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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE SPECK OF WAR.
PRINCE LEOPOLD'8 ACCEPTANCE
OT TJBLB SPANISH THRONE.
Threatening Attitude and Preparations
of France-She will Permit no GeMaan
Prince to Occupy the Throne of Chnrlcs
.; a 3 -.V* y--" H ?4>.%.7 1
A SSABP NOTE TO PRUSSIA.
EXPLANATIONS OF PRIM ASD THE
REPOSTED ALLIANCE RET WEES FRANCE AND
?ann need Kxpwlelewr or-the33p?nlsh Min?
ister from Pncls.
....?:. -.7 'vV.^.l ? .:. ??ri '?,'
THC EFFECT <?N THfi MARKETS, ,
AC,; Ac., Ac.
. InvIewofthevastlntereBts IQ vol ved in the
pending 'ivar crisis In Europe, our readers, we
are sure, will thank us fer laying before them,
the foll and inte resting cable news bearing en ;
the subject, which we 'tad in th? latest North?
ern papers, as well es the , telegrams which
have reached us . direct.
' An Exciting Debate In the Freadh
Chambers-Protests Against War.
RURS, Wednesday Evening, Joly's.
There was an ?xcJ?ng &cena In the Corps
L?gislatif tooday after the declaration made hy
the Mink ter of Foreign Aflalre'that the French
Government would persist in Its policy'of-neu?
trality, -but under mo pretext would it permit a
German power-to,place one of its princes on
the throne of Oharies the Filth.
. ? Deputy Picard demanded further informa?
tion for-the Chambers. It was the first duty of
the depudeeootto allow France to be engaged
in a war without ibo assent' of her representa?
tives. .' 1
M. Oemieu-T1 supported the demand, and ad?
ded that war now means wai with Europe. He
protested'that he and his friends deo med
peace imperative unless their own and the dlg
ni ty-of France required war.
If, Oil ?vier, la reply, said that the declara
tlon.of the Duke de Grammont left no doubt
thsittie .government ardently desired peace;
and die ft It ?me that that declaration would
secure peace. The Chamber mnstiknow that
the -govern ment sought to attain tts object'in a
straightforward manner. Ii lt wanted war lt'
would say so. It , would not engage France
without consultinsr the Cham be ra The latter
should d-?cide. If they had no eonfldemce In
theCahinet?fiJ mnst throw lt aside, and cpn
fde."the, D^teres^-.p^lfte country, in ptl?rs,
.deemed more-worthy of taking careof them.
. i)epnty-8t.'.aflalre asked by what right Gen
eraLPrin: Dfftrvd the crown to tho * Prince of
?floheajalhirii.. ? ? w >- M
M. OllMsr-atid'" he'could not answer the'
question of the deputy, as he wa&aot yet in
Ibsmed of the details of the negotiations.
J Some dei>utie?.eiiWmed that then the Mln
ister -of Foreign Afralra.bad been Imprudent In
making tis declaration^
MAAra<r> Wished" to speak; bat the president
doclared;?edei)a>e..'Olosed. M. Atego replied
thac the. ipyerament mo\st be af raider discus?
sion. Hii accas?d it.of having raatle a Hoho>
- .zollern king anti then declaring war.
The prt?s?d?ttl demanded ordered endea
rvbred to brlng.-up. the budget as the question
for. debate: Bsrthe- deputies re plied with
:patriotic'??wOTftb?e'hta?' The Chamber was too
-excited to dlsca^ th^fmances, and the sitting
waVd^3s?ivedl ' ""* " '" . '.
Rumored AlUcnces of the Great Powers
' -The D?iBiteU forthf Rhlnc Vrontkr
-: . ; ida- - >( ." "
-Fernen, Pathncc ?bout JCxhaoated.
PARIS, Thursday, Joly 7-Evening.
* It is eald that ?cores of 'telegrams passed
^between Prim and Bismarck before the in
.trigue.wo selseaiftcred by the French . Minister
at Ber,lkL ' '
- It-ls.oo:; believed that France would agree
io a con?? r jrroe of the great. powers -on the
question, as she desires to settle directly with.
Prussia aiid Spain.--Austria so far maintains
a strict - neutrality en the question, though re- '
ports axe current that au alliance has been.
i ton?ed-between France and Austria,
The rumor that Prim-had abandoned the
candi-lata re of the Prince Hohenzollern, in
-view Df tte threatening opposition of France,
' is -not conflrmed. Prim wishes to have the de?
cision of the Cortee on the question, and in
. slsts that &e project is. not hostile to Fiance.
The Libert? to-day demands that Prussia be'
forcee, by. a^EaropeaaCongress, or by war, to
givelmirantfees which-w?l bind her not to in?
ter fiara lix the affairs of bother nations. It siso
calls cn France to get possession of the Shea
lah. Srontlprsolther by diplomacy or war.
; The Oaiirois published a. second edition -to
retract itareport that Prim had given, way.
Tbe.CkvfdcteB?toiea that he still maintains the
Wn&ia?urkq?tiiePrinces Hohenzollern, lui
that- ti?e Spanis? Minister here has telegraphed
to Madrid Chat the project must be abandoned,
or there will be-svar. -
The .Constitute cn ne!, a sezal-officlal Journal, j
in its issue of this morning, contains a parri- '
otic article; earnestly upholding the dignity of
France, and denouncing the attempts to de?
grade her honor.
The Constltutlcnnel enthusiastically ap?
plauds the Duke de Grammont"? speech in the
Chambers, lost night, for its dignified and firm
It declares, that the address truly expresses
the anani meus sense of the French people,
and ls a dignified reply to intrigue, insult and
The article continues: "Ia this matter,
Prussia seems to have labored under the
imagination -thai'-the patience of France was
tverlasting, and incapable of - exhaustion."
Prim, by his ambitious, intriguing course,
hoped to play with France as with a puppet.
The Constitutionnel learns from a reliable
correspondent that the majority of the emi?
nent Spanish Liberals disavow any connection
whatever with Prim's manoeuvres.
The Constitutionnel hopes and believes that
the dlf 3cui ty will be solved and order restored
through tile spontaneous rejection by th? Span
ii m people of Prince Leopold's nomination.
An Evasive Reply .Crom Prassln-The
Czar Asked to Join In.
A-no te is said to have been-Teoelved here
from Prussia, the substance of which is as
follows: The Pr lr ce bf Hohenzollern ' is not &
member ot the royal family; Prussia, did notfr
jjgg to procure tb?-offer of tho Spanish crown
for him; the consent of the King of Prnssi
Its acceptance will be given definitely only ?
the vote of the Cortes; and, lt the latter sh<
elect a Hohenzollern, Prussia will support 1
Dispatches have been sent to St Petersl
to obtain the advice of Russia on the cand
ture of the Prince of Hohenzollern.
An important dispatch was sent by the 1
ister of Foreign Affairs to Regent 8erranc
A rumor prevails tbat Spain concluded, ;
terday. anew treaty alliance with Prussia
The Frenen Senate propose to increase
military contingent from 90,000 to 100,000
The report is ?current to-night that Se
Olozaga, the Spanish Minister, will receive
pasports4f the reply of Spain to the Pre
dispatch sent to Madrid to-day is not favora
John Boll ?s a Special Policeman-1
Tone of the Press*
LONDON, Thursday, July
The.tone of the English press to-day,
dealing with the question, ls conciliatory.
The Times article denies that England fat
the pretensions of Prince Leopold of Hoi
lt denounces the action of Prim, and ho
th at the good sense of Prussia and Prince I
poid will Induce a withdrawal of the latt
The Standard does net anticipate that a
will ensue between France and Prussia,
; cause the attitude of France will prove si
i ciently imposing, to compel the recall of
name of Leopold.
The Telegraph believes that war will <
tainly ensue if Prussia maintains h er stand i
refuses to yield to the demands of France.
Silence oft he Prussian Press.
BERLIN, Thursday, July '
All the semi-official Journals here are all
on the Spanish embroglio, with the except
of the North German Gazette. This paper p
lesses to have learned for the first time, fr
the declaration of the Duke. , de Gramme
that any Prince ot the House of. Hohenzell
had accepted General Prim's offer of the Sp?
tsh Crown; and it fails to understand the t
about war indulged in by M. OUivieryestert
in the French Chamber.
The Tone of the Spanish Papers-1
Spanish Decision to 'be. Sent to (
MADRID, Thursday, July 1
The Tiempo ?nd Epoca:(which support I
Alfonso) and other Journals Join in the out
against a Prussian alliance. The partisans
General Prim press it as a last resort for Sps
' lt is reported on good .authority that
Spanish Government has resolved to corni
r?cate officially to the foreign powers its
cisi?n with regard to the candidature for i
The hopes of the Cachets on the Span
frontier are reviving In consequence of :
com pli cation a-ef the PruEBlan intrigue.
The Oflie I al Announcement-Indlgn
tton in Madrid.
MADRID, Thursday, July 7-Midnight
The Spanish Government to-day forma
announced to the European powers the can
dature ol Prince Leopold, of Hohenzolier
and his acceptance. of the nomination to t
throne ot Spain.
The Spanish press are unanimous in thi
denunciation Of French -interference with t
affairs ?f Spain.
The Ambassadors In Connell-Actli
Preparations for War-flaw Leopo
Became the Candidate-Wrath y Ta
pf the Spanish Papers.
.PARIS, Friday, July S.
.The Constitutionnel. Imperial organ, a
nounee* to-day that Senor Olozaga, Spanl
Minister, has received instructions lrom Spa
to give official notice to the French G o ver
ment of the candidature of Prince Leopold;
Hohenzollern. The Constitutionnel adds th
when France becomes convinced of the pt
sistence of. Spain in this matter, she will t<
m?nate diplomat!} relations with her.
In the Senate interpellations have been sc
milted on the Hohenzollern affair, and tl
15th been fixed as the day for their disoussio
Nothing definite has been heard to-day frc
Prussia. .Olozaga, the Spanish Ambassade
goes Io Madrid .to-night to endeavor to mal
arrangement!) which will satisfy all parties.
The Ambassadors of England, Austria ai
Italy bad a conference to-day with the Dui
de Granamon!. They seem to be favorable
Franee. The Russian minister was recelv<
to-day by Gmmmont. The Emperor held
conference this morning with the Ministers
War. the Navy and Justice.
VMilitary m<asures are already montlonei
Two corps d' ir mee are to be made ready f?
immediate movement. Marshal Bazlne w
command ono; General Cobran the other. Ma
shal McMahon will have.au army, and Gener
Leboeoi be entrusted with an Important con
mand, while Count Pallkas will take com mar
of the troopn which are to operate again
Spain. Activa .preparations are going on t
One of .the nany reporta in circulation aboi
Prince Leopold says be refused Prim's offer <
the crown twice, but his sister, the Duchess <
Flanders, induced him finally to accept it v
is feared, if this is proved true, Belgium wi
be drawn lord the conflict. A report hs
reached here from Sadr?a chat the Duke ?
Montpensler has ordered his adherents not t
oppose the Prince of Hohenzollern.
The press of Madrid ls divided on tbe quee
tlon of Princ? Leopold's candidacy for th
The Epoca opposes hi? elevation, but at th
?ame time complains of France because sh
acts as if the Cortes was In no way engagei
to take care of tte dignify and interests c
The Pueblo warns the country that the can
dldacy may serve as a pretext for war betweei
France and Prussia, in which event .Spain wli
be the victim.
The Iberia fully approves General Prim's
The Correspondencia announces, by au
thority, that tile Cortes wiU meet on the 20tt
. of tbe present month. . ?
. The Tiempo gives notice that a demonstra
tion will be mide on Sunday against all foreigr
candidates for the Crown.
' Austritt will uot Participate.
VIENNA, Friday, July 8.
The official journals contradict all reports o.
interference by Austria in thc pending diffi?
culty between France, Prussia and Spain, and
they declare that Austria will not, under anj
.circumstances, participate in the controversy.
The Attitude of Prussia-A Reaction in
LONDOK, Friday, July 8.
There was much informal comment in the
House of Commons to-night on the delay ol
Prussia in responding definitely to the note of
France. .The opinion was frequently expressed
that this indicated a spirit of mischief, if not a
more dangerous purpose on the part ol
The'exc'temeut here has been intense over
the condition of affairs on the Continent, bot
there is a reaction of sentiment to-day In con?
s?quence of a conviction which bas sprung up
that war will be avoided. The panic and the
reaction are probably equally unreasonable.
A Financial Criais in Paris-Return of
the Troops from Algeria-The Hum of
PARIS Saturday, July 9.
Paris is considerably excited to-day by ru?
mors that Prussia is actively moving ber anny
in ail the Baltic ports. The corps d'armee now
operating against the rebels ii Algeria, under
General Wimpfen, has been recalled.
The Gazette de France says : " The Duke de
Grammont's declaration in the Corps L?gislatif
recently, is equivalent to the French ultima?
tum. The present situation is the result of
? The Journal des Debate, of Parla, says the
policy of the French Government on the Span?
ish question threatens to make all Spaniards
unite on the Prince of Hohenzollern.
Prime Minister Ollivier yesterday assured
the French Senate that the offer of tbe crown
to a Prussian was the -'act of General Prim,
and was not binding on the Spanish Govern?
The French Minister of War bas Issued an
order to ali generals commanding, requiring
them to report to the War Office immediately
the condition of troops, arsenals, ammuniton,
Ac., in their respective departments.
France has received reassuring dispatches
from most of the great powers. Two French
corps d'armee are ready for movement Naval
preparations are active.
The Bourse is very much excited and rentes
are declining; last sales at 69f. 50c, or 75c. be?
low opening, and ?7c. lower than any figures
made during the crisis here, and the lowest
point for many years.
Activity at the French Ports-The Na.
tiona! Guard and Guard Mobile on a
PARIS, Saturday, July 9.
There ls great acti vity at Toulon and other
French ports on the Mediterranean, and a
large number of transports are being fitted
out to bring home the entire French army
now in Algeria.
Circulars have been issued recalling to their
commands all officers and soldiers absent on
Large quantities of powder and war stores
of all kinds are being conveyed to strongholds
on tho eastern frontier.
The government authorities of France have
in their possession plans of all forts, roads,
canals and other public works in Prussia.
The government has taken measures to put
the Guarde Nationale and the Guarde Mobile
on a war footing. Agents of the French Gov?
ernment are now in Hungary purchasing
horses and hay for cavalry service.
The Bourse is still excited, but closes at three
P. H. a shade firmer. Rentes cor. 62c.
Tbe Answer of Prussia-Prance is not
Satisfied, and will not Give Way-Her
PARIS, Saturday, July 9-6 P. M.
There seems to be no doubt that the gov?
ernment ls in receipt of the long expected
answer from the Prussian Government on the
subject of the Spanish throne difficulty.' it is
intimated in well informed circles that in
answer Prussia makes the following points :
First Disclaiming all participation in the can?
didature of the Prince of Hohenzollern. Se?
cond. That Prince Hohenzollern is not even a
relation of the Boyal family of Prussia. Third.
That General Prim negotiated with the Prince
of Hohenzollern, and he must be responsible,
It is almost certain that this answer is not
satisfactory to France, and that the Duke of
Grammont has forwarded another dispatch to
At a diplomatic meeting in Paris, De Gram?
mont said France bad determined not to de?
part from the line of conduct traced at first
The Moniteur, Ministerial Journal, says the
abandonment of tho Hohenzollern project is
not enough now. France wants a full fulfil?
ment of the treaty of Prague.
Tbs Epoca, of Madrid, says the dignity of
Spain is still safe. The Cabinet alone is re?
Uneasiness in the English Markets
Austria Patting on the Gloves-A Par?
LONDON, Saturday, July u.
The question at Issue between France and
Prussia relative to the Spanish Crown creates
some uneasiness ia thc English markets, both
here and. in Liverpool. Breads tu (Ts and cotton
arc uncertain In tone and prices irregular, al?
together due to a possible continental war.
The same influence is operating at Manchester.
In the market, for cotton goods and yarns gen?
eral excitement does not seem to have abated.
The threatened rupture still forms a topic
for new-paper commentand ordinary conver?
sation among the people throughout Europe,
while the .better opinion ?Mema to be that war
will be at last avoided.
Dispatchesrieceived from some quarters of
the movements of troops, strengthening of
garrisons and departure of fleets are well cal?
culated to excite the gravest apprehensions.
To-day the Austrian Government is preparing
to form a pecmanent camp near the Prussian
frontier. She hos had this plan In contempla?
tion for along time.
Prussia Peela Comfortable, but Sends
Her Generals to Quarters.
BERLIN, Saturday, July 9.
Baron Werther, Minister from Prussia to
France, is not recalled. In official circles here
thc situation is thought free .from', danger.
Bismarck is unimplicated in the Hohenzollern
affair. Napoleon's Attempt to heid him re?
sponsible is regarded as a pretext.
General officers of the Prussian army are
ordered io rejoin their corps.
italy Sustains Fran/e,
FLORENCE, Satur?oy,.July 9.
The press of Italy, official and national,
back France in the cuesti?n af issue with
Austria as a Mediator.
VIENNA, July 9.
The Presse, semi-official organ, has an edi?
torial imploring Spain to reflect before precipi?
Apstrian Journals say Austria will not inter?
fere In the Franco-Prussian complications.
Reactionary Movements In Spain
MADRID, Saturday, July 9.
Montpeneler opposes Hohenzollern.
A demonstration will be made in Madrid, on
Sunday, against all foreign candidates.
The Very Latest.
PARIS, Sunday, July 10,1 P. M.
Up to this hour there have been no new
-There are seventeen Paris correspondents
la Madrid, nine German correspondents, seven
English correspondents, and ten American
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, July 9
The Senate discussed the Chinese. Sumner
and Howard advocated their rights. The Pa?
cific senators urged a law forbidding their
Howard, Hamilton and Thurman are. the
committee on the part of the Senate on the
During a debate on Mrs. lincoln's pension,
Yates Impeached Mrs. Lincoln's loyalty. '
The army appropriation bill passed in session
The Senate confirmed John D. Pope attor?
ney for the District of Georgia, vice Aker
man; G. P. Peck, collector of internal revenue
of tbe Second North Carolina District; W. B.
Bichar?s, collector third North Carolina Dis?
trict; N. P. Trist, postmaster at Alexandria,
Va.; A. P. Treach, postmaster at Demo polis,
Ala.: L. P. Gambia, postmaster at San Anto?
nio, Texas, and Commodores Selfridge,
Schenck. Melancton Smith and^Boggs, to be
The naturalization treaty with England has
been ratified. ?
Senator Norton, of Minnesota, is hopelessly
The Senate Commerce Committee will
report favorably on the New York nomina?
In the House, the tax bill, as amended by
the Senate, was concurred in as regards in?
come. Allowing metallic tobacco packages; al?
lowing articles transported from ports of entry
to other points In bond; reducing duty on steel
rails; and non-concurred In the amendments
regarding oranges, lemons, prunes and other
tropical fruits; also, the amendment regarding
sugars; also spices, wines and brandies; also,
taxing cotton bagging. Tbe bill goes to the
committee of conference..
In the legislative appropriation bill a provi?
sion has been inserted prohibiting the Court of
Claims from entertaining suits brought against
the government by residents of the Southern
States, even though they can plead a restora?
tion to ah civil rights by amnesty of pardon.
They muet show affirmatively that they were
always loyal, or they must go to Congress for
Thc Proclamation of the Dogma-Pro*
posed Ceremonials-Processions, Salvos
of Cannon and Peals ot Bells.
BOMB, July 8.
The dogma of Infallibility will be proclaimed
on the 17th inst Preparations are being made
fora magnificent celebration of the event.
I The ceremonials attending the publication of
the dogma will be held In the Church ol Leo
the Fourth. The Pope will occupy the veri?
table chair ol St. Peter. The Cardinals, Arch?
bishops and Bishops will attend In full canoni?
cals, and the various religious orders will go
to church In procession.
The conclusion of the religious ceremonies
will be heralded to thc populace with salvos of
cannon and peals of belle. - ry
jj i PAMS, July Bf
Correspondence from Borne, dated 5th, rep?
resents that the orators on both Bides of the in?
fallibility question, in the (Ecumenical Coun?
cil, having renounced- their intention of speak?
ing, on tbe condition that tbe manuscript of
their speeches be submitted to the Deputation
on Faith. It is probable that the schema will be
- voted on-before the 15th. On Tuesday chapter
ni was adopted, and the vote on the last
chapter-that which deals exclusively with the
dogma of infallibility-will Boon follow.. The
partisans of the dogma believe the original
formula will be maintained by tbe Council, and
will be promulgated on the 17th Instant by the
Pope, with extraordinary solemnity and re?
LONDON, July 8.
According to late advices received here from
Borne, the sittings of the Council have been
suspended for some days, pending the prepar?
ation of amendments to the chapter on Infalli?
bility. Several American prelates have pro?
tested against the abrupt close of the discus?
sion of chapter ISL
RICHMOND, Joly 9.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Railroad to-day
purchased from the State the Blue Ridge tun?
nel on that road, paying the State six hundred
thousand dollars In State bonds.
The Conservative members of the Legisla?
ture, in caucus, this evening, appointed a
State Central Committee, and chose Raleigh
T. Daniel, of Richmond, as chairman. Some
opposition was made lo Mr. Daniel on account
of hie supposed ultra-Democratic views.
Among the members of the committee are
Colonel Albert Ordway, ex-Federal colonel,
Hon. John B. Baldwin, of Augusta, and Hon.
JameB Neeson, of Bichmond. The Legisla?
ture will adjourn on Monday to October I.
RALEIGH, July 9.
Governor Holden has declared Casswell
'County in a state of Insurrection. His pro cla
mation, published this morning, sets forth no
reason for BO doing. No outrages have been
?reported, that thc public knows, since the
death of Stevens, two months since.
.CROPS ON EBUSTO ISLAND.
[FKOil OUR OW.V C0RRB3POK0ENT. ]
EDISTO ISLAND, July 8.
AB you may like to hear about the present
condition of the crops, I will state what I can
ascertain regarding them. The long cotton
crop of this Island looks very well to a casual
observer, but the constant rains and cloudy
weather hos made the plants run up much to
weed, and the growth is rank. Wo have had
entirely too much rain. What we want at this
season is dry weather and "hot suns. There
have been reports ol' caterpillar;} in Florida, so
I was told, and near Charleston, but I have
not seen any bere yet-, but this igjust the kind
of weather to produee them, and, if they
come, they will do great injury among the ten?
der rank growth of tte cotton. Last year
they were not discovered before about the
25th of July. There is not near eo much sea
island cotton planted this year as last I have
planted only about half as much, and the aver?
age of these parts will be about two-thirds as
much. Corn is growing splendidly, and I
never saw any finer on this Island, at this'sea?
son. W. J. li.
-A New York letter of Thursday says : .''It
ls rumored In certain manufacturing circles
that a number of our manufacturers have Just
made a contract for the importation of one
thousand Chinese, and will Introduce them in
this city in a few month?. Efforts are made to
keep the affair quiet, and no one was to know
anything about it; but tbe affair bas leaked
THE GOOD WORK.
HOW THE FEE88 TA LKS.
THE SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLT1.
Thc Evils of Discord.
[From tue Lancaster Ledger.]
With but two or three dissenting voices the
the Conservative press or the State endorse
the action or the Reform Convention, and
pledge their support to its candidates. It isa
matter for regret that these few dissenting ones
have taken the stand they have, thereby
throwing obstacles in the way, and jeopar?
dizing the success .of the movement. And In
fact, Tn a great measure, by their uncalled for
and injudicious opposition, encouraging the
Radical party. Of course, these Journals have
a right to think as they please; but at this
Juncture, of affairs, when the Issue is between
honesty and dishonesty, the State needs the
assistance and the hearty co-operation of
every citizen who opposes Radicalism and cor?
[From the Lancaster Ledger.]
We do not believe in the: "do nothing"
policy advocated by two or three of the Demo?
cratic papers. We think that it ls not only a
duty we owe to the State, but to the weirare
of posterity, that we put forth every exertion;
that we strain every muscle; that we know no
sleep, until the banner of the Reform party
shall wave from the citadel of the enemy.
Can we Win f
[From the Orangeburg News.]
The chances in the present campaign are.at
present doubtful for the success of the Union
Reform party. We say doitbtml expressly to
startle our people into an energy of action.
With this we may win. Energy of purpose, a
complete batial of prejudice, a putting
away of sickly sentimental. reluctance to put
ourselves entirely in a posltlou to reach the
colored man. Heaven has appointed the
means. If,we use lt He will secure the result
TUB CHARLESTON NEWS urges organization in
every county. Reform clubs must be started
In every, township. We urge this matter upon
Which le Right ?
[From the Colombia Phoenix.]
The Rev. Jonas Byrd is a colored man, long
a resident of Charleston. He claims to be true
to his race, and Is represented as a God-fearing
man. He advocates reform and harmony
with the native whites of Sooth Carolina, W.
Beverly Nash ls also a colored man, boru and
reared in South Carolina. He has taken his
part against the native whites of the State,
and preaches to his people the doctrine of dis?
trust. If not of hate for the whites. He wants
no reform-ls satisfied, doubtless, with that
state of things which has enabled him to
thrive, and to be senator, magistrate and col
nel. But who ls the wiser? Byrd or Nash.
We think time will show that Byrd Is the
wiser and the truer friend to his rac?. But
this ls a matter for the colored man to settle.
He is wise lt he hearkens to the Byrds and
throws the Noshes overboard, or commits
them to the companionship of those fleeting
shadoios called "carpet-baggers."
Thu* Far and no Farther.
[From the Columbia Phoenix.]
The Reform movement now In progress we
deem the second effort for the redemption of
South Carolina-the second effort to restore to
our Stale what has well beeu called "cheerful,
wholesome self-government." In our Judg?
ment, it deserves the united support of all the
citizens of the State in favor of a fair, honest.
Just and economical administration of our pub?
lic affairs. It ls a movement that seeks to sub?
vert no one's rights and privileges. It is a
movement in the direction of the public good
-in the direction ol that good feeling between
the two races in the State which ls promotive ol
tbe prosperity of each. It is a movement thal
seeks to foster that spirit of material develop?
ment which 1B the great need of the State, i But
especially do we hold that it ls significant in an?
other point of view. In the Reform movement,
the whites of South Carolina-we mean the
genuine white people of South Carolina-have
gone as far as they intended to go in the direc?
tion of a conciliatory policy ns respects the
colored people in the State. We have reached
the "Ultima Thule" of concessions. Thus fal
have we cone, and no father shall we go. It ls
well for this to be clearly understood. It le
well lor this point to be pondered overby.all
concerned. Hereafter, lt the lines shall bc
drawn deep and wide between the two peo
pies that inhabit South Carolina, the respon?
sibility will not rest upon the men who, in the
Union Reform programme, have taken a for
ward step, In order, if possible, to bring all
good citizens upon a common platform of goot
and decent government
A Hearty Defence of Jndgc Carpenter.
[From the Barnwell Sentinel.]
The convention, in selecting a standard-bear
er, chose Judge Carpenter, not because h<
was a Republican, but because he had dis
charged the high duties of a Judge with ern!
nent ability, strict impartiality, and perfect
fairness. He knew no suitor in his court, ex
cept as a citizen seeking Justice, and lt wa:
administered without regard to pol?tica
No sooner is Judge Carpenter nominated
than the Radical press and the Radical leaden
discover that he ls a very bad man, that he ha
been engaged in ugly Jobs In Kentucky, an<
since his removal to South Carolina. We asl
these papers and leaders if they did not know
all about Judge Carpenter when they electei
him to the Bench ? In that position he ha
recommended himself to the country by hi
virtuous administration of the high office ti
which these very Radicals elevated him. Is i
to be wondered at, that having thus commende?
himself, the good men of all parties turn t<
him, as a fit man to expose the fraud and cor
ruptlon ol' the bad men who now honor hin
with their abuse. It does not lie in the monti
of Governor Scott, or any other Radical, tosa;
Judge Carpenter ls a corrupt man, because, I
this be true, they knew it when they modi
him a Judge.
The Work of Reform Begins Well ii
The Bennett8ville Journal reports the doing!
of the "Fifteenth Amendment" organization.'
on the ever-glorious Fourth :
Mr. J. F. Green was the first to speak. Hi?
speech was tempered with unusually moderate
language for the occasion. At tbe concluslot
of it. Captain C. P. Townsend, the Union Re?
form candidate for the House, was called oui
by several colored men. Captain Townsend
mounted the stand, and addressed the assem?
bled crowd In an eloquent and impressive man?
ner. His speech was exceedingly conciliator)
throughout, and was listened to with unusual
attention. We learn that his speech was well
received, and made a lasting impression upon
the minds of the enemies of Reform, Infavoi
of a change of government.
At the conclusion of his address, the sheriff,
Joel L. Easterllng, white Radical, took the
stand, and made one ofthe most inflammatory
speeches that we have ever heard. It cau?
tioned the negroes from going Into any meas?
ure tending to the reconciliation ol' the white
and colored rares, and advised them to keep
aloof from all Reform movements. In the
course of his speech, thc sheriff said that, "ii
he were a negro woman, and had a husband
or sons who voted the Democratic ticket, he
would cut their throatefrora ear to ear;" thus
instigating the negro by the use of (his and
other like inflammatory language in his
speech, to keep up a spirit of animosity
against the whites.
H. J. Maxwell followed his noble colleague,
and made an incendiary speech about two
hours long. His languoge was bitter against
the white people, and he was unwilling to unite
with them in any Reform movement unless ll
was done according to his own notions. In the
Radical party, viz : by re-electing the ex?
pelled Whitemore and the whole "Scott Ring"
into office again. This is what he calls Reform.
The Journal further says :
Others spoke during the day, but wc noticed
thal the colored people were disposed to har?
monize matters and avoid any movement thal
might tend to disturb the peace and quiet ol
the day. And it may be truly said, to the credit
of thc colored people, that perfect good ordei
prevailed throughout the day, notwithstanding
the inflammatory and incendiary harangue!
that were poured into their ears by some o:
TH ly O S IN CI AH END ON.
Religions Meeting-The Weather ?nd
[PK01I OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
MANNING, S. C., July 7.
Your correspondent hos Just returned from
a trip to Lynchburg, in Sumter County, distant
thirty-five miles from this place. The crops
along the roads between these two points are
generally good, where they belong entirely or
In part to white persons; but those in which
negroes possess the entire Interest look badly,
and need work.
A district meeting of the Methodist Church
for Marion District convened at Lynchburg on
Wednesday, the 29th ult, on which occasion ?
number of ministers representing various
churches within the limits of the district were
in attendance. Bishop Wightman was present
and presided. Conspicuous amone; the minis?
ters we noticed Rev. J. W. Kellv, presiding
elder of the district; Be v. Charles Betts, a ven?
erable and aged servant In the1 vineyard of his
Master; Rev. J. A. Porter, Rev. D. J. McMil?
lan, the efficient and loved pastor, of the
Lynchbunr Church. Besides these, there wer?
some thirteen other able and zealous advo?
cates of Methodism present. . .
The business of the meeting was disposed of
on Saturday last, and on Sunday, after ? pow?
erful sermon by Bishop Wightman, the sacra?
ment of tbe Lord's Supper was administered.
Although the day was Intensely bot, the con?
gregation was sufficiently large to fill the main
floor of tbe church and gallery-the number of
communicants being proportionately large. A
lew of the preachers having remained, the
meeting has been protracted and ls still In pro?
gress.- A number of persons have joined tbe
church and several professed religion.
There seemed to be prospects of a drought In
this (Lynchburg) portion of the country, but
on Sunday night last the rain poured down in
torrents, and a considerable quantity bas since
fallen, and all apprehensions of a drought
have, for' the present, passed away.
The rain on Sunday night was accompanied
by heavy thunder and vivid flashes of light?
ning. Several trees in the vicinity of Lynch?
burg were struck, and one of them rent into a
hundred or more fragments, some of which
were thrown over a hundred yards from the
tree, but no harm resulted therefrom to any
WELL DONE, II OJIE y !
A RATIFICATION MEETING.
The Honest Whites and Honest Colored
Men Join Hands,
At Conwayboro', the county seat of Horry,
there was a celebration of the glorious Fourth.
Mr. J. T. Walsh, one ol the delegates to the
Reform Convention, explained its objects and
result. He was followed by Mr. Beatty, of
the Horry News, who gave theciowd the whole
truth. Tho Horry News says: .
Mr. Augustus Thompson (colored) then rose,
and for nearly one hour held the audience iii
deep and earnest attention. He went back to
the days of slavery; spoke In kindly terms of
bis owners, but rejoiced that be was now a free
man. Referred, in touching terms, to the days
when he left the old home, and gave the true
reason why so many thousands of his race be?
came embittered against their former owners,
viz: That, yielding to the passions and preju
' dices of the period, their masters had driven
them out, houseless, homeless, to starve and
- perish. That his race bad also, in many ways,
yielded to prejudice and passion, but that now
' the day had come when we could see our er
.'. ron, and that he was ready to strike hands in
1 union and fraternity with tbe (white race ol
h ls native State. That he was now determined
; to think and act for himself, and was evei
; ready to support the cause of truth, Justice and
I He was followed by Rev. H. Jones, also col
? ored, (and we will here remark that both ol
. these colored speakers were members of the
. State Convention of 1868.) This speaker be
, gan his remarks by adverting to the test in
?j the case of King Solomon, and the two
, mothers of new-born infants, who dwelt in one
.house, and one of the Infants having died,
* both claimed the living one. He said the true
test was now upon us; he was waiting to see
its results. The true sons of Carolina will be
>" ready to give up any dear object, crush out all
i prejudices, and sacrifice all mere party affini?
ties, rather than the good old snip of State
should be reft asunder, or delivered over to
1 certain destruction.
He nobly acknowledged that the chasm be
- tween the races, once so wide, but now, thank:
i to God, gradually narrowing, was made bj
- both parties, the former master and his slave
- in yielding to the evil instincts of humar
: nature, and he added with striking truth, thal
- the party which possessed the greater lights
s ot education and civilization bad sinned tht
I most. He was tor Union, too, on the grane
principles of Honesty, Truth and Justice, ano
closed his speech with a solemn Invocation o
God's blessing in BUCII a cause.
The following resolutions were then offeree
and unanimously adopted:
Whereas, The citizens of Horry County, oi
every race and color, have become satisfied
that we have been guilty of grievous mistakes
which have kept us asunder, and prevented
united effort for our common good and for thc
general welfare of our native State. Be it
Resolved, That having seen our errors, w<
will bury the past and will hereafter strive to
getber In the cause of honesty and truth.
Resolved, That wc heartily approve ot th<
principles set forth m the platform adopted b;
the Convention at Columbia on 15th June last
and declare that they should be supported b]
every true son of South Carolina.
On the adoption ot these resolutions, tin
meeting adjourned amidst loud applause, am
a hearty striking of hands together on tb?
pledge thus made. Never before, not even ii
the clays of I860, have we seen such eames
feeling and real enthusiasm displayed ata pub
lie meeting of tbe citizens of this county. Maj
none prove faithless to the declaration am
pledge of union for right.
THE COLORED CADET.
His Hardships at West Point..
The following letter from J. W. Smith, th?
! colored cadet at West Point,- to his hom?
folks, at Hartford, Conn., certainly makes oui
pretty hard times for that young pioneer:
WEST POINT, N. Y., June 29, 1870.
Your kind letter should bave been answered
long ere this, but realiy I have been so harass
ed with examination and the insults and ill
treatment of these cadets that I could nol
write or do anything else scarcely. I pass?e
examination ull right, and got in, but mj
oompanlon, Howarel, failed, and was rejectee!,
Since lie went away, I have been lonely in
deed, and now these fellows appear to be try?
ing their utmost to run rae off, and I fear they
will succeed If they continue as they have be
gun. We went into camp yesterday, and not
a moment has passed since then but some one
ot them has been cursing and abusing me. All
night they were around my tent, cursing and
swearing at mc so that I did not sleep two
hours all night.
It ls just the same at the table, and what I get
to eat I must snatch for like ? dog. I don't
wish to resign If I can get along at all; but I
don't think ic will be best for me to stay and
take all the abuses and insults that are heaped
upon me. The examiuation was very hard
this year-harder than ever before-and since
I have been successful in getting in, I will sta j
as long as I possibly can. One of the cadets
refused to drill the squad because I was In lt,
and they reduced him from a corporal to a
private for disobedience of orders, and they
are all mad about that. The one who drills
the squad now is tbe meanest specimen of hu?
manity I ever saw. After marching us ont te
the drill ground this morning, he said to me.
"Stand off one side from the line, you d-d blacli
son of ab-h. You are too near that white
man. I want you to remember you are not on
an equal footing with the white men in youi
class, and what you learn here you will have
to pick up, for 1 won't teach you a d-d thing.'
And thus he kept me standing until the cap
tain came around inspecting, when be pre?
tended that he put me there to teach me a
movement which I had never practiced be
Tore. Ana I ' coma say norning UL un, w i
would bare been locked op for disobedience
of orders or disrespect to "superior off!cern"
Ifit ever happens again I Ehall deny it to his
face and then resign. ? ?-,??
If I complain or their condqct to the com?
mandant TmuBt prove the charges of ndthfng
can be done; and where am I to find' one ffdm
so nany to testily in my behalf ? 'If thlsaftar
noon'e drill is conducted as this morning's was,
you need not be astonished athearfng that I
have resigned. I have borne insult upon In?
sul t until I am completely worn out. I have
written a plenty of bad newsj'andi wish Thad
some good news for yon,'Ddt alas Mt seems'to
be getting worse and worse; .. I- forgot*to tell
yon, that out of ilinety-oae appointees, five
failed physically, forty-seven tailed mentally,
leaving thirty-nine admitted. They had pre?
pared lt to fix the colored candldates,'but'lt
proved most disastrous to the whites: 7 n
tl ..:??> J. W. Bm
. ; --. m II <?.??.?, ? ? . : ? it
. M ATT ESS TIT O-JSOSOIA.
The boll worm has made its appearance In
Bibb County; ill wan ?. ti Mil - u
Rev. Posey N. Maddox, an eminent Baptist
divine, died in Pike County on the 4th Instant,
aged 69 years.
The contract for the building of the Geo;
Infirmary at Savannah, for. the benefit of f
gent colored persona, has been . a*
Adam Short, for the sum of ?10,200. coi ,<.ul
Rev. Dr.. Joseph Cross, . of B?llalo, New
York, has accepted the call of BU Stephen's
Episcopal Church, of Atlanta, as rector of'that
The Columbus Son has complaints- from
planters in the eastern portion of Mnapngeo
County of the ravages of the boll worm ou for?
ward lowland cotton. Even forms before, .they
reach the blooming state have been destroyed
bythis Insect. V: ' ' 1:1
The Dalton Citizen Bays ff the present favor?
able weather continues, farmers anticipate an
abundant corn crop. We have- heard many
reniiark that lithe season iqndnnes go?d Jfce
eeld will be beyond any that has ever been
io wn in Cherokee Georgia,
The Covington, Georgia, Enterprise, says :
OB Sunday last, July 3, Mr. D. M. Smith,.
familiarly called Doc Smith, was shot near
Pitt's old mill, about two miles from Newborn,
Newton County, by Wm. McCart. vMa i Smith '
had, -struck Mrs. McCart, mother of William
McCart, in a difficulty about her children's
absence from their work on his farm, (the
mother and children being in his employ,) a
week before the shooting.' "William .went to
talk to Mr. Smith about tbe affair, cn the ratal .
morning, and found him in his cow pen. Mr.
8. said he did strike'Mrs.' McCerC, and asked'
if he took u? the quarrel. Upon receiving an
affirmative reply. Mr. Smith moved as if to ap?
proach William, who then drew a revolving
pistol and fired, the first ball striking a cow,
and the second wounding Mr. S. in the arm
and breast, causing his death in a few hours.
McCart then fled, and has not yet been ar?
The Al American Tern WM. S. HILLES.
Burgess, Master, Having a large uart or herjHkm
cargo engaged, will sall with dispatch for the
above-named port. For Freight engagements
apply to J. A. ENSLOW A CO.,
jolyn Nb. 141 East Bay.
jp O R PHILADELPHIA;.
THE REGULAR STEAM LINE-WEEKLY..
The Screw Steamship JW. EVE RM AN ^MS?L
Hinckley, Commander, will sal) SMHE
adelphla direct, on FRIDAY, July 16th, ni half-past -
10 o'olocK A. M., from Brown's South Wharf.
83- Insurance by the steamers of thlSLlne'%
per cent. . < . ic'
For Freight engagements, or Passage (cabla
$16,) apply to
WM. A. COURTENAY, A*eat, ,,.
Jnlyii-mtnthf4_No. l Union Wharves.,
-piQR NEW YORK-ON.WEDNESDAY.
The fast screw Steamship "CATHE- M
KINE WHITING," Howes, Commander,;_
will sall for New York: on WBDKXSDAT, Jnly lath,
at 6 o'clock. P. M., from Post No. 2, UNION
The CATHERINE WHITING will- connect-with
this Liverpool Steamship WISCONSIN, of Messrs.
WILLIAMS A GUION'S LINE, sailing July 20.
Insurance by tue Steamships or this line per
cent. , r
The Steamship ASHLAND, CrowelLCommarider,
will sail on the following WEDNESDAY,' Joly 20,
,ate o'clock P. M. . , , . .
For Freight engagements or Passage, having a
limited amount of Cabin accommodations, apply
to WAGNER, HUGER A CO., No. 26 Broad street,
or to WM. A. COURTENAY, No. 1 Union Wharves.
Jjl O R FLORIDA,..
' (ONCE A WEEK,) ' K
VIA SAVANNAH, FERNANDINA^ ; jAfJKSO?
VILLE, PILATKA AND ALL POINTS ON
? ST. JOHN'S RIVER. "
The Steamer DICTATOR will .sall
on and after the 6th July for above. _
places every TUESDAY EVENING, at s O'CLOCK.
Fare from Charleston to Savannah, including
meals and berth. $3. ' ,,. -, jolyl
T7ESSELS SUPPLIED WITH CABIN AND
V MESS STORES ON SHORT NOTICE. !
Captains and Stewards are respect?
fully la vi ted to call and examine the2__
quality and prices of our GOODS. Full we
guaranteed. Delivered free of expense.
WM. 8. CORWIN A CO.,
No. 276 King street, opposite Hasel, - U
Charleston, S. C.
SO* Branch of No. ooo Broadway.N?-'w Yorfc
Jan24_ ).' :
.jpOR SAVANNAH, BEAUFORT AND
PACIFIC LANDING, EDISTO AND
~ [t : jil y :?V -"M
Steamer PILOT BOY, Captain c..
C. White, will sail for the above,
places as follows: : ???
TUESDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clook, JOT, Ed la to.
Rockville, PaclBc Landing and Beaufort. 1
THURSDAY MORNING, at 8 o'clock,- Tor -Pactno
Landing, Beaufort and Savannah. ,
Freigut to Edisto reduced 60 per cent
J. D. AIKEN A CO.. -
junlT South Atlantic Wharf.
jpOR GEORGETOWN, S. C.
The Steamer EMILIE, Captain D. _ .^ff*^^
B. Vincent, will receive Freight TBlB?g?S3g??
DAY at Sonth Commercial Wharf, ana leave as
above on TUESDAY MORNING, July 12th, at 6
o'clock Returning, win leave Georgetown'on
WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, Joly i3tb, at 6 o'clook.
S HACKELFORD A KELLY, Agents.
No. 1 Boyce's Wharf.
N. B. The Steamer EMILIE leaves every Tuss
DAY MORNING. Jnlyli-i
The steamer PL-ANTE*, Captain " .gff^w
J. T. Foster, will leave Accommoda- ??3Smm3m
non wiiarr, at 8 o'clock on TUESDAY AIOHT, tue
12th instant, for an Excursion around the Har?
Music and refreshments on board.
Fare-Upper Dect 60 cents; Lower Deck 26
J^XCURSION OF THE FREUND
The membre of the Freandsbaft
bund are hereby notified that there,_,_
will be a Moonlight Excursion, by the Society, on
the steamer EMILIE, TO-NIGHT, weather permitt
mg. The steamer will leave Accommodation
Wharf at 8 o'clock c-reclsely.
No Tickets will b? sold on the Wharf."
julyll-1 i . , ,- -
J^OONLIGHT EXCURSION !
The Steamer POCOSIN, Captain
D. Sinclair, Jr., will make an Excur-,_
sion around the harbor MONDAYN?OHT, nth inst
leaving Marli? Wharr, at 8 :o?clook, touching a t
Mount Pleasant and Sullivan's Island going an d
Music on board.
Fare Mc. Deck 25c. J. H. MURRAY,
JJOMOOPATHIC REMEDIE8? "
A FULL ASSORTMENT just received by
DB. H. BARR ,
jul y 5 No. 131 Meeting street.