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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE SWORD DHAWtf.
FRA.2TCE DECLARES WAR.
PRUSSIA HURRYING TROOPS TO THE
CONCENTRATION Oil THE RHINE.
Tike Great Power? Fall te? Prevent War
-Announcement of the Rupture of
BEUSSKLS, Joly 15.
The Intervention of the great'powers for
peace has been ineffectual. Napoleon will an?
nounce to-day the rupture of relations between
France and Prussia, and a declaration of war.
France Accept? War-I Blnltl'*to the
PruMUn A art) ???ador-Austria to he
PARIS, Joly 16*
An extraordinary edition of th? Constitu?
tionnel has Just been- issued. It says that on
account of insults offered to Benedett, France
accepts the war which Prussia offers,
'^d garrisons bavegone to the front. "Vive
- la Guerre !" Je the universal cry.
Bourse flat. Rentes 651 60c.
There is great agitation, and many demon?
strations In favor of war were made by the peo?
ple during'the night. Crowds of students and
others paraded the stree ta and boulevards,
shoaling "Vive la Guerre ! down with Prussia,'*
Ac. ' Some persons who protested were hissed
and insulted. The police did not interfere.
The crowd stopped at the Prussian Embassy,
shooting Insultingly. .
It U asserted that the Prussian Embassador
leaves Paris'to-dAv. ;v.
Austria professes neutrality unless a. third
PARIS, July 15. \
The declaration of war has been announced
ic the Corps L?gislatif!
The Effect In London.
LONDON, July 15-1 P. H.
Stocks and all securities are flat and nomi
nal. Brea?stuflB axe excited and advancing.
Action ot the French Chambers-Hoi?
land and Belgium to he Neutral.
PARIS, July 15-3 P. M.
The Cc rps L?gislatif declared war against
Prussia r.t ten minutes before 2 o'clock.
Holland remains neutral. The belligerents
have engaged to respect the neutrality of Bel?
gium, but troops are rapidly concentrating at
Antwerp and other strategic points. ".
Tne. specie and hallion in the national Bank,
t&t Antwerp, have been removed to the citadel,
and an Issu? of piper money is announced.
Frauala la Ready.
. WASHINGTON, July 15.
Baron Gerold: declares In official circles that
Prussia ls folly prepared for war.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, July 15.
The Georgia bill goes to the President Its'
bearing is not understood, though Trumbull,
when voting for the hill, declared he did so
becaase he understood that ft made an elec?
tion this isl! mandatory.
The announcement o? war between Prussia
and France, by the Associated Press dispatch?
es, was received lathe House with applause.
Congress extended its session to 2 b'clock.
The Senate ls la executive session, 'fighting
over .FreUaghaysea'B nomination to succeed:
Motley at the Court of St James.
The following message, presented by the
President to the Senate to-day, elicited consid?
erable debate, bat with np other result than
delaying adjournment until five P. M.
"2b the Senate and Souse of Representative* :
"Your attention ls respectfully called to the
necessity of passing an Indian Appropriation
bill before the members of Congress separate.
Without such an appropriation, Indian hostili?
ties are sure to ensue, and with them suffer?
ings, loss of Die, and expenditures vast as
compared with the amount asked for.
"The latest intelligence from Europe Indi?
cates that a war between France and North
Germany ls imminent, and in view of this a
sound policy dictates the Importance of some
legislation tendir g to enlarge the commercial
marine ot this country. The vessels of this
country at the present time are insufficient to
meet the demand which the existence of war
ia Europe will impose apoa the commerce of
the United States, and I Bnbmlt to the consid?
eration of Congress that the interest of the
country will be advanced by the opportunity
to our ci.tize ns to purchase vesselB of foreign
construction for the. foreign trade of the coun?
try. An act to- this effect may be limited io
las duration to neet the immediate exigen*
cy. The foreign mall service oi the United
States ' is, Inf -a large degree, depen?
dent upoa the Bremen and Hamburg
line of steamers. The Postoffice Department
has entered into contracts in writing with the
companies above named, and with the Wil?
liams A Guion lines respectively, for a regu?
lar and continuons service of two years. The
only arrangement that could be made with'
the loman and Cunard lines ls temporary, and
might be broken off at any time. The North
German lines are first-class in point of speed
and equipment, their steamers equally making
the trip across the Atlantic in from twenty
four to thirty-six hours in advance of the Wil?
liams A-Guion. Should the North German
steamers . be blockaded or impeded by
France, onr postal intercourse with foreign
cations will be greatly embarrassed unless
Congress shall interpose for its relief. I sug?
gest to Congress the propriety ol' further post?
poning the time for adjournment, with the
view of considering the.questions herein com?
THE GEORGIA BILL.
WASHINGTON, July 15.
H.-P. Farrow, one ol the Georgia senators,
has Issued an address to the members of the
Georgia Legislature, taking the position thai
the Georgia bill leaves the State Constitution
untouched, and therefore the elections must
take place in November; also that for the
members to attempt to hold over would ruin
the party. This is the opposite of the position
taken by Bullock and Blodgett.
y ATLANTA, July 15.
" Tte general opinion of all, irrespective of
party, is that the Georgia bill gives the State
an election this fall.
THE EH UCATIONA!, CONVENTION.
WARRENTON, VA., July 15.
The resolution introduced last night that
the association approve of the introduction of
thqrBible into primary and secondary schoois
as a text book, wu indefinitely postponed.
TBE CITY DEBT.
An Order Granted to Snow Cause why
the City shall not be Enjoined from
Paying Interest and Collecting
THE PHOSPHATE BILL.
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE HEWS.]
COLUMBIA, July 15.
To-day, before Judge Willard, a motion was
made by the counsel of Alva Gage and other
residents and property-holders of the City of
Charleston for aa injunction to restrain the
City Council from paying the principal or in?
terest of that part of the bond debt of the elly
which was contracted In aid of railroads, and
to prevent them from collecting the taxes
levied for paying Interest on such debt. Mr.
Spratt, of Charleston, and Chancellor Carroll,
of Colombia, appeared lor the residents and
property-holders, and City Attorney Corbin for
the City Council. After the argument the judge
held hat the holders or the bonds, affected by
such an injunction, were necessary parties, and
should have au opportunity of resisting the
motion for the injunction4 whereupon Messrs
Spatt and Carroll amended their complaint so
as to make Mr. Biggs and others defendants.
An order was then granted requiring the de?
fendants to show cause, on the 22d of July,
why.the injunction, as prayed for, should not
This order will be served upon the bondhold?
ers, so aa to afford them an opportun ty to be
heard upon the day mentioned.
The application for au injunction to restrain
parties from trespassing upon the phosphate
beds in the rivers and navigable waters of the
Stat?, will be made to-morrow.
TEE GEORGIA LEGISLATURE.
,. ATLANTA, July 16.
- A Senate resolution declaring Brindley,
- colored, ineligible to his seat, was made the
special order for Wednesday.
Both houses adjourned to Monday.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The shipment of Chinese women will proba?
bly be stopped by the Chinese Government.
Five hundred of the two thousand Chinese
for the Alabama and Chattanooga Railroad
have arrived at Chattanooga.
General McClellan has 'been elected chief
engineer of the Departments of Docks of New
TBE REFORM MOVEMENT IN AN
CHEERING ACCOUNTS FROM THE UP-COUNTRY
The Weather and the Crops-Pendleton
Wants to Hear Carpenter and Butler.
]FROM AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.]
PsatDLKTOit, July 12.
I have been playing truant for some time
back, in not paying my accustomed respects to
j HE NEWS. Apd having been only a sort of
weather gauge heretofore, we have not had
much of great importance cf late td note. But
since my baud is in, I will venture a few words
on other subjects of increasing interest to ail
true men and well-wishers for the future pros?
perity of our down-trodden and much abused
I am pleased to Bee from your extracte from
many of the papers of our State, that the pro?
ceeding of the State Beform Convention are
generally so well received. We bave put the
ball in motion, to roll on, we trust and believe,
until its accumulations shall enlarge it to the
uttermost dimensions that the most anxious
and devoted friends of oar cause may desire.
Many of the people of our conn'y did not SOPHI
to be very aoxiooa for a DO ninatiOD of a State
ticket; perhaps from the effects of cold water
administered by some who seemed to ta to more
interest m the matter tban did the voters at
larce. Yet, since a nominatioo baa been made,
BO far as ?my observation goes, there seems to
be but little opposition to it. We hereabouts
can't believe that two thousand voters of our
county are, or were, opposed io a nomination.
On attending the township convention at An?
derson for the purpose of nominating delegates
to the June convention at Columbia, we found
tbe people ofthat place and ito immediate sur?
roundings, many of them, very cold, and reluc?
tant to make any nomination at all. But, not
to go into particulars, a nomination was finally
effected. But it is cot generally believed that
our county was truly represented in the Colom?
bia convention, though without the least doubt
in the mind of your correspondent, honestly, in
accordance with tho views and belief of our del?
egates. The meeting at Anderson was a very
slim one. and, of course, could not represent
tbe sentiments of the whole county. There
were only three townships partially represent?
ed; and we aie ot the opinion if we had had a
representation from all the townsnips, we
should have bad less difficulty io procuring the
appointment of delegate* to Columbia. It is
boped we shall have no fence riding. The man
that ia not boldly and unflinchingly for us, we
f et down as against us. Lei us who desire a
reformation work barmonlously together. Let
us throw no buzzard's leg in, least we may
''spoil the whole pot of soup." But let us
make a strong pull, a long pull, and a pull alto?
gether, and success must reward our efforts.
We see the candidates will address the people
of our county, at Anderson, on the 271 h ; Oco
nee, at Walhalla, on the 28th, and of Pickens,
at New PickenB, on the 29th. Webopetbev
will not slight old Pendleton, where they will
be heard by many that will Dot attend the other
pointa named. There is a gap left open for
Pendleton according to the published pro?
gramme. They speak at Greenville on the 25th,
at Anderson CD the 27ih, ic. Now. if, instead
of the 27th at Anderson, they will take the 2G:h,
and give ns the 27th, all will be as we desire
and as it should b?.
When I last wrote you, we had on U3 a dis?
tressing drought, which continued some five or
six weekj. After that, an equally distressing
long spell of wet weather of some five weeks;
and now many of us hereabouts are suffering
again for rain, but as Jt is raining around us
in sight, we trust our time will come next, as it
is said it rains on tbe just and the unjust. The
ground has been so packed down by the neaw
lams, that we_cannot even prepare our turnip
pitches. Soufe of ns 6uffer dreadfully in tbe
weeds and grass iu oar cropafrom the 'loss of
time iq the wet weather. But, though I am
opposed to bragging on early blooms, ie., our
prospects for good cotton .crops are certainly
thc most encouraging 1 b ivekaowu iu this sec?
tion for many years. Not SJ with corn, of
which I thmk wo have comparatively only a
light crop, and that looking badly. Tbe yield
or wheat is fair; though the early drought
somewhat shorteued the heads, the grain is
nnusually plump an;l good. Oita, which, when
I last wrote yon, I believed to b? cat off, have
come ont astonishingly, especially the late
sown. This dry spell will enable some of us
to get out of the weeds, bur. 1 fear the work ta
oar corn, especially that wuic'a Las be?u nure
Deflected than cotton, is too late to mike auy
tbiue like a tull crop. The weather throughout
the dry apelle, Doth in May, June and July, has
been unusually bot and dis'rei-smg in the sun,
but not so much BO in thc shad ?. In May. the
thermometer, in a wide passage east and west,
ranged, from the 16th to the 23d, from 84 to 90
degrees; in June, from 24tb to 30th. 86I088;
July 1st, 88; 21, 88?; SJ. 85- ^th, 86; 5tb, 83,
6tb. 88, with rain around, < ooled the atmos?
phere, and was not noted to Utb, 86; 12th, 90
all obsjrvatloDB at 1 P. M. S
-One of woman's rights has at last secured
the recognition of Congress. The Legislative
and Executive Appropriation bill, as agreed
upon by both houses, provides that female
clerks shall receive the aame pay as males Ia
' any of toe grades ol clerkships known to the
UNION AND REFORM.
TONE OF THE PRESS.
The Work Before U?.
[From tte Columbia Phoenix.]
Whilst we advise our people in good faith
and on high, open grounds, to press this Re?
form movement to its best results and to a vic?
torious end, at the same time we urge them
not to close their eyes to the great work of
fostering Industry and encouraging Immigra?
tion, we must put In play a triune force. We
must win the State from the plunderer and
pilferer, must press the work ot active indus?
try-, and we must clear the way for the streams
ot Non hern and European immigration.
A Georgia View of the Movement.
[From the Augusta Chronicle- and Sentinel.]
Butler, Kershaw, Bonham and Hampton
are not the kind ol' men to compromise their
self-respect and the honor and Interests of
South Carolina for the spoils of office. They
hunger not after the flesh-pote; bot they are
determined to make an honest and manly
effort to rescue their gallant but outraged
State from the grasp or the plunderers who
are despoiling her and her citizens by the en?
actment and enforcement of arbitrary, uncon?
stitutional and plundering edicts. Though
situated upon the borders we have no Inten?
tion of intermeddling with the Internal policy
ol our sister State, or of volunteering gratui?
tous advice as to the political policy which
shoald govern the leaders of the people in toe
campaign just inaugurated. We deem lt our
duty, however, as lt ls most assuredly our
pleasure, to defend the motives of the good
people of South Carolina from misrepresenta?
tion, come from what quarter or source it
may, and to do all in our power to aid them
in securing an honest administration of their
A Fair Field and no Favor.
[From the Barnwell Sentinel.]
This is a contest for the triumph of truth
and virtue, not for political ascendancy. All
the Citizen's Reform parry asks ls a f?ll and
orien discussion. We invite the representa?
tive men of the Republican party to meet us
before the people ID fair and open debate. We
court the argument and pledge our speeches
to show up the rottenness and corruption of
the Radical party, or to yield the. contest.
Heretofore the Republicans have had meet?
ings, made speeches and statements, from
which Democrats and Conservatives were ex?
cluded, there being no one present to correct
or contradict them. We do not propose to
conduct the canvass in this way. We Invite
'discussion, and challenge the Radical party lo
meet ns before the people. All we ask is a
fairfield and no favor. If the Republican
party ls guided by truth, justice and virtue,
they need not fear au open discussion before
the people, and.will not neglect this Invita?
Fraud an fl Corruption.
[From the Barnwell Sentinel.]
No people In the history of the world have
been more deluded, deceived and cheated
than the colored people of South Carolina.
What has the present State Government done
to benefit them ? Their best men have not
been sent to represent them in the Legisla?
ture ! Ihe native colored men selected for
this purpose have generally been ignorant,
most of them not being able to read or write.
More than nlife-tenths ot the offices that pay
have been appropriated by the carpet-baggers,
white and colored, who have robbed thc State
systematically, and to a frightful extent. Taxes
have been raised enormously, to furnish these
men with money to spend In extravagant living,
fast horses and showy carriages. Look at our
roads and bridges ! what has been done with
all the money wrung out of the people by
taxes? There is hardly a decent road in the
district-contractors have received five hun?
dred and a thousand dollars for bridges inferi?
or to those that used to be put up for one-fifth
of the amount now paid. We have not a de?
cent room In which to hold court, and yet this
Earty. confessing ita dishonesty. Its misrule,
os the audacity to come before the people and
ask to be re-elected. Their public speakers
and presses acknowledge fraud and corrup?
tion, and yet ask the people to continue them
in office. Is it at all astonishing that white and
colored Republicans and Democrats unite for
TEE GREAT DROUGHT IN EUROPE.
Effect on the American Market.
A correspondent, writing from Purls on the
18lh instant In relation to the recent extensive
drought throughout France and in other parts
of Europe, says :
The prospect ls In truth most discouraging.
In many parts of France the .'armers are kil?
ling their cattle from absolute want of food for
them. Hay ls at such an exorbitant price that
none but agriculturists of large means can
afford to purchase it. .In the Corps L?gislatif
yesterday, urgent appeals were made to the
government by M. Corneille and other dep?
uties to see that the orders issued to allow
cattle to browse in the forests of the
State and the Crown were promptly exe?
cuted. It was affirmed that, owing lo
the persistent drought and the Intense
heat which accompanied lt, the animals were
literally perishing of hunger close to forests In
which the grasB was allowed to go to waste
without profiting any one. M. Segrls, the Min?
ister of Finance, stated that after the first in?
terpellation was addressed to the government
on this subject orders had been transmitted by
telegraph authorizing over the whole extent
of the forests ol' the State the gratuitous re?
moval of the grass for the use of the large cat?
tle, and also that they should be admitted
within the limits of the forests themselves,
wherever their Introduction was not likely to
be attended with injnry to the trees.
I give you these particulars in order to provo
to you the extent of the evil, and the influence
which it is likely to exercise on the prospects
of American farmers for the next couple of
years. If the grain crops In the United States
turn out as abundant and of as good quality as
some of the New York papers represent, the
exportation from your side will be very large,
and the balance of trade will be so considera?
bly in your favor that you will soon be enabled
to return to specie payments. It ls not from
France merely that the drought Ia likely to
create a large demand upon your cereal re?
sources. The news received from Spain to-day
In this connection ls very bad. In the prov?
inces .of Leon, Valencia and Valadolid, the
crops are entirely lost, owing to the want of
rain, and a similar calamity is apprehended in
the provinces usually most favored in this re?
A REMARKABLE SYNAGOGUE.-The Israelites
of Turin are building a new place of worship,
which, according to an account in Hie Puris
Temps, is a very extraordinary affair:
The most remarkable of all structures at
Turin is the synagogue of the Israelites. It ls
likely thu finest and richest synagogue in the
world, and at the same time the mont remark?
able monument of Turin. Upon a small square
hill, with adapted stairs, stands a Greek tem?
ple in white and pink. Above, a little back?
wards, is a kind of second temple. The whole
is traversed by galleries, adorned with small
pillars und thousands of splendid embellish?
ments. White and reddish colors predomi?
nate, ll is Greek and Moorish-lt ls Romanic
and Gothic; there is a blending of all styles,
without overstraining and without bad taste.
But what makes this structure something
bizarre and unexpected is a massive tower,
with pierced walls arising above this orna?
mented, beautiful construction, reminding us
Of Asia and Egypt, of Thebes, of Nineveh.
Surely the architect of this building was gifted
by Imagination. He was an able interpreter
ol' ihe Hebrew dream ol' the temple to be
erected et. the brink 01 a strange river. Never
since the great destruction has Israel posses?
sed a more magnificent edifice In which the
hymns of David resounded. This building ls
entirely fit for the talented Italian Jews, who
are a power at the exchange, at the press and
in the parliament.
THE CKOPJ rs BARNWELL.- The Sentinel
says : *'Sluce our last issue we have had sev?
eral days of scorching hot and dry weather,
and again the complaint comes up from many
oi the planters that more rain 1B needed. In
some parts of the district good crops, we hear,
will be made, but Judging from what planters
say generally, the crops, both of corn and cot?
ton, will fall at least one-third short of last
BLOODY BIOT I If NEW YORK.
Rlbbonmen and Orangemen In Conflict
-Desperate Fight In Elm Park-Sev?
eral Killed and Many Wounded
f North of Ireland Fends' Transferred
j to New York.
The New York Tribune of Wednesday gives
the following particulars of the bloody Orange
riots, of which we have already had brief men?
tion by telegraph :
The association of Orangemen celebrated
yesterday the anniversary of the battle of the
Boyne by a procession and a picnic at Elm
Park, Ninety-second street, near Eighth ave?
nue. The Orangemen started for the park,
about 10 In the morning, and the procession,
accompanied with banners and music, made
quite a gay appearance along the streets. The
banners were Inscribed with the names
"Boyne," "Aughrim," "Derry," Ac., names
odious to Irishmen, who can only see in them
the humiliation of their race' and the over?
throw of their nationality. Arrived at Fifty
eighth street, the men marched by way of. the
Boulevard to the park, to the music ofV'Crop
ples, lie down," "The Boyne Water,"'"Protes?
tant Boys,and such like airs, repugnant to
those accustomed to celebrate St. Patrick's
Day In Belfast, Lurgan, Downnatrick, and
other cities and towns in the north of Ireland.
A large number of men, mostly Irish Rlb?
bonmen, with a few Orangemen, were work?
ing on the Boulevard, but no demonstration of
any kind was made, and the procession march?
ed in quiet to the ground. In a short time
arter the procession had passed, however, an
Incipient disturbance took place on the Boule?
vard between the sympathizers with those in
the procession and their opponents. Two or
three of the men at work there got into a
wrangle, which ended without anything more
serious than words. The Incident was only
significant tu the light o? the tragic events
which subsequently occurred. It showed that
the fell spirit of faction which led to so many
bloody deeds in days gone by on the 12th of
July in Ireland, was kindled in . the breast of
the laborers. In a brief time after this little
row, the whole body ot Boulevard men, as if
by common consent and preconcerted action,
quitted work, and, each carrying whatever
tools he was working with, they went in a
body toward Elm Park, where the Orangemen,
with their wives and daughters, were enjoy?
ing themselves. This was about hall-post 3 in
the afternoon. Within the park there were
perhaps 2000 or 3000 persons, men. women
and children, all In the very height ot hilarious
enjoyment. The Boulevard men and a large
number of others who Joined them, numbering
in all, at various estimates, from 70 to 200 men,
then suddenly attacked those In thepark, es?
pecially the men wearing regalia. They first
threw In volleys o? etonesacross tho Inclosures.
Those within instantly retaliated, but finding
themselves hampered rushed ont of the en?
closure on their antagonists, and the fight be?
came general. The women and children, In
consternation, endeavored, with but poor suc?
cess, to get as far from the scene of action as
possible, and sought refuge in any nook that
offered promise of shelter.
Tho combat became desperate, bloody and
deadly, and spread within and around the
Park, and as tar eastward as Eighth avenue.
The Bouvelard men, several ol' whom had
burst Inside the Park, used their picks, ham?
mers, and other toois which they had ; pistol
firing became general, and the bullets were
as plentiful and still more deadily than the
stones which were thrown. The scene of
carnage would have gone on with even more
terrine results than ensued, and there is
no knowing where lt would have stopped,
had not a largo reinforcement of police,
appeared. Every weapon that could kill
or mutilate was brought into requisition,
and for two hours the battle bid fair to
outrival that from which the bad blood and ill
feeling arose. Sergeant Kelly, of the Thirty
first Precinct, arrived with a platoon of police,
and, separating the combatants, drove the
Orangemen back into the Park, and the Btb
bonmen down Eighth avenue. Another de?
tachment of Rlbbonmen here came upon the
scene, but were soon driven across the Cen?
tral Park by the Orangemen, who had again
sallied forth. The latter separated lato large
parties and pursued their opponents through
the Park and down Ninety-first street to Ninth
avenue, and up to Ninety-fourth street, where
they were again turned back. The police then
succeeded In getting a great many of them
into Eighth avenue cars and started them
down town, when several of the cars were at?
tacked at'Ninetieth street and almost com?
pletely demolished. Stones and pistol bullets
were tired through the windows into cars lite?
rally packed with men, women and children,
and the fire was liberally returned from the,
In car No. 54 was picked up a large stone
with blood on it. In car No. 74 was found a
huge lump ot rock which is preserved at the
Eighth avenue depot, superintendent's office.
A large stone came whizzing through the win?
dow of another car, struck a woman who hod a
child in her arms, on the side of the head, in?
flicting a terrible gash on her face, and the
child dropped from her. This woman having
recovered sufficiently went home, being an
Instance of those casualties which did not come
to the knowledge of the police. A man with
his face all bloodv and terribly bruised was
met walking down" Eighth avenue. Probably he
got home also without being noticed by the
police. From Ninetieth street to Eighty-sixth
street the light was hot, notwithstanding the
efforts of the police to maintain order. In the
meantime the left wing of the Orangemen had
driven their foes through Central Park to Fifth
avenue, but were there hended off by the police
of the Twenty-fifth precinct, and turned back
to Elnath avenue, where they joined the main
body," who had left thc cars, and by force of
numbers pressed their assailants down
Eighty-sixth street to Ninth avenue. Here
both parties, acting on the experience gained
in their riots of July, 1803, went into a war of
mutual extermination, and would possibly
have been successful but for the arrival of
fresh platoons of police, who, also remem?
bering their exploits in the 1S63 riot, put the
contestants to flight. At this point lt is stated
that forty people were injured, some seriously.
The total casualties, as lar as ascertained,
are three killed and between one and two
TUE NEW PATENT LAW.-The act of Con: !
gress "to revise, consolidate and amend the |
statutes relating to patents "and copyrights,'*
which, by the signature of the President a few
days since, has become a law, repeals all for?
mer statutes on thc subject. It retains nearly
all essential features of the old law, but makes
the following changes therein :
All applications must now be prosecuted
within two yeai-s after any action has been had
thereon bv the office, or they will be regarded
Applications which have been rejected or
withdrawn prior to the passage or this act
must be renewed or prosecuted within six
months, or they will be considered as aban?
Applications for reissues must, in all cases,
be made by the inventor, if living.
Where a patent is relused on application for
any reason whatever, either by the commis?
sioner or an appeal, thc applicant may have
remedy by bill In equity In any United States
Circuit Court, and ir the court And that he is
entitled to a paten:, the commissioner will be
authorized to issue thc saune.
Certified copies from the Patent Office of for?
eign patents on record therein shall be re?
ceived as legal evidence respecting such
patents. An alien is no longer required to
work his patent within eighteen months.
A trade mark may be patented for thirty
years upon payment of twenty-five dollars lo
the office, and the patent may be extended be
.fore it expires.
All matters relating to copyrights are placed
under Hie exclusive control of the librarian ot
The law also provides for an assistant com?
missioner ol patents, and Hon. Samuel M. Dun?
can, of New Hampshire, one of the chief ex?
aminers In the office, has been nominated for
the position. _
-A Berlin oorresiiondeut says that "if yon
were to hear the Prussians talk you would
think them all Americans in their progression
and valor, and like our own countrymen they
believe themselves invincible."
-It is repotted from the Indian Territory
that the chiefs who lately visited Washington
are exerting a good influence generally, and
particularly over some parties wno were about
to take thc war path.
FRENCH JEALOUSY OF PRUSSIA.
Debate in the Corps L?gislatif- Re?
markable Speech of M. Thier?.
During the debate relative to the army, on
the 30th ult, In the French Corps L?gislatif,
M. Thiers spoke as follows :
I beg pardon of the Chamber.for intervening
In a discussion in which the Minister of War
has given ample information. I do not come
therefore, to enlighten the subject, but to ful?
fil the duty of a good citizen. I cannot be
Impeached by any one. for I have always de?
fended liberties that I deemed necessary; and
recently, I did not fear to vote with a minority
of 35 against a majority of 200. I know how
to persist in my own opinions; but I say to my
honorable friends of the Opposition that they
deceive themselves in this matter. Certainly
the good faith ot BO one ls questioned, but I
adjure you not to go astray on this grave mat?
ter. You have done me the honor of recalling
that I was applauded some years ago, but I
was applauded without being heard. [Laugh?
ter.] We must submit to the consequences
of the faults we have committed. I hear lt
constantly asked, -Why not explain the policy
of Europe ?" But that policy ls evident. We
wish for peace because war to-day would be
universal, entailing frightful calamities.
Guilty in the eyes of civilization, ot humanity,
of history and of France, would be those who
would have the imprudence to occasion lt
But why la peace maintained? It is because
you are strong. [Tr?s bien ! tr?s bien!}
I have always attentively observed tbe state
of Europe, especially since the unfortunate
events ot 1866. Welt when the Luxembourg
auestton was raised France was not in a posi?
on to make herself respected. I did not
al way s approve the measures taken by Marshal
Nell, but lt must be acknowledged that he ren?
dered great services to bis country, and that
peace ls due to his armaments. If you desire
peace, remain strong. [Tr?s bien.} It ls ask?
ed, why not give the example o? disarmament?
Here lt is necessary to reflect Reflection ls
the base of the question. I hear lt said un?
ceasingly, "we are on a war footing." That
is wrong, we are not on a war footing,
and if a minister of war should speak
of disarmament, I would say to him
that he is imprudent and Ignorant. But we
are told, disarm and you will be imitated.
Well I when every one in Europe-I should
say nearly every one-desires peace, why have
we no Invitations to disarm ? Why has that
word pronounced three years ago found no
echo ? Do you think lt ls on account of 111
will or Idle malice ? Not at all.
It is believed that Prussia ls on an extraor?
dinary war footing. It ls no more true ot her
than of ourselves. But no account is taken of j
the past. Formerly Prussia had 19,000,000 ot
men at her disposal. How many has she to?
day, with the treaties of alliance, defensive
and offensive, binding on the Southern States ?
She has over 40,000,000.
Do not deny the chances c meed by tho
even*8 of 1866. In place of a federal Germany,
organized (or peace, all-powerful for defence,
powerless for attach, you nave a formidable
military power. At its head is a supenor man,
who is peaceable to-day, and not disposed to
dibturb the world, but be has 40,000,000 men
at bis control. In the face of this force wo
must havoanew military organization There is
patriotism ou all the benches of this Chamber;
but patriotism is not snffioieift. To be de?
ceived in this matter would be worse than to
want patriot'em. [Tr?s bien ! tr?s bien .']
I ?vae in Austria wben tbe war budget WSB nu?
der discussion. Wby did Austria, with a cour?
ageous nod devoted army, meet with great
reverses? lt was because imprudent reduc?
tions in tbe budget bad rendered it impossible
for tho government to maintain tbe military
force of the country on au ample basis, and
prepare it for emergencies. [It is trueA We
must not commit similar blunders. To the
faull B the government has made ii the past,
let us not add the faults of the Opposition.
We will do so if we disguise the necessities of |
j the times, if we think that it depends on us
to canse other powers to disarm For Prussia
to disarm, she should not only reduce her own
army, but break up the Northern Confedera?
tion, and the treaty w,th Wurtemburg, Bava?
ria,, and other States. The Confederation and
tbe treaties foi m her armament, sud ene will
not despoil herself of them. To speak of
disarmame A ia to cherish a chimera. [Move?
ment] All the world is on a peacj footing,
bot Prassia is doubly so. I am for peaoe. but
to have peace we must remain strong. If you
exam:ne closely you will find that with the
nine contingents of tbs present law you can
scarcely make a sufficient army. 1 would pre?
fer the law of 1831, with seven contingents
or 100,000 men. and I hope it will be re?
vived, but nader the present circumstances a
contingent of 90 000 is scarcely sufficient.
We must not cherish illusions; it is on that
account I adjure every ona to think of the
gravity of the situation, andi beg yon to do
your duty as Bi mud patriots and Frenchmen.
In replying to tho comments on this speech,
M. Thiers said:
You talk about civilizitioo, philosophy, and
tbe mutual in'eieels of trade uniting peoples
to-day. But di yon think that mankind has
cu msc J in three years ? Did philosophy pre?
vent the Prussian'army from marching on Vt
enua? And wheo the occasion presented itself
to change the face of Europe, did it prevent
Prussia from using it? Ido homage to the
boldness and courage of M. de Bismarck, who
did not fear, when the moment came, to fall on
Au-tria. He ia to-dav posceabla, but wby?
It nos asked awhile ago who owned South
Ueroauy; I answer the wisest. Behold wby
M. da bismirck is pacific 1 If he showed the
same ambition as tbreo years ago be wiuld
have all the South against bim. since it baa
become notorious that Fiance no longer covets
the Rhine, the natural distinctions which di?
vide Ger nany aro reawakening; ber patriotism
feels assured. Let us then bj pacific in order
to givo the Sontb to Prussia. In the course
of the debate M. Thiers added:
Nothing ie moro dreadful than to xiii a na?
tion to arms. Torrents of blood aro tbuj shed,
because no wars are more destructive and
bloody than conflicts betweon inexperienced
armies. Why did the American war cost so
muoh blood and money? Why did it continue
five years? Because it was a war of popula?
tion against population. It would not have
continued one year if it was oetween armies
M. Gamier-Pages. And Sadowa.
M. liners. Why did Sadowa give the world
I-an unexampled spectacle? All was ready at
Berlin; it was not so at Vienna. It is ibus
that empires perish. In conclusion he enid :
Do not forget Sadowa. Lot us not be refused
an army, which we might have done without
before, but which we cannot do without after
Sadowa. [Warm approbation on eevernl
ni. Ollivier declared tbatpeac? was not likely
to he disturbed, and said tbat the Plebiscitum
rendered negotiation abroad eaev. In order to
render peace certain there should be a cordial
and ardent feeling of harmony between the
nation and her sovereign.
ATTSON & CLARK'S
Manufactured from the South Carolina Phosphate
TRADE WxC. ! MARK.
WM. GL" RS EY,
julyll-mwf3mos Agent for South Carolina.
HE FOUNTAIN SYRINGE.
SELF ACTING.-NO PUMPING.-NO AIR
The nest universal SYRINGE in the market,
lt is recommended by the firs: Physicians of the
lt ls so simple that it cannot get ont of order.
There are no valves, ana nothing that will cor?
rode. One will last a life time.
Dr. JOS. H. WARREN, an eminent Phislclan, of
Boston writes to the manufacturers:
"From the fact of its simplicity and correct !
principle in the structure of your "Fountain Sy?
ringe,' and for the easy manipulation, practicable
result, and comfort to the patient, I have recom?
mended this instrument extensively."
The Profession are invited to cai: and examine
the apparat as.
For sale, wholesale and retail, by
Dr. H. BAER,
No. 131 Meeting street
may30 Agent for Soath Carolina. |
ADAMS, DAMON A CO., 16 BROAD ST.,
Dealers io Stoves, Ranges, Grates, Ac Agent*
for the Automatic Washing Machine and Wringer.
ADIAR, fi. W.-CHOICE DRUGS, CHE?
MICALS, Surgical Instruments, Perfumeries
and Toilet Articles. 469 King, cor. Vanderhorst st.
ARCHER'S BAZAAR, 363 KING ST.,
wholesale and Retail Notions and Fancy
Goods, 60 per cent, less than elsewhere._
ALLAN, JAMES, WATCHES, CLOCKS,
Jewelry, Sterling Silver, Platedware, Spee
taclee, Fancy Goods, Ac, No. 307 King street.
BAKER, H. F., & CO., SHIPPING AND
Commission Merchant?, Central Wharf.
BARBOT, ALFREB A., AGENT OF THE
Havana Cigar Factorv,"La Valentina," 118
East Bay street._
BA2AAE, F. VON S ANTEN, IMPORT
ER of Paris Fane Goods, TcyB, French Con
fectlonery.lndla Robb? Gooda Ac, No. 229 King at.
BISCHOFF A CO., HENRY, "WHOLE?
SALE Grocers, and Dealers In Wines, Li?
quors, Cigars, Tobacco. Ac. 19" East Bay._
CHARLESTON HOTEL, THE BEST
regulated and nmlshed House In the South
ern States. E. H. JACKSON, Proprietor._
COSGROVES SODA WATER MANU?
FACTORY and Bottling Warerooms for Bass
and Hlbbert'a London Ales, 37 Market st.
CHAPIN & CO., L., MANUFACTUREES
and Dealers In Carriages, Harness, Ac,, 20
Hay ne, A 33 Ass Plnckney st. ; also, 193 Meeting st.
CORWIN A CO., WM. S., IMPORTERS
and Dealers In Colee Whines, Brandies, Teas
and Groceries, Wholesale and Retail'275 King st.
CH AFEE A CO., WM. H., WHOLE?
SALE Dealers in Groceries, Wines, Liquors,
Ac; Agents for Kxton's Crackers, 207 East Bay.
HAFEE'S TONIC, THE BEST AND
most pleasant Stomach Regolator extant.
Cnafee A Co., No. 207 East Bay, Manufacturers.
UVAL & SON, J, B., MANUFACTUR
ERS of Tinware, Dealers In Stoves. House
Furnishing Gooda, Ac, 387 King st._
EASON IRON WORKS, ESTABLISHED
1838, Nassan and Columbus streets; Steam
Engines, Marine. Portable and Stationery. Boilers.
OLLIN, G., TOBACCO COMMISSION
Merchant, Manufacturers' Agent for the
sale of Standard Brands, No. 161 East Bay._
?RN1TURE WAREROOMS, ESTAB?
LISHED 1838. D. H. SllcOX, Nos. 176,177 and
179 King st. Goods carefully packed and shipped.
pt OLDSMITH & SON, MOSES, 4, 6 AND
\JC 8 Vendue Range,Wholesale Dealers in Iron,
Metals, Rags, Paper Stock, Hides, Wool, Ac.
GURNEY, WM., FACTOR AND COMM1S
SION Merchant, 102 East Bay, and l Accom
poUTEVENIER BROS., (SUCCESSORS
\JT to A. Illing.) dealers in Millinery, Fancy
Goods. Toys, China, Glassware, Ac, 237 King st.
TTENEREY, WM. S., 314 MEETING ST.,
li Machinist and Founder. Manufacturer of
Engines, and Improved Agricultural Implements.
KINSMAN A HOWELL, GENERAL
Commission Merchants, and Agents for
..Japes' Superphosphate of Lime, No. 128 East Bay.
L?ONS A MURRAY, WHOLESALE AND
Retail Dealers in Boots, Shoes, Trunks, Ac,
7? Market st., near Meeting, Sign of "Big Boot."
A CRIOLLA.-JOSE JARA, IMPOR
TEKand Manufacturer of Havana Cigars,
Wholesale and Retail, cor. Meeting and Market ats.
LITTLE A CO., GEO., 213 KING ST.,
sell the eheapest and best Clothing and Fur
nianing Goods In Charleston._
LUNSFORD, J. L., CABINETMAKER
and Upholsterer, 27 Queen st. Jobbing neatly
done. Agency Common-sense Sewing Machines.
MERTENS, W. A., DEALER IN LA?
DIES', Misses', Gent'?, Boys' and Children's
Boots and Shoes, Trunks, VallBes, Ac. 282 King st.
MERNAUGH, N., DEALER IN BO?TST
Shoes, Hats, Trunks, Valises, Ac, 212 King
M" ARBLE WORKS-THE OLD ESTAB?
LISHMENT, E. R. WHITE, Proprietor, 119
Meeting st., next o!d Theatre lot._
MATTHIESSEN, WM., STAR SHIRT
Emporium and Fine Clothing and Tailoring
House, Gents' Furnishing Goods, 291 King sr.
NEUFVILLE, B. E., BLANK BOOK
Manufacturer, Job Printer and Stationer, S
Broad at. Magazines, Ac, bound In all styles.
OAH'S ARK-WM. MCLEAN, JOBBER
and Dealer In Toys, Fancy Goods, Show Ca
sea. Stamping A linking a specialty; 433 King st.
OSTENDORFF A CO., WHOLESALE
Grocers, Dealers In Wines, Liquors and Ci
gars, No. 176 East Bay._
O'NEILL, BERNARD, WHOLESALE
Grocer and Commission Merchant, IBS East
Bay. Foreign and Domestic Exchange for Bale.
PADDON, W. F., GAS FITTER, STEAM
Fitter and Plumber, 447 King st. All kinds
of Gas Apparatus made to order._
PIANOFORTE AND MUSIC STORE,
191 King st., ZOGBADM, YOUNG A CO.,
Agents for Knabe A Co., Dunham A Sons, etc.
H CE NIX IRON WORKS, ESTABLISHED
1844, John F. Taylor A Co., Engineers and
Boilermakers, 4, 8, 8,10 and 12 Pritchard at.
PERRY, EDWARD, 155 MEETING ST.,
Printer, Stationer, and dealer In Blank,
School and Law Books._
STOLL, WEBB A CO., WHOLESALE
and Retail Dealers in Dry Goods, No. 289 King
street, three doors below Wentworth._
SCOTTS* STAR SHIRT EMPORIUM
and Gents' Furnishing Room, Meeting st. op?
posite Marke: Hall. Agent for the^JhanipionJJrace.
SPEAR, JAMESE., 235 KING ST., OPPO
slte Hasel, Importer and Dealer la Fine Watch
es, Jewelry, Silver, Platedware, Fancy Goods, Ac.
THE GREAT SOUTHERN TEA HOUSE.
WM. S. CORWIN A CO., 275 King st., branch
Ho'ise of wo Broadway. New York._
V~ Ol GT, C., DEALER IN FRENCH CALF?
SKINS, Oak and Hemlock Sole Leather, Shoe
Findings. Hides, Furs and Beeswax. 65 Market et.
WILLIAMS ABRO., A. M., 143 AND 145
East Bay, up stairs. Railroad, Commercial
and General Job Printing, at New York prices.
WHILDEN & CO., WATCHES, JEWEL
ry and Silverware, 265 King st. Crockery
and Glassware at Wholesale, No. 137 Meeting ci.
WEBB, WM. L., IMPORTER OF CHI?
NA, Glass and Earthenware, 128 Meeting
WING, ROBERT, BELL HANGERAND
Locksmith, 122 King si. Hotels and pri?
vate houses fitted up with Bells. Speaking Pipes.
OUTH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
OENERAL SUPERINTENDENTS OFFICE, 1
CHARLESTON, S. C., May ll, 1870. j
On and after Sunday. May 16th, the Passenger
Trains upon lie South Cc.ro.ma Railroad will run
Leave Charleston.S.30 A. M.
Arrive a: Augusta.4.25 P. M.
Leave Charleston.8.30 A. M.
Arrive a: Col-mbia.4.10 F. M
Leave Augusta. .8.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia.7.45 A. 1?.
Arrive at Charleston.3.30 P. M.
A '.'fi ri TA NIG ET EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.8.30 P. M
Leave Augusta.AW P. M.
Arrive at Augusta.7.05 A. M
Arrive at, Charleston.5.40 A. M.
COLUMBIA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.7.30 P. M.
Leave Columbia.7.60 P. M.
Arrive at Columbia.?.00 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.G.45 A. M.
Leave Charleston.2.60 P. li.
Arrive at Summerville.4.10 P. M.
Leave Summerville..7.10 A M
Arrive at Charleston.3.25 A. V
Camden and Columbia Passenger Trains on
MONDAYS, WEDNESDAYS and SATURDAYS, and be?
tween Camden and KhurvUle dally, (Sundays ex?
cepted.) connects with up and down Day Pas?
sengers at Ringville.
Leave Camden.6.36 A. it
Arrive at Columbia.11.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia.LOO P. M.
Arrive at Camden. .6.40 P. M
H. T. PEAKE,
raayl3 General Superintendent.
Drugs, Cljemicals, &z.
JJR. SIMMONS' LIVER/ REGULATOR,
A preparation of Roots, and Herbs, warranted"
to be strictly vegetable, and can do no injury to
It bas been used by hundreds, and known for
the last thirty-five years as one of the most relia?
ble, efficacious and harmless preparations ever
offered to the Buffering. If taken regularly and'
persistently, it ls sure to cure:
Dyspepsia, headache, jaundice, costiveness,,
sick headache, chronic diarrhoea, affections or
the bladder, camp dysentery, affections of the
kidneys, fever, nervousness, chills, diseases of
the skin, impurity of the blood, melancholy or de?
pression of spirits, heartburn, colic or pains in
the bowels, pain in the bead, fever and ague>.
dropsy, bolls, pain In back and limbs, asthma,
erysipelas, female affections, and bilious!disease*
Prepared only by J. H. ZETLTN AGO.,Drag-,
gists, Macon, Qa
Price fl; by mall $125.
Many highly respectable persona can fully at?
test to the virtues of this valuable medicine.
For sale by
GOODRICH, WINEMAN * CO.
DO WIE, MOISE A DAVIS,
janis slyr Charleston.
Is a recent improvement.
Replaces the use or the Bitter Sulphate Quinine.,
with which all are familiar.
DOSE FOR DOSE,
it ls warranted fully equal in every way to Bltter
Qulnlne, and, like lt, is the one great, posi?
tive and unfailing cure for all
DISEASES OF MALARIOUS ORIGIN.
Fever and Ague, Intermittent Fever, Chill Fever,
Remittent Fever, Billons Fever, Dumb Ague,
and the long tram or disorders following these -
is made solely from Peruvian Bark (so ls Bitter ?
Qa mine,) thefore lt ls of vegetable origin, and not ?
a mineral poison, but, on the contrary, la proved
to be one of the elementa found In the blood af aU -
acts as an antidote to, as well as a care for. Mala?
rial or Miasmatic Poison, the absorption of which
by the longs canses Intermittent Fevers, Ac Tba
only advantage claimed for
over the use of old Bitter Qoinli.e ia the entire ab?
sence of that Intense, persistent bitterness, which
In the latter is an insurmountable obstacle to Ita
use with most persons, and always with children.
ls In two forms-in Powder, for the use of Physi?
cians and Druggists, and Finid for use ia the
family and for the general public.
STEARNS, FARR ? CO.,
MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS, NEW YORK..
For sale by BOWIE, MOISE A DAVIS.
Has unveiled to the light of day
THE BITTER, MEDICATED INFUSION
Known to the people as
The Cure for Dyspepsia
And Its attending Evils..
Tlie Preventive to
AU Malarial Diseases.
The Regulator of
The Liver and Stomach.
The " Help ?
To Nursing Mothers.
THE PURE, PROMPT ANDfcPERFECT TONIO OF
Prepared at the Laboratory of
A. A. SOLOMONS A CO.,
49- Sold by all Druggists.
W. S. CORWIN A- CO. will supply it at Proprie?
tors' prices. mchl-tnthsSmos
?RUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL
FOR INFANTS TEETHING.
ALLAYS INFLAMMATION OP THE GFMS. CURBS
CBOLIC, CHOLERA INFANTUM, DYSENTERY,
AMD ALL DISEASES TO WHICH
CHILDREN ARB SUBJECT
CONTAINS NO ANODYNE.
RUSSELL'S SOOTHING CORDIAL is offered to
the public with an absolnte guarantee against au
danger from its use. Read the following certifi?
CHARLESTON, May 16,1868.
Mr. J. B. RUSSELL, one of oar careful and intel?
ligent Pharmaceutists and Apothecaries, has sub?
mitted to my examination the formula for the
preparation of a Soothing Cordial prepared and
vended by him.
It affords me pleasure to express a favorable
opinion of its safe and efficient adaptation to the*
particular cases of the diseases of children, which
lt ls designed to relieve.
E. GEDDINGS, M. D.
Having had occasion to prescribe RUSSELL'S
Soothing Cordial in severe cases of Bowel Com?
plaints In children and delicate females, I have
been much pleased with its effects. I consider it
a vamable medicine in all cases, m which it may
he advisable to avoid the use of anodyne, and par?
ticularly for family use, as it is perfectly aafe.
W. T. WRAGG, M. D
CHARLESTON. S. C.. 1868.
I certify that I have most successfully used
RUSSELL'S Soothing Coi dial m the Summer Com?
plaints of infants. He has fully exhibited the In?
gredients of h ls remedy, and the tedious method
of preparation. I recognize the prescription
containing no anodyne whatever-as a moat safe
and efficacious one in bowel affections of children.
When much pain or restlessness attends the affec?
tion, doses of Paregoric can be added to the pre
scribed doses of the Cordial according to the age
or the patient. The compound, though more
often, acts in an efficient manner without any ad?
dition of anodyne.
In the Diarrhoea of the aged. In Increased doses,
lt is of great value as a remedy; never disagree?
ing with the stomach-Increasing appetite, im?
proving digestion, and acting as a slow but effi?
cient astringent agent.
W. M FITCH, M. D
CHARLESTON, S. e., 1868.
Dear Sir-I have used your Soothing Cordial for
Diarrhoea in teething children, and find it a very
excellent preparation. It has a great advantage
over most preparations of the kind In containing
no Opium or Narcotic.
When these are required they can be added in.
proportions applicable to the case.
I therefore can recommend Its use In the affec?
tions for which it is designed.
Respectful^ vours. Ac.,
' T. L. OGLER, M. D"
MOUNT PLEASANT, S. C., 1888..
Afr. J. B. Russell :
DEAR SIB-I have used your Soothing Cordial \
for children extensively in my practice, and most !
cheerfully testiTy to Its merits. I have found lt,.
without an exception, to accomplish all lt claims,
and const 'er it superior to anything in use for
Its freedom from anodyne of any kind recom?
mends it as a perfectly aafe preparation in tue
hands of mothers and Inexperienced nurses.
Very respectfully, Ac.,
D. ft. WILLIAMS, M. D.
Made by J. B. RUSSELL, Chemist.
Sold by Dr. H. BAER, Wholesale Agent fer
South CaroUna. ooUS