thc exception of the store ot Mr. Man?
uel Iseman and a small house used ns a post
office, the whole square west of the courthouse,
decidedly thc Jiandsoinest and having the best
buildings In town, ls, at the time ol' this writ?
ing, in ashes, and presents a doleful spectacle.
The Courthouse, near by, caught several times
from thc flames, but was extinguished through
the exertions ot the citizens. The fire is sup?
posed to have been thc work of an Incendiary,
and has caused a loss of about $40,000. This
was covered by insurance to tile amount of
But this loss is nothing compared with a sad
occurrence during the progress of thc fire, by
which Mr. Iseman Iseman, one of our oldest
and most respected merchants, lost his life in
his lu.mane exertions to rescue a lady from
the flames. Relieving that a female wits
asleep in the upper story ot one ol the build?
ings then on lire, lie rushed up the stairs to
save her. In reaching the third story he
found that the lady was not there; then, at?
tempting to return, he found escape impossi?
ble from the smoke and flames which rendered
thc whole stairway impassable. Rushing to a
window, he was seen by the crowd below,
who cried out to him to Jump to the
ground, and he in return begged them to in?
terpose something to break the violence of lils
fall. Just at that moment a keg of powder in
the lower floor of the building, occupied as a
store, exploded and shivered the whole struc?
ture, and the unfortunate man was lost In the.
burning ruins. The next morning only his
bones were found among the smouldering
embers where the house had been. The sad
event has naturally cast a gloom over the
whole community uf Marion, aud coupled with
the pecuniary loss, causes great distress.
MATTERS IN GEORGIA.
Egbert Smith, living on the lino of Walton
and Gwinnett Counties, was killed last week
by the limb of a tree lulling upon bini.
Solon Mitchell, n well known and highly es?
teemed citizen of Harris County, and Barney
Frost, a Columbus cotton buyer since 1840,
died last week.
Mrs. Brooks, of Walton County, died last
week, aged 00 years. The local paper says she
leaves probably more descendants than any
other woman In the State.
J. A. Clarke, of Social Circle, was run over
and his thigh broken, by au omnibus, while
goiBg from Monroe to Social Circle, on Thurs?
The LaGrange Reporter details the melan?
choly and accidental death of Mr. E. C. Pitt?
man. He was hunting, and set down to rest,
his gun fell against his breast and fired, killing
him almost instantly.
Fan Parish, colored, after a preliminary ex?
amination, has been committed to Fulton
County jail, on the charge of murdering Ma?
linda Underwood, a white girl found dead in
Atlanta several days ago. Evidence circum?
Thc Brunswick Appeal says the schooner
Varina, the pioneer of a regular line of sailing
packets to run from New York to that city,
arrived on the 18th inst., with a full freight for
merchants there and a considerable amount
A man by the name of Simpson, who resided
near Newborn, Newton County, M'as called to
his gate by a party of disguised men and shot
dead, on the night of the 23d. Simpson has
had the reputation for some years past oi being
rather a notorious character.
Messrs. Neville, Harrison and Ricks propose
to start a new daily paper in Macon, Ga., on or
about the fifth of March. It is a dally and
weekly, and is to be opposed to Radicalism lu
all shapes and forms. Ji ts to be called the
vv Asnirmi un.
[FROM TOE ASSOCIATED PEE83.]
WASHINGTON, March 3.
Delegations from the Tobacco Association
are here, seeking an opportunity to argue before
the Ways and Means Committee In favor of reso?
lutions adopted by the recent convention at Cin?
The government now holds a hundred millions
In bonds, subject to the slaking fand and the
wishes of Congress.
In the House the St. James and Little Rock
Railroad bill was recommitted to the Public Lands
The House is now considering the Air line
Railroad hence to New York.
The Seiate is now discussing the Judiciary bill,
on the amendment requiring associate jastlees to
reside within their respective circuits.
The Election Committee vote seven to five ad?
versely to seating Segar as representative at large
Stevenson and B?rdet report in favor of con?
taining Sheldon In his Beat. Kerr reports In favor
of ousting Sheldon and seating Hunt. These re?
ports go direct to the House without manipula?
tion by the whole committee.
LATER.-The House Committee of Ways and
Means were directed to inquire Into the expedi?
ency of exempting brickmakers from the manu?
facturer's tax, and oxemptlng from revenue per?
sons quarrying bluestone.
A resolution was offered favoring a heavy re?
duction on fruits la brandy.
Hie consideration of the Air Line Railroad was,
after a struggle, postponed.
The Tariff bill was taken up after a contest be?
tween Butler and Schenck, the former desiring
that the Georgia question should be oonsldered.
Brooks made a speech which was mach praised.
Butler offered the Georgia bill as a privileged
question. Farnsworth said that Butler was un
anthorlzed by the Reconstruction Committee to
make a report. The Speaker said the difference
between the gentlemen was "a point of veracity,
not order." Butler said, "I am responsible."
The Speaker said he must recognize the chair?
man, General Butler. Butler refused to be cate?
chised by bis colleague. Pending the squabble,
the House adjourned.
The Territorial Committee reported unani?
mously in favor of the confirmation of Dr. Bard
for the Governorship of Idaho.
In the Senate a bill was Introduced enabling the
Leavenworth, Lawrence and Galveston Railroad
to extend a branch of their road.
The bill changing the Supreme Court cir colts
was considered. Willey offered an amendment
to dispense with the requirement that a judge
shall be a resident of the circuit for which he ls
appointed. He urged that thc President shonld
be allowed to make his selections from the nation
at large, and not be limited to localities, where,
as In the Southern circuits, lt might bc difficult to
And a man whose loyalty was. of a character
to warrane elevation to the supreme bench. Da?
vis denied the right of Congress to interfere. No
action was taken.
A resolution calling for the names of the States
ratifying thc Fifteenth amendment was adopted.
The bill with an estimate of the cost of remov?
ing the obstructions in the Bayou Teche, Louisi?
ana, was reported with an amendment.
The Funding bill was considered, when, without
action, the Seaate adjourned.
E UR O P E.
Prince Marat Out of j Trouble -GOSH lp
PARIS, March 3.
The magistrate whom Prince Murat struck
has wlthdrawu his complaMt.
Thc Amercans hold a meeting on Wednesday
in honor of Burlingame. Washburn presides.
The specie In tho Bank of France ls twelve mil
Hon francs greater than the corresponding time
Prince Pierre Bonaparte has been nu tined to
appear before the High Conrt, to answer In the
Victor Noir homicide.
The sessions of the (Ecumenical Council wUl bo
resumed next week. The Pope Is confident of
success on the doctrine of infallibility.
The Cu.rll.its Rising.
MADRID. March 3.
The rumors of a formidable Carlist rising la the
North are contradicted.
A Bark Ashore.
Ii HEM EN, March 3.
The bark Lelia M. Long, from New Orleans,
with cotton, ls ashore In the Weser. It ls thought
thc vessel will be lost. Five hundred and fifty
bales of cotton have been saved from her.
FIRE IN MA A CHESTER, VIRGINIA.
RIOHMONB, March 3.
A portion of the Manchester woollen factory
was burnt, loss $200,000. By th ix fire one hundred
and fifty hands were made Idle.
Mr. Palmer, a prominent merchant, ls dead.
SPARES FROM THE WIRES.
Robert C. Collier, a prominent member ol
the Petersburg bar, Is dead.
Ten or fifteen persons aro missing from the
Golden City. The passengers and crew suffered
terribly. _ _ _
THE GERMAN WORKING MAN.
His Institutions for Self Cuitare, and
his Unions for Material Progress.
The Germans are, without any doubt, the
best natured people In the world. The natlona'
designation is a synonym for rollicking, care?
less humor, for generosity, for certain Indescri?
bable bonhomie. Yet this characteristic cheer?
fulness docs not spring from mere excess ol
animal spirits. There is method in it; it is a
rational temperament. The Germans are emi?
nently and pre-eminently human. Victor
Hugo somewhere says that military discipline
is a triumph in the art of domesticating animals.
But the secret of tho German samgerfest or
schutzenfest ls not obedience, nor does their
success depend on the tractability of the mem?
bers. TLe essential principle of these and all
other associations of Germans, os well as the
key to the social life of the middle class of
Germany, ls the essential sympathy of the
German character, Its vivacity, benevolence
and invariable good humor.
The Boston Advertiser gives a very Inter?
esting review of a recently published work by
Mr. James Samuelson, describing the German
workingman, not in thc workshop, but In lils
beer garden, his concert hall, and his "Verein
fur Kunstflelss." With this view, the author
gives very little attention to co-operation and
labor movements, but discusses the means
which thc German laboring man adopts to Be
cure amusement, prolit and improvement out?
side of tho hours of labor. Mr. Samuelson is
prominently identified with the agitation of
the labor questions In England, and this little
book records the results of a tour of observa?
tion which be made among the great manu?
facturing towns of Germany and Switzerland.
The German workingman may be said to
divide the day Into three parts, of which one
belongs to the fireside, one is given to busi?
ness, and one is devoted to self improvement
and social intercourse. In thc third period he
appears as the convivial man, and at the same
time the man zealous for Intellectual culture.
But his conviviality is never boisterous or ex
and generous purpose. The intellectual Ideal
of the poorest and humblest German is one
that would shame many professional scholars
in England or the United States. There ls no
selfishness, no calculation, no utilitarianism
about lt. The hard-working Teuton passes
from the factory or the field to the "Burghers'
Union" or the "Institute of Art Industry," In
thc fulfilment of a moral obligation, and stu?
dies music, poetry and painting, literature, his?
tory and philosophy, os a labor of love.
The "Institutions" of the German laborers
and artisans are of three general kinds. One
class criers amusement alone. Another is de?
voted mainly to educational purposes. ' A
third, and by far the larger class, seeks to unite
both features, and to furnish amusement and
instruction judiciously and successfully com?
bined. The "Johannisberg" at Elberfeld may
serve as a type of the first class, and a brief
description of it will not be uninteresting.
The "Johannisberg" is situated on an eminence
just out of the town. It occupies a considera?
ble area, and in its centre is situated a large pa?
vilion. This is two stories high, each floor
being fitted up with a stage andan auditorium,
and intended to be used for concerts, theatrical
representations and entertainments of various
kinds. The lower hall has one side open to the
"Garden," and is generally used instead of the
upper hall, when the weather permits. Eith?
er hall will seat six hundred persons, and can
be used as a dining-room. The "Garden" ls
plentifully supplied with flowers, shrubbery,
and trees, and laid out with brood walks. Here
thc honest burghers disport themselves with
their families and friends ofter their long day's
work. Concerts are freqaent, bands of music
continually enliven' the occasion, and fire?
works are often sent up to illuminate the spa?
cious play-house. Rich old beer is constantly
flowing, and draughts, chess and billiards are
ever available to the lovers of those games.
The admission fee to the "Johannisberg*' ls
about five cents.
An institution of another kind, called "Art
Union" "Educational Institute," or something
similar, ls found in nearly all German towns.
The object is to provide means by which work,
ingmen can pursue the studlea of art and the
sciences in their hours of recreation. A large
building devoted to the purpose is fitted up
with lecture rooms, libraries, and apparatus.
The fund fer the support o? the institution is
raised by contributions on the mutual plan,
the payment of a certain sum securing to any
person a membership and a share in whatever
may be the profits of the concern. Parties not
members pay an admission fee for entrance.
Regular courses of lectures are supported (rom
prominent men, and on various subjects.
There are courses on literature and history,
on music, sculpture, painting, and art in gene?
ral, on chemistry, physiology and tho other
sciences. Very frequently there are schools
connected with the "institutes" in whleh draw?
ing, calligraphy, Ac, are taught. The library
is open to the use of members, and is very
regularly visited by the studious workingmen.
Thc Germans, however, generally seek to
combine culture with amusement, and BO ar?
range their "halls'' that they shall provide at
once food and drink lor the hungry and bibul?
ous man, pleasure and comfort for the aesthetic
man, and Instruction for the studious man.
The building devoted to the use of the insti?
tute is divided to suit its two functions of en?
tertaining and improving its members. The
lower floor is usually fitted up as a refresh?
ment room, and the upper as a lecture room,
though the latter is not infrequently provided
with beer tables. Let our reader try to imag?
ing an American audience listening to a lec?
ture on some important and abstruse subject,
and at the same time quailing huge tankards
of ale, and they will get a good idea of the
character of one of these assemblies o? Ger?
It ls at these resorts that the working men
spend their evenings. The result; is that they
are not only the most Intelligent men of theil
class that are to be found, but they are often
excellent scholars, both profound and general,
They understand thoroughly the relations 01
labor and capital, und are quick to suggest thc
remedy for any difficulty which may arise be
tween thc two. Their habit ol' associating free?
ly together tends to make them considerate
toward one another, and in consequence thc
best of citizens. Very little intemperance
is seen at these gardens and halls. Mr,
Samuelson attributes this to their custom
of drinking only beer or light wines. But li
the well known temperance ol the Germar
workingmen due to their habit of drink
lng only light liquors, or ls the habit Itself dat
to their natural temperate disposition ; It
other words, which ls tauae and which effect I
The gratifying fact itself admits of no dispute.
It ls also well known that a system of Sunda]
amusements is maintained throughout Ger
many. Our author defends this at considerable
length, and recommends Its adoption in Eng?
land. The German "gardens" are closed from
nine In the morning till four, when they are re?
opened for the evening. The German often
attends divine worship In the morning, and a
concert In the evening. The Sunday evening
recreation is regarded in Germany as almost
indispensable to mon who work hard all th?
week. The same order and quiet, the suppress?
ed hilarity and undemonstrative enjoyment
which characterize their entertainments on
week days, are maintained by the Germans al
their Sabbath evening festivals.
The author appends to his book a compara?
tive statement of the rata of wages and the
cost ol living In Germany and England. The
comparison ls made for the benefit of Ingllsh
artisans, but, as our readers may be interested
to learn the pecuniary condition of the working
classes in Germany, we will transfer some ol
thc figures given by Mr. Samuelson. The
average dally wages in gold of a mason are 80
cents, of a bricklayer the same, of a cabinet
maker 50 cents, of an upholsterer 90 cents, of
a weaver 75 cents, of a spinner 60 cents. But
as an offset to these apparently low figures, we
have the following average prices for articles
of food: Bread per p^und 3 cents, meat 15
cents, good beor per quart 2 cents. House rent
or lodgings may be obtained at from 40 cents
to $1 25 per week, and a good suit of Sunday
clothes costs from $5 to $15.
?? t f z? ?5 H ? ? ? S ? ? S
TO THE WORKING CLASS.-WE ABE
now prepared to furnish all classes with
constant employment at home, the whole of the
time, or for the spare moments. Business new,
light and profitable. Persons of either sex easily
earn from ?0 cents to $5 per evening, and a pro?
portional sum by devoting their whole time to the
business. Boys and girls earn nearly as much as
men. That all who see this notice may send their
addrees, and test the business, we make this un?
paralleled offer : To such as are not well satisfied,
we wiU send $1 to pay for the trouble ol writing.
Full particulars, a valuable sample, which will do
to commence worlc on, and a copy of "The Peo?
ple's Literary Companion"-one of the largest
and best family newspapers published -all sent
free by mall. Reader, Lt you want permanent,
profitable work, address E. C. ALLEN A CO.,
Augusto. Maine._ Janl? 3mos
IF YOU WANT NOTE, LETTEK AND
CAP PAPERS and ENVELOPES, go to
No. 155 Meeting street, opposite Charleston Hotel
Charleston, S. C. decl4 Omas
LIST OP LETTERS remaining lu tte Pe^.ffl&?'*
at Charleston, for the''week ending Marth'
1870, and printed officially ta THE DAILY ircwB,?';
as the newspaper having the largest clreulatloir
ln the City of Charleston.
S9- Persons calling for Letters Advertised,
should state that they are "Advertised;" :' j ";l
fg- Office hours from 8 A. M. to 9% P. M; ?nr
Sundays, from 5 ??to 6K P. M. '
STANLEY O. TROTT, Postmaster. " - -
WOMEN'S LIST. ' . . ?
Addison, Mrs M
Adkins, Mrs L M
Appleton, Mrs J
Brown, Miss Ida
Bince, Mrs Ma
Brodie, Mrs S?p?
Brvan, Mrs H
Bur tn er, Mrs
Burch, Mrs Har?
Cooper, Mrs E A
Conroy, Mrs M
Gonville, Mrs P
Covel, Mrs A
Crapt8, Miss E J
Crin. Miss J A
Crane, Mrs K M
Davis, Mrs C R
Dalse, Miss A M
Doar, Miss S A
Duff. Miss M
Duncan, Mrs J
Ferris, Mrs M E
Farris, Mrs Mar?
Frost, Mrs A R
Greer. Miss L A
[Gray, Miss Jane
Grainger, Mrs M
Hay, Mrs Sarah
Hardy,' Mrs M C
Hayne, Mrs Di-1
Hahholdt, Mrs J
Henry, Mrs J C
Holmes, Mrs Ai?
La liam, Miss E
Johnson, Miss C
Jenkins, Mrs F
Jones, Miss Jes?
Jones, Miss Ba?
Jones, Miss Re?
King, Miss AI
King, Franois S
Kuck, Miss A E
Ling, Mrs M '
Lee, Miss Kate
Lee, Mrs P
Lowery, Mrs M
, Lubs, Mrs Jolla
Margus, Mrs 0
Michail, Mrs Sal
Moore, Mrs E E
Mulligan, Mrs B
McKee, Miss Eli?
Nisbet, Mrs Ell
'Neumeyer, -: t
O'Brien, Mrs X.
E ti : .'
Panett, Mrs 8R
[Price, Miss Eli?
Regan, Mrs B
Rost, Mrs C -
Miss Sallie , v
Sage. Mrs A O ~
Simmons, Mrs A
?! S . |> 4 '
Smith, Mrs S R
Saner, Mrs Emi?
Sr ol 1er, Mrs Su?
Scanlen, Mrs A
Scott, Widow B
Stlllyjes, Mrs J
?TraalL Mra Le-.
? onora . .
Trout, Miss M H'
Warner, Mrs M
C : ?
Ward, Miss An
Waite, Miss Ka?
Walker, Miss F
Wanera, Mrs Lu?
WaUace, Miss .
White, Miss EA
White. Mrs D G
Williams, Em- .
Wright, Mrs An
Yeadon, Miss J
Alexander, J H Haughton, Clo- Ralney, F L
Allen, Sandy wes A Co Reynolds, Har
Artope, Geo Hartz, John H ry
Ash. A J Hayes, J W M Redd, J C
Bachelor, John Hamilton, Hen- Rhett, John T
Barlow, Michael ry Reldel, August
Bates, EC Hamilton, Hen-Richter, Ru- ...
Bates, Elirah ry dolph
Barn well, Uen ja- HsnneL Henry Reldllnger, Jo*
min Hanmer, H H hann U
Baldwin, JJ Hazlete A Co, Rives, AT . .><>
li eau bl au, EA Jas Rodgers, Fran
Beamhardt, Y Hagertlcs. BM els S
Bergman, Geo Hastedt, Her- Roberts, P A
Blake, Jeffry man Roblson. James
Blake, John Harley, Luns- Robinson, Char
Bock, Hlnrlch ford les
Boyd, Charles Hartwell, Mle- Rowley, B F
Bordiert, Mr . kel Rose, Charles M
Brown, Geo Hair, Franklin Rushing, Ed
Brown, Jas Henderson, D ward
Breden, Shed-Hedrtch, Gus-SQP
riok tave Sangton, John
Brawley, Jae H Heur, Lewis W
Broadfoot, Da- Hilson, Peter Q Savage, S S
vid Holmes, Isaac Scan lan, Tho n J
Brailsford, W R Hogan, Thoa Schanbe A Mar
Bull, Dr W R Houston, Syros lenhoff
Botler, Jas Hunter, Joseph Seabrook. Mr
Buggeler, Jo- Hume,CG Sebeck, Henry
hann Jacobs, A W Sedgwlok, A -
Buse, J L James, John H Sepero, Jose
Cammel, Benj Jarret, Edward Shackelford,.
R Jarvis, David Saml
Canada, Mr Jester, Alfred Simons, Rev D'
Cahill, J P Jenkins, Maj J
Cearr, Thos T John Slmonds, A H
Collins, Geo A Jones, J Sloan, A R
Cook, J R Jones. James B Slobohm, Char
Cook, Geo G Jones, Patrick les
Conner, Dani Johnson, H W Smith, T C
Crovatt, Gibbs Johnson, J D Smith, N F
F Kerr, Wm Smith, John
Curtis, John Kenny, Joe Smith, Henrik
Davis, Charles King, David M Smoke, John
W King, Chas H Sollee, Henry
Davis, P A Klein, J Spencer, Nata?
lia vs. CtuTy Kohn, Morris aniel .
Dass, O 0 Kohahrens, Carl Stroy er, JaAb
Dlonigl, Togni L Stevens, Ja ?'?
Dolan, Pat Knox, JW Stone, Wm
Doualdson, Kurre, August Struckfoss, J F
John T Leonhardt, Steen, Cns
Durlsoe, WF Charles Steers, Jr, Thos
Duckett. Wash- Lllllenthal, J H Sullaway, R
lngton Linsebrlnk, J H Suceberry, Cnn
Dunn, Michael Lowry, W Is- ningham
Even, T PC ham Sumter, Ned
Farabee, John Lntjen, John Swedish and
Falk, Wm Marshall, Is- Norwegian
Falk, Wm rael Consol
Farrer, Hobt Mattlx, W H Taber, W 0
Fields, Cyras Marlenhotr, Geo Tetge, John
Fields, Saml Mackswell, Thos Thayer, S V R
Fisher, Mr Mayan. Charleb Tlmmermann.H
Fleming, Ste- Marchen, J H Thomas, F
phen Mason, James R Thomas, Henry
Fleming, Tho- Martin, Wm B Townsend, Mr
mas Meyer, C H Townsend, Capt
Flynn, P J Meyer, Elbe CW ?
Ford, P D MUler, W C Townsend^ F
Fraser, Mr Miller, Wilson Troyer, ' WU
Francls, James Miller, Geo llamB
Farr, Wm H Minot, Henry Trench, Olar
Gaiiiard, J H Mitchell, John Mnce
Gaillard, Etsell Moore, Johnny Tucker, John C
Gadsden, Capt Moran, Francis Tyler, Joseph
H A Morrison, James Van Meter, S
Gaillard, JA Moultry, Cupid Valdes, Frances
Gardner, Robt C F Vance, W
Gardner, CP Mueller, Otto Van Schoonhov
Gardincr, H Muhler, Hinrich en
Gartelmann, McCarreU, Hen- Vaux, Rev Wm
Dledrlch ry Veree, W
Garves, Johann Mccormack, Ton Honan, O F'
Gethers, Phillp John V Harten, G
German, Edwd McFallen, Si- Walker, Geo
H mon Walker, Prince
Genley. Jas McLaughlin, M Washington,
Gess, Wm MeMlchael, Wm >
Gibbons, John John Washington, Le
F McMlllen A Co, wis
Gibs, Wm Shoemaker Washington,
Gibbs, MG McMillan, J Gay
Cintra, J G McNcagle, John Wakfer, Saml
Gilllns, J M Mccue, John Warren, Wm P
Gilbert, T E Nelson, Jere- Watson, Wm
Gordon, John W mtah Weaks, Dave
Gordon, Jas Norton, Robt White, D G
Gordon, Robt'R O'conner, John White, John W
Gordon, T B Ottoiengui, ls- Whiteside, John
Godfrey, C W rael Williams, Anto
Gotear, Robt Parsons, Mar- nto
Oourdln, AUs- tin Wilhams, James
ton Parsons, Charles A
Gourdin, Jacob Perkins, Rbnbln Williams, Dr
Gross, Capt S H Perry, Wm P Wilson, Joshua
Gorse, Claus Pearson, B E H E
Creen, Scipio Pinckney, Ed- Wilcox, Edward
Green, Martin ward p
Green, Henry Pope, R R Wiehre, John
Graham, Saml Poter, Peter Wltzel, Louis
P Powers, Pierce Wyman, John H ;
Graham, John Pritchard, Thos Ware, Saml F
Gregorle, Peter Pritchard, T J Zealy, Chrlsto
Gracen, AB Pritchard, Geo pherj
?3" Persons depositing letters ta the Postoffloe
wUl please place the Btamp near the upper right
hand corner of the envelope, and they wu! also
please to remember that withont the stamp a let?
ter cannot be maUed, but will be sent to the Dead
Q HUPEIN & WINKLES,.
0FFIC? NO. 275 KINO 8TSKKTP .