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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE NEW PIAN OF PARDON.
WHO ARE TO BB EXCEPTED.
rTHE PROVISIONS OF THE BILL IN FULL.
WASHINGTON, June 21.
The Reconstruction Committee this morning
reported to the House of Representatives a
new amnesty bul, which was ordered to be
printed and recommitted. Its provisions are
i follows :
It provides for fu? and general grace, am?
ines ty and oblivion of certain wrongful acts, do?
ing or omissions of all persons engaged in the
var of the late rebellion, perpetrated, incurred
>r forfeited, between the 11th day of April,
1861, and the 20th day of August, 1866, with
ie full restoration of all rights anaV. privileges
Iost or Injured thereby and therein. The lol
owing ?sses of persons and right, titles and
auses of action are exempted from oil the
ovislons of this act, and none other :
First Whoever, having been educated at the
' Academy at West Point, or the Naval
Lcademy afcAnnapolls, shall have engaged in
ie reberfwn and insurrection against the
Jolted States, or given aid and comfort to the
3 ne mi es thereof.
Second. Whoever having been a member of
ither House of the Congress of the United
ates shall have engaged in the rebellion
ist the same, or given aid and comfort to
lie enemies thereof, and whoever was a mein?
er of the so-called Confederate Congress.
Third. Whoever shall have held the office of
lead of one o? the executive departments of
tie Government of the United States, or min?
er plenipotentiary, or minister resident, or
Judge of any court under the United States,
and shall have engaged in rebellion or Insur?
rection against the same, or given aid and
comfort to the enemies thereof, and whoever
shall have held either of the like offices under
? the so-called Confederate States,
j Fourth. Whoever shaU have voted for or
signed any ordinance of secession .of any
State, or held the office of Governor of such
?State, while the same was in rebellion.
I Fifth. Whoever, while in tha service of the
.'so-called Confederate States, treated with cru?
elty, or otherwise than according to the usages
bf war, any prisoner or war neld by authority
of the so-called Confederate States.
Sixth. Whoever, having charge and custody
of the public monies of the United States, en?
trusted twthem between said dates, have not
duly accounted for and paid over the same,
hjuid whoever shall have embezzled or secreted
.public stores, public goods, chattels, monies,
-provisions or military and naval property of j
the United States.
J? Seventh. Ali deserters from the army and
'navy of the United States and all bounty
' Eighth. All property or rights of property
I acquired by any levy, Judgment or extort
made and executed upon any lands or tene?
ments, goods, or chattels, or other valuable
thing whatever, and any sale or forfeiture by
confiscation or taxation whereby any rights or
titles have become vested, either In the United
States or in third persons.
Ninth. Every piece or parcel of land, how?
ever It may b*> described or bounded, which
now ls or Im. been used as a national ceme?
tery, in wL.cn the bodies of the soldiers of the
United States are Interred, or which is in the
occupation of the United States for a proposed
cemetery, which parcels ol' land are hereby de?
clared to be the propety of the United States,
In fee or captare in war, and forever dedicated
tb the nie and purposes of cemeteries for the
I soldiers of the United States heretofore in
: terred, or hereafter to be interred therein,
? and to be under the sole Jurisdiction of the
United States for said purposes, inalienable
forever; provided, that nothing herein con?
tained shall affect or impair the validity of any
act of Congress removing the political disabili?
ties of any person herein exempted from the
benefltsyf the provisions of this act.
This act ol amnesty and oblivion shall ex?
tend to all acts and omissions made or done or
omitted tobe done by any officer or soldier or
other agent of the United States in carrying
|^.oat or potting in execution the laws of the j
United States known as the-Reconstruction
I acts, and the. other acts for the government of |
the rebellious States, however the same may
be entitled as fully and with the same benefits
. and to the same extent as ii the said acts and
; omissions bad been done or omitted by such
I officers and soldiers during the war of the re
[ I The Committee of Ways and Means reported
t, back to the House the Senate Funding bill with
a slight verbal amendment.
The Civil Appropriation bill was taken up and
considered during the remainder of the ses
? In the Senate the House bili to pave Penn
fj sylvania avenue was passed,
jj The amendment to the Postofflce Appropria?
it Uon bill, abolishing the franking privilege,
> was rejected-yeas 26, nays 23. The bill then
The Consular and Diplomatic Appropriation
bill with amendments was passed. .
The Naval Appropriation bill was taken up.
jjj The Hara! Committee offered several amend
. ment? ; one revising the entire pay Hst of the
j! navy, and regulating the promotion of officers,
f after which fte Senate adjourned without
? action. *
I In the l??ate. last night, in a discussion on
the Pacific Railroad bill, an amendment in the
interest of the rhirty-flfih parallel, with a view
ol exaggerating converging Southern inter?
ests, was agreed to, thus defeating any South?
ern bill this session!
EE ES UMPTION P UNISHED.
NEW ORLEANS, June 21.
Judge John A. Campbell and Mr. J. Q. A.
Fellows were fined five hundred dollars each
?.for contempt of court, in offering to file a
/ petition that their clients could not get justice
THE PRIZE ^t?NG.
MOBILE, June 21.
Turner and Donnelly fought this morning
eighty-seven rounds. Turner was declared
the winner. Time-two hours thirty-five min?
utes. The fight took place at Kushla, eleven
miles north of this city.
THE HORNET AFLOAT.
WILMINGTON, June 21.
I The five guns, &c, are being replaced on
jthe Cuba, formerly the Hornet. She will leave
- here for New York, lt is thought, in a few
j "days, under charge of Captain J. N. Mafflt, for
1 iierly commander of the Confederate cruiser
MATTERS IN COLUMBIA.
Radical Rows-A White Military Com?
pany Accepted as Part of the Militia
-Alarm of the Ring at the Reform
Movement-A Powwow for To-night.
[SrKCIAL TELEGRAM TO TBS NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, June 21.
A colored policeman named John Fitzsim
mons was mortally^ wounded with a pistol to?
day, while arresting Munroe Simons, a white
man, who was recently a constable under the
sheriff. Both the parties were Radicals. For
some hours after the deed Intense excitement
prevailed among the colored people, and there
were open threats of lynching the murderer,
but all ls quiet this evening.
Another shooting-affray occurred this eve?
ning, in which a jealous husband 6hot his wile
and a man with buckshot. Both the latter are
severely wounded. All the parties were col?
Governor Scott has accepted, as a part of
the State militia, the Columbia Rifles, a white
company lately organized under Captain
There is to be a grand political rally of the
supporters of Scott and the Ring, on Wednes?
day evening, at the State House. Speeches
in abundance are promise4!]. The officeholders
here are thoroughly alarmed at the strength
which the Reform movement is so suddenly
developing in every direction, and are prepar?
ing to come down handsomely to secure the
perpetuation of their ill-gotten power.
The English Education Bill.
LONDON, June 21.
The Bishop of Manchester delivered an ad?
dress last evening to the Educational Aid So?
ciety of his diocese on the Education bill. He
approved generally of the new bill now pend?
ing in Parliament, and hoped an amendment
would be added making education compul?
LISBON, June 21.
The Rinajofficlally received the new Ameri?
can Minister a few days ago. On Sunday a
monster demonstration[took place here In favor
of General Saldanha. Twelve thousand per?
Riot near Liege-An Expensive Failure.
LONDON, June 21.
There was a conflict between the police and
militia at Ververs, near Liege, which resulted
in the defeat of the unarmed police. Many
The Iron-clad Inconstant is now generally
admitted to be a failure as a sea-going vessel.
MA YES VI LL E.
The Ma ion Ic Celebration-The Ceremo?
[FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.]
MAYKSVILLE, June 18.
Do your readers know that this name ls ap?
propriated to a neat rural village on the Wil?
mington and Manchester Railroad, ten mites
east of Suraterville and about the same dis?
tance west of Lynchburg-al' in Sumter Coun?
ty? Such is the fact And better society is
scarcely afforded by any community of equal
extent, numbers and situation. I commend lt
We had quite a turnout of the Masonic fra?
ternity, and citizens generally, yesterday. The
occasion was the laying of the corner-stone of
a new Masonic Temple, for the use of Salem
Lodge, No. 141, Mr. Warren, W. M., and a pic?
nic. Colonel M. Moses, acting grand master,
conducted the ceremonies, and presided with
marked dignity and urbanity. He made a short,
pleasing address to the audience, setting forth
the designs of the temple to be erected in
their midst, and urging that they should fos?
Mr. J. S. Richardson, of Sumterville, deliver?
ed the oration. He dwelt upon the origin,
history, character and principles of the Order.
To say that the address was appropriate,
chaste, elegant, and altogether telling and
well received, notwithstanding the excessive
heat of the hour, ls the least complimentary of
any expression we heard of it.
After the speech, the audience, some Ave or
six hundred in number, repaired to the splen?
did grove in front of Mr. M. P. Mayes's, where a
splendid repast was spread, and to which
ample justice was done by all parties. Cer?
tainly the sumptuous fare was worthy of the
occasion, and the good people who prepared
it. Everybody thought so.
But the table was not cleared, nor the com?
missariat exhausted before a heavy rain
forced a retreat to the nearest shelter. Music
and conversation enlivened the disappointed
parties until late in the afternoon. ,
Sumter County has had abundant rains for
the last three o" four weeks, and while the
corn crop could not look better at this season,
and cotton is not yet injured, our farmers are,
nevertheless, beginning to complain of too
much grass. Well, we are getting plenty of
fruit; it is ripening well, and we hope it will
not rain forever. TIMBER.
THE TRAINING OF CHILDREN.
Some Useful Hints.
A'little tract, issued for distribution by the
Ladies' Sanitary Association of London, gives
these wise suggestions for the nurture of chil?
dren in health of body and spirit:
1. Never refuse a thing If lt is harmless, but
give it, if you are able, without delay.
2. Never give anything because it is cried
for, that you have refused when asked for.
3. Be careful to observe real illness, and
avoid causing bodily uneasiness from over
clothing, or cold or unwholesome food, such
as candy, sugar-pi urns, sour fruit, or giving
buns or cakes to quiet the child.
4. Avoid false promises. They are sure to
be found out false.
5. Avoid threats of all kinds. If believed,
they make children tirald, nnd injure both
mind and body: if not believed, they are use?
less. Such threats as bogle, policeman, and
black man, are sure to be lound out to be false
if the child lives,
fi. Never say anything untrue to a child.
7. Do not wreak your own bad temper, or
visit your own feelings of fatigue and trouble
on children, by being severe with them, or by
saying, "You shan't nave ic,''or "I won't give it
to you," when .there is no reason for refusal,
except that yon are yourself tired, or In trou
ble? or out of sorts.
8. Avoid giving orders, such as "Stand still,"
"Go on," "Hold your tongue," "Put it
dswn," Ac, unless you really mean that they
should be obeyed; aud the'fewer orders you
gtve the better.
9. -Neither give too much pity, nor yet be se?
vere and unkind when a child tumbles down
or hurts itself.
10. Do not worry a child. Let it alone, and
let it live in peace.
11. Teach it early to play alone and amuse
To sum up all in a few words-try to feel
like a child; to enter into Its griefs and Joys,
its trials aud triumphs.
CONGRESS GIVES THE RADICAL
KNAVE SIS DESERTS.
HIS CREDENTIALS POLITELY RETURNED.
A Snob for Governor Scott.
THE DEBATE OF SATURDAY
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
WASHINGTON, June 21.
There was a great crowd in the galleries of
the House of Representatives to-day, the at?
traction being the expected action in the case
of Whittemore, representative elect from South
Carolina. At the expiration of the morning
hour, the Speaker announced the special or?
der, the consideration ol the credentials of
B. F. Whittemore. These credentials were
read as follows:
THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
By his Excellency, Robert E. Scott, Goiernor and
Commander-in-Chief in and over the State
To Hon. B. F. WHITTEMORE :
Whereas. In pursuance of an act entitled "An
act providing for the next general election and
the manner of conducting the same," passed on
the 26th day or September, In the year of our
Lord 1868, an election has been held to All the
vacancy ta the House of Representatives of the
Forty-first Congress from the First Congressional
District or this State, and, upon examination of
the returns which have been received, it appears
that you, the said B. F. Whittemore, have been
duly elected by a majority of votes: I do, there?
fore, by virtue of the powers in me vested, com?
mission you, the said B. F. whittemore. to repre?
sent the people of this State as a member of the
House or Representatives or the Forty-first Con?
gress from the First Congressional District of
Given under my hand and the seal of the State,
In Columbia, this loth day or June, in the year
ol our Lord 1870, and in the nlnety-rourth year
or the independence or the United States or
By the Governor : ROBERT K. SCOTT.
F. L. CARDOZO, Secretary or Suite.
As soon as the reading of this certificate of
Governor Scott had been concluded, General
John A. Logan, of Illinois, (the Commander-in
chief of the Grand Army of the Republic,) of?
fered a resolution that the House decline to
allow Whittemore to be sworn in, and direct
that his credentials be returned to him. Gen?
eral Logan supported his resolution in a vigor?
ous speech, contending that the House had
the right to say that a man of infamous char?
acter should be excluded. Whittemore had
committed an Infamous crime, and was dis?
qualified in the eyes of Congress and the
Farnsworth opposed the resolution, and at
the conclusion of his speech, the resolution
was adopted-yeas 131, nays 24.
The following were the members who voted
against the resolution and in favor of sealing
Whittemore : Arnel, Ayer, Brooks, (of Massa?
chusetts,) Butler, of (Massachusetts,) Cessna,
Cobb, (of North Carolina,) Coburn, Farns?
worth, Hoar, Jenckes, Kelly, Knapp, Maynard,
Morrill, (of Maine,) Newsham, Poland, Root,
Sawyer, Smith, Smith, (of Tennessee,) Taffe.
Taylor, Twichell and Whittemore.
The Debate on Saturday In AVhltte
We copy from the Globe the following re?
port of the debate in the House on Saturday
last. wrr?n the credentials of Whittemore were
first laid before that body by the Speaker :
Mr. Logan. I object, slr, lo the swearing
In of the person claiming to have been elect?
ed from that district in South Carolina, for Up
reasons I propose to present to the Houw.
Hence I propose to object to the credentials
being received by the House.
The Speaker. The credentials are before the
Mr. Logan. They are before the House;
and the next question is the swearing in of the
member, unless there are objections. I do
not wish it referred to nay committee. This
House is fully Informed to consider the matter
now. There are his credentials, aud I object
to his taking the oath of office, for the reason
that he has disqualified himsef from being a
member of this body, which fact appears upon
the Journal of this House.
Mr. Farnsworth. If these credentials are re?
ferred to a committee this gentleman will not
bc sworn in until after tho committee hits made
Its report. Then, of course, my colleague will
have an opportunity to interpose his objec?
tions. It seems to me these credent ials ought
to be referred to the Committee of Elections,
so that they may examine Into the matter, as
credentials have been referred in like cases.
Mr. Logan. Tho reason I object to its refer?
ence ls this: I do not wish this question to go
to any committee of this House, to be pocket?
ed until alter Congress adjourns. I want thc
question settled by this House now, whether
they will admit this man to a seat here or not.
There ls, slr, no necessity for the examination
of a committee. We have the law here, and
we may examine it without the report of-a
committee What necessity can there be
for a report by the Committee of Elections ?
There is uo coutest. HU election is not con?
tested, as I understand, by any person claim?
ing thc seat. It is a mere question whether
Ulis manTs qualifications are such as entitle
him to a seat in this House, there being no
question as to whetlieranybody else isenlitled.
It ls therefore not a question for the Commit?
tee of Elections, but a question for this House
to determine, whether this man shall have a
right to be seated here or not. It is for that
reason, sir, that I make the objection to his
being admitted to take tho oath of ollice and
to take his scat as a member of Congress.
And I am ready to sustain my position here bv
precedents to which I think this House will
pay some attention. If the question shall now
be opened tor debate, I am ready to go on and
give my reasons to tho House, and to submit
thc authorities on which I base the conclusions
at which I have arrived. I move that this
question be postponed until Tuesday.
Mr. Farnsworth. I do not seo' how the
House can properly act on this question with?
out the report of the committee. If we do so,
we act simply on the declaration ol members.
So far as the present question before the
House is concerned, that ol'the swearing in ol'
tills member, we have no otlici.il Intimation
presented with the credentials on which action
of the nature Indicated by my colleague can
be based. True, wo rerncmberas members of
Congress something that transpired some
woeks ago. But that is not enough. My ob?
ject in moving to refer the case to the Commit?
tee of Elections is that that committee, to
whom such credentials are always referred,
may gather the facts, thc precedents, the law,
everything bearing on this question, and re?
port to this House a resolution for its action.
But If we postpone the case for consideration
on some future day, my colleague will make a
speech, other gentlemen will make speeches,
and we will have a tedious debate, going over
the very same ground which we went over a
few weeks ago," without the precedents being
presented In a proper form (or going upon the
Journals of tho House.
1 desire that the facts shall bo reported upon
by the Committee of Elections, so that the
journals ol t he House and thu documents ol
Congress may show upon what the House lias
based its action, why should not this be
done ? Why should we not, as in any other
case when a man's credentials are presented,
send these credentials to the Committee of
Elections ? I am willing to trust that com?
mittee to make a report, and then my col?
league may take such action as he pleases. I
hope, therefore, that the House will vote down
the motion to postpone, and agree to the mo?
tion to refer the case to the Committee of
Mr. Garfield, ol Ohio, I ask that th?Tbllow
ing may be referred to the Committee on the
Resolved, That the following be added to the
rules of the House: In case any person presents
himself at the bar of the Honse to be sworn in as
a member elect, who may have been expelled, or
who may have resigned during the same Con?
gress while a resolution for his expulsion was
pending, it shall be la order, before administer?
ing the oath to such member elect, to refer the
case to the committee which had in charge the
resolution of expulsion, or the House may at
once take action on the case.
Mr. Logan. The reason why I object to re?
ferring this case to a committee is, that It
would be treating lt with a consideration to
which it is not entitled. This House is per?
fectly conversant with all the facts. Members
here know all about the man. They know
his character anil his position before the coun?
try. They know what were his Sets when he
was before a member of this House, and what
was the course which the House pursued in
regard to him. It ls merely a question for the
House to determine whether this man shall be
again allowed to take a seat during this Con?
gress. That is all there is about it.
It is not a question for the Committee of
Elections, or for any other committee, to re?
port upon. It is merely a question whether
this House will stand by the resolution It
adopted but a few weeks since by a unanimous
vote. It is a question for the House to decide,
and not for any committee. It ls merely a
question whether this House, after having de?
clared that this man was unworthy to hold a
seat in the Forty-first Congress, will now re?
pudiate its action, or whether lt will stand by
that which was Justified by the moral sense of
this House and of this country. That is all
there is in this case.
I want this case to be kept before the House,
and I want the House to act directly upon lt
I am ready to-day wjth all the law and the pre?
cedents to meet this case, and to argue it be?
fore the House. I do not desire to have it go
bet?re any committee, nor do I believe that
any committee desires to examine lt. It Is a
case which needs no further examination; the
record ls here; the evidence ls all here and
printed. We know the facts and the circum?
stances attending the resignation. We have
here the certificate that he has been re-elected
to represent a certain constituency. If you
should refer this case to a committee you
would only be requiring them to rereport
what has already been reported by a commit?
tee. It is for this House to determine whether
they will readmit this man to a seat here after
the resolution w? passed but a short time
since. There is no question about the manner
of the election, or in regard lo the voting at
that election, or in reference to the Governor's
certificate, or to any position this man may
have occupied in the canvass or out of lt. The
only question is in regard to the position he
occupies before this house In presenting him?
self to be resworn in as a member of Congress.
I will modify my motion so that this case
shall be postponed to Tuesday next, immedi?
ately after the morning hour, at which time
we will have the naked question before the
House for its decision. I now call the previ?
Mr. Maynard. I rise to make an Inquiry.
Suppose a majority ot the House should be of
opinion that these credentials ought to be re?
ferred to the Committee ot Elections, how
could they manifest that preference li the pre?
vious question should be seconded" ?
The Speaker. Ii the House should refuse
to second the demand for the previous ques?
tion, the motion to refer would be in order.
The previous question was seconded; there
being-ayes eighty, noes not counted.
The main question was ordered, and under
the operation thereof the motion of Mr. Logan,
to postpone the further consideration or the
subject till next Tuesday, alter the morning
hour, was agreed to.
LET THE REFORMERS PRESS OX!
[From the Colombia Phoenix ]
In reference to the form-of political activity
in this State, as our readers are aware, the
form preferred was not our first choice. It is
true that we advocated Just such doctrines as
are enunciated in the platform adopted, but as
to the method of putting them Into action,
another instrumentality was preferred by us.
But the gist of the matter with us has been
secured by the action of the Convention. The
Issue of negro suffrage bas been eliminated
from the canvass, as was proper, and thc
Convention adopted the policy of action,
and of aggressive action. We have what
we want. We have the policy that we be?
lieve in. We see no wisdom in inactivity
in these moving times. He who stands
still will either be brushed aside or run over.
That party that does not work and move on
will either be brushed aside or overwhelmed.
We must be up and doing, and mould to our
firm purpose the elements around us. No
laissez-faire system will serve our purpose.
We esteem it, therefore, fortunate for the State
that the present administration ol' our State
affairs Is to be challenged before the popular
tribunal. Misrule, corruption, fraud and self
aggrandlzement are to be called In question In
the person of thc guilty, and let them be call?
ed In question. And let us hope that the peo?
ple of the State will be equal to the emergency
-that their spirits will make them rise to the
level of their duties. Let us be understood.
Now, as ever, we would press the lines of
industry and inmigration. But political Re?
form is linked willi industrial development,
and we cannot pat them asunder. Let, there?
fore, the wont of Reform go on. When the
programme has been arranged, and the work?
ers are ready, let them go lorth and do their
work thoroughly. Already has the opposition
movement done good. Already has a boastful
and arrogant faction been put upon Its good
behavior. We shall not discourage this dis?
position. But still must we be allowed to ex?
press the common dlstrst for enforced repen?
tance. We are reminded of the saying:
The devil wa3 sick.
The devil a saint would be;
The devil was well,
The devil a saint was he.
Let the opposition, therefore, press on, and
using the weapons of truth and fair-dealing,
it must achieve a large, If not a full measure
TUE WEATHER AXD THE CROPS.
Our regular correspondent, writing yester?
Our district has been deluged with heavy
and constant rain for a month" past, and lt ls ?
serious question with our farmers what to do
to counteract the growing injury to the crops.
Thegrass ls rank in its growth, and in some
instances has so choked the cotton plant that
Ileitis of cotton are being ploughed over for
corn. It has been alike injurious to corn, par?
ticularly in swamp lands, where work is e?ec
lually slopped. A general anxiety is felt, and,
should the ralo continue, the prospect will be
vastly cut short. The Investment in commer?
cial fertilizers has been unusually large, and
every nerve strained tu pile up a golden har?
vest," but a damper is put on the calculations
of those lately exhuberant with promise of
success. The heavens are dense with, leaden
clouds, that ever and anon burst on us with
The Lodger says: "The rain still comes in
abundance, and planters are trying to get used
to seeing it, but we are sorry to say that
many are In danger of losing their crops on
account of the rapid growth of grass, which
comes up again as fast as lt is cut down. We
had quite a storm on Sunday afternoon, and
heur ol'numerous fences being blown down."
-A heavy tornado passed over Marianna,
Florida, last *. unday, at 10 o'clock A. M., so
river passengers report to the Columbus Sun.
The top of the dry goods and grocery store of
Fowler, Davis it Co. was blown dowB, and
the goods damaged by the rain to the extent
of $11000. The destruction- of plantations was
immense. _ _
-The weather in England hus been more
favorable for the crops. There have been suc?
cessive thunder-storms, extending over a wide
tract of country, and several destructive fires
caused by lightning are reported. >
TUE DRIFT OF POLITICS.
The Outlook, as \l ewed by the Wash?
ington Correspondent of a Radical
George Alfred Townsend, the Washington
correspondent of the Chicago Tribune, the
leading Republican Journal of the West, pre?
sents a diagnosis of the condition of the Radi?
cal, "The Barren Tree Party," and foretells Its
dissolution, with the phlegmatic science of a
Paris physician, delivering his opinion upon
an Important patient sick of a hopeless di?
sease. Townsend says that the party will die
in 1872. From the stand-point of Washington,
he thus portrays the dying agonies:
The Republican party will undoubtedly
have as much as it can do to keep Its ma?
jority in the House of Representatives. It
will lose seats in New York, and, I suspect, in
every Southern State, and will be hard pushed
in Connecticut, New Jersey, Ohio, Missouri and
parts o? Pennsylvania. By the Executive Gov?
ernment and the Senate lt will be able to hold
the leading strings of power for at least three
years more, but the experience of the past ls
that the Senate is a ductile and malleable
body, seldom leaning far from the true senti?
ments of the lower House, and if you ever find
the House to pass an Important bill and the
Senate to non-concur, you may general?
ly conclude that the House, having
the fear of the people before its eyes,
legislated hypocritically, aud afterward
went up to the Senate and begged non
concurrence. This was the case with thc re?
peal of the franking privilege, and even.with
the House's impeachment of P/esldent John?
son. The unchanging Senate, therefore, is,
by the conditions of Itself, a thing of change,
reflecting the wishes of the lower house, as
the mirror of Athene showed persons the face
of the Gorgon. Let the Senate stand in the
way of a determined Congress and the noises
of the people will terrify lt as Wellington and
his peers grew pale before the roar of the Re?
form party. With the Senate against Andrew
Jackson, lt was never able to do more than to
Irritate him by rejecllng a few of his appoint?
ments. The history of a Senate against the
President is that it becomes corrupted by his
patronage, and of a Senate against a House,
that it yields to intimidation and the will of
the country. Nevertheless, on grave occasions
lt ls the citadel of the State against all.
I say, therefore, that the change of the lower
House ls equivalent to a general change of
polity and expenditure; and yet, singular as lt
may appear, a change of majority In the House
of Representatives at present might be sub?
stantially a Republican victory. Mucli of the
present Congress is only Republican in name
and organization. The purposes tor which the
party was organized, and thc spirit which ani?
mated lt, are retained by a minority of the Re?
publicans In Congress only. Thc Republican
party was the party of free homesteads, but
this Congress uas swept down the homestead
system and substituted the land monopoly
system. The Republican party was the party
of no section, but of national irecdom; this
Congress considers Pennsylvania to be the
Union, and Insulation to be enlighten men'.
The Republican party was the party of ali,
and an equal ch >nce for them all; but this
Congress luis represented a few, and they not
those whose dally cry ls, "What shall we eat.
and what shall we drink, and wherewithal
shall we be clothed ?" The Republican party
set up a new man as tb 2 type of the State, and
asked that he be unrestrained in his industries,
adventures and enterprises, and be left free
to establish confederacies of freemen Uko him?
self in his own way; the majority of Congress
would create a State modelled upon its own pct
theories and private Interests, and compel the
man to inhabit and conform to it. This is the
Republicanism of a majority of Congress, a set
of Inventive bureaucrats and a "mice" In every
drawer of the bureau. Let these take their
Involved piece of cabinet-ware, which they
have named the New Nation, and preach upon
it for a text. The Republicans of the West ha\e
been true to their flrst conception. The mern
hers from the State of Illinois have in geni
ral voted solidly and intelligently for the free
State with a man lu lt, and there ls scarcely
one of them who, according to his degree of
power and light, has not distinguished his day
and generation. The Republicans of the States
of Missouri and Iowa have, in general, been
equally true to the origin of. their party, and
Ohio and Indiana have furnished several con?
sistent exemplars of the spirit of 'SC. In Wis?
consin and Michigan the old mastadons of
Whiggery have risen up and sought lu vain to
realize the time and the clime, but the effort
has generally been too much for their vegeta?
rian stomachs. In those States the Republi?
can party ls In a clear majority, but the Repub?
lican party has been betrayed In Congress.
Those men who have sold or misinterpreted
the manhood of the West are now to come
face to face with their constituents, and it is
no funeral of the Republican party if they be
elected to stay at home.
TUE DATS OF TUE CONFEDERACY.
Extracts from John Mitchel's Journal
During the War.
We give some further extracts, passim, from
the War Journal ol John Mitchel, now in
course of publication. Writing in February,
1804, he says :
I have undertaken the task of writing the
leading articles for Mr. Daniel's Examiner.
Thte Journal ls not favorable lo the President
and administration; and I confess that since I
have come to get a full view of Hie inside (thc
wrong side) ol the Confederacy my own en?
thusiasm for Mr. Davis and his counsellors
has sensibly diminished. With a Just and
nobie cause to inspire them, and a brave and
generous people under their guidance, these
folks prove themselves sadly below tneir high
vocation. Mr. Davis ls.certainly above ail cor?
ruption, or connivance at corruption, yet there
ls grievous corruption in almost every depart?
ment of government. The President's invete?
rate likings and disllkings also are creating
more and more jealousy and mischief In the
army. In truth, the late partial disasters, or at
least failure of our usual brilliant success-at
Gettysburg and at Vicksburg-mako every one
more opt to find fault. Our troops aro now
but poorly clad, and the value of Confederate
paper money has so much depreciated that
they can scarcely be said to get pay at all. So
lt has become more and more difficult to keep
them together, and tile country is full of
stragglers-that is, deserters-wandering to?
wards their homes.
Our railroads arc wearing out fast, and we
cannot provide means of renewing the one
quarter ol them. In short, the resources of
tho South are a measurable quantity, anti we
can see to the end of them, and the speedy
end, while tho resources of the enemy are tru?
ly Immeasurable. Worst of all, Ute enemy has
learned both to fight and to ride. Thura is
now in the Northern army a really serviceable,
well-mounted and trained force ol* cavalry,
while our horse regiments have scarcely im?
proved since Hie Bull Run battle. Therefore
there is amongst our common soldiers a cer?
tain discouragement which at times amounts
to disaffection, especially when they find some
iavorite general (Johnston or Beauregard)
kept down by the President, and incompetent
men holding posts of the greatest moment.
But, as I said, thc greatest weakness of our
cause lies in that one consideration-that Hie
great mass of lue people do not find them?
selves so deeply interested in Hie success of
the Confederacy as to make them endure for
an indefinitely "longer time, perhaps years to
come, the hardship and the hunger, und Hie
marching in bad shoes or no shoes, and the
picket-guard on frosty nights. They say to
ont' another, indeed, that they must not be
beaten, that it will never do to give the thing
up, but tlioy do not always mean lt now when
they say it.
Still there is everywhere a show of thc high?
est confidence; and it is real confidence, too;
of which the best proof is, that both privale
persons and public companies invest their
money in Confederate securities; although the
wisest, both Jews and Gentiles, buy land,
which, strange to say, many proprietors are
willing to sell for our rose-colored treasury
bills. We are lodged in a house upon Fifth
street, and my wife is surprised ti? lind that
the people are by no means starving; that we
can go to the market and purchase excellent
meat, fish, vegetables, even game and oysters,
If we only have enough of that same rosy
money. Wine, indeed, is rare, though I know
some Richmond citizens who still have their
cellars stored, and, in fact, certain of Hiern do
still import wine from Europe, smuggling
out cotton through the blockade to pay Hs
price; for wine undeunde must be had. In?
deed, the Catholic clergy must have a little for
their sacrament; and my worthy friend, Father
Teeling, uses the scuppernong of North Caro?
lina, a pure wine, and quite palatable. The
same Father Teeling having lately received
two dozen of scuppcrnoug as a present, invit?
ed a few friends to dine with him; and those
friends drank up almost the whole of the good
man's sacramental wine. As to the other usu?
al and needful supplies of a household, there ls
no difficulty, no scarcity at all. You can al?
ways buy one egg for one dollar; and if you
have plenty of the rose-tinted dollars, you may
have canvas-back ducks and champagne. But
these luxuries, I must confess, are enjoyed
chiefly by the happy fraternity of gamblers,
who own or rent the finest buildings on Main
street, and give suppers of the gods.
March 1.-We hear of the appointment of
Grant as commander-in-chief. I am not sure
that I know much about this Grant; a rather
bad tanner, I believe. Yet, perhaps, a better
tanner than engineer; for nc has been tiring
to dictate a course to the Mississippi by which
the river might be cut off from vicksburg, or
Vicksburg from the river. I ara not very sure
whether this Grant, or some other fool, was
the originator o? the Vicksburg canal.
Grant, one of thc captors of Vicksburg, has
been made commander-in-chief o? the North?
ern forces. They say he is a blockhead; but if J
he ls only resolute enough to sacrifice his men,
without the least scruple and without the least |
result, knowing he can replace his losses, and
thal we can never replace ours, blockhead as
he is, he must beat us in the long run.
March.-Spring is opening; the days are
waxing longer; the ground ls growing dryer.
War weather ls coming once more. Roads in?
vite the wheels of artillery and commissary
wagons; warbling birds on every spray prac?
tice the notes of the battle-b?gle, and all nature
calls aloud to man, that if he bas got anything
particular to do in the way of farming or fight?
ing, now is his time. We In the Confederacy
are expecting nothing less than another grand
advance of the Yankee forces across the Rapi
da? and Rappahannock, "on to Richmond,''
but combined, this time, with a contempora?
neous advance of the Northern army of the
West by way of Chattanooga and Atlanta. This
investment of Richmond ls going to be on a
gigantic scale Indeed.
The editor of the South Georgia Times bas
seen the first cotton blooms of Lowndes Coun?
ty. They made their appearance on the 10th
Reports from Lee County represent pros?
pects never better for good crops, both of corn
and cotton Cotton is knee high, and farmers
are ready to lay buy their corn. With no dis?
aster, more cotton will be made than in any
year since the war.
The Americus Courier says: "Cotton Is
looking remarkably well all through our sec?
tion, and planters are announcing blooms a
plenty. The prospect Just now is fine for a
large yield, though the plant is subject to so
many disasters, no prediction can be relied on.
It is said there are several plantations in our
county not In cultivation on account of scarci?
ty of labor." ?
The Madison Journal, of Saturday, notes the
falling of a shower almost daily for the past
week, perhaps a little too much for the wheat
crop, which ls now being harvested, and is as
floe as was ever seen in that section. Corn,
oats and cotton are all doing remarkably well.
Should the season continue as favorable np to
August, as it has boen up to this time, the pre?
sent year will be without a precedent for good
The Talbotton Standard, of the 16tb, reports
plentltul showers, making a decided Improve?
ment in thc corn and cotton crops; negroes are
working exceedingly well; grass rank, but the
situation encouraging. Cotton blooms appear?
ed on the farm oLMr. D. Ruff, near Talbotton,
on the 7th instant. A terrible tornado passed
near the line of Talbot and Taylor Counties a
few days ago, carrying away six negro houses,
Rev. C. W. Howard writes as follows to the
Plantation : i'The ride across from Rlnggold
to Lookout Mountain, fills the mind with
thoughts of plenty. Two ridges, the Pea Vine
and cblckamauga, are crossed. Except these
ridges the lands are ol' great fertility. The
ground Is literally burthened with the wheat
crop. Finer, I have never seen. There are
fields on the Cblckamauga and in McLcraore's
Cove that will make from twenty to thirty
bushels to the acre. There was some little
rust, but not enough to bc injurious. Wheat in
that section will hardly be worth more than
seventy-five cents per bushel."
AGRICULTURAL WORKS, Ac
THF. PARKS. PROMENADES AND GARDENS OF
PARIS, Illustrated. 1 vol., 8vo.
Curtis's Farm Insects, wi th Colored Plates. 1 voL,
StephenB's Book of the Farm. 2 vols., 8vo.
Insect Enemies of Fruit and Fruit Trees, by Trim
Viele'? Six Lectures on Agriculture.
Wright's 3000 Receipts.
Yoaatt on the Dog, edited by Lewis.
McClure's Diseases, American Stable, Field and
Farm Yard. <K?
Stonehenge: The Horse in the Stable and the
American Gardiner's Assistant-Bridgman, revis?
ed hy Todd.
Bridgman's Kitchen Gardener, a new edition.
Culture of thc Grape and Winemaking, by Robt.
Buchanan, with an Appendix on the Cultiva?
tion of the Strawberry, by Longworth.
Downlng's Landscape Gardening, Illustrated.
Farmer's Barn Book, by Cater, Youatt, Skinner
Gleanings from French Gardening, by Robinson.
Henry Conrtland, or What a Farmer Can Do, by
A. J. Cline.
Leavitt: Facts about Peat, as an Article of Fuel.
Thc Sportsman and the Dog. 1 vol., 12mo.
Woodward's Graperies and Horticultural Build?
The House: A New Manual of Rural Architecture,
or How to Build Dwellings, Barns, Stables and
Outbuildings of all kinds.
The Garden: How to Cultivate Vegetables, Fruits
The Farm: A New Manual of Practical Agricul?
The Barn-Yard: A New Manual of Cattle, Horse
and Sheep Husbandry.
Allen's! lt. L.< American Farm Book.
Allen's (R. L. and L. F.) New American Farm
Johnston's Elements of Agricultural Chemistry.
Hom ni er's Method of Making Manures.
Brock's New Book of Flowers.
Caldwell's Agricultural Chemical Analysis.
Dadd's American Cattle Doctor.
Johnson's How Crops Feed.
Johnson's How Crops Grow.
Mohr on thc Grape Vine.
Our Farm of Four Acres.
Pardee on Strawberry Culture.
Bedder's Land Measurer.
Percher on Horse.
Randall's Sheep Husbandry.
Saunder's Domestic Poultry. '
Turner's Cotton Planter's Manual
Warder's Hedges and Evergreens.
Waring's Draining for Proflt and Health.
Wheeler's Rural Homes.
Wheeler's Homes for the People.
White's Gardening for the South.
Woodward's Countrv Homes.
Farra Talk (Blackett,)
Fuller's Forest Tree Culturist.
Jennings un Cattle.
Jenniu :s on thc Horse and his Diseases.
Mavhew'H Illustrated Horse Management.
McMahon's American Gardener.
Norris's Fish Culture.
Thc Horse (Stonehenge.) English edition, 8vo.,
The Mule (Riley.)
Tliuirjas'8 Fruit Culturist.
may4 No. 285 KINO STREET.
SAFE, ECONOMICAL, DURABLE. USES NO
WATER. REQUIRES NO ENGINEER.
Having made arrangements for manufacturing
this ENGINE on an extensive scale, we are now
prepared to furnish to all desiring a light power,
the best and most economical Engine ever offer?
ed to the public.
DELAMATER IRON WORKS,
FOOT OF WEST 13TH STREET, NEW YORK.
JAS. A. ROBINSON,
No 130 Broadway.
J OR LIVERP 0?0 L;.
. The first-class American Ship ALICE M.
MI NOTT, Lowell Master, having a large _
portion or tier Cargo engaged, wi J be dlspa tc
for the above port.
For balance or Freight engagements, apply to
STREET BROTHERS A CO.,
jnnl6 No. 74 East Ba>*
~pOR FORT SUMTER.
The sale, fast sailing and comfortably ap?
pointed Yacht "ELEANOR" will mate two J_
trips dally to Fort Sumter and the other points of
historic Interest In the harbor, leaving South
Commercial Wharf at io A. M. and 8 P. M. The
Yacht can also be chartered for private parties on
reasonable terms. For passage or charter apply
next door south of tne Mills House, or to the
Captain on board. mayl4
JpOR NEW YORK-ON TUESDAY.
The Al side-wheel Steamship TEN?
NESSEE, Chichester, Commander, will";_
san for New York on TUESDAY, Jone 28, at 6
o'clock P. M., from Pier No. 2, Union Wharves,
connecting with day Passenger Trains from Co?
lumbia and Augusta, arriving at .4 P. M.
The TENNESSEE will make close connection
with Liverpool Steamship IDAHO, of Messrs. Wil?
liams A anion's Line, sailing Jnly 6.
Insurance by the Steamers of this line % per
The Steamship SOUTH CAROLINA will follow
on WEDNESDAY, Jnly o, at 6 o'clock: P. M.
For Freignt engagements, or passage, having
very superior stateroom accommodations, all on
deck and newly furnished, apply to WAGNER,
HUGER A CO., No. 26 Broad street, or to WM. A.
COURTENAY. No. 1 Cnlon Wharves. Jon22
BALTIMORE, PHILADELPHIA, BOS?
TON, AND THE CITIES OF THE NORTH?
THROUGH BILLS OP LADINO GIVEN FOB
COTTON TO BREMEN.
The flue Steamship " MARYLAND,1'^fjMb
Johnson, Commander,will sall for BaUl-'SdMB?K
more on FRIDAY, 24th June, at 12 M., making close
connection with the Bremen steamer 'Ohio," of
$a* Philadelphia Freights forwarded to that ?
city by railroad from Baltimore without addi?
tional Insurance, and Consignees are allowed ams
ple time to sample and sell their Goods from
the Railroad Depot In Philadelphia.
PAUL 0. TRENHOLM, Agent,
Jun20-5 No. 2 Union Wharves.
JplOR ST. AUGUSTINE, FLORIDA.
The Steamer DICTATOR will make ? .
an excursion trip to St. Augustine, ?s?BmmwLm.
Florida, leaving Charleston, 6th July.
Tickets for the round trip $20.
J. D. AIKEN & CO., Agents,
jun20 4_South Commercial Wharf:
VESSELS SUPPLIED WITH CABIN AND
MESS STORES ON SHORT NOTICE.
Captains and Stewards are respect-^ABBfe.
fully Invited to call and examine the??????2,
quality and prices of onr GOODS. Full weight
guaranteed. Delivered free or expense.
WM. S. CORWIN A CO.,
No. 275 King street, opposite Hasel,
Charleston, S. 0.
49" Branch or No. 900 Broadway, New York.
?pOR SAVANNAH, BEAUFORT ANJ>
PACIFIC LANDING, EDISTO AND
Steamer PILOT BOY, Captain C.
C. White, will eau for the above,
places as follows:
TUESDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, for Edlsto,
Rockville, Pacific Landing and Beaufort.
THURSDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, for Pacific
Landing, Beauiort and Savannah.
Freight to Edlsto reduced 60 per cent.
J. D. AIKEN A CO.,
Junl7 South Atlantic Wharf.
XpOR GARDNER'S BLUFF
AND INTERMEDIATE LANDINGS ON THE
The Steamer PLANTER, Captain - ?jfl***?>
J. T. Foster, ls now receiving freight JgtfSOBfCi
at Accommodation WharT, and win leave on SAT
URDAY MORNING, the 251li Instant, at 6 o'clock.
For Freight or Passage, having stateroom ac?
commodations, apply to
RAVENEL A HOLMES,
Jun21-3DAC _No. 177 East Bay
OR GEORGETOWN, S. C.
TOUCHING AT SOUTH ISLAND.
The steamer PLANTER, Captain ? .?rH^k?
J. T. Foster, ls now receiving Freight ^??i-miEMMm
at Accommodation Wharf, and will leave on SAT
?RDAY MORNING, the 26tb mst., at 6 o'clock.
Freight payable here.
For Freight or Passage, having stateroom ac?
commodations, apply to
RAVENEL A HOLMES,
jun22-3 Nc. 177 East Bay.
?pOR EDISTO AND PACIFIC LAND?
INGS, VIA JOHN'S ISLAND FERRY, CHURCH
FLATS, ENTERPRISE. YOUNG'S ISLAND,
BEAR'S BLUFF FENWICK'S AND
The steamer ARGO is now re?
ceiving Freight at Accommodation ?
Wharf, aud will leave as above, Te
(Thursday) 23d June, at l o'clock, P. M.
For Freight or Passage, apply on board or to
DOUGLAS NISBET, Agent,
, Accommodation wharf..
N. B.- Freight and Wharfage payable here.
OUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE, \
CHARLESTON, S. C., May ll, 1870. j
On and after Sunday, May 15th, the Passenger
Trains upon the South Carolina Railroad will run
Leave Charleston.8.so A. M.
Arrive at Augusta.~..4.25 P. M.
Leave Charleston.8.30 A. ic
Arrive at Columbia.4.10 P. M.
Leave Augusta.8.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia.7.45 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.3.30 P. M.
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.8.30 P. M.
Leave Augusta.6.00 P. M.
Arrive at Augusta.7.06 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.6.40 A. M.
COLUMBIA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.7.30 P. M.
Leave Columbia.7.60 P. M.
Arrive at Columbia.6.00 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.6.45 A. M.
Leave Charleston.2.50 P. M.
Arrive at Summerville.4.10 P. M.
Leave Summerville.7.10 A. M
Arrive at Charleston.8.26 A. V.
Camden and Columbia Passenger Trains on
MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAYS, and be?
tween Camden and Klnevule daily, (Sandays ex?
cepted.) connects with up and down Day Pas?
sengers at Ringville.
Leave Camden.6,85 A, M.
Arrive at Columbia.11.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia.1.00 P. M.
Arrive at Camden.6.40 P. M.
H. T. PEAKE,
m ay 13 General Superintendent.
TAMES CONNER'S SONS
UNITED STATES TYPE AND ELECTROTYPE
FOUNDRY AND PRINTER'S WAREHOUSE,
NOS. 28, 80 AND 32, CENTRE STREET,
CORNER READ AND DUANE STREETS,
A large Stock of ENGLISH AND GERMAN
FACES, both Plain and Ornamental, kept on
hand. All Type cast at this establishment is
manufacturedlfrom the metal known as Conner's
Unequalled Hard Type Metal. Every article ne?
cessary for a perfect Printing Offlce rurnlshed.
Ian2fl stuthemop* _
g. HAN CK EL, M. D.,
Das resumed the practice of his profession
Booms No. 235 King street, opposite Hasel, over
SPEAR'S Jewelry Store' Jan25 8 thstu