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irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
DEATH OF ll O If. W. F. HESAUSSURE.
[Sr EC IA L. T R LEG P.A M TO TBS NEWS.]
<? COLUMBIA, March 14.
Hon. W. F. DeSaussnre, who has been 111 for
some days, died lait nigh*, and was buried this
evening. The decea?^, J was for several years
an energetic and htnored member of the Leg?
islature of this State. His many friends and
relatives here and in Charleston will deeply
lament his demise. ' .
STRAWS FROM THE CAPITAL.
Removal of Commissioner of Statistics
-Senator Robertson - Colonel Wal?
lace's ?ase-Scarcity of Labor-Shoot?
ing Affray between two Negroes.
4 [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT]
COLUMBA, March 14.
The State Capital begins the week without a
decided sensation of any kind.
The removal of Mr. Henry fiparnick from
the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, and the
appointment of Mr. Simeon Corlcy, of Lexing?
ton, to the vacancy, as mere bald facts in thc
Scott administration of South Carolina, do not
excite much comment. The reluctance on
the part of the administration to throw light
upon this step Indicates that there is some?
thing in the surmises of parties, who see in it
an evidence of coming troubles among our
enemies-the corrupt government. Simeon
Corley. it will be remembered, was at one
time In high favor with thc extremists
of the Scot' school. He was even sent
to Congress. But he fell iDto a shade
of disfavor. He ceased to be in de?
mand. He lay on the shell for many months,
and his name was never heard upon the lips
of the Ohio Executive. Suddenly he emerges.
When the Legislature adjourned it had been de?
cided in high places that there was to be no
change in the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics.
Bot his Excellency has need of the wisdom of
Mr. Corley, and to make the vacancy the licto
rlal axe descends. Speculative minds that
heard thc denunciations of Leslie, as his neck
lay under the same axe, are suggesting the in?
quiry, "Of what use to a tottering faction is
the influence of a Conservativo Republican?'*
Anyhow and however it is, the scene has been
shifted, and Corley enters.
Senator Robertson has been in Columbia for
Colonel A. S. Wallace, who was elected to
Congress by a majority of 4291 votes against
him, is busy taking evidence to try to show
that he used no fraud in getting what votes he
did. For that is the present attitude of the
case now. He finds a ciond of willing wit?
nesses, but he is far too shrew d to let his pro?
I have conversed with a score of planters
from the up-country, and every one represents
labor as exceedingly, hard to secure. The La?
bor Convention seems to have started some
knotty questions in the minds of the negro
j "iborers-questions that may give the Radicals
some trouble between this and next October.
A good deal of excitement prevailed among
our colored people yesterday, occasioned by a
homicide carly in thc day. About 8 o'clock in
the morning two pistol shots were heard in
thc rear yard of a house near Main street,
about thc centre of the town. Thc earliest
witnesses lound William Mitchell, colored, ly?
ing shot through the heart, and Robert Berry,
colored, standing near witb a four-shooter
u?lally called a pepperbox-in hand. Robert
explained that he had shot William by accident,
while a messenger went for a surgeon, Rob?
ert ran several squares, toying to escape, but
was caught by thc police. William died in a
few seconds. The defence will be that the
shooting was accidental; but against this will
be the circumstances of two shots and the pri?
soner's attempt to escape, besides Robert has
been known to use the pistol on two former
THE SUPREME COVET.
COLUMBIA, March, 1S70.
Thc following cases, heard at November
term, have been decided, and the opinions
filed with the clerk of the court :
Aletha Allen vs. C. L. dillard. Decision
reversed so far as it sustained thc investments
by the guardian in the bonds of the Greenville
and Columbia Railroad Company, unsecured
by mortgage and affirmed in all other respect?.
Held in pursuance of the decision in Nance vs.
Nance, decided at April term, 1869, that the in?
vestment being in personal securities it cannot
be sustained in the absence of special circum?
stances, establishing the necessity and pru?
dence of such investment; and Uiat the fact
that it was generally esteemed at the time of
investment a safe security ls not sufficient
to justify thc investment. [Opinion by Justice
J. B. Edwards vs. J. W. Sartor. Motion
granted, and the order sustaining the demur
j-gr overruled, cause remanded. When A and
Wloiiu'd as complainants in a bill seeking to
establish'cqiiitable claims to a mortgage in the
hands of an assignee of the mortgagee and to
enforce the mortgage, that they were properly
joined as complainants, notwithstanding their
respective claims were derived through inde?
pendent and unconnected transactions. Held,
that the parties connected with the respective
transactions under which the complainants
severally claimed an eqnitable interest under
the mortgage, were properly joined with thc
parties, requisite to a foreclosure of the mort?
gage as defendants. [Opinion by Chief Jus?
T. C.wTucker ct al! vs. G. B. Tucker. Judg?
ment set aside and venire facias dc novo or?
dered, where, In an action on a sealed note,
the defence of non est factum, and also of want
of consideration and fraud, was interposed.
Held, that lt was error to charge the jury that
the note was valid unless the maker's mind
was unsound, there being evidence that should
have gone td the jury on the question ol' fraud
and want of consideration. Held, also, that
the fact that the note was given by a principal
to her agent in the course of their dealing in
thal relation does not cast upon the agent the
burden of showing the consideration, and bona
fides of the transaction. Held, also, that wit?
nesses to a note are not entitled to express
opinions in regard to thc mental condition, as
to soundness of the maker, they not having
the privilege accorded to experts in such cases
[Opinion by Chief Justice Moses.]
Simpson Bobo vs. H. L. ^oss. Judgment
set aside and venire ordered. Held, that a note
payable "In gold six months after the present
war with the United States is ended, with In?
terest," and "must be enforced according to
its terms; and that the terms of the ordinance
of 1805, allowing the hen consideration of con
tracts to be shown in evidence, is Inapplicable
to such a contract." [Opinion by the Chief \
G. Pullin vs. E. Suber. Judgment affirmed. 1
Held, that when thc plaintiff agreed to deliver
goods and to perform work in relation to the
same, and the goods were delivered, but the
defendant prevented the work from being done
by a failure to perform the stipulations of the
contract ort his part, the plaintiff was entitled
to recover in the common courts. [Opinion by
the Chief Justice.]
V. Baldwin vs. E. Cooley and others. Judg?
ment affirmed. Held, that the act of 1866,
conferring authority on magistrates to eject
trespassers upon lands by a summary process, is
not applicable as against one who entered law?
fully Into possession, but holds the same unlaw?
fully as against one acquiring title after such en
trv; also, that when a magistrate assumes juris
diction under such act, in a case not within its
terms, prohibition is a proper remedy; also,
that notwithstanding it is an irregularity for
the writ to issue in the name ol a private per?
son, instead of in the name of the State, yet
that advantage cannot be taken or such irregu?
larity upon writ of error after judgment
[Opinion by the Chiei Justioe.]
THE 2TEW EEG IM E.
Useless und Useftal Legislators.
- ?,a . ' *
MIX?N, XFI.K0N AND OTHBRS.
William Nelson ls a black man, and repre?
sentative of Clarendon County. APtt?e special^
session he made a speech, during which he
alluded to the "one thousand million poor col?
ored people of South Carolina." This caused
so much laughter lrom his associates that he
has never had the courage to speak again.
Samuel Nnckles is a black man, and represents
Union County. He is a clergyman by profes?
sion. Whatever abilities he may possess as a
minister, he has brought none to bear as a leg?
islator. J. L. Neagle is a representative of
Richland County, a physician by profession,
comptroller-general by authority of Governor
Scott, and a sneaking looking white man by gift
of nature. He is a poor legislator, having no influ?
ence whatever, exceptingwiththe two or three
representatives of Richland. P. J. O'Connell
ls a white man, and a representative of York
County. He is agent for the Catawba Indians.
He never spoke. It is believed that he was
the captain of the "Forty Thieves" organization
until the last days of thc scteion, when he was
relieved by another member, of whom, if wc j
can get the data, wc are on the track of-and
we think wc can-we will have considerable
to say. H. W. Purvis ls a mulatto, and repre?
sentative of Lexington County. He is a teach?
er, and expects to be the United States inter?
nal revenue collector, to Hil the place of A. S.
Wallace. He spoke frequently, is a fair de?
bater, uses good language, and is styled by bis
opponents as the "Gentleman from Philadel?
phia," or "the Bean Brummel of the House.*i
Wade Perrin is a black man, and represents
Laurens County. He is a clergyman by pro?
fession. As a legislator, he is not worth Jil s
salt, but does the talking for the delegation.
Jeffrey Prendegrass is a black man, a repre?
sentative rf Williamsburg County, a clergy?
man, and among the better class of the colored
legislators. Charles H. Pettingiii is a white
man, assessor of internal revenue, and repre?
sentative of Williamsburg County. If his con?
stituents elect him to stay at home, they will
do themselves, if not him, a service.
RANSIER AND OTHERS.
Alonzo J. Banaler is of mixed blood, a repre?
sentative of Charleston County, chairman or
thc State Republican Executive Committee,
and auditor of Charleston County. He sneaks
frequently, argues strongly, generally conser?
vatively, but is charged by some of his frauds
and opponents with attempting to ??? ooth
the Radical and Democratic horse. He has,
however, considerable influence. Thomas
Richardson is a black man, and reprcscnta
I tive of Colleton County. He is the noisiest
man in the House. Alfred Rush is a mulatto,
and a representative of Darlington County.
He can be appropriately classed among the,
useless members; as also Prince R. Rivers,
black man, representative of Edgefleld County;
Abram Smith, black man, and representative
of Charleston County; Sancho Sanders, a
black man, and representative of Chester:
H. L. Shrewsbury, mulatto, representative of
Chesterfield County; Powell Smyth, mulatto
and?representatlve of Clarendon County; Wm.
Simmons and S. B. Thompson, beth represen?
tatives of Richland County-Hie tormer a mu?
latto and thc latter a black ma?; James Smi?
ling, a mulatto and representative of Sumter;
Robert F. Scott, T. A. Sullivan, both white
men, the former representing Williamsburg
and the latter Abbeville County; Benjamin
A. Thompson, a black man and a representa?
tive of Marion County; Samuel Tinsley, a white
man and representative of Greenville County;
W. M. Thomas, a black man and representa?
tive.of Colleton County; Charles ii. Wilder, a
mulatto, postmaster at Columbia, and repre?
sentative of Richland County; John Woolley, a
white man and repr?sentative of Edgefleld; J.
H. White, a black man aad representative of
York County, and John B. Wright, a black
man and representative of Charleston County.
RUSH, STOLBKAXD ANO OTUERR.
Altred Bush, a mulatto, a representative ol
Darlington County, was believed to bc the
business agent of the "Forty Thieves" organiza?
tion, an 1 when an important bill was brought
up, desired its consideration to be postponed so
that he and lils friends might have time to
look into it. Carlos J. Stoibrand, a foreign?
er, is superintendent of the State Penitentiary.
He spoke little, is of an excitable disposition,
fad has little influence. He was an officer in
Sherman's army, and commanded the batte?
ries which tired on Columbia, before it was
evacuated. Several shells and fragments
struck the capitol building, in which he now
sits as a legislator. Robert Smalls is a mulat?
to, and a representative of Beaufort County.
During the late war, he cairied off the steamer
Planter from this port to thc Federals. He
speaks frequently, but generally more em?
phatically than sensibly; he has been known to
break three inkstands, by his emphatic way of
striking his desk with his fist. Sancho San?
ders, a black man, a clergyman by profession,
and a representative ot Chester County, has
learned to write a "good hand" ot late. He
spends most of bis lime in practicing, and is so
busily engaged that when called upon to vote,
he docs not know which side he is on, aud has
to be told by his friends how to vote. T. K.
Sasportas is a mulatto, and representative of
Orangeburg County. He speaks frequently,
but not well, and has no influence. As a com?
mitteeman lie is prompt and hardworking.
TOMKINSON, WHITTER ANO OTHERS.
Reuben Tomlinson is a nntive of the North,
a representative of Charleston County, a white?
man, auditor of the State, aud an honest man.
He spoke frequently, clearly, earnestly, and
was listened to with marked attention, but had
little influence, the cause for which, as assign?
ed by thc people of Columbia, irrespective of
party, was that he would not bc a party to the
measures and trickery of the majority of the
members, and his vote could not bc bought.
Samuel Tinsley, a white man and represen?
tative of Greenville, is not an efficient legisla?
tor.* He enjoys the honorable reputation of
being "able to run down the wildest hog or. the
mountains," and, sometimes, being unable to
distinguish ear marks, gets his neighbors' hogs.
W. J. Whipper, a colored man and a repre?
sentative of Beaufort County, is a native of
Michigan. He came down South with the
Federal anny and remained, and for that
reason ia designated ''a waif of thc war." He
is the most intelligent colored man in the
House, but in influence may bc properly set
down as four,h rate. Ile became prominent
as a canJidale for the associate justiceship of
the Supreme Bench. He is a lawyer by pro?
fession. He spoke frequently, and generafly
secured attention, but for some unexplainable
reason his remarks did not have as much
weight, when it came to a V0I4;, as those of De
Large or Elliott. He is one of the firm of three
colored lawyers in this city-Whipper, Elliott
& Alien. Geo. M. Wells is a white man, and a
representative of Beaufort, County. Heseldom
spoke, but his vote wasaJways to be^ound re?
corded among thtgopponents of all of the cor?
rupt measures."^ .
flt'* . TH'S DEMOCRATS
bl this, body are : James C. Beaty, of Horry;
?avan Bry?ht^of Spartanburg; T. Frank Cly?
burn, of Lancaster; 0. M. Doyle, of Oconee; J.
E. Hagood, of Pickens; W. C. Keith, of Pick
ens; F. S. Lewie, of Lexington; Samuel Little?
john, o? Spartanburg; John B. Moore, of An?
derson; Wm. G. Stewart, of Lancaster; B.
Frank Sloan, of Anderson; Robert M. Smith,
of Spnrtanburg; Claude C. Turner, of Spartan
burg; John Wilson, of Anderson, and W. W.
Waller, of Horry County. The majority of Radi?
cals In the House was one hundred and eight.
Thus it will be seen how useless was thc oppo?
sition of the Democrats. R. M. Smith, 0. M.
Doyle and C. C. Turner spoke most frequently,
but they very seldom. R. M. Smith wa? recog?
nized xs thc leader of the Democrats. It was
with great difficulty that any Democrat could
secure the floor, and if any one of them com?
menced to express any sentiments which were
not in accordance with Radical views, he was
gagge-1;" so they confined themselves to en?
tering their M protests " on the journals, but
upon several occasions these were not allowed
to be entered; and upon ono occasion, a por?
tion of a protest was, after being printed
with the journal, ordered to bc expunged.
TUE NEW YORK DRY G O OT* S MEN.
HOW THEY FEEL WITH GOLD AT 111.
What They Say-Redaction in Prices
Small Concerns Must Stand From
U n d c r-Foreign Fabrics at Cost
Prices-Domestic Goods Hold Their
Own-Probability of a Panic.
The New York Star of Friday last says:
Two great questions agitate Hie minds of
business men, and these are, first, what effect
will thc fall of gold have npon slocks and
goods; and, secondly, how far will the security
of firms who are holders of stocks and goods
be influenced thereby. The first question ls
much more easily answered than the second.
The loss upon or market depreciation of im?
ported goods, owing to
THE DECLINE IN THE VALUE OF GOLD,
is easily measured by that decline, and corres?
pond exactly to lt, inasmuch a? imported
goods are paid for ingold, invoice account and
duty Included. So mitch lor imported goods,
except the contingency of a panic, produced
by thc losses incurred, in which case they
would be thrown too freely into the market,
with thc object of realizing hard cash, and
would suffer a further declino. Domestic
goods arc not lik??ly to bc affected to any great
extent, except In the eventuality ol wide?
spread commercial distress, but the decline of
gold, and the consequent
CHEAPENING OK IMPORTED GOODS,
n-vst bring these latter Into a severer compe?
t?;.on with those of our own manufacture,
one thing is certain, that firms, whether en?
gaged ia the wholesale or retail trade, who
hold large loreign stocks, and whose real capi?
tal has hitherto been barely enough to carry
them along, must go to the wall. Thc loss
upon goods imported In January amounts, In
some instances, to twenty-five per cent., which
will eat tho prolit out of the season's trade in
all cases where a season's stock lins been laid
lu. Every one engaged In the f 'gu trade
must lose something, however cam.*..is or pru?
THU DRY GOODS TRADE
forms one 01 the most important features in
the import trade as well us in the custom re?
turns, and in order to test the feelings of those
most interested in the present crisis, we made
inquiry yesterday among the retail dry goods
stores. "Trade seemed tb be brisk, considering
the time of year and the unseasonable weather,
and the majority of those we called upon took
A CHEERFUL VIEW OF AFFAIRS,
but did not conceal thc fact that among their
poorer brethren there was likely to be a
smash. Considerable reflection upon the com?
mercials policy of the government was ex?
pressed, inasmuch U3 It ls believed that the
present fall in the precious metal might have
been matle more gradual, and merchants there?
by have been enabled to work oiTtheir stocks at
a reduced value by degrees Gold at 15 or 20
for the next six months would have been a
boon in many instances, although lhere are
some speculators of a hopeful turn of mind
who do not despair of seeing gold shortly at
something ?lear that margin.
Lord &, Taylor, Broadway, say thc prices of
goods must follow gold; the sooner lt comes to
par the better for ns; we should be glad to see
gold at par to-morrow. With regard to small
houser-, those of them who have laid lo heavy
stocks at high prices, and possess only a small
capitol, must go. Gold at par would be the
very thing which wc want and require, it would
set trade agoing with a bound.
J. k C. JOHNSTON, BROADWAY,
think that thc reduction in the price of gold
and thc consequent low price of goods will not
quicken trade so much as some merchunts ex?
pect. The reduction will full chiefly upon some
kinds or foreign goods. If government resume
specie payments, goods will be cheaper still.
Some kinds of imported goods are sold Just
uow for less than cost price. Some descrip?
tions of goods that cost SI 50 are now selling
at tl. Tt would be doubly good for those who
hold a light stock when gold comes to par, as
they will be able to take advantage of the
panic. Many business men thiuk that gold
will go np to 18 or even 20 again.
AITKEN A; MILLER,
lor themselves, do not care, although gold
were at par to-morrow, but think that the gov?
ernment should have managed so that the
price of gold was let down more gradually.
They think that gold at 15 would have been a
proper figure for the present season. It will
press hard upon the man of small capital.
They have to pay for their goods and the duly
upon them in gold, and it has been hard some?
times to know what they should fix them at.
The fall ls fully 15 per cent, since stock-taking.
ARNOLD, CONSTABLE 4 CO.
say their goods are regulated entirely by the
price of gold, and follow it. They think there
Ought to nave been a more gentle decline in
the fall of gold, und that the government
might have avoided the suddenness of the fall.
The brokers would send tho price up if the
government did not interfere. Small men
must stifler severely, us they have not the same
chance to work off their goods; some ol' them
WALTER LOCKWOOD, FULTON" STREET.
Imported goods alone will be cheaper, and
they will be cheapened in proportion lo tho
I difference in the price of gold. Domestics will
not bc influenced by lt. The supply and de?
mand regulate the price of our domestic goods.
Some cottons of a peculiar make lu demand,
and with a short supply, are actually dearer al
present. Irish poplin's (Pirn's) that we were
selling in December at t'i per yard, and In Jan?
uary at $1 75, we sell now at SI per yard.
Every holder of stocks imported musti?se.
UNANIMITY OF OPINION IN THE TRADE.
The statements given above represent pretty
nearly the general feeling in the dry good'tf
trade upon "the present emergency. Ready
made clothing will be thc mea in m of a smaller
loss than piece goods, except in the case of
those importers who have bought foreign
clothing iu the ready-made state, inasmuch as
the price of the labor in making up the goods
In this country reiuulns the same. The trade
generally seem to be alive to the advantage of
impressing upon their customers' minds thc
reality of the reductions that are taking place,
The next two months are likly to be a trying
time, but those linus who weather the storm
are likely to be permanent. For the beuelit of
the public, we append a list ol the drv goods
which have suffered the largest reduction:
French silks, satins, velvets, laces, gloves,
ribbons, buttons, trimmings, Ac. ; English
broadcloths, Scotch tweeds, dress goods, car?
pets, milliuery, hosiery, Ac.; Irish poplins,
linens, napery, laces, Ac; Brussels carpet?,
German dress goods and varieties. &c. '
IMPORTANT FROM CUBA.
[STECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.].
Secretary Fish said, in testifying bclftre. lc
House Committee on .Foreign Airair8,?B0-day,
that the admi*i||ration shad never* reaclvod
any offer n;om Spahl to sell Cuba"; also, that
the United States Consul General at Havana,
in a letter received on Saturday, pronounced
the insurrection cause to be reduced to mere
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
In the Supreme Court, Strong was seated,
Chief Justice Chase decided, in the Grape
i shot case, that Lincoln's Provisional Courts in
Louisiana and elsewhere were legal tribunals.
An order from the War Department directs
officers on reconstruction duty in Mississippi
to repair to their homes on indefinite leave.
LATER.-Resolutions censuring Buller, of
Tennessee, for cadetship irregularities, will bc
reported by the Military Committee.
Secretary Fish was before the Committee on
Foreign Affairs to-day, in regard to Cuba.
I Governor Holden, of North Carolina, has re?
quested troops to be sent to Alamancc County,
! which he states is in a state of insurrection.
Abbott and Pool support the application.
The Naval Appropriation bill gives five thou?
sand dollars to the Pensacola and eleven thou?
sand to the Norfolk navy yards.
Thc Senate rejected the appointment of Wm.
Lcaly as assessor of the Eighth District of
The Supreme Court has continued the cot?
ton tax cases to thc next term for further ar?
gument. The cases of Sanders, Farrington
and one other, involving the constitutionality
of the'cotton tax, were assigned for reargu?
ment on thc second day of next term.
The following was received by two senators
to-day from Savannah, Ga.: "The passage of
Bingham's amendment in thc House has arous?
ed and set the worst elements In society wild,
and now the cry of d-d Republican, which ls
shouted.after a man, is as terrific as ever was
thc cry of d-d Abolitionist before tho war.
Neither Mr. Conant nor myself have eyer had
anything to do with thc politics of Georgia, nor
do we desire to have. We are engaged here
in a great enterprise, spending millions of
Northern money in building railroads in Geor?
gia. But this seems to be no protection, as
any man disposed to get rid of us has only to
charge us with political purposes or aspirations
to rob us of all sympathy, protection or sup
liort from Hie community or authorities. I ear?
nestly invoke your influence with Governor
Bullock and with Congress to see us and
others likewise situated protected."' Signed,
Wm. L. Avery.
Tn Um Senate, Sumner, during a personal
cxplanation,said Prim had made no proposition
for thc sale of Cuba.
In the House, regular call unimportant.
LATER.-In the Senate to-day, Sumner in?
troduced a bill lo strengthen thc legal reserves
of national banks and for tile resumption of
specie payments on the first ol' January nexL
Thc discussion of Georgia affairs was re?
sumed, and Morton offered an amendment rc
p ?allng the law forbidding the organization ot
Ute Georgia militia.
The general appropriation bill was discussed
by Trumbull to thc executive session, when
Ute Senate adjourned.
In thc House, under the regular call, were
discussed thc bills to construct the Cape
Girardcau and Missouri Railroad; to abolish
female clerkships in the departments.
A resolution for th*? material reduction of thc
tariff and internal revenue received only 27
A resolution giving Mrs. Stanton a year's
salary was passed.
The Deficiency Appropriation biil was re?
The Spanish Duel.
MADRID, March 14.
The first fire between the Duke de Montpen
sier and Prince Henry de Bourbon, at twelve
paces, proving harmless, thc combatants ap?
proached to seven paces, when the Prince
tired, missed, and receiving the Duke's bullet
in hishead, fell and dledJnstanlJy.
The Prince being poor, the Duke will pro?
vide for his family.
The duel was caused by damaging letters
written by the Prince to the Duke's friends.
The Prince was cousin to the Duke's wile,
and brother lo ex-Queen Isabella's husband.
A New Irish Bill.
LONDON, March 14.
A new Irish bill ls pending, which gives the
Lord-Lieutenant extraordinary powers in tur?
Thc Missing Stcam:r.
LONDON, March 14.
An arrival from Fatal brings no news of thc
City of Boston.
PARIS, March 14.
A dispatch from Rome states that GIO votes
are now sure for Infallibility.
Smallpox prevails in different quarters of
CAIRO, March 14.
New fortifications have been commenced in
the harbor of Alexandria.
WOMEN AS JURORS.
OMAHA, March 14.
Thc mixed jury n thc murder case still hang.
The women look pale and fatigued. This is
the third night of starving them into a verdict.
ii cw YORK, March 14.
A terribie snow storm. It extends from thc
Atlantic to the Mississippi. North of thc Ohio
River considerable damage is done, and travel
SPARKS FROM TSE WIRES.
Thc famous Verger escaped from Jackson,
At North Platte two ruffians were hanged by
a mob last night.
The jury in the Howie murder case, tried at
Laramie, have returned a verdict of man?
slaughter in the first degree. Thc lady jurors
were much fatigued.
The bill cxacUng the Fourteenth amendment
oath from State officials has passed thc Vir?
Dispatches from Brownsville to the 7th state
that a fight had occurred between General
Regule; and Governor Cadena, commanding
the revolutionists, In which the latter was de?
feated with great loss, oue thousand prisoners
being captured. Cadena is hemmed in, and
will have to light or lose his army. I
THE COMING EOLITICA! STRUGGLE
VIEWS OF THE INDEPENDENT PRESS.
Abandon the Contest or Abandon Demo?
[From the Chester Reporter.]
THE CHARLESTON NEWS, after having ex?
hausted its ingenuity in constructing Demo?
cratic platforms, suddenly lays them-all aside
as rubbish, and runs up the colors of tho Citi?
zens' Party. The Phoenix, pursuing the even
tenor of its way, Is for sticking to the old name
and organization, but thinks lt best to draw
lt mild-to have some kind of a progres?
sive, conservative Democracy. The Laurens
ville Herald is for a bold, square, stand-up
fight under the old organization and old
colors. The views of these three able
contempararies fairly represent the dif?
ferent shades of opinion expressed by
the opposition press of the State. Now we
don't agree tully with any of them. So far as
the proposition of THE NEWS ls to drop the
Democratic name we heartily concur. And
the reason this is desirable is obvious enough
to us. The white people of the State are already
noaiiya unit in their opposition to the present
administration of the State Government. The
only source from which auy accession to the
ranks of the opposition can be looked for is
from the body of colored voters. The first po?
litical idea that the negro drew in when he
ceased to be a slave, was that the Democrats
were bent on restoring him to slavery. The
negroes honestly believed this Hatred of the
very name of Democrat sank too deep Into
their bones ever to be eradicated. They are
not reasoning creatures; you may tell them as
much as you please about that rose that smell?
ed the same no matter what vou called lt, but
as long as you call it Democrat they won't
smell it at all. They can't be made Democrats.
They have a perfect loathing for "Democratic
niggers." as they call them. And we might
Just as well, therefore, abandon the contest al?
together as to go into it with the hope of
achieving success by drawing the negroes over
to the party called Democratic.
The objection urged against this course is,
that we are allied with the national Democrat?
ic party, and that we ought not to desert that
organization. It would have been ablessing
for both thc national Democratic party and
ourselves, If we had held aloof from lt In 1868.
If the defeat of Seymour and Blair can be at?
tributed to any one cause more than another,
it is to Hie part prominent Carolinians played
in the campaign. And unless wc learn more
wisdom by 1872, no doubt the national party
will be more than rejoiced to have us play on a
string of our own. But what we will do," er bc
in favor of doing in 1872, ls neither here nor
there at this time. There ls no question of na?
tional importance that our action this year can
effect. Our duty new is to forge: that there is
any place but South Carolina, and with an eye
single to her good, to devote all there is of us
to her purification and prosperity.
When and Where to Work 1
[From the Newberry Herald.]
Heretofore there have been reasons for op
sltlon to the measures of reconstruction, and
for a:tempts to defeat them; but having failed
in this, it is now tim duty of ull good citizens
to unite their efforts to make the best govern?
ment possible out ol'the form of the one which
has been established over us.
The Radical party to-day is rotten to the core
with vileness, fraud and corruption. The ue
groes who have heretofore been guided by lt,
are fast becoming disgusted with" its tyranny
and indignant at its hypocrisy. So much so
that they would willingly and unreservedly tie
to another party, were they sure ol'the latter's
honesty and sincerity.
Again we say, let us work among thc black
people, and tr}', by every fair .means, to get
their support for the party ol' right principles.
And then let us have a convention, and make
generally known upon what platform of prin?
ciples thc members are to bc chosen next fall,
and how-the campaign ls to be coud neted.
Thc Citizens' Party.
[From the Orangeburg News.]
Let the body of men who band themselves
together for the redemption of their Slate,
meet upon a platform that knows no distinc?
tion of class, caste or color, which recognizes
white man and black man as equally CITIZEN !
Let us inuke one more rally, one more effort,
and let us make it upon a basis, and by means
that are practical, sensible, and that have a
chance of success.
We trust that thc press of tho State will
meet, and that they will agree upon a course
to be presented and advocated by them to the
people, which will unite all the honest citizens
ol'South Carolina, white and black, lu an effort
to secure the government into thc hands of
the honest and the worthy: unite them upon
lids sensible admission ol'what ls the reality ol
our situation, and which ls thc only effort that
can bc successli?.
WhatN Ina Name 1
[From the Kingstree Star.]
THE CHARLESTON NEWS insists that thc peo?
ple who are opposed to the present mal?
administration or the government by thc Radi?
cal party shall adopt as thc name of thc party
opposed to that organization, a name to be
called the "Citizens' Party." There ij a great
deal in a name, and sometimes correct princi?
ples are rendered unpopular with the ignorant
by the odium which designimr men would cast
upoi\ tllu name under which those principles
are inculcated. This the Radicals have effected
with the negroes in regard to the name of
Democracy. Where there are two opposing
elements in a government a nnme ls essential
to distinguish one party or creed from the
other; and where men arc desirous of becom?
ing united for any purpose, organization and
system ls indispensably necessary to give
strength, encouragement and confidence to
the undertaking. In choosing a name, there
lore, lt should be one expressive of the senti?
ments of those who are to be guided and eon
trolled by lt.
The Citizens'' Party.
[From the Barnwell Journal.]
There secmcs to be a very happy unanimity
among the State press in regard to the princi?
ples and aims of the new party to be organized
for thc political redemption ol' our SUUe. 11 is
to be composed ol'all the opponents of Radical?
ism, and If our people enter into the campaign
with vigor and concert of action there can be
no doubt of success. The people are ready for
achango. Heavy and burdensome taxation,
and the extravagant expenditure of the peo?
ple's money are producing universal dissatisfac?
tion. The party goes before the people with
a popular name, and If we are not mistaken in
the principles that will be laid down in the
platform, whenever the convention assembles,
we believe it will command the support and
beatty co-operation ol'all who desire to see a
Change In the administration of our public af?
fairs. Colored voters may attach themselves
to this party i:i Rill assurance of protection In
all their legitimate rights, and may expect a
sincere aud complete nilliiutcnt of every
promise made lo them. Our white citizens are
not called upon to abandon their old and
cherished principles by connecting themselves
with til is party, but merely to accept the new
platform as a basis of present action. This can
be done without compromising our old opin?
ions, especially as the principies of the new
platform will not be antagonistic to those we
have held in thc past. The time has come for
! us to work in earnest. The colored vote must
be conciliated by placing matters in their true
I light before our hitherto misguided colored
I friends, and when we are prepared for a public
Organization, let a convention be called, which
should be succeeded by a short, active and
vigorous campaign, and the victory will be se?
cure, lt ls not too much to hope that wc shall
soon behold the day when law and order,
Justice, and right shall again prevail, and wave
their triumphant banners over the dead carcass
THE FINANCIAL MUDDLE.
Gold-Abont Specie Payments-Condi?
tion ol"Trade-Effect on Heal Estate.
The New York papers still continue to paint
infancy colors the events transpiring among
thc gold gamblers in Wall street, and aver
that the depression everywhere is only an in?
ternal sluggishness, a natural concomitant of a
failing market, which will soon be dissipated
in prosperity; and it is believed that should
gold reach par, the volume of circulation will
bc increased and the mania of gold specula?
tion cease to hamper the mercantile and com?
mercial interests of thc country. A New York
letter, of Thursday, to the Philadelphia Led?
The maniacs of the Gold Room would seem
to be gradually recoveringitbelr Rason, else
they are calmer to-day from the effects of
sheer exhaustion. Certain it is, there ls com?
paratively little excitement, while the pre?
mium ls left to Btraggle back to a point be?
tween ll and 12. The talk is that the power?
ful clique who have been bearing the market
are disposed to withdraw from gold, In order
to engineer an upward movement in stocks,
but aliBuch gossip must be received with cau?
Another story is, that operators here have
received some new "points"1 from Washington
concerning the Funding bill, the effect of which
ls reactionary on the premium. The mer?
chants, meanwhile, continue in a state of per?
plexity. Sometimes they thlDk the premium
will go higher, and sometimes they think it is
Just as likely to go the other way. They would
give anything to know, as anything would be
Better than the existing uncertainty.
Retail dealers continue In many cases to pay
out silver In change, though not to the extent
that some of the newspapers report. One of
two of the down-town restaurants have given
up the experiment. They say lt paid well tor
a day or two by bringing them extra business,
bat now that the novelty of the thing has worn
off, lt has ceased to be profitable. The "Cheap
Johns" in the Bowery, Grand street and Divi?
sion street, are paying out small amounts.
The remarkable ease in money continues.
This superabundance of capital at this season
of the year is not considered a healthy sign.
It indicates stagnation in trude, and the foster?
ing of speculative ventures at the expense of
regular business Call loans range from 4 to 6
percent. Choice commerclai paper passes at
7o8 per cent; approved single names 7al2.
The following extracts from a New York let?
ter ot Thursday, to the Boston Post, are Inter?
Trade is almost at a dead halt, In conse?
quence of the great decline In gold. The
whole market has been unsettled; everybody
is expecting lower prices, which are pretty
sure to come, and there is a general disinclina?
tion to buy. Hie great dry goods houses
which have been fighting like tigers the past
two weeks, are busy enough, but the second
and third-class houses have scarcely anything
to do. The impression that we are on the eve
of specie payments bas fixed Itself on the popu?
lar mind, and though regarded by many finan?
ciers ns a delusion, it operates Just as Inju?
riously on storekeepers as though it were per?
fectly sound. There have been, as doubtless
you are aware, several attempts at resump?
tion in saloons and restaurants, but they
don't amount to much thus far, and they
may be abandoned when the novelty wears off.
Opinion ls greatly divided as to the probability
of gold remaining at par If it goes down to that
point. Many Wall street men say lt will go up
again, and outsiders generally talk about in?
vesting for a rise. If they do Invest, I hope
every man of them will be bitten. It is about
time to wind np this business of speculating in
gold, and no roan who tries to keep lt going,
and loses, will deserve sympathy. Those who
take thc other view say that as there will be
but little legitimate demand for gold, the
price will not advance. I know that some
men who have received specie in change dur?
ing the past few davs are tired of lt already,
and say ihey would prefer carrying stamps.
And so I think it will bc when specie pay?
ments are generally resumed.
The real estate men carry terribly long lacee
about with them these days. Houses and lots,
of the fancy class, are coming down with a
rush. It ls almost impossible to make sale at
anythi r.g like the prices ruling a year ago. As
au indication of the state of thc market, I may
mention the sale of thc Northern Hotel, at the
corner of Cort'.andt and West et-cets, yester?
day, for $58,000. For thc same property $76,
000 was offered lost month, and the owners say
they could have got $150,000 two years ago.
But the general decline has not been so grear
as this. On first-class prone, ty up town, lt is
about twenty per cent, and the second-class
about fifteen. Owing to the heavy state of the
market, only those who must have money are
selling, the others preferring to hold on nil
clearer weather comes. Many ot tho houses
offered at auction are withdrawn, the bids be?
ing almost too small for notice. Of courre,
with the market value of houses coming down
so fast, there is a general expectation that
rents will fall. Thus far there has not been
much decline in these, but as only a few houses
have as yet been rented, and thousands are In
the market, there will probably be a heavy
abatement before May, and as wages and Bala?
rles are sure to be reduced, rents must, of
necessity, come down. House room ls always
a cash article, and cash purchases are always
regulated by the means of payment.
GOSSIP FROM ROME.
The American Bishops and thc Pro?
posed Infallibility D og m a--Count
Catching by American Ladies- Money
We take the following extracts from thc
Rome (February 14) correspondence of the
Cincinnati Catholic Telegraph:
I presume you have heard of the protests
which have been presented to the Pope against
promulgating thc dogma of personal Infalli?
bility, or having lt considered as an article of
faith. The first protest was signed by a num?
ber of German and French bishops and the
Archbishop of St. Louis. The second was
signed by a large number of the American
bishops, Archbishop Purcell heading the list.
Many of the American bishops declined to
sign the latter, but another one, not so strong
In phraseology, has met the approval of
those who declined to sign the first one. Few
of thc American, Canadian, English or Irish
Bishops are in favor of thc dogma. Archbishop
Connolly ls Its principal opponent from Cana?
da; Bishops Leahy and Moriarty, Ireland;
Bishops Errington and Clifford, England. The
Archbishops and Bishops who are not in favor
of the dogma were not the initiators of the
petition business. Archbishop Manning Initi?
ated this new system In matters relating to
thc Church, but he has not been able to obtain
the signatures of one-half the bishops. Many
who are in favor of lt doubt the propriety of
signing any petition; they believe that what?
ever la necessary for the Church ought to be
presented to the Council In a proper manner,
and that there has been too much zeal exhibit?
ed in the matter.
A number ot our countrywomen are beside
themselves about certain Roman counts, mar?
quises, and a couple of princes. The rage for
titles among a certain class of rich, but very
foolish American ladies, is not very edifying
nor flattering to the honor of America, but
people who are willing to sacrifice fortune and
home for "a yard of blue ribbon" will never
Bet the world on fire. The Roman nobility
are. as a class, very poor; the young-some
or them are not very young-ladies who look
forward to an alliance with some of the
scions of these noble houses, are rich and
handsome. A good dowry is a first-class re?
commendation to a count who is as poor as
the traditional church mouse, no matter
what nation may claim the allegiance of
the owner, but an American lady is preferred
to any other, unless where a title sets off the
dowry. Europeans expect from each other a
pedigree as long as a ramrod, but, "Pin an
American," puts genealogy out of doors, and
there's no further chattering of Hons rampant
or boars couchant, heroic grand-uncles and
distinguished great-grand-nephews. "I'm an
American" seems to carry us back to the twi?
light of history; there are no further questions
asked In that most Important affair among
Europeans, family renown; but If the pedigree
be disregarded, the bank account is not for?
gotten. Blood is pitted against dollars; the
latter invariably carries the day; because lt ls
admitted by all philosophers that however re?
spectable the former may be, the latter will
always keep the pot bolling, and something
savory in the same. A number ol the nobility,
as they are called here, are alive to the value
of money, and have laid siege to a dozen of
our countrywomen, who, to give them due
credit, have helped the "antique" Romans to
capture their lands and bank books. It is con?
sidered highly fashionable and transcendent?
ally honorable to become Mrs. Count Maceare
ni; not a thought is ever given to the charact?
er or capacity ot the count; his title gives him
a litany of virtues, and, of course, he must be
good, and a useful member of society.
Wc have a New York lady here with her two
daughters, who shun things democratic as If
they had the itch. She bad one of her daugh?
ters married lo a French count recently, and
considers herself some pumpkins. She is rich,
spends money by the firkin, and has a great
liking for counts, and- game a little higher up.
There is another lady whose daughter has
disturbed the equanimity of half a dozen
counts. She is very handsome, and very proud.
Her mother don't visit Americans. She don't
want them to visit ner. snejcan t cumproucuu
?h<uv people who have not a turkey, an* otSni
' bus, or a rqfl herring on- their cards can visit
hera Any who do venture to do so are receiv?
ed as frigidly as if they were introduced to an.
iceberg; she never returns any visit unless:
there oe a title, a griffin, or a cabbage-stalk OB
The Roman nobility are preparing their
saloons for the balls of the Carnival, and all
the ladles are on the qui. vive for invitations.
The successful ones will strut about the par?
lors of their friends and tell us of the polka
they danced with Prince Piombina, ana hov
delightfully Count Berardinl danced: to mar
zurka. The unsuccessful ones will deny they
made any application : that they could not go?
on account ora violent headache; that ma was
unwell; that pa had a toothache; that sister
Anne was unwell. raMa*
If any of the young counts happen to call om
them, his card is put on top or placed in a
place by itself. It it were only fashionable
they would frame them.
Thc Immigration to Kansas is immense..
Cattle are coming eastward from Colorado.
Ten thousand are at Kit Carson awaiting trans?
JSem ftn bli cations.
VOORHIES' CODE, 1 volume. '
ABBOT'S FORMS, 2 volumes.
For sale by EDWARD PERRY,
mctii6 No. 155 Meeting street, i
HE NEW CODE.
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and all the Law Books explanatory of the same,,
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