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VOLUME X._NUMBER 1426. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, JULY 18, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YE 1
THE CLASH OF ARMS.
THE PRUSSIANS VRON THE SOIE
A BLOODY BATTLE NEAR FORBACH RE
PORTED AND DENIED.
GREAT MILITARY ACTIVITY-THE
RACE FOR THE RHINE.
THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON AT THE
HEAD OF SIS FORGES.
THE FRENCH FLEET SAULS UNDER
PRCSSIAN POi?CY Di A '2? E W LIGHT.
AC. AC. AC.
Mya gland Stntaina Fraree-Declaration j
?of the Ministry-A Panic on 'Change.'
LONDON, Thursday,July 14-Evening.
Mr. Gladstone stated 1? the House of Com?
mons to-day in reply to a question from Hr.
Disraeli, that the correspondence of ber Ma?
jesty's- Government with foreign powers occa?
sioned by the difference between France and
Prussia was incomplete, and tbe present was
not tbe time for its publication. But he would
say that tbe British -Government, in common
tbe European Cabinets, sustained the position
taken by the Dnke*de Grammont, which was
that Spain was entltledto choose any one for
klog except s Genrran prince. This answer 1B
understood to mean that France is pressing
other demands on Prussia.
There was- a wild panic on the street after
.Change hoars to-day. An official statement
th at the bank had received ?131,09? was not
sufficient to restore confidence, and much un?
easiness still prevails.
'Germany will Fight to tue Bitter End
Espartero and the KlngllngS.
LONDON, Thursday, July 14-Midnight.
A dispatch to tue Pall Hall Gazette says:
Count von Bismarck hs s asked tbe French
? Government for an explanation of tbe nume
. rous threats and menaces made to Prussia.
Cc ont Bismarck also addresses a communi?
cation to the Duke de Grammont, In which be
states that -Germany is not desirous for con?
flict with France, neither does she want wari
but if forced to fight, Germany will fight to the
Tbe statement is made to-day that Espartero
denies having ever urged General Prim in
?Jhvor of Alfonso In preference to tbe Prince
A Charge Against the French Minister.
BERLIN, July 14. ,
Th? North German Gazette (official.) charges
(the French Minister (Benedetto with having
violated the rules of etiquette and good-breed?
ing by addressing the King of Prussia while on
.promenade, and endeavoring to force from
-him a declaration npon the questions at issue.
? AlMallet at Madrid.
' ~~ PAWS, Thursday, July LL .
Advices from Madrid are pacific, as far as
--Spain ls concerned, and the Bolsa ls buoyant ;
The Spanish Minister of the Interior has-sent
?envoys to'tbe different courts to inform -them
-of the acceptance by Spain ot Prince Leopold's'
Jt'robaMe Fate of Prim.
PARIS, Friday, Joly 16.
-The Madrid correspondent of tbe Si?cle .pre?
dicts that General Prim will be superseded-by
-8eno Zo ri) ll o or General de Cordoba.
Angry Interview between the Emperor
PARIS, Friday, July 15-Evening.
It ls reported on the best authority that an
.angry Interview occurred to-day between the
Emperor and Prime Minister Olli vier, growing
out of tbe latter's known disposition for peace.
The Emperor violently denounced Ollivler's
.efttrts in this direction.
vit ls asserted that Baron von Werther was
.on tbe point of starting again for Ems yester?
day, when a Prussian Minister arrived here
Marshal Randon has gone to Algeria, to take
the place of McMahon.. The Gaulois says that
the-Minister of Austria to Berlin is in Paris,
and has bad an interview with tbe Emperor.
England'* Efforts for Peace-A Prot lu
. mat lon to the German People.
PAMS, Friday, July 15.
It .Is.reported that the Emperor received a
dispatch .from the Queen of England this
morning, making a last appeal for peace, and
a similar dispatch was sent from London to
the Sing of Prussia.
A proclamation, it is said, signed by the Em?
peror, bas been prepared for distribution
throughout the German States, as soon as the
French troops shall bave crossed the frontier.
It assures .the German people that France
wars against .Prussia, and not against Ger?
many, and with no idea ol conquest. "An
enormous number of copies have been printed.
The Coarse of Prussia-Intense Excite?
ment tn Easiness Circle?.
LONDON, Friday, July 15-Evening.
lt ia reported that the Prussian Government
Itself demanded of France the recall of Count
Benedettl, and that the European Powers yes?
terday united in a protest against the Implaca?
bility of Prussia, but without effect, . .
.The excitement arising from the situation
has been intense ail day. Business, was at a
stand-still and commercial quotations are quite
nominal. People collected in groups in the
streets and discussed the news. After 'Change
hours the markets were .generally firmer, and
American securities were 6teady, but prices
The Particulars of the Withdrawal of
BERLIN, Friday, July 15.
The North German Gazette has a dispatch
itrom Ems to-day. giving tbe particulars of the
withdrawal of Bendetti. It seems he accosted
She King of Prussia while the latter vras drink?
ing water, demanding peremptorily bis inten?
tions on the pending imbroglio. He was there?
fore dismissed immediately. The same paper
says there is much activity at the Prussian
ports, which are being put in a state of de?
fence. Fourteen lron-clads and frigates are
ready t o ?all from Brest and Cherbourg.
?he Emperor Napoleon In Earnest
Contracte Being Made for Hay f n the
NEW YORK, Friday, July 15.
? From private. cable dispatches there seems
- tn be every reason to believe that the Emperor
Napoleon ia thoroughly in earnest In his de?
termination lo prosecute thc war with vigor.
It-& understood in private, circles here that his
agents are at this;tine endeavoring ;0 make
large contracta for hay in this country ior I
use of the French cavalry horses.
Prussia Craves the Protection of o
WASHINGTON, July 15
Il ls reported on good authority that 1
Prussian Minister, Baron GeroJt, has c<
ferret!, by instructions of his gOvernme
with the State officials as to the protect]
that will be given to Prussian ships salli
under the American nag.
WASHINGTON, July 17
The Prussian Minister here has ordered t
North German steamers te ports of safe
The details of his instructions are suppress*
It is known, however, that be discontinues')
lines hitherto running from New Orleans a
Baltimore to Bremen.
A Revolution I? Roumani?
VIENNA, July 14
The papers of this ?otty ahnounce a revo
tion In Boumania as imminent The Austri
Consul has informed his government that "t
days of Prince Chartes are numbered."
Pruiila Meant Wur from ike Stun
Withdrawal oftbe Frenen Troops fra
Rome-The Alliance Between Anstr
PARIS, Saturday, July 16.
The Journal Officiel this morning publish
the following statement: "Eight days a
Bismarck Bent 'by a special messenger to W<
(her, the Ambassador of tho German Confer
ration, an order to make no concession to t
French Government." He said, "Do not
too much impressed." Bismarck continue
"We are ready. Prolong tee situation, if pc
8ible, to tfoe Oth of July."
. The Journal argues that Prussia meant w
from the beginning, and sought only to ga
Prince Napoleon, as soon as he arrives fro
Norway, will be charged with an Importa
The-Journal asserts that the French Gover
ment, as soon as the result of the vote on tl
Infallibility dogma was known here, sign?
an order for the troops lo come from Rome.
Count Benedettl arrived in this city la
night, coming from Ems instead of from Be
lin. He did not receive his passports. ?
came to give the Emperor verbal explanation
Nothing positive has been ascertained y
concerning the alliance between France at
It ls reported again to-day that Austria wi
?Werther, the North German minister, an
all members of his embassy, left Paris yee te:
day afternoon for Berlin.
A Enropeon Congres*-Singing thc Mai
?elllalie-The French Coffee-mil
PARIS, Saturday, July 16-P. M.
There is great activity at the War Depar
ment A large number of sealed orders hay
been sent in various directions.
Lord-Lyons, the English Minister, ie endea
voring to.get bis colleagues here to present
collective request for a .congress or thc Eure
pean powers td settle the question betweei
France and Prussia.
The Liberte of to-day says that Count Bene
d etti's dispatch was not communicated to th?
-Chambers yesterday becase it contained, be
sides matter from Count Bismarck, project;
looking to a certain alliance with France
which may be realized to-morrow.
The Emperor returned to St Cloud after thc
council of the ministers to-day.
Last evening artists ol various pleasure gar
dens in the city received permission to Binj
the Marseillaise. The audience In all casei
.Joined in amid great excitement and on thu
Last night many citizens called nponanc
congratulated the Emperor. Several club
houses were illuminated last evening.
The government is sustained in war sup
plies by the Corps L?gislatif, by ?Tote ol 24(
The Senate approved the action of the gov?
ernment without division.
I There was an immense demonstration on
the streets and boulevards last nigh t
I Prince Napoleon arrived in Norway yester
! day. He received a dispatch from Paris and
will return immediately.
Holland declines the oner made by Prussia
of an army to defend the frontier.
Edmund About will go to the front as the
war correspondent of the Moniteur de Solr.
It ls said that France will oppose the Prus?
sian rifled cannon by the revolving cannon,
(shooting 40 balls per minute,) and perhaps
Lyman's American gun.
A Startling Declaration by the London
Times-Probability of Knginh Inter?
Loxnox, Saturday, July 1G.
The London Times intimates that the recov?
ery of Alsace and Lorraine, containing the
modern' provinces of Moselle, Meurthe, Meuse
and Vosges, on the Upper Rhine and Lower
Rhine, are the real objects of war on the part
ol Prussia, and in that she has the sympathy
of mankind. The Times hints that English in?
tervention is probable, In case of Prussia
losing strength. The neutrality of England
will be difficult and perhaps Impossible, and
dishonorable should Holland and Belgium be?
come involved In war.
The Prussian fleet of Prince Adalbert, which
has latterly been In these waters, sailed for
A Circular from Bismarck-Rumored
Understanding Between Russia and
LONDON. Saturday, July 16.
Count Bismarck has Issued a circular, whicli
has been telegraphed In all directions, notify?
ing German vessels to hasten to ports of shel?
ter. This notification of course applies to ail
ocean steamers belonging to all German ports.
The absolute withdrawal of Prince Leopold
is generally credited.
Rumors are in circulation to-day to the ef?
fect that Russia and Prussia are in strict ac?
cord in the struggle against Fiance.
Enthusiasm of thc German?-No Sacri?
fice too Great for the .National Cause
-The Parliament in Session.
BERLIN. Saturday, July IC
The King has arrived. His progress from
Ems was a continued ovation. Over 100,
000 men awaited him at the station. The King
hoped they would be as brave elsewhere.
The government is hourly in receipt of dis?
patches from all parts of Germany offering
men, money, arms, horses, ic, in support ol'
the national cause, and asserting that no sac?
rifice than can be made will be deemed too
great lor the cause of Germany.
The government recommends Bremen as
the port of refuge for German shipping.
The BundeBroth of the North German Con
lederotionjneets here to-day.
. The Prussian Diet is already in session.
. The chtefe ot all parties assure the King of
their unqualified approval of his dignified ?nd
Remonstrances of the Great Powers.
VIENNA, Saturday. July 1G.
The governments of Austria, England, Italy
and Russia are known to have presented at
Paris urgent remonstrances against war.
MOVEMENTS OF TBE ARMIES-TBE
PM.V8SIANS CROSS THE FRENCH
Cavalry to the Front.
PARIS, Thursday, July 14-Midnight.
A large cavalry force is now leaving Paris In
full marching order, fully armed and equipped.
The French War Fleet Sailed.
BREST, Thursday. July 14-Midnight.
A French war fleet sailed from here this
evening with sealed orders.
FRANKFORT, Thursday, July 14-Midnight.
The Prussians are concentrating at Mayence
in large force, under General Count von
Moltke, the?hlef of tho Prussian army.
All Prussians to go Into the Army-The
Organizer ot" Victory.
BERLIN, Thursday, July 14-Midnight.
The government notifies all Germans liable
to military duty who are abroad to return with?
in five days.
Tnisorder creates the greatest consternation
here, as meaning an inevitable-conflict.
General Moltke (general of the Prussian
army) has been summoned to Berlin from his
Prince Gorteohakoff has gone to Wildbad.
The French Moving Towards the Rhine.
PARIS, Friday, July 15-Evening.
The movement of troops toward the Rhine
frontier ls incessant. Eastern France is abso?
lutely alive with soldiers. The troops which
have hitherto garrisoned Paris, with ambu?
lances and caissons, are passing through the
streets of the city on their way to the East.
The Emperor Heads the French Army
The Prussian Forces Cross the Fron,
tier-The First Point of Attack-Barn-'
PARIS, Friday, July 15.
The Emperor ls expected to lead the army
in person, and by a series of rapid movements
arrive at the Rhine before Prussia has com?
pleted her defence.
The Emperor will leave Paris to-day for the
scat of war. The Prince Imperial will accom?
pany him to the Rhine frontier. The Emperor
desires this, and the Empress does not object.
The military attendants of the Prince are in
Military pupil ? of the second year are order?
ed to Join the army, with the rank of sub-lieu?
The Algerian army is coming home.
The French squadron in the Mediterranean
has been doubled. Vice Admiral de la Gra
vlerre ls In command.
A dispatch lrom Seltz lias Rhine, about
twenty-seven miles from Strasbourg, received
this afternoon, says the Prussians have enter?
ed France by way of Forbach, in the depart?
ment of Moselle, on the Nancy and Mannheim
Railroad, but as the Prussian force ls only said
to be a detached corps, but little importance
is attached to the report.
The French forces near the frontier are now
estimated at 130,000 men.
It ls believed that the Prussians will attack
the fortified city of Metz, the capital ot the de?
partment of Moselle, and an Important railroad
centre, moving on it from two directions-one
body by way of Thlonvllle, and another by way
It is said the French torces are throwing a
bridge over the Rhine at Kiel.
The camp at Chalons will be broken rup Im?
General LeBoeuf exchanges the War portfo?
lio for afield command.
All bridges on the frontier between Belgium
and France have been destroyed, so that the
territory of the former shall be respected.
Reported Sanguinary Battle near For.
bach-The French Troops in Rome
Italy Sides with France.
PARIS, July 17.
An engagement is reported to have taken
place near Forbach, in which 3000 Prussians
and 2000 French were killed. This news lacks
The Emperor has Issued a reassuring pro?
clamation to the South German States.
Thc war feeling has entire control of the peo?
ple. After the warlike speech of the Duke de
Grammont in the Chambers, an offensive de?
monstration was made In front of the residence
of Theirs, on account of his anti-war Bpeech.
This was followed, however, by a demonstra?
tion In his iavor.
The report that the French troops have
been recalled from Rome is contradicted.
Holland and Italy will maintain absolute
neutrality. The report that the bridges on the
Belgian frontier were destroyed is contra?
The Moniteur says that England ls much
concerned for the welfare ol Belgium. It
thinks that .England is uneasy regarding the
attitude of Prussia as to Belgian neutrality.
The Moniteur holds friendly language towards
Spain, intimating that France would be wil?
ling to support the father of the King of Portu?
gal for King of Spain. La France denies the
neutrality of Belgium.
All the Paris journals have sent correspon?
dents to the front.
By order of the Prussian Government, rail?
way and telegraphic communication with
France has been destroyed.
Italy is said to have tendered France a
friendly neutrality or unconditional aid.
Prussia has made overtures to Austria lor an
Thc Prussian Movements-French En
thn?iafira for the War.
PARIS, July 17.
The Prussians Invaded Moselle for the pur?
pose of destroying railroads, and then retreat?
ed precipitately to Rastadt, the fortifications
of which are commanded by Prussian officers.
The bridges connecting the right and left
banks of tile Rhine have been destroyed.
The wildest enthusiasm for war is displayed
here on the streets and the boulevards. The
Garde Nationale and the Garde Mobile, ol the
first three corps, have been ordered to report
immediately lor active service.
The Very Latent-No Collision Yet.
PARIS, July 17-C P. M.
The latest advices from the front say that no
troops have crossed the Rhine. There hns
been no collision as yet.
THE FORTRESSES OF THE RHINE.
Interesting Sketches of the most Impor?
tant Strategic Points on the Famous
In the pending war between France and
Prussia, the probable theatre of operations
will be along the Rhine.' The possession of
the Prussian provinces on the left hank of the
Rhine has long been the favorite dream o1
I French ambition. Geographically these
I inces may be said to belong properly 1
I Empire, the Rhine forming a natural bou
i between France and the German Confi
tions, although the population of the cc
districts is German in its sympathies a
as in its language. For many years bot!"
ere have devoted Immense sumsof moi
the strengthening of the irontiers and th(
8pective lines of approach.
The strongest defensive point on the
is Ehrenbreitstein, opposite Coblenz ai
mouth of the Moselle. This ls an elat
fortress, laid upon, or hewn into a rocky
which proudly lifts itself three hundre
seventy-five feet above the right bank
river, and overlooks a large landscape i
west and south. On the northeast, how
there are higher hills, which ascend gnu
from the foot of Ehrenbreitstein, and
which the fortress can be bombarded
great facility. The writer] of this
positively and persistently; refused
mission to examine this ?exposed si
the fortress, or even to take the view t
from. This delicacy can hardly be to co
the strength of the place. Yet lt is s
that two or three lines of bastioned v
have been skilfully engineered and thon
ly built on the weak side, so that the Pm
engineers pronounce lt as strong as the
more favored by nature. This Ts quite |
ble, ?or the western face has also an ev
element of weakness in the high walls,
ot small and irregular stones, to enlargi
area of the fortress and to present a mon
ular front. These.) walls are not calcul?t
resist modern projectiles, ana will sure
battered down with dispatch.as soon a
enemy's guns get into position within rt
Whether such laraage would affect the
blllly or only the beauty of ute fortress
open question. Tue bomb-proofs are repre
ed as very strong, and would perhaps ni
weakened through all the artificial walls
broken up and rolled down into the Rhine
ls ominous, however, that admission to i
the interior covered parts of the fort ls
refused to strangers. In 1791 the Frencl
tered the fortress from the northeast side
very little difficulty-having first created
version for the garrison. Later, the Dlrei
laid siege to the stronghold, and after three
ures finally captured it. We are given to ttl
stand that a failure of supplies was the <
sion of the surrender. But some persons
that Colonel Faber, who commanded the ?
during the siege, acknowledged . that
French cannon bad wrought Irreparable
chief, and made the post untenable, and
the lailure of supplies scarcely hastened
surrender. The French blew up thc whole
upon their evacuation, after which Prnssli
voted ten years to the restoration and pe
J Lion of the works, so that now they ougt
I survive as much fire as did. Fofl. Sun
Ehrenbreitstein admits a garrison of four;
thousand men, and its magazines will
provisions enough for this force'for five yt
A well in the rock furnishes an tinta!
spring of water. At the foot of Ehrenb
stein, at tbe water's edge, is a new casemi
work nearly finished, which is Intended t
bomb-proot, and is designed to sweep
river at short range, where the : guns of
fortress would be harmless, on account of
great depression of aim required. Fort As
stein lies on the same side of the river, a 1
to the south. It ls a separate fort of const
able strength, is situated on a moderate eli
tlon, and ls itself supported by three si
TUB CITY OK COBLENZ
is surrounded by a strong wall, which
pierced on thc land side by only two ga
and these are secured by casemated tow
The walls of the town, however, cannot
reached without a Btruggle; for on the BI
side, both A thc Rhine and of the Moselle,
the two s'.rong forts, Alexander and Consl
tine, supported by a third work, which ls qi
small. Fort Alexander U the strongest i
most important point In this vicinity, exe
Ehrenbreitstein. It lies on the Karthause I
about three hundred and twenty feet hlg
than the. city, and would naturally be;
object of the first attentions of the ene
in case of a siege, since Fort Alexan
having been captured, Coblenz would
longer be tenable, and a strong fire co
be concentrated upon the river as v
as land side of the works across
Moselle and Rhine. Fort Franz, on the 1
bank of thc Moselle, occupies a moderate <
vatlon, and commands the railroad along
Rhine, and the carriage roads to Colotme t
Tr?ves, besides forming together with th
smaller works, a sort of fortified camp fo
large body of troops. All of this lies uni
the guns of Ehrenbreitstein. An army of 1(
OOO men can encamp under cover of I
I various forts about Coblenz. They can cc
munlCAte easily between the opposite banks
both rivers, by means ot the railroad and pi
I toon bridges across the Rhine, and the p
manent railroad and carriage bridges across t
Moselle. This strong position could be turned
crossing the Rhine at Neuwied-the po:
where Cicsar first crossed-and advancing
redly northward by a macadamized ro
through the Westerwald. This, howev
would be a perilous undertaking, and thou
the passage should be made without Intern
Hon, a line of communications could not pos
bly be kept open so near to Coblenz. The ll
selle, therefore, being so securely held at
mouth by the Germans, and in lt? upper cont
by the French, can afford but a difficult line
operations for either; but the great facility
further operations, either northward or sont
ward, when this line should be once fairly co
quered, would make it seem worth the und?
was Prussia's strongest fortress; and, f
guarding the frontier and defending the Ithin
as well as for covering and supporting an I
vasion of France, no better position can 1
found. The dismantling of the works w
nevertheless consented to, as the price
peace. Yet the work of destruction ls so pa
Hal, or advances so slowly, as still to be tl
occasion of complaint. And this is not su
prising, for though the Prussian soldiers ai
missed from the streets and walls, and two <
three roads have been opened through tl
ramparts on the weaker Hide, yet the ou
ward aspect of the rugged eastern face lu
not changed In a single feature; and, in eas
of war, the first body of troops to reacli th
town would soon fortify the points now ej
posed, and then enjoy all the advantages <
one ol' the strongest places In Europe. Y(
this strength ls more natural than artificial
and no combination of powers can expe(
to raze nature's bulwarks by a mere wort
even though it bc a more Just word than tim
which doomed this fortress. Can either Hoi
land or Prussia be required to nil up at enoi
mous cost the immense ravine which almos
encircles the great Ibrtress, or to blow up th
casements hewn In the face ot the living roci
on whicli the city is built ? If not, then Lux
embnrg must remain for ages consideran],
stronger than either Vicksburg or Jerusalem
whlch latter it much resembles. The only wei
advanced Prussian fortress for the defence o
the Rhine at the frontier Is Saarlonis-a smal
and antiquated work on the Saar, the chie
tributary of the Moselle. This is entirely In
adequate to the demand for an advanced posi
to hold the enemy in check willie thc army 1:
mobilized and brought forward, or for a bast
or operations against Metz, Thionville, Verdut
and Pans. Very important and prnctlcabh
roads lead from here to Melz, Tr?ves, Mayence
Manheim and Landau. The unfortified town
of Saarbnick boasts of a similar junction ol
excellent macadamized roads leading to ali ol
these important military points.
with Caste] just across the Rhine, forms a very
important, station for the defence ol Hie river.
Mayence is surrounded by a bastioned wall,
which in parts is new, while the larger portion
is very old. The moat is dry. except on the
north front. On the south side is the citadel,
with its two bastions and the Eigelstein. A
row of ports and lunettes surrounds the first
wall, a little in advance; and still further out,
but hot far, are several detached forts, some of
which occupy higher ground than the low
plain ol the city. The largest of these is Fort
Weisenau, which has a good position on high
ground opposite the mouth of the Main. Be?
low the town, on the Bingen side, a fourth line
of works has been commenced, considerably in
advance of thc third, since good ordnance can
reach the city over all three ?ines as they now
forms a large bridge-head to the pontoon
bridge. It is composed of five bastions, with
a ditch filled with water, and >wiih four lu?
nettes covering the curtains. A short dis?
tance bolow Cassel, and connected with it by a
I wail, lies Fort Montebello, it work of some
strength, which could be very useful In case
of an attack from thc direction of Biebrich or
in case a crossing should oe attempted by way
of the two slightly fortified islands, Peter's Aue
and In ge! hei mer Aue. A small fort stands in
either angle of the two, formed by the Junc?
tion of the Main with the Rhine; and good en?
trenchments connect the lower fort with Cas
tel. Gustavus Adolphus fortified this point
in the Thirty Years' war. A railroad bridge
spans the Rhine above the Junction with the
Main, and is protected by a new bridge-head
on the right bank and by Fort Weisenau on the
TEE MOUTn OF THE MAIS.
The importance of holding firm possession
of the mouth of the Main cannot be estimated
too highly. Custlne took advantage of the
weakness of the place in the campaign of 1792,
and with a comparatively small army operated
so successfully in the rear of the Prussians as
to hasten their retreat and throw the contest
back upon German Boll. The Main is naviga?
ble as far up as Bamberg, and is connected
with the Danube by a canal running parallel
with the Regnltz. Political changes have ren?
dered this line between the Rhine and Danube
far less Important for military uses than when
Wartensleben and Jourdan and Napoleon J,
operated on it. The Main, however, is always
likely to play some little part in any great
struggle on the Rhine. Its lower course com?
municates directly between the fortress at
Mayence and the great railroad centre at Frank?
fort. Sixty miles further up it passes the for?
tified old town of Wllrzburg, with its stone
bridge and easy communication in almost
every direction. And from the head of navi?
gation at Bamberg, a railroad follows the up?
per Main northward, via Hof,. to Altenburg
and Leipzig, and good carriage roads lead to
Schleltz, or to Coburg and Rudolstadt.
THE VOSGES MOUNTAINS
run parallel with the Rhine, and form a second
barrier for the French frontier. Like the
mountains of the Black Forest, across the
Rhine, they are highest and broadest In their
southern part, the Vosges at taining a height of |
four thousand feet, and u breadth of twenty
five miles. All the practicable passes through
these mountains have been fortified according
to their importance. The most northern road
ls commanded by the fortress at Bitsch, which
in 1793 and 1815 withstood several spirited atv
tempts on the part of the Prusaians to capture
it It has a deep ditch hewn In the rock, and
has been considerably strengthened quite
recently. Thc minimum garrison is eight
hundred men. Forts Petite Pierre and Llch
tenburg are small works in small passes.
The great central passage is by way of
Severne, and is held by the fort at Pfalzburg,
supported by Strasburg on the Rhine, oppo?
site. Pfalzbnrg is not very strong at present,
but ft has been proposed to strengthen it, and
establish a fortified camp there. Between La?
verne and Belfort, are only two practicable
passes-by way of St. Die, and by way of Re
miremont-ann these seem to be sufficiently
guarded bv the fortresses In the plain, and by
elfort. The latter stands in the middle of the
opening between the Jura and Vosges Moun?
tains, and is on important Junction for all
kinds of land communications, being in the
direct road between Basie and Paris. It has
been modernized and strengthened, and Is
probably quite equal to the demand upon It,
considering that the pass is so far south, and
that Belton ls supported by several other forts
along the Doubs.
To return to German soil, we find the most
Important stronghold on the eastern side of |
the Rhine Valley at Rastadt, on the Murg.
This fortress llefl lo the plain, about four mites
back from the Rhine, and ls both modern and
extensive. Three large forts-Ludwig, on the
right bank of the Murg. and Leopold aDd
Friedrich, on the left-with strong bastions,
wet ditches, coseraated redoubts, crenelated
walls, lunettes and towers, make as strong a
combination os are expected where there is
no more advantage of ground. A fortified
camp can easily be laid out In connection with
these works, and may be quite necessary for
this post, since neither the valley of the Murg
nor the Strasburg-Stuttgart linc ls command?
ed by the fortress_jufti?leutly to prevent Its
I'.lBSrfl the stationary ordnance ls aloneto be"
has nearly ninety thousand inhabitants of Ger?
man descent but who speak both German and
French with equal difficulty and defect. France
has strengthened the fortress considerably
quite recently, and ls still making Improve?
ments. The bastion enceinte Is surrounded
with a moat filled with water. The outworks
and detached forts, small and large, finished
and unfinished, together with the line citadel
on the eastern side, contribute so much
strength to the main work that Strasburg is
not considered Inferior even to Metz. The
town Hes on the III, but almost touches the
Rhine, and securely holds the French side of
the bridges here.
NEWS F MOM WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON, July IC.
The President has appointed Wm. W. Bell
collector of Internal revenue of the Third Dis?
trict of Mississippi, and Harry H. Bowden, as?
sessor of the Second Virginia District.
The Georgia bill, as approved by the Presi?
dent provides that the State of Georgia, hav?
ing complied with the Reconstruction acts, and
thc Fourteenth and Fifteenth articles, amend?
ments to the Constitution of the United States,
having been ratified in good faith by a legal
Legislature of said State, it ls hereby declared
that thc State of Georgia ls entitled to repre?
sentation in the Congress ol' the United States.
But nothing in this act contained shall be con?
strued to deprive the people of Georgia of the
right to an election for members of the Gene
eral Assembly of said State, as provided for in
the constitution thereof; and nothing In this
or any other act of Congress shall be constru?
ed to affect the terra to which any officer has
been appointed, or any number of the General
Assembly elected as prescribed by the Consti?
tution of the State ol Georgia.
THF OUTFLOW OF GOLD.
NEW YORK, July 16.
The steamship City of Brussels takes out
$1,250,000 in specie, and the Herrn an $50.000.
A QUEER IMMIGRATION.
NEW ORLEANS, July IC.
Tho schooner Jeanelle, from Port au Prince
via St. Mart, Hayli. with eighty-nine negroes
for plantations, has arrived. It is stated that
he schooner will return for another cargo.
CONFEDERATE IMPRESSMENTS.-The Laurens,
ville Herald reports the following case, decided
In the Circuit Court :
The plaintiff, Alexander McCurley, brought
suit against J. J. Davis in damages tor the im?
pressment of twelve barrels ol' sorghum syrup,
in January, 1R64, at Laurens Courthouse. The
defence was that the defendant was a bonded
agent ol'thc Coalederate Government, acting
under the orders of Captain 3. C. Means, the
division commissary. Orders were shown au?
thorizing the impressment. The plaintiff in?
sisted tnat the Confederate Government was
neither a de facto nor de jure government, and
the war a rebellion: that the Impressment act
was unconstitutional under the United States
and Confederate Constitutions; that the sched?
ule price ol the Confederate Commissary De?
partment was not a fair compensation. His
Honor, Judge Vernon, held, in the words of
ChielJitsticeChase in the caseot'Tliorrington vs,
Smyth and Heartier, that the late Confederate
was a de facto government of that description
known as "a government of paramount force,''
and that the defendant was not a "wrong
doer,"' if, in making the impressment, he con?
formed in all respects to the law ot the Con?
federate Government then in active operation.
Thc Jury, after a few moments'consultation,
rendered a verdict for the defendant.
A WHITE MAN KILLED BT A NEGRO.-The
Laurensville Herald says that on Saturday
last, in Newberry District, a negro shot and
instantly killed witb a gun Mr. Levi Garrett,
the owner of the plantation ci which the ne?
gro lived, and his empirer. Tho negro then
made his escape.
JOTTINGS FEOEC COLTJMB1A.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLOMBIA, Saturday, July 16.
AN ICC MACHINE.
The most pleasant item of the past few days
is the arrival ol an ice machine for Mr. John
C. ?eegers, of this place. It comes from Halie,
Germany, costs $6000, and is to turn out four
hundred pounds of Ice an hour. The manufac?
turer, Mr. Vaas, is here to see the machine
properly put up. It is expected that in about
three weeks it will begin operations. Ice now
retails at two and a half cents a pound. Mr.
Seegers proposes to change all that.
TBE COMMERCIAL BANK.
A good deal of stir hos been produced by
the action against the stockholders of the Com?
mercial Bank of this State. Messrs Chamber?
lain and Dunbar, as attorneys for a firm in
Philadelphia, which holds $100,000 ?worth of
the bills of the bank, bring the action. The
stockholders, under the charter act, are liable
for double the amount of the stock owned by
REFORM IN LEXINGTON.
The Executive Committee of the Union Be
form party have appointed the 8th of August
the second Monday-for the candidates to ad?
dress the citizens of Lexington, at the Court?
?.The most favorable news of crops-both
grains and cotton-continue to come In from
all parts of the up country.
THE PENITENTIARY-WILL HE LIKE IT?
Some ot the enemies of peace among the
anti-Retorm party are'beglnnlng to talk about
the spoils ol the -coming campaign. Some ol
them wonder whether, in case Governor Scott
should reward Colonel Delaney's devotion to
him with the office of superintendent ot the
penitentiary, the present superintendent would
like the arrangement. Some believe that he
Mr. Chamberlain, the Attorney-General, has
given voice, as we see, upon the $90,000 affair.
Mr. Chamberlain, although a member of the
Advisory Board of the Land Commission, and
an astute lawyer, hos failed to learn that any?
thing has ever been wrong in that concern.
This ls wonderful lu a man of Mr. Chamber?
lain's intelligence, since other members cf the
concern-Leslie, DeLarge and Cardozo, we all
understand-know of something wrong. Be?
sides, other Republicans have expressed their
certainty about it. But the attorney-general
hos no knowledge of it. This unconscious In?
nocence of Mr. Chamberlain has Impressed
this community very forcibly. Our people are
astounded at the unsuspecting virtue and in?
fantile unconsciousness of this officer. He ls a
marvel more noteworthy than the pure-heart?
ed Gay, who was
" Of manne? gent?o, of affections mild;
la wu a mau, slmpll city A chud.*'
We all, that wero not permitted to see how
the $700,000 appropriated to that purpose had
gone, and who heard what Leslie said about lt
on the floor of the Senate, and what Daddy
Cain has written about it in the Missionary
Record, and who have been believing that
stealing had been going on somewhere and
somehow-we Sil are beginning to feel bad
about lt. The letter of Mr. Chamberlain, In
the Guardi?n, puts;th<(t gentleman by the side
of Mr. Treasurer Parker-wherever that ls.
TUE PHOSPHATE CASE.
Before Judge Willard to-day the phosphate
case was argued by Mr. Corbin on the one
side and Messrs. Miles and Tennent on the
other. The Judge reserved his decision.
Mr. Corbin goes down to Charleston to?
THE CAMPAIGN IN TBE STATE.
The Barnwell Sentinel advises the immediate
formation ot Reform Clubs In every township.
A public meeting of thc citizens of the county
will be held next Tuesday.
The Horry News is willing lo give a column
a week to Scott's friends, the only restriction
being that tiley stick to the truth.
A Mr. Disham, of Horry, called the late Re?
form meeting "a political trap," and is now
challenged to make good his words before the
The Horry News has been asked : u Why the
Union Relorm movement is so heartily sup?
ported by the Democratic press In South Caro?
lina ?" And Its answer is : M Because the glory
of the Democratic party is the prosperity of the
people, and you will see it-next October."
Colonel Paul S. Felder calls upon all the
good citizens of Orangebnrg County to meei
at the courthouse on the first Monday In Au?
gust next, for the purpose of taking into con?
sideration and adopting the best means tc
carry to a successful issue the great truths o
the Reform party.
There was a very inharmonious meeting ol
the Ornngeburg Radicals on Monday last. The
colored men, heartily tired of the scene, lefl
en masse, leaving a select party ol leaders.
These resolved that there had been but one
delegate elected, and adjourned the meeting
until Saturday next, to elect the remaining
delegates in time for the county convention.
The Anderson Intelligencer trusts that th(
people are prepared to extend a cordial wei
come lo the champions of the Reform move
menl., and that thousands of the yeomanry anc
manhood of this section will congregate tc
hear these gentlemen on Monday next. It li
particularly desirable, it says, that every cia?
of citizens should be fully represented on thai
occasion, and that every voter should be pres
ent to determine for himself the merits of th<
cause upheld by these distinguished speakers
It will tend to remove prejudices and cleai
away doubts, it any such exist, as to the fitnesi
of the Union Reform candidates for the higl
positions they seek.
-Thc Forty-first Congress closed its secon<
session on Friday. The adjournment leavei
the people still afflicted with the inquisitoria
income tax, though reduced in amount, will
some interna! taxes; and to sum up the worl
ol Congress, it has patched np a fragment o
tariff monopoly; a currency measure whicl
will rather expand than contract Irredeemable
paper issues; a funding bill which may not b<
available to any practical extent; a new natu
ralizatioD law, which obstructs the freedom o
elections; an enforcement bill to meet part]
requirements in the South, which, in some o
its details, is most offensively inquisitorial ; i
grudging admission of Georgia at the last mo
ment; but finally doing nothing whatever ii
behalf of American shipping and commerce
the importance ol which the President vainl;
attempted in the last hours of the session tc
impress upon senators and representatives, ii
view of the great war now threatened ii
-Among the distinguished visitera presen
at Saratoga is General Robert E. Lee. Of a re
tiring disposition, however, he avoids tb
crowd and does not care much to be bored, es
pecially by politicians and interviewers.
The Missionary Record Exposes the
Way in which -thc Party" Machine
is Run-Congressman Bowen's Little
* LFrom the Missionary Record.]
We have always deprecated any coursejjn
politics which would tend to vitiate the taste
and degrade the character of the masses ot
the people. We have always fought against
corruption in the party, and shall do lt to the
end. We know that, while we might succeed
for a while, there may be a time when the ball
thus set in motion may crush the mover. Men
that will sell to one party can be bought by
another. Men who will receive bribes to sell
principles will sell their dearest rights, and
destroy the hopes of the rising generation.
When the last elections were held and Repub?
licans were guilty of irand, we de?
nounced that dishonesty, and declared
our hatred of that course of con?
duct We, to-day. stand on the same ground.
We demand now, honesty in voting, honesty
In the administration of government, honesty
In the discharge of official duties, and a decent
regard tor the rights of man. We denounce
every effort of the men who are now seeking
to control the politics of the State, by bribery
and fraud. Take, as an example, the conduct
of the Bowen men In each ward of the city.
AU manner of corruption has been resorted to,
in order to get control of the convention. Why
Mr. Bowen's friends fight so hard for the su
Sremacy ls because he ls opposed to Governor
cott. and if he does but get control of the
nominating convention he will have a chance
to secure the nomination for Governor. Ami
if he can do this he will relinquish all claim to
the position of Congressional representation.
The question now is, will the people elect Mr.
Bowen Governor instead of Governor Scott?
This is the plan, If they can cany lt ont in the
These men care not which they have so they
retain power. See the following facts as pre?
sented to us by responsible parsons, who will
vouch for every assertion made, and more be?
side. Mr. Callahan offered two dollars to par?
ties to vote for Bowen. Mr. Stoddard was de?
tected in voting three tickets at once. Mr.
Richmond, clerk or the court, was elected a
delegate to the convention from Black Oak.
He then came down and voted In Ward 4. In
Ward 7 Mr. Wall had forty men In his house
from the marl diggings to vote in that ward,
but was defeated. In other wards the Bowen
l tes did all they could to pack in their strikers.
We learn that as high as $5 a head was offered,
and paid by certain friends of Bowen. These
gents propose to carry everything by fraud'
and bribery. We will collect the facts and the
names of the persons who liave taken promi?
nent action in this matter, and shall Dubllsh
them, and we wish the people to mark those
individuals; they are public men, and have re?
ceived lionors at this people's hands. They are
responsible, therefore, for their conduct and
when the time for nominating men to fill their
present positions comes, we shall hold these
men up to the public for their perversion of
the people and their disregard for their rights
THE ASSAULTS ON JUDGE CASPEN
[From the Colombia Guardian.]
Desiring to push aside all party issues and'
to effect a combination of good and pure men
of all classes and every shade of political
opinion, in tbe common purpose of Retrench?
ment and Reform In the present rotten, ruin?
ous and extravagant administration of the
State government, the convention of the Union
Reform party chose as their standard-bearer
the Hon. R. B. Carpenter, a Republican, and
one whose reputation for Integrity and ability,
up to the time of his nomination for Governor
on the ticket, stood prominently above that of
any of bis compeers. He was held up by the
Radlcs-l faction as the bright star in the gal?
axy of talent and character which they had
Imported to teach ignorant Carolinians '"how
i? raa_a State" If a charge of inefficiency and
want ot brains was brought against them, the
mental vigor and legal acumen of Carpenter'
was cited in refutation. Were they called venal,
corrupt and unprincipled, Carpenter was
proudly pointed to, and his Just, Independent
and unprejudiced administration of the lawn,,
which had won him the reluctant commenda?
tions of even his political enemies, was used
as a pillar of strength to support them. He it
was who, with one or two others, snch aa
Moses and Sawyer, served to give, by their
Bast reputation, what little claim to respectab?
ility the Radical party in South Carolina pos?
sessed. Now, however, that Judge* Carpen?
ter, disgusted with the profligacy and villan
ous course of the Scott Ring, has identified
himself with the Reform movement and con?
sented to be the candidate for Governor, in
opposition to the present regime, there is
not-could one give credence to the filthy,
slanderous assertions of the minions or
Dr. Scott-a scoundrel of their Fetish brother?
hood so deeply dyed in wickedness and gross
venality as ne whom they have pronounced
the Incorruptible judge. His nomination was
not even accepted ere they began to rake up
from amongst the filthy mass of their own
misdoings charges that might make even the
land commission shudder, and hurl them
upon the head of Carpenter. But their efforts
will be vain, and they do but mulder them?
selves In attempting to black-ball him who fs~
unquestionably the purest Republican In the
State. If Carpenter be dishonest or if but a
shadow of the fabulous lies fabricated to injure
him in the opinion of the good oeople of the
State could be substantiated, to what de?
gree of rascality must those be consigned
among whom Carpenter stood forth as
the best and brightest of them all ? Ii
In their company, and with their cog?
nizance and co-operation, Judge Carpenter
has perpetrated such dreadful crimes and
maintained the reputation he had, what must
the world think of them ? For two years
Judge Carpenter sat upon the bench unim?
peached, and distinguished throughout the
State for his able, discriminating and impar?
tial decisions. He was endorsed in the most
complimentary manner by the Judiciary Com?
mittee of the Senate, and yet with all this, he
ls no sooner nominated for Governor by the
Reform party than the venomous spite of the
Scott Ring Is roused against him, and his cha?
racter assailed In all quarters. The motive is
too apparent, the charges are toe absurd to
have any weight with our people who are ac?
quainted with the history ot the State govern?
ment for the last two years.
FATAL KEROSENE ACCIDENT.-The Anderson
Intelligencer reports the death of a colored
woman, who threw some kerosene oil on a
fire which she had lighted. The oil can ex?
ploded, and the woman was fatally burned.
O?TH CAROLINA RAILROAD.
O EN ERAL SUPERINTENDENT'S OFFICE, U
CHARLESTON, S. C., May ll, 1S70. j
On and after Sunday, May nih. the Passenger
Trains upon the Sooth Carolina Railroad will run
Leave Charleston.8.30 A. M.
Arrive at Augusta.4.26 P. M.
Leave Charleston.8.90 A. M .
Arrive at Columbia.4.10 P. M.
Leave Angosta.8.00 A. M.
Leave Columbia.7.45 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.3.30 P. M.
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston.8.30 P. iL
Leave Augusta.<.s.oo P. M.
Arrive at Augusta.7.05 A. M.
Arrive at Charleston.fi.40 A. M.
COLUMBIA HIGHT BXTBSSS.
Leave Charleston.7.90 P. lc
Leave Columbia.7.60 P. M.
Arrive at Columbia.*A? A. M.
Anive at Charleston.?.46 A M.
8 CM M? Ft VT LLB TRAIN.
Leave Charleston.2.60 P. M>
Arrive at Summerville..4.10 P. IL
Leave Summerville...7.10 Al If ?
Arrive at Charleston.8.25 A. M, .
Camden and Columbia Passenger Trains on*
MOWDATS, WBDNBSDAT8 and SATURDAYS, and he- -
tween Camden and Kin orville dally, (Sundays ex?
cepted.) connecta with op and down Day Paa>
seagers at Ringville.
Leave Camden.6.86 A M
Arrive at Columbia.11.00 A M..
Leave Columbia.LOO P. K~
Arrive at Camden.6.40 P. Je?
ll, T: PEAKE, '
mayl3 I Genera! Superintendent?.