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VOLUME X.-NUMBER 1423. CHARLESTON. THURSDAY MORNING. JULY 14. 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
PEACE OR WAR.
THE FR J.NVV-PRUSSIAN DIFFICUL?
TY 8TIXI VRHECIHEH.
A Batch of Pleasant Premises and Ug?
ly Ramo rs-The Spanish Question in
LONDON, July ll?
taine House of .torts this afternoon, Earl
.Granville, in reply to a question of Lord
Malmesbury, said firance having announced
ber determination to resist the election of
(Prince Leopold, ber Majesty's Government, ia
.conjunction wfth other powers, was using
*e ve ry means to preserve peace and restore an
amicable understanding. Similar statements
were made -onthe part of the government in
the House orCommonB to-night.
Otway, tbs foreign secretary, ta reply to a
question, -said England had sot ?expressed her
self favoTaWy on the selection ?of 'Prince Leo?
pold for'the Spanish throne.
Mr. ?Om?stone added theft his 'nomination
had take?i the govern meat by -surprise. France
bael threatened to proceed to extremities, and
BhonluVshe persist in executing her threats,
hAr-*cjesty's Government would exhaust.
every*means to prevent^rarin a -case' so little
<3tetlon of Uve It?gerits9errano.
IfAORID, July ll.
? is stated thal St the interview Saturday.
Regent Serrano told Baron Mercier, the
French Minister, that, aa a ru!e, he never in?
terferes with nominations tot the throne, as
'?kc desired lt should not beesid of him that he
.wished to retain 'toe Regewfcy, and te added
'that in the affair <ef Prince Leopold he had
.?acted ss lu all previous casca.
r Exciting Veoe^pruOBOi-Xeeting -of Min?
LrsBox, July ll. j
The candftdature of the ' Pri ace of Hohenzell
? lern and the teonble that has -grown out of ft
causes the greatest excitement here. Several
meetings ?af ministers ?* ave been occasioned
by eicltAugiteJograms from London and Park.
A Stormy -Hoe ne In t ti r Prent* (hambor^.
? PARTS, July ll.
In tbeiC?Bps LegieiaUf* to-da?\ the DukeCDe
Grumntont'declared that- government uaier
steod tfce.bnpatiencevof: the Chambers audi na?
tion, hut could not yet rr ake known the result
of negotiations. It ia wal ted an answer, upon
which itsmovetneatRwould depend.
All ihe-tore!gu governments to which it had
addressed itself appreelated the legitimate
complaint of France. He ho?ed that all would
soon be1}??wu'to the Chambers, but to-dey he
moat appeal to the patriettem and- sense of
policy of each member.
if. Argo replied that as he desired asanuch
as aaj>oae to hear paoifle declarations, he
must ask the Minister ot Foreign Affaire whe?
ther, .among questions awaiting solution^ there
were mot -some . which . had nothing- to do
with .the case ol' > tho Prince of hohenzollern;
andaf >??, he must conclude that the govern
ment-oaJy sought-a pretext for war.
The .clamore of: the ..majority prevented the
Duke.de Grammont fromacaking a repjty.
LONDON? July ll.
The?PallHall-Gazette Urlnks the case com?
plicated ? by s the a w k ward1 consequences of
Olli vierte declaration to- the Corpj.L?gislatif or
whai^raacewwoald. and .woola not endure in,
regard to- the nomina tie n of Prince. Leopold.
It is difficult,now for'Prasaia . to withdraw or
modify her .policy. ' ' ':
It is -asserted that France will not consent to ;
a Congress of: the great ps were until ?Prussia
has yieWud thet-queatki uoiLeopold's candidacy.
A Pm**ftc SolnUon (AnnonnceO-ll War
?ni*no*eh fjrtim Oamildorf.
Tb^CaoeUtotronnel, ^ministerial orgaa, says
"th?gevernBoent has Vst?mony that the can?
didature ofJ?rinee Holienaollern ia withdrawn,
and tte peaee ef-Earo-.te will not be disturbed.
We are satisfied that floheazollern will not
reign in Spain. We demand nothing more.
"? and rejoice.a?his.j>c?1c solution."
... A questionable dispatch from Du ase 1 do rf
lbj? morning aaysLeopold accepts thoSpaiisb
crown on the.eondition of immediate decora?
tion of war ugalnst ' iFrance^ should "th? latter
attack Germany. ' .". .
. mi >>.?i?' . V
A Prriinlan View of French Arrogance.
/ /BERLIN, July Vt.
The Kr eui Gazette says: "Germany indig?
nantly.'repele .the measureless arrogance of
France: / Prince Leopold renounces the candi?
dature, because her ria nuablerto reconcile rh er
; character of a German soldier with any action
involving Germany.apd Spain In war."
The Continuance of warlike Prepara
w 0 * i d O .'BR?SSELS, July-13. 1
Warlike preparations continue in France,?
notwithstanding the withdrawal of Lepold.
There is a universal fear of war.
i A Snap ic lou? Monopoly of the Cables
Pru? Jit o SU U Uneasy.
LONDON, July 13.
The government nearly monopolizes the
cables leading to the Continent with dispatches
on the Spanish question. As a consequence
business ia detained and news delayed.
A Berlin dispatch, just received, says that in
apite of the withdrawal of Hohenzollern,
. France maintains a threatening attitude.
.The Pope Patient and Forbearing.
LONDON, July ll. !
jfcbe Giornale de Roma denies that any coer
-ceive pressure "has been" brought to bear by
, tte; Pope on the members of the Council, au J
declares that the Holy Father has shown only
patience and forbearance.
A C^eat, Storm and ?lood in Lanca?
LONDON, July ll.
. A heavy storm prevailed in Lancashire yes?
terday, -.which ' caused freshets in all the
streams. The mills suffered severely, anda
darg? quantity of other property was destroy
-ed. It is rejmrtedthat some lives were lost,
whole houses, with their inmates., having
?been carried away by the flood. Several
contrite were filed with water.
Another Fire in Constantinople.
- un CONSTANTINOPLE, July 13.
Aa e tb er disastrous fire has occurred here,
by which fifteen hundred houses, mostly ben
longing to the poorer classes, were destroyed.
-Claimants td the property located at the
corner of Broadway and Canal streets, New
York, valued at $8.200,000, have turned up In a
Georgi?- village. < They say one ot their ances?
tors gave a lease bn this land for one hundred,
years, whioh time has jost expired. The ten?
ants. t>n the property havo no intent! cn as yet
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
[FROM THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.]
WASHINGTON, July 13.
The new Federal ""officers at_New York will
qualify next week.
It is thought that Admiral Al. Smith will suc?
Jewell, of Mississippi, and Johnson, of Tex?
as, have been nominated for consulates, and
Joe M. Humphreys for collector at Richmond,
The Georgia Committee cannot agree. Farns
i worth, Thurman oaid Hamlin insist npon mak>
' ing the election next fall mandatory, upon
which Butler, Paine and Howard take arab
The report of the Conference Committee on
the Tax and Tariff bille was adopted.
I IA bili was introducedTestoring Major?mes
.Belger to his rank in the army.
The Hasse adopted resolutions ?allowing
; Woods to--go to Bichmond as? witness; also to
investigate the treatment of the colored cadet
at Westholm; also, a bill making Houston,
Texas, e port of entry.
A committee of conference ?was' ordered upon
the Array and Civil Appropriation bills. The
conference report -on-the Tax ?ad Tariff bill
was adopted, and the bill -goes 'to tho Presi?
The following colloquy -indicates its charac?
ter-: Schencksaid that the Senate having ac?
cepted the report ol' 'the 'Conference Commit?
tee, lt now rested -with the House whether-the
srll should become a law. 'He said that bye
. osculation based upon the receipts of tost
war, the bill ?s lt-new stoodxwould effect a- re?
daction in ti?-titses of the-'country. Heeomj
?plained that the-House by concurring In tte firs;
j ?? amendment of tho-6e nate;-wb ich struck oat one;
. hal'fof the bil!, bsdpuE'if wt of the power bl
I the committee- to Ao ? anobli in g In relation to 2
: large class -of -tax?e. ?By adopting total
amendment the House had released bank?
ers and -brokers ''from special tax??,
and Wall street and-^ether interests,-fran
which mlfllone of revenue could have-been
collected without lnjury-to the country,-were
by that ?ct lon made free of tax. The -lotteries
and tbeatres'were alsonmade free. The "<3en
Terence Committee were prevented ironr pro?
viding for any security in the printing md is?
suing of revenue stamps, which ?mein* to
ilOO.OO&ASO- annually, -and for the emfraerJe
ment ol wi?ch there was no -sufficient
responsibility. He felt that the House : had
acted hastily and Injudiciously in accepting
that amendment. Mr. Brooks, of New."York,
claimed tratwhile there had been a redaction
of duties on--rea, sugar, coffee, splcesand some
other articles, the-duty had been Increased on
a large number of. articles, and he - waa pro?
ceeding to-enumerate some of tbent-wben he
was i nter rupte d by Afr .B e nj a ml n, who rem inded
him that the doty on hemp, an? impor?
tant product of bis-Stale, had been-reduced
thirty per cent, i fir. Brooks-Gb, well !
hair-pins are-retained. Mr. Benjamin-Yes !
but hair-pins -do .-not grow in che soil
of Wisconsin. Mr. Brooks then . ?reviewed
the bill by .items, and claimed that it
had been framed In the interest of 4toe manu?
facturers at tte expense of the laboring clas?
ses. He gave (notice that the people would
not submit to the.bill, and that its speedy re.
vision would beidamanded. Even the negroes
of the Sooth would- soon be sufficiently- educat
, ed to understand that they are taxed. en their
shovels, their hoes, and even on. their spool
?A motion to suspend the rules to .take up
I the Texas Pacific SaHrood failed, as.dkl a simi?
lar motion to take up the General.amnesty
. A joint resolution suspending : the use of
meters at whiskey distilleries was passed.
THE GE&R&ZA LEGISLATURE.
ATLANTA, July 13. .
The Senate resolution to remove the seat
of government back to Ml Hedge vi Ile and to
adjourn the Legislature to meet there on the
18th of this month was tabled, as was also a'
resolution providlng?Tor the appointment of a
committee to confer .with Governor Bullock
and General Terry, as to the best course for
thc Legislature ito .pursue. Among the bills
Introduced was one by a colored member, pro?
viding for the ar ming and equiping ol volun?
STARKS FROM THE WTB)Mfy?$
Colonel Fred. M. Waddell, of New Hanover,
N. C., has been nominated as the Conservative
'Candidate lor Congress in the third district,
now represented by 0. H. Dockery.
At the riot Tuesday, at Elm .Park, New
York, bet ween.the Orangemen and. Catholics,
.two hundred.persons, were injured. Four of
?hose injured have died.
A citizen of Carroll County has been sen?
tenced to six months imprisonment for selling
cigars from boxes not properly stamped.
J?here was another firemen's riot in Pbila
phla yesterday morning, during which
several firemen were injured.
An attempt will be made in England to de?
tect and punish the author of the. Chinese
mtssocre hoax. '-' -
THE GROWING CROPS*
ST. JIMES'S GOOSE CREEK, July 12
The condition of the crops about hore may
be'of interest co yon, so I will mention that
the cora ls very fine Indeed, in fact, I do not
remember that I ever saw finer in any previ?
ous year in this section. This crop, ls already
made and safe, as the season of constantly
alternating rains and sun has been very favor?
able to IL Cation, I regret to say, lookB
very poor indeed to my vision, as we have
had too muei? rain, when we needed dry, hot
weather for ir., it has run up greatly to weed,
and is bushy and very full of sop; and in the
majority of pisces is. overgrown with gra$9.
For this crop I consider the season thus far
to have been a very unfavorable one, tor
weather that makes corn will ruin cotton. We
hare some difficulty in keeping our hands about
here, os the high wages paid at the phosphate
works induces most o? them to ?eave, and
thus our crops are .suffering from want of
working. Caterpillars have appeared on
plaees near .the Six-M?e House, and over in
Christ Church; but I have not seen any yet
about my neighborhood.
-A fashionable Jewish wedding in the
Washington synagogue was interrupted the
other day, by the groom's father, who refused
to let the ceremony go farther, as no canopy
waa hold over the bridal pair, which the "Or?
thodox" Hebrews, of whom he ia a Rabbi, hold
to be essential. The synagogue belonging to
the "Reformed" faith would not allow a cano?
py, ao the wedding had to take place at the
residence of the bride's father.
-The European system of regulating the
"social evil'' has been adopted bv both branch?
es of the city eovernment ol'St. Louis, Mo.
DAVIDSON COLLEGS, JT. C.
Commencement Exercises - Sermon by
Rev. Donald McQueen - Address l>y
Hon. A. P. Aldrich-Annual Represen?
tation of tue two Societies-Addresses
Of the Graduate?, &C.
[FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.]
CHARLOTTE, N. C., July 10*
As a large number or the citizens of your
Bute, and the patrons of Davidson College,
located about twenty miles from our city, I
have thought -that a brief account o? the recent
commencement exercises that took place June
29 and 30, would not be uninteresting to your.
Notwithstanding the weather was intensely
bot, I do ?ot think that I ever witnessed be?
fore so large a number ol' visitors, drawn to?
gether by an occasion of the kind. The gene?
ral ldeaeeemed to be we were to have "a good !
tirrc," ar*l in this particular we were noedis-j
appointed. The exercises of the first day
were Opened with a sermon from the Rev.;
Donald McQueen, of Sumter, 8. C., before the'
.*Wllltani8"8 Inquiry Association" of Ohe col?
lege. Mr. McQueen's reputation as a ipreacher
ls too well established-to*require any (commen?
dation on my part. Suffice it to say that the
reverend gentleman-secured the entire alt en
: tion et his audience in ar. admirable discourse
.on ""'Man's Agency in the Work of Redemp
? lion." In the afternoon of this day, the ?pa?
ci?os chapel was again crowded to hear the
address of the Hon. <A. P. Aldrich, before the
. two college societies. The reputation
, of this distinguished son of Sooth Carolina
. bed, ol' course, awakened a more than
'ordinary share of interest in his address on
: ''tte occasion, and most enthusiastically was he
?greeted when,presented to his "auditors from
' the rostrum, -The subject of the address was
! no labored disquisition either ?roon ancient or
j modern literature, but a most fitting review of
. the prostrate-'condition of ?ur-owe sunny
. South, and what was expected of-the rising
' generative ;o-restore her to henprevtous state of
" prosperity. 3t would be folly Xor me to attempt
f any description of this well-timed and eloquent
*? address. Jf-ntruck a chord shat . vibrated in
' every heart. The frequent :and -enthusiastic
applause of*he audience showed how entirely
. it was tn sympathy with the -speaker. We no?
ticed upon.the rostrum some -ol thc most dis?
tinguished-citizens ol' our State* and among
this number, Hon. Z. B. Vanee,-and Dr. Bam
say, the historian. These .gentlemen seemed
no lees enthused by the address than were the
rest of the audience. Indeed. I have heard
but oae opinion ex pressed, and o that is, it was
both ablesend eloquent. At night we had a
test of the literary training of the students of
this college, in the addresses of the represen?
tatives of its two societies-"Philanthropic"
and "Ewnenean." Candor compels me to
speak in high praise of the .-performances of
these young gentlemen, who certainly re?
flected much credit upon those who have had
the care of their literary training. Without
intending to detract in the least from the mer?
its of the other speakers, I would observe that
the addresses of Mr. J. Harvey Hammett, ot
your State, and ol' Mr. James A. Smith, Jr., of
this, were above the ordinary class of college
addresses, and would have done credit even
to mose advanced speakers.
Tbe*exerclses ol the last day were confined
to the graduating class and the conferring of
degrees. The Latin salutatory was assigned
. to Mr. Wm. McKay, Harnett County, N. C.,
and the valedictory addresses to Mr. James B.
Smith, Anderson County, -6. C. Of the thir?
teen-who were graduated the following receiv?
ed first honor distinctions : W. J. McKay and
George Summey, of this State, and J. B. Smith
and J. H. Mcclintock, of south Carolina. On
the whole, I do not think.I ever attended a
commencement that was more creditable to
the speakers or more satisfactory to the audi?
tors. A noticeable feature Lu all the speeches
was the absence of hlgh-sounol-.g phrases
the young gentlemen seemed, in preparing
their speeches, to have aimed more at mental
than ornamental display, and certainly suc?
ceeded If the applause of the hundreds assem?
bled on the occasion le any evidence of the
.'The Faculty of Davidson -College is quite an
able one, several of the chairs being filled by
gentlemen of high distinction in the literary
world. I am glad to be able to say that th?
number of students In this Institution is an?
nually increasing. Last session there were
students from nearly all of the Southern
States, among whom South^Carolina was large
- ly represented. In a few months the railroad
that passes the college will be again in runniug
order, which will remove the only obstacle to
its success. Yours, Ac, VISITO IL
TSE BATTLE OE Af ANNA SSAS.
General Johnston's Fallare to Follow
Up his Victory.
.The correspondence between President Da?
vis and GeneralJoseph E. Johnston, aller
the first battle of Manassas, In respect to the
responsibility for the latter's failure to follow
up his victory and march upon Washington,
has lust come to light through the columns ol
the Mississippi Clarion. Mr. Davis, under date
of November 3, 1861, asked General Johnston
whether he (Mr. Davis) "obstructed the pur?
suit of the enemy after the victory at Manas
sas," or "even objected to an advance or other
active operations which it was feasible for the
array to make." General Johnston's reply is
To ^the first question I reply no. The pur?
suit was obstructed by the enemy's troops at
Centreville, as I have stated in my official re?
port. In that report I have also ?aid why no
advance was made upon the enemy's capital, '
for reasons as follows : The apparent freshness
of the United States troops at Centreville,
which checked our pursuit; the strong force
occupying the works near Georgetown, Ar?
lington and Alexandria; the certainty too that
General Patterson, if needed, would reach
Washington with his army of more than 30,000
sooner than we could, and the condition and
inadequate means of the army in ammunition,
provision and transportation, prevented any
serious thoughts ot advancing against the cap?
To the second question I reply that it has
never been feasible for the army to advance
farther than it has done-to the line of Fairfax
Courthouse, with its advanced posts at Up?
ton's, Munson's and Mason's hills. Aller a con?
ference at Fairfax Courthouse with the three
senior general officers you announced it to be
Impracticable to give this army the strength
which those officers considered necessary to
enable lt to assume the offensive. Upon which
I drew it back to its present position.
SUPPOSED CHILD SACRIFICE.-Great excite?
ment exists in New Orleans over tne 6udden
disappearance of a child whose parents are
named Digby. Immense rewards have been
offered, and the Times thus speaks of the case
and the horrible suspicions that surround it:
After a month of fruitless search, both father
and motlier have become 60 nearly crazed that
kind friends have found it necessary to place
them under restraint. The most frightful
rumors concerning the child's fate are abroad,
and quite a panic prevails among mothers
who do not know at what moment the kid?
nappers may seek another victim. It speaks
loudly against the efficiency of our police,
when, alter a month's opportunity, they pro?
fess to be wanting a single clue to the discovery
of the criminals. The time hos come when
some concentrated public action must be taken
in the premises. The citizens ol each ward
should organize themselves into searching
committees, and leave no house unexplored,
no hole or corner in the city unexamined,
until either the child itself or its remains are
brought to light. The rumor that lt has been
sacrificed at a voudou orgie ls so horrible that
it must be either confirmed or dispelled. There
cannot be a shadow of doubt upon the mind
of any reasonable man that the police had it
within their power to penetrate the mystery,
and that they have not done so is strangely
mysterious, and calls for public investiga?
-Olive Logan has been lecturing to small
audiences in San Francisco, on f'Paris, the
City of Luxury."
THE DONNER TRAGEDY.
im? MOST FRIGHTFUL NARRATIVE
OE MODERN TIMES.
The current number of the 0 v e rion fl Monthly
> describes afresh, and no doubt with minute ac?
curacy, a chain of events, which for ghastly
horror are probably without equal in authentic
records. The tale realizes, in truth, the
frightful denunciation of Othello; for in ft "on
horror's head horrors accumulate," and surely
Imagination can picture nothing In the way ot
the piteous and awful more extreme than
what was suffered by the unfortunates concern?
id. In various forms, by 'rooks, newspapers,
andmore frequently, by .private report, the
the story has been told; for lt happened long
.ago-in 1846- before Captain Sutler had made
.bis discovery, and before? very old whaler from
Casco Bay to Hatteras had been fitted up, to
tferave once more the perils of Cape Hern..
But many have persisted in disbelieving it. It
; was too horrible, they said, to believe. And
' it is true that there seemed to be a rawhcad
and bloody-bones air about the narrative that
more frequently attends lietien than fact, and
which, at all events, lent ?warrant to the eus
Blclou that lt had -been - expanded and'embel
shed. There is, however, no doubt about
the melancholy truth of -lt; and the minute
account ?ow published is to be accepted as
the product of eil the sifted and collated testi?
mony that lt has been possible to obtain.
Donner 'Lake-named after the leader of the
party who met their death hard by-is one ot
the mest picturesque and lovely spots among
the elevated nalleys of the Sierra Nevada.
"Starvation iGamp"--the Immediate scene of
the calamity-ls close at hand, and by it runs
the railroad,-a strange contrast lu the plenty
and succor-it suggests to the helpless misery
the apot once witnessed. The Donner party lett
their homo for the Pacific slope-In search of a
healthful and eligible soil, and having penetra?
ted this great distance toward their promised
land, were 'Snowed up" near the lake. Their
Icdian .guide, one Truckee, warned them one af?
ternoon that dreadfel weather was at hand, and
urged them to push on. But-for the ground
was as .yet uncovered-they bad found wood,
water and grass, and determined to halt for
the night. In the morning, a Xoot of snow bad
fallen, and their cattle had wandered away so
that, few of them could be found. Alarmed,
the wayfarers began to build cabins and to
take such other measures as they could to pro?
tect themselves from the elements. The snow
continued to fall, and presently became im?
passable. In a few days lt was eight feet deep.
During nearjy the whole of November the long
storm continued, and the snow on the moun?
tains ultimately reached a depth ot more than
There were eighty-two souls In the party,
thirty-two being women and a large propor?
tion children. The Captain, George Donner,
was a man of some sagacity and considerable
wealth, and his wife aud children being with
him, had every Incentive to prudence and ac?
tivity. But all efforts to escape from their
frightful situation proved vain. In a short
time everything in the shape of wholesome
food \vas_gone. They devoured their dogs, the
hides of the .cattle they had saved and their
own boots and shoes. Finally the mis?
erable creatures began to think of eating each
other. At tills period a death occurred
thus deferring the need for violence, and
horrible to relate, the corpse was eagerly .
consumed. Other deaths followed, and the
survivors continued to subsist on the flesh of
their dead companions. Alter six weeks, the
storms having subsided, eight men and five
women, guided by two Indians, set out to try
lo make their way to California The hopes
of all that remained hung on their efforts, and
thev struggled desperately to succeed. But In
a week, and before they had passed the Divide,
this forlorn hope was again overwhelmed by
snow. Three died almost at once., and the
rest ate their bodies. "Having,"' 6ays the
Overland Monthly, "now been without a mor?
sel to eat for four days, those wretched people
cut the flesh from the bodies ot the dead, and
having refreshed themselves upon a portion of
it and dried the balance for future use, again
pushed on. Tnls was their New Year's feast,
t now being the first day of January, 1847.
Vive days later their food was again ali gone,
and they had only the strings of their snow?
shoes leftto eat:"
The unhappy wretches then desired lo de?
vour their ind lan .guides; but the latter, see?
ing their Intention, fled over the hills and were
seen no more. On the 17th of January all but
three of the thirteen were dead, and of the
survivors two laid down to die. The third had
fallen in with a friendly .Indian, who conduct?
ed him to a settlement on Bear River. There
the story was told, and immediately expedi?
tions set forth lrom both San Francisco and
Sutters Fort to rescue .those ot the original
party who might still be alive.
What the benevolent adventurers lound al?
most beggars description. Those that had
died remained where their last sigh had been
breathed-but they were stripped of their
flesh. "Bodies half devoured lay strewn
around tho diemal cabins, from which Issued a
stifling fetor" of those who yet lived.
"Not only were their bodies enfeebled and
emaciated to Hie last degree, but with many
the very soul had become a desolation. While
some welcomed their deliverers with ecstacies
of Joy, others, gloomy and cadaverous, regard?
ed them with a coldness amounting almost to
indifference, they having become not only
reconciled to their cannibalistic diet, but pre?
ferring lt to wholesome food when set before
them. Monstrous as it may seem, to such an
extent had the natural tastes of some of these
people become perverted that they pushed
aside tho flour and bacon tendered them,
choosing rather to partake of the horrid feast
to which they had so long been accustomed.
Parents were seen feeding on the remains of
their children, and children on those
of their parents. Here a wife . was broil?
ing on the coals the flesh of her husband,
and elsewhere a company were making
a . repast upon the roasted limb of a dead
companion. : All filial und parental affection
seemed dead, the one instinct of self-preserva?
tion reigning supreme. Rapidly some of those
most wretched ' creatures were being trans?
formed into ghouls and demons, having al?
ready lost many of the divine traits of human?
ity. Haggard and attenuated, they spoke but
little, while their looks and demeanor were
wild and unearthly. Too incredible for belief
are the stories told of the ravenous greed ex?
hibited by some of these starving wretches,
one of whom ls said to have eaten the entire
body of a child-during the course of a single
night; while another Insisted on appropriating
to lils own uso the hearts and other viscera of
his dead companions. On the other hand,
many refused to touch thc flesh of those who
had perished until the very last, and then par?
took of it sparingly, and with evident feelings
Tbirly-slx of the company had perished, and
many of the remainder were on the point of
doing 60. Amid devastation and woe there
were gleams of heroism thal almost seemed
needful to show that these afflicted souls shar?
ed a common humanity. Donner, the leader,
was too far reduced to be taken forward by
the rescuing party. His wife had her choice
to be saved with her children or to stay behind
and die with her husband. With wonderful for?
titude and devotion, and In spite of his earnest
enlreaties, she chose the latter. Another man,
one Kcisburgh, was also too weak to be re?
moved. The rest wcro .taken in safety to
California. In the following April another
small party repaired to Donner's Lake to see
if by ehance either ol those left behind yet sur?
vived. They found Keisbnrgh living, he har?
ing subsisted for several weeks upon the body
of Mrs. Donner, who had died soon after her
husband. The story is almost too shocking to
be repeated; but as a remarkable and trust?
worthy instance of the behavior of mankind,
under the most trying circumstances ol which
lt ls possible to conceive, the narrative has an
interest and Importance that justify its recital
-A letter to the New York Herald, dated
New Orleans. July 5, says: "The first day's
work of the Chinese in the cane fields of Louis?
iana was entirely successful. The hands show?
ed themselves apt to learn and docile to obey,
and got through an exceedingly good average
day's work with no signs of fatigue, despite a
broiling sun. Planters all over the State are
investigating the matter with a view of adopt?
ing Chinese labor themselves. This move?
ment ls already giving such an Impetus to rice
mid sugar cultivation as cannot fail to be In
the h'gnest degree beneficial to tho State."
THE PROGRESS OF THE CAUSE.
Th? Good "Work In Marlon.
[Prom the Marlon Star.]
The very atmosphere of Marloo seems filled
with the odor ol Ueform. It ls the theme of
conversation. Our whole community, except
a lew long faced supporters of the Scott Ring,
have confidence in its success, and they talk
and laugh more cheerfully and independently
thaa they have since the war. Our people will
do their duty.
A Plc? for Union ?nd Reform.
[From the Klagst ree star.]
A movement, indorsed by many of the best
and ablest men in the State, has been inaugu?
rated to remedy the mischief. The pian ls Tor
all the people to unite In electing competent
men to office. Thia, as we understand lt. is
the great surrendering of principle as in?
terpreted by a few politicians and journals
In the State. This view to our mind, is
absurd. We shall support the cause which
in our judgment will unloose the grasp
of the Sbylocks that are now choking
to death all the honor and honesty
of the country, and violating every,
principle of right and justice. The bare con?
templation of such a state of things is enough
to' arouse the indignation and energy of every
honest citizen to action. We can support an
honest, competent man for office whether he
be a Democrat or not, in preference to one
who has by his conduct forleited every claim
to decency and honor. We can do this with?
out violating those feelings and sentiments
which we have andi till maintain. We shall not
impugn the motives of our friends and contem?
poraries who refnse to aid this movement, but
we must be permitted to doubt the wisdom of
their course in this great and important crisis
Let South Carolina Liv e.
[From the Marion Star. ]
Our State must be reformed, and the honest
white and colored men of the Stare must ac?
complish the great work. We feel earnestly,
we feel deeply in this great movement. "Le t
medie, but lot South Carolina live !"
A Manly Appeal.
?[Prom the Marlon Crescent.]
The State is the property of its citizens.
Shall we lie down supinely and seo it taken
possession of and governed by a mere haadful
of adventurers? These men know us not.
They take no pride in the illustrious history of
the past. We do not think we go a line beyond
the truth when we say they ore here for two
purposes, ?rst, to enrich themselves out of the
State treasury; and second, as the instruments
of the dominant party in Congress to distress
and humiliate the people of the State. If it ls
possible l'or us to overthrow the present alien
government and substitute it by one of our
own people, or at least largely participated In
by our own people, lt ls an object most worthy
of our exertions, and one the neglect of which
would at this time be a ead and perhaps irre?
THE CHINESE SHOEMAKERS.
Description of .lohn at Work-Thc
Condition of Th lng? in Massachusetts.
A correspondent or the Boston Post writes
from North Adams, Massachusetts, under date
of the 16th instant:
The last of Mr. Sampson's -eventy-five Chi?
nese shoemakers having been set to work to?
day, and the whole number being now indus?
triously employed, some idea of their capabili?
ties and efficiency can be foi med, all this
having been mere conjecture in the past To?
day completes three weeks from the first en?
try of the Mongolians Into the shops, and to?
day there are several "teams" who no longer
require the supervisions of an instructor, but
work on their own hook, and turn out equally
good work with tb?"average of that performed
by tlie Crispins. In fact, Mr. Sampson declares
that his work never averaged as good in quali?
ty, under the old dispensation, as now. As to ra?
pidity, of course the Orientals are inferior as
Jet to their predecessors. It has been thought
est to allow them to take their own time,
merely requiring that the work shall be well
and thoroughly done, and allow them to gain
speed hereafter. But il the Chinamen be not
as rapid as thc Crispins, they make up in per?
sistent, unremitting industry, which in the
long run will enable them to make a fair show
miz at least os to quantity of work turned out.
Today the last detachment of fifteen, who
have hitherto been in blissful Ignorance of the
art, were brought Into the shops, and, under
tire tutelage of their brethren who have al?
ready acquired it, are plunging into its myste?
OBSERVATION* AND IMITATION*.
These Chinese are a most observant and
Imitative people. Their little, oblique, almond
eyes, take in a great deal of what ls going on
around them, and on occasion they prove that
their memories are alike quick and retentive,
and their facility of execution good. With
their utter Ignorance both of the craft and of
our language, it ls a matter of surprise how
speedily and thoroughly they have mas?
tered the technicalities of the business, and
what they are shown once they rarely forget,
or need to be shown a second time. Hence
their progress in acquiring the trade has been
as rapid as that of average English-speaking
apprentices, and hos lar exceeded the expecta?
tions of Mr. Sampson, or his superintendent,
A VIEW OF TUE W?HR ROOM.
It is a novel and pleasing sight that the bot?
toming room in Mr. Sampson's factor}' pre?
sents. All around the spacious apartment,
whl?h Is on the second floor, and lighted on
three slde9, are '-teams" of the yellow-skinned
apprentices, industriously pegging away, each
at his own particular branch and passing the
work along to its next stage. Each "team"
consists ot three men, each of whom performs
a certain part ot the bottoming, and together
completing the shoes ready Tor the finishers.
In the centre stand two pegging machines,
which are already managed with much skill
by a couple of the Celestials.
A MONGOLIAN "BOSS-MAN."
The foreman and interpreter, Ah Sing, or as
he npw calls himself, Charley Sing, ls a tall,
good-looking young fellow, who speaks, reads
.and writes English with considerable facility.
He ls very quiet and unassuming in his man?
ners, but lias excellent government over his
Oriental brethren, and Is the principal medium
ot communication between them and the white
Instructors and foremen. He was unfortunate
enough to have his right thumb crushed in the
cam of a pegglng-machlne, two weeks ago, by
the sudden starting of the power by a green
hand whom lie wa.s "instructing. He carried
his hand in a sling, and says it is "welly sore,
but getting better." He wears better clothes
than the majority ol'the Chinamen, and enjoys
some privileges and comforts extra to theirs.
IN WORKING HOURS.
Notwithstanding the influx of visitors with
which the factory has been dally overrun, the
Mongolians lose very little time in noticing
them. Ordinarily they keep steadily at work,
looking at nothing else, and seemingly uncon?
scious that outside barbarians are in the room,
or that anything on earth, save shoe-making,
is worth living for. When the visitors ap?
proach a "team" and manifest peculiar inter?
est in them, they simply look up with a plea?
sant smile and nod, and perhaps a cheerful
"how do," and go on as belore. They converse
sparingly and always pleasantly; in fact, Mr.
Chase avers that lie has never heard an un?
kind word exchanged, or seen any trace of
discordant feeling since he took charge of the
Asiatics at San Francisco. Their language
sounds no more unpleasant than Spanish or
German, and is certainly as musical as either.
PERSONNEL OF THE JOUNS.
All the men are young, none over 22, save
the two cooks, who are over 30. and are the
only married men In the party, and a few are
boys ol from 14 to 18. The cooks, being elders,
comparatively, and much respected therefor,
act as judges, in a measure, of any trifling
disagreements that may arise; but as yet there
has been no occasion for their services. The
dress of the "Johns" consists of a loose blouse
of flannel denims, loose trousers of something
between a Zouave and a sailor cut-that is,
they are baggy all over, and wide at the bot?
tom-flannel shirts, white socks, and Chi?
nese shoes, with felt soles three-quarters
of an Inch thick, and block, cloth uppers,
and common felt hats. Their blouses and
trousers are generally dark blue in color,
and their hats black, though a few light ones
are seen. All wear the national queue or pig?
tail, which grows from the round unshaven
spot on the crown of their head, the rest being
carefully kept shaved. These queues are from
four to five icet In length, tightly braided, and
finished off at the end with cord or ribbon.
When at work, and in fact generally, they arc
worn colled around the crown of the head,
giving a ludicrous resemblance to a lady's
chignon. Their faces are almost.lnvariably as
smooth and destitute of beard as a woman's.
They are quite short, but generally plump and
round-faced, and their appearance not in the
ON THE STREETS.
Alter working hours, quite a number of
them can frequently be seen on the street,
and they make the necessary purchases of
clothing, ?kc, at the stores very quietly. They
seem mnch impressed by the factory girls
whom they have seen, and their almond eyes
convey many glances of admiration when they
meet them. Last night, I observed a couple of
Mongols In an apparently animated conversa?
tion with two blooming operatives', and heard
them repeat the merry ugood-nlght3" of their
fair enslavers with evident delight. But not
al way s does so enviable a fate await them at
the hands of the softer sex. A day or two ago,
as a little squad of them were leaving the
print mill of Freeman & Co., a bucketful of
dirty water descended from an upper story
window, fell upon the head of one of the
Orientals, who took it very meekly and mani?
fested no resentment. It ls but justice to the
proprietors, who had been courteously gratify?
ing the curiosity of their Celestial guests by
showing them through a part of the mill, to
say that thev made every eflortto discover the
offending girl, butin vain.
The galt of the Chinamen is a peculiar halt?
ing, constrained loddie, reminding one of the
locomotion of a hen hoppled by the frugal
Bwain as a protective measure in defence of
his vegetable beds. When in a hurry they swing
their hands directly fore and aft, and as they
generally 00 hand-in-hand, like school chil?
dren, their appearance on the street ls quito
ludicrous. Tho citizens usually regarding
them as inoffensive and docile, are disposed
to give them all the asst stance needed in ac?
THE CRI8TTN8 ABANDONING THE FIELD.
All danger of Interference or violence on the
part of the Crispins seems to be over. Very
many of the latter have lett town, andmore
are going every day, In search of work else?
where. Others have taken up with other em?
ployment and are now working in the mills,
driving, teams or farming. A few are still
Idle, and are reported to be receiving aid from
the coffers of the order. I heard indirectly ot
one of these who declared that he had refused
an oder of $6 a day elsewhere; "for," he philo?
sophically remarked, "the $10 a week I draw
will support me here, and I ain't d-d fool
enough to work when I can get a living
without." Nearly all the Crispins here were
foreigners, the majority French Canadians,
and though some of Ute traders, especially
clothiers, will regret the loss of their patron?
age, the citizens generally are disposed to re?
gard their departure with resignation. The
other shoe manufacturers are overrun with
applications for work from American boys
and men who desire to learn the trade, and
most of them are busy teaching apprentices,
and turning out a fair amount ot work. The
fuct of thc large pay formerly made by the
Crispins makes the trade very attractive to
other mechanics and laborers, as even at the
"cut-down" rales, nearly any decent hand
could earn three dollars or more a day, while
fou nd ry men who have served three years only
get $2 75. The experiment of a co-operative
shop will doubtless be tried by the strikers,
with what success remains to he seen. Mean?
time, a few of the old bands have renounced
Crlspinlsm and all Its works, and have gone to
work for their former employers at the reduc?
The excitement over the imbroglio ls pretty
much over In town, though the interest In the
Celestials and their manners and progress con?
tinues unabated. For along time the public
interest will centre around Sampson's big fac?
tory and Its Mongolian artisans.
DECADENCE OE CALIFORNIA
Industrial Depression-Abondance of
Laborers and Scarcity of Labor
Living on Fifteen Cents a Day, and
Sleeping In the Bush-Destruction of
thc Crops-No Land.
Mr. John Hill writes from San Francisco to
the New York World:
San Francisco and California are progress?
ing backward. If you were here, and could
see the thousands of men Idle In the city, and
nothing doing, not a house building, nor Im?
provements of any kind being made, you
would think it the dullest city in the world at
this moment. The Bulletin ls ashamed, and
tells the workingmen to go in the country and
look for work. I have seen men who
have travelled from Upper California to
Southern California with their blankets
on their backs, looking vainly for work.
The country is nearly ail dried up;- Southern
California is dried up altogether. No rain has
fallen there for the last fourteen months. Cat?
tle and sheep have died In numbers. No wheat
at all in Lower Callfo'nla, and very little in
Upper California. Most of the wheat crop was
cut when green for hay. There won't be one
hundred weight this year for the ton last year.
There are thousands of farmers who sowed and
will not have a grain of wheat or barley. The
mines are played out with gambling specula?
tors, and an Industrious man won't nave any?
thing to do in them. There is more destitu?
tion In this city and State at this present time,
and has been for the last year, than In any
part of the world. There are thousands of fine
workingmen in this city and State who can't
get a day's work. They have pawned and Bold
their clothes brought from other States, and
have been living on fifteen cents a day and
sleeping ont In lumber piles and in bushes out?
side of the city. I have seen them get up In
the morning ont of bushes on the outside of the
city, and they have told me they had not been
in a bed for six weeks. Many expected to
earn enough in the harvest to take them out
of the State. On account of the failure in the
crop they can't do lt. There is not one mau
needed for a hundred seeking for work. I have
lived in the East for thirty years, and never
saw anything to compare with the destitution
of this country. The workingmen designed
getting up a petition, signed by twenty thou?
sand men, to Washington, to see if the govern?
ment would send ana help them to get from
here. As for the land of the country, it is all
taken up and held by speculators, so that a
man with small meaus ls not able to settle on
it. I am a farmer, and have farmed In the
East for thirty years, and I want to buy a farm
here, but the land which ls worth settling on
is held for twice as much as it is worth. This
is no place for a farmer ot limited means, a
working man or a mechanic, and, for the sake
ot humanity, I wish this letter understood, so
that men won't be deceived in coming here.
A GAME OF C A it D S. FOR A WIFE.-About
eight or nine months since a man living in
the northern part ol this city went out into
the eastern part of the State to seek his for?
tune in the new mines ol that section, leaving
his wife and one child here in town. Some
seven months ago a gallant disciple of St
Crispin persuaded the white Pine widow to
take up her abode with him in a house which
he furnished for her. The new pair lived to?
gether for about seven months, when a few
days since the genuine husband returned. Of
course there wa? trouble In the camp, but after
some quarrelling the two men agreed to play
a game of seven-up for the woman. The game
came off last Saturday night, and the husband
won his wile back by just "two points." The
man claimed his wile, and the man of leather
could not say but that he had fairly won her.
The woman preferred the shoemaker, but
the husband and winner was determined to
have his own. He packed up what furniture
they possessed, and last Sunday evening, with
all his household goods and gods, lett by a fast
freight wagon for California. When the wagon
started from North C street there was quite 0
scene. A crowd of nearly one hundred per?
sons had collected to see the husband carry
away his "stake," and there was much merri?
ment over the romantic affair. The woman
cried and wanted to stay with the shoemaker,
and the shoemaker cried at parting with th?
treasure he had lost by not holding enough
"trumps." He asked sonde of the crowd if
they thought he would be arrested if he at
tempted to take the woman ont of the wagon.
They told him he had loBt her "on the square"
and be must bear it like a man, so the wagon
moved on and soon the lair one was "gone
from his gaze."
[ Virginia City (Nevada) Enterprise, June 29.
Tn? True Solution-Ic? Water (wi th on f
Ic ? .
A scientific correspondent o? the Pall Mall
Gazette argues that, practically, the great de?
sideratum for the people is not ice, but water
cooled to 40 degrees or 46 degrees Fahrenheit.
He says :
To cool London water to this temperature,
is a simple and comparatively inexpensive pro?
cess. It ls the production and storing ot loo
that with us is attended with great difficul?
ties. During the past year I bad occasion to
study this question practically, with a view
to insuring at any season and in any coun?
try that meats, to be preserved fresh, might
be cooled to fit them for the absorption
of antiseptic gases. My experiments nave
been mainly made with an ether machine,
constructed by Messrs. Liebe Brothers,
which in itself has worked admirably; but
until lately the best, means of utilizing
and saving the colcr produced by such a
machine, were involved in some mystery.
There are two successful Instances of reap?
ing the lull benefit to be derived by the use
of other machines. The one now widely
known ls that of Messrs. Truman, Hanbury et
Co.'s brewery, where, instead of attempting to*
freeze, the cheaper plan of abstracting fifteen
degrees or twenty degrees of heat from Lon?
don water is resorted to, and the second ls
that of the Paris glaci?res. I have recently
watched the skill with which the economizing
or cold produced is provided for by the intelli?
gent superintendent of this establishment, and
with the same machines* and working twelve
instead of twenty-four hours daily, ne now
produces 6000 bottles of iced water, against
1500 produced two or three years since. CoMt
therefore, can be had with certainty at a cheap
rate, and the greater the improvements in
steam boilers the cheaper will that cold be. lt.
is one of the necessaries of the day, and tne
deflclency will be supplied in most countries
by the artificial production of the amount ot
cold required in liquids or air, mher than
by the expensive carriage, storage and hand-.
ling of unwieldy and perishable mountains of.
-? I ?ts? it ? ? *
A NOVEL TEA Frais.-The New York
I World says: "A new firm, composed of two
ladies, has lately been opened for the purpose of
purchasing plantations, and importing tea
direct from China, upon a larger scale than has
ever yet been done, and also upon such terms aa
to secure a monopoly of the trade. Mme. Demo
rest's name baa already been mentioned in con?
nection with tbe enterprise, and her long and.
successful experience affords a guarantee which
hardly admita of doubt as to the ultimate
result of tbe nuder taking. Her colleague ia
Miss Susan A. KICK, a maiden lady ot
mature years and ripe discretion, whose
immense fortune has been made solely by
ber own shrewdness, industry, business tact,
and management. For years she has been one
of the largest real estate operators iu New York
city, and bas the. confidence of some of the
wisest and soundest, of our bueineeji men. The
new firm commence with a capital of naif a mil?
lion, and Miss King is already on her way to ?
China f via San Francisco. ) where she intends to
make an attempt to explora the mteiior, select
better brande of tea than are usually seat to thia,
country, buy a plantation ot her own, and B<H a
thousand Chinamen to work. The first cargo of
selected tea ie expected io arrive before Christ?
mas , and will be consigned to Mme. Demoreet,
who is the resident and representative New York
pw THE PRICE TELLS.
The attention of the business paulo ls lavlteo.
to the following greatly REDUCED RATES for
THE NEWS JOB OFFICE,
No. 149 EAST BAT.
from $2 60 per thousand and upwards, accord?
ing to size and quality of card.
From $4 00 per thousand and npwaroe, accord?
ing to the quantity of matter and quality of
With Business Card neatly printed thereon, at
from $2 60 per thousadn and upwards, according
to quality. . - .
At from $3 60 per thousand and upwards, ac?
cording to size and quality of paper and amount
DRUG LABELS, -
At from 40 cents per thousand and upwards.
. ? ."..?. 1.1 : dil .;..,'?. vir .J
ac cord Lng to size and quantity. . : t v.
. . . TH&tlVt& ...
ALL OTHER KINDS OF PRINTING will be
done at correspondingly low rates, and in the
OW SHOW PRINTING A SPECIALTY. ~B?
? . rsa " aima tam
Itu - ..i
Call at THE NEWS Office and examine speci?
mens and prices.
ps- JUST RECEIVED,
A LA ROB ASSORTMENT OP
FINE BUSINESS ENVELOPES,
NOS. 6 AMD 6,
Which will be furnished to our customers with
Business Card neatly printed thereon at $4 to $.
THE NEWS JOB OFFICE
AND SEE SAMPLES.
HE FOUNTAIN SYRINGE.
SELF ACTING.-NO PUMPING.-NO AIR
The best universal SYRINGE in the market.
It ls recommended by the first Physicians, or the -
lt is so simple that it cannot get ont of order.-.
There are no valves, ana notidng that will cor?
rode. One will last a life time.
Dr. JOS. H. WARREN, an eminent Phlsiclan, of
Boston writes to the manufacturers:
..From the fact of its simplicity and correct
principle In the structure of your 'Fountain Sy?
ringe,' and ror the easy manipulation, practicable
result, and comfort to the patient, I have recom?
mended true Instrument extensively.'!
The Profession are invited to eau and examine
For sale, wholesale and retail, by
Dr. H. BAER,
No. 131 Meeting street,
may30 Agent for South Carolina*