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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1379.
CHARLESTON, TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 24, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
WA SHIN GTON.
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED FRBSS.^
WASHINGTON, May 23.
The President has. nominated H. A. Bo mil?
man, of North Carolina, consol at Tampico, and
G. D. Smith, aa collector of the Eighth Vir?
The consideration of the Appropriation bill
was resumed, and at the night session an
amendment giving males and females like pay
for the like work was adopted.
In the House,'among bills, that for the im?
provement of Cumberland River was refer?
red; the bill to exempt internaLand coastwise
vessels from tonnage duties passed.
The bli enforcing the Fifteenth amendment
waa non-concurred In. A committee of confer?
ence was asked, and Blaine appointed Bing?
ham. Davis and Kerr a committee on the part
of the House.
A bill was adapted giving the State Depart?
ment-lei examiner of claims and three addi?
Newsham, of Louisana, was sworn in by a
vote of 75 to 77.
A bill pending for a resident minister at
Rome was defeated.
Judd moved a suspension of the rules that
he might introduce a bill for the reduction of |
the import duties, as follows :
On syrups, molasses and all sugars and on
Bait 334 per cent.
On coffee and. tea 20 per cont.
On pig and scrap iron 22} per cent.
The motion was rejected. Yeas 102. Nays
82, leas thanltwo-thirds voting in the affirma?
tive. ' _
Union of Spain and Portugal.
PARIS, May 23.
Madrid letters confirm the report that Prim
and Saldan ho have an understanding whereby
the iberian Union will be established.
Tlie Austrian Cr?ela.
VIENNA, May 23.
An Imperial decree dissolves the Reichs rath
and the Provincial Diets. New elections are
ordered, and should the Diets fail to elect dele?
gates to the Reichsrath, the Crown will appeal
to the pe opie for that purpose.
Tue Alleged Cuban Horrors.
MADRID, May 23.
In the Cortes on Saturday a deputy <fn.es
tloaed the Minister concerning the reported
concerted'action of Great Britain and the
United State? for the mitigation ot alleged
Morete replied that while such rumors had
been extensively published, the government
was without official Information on the subject.
He reminded '.he deputies that Captain-Gene?
ral De Rodas bad repeatedly invited American
commissioners to visit Cuba and examine into
these alleged cruelties end see for themselves
??how utterly ftlse the stories were.
Arrival ot Steamer?.
* (JUEENSTOWN, May 23.
The Manhattan and City of Brussels have
PARIS, May 23.
The French Postmaster-General has been
seriously injured by a runaway horse.
T?e High Court of Justice meets on June 15,
io try the alleged regicides.
THE PARAGUATAN WAR.
LISBON, May 23.
Count D'Eu, upon bis return to Rio Janeiro,
had a magnificent reception.
The Province of Entrerios, in the Argen?
tine Republic, bas declared against the gov?
CUBA. ?* :
HAVANA, May 23.
The Spanish steamer Sandi Spiritus has
been lost on Cayo Petras. Crew save?;.
DeRodas telegraphs the killing of sixty-six
Insurgents, including eight chiefs and two
Amedfons. Regent Serrano's nephew was
Colonel Berzel reports the killing of twenty
five Insurgents. .
A dispatch from Caraccas, May 9th, states
that General Blanco captured Caraccas. The
city was considerably damaged by the artillery
fire". Five hundred persons were killed. The
new government has abolished duties and re?
duced tbe tariff seventy per cent -
TBE COTTON SUP PET.
LONDON, Maj 23.
Late dispatches from Bombay state that
nearly one-ball of the cotton now shipped from
Indian ports goes, by way of the Suez Canal.
Only a small portion, however, reaches Eng?
land. The bulk of the cotton so shipped goesj
to various ports In the Mediterranean. ,
The Manchester Cotton Supply Association
have congratulated the Brazilian minister
upon tbe increased production of Santos cot?
THE DISASTER AT LA CROSSE.
~~ NEW YORK, May 23.
A s pee lal. dispatch from La Crosse to the
Democrat says that the loss by the recent fire
wUl exceed-fifty men, women and children,
and that the railroad and steamboat managers
are anxious that the number bumed and
drowned shall not be known. Of th? crowd
of emigrants aboard tbe ill-fated steamer'but
few weffe saved.
THE DEMOCRATIC VICTORY.
. NEW YORK, May 23.
The Albany Argus* of this morning, makes
the Democratic majority in the State EIGHTY
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES*
The steamer Benicia has arrived at Rio Ja?
neiro-all well. She felt two earthquakes,
followed by heavy meteoric showers, in lat?
titude 100.00, longitude 24.02. 01
A New York dispatch says that the execu?
tive officers of the Adams's Express state that
* the reported sale of the State Road to Adams's
Express Company is wholly without founda?
-From a recent exhibit of the business of
the Anglo-American Telegraph Company, it
appears that the receipts for cable dispatches
for nine months, ending 31st of January last,
were about $600,000, and that the expenses
were comparatively merely nominal, not much
exceeding $00,OW-so that there was a net
Sroflt of nearly 90 percent of the receipts,
he effect of the reduction of charges which
was made in August last from ?2 to ?1 los 1er a
message of ten words, was a decrease In the
daily average of receipts from $3000 to $2300.
The receipts of the last three months have
averaged about $2400 a day, at which rate the
net profits for tbe current year wfu exceed
$760,000. Even at this moderate rate, the
cable 401, In the coane of & lew years, be
abie to reduce its tolls so as .to bring its ad?
vantages within reach of the people.
THE FA.M0V8 FIELO OF M Ay ASS,I S.
Rambles over tile Scene of the Conflict
-Reminiscences of the First Great
BntUt-"Camp Picken?," as it ls
Time's Changes-The Village of Ma.
n a ssas To-day.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.j
MANASSAS, VA., May 5.
Could one of Bonham's men stop to-day on
the plains of Manassas, he would not recognize
the old site of Camp Plckens, nor the old ba*e
of supplies of the Army of Northern Virginia.
Wonderful changes have occurred in the ap?
pearance of this region during the past decade;
metamorphoses without parallel in American
history. A traveller, just before the war,
speaks of the town. as consisting of a low
wooden depot, a dingy saloon, and a half
dozen of houses, on a broad and monotonous
plain. When General Bonham came up this way
in 1861, he saw the strategic value ol the junc?
tion ol the railroads, and rested here with his
three South Carolina regiments, while the
flames of Secession were crackling all over the
South, and thousands after thousands of re?
cruits came flocking into the nucleus-point of
Camp Pickens. Men came out irom frightened
Washington, three hundred at one time, to join
the gathering army, until finally the Pal?
metto flag was exchanged for the standard of
the Confederacy,or carried side by side with it,
just as the opposing Pine-tree flag of Massa?
chusetts was borne with the other standard.
There was a great population suddenly trans?
ferred to these quiet fields, from city and ham?
let and farm-house of the South, sternly and
patiently preparing for a coming day, how
soon none could know, when the dread arbi?
tration of war would decide their cause. When
that day came, it was an exciting one in the
new city of canvas. Its guards and garrison
joined the columns retiring from Centreville,
on the banks of Bull Bun, and all through that
long, hot Sabbath of midsummer the roar of
cannon and the crash of musketry rolled
across the plains to the ears of the provost
men, and the number of wounded came pour?
ing thicker and faster from the field, until all
accommodations were full. Then came that
fearful moment when three or lour shattered
regiments came drifting through the fields and
roads in a great cloud of fugitives, broken and
disheartened, probable precursor of a general
route. A train stopped far above the junction
Elzey's men pour out of it-form, and sweep
across the fields; and the rout ls stayed, the
tables are turned, and old Camp Plckens, reor?
ganizing its.wearied fugitives, breaks into
cheering and triumphal salvos from captured
For eight months thereafter the depot of
supplies for the army, great lorts grew up about
it, and miles of redoubts and redans defended
its outposts at Centerville and Fairfax. One
or two of these field-works were garrisoned by
that jaunty corps of naval artillery, not a few
ot whose members were irom Charleston and
Savannah. These horse marines and "sea fend;
bles" were so handy with the big guns, as to
command the admiration of the army-and it
would have fared ill with a storming party
who sl'oul? have tried conclusions with these
soldier tars. But Manassas was demurely
evacuated without a trial of arms, and served
for long after as a depot for the magniloquent
Pope-not as his headquartei-s, of course, for
we all remember that that was "in the
saddle." He was the gentleman who proposed
to walk right through Virginia, without being
encumbered with "lines of retreat and bases
of supply." So General Jackson, doubting
Thomas that he was, swung in behind him at
Manassas, and found as fine and costly a base
of supplies as the Southern torch had ever
dissipated. Meanwhile, 'there was a merry
little stampede here by the horses ol a Penn?
sylvania cavalry regiment, who persisted in
carrying their six hundred riders away Into
the Washington fortifications. Sagacious
horses ! happy masters ! Then two Ohio infan?
try regiments, at Union Mills, thought
they would go up to the junction and investi?
gate a little. General Stuart persuaded them
to make a short stay and a speedy exit. A day
or two after, the First, Second, Third and
Fourth regiments of New Jersey thought that
they would show the Americans, Federal and
Confederate, what foreign troops could do. So
they started from Alexandria to find out what
was up at Manassas; but they stopped at
Burke's Station, and in a few rainutes became
sadder and wiser Jereeymen, under the iron
admonitions of the Confederate flanking col?
umn there awaiting them. The brigade was
"cnt to pieces," as the official report has it, but
most of the "pieces" reached Alexandria, pull?
ing the biggest kind of a raw-head-and-bloody
bones panic after them. Meantime the Army
of the Potomac was being beaten in detail;
Rickett marched into Manassas with his ragged
veterans of the Cedar Mountain stampede, and
united with King, who had just been thrashed
at Bull Run-massing the two bewildered
divisjons over the track, and resting on their
arms. The next day King formed line again,
and at sunset moved down into the battle,
onjy to see his weary and disheartened men
broken, after a short struggle, and in full re?
treat over the fields. The great incoheslve
and disjointed army gave back that night, and
the plains and valleys" Bettled into quietude
During this complication of combats Manas?
sas reached her lowest ebb of misfortune. It
was a broad scene of smouldering.destruction
and desolation. Dead horses lay thickly where
the cavalry and light batteries liad buen en?
gaged- half-buried corpses emitted horrid and
pestilential effluvia, shattered wagons and thc
wreck of retreat strewed the roads, and the
only edifice visible was a rude little telegraph
shanty, close by the track, whose rails were
torn up or bent into all shapes by the great
trains burning upon them.
From this terrible waste and ruin let us turn |
to a fairer sight-the Manassas of to-day. Il
is a pretty village of over a hundred houses,
grouped about the depot, with broad streets
in good condition, lined with residences,
stores, smithies, and all the offices of a con?
siderable population. Many of these houses
are neat and tasty, some are even elegant,
and the hotel is a pleasant spacious one in?
deed-while queenly Religion has built her
temple on a grassy lawn at thc end of a fine
street. The Inhabitants are mostly fromAhe
North, a sturdy, hard-working yeomanry,
bringing down those habits of industry and
sobriety which have made a garden-land of
even col-! and rocky New England. Their
principles are also of the North, but this does
not trouble the good Virginians who have set?
tled among them, for they are P~" making a
political colony; they came down on the borders
of-the Sunny South to make homes for them-,
selves, not; to become office-holders. So the
fields, as far as thc eye can reach, are under
cultivation, the young wheat is breaking
through the ground, and all the bu3y activi?
ties of tut farm are in cheerful progress.
Young trees are slowly growing up, to mill
gate and soften the present bald aspect of the
place-the germs of future gardens brighten
here and there in spots of floral brilliance and
beauty-new houses are rising on newly ac?
quired estates for the homes of future genera?
tions of thrifty Virginians, and a smart little
local paper dispenses the tidings of the day,
and indulges in occasional strains of prophetic
enthusiasm, which would be worthy of'Dulutu
Poussin has a painting of a shaft and beauti?
ful vale, with all the tender grace of a pasto?
ral Eden, a sparkling rill dimpling down
through a velvet sward, by fair flowers and
stately trees. But in the back-ground is an
ancient tomb, with the inscription "Et in Arca?
dia ego." Thus, through all the rural beauty
and freshness of the fertile plains, there rises
a grimly embrasured battery, glooming over
the western bounds with the same silent signi?
ficance-solo memorial of thc dread days
when the"grandest armies of a continent were
surging in destroying waves about and to?
wards this petty station. This is monument
enough-the proud story is all told by this great
hieroglyph of war. P?LERIN.
The Omse ot' the Jane Couvent ion.
[From the Columbia Phoenix.]
The great, purpose, as we understand it, of
the June Convention, is to promulgate, in an
authoritative way, the liberal basis upon which
we propose to engage in the work of political
reform, and secondly, to bring together in ef?
fective combination tue elements of opposition
to the ruling faction. This is an important
work. There is at present in South Carolina
but little difference of opinion as to the neces?
sity of a free and frank recognition on our part
of the Fifteenth amendment to the Federal
Constitution. Rocheforts, no doubt, we have.
Irreconcilables, no doubt, there are. But the
Sreat mass of the whites of the State are not
Isposed to neglect the real and attainable in
the effort to reach the sentimental and the im?
The June Convention, to give itself power,
must, therefore, reaffirm the liberal sentiments
embraced in the resolutions of the press con?
ference, lu* second object, lt occurs to us,
should be to crystallize, In organization, the
work of reform. As a means to this end, we
presume an executive committee will be ap?
pointed, and a line of action laid down. Of
course, the question will come up as to a State
ticket. This question the convention will
wisely determine for itself. It will determine
the time, the character, the question of the
nomination. It will do what is deemed best
for the public cause that lt has at heart. After
organizing the forces at its command, the
convention will hold its power for future con?
tingencies, or it-will concentrate it at once
promptly and earnestly upon a given point,
we are not disposed to anticipate the course ol
this convention. Let it be u full convention of
the people of tho State, that favor the cause of
industrial and political activity.and that believe
in the efficiency of action. We arc aware of
the fact that some of our associates in political
sympathy deprecate a general canvass for the
Governor and Lieutenant-Governorship. They
seem to hold that the political body that we
oppose should be left to disintegrate. But
some there are who are not disposed to walt
for this slow process, and who have Utile faith
In "mastely inactivity."
For ourselves-for thc "do-nothing" policy
we would substitute the "do-something"
policy. For "masterly inactivity" we would
substitute a "devouring activity"-just such
an activity as tho Imperial government recom?
mended to the French people when thc Plebis?
cite was submitted lo the popular vote.
It may be well for each county to adopt just
such a line of policy as shall result in lus best
possible representation In tho Legis'ature.
But ns for the general ticket, we deem it es?
sential that we should go before the people
and make the issue with any one who shall be
put forth as the representative ot the ruling
regime. Let the darts of truth be sent hero
and there. Let the lightnings of popular indig?
nation flash about the eyes, and let the thun?
ders of popular condemnation be heard about
the ears of the corrupt crew that now walk the
stage ?in all the Insolence of guilty power.
This will do the State good. It will purify the
air. It will sow the seeds of snccess in the
future. We cannot be wrong. We must bend
our energies to our industrial programme.
We must press our immigration and direct
trade scheme. We must biiild our railroads,
erect our factories, and cultivate our crops.
We must extend our hearty welcome lo the
honest settler from abroad. We must culti?
vate peace and harmony and good under?
standing between the honest of all classes.
But we must also make a prompt, spirited and
effective effort in the interests of Political Re?
In our Judgment it is with the weapon of
action-ol lawful, fair, legitimate, but spirited
action-that we are to cut the Gordian knot of
our complications. Nor can we accomplish
much in the line of reform without organiza?
tion and concert of action. We are told that
the Democratic organization of this State must
no longer be essayed If those who are re?
sponsible for this thought shall exercise as
much efficiency in building up, as they have
shown in striking down, we would Boon be
able to congratulate the State upon a new or?
ganization ready to enter upon the work of
redeeming the fortunes of the commonwealth.
Let the people in the June convention decide
upon the canvass. This ?will suggest to us all
the path of diity, and bring good men of all
parlies on a common ground, and put them in
a common line of action. We are lor moving
in right lines, out as for the method ol' reform,
let us adopt any and all modes "justified by
Be np and Doing
[From the Barnwell Sentinel.J
No wonder senator Cain and the leading
Radical journal of the South denounce in
strong terms thc corruption ol the men of
their party, now ruining the State. Every man
who has a grain of honesty, or spark of virtue,
or who owns an acre of land, should be up and
doing, and work bravely, honestly, earn?
estly, untiringly, to unite the people
to save the State, by driving out
these worse than highway robbers. Let
them go to work now and work unceasingly,
until the last vote is polled to rid the State ol
those insatiate plunderers. It is not a question
of party triumph, but of State salvation, in
which all are alike interested, and the appeal
is made to all, white and black, irrespective of
party, lt is made to every voter in the State,
who prefers honest, intelligent men in office, to
rogues and blockheads. But if the people will
not lake interest enough in public affairs to
come together when a public meeting ls called,
to counsel for thc public good, may we not be
excused for feeling gloomy and despondent ?
A PEEP INTO THE FUTURE. . ,
The Pneumatic Tube over Ponr Hun?
dred Miles Long-Seventeen Seconds
from London to Glasgow.
thc following extract from a private letter
describes the operation ol a pneumatic tube
between Glasgow and London. Probably few
or our readers are aware ol the existence of
the process by which messages and packages
are almost instaneously transmitted between
these two cities.
1 had occasion to send a telegram to London'
the other day, and in a few minutes received a
reply which led me to supposD that a seri?
ous error had been committed by my agents, in?
volving ?any thousand povsds. 1 immediaie
ly went to the telegraph offi :a and asked to see
my message. The clerk said, "We can't show
it to you, as we have sent it to London."
"But," I replied, " you must have my original
paper here: 1 wish to see that." He again
said, "No, we have not got it; it is in the post
office at London." "What do you mean?" I
asked. "Pray, let me see thc paper I lett here
an hour ago." "Well," said he, "If you must
see it, we will get it back ina few minutes,
but il ?8 now in London." He rang a bell, and
in five minutes or so produced my message,
rolled up in pasteboard.
It seems that tor some months there has ex?
isted a pneumatic telegraph betwixt Glasgow
and London and betwixt London and thc other
principal c:tics of the kingdom, which consists '
of an iron tube, into which the messages are
thrown and sent to their destination. I in?
quired if I might see a message sent. "Oh,
yes; come round here." He slipped a number
of messages into the pasteboard scroll, popped
it into the tube, and made a signal. I put my
ear to the tube and heard a slight rumbling
noise lor seventeen seconds, when a bell rang
beside me, Indicating that the scroll had arriv?
ed at the general postoffice, four hundred miles
off! It almost took my breath away to think
of it. If I could only go to Boston with the
same relative speed, yon might count on my
passing an evening every week at No. 124 Bea?
con street, and returning home to sleep. Who
knows but we may be conveyed in this marvel?
lous manner before many years ?
Perhaps you are aware that there has been
a large tube between the General Postoffice In
London and the station in Eustace square in
operation for a number of years. The mall
bags for the north are all sent by this convey?
ance, so that the postoffice receives letters up
to a few minutes before the train leaves,lhree
miles off. The transit takes less than two se?
conds ! Surely this is an age of wonders.
THE METHODISTS OF COLUMBIA.
Eloquent Appeals in their Behalf.
In the Methodist General--Conference at
Memphis on Thursday last
Dr. Shipp spoke of resolutions of sympathy
?iassed hy the last General Conference, affect
ug the church at Columbia, S. C. ; of Its suffer?
ing at the hands of war; of its former pros?
perity; its boundless liberality; of the generosi?
ty of its members. He Baid that of all suffer?
ers in Columbia, tho Methodist Church bore
the most grievous calamities. The church
building was reduced to ashes, the homes ot
Its members were burned, and all their
property swept away. The congregation ls
too poor to rebuild their house of worship, and
have only a little chapel inadequate to the
wants of the congregation.
Dr. Sehon moved the adopt ion of a resolution
roviding for a concession of all that is asked
y the petition.
Dr. Smith, of South Carolina, said that the
church spoken of had suffered as none others.
Its people were poorer than those o? any
church or city in the South, and that South
Carolina was in the worst condition of any in
the South. The difference in the social and
industrial condition of the two States, South
Carolina and Georgia, was most strongly
marked and palpable. In Carolina the people
were still trodden under loot by the harshest
task-masters, who heid offices with not the
remotest idea of promoting ends of public
good. They only sought to oppress and rob
the people and gather wealth for themselves.
The ownership of real estate in Columbia be?
gets poverty. A house that ls rented for
six hundred dollars is taxed five hun?
dred and seventy-five dollars. Columbia,
once famed for the intelligence, public
and private morals of Its people, and for the
genius, learning and eloquence of individual
citizens, whose lolty character and many vir?
tues gave tone to society, is reduced to the ut?
most straits of poverty, aid subjected to every
process designed to degrade and destroy. The
tasteful scholarship ol Legare, the matchless
moral and intellectual grandeur of Calhoun,
the splendid oratory of Preston an'd McDuffie,
once made Columbia the abiding place of all
that made life delightful. Tbe condition ot the
ruined city to-day presented a mournful con?
trast with its pristine glory and splendor. It is
sad and. sickening to contemplate the present
and dream of the past. Of wealth there is
none, and poverty in Its rags and gaber?
dine bas invaded alike the palaces of the
rich and hovels of the poor. Indigent as
are these people, they are generous to the
last degree. They share with one another
the little that is left them, and widows
and orphans arc not forgotten by those who
have more than the absolute wants ol'life de?
mand. The little chapel they occupy as a
place of worship will not contain the congre?
gation that often gathers about its doorway,
und they often secured the uso of buildinirs ol'
other denominations, especially of thc Bap?
tists, who had been very hind. Bishops Co?
pers, Dunwoody and other great thinkers and
orators of Methodism, sleep in the churchyard
hard by. Their monuments bad beeu over?
thrown or destroyed by bloody, red-handed
war, and desecration and horrible outrage and
insufferable calamities marked every ieature
of the church's fortunes. Will not those more
blest in abundance help those so utterly im?
poverished ? The sympathies of this flourish?
ing city would be touched if it may listen to a
simple recital of woes which have befallen tho
church at Columbia. .
Bishop Andrews anproved the utterances of
Dr. Smith. He had* dedicated the church at
Columbia, years ago, to the Most High. Capers
was there, and many of the purest and best
and most learned men. The character of the
congregation, its virtues and Christian worth,
bad not been too highly colors, and there can
be no worthi?r object of our oe&eScence. It
was first in all Christian virtues. Many of its
strongest members have fallen beneath the
weight of terrible calamities, and the survi?
vors are hardly able to live. There was once
no limit to their generosity and deeds of
Christian charity. Help them; they will soon
be able to help themselves, and a church
edifice worthy of the people will soon rise
from the ashes of that which was destroyed.
Mr. McAnnally Bpoke with tearful eyes when
he said'that each member of the conference
should forward a sum tor the purpose of re?
building the Columbia church and erecting a
memorial worthy of the lame and virtues of
It was proposed to amend the pending pro?
position by inserting the words "all other
churches in like condition.'' lt was stated that
at least fifty Methodist churches had shared
the same fortunes with that of Columbia.
Dr. Marshal] suggested the adoption ol a
general system, like the Wesleyan, for church
The matter will be taken up again.
A. FUNNY DEVELOPMENT.
A Politician's Eulogy on Himself.
There i6 a very fierce contest raging in
Washington over the office or Mayor. The
two candidates, Bowen and Emery, are both
Radicals, and there is great division and bitr
terne88 in the party. Thc Chronicle cham?
pions Bow'en, and the Republican and Star
Bide with Emery, is ever the case when
friends fall out, angry passions rise to fever
heat, and no mercy is shown to an adversary.
Unluckily some ol Bowen's present oppo?
nents were formerly his friends and intimates.
This confidential relation put them in pos?
session of his secrets, and one of these has
been recently revealed, to the general hilarity
ol' the public and the great confusion of
Bowen. It appears that when Bowen set up
for the mayoralty some years ago, he wrote a
most extravagant eulogy ol' himself, got a col?
ored man to sign it, and had it issued as a cir?
cular. This document, in the handwriting ol'
Bowen, fell into thc hands of the Republican,
which has recently published it, with the state?
ment that thc original, in the autograph ol'
Bowen, is in its possession and subject to pub?
lic inspection. The following passage may be
taken as a fair specimen ol' what a modest
man ol' thc new era may say of himself:
All this was done by Mr. Bowen from princi?
ple, without the remotest expectation ol lee or
reward, and I happen to know that he docs not
want any office or favor at your hands; that if
he were the only one to be consulted he would
retire to private life when he leaves the posi?
tion he now so ably and satisfactorily fills. But
yon and we, the Republicans of this city, can?
not permit him to do this. He is. in my. opin?
ion, and in the judgment of the best men in
Washington, the only man in bur ranks who
can command the entire vote ol' the party,
and thus insure the election of a Republican
mayor. 1 am proud to be able to say
that even the tongue of slander has
been compelled to remain silent as it
respects his morals, and sterling integrity,
and that, although many millions of govern?
ment funds have passed through his hands,
not a dollar, nay, not even a single penny, has
ever stuck to them, excepting, of cdhrse, his
legal and legitimate salary His honesty is
proverbial, and it is this, my friends, and his
acknowledged capacity, that have secured for
bim the many positions he has held under the
government, ot which we have heard so much.
lt was this that commended him to our sainted
Lincoln, whose confidence he possessed to the
fullest extent, and from who he received, and
now keeps as a sacred memento of that friend
and martyr of liberty and humanity, more
commissions than any other man living
dead. With his name on our banner success
certain, and who other but he will be sore
secure that object ?
-St. Paul's Cathedral. London, is said to
in danger from excavations of underground
-A number of young men have been appre
hended for frequenting the London theatres
in female clothing, one of whom ls said to have
been mistaken for the Duchess of Manchester
-Westminster Palace will seat but 400 of
658 Parliamentary representatives, and durin
important debates peers and commoners
on the floor.
-A Belgian was recently hung by mistake
in Bruges, and as a slight recompense to his
wife, the generous-hearted government have
accorded her free permission to beg.
-In the discussion which is going on in Eng?
land in reference to the recent horrible In
stance of Greek brigandage, it is distinctly
charged that the affair is due to the direct en
couragement of the constituted authorities
and that even some of the ministry are not
above suspicion in the matter. One-half of the
members of the National Parliament, it is al
leged, are more than suspected of complicity
with brigandage, and some of them, it is said
are actually retired members of the profes
-The bombs which were alleged to have been
manufactured for the destruction of the Emp
ror Napoleon were filled with a new fulminat?
ing powder as dangerous to the maker as to
his victim. The substance was unknown up to
the present, and ls formed of twenty parts of
chloride of potash, ten of prusslate of potasa
and five of sulphur in powder. The slightest
friction, pressure, or shock, produces an ex?
plosion of fearful violence. Competent -j>er
8ons, who have examined the projectiles, con
sider them terrible engines of destruction, but
most unfit for assassinating a person in a car?
riage. They would have to be thrown from
an elevated position, and from the form of the
shell and the force of explosion, it is thought
that the debris would not rise, but sweep along
the ground. Flung from a barricade Into
close column of troops, the effect would be
-Among the Cossacks of the Ukraine, leap
year ls eternal. When a young woman feels
tender passion for a young man. she seeks him
at the residence of his parents, and addresses
him as follows: "The goodness I see written !n
your countenance ls a sufficient assurance to
me that you are capable of ruling and loving
wife, and your excellent qualities encourage
me to hope that you will make a good husband
It is in this belief that I have taken the r?solu
tion to come, and beg you, with all due hu
mility, to accept me for your spouse/' She
then addresses the father and mother, and so
licits their consent to the marriage. If sh
meets with a refusal, she declines to leave the
house, and Buch conduct is usually crowned
with success. The parents of the young man
never put the young maidens away, if they
still persist in their stay, believing that by do
?rig so they would bring down the vengeance
of beaven upon their heads.
-Co-operative trading associations, we be
licrc, have never been successful in thia coun
try, probably from want of good management
One in England, the Civil Service Supply As
sociation, we observe, has been more .urtu
nate, having made sales during the third year
ol its existence io the enormous amount of
more than a million and a half of dollars, and
realized a net profit over ol $23,000. the wh ole
of which was available for reducing the prices of
ihe articles sold. The society was first put in
operation by a few postoffice clerks, who pri
vately clubbed together to purchase wholesale
groceries for distribution among themselves
The experiment proving successful, all mem?
bers of the Civil Service were admitted lo the
association; and in three years it has grown to
the magnitude indicated by the above state?
ment of sales and profits in the last year.
The remarkable success shows what may be
done by such laudable combinations; arid it
confirms the axiom that small and quick re?
turns are the true principle of commerce.
-Witchcraft is not extinct. An old man in
England, nearly eighty years of age, after
imagining or believing tliat he had for several
year? been bewitched, or overpowered as he
called lt, by one Mary Stevens, undertook, by
the advice, as he said, of more than a hundred
persons, to "fetch" the blood of the woman, so
that he might overcome her. Embracing a fa?
vorable opportunity, he executed his blood?
thirsty design. He did it, however, very
mildly. Having met her in the market-place,
he suddenly scratched her arm with a needle
and caused it to bleed a trifle, but yet enough,
as he conceived, to fulfil the mysterious law by
which he was impelled. Disdaining to shed
her blood in so ignoble a cause, thc woman
complained of him and he was arrested. He
pleaded in excuse for the assault that such had
been the power of the witchery the woman
had exerted over him that for five years he
had suffered afflictions of various kinds through
her sorcery, sometimes having four diseases
upon him at once, besides losing, in thc mean?
time, lourteen canaries and fifty goldfinches.
He was fined two and sixpence and costs.
-The funeral of the victims of the recent
Greek massacre was one of the most imposing
ceremonies ever witnessed in Athens. Thc
solemn service was held in the English Church
in that city. All the resident ambassadors
were present, the Archbishop of the Greek
Church, and the entire Synod. All the officers
and ministers of the Greek Government, and
the King, who never mingles with the multi?
tude, attended. The Queen, too, was there,
and in tears. After the services at the church
were over, they all followed the bodies to the
cemetery. The King and Queen led the pro?
cession, and walked the entire distance, an act
unprecedented in the history of Greece. About
8000 persons were collected between the
church and the burial place. The King, in a
long military cloak and helmed cap, with
feathers, walked immediately behind the cof?
fins, whicu were borue upon the shoulders of
the marines, and covered with the national
flags. The beads of seven of the brigands
killed by the soldiers during the late encoun?
ter were displayed, strung in a line on a
scaffolding in the Champ de Mars, where
crowds ol'people went out to see them.
There ie a regular system of treating for
the ransom of the ciptives. A letter ia first
conveyed by the robbers from the captive to
his friends. This generally contains a safe
conduct for the messenger who shall be chosen
to gj to the robber camp and treat, and a
plan marking out certain places he must stop
at. He travels by night on a white horse, apd
carries a sma:l bell, which be rings at certain
couveuiant and so.itary stations, where he is
aDswereibya shrill whistle if all is well.
fjnle=8 the whistle ia heard he mr^et not go on,
and the whole plan is so arranged that the
man himself does not know where he is finally
joing to, so that it ie impo98iD]6 tor me au
horitiee to discover the brigands' haunt there?
by. At a certain spot the robbers meet him,
ind conduct him into the presence of the
-bief. Then a regular bargaining is com?
me:* ced. The chief names a sum, which the
messenger, if he ia a man of determination,
ind represents well the inefficient- means of
the captive, can often get reduced. When the
bargain is finally struck, tbe messenger goes
back for the money by a different road to tbat
he came by, and returns with the same cere- j
monies and precautions. Tbe ransom is de- I
livered to the chief in presence of all tbe band,
ff ho light a taper and examine the coins to see
if they are good. The captive is then brongbt
in, loosed from his ropes, his beard cat off,
md then be ie kissed .by each robber on the
cheek, while they all cry out several times j
' Kallali I" tbat is to say, "Begone, and be of
good health." Should the robbers be besieged
during the time of the bargaining, both cap?
tive and ransom are destroyed. The robbers'
great object is to terrify the people into bring?
ing sufficient ransom; therefore when it is d??
ficient, or the captive is too poor to pay at all,
the most horrible cruelties are practiced.
Tbere are several such cases known to have
occurred quite lately. One man whose ransom
was short of the som named, was tortured,
stripped naked, and slo.vly burned with a
lighted fuse to euch an extent that he can
never recover. A boy of fifteen bad his ears
cut off from the roots beciose a hundred
iraebmiof the ransom were wanting. Bat
the most terrible account of all was as follows:
Three peasants had been taken prisoners. Two
at them were enabled, hy the sale of their oxen,
to make up a sum sufficient to content tbe
brigands. The third was a poor man and
could pay nothing. He was condemned to
?eath. He fell at their feet praying for mere v.
"The low forbids it," was the answer.-CasselVs
iHillinerrj, Saner) ?oo?s, &c.
(DB J AK IS.)
NO. 214 KINO STREET,
CORNER OF MARKET STREBT.
DRESSES AND MANTLES made In the latest
Parisian style. Patterns cut and sold, may is
(Clo tl] in g ano ifnrnisrjing C$0000.
J^OW IS THE TIME.
GEORGE LITTLE A CO.,
No. 213 KINO STREET.
Is the place to find the largest and best selected
stocK of Men's, Youths' and Children's CLOTH?
ING ever offered in this market, and at prices to
sui: the times. Raving determined to seU our
Qoods as low as can be purchased elsewhere, we
would respectfully solicit an examination of our
Our StOCk Of CHILDREN'S CLOTHING com?
prises the latest styles in Linen and Casslmere.
Also a fine and well selected assortment of
GEORGE LITTLE A CO.,
No. 213 King street, below Market.
Q PRING CLOTHING.
No. 2 19 KING STREET.
CORNER OF WENTWORTH.
An extensive supply of SPRING CLOTHING,
made ur expi-oosi? fur tue iraae of this city, ls
now offered at LOW PRICES, the Goods having
been bought since the decline in gold. The as?
sortment consists of all New Fabrics for men's
wear, and made up equal to custom work. This
bouse will continue to deserve the wide reputa?
tion lt has enjoyed for many years of "selling the
best made Clothing In the city." In the stock
will be fonnd the following:
SCOTCH CHEVIOT WALKING COAT SUITS
Scotch Cheviot Sack Coat Suits
French Batiste Walking Coat Suits
French Coating Walking Coat Suite
English and American Melton Coat Salts
Silk Mixed Coat Suits
Plaid Casslmere Coat Suits
Blue Flannel Coat Suits
French, Blue and Black Tricot Coat Suits
Oakes' Casslmere (all Wool) Coat Snits, at $16 60.
BOYS' AND YOUTHS' CLOTHING.
The ?arpes: and best assortment In the city, viz:
Walking Coat SUITS, Sack Coat Suits, and Fancy
Knickerbocker Suits, for ages from 6 to 17 years,
of Meltons, Silk Mixed, Blue Flannels, Mixed Cas?
slmere, Black Cloths, Ac, of all qualities.
In this department will be found every style of
Un der-Garments for men's wear, such aa:
Gauze, Merino, Lisle Thread, Silk, Cotton and Per
Jeans and Linen Drawers
Silk Ties and Bows, Colored Silk Cravats and
French Kid Gloves, Beaver Gauntlets, Silk and
Patent Shoulder Suspenders, Braces, Ac.
STAR SHIRTS AND COLLARS,
Introduced by me in this city twenty-five years
ago, and since then selling them to the satisfac?
tion or all purchasers.
49- Trices as advertised in Card.
Is supplied with French, English and American
COATINGS, Meltons, Batiste, Scotch Cheviot, Silk
Mixed and Cloths, or a variety of shades.
CASS1MERES of the most select patterns of
the season, Plaids, Stripes and Plain, which Goods
will be made up to order, in the well known good
style always displayed at this House, and at mod.
WHITE TURKISH HAREM VESTS,
A new and elegant Garment.
Vf Purchasers are Invited to call and make
Captain B. W. McTUREOUS, Superintendent.
IF YOU WANT SCHOOL AND TEX!
BOOKS or all kinds, cheaper than yon caz
purefcaae elsewhere, go to
No. 166 Meeting street, opposite Charleston HOV
Charleston, s. 0. deci4 cmos
^ESSELS WANTED FOR EUEOPE.
To Load Phosphate Rock from Willi m an 'a
Island. Quick despatch, and the fallest
market rates freight. Apply to
WILLIAM ROACH A CO.?
Agents Williman's Island Phosphate Co
Tl MERCHANTS LINE-NEW YORK
1VJL SAILING PACKETS.
The regular line Schooner N. W. SMITH,
William A. Tooker, Master, hating the^
balk or her Cargo engaged, will take whatL?
freight may offer, and sall forthwith. Apply to
WILLIAM ROACH k CO.,
may24-3 ? - Agents.
-pOR FORT SUM
The sare, rast sailing and comrortably ap?
pointed Yacht "ELEANOR" win make two<_
trips daily to Fort Sumter and the other points or
historic Interest In the harbor, leaving South
Commercial WharT at io A. M. and 3 P.If. The
Yacht can also be chartered for private parties on
reasonable terms. For passage or charter apply
next door sooth or the Mills House, or to the
Captain on board. mayl4
BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA, BOS?
TON, AND THE CITIES OF THE NORTH?
THROUGH BILLS OF LADING GIVEN FOR.
COTTON TO BREMEN.
The fine Steamship "SEA GULL,'
Dutton, Commander, will sall lor Balti?
more on SATURDAY, 28th May, at 5 P. .1
Making close connection with Bremen .steamer*
(Ohio) or the 1st Jane.
SST Philadelphia Freights forwarded to that
city by railroad from Baltimore without addi?
tional Insurance, and Consignees are allowed am?
ple time to sample and sell their Gooda from
the Railroad Depot in Philadelphia.
PAUL 0. TRENHOLM, Agent,
may24-tuths3 No. 2 Union Wharves.
THE REGULAR STEAM LINE-WEEKLY TO
The Screw Steamship PROMETHEUS,
Grey, Commander, will sail for Phlltt-,-n - ? -
delphla, dlrect,on FKIDAT, May 27th, at 4 o'clock
P. M., from Brown's South Wharf.
tn~ insurance by the steamers of this Line X
For Freight engagements, or Passage (cabkn
$16,) apply to
WM. A. COURTENAY, Agent,
may23-mtuthf4 No. 1 Union Wharves.
J10R NEW YORK-TUESDAY.
The Al side-wheel Steamship SOUTH
CAROLINA, Adkins, Commander, WILL
Bali for New York on TUESDAY, May 24th, ai &
o'clock P. M., from Pier No. 2, Union Wharves,
connecting with day Passenger Trams from Co?
lombia aud Augusta, arriving at 4 P. M.
The SOUTH CAROLINA will make close connec?
tion with Liverpool Steamship NEVADA ol Messrs.
Williams . A Onion's Line, sailing June 1st.
Insurance by the Steamers of thia line x pei
For Freight engagements, or passage, having
very superior stateroom accommodations, all on
deck and newly furnished, apply to WAGNER,.
HUUER k CO., No. 26 Broad street, or to WM. A.
COURTENAY. No. 1 Union Wharves. mayl9-fl
.J^OTICE TO TRAVELLERS.
To accommodate the large VEGETA?
BLE BUSINESS offering by this steam J
line to New York, the Steamships are appointed
to sall lrom Charleston as follows, arriving in
New York on FRIDAY MORNING:
SOUTH CAROLINA, Captain Adkins, TUESDAY,
May 24. 6 o'clock, P. M.
TENNESSEE, Captain Chichester, TUESDAY,
May 31, 6 o'clock, P. M.
SOUTH CAROLINA. Captain Adkins, TUESDAY,
June 7, ? o'clock, P. M.
TENNESSEE, Captain Chichester, TUESDAY,
Jane 14, fl o'clocK, P. M.
SOUTH CAROLINA, Captain Adkins, TUESDAY,
June 21, fl o'clock, P. M.
TENNESSEE, Captain Chichester, TUESDAY.
Jane 28, 6 o'clock, P. M..
Travellers from interior points will note this
temporary change or sailing days.
Both the Steamships on this line are newly con?
structed, the largest and most commodious on the
Atlantic coast, built of Iron, with water-tight
compartments, and all passenger accommoda?
tions ARE ON DECK, securing thorough ventila?
tion and comfort.
49* Tickets can b? purchased at all interior
railroads points in connection with Charleston.
For freight or passage, apply to
WM. A. COURTENAY. Agent,
Union Wharves, foot of Hayne Btreet.
WAGNER, HUGER k CO., General Agents, No.
26 Broad street. may20-ftu4
T7ESSELS SUPPLIED WITH CABIN AND
V MESS STORES ON SHORT NOTICE.
Captains and Stewards are respect?
fully invited to caU and examine the;
quality and prices or our GOODS. Fa
guaranteed. Delivered free of expensa
WM. S. CORWIN k CO.,
No. 276 King Btreet, opposite Hasel,
Charleston, 8. O.
Branch of No. 900 Broadway, New York.
?pOR BEAUFORT, VIA EDISTO, ROCK?
VILLE AND PACIFIC LANDING.
Steamer PILOT BOY, Captain 0. ? .?JJT^^
Caroil White, will sall from Charle?-?sflSii?HE
ton for above places every TUESDAY MORNING, ai
Returning, the PILOT BOY will leave Beaufort
early WEDNESDAY MORNING, touching at all the
above named Landings on her route to
Charleston. J. D. AIKEN k 00.
OR PALATE A, FLORIDA,
VIA SAVANNAH. FERNANDINA JACKSON'
VULE AND LANDINGS ON ST. JOHN'S RIVER.
Steamer "DICTATOR," Captain
George E. McMillan, sails every,
MONDAY EVENING at 8 o'clock.
Steamer "CITY POINT," Captain Fenn Peck,
salis everv FRIDAY EVENING at 8 o'clock. Con?
necting with steamer STARLIGHT for Enterprise.
Fare to and from Savannah $3 each way, in?
cluding berth and meals.
Through Tickets and through Bills of Lading
for Freight given.
J. D. AIKEN k 00., Agents,
janis _South Atlantic Wharf.
TjlOfi SAVANNAH, (INLAND ROUTE.)
VIA PACIFIC LANDING AND BEAUFORT.
The steamer PILOT BOY, Captain C:
Carron White, win leave Charles- _
ton every THURSDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, for
The PILOT BOY will leave Savannah every
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock, touching; at
Beaufort and Pacific Landing, and connecting
at Charleston with SATURDAY'S steamships for
The PILOT BOY will touch at Bull's Island
Wharf every fortnight, going to and returning
from Savannah. J. D. AIKEN k 00.
FISHING EXCURSION TO THE BLACK
The popular Steamer "SAMSON" ? ?TTP^ w.
will leave Boyce A Co.'s Wharf on jasSOB?m
WEDNESDAY MORNING, May 26, at 9 o'clock, ror a
DAYTTFISHING, returning In the evening.
Bait will be provided.
Fare for the trip $1 60.
TULLY will be in attendance to furnish Re?
Tickets can be obtained at A. 0. STONE'S
Store. East Bay, also TORCK'S "Our House," J. C.
H. CLAUSSEN'S and STENHOUSE k CO.'S, and
at the Office of HENRY CARD, Agent,
may20 Accommodation Wharf. *
S. HANCKEL, M. D.,
D E N T I S"T,
Has resumed the practice :of hts profession,
Rooms No. 236 King street, opposite Basel, over
SPEAR'S Jewelry Store'_J an26 8 thstn
UPHAM'S ANTIDOTE FOR STRONG
A SURE CURE FOR DRUNKENNESS.
One Dollar a Bottle. Sent by mail, postage
paid, on receipt or price.
The Antidote ls the beat remedy that can be
administered In Mania-a-Potu, and also ror al^
nervous affections. _
For sale by Dr. H. BAER,
No. 131 Meeting street,
octe Agent for South Carolina?.