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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
[FROM THE ASSOCIATE? PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, May 30.
An immense crowd has gathered at Arling?
ton to participate in the decoration cere?
monies. The weather is cloudy, but no rain.
All business is suspended, and the day is being
generally observed as a holiday.
A report prevailed that Jerome Bonaparte
died at Baltimore tb's morning, but later dis?
patches contradict lt.
THE FENIAN FAILUEE.
TORONTO, May 30.
" Dispatches from Buffalo says that 1500
Fenians are in that city, who express a deter
nation to continue the struggle.
Dispatches from Port Colburne report all
well, and fears of Interference with the canal
are entirely dissipated. There are plenty ol
troops stationed along the Hue to protect it
pThe Red River troops were detained for the
purpose of meeting any contingencies.
, . LONDON, May 30.
The Colonial office has advices of the utter
and final failure of the recent Fenian invasion
. of Canada.
ST. ALBANS, VT., May 30.
The Fenians, believing that General O'Neil
consented to his arrest, threaten his life.
THE WAH IN CUBA.
HAVANA, May 30.
Oscar, a son of C?spedes, has been captured.
Colonel John Clancey, an American, has
A large number of plantations in Cam a gua y
' District have been burned by order of General
De Rodas has executed seven prisoners in
retaliation for the seven wood-cutters killed
near Puerto Principe.
C?spedes, is prevented by his partisans from
leaving ..the country.
THE INDIAN BAIE.
BRYAN. WTOMNG, May 30.
The Indians made a raid upon the stage route
to South Pass, capturing ten horses and
wounding one. The country to the south ls
full of Indians.
THE PRESRYTERIAR ASSEMBLY.
PHILADELPHIA, May 30.
Abe Presbyterian Assembly tabled the reso?
lution approving of the Indian policy of the
government. The Chinese, Jews and Indians
were transferred from the foreign to home mis?
AUGUSTA, May 30.
The wheat crop of Georgta ls good and
promises a large yield. There was a small
shipment of flour to New York to-day. South
Carolina, Georgia, Florida and Alabama ex?
changes speak encouragingly of the corn and
cotton crops. The rains last week were gen?
eral and timely. A large area of land is
planted,' more fertilizers are used, and plant?
ers are working hard.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The postofflce in Rochester, New York City,
was burglariously entered Sunday night and
nearly all the letters nt olen. No clue to the
The Tarifs touched at Queenstown yester?
The Empress Eugenie ls going to Denmark.
The smallpox is Increasing at a terrible rate
in Paris. :_
SOCIETY IN WASHINGTON.
Who the Flirt, Second and Third La?
jffhe New York World has a gossipy corres -
pondent who calls herself or himself "Miss
Grundy." and whose letters are specially inter?
esting to the ladies. Her, or his, last is devo?
ted to th? question of fe male rank, as recog?
nized by the wives and daughters of the offi?
cers of government, from the President down.
The President's wile, as a matter of course, is
considered the "First Lady," and the wife of
the vice-President is the "Second Lady," the
'*Third Lads'" being in dispute, and quite a
quostio vexaia. On this point, "Miss^Grundy"
amplifies as follows:
It ls well known that etiquette, like fashion,
rises superior to all creature comforts, and
could never be supposed to make or mar a
law simply for the saxe or convenience. In
this country, however, some reason, good or
bad must be given, even for social rules; pure?
ly arbitrary intentions do not secure ready ac
Siiegence. Therefore, reasons are given for
e acknowledgment of rights to first calls.
The usual one, given always in perfect good
faith, ls truly appalling. "We mfte the Cabi?
net, ? says the Senate, "we confirm its mem?
bers; therefore we are their superiors. "We
swear them in," says the Supreme Court,
"therefore we take precedence of them." It
is, however, to be remembered if this return
to first principles and deference to creative
power proves anything, it proves too much,
and "we, the people," should have our supre?
macy acknowledged above all.
It ls Impossible to Bay how much bitterness
has been caused by this decree, made so long
ago that John Quincy Adams, when Secretary
of State, wrote a letter on the subject to Daniel
T. Tompkins, then vice-President, in 1619.
Mr. Adams could not "see" the point; he wrote
mildly, but forcibly, his convictions that a first
call from bim self or his wife should be de?
manded by no one save the President or vice
President; neither did he demand it of any one
on account of his office. He thought the mat?
ter should be regulated by circumstances, and
no general rule on the subject should be
adopted. His opinion, however, did not set?
tle the question, which continued to be agi?
tated with so much vim that he sent the
letter for publication to the National In?
telligencer about two years afterwards, and
still the war went on. It seems that the reason
then given for senatorial rank was somewhat
different, and had a show of common sense about
it, while it invokes the great question which
was only to be settled In our time of bloodshed.
The issue was made on the State rights doc?
trine. "As representatives of sovereign States
we declared the senators should nave the
rights of foreign ministers, and rank next to
the vice-President." But even more than this
was claimed, for it was as a superior order of
foreigners the senators wished to be consider?
ed and to take precedence of all members of
the diplomatic corps. In a volume of "Nile's
Register," published many years ago in Balti?
more, reference ls made to this fertile source
of social bickering, which speaks of the agita?
tion of the fashionable mind In Washington
during the winter of 1120. People were divid?
ed Into two parties and took sides with great
1 The amount of it ali," says the writer, "was
whether the lady of a secretary or the lady of
a senator should first drop a courtesy and say,
'now do yon do, ma'am ?' to the other. Sena?
tors are entitled to be called .honorable, both
parties admit, but some contend that secreta?
ries may be called their excellencies, a superior
grade. It is agreed that the wife of a repre?
sentative of the people (or a member of the
lower house) bolas Inferior rank to a secre?
tary's wife, but it ls contended that a senator
reajescntlng the sovereignty of a State, his
wile must be on a par with any other lady ex?
cept the President's wife." From that time to
the present the question bas been revived with
more or less animosity att'.ie incomine ol each
new admiaistration'when the wives of Cabinet
ministers have to be inst meted in their duties.
The law has never been received by any new
student of the raak of "Cabinet lady" without
some degree of complaint; but the ladies of
the Senate have always won the day, and
are so far in the ascendancy at present
that all the ladies of the diplomatic corps are
obliged to make the first calls upon them,
which ls a rather peculiar state of affairs, since
strangers, it would seem, and moreover for?
eigners, ought to be made the recipients of
hospitality, Instead of Anding themselves, on
their arrival in our capital, already burdened
with a visiting Hst of no mean length. The
question then arises who shall call first on the
other, the Senate ladles, or the ladles of the
Supreme Court. The reverence for creative
?lower is again developed, and the Senate re?
fers to its right of confirmation or rejection of
the nominations for Supreme judges; but the
latter say : 'Ah, yes; but how about your laws
when we declare them unconstitutional ! We
can make them all null and void.' And so that
point is disputed, and may be decided again
and again without being put at rest.
Still the rank of third lady is not unanimous?
ly conceded to any one. The Cabinet being so
effectually snubbed by the foregoing argu?
ments, one would suppose all pretensions to
such an honor would be far from the minds of
the wives of its members. The wife of the
speaker of the House, some affirm, is entitled
to this distinction, her husband being third in
succession to the Presidency (?); or, as others
declare, it ls her right because her husband re?
presents a body J query : a dem ned, damp,
moist, uncomfortable body ?)-the House of
Representatives-while a Cabinet minister is
merely a bead clerk ! The ladles of the Cabi?
net bear this with still greater Indignation than
that with which the views of senatorial stick?
lers for etiquette are received, and are by no
means disposed to submit. It is therefore no?
ticed what seat ia accorded the speaker's wire
at a Presidential state dinner composed
of high officials of the government, and
deductions are made accordingly. On such
occasions the wife of the Secretary of State
usually ranks next to the wife ol the vice
President. Next come in order the wives of
the Secretaries of the Treasury, War Depart?
ment, Navy Department, Postmaster-General,
Attorney-General, and last the wife of the Sec?
retary of the Interior, it ia urged, however,
that etiquette as observed at the Executive
Mansion should not be regarded as gospel-law,
and that mistakes are frequently made in that
high quarter. During the past winter, with?
out bitterness or rancor, the question of pre?
cedence bas been frequently discussed, and,
while many complaints have been made in
private of existing social regulations, it is due
to the ladles most concerned in the matter to
say nothing disagreeable has ever occurred
during the reign In this' connection. There?
fore, It must be allowed that ia the matter of
temper 1870 is so far an improvement on 1820.
FOREIGN O OS SIR.
-A "colored tragedian" is playing in Eng?
-? new method of coloring photographs ls
spoken ot in Berlin, by* which the dauby,
smeary appearance so olten complained of In
tinted photographs ls done away with, and
the colons are so put on as to seem to have
been done by the same process by which thc
photograph Itself was created.
-The French regicide plot news is speedily
followed by rumors of a plot to assassinate the
Popr The design is' said to have been "to
throw a bomb at his carriage, blowing him in
the air, together with the two cardinals in at?
tendance, at the same 'moment springing
mines under the barracks of Cimarra, Raven?
na and St. Agatha, near the Vatican."
-The Paris papers publish a letter from
Mr. John Stuart Mill toa French lady who
has written a work on "The Moral Condition
of Women." Mr. Mill praises the book as
revealing "revolting Injustices of mascuUne
society in regard to women," and says that
France, as compared with England, "has, by
no means, the pre-eminence in this respect,
which is ascribed to it."
-The English Ritualists are becoming bold?
er in their aims. One of thc organs of the
party openly recommends that boxes for con?
fessions should be introduced in all churches
whore confession is preached, so that the peni?
tents may not, as at present, have to go to the
private houses of the priests, but that "the
Sacrament of Penance" may be administered
in "the only place consecrated for such pur?
poses." Some of the more advanced members
of this party are, it ls believed, about to secede
to the Greek Church.
-The expenses of living have apparently In?
creased in countries where gold is thc stan?
dard of value, and the high rates paid for the
necessaries of life in the United States are not
entirely due to a paper currency. Thus a re?
cent inquiry into the salaries paid to the diplo?
matic representatives of Great Britain showed
that in 1850 an attache could live on $1650' a
year in Paris, whereas now be must expend
$3000. At Berlin the annual cost of living has
raised from $1500 to $2500. The expenses at
Vienna have increased eighty per cent., and
have trebled at Florence.
-"The General Conference of Christians,"
tobe held in New York City, commencing
September 23d, 1870, has recently been called
to the attention of the Evangelical Christians
ot England, and at a meeting held in
London, a "British New York Conference
Committee" was appointed to carry out the
necessary arrangements to send delegates. As
the sum of $10,000 will be required to carry
ont the plans of the committee, subscriptions
to raise that amount were solicited. The Con?
ference in New York wili be the sixth gather?
ing, the previous meetings having been held in
London, Paris, Berlin, Geneva and Amster?
-The British House of Commons has at
last passed, in an amended shape, Mr. Glad?
stone's great reform measure of the year, the
Irish Land bill. This bili ranks in importance
with the bill disestablishing the Irish Church,
and as Mr. Gladstone made it the test measure
of the session, its triumphant passage by the
House may be considered a complete endorse?
ment of his administration. It is impossible
to give Just now a correct synopsis ol the bill
in Its present form. Since the original draft
was published countless amendments have
been offered, and so many of these have been
accepted, that thc details are considerably
changed. Thc central idea of the measure i3
the rolief of the oppressed Irish tenantry, and
this is extended so far that the government
even undertakes to make small loans under
certain prescribed conditions to farmers who
may be in urgent need of such assistance. The
original bill was warmly approved by the Eng?
lish press; and while it offered no remedy for
tbe great evils arising from absenteeism, it
dill appear to afford redress for many ol' the
minor grievances of which Irishmen complain.
The people of Ireland have not received tl?s
reform with enthusiasm, but lt is possible that
they are prejudiced against any or Mr. Glad?
stone's reforms, by their sufferings under his
outrageously oppressive mfiitary bill, provided
against tbe recent revolutionary attacks. We
do not believe that the Irish people will ever
be satisfied with any reform that can be devis?
ed lor them; for they are in a chronic condi?
tion of discontent, and it is part of their in?
heritance to hate the English. But if this
land bill could be accepted in good spirit,
there can be no doubt whatever that it would
improve the condition of the small Irish
farmers, and would be followed by other and
more liberal reforms.
THE -SUN'S EXPOSURE
HOW TWO SCOUNDRELS CONTRIVED
TO OET IXTO^CONQRESS.
The Chaplain who Disgraced a Disre?
putable Massachusetts Regiment-The
Wholesale Robbery of South Carolini?
ans-General Butler's Hatred of
Southern White Men.
A correspondent of that lively and indepen?
dent Radical paper, the New York Snn, writ?
ing from Darlington C&rthouse, under date
of May 21, says:
About June, 18G5, the first Union troops en?
tered Darlington-a Massachusetts regiment,
part of the B. F. Butler Brigade, under Gene?
ral Beale. The chaplain ot the regiment was
Whlttemore, who was recently expelled lrom
Congress, yet who is a candidate for re-clec
tiou to that body. When Butler labored to
save Whlttemore from expulsion, he perfectly
well knew that Whlttemore bore a very bad
character; but such was Butler's hatred ol the
white people ol'South Carolina that lie wanted
Whlttemore In Congress nominally to repre?
sent them, but really to annoy them.
General Beale made this town his headquar?
ters, and commanded the detached posts which
were established in different parts of the Pee
dc region. The officers commanding the
posts discovered large quantities of cotton on
the plantations. Already Whitteinore had be
haf ed disreputably, and was no longer regard?
ed as a suitable person to be chaplain of a Mas?
sachusetts regiment. But this regiment was
largely composed of loafers who bad been
PURCHASED TS NEW YORK.
The owners of cotton on the plantations ex?
pected to sell it and use the capital to cultivate
their lands, employing the negroes by contract
to do the labor. The whites acknowledged
that they were conquered, and there wa3 a
strong desire to secure a good government for
the State, social harmony, and business pros?
perity. But the officers of the Massachusetts
regiment so wantonly misbehaved themselves
toward the persons and property of the white
natives, that renewed ill-feeling was engen?
dered against the Northern men generally.
Many ot those military officers took and sold,
FOR THEIR OWN BENEFIT,
large qu?ntles of cotton. They persuaded ne?
groes to say that their late masters had sold
the cotton to the Confederate Government,
and then they made a pretence of seizing Con?
federate property. But as in time BOI much
was published in Northern newspapers Tn con?
demnation of taos* acts, that the officers had
to adopt a new plea under which to perpetrate
their thefts. That was, to seize a planter's
cotton, and when he was greatly alarmed, and
rightly believed it would be taken away from
him anyway, and once away he would
NEVER GET ANYTHING
for it, a runner, a white man, would go to him
and offer to buy the whole lot at ten" cents a
pound. When the planter had accepted, the
cotton was shipped, and sold North for from 40
to 50 cents a pound.
.ANOTHER CONTEMPTIBLE FRAUD.
nie trial of criminal causes was also reduced
to fraud. The negroes who unfortunately got
Into conflicts with the whites wero invariably
reprimanded or punished, provided the white
opponents paid from $10 to $25 each. This
practice became so notorious that tue lawyers
in Darlington never took a case until they
knew how much the white man could afford to
pay, and then they would systematically pro?
ceed at once to have the case "tried,"' and the
money secretly paid. All this time Whltte?
more was in such bad repute with the Massa?
chusetts regiment that the members of It
would not tolerate his preaching to them, and
when they had a comrade to bury they called
upon tbe Rev. A. Garmell, Methodist, recently
deceased, to perform the burial ceremony, or
upon the Rev. Mr. Beater, Baptist, or tbe Rev.
Mr. Brearly, Presbyterian, all ol* whom re?
mained South durin? the war. Whlttemore
was very careiul at first not openly to exhibit
PARTIALITY FOR TUE NSGRO,
and frequently said that as he was the agent of
several benevolent societies, he simply dis?
charged the duties which he had agreed to
perform. He was evidently anxious to keep
on as good terms as he possibly could with the
native whites. But his bad reputation with
the Massachusetts regiment led the native
whites ever to mistrust him. Be established
schools among the negroes, and made them
pay for the school books and Testaments that
they should have received gratuitously.
Sometimes the payments were made in money,
and at other times lu eggs and chickens, which
the negroes delivered either to himself or to
bis wife. He even collected money from the
negroes on clothing which had been sent to
him from the North to distribute. For teach?
ing the colored children, he made their parents
pay 25 cents a month. About the beginning
of 1867 he launched out fully pandering to the
negroes. He was a candidate in the same dis?
trict, and at the same time, for
CONGRESS AND THE STATE SENATE.
His plan was to get into the State Senate
and endeavor to get elected United States
senator; bui failing in that, to go to the House
Whlttemore was elected to fill both of the
offices for which he-was a candidate; but when
he took bis s*at in the State Senate, opposi?
tion was raised to his remaining there, and be
had to leave. Then he went t j Congress as a
representative, and was suddenly ousted on
grounds with which the public arc already
Among those who commanded here was
Captain Hawkins, a graduate ol'West Point.
He had a remarkably loquacious, Jolly and
obliging lieutenant named H?ge, who did
not like Whlttemore, and frequently character?
ized him as
AN ARRANT SCOUNDREL.
H?ge was always telling the white people
that he was a Democrat, much to their disgust.
That they concealed, however. He capped the
climax one day by saying, in the presence of
Colonel Waring, a Southerner, that his father
was stumping the State of Ohio for the Demo?
cratic party, and that he, too, would be doing
the same thing if he was not here. Subse?
quently Colonel Waring met H?ge at table in
the dining hall ot the Charleston Hotel, in
Charleston, and said to him: "H?ge, now that
Whlttemore is a candidate for Congress in the
First Congressional District, we ought to have
you to make Democratic speeches." H?ge in?
stantly drew his face away, as, at the same
time, lie touched Waring on the leg as a silent
Intimation to him to keep quiet. Soon after?
ward a fine looking man got up lrom the table
and went out. Then H?ge said to Waring:
"You came near
GETTING ME INTO A BAD FIX.
That fellow who just got up is a leading Re?
publican, and I am grinding an axe with the
Republicans; but I assure you I am as good a
Democrat as I ever was." The character of
the axe came out publicly not long afterwards.
H?ge was appointed an associate Justice to the
Supreme Court of South Carolina. He sat
with associate justice Willard, an eminent law?
yer, and Chief Justice Moses, who was a iudge
under the old State Government. But as H?ge
was not competent to fill the position, and saw
that lie had got himself into
AN EMBARRASSING POSITION,
he prepared to resign, and cast about for a
spot to light on from which to rise again asa
spread-eagle Congressman. He chose the Se?
cond District, which, however, was and is op?
posed to him, because the legal vote is largely
Democratic. He went to the district to stump
it, but soon after he arrived a colored man
named Randolph was killed, because he had
been telling the negroes not to fear the South?
ern white men; that they bad the physical
power in their own hands. Il' ever one of
them was molested because he voted the Re
Eubllcan ticket, not a Southern white man's
ouse would be left standing In a week alter
the attack was made.
ESCAPE FROM TUE LYNCHERS.
H?ge was at another station near by when
he heard that Randolph had been murdered.
Forthwith he Bkediddled for Washington, but
on arriving there was branded as a coward.
He returned, waked up all the Second Con?
gressional District from afar off, still remained
a candidate for the honor of representing it in
Congress, and was defeated by a considerable
majority, but on account of party interests,
Congress admitted him, and he took his seat.
H?ge proposes again to bo a candidate in the
Second District, wnere, if the ?lectif-n is fairly
conducted, lie certainly wU.1 be defeated, as lie
was before. Keeping this" in mind, he has
gone over to Whittemore. at whose solicita?
tion he said in this Congressional District, a
few days ago, that Whittemore would be re?
ceived by Congress if the negroes would only
re-elect him. Whittemore is expected to be
able to reciprocate the favor when H?ge is
again deleated in the Second District, but still
an applicant to retain the seat which he holds
\a Congress. Thus It is that these two worthies
THE FENIAN FORAY ON THE CANA?
The March on Huntingdon-Every .11 an
an Officer-Cowardice of General Starr
-The Charge of the Canadians-Bril?
liant bnt Unsuccessful Strategy
Brave Stanil of the Old Veterans-The
Retreat-The Killed and Wounded
Everything at Sea.
The present movement on Canada lacks
several advantages enjoyed by that of 18CG.
To begin with, it ls not supported by the
Fenians with unanimity. It is credibly assert?
ed that thc majority ol the organization are
opposed to the movement, both as a matter of
principle and of policy-that they do not re?
gard this as the time, nor O'Neil's scheme as the
proper plan, for fulfilling the Fenian mission.
In the next place, the whole campaign seems
thus far to be aimless and ill-directed. Instead
ol' moving from a fixed base to a definite ob?
jective point, the force ol the Fenian move?
ment is wasting itself in random spurts and in
desultory expeditions of small squads across
tlie frontier. The great error seems to be In
supposing that merely crossing the frontier is
of any military Importance: lt ls of none,.unless
it be to escape from the Jurisdiction of our
government to that ol'the dominion, which ls,
perhaps, a move out of the frying pan Into the
fire. Crossing the line ls a defiance, but it is
not a victory; and there are no places of any
strategic Importance whatever on the Canada
border, either to take br defend, at least in the
neighborhood of Vermont. Again, the first
strokes of the Fenians have been conspicuous
and disheartening failures, revealing an utter
want, of organization, &a? a decided lack of
TnE MOVEMENT ON HUNTINGDON.
On Friday last, the Fenian army stationed in
Trout River, a hamlet that Hes on the boun?
dary line, twelve miles north of Malone, car?
ried out their determination to give battle to
the Canadian volunteers. A correspondent of
the New York Sun, describing the resull, says:
The Fenians have been for some days pre?
paring for an encounter. All the men and
arms that could be collected were hurried to
their camp at Trout Rirer. As customary with
them, but little regard was paid to discipline.
They did not drill, or. In fact, engage in any
preparations for the conflict further than tb
agree among themselves to
MARCH AGAINST THE ENEMY,
completely disregarding and ignoring all the
regulations which have heretofore governed
the movement of military bodies. They were
not encumbered with the services ol a quar?
termaster, a commissary, au engineer, or even
a surgeon. That they are as ora ve and en?
thusiastic a body of men as ever shouldered a
musket cannot be disputed, but their ideas of
military tactics, as the.sequel demonstrates,
differ somewhat from those generally enter?
tained by most people. ;
MVJRE OFFICERS THAN PRIVATES.
There were bnt comparatively few private
soldiers or non-commissioned o"lficers among
them. Almost every other man was either ?
colonel, a captalnl or at thc lowest a lieuten?
ant. All grades mingled together in the ranks,
for it was found necessary to have a rank and
file of some sort. General Starr, of Cincin?
nati, a man who to-day proved himself a cow?
ard and an Ignoramus, was looked up to as the
leader of this so-called army. By his orders
the camp was removed yesterday from a grove
to an open field by the highway.
IN FULL VIEW OF THE CANADIAN SPIES,
who kept a strict watch on all of their move?
ments. Thc officers tenaciously persisted in
misrepresenting the number of the Fenian
troops, and 1500 was the lowest figure at
which they estimated them. In the Fenian
camp the use of tents was dispensed with
The poor fellows slept during tue cold nights
either on the bare ground or in an adjoinining
stable, without so much as a blanket to wrap
around them. All were well armed with new
breech-loading muskets. Their ammunition
was abundant, but through gross mismanage?
ment they had no supply of provisions for
twelve hours preceding the fight. All they
ate was a couple ol' crackers per man. As for
uniforms, they had none. Some wore green
Jackets, others blue pants, some had green
caps, and mast ol' them were poorly clad In
ragged citizens' dress. This was the condition
of the six hundred Fenians encamped at Trout
ADVANCE UPON THE ENEMT.
It is doubtful whether the Fenians would
have given the enemy battle as soon as they
did. If one circumstance had not occurred.
The Canadian volunteers, not daring to cross
our lines and capture the raiders, winch they
could easily have done, determined lo Induce
them to cross over into the British territory.
To accomplish this end they had recourse to
strategem. Last night the scattered bands ol'
Fenians, who prowled the Canadian soil for
four miles north of Trout River, came Into
camp and reported that the red coals were ad?
vancing against them. The Fenians, not
knowing the numberof their enemy, remained
In their camp this side of the lines. Very soon
they ascertained that the Canadians only num?
bered fifty strong. Preparations to meet them
were at once maile.lbut before their arrange?
ments were completed, the Fenian scouts an?
nounced that the
CANADIANS HAD RETREATED
back to Huntingdon. At hearing this the Fe?
nians became highly elated. Tney then conclud?
ed that the Canadian force was very small, and
that fear had Induced them to retreat. The
men clamored for immediate battle, and It was
with considerable difficulty that they could be
restrained from starting in pursuit. It was,
however, resolved to take up the line of march
in the morning. Word was sent to the bands
of Fenians in Malone to come to camp, as a
battle was to be fought on the morrow. The
result was that the road between Malone and
Trout River was lined with Fenians through?
out the entire night and most of this morning.
THE CANADIAN SPIES
were not slow to ascertain the intention of the
Fenians, and accordingly communicated what
thev saw and suspected to Colonel Backett. of
the' Sixty-ninth British Infantry, who com?
manded the Canadian volunteers. Therefore,
while the Fenians were preparing to attack
the Canadians, the latter were likewise prepar?
ing lo give the Fenians a warm reception.
Shortly alter 8 o'clock this morning,
THE FENIAN SKIRMISH LINE,
composed of six men, followed by about fifty
more, left thc camp and marched in a crowd
up the road leading to Huntingdon. No officers
led or instructed them. The remaining five
hundred and fifty left the camp In the same
disorganized condition soon afterwards. They
resembled, to use the expression of one of the
' officers, "an armed.mob." General Starr was
brave enough to follow at a respectful distance
lu the rear. After proceeding a mile and a
half up the highway, the redcoats were seen
marching dowp In three solid columns. They
numbered seventeen hundred strong. The
Fenians, at this unexpected sight, were some?
what astonished. Still they continued to ad?
vance. When the opposing forces stood a half?
mile frem each other.
GENERAL STARR ORDERED A RETREAT.
His order was not obeyed, some of the men
remarking that they were bound to have a
shot at them anyhow. The Fenian chief, al?
though still accompanying his men in the far
rear, now began to halloo. "Retreat boys,
come back !" While wrangling with some in?
furiated Fenians who charged him with cowar?
dice and Incompetency, the Canadians, now a
quarter of a mlle distant,
FIRED A VOLLEY
. i the disorganized Fenians. The latter-re
sponded with irregular discharges of muske?
try. A warm fire was kept up for about fif?
teen minutes, but nobody was hurt on either
side, for the simple reason that the distance
between the two forces was so great tliat the
bullets fell at least fiftv feet short of the ob?
jects tiley were Intended to reach. At the
smell of gunpowder.
GENERAL STARR RAN AWAY
and has not been heard of since. About a hun?
dred Fenians, seeing themselves deserted by
their leader, quickly followed his example and
took to their heels. Neither the Fenians nor
the Canadians advanced toward each other
for some time after the firing begun. Thc
Canadians were no doubt desirous or enticing
the armed mob to come closer to them, but
seeing that the Fenians harbored no such in?
tention, the Canadian forces were seen to
divide in three columns, and the right and
left wing marched in oblique line across the
field. The Fenians, not relishing the idea ol'
FLANKED AND TAKEN PRISONERS,
fired a few more shots and then retreated in
beautiful confusion. A few stubborn men.
veterans of the late war, however, maintained
their ground a little while longer, and kept up
a brisk fire. The Canadians advanced in fine
order, and when within one hundred yards of
the raiders poured Into them a volley from the
centre column, which brought down two men.
One of them shortly afterward expired. The
other one was dangerously wounded in the
back, and being unable to move was taken
prisoner. A tl?rd was also
SHOT IN THE BACK
and was carried by his comrades to the rear.
This man's name ls Michael McGann, of Troy.
The names of the others could not be ascer?
tained. The few Fenians who still stood, not
relishing this result, took to their heels and
ran away as fast as they could, never stopping
until they found themselves once more within
our lines. The Canadians did not apparently
deem it worth their while to pursue the Fe?
nians. They advanced within a half mlle of
the boundary line, abd satisfied that the raiders
were completely routed, they wheeled about
and returned to Huntingdon, where they are
THE CA)jM>IAXS SUFFERED NO INJURY
whatever. After their defeat, the Fenians
started on their way back to Malone, with the
exception of a small guard left to protect the
arms, equipments and ammunition, which
they were unable to remove for want of pro?
per conveyances. The road from Trout River
to Malone was
LINED WITH STRAGGLERS
throughout the entire day. Thc most of them
marched barefooted and carried their boots
suspended lrom their muskets. The weather
was very warm. Some of the stragglers being
tired, hungry and despondent, lay down under
the trees by the roadside, and slept. Some
begged for food at the houses in the neighbor?
hood. Others begged for money, and ofl'ercd
to sell their muskets for a mere song. Their
present situation ls a sad one, indeed. They
are bereft,of everything, and cannot reach
their homes unless they receive aid. Some re?
side os far west as Chicago. From
CONVERSATIONS HELD WITH FENIAN OFFICERS
it is almost certain that they will continue to
attack the Canadians for a few days to come.
I also learn that a raid into Canada from some
point opposite Mllwaukie is also contemplated.
After the battle of Trout River, If the great
fizzle ol'to-day may be so called, about four
hundred Fenians arrived in Malone from thc
West. The presence of such a large number
ol' adventurers in Malone has caused great
FIVE COMPANIES OF UNITED STATES REGULARS
have arrive to protect property and preserve
the peace. Most If not all thc fighting here is
TUE UNITED STATES TROOPS QUIET.
A noticeable feature of to-day's battle was
that no United Slates troops were within
twelve miles ol'the scene of action. The rea?
son assigned for their absence, is that the
United States aiilhorllles were afraid that they
might side with the Fenlaas. Thus Air the
Fenians have not been molested by the regu?
Prince Arthur in the Field.
[From the Montreal News, May 26.]
There is something of the romantic In a
Erlnce of the blood being summoned lrom a
all-room to the field of battle. His Royal
Highness celebrated Tuesday, the 24th instant,
her Majesty's birthday, by a large dinner party
at his own residence, and In the evening pro?
ceeded to a ball at Mr. Allan's. It was while
at the ball that the Prince first heard that his
regiment, the P. C. 0. Rifles, was under
orders to proceed to the frontier, in
anticipation of a Fenian Invadion. The
Prince left at an early hour yesterday morn?
ing, and, Inspired by the gallantry ol his
race, asked permission to serve on Lord Rus?
sell's staff. The post of danger is the post of
honor, and lt was a brave act ol his Royal
Highness to select an exposed and prominent
position. His presence on the field will in?
spire every British subject with fresh zeal.
We regret the hard necessity which compels
his Royal Highness to put his life in so Igno?
ble a combat, but we are puzzled to know what
we should have done had the Fenians delayed
their attack until the last of the regular troops
STEAM ls to be superseded by electricity.
The New York correspondent of the Boston
Journal describes a new Invention lor driving
lathes, planing machines, and other mechani?
cal arrangements by this power. To run an
engine of twenty-horse power by this inven?
tion would require only a space of three feet
long, two feet wide and two feet high.
The cost per day would be thirty-five cents.
On a steamship no coal would be re?
quired, and the space now used for coal
and machinery could be used for cargo.
The stubborn resistance of electricity to
mechanical use heretofore has, it is believ?
ed, been overcome. A continuous battery has
been secured and other difficulties removed,
principally through the coll of the magnet. Il
the invention works as well on a large scale as
it does on the machinery to which it ls now ap?
plied, it is thought that steamships will soon
ply the ocean under the new propelling power.
A machine o? great capacity is being construc?
ted, and will soon be on exhibition in New
York. The whole thing, mighty enough to
carry a Cunarder to Liverpool, can be secured
in asmall trunk. The Scientific American con?
siders these statements ''sensational and not
worthy serious thought.''
IN THE excellent illustrated article "'Be?
hind. Below and Above the Scenes," in
the current number ol' Appleton's Jour
nal, the writer, who ls thoroughly at home
with his Biibject, questions nt thc outset
the common opinion that a glimpse at
the machinery of the stage will dispel all
its charming illusions. Managers, back-door
keepers, and all who are connected with the
theatre, guard these inner precincts with zeal.
The manager does not wish to 'nave every
Tom, Bick and Harry wandering at will over
his boards during rehearsal, or flirting with
his actresses at . the Hies ' in the evening. Not
knowing where to draw the ?ne at the large
majority of thc theatres, very few outslderi
ever find themselves among the coulisses. At
any time these people ure in the way. They
interrupt rehearsal, they cause the actors ai
night to ' keep the stage waiting,' and In many
other ways make their room preferable to
their company. For thes<* reasons the mana?
ger is right in keeping up the popular delu?
sion that it is best for the people that they can?
not take a peep behind the curtain.
-A pamphlet has appeared at Rome de?
nouncing acquiescence in the dogma ol thc
personal infallibility of the Pope as a mortal
sin. It is supposed to have been written bj
the Bishop of St. Brieux, and produces an ex?
traordinary sensation. The debate on infalli?
bility in the Council continues. Of the fathers
who have given notice ot their intentions tc
speak sLxty are yet to be heard. The close ol
the discussion, is fixed for 29th' of June, thc
date of the next m?nerai congregation.
Clot?jing arib iftimisljing ?nobs.
No. 219 KING STREET.
CORNER OF WENTWORTH.
An extensive snpply of SPRING CLOTHING,
made np expressly Tor the trade of this city, ls
now offered at LOW PRICES, the Goods having
been bought Blnce the decline in gold. The as?
sortment consists or all New Fabrics for men's
wear, and made up equal to custom worfe. Tn is
house will continue to deserve the wide reputa?
tion it has enjoyed Xor many years of "selling the
best made Clothing in the city." In the stoctc
will be found the following:
SCOTCH CHEVIOT WALKING COAT SUITS
Scotch Cheviot Sack Coat Suits
French Batiste Walking Coat Snits
French Coating Walking Coat Suits
English and American Melton Coat Suits
Silk Mixed Coat Suits
Plaid Casslmere Coat Suits
Blue Flannel Coat Suits
French, Blue and Black Tricot Coat Snits
Oakes' Casslmere (all Wool) Coat Suits, at ?15 60.
BOYS' AND YOUTHS' CLOTHING.
The largest and best assortment In the city, viz:
walking Coat SUITS, Sack Coat Snits, and Fancy
Knickerbocker Suits, for ages from 5 to 17 years,
of Meltons, Silk Mixed, Blue Flannels, Mixed Cas?
slmere, Black Cloths, Ac, or all qualities.
In this department will be found every style of
Under-Garmenta for men's wear, such as:
Gauze, Merino, Lisle Thread, Silk, Cotton and Per
Jeans and Linen Drawers
Silk Ties and Bows, Colored Silk Cravats and
French Kid Gloves, Beaver Gauntlets, Silk and
Patent Shoulder Suspenders, Braces, ac.
STAR SHIRTS AND COLLARS,
Introduced by me In this city twenty-five years
ago, and t n? then selling them to'the satisfac?
tion of all purchasers.
as~ Prices as advertised in Card.
Is supplied with French, English and American
COATINGS, Meltons, Batiste, Scotch Cheviot, Silk
Mixed and Cloths, of a variety of shades..
CA^SIMERES of the most select patterns of
ihc season, Plalds; Stripes and Plain, which Goods
will be made up to order, in the well known good
style always displayed at this House, and at mod?
WHITE TURKISH HAREM VESTS,
A new and elegant Garment.
M(W Purchasers are invited to call and make
Captain B. W. McTUREOUS, Superintendent.
STEAM ENGINES AND ENGINEERS
A full assortment of BRASS and IRON FIT
TINGS, for steam and gas-fitters and plumbers
Steam Guages, Guage-cocks, Low Water Deice
tors, Oil Cups, Tools for machinists and black
smiths, Bellows, Ac.
For sale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY ? CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mch24 6mo Charleston, S. C.
J? E L T I N G .
A large Stock of Leather and Rubber BELTINC
and RUBBER GOODS, Including Manhole ant
Handhole Gaskets, (all sizes.) Hose, Sheet Rub
ber for packing, Pure Vulcanized Gum for valves
"Regulation" LEATHER HOSE, ;doubleTivetec
and of approved manufacture.
CAMERON, BARKLEY ? CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mchii 6mo Charleston, S. C.
nie cheapest and best PUMP now In nae. The;
give no taste to the water and are applicable li
For sale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY ? CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mch24 6rao Oharieston, S. C.
B0ILER8, STEAM PUMPS, CIRCULAR SAY
Single and double-acting Lift and Force PUMPS
H. Dlsston A Son's Celebrated Circular, Gang
Hand and Cross-Cut Saws. Also, Miners' and Es
lneers' Supplies in great variety, Shovels, Plckf
For sale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY A CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mcti24 6mo Charleston, S. C.
JgAR IRON AND STEEL
English and American Refined, in bars
English and American common, in bars
Boiler Plate and Sheet Iron
Bolts, Nuts and Washers.
For sale hy
CAMERON, BARKLEY A CO.,
Corner MeeUng and Cumberland streets,
mch24 emo Charleston, S. 0.
WHITE LEAD, COLORS AND PAXNr
O I L I
Pure Raw and Double-Boiled UNSEED OIL
English and American White Lead
Paints in Oil. in great variety.
An extensive assortment of BRUSHES. *
For sale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY A CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mch24 emo Charleston, S. C.
TM First Class British Brig "JOHN L.
PYE," of small capacity.
For Freight engagements appy to '
J. A. ENSLOW A CO., Agents,
may25_ No. 141 East Bay
pOR FORT SUM li
The safe, fast sailing and comfortably ap?
pointed Yacht "ELEANOR" will make two]_
trips dally to Fort Snmter and the other points or
historic interest in the harbor, leaving South
Commercial Wharf at 10 A. IL and 3 9. m. The
Yacht can also be chartered for private parties on
reasonable terms. For passage or charter apply
next door south of the Mills House, or to the
Captain on board. mayl4
THE REGULAR STEAM LINE-WEEKLY TO
The Screw Steamship J. W. FYFP rf TBa.
MAN, Hinckly, Commander, will Ball ^MrWe
for Philadelphia, direct, on FRIDAY, June 3d, ai
ll o'clock A. M., from Brown's South Wharf.
as- Insurance by the steamers of this Line 'A
For Freight engagements, or Passage (cabin
$15,) apply to
WM. A. COURTENAY, Agent,
may30-mtnthf4 No. 1 Union Wharves.
BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA, BOS?
TON, AND THE CITIES OF THE NORTH?
THROUGH BILLS OF LADING GIVEN FOB
COTTON TO BREMEN.
The fine Steamship "FALCON,"
Horsey, Commander, will Bail for Baiti-J
more on THURSDAY, 2d June, at 8:30 A.
Connecting with the Bremen steamer, "LEIP?
ZIG, of the 15th.
j?3- Philadelphia Freights forwarded to that
city by railroad from Baltimore without addi?
tional Insurance, and Consignees are allowed am?
ple time to sample and sell their Gooda from
the Railroad Depot in Philadelphia.
PAUL 0. TRENHOLM, Agent,
may30-3 No. 2 Union Wharves.
pOR NEW YORK-T ?ESDAT,
The Al side-wheel Steamship TEN?
NESSEE, Chichester, Commander, Wal_
sall for New York on TUESDAY, May 31st, at
o'clock P. M., from Pier No. 2, Union Wharves,
connecting with day Passenger Trains from Co?
lumbia and Augusta, arriving at 4 P. M.
The TENNESSEE wlU make close connectlOD
with Liverpool Steamship COLORADO, of Messrs,
Williams A Onion's Line, sailing Jnne 8th.
Insurance by the Steamers of this Une X per ?
For Freight engagements, or passage, having
very superior stateroom accommodations, all on
deck and newly furnished, apply to WAGNER,
HUGER A CO., No. 26 Broad street, or to WM. A.
COURTENAY. No. 1 Union Wharves. may2&-6
J^OTICE TO TRAVELLERS.
To accommodate the large VEGETA?
BLE BUSINESS offering by this steamj_
line to New York, the Steamships are appointed
to sall from Charleston as follows, arriving Int
New York on FRIDAY MORNING:
SOUTH CAROLINA, Captain Adkins, Tc KS DAY,.
May 24.6 o'clock, P. M.
TENNESSEE, Captain Chichester, TUESDAY,.
May 31. 6 o'clock, P. M.
SOUTH CAROLINA. Captain Adkins, TUESDAY,.
June 7, 6 o'clock, P. M.
TENNESSEE, Captain Chichester, TUESDAY,.
June 14, 6 O'CIOCK, P. M.
SOUTH CAROLINA, captain Adkins, TUESDAY,,
June 21, 6 o'clock, P. M.
TENNESSEE, Captain Chichester, TUESDAY,
June 28, 6 o'clock, P. M.
Travellers from interior points will note this
temporary change "f sailing days.
Both the Steamships on this line are newly con?
structed, the largest and most commodious on the
Atlantic coast, buUt of Iron, with water-tight
compartments, and all passenger accommoda?
tions ARE ON DECK, securing thorougn ventila?
tion and comfort.
as- Tickets can be purchased at all Interior
railroads points in connection with Charleston,
For freight or passage, apply to
WM. A. COURTENAY, Agent,
Union Wharves, foot of Hayne street.
WAGNER, HUGER A CO., General Agents, Now
26 Broad street. may20-ftn4
VESSELS SUPPLIED WITH CABIN AND
MESS STORKS ON SHORT NOTICE.
Captains and Stewards are respect?
fully invited to call and examine the^_
quality and prices of our GOODS. Full weh
guaranteed. Delivered free of expense.
WM. S. CORWIN A CO.,
No. 276 King street, opposite Hasel
Charleston, S. C.
MW Branch of No. 9O0 Broadway, New York.
-pOR BEAUFORT, VIA EDISTO, ROCK?
VILLE AND PACIFIC LANDING.
Steamer PILOT BOY, Captain 0. . _?tT^w
Caroll White, will san from Charles-jjaSHEBC
ton for above places every TUESDAY MORN INO, as
Returning, the PILOT BOY will .eave Beaufort
early WEDNESDAY MORNING, touching at all the
above named Landings on her route to
Charleston. J. D. AIKEN A 00.
?pOR SAVANNAH, (INLAND ROUTE.)
TIA PACIFIC LANDING AND BEAUFORT.
The steamer PILOT BOY, Captain 0.
Carroll White, will leave Charles-,_
ton every THURSDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, for
The PILOT BOY will leave Savannah every
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, at 3 o'clock, touching at
Beaufort and Pacific Landing, and connecting
at Charleston with SATURDAY'S Steamships for
The PILOT BOY will touch at Bull's Island
Wharf every fortnight, going to and returnli.g
from Savannah. J. D. AIKEN A OO.
pOR WRIGHT'S BLUFF AND INTER?
MEDIATE LANDINGS ON THE SAN
The Steamer MARION, Captain
W. F. Adair, is now receiving,
Freight at Accommodation Wharf, ano"
TO-MORROW NIGHT, the 31st Instant.
Freight and wharfage prepaid.
For engagements, apply to
RAVENEL A HOLMES,
may30-2D*c No. 177 East Bay.
OUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
OENERAL SUPERINTENDENTS OFF10E, \
CHAKJ^STON, S. C., May U, 1870. J
On and after Sunday, May 16th, the Passenger
Trains upon the South Carolina Railroad wal run
Leave Charleston.8.30 A. M.
Arrive at Augusta.4.25 P. M.
Leave Charleston.?.30 A. MV
Arrive at Columbia.4.10 P. M.
Leave Angosta.8.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia.7.46 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.3.30 P. M
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.8.80 P. M.
Leave Augusta.6.00 P. M.
Arrive at Augusta.7.06 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.6.40 A. M?
COLUMBIA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.7.30 P. K,
Leave Columbia.7.60 P. M.
Arrive at Columbia.e.oo A. lt,
Arrive at Charleston.?.46 A. M,
Leave Charleston.l60 ?. j?r
Arrive at Summerville.?JJ P. it
Arrive at Charleston.?.26 A. ML. .
Camden and Columbia Passenger Trains oe J
.MONDAYS WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAYS, and be?
tween Camden and Ringville daily, (Sundays ex- .
cepted,) connects with up and down Day Pas
bc Tigers at KingvUle.
Leave Camden.i.6.35 A. M.
Arrive at Columbia.11.00 A. nt.
Leave Columbia.1.00 P. IL.
Arrive at CamdeB.6.40 P. MU
H. T. PEASE,
may 13 General Superintendent^