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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
HOPES OF PEACE.
A CA.ZX.Xn F JB X I, X If O OX THF
PRANCE STANDS FIRM, BUT A PEACEFUL
?? '? -v !jJi; ; .
THE ' RAPIO 'siCOVRBr IN THE PRICE OF
' . SECURITIES.
. ? : ...l..r..i.e.. .. . . ? ? . . I
aUltttirV Preparation in Purh-Tte
. Sentiment or Europe,
-. LONTWS, Sunday, July 1?. j
Military preparations were going on' all
night in Paris, ~ If the ?aadklatare pf; Prince
Leopold be no; with drawn wi thin the 4ext
twenty-four hoiii^tae Frenoh Ministers wl?
be 'recalled froci Berlin and Madrid, aa? war
The conduct ot France In forcing the issue
?and refusing to1 leave the question of the
tthrone to the Sf tAwifih people is strongly con?
demned by all Sarene, and Prussia's calm and
r?dlgnlded position fe approved.
T?ic FLaaacAal Fante - Trie London
Tl mea urgealatervention-The Rn I ne
Frostier ?We Real Issue.
. PAR?, July U. ;
The panic te attributed to approaching^ set?
tlements and iears that bankers will contract
Dispatches from various European capitals
this, morning announce the excitement ln|
creased, particnarly ?m moni ed circles. All
sorts of socTOlttes have. declined heavily.
: The' Telegraph says that. moolee! men;
known to be Ini Bar^leon's Wnfld?'nc?. ar?
: The London Times says r6 ls still possible to
? look calmly at the future, and diplomat* must j
seek to impress limace with the extravagance ?
of her pretensions and susceptibilities in the,1
absence.>of.real danger. Similar jealousies:
passed wi th oat coll?lOQ tn 18-10 and 1858. The
balance of Eurofean power is undeserving a
thought. The nxiZ issue 'is tte.possession ef
? the Bhiii^ <left Ixink. ?$he contest must last.
: until one, power or ; the other is exhausted.
Civilization .has everything to loselnsuch a
contest, and Frar.c? i?'evldently in the Wrong.
After firrther allument indicating Spain's
right to choose, ber 'King, . the limes says :
' "Neutral powers must act earnestly and firmly
to present oollhniiri:'^
The same edition of the Times, however, -de?
plores the probable Injury to France by the en
^thTonemeat of Hobensollern.
'Tito Pnuilaa Trbn-?I?d? More to thc
^ .. PLYMOUTH, July H.
Several Pruselan iron-el ads, recently riding
at anchor ic this port, were ordered to the
"Baltic-yesterday.; These orders were counter?
manded to-day, and the vessels sailed toward
The Emperor to Co?m?nd In Pcnon
Stoppafc of F?rL>mKh*i-No Answer!
from. Frassl a. f X'L
? .... 'PAMS, July in.
i The Moaitetrv announces that it will :io
-longer^ive public to movements of troops.
Pris8ia^jan?rwe:r; 1?. still, momentarily-ex?
pected. ' v# '?-_ .ri
The Journal 03:Jel says; "In case', of war, ;
will command in person, with
? th? French J troops naveg?se n
, tho*; rfra?diav? ^
-sirtiy^ojo- the frontier and the
Several regimen ij'of. the Paris division * re
uuder oftlen. < " . ? '.'--. ,
?T:i^:^^^i0^1L . ?hlvlerdeclined
? to give information whioh might compromise
the endeavors pf tlte government to arrange al
. peacetui eettleinen i of ? the. difflcultiee arising
from the . elevation, of Prince Leopold teethe
throne of-Spaln. - - .
?M. Jules leavre' m ade, a bitter attack on. the
-action oXtlhe^governmenL He denounced^
<&bmet aM stock^ ? ,'
The Bourse lfrexerted.' -^Rentes 68t:' 70c
3 x^W^-4P\aA-rwtfiw ot lt. y -vj
.BKKLIN, July BJ ?
A^ai<in?^y^\n^J??js: " "France per
-sista in her: insult .to Prussia by. holding Prussia
responsible for Hohenzollern's candidature:"
Spain Deprecates m War-A Hew Kos
.. ..!;;...;<;.?au. . -
.The Regency reiterates the .declaration that
its course in 'regard ' to Prince Leopold was
dictated by no hO??l?ty towards France. v.??
The Republican journals my that the only
solution of the existing troubles ls the imme-;'j
diate^edaratiofi of a re DobUc.
Prussia Propasen to B pe ait-The lUy tfal- j
. ? V' - ? >'-^'Irt?r^*?**^*
Hie -North GermanParliamentis aumiaoued
to return ar^er^ of France.
are uotrno. ' ttt i j$?stai :' . .' ?? ?? - a .-'
A Better tiff ?lt o*j An I>oautaBM?Bd,ParU
Hopa? o4?jf nae? .^prltla^
Ad-rmmoliia;. >?T.\:. : :xh*C?
, _ LasboN^July W-Evening. ,v
'The feeung'Is qule?e?botri'here and ih Paris,
.and the Impression ts gaining ground that the
i gaestions at Issue betsveen Prussia ?nd France
will be seilied withint;a resort io extreme
j^ecurities haye advanced several.-per cent,
silice mornbg, and' the tendency-Is -still up?
ward. American bonds, (62's,) which were
86} at 1 o'clock, have just closed at ?8j. Other
securities' have advanced proportionately. A
much, better .feeling prevails npon the Paris
Bourse. At.Zft'oiock,j?Rtie3.were .?flr.?Dc, a
very decided aavanc?.
BIOTIN VIB&INIA-HEVERAL MEN
RICHMOND, July ll.
The Dispatch:ha* information' or a -serious
riot ht Louisa County, during which several
men werekilled'and a large number wounded.
Knives and pistols WCTO freely used.
Tile Legislature adjourned tooday until 0c
-: "-? - .
MEETING OE THE, G EOE OLA ZEGI&
.. ... . ATLANTA, July ll.
'The l?gislature met to-day, and after con?
sidering for awhile a resolution instructing the
State Treasurer to use the Behool fund in pay?
ing the Claims against the State, adjourned un?
til to-morrow. . i 3 4
-Acco?hfs from4Coba by no means confirm
the late imported saccesSBS.of the government.
Its troops. are on tri? .d?fensive,' and demands
fdtMnforcemedta were, un'succeasluL' lt 'was
posltrral;r aa8erted.tli'at the.V;had been defeated
in saverdl engagements. The' planters refusa
to obey the Emancipation laws anu will resist
freeing the slaves.
^ FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.'
WASHINGTON, July ll.
Mr, Fish will retain the Secretaryship of
State until October.
Tfre revenue to-day is nearly one and a half
the Conference Committee on the Funding
Mil adjourned ? with no, result.. The House
committee wants four per cent, bonds,, and no
foreign agencies. . .
" General Hancock disavows haying treated
General Grant intentionally with disrespect,
: The credentials of Anthony and Cragin were
The following discussion lnnstrates toe Tax
sale bill wklch passed to-day: Trumbull called
up the bill te confirm the titles of purchases to
lands sold Tor taxes in the late Insurrectionary
States. Bayard opposed toe bill He said lt
confirmed -sales which had been attended with
the gn?ssest irregularities, and the conditions
Imposed upon the original owner before he
can recover his lands are most onerous and
unjust. Trumbull said that the man who neg?
lected to pay bis taxes deserved to pay the
costs before he. could recover his pro?
perty. Casserly 'said th? blD was designed
to make a void salo for taxes a valid one, and
to tap?se Conditions of recovery that were ex?
traordinary, unheard, ot, and, in his judgment,
illegal. Bayard moved to strike ont the clause
requiring the payment of costs and penalties
by the original owner, before receiving 'back
has -land. This was rejected.. Bayard moved
to amend that the bill shall only be of effect
' where sales' were: made according to law. He
knew thai in some of these sales the costs had
"Veen piled ap without regard to .low. The
amendment was rejected and the bill passed,
i ' Mrs, Ll nco! n's pen 3 lo a was postponed.
The Appropriation bill 'was resumed. The
. Charleston Customhouse ge ts $300, ooo.
The Senate went 'into Executive session
i upon the New York nominations. Samuel
Duncan was confirmed as assistant commis
: stoner of patents; John M. Thacker, of virgin?
ia, os examiner in chief of the patent office.
The General ; Disability bill was passed as
amended by the Senate; also the Naturaliza?
tion bill. ? t
' The report of toe majority that Seegar, ol
Virginia, ls entitled to a Beat as Congressman
at large,, was adopted. .
' FOREIGN ITEMS.
-They have been firing cannon in the fields
hear Paris to bring on a rain,
i -Verdi is to bring ont a new opera at Milan
and Naples ia August.
i -The Spanish papers are ridiculing the ab di -
cation of Queeu Isabella in favor of her son.
-Fordham, the English jockey, has ?n in?
come of $20,-000.
-That novel of Garibaldi's did not pay ex?
penses. . : '
-London ia to have a new street ni.iaed af?
-A Dundee ve loci ped?s t . oas acco mplishe d
eighty milesia eight boars.
-Prince Arthur has left. Canada foy England,
after making a farewell?ddress, which was re?
ceived with great applause.
-A negra viallnlst, wiro la giving concerts
ic Northern Germany,'ts creating quito a sen?
sation among Abe mnslo-loving people? of the
' -The continental demand tor ; the ; English
reprints of Dickens, published In the Taue fi?
nite edition, printed ac Leipzig, has Immense?
ly increased since his death.
-A statue ot Battenberg, of green bronze,
which Staads In thc court-yard of the Imperial
printing otlce at Paris, was struck by light?
ning recently and turned completely white.
-Coventry, England, had Its legendary' pa?
rade June 20, but thc fact that a whole men- :
agerle'aud circus a:companled the procession ;
did not atone for the circumstance that "Lady
Godiva" wore a petticoat.
-An E nglig h. Coon tess, who made the ac?
quaintance of some American girls on the Con?
tinent, is said by the Revolution to have ex?
pressed great astonishment at the fineness and
costliness of their underclothes. She did not
believe that t.he csrmbrlcs, linen and laces of
tne Princess Boyal exceeded In value those
"worn by onr American giris,
ri -The warm .weather In.England ls interfer?
ing with, the op?rations ot the Iron furnaces
and rolling mills-the puddlers being unable
to work over half time.. The consumers of
pig iron have also boen compelled to counter?
mand deliveries,.In .oonseqaence of the ina?
bility cf their hands to ase, up the uaoal
amount pf material during .the oppressive
. . -An American traveller in.Italy has drrmb
ionnded jthe. garer nmen t by seriously propos- :
lng to lease "Mount Vesavlus. He says he will-.'
makV roads- ani lay 0 ut'pleasare grounds? up0n
its rocky sides, build hotels, and set np soda j
fountains on its summit, and help visitors np
end down by machinery..- Tp pay him for all '
this outlay, and amass a fortune besides, he:
.will charge a sinai! admission fee from all who
wish to step up and see too show.
:" - The 'exhibition of fans, now open in Lon?
don, is part of a scheme for the instruction of
women In art. To promote this object, the
Government Department of Sciences and Arts
offered prizes In competition for fons, painted
by the students in the female schools of art, in
1868,tin ind again in 1870. The exhibi?
tion also contains specimens ot elaborately
worked ians, Intended for the instruction of
the female students. The 'French Ians, how?
ever, .are greatly superior to those of English
workmanship, both In numbers and in beauty.
The Empress Eugenie has contributed largely
to the collection, and great attention is paid to
her ^.modern French ian," with mother-of
pearl sticks, and displaying the "Deliverance
of Andromeda." .
THUNDER-STORM IN OE ANO EBVEG.
The News says that on Monday afternoon
last Oraageb'urg was visited with a very heavy
rain and thunder-storm.
Two or three of the clapB were terrific. One o?
these struek the steeple of the Baptist .Church,
causing the weathercock to whirl around and
blaze like a rocket, hut doing no injury to the
building. Passing on, the same stroke entered
the roof of Mr. George H. Cornelson's store,
splitting and tearing 12p the beams, rafters and
moulding in the upper storyv.whicli is occupied
by the family o? Mr. J. W. Moseley, and strik?
ing the nurse, a colored girl, threw her
senseless on the floor. She remained
speechless for some time, but being promptly
and kindly cated for, will probably sustain ho
permanent injury. The lightning after thus
injuring the upper portion ot the building, and
setting fire to some clothing, passed down one
of the iron columns in the store below, throw?
ing down some colored customers, but doing
up further damage. .It w*s certainly very re?
markable that hone of the other occupants of
the bulldlng'were Injured, and we are happy
to record that this visitation of Providence re?
sulted with comparatively BO little damage.
The shock was felt in all the stores adjacent,
clerks being thrown downland at the Canoon
Hotel where persons were sensibly and un?
FBOEOETIONAL EBEEESEI TATION
Address Delivered Before the Cal hon o
and Preston Literary SocIet.es ot
Woffonl College, by Colonel John P.
The well-digested and masterly address
upon "The Science of Government," delivered
by Colonel J. P. Thomas before the literary so?
cieties of Wofford College, on the 28th ult.,
will, we believe, be published in fall by^the
Calhoun and Preston Societies. In View,
however, of the wide interest which the ques
: tlon of "Proportional Representation" has
excited, especially in connection with recent
events in Illinois, we have obtained the con
? sent of the author to print so much of the ad?
dress as relates to that Important subject:
From the formation of society down to the
present period, the question of Government
' has engaged ' the attention of the best and
wisest men. And from Aristotle ' the Staglrtte,
to Calhoun, the South' Carolinian, theory
upon theory has been set forth, and views
inore or less acceptable to mankind have been
elaborated. Nor can lt be denied that this is a
subject worthy of supreme consideration.
Looking to the progress of mankind, to an
advancing civilization, to- the fulfilment of
man's destinies upon earth, no matter what?
ever can be deemed of more importance than
that which relates to tree governmental prin?
ciples. This ls, indeed, a noble theme, and
than which none nobler has ever, for worldly
ends, evoked human effort. It is in truth a
Scat cause, well calculated to arouse patriot
ought, as lt has been, over and over again;
in the world's history, been rendered conse
crate forever by free and rich libations of
patriot blood. The subject of government is
Indeed a vast one, and as comprehensive as it
is important. To comprehend lt thoroughly,
would require a depth of reflection, a profun?
dity of thought, a mental grasp and a fund of
knowledge, historical ? and philosophical, to
which iewjntellects can reasonably aspire.
To this achievement an unaffected diffidence
at once withholds ns from advancing. We
must, of course, decline to enter that broad
field whereon only the world's ablest minds
have put forth their efforts. We do not pro?
pose to grapple withthe question of Govern?
ment, in Its length and depth and breadth.
To essay an undertaking so great, is within
the scope neither of our time nor bf our reflec?
tions. Our design is far less pretentious. It
ls to devote our time upon this occasion to a
? briet analysis of one feature of every Just and
I well-regulated governmental system. This is
proportional representation, or the means
.whereby the rights of minorities may be se?
In our Judgment, this ls the great problem
connected with numerical representation.
And now more than ever does this -problem
call for a prompt and decisive solution. If the
tendency of the age, toben rightly inter?
preted by the signs of the times, unequiv?
ocally points to universal manhood suffrage,
how Important it ls that such a represen?
tative system be devised as shall give an
adequate and equitable share of Influence
co minorities. Certain it is that the legislative
excesses to which numerical majorities are
liable, should have a wholesome correction.
Certain It ls that the imperfections of numeri?
cal representation, as It IB now constituted,
should be cured. Certain lt ls thal If majori?
ties can take care of their interests, -some or?
ganism should be provided for the protection
of minorities. No one .will affirm minorities
must be left at the mercy of the stronger ele?
ment ot the majority. Ko one will claim that
minorities have only such rights as the pleas?
ure of majorities may concede. The proposi?
tion is monstrous. Consider now the practi?
cal operation of the present representation
system. Observe how unfair is the working.
In a community of one hundred voters, fifty?
one elect a representative, and this represen?
tative is BuppoBed to represent the wants and
views of the one hundred voters, whereas he
really represents only the fifty-one voto-a who
elected him, leaving.the other forty-nine
voters without any representation whatever.
Need lt be suggested that a system like this is
radically defective in many, respects, and
wholly wanting in the element of equity ?
Need it be further demonstrated that the pres?
ent representation system demands the en?
grafting upon lt of a new, a hitherto untried
feature ? We hold that lt clearly and urgently
- - We maintain, farther, that the cause of pop?
ular governments, for Its own preservation
and extension, imperatively requires a reform
of the system of mere majority Representation.
The Issue IB, reform or death. Let the system
operate as It stands at present-refuse lo
make the required change, and it will be Been
that the cause of personal government will be
found to contest the field with popular govern?
ment, and that wearied and bewildered peo?
ple will seek relief from the tyranny of the
many, and consent to remain content In the
more tranquil shades of empires and mon?
A prominent European journal .has said, in
recognition of the point we are? seeking to
make, that "Proportional representation is the
creed of all the men in the .front rank ot the
party of movement,'' We accept the pro?
position. We maintain the principle. The
representation of minorities is undoubt?
edly the grand desideratum in govern?
ments that rest upon universal suffrage. It Is
thu one thing needful; and that legislator who
shall succeed in devising the organism where?
by this principle of reform representation may
be enthroned, and who shall nave lt made part
and parcel of the fundamental law of this coun?
try, will be richly entitled to the laurels of a
new, progressive and enlightened statesman?
ship. More than patriot, he would : be the
benelactor of the world.
Furthermore, it may be remarked that this
ls a question that the ? new order ot things in
the civilized world-presses for a solution. For
. a long and weary period, we have, seen the
masses struggling for their inalienable right.
Now, the cause ot the people seems every?
where asserting itself. In Russia,.in Austria,
? in Prussia, in italy, in Spoin, in Portugal, In
.Frence, In England, in Ireland, popular de?
mands seem'to be the paramount sentiment,
and concessions the general rule. Rulers fly
.before the gathering storm Emperors and
.Kings bow their lofty heads before the majesty
of the people, and wisely compromise'with a
growing power that threatens to Invade all the
strongholds of time-honored ' prerogative.
When the waters of some mighty river over?
leap their r accustomed barriers and overflow
the surrounding plains, the question at once
arises how to direct and utilize the inundation,
and the question is no longer whether we sholl
have.the flood or not. So, now that States
seem.to be rapidly tending to .universal suf?
frage and its concomitant features, numerical
rule and majority representation, the question
ls not whether this system ls wise or not,
whether premature or not, but rather how
shall lt be regulated for the public good.
Hence, the question we propose briefly tq
consider-how shall proportional representa?
tion be secured ?
And first, allow us to remark that this sub?
ject ls by no means a new one. Ever since
the close of the lust century, minority repre?
sentation has in several countries occasionally
commanded thc study of thoughtful minds.
We have seen its history given, and its pro?
gress in Switzerland, France, England and
this country traced. The matter has also
given rise to discussion in Germany, Belgium,
Sweden and Australia. We have also seen a
statement ot the different schemes ol' minority
representation that have been suggested, in
a lecture delivered in Boston, in April last,
Mr. David Dudley Field furnishes an analysis
of the various expedients that have been pro?
posed, from which it appears that there have
been six distinct plana, viz: Preferential Vot?
ing, Cumulative Voting, Limited Voiiug, Sub?
stitute Voting, Proxy Voting, and List Voting.
Having now turned aside to refer to the his?
tory and development of minority or propor?
tional representation, we go on to observe
that this question is now attracting special at?
tention both in this country and in England.
To Mr. Calhoun, in bis "Disquisition on Gov?
ernment," belongs the credit of directing
thought m this channel.. In his elaboration of
the principle of the concurrent majority, he
lays down many propositions bearing directly
upon proportional representation. We ask to
be indulged whilst we turn aside for a mo?
ment to present a concise analysis of Mr. Cal?
houn's views upon this point. The Disquisi?
tion on Government by Mr. Calhoun, as is
generally conceded, is a masterpiece of com?
pact reasoning, and reflects that keen logic
which was characteristic of the eminent au?
thor. An analysis of this Disquisition shows
that it is composed of successive propositions,
with conclusions as clearly defined as tho
which accompany the ProMems of Euclid.
In his work, Mr. Calhoun thus arrives, in 1
deductive method, at the establishment ot tl
concurrent principle. First, he ' declares tl
necessity of government and constitute
Assuming that the science of government
based upon that law of haman nature whii
necessitates government, he inquires.-?rb
that law ls. The answer he finds in the fa
that whilst man is endowed with both iri?ivi
nal and social feelings, the former predon
nate. But this leads to a state of univers
conflict. Hence government ls necessary as
controlling power. , But government, from 1
liability to abuse of power, also needs a co
trolling principle. Hence the necessity oft!
office of what ls meant by constitution.. Itu
Mr. Calhoun deduces the necessity and sphe:
respectively of government and cons ti nulo
aha, holding that governmtni is ot God's ord
nation, whilst constitution ls of man's contri
ance, he takes the ground that constitutii
stands to government as government stands
Having established the proposition that go
ernment must find Its cheeks in constitute:
he Inquires what are the proper elements th
constitution should embody.. The .Answer
that these elements are contained In a certal
organism, and Inquires wherein that organis
consists. He argues that the right of suffra?
securing, as it does, the responsibility of tl
rulers to the ruted, is one of the fundament
principles In constitution. But he goes on I
show that lt ls of itself Insufficient, lnasmn'c
aa lt changes the seat ol government wlthoi
'curing liability to abuse-Inasmuch, furthe
as lt tends to the formation of parties, and I
the rule and the abuses of a majority. Heno
he holds that there must be conjoined with sc
frage a provision against party abuse-thereloi
against party control-therefore tor taking tl
sense ot each interest-therefore for what ls d
nominated the concurrent, principle. Th us, tl
author ot the disquisition on government-a
rives, by a logical process, at this conclusloi
?to wit; That the concurrent principle, con
bined.with the right ot suffrage, constitute
the element of constitutional government.
Such are the suggestive points made by M
Calhoun in relation to the concurrent princ
pie In government In all frankness we mu
here state that we have always regarded 01
great statesman by no means clear as to tl
specific mode of putting bis theory into actna
practical operation. This theory ls based upc
the Idea that the several interests of the con
munlty are distinct, and stand each crystallizei
Therein iles the gist ot the difficulty. ' We ai
in doubt as to how these ''interests" are to t
distinguished and defined, nor are we furnlsl
ed by the theorist with the practical agen ch
for taking the sense of each "interest," or "o
der," or "class," or "portion," into which ti
community is supposed lo be divided. We fo
bear, however, from further remarks in tb
direction, as lt is not oar purpose now to di
cuss Mr. C's celebrated principle of the coi
current majority. Our object is specifically t
refer only to so much of his views in this edi
neotlon as relates to. the abuses of majori t
representation, since ont of these abuse
springs the necessity for proportional repr<
sentatlon. Upon this subject Mr. Calhoun
points are well taken and forcibly '. put. Ela!
orately and convincingly he sets forth the h
Justice and evils of mere majority represent!
tlon. In establishing bis propositions, lie es
hlbits his great logical powers as he strikt
home with his keen Damascus blade.
Let us follow bim as step by step he carrie
us to the conclusion that we want for our pm
pose. He begins by assuming what Is uer tau
ly an obvious truth, viz: That che object of sui
lrage ls, "to collect the sense of the commun
ty," and he adds that "the more fully and pei
fectly lt accomplishes this, the more fully an
perfectly lt fulfils the end." But as respect
suffrage, as at present regulated, he remark
that "the most it can do, of itself, ls to collet
the sense of the greater number,- and to assum
tliis to beute sense of the community." Thatl
the sense of the majority-although it migh
bea majority of one-ls taken for the sense o
the whole community, wben, in truth, lt i
?iossibly Just the opposite ol' the sense of a
east the minority.
Mr. Calhoun then proceeds to ?itow the radi
cal difference between the numerical and th?
concurrent majority, as he understands ant
defines - them, and next goes on to state thi
errors that arise lrom confounding the mimer
leal majority with the people. In our presen
undertaking, this is what chiefly concerns us
This bears directly upon our Bubject. To show
the "errors" Just relerred to ls to prove and tc
bring out In bold relief the necessity of re pre
sent acive br electoral reform-the necessity 01
so modifying or supplementing majority rep
resentatidn as to inaugurate a modo ot secur?
ing an equitable share of representation foi
minorities. It ls, in fine, to illustrate our lead
lng proposition, to wit-that proportional repre
sentatlon ls the problem of the day, as regarde
the proper workings of free government,
founded upon suffrage.
Mr. Calhoun remarks: "All admit that s
popular government, or Democracy, ls'thc
Svernment ol' the people, for the terms lmplj
ls. A perfect government of the kind would
embrace the consent of every citizen or mem?
ber of the community; but os this is impracti?
cable, in the opinion of those who regard the
numerical as the only majority, and who can
perceive no other way by which the sense ol
tho people can be taken, they are compelled tc
adopt this as the only true basis ot popular
government, in contra-distinction to tue gov?
ernments of thearlstocratlcal and monarchical
kind. Being thus constrained, they are in the
next place forced to regara the numerical
majority as, in effect, the entire people, that is,
the greater part as the whole, and the govern?
ment of tlie greater part as the government oj
the whole." Thus Mr. Calhoun reasons, and
thus clearly does he demonstrate, that a gov?
ernment based simply upon the numerical
majority principle, Instead of being a true and
perfect model ol the people's government
that ls, a people self-governed, is but thu gov?
ernment of a part over a part-the major
over Hie minor portion.
In these clear propositions-these logical de?
ductions-it will be seen how fully Mr. Cal?
houn exposed the fallacy, the widespread and
Injurious fallacy, of assuming that a majority
rule fulfils the conditions of free governments
-the Just requirements ol a proper, represen?
tative system. The point is simply this:
Granted that lt is the office of suffrage to em?
body the sense ot tho community, the ques?
tion is, How shall this be most effectuallydone?
Admitted that under no system It can be fully
done, the, question ls, How can we best ap?
proximate to a complete organism ?
It ls to this great question-a question con?
nected with interest so vost and important as
to Include continents within Its scope-that
we are seeking to find the answer, or that
which may approximate thereto.
It has been shown that majority representa?
tion is utterly at fault-utterly inadequate to
give the consummation desired.. This, there
lore, is not tlie answer. In what direction,
then, must the searcher look for the political
Instrumentality that ls wanted ? The reply ls,
in the direction of that electoral reform which
alms to seeure, by fundamental law, mi?
nority representation. Majority representa?
tion is not only unjust, but it must con?
duct popular governments into disorder,
disrepute and disintegration. A true system
of representation must embrace more than a
mere majority of thc community. Such a
representative syotem is too partial. Hence,
to come at once to the point, tlie necessity,
the imperious necessity of devising and ini?
tiating a system oj proportional representation.
We repeat the warning-this must be done,
or we may expect the experience of commu?
nities to cull in question Ule wisdom ot that
self-government which, for ages, has been thc
aspiration of peoples, and the dream of states?
men, from Plato, the Athenian, even to
Thus much for theory. We proceed next to
show, in a practical way, the points mode
against majority representation and for a re?
formed repr?sentation-which ls aptly styled
proportional. To du this, let us illustrate the
workings of the present electoral system in
this country. This we find well done lu the
columns of" an ebie American Journal. The
New York World says :
"Under the present electoral system of the
States, A being the Democratic candidate for
an office and B his Republican antagonise, and
the vote being ?ooo Democratic and soot Re?
publican, B is elected, and the 5001 Republi?
cans have a representative, but the 5000 Dem?
ocrats have none. There is, to be sure, a man
who, under our system, claims to be the repre?
sentative of the entire 10,001 voters; but we
know that his views, votes and action are
for 5001 only ol' his constituents, and in
known opposition to and disregard of the re?
maining 5000. He represents, chen, but the
5001, and, to examlae it closely, ls In reality
made a representative not by 5001 votes, but
by one vote only. Thus: the poll begins and
B receives 20 votes, which are forthwith neu?
tralized by 20 votes for A. Were the polis lo
be now closed, there would be a tie, am
body would be elected; the opposing \
would'kill'each other. But the voting
on; somebody votesibr A, and now. if the
were closed, A would be elected, having a
(orlty; . but Just herc come in two votes f<
which 'kill' A's majority and puts B ahead,
lt goes on till all the votes are in, when
lound that A has 5000 and B 5001 votes,
therefore, is elected, and elected, as the
correct popular phrase ls, by one vote, eat
his other votes being killed, neutralized, r
fled, made as if lc had not been polled, I
corresponding antagonistic A vote. One^
then, elects B, and does the work tor the w
10.001 men coting.
"B, thus elected, represents the wills
wishes of 5001 persons, and, in represen
Buch wills and wishes, necessarily conter
thwarts, and disregards the wi Us and wii
of the 5000 who o ppose the 6001. The pro
by which.Bis enabled to do this, we ten
election, and when B does this lt is called
ular representation. A more intelligent c
prehension styles lt majority repr?sentai
and, while not contesting the right of the
Jority to ? representation coordinate wit!
extent, insist on the right of the minority
representation co-ordinate with its exte
This Journal adds: "How to secure this r
ls the problem of minority representation.'
We must, in candor, say, that we have
original theory to propound. As to toe dis
of the body politic, there ls nb doubt in
mind. As to the diagnosis of the case, we
equally satisfied; but as to specific remedy i
to be employed, we must, for the present,
fer to the. conclusions of other minds,
have already referred to the various sehe
of proportional representation that have b
devised. That one which, in .our jndgm
comes nearest to the mark, is the plan of
MULATIVE VOTING. It ?S the best 8SjUtlOI
the problem thus far rendered. This is
plan recently submitted to the people of
nols. It was reported to the Illinois S
Convention by Mr. Med ill, from "the Com:
tee on Electoral and Representative Refor
and the plan is thus explained : "It div!
the State into ' senatorial districts and re]
sen ta tl ve districts, each whereof ls toe
three members, each elector having tl
votes to dispose of as he will-one vote t<
one to B, one to C, or two to A and one to
or three to A orBor*<3. How this works i
be thus shown.: In the first senatorial distt
say, arc 7.000 Democrats and 13,000 Repn
can voters, or 21,000 Democratic and 39,
Republican votes. The polls shows :
DEMOCRATS. w KBPUBLICAX.
A...14,000 votes. O.16,000 V0
B. ..-..T.000 votes. D.\ .13,000 vo
Total.21,000 votes. - .
\ Total ....39,000 vo
Being arranged, the list will then stand:
C. Republican...15,000 votes.)
A, Democrat.KOOO votes. \ Elect
U, Republican.13,000 votes. )
Fl, Republican.ll.ooo votes.
B, Democrat.."?ooo votes."
Now, it will be seen that this methoc
plausible and-not wanting In some excell
features. It strikes the mind with force,
a community of 7000 Democratic voters, t
13,000 Republican voters, the result, under i
present electoral system, would be the e!
don of three Republican representatives-ti
giving absolutely no representation whate
to the minority of 7000 Democratic vqtt
But the plan of cumulative voting greatly I
proves this bogus representation. Accord!
to this improved system of voting, each pa
would calculate its strength before hand. 1
majority would grow moderate In their dalt
of necessity and in self defence. They wo
forbear from grasping at all power, from I
fear ol losing all power. In the case stat
the 13,000 Republican voters would get t
representatives, and the 7000 Democratic
ters one representative.
This is the plan that has been incorporal
In the revised constitution of the young a
growing Commonwealth of Illinois. It rema
to be seen whether th&popular Judgment v
endorse or reject this forward movement,
remains to be seen whether or not the peoi
ot Illinois are to be entitled to the great o
Unction of Inaugurating au admirable pol
cal feature. In either event, our opinion
the same, and ic ls that tbe scheme st
gea ted, though, perhaps, susceptible of li
provement, marks an era in the cause of pc
ular representation, and deserves the earn?
study and fair consideration of every genul
advocate of self-government.
Nor does the plan of cumulative voting,
the system of proportional repres?ntate
therein contained, exist In theory only. It h
been reduced to practice and found, to wo
Amongst the early advocates of mlnori
representation In this country, was the Ho
Charles R. Buckalow, who, in the year 186
was one of the Democratic senators from Fen
sylvania In the United States Congress. JJ
Buck ale w ls a resident of Bloomsburg, a Pen
sylvania town with a population ol about s
thousand souls, and politically "Democratic
There "reformed voting" was first put in tb
land to a practical test. Through ex-Sena&
Buckalew's influence, the Pennsylvania Legi
lature passed "an act to define the limits at
to organize the Town of Bloomsburg," and !
the act a provision tor a new voting sys te.
was Inserted. The town council was order?
to consist of a president and six (0) member
?and the mode of voting indicated In one of tl
sections of the act, which reads thus :
"When six persons aro to be chosen, eat
voter may give one vote to each, of six person
one vote and a half to each of four, two vot<
to each of three, three votes to each of two, (
six votes to one." On April 12,1870, the ele
Hon came off. Ex-Senator Buckalow, the ai
thor of the experiment, cast the first vot<
The election was held, and the result prove
satisfactory. The town was politically divide
between the Democrats and the Opposltlot
with an Inconsiderable Democratic majorlt;
The result was that of the six councllme
elected,.three were the regular party norn
nees, and three were of the opposition. Undi
tho old system allslx would have been th? rej
ular party nominees. Thus Hie principle, trie
on a small scale, was fonnd not Impracticable
The local Journal expressed the public sent
ment In the following terms. The Bloomsbur
Columbian Democrat said upon tho occasion c
this novel election : 1 .
"Our town election on Tuesday last, Apr:
12, tested the merit of reformed voting In
satisfactory manner, and gave to lt the sane
Hon cf popular opinion for the future. Thee
retlcally it had been accepted by reflecting
men In our community as Just and expedient
but as an untried plan, it was still open b
question among the mass of our people. Nov
all doubts of Its utility, fairness anti practica
blllty have disappeared forever."
To some minds this may- seem a "little mat
ter." Not so the developments of the future
may show it to have been. As the cloud nc
bigger than a man's hand sometimes growl
until Itoverspreads the heavens-os the quiei
stream oft-times developes into the majestic
river-so may this comparatively small mea?
sure ol' electoral progress, beginning at t
Pennsylvania town, increase I'S Influence,
until it shall pass over the country, and, mak?
ing justice, purity and stability possible with
universal suffrage, find its fruition in the dig?
nity, strength and perpetuity that lt shall
impart to popular government.
As for ourselves, we may say that as a citi?
zen of this great and growing country, whose
giant strength and magnificent destiny have
not, os yet, been half developed, the subject In?
vests itself with unusual interest. We believe
in human progress, and so long as we repose
faith in God and humanity, we must believe In
man's capacity for self-government. We know
that nations risc and fall. We know that the
world has had its Dark Ages and its Golden
Eras. We know that the world advances and
retrogrades. But after all does .not the close
observer find that there is an undercurrent of
healthful waters<2hat bear3 humanity steadily
on to better times and a purer era ? This is
the faith ol the progressionist. But "faith
without works ls dead." And thus, If man's
destiny upon earth ls full of promise, and to
end at last in the fruition of his noblest aspira?
tions, so uiso are his responsibilities heavy and
his duties important and urgent. To realize
his disputed capacity for self-government, he
must bring into play his best powers, and call
io his aid all those instrumentalities that bis
ingenuity may contrive and his wisdom and
experience suggest. And among these instru?
mentalities, we maintain that proportional
representation is not the least important. Wc
hold it to be a just, a wholesome, a great prin?
ciple-a conserving element, and one neces?
sary to regulate that generous suffrage which
everywhere seems to be the aspiration of
A French writer, speaking of proportional
representation, says that "Ic ls an improve?
ment upon the system of representation now
in use. as evident and almost as important as
thc application of steam to industry." This
remark ls not extravagant In character. The
truth is, tkat the gist: of this matter le, i
all, contained in a few brief propositions,
essence of Republicanism ls repr?sentai
In proportion as the representation is thorc
and general, so does the republic appr<
perfection. Proportional representation
secures tins general representation. H<
proportional or minority representation i
essential element1 of genuine Republican
Having now reached the last analysis of
theme-the conclusion of the whole matt
we offer in this connection but one addi ti
remark:. It is related of Thomas Jeffer
the founder ol.a great political schoo:
America, that he desired to nave the follov
words inscribed upon his tombstone:
"Here was burled Thomas Jefferson,
Author of the Declaration of Independenc
Or the Statute of -Virginia for Religious Freed
Au? Father of the University of Virginia.
Doubtless these works stand proud ms
rials of Jefferson's services, yet'who will d
that a grand addendum to this epitaph wo
have been this:
"Here lies one who, in addition thereto, sho
how the Rlffhts'and Interests of Minorities c
be Secured, ann thus made Universal Suff
and the Representative. System not Inoonsls
.with 'Popular Governments and Human
grass.'*; - ;\ . ?j, ;
TH JE K ER SHAW RADICA
. .'.;.:/....? '?<-. ? >}...'..,
C elebratlon of thc Fourth-A Good W
for Jiilson-Who are the Honest Ra
eal-i-Cli<?-r lng Signa.
[PRO* ODTl OWN C0RRBSP0NDB5T.]
CAMDEN, 8. C., Joly
The "glorious Fourth" was welcomed lu
town by the Tinging ol the fire and cht
bells at the hour of morning twilight, mud
the discomfort of your correspondent, wh
dreams, from the ringing ol, the bells, v<
troubled with the impression that a confla?
tion was occurring, but the awakening
polled the illusion, and it was ascertained I
the "Fourth" had dawned.
For several weeks, notices had been poe
at the different- conspicuous places at
town, calling for a grand rally of tho Ur
Republican delegates to their county, conv
tion. to elect delegates to their general c
yehtlon, in Columbia, on the 25th Instant,
in other words, the nominating cphventloi
1 J. K. Jlllson, general superintendent o? e
cation, was invited to be present, and a bai
cue was prepared. At about half-past'10 A',
a procession ol ? two colored fire compan
followed by a crowd of the "rag-tag and b
.tail," from grown men down to very sn
boys, one of whom carried a carpet-bag, c
faining the remnant of a very ancient ho
skirt partly protruding, no doubt an enslgi
the bearer's bellefin "woman's rights."
Probably one hundred and fifty were hi r.
cession. Accompanying it on the sidewai
was an Immense crowd of colored peo]
.mostly women and children. Three or t
marshals and adjutants curacoled about '
specimens of horseflesh, very good models
which to construct horses,- and endeavored
preyent straggling. The procession hal
in the grove -where the. academy erecl
by the Freedman's Bureau, but claimed
Whittemore, ls situated. There ? platfo
had been erected, and the speakers, Hess
Jlllson, Cardoxo, Chesnut, Adamson, t
other minor ' celebrities, mounted the sar
Prayer was offered by the Rev. Munro Boyk
but his voice was drowned by the sound of l
drums and fife, which by an accident stru
up Just at ?hat time. After prayer, C. Shiv?
Esq., read tbe Declaration of Independen
with considerable emotion, caused by the i
steadiness of the platform. and the insecur
of his footing.
Mr. Jlllson then made a speech of two am
half hours, In which history, politics, woma
rights, the Union Reformers, all came in fo
share di his notice. It was quite free from a
abuse or his political opponents. Mr. Jills
la one of the few officials of the present adm!
istratlon who has never been suspected of d
honesty, and who has_ conducted himself li
manner calculated to Impress all with the ld
that bis character and reputation are equa
free from stain.
Mr. Cardozo, county auditor, followed in
regular political harangue, warning his ra
against trusting the whites of the Refoi
party, and characterizing the latter as "snak
in tho grass." Ho is suspected of an itchii
for office, and bis speech was a campaign doc
ment. He is an aspirant for legislative hoi
ors. Chesnut will probably be his opponec
The speeches of Chesnut and Adamson we
frovaVam politics In a great measure, ezce?
as of course connected with the circumstance
under which they met.
Upon the ground there were probably tv
hundred men and about tho same number
women and children, the latter of whom, M
understand, procured the greater part of tl
barbecue. Manya hungry iddlvidual wei
away still hungrier, and as he trod the weai
miles which separated him from home, 1
made a secret vow to trust no more to the di
lusive phantom of a- large table bountiful:
spread with a feast sufficient to tempt an er.
cure; but tho next time he comes to town t
celebrate the Fourth, to brjng with bim sufi
clent food to stave off gnawing hunger wit
its gloomy feelings.
Ardor or enthusiasm, there was none c
either. Two-thirds of the men In town wer
In the streets doing shopplng with their wive
and children. A part of the fire companie
(who composed the largest part of che speak
er's audience) took the drum r.nd fife, an
marched down Broad street to hurrah for on
of the firemasters.
Altogether it wa3 a very shabby affair, am
the truth that the colored people are no longe
enthusiastic In attending these meetings o
anxious to obey the behests of their leaders, 1
perfectly patent and unquestionable.
Radicalism is shaking in its shoes. Men c
that party are becoming Independent ii
thought and action. One of them has expose
an attempt ot the land commission to swindle
the government, and wa3 called by one of thc
State officials "a d-d fool" for his trouble
Attempts have been made to read out o
that party influential men in this county whe
were persistent in' opposing Whittemore; bul
they have had the manhood to stand up foi
honesty, and say that they will make any sac
rlflce rather than be false to their conviction!
Thus you will perceive that there are Bomt
honest men In that party, and to their praise
be it said they are colored men !
The Columbia District Conference of the M.
EL Church, South, has been in session here
since Thursday morning last, Bishop Vight
man presiding. The meeting is-weil attended
by both clergy and laity, besides by-the com?
munity generally. They adjourn to-day, after
an harmonious session.., Theproceedings have
been heightened in interest by several able ad?
dresses from the bishop and others, besides by
services held eyery evening. To-morrow all
of the pulpits except the Episcopal will be fill?
ed by the clerical delegates co the Conference.
In the afternoon a meeting of the Sunday
sell oois will be held, and addresses made at the
Methodist Church. The other churches will be
closed for the occasion.
The crops are doing very well Abundant
showers make cotton and corrr ^cW'raplclry5,
and we suppose that old corn ha? been made
by the rhlns of lastweek. 'fh?^Xoi^p^je
are laboring fa?t^^^yfii?j^ befti?e
this, on Saturdays, t!ie streets-were filled with'
them; now, you scarcely notice, ?^.percepti?
ble Increase In the floating rxjpniatioj};--.] .*
We are, therefore, in better; condition than
heretofore since the-war, i~v ?-.. i Quawv:>e
a ?int ' - ' " . ?i -j-"-^-1 -j j ....... . .,(.
?' . .?.. rai* u<:. ?-,fi .7:-,.",-!r,-o?; ?: " -rr;
.. ' ? -? > ai
TbeCfrri.tlftn M * rtygjfcr/>
; i ,*!'><,roi, TO
' G ns t.ne Dor?'s : latest production is thus de?
scribed in the to??on News: r'.'".'',";'^'. L.
An important work has boen added to-the
collect ion qf pic turee by M . Dop?, which has
for seme time past represented that' eminent
artist of th? romantic school at the Gallery
called after him, the- * Dor? Gallery, ." in Baad
s ti ?ot. Jn. oboovivu such a subject as the suf
L-nugs of the " Christian .Martyrs ia the Beits
pt iDiocletmn,'' p?Dor? h?lfoweihkiwfi
n aUons to wards'th? sens ?ti on a! an d th e terrible.
He shows us the scene af n??ht in some tait
amphitheatre'iike the Colosseum of Rome, after
a day of horrors spent- for the gratification of
an inhnmanJEmperor and people in the ?laugh -
ter. of man and women by wild beasts. All the
haman- demons are ?one fxoin the' drona,
throne; and the grand tier of the noble patrie
ians; toby have given place to tho savage lions
that prowl orer the heaps of victaina covering
the proa ad, some of whom appear tobe si ill
suffering, and oue raises his head to look upen
the orosa at bis side. Bot above this awful scene
the heavens shine with stan, and an archangel
dee ? en da with a glorious company of ai) gel s to
bear'off the gp in ta of the mar tyra to the real? s
of eternal peace. , y
Snoh id tbe treat meat of thia subject alter
the manger of Gustave Dor?, and the piorm e ap?
peals strongly to tbe im&gicati60 andeymp&th
?es, aa well as to the artistic sense of tho beauti?
ful : but whether all this is not overridden by
the ' sight* of bb' m deni \ wt 'is: h brittle* Webe
question that anses here, as it does in so
many of the painter's works. Although some?
thing is gained on tbe side of beauty by
throwing tbe obscurity of night over the terrible
scene, which hides tbe horrors to some extent,
yet this has not been carried far enough, aaa
the eye is permitted to realizo only too clearly
themastly.featuros, Jt-mci1-aceces are at,ML
within the scope of the painters sri^it must be,
as it seems to us, with less of the real and moro
to the undefined and .the mysterious which
belong to pictorial art. We could imagine how,
for example, Rembrandt would have treated
this subject without for'amoment offending the.
amenities, and yet with more impressiveness.
Paul Debjroehe is infinitely more .-path etic and
beautiful in his "Martyr" lady floating down
-the Tiber -at night. M. DorC seams to haye
been doubtful himself lest the passage of
beauty in his picture, whroh resides in the
(troups ot angela and tbe starlit sky, which is
somewhat of the melodramatic order, should
be overpowered by the dreadful spectacle
below, and henoe bis figures are all small,
snd all of tbe same size; so that the spectator
is not brou sr ht too muon face to face with the
dead: and1 dying and the devonring beasts.
Ibis, however, only betrays a certain weakness
m dealing, with the subject which is not gen?
erally to be noticed io tbe daring work ' of the
painter. In the large piorore of ?Dbe Re?M
pbyte," the power of the painter io delineating
the countenance and giving expression ..to sc
many vaiietief of sentiment and thought hi
most remarkable, but ho attempt of the kind
could be made when the fisuras are so small,
as in this work of the "Martyrs.;' --We should
add that the picture of "The .Neophyte," which
contains a great number of lifo eize figure*,1
how - exhibited, is the original) weerie/ and
I differs from that formerly shown here TU haying
a tecond line pf figures of the monita, onanang
1 . heir omyei*'. ' It is 'certainly a most striking
picture, and would alone plac? Gmfove DOW
iri thehighest rank. ". . ???"vr-.<rv -
5f)ipplng... ... iii 11?.
jp O B P H I L A D E L'if- af.?.A^l
The Al American Tern'WM. 8:1'?lLtE8,''^A*
Burgesa, Master, having a large part of her SK
cargo engaged, will sall with dispatch ipr,tue
above-named port. For Freight engagements
apply to ?. c:< . - J. A..EN3L0W *?QO.,,-'
Jolyn . ? . . .Ko. 141 East Bay.
?pO E P H I h l p.?.hI JLr
THE REGUCAB STEAM LINE-WE EELY. '
The Screw Steamship J. W. EVERTON, JjfflMi.'
Hinckley, Commander, will sail for PUl'SbUK
adelphia direct, on FRIDAY, July 16th, at half-past
10 o'clock A. M, from Brown's South Whait1 ,f><
ta~ Insurance by the- steamers of thla.Llne x
per cent. J* - . ir
For Freight engagements, or Passage "(ca'oia
$16,) apply to ' T: .- i * v.?) iii j rnW
WM. A. COURTENAY, Agent, .
Jnlyll-mtothfi_No. rl Union Wharves.
JflOB NEW YORK-ON WEDNESDAY/.'
The fast screw Steamship "CATBE-^T&J?.
RINE WHITING," Howes, Commander, ?SUflaaB
will sall for New York on WEDNESDAY, July lath,
at e o'clock P. M., from PIKE NO. 2, UNION
^yjj?Ji;Ygg ? ..-?? ^ fA.JHSJ . rafi *'
Tbe CATHERINE WETTINGr will connect with
the liverpool Steamship WISCONSIN,, of, Mesara.
WILLIAMS A GtnoN's LINS, sailing July 20; J.
Insurance by the steamships af this line a per
cent. ? r.\ ,.
The Steamship ASHLAND, Crow d?commander,
will sall on tbe following WSDNBSDAY, July 20,
at 6 o'clock P. M. u . , .....
For Freight engagements or Passage; having a
limited amount or Cabin accommodations, apply
to WAGNER, HUGER 4 CO., No. 28 Broad street,
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jnly8 .<.- \w\ sw. ' ".
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Jp O B FLOR I D A i r '
(ONCE A WEEK,)
VIA SAVANNAH, FERNANDTNA, JACKSON?
VILLE, PILATKA AND^'???STS ON ' *
ST. JOHN'S RfyER.^,,^"
-ri . '.v?.:;:itm .tu*
The Steamer DICTATOR wui sail ?... ?Jjr?!^
on and after the 5th July for abOTOaflpatmBC
places every TUSSDAT EVENTNO, ' at 8"0'CIOOK. "
Fare from Charleston to Sa van nan, mc lad lng
meals and berth, $3._ ,< Jnlyl ?
jpOB SAVANNAH, BEAUFORT; AN1>
PACIFIC LANDING, EDISTO AND .. ..
. . ROCKVILLE.
Steamer PILOT B01, Captain c.
C. White, wu I sail for the above,
places as follows:
TUESDAY MORNINQ, at 8 o'clock, for Edtsto,
Rockville, Pacific Landing and Beaufort.
THURSDAY MORNING, ak 8 o'clock, for Pacific
Landing, Beaufort and Savannah.
Freight co Edlsto reduced 50 per cent. . ? ,v
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junl7 South Atlantic Wharf.
JpOR DEWITT'S BLUFF AND-INTER?
MEDIATE LANDINGS ON THE PEE?
The Steamer PLANTER, Captain _ . ?JT^L.
J. T. Poster, is now receiving Freight ^^gfiBK
at Accommodation Wharf, and win leave on
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' Freight and wharfage prepaid:
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RAVENEL A HOLMES,
jolyl2-2Dtc No. 177 East Bay: -
OB GEORGETOWN, S. fi..
TOUCHING'AT SOUTH ISLAND.- '.
- . Birrab*!
The steamer PLANTER, Captain'.
J: T. Foster, ls now receiving Freight S_
at Accommodation Wharf, and wui 'leave on
THURSDAY MORNING, the 14th Inst?, at 6 o'clock.
Freight and wharfage prepaid.'1
For Freight er Passage, having"stateroom ac?
commodations, apply to j,
RAVENEL ? HOLMES, '
Jalyl2-2 ' :?? ? ? ' No.'WEastBay. "
T?j? P N L ? G H T EX CXB S I O V?rr
The steamer PLANTER, Captain
J. T. Foster, will leave Accommoda-,,
tion Wharf, at 8 o'clock on TUESDAY NIGHT, tue
mu instant, for an Bxcuraion around1-the Har?
bor. . . v ;.
Music and refreshments on board.
Fare-Upper Beck 60 cents; Lower Deck 26