Newspaper Page Text
irr^T TTUff IT_N?TMRER 1259.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 4, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
UNINTERESTING DOINGS IN CON?
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
.WASHINGTON, March 15.
The iron-clad oath was exacted from Strong
as a preliminary to taking his scat.
The House took the Funding bill from the
table, and a contest is now progressing as to
Its proper reference.
Th-i Senate passed the House resolution giv?
ing Stanton's widow one year's s Jary.
A resolution was offered directing the in?
quiry whether the Fifteenth amendment con?
ferred suffrage on Indians. Thurman objected,
saying the ratification was not yet proclaimed.
Thc Georgia question will probably occupy
the whole week.
The deconstruction Committee agree to re?
port the Texas bill similar to that for Missis?
Tho Texas Congressional delegation visited
the President to-day.
The Senate Committee on Commerce agreed
to report adversely on the bill to establish
ports of entry at various points on the Ohio
and Mississippi Rivers.
Thc Senate confirmed the following persons:
To be ministers resident, Charles H. Lewis, of
Virginia, to Portugal; Joseph Russell Jones,
Illinois, to Belgium; C. C. Andrews, Minneso?
ta, to Stockholm; Roocrt C. Kirk. Ohio, to
Uraguay; W. R. Hardy, assessor of internal
revenue for the Third Louisiana District; John
C. Randall, postmaster. Oxford, Miss.; John G.
Blackwell, receiver of public monies, Hunts?
ville; Chas. C. Crowe, Alabama, register of j
thc land office, Wyoming Land District.
Thc President to-day replied to a resolution
of the Senate, enclosing a communication from
the Secretar}- of State, who gives the names of
thirty States reported as having ratified the
Fifteenth amendment, including New York,
Indiana, Texas and Georgia. He does not as?
sume to anticipate the action of Congress in
defining the condition or relation of any State
to thc Federal Government; he merely pre?
sents a list of the resolutions proposing to
ratify thc proposed amendment, of which no?
tice has been transmitted to the Department
of State, with thc dates of their respective
The House debated it length whether to re?
fer the Funding bill to i he Banking and Cur?
rency or Ways and Means Committee, and
finally voted to refer it to the latter.
Antler reported a bill for thc admission of
Texas, stating that it was identical with the
Virginia and Mississippi bills, with the excep?
tion of an additional provision that its passage
shall not effect the conditions under which
Texas was originally admitted. In response to
an additional proviso offered by Wood, that,
the State be admitted without qualification,
except as stated in thc bill, Butler said ho had
no objection except that it was useless.
Beck also offered a substitute for the bill,
reciting that the Texas constitution was re?
publican in form, and that the State is entitled
to representation. Both Wood and Beck's
amendments were rejected by a party vote,
and thc bill was then passed.
Thc Deficiencv oiii was discussed, during
which Farnsworth said two of thc granite con?
tractors for the Charleston Customhouse and
the Treasury extension were two men who
had contracts tn connection with thc New
York postoffice, Messrs. Lamed and Dixon,
and remarked that they again had arms elbow
deep in the treasury. Without disposing of
the bill the House took a recess till seven.
In the Senate, the Quakers want money to
carry out their Indian views. Sumner wants
money for a mixed college at Xenia, Ohio.
The Judiciary Committee were directed to
report regarding the status of the Indians un?
der the Fifteenth amendment.
The resolution for a joint Indian committee
was defeated by the casting vote ol Colfax.
Thc case of Georgia was resumed. An
amendment was offered authorizing the Presi?
dent to send troops into States to suppress dis?
FROM THE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
Why ive Hear no more of the Sale of Ca
dctshlps- .V False Alarm-The New
Radical P o 1 i c y-Butler's Proposed
Outrage-What is thought of it-Split
ii. the Radicul Party Imminent
Cuba-Thc Charleston Sitters of
Merci , &c.
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.!
WASHINGTON, March 14.
The reason why thc Investigation into tbe
sale of appointments to the Military and Naval
Academy by members of Congress has subsi?
ded so quickly has not been publicly stated.
It will bo remembered that during ibo discus?
sion in the House on Whlttcmore's case, a New
York member read an old statute known as
thc Bribery act, which indicts fine and impris?
onment on all persons who attempt to
bribe an official of tho government. It
was given general circulation in the report?
ed debates, and from that day to this the
committee have failed to find a good many im?
portant witnesses, who, fearing that they
would be liable to arrest for having testified
that they offered and paid money to members
for appointments, have kept out of the way.
Thc reluctant witness Brooks, who paid Whi?
temore the money for his cadetship, and who
published in thc administration paper herc
that he ''could buy Congressmen like sheep.'' j
came very near being brought iq) under
thc law named by some over-virtuous mern
But it turns out that these witnesses have
been needlessly scared. In 18C2 Congress pro?
vided, by another act, that no poison who tes?
tified before a Congressional committee should
bc liable toa criminal prosecution. At that
time it was found necessary, in order to get wit?
nesses, to pass some such law. In thc pending
investigation this has been lost sight of, while
the old act has been^revived just enough to
alarm important witnesses, and to prevent full
developments being made
lu my last letter I alluded to the announce?
ment made by a portion of the Republican
party, of a new policy which proposed to
grapple, through Congress, the throat of every
State represented fully in both Senate and
House. It ls intended to apply this at once to
Tennessee. Butler, who has become the leader
Of the Republican party, has the programme
all mapped out, and to-day submitttd to iho^
Reconstruction Committee the draft of a bill
to turn Governor Scntcr, of Tennessee, out of
office, BS well as other officials elected last
August, and to order through military and
Civil Federal officials a new registration
and a new election. Never, since tho day
it was proposed in the House to build up
thc Southern State governments at the
point of the bayonet, has a proposition
excited more alarm In and out of the Republi?
can party or in the Northern country. That,
individually, there is an entire willingness on
the part of Radical Congressmen to initiate
such a revolution, need not be doubted; but in
a party view, with the Connecticut election
on hand, there is a decided lack of courage as
to the propriety of such a policy being boldly
fulfilled just now, though it is admitted on all
hands that the party has gone more than half
way in passing the Georgia bill, in the very
face of the fact that the State had a full repre?
sentation in the last Congress. But, of
course, just so long as Butler heads
this movement, there is something more
in it than appears on the surface, and it
is well understood by his friends that he has
learned that Grant is opposed to the Tennes?
see programme. In fact, thc President told
a Badical delegation thc other day that he
could not send troops into that Slate, except
in the proper way, by responding to au official
call made from the Governor. This will only
help Butler in driving in a wedge to spill the
party in the House and light Grant. He has
long desired to push Dawes, Farnsworth, Lo?
gan and others over to thc Conservatives.
If senators and member are disposed to be?
lieve thc statements made by General Quesa
da, who has just concluded a visit here as
minister of the Cuban Republic, there will be
some important votes in Congress ere long in
favor of t!ie Cubau cause. He has almost
completely reversed the general understand?
ing here regarding the condition of the insur?
gents. Instead of their being at tbs -'jump?
ing off place," he declares that they hold
two-thirds ol thc island; that their civil
government is in full operation, and
that their army was never better sup?
plied than now. He says General
Jordan has succeeded him in command, and
has not resigned, and lias no intention of re?
signing. He declares that thc revolution has
suffered more from misrepresentations of the
Spanish authorities, who control most of the
news channels to the United States, than from
any other cause. Quesada now intends lo
make a trip to Eugl.ind and France to lay be?
fore Clarendon and Napoleon the true condi?
tion of things. He was so well pleased with
his visit here that he declares he accomplished
almost as much as if he had been a recognized
minister. The Spanish Minister seemed much
annoyed at the attention paid General Quesada
The delegation of Sisters who arc here to
obtain an appropriation from Congress for the
Charleston Catholic Orphan Asylum, have not
yet succeeded in their mission, though they
have demonstrated very clearly to thc com?
mittee that they took good care of Federal
soldiers who were ill and wounded in your
city at thc close of thc war. The appropria?
tion asked is $20,000, and were it not for thc
terrible economical pressure made upon every
committee of Congress at this time, there
would be little or no difficulty in obtaining
that sum. 4
The case of Wallace against Simpson is again
r Jerrod to a sub-Committee on Elections.
D.-nth or Count Dc Montai' mix ri-Thc
PA HIS, March 1.1.
Count tie Montnlembori, ciiici of thc Liberal
Catholic party, ls dead. All the journal , In?
cluding tlic ultramontane organs, appear in
mourning. It is reported Count Daru, Minis?
ter of Foreign Affairs, will Issue a manifesto
explaining the policy of France toward thc
Count Daru has not demanded that France
have a representative in thc Council, because
of the proposed introduction of the dogma of
infallibility, but on account of thc publication
of the schema, winch seems to touch the ques?
tion of Church and Slate. The official journals
say there is no intvnlion ol'withdrawing the
French troops from Home. They are there to
defend the territorial rights, not the religious
rights of thc Holy See.
Th? Funeral of Prince dc Bourbon.
MADKID, March 15.
There was no public demonstatlon at the
funeral of Prince de Bourbon.
Thc Irish (tuctt ion.
LONDON. March 13.
The cabinet has decided oa the measure lo
be submitted to Parliament for tho enforce?
ment of the laws In Ireland. The Lord Lieu?
tenant of Ireland is lo have power to proclaim
martial law in districts where unusual trouble
exists. Extraordinary powers of arrest and
detention are granted to magistrates in such
districts alter proclamation. In some cases
police and jury trial are dispensed with. The
police force is to be largely increased. Thc bill
will be introduced Thursday by Fortescue,
chief secretary for Ireland.
The Search Tor Livingstone-Another
Catastrophe at Sea.
LONDON, .March 15.
Letters from Zanzibar say that, the expedi?
tion In search ot Dr. Livingstone was detained
by the prevalence of cholera.
The German ship Carrie and Jane was run
down by n steamer of the Peninsula and
Oriental Line, off thc coast ol* Japan. No
details have been received.
A Mob in Madrid.
MADEID, March 15.
Prim was assailed by an anti-conscription
mob, but he succeeded in escaping unhurt.
LATEST PROM CUBA.
HAVANA, March 15.
Gozencchc is about marching on Guaymaro.
The Spaniards arc fortifying.
Jordan's headquarters are at llanos.
REVELS AXD TUE GEORGIA COLOR?
MACON, March 15.
It is ascertained that if any mee ng of ch?
ored legislators took place at Ai..uita a few
days ago, it was a very small number, two
thirds of them being known to be nt their
homcs. The telegram to Revels had attached
to it the signatures of coloren members with?
out their consent or knowledge.
A FLOOD OF CANADIAN SILVER.
NEW YOKK, March 15.
Three millions of silver ls coming from Can?
ada for New York banks.
ANOIUER GOLD FEVER.
SAN FKANCISCO, March 15.
The nish for the San Diego mines continues.
It is reported that the Chinamen have been
driven lrom the mines and several killed.
-The very prettv optical illusion by which
gold fishes and canary birds are made to ap?
pear to be Joint occupants of a huge vase of
water is getting to be popular. It is very sim?
ple. Thc bottom of the vase is concavo-con?
vex, the apex rising about fiReen Inches above
the base of the circumference. This dome
forms the superstructure of the bird cage, and
the bottom, supplied with drawers and pro?
perly ventilated, serves as a pedestal for the
vase. Until recently this pretty arrangement
has not been seen outside of museums. It is
now getting to be a part of household orna?
TUE TUSHING BILL.
How it M ill Affect the National Banks.
The bill just passed by the Senate will prob?
ably be very much altered in thc House of
Representatives. It does away with the sink?
ing fund, and provides that all government
bonds now held in the name of tbe United
States, or which may hereafter bc purchased
by the United States, shall be cancelled and
destroyed. There are bonds bearing their sev?
eral rates of interest provided for-4, 41 and 5
per cent The following are the provisions as
t) national banks :
SECTION 7. And be it further enacted. That on
and after the first day bf October, 1S70, regis?
tered bonds of any denomination not less than
one thousand dollars, issued under the provi?
sions of this act. and no ol hers, shall be de?
posited with the Treasurer of the United States
os security for the notes issued to national
banking associations for circulation under an
act entitled "An act to provide a. national cur?
rency secured by a pledge of United States
bonds, and to provide for the circulation and
redemption thereof," approved June .'Jd, 18C4,
and all national bankin?: associations organ?
ized tinder said act, or any amendment thereof,
arc hereby required to deposit bonds issued
under this act ?us security for I heir circulating
notes within one year from the date of the
passage of this act, in default of which their
rieht to issue notes for circulation shall be for
relted, and the Treasurer and thc Comptroller
of the Currency shall bc authorized and re?
quired lo take such measures us may be neces?
sary to call in and destroy their outstanding
circulation, and to return the bonds held as
security therefor lo the association by which,
they were deposited, in sums of not less than
one thousand dollars; provided that any such
association now In existence may, upon giving
thirty days* notice to thc Comptroller bf thc
Currency," by resolution of its boaid ol'direc?
tors, de'Kisit legal-tender liol es with t he Treas?
urer of the United States to the amount of its
outstanding circulation; and provided further
that not more than one-third of the bonds de?
posited by any bank as security shall be of
either of the classes of bond? hereby author?
ized on which the maximum /ale bf interest
is fixed at four and one-half or live per cent,
SECTION 8. And be it further enacted. That
the amount of circulating notes which any
bank may receive from the Comptroller of the
Currency, under the provisions of section 21
of said act may equal but not exceed eighty
per centum of the par value of the funds de?
posited, but shall not exceed in the asgregatc
the amount to which said bank may be enti?
tled under this section.
SECTION 9. And be it further enacted. That
any banking association" organized, or to be
organized, under the national currency act
and the acts amendatory] thereof, may, upon
depositing with the Treasurer United' States
notes to an amount not less than fifty thou?
sand dollars, receive an equal amount*ol reg
'stored bonds of the United Slates of the kind
and description provided for by section .'! of
this act. und may deposit the same as thc se?
curity for the circulating notes, and thereupon
such banking association shall he entitled lo.
and shall receive, circulating notes upon terms
and conditions, and to thc extent provided in
mid national currency acts, and without re?
spect to the limitation of the aggregate circu?
lation of national currency prescribed by said
acts: Prodded, however, that ?is circulating
notes are issued under Hus section an equal
amount of United States notes shall be can?
celled and destroyed.
TU ADE AND FINANCES.
Thc Fall of Goltl nm! Its Effects.
The tumble in gold and Us effects on the
maltet form tho subject of un elaborate article
in the New York Tribune, lroin which we con?
dense thc following:
The decline, it ls said, occurred at a very op?
portune period for" retailers, but bore most
heavily ou Importers; oftLas regards the ef?
fect of a further decline until gold should reach
par, "the opinion seems to be quite general
thal, could specie payments be resumed, a
very good business would be done in every
branch of trade, and the merchants could
a^ain t?o business at a profit." In the whole?
sale trade lt ls stated that prints have been
reduced from one to two couts per yam, the
present prices being based on "the price of
ixold and the raw cotton, and not on what it
has actually cost, to manufacture them "
Certain brands of bleached and brown
goods have advanced from one to two
cents per yard. Foreign goods have
been more or less affected, some de?
scriptions to the extent of ten cents
per yard. Staple articles of dress goods are
from" 10 to 15 per cent, lower than they were
three weeks ago. Carpets of domestic manu?
facture have deciined but 7A per cent., and for?
eign linens about 5 per cent in the past three
weeks. Laces, embroideries, Ac, have greatly
declined; also mantles, silks and ribbons.
American silks and Italian cloths have been
red..ced In price, the latter from IS to 20 per
cent. Shawls have declined 10 to 121 percent.
The boot and shoe trade, it is said, will not bc
affected, as labor is high, nnd tho price of
leather is advancing. Groceries of all descrip?
tions are selling very far below the ruling prices
ol'last year. Coffee has fallon from 45 cents lo
35 cents. Two months ago the best while
sugar was quoted at 20 cenls by the barrel.
The same quality of sugar ls now offered at
12.; cents. Flour is offered al S7 a barrel,
which lust year cost $16. 'fens declined last
week 10 cents to 15 cents. A year ago Hie best
butter sold lor 55 cents. At present it stands
ut 40 cenls.
The Funding Bill.
The New York Express of Saturday evening
Thc gold room presented a very quiet aspect
this afternoon, strangely in contrast with thc
excitement and activity of the previous days
of the week, lite Funding bill was much dis?
cussed, but it is rapidly losing its charms ?ts a
scarecrow in the gold room. This was plainly
seen in the strength of thu market during the
afternoon. There is a growing conviction that
the bill, as it passed the Senate, must fail in
the House, where the national bank influence
is very great. The discussion in the Senate on
this Funding bill luis seriously Injured the
spring trade, and caused a general shrinkage
in values to the extent of hundreds ol' mil?
lions ol'dollars. The passage of the Funding
bill in the Senate was made the basis of a
fresh raid on the gold marker. The' price
opened at 12, fell to ll|, and closed al 12.}.
A letter from Washington of Saturday says:
It is slated that on Saturday senator Sher?
man saw President Grant shortly after the
Executive had been visited by a delegation of
bank officers In regard to Hie Funding bill, and
that the senator said he felt sure the banks had
been well treated in thc Funding bill, and was
positive that they would ultimately be bene
titted thereby; besides aiding in placing the
government on a sure fooling. Thc President
expressed himself emphatically in laror of Un?
bill as passed, the amendments having been
explained to him by senator Shcnnuu.
Tlie Chicago Tribune, in an article on re?
sumption of specie payments, makes Hie fol?
lowing suggestion :
The law authorizing the e of the frac?
tional currency leaves thc provisions for its
redemption lo the discretion of the Secretary
of the Treasury, only rest ricting its total vol?
ume to850,000,000. II. then. Secretary Bout
weil really hus specie resumption in view,
there is an opportunity for him to take the
first step In that direction by importing a few
millions of silver from Canada, and announc?
ing t hutue will redeem fractional currency in
fractional silver. If, at the same lime, the
small bills of thc greenbacks be gradually
.withdrawn and large denominations issued in
their place, the necessity lor small bills and
fractional money would be the means of estab?
lishing specie resumption at once on $40,000,
000 or $50,000,000 of our circulation, and
would eventually be the means of drawing
gold into circulation.
-"Ticket, sir ?" said a railroad conductor,
passing through one ot' the trains the other
day, to a passenger. "My face is my ticket."
replied ihe other, a little, vexed. "Indeed !"
said conductor, rolllnir back his wristband, und
displaying a most powerful bunch of fives,
"well, nfy orders are to punch all tickets pass?
ing over thia road.''
THE BEA UX OF THE PERIOD.
D0.\T PUTT'S VIEWS ABOUT "SOCIETY" IX
TUE NATIONAL CAPITAL.
WliifTets-How Escorts to the Opera are
Obtained-B r 1 b e s for Beaux-T h e
Story of an Artful Youth.
Don Pia?, the witty and observant Wash?
ington correspondent of the Cincinnati Com?
mercial, thus discourses of " The Coming
? I could not help noticing, the other night,
while being jammed In a corner and looking
upon thc muddle of petticoated and panta
looned humanity that, streamed Into that ill
ventilated, dirty, uncomfortable fire-trap,
called the National Theatre, the odd appear?
ance of the young men who convoyed fleets of
feminine fashionables. Every little fellow had
two or three females under charge, and lt
struck me back ol the eyes that these ladies
must be badly oil'for masculine entertainment
to accept such escorts. These.forked vega
bles are such diminutive specimens-such
weasel-laced little whiffets, turned ont to the
world by remorseless fashion in abbreviated
coats and tight pantaloons, that show, alas,
what they are, and not what they were meant
tobe. Ju their faces one finds as much ex?
pression as In an old flppenny-blt, and In their
bodies just enough muscle to do the round
This is not peculiar to thc capital. One see3
thc melancholy fact in every social centre ol
our degenerate country, and while satin is
exhausting itsell upon female dress, thc fash?
ionable young man ?3 turned out in a get-up
enough ridiculous to make an undertaker die
The short coat terminates at that point
where the body ends and the legs begin. From
the lower boundary line of said garment there
ls a precipitous descent in the slender sticks
of legi?, that, the pit'less nether garments
cling to, and suggest pipe-stems, weak and
Since Arthur Patrick visited us, blue neck?
ties and slender silk umbrellas appear above
said legs, and the weakly youth walks with a
long stride, suggestive ot cranes In post-pran?
No other country in the world can make
such an exhibit ot whiffets. Savans who have
studied thc subject tell me thal this weakly
race comes of mothers made Incapable of vigo?
rous offspring by fashionable living and fash?
In Europe, a girl has a good healthy run as
a girl, before entering upon married life. But
with us a girl graduates half-fledged int? full
fashion, and becomes a leader of society, to
churn up, night after night, bad champagne,
sour ice cream and indigestible cake In round
dances, until she captures a whiffet, and be?
comes the weakly mother of whiffets.
I don't, however, put lt nil on the woman, as
that old scoundrel Adam did. Men make their
bdunes in this country, and In tho hot pur?
suit of wealth neglect not only their own
health, but their children. Mammon takes
the parent, and the devil takes the children.
Time was when the social evil received its
supply from the ignorant-the lower classes
as we are pleased'to call them. This ls some?
what changed. An eminent philanthropist of
New York, who has devoted much time and
labor in this field, told mc. last winter, that I
would be astonished to lind what a proportion
of this degraded class was not only educated,
bul accomplished. One could expect this after
a little thought. In HIP financial reverses that
are now so common since our business 1ms
come to be gambling, our most helpless peo?
ple, the wives, and daughters of men once
wealthy, are thrown out to starve. There are
so few .sources of support open to women, and
especially cultivated women, that they are
driven by starvation to vice.
But to return to my mutton-my lambs. I
wan making tlu> remmk wut,niu?t me leeuie
appearance of the youth of society to Mrs.-,
niv brilliant friend, ulirlit before last, when
she burst into a peal ol'" silvery laughter, and
"You don't know half. The youth you no?
ticed are the society men here, and are used
by the mothers and daughters as so many con?
veniences. Do you know that when acting as
escort to the opera, for example, they are fur?
nishing these beaux not only with tickets but
carriages ? They are put to no expense save
for gloves and neckties. After awhile these
even will be furnished the harmless Innocents.
The mother, for example, addresses the fol?
lowing note to the proposed escort:
" '.V// Dear Mr. Lillypup:
'We lind ourselves in possession ol a box at
Hie opera to-nlglit, but Mr. Ball is so busy he
cannot sparc time for such a luxury. May we
count on you to escort us ? Yours sincerely,
"And now wlieu one of these properties of
society invites a ladv to a reception, bail, or
parly, he ls expected to meet lier at the dress?
ing-room, and alterward help her to her car?
riage. Tlie young man is run on the most eco?
"Why, who are they ?"'
??."Well, many ol'them are sons of old aristo?
cratic families here, fallen into decay. Others
ure government officials. It is not uncommon
for Cabinet officers, having daughters on their
hands, to appoint certain young fellows of fin?
ished extremities to office, that they may
dance attendance on Hie girls, and be useful.
I know of quite a little romance of the latter
class. Young Hamilton Camp, known as liam.
Camp, came up to Hie capltul from Hie back?
woods, about as awkward and green ayouth as
you ever run away from. He was poor, of poor
family, and bod educated himself by working
during the summer to have means for school?
ing in Hie winter. He was one ol'those knolty
headed, shrewd fellows, always looking out for
self. He found himself here, bent on office, with
a few hundred dollars in pocket, and no end of
confidence in himself. He took the measure
ol' men, and, what is more, the measure of the
women, and planned his campaign according?
ly. It was original. Sleeping in an attic,
and regulating Iiis diet on the most economic
scale, he expended his means on a tailor and
"Andi should say that Ham. Camp was a
"Wait a blt. He appeared at all the recep?
tions, balls and parties to which he could gain
access, and as lie soon came to be recognized
as an ornament, balls and parUes opened be?
fore him. And ut all of them he was very at?
tentive lo the lovely und accomplished daugh?
ter of the Hon.-, of the Cabinet."
"1 see, the old story of love lifting thc low?
"Walt a bit. He had the adroit flattery of
the cars. He lisleued with the lntensest in?
terest to all the little troubles of Miss - , and
caine in time to be necessary to her happiness
in Hie ball-room. Ile never breathed a word
of love, or what was more important to him,
of office. The season drew to a close, and
liam. Camp round himself out of money. He
suddenly disappeared from society. One day
Miss-met him on the avenue, and held out
her two little hands. 'Where have yon been,
von naughty man V she cried. He made nu
response, but as they walked along he quietly
gave lier what she had long before given hun,
a conli.Ience, ami told of his ambition, poverty,
ami hinted at. his love. A Tew days alter be
was appointed to the best office in the depart?
ment, over which Hie Hon. father presided."
"Ami they lived in peace and died iu adipose
-as the children say.''
..Not lo any extent. Ham. was very audi?
tive lo Hie daughter, but never told his love.
Less than a year alter lils appointment a
change in the administration drove the Hon.
papa from his place. Ham. saw the trouble
coming and was prepared. He did not court
the successor, but he did court most assidu?
ously the rich widow Jap?nica, then on the
crest ol' fashionable society in Wushinglon.
She did not encourage his love, but better still,
became lils wann supporter. So that when
Ham. was bowed out of his nice place, it was
to go into another and better."
"And he sold himself to the widow?"
"Not much. She married a tirsLclass mis?
sion, wilh a title, and went abroad."
"Uood Lord, is this man going to court eve?
rybody, and marry no one ?"
"He" married at last. The war came on and
a shrewd money-getting little creature by the
name of Cranks died one day, leaving a fat
widow and some fatter contracts. Ham. mar?
ried the widow and the contracts, and now he
ls a millionaire. Next winter he proposes to
buy his way to the Senate and help rule this
"What a cold-blooded rascal; and I suppose
little Miss-, lils first love, died of a broken
"It may have been broken. Every woman's
heart, sooner or later, is broken. Be that 113
it may. it did not prevent her marrying one of
tlie richest men In all these United States-and
she ls the gayest creature you e? cr saw."
4iAnd so ends this eventful history."
HOW THE ONEIDA. WENT BOWN.
Thrilling Account of the Disaster hy
One who went Down with the Ship-.
A Miraculous Escape.
We copy the following Interesting extracts
from a letter written to his sister by Mr. W. W.
Crowninshield, the clerk of Captain Williams,
of the United States steamer Oneida. The let?
ter was written without any view to publica?
tion, but the deep interest in the subject makes
it of special importance and value :
YOKOUAMA, JAPAN, January 2fi.
The Oneida is no more ! but, thank Heaven.
[ am one of thc survivors of an awful catas?
trophe. We started two days ago with our
ship for Hong Kong, and in two hours our
good vessel was at the bottom, having been
run into by an English steamer belonging to
the Peninsula and Oriental-Company. All are
drowned, but Dr. Suddards, Mr. Yates, the
boatswain, ilfty-two men, and myself. My
escape was most miraculous. AL the time of
tlie collision I was asleep in the cabin, on the
transom, at about ten minutes to 7 In the even?
ing. Thc steamer struck us near thc fore part
of the cabin. I found myself on thc floor. Just
coming to from being stunned, and, on open?
ing my eyes, I saw the whole stern was cut off
and all exposed to the starlight. I had sense
enough to climb out of the stern over to thc
spar deck, and to look down into thc cabin to
see If Captain Williams was lhere, but could not
see him. I seized a cap within reach
and nut it on with the strap under my chin.
I had on a thick suit, overcoat and boots.
I went to thc quarter-deck, met Pay?
master Tullock, and Inquired how thc
disaster happened. I met Captain Wil?
liams and told him how serious the damage
was. He wasgoing on the bridge. I spoke to
one or two more officers, and Anding tlie ship
was sinking, I went into the main rigging, and
in five minutes our good ship commenced to
sink rapidly. I was ten feet above the rall.
When she had sunk so xs to have Hie water
reach me, I pushed myself as far away from
the ship as I could, but the vortex carried me
down, and it was a longtime ere I camelo
the surfuce. When I did I saw nothing of the
ship, but many heads above water. I saw one
of our boats near by me, and had lust strength
enough to reach her. I was pulled on board
exhausted, and found Mr. Yates, with thirty
seven of the crew, on board. We steered for
the nearest land, four miles away as near as 1
could Judge. I was nearly frozen, and soon
had a chill; but after awhile we came near the
beach, and made a landing in the surf, where I
was Just able lo get ashore, being very stiff
with the cold. We reached a Japanese Til?
lage, and found shelter and rest for the
night, twenty-eight miles from Yokohama. My
heart is too full to tell you more of myself,
although all I had went down in thc ship.
Captain Williams acted as bravely as he has
always done. He would not leave his post on
the bridge, although lie was almost pulled
away, and when urged by Mr. Yates, replied.
'.I go down willi my ship." A petty officer
urging him lo go, he grasped the iron rail, and
said, "No, this is my place, and here I remain."
Cod bless him ! the country and the world
have lost a noble officer, who died rather than
leave what he considered his post of duty.
This heroic conduct was followed by every
officer and manon board the ship; notasoitl
who had a sbttlon left lt, but faced death in
such ti manner that makes me feel proud: we
were Americans, and were it not for you all
at home, I could w ish I was locked In their
The Oneida was the favorite*;) ship of the sta?
tion. Could you see what the popular leeling
Jh" ??taS?"40^ m ?lfiSfri (Jotter
than I did. Wc left the port under the most
favorable auspices, the ship homeward bound.
All the men-of-war cheered us, the merchant
ships dipped their flags, telling us of their
good wishes for a safe* and pleasant passage
home. But in one hour we were facing death
as only Americans cando, for not a murmur,
not a cry was heard when tlie good ship Onei?
da (which had done her duty through thc war)
was sinking, and every one knew that meant
death. Through all my experience during thc
war I saw nothing Lo compare with it. But I
cannot write more-my heart is too full.
January 29.-Nothing hos been heard from
the ship or the crew; no doubt the rest have
gone down to thc depths of the sea. Some
pieces ol* the wreck have been seen along the
shore, and among them an empty trunk of
mine which was stowed away. Boats have
been looking out and arc still doing so for any
bodies which may come to thc surface.
The ship's name lhat ran into us is thc Bora
bay. Thc captain ls having an Investlghtion,
boi li as regards t he collision and his conduct
In leaving us. It will go hard with him, for
had he stopped and lowered his boats he could
have saved nearly all on board. Our minister
ls conducting the case on behalf of tue living
and the dead, and the case is strong against
January 31.-Thc Investigation drags slowly
along. Last evening they lound the ship, anil
have marked the spot. The ends of the masts
are visible some foot or two at low water. No
bodies have been found vet; but lt is hardly
time for any to appear, tlie water and weather
being so cold. In a day or two we shall have
the melancholy duty bf Identifying them, as
as all Japanese fishermen have orders, under
penalty of death, to bring all effects saved to
Tlie Nsw York Tribune's Yokohama corres?
pondent gives the following extract from the
testimony of Lieutenant Clemens, of her British
Majesty's ship Ocean:
Upon thc arrival of the Bombay, I went on
board for our locked mail, and in conversation
willi Captain Arthur Wellesley Eyre, he said:
'.I have to-night cut ii whole quarter off a d-d
Yankee frigate, and I served her bloody well
right, for I met her as I came up running out
with her helm a-slurboard." hither the doc?
tor, in tho presence of the captain, or Captain
Byre, in the presence ot' the doctor, said her
siiles were so badly .?love, that as she drifted
past ns one could see into the officers' cabin.
Thc evidence as to the unparalleled inhu?
manity of Captain Eyre, ol the Bombay, accu?
mulates. A letter from United States Consul
Shepherd, at JeddO, conveying the sad tidings
of the loss nf Lieutenant Commander Stewart,
of the Oneida, tu his father, says thal upon the
All rushed on deck nntl look their several
positions. Prom the bridge Lieutenant Com?
mander Stewart hailed tuc Bombay, saying
"Ship ahoy! Stand by us; you've cut us down!"
But. the Bombay kept ou and made no reply.
Again he cried, uFor (?od s sake stand by: you
have cut IIS In two 1" But. no answer, and* on
the Bombay went. Your son undone of the
midshipmen (Adams) loaded and fired three
guns: Hie engineer turned on the whistle-all
of which the captain of the Bombay says he
did not hear, and did not even stop to see
what damage he had done, which, bad he have
done, all or nearly all might have been saved.
Twenty miles away, at Yokohama. Hie guns
were distinctly bearii, and still ibis brute of a
captain, not more than a mile away, says he
did not hear I hem or see the flash.
IfATTERS IN GEORGIA.
The Sun says Columbus cotton speculators
have lost $300*000 this season.
T. J. Murphy, a printer, attempted to com?
mit suicide iii Atlanla. Thursday night, by
stabbing himself in the left breast and bead.
An accident occurred on thc Atlantic and
Gulf Railroad on Friday, by which the mail,
express and baggagu cars were demolished,
and a negro woman seriously injured.
The silvan nail Republican reports that the
steamer San Salvador brought to that port, on
Wednesday last, eleven German immigrants,
who remained in that city until Thursday last,
when Hwy departed for thc Interior of Geor
gin. having purchased lands on the line of thc
Macon and Brunswick Itailroad on which to
settle. They were a sturdy body of young
The Augusta Chronicle says : "Thc Langlev
Manufacturing Company is meeting with ail
the success that it could desire. Mr. Langley
ls now in Charleston getting subscriptions
from that city, and live hundred shares have
already been taken by the Charlestonians.
From Charleston Mr. Langley will go to Sa?
vannah, where no doubt the remaining five
hundred and ninety shares will be subscribed
by the enterprising meu of the Forest City."
-Advertising is the financial railway to suc?
cess. It is an art possessed by a few; but these
few are the merchant princes of to-day.
-Sidney Smith once said: "Philanthropy ls
a universal sentiment ot the human heart.
Whenever A sees B in trouble he always wants
C to help him."
-The executioner of Paris has been by turns
a navy [surgeon, a bill broker, a commission
merchant and a gulllotinlst. First he lanced,
then lie shaved, then he scalped, then he be?
-Whittemore, like one of his illustrious pre?
decessors of Congress, knows no North no
South-in fact, no point in thc compass, except
one, on which he Is particularly strong-West
-The New York Post in noting the proposed
revision of the Bible by the English bishops,
reminds commentators that Elijah is the only
one of the prophets who was literally trans?
-Rev. Henry W. Bellows makes this state?
ment of Unitarian belief: "Unitarians believe
in Jesus Christ as Son of God and Son of Man
-a supernatural messenger and divinely ap?
pointed Cuide and Saviour."
-Observant Frenchmen, skilled in medical
science, report, as the result of much investi?
gation and observation, that since women
have loosened their corsets Hie annual mor?
tality has decreased eighteen and a half per
-This notice is printed at the bottom of the
playbills at Booth's theatre : "Spectators are
requested to remain seated till the close of the
play, tts the noise made in departing, by the
impatient lew, mars the pleasure of the more
Intellectual persons in the audience who wish
to witness the completion of the performance.'?
The "?inpatient few" are supposed to stay at
home now-a-day8, for every one remains quiet?
ly seated until Hie curtain falls upon Hamlet's
dying words. Or ls lt possible that the "impa?
tient few" remain against their natural desire,
for the sake of being classed with the "more
intellectual" part of the audience ?
-The Birmingham Post informs Its great
midland public that "grandeur in size and
thoroughness In principle are generally among
the characteristics of things and people of
America. Their railways count their lengths
by hundreds of miles, where ours are meas?
ured by tens; their orchestras embrance the
performance of armies of blacksmiths and
large detachments of artil'ery; and their or?
dinary party movements In politics assume the
dimensions of immense organizations, with
.platforms' which are to modify not only the
action, but thc character of the population of
the whole country. They will pay offa great
national debt while wc arc counting what thc
interest will amount to, and will add a province
or create a new State while we are setting the
boundaries of an assize district. On the same
magnificent scale most of their operations are
planned, and in their trade strikes they main
lain the dignity of their nation."
TUE STEAMSHIP SM IDT.
Her Safo Arrival at N?w York-State?
ment ot" inc ca ptain.-'
The long-looked for steamer Smidt, Captain
Gerhard Schwere, from Bremen, with two hun?
dred and ninety-four passengers, arrived at
New Vork on Friday, as stated briefly by tele?
graph. The following is the statement of Cup
The steamship Smldt left the port of Bremen
on the llth ot'January, with two hundred and
ninety-six passengers, twelve of whom were
cabin passengers. There were forty-eight offi?
cers and crew, and the captain. At first we
had a splendid run, with light winds and fine
weather. About five days after being
out the weather changed to stormy.
There was a succession of violent hur?
ricanes, lasting thirteen days. On the
eleventh day of this weather (about the <ith
ot February,) when the ship was In latitude 31
and longitude 32, she was struck by a heavy
sea, while the screw was out of water, and
the engines were disabled. The follower of
the piston was broken, and the engines were
in other respects much Injured. 1 could not
say that the hurricane came from any particu?
lar polut; it veered all round the compass-to
the left. The ship was not Injured In any other
respect. We were obliged to lay to for twelve
days lo repair engines. While the storm was
raging we eaw two English ships. They saw
our euslgn and rend it, but did not give their
own In reply. We also saw a large three-mast?
ed steamer; we could not make out whether
she was full-rigged or not; she was boned east?
ward; she showed regular steamer lights. We
also saw some wreck stuff-beams und deck,
and plank, but no spare that would enable us
to tell what the character of the vessel was.
Of course we knew nothing about thc delay of
the City of Boston then. We saw nothing like
steamer wreck stuff.
The steamer that we saw appeared to bc run?
ning under lull headway, and we had no chance
to exchange signals, the weather was so bad.
We saw her about 10 o'clock at night At 4
o'clock the following morning the hurricane
Increased in fury, but on the second day aller
the injury lo the engine, the storm iel!, and
we had fairweather during Ihe rest of the pas?
sage. We iay to lor twelve days repairing, and
after that we could only go at halt speed,
about 44 knols an hour. We were obliged to
take Ihe southern passage by thc Azores.
We were down as low as thc 23d parallel of
latitude, but ran mostly In the 30th parallel.
The winds were westerly ; we found there
were no trade winds, and were obliged
all the time to keep a little to the north?
ward. We came Into the Gulf stream In the
30tli parallel. We saw no land on this coast
until we came in sight of the Delaware light
vessel on the Five Fathom bank, which wc
sighted at eight o'clock last night, Mardi lOlh.
We were signalled outside this port at ll
o'clock tills morning, ami arrived at quaran?
tine al 3 o'clock. During Hie whole of the voy?
age we have had pleiilv ol'provisions and coal.
1 have now about 150 tons of coal in Hie bunk?
ers. All the passengers ami crew have en?
joyed excellent health. We have bad but
one death, that ol'a little boy, and we have had
two births on board, a boy and a girl.
TABOR AND WAGES IN PARIS.
A Daile Picture.
A correspondent of the Boston Journal
lu Paris capital wars agains: labor, beats it
down, tramples on it. The lew exceptions
prove the rule. In a series of familiar pic?
tures I can show you the beneficial results of
co-operation in Paris, and the horrible condi?
tion of those outside its pale. The status of
the workingwoman at Paris and Lyons may
be taken as a fair sample of what it is else?
where in France when she is unprotected. The
last trustworthy statistics of the wages of these
women in Paris were published in 1800, and
we need only add about ten per cent, to allow
for the Increase of population, and lind nearly
what the aggregate is now. In 18GJ there
were in the French capital 17.203 women who
earned from 50 centimes (10 cents,) to 1 franc
25 centimes (25 cents) per day; 88,340 women
who earned from 1 franc 50 centimes to 4
francs dally; and only about 800 women, all
told, who earu from ? francs to 7 francs dally.
This at once gives an idea of the distress
which even the woman born In Paris, not to
speak of lier who is suddenly thrown unpro?
tected on the great city, must undergo in liv?
ing honestly. Think, also, that the average
number ol' days in which work can be had by
these women is only 232 in a year. Is it any
wonder lliey are dissolute ?
There were, at the same period when the
above statistics appeared, 60,080 workmen
earning omy from 1 to 3 francs daily, 211,021
gaining from 3 francs 25 centimes to t? francs,
and I?,U?? Wim wages 01 ii om o uauw -<J
times to 20 francs daily. About 20,000 appren?
tices of both sexes were receiving the munifi?
cent sum of 10 cents per day; and 45,000 men,
women and children were receiving an aver?
age of 4 francs 50 centimes dally. This brought
the total of dally wages to the class? ouvri?re
up to 1,815,753 francs dally, with about the
same number of working days In the year for
men as for women. The annual gain of a wo?
man In Paris is but a trifle over $100, while,
even in the most humble circumstances, the
demands of her existence require an expendi?
ture ol fifty per cent. more. The average ex?
pense possible for a woman in Paris, consid?
ering what she gains, is about one franc and a
half. Thirty cents a day is hardly adequate to
any one's emergencies in a small city, much less
In a cosmopolite capital. Existence becomes
problematical with the woman-a question of
virtue-of submission to the world's caprices;
with the man it Is a moderate torment, drown?
ed in dissipation or revolutionary excitement.
Paris is a cauldron in which the elements- -
of co-operation are bubbling and simmering
constantly. The action of the working class
will influence that of the workers all over the
continent A strike of some particular trade's
members in Paris ls now followed almost cer?
tainly by the same thing in Naples and Madrid.
War against capital is declared, because capi?
tal will not co-operate amicably. A new in?
stance has just come to light In the great strike
at Creuzot where the workmen, despairing of
their liberty otherwise, have undertaken co?
operation themselves, and will rival the parent
works in making locomotives and cannons,
unless the government tramples them down.
The syndical chambers willingly allow strikes
to go on every winter in Paris, because they
seem the most substantial manner of appeal?
ing for an Improvement of condition which can
only be gained by co-operation. The work?
man ot Paris, in general destitute of domestic
ties, and capable only of a superficial grasp of
the meaning of his own existence, throws
himself voluntarily upon the dangers of strikes
and reunions, and lives on excitement and
fresh air. The women who have the misfor?
tune to be married (for practically it is a mis?
fortune,) suffer privation in silence.
Among the freight by the Alhambra, from
Savannah, on last Thursday, were six tons of
gold ore from the Akoona mines.
The Rome Courier contains the names of
sixty-two persons in Polk County, Ga, who
have availed themselves of the homestead ex?
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DISEASE, LIRE A THIEF,
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ri - , . T ?.I I Hil I I -
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AGENCY OF TUE UNITED STATES.
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