Newspaper Page Text
VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
I FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
* WASHINGTON, May 20.
The Pacific Railroad bill was placed OD the
calendar next to the bill reducing taxation.
The entire day was devoted to a bill enforc?
ing the Fifteenth amendment
The House Cor?mittee on Pacific Railroads
considered the trans-continental scheme, with?
out result. The clerk of the committee says
they are fighting among themselves, and the
result will be they will get no road at all.
The bill to compensate the officers and sail?
ors of the Kearsage for the destruction of the
Alabama, by appropriating $190,000 out of the
Japanese indemnity fund, waa passed.
A message from the Senate was received an?
nouncing that the 'Senate had amended the
'. House-resolution of adjournment by changing
if from July 4th to 15th. This wa? instantly
agreed to, and a-motion to reconsider was laid
on the table, thus making the matter definite
Marriage with a Dead Wifc'i Sister.
LONDON, May 20.
The House of Commons, by a majority of
four, defeated the bill allowing husbands to
marry deceased wives' sister*. ?
The Spanish Throne.
MADRID, May 20.
Another deputation waited on Espartero
yesterday, hoping to prevail upon bim to ac?
cept tbe throne. It is reported that he per?
sisted in his refusal.
Watching the Beda.
.R ? . . FLORENCE, May 20.
Three Italian frigates are cruising around
the Island of Caprera to prevent the escape-of
General Garibaldi to Naples. The government
takes this action because it is known that the
sons of Garibaldi are with the insurgents in
The Trouble In Portugal.
LONDON, May 20.
The following details of the insurrection in
Portugal are published to-day : General Sal?
dana having taken the Castle of St. George,
after a severe fight, wherein seven were killed
and eighty wounded, entered the palace and
Immediately resigned bis command into the
King's hands, who authorized him to form a
itt w ministry. This coup d'?tat was participat?
ed in or sympathized with by the people of
Lisbon, Oporto and other cities.
THE CUBAN WAR. .
HAVANA, May 20.
De Rodas. has published an order tbat all
slaves belonging to the insurgents in the field
or in foreign countries, who have taken up
arms or who have served as guides to the
Spanish troops, or performed any other ser?
vice for the national cause, are henceforth free.
The insurgent captain Mestrid, and some of
bia followers have surrendered to the Spanish
authorities at Puerto Principe.
REFORMED PRESBYTERIAN SYNOD.
CINCINNATI, May 20.
The General Sjpod ol the Reformed Presbyte?
rian Church of North America yesterday elect?
ed Rev. Dr. McLeod, of New York, moderator;
Rev. Dr. Steele, of Philadelphia, secretary ; Rev.
Woodside, o? Brooklyn, assistant secretary.
On taking the chair Dr. McLeod made a short
address, alluding to his connection with the
Synod as a stated clerk for thirty-five years.
He looked upon this as a crisis in the history of
the Reformed Presbyterian Church, and hoped
tbe Synod would not be governed by a parti?
san spirit in its deliberations.
In the reports of presbyteries, all those that
referred to the subject of union with the
knited Presbyterian Church favored it except
Eastern and Philadelphia presbyteries, which
were opposed to union. Ohio and Chicago
presbyteries did not refer to the subject.
PHn.ADKi.PHiA, May 20.
At the Presbyterian Assembly, this morn?
ing, the moderator read a congratulatory dis?
patch addressed to the assembly by the vener?
able Dr. Elliott, who was moderator of the
General Assembly in 1838, at which time the
memorable schism occurred.
SPARKS EROJH THE WIRES.
The race between Amber and Asteroid, at '
Louisville yesterday, mile heats, was awarded <
Vto Amber. It is rumored that the rider or
Asteroid was bribed.
At New York, yesterday, Lydia Thompson
won a thousad dollar match against 2:34.
George Pat che a also won a thousand dollar
match against 2:44. Time not given.
Gilmore's shoe factory at North Raynham,
Mass., ls burned. Loss $60,000. Supposed
THE WEATHER AND CROPS.
. _ ?
Frost was seen in the co?*ty last week. The
?bother now ls warm and very dry.
The Enquirer says: '-We regret to learn
that the drought continues in this section.
Some parts of this county have been without 1
rain for six weeks, and ploughing has nearly i
ceased. This unfortunate state ol' affairs is :
telling very seriously upon aU the crops, but 1
more especially on wheat and oats."
The Advertiser says: "It is now thirty-four
or Ave days since we have had rain ir this
section. And if we are not mistaken, pretty
much tbe same thing may be said of our en?
tire district A drought like this, so early In
the season, is sometimes unprecedented among
us. And during most of this time the nights
and mornings have been decidedly cool, often
cold in fact, while high winds have prevailed
steadily. Cotton ana corn are having a deci?
dedly bad time of it, and the farmers are
gloomy and despondent. Vegetable gardens
too have fallen into woiul plight. The last
two or three days, however, have been war?
mer, in fact somewhat sultry, betokening
although there are but few clouds-the ap
Sroach of ram. Let us hope that the present
rought will end very speedily, and that it
will be the only one this summer."
-Wall street was completely fooled, it
seems, by young Kimpton, backed by the New
Tork Herald puffs. Tha^fc paper, of Wednesday,
in its report of the stock market, bays: t4The
South Carolinas were strong and higher, on
tbe advertisement of the Sinking Fund Com?
missioners promising to cancel $100,000 of the
Slate debt. The old bonds rose to 04 j, the
lew issue of July to Bi, and the October
bonds to 83."
SENATOR SAWYER'S VIEWS ON THE
A Powerful Speech.
The Congressional Globe bring3 us the lull
verbatim report of the hot debate in the United
States Senate, on Tuesday last, on the subject
of universal amnesty. We take the following
passages from the able speech delivered on"
that occasion by Senator Sawyer:
HE 1S;NT AFRAID.
After alluding to Senator Af orton's denun?
ciation of those who favored amnesty as urr
sound Republicans, Senator Sawyer said: .
For one, I recognize'no man's right to read
me out of the Republican party until he shows
that I stand on ground which is not Republi?
can. Mere denunciation, mere assertion that
I am acting in the interest of rebels or rebel?
lion, has no effect upon me. I feel no particu?
lar anxiety to avoid pleasing the rebels if I
do right and act as a Republican. I think it
might be more wise and statesman-like if some
senators should remember that their chief
mission is not to make the rebels hate them.
But there are some senators here who seem to
conceive that consistency requires them so to
act that the rebels shall entertain toward them
now precisely the same opinion that they en?
tertained when the war was flagrant. ? Sir,
that is not my position. When the war was
flagrant I hated rebellion; when the war
-was flagrant, to the extent of my power I re?
siste! rebellion; but let me say, Mr. President,
when the - war was flagrant I did not hate
re nels, and I do not hate rebels nor anybody
else now. It is not the mission of the Repub?
lican party tu hate the men who created and
who carried on the rebellion. It was the.
mission of the Republican party to suppress
the rebellion: and it has been and is yet
the mission of the Bepublican party to reor?
ganize this government on a more solid and
enduring basis than that upon which it lias
ever stood before. *
But, slr, let me tell the senator from Indiana
that the foundation upon which he would re?
organize this government, the foundation upon
which he would reconstruct the States lately in
rebellion, is a foundation as unstable as water.
The rebellion took into its vortex the whole
Southern population, with exceptions abso?
lutely insignificant in number. All classes
were bound up In sympathy with lt. Every man,
woman andehild, withes I said, insignificant
exceptions, had but one aspiration so far as
the political situation was concerned; and that
was that the Southern Confederacy and the
cause of the rebellion might triumph. Here
and there a man of generally very slight polit?
ical or social significance among his fellows
was, or professed to be, a loyal man; but the
number was so small that to carry on the gov?
ernment in those States by their aid, and by
their aid alone, ls a proposition perfectly ab?
surd to any man who knows the people.
WHAT OUGHT TO BE DONE.
I can understand, too, that those who would
govern these States as subject provinces, who
words"continue to keep over them the strong
arm of power, who would destroy the vital
principle of the American Republic, which is
local self-government, administration of local
Interests by local agents-I say I can under?
stand how those who would upset all this prin?
ciple and theory of government, who would
destroy this chief element ol strength in the
American system, should advocate the contin?
uance of that system which should hold the
grip upon the throats of the great majority of
the white population. That. is the- only theory
on which 1 can understand it; but if our pur?
pose is to forget the war, if our purpose ls to
establish in the breasts of the Southern people
a love for the Institutions of the United States,
If our purpose ls to strengthen the government
In those States, and to have a real Union, we
must take the people of those States with all
their infirmities upon them; we must incorpo?
rate them into the body politic of the United
States, as equal constituent members. We
muBt recollect that a man in 6outh Carolina, a
citizen of the United States, must be placed on
precisely the same platform, and covered by
the same protection, endowed with the same
political privileges, as a man in Massachusetts
A FOOLISH POLICY.
When you shut out any one large section of
the country from all aspirations for participa?
tion in the public offices, when you tell that
large class of men that they must have no
part or lot In the administration of the affairs
of the government you bid them to obey and
love, I say you cut off from the Republican
party one ot its great elements of strength.
When I reflect that in addition to the third
clause ot the Fourteenth amendment Imposing
these disabilities there'still rests on the statute
book the act known as the test oath, passed
on the 2d of July, 1862, which keeps out of
Federal offices practically, not, as my friend
from Connecticut said, eight hundred thous?
and men, or all but fifty thousand of them, but
a million men at least in the States lately in
rebellion and In the States that did not nomi?
nally go into rebellion; when I reflect that all
those boys and young men who never had
held an office and who had no political opin?
ions save those that they had absorbed from
the atmosphere which they had breathed all
their lives, are cut off from all aspirations lor
Federal preferment and Federal office. I say
the folly of man cannot conceive a more blun?
dering and stupid scheme than the scheme of
keeping that test oath on the statute book.
THE TRUTH AT LAST.
We are now, in many localties in the South,
reduced to the necessity, In order to get Fede?
ral appointments filled, of selecting them from
ignoramuses or rascals; and yet the senator
from Indiana tells us that we can select where
we will-that the fifty thousand loyal men are
amply sufficient to guide thc counsels of the
nation In those States. Kow, I wish to do all
credit to the men who were loyal to the flag in
the Southern States-I wish to give them all
the praise which belongs to men who resisted
a current that my friend lrom Indiana never
had to resist-I wish to give them all the
laurels that belong to them. Far be it from
me, who saw their sufferings and their sacri?
fices through that terrible contest, to take one
Bingle leaf from the chaplet which should bind
their brows. But, Mr. President, they were
few in numbers; as a rule they were insignifi?
cant in political and social consequence; and if
you attempt to carry on the business oi gov?
ernment in those States by their agency and
that of the race lately enfranchised alone, yon
will certainly fail.
WHY HE BECAME A SENATOR.
And when an;- senator charges that the po?
litical course on this floor of another senator
would be controlled by the consideration of the
question ol his re-election, it is an aspersion
upon his integrity as a senator, and an impli?
cation that he will violate his oath as such.
When a senator allows hiE official senatorial
conduct here to be governed by such motives
EIS those, it is better that his place should be
Siled by another man: and let me say that I
io not hold the seat I occupy here because I
would have sought the place which I do hold,
nor would I have held it or have been a candi?
date for it, but for the fact that I desired to
keep out others who were even less flt to be
here than myself, and that I could select in
my State many men at that time who, if it had
not been for these very disabilities imposed by
the Fourteenth amendment, would have stood
on this floor much abler advocates of the prin?
ciples of the Republican party, much stronger
men for the State of South Carolina, and Tor
fhe United States, than I eau ever hope to Oe.
PROSCRIPTION PLAYED OUT.
But, Mr. President, I did not rise to speak
at any length on this bill. I believe, as I said
when I began, that the speech of the senator
from Connecticut but re-echoes the sentiments
of the vast majority -of the people ol' the Re?
publican party; and I believe that the acute?
ness of t'.je senator from Indiana has in this
instance failed him, and that he has nut suffi?
ciently studied the sentiment of the party of
which he is so distinguished an ornament. 1
think*that when the people speak ou this sub?
ject, he will find that he represents not that
majority which might have the right to read a
minority out of its ranks, but that he stands in
a minority which may rather ask to be admit?
ted to the orthodox platform of the party.
-Thc Grand Jury of the United States Dis?
trict Court of Texas have found found fifty-,
four true bills for internal revenue frauds,
against Horace Broughton, ex-assessor, and
Thomas Browning and George R.-Spaulding.
DISRAELI'S KEW BOOK.
"Lotbair," Mr. Disraeli's new novel, is the
literary sensation of the day in England. It is
pronounced on all sides a "clever," well?writ
ten and amusing work-a book that will, in the
present temper of the English people, be well
received. The critics say that "Lothatr" him?
self is intended for the Marquis of Bute, a very
wealthy young nobleman-the richest man in
England, and with a rent roll of ?500,000 a
year-who, not very long ago, joined the
Church of Rome. In the same way the Duch?
ess is intended forTne Duchess of Abercorn,
whose daughter the Marquis really did want to
marry, but who would not marry him, because
be had Joined the Church of Rome. Cardinal
Grandison is pronounced almost a, life portrait
of Archbishop Manning, the chief of the Catho
lie Church in England, and "The Bishop of the
Diocese" is claimed to be Dr. Wilberforce (the
late Bishop of Oxford, but now Bishop of Win?
chester,) all over.
The fortieth annual conference of the Mor?
mon Church hos just been held, with an esti?
mated gathering of twelve thousand souls, in
the New Tabernacle at Salt Lake City, and
bas unanimously sustained and re-elected the
entire list of church authorities. 'Brigham
Young presided over the three days' delibera?
tions, and laid down the law by which the
saints are to be guided ou several points, with
his usual force and clearness. He announced
the readiness of the Mormons to give np poly?
amy when men will stop doing' wickedly and
live purely, if only the same number o? women
be found.as men, and if there should be a few
extra women, he would be willing that the
best man that could be lound should have
them. He lectured the young men on their
shirking the duties ol' marriage, which throws
upon the married the trouble of marrying and
supporting more women, and turned his batte?
ries sharply upon the sisters for their conform?
ity to worldly fashions and their pursuit of
new and extreme styles.
REMOVING THE CAPITAL.
A call has been published for a national con?
vention to assemble in Cincinnati in October
next, "to consider the question of the remov?
al of the capital, and to take such action there?
upon as shall be deemed wisc and proper."
The call is signed by the executive committee '
of the national convention which assembled at
St. Louis in the month of October last, and is
expressed in terms that suggest a pleasing
confidence in the ultimate success of the move?
ment. The convention, according to the plan
proposed, will consist of rather more than a
thousand members, which is not assuring for
the harmony oi'lte proceedings, for, if In a mul?
titude of councillors there is wisdom, large de?
liberative bodies arc apt to bc divided. This
is the more to bc apprehended In thc case ol'
the capital convention, inasmuch as there are,
perhaps, one hundred geographical centres of
thc United States in rivalry for thc new site.
The determination of thc exact central spot
wilt proveas perplexing a problem os the quad?
rature of the circle, and probably take up as
long a time.
A CUANCE FOR WOMEN.
Ashley, having bent ills intellect to thc con?
sideration of the necessities of the Territory
over which a chastening Providence and Pres?
ident Grant have placed him to rule, finds that
the great want ls women. It may be that this
discovery docs not indicate an exceptional
keenness ol observation on Mr. Ashley's part,
for similar complaints come from all over the
Western wilderness; but the prospect for emi?
grating fejnales is certainly as good In Mon?
tana as in the notoriously desolate Washington
Territory. In Governor Ashley's domain a
good housekeeper is worth from $75 to $100 a
mouth, and can command that salary readily.
Ordinary kitchen "help" has wages of $50 to
$75 a month, and other manual employments
bring females proportionally large remunera?
tion. Putting out of question the near proba?
bility of marriage in such a woman-forsaken
land, the material advantage is much in favor
of working-women settling in Montana; while
those who are ambitious beyond dollars will
remember that Wyoming has already estab?
lished woman suffrage, and that female justices
of the peace are springing Into judicial exist?
ence all over the West.
THE NEW LAW KOR IRELAND.
The first prosecutiot under Mr. Gladstone's
Irish Coercion bill was that of a bookseller of
Dundalk. who displayed in his window for sale
a little tract called the "FarmerTCateAlsm."
This "Catechism" is by no means so Iwfamma
tory os many of the campaign br?affldd?j^?r
sued in England and in this coiupplflrWs
severe upon the landed proprietors, and pro?
perly condemnatory of ihe tyranny under
which the tenants suffer, and for that cause
the authorities have declared it illegal. But
since the arrest of thc unfortunate bookseller,
the Pall Mall Gazette has seen flt to give the
"Catechism" in lull in its columns, and the
matter seems a trifle complicated. The res?
trictions imposed upon the press by the new
law are very severe, extending not only I o
publications issued in Ireland, but to tlio-e ol
the entire kingdom; and under these provi?
sions, the Lord-Lieutenant has the same right
to suppress the Pall Mall Gazette that his sub?
ordinates have to arrest the bookseller. Of
course the Gazette will not be troubled, al?
though It has a circulation in Ireland; but the
whole case is a curious illustration of the work?
ing of a system which sets up a petty tyranny
lor the government of a country nominally
free and equal with England.
TUE PRACTICAL VALUE OF THE SOEZ CANAL.
M. De Lesseps and Ismail Pasha have made
the Suez Canal pay them in present honors,
but to make it yield a profit as a commercial
venture is a matter of longer and harder work,
lt is a great enterprise, and it required an
enormous investment, on which the interest
alone will amount to something near five mil?
lions of our money. This, together with the
cost of keeping thc canal in repair, must be
paid out of the earnings of the company. But
the business of the past quarter shows an annu
nl income ol'less than one raillion,or enough io
pay about one-fifth of the interest on the money
borrowed. Besides this, the canal will have
tobe dug out each year. Steamers grounding on
the fjanks cut portions ol' the slope off into
the canal, and the wind comes so laden with
sand as to be unbearable to exposed passen?
gers and to steadily drift up thc channel. The
annual deposits of sand are enormous, and thc
cost of dredging it again must be proportional.
A lew inches in the bottom of tue canal, caused
by a high wind in one day, could be removed
only at a cost of thousands of dollars. While
this is the case, it is evident that the contin?
ued success or tlie Suez Canal, and even its
continued operation, depend upon an imme?
diate increase of business, and will perhaps
render necessary an increase of the tolls now
demanded of vessels and passengers.
SOMETHING NEW UNDER THE SON.
Mesdames Woodhull A Claflin have afforded
an evidence of their boldness in speculation
even greater than they could have shown
among the bulls and bears of Wall street.
They have set up a newspaper, and for a
woman's organ it is the most curious that has
made its appearance. Its first number talks of
sporting and fashion, politics and literature,
has a column or two of finance and many col?
umns of labor reform, and ls altogether a mas?
culine journal. It ls quite too early to call it a
success, but not to soon to recognize In it
something entirely different irom all we have
seen of women's papers. Its main
purpose is to advocate the claims of
Mrs. Woodhull for the presidency; in
which thc clairvoyant powers of -^Miss
TinnieC. Claflin, or Miss Tennessee, will natur-"
ally be of the greatestjservlce. Indeed, unless
Mr. Boutwell and Mr. Grant and the rest of the
aspirants for the honors of 1872 secure this
private clairvoyant without delay, there will
be a vast advantage lu favor of the firm of ex
brokeresses who can do?their own divining.
"Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly," however does
not commit the error of pUshtng its candidate
thus early, but confines Itself to a vigorous
support of the claims of female suffrage and
making itself elsewise agreeable to male
readers. Those who know Mrs. Woodhull, say
that she has no idea herself that her presiden?
tial aspirants will ever be gratified, but simply
advances her claims as a poiot of principle-to
prove that woman had a right to get whatever
she wants; even if her hopes never result In
fruition. _ .. . "
THE ELVE RIBQE BO If JOS.
What Senator Corbin Said About State
The Columbia Phoenix prints thc following
abstract from the stenographic minutes of the
clerk of the Senate, on the discussion of the
bill proposing the endorsement of the State
upon the bonds of the Greenville and Colum?
bia Railroad Company, at the regular session
of the Legislature in l868-'69, the Senate
having under consideration, the veto of his
Excellency the Governor. Hon. D. T. Corbin,
chairman of the Judiciary Committee of the
Senate, after a lengthy discussion upon the
impolicy of the eriRorsemem, said:
Last but not least in this discussion, I
earnestly invite the attention of the Senate to
the constitution recently adopted by the
State, and which we have all solemlysworn to
support. In my Judgment, it prohibits the
Legislature from endorsing the bonds of
any railroad company. TJie seventh section
of Article IX ls as follows : "For the purpose
of defraying extraordinary expenses, the
State may contract public debts; but such
debts stiall be authorized by law lor some
single object to be distinctly specifier? therein,
and no such law shall take effect until it shall
have bee^pass?d by a vote of two-thirds of
the menrrere ol' each branch of the General
Assembly, to be recorded by yeas and nays on
the Journals of each House, respectively, and
every such law shall levy a tax, annually, to
pav the annual interest on such debt."
Tho tenth section of the same article recites
that "No scrip, certificate, or other evidence
of State indebtedness, shall be issued, except
for the redemption of stock, bonds, or other
evidences of Indebtedness, previously Issued,
or for such debts as are expressly authorized
in this constitution." ?
The fourteenth section provides that "Any
debt contracted by the State shall be by loans
on State bonds, of amounts not less than fifty
dollars each, on interest Dayable within twenty
years after the final passage of the law author?
izing such debt."
A correct registry ol all such bonds was to be
kept by the treasurer in numerical order, so
as always to exhibit the number and amount
unpaid, and to whom severally made payable.
These three sections, In my Judgment, re?
strict the State as to the purposes and manner
of contracting debts. The purposes are, first,
"to delray extraordinary expenditures;" se?
cond, "for the redemption of stock, bonds or
other evidences of indebtedness previously
Issued;" or third, "for such debts as are ex?
pressly authorized In this Constitution.'' The
manner ls "by loan on State bonds, of amounts
not less than $50, each on interest payable
within twenty years alter the final passage ol'
the law authorizing such debt."
It must be understood that the purposes and
manner for which, and by which, State indebt?
edness is created, must all unite in each and
I ask. If this be true, and lt is but the simple
direct language of the constitution, how can a
liability be increased by the State, by an en?
dorsement of the bonds of a railroad or any
other company ? Certainly it cannot be said
that this ls an issue of State bonds, and it can?
not be said to bean extraordinary expenditure
of the State, because the State spends nothing.
It cannot be said to be a loan upon State bonds,
because the Slate borrows nothing. Hence, I
Insist, that neither in matter DOT manner, shape
or form, is there any compliance with the
terms of the constitution, by which responsi?
bility is Increased by the Slate.
But I seo around me a disposition to pass
this bill. I leel that what I am saying falls
powerless upon the ears of the Senate, and
that this bill will be passed. But I have felt
it my duty, as a senator upon this floor, to
lift my voice of warning, ol' protest and o f
entreaty, against the policy of this bill, and
against the constitutionality of it. I shall yote
against it and leave to posterity, to Judge who
ol us is right.
SHVQQZIRO IN NEW YORK.
How They do it at tbe Customhouse
A New York correspondent of the Washing?
ton Chronicie writes:
Customhouse smuggling has become so com?
pletely systematized and so larnely entered
into by men ol obviously good standing in so?
ciety, that it is looked upon almost in a legiti?
mate light, and its suppression by the authori?
ties laughed at. The law, either from being
too weak, or from lack ol being vigorously en?
forced, is not heeded, and to a great extent is
considered unworthy of serious notice, not
only by the smugglers, but the officials them?
selves, many ol whom aid in its violation;
while others, too feeble for successful opposi?
tion or too indifferent, remain conveniently
blind and lei it pass as a misdemeanor beyond
their correction. Thus extensive.smuggling is
facilitated by the very men and measures in?
tended to prevent it, and all goes so merry and
safely that titer" really appears but little risk
Tho law says smuggling is a crime, pun?
ishable by fine and imprisonment, the con?
fiscation of the goods, &c. ; one-fourth of the
proceeds of the sale of seized goods to go to
the Informer, one-fourth to the officers of the
customhouse, and the other half to the govern?
ment. By means of this Injurious system to
evade paying the established'dulles on import?
ed merchandise it is reduced to afine arl, and is
one ol' thc most gigantic schemes for safe plun?
dering ever inaugurated. Rewarding by
moieties ls tho easiest and most destructive
way that could possibly be devised for corrupt?
ing an officer of trust in all business and in any
capacity. It is sure to prove ruinous in the
end, and more mischief is brought about
through inls common medium than any other.
It is a mistake to suppose that the "moiety''
Incentive acts as a sort ol' lucrative stimu?
lant toward inducing an officer to do
his duty. Its effect is quite the reverse,
and perquisites ol' the kind, in addition
to pay, are almost certain to deteriorate the
honesty of the best of us. Once given to
dubious tampering with that which conscience
warns is wrong and dishonest, human nature
seldom proves destructive sufficiently to re?
sist the prurient desire to appropriate what ls
easy of access with but very small detriment
to personal self-esteem or public censure. At
the worst, exposure has very slight terrors,
and will pass away with only a brief blur on
credit, character, and confidence. Equity will
balancfeJier demoralized scales on his side.
Detorteer* bail will be readily procured from
some mysterious quarter, the newspapers will
publish a few lively paragraphs on the subject,
and that is the last we ever hear ol the smug?
gler, his detection, and trial, unless he should
happen to turn up again in the same role, in
which case the old legal farce is again . gone
through with-a hearing before the commis?
sioner, goods confiscated, perhaps bali, and
the affair, as before, "hushed up."
It is no secret that the New York custom?
house has for years been the theatre of stupen?
dous frauds and thc hot-bed of the basest offi?
cial peculations. Smuggling, if on a large
scale and judiciously managed, ls of immense
pecuniary advantage to the custom officer
when thc law allows him one-fourth of all seiz?
ures as his lawful right. It is to his interest to
encourage the crime, and the individual abro
1 gation of customs duties -ind regulations is
safely and extensively practiced under the ac?
tual protection of the government's own em?
ployees. Of course they must occasionally
make a show of doing something brilliant, and
a portion ol'a large lot of goods is sagaciously
seized, and, with convincing zealousness, im?
mediately sold that the officers may get their
share t>f thc proceeds. It is well understood
among those most concerned that there is to*
be no arrest, no disagreeable questions, and no
real danger further than thc possible loss of a
few goods, which is not to be considered, for-1
upon one case of valuable goods, such as silks,
velvet and laces, the successful operator would
realize enough to cover the loss of half a dozen
seizures of the kind of goods he expects to
have seized. *
Customhouse functionaries of tho lower
grade are paid and kept Jn the interest of the
steamship companies and shipping merchants,
so that no Interference beyond thc occasional
seizure of an honest outsider's merchandise, or
the baggage of some poor, luckless emigrant is
to be feared; and this disgraceful state ol tilings
has been quietly going on for years, and, un?
til recently, no one has dared to so much as
lay a finger upon the canker, or lift above it
the weight of a strong and inflexible authority.
A few arrests have been made lately which
gave the city a brief glimpse of what is daily
ijoln<r on In and about the customhouse, and
fl Is to be earnestly hoped fiat the investiga?
tion so vigorously begun will not flag or be de?
terred from its purpose until this great revenue
of the nation be thoroughly overhauled, and
from root to branch purged of all impurities.
It ls replete with dishonesty from surface to
centre, and let nothing oppose a clear, open
ventilation of the whole concern; and though
the facts elicited may implicate steamship mo?
nopolists, merchants, and shippers, and im?
porters of every class, officials of every grade,
and politicians of every dye, let the truth be
known, and whosoever lt accounts guilty pun?
ished as tho law directs.
It has been demonstrated by the most unde?
niable evidence that the inspectors ol this port
have all along been in the pay ol the steamship
companies, and actually salaried at a rate
nearly equal to what the government pays the
same officers. The strict examination of a
dozen or more ol these faithful Inspectors, last
week, disclosed this startling fact.
MUSIC HATH CHARMS, AC.
Clara 1,9a Ua Kellogg Sings In a Luna?
We do not remember to have heard of a
more interesting episode in the life of any ar?
tist sincethe days of the great Jenny Lind,
than that of Miss Kellogg at thc Utica. New
York, Asylum, on the occasion of her concert
in that city, a few days since. The circum?
stance speaks volumes for the kindness of j
heart and genuine humanity of this great |
Not content, as some of the genius irritabile
would have been, to dole out a few notes to
better classes ol' patients that could be assem?
bled for the purpose, she asked the doctor to
be allowed to penetrate to the interior and
sing for the most disturbed. Accompanied by
two of the faculty, their ladles and the matron,
and armed only with her "light guitar,"' she
started, like ah ancient troubadour, on her
novel Journey. Arrived in one of the depart?
ments devoted to the most noisy, destructive
and disturbed of this unfortunate class, she
was not long in making her power felt. A few
notes from her wonderful voice was sufficient
to call order out of the wildest confusion and
still the troubled waters of the soul; in a mo?
ment all was hushed, and except the voice
of the cantatrice, the hall was silent as
thc house of death. After the first song
they gathered about her like children,
wondering, apparently, what angel from
heaven had dropped down so suddenly and
unexpectedly among them. They examined
her minute]}*, and literally "from the crown of |
her head to the sole ol' her foot,'' for one de?
sired to see and examine the "pretty little
boot with which she beat time to her music."
This was allowed witii most inimitable grace;
and not only this, but every article ol dress
and Jewelry about her person she suffer .to
be freely overhauled and examined minutely
by these poor crazy ladies. She was turned
about from side to side like a merchant's lay
figure, much to lier amusement, apparently,
and little to ber annoyance. But the most
trying ordeal was yet to come. Several in the
exuberance of their delight came forward and
desired to kiss her themselves; not with lear,
but genidne emotion, she not only received the
greeting, but returned it in kind in each in?
stance. Such ls Clara Louisa Kellogg; such
some of the characteristics ol genius; such the
power of music and kindness over the disturb?
i T i z E N s
INSURANCE COMPANY, OP NEW YORK.
INCORPORAT KD 183 C.
JAS. M. MCLEAN, E. A. WALTON,
THREE-FOURTHS OF TUE PROFITS DIVIDED
TO THE ASSURED.
BY THIS PLAN OF INSURANCE THE ASSURED
become interested in the profits of the business
without incurring any liability.
The management of affairs of the Company
heretofore gives almost positive assurance of
LARGE YEARLY DIVIDENDS to the holders of
Non-participating Policies Issued as heretofore.
A. L. TOBIAS, Agent, No. 109 East Bay,
mch26stu3mos Next South Courier Office.
OUTHERN LIFE INSURANCE
General JOHN B. GORDON, President.
J. H. MILLER, Gen'l Agent, Augusta, Ga.
Hon. J. L. MANNING, Special Agent. S. C.
ASSETS, January l, 1870, over.$650,000
DIVIDEND TO POLICYHOLDERS, JULY 1, 1SC9,
FORTY PER CENT.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, )
OFFICE OF COMPTROLLER-GENERAL. }
COLUMBIA, May 7, 1670.)
1 certify that S. Y. TUPPER, of Charleston, S.
C., Agent of thc SOUTHERN LIFE INSURANCE
COMPANY, incorporated by the Stare of Tennes?
see, has complied with the rcqusltlons of the Act
of the General Assembly entitled "An Act to reg?
ulate the agencies of Insnrance Companies not
Incorporated in the State of Som h Carolina."
And 1 hereby license the said S. Y. Tl'PPER,
Agent, aforesaid, to take risks and transact all
business or Insurance In this State, In the City of
Charleston, ror and in behalf or said Company.
J. L. NEAGLE,
This Company having complied with the recent
Deposit Law of the State, continues to write LIFE
POLICIES at fair rates.
Losses promptly paid in Charleston.
S. Y. TUPPER, Agent,
In Planters' and Mechanics' Bank, East Bay.
IF YOU WANT NOTE, LETTER AND
OAP PAPERS and ENVELOPES, gc to
No. 165 Meeting street, opposite Charleston Hotel
Charleston, s. C. decM emos
dio?ljing aub irnntisijing (Soobs.
J^OW IS THE TIME.
GEORGE LITTLE ? TJO.,
Is tue place to find the largest and best selected
stocK of Men's, Youths' and Children's CLOTH?
ING ever offered In this market, and at prices to
suit the times. Having determined to sell our
Goods as low as can be purchased elsewhere, we
would respectfully solicit an examination of our
Our Stock or CHILDREN'S CLOTHING com?
prises the latest styles In Linen and CasBlmere.
Also a fine and well selected assortment of
GEORGE LITTLE A CO.,
No. 213 Ring street, below Market.
No. 219 KING STREET.
CORNER OF WENTWORTH.
An extensive supply or SPRING CLOTHING1,
made np expressly ror the trade of this clty^ ls
now offered at LOW PRICES, the Goods having
been bought since the decline in gold. The as?
sortment consists of all New Fabrics for men's
wear, and made up equal to custom work. This
bouse will continue to deserve the wide reputa?
tion lt bas enJoyeU ror many years or "eeuing the
best marte Clothing in the city." In the stock
will be found the following:
SCOTCH CHEVIOT WALKING COAT SUITS
ScotchdUhiviot sack Coat Snits
French Batiste Walking Coat Suits
French Coating Walking Coat Suits
English and American Melton Coat Snits
Silk Mixed Coat Snits
Plaid Cassimere Coat Salts
Bine Flannel Coat Suits
French, Bine and Black Tricot Coat Snits
Oakes' Cassimere (all Wool) Coat Salts, at $15 60.
BOYS' AND YOUTHS' CLOTHING.
The largest and best assortment In the city, viz:
Walking Coat SUITS, Sack Coat Suits, and Fancy
Knickerbocker Snits, for ages from 6 to 17 years,
or Meltons, Silk Mixed, Bine Flannels, Mixed Cas?
simere, Black Cloths, Ac, or all qualities.
t FURNISHING GOODS.
In this department will be round every style or
Under-Garments ror men's wear, such as:
Gauze, Merino, Lisle Thread, Silk, Cotton-and Per
Jeans and Linen Drawers
Silk Tics and Bows, Colored Silk Cravats and
French Kid Gloves, Beaver Gauntlets, Silk and
Patent Shoulder Suspenders, Braces, A?.
STAR SHIRTS AND COLLARS,
Introduced by me ia this city twenty-five years
ago, and since then selling them to the satisfac?
tion or all purchasers.
ta- Prices as advertised In Card.
Is sopplled with French, English and American
COATINGS, Meltons, Batiste, Scotch Cheviot, Silk
Mixed and Cloths, ot a variety or shades.
CA.SSIMERES or the most select patterns of
the season, Plaids, Stripes and Plain, which Goods
will be made np to order, In the wen known good
style always displayed at this House, and at mod.
WHITE TURKISH HAREM VESTS,
A new and elegant Garment.
Purchasers are invited to call and make
Captain B. W. McTUREOUS, Superintendent.
NRY H. BOODY & CO.,
No. 12 WALL STREBT, NSW YORK,
Maxe Collections, pay Coupons and Dividends,
Buy and Sell Governments, Railway Bonds, and
other Securities on Commission.
j9?-Particular attention given to the negotia?
tion of Railway and other Corporate loans.
N. B.-Interes: allowed on deposits.
New York, May 2d, 1870.
H. H. BOOOV. D. A. BOOPY. H. P. BOODY.
When you are exhausted by overwork or head
or hand, and reel the need or something invigorat?
ing, don't drink whiskey or any intoxicating
thing, whether under the name or Bitters or other?
wise. Such anieles give Just as much strength
to your weary body and mind os the whip gives
to the jaded horse, and no more. Alcoholic stim
ulants are injurious to nerve health, and are al?
ways followed by depressing reaction.
DODD'S NBRVINE AND INYIGORATOR
Is a Tonic and gentle stimulant, which ls not at?
tended by reaction. What lt gains for you it
maintains. When it refreshes body or mind, it
refreshes with natural strength that comes to
stay. We are not recommending teetotalism in
the Interest or any faction; but long and extend?
ed observation teaches us that he who resorts to
the bottle for rest or recuperation, will And, as he
keeps at it, that he is kindling a fire m hts bones
which will consume like the flames of perdition.
Tum from lt. Take a tonic that wm refresh and
not destroy. DODD'S NERVINE is for Bale by aU
Druggists. Price One dollar. See book of certi?
ficates that accompanies each bottle.
Several VESSELS WANTED, to load tere JJ*
with Timber. Lumber and Phosphate? r.oQflf
New Torie, Baltimore, Philadelphia, Long Island,
New Haven, Ac.
Also. CHARTERS from Bncksvllle, Wilming?
ton, Savannah, Satllla and Jacksonville, to coast?
wise and foreign markets.
Charters ont to Coba and batk North Hatteras.
Applj to J. A. ENSLOW A CO.,
may2l-2 Strip Brokers, No. 141 East Bay.
pOR FORT SUMTER.
The safe and fast Balling Yacht "ELLA J?M
ANNA'1 is now readw for EXCURSIONS^*
AROUND THE HARBOR, to Fort Sumter and
other points of interest. Can be chartered on
very reasonable terms Tor pleasure p?rties. Will
make two trips daily, at 9 A. M. and 4 P. M.
For passage apply to the Captain on board at
Boyce's Wharf._ mayl7-tuths3
JpOR FORT SUMTER.
The safe, ?a?f sailing and comfortably ap- &i
pointed Yacht "ELEANOR" will fluke twofffli
trips dally to Fort Sumter an d'the other points of
historic interest in the harbor, leaving Sooth
Commercial. Wharf at io A. M. and 3 P. M. The
Yacht can also be chartered for private parties on
reasonable terms. For passage or charter apply
next door sonth of tue Mills House, or to the
Captajji ?n board. _may!4
J^OR NEW TORR-TUESDAY.
The Al side-wheel Steamship SOUTH,
CAROLINA, Adkins, Commander. utrr
sall for New York on TUES DAT, May 24th, at O
o'clock P. M., from Pier No. 2, Union Wharves,
connecting with day Passenger Trains from Co?
lumbia and Augusta, arrivais: at 4 P. H.
The SOUTH CAROLINA wm make close connec?
tion with Liverpool Steamship NEVADA of Messrs.
Williams A Onion's Line, sailing June 1st.
Insurance by the Steamers or this line X per
For Freight engagements, or passage, having
very superior stateroom accommodations, all on
deck and newly furnished, apply to WAGNER,
HroER A CO.. No. 26 Broad street, or to WM. A.
COURTENAY? No. 1 Union Wharves. mayl9-e
BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA, BOS?
TON, AND THE CITIES OF THE NORTH-?
THROUGH BILLS OF LADING GIVEN FOB
COTTON TO BREMEN.
The fine steamship "FALCON," Hor-^JBffigav*
Hey, Commander, will sall Tor Baltlmore2tf&fltaav
on SATURDAY, 2lst May, at half-past 10 A. M.
03- Philadelphia Freights forwarded to that
city by railroad from Baltimore without addi?
tional insurance, and Consignees are allowed am?
ple time to ?ample and sell their Goods from
the Railroad Depot In Philadelphia.
PAUL C. TRENHOLM, Agent,
maylS-wfs3_No. 2 Union Wharves.
T7ESSELS SUPPLIED WITH CABIN AND
V MESS STORES ON SHORT NOTICE.
Captains and Stewards are respect?
fully Invited to call and examine the1
quality and prices of our GOODS. Full weigt
guaranteed. Delivered free of expense.
WM. S. CORWIN A CO.,
No. 276 Klug street, opposite Hasel,
Charleston. S. C.
MW Branch of No. 900 Broadway, New York.
jp OR BEAUFORT, VIA ED1STO, ROCK?
VILLE AND PACIFIC LANDING.
Steamer PILOT BOY, Captain 0.
Caroll White, will sall from Charte?-?
ton for above places every TOEUDAY MORNING, at
Returning, the PLLOT BOY will leave Beaufort
early WEDNESDAY MORNING, touching at aU tn&
above named Landings on her route to
Charleston. J. D. AIKEN A CO.
OR PALATE A, FLORIDA,
VIA SAVANNAH, FERNANDINA JACKSON -
Vii LE AND LANDINGS ON ST. JOHN'S RIVER.
Steamer "DICTATOR," Captain p . ?IT^a?
George ?. McMillan, sails everyJBSS?EB?
MONDAY EVENING at 8 o'clock.
Steamer "CITY POINT," Captain Fenn Peck,
sails everv FRIDAY EVENING at 8 o'clock. Con?
necting with Steamer STARLIGHT for Enterprise.
Fare to and from Savannah $3 each way, in?
cluding berth and meals. m
Through TicketB and through Bills of Lading
for Freight given.
J. D. AIKEN A CO., Agents,
janis_South Atlantic Wharf.
J^OR SAVANNAH, (INLAND ROUTE.)
VIA PACIFIC LANDING AND BEAUFORT.
The steamer PILOT BOY, Captain C.
Carroll White, will leave Charles-,_
ton every THURSDAY MORN INO, at 8 o'clock
The PILOT BOY will leave Savannah every*
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock, touching at
Beaufort and Pacific Landing, and connecting
at Charleston with SATURDAY'S Steamships for
* The PILOT BOY will touch at Bub's Island
Wharf every fortnight, going to and returning
from Savannah. J. D. AIKEN A 00.
OR EDISTO AND ENTERPRISE,.
VIA CHURCH FLATS, YOUNG'S ISLAND, BEAR'S
BLUFF, Ac, GOING AND COMING
INLAND ALL THE WAY.
The Steamer "ARGO," Captain D.
Boyle, ls now receiving Freight at,__
Accommodation Wharf, and will leave as above
on MONDAY, 23d Instant, at ll o'clock A. M.
Returning, will leave Edisto on TUESDAY, the 24th,
at io A. M.
For passage or freight apply on board, or to
DOUGLAS NISBET. Agent,
N. B.-Freight and Wharfage payable here.
OR GEORGETOWN, S. C.
The Steamer EMILIE, Captain P.
C. Lewis, will receive Freight at,_
South Commercial Wharf on MONDAY, M?y
and leave as above on TUESDAY MORNING, the
24th Instant, at 6 o'clock.
Returning will leave Georgetown on THURSDAY
MORNING, the 26th inst., at 6 o'clock.
SHACKELFORD A KELLY, Agents.
No. 1 Boyce's Wharf.
N. B.-Parties desiring to attend the sale of brig
Melrose and cargo, will have an opportunity of
doing so by this trip._ may2l-2
MOUNT PLEASANT AND SULLIVAN'S ISLAND
On and after THIS DAY, May 4th, _ ^,tT**?t>.
the following Schedule will be ob-?ggSSSmZ
MOUNT PLEASANT. M
Leave City at 10 A. M., 3 and 6* P. M. "
Leave Mount Pleasant at 8 and io% A. M., and i%
Leave City at io A. M., 3 and 6>i P. M.
Leave Island at ia and lix A. M., and s;-; P. M.
Leave City at 10 A. M. and 3 P. M.
Leave Mount Pleasant at 9 and ioA. M., and e;-i
Leave' Island at SK and ll A. M., and 6 P. M.
m ay 21-1*_ J. H. MURRAY, Agent.
J^XCURSION AROUND THE HARBOR.
The Steamer EMILIE, Captain P. ?-JT?^
C. Lewis, will make an Excursion JB?w?mknwm
around the Harbor, visiting Fort sumter and
other points of Interest, leaving South Commer?
cial Wharf on SATURDAY AFTERNOON, May 2lat,
at half-past 4 o'clock.
Fare. (50) Fifty Cents. 4*
Band of Music and Refreshments will be In at?
SHACKELFORD A KELLY,
may20-2_No. 1 Boyce's Wharf.
FISHING EXCURSION TO THE BLACK
The popular Steamer "SAMSON" r . ?rtT*-?h.
will leave Boyce A Co.'s Wharf on ?r't?^Tf
WEDNESDAY MORNING, May 26, fit 9 o'clock, for a
DAY'S FISHING, returning In the evening.
Bait will be provided.
Fare for the trip $l 50.
?TULLY will be ia attendance to famish Re
Tiekets can be obtained at A. 0. STONE'S
Store, East Bav. also TORCH'S "Our House," J. C. .
H CLAUSSEN'S and STENHOUSE A CO.'S, and'
at the Onice of HENRY CARD, Agent,
may20 Accommodation wharf.
IF YOU WANT SCHOOL AND TEXT
BOOKS of ali kinds, cheaper than yon caty
purerase elsewhere, go to
* EDWARD PERRY,
No. 155 Meeting street, opposite Charleston Hoto
ciiarieston, 8. C. decM enoa>