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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1414. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, JULY 4, 1870. _ SIX DOLLARS A YEAR
THE BALL OPENED.
FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT CEDE
BBATION IN EDGEFIEZD.
AN IMMENSE GATHERING.
Speeches by Judge Carpenter, General
Butler, Congressman H?ge, Elliott,
Delaney and others.
THE GOOD CA USS PROSPERSl
[FBOSf OUR. SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT.]
EDGEFIELD C. H., SATURDAT, July 2.
This town oas to-day been the scene of the
. largest gathering of people ever assembled
w&hin its limits. True, the chief object of the
occasion was to celebrate, in a suitable man?
ner, tue adoption of the Fifteenth amendment;
but the announcement that Judge R. B. Car?
penter, the gubernatorial candidate of the
Union Reform party, General M. C. Butler, the
nominee for Lieutenant-Governor, and others
would address the meeting, lent to it addition?
al interest, and attracted a crowd, the equal of J
which cannot be recalled in the memory ol j
the oldest Inhabitant As early as 2 o'clock
this morning the colored citizens were
wending their way hither from points even
twenty-five miles distant, and by 9 o'clock
every road leading to Edgefield was emptying
its streams of humanity into the heart of the
town. Men, women and children came plod?
ding in, covered with dost and perspiration
as .motley and yet as pertinaciously enthusias?
tic a throng as you ever saw in your life
while a special train of can from Augusta and
Aiken brought three or four colored militai y
companies, well armed, though otherwise got
up with a reckless disregard of tactics and
. A large number of white citizens were also
present from the neighborhood, curious no
doubt to witness the inauguration of the new
era in the politics of the State, which was to
be marked on this occasion by the appearance
upon the speaker's platform offnen who here?
tofore have been denied a public hearing by
Until a few hours preceding the meeting, it
wff> believed that the Republicans would re?
fuse permission to Messrs. Carpenter and But?
ler to address the multitude, and, indeed, td
this end a strong effort was made by certain
white Radicals; but to the credit of the mass
of colored men, be it said, they insisted that
the courtesy of a hearing should be extended
tb the candidates. . The whites conceded so far
as to limit the Reform speakers to half an
The utmost good feeling appeared to pre?
vail alter the settlement ot this vexed ques?
tion, and the presence of a brigade of police?
men could not have added an lota to the order
and harmony everywhere observable.
Soon after 12 o'clock, H., a procession of say
one thousand colored ruco, preceded by a
band of music, formed and marched through
the town toa pleasant locality, known as the
Academy Grove. Here a platform had oeen|
erected for the speakers, and not far away
several lines of long tables promised in due
season to bestow on hungry stomachs the
blessings of a barbecue.
Unfortunately a shower of rain delayed the
proceedings - for half an hour or more ; but
when the son shone out again there were at
least four tho usand persons on the ground.
The meeting was called to order by Mr. P.
A. Eichelberger, the coroner of the county,
who introduced as the first speaker, according
torthe programme adopted, Rev. B. F. Jack?
son, a member of the Legislature.
Mr. Jackson, In the main, avoided the dis
cnfsion of the politics of the day, temperately
confining himself to a review of the history ol
the Republican movement, and a consideration
ot its results as they are embodied In the Fif?
teenth amendment. Chief among these bless?
ing?, he said, was the establishment of a gov?
ernment in which all people, Irrespective of
race, condition or color, had a voice and a
vote, and it was a. government which com?
mended itself to the support of every true
man. For those who were tfj follow him, who
had heretofore stood on the other side, he
asked a courteous and respectful hearing, with?
out prejudice. He believed in the utterance
and the influence of truth, and he desired that
truth to bo weighed in the light ot present
The remarks ol Mr. Jackson evidently struck
the key-note of sympathy which was prevail?
ing In the audience, and they were well re?
Mr. P. A. Eichelberger then Introduced Ma?
jor John E. Bacon, of . Edgefield, taking occa?
sion to say that he waa ua Democrat," em?
phasizing the epithet in a horrid sort of way,
as if he thought it was synonymous with the
iniquity which is supposed to attach to his
Major Bacon said .that the remarks o? the
preceding speaker (Rev. Mr. Jackson) met
with his hearty approval. It was immaterial
to him whether a man was born in Massachu?
setts or South Carolina, when. In the language
of^atrlotism, he stood before the public and
uttered sentiments to which every true citizen
of the country could say "Amen."
There could be no dlfforence of opinion on
this subject, for his heart and the heart of his
people now beat as loyal to the flag of the
Union as it did ten years ago. He would not
undertake to discuss the questions of right or
wrong involved in the recent contest "It
was enough," said Mr. Bacon, "that the God
of battles was against us, and when that deci?
sion was made, we gave yon our pledge that
the Union was ours, if you would allow us to
come back to you. In that resolve we have
been honest What I said In 1865, 1 repeat to?
day, namely, that the United States Govern?
ment had made ns all equal, without reference
to race, condition or color, and while we live
In this country we are bound to obey its laws."
It was in this spirit that he could congratu?
late his audience upon those blessings which
had been secured to them by the Fifteenth
amendment Progress was the watchword of |
the civilized world. When in Russia, he had
witnessed its results there in the general I
emancipation of the serfs. In Germany, the i
great Bismarck had likewise introduced re- f
forms; in France, the Emperor bad yielded to
the behests of the people; while England had
even anticipated their demands. The spirit of I
Sewage was moving, and so far as principle ]
w?fcXconcerned, Gr .-jrnor Scott was no more i
Radical than himself. The reason was apparent, i
It was because whether we will or not, we are J t
pledged as citizens to obey the laws of the
country, and to accord to tlie colored man t
equal and exact justice which is his right. ]
desired to see the benefits of an honest t
ministration of the government on this bas
For himself, he would enlarge the opportu:
ties ol the colored man (or self improv
ment Taxes on the products of the s
should be reduced, educational facilities shot
be enlarged, and every means at the comma
ol the State employed to advance the int?r?t
ol a race identified by hirth and associate
with the best interests of the State.
The remarks of Judge Bacon were receiv
with applause. He was lollowed by
HON. S. L. HOGS. M. c.
Mr. H?ge, after congratulating the audien
that they were assembled not as white or bia*
men,, but as American citizens, urged 1
hearers not to forget those who, from 1861
1865, had stood by the l'old flag." He Ilk
wise expressed his satisfaction with the ear n c
words of the preceding speaker, who, once
Democrat, now acknowledged the . Fifteen:
amendment as the law of the land. Speakli
of carpet-baggers, he said he was one of tho,
who came Into the State with his uniform
blue, and congratulated the Union Refor
party (which he persistently styled Dem
eratic,) upon the choice of a man for the
leader who, like himself, had served in tl
Federal army. It was a sign of progress at
Improvement. His Idea of Reform wc
to get the thieves out ol his ow
party by the employment of the machine!
of the party itself and not to emplo
another organization for the purpose. Honei
men could be found, and lt was the duty c
the Republican party to elect them to fill th
places of the rogues. It was all importai
that the Republicans should continue to stan
by those who had fought the battles of frei
dom, and not seek aid from the Reformer
He denied that the offices had not been falrl
distributed, and cited the fact that two-third
of the Legislature were colored men; three (
the principal postmasters in his Congresalont
district were colored, and one of his ai
point?es to West Point was a colored boy. H
then proceeded to open battery on Genera
Butler, and discuss sundry events in his cs
In reply, Gen. Butler said he was present no
as a Democrat, not as a Radical, but as a clUzei
of South Carolina, standing upon a broat
platform which challenged the scrutiny o
every lover of his'country. And he thanket
God that an opportunity had at last been ai
forded him of paying his respects to Mr. Con
gressmen H?ge. Thereupon the general pro
ceeded to apply the scalpel, skilfully laying ol
the epidermis of the gentleman aforesaid, un
til be stood bare and exposed to the good
natured crowd. He wanted to know what b<
was doing away from his post ot duty, draw
Lng bis salary from a people he did not serve
whHe Congress was in session. He charget
him with having appointed a blind colored bo:
to the academy at West Point, because IK
knew he would be rejected. Finally, he ar
raigned Mr. H?ge on the charge of having
said, in 1865, that he wished he had all th<
niggers in South Carolina in a ten acre lot, anc
a couple of howitzers with which to blow then
Into a very wicked place.
. It ls needless to say that this announcement
produced a singular expression upon the faces
of the multitude, or that there was an enlarge'
ment ol eyes, and a solemn dropping of sundrj
In conclusion, General Butler said he re?
joiced that the colored man had been set free,
and in taking the position upon the platform
adopted by the Columbia Convention, he did
so because he believed the Fifteenth amend?
ment to be the climax of reconstruction-"a
measure calculated to set at rest forever the
question of suffrage. And if the Republican
party would exclude from its councils such
firebrands and fire-eaters as the gentleman
who had just spoken, peace and harmony
would prevail everywhere. Let him go home
to his own State cf Ohio, and there administer
his rebukes because the people refuse to do
Justice to the colored race. He would find
sufficient employment for his energy In such a
purpose, and we could then judge of his faith
by his works. As regards the present politi?
cal movement, it could not be complained of
by "any right thinking man. It meant an hon?
est administration of Justice. It meant obedi?
ence to the law of the land, and that the dead
past should bury its dead.
Mr. H?ge denied the allegations made con?
cerning the ten acre lot business.
Mr. R. B. Elliott, Asssistant Adjutant
General of the State, followed, and made
a calm, dignified and excellent speech,
in which he announced himself as a
candidate for nomination as a member ol
Congress from this Congressional district.
His remarks were long, but listened to with
attention, and frequently interrupted with ap?
plause, especially when In his strong, peculiar
way, the speaker emphasized the idea that
there must be reform in the administration of
the affairs of the government, and a general
turning-out of those who have plundered the
State. He deprecated strife ? the approach?
ing political contest, and hoped that the spirit
manifested on the present occasion would be
exhibited elsewhere. In conclusion, while
conceding the honesty and purity of the mo?
tives and character of the leaders of the Re?
form ?party, he urged his' friends, and his race
especially, to stand by the cause of Republi?
canism as they had known it In the past.
Hon. R. B. Carpenter was then Introduced
by Mr. Eichelberger as "a Democrat, and the
candidate of the Union Reform party.'1
Judge C. said he did not come here to dis?
cuss political questions, but rather to Join in
the celebration of that event which had legally
secured to the colored race the blessings of
civil and political liberty-the Fifteenth amend?
He then briefly "let out" on "Captain Eichel?
berger, late of the Confederate army," for call?
ing him a Democrat, whereat the captain turn?
ed very red, very white, and perspired copi?
ously, at being made to appear so ridiculous in
the eyes of his heretofore faithful constituents,
that they absolutely laughed and jeered at bim.
The colored people say they never had an Idea
that he was such a mean man before, while
the captain says that he intends tu name his
next baby after the Judge, so that he won't for?
get him in a hurry. The general impression
produced on the opposition speakers, judging
from the guarded and courteous way in which
they alluded to the candidate, evidently is
that they would rather be cbased by a wild
Camanche than cross swords with him in any?
thing but legitimate argument.
After finishing this side-play, the Judge re?
marked that he regarded the Fifteenth amend?
ment as the grand culmination of the war, the
?tatutory pacification ot the country. But
?vith universal suffrage there ought to be uni?
versal amnesty. [Colonel Delaney, interrupt?
ing: We agree on that point perfectly.] The
Fifteenth amendment secured lor all time the
-ight of citizens to vote without regard to
.ace, color or condition, and without fear .
hat the privilege would be abridged by any :
State, It conferred political freedom upon !
the colored man, but it wag not freedom when
his heart and conscience is controlled by those
who seek to use his vote for their own ag?
grandizement and ambition. "Do you ask
(said the speaker) what will put you on the
platform with me ? I answer, a determi?
nation to vote as you please ! For there ls
no freedom in being dragged by a chain to the
polls, to have tickets thrust into your bands
which your own consciences tell you will ele?
vate bad men to power. Who has authorized
this man or that to administer an oath that
puts a fetter upon your hand? and your hearts
and makes you the slaves of a tyranny that de?
bases your manhood, by compelling you to
vote for A, B or C, because your party says so ?
Nobody ! And the first dnty you owe to your?
selves as men, and as citizens, is to cut loose
these shackles and stand forth unrestrained,
in that true liberty which is, thank God, now
the birthright of every American !" [Cheers. J
Your freedom, your citizenship, is a fixed
and accomplished fact, and cannot be disturb?
ed. Talk about the Republican party protect?
ing it, or the Democratic party, as it has been
called, destroying it. Why you might as well
talk of compressing the ocean into a drop, or
eternity Into an hour-glass. It is the keystone
ol our immortal constitutional arch, and forty
millions ol people are pledged to Bustain it.
One point more, for this is not a speech; lt
is only a brief talk. Is it not true that a cer?
tain class of persons, who mingle in the poli?
tics ot the State, have tried to keep you apart
from the white people of the country-have
tried to induce you to prevent our speaking,
to shut your ears to truth and fact-ever since
the meeting of the convention in Columbia ?
I leave your consciences to answer the ques?
tion. Let me say to you, then, that lt is
your prime duty to harmonize promptly with
the white race. There are but four millions of
colored people in the United States, and if,
from one disturbing cause or another, you
permit yourselves to be used for the partisan
purposes ol those who seek to array you in
opposition to what is Just and right, you will
find a weight of thirty-five millions of white
people upon yon. Such a result, however,
only can follow from yielding blind obedience
to those who, taking advantage of your igno?
rance, are even now trapping you with their
oaths, putting chains upon your conscience,
and, instead of true men, making of you mere
Colonel Delaney, a colored officer of the
Governor's staff, made the next speech. He
said he was one of those who never denied his
principles. He would say, therefore, for him?
self, not for his party, that he was in favor of
universal amnesty-the removal of disability
from every Southerner in the land. But lie
wanted something in return. He wanted a
concession from every Southerner of the rights
of his race.
General Butler. Wi are all in favor of that.
Then, said Colonel D., the great point is
gained, and I welcome you into this great
temple-the door is wide open.
A bystander. Put a new pastor in your
church first. [Laughter.]
Colonel Delaney. Then I pledge myself that
when the old pastor has served out the time
tor which he may be chosen, we will put one
In suited to all our wants. My principle is to
bring in new members. Just as we welcomed
General Moses and his father, the Chief
Justice, and other Republicans, we will wel
oome others, for I wish it to be understood
that we have no prejudice against Southerners,
and don't go back upon our friends.
The speaker continued his remarks for
twenty or thirty minutes, and was followed by
General Worthington, an ex-member of Con?
gress from Nevada, and late a minister lo the
Argentine Republic. He is the law partner of
Hon. S. L. H?ge.
This gentleman closed thc discussion. He
has a clear, ringing voice, admirably adapted
to public speaking in the open air, and is with?
al 1 a pleasing orator. He reviewed the situa?
tion, endeavored to impress the lessons of the
hour upon his hearers, and furnished some ex?
cellent advice on the subject o? moral and
political duties, irom a Republican standpoint.
The lateness of the hour prevents a more ex?
By this time it was nearly G o'clock P. M.
Three thousand hungry stomachs had waited
patiently since daylight lor something where?
with tiley could be filled. For hours a pha?
lanx of men, women and children had lingered
around the barbecuing sheep and oxen, follow?
ing, with hungry eyes, the manipulations ol'
tlie cooks, and listening to the music ol the
roast. At last the work was complete and the
tables spread. Suddenly a little fellow man?
aged to work his way behind one of thc
guards, seize a piece of lamb, and get his
mouth fairly In operation. Tho crowd saw it.
It was too much for mortal appetite, whetted
to its juiciest verge, to bear. They gave one
wild yell; there was a surge forward; the senti?
nels were lost lu a labyrinth of crinoline: the
tables went down like a house of cards, and
the dinner disappeared.
There were remnants saved, sad a few mor?
tals supplied, but I have it irom excellent
authority that the Republican party lost five
hundred votes-first, from the want of proper
pabulum for the digestive machinery of the
multitude ; secondly, because lt is alleged that
the colored soldiers unnecessarily punched
holes in the backs of-sundry voters while re?
treating from their foraging expedition ; and
thirdly, and finally, because, for the first time
In their lives, the colored citizens of Edgefleld
have had an opportunity of hearing both sides
of a question intelligently discussed, and have
already formed their judgment accordingly.
Thc speeches of Judge Carpenter, Cen. But?
ler and Judge Bacon have^inquestionably been
ol immense service in tearing down the old
barriers ol prejudice which kept the colored
people aloof ; and ii Hie example is followed
elsewhere, and attended with the same exhi?
bition of kind spirit, it will not be difficult to
W. T. Gary, Esq., ha? been nominated for
Congress from this Congressional District.
X. Y. Z.
IMPORTA.Yr FROM CUBA.
HAVANA, July 2.
A meeting ol planters and wealthy slave?
owners was held at the Governor-General's
palace last night. The parties were unanimous
in their approval of the abolition of slavery by
the Cortes of the mother country, and in their
disposition to obey the laws, but request that
they may be consulted as to the manner of car?
ry ins out the law so as to prevent the negroes
from becoming vagrants, and also to organize
i system by which the agricultural interests
will be maintained. Slaves will remain with
their present masters, but will be placed under
contract, and will receive the same pay for
their services as is paid to other freedmen.
There are about the usual number of cholera
Mises daily; seven deaths yesterday. There is
ao perceptible increase in deaths from vomito.
Smallpox ls quite prevalent.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, July 2.
The Executive Departments o." the Govern?
ment will be closed next Monday. The Presi?
dent and family leave here about the 18th
instant for Long Branch, to remain during the
The semi-annual Interest on the five-twenty
bonds now due amotines to $28,000,000 In
According to accounts received at the War
Department, there is a probability of a general
Indian war in the West, where outrages and
depredations are of daily occurrence, especial?
ly on the line of the Pacific Railroad. All avail?
able troops in this vicinity were dispatched to
The Secretary of the Treasury has directed
the assistant treasurer at New York to Bell
one million dollars of gold on each Wednes?
day In July: also to purchase during July BIX
million of bonds In Bums of'one million and
two million on alternate Thursdays.
Senator Norton, ot Minnesota, is very ill
here, and little hopes of his recovery are en?
The Senate.' has restored the income tax by
fixing the rate at 2J per cent., to continue for
two years longer, with $2000 to be exempted.
This action leaves the matter In such shape
that in the disagreement between the two
Houses a conference committee will be obliged
to retain this tax, although the rate may be
fixed at different figures.
Sawyer addressed the Senate in favor of the
bill for the sale of lands in thc sea islands of
Beaufort County, South Carolina.
The naturalization bill was considered, and
an amendment by Sumner adopted, striking
the word "while" from the naturalization
laws. An amendment, offered by Williams,
excluding Chinese from the privilege of natu?
ralization, was debated by Stewart. Pending
action, the Senate adjourned.
In the House the Senate's request for a new
committee of conference on the Indian Appro?
priation bill gave rise to an animated debate,
in which it was contended that the House is
not bound to carry out treaties made by the
Indian Peace Commission in 1867. A new
committee of conference was ordered.
Agitation In the Corps L?gislatif.
PARIS, July 1.
The sitting of the Corps L?gislatif yesterday
was much agitated in thc discussion of the
military contingent. The government asked
for 90,000 instead of 100,000 men, thc usual
number. Jules Favre made a spirited and elo?
quent speech against the continuance of a large
standing army. <^HJ 1 -
M. Thiers thought the state of Europe was
menacing, and France should bc prepared.
M. Favre, lu reply, quoted Irom the Yellow
Book the official assurance of peace and tran?
quility, and wanted to know why such a mili?
tary establishment was kept up, unless hidden
plans and schemes in favor of the dynasty were
entertained. He closed by declaring he be?
lieved the ministry was honest, but it was sub?
ject to a higher will.
M. Olllver answered the charges made
against the government and its policy. He
had no fears for the future. France had gain?
ed her Sadowa in the Plebiscitum.
Much dissatisfaction was here expressed by
the deputies, and the minister was obliged to
explain that he bad no intention ol exulting
over any subjects of the empire. These words
increased the agitation in the Chamber. M.
Olliver continued: Tho government felt no
uneasiness, otherwise it would not have reduc?
ed the contingent by 10,000 men.
The treaties of 1856 insured peace in the
East ; the treaty of Prague insured peace in
Germany. It would be observed the ministers
had done an act timt was necessary to secure
peace, and at the same time had rendered evi?
dent the perfect accord which existed between
the sovereign and his people.
Amid great excitement which followed the
speech of the minister, M. Favre rose to reply,
but found it impossible to make himself heard,
so loud was the noise. He relused to proceed,
and took his scat. Thc majority then voted
against continuing thc discussion the next day,
and the Chamber adjourned.
Reports from Rome-Address of Bishops.
LONDON, June 30.
Dispatches received from Rome, of yester?
day's date, announce that the report of an im?
mediate vote in the Council upon the infalli?
bility dogma is untrue.- Discussion ol' the pro?
ject still continues, and it is reported that the
Pope has ordered the Cardinals t'p oppose any
proposition to set aside the discussion. At
least two-thirds of the lathers in the Ocumeni
cal Council will depart for their homes as soon
as the infallibility dogma is officially promulga?
ted. The Commltte of Bishops of all nations,
among whom are the Archbishops of San
Francisco, Mexico, Baltimore, Quito, and other
Americans, have addressed a request to the
faithful that subscriptions be made for the
Catholic Church at Constantinople, which suf?
fered so terribly during the recent fire.
LIVERPOOL, July 2.
The tide of emigration continues unabated:
eighteen thousand emigrants left this port
during the month or June for various Ameri?
can ports; nine-tenths went to New York.
Earthquake in Greece.
VIENNA, July 2. ?
Advices have been received of a sharp earth?
quake in Greece yesterday. An island in the
neighborhood suddenly disappeared at the
time of Hie shock.
PARIS, July 1.
Thc Figaro was to-Jay prosecuted for a vio?
lation of thc pre33 law, the particular offence
being the publication of a false anecdote of the
Emperor and thc late Earl of Clarendon.
LIVERPOOL, July i.
There is considerable excitement in the cot?
ton market, owing to the discovery this morn?
ing that the stock in port is C2,000 bales below
the estimate, and the stock of American 70,000
bales below the estimate. The Cotton Brokers'
Circular, issued to-day, gives the following for
the week closing last evening : Sales of the
week 59,000 bales; for export t?OOO bales; for
speculation 2000 bales, leaving to the trade
51,000 bales. Receipts of the week 31.000
bales, American 12,000 bales. Stock in port
555,000 bales, American 310,000 bales.
Depression of Prices In Cotton.
LIVERPOOL, July 1.
The Cotton Brokers' Association have ap?
pointed a committee to take measures for re?
pressing operations for the depression of
prices, which so injuriously affected the cotton
S.w FRANCISCO, July 3.
Within the past two days 700 Chinamen
have arrived here, miking 8M0 since January.
AN ENGLISH VIEW OF ITS RECON?
[From the London Telegraph, Jane 17.]
The Governmenl. of the United States has re?
solved to rebuild Fort Sumter. The restoration
of this eloquent ruin has been for some time In
contemplation, and is, we are now informed,
finally decreed. During January last, aa inter?
esting interview took place, at the War Depart?
ment of Washington, between General Ripley,
the gallant Confederate defender of Charleston,
and General Gilmore, its no less gallant Federal
assailant. Happening to have business with
General Sherman, the General-in-Chief of the
United Slates Army, General Ripley called upon
him in Washington, and, while in his bureau,
was met by bis old opponent, General Gilmore.
The last time that these two experienced milita?
ry engineers stood face to face, they were divid?
ed by the 1200 yards of sea which intervenes be?
tween Fort Sumter and the north end of Morris
Island, and the messages of greeting then In?
terchanged between them were hissing round
shot and shrieking mortar-shells. It is diffi?
cult to contemplate their amicable meeting at
Washington, in the presence of one ol the
most famous heroes of the American war,
without a strange revulsion of feeling.
Enough time has now elapse since the close
of the great Trans-atlantic strife to permit the
angry feelings which were alive in 1865 to be .
hushed to rest In 1870; but the experience of
each other galnedby General Gilmore and Gene?
ral Ripley at Charleston, only served to increase
the respect with which they met in January
last. At the moment of their interview,
General Gilmore was about to proceed to
Charleston, and, after stating that it was the
intention of the American Government tore
build Fort Sumter, he invited General Ripley
to give bis opinion as to the nature of the new
work which is lo arise upon the historical ashes
of the ruined fort, lt should not be for?
gotten, that in these days of long-range
guns, Fort Sumter is not so necessary
to the defence of Charleston harbor
as it wau at the time when lt first rose into ex?
istence. The distance between Fort Moultrie,
on Sullivan's Island, and Cummings Point, on
Morris Island, ls about 2600 yards. The spit
of sand uDon which Fort Sumter was reared
iles about 1700 yards from Fort Moultrie, and
about 1280 yards from Cumming's Point. It
was the design of the American engineer who
built Fort Sumter to control the entrance of
Charleston harbor by a powerful work erected
in the gorge between Sullivan's and Morris
Islands, but the enormous guns of modern
days render any such work a mere supereroga?
tion. Viewed as an engineering necessity.
Fort Sumter hardly needs to be rebuilt. But
Inasmuch as its mouldering' heaps ol' disinte?
grated brickwork, and Its rent and gaping fas?
cines and gabions are eminently- commemora?
tive of the most embittered fratricidal strife that
the world ever saw, it has been determined to
efface this " bleeding monument of war," and
to erect upon its site a large and low-lying
The famous tort, in thc throat of Charleston
harbor, upon which the Confederates opened
fire In April, 1861, was a bad specimen of those
tall brickwork structures which were so much
in favor when 68-poundor smooth-bore guns
were the largest artillery that any ship ever
carried. The area ot ground, partly natural
and partly acquired from the sea, upon which
Fort Sumter stood, was about five acres. Upon
this platform was erected a triple-tiered pen?
tagon brick fort, with its gorge wall facing
partly towards Charleston and parlly towards
Morris Island. Thc fort was built solely with
a view to resist the attack of ships; nor shall
we be guilty of any injustice to its construc?
tors iiwe give them credit for having had
England in view as the most likely oppo?
nent with ' which Fort Sumter's garrison
might have occasion to contend. It was
never contemplated that military engineers
who had learnt their business at West Point
would struggle for four years on the. one
hand to defend, and on the other to demolish,
the tall fabric of brick in erecting which so
much o? Uncle Sam's money had originally
been spent. During the four embittered years
of the American civil war lt was computed
that a mass ol' iron, considerably greater in
weight than the walls of Fort Sumter In its in?
tegrity, was expended in attacking and de?
fending lt. On the 13th of April, 1801, the first
shot which heralded that gigantic struggle was
fired from Sullivan's Island at Fort Sumter,
then held by a slender garrison ol'Federal
troops, under the command of Major Ander?
son. Thc strength of the attack, directed by
General Ripley, so far exceeded that of the de?
fence, that Major Anderson, finding the wood?
en barracks surrounding the parade ground of
the fort to have Ignited under the red
hot round shot of his enemy, had no
alternative but to haul down the stars
and stripes. The opening act of the drama
was consummated without blood spilt upon
either Bide. Straightway the shortsighted
Journals of France made themselves very
merry over the bloodlessness ol' a war which
they described as so "civil" that no one was
hurt by it. In England, our journalistic pro?
phets formed a more accurate estimate of
what the future would unlold. But neither In
England nor the United States was there any
one to foretell that the few scattering shots
interchanged between General Ripley and
Major Anderson in April. 1861, would be the
prelude to the four bloodiest years since 1812.
Since the conclusion of the war, many specu?
lative estimates have been attempted upon
ell her side, with a view to ascertain the num?
ber ol'victims who, within that dismal period,
eilher were done to death or received lasting
and disabling wounds; and we are certainly
employing no exaggerated figures when we
state, that the dead and wounded between
April, 1861, and April, 1865, must considerably
have exceeded one million.
In view of these facts, the task which the
American Government has assumed ol' remov?
ing the shattered and riven walls of this his?
torical fort, and of erecting a successor upon
its ruins, is Invested with more than ordinary
solemnity. In days previous to their great in?
ternecine strife, our American kinsmen were
wont to regard Fort Ticonderoga as their raosi
storied and suggestive ruin. In multitudinous
common schools which abound in all the more
settled States of the Union, scarcely a child
could have been found before 1361 who did not
know how, in thc Revolutionary war of 1775,
Ethan Allen, at the head of his "Green Moun?
tain Boys," called upon the British garrison of
Fort Ticonderoga to surrender "in the name
of Jehovah and ol the Universal Congress."
But ten years ago Ticonderoga was invested,In
the eyes ot our excitable cousins, with more
sacred associations than Gibraltar or Ehren?
breitstein, or any other famous stronghold.
To-day, if any American were invited to name,
the most interesliug fortress of his native
soil, he wou'd unhesitatingly reply, "Fort
Sumter." It was the fort which Initiated the
American war. It was the fort, which, torn,
disintegrated and riddled by shot, defied, for
nearly four years, the utmost efforts of the
Uulon to subdue it. It was the fort, upon
which thc saucy Palmetto flag ol' South Caro?
lina, side by side with the ensign of the Insur?
rectionary States, floated in triumph for some
forty-five months. It was the fort, ot which
Colonel Harris-the chief engineer to General
Beauregard-said, after it had beeu reduced
by the Federal fire from Morris Island to a
heap of ruins, "There ls a major-generalship
still in those riven walls ll' only a man knew
how to win it." The words, caught up-by
Stephen Elliott, one of South Carolina's no?
blest sons, were by him so translated Into ac?
tion that the "Gamecock State" will cease to
grow a bale of sea Island cotton or a pound of
rice before the names of Major-General Stephen
Elliott and of Fort Sumter will be dissociated
from each other, whenever the story ol' thu
great rebellion is told. Jt was upon an
angle of this fort that one of the sons ol' a
bluer enemy to England-the Irish irreconcila?
ble. John Mitchel-was killed by a mortar
shell. It was the fort which first demonstrated
the Inability of Federal monitors to cope with
the shot ol' seven-inch rifled guns, lt was the
fort which, in more forcible language than any
ol its American sisters, proclaimed that the
day of defensive castles made of brick and
stone has departed forever. The Fort Sumter
of the future will doubtless represent ?he tri?
umph ol earth and sand riveted with iron as
the choicest and most approved materials for
defensive fortifications, American ingenuity
may not improbably discover some improve?
ment or imitation of the Moncrieff carriage,
which will be employed within the enceinte of
the new work. But, so long as the stars and
stripes shall flutter languidly m the sultry sum?
mer breeze of South Carolina, there will not
be wauling voices to tell how upon that spot
commenced the great transatlantic civil war,
just as la former years Americans pointed to
Concord and Lexington as the spots where, in
the Revolutionary war, English blood was first
shed. _ _ _
Hotel Arrivals-Jal jr 2 and 3.
J. A. Yate3, Soutli Carolina; J. Lynch, Au?
gusta; T. R. Greig, Columbia; R. Roll, Augus?
ta; J. D. Horsey, wife' and child, steamer Fal?
con; F. Alts, Florence; H. M. Stewart and son,
Beaufort; B. D. Jenkins, Richmond; E. W.
Hull, Augusta; V7. M. Wallace, Marysville; J.
H. Dorham, Morry; J. R. Cochran, Anderson;
J. A. Bolder, Geo H Kernaghan, H. Hicks, W.
Hopkins, Augusta; W. L. Dawson, Summer?
ville; R. Waithour, Savannah; S.. Knapp, P, A.
Bond, New Orleans; J. M. Williams, Savannah;
W. H. Glldersleeve, Jno. A. Maze, Phosphate
E. M. C. Clarkson, Richland; W. M. Long,
St. Stephen's; G. W. Evans, Baltimore; G. W.
Windle, Lamb's Place; C. W. Forbes, Port
Royal Railroad; F. W, Beers, Florida; Ben. G.
Butler, Florence; E. C, McCarthy, J. W. Ham?
let and wife, Augusta; B. Greig, St Stephen's;
H. H. Armgarott, Gonrdln's -Depot; J. W.
Walker, Baltimore; S. Keho, D. McAuliffe, Sa?
vannah; J. M. Humbert, John's Island; H.T.
Peters, South Carolina.
?) cal iii anlr ft cerca hon.
I LL I AM S TO N SPRINGS.
Thelargeand commodious Hotel at this delight?
ful watering-place has been thoroughly repaired,
and fitted up with new Furniture, under the super?
intendence of JOHN A.' MA?S, and will be opened
on the 20th July, for the accommodation of visit?
ors. No pams or expense will be spared In pro?
viding for the comfort and enjoyment of guests.
With the advantage of a superior Hotel in a
healthy and beautiful country, added to the cura?
tive properties of the water, and the pleasant?
ness of this delightful village, we believe that the
invalid or pleasure-seeker can find no place of the
kind hereabouts where the time will be spent
more profitably or agreeably.
The rooms are large and airy, and are so ar?
ranged as to furnish many conveniences, es?
pecially to families who do not wish to be sep
Tne table will be always furnished with the
best the country and cities can afford, and. m
their culinary department, they would say that
they have secured the services of those who can?
not fail to please even the most fastidious.
Complete facilities are likewise afforded for
amusement; In a word, the proprietor flatters
himself that he has left nothing undone that
might afford pleasure and comfoit to his guests.
A few good horses and boggles will be found
constantly on hand for the accommodation of
RATES OP BO ARO:
Per Day.S 2 60
Per Week. 12 co
Per Month. 35 CO
Special arrangements will be made with Fami?
lies at a lower rate than the above.
jnly4-lmo_JOHN A. MAYS.
"YyHERE TO SPEND THE SUMMER.
SPARTANBURO COUNTY, S. C.,
w. D. FOWLER, PROPRIETOR.
This delightful WATERING PLACE, unsurpassed
by any In the Sonth, ls now open for the recep
tlon of Invalids and pleasure-seekers for the sum?
mer. The Billiard and Bowling Saloon, both for
Ladles and Gentlemen, will be found In complete
order. Rooms newly and comfortably furnished,
and the tables supplied with the best the market
Stages direct from Spart an burg to Hotel same
day. Charges-$35 per month. Jnn20-imo
I P P M A N . S
GREAT GERMAN BITTERS!
THE POREST MEDICATED CORDIAL *
T.H E AGE|
LIPPMAN'S GREAT GERMAN BITTERS ls pre?
pared from the original German receipt now in
the possession of the proprietors, and ls the same
preparation that was nsed In Germany upwards
of a century ago; and to-day it is the household
remedy of Germany, recommended by Its most
GREAT GERMAN BITTERS
ls composed of the purest alcoholic essence of
Germany's favorite beverage, Impregnated with
the Juices aud extracts of rare herbs, roots and
barks; all of which combined make it one of the
best and surest preparations for the enre of
Dyspepsia, Loss of Tone In the Stomach
and Digestive Organs,
AS A PRE VE STIVE FOR CHILLS AND FEVER,
AND MALARIOUS DISEASES GENERALLY.
Will lind LIPPMAN'S GREAT GERMAN BITTERS
the best tonic known for the diseases to which
they are generally subject, and "where a gentle
stimulant is recommended.
MATHEW'S BLUFF, S. C., June 2,18T0.
MESSRS. LITPMAN A BRO.:
Inclosed please find money for one case of your
German Bitters. Persons who have bought them
from me express having been greatly benefited
by their use. Yours, Ac,
C. R. FITTS.
ORAN G E B L* KG , S. C., June 4, 1870.
MESSRS. LIPPMAN A BRO.:
Inclosed find $50; send us more of your Bitters;
they are taking well.
Yours, Ac. F. H. W. BRIGGMAN A- CO.
Depots In Charleston, S. 0.:
W. G. TROTT. ED. S. BURN BAM,
A. W. ECKEL A CO., G. J. LU UN, ?
W. A. SKR4NE,
BOWIE, MOISE k DAVIS, Druggists,
CLACIUS A WITTE,
STEFFENS, WERNER A DUCKER, and
HENRY BISCHOFF A CO.
The Ship ALICE M. MINOTT has large
engagement and will receive dispatch ror
[ the above pert.
For balance of freight room apply to
july4-mwf3 STREET BROTHERS A CO.
J! O R PHILADELPHIA
THE REGULAR STEAM LINS-WEEKLY.
The Screw Steamchip PROMETHEUS, ,Tfjh
Gray, Commander, will saU for Phlla-SSJUK
delphla direct, on FRIDAY, Joly 8th, at 12 o'clock:
noon, from Brown's South Wharf.
MW Insurance by the steamers of thia Line x
For Freight engagements, or Passage (cabin
$15,) apply to
WM. A COURTENAY, Agent,
Joly4-3_No. 1 Union Wharves.
?jpOR NEW YORK-ON WEDNESDAY.
The fast screw Steamship ASHLAND, ^f-jBfc.
Crowell, Commander, will saU ror NewjSMjHK
York on WEDNESDAY, July 6th, at 1 o'clock P. M.,
from PIER NO. 2, UNION WHARVES, TAKING
The ASHLAND will connect with the Liverpool
Steamship NEVADA, of Messrs. WILLIAMS k
G?ION'8 LIKE, sailing July 13.
Insurance by the Steamships of this Une % per
The Steamship CATHARINE, Whiting, Com?
mander will sail on the following WEDNESDAY,
July 13, at 6 o'clock P. M.
For Freight engagements only, apply to WAG?
NER, HUGER A co., No. 2(1 Broad street, or to
WM. A. COURTENAY, No. 1 Union Wharves.
yo R FLORIDA,
(ONCE A WEEK,)
VIA SAVANNAH, FERNANDINA JACKSON?
VILLE, PILATKA AND ALL POINTS ON
ST. JOHN'S RIVER.
The Steamer DICTATOR will sail
on and after the 5th July for above._
places every TUESDAY EVENING, at 8 O'OOCK.
Fare from Charleston to Savannah, including
meals and berth, $3._Jnlyl
T7ESSELS SUPPLIED WITH CABIN AND
V MESS STORES ON SHORT NOTICE.
Captains and stewards are respect?
fully invited to call and examine the;_
quality and prices of our GOODS. Full we
guaranteed. Delivered free of expense.
WM. S. CORWIN k GO.,
No. 276 King street, opposite Hasel,
Charleston, & G.
MW Branch of No. 900 Broadway, New York.
~pOR SAVANNAH, BEAUFORT AND
PACIFIC LANDING, EDISTO AND
Steamer PILOT BOY, Captain C. " -JT""?w.
C. waite, wm sall for tne above???&?SS?
places as follows:
TUESDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, for Ed ls to,
Rockville, Paclflc Landing and Beaufort.
THURSDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock, for Pacific
Landing, Beaufort and Savannah.
Freight to Ed lb to reduced 50 per cent.
J. D. AIKEN k CO.,
Junl7 South Atlantic Wharf.
J?OR GEORGETOWN, S. 0.
The Steamer EMILIE, Captain P.
C. Lewis, will receive Freight SATUR-,_
DAY, the 2d instant, at South Commercial
and leave as above on TUESDAY MORNING, July
5, at 6 o'clock. Returning, wiU leave Georgetown
on WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, July 6, at 6 o'clock.
SHACKELFORD k KELLY, Agents.
july2-2 No. 1 Boyce's Wharf.
-pOURTH OF JULY S CE
MOUNT PLEASANT AND SULLIVAN'S ISLAND
The following Schedule will be .ob?
served THIS DAY only :
Leave City at 6X rand 10 A. M.; 1, 3, 6 and 8
Leave Mount Pleasant at 7X and lix A. M.;
IX. 6X1 7X, and 10 P. M.
Leave City at OX and 10 A. M.; 3 and 6 P. M.
Leave Sullivan's Island at 7X and lix A. M.;
5 and 7 P. M.
July4-1* J. H. MURRAY, Agent.
(Eh, ina, Crockers, &t.
TI7M. G. WHILDEN A CO.
HAVE REMOVED THEIR
WHOLESALE CROCKERY, CHINA
FROM No. 137 MEETING STREET TO No. 2?
Extending through to No. 62 MARKET STREET,
entrance on both streets.
Mr. W. S. LANNEAU will have the WHOLE?
SALE DEPARTMENT especially under his charge,
and Mr. STEPHEN THOMAS, Jr., will be found at
the RETAIL STORE, No. 255 KING STREET, cor?
ner Beaufain, and will manage that branch.
Our customers and friends will And a complete
ASSORTMENT OF?GOODS at both Stores at REA?
Wi. G. WHILDEN. .8. THOMAS, JR.. W. S. LANNEAU.
CROCKERY, CHINA AND GLASSWARE
WHOLESALE OR RETAIL,
NO. 29 HAYNE STREET,
No. 62 MARKET STREET.
SILVER AND PLATED WABE
CUT AND PRESSED GLASS
CROCKERY AND CHINA
NO. 255 KING STREET,
For sale by
WILLIAM G. WHILDEN & CO.
J S. E. BENNETT,
* REAL ESTATE AGENT
DEALER IN EXCHANGE, GOLD, SILVER, BONDS,
Office (at the Old Stand) No. 40 Broad Street,
Charleston, S. C.
N. B.-Ordere from the country respectfully so?
licited, aprl fmw8moBD*c
HANNON & LINING,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, 4c,
CAMDEN, S. O.
WK. M. SHANNON.ARTHUR P. Lnniw