Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1375.
CHARLESTON, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 19, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
[FROM TBE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, May 18.
Attorney-General Hoar has decided that in?
ternal revenue officers may be considered as
informers In case o? frauds against the govern?
ment, and receive the monies which other in?
formers would be entitled to, except where tbe
Information ls obtained through certain pro?
cesses ol law which are mentioned in the de?
Judge Fisher aud Mr. Bradley bad a person?
al difficulty to-day. Bradley struck Fisher
with his cane, when they clinched, and a rough
and-tumble fight ensued; but they were sepa?
rated before damaging each other much. The
difficulty grew out of the old Surratt trouble.
Mr. Le France bas received a patent for his
ramie machine. General Capron and otber
experts have taken great interest in it. The
general opinion is that it meets tbe necessities
.f the case.
P?tions were presented in favor of the ratifi?
cation of the Santana Bay treaty, and for a
ship canal across tbe Isthmus of Darien.
A resolution was adopted calling for official
correspondence relating to the passage of |
English (Canada) steamers through thc Sault
St Marie Canal.
The day was devoted to a discussion of the
bill for the enforcement of the Fifteenth
amendment The session to-night ls on the
A bill was passed allowing honorably dis?
charged soldiers to enter quarter sections in
alternate sections of tbe public lands on lines
of railroads. Tbe morning hour was passed in
discussing a bill to restore navigation and com?
merce. The naval appropriation bill was taken
up,"but pending its discussion the House ad?
WHY IB THIS TH VS?
WASHINGTON, May 18
The Star of to-day bas the following article :
"The Downing De Mortie Wedding-How ls
this ?-One Lloyd H. McCabe publishes a
card stating that Beanie de Mortie, who Is
about to be married to a daughter of George
F. Downing, the wealthy colored caterer in
this city, was married to bis (McCabe's) sister
In Newport, by Rev. C. H. Malcolm, in 1864,
and that his wife is still living. He (De
Mortie) deserted her about a year or two after
the marriage; he is not a Frenchman, but a
negro, and was formerly a slave. McCabe
states that the necessary documents to prove
his statements are ready to be forwarded to
Washington to stop the proceedings.'' Not?
withstanding this .publication, the wedding I
will come off at 8 o'clock this evening, in a
private manner. Downing asserts that thc
statements about De Mortie are false."
EUROPE. * .
Tito Great Yacht Raer-Thc Sappho
Again Victorious. *
The third race ol the series bet?feen the
Sappho and Cambria was won by the 'Sappho,
The evening edition ol the Times states that
the yachts Saphho and Cambria, In the race to?
day, were-becalmed for a long time. For the
first twenty miles of the race the Cambria was
the winner, but the Sappho weathered and
Core reached on her and doubled the mark fifty
seconds ahead. -Although there was a pleas?
ant breeze during the race, a dense fog fre?
quently obscured the yachts from the view of j
the thousands of spectators. ?
Suspension of La Marseillaise.
PARIS, May 18.
"La Marseillaise" has been condemned for
offences against the Emperor, and for exciting
hatred and contempt of the government.
The author of the objectionable article is sen?
tenced to six months1 imprisonment and a fine
of 5000 francs; the managing editor to one
year's imprisonment and a fine of 1000 francs.
The publication ol' La Marseillaise ls suspended
for two months.
This morning's edition of the Marseillaise
The smallpox ls spreading.
LONDON, May 18.
The valuable statuary in Christ Cburoh of |
Oxford, was recently removed during the
night and burned into lime. The press is very
severe upon the perpetrators of the outrage.
HAVANA, May 18.
General De Bodas has revoked the order
compelling persons going to the United States
to give security in the Bom of $60,000 that they
would not engage In a conspiracy against the
Spanish Government in Cuba.
The steamer George Washington sailed to?
day for New York, and the steamer Washing?
ton for St. Nazalre. _
ELECTIONS IN NEW TOBE.
Tile rv* - ocr?t? Sweep tbe State.
NEW YORK, May 18.
The State Judicial elections took place to?
day. The Democratic candidates are elected
by about seventy-five thousand majority.
In this city the negroes voted without mo
[ Iestation. The eighth ward, where the negroes
are strongest, gives eight ' thousand Demo?
The returns from the country give the Re?
publicans cold comfort.
O OTB GOING.
f - NEW YORK, May 18.
^bere were twenty-three bidders for the
government gold to-day at from 14J to
14 79-100. The total bid was for $3,065,000.
The awards will amount to $1,000,000 at l l 70
M0 to 14 79-100. _
8PABKS FROM THE WIRES.
It m reported that Governor Bard, of Idaho,
will resign and return to Georgia, for the pur?
pose of dele a ting Bullock and his policy.
The Toronto Telegraph announces that the
United States Government .have ordered the
British ships to be allowed to pass through
the Sault St Marie Canal with all their
cargoes, except with munitions of war aboard.
General Kilpatrick, Minister to Chili, has re?
BOLD ROBBERY.-We are informed that on
Sunday, the 16th instant, the house of Mr. Z.
Fillmore, of Robeson County, North Carolina,
was entered during his absence attending ser?
vice at Ashpole Church ny a band of disguised
robbers, who took about $1000 in specie, and
the whole of the clothing of the family. Mr.
Ful more's slBter and a son of his, who reside
with him, were also at church and suffered
Mr. Fulmore had left his premises in charge
of a boy, who, while the robbers were pillag?
ing the house, attempted to escape and give
information, but was detected in the attempt
and prevented from doing so. The robbers,
after leisurely hunting up whatever was valu?
able, went away wish their booty, having
flwt completely gutted thsjrfiouse, even taking
the keysfaf the premises with them.-Manon
r THE SCOTT REGIME.
TWO PARALLEL VILLAS IES OP TUE
THE "AFFAIRE TOLBERT" AND THE "AF?
FAIRE SAMPSON" ANALYZED.
'.THE WICKED FLEE WHEN NO MAN PUR
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT. ]
COLUMBIA, May 17.
In order to see the significance of the style
of proceeding in the S&mpson-Metcalf case, we
must recall some ol the circumstances of the
Tolbert murder case, nearly two years ago.
Randolph was murdered. Tolbert came for?
ward and announced himself as one of the mur?
derers. He was sent to jail; stayed there some
months. Two sessions of the regular court
were held ta Columbia, during this imprison?
ment of Tolbert. Why was he not tried ?
Everybody knows that Tolbert was not tried
because such a trial would have brought to
light facts which the Scott faction could not
stand-facts which, put in the lorm of legal
evidence, would damn the laction beyond all
hope-would, possibly, expose the fact that
Randolph was murdered for political ef?
fect by his friends. But Tolbert was on
hand. What to do with him ? Happy
thought ! He is sent to the penitentiary,
from which convicts were escaping every few
weeks. Might they not get quit of him this
way? It ls tried. He is sent to the peniten?
tiary, and in a few weeks-he escapes ! Good.
What then ? The trick began to be too plain.
The newspapers talked of lt. ID was too bad.
Something must be done to revive the droop?
ing reputation of the faction for virtue. But it
evidently would not do to get Tolbert again
on their hands. What .then ? A coup d'?tat.
He is bullied into drawing his pistol, and is
shot to death with revolvers at*a negro frolic.
They had given him money for this story and
bis risk. They had promised him immunity
from the gallows. They gave lt as Tamures
kept faith with the garrison ol Se bas tia. They
shot him. That closed the affaire Tolbert.
Now, what ls the Sampson case ? A fraud
involving thousands to the detriment of South
Carolina and her credit ia entered upon. Mr.
Klmpton allows six or seven weeks to elapse;
and after all, never raised a Anger to arrest
the fraud, although he had information of it,
both from Superintendent Kennedy and from
the printing establishment in "Auburn. Won?
derful apathy! Amazing indifference to the
very life of his office! NIt began to become too
bad. The chief constable worked up the case.
Sampson was lodged in jail here, and Metcalf
in New York. When Sampson was arrested,
he volunteers the information that he has no
associates in the crime except Metcalf. This
astonishing revelation is paraded in the Scott
faction organ. It is absolutely thrust under
oar noses. We cannot hear it often enough.
Nobody else guilty ? Who had raised the ques?
tion? The Governor himself was present at
that volunteer revelation. It makes the case
ugly for Sampson-very. But then it acquits
others who had not been charged with partici?
pation. Magnanimous prisoner!
The crime charged upon Mr. Sampson is a^
grave one-a very grave one. Yebterday ap?
plication was made for bail. The trial justice
granted it readily, putting the bond at $5000.
This is no doubt all right. It is not my desire
to discuss the proceeding. The officers know
their duty. But what is to be the result? Is
there a sane man in South Carolina who im?
agines that Sampson will not rather forfeit
$5000 than appear at the next session of the
court ? May be. Your correspondent is not
of the number. .Why not ? Because-and
this reason affects Sampson less than lt does
others-because a judicial investigation would
involve more astounding revelations, and be
fraught with more risk to others, than even a
trial of Tolbert would have been In 1868.
Is Sampson not to be tried at all here ? Of
course not; unless, by confession or other
means, all arraying of evidence in the case
can be staved off.
The affaire Sampson and the affaire Tolbert
have one or two points in common.
Some well-informed parties are very much
mistaken If there are not some persons con?
nected with the present government of South
Carolina who would rather pay $50,000, or
twice that sum, than have th?! truth, the whole
truth and nothing but the truth, told about
these money matters of Sou tl . Carolina.
The affaire Sampson is one full ot terror to
more than those two persons arrested. In?
deed, the danger to them|ls probably nothing.
A LETTER PROM JD. WT ATT AIKEN.
TO "THE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
COKESBURT, May ii.
lt appears that the remarks I made before
the recent convention in your ftty have ex?
cited the ire, disgust and contempt of both
friend and loe, and curses, hot and heavy,
have been heaped upon me' from every hole
and corner of the City of Charleston. What
ore the facts in the case ? ,
On the morning of the loft day of the con?
vention, after a free discussion upon subjects
generally pertinent to the object of the con?
vention, I ventured to obtrude upou that body
my opinions, and in reply to a member who
bad argued, that in importing immigrants to
this country, we must receive them as our
equals socially, I entered my protest against
my such inducement being presented,
i promiscuous recognition of social equali
;y with strangers from any quarter I would
lot subscribe to. Neither would you, Mr. Edi?
tor, nor wo.uld it be asked for or expected by
my intelligent immigrant. <
This was the idea I intended advancing. If ;
f was unfortunate in expressing a different
dea, 1 can but regret it. I feel that no man
n the Slate according to his means has done,
:an do, or will do more than I to encourage
inmigration, elevate labor, and rejuvenate i
jur old woraout lands. If to effect this end
policy forbids the truth should be told, then 1
my consolation ls, I am too honest to be even i
' A word, if you please, to the Charleston
press. Your German paper says I have learn- 1
id but little during the past six years. I plead <
ruilty to the charge, and I confess the Corre- \
pondent has by no means increased my karo?
ng. Itcalls me "aSIaveocrat." Wherefore? Be- s
:ause, forsooth, I did not extol the fairhairod <
>erman, and waste volumes of gas in declar- j
ng the generous welcome that awaited the
I narrated simply what I had seen ol' the
Chinese, and expressed myself pleased witlt .
heir labor; that where working with negroes .
hey had allowed spectators to pass unobscrv
;d, while the negroes stop their work to take a 1
?nrveyofthe visitor; that they were frugal i
md economical, while their colored co-labor- ,
irs were extravagant, and oftener than other
vise would spend on Saturday the next earn- '
ngs of the week; that the Chinese would i
inswer for our tide-water lands, but not for ]
:he upper country, and that I did not advocate .
;helr introduction into the latter section. For
:hls and this alone thc Suedlicher Correspon- .
lent accuses me of seeking for Southern re- l
demption through Chinese lahor,and uses other
truthless and Inconsistent remarks that have
fallen harmlessly at my feet. For its edifica?
tion I may say, I have in my employment Ger?
mans and native whites, and colored laborers,
who are perfectly content and satisfied with the
treatment they receive, and would not ex?
change homes with any of my traducers. Only
to-day I have received from Charleston a fami?
ly of English immigrants, who seem neither to
fear the~"Slave Pascha," nor to anticipate his
extending to them ought else than kind treat?
ment and prompt payment lor labor performed,
both of which they will surely get. But enough
of this ireful German.
A friend has handed me two copies of a Ra?
dical sheet published in Charleston, one of
which contains an extract from an article in
THE NEWS that I had not seen. This article
enumerates a host of great men who in the
post have risen from humble origin. Shake?
speare was a wool-comber, he says. Shall I.
therefore, anticipate poetic ideas iroin the
Englishman who is this day shearing my
sheep? Because the father ol Gregory VII
was a carpenter, does lt follow that every car?
penter's son must be a Pope ? Ridiculous non?
sense. Such instances prov? that genius can?
not be hid under a bushel, and nothing more.
Merit should be rewarded, and conscience tells
me I have uever rejected its claims.
This same sheet has dotted all over its col
ums garble:! extracts from what I said, and a
paragraph or two ol what I have written. To
this I have no objection. As a target I have
been shot at so often by Radical marksmen
that their assaults are received rather as
healthful tonics. I take them as a dyspeptic
would "Solomon's Bitters."
Mr. Editor, I cherish individual respect, but
have never stooped to court it. 1 have not
"crooked the pregnant hinges of the knee that
thrift might follow fawning." I esteem the
regard of a community, and have never wil?
fully given offence. If I have done so in this
instance, It is because I have been misunder?
stood, and therelore I feel no njortiflcation for
what I have said.
What speaker before the convention claimed
that "ali the sense and all the cultivation of
the universe was confined to South Caroli?
na?" Who said we could not learn much
from the GermaD, the Irishman or the English?
man ? Certainly I did not; for among the
adopted citizens of this h tate, I have the hon?
or to number many warm personal friends.
And one of the staunchest mends I have is a
Northern man, who ls now my neighbor.
Your obedient servant,
D. WTATT AIRES.
P. S.-Will the Suedllcher not do me,the
kindness to republish this article ? D W. A.
TH JE METHODISTS.
Action of the Methodist Episcopal Con?
The proceedings of the General Conference
ol the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, con?
tinue to attract much attention, many ques?
tions of leading importance to Hie church
being daily considered. On Saturday last the
Conference Committee, to whom was relerrcd
the papers relating to the proposal made by
the Methodist Episcopal Church, recommend?
ed the adoption of the following resolutions:
Resolved, That, gratefully recognizing Hie
Providence which has guided us, multiplied
us, strengthened our hands, preserved our
integrity as a ehurcli of Jesus Christ, under
trying conditions both in war and peace, we
earnestly desire to cultivate true Christian
fellowship with every other branch of the
church, and especially our brethren ol the
several branches of the Methodist Episcopal
Church in this country and Europe.
.Resolved, That the action of our bishops at
the last annual meeting in St. Louis, in re?
sponse to a message from the bishop of thc
Methodist Episcopal Church, has Hie full in?
dorsement of tills General Conference, and ac?
curately defines our position in reference to
any overtures which may proceed from that
church having in them an official recognition
of this body, and of thc distinguished commis?
sioners now present of the General Confer?
ence which met in Chicago, in May, 1868, ap?
pointed for the specific purpose expressed in
the following resolution, to wit: "Resolved,
That the commission ordered by the General
Conference to confer with the late commission
of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion
Church, to arrange a union of tnat body with
our own, be empowered to treat with similar
commissions from any other Methodist Episco?
pal Church that may" desire like union," can?
not, In our judgment, without great violence
ia construing language, be regarded as hav?
ing been constituted by that General Confer?
ence a commission to make proposals for union
with the General Conference ol' the Methodist
Episcopal Church, South. *
Resolved, Moreover, that if this distinguish?
ed commission were fully clothed with author?
ity to treat with us for union, it is the Judg?
ment of this conference that the true Interests
ot the church require and demand Hie mainte?
nance of a separate organization.
Resolved, That we tender the Rev. Bishop E.
J. Jones and Rev. W. L. Harris, members ot
the commission present witli us, the regards
ss brethren beloved in the Lord, and express
our sincere desire tliet the day may soon come
when, with proper Christian sentiments, fra?
ternal relations between the two great branches
of Northern and Southern Methodists shall be
On Monday a large number of reports of
committees were received, and, under the
rule, lie over tor two days, including that of
Sunday-schools, recommending the embodi?
ment of the Nicene Creed, Lord's Prayer,
Watts's version of the Commandments in Snn
day-school text books.
The Committee on Education made a majori?
ty and a minority report/which was made the
special order for Friday, a motion for post?
ponement being lost by one vote. The call of
committees was then suspended, and the un?
finished business ol last Friday was taken np,
being the report of the Committee on Itineran?
cy, which was debated at great length by Mr.
McGariand, of the University of Mississippi, in
favor of the settion giving the bishop discre?
tion to return ministers to their places, and
by Dr. Bond, of Baltimore, in opposition.
"Finally the whole matter was indefinitely
postponed, leaving the old law in effect.
The commission appointed at the last Gene?
ra1. Conference to confer with the Methodist
Protes.ant Church, report-that though they
tailed to effect an organized union, yet the dif?
ficulties in the way are less than were sup?
The following resolutions were introduced :
Resolved, That the fraternal greetings of
this General Conference be and are hereby ex?
tended to the General Conference ol'the Meth?
odist Protestant Church, now in session at
Resolved, Thal Rev. J. H. Linn, S. Kepper
and L. l>. Huston be requested to wait on said
conference and present *.!?e fraternal greetings
ol' this conference.
-The National Zeitung announces that thc
ilirect steam comrannica:ion between Bremen,
Hamburg and Havana is to be suspended du?
ring the coming summer months.
-Professor Virchow recently delivered a
lecture before the Berlin Medical Society on
.he Siamese twins. In thc-course of his re
siarks he mentioned a case of twins who were
jrown together in a manner similar to the
siamese, but who iiad been separated by an
iperation immediately after birth by their
allier, a Dr. B?hme, ol' G?nzenhausen, Nas
?au. The weaker of the twins flied after three
ind a half days; the stronger is now living,
md is five years oid.
-By the projected North Sea Canal thc
'Schleswig-Holstien meerumschlungen" prom
sesto be accomplished. This undertaking
?viii be commenced in 1872, in case permission
s granted by the next year's Reichstag. It
will taite six years (or its accomplishment, so
;hat its completion will take place in 1878. It
s reported that the connection of the military
mvens of Kiel with this canal is one ol the
'undamental conditions of the project, as also
;hat the canal shall be deep and broad enough
; or vessels of war.
THE STATE OE AFFAIRS AT ROME.
Parties in the Church-Prospects of the
New Dogma-Who are its Adversaries
-The Probable Result.
The question of Papal Infallibility, which is
at present under discussion in the Vatican
Council, has secured the attention of the civil?
ized world to an almost unparalleled degree.
Not only do many million copies of daily news?
papers carry intelligence ^concerning lt to
every town and village of the civilized nations,
but hundreds of thousands of leading articles
and many thousands of pamphlets and books
have discussed the question in all its aspects.
It was to be expected that a vast number of false
rumors and misrepresentations concerning such
a question would find their way imo the press. It
could not be otherwise with any question that
is the subject of so violent a controversy, and
the discussion of which is partly to be shrouded
in an official secrecy. Whoever has any ac?
quaintance with the history and present condi?
tion ol'the Catholic Church wiii easily recog?
nize thousands of reports-including quite a
number of our daily cable ' dispatches-which
are circulated concerning the Infallibility
question as absurd and impossible. Many
other reports, not so palpably false, and pur?
porting to come from the most trustworthy
authorities, have been declared by members of
the Council to be base inventions. Many oin- \
ors, again, asserted by some and denied by <
others, test the ingenuity of those* who are i
I anxious to discern the false from the true. In the
face of so much that is obviously; false or very ?
doubtful, it is not an easy task to evolve the <
real and incontestible facts of the case.
J PARTIES rs TUE CHURCH.
The difficulty ls considerably leas with re- '
gard to tbe state of public opinion in the Ro- i
mon Catholic world at large, than with regard 1
to the position and prospects of the question 1
within the Council. One of the best literary <
papers of Catholic Germany, which defends the 1
truth of Papal Infallibility, but doubts the op- I
portuneuess of defining it as h dogma, and I
which ls distinguished no less for the modera- t
tion of its language than for Its learning, says 1
that at the present time there are within tbe f
churcli seven parties as concerns the question i
of Infallibility. First. Those who regard the <
bellefin Papal Infallibility as a necessity, treat t
the contrary view as heretical, demand a dog- t
raatlcal promulgation, and seek to pro- '<?
mote the latter by all just and many I
unjust means. Many writers of the t
Jesuit order, especially those who write i
for thc chief onran ol' the Ultramontane
party, the Livllta Cattolica of Rome, are
counted with this class. Second. Those who
dcBire the promulgation of the doctrine, but :
who respect all wno oppose it up to the time
of the dogmatical d?finition as good Catho- (
Hes. The bishops who have signed the jmtu- J
latum lor thc doctrine belong partly to this,
partly to thc preceding class. Third. Those
who personally accept the truth of the doc?
trine, but deny or doubt the opportuneness o? J
declaring it as an article of faith. It ls claim- J
ed that the majority of the bishops who belong
to the opposition of the Council, especially the
German, Austrian and French bishops, share
this view. The fourth class, which comprises
the Immense majority of thc Catholic people,
have formed no personal opinion either
for or against the doctrine, but confidently
leave everything to the infallible guidance of |
the Holy Spirit, who, they believe, will guard i
t?t? Council from falling into any doctrinal i
error. The fifth class have thus far been un- j
able to convince themselves of the truth of the j
Infallibility doctrine, but they are ready to ao- j
cept submissively ana cheerfully any decision 1
of the Council whatever it moy v>c. Tlu> sixth ?
comprises those opponents of Infallibility wno ?
regard their view as 60 Irrefutable that they i
would be tempted to doubt the Ocumenical i
character of a council which should promul- <
gate such a doctrine and to repudiate its deci- i
slons. Dolllnger, it ls thought, must be put in
this class, and with him many of the prom i- j
nent scholars who have signed congratulatory \
and sympathetic addre ses to him. Lastly, a ,
seventh class goes so far in opposing the in- ,
fallibility of the Pope, that indirectly it throws ,
overboard with it the infallibility of the church <
Itself. The famous work of "Janus"' on the <
Pope and the Council is considered a represen- i
tali ve work of this shade of opinion.
This classification, made by a careful and
thoughtful observer, well portrays the condi?
tion of tlie Catholic Church, so far as its
scholars, priests, and a small number of emi?
nent laymen are concerned. To complete the
picture lt should, however, be added that both
in the New and Old World many millions are ;
only nominally connected with the church,
and are altogether indifferent to the proceed- '
ings of the Council. A look at thc Parliaments ]
of countries like Italy, Spain, Austria. France, (
Belgium, and many others, which by name are
wholly Catholic, while they choose deliberately
representatives ol' the people who are sworn '
enemies ol the church, can leave no doubt as <
to this point. It should also be added that a I.
very large number ol'those prominent laymen
who have been in the European Parliaments or '
the highest positions of State or of society, the <
leading champions of the interests of the
church, have publicly come out as earnest op- ,
poncnts ol' Infallibility. As regards theologi?
cal scholars and prominent members of the 1
priesthood, it suffices to mention such names
as Gratry and Father Hyacinthe, In France; ,
John H. Newman, In England; Do H'm ger. and
of those more than one-half of all the theologi- 1
cal professors ol Catholic Germany, to furnish
a conclusive proof that thc opposition to Hie .
proposed doctrine has developed a much great?
er force than was commonly anticipated. The 1
freat phalanx in defence and promotion of the i
octrine bas been thc order of the Jesuits. >
Though comparatively small in cWe number of
its members, this order has from the beginning '
taken the front rauk in the defence of the
doctrine, and bas published more works in its ,
favor than all the other religious orders taken ;
together, lt is natural enough, therefore, that
the Jesuits should be charged by the oppo- i
nents of infallibility with being the prime .
movers of this whole scheme and responsible .
for all the calamity which many Liberal Cath?
olics expect will befall the church in case the
scheme is carried. But though less active, tiie 1
immense majority of the religious . orders
sympathize In this question with the Jesuits. ;
Men like Father Hyacinthe are rare excep- '
Hons, and the generals of several orders, or, :
for instance, recently the general of the Laza
rists, have been able to assure the Pope that
the members ol' Hie order are a unit in favor
THE PARTY OK IXFA1JJBIL1STS IN THE COUNCIL. 1
Long before the Council met it was the gen?
eral opinion that a majority of the bishops
were not only personally favorable to the new ,
doctrine, but would favor its promulgation. A
large portion of the Roman Catholic bishops
ol Hie present day were, before the elevation ?
to Hie episcopal dignity, prominent men ol'
distinctly pronounced theological views; and
their views on questions like infallibility, espe?
cially when they favored the doctrine, were
generally known. A largo number ol' them,
moreover, hastened to put themselves publicly
on record as soon as thc Pope had convoked
the Council. Thus, when th? bishops met in
Rome, the leaders ol' the party of infalli- ;
bilists were known by al!; and, as the In?
fallibility question was the one promi?
nent subject on which it was known
that a division of opinion would conspicuous?
ly manifest itself, the election ol the twenty
four bishops, composion the important com?
mission on dogma!icalqueclions, naturally be?
came a test of the strength ol the two parlies.
The result ol' this election was significant. It
contains the name of every bishop who, by
writings, influence or otherwise, had gained
a prominent position in the party ol' Iniallibi!
iRts; in particular. Archbishop Manning, of
Westminster; Archbishop Dechamps, ol Ma
lines, Archbishop Spalding of Baltimore, Bish?
op Murtin, of Paderborn, Bishop Pie. ol Poi?
tiers, tbe Armenian Patriarch, Hassoun. of
ConstanHnople. On the oilier hand, the minori-1
ty was not represented in it by a single mem?
ber, and the commission was an entire unit in
favor of the new doctrine.
It was consequently one of Hie first acts of
the Infallibilists to draw up a postulatum to
ask the Council to declare Papal Infallibility as
a doctrine of the church. Thc first reports
from Rome stated that about two hundred '
members of the Connell had signed the postu?
lation. This number was soon increased to
over five hundred, or a large majority ol the
Council, which at the close of the year con?
sisted of 744 members.
THE POPE'S VIEW OF THE SUBJECT.
The party has been greatly strengthened by
the open and very emphatic sympathy of the
Pope, who missed no opportunity to censure
the opponent and thank and encourage the
defenders of the doctrine. The Catholic pa?
pers have mentioned many facts of this kind.
He bas thanked the author of every literary
work in favor of the doctrine; and, at the au?
diences given to bishops, priests and laymen,
frequently declared It as his opinion that the
present state of the church required the pro?
mulgation of the doctrine.
THE OPPONENTS OF INFALLIBILITY.
But, overwhelming as were the majority of
the bishops who favored the infallibility doc?
trine, and emphatic as was the support given
to them by the Pope, many were surprised at
the large number of bishops who openly de?
clared their dissent. Ol'these, only a few had
made known their opinion before tue meeting
of the Council-foremost among them the ve?
teran champion of church interests in France,
Bishop Dupanloup ol Orleans. Most declared
themselves for the first time after their arrival
in Rome. The most compact opposition came
from the Germans, Austrians and Hunga?
rians, who united for a petition against
bringing the infallibility of the Pope before the
Council. It created particular surprise that
tile three German Cardinals, Archbishop Raus?
cher of Vienna, Archbishop Prince Schwarzen?
berg of Prague, and Prince Hohenlohe of
Rome, did not hesitate to join the opposition
as well as all the archbishops. The bishops of
Hungary were said to be a unit against infalli?
bility, the only one doubtful being thc Primate.
England. Ireland, the United States and
France also furnished a considerable contingent
to the remonstrances against the doctrine.
On the other hand, Italy, Spain, South Ameri?
ca and the Missions%ppeared almost as a unit
in favor of infallibility.
Among the opponents two parties were
2learly discernible-those who personally arc
believers in the doctrine and merely doubt the
jpportnneness, and those who are opposed to
;he doctrine itself. Of the latter class,BJshop Du?
panloup was best known before the meeting of
-he Council; but alter thc opening, his fume
(vas eclipsed by that of Bishop Strossraayer,
.epre6entatlve of the Slavic population In
dungary, and, if the almost unanimous reports
rom Rome may be believed, one of the great
?st orators of the Connell. Bishop Hefele, the
earned Bishop ol Rottenburg and famous his
orian of the former Councils, also proved an
nfl nent lal though a very cautious member of
his party. Nearly all the bishops of thia party
lave, however, brought forward only su;h
irguments as impugn the opportuneness of
istablishing the new doctrine. Only one blsh
ip, Maret of France, had before thc meeting of
he Council issued an elaborate work, speci?
fy intended to show the proposed doctrines
is a deviation from the true constitution of
he church, and to warn the church against its
THE MIDDLE PARTY AND THE PROPOSED COMPRO?
Tiie unexpected strength developed by the
ippositlon induced a number of prelates
lympathlzing with the majority to attempt a
lompromise, and to seek: to establish the
loctrine in the way least offensive to the ml
lority. The chief spokesman of this party has
)een Archbishop Spalding, of Baltimore, who 1
iroposed to introduce the new doctrine less
jy its clear and emphatic declarations as a
loctrine of the Catholic Church than by an en?
forcement of what has been for centuries thc
iniversal practice in the church-the duty of
?very Catholic to accept the decisions ol' the
Supreme Pontiff, not only with unconditional
)bedience, but with unreserved mental assent.
THE SECULAR GOVERNMENTS.
We do not enter into a detailed account of
.he movements of the three parties. The
newspaper reports on this subject are gene?
rally untrustworthy, and lack confirmation.
But it cannot be doubted that the large ma
ority of the bishops are now as fullv deter?
mined a3 ever to promulgate the doctrine.
We do not believe that the efforts of secular
lovcrnmunfs will induro anv ron?lderable
aumbcr of them to change their minds. But
the bishops, in view of the continuing opposi?
tion, will naturally be anxious to find for the
wording of the new doctrine Hie least objec?
As regards, finally, the consequences which
the promulgation of Papal Infallibility asa doc?
trine of the church will have, we think lt almost
:ertain that all the bishops of the church, with at
most one or two exceptions, wlli declare their
mequivocal submission to the decision of the
ronnel!. The infallibility of an (Ecumenical
Council has always been so fundamental a doc?
trine of thejCatholIc Church, that no bishop
nil] be easily induced to protest against lt.
JOTTINGS FROM GERMANT.
-Tiie branch society of the '.'Vatcrlandshcr
Frauen verein"'(Fatherland Woman's Union,)
if Hanover, has undertaken, at its own ex?
pense, to educate a number of women to take
:are ol the sick.
-The new synagogue is building in Hanover,
which so far has cost 103,000 thalers; to Its
completion 12,000 thalers are still necessary.
The number ol' members who have contribut?
ed to the building fund is two hundred and
-A memorial tablet has been placed, by the
Union for the History of Berlin, upon the
iiouse in Berlin ilO Konigsgraben) in which
Lessing wrote his -'Minna von Barnhelm." A
few days subsequently a bust of the poet, In
aronze, was placed above*t)ie marble tablet.
-The Prussian army numbered, in WOO, al?
together 280 garrison hospitals, of which 109
were in hired localities. The total number on
the sick list during the foregoing year was 16,
T58, making a daily average of 7390. The total
expenditure for thc same was 907,100 thalers.
-A scandalous publication, intending to
?ive an authentic account of the love affairs of
King William, of Prussia, is circulated in large
numbers in South Germany, in order to add to
ihe hatred with which a portion of the people
there look upon Prussia.
-The centenary of the birthday of Frederic
William III, of Prussia, will take place the 30th
August. On this occaston, according to the
nighest authority, the uncovering of the mag?
nificent monument lu Berlin of Hie above king
-the foundation of which Hms laid in 1813
will take place.
-Tiie gambling tables at Wiesbaden were
opened on the lst.of April for the season. The
first victim was a -young Portuguese, aged
twenty-three, who lost his entire fortune ol'
one hundred thousand fiancs during the day,
together with his senses. He became insane,
and was taken to the city hospita!.
-Herzfeld, a well-known German actor,
lately assaulted Dr. Silberstein, an eminent
dramatic critic, in the streets ol' Leipzig in a
most savage manner, on account of an article
which did not quite suit Iiis taste. The other
dramatic critics ol'ibo Leipzig papers have re?
solved to punish the actor by abstaining, in
future, from all mention of his acting.
-In Berlin there are eight hundred families
who. iu spite of the most zealous pains, can
lind no dwelling, and are absolutely roofless.
Great efforts have been made by the magis?
trates to provide them with eleeping places.
The asylum for homeless females, which has
been frequented tilts month by 1*75 persons,
ha6 been arranged to receive 150 women and
children per n'ght.
_The magistrates of Hanover have deter?
mined to cause two hundred nest-boxes to be
hung up in the Eilenrcide, of which the di?
rector of the watch is to have the superintend?
ence. This example is recommended to the
Imitation of those who have private gardens,
since the most of the German singing biro's are
indefatigable in destroying insects in gardens,
and especially protect them from the damnge
cone by caterpillars.
THE ATTACK OF THE TROJANS ON
THE GREEK FLEET.
BY WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT.
[The following extract from the forthcoming
second volume of Mr. Bryant's translation of the
Iliad appears in the May number of Our Monthly:]
Meanwhile the Trojan host,
Like ravening lions, fiercely rushed against
The galleys, that the will of Jupiter
Mli?he be fulfilled; for now he nerved their limbs
With vigor ever new, while he denied
Stout nearts and victory to the Greeks, and
Their foes with hope. His purpose was to give
The victory to Hector, Priam's son,
Till he should cast upon the beaked ships
The fierce, devouring fire, and Dring to pass
The end for which the cruel Thetis prayed.
Therefore did Jove the All-disposer walt
Till from a burning galley be should see
The flames arise. Then must the Trojan hoot
Such was lils will-retreating from the fleet,
Yield to the Greeks the glory of the day.
For this he moved the already eager heart
Of Hector, son of Priam, to attack
The roomy ships. The hero was aroused
To fury fierce as Mars when brandishing
His spear, or as a desolating flame
That rages on a mountain-side amonz
The thickets of a close-grown wood. His lips
Were white with foam: his eyes from underneath
His frowning brows streamed fire; and as* he
Upon the hero's temples fearfully
Thc helmet nodded. Jupiter himself
Sent aid from his high seat, and heaped on lum
Honor and fame beyond the other chiefs
And there were many, for his* term of life
Was to be short. Minerva even now
Was planning to bring on ita closing day,
Made fatal by the might of Peleus's son.
And now he strove to break the Oreclan ranks,
Assaulting where he saw the thickest crowd
And the best weapons; yet in vain he strove
With all his valor. Through the serried lines
He could not break; the Greeks In solid squares
Resist ed, like a rock that huge and high
By the gray deep abides the buffetings
Of the shrill winds and swollen waves that beat
Against lt. Firmly thus the Greeks withstood
The Trojan host, and fled not. In a blaze
Of armor, Hector, rushing towards their ranks,
Fell on them like a mighty billow raised
By the strong cloud-born winds, that flings Itself
On a swift ship, and whelms lt In its spray,
While fearfully among the cordage howls
The blast; the sal loi s tremble and are rai nt
With fear, as men who deem their death-hour
So the Greek warriors were dismayed at heart.
As when a hungry lion suddenly
Springs on a herd of kine that crop the grass
By hundreds la the broad moist meadow-ground s,
Beneath the eye of one who never learned
To guard his horned charge from beasts of prey,
But ever walks before them or behind;
While the grim spoiler bounds into the midst
And makes a prey of one, and all the rest
Are scattered in affright, so all the Greeks
Were scattered by the will of Heaven before
Sector and Father Jove. Yet only one,
Vuung Periphotes, of My cens, fell,
The son of Copreus. Once his father went
An envoy from Eurystheus to the court
Of mighty Hercules. The son excelled
The father In all gifts of form and mind,
In speed, in war, In council eminent
among the noblest of his land. His death
Brought Hector no renown ; for as he turned,
Stepping by chance upon his buckler's rim,
That reached the ground-the buckler which had
His fence against the enemy's darts-he fell
Backward, his helmet clashing fearfully
Around hts temples. Hector saw, and came
In haste, and pierced his bosom with his spear,
Among his fellow-warriors, who with grief
Beheld, yet dared not aid him, such their awe
Ot noble Hector. Now thc Greeks retired
Among that row of galleys which were first
Drawn up the beach; thc foe poured arter them,
In hot pursuit; again the Greeks full back,
Constrained, and left that foremost row behind,
And stood beside their tents in close array,
And not dispersed throughout the camp, for shame
And rear restrained them, and unceasingly
With snouts they bade each other bravely stand.
Chiefly Gerentan Nestor, wise to guide
The couusels of the Greeks, adjured them all,
And in their parents' name, to keep their ground.
. u Friends, be men; so act that none may feel
Ashamed to maet the eyes of other men.
Think each one of his children and his wife,
Ills home, his parents, living yet or dead.
For them, the absent ones, 1 supplicate,
And bid you rally here, and scorn to fly."
He spake, and his brave words to every heart
Carried new strength and courage. Pallas then
Lifted the heaven-sent cloud that veiled the light,
And all things in thc clear full light were seen
Un en tin- siac, Lrum n-horo trie gsiieys m y
And where the warriors struggled. They beheld
Hector, the great In war, and all his host,
Both those who formed the rear and wielded not
Their^rrns, and those who combatted in front
Beside^he ships. And now it pleased no more
The soul of valiant Ajax to remain
In the thick squadrons with the other Greeks,
But, striding on the galley-decks, hebore
A sea-pike two and twenty cubits long,
Huge, and beset with iron nails. As when
Une who ls skilled to vault on running steeds
Chooses four horses .'rom a numerous herd,
And on the highway to a populous town
Drives them, while men and women in a crowd
Behold lils feats with wonder, as he leaps
Boldly,^ without a fall, from steed to steed,
And back again, and all the while they ruo,
So on the lofty decks or those good ships
From ship to ship flew Ajax, luting up
His mighty voice-a shout that reached to heav?
And bade the Greeks defend their fleet and tents
Nor loitered Hector In those armed throngs
Of Troy, but as a tawny eagle swoops
Upon a flock of birds that seek their food
Along a river's border-geese or cranes
Or long-necked swans-so Hector In hot haste .
Sprang toward a galley with an azure prow,
While mightily the power of Jove impelled
The hero onward, and inflamed his train
With courage. Fiercely then around the ships
The struggle was renewed. Thou wouldst have
No tolls of war could tire those resolute arms,
So stubbornly they fought. In every mind
The thonght was this : the Greeks were in despair
Uf rescue, and believed their hour had come
To perish ; every Trojan hoped to gire
The fleet to flames, and slay the sons of Greece.
Wish thoughts like these the hostile warriors
Then Hector laid his hand upon the stern
Of a staunch galley, beautiful and swift,
In which ProtefHMaus came to Troy
lt never bore him. Around its keel
The Trojans and the Greeks fought hand to hand,
And slew each other. For no more they sent
The arrow or the javelin from afar,
Walting to see the wound it gave, but each
With equal fury pressed upou his foe
With halberd and with trenchant battle-axe,
Huge sword and two-edged spear. Upou the
Had fallen many a fair black-hilted sword
With solid handles, some from slain meu's hands,
Some from lopped arms of warriors; the dark
Ran red with blood. But Hector, having laid
His hand upon the galley's stern, held fast
To the carved point, and called upon his men:
"Bring fire, and press In throngs upon the foe;
For now doth Jove vouchsafe to us a day
Worth all the past-a day on which we make
Thc ships our prey. Against the will of Heaven
They landed on our coast, and brought on us
Disasters many, through the coward fears
Of our own elders, who denied my wish
To combat at the galleys, and held back
Trie people. But If then the Thunderer
Darkened our minds, his spirit moves us now
In what we do, and we obey lila will."
He spake; and they with fiercer valor fell
Upon the Greeks. Even Ajax could no more
Withstaud the charge, but, rearing to be slain,
Amid a storm or darts, withdrew a space,
To where the sevea-foot bench of rowers lay,
And left the galley's stern. There, as he stood,
Ile watched the assailants keenly, and beat back
With thrusts of his long spear whoever brought
The firebrand. With terrific shouts he called
Upon the Creeks to combat manfully :
"U friends, Aehalan heroes, ministers
Of Mars, be men, be mindful or your fame
For valor. Do ye dream that iu your rear
Are succors walting us, or firmer walls
That may protect us yet r Nay, no renced town
Have we for refuge, flanked with towers from
Fresh troops may take our place. Between the
And country of the well-armed Trojans lie
Our tents; our native laud ls rar away;
And now our only hope orsarety left
ls in our weapons: there ls no retreat."
He spake, ami mightily with his sharp spear
Thrust a: whoever of the men of Troy
At Hector's bidding came with fire to burn
The galleys. On thc blade of that long spear
The hero took them as they came, and slew
In close encounter twelve before the fleet.
ET READY FOR SUMMER !
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The safe, fast sailing and comfortably ap?
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pOR NEW YORK-T U E S D A Y.
The Al side-wheel Steamship SOUTH
CAROLINA, Adkins, Commander, wm j
sall for New York on TUESDAY, May 24th, at .
o'clock P. M., from Pier No. 2, Union Wharves,
connecting with day Passenger Trains from Co?
lumbia and Augusta, arriving at 4 P. M.
The TENNESSEE will make close connection
with Liverpool Steamship NEVADA, of Messrs.
Williams A Onion's Line, sailing June lat. ?
Insurance by the steamers of this Une X per
For Freight engagements, or passage, having
very superior stateroom accommodations, all on
deck and newly furnished, apply to WAGNER,
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rjIHE REGULAR STEAM LINE.
WEEELY TO PHILADELPHIA.
The Screw Steamship J. W. EVER-^*-<s<a_
MAN. Hinckley, Commander, will' sail^Afi&K
for Philadelphia, direct, on FRIDAY, May Stn, at
10 o'clock A. M., from Brown's South Wharf.
Insurance fey the steamers of this line X
For Freight engagements, or Passage (cabin
$16,) apply to
WM. A. COURTENAY, Agent,
may 17-4_No. 1 Union Wharves.
T7ES8ELS SUPPLIED WITH CABIN AND
V MESS STORES ON SHORT NOTICE.
Captains and Stewards are respect- ^ABja
fully Invited to call and examine theSfiiaSSt
quality and prices of our GOODS. Pull weight
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WM. S.-CORWIN A CO.,
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J an at_
J^OR BEAUFORT, VIA EDISTO, ROCK?
VILLE AND PACIFIC LANDING.
Steamer PILOT BOY, Captain 0. - . ?IT-?,.
Caroll White, will sail from Charlee-JafiB?C
ton for above places every TUESDAY MORNING, at
Returning, the PILOT BOY will leave Beaufort
.arly WEDNESDAY MORNING, touching at aO_he
above named Landings on her roma- to
Charleston. J. D. AIKEN %
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VILLE AND LANDINGS ON ST. JOHN'S RIVER*
Steamer "DICTATOR," Captain"
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MONDAY EVENING at 8 o'clock.
Steamer "CITY POINT," Captain Fenn Peck,,
sails every FRIDAY EVENING at 8 o'clock. Con?
necting with Steamer STARLIGHT for Enterprise.
Fare to and from Savannah $3 each way, in?
cluding berth and meals.
Through Tickets and through Bills of Lading
for Freight given.
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jan!3_South Atlantic Wharf.
JpOR SAVANNA-.^. (INLAND ROUTE. >
VIA PACIFIC LANDING AND BEAUFORT.
The steamer PILOT BOY, Captain C.
Carroll White, wUl leave Charles-.
ton every THURSDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, for
The PILOT BOY will leave Savannah every
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock, touching at
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The Steamer PLANTER, Captain*
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Drugs, Chemicals, Ut.
JJUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL
FOR INFANTS TEETHING.
ALLAYS INFLAMMATION OF THE OUM8. CC KR*
CUOLIC, CHOLERA INFANTUM, DYSENTERY,
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CONTAINS NO ANODYNE.
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CHARLESTON, May 16,1868.
Mr. J. B. RUSSELL, one of our careful and Intel?
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mitted to my examination the formula for the
preparation of a Soothing Gordlal prepared and
vended by him.
It affords me pleasure to express a favorable
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??articular cases of the diseases of children, which
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Having had occasion to prescribe RUSSILL'S
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CHARLESTON. S. C.. 1868.
I certify that I have most successfully used
RUSSELL'S Soothing Cordial In the Summer Com?
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In the Diarrhoea of Ute aged, In increased doses,
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W. M. FITCH, M. D.
CHARLESTON, S. C., 1868.
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