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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE WAR IN EUROPE.
NO BLOOD SPILT AS YET.
THE FRENCH MANIFESTO.
RUMORED ALLIANCE OF RUSSIA AND
'\ Vi ' ' '" ? i ? ? i'
Norway-and Sweden to Join France.
THE PRUSSIANS CONCENTRATE ON THE
The Basca of the French Declaration?of
W*r-An Appeal to the Recollections
The French declaration of war is based on
the following causes: .
First-Tho Insult offered at Ems to Count
BenedetU, toe French' Minister, and its appro?
uvai by the Prussian Government.
Second-The refusal of the King of Prussia
to compel the withdrawal of Prince Leopold's
name as a candidate for the Spanish throne.
Third-The fact that the Klug persisted in
giving the Prince liberty to accept the crown. '
The declaration concludes as follows : "The !
extraordinary con s tl tut Io nal changes In Prussia '
awaken the slumbering recollections of 1814.
Let vs cross, ehe Hhine and avenge the insults
of Prussia. The victors of Jena survive."
The, Dake o r Grainmont's Declaration
to the Senate-.Pointa or the Recent Ne?
'-PA* ia, Friday, July io^Evening.
The following is the text of the declaration
made by the Duke de Grammont before the
Senate to-day : .
Messieurs-The manner in which the coun
Sreceived our declaration on the 6th of July,
ns to co mr lenee negotiations with Prussia
to secure her lecognRlod of the validity of our
grievances. We old not treat with Spain,
whose Independence we have no wish to
trammel, nor with the Prince of Hohenzollern,:
whom we consider to be under the shadow ot
the King; nor have we advanced any other
grievance (than the candidacy of the Prince
For toe Spanish throne.) i [
The Prussian Minister o? Foreign Affairs op?
posed to us a determination not to receive
our representation, pretending to Ignore the
affair. We then addressed ourselves to the
King, who maintained that he was a stranger
to the affair, and that he could not intervene!
except aa head of the family, but be avowed
that he had instructed Bismarck. We could
not accept that answer, and we. demanded
that the King should-influence the Prince ot
^Hohenzollern. Deaistence (in the project)
came from the quarter whence it was least
expected.. We then demanded that the King
should give a promise lor the future. " This
moderate demand, made In moderate terms,
-we declared to be without any reservation.
The King declined to say that he would re
lose in future to interfere with the candida?
ture,-and he refused to authorize us to trans?
mit to you the declaration that he would in fu?
ture oppose the candidature. He declared that
ne reserved to himself the. right to consider
the circumstances. Even after this refusal
we did not break off the negotiations, but ad?
journed our explanations to yon until this,
date. Yesterday we were apprised that the
King of Prussia bad informed our Embassador
'.' toathe would not longer recel ve him, and to
render the -rupture inore obvious, he 'nave
notice ur his action to the Cabinets of Eurone,
At the same time, he announces that Werther
- 'might taite leave, and that the , armaments of
Prussia had " commenced. On our ', part, we
yesterday called- out the reserves, and. we
have tail en such other measures as the inter?
est and. honor of ina country demanded; A
copy of this declaration has teen presented to
(P aje'Oorpe L?gislatif -by- Monsieur, the keeper
pf the seals., The gov enrment asks a vote ol
supplies, and the call.to arms of all classes
fl owing military service.
?0t The Corps L?gislatif has voted the extreme
demands of toe government, tho Left yoting
' in the negative.
FrenchDiainands apon Sooth Germany.
PARIS, July 18. ]
France demands a decision from the South
German States, (Bavaria, Wurtemberg and
B?fe0,) by ?oon to-day.
Kngllnh Opinion Holds France Respon
j . ?lble for th? "War-Rumored .All 1 ance
Between Roula and Proula-A Panic
tn London and Liverpool. > .
."" ." ^ ,V ^LONDON, July 18.,
' The Times, in an editorial this morning, ex?
pects to be obliged to chronicle Prussian re?
verses at .first, owing, to the superior prepara?
tions and' efflcWn'cy of the French army.
Prussia needs at least another fortnight to get
altogether in readiness.
In another editorial the Time says: France,
without a shadow of excuse or justification,
plunges Europe in a war, of which no person
living may see toe end.
The stock market In-London and Liverpool
is purely nominal. There have been no genu
. lue transactions. The panic arises from a ru?
mor that the Emperor of Russia pronounces In
favor of Prussia, and. is' mobilizing the Rus?
sian army; ThlBTum?r paralyzes everything.
The rTuasian vessels ut' English daters have
discharged thelr.crews and laid up. ns j
Switzerland. ; and. Denaa.arh. Remain
. sa ?:. .-- -... t. ita ? . ?tttipijo Tj??. . .
Z?RICH, July IS.
Switzerland declares for armed neutrality.
. COPENHAGEN; July 16.,
The neutrality of Sweden is o facially declar?
ed, the governm?htTFaving previoasly com?
municated with Fiance. .. .
The Mailt-No Collision as Yet. j
WASHINGTON, July 18.;
The government will be urged to provide for
transportation under a neutral flag of toe Brest
and South imp'on mails, which have recently
been carried by steamers of the North German
Lloyd, Hamburg, American Company and the
Compagnie Gen?rale Trans-Atlantique.
The French Government forbids cyphers in
No collision Is yet reported.
TEE LATEST BULLETINS.
. . .i.
NEW YORK.. Monday, July 18-10 P. M.
The?oi?owingis'a synopsis of toe latest dis?
patches from the sear of war:
. France is Joined Conditionally by Nor.
way and Sweden.
Norway and Sweden will join France provi?
ded the-French fleets operates in the North
Holland Stands Neutral.
England is negotiating for toe neutrality of
I Holland, walch France is said-to favor.
Russia ls Disposed to Sustain Prussia,
c The position of Russia is uncertain, but the
latest information shows a disposition on- her
part to join Prussia. I-'
The Position.af tho Prowlan Forcea.
The Prusdans,^'In forc? at.Saarbruok,
.NeubuTg and Linden. Saarbruck is a town ol
Rhenish Frua*la,-on the road from -:Manh/i)m
.to MetL*and near to Forbach, at which place (
fen engagement 'was reported to have taken,
Tlie American Germans Eager for the
Many of the New York Germans have tele?
graphed to Bismarck for safe transportation
hone, that they may joia la the fight.
The French Army.
The French corps commanders areas fol?
First Corps-Marshal Canrobert.
Second Corps-Count Palikao.
Third Corps-General Tressard.
Fourth Corps-Marshal McMahon.
Fifth Corps-General Trilly.
The Imperial Guard and Reserves-Marshal
' Belgium Against France.
Franco distrusts Belgium, because two alie?
nated Frenchmen have been chased out of
Prospects of a Naval Battle.
Toe French men-of-war are watching the
departure from England of the Prussian Iron- j
TV o Blood Spilt Vt t.
ANTWERP, July 18.
The latest advices from the front show that,
as yet, no blood has been spilt.
Baron Alfonso Rothschild has resigned the
Parisian consulship because the King or Prus?
sia refused to receive him at Ems.
Nothing New at the Federal Capital- j
No Danger ot Entangling Alliances.
WASHINGTON; July 18.
The diplomats here have received no unusu?
al dispatches, excepting that the German
Minister has been instructed to keep the Ger?
man vessels in safe ports.
The administration have no fears of compli?
cations, or of dangers to American shipping.
The telegraph companies have made arrange?
ments to reach all European countries without
WAR GOSSIP FROM WASHINGTON,
The New French Minister.
WASHINGTON, Saturday Evening, Joly 16.
Mons. Parado!, in company with Secretary
Fish and one of the French attach?s, visited
the White House at noon to-day, and In a few
moments the President received them in the
Bine-Room. The usual formal declaration of I
friendship and good feeling were gone through.
Secretary Fish read the President's reply,
which was welcome, and assurances of good
feeling, ic. Not the slightest allusion was
. made In either the address or reply to the
political situation. Mons. Parado! was at?
tired in a full conn costume, with slde-swords
Ac He retired as soon as the presentation
was over, and bis exeqnator as Minister to the
United States for the. Emperor of the French
was received and accepted.
This afternoon the French minister officially
informed tho Secretary of 8tate that his gov
ern ment had ceased- peaceful relations with
Prussia, and i that a declaration of war was
being promulgated, Ac. This official announce?
ment was transmitted to the President by Sec?
retary Fish. ''
The Prussian Minuter.
Shortly after Mons. Paradol bad left the
Wblte-House. Baron Gerolt, the Prussian Min?
ister, made his appearance, and had a short
Interview with the President and Secretary
Fish, In the Blue-Room. The subject of the
conference was the safety of the different North
German lines of steamships, Ac. The Pres!
dent regretted very much the state of affairs,
but had no right to interfere. The Baron
said that' he had notified the owners
and agents ol these steamers that war
had- commenced, and suggested that the
running of their lines - oe suspended.
He said, however, that ho felt sure that they
would probably disregard his warning, think?
ing, perhaps, that France would not attack the
merchant marine without full proclamations,
Ac The Secretary of State regretted the non
passage by our Congress of the act to regulate
commerce, ?bc., for its failure left the adminis?
tration powerless. .The Secretary said that the
fact of a large amount of stock in these steam?
ers being held by Americans did not chance
the matter. They were North German bot?
toms, and could not therefore come under om
flag. The Secretary said that in all matters the
best offices of this government would be used
to either party.
The Position of Spain.
' From General Sickles It is learned that the
Spanish army is under fighting orders, and
being got ready for emergency, while the
Spanish fleet officers are receiving instructions
under seal, Ac. It ls not known what Is to be
the position assumed by the Spanish Govern?
ment. The Cortes will meet on Wednesday
next the 20th Instant. Among the Diplomatic
Corps here it is generally believed that Spain
will unite with France. The Spanish Minuter,
however, is silent on the subject. He has not
been to the State Department for several days,
nor bas he called on the President.
There is a rumor here this evening among
those who have the entr? to the Diplomatic
Corps that lt is known among them that Prim
ls at the head of his Spanish army, and that a
special messenger was sent by bim yesterday
to the French Emperor; that continued com?
munication has been kept up between him
and Napoleon. It is said that he will join the
forces of Spain with thone of France, so as to
secure, in ?he event of success, the Spanish
throne for himself.
The Ocean Malls.
All the North German steamship lines have
ceased running, and our foreign malls are
stopped In Baltimore and New York. Post?
master-General Creswell is now engaged in
effecting a temporary arrangement with the
Cunard and Inman line of steamers to carry
onr malls.. Several American parties have
put tn propositions to carry the malls In ves?
sels under our flag. These will receive proper
consideration next week. - In tue meanwhile
it is thought certain that- our mail will be
carried by the English lines next week.
Vice-Admiral Parker said to-day that ll
made no difference whether the North tier
man steamers carried oar malls or not, lt
would not be necessary for us to contract with
the Cunard or Inman lines. He said that there
was plenty of private enterprise in this coun?
try If our government would only foster it.
He insists that the matter will ue all right,
and that the mails will be duly carried, and in
good shape and speed, and under onr own flag.
But he does not tell the secret of how It ls to
be done as yet.
Congres* to bo Convoked.
The President ls known to be adverse to
calling Congress together, but said this even?
ing that lt looked quite probable that contin?
gencies might soon arise that would precipi?
tate him to do so.
THE WAE NEWS' IN NEW YORK.
French and German Views.
On Friday afternoon, as the Atlantic Cable
flashed across the ocean the news of the de?
claration of war by the French Corps L?gisla?
tif, the excitement amor g the German |and
French population of New York became in-1
tense. A frenzied crowd ol foreigners imme?
diately besieged the bulletin boards at news?
paper offices, and watched eagerly telegram
after telegram as it - was posted, developing
each progressive step toward the coming con?
In the, evening the Prussian sympathizers
and champions of France called at their usual
places of ro8ort and discussed the question in
all its bearings and probable results-the Ger?
man wRh a calm and dignified assurance, aid?
ed by his frothy "stein" o? lager, having before
his mind the memory of the recent glories of
Bismarck and the needle-gun; the Frenchman,
in his naturally vivacious esprit du corps, and
conscious of his ancient prest? ce.
The Germans are very much pleased with
President Grant for his promptness ia taking
action for the protection of the Bremen mails,
and thereby Insuring a continued flow of home
? The subject uppermost in the minds of those
of maturer age, and especially those engaged
in commercial pursuits, :? ;be effect of the war
on the commerce of this country. This, they
think, must materially Buffer, as the French
Government will blockade the ports ol the
Baltic. American-German liouses will also
suffer for the importation of the many articles
of German manufacture, which have hereto?
fore found a ready market ia this country, but
they generally believe and hope that, owing to
the extraordinary destructive system of mod
. ern warfare, the conflict will be one of short
duration, and commerce will not be interfered
The feeling fused in the minds of the whole
German community ls the determination to
fight to the last for Faderland, and of great
wrath against the demands made by the French
Ambassador. They esteem the conduct of |
their resolute King, and evince an inclination
to support him to the uttermost. Thousands
and thousands of glasses of lager were emptied
with many a "Hoch" to the success of Prussia.
On the other hand, to the mind ot tho excit?
ed Frenchman the coming contest ls received
with au enthusiastic welcome. Their country
has received an insult, and they declare that
Prussian pride must be lowered, in no way
doubting that their magnificent army, headed
by a Napoleon and supplied with a Chassepot,
will not only maintain its ancient glory bat
show to all nations that lt has kept pace with
the progress made in the machines of war.
Their trusty Chassepot will, they say, prove
more than a match In the hands of their conn
try men for the more clumsy weapon of Prus?
sia, The Rhenish provinces must be regained,
and an eventual stop put to the Increasing and
encroaching power which bas ot late years so
menacingly Bprung up upon their frontier.
They regard the coming struggle as one which
would be sure to come if postponed at this
time, and accept it as a necessity.
Fifth and Sixth streets, from First avenue to
Avenue D, might be mistaken by a newly ar?
rived German for some city in the fatherland,
so thickly Inhabited is it by his own country?
men Nearly every other house is a lager beer
saloon. These, last night, were filled to over?
flowing by an excited crowd, who claimed to
represent nearly every city In Prussia, and to
shout tor Prussian Buccees and German unity.
The talk of all waa the declaration of war.
These men, many of whom had fought In their
native country, expressed an opinion that
Louis Napoleon would not have an easy time
of lt; in. fart, that the Pnisei an troops would
soon destroy the French army. Even the wo?
men talked war enthusiastically.
THE WAR SEWS IN WALZ STREE!. '
Great Excitement In thc Gold Ex. I j
chance-Several Failures Annonnc. | 1
The New York Tribune says : At an early
hour Friday morning Broad and New streets,
In the neighborhood of the Boards, were lined
with crowds of speculative men discussing, in
eager and excited tones, the threatening news
irom abroad. A little after 8 A. M. the Gold
Room was in full operation, and 30 continued ! | |
until half-past C. agitated and at times almost
frantic with the variety of intelligence that
reached it in the shape of a few genuine dis?
patches and a multiplicity of others concocted
in the offices of interested operators. Before
the Board sales were made at 13}, but, upon
the receipt of Intelligence that hostilities had
actually commenced, gold rose rapidly until it
had touche i 14?. when another dispatch ar?
rived proving tho first one fictitious, and lt de?
clined again to 13J. An English telegram, de?
claring that Prussia was forwarding troops
and munitions of war to the frontier, and that
French fleets were on the way to blockade
Prussian ports, again elevated the price tc
U|, but shortly after it declined again to 14,
when it was known that news in favor of |
peace had arrived.
Dispatches were received from Washington
stating that Baron Gerolt had had an interview
with the authorities at Washington, in which
the administration expressed its warmest
sympathies with the Prussian Government.
Dispatches were received also from Berlin, de- !
daring that the French Minister had made an I a
extravagant demand upon King William, who | b
refused to reply, and ord?red nls adjutant to
Inform the minister he would not receive him
again. " Further rumors of the same hostile
character arriving, the prices advanced to 15j,
touching the latter figure when it was reported
that prices on the London Stock Exchange
were weak in the extreme. The prlce.contln
ued at that figure when the bull element made
Itself visible this time in the heavy purchases
by native brokers, one of whom bought from
one-half to three-quarters of a million of gold
and forced the price to 16j, but lt reached to
10} at 6}, when the members vacated the room
to meet again at the Fifth Avenue Hotel.
The transactions at the hotel were very lim
Ited as compared with the business of the day,
and many operators were disappointed at the
few fluctuations. The price, which opened at
16?, declined to 1G?, and advanced again to
IG}, closing at lGjalGj
Thus the price was kept fluctuating to suit
the speculative tendencies of a clique who
hesitated not, when real dispatches were not
forthcoming, to fabricate news In the most un?
blushing manner. The purchases of gold had
hitherto during the present excitement been
confined almost exclusively to tne foreign
bankers, and If a member of the Exchange
was asked the feature of the market, he would
reply. "The German bankers are buying;" but
not "so yesterday. The whole room appeared
to be engaged in purchasing, many of the
prominent importers having their representa?
tives In the room buying largely, while the
speculative element of the room also found
vent in heavy purchases. One loreign house,
lt was rumored, had bought from $6,000,000 to
$7,000,000 of gold, and others of the same
nationality in proportion. The Germans, who
had been such heavy purchasers of gold, were
also sellers of government bonds, and they
are generally credited with having a very
large amount of gold on hand.
As yet there have been but three failures
announced since tho commencement of the
present excitement: S. G Circle, Fairbairn
& Gatenby and another operator who was
heavily "long" of Reading for a Philadelphia
Srlncipal, who failed to meet his engagement.
ld and shrewd members of the Gold Ex
change state that they will be surprised If
there are not several to-day.
Effect on the Produce Exchange.
The war news, according to the New York
World of Saturday, had a very decided effect
In the markets for merchandise. Flour and
wheat met with a large demand for Great Bri?
tain and speculation. - Flour sold to the extent ;
ot about twenty-five thousand barrels, for for?
ward delivery, mostly in August, at $3 75aG
fur good shipping extra State, and these
grades were 25c. per barrel higher, but in other
qualities the advance was not more than 10al5c.
Holders of wheat experienced a severe dis?
appointment. Prime qualities were not more
than two cents higher, and soft samples would
not readily bring any advance. The chief ob-1
stacles to the advance was the scarcity of
ocean freight room. Nearly one-half the ship-1
ping in our harbor is under the German flag,
and this has been suddenly thrown out of the
market, and consequently neutral steamers
obtained seven pence to Liverpool and nine
pence to London, with every prospect of an
advance to a shilling next week. This is a |
serious obstacle to the export movement in
wheat, and will prevent any advance in prices.
Pork and hog products became excited after
'Change, ana holders refused to name prices
professing to look lor an advance of five dol?
lars ncr barrel for pork. Petroleum declined
nearly one cent per gallon, owing to the with?
drawal of German orders. Tobacco was active
early In the week, but the war news has
brought business lo a Btand-still. Of metals,
lead and spelter are a shade firmer.
THE GENERALS OE THE ARMIES,
A Sketch, of their Military History. I 1
THK PRUSSIAN COMMANDERS.
Excepting the brief revolutionary struggles
of 1848, the drat Schleswig-Holstein war of the
same/year, the second war of 1864, and the
brief but decisive struggle with Austria in
1866, Prussia has been engaged in no armed
conflicts since the" downfall of the First'Napo
leon. As a censequence of this long interval
of peace the present Prussian generals have
net made as great a public military reputation
as their French opponents. Nevertheless,
ing the wai* with Austria they displayed
admirable skill, their manouvres and co
nations being carried out with complete
The leading mind of the Prussian arm
said to be General Count von Moltke, the I
ganizer of Victory." He saw active field
vice with the Turkish army in 1839, when
obtained great experience. In 1S58 he
appointed chief ol Blaff of the Prussian ar
Of the Prussian army the King ls c
mander-in-chief But the planning of
campaign will, doubtless, be the work of
distinguished and venerable chief of staff, C
eral von Moltke. who bas been accorded
highest honor as the planner of the camps
of 1866, in the wonderful war of Pru
against Austria. The two Prussian prin
Frederick William and Frederick Char
who commanded in the field In the Pm
Austrian war, will, doubtless, also be In cc
man J in the present campaign, and Gen?
Manteuffel, who demonstrated his genim
the war of 1866, will again be in Immedi
command of the army.
THE FRENCH COMMANDERS. .. J
Of the French commanders the most c
splcuous arc Marshals McMahon, Canrot
and Bazaine, who will undoubtedly have
principal commands. Marshal McMahon
descendant from a family of Irish nobles v
lost their all in defence of James U, and
matned in France after the final overthrow
the Stuarts, began his military career duri
the war with AlgiersJn 1830, particularly c
Anguishing himself In the assault of Const)
tine. The re-establishment of the empire
France found him a brigadier-general anc
devoted adherent of the Emperor. 1
Crimean war established his reputation
a soldier. At the head pf the division form
merly commanded by General Canrobert
stormed and captured the Malakoff-one of t
most brilliant feats in modern warfare. F
lowing the war with Kassia came that wi
Austria in Italy. In the campaigns of 1859
?gain distinguished himself by the celerity
bis movements and the skill ho displayed
bandung bis men. . To his ability and da:
were due the great victory of Magenta, ai
wareward for his services Napoleon creau
Hm a Marshal ot France and Duke of Mage
A. There is not In the French army a moi
lashing officer than Marshal McMahon.
?.lose student of the military manouvres
he First Napoleon, he believes In sudden ar
.apld marches npon the enemy.
Marshal Canrobert is, If anything, betti
cnown as a soldier than Marshal McMaho;
Like the latter, his military career began I
Algiers, and he first distinguished himself I
.he assault on Constantine. Subs?quent!
ilaced In an independent command, he d'
eated the Arabs in three campaigns, in th
ast of which he displayed great military ski
n the disposition of his forces. When Lou!
Napoleon was President, General Canrobei
vas one of his alds-de-camp, and aided in cai
?ylng out the coup (V?laL Sent to the Crime
n command of the First division, he partie!
lated In the battle of Alma, where he wa
vounded by a splinter of shell, which struc
lim in the breast and hand. After the resit
?ation of Marshal St. Arnaud, Genera
?anrobert took command of tho Arm
if the East, and at tho battle of Inkei
nan greatly distinguished himself by his pei
ona! valor. He led the famous charge of th
?ouaves. during which he. was slightly wound
d. Bad health compelled him In May, 1855
o return to France, on arriving in whicl
ountry the Emperor treated him with market
llstlnctlon. Buring the Franco-Italian war o
869, he won fresh laurels by hts heroism a
fagenta, when at Solferino his famous move
sent in aid of Marshal Niel turned the scale o
Ictory In favor of the*Frencli. For these s?r?
i?es he was made a Marshal of France. Gen
al Canrobert is one of the moat; heroic men in
?urope. In every engagement In which he
ias participated he has, with almost reckless
oarage, exposed hts person to the enemy. As
, consequence he is immensely popular with
Marshal Bazaine is well known to the people
>f the United States. He first distinguished
imself In Africa and subsequently served with
redit in the Crimea, During the Italian cam
laign he remained in France on home duty,
n 1862 he was placed in command of thc
Tench expedition to Mexico, and succeeded
larshal Forey tn the supreme command. In
he sister republic he greatly distinguished
.imself. considering the number of men at his
ispbsal, and for his services he was created
iarehal of France in 1864. Marshal Bazaine
ears the reputation of possessing one of the
lost strategic minds In the French army.
There are several other French generals of
stablished reputation, who will, no doubt,
ake active part In the contest. Count de Pall
;ao, General Goyon, General Lebouf and
Jount de Montebello, are skilful officers. Mar?
tial? Baragnay d'HIlllers and Randon are
ach seventy-five years of age, and will probab?
ly not take the field.
It will be seen that in both armies there
re commanders of great talent and experl
nce. Among the subordinate officers, there
re many who took part in one or other of the
ampalgns of the last fifteen years; and in the
ank and file of both armies, there are to be
Dund, in greater or lesser numbers, troops
/ho served In these wars, and who will; there
ore, bring to thc service those valuable mlli
ary qualities which aro* only acquired by ne?
na! experience before the enemy.
VEE IMMEDIATS SCENE OF
It ls as yet impossible to forecast the exact
ocality where the first collision will take
ilace. There will doubtless be In a short time
i great struggle for the possession of Luxem?
burg, the dismantling of which was demand
id by France as the price of peace lour years
igo. The work of destruction has, however,
>een but partial, and of this France has fre
juently complained. For guarding the fron
ler and defending the Rhine, as well as for
?overing and supporting an Invasion of France,
io better position can be found than Luxem?
The troops ot" the Frtnch army are now sup?
pled with the Chass?pot, whose value was
ried, In a small way, on the Romans three
rears ago. The Prussian troop.? are furnished
vltk the Zundnadelgewchr, or needle-?nn,
vhose terribly destructive power waq demon
itrated upon the Austrians In the battle ot Sa
lowa four years ago. *Bbth of these kinds of
.liles are superb; but we shall be better able to
tecide upon their relative merits at the close
>f the first campaign.
NEWSPAPER COMMENTS ON THE
WA E .
Prussia's Advantage-The Contest on
The New York Tribune thinks that the war
game, so far, has been played by Prussia with
consummate skill. Itt-ays:
She ha3 compelled France to expose clearly
tier purpose of seizing the Rhenish frontier,
md thus has stimulated the patriotism of the
ion-confederated German provinces, which
:annot now hesitate to Join the Confederation
with all their available force. She has gained
time to complete her preparations for the de?
fence of the Rhine; and as there are only a few
lines upon which the French can possibly ad?
vance, this is an advantage of the very utmost
importance. The whole frontier is a network ,
Di fortresses, upon which Prussia for years
past has been lavishing money and exhaust?
ing the ingenuity of engineers. Before the
French can reach them they will be occupied
ay the full strength of the Prussian army. The
true policy of an Invading force would have
been to fall on them suddenly, but t he time for
this has passed by; and that Napoleon has sui
fered It to pass, though all his preDarations
for attack must have been complete, ls the
best and almost the only reason now lett us
for still hoping that he means bluster and not
Prussia and Sooth Germany.
Assuming that the casus belli is not the can?
didature ol Prince Leopold, but unavowed
reasons, the New York Times says :
lt is not difficult to understand the attitude
ol Prussia, fairly aroused as she now seems to
be, to thc overbearing pretensions of her mili?
tary rival. Whatever opinions may be enter?
tained as to the right ot Prance to maintain
such a line of European policy as she lately in?
dicated, it ls beyond a doubt that any interfer?
ence she may volunteer between the two flec?
tions of Germany will be almost equally re?
sented by both. The South German States
may be briefly described as two kingdoms,
two grand duchies, and two petty prince?
doms united in a loose sort of Confede?
ration, of which Bavaria ls the head. They
contain about nine millions of the ex?
isting thirty-eight millions of German popula?
tion. After the seven days' war of 1866 Aus?
tria left each of them to make its own term?
with the conqueror, and out ol these grew the
treaties concluded at NIkolsburg, out only
made public eight months afterward, by
which, inconsideration of a guarantee of ter?
ritorial independence, Bavaria, Wurtemburg
and Baden agreed to place their armies, in
time of war, under the leadership of the King
of Prussia. Speaking in June, 1867, the Prince
ol Hohenlohe, Prime '? Minister of the first of
these States, remarked In explanation of this
agreement: "When I say that Bavaria would,
In the event of war, place her army under the
command of the King of Prussia, I suppose
the case of a war in which the integrity
of Germany, in its actual limits, would
be menaced from any side whatever."
Or, as a French writer, quoting the pas?
sage, remarks: "Let France extend her arms
to grasp the Rhine, and Germany would rise
as one man." It l9 perfectly true that in the
South German States, with the single excep?
tion of Baden, there exists but a very section?
al attachment to Prussia. Even the Suabian
enthusiasts for national unity have begun to
suspect that "one great Germany ls a dream,
ind that the only possible change is to one
Treat Prussia." But If compelled to throw in
their lot with either France or Prussia, there
:aunot be a moment's doubt that they would
?elect the latter, and that a declaration of war
by France would only hasten the completion
jr a union which the bond of a Customs Par?
liament and a military alliance has already
dal f consummated.
Can France Slake the War Short, Sharp
and Decisive ?
The Richmond Dispatch opines that
The French Emperor will attempt to make
;he war "sharp, short and decisive," (as was
;hat between Prussia and Austria,) and wind
t up with the reduction of Prussia in the
lational scale, anda reformation of the French
wnudarles, so as to wipe out the wrongs of
ibo peace of '16 and satisfy French pride. Can
"rance do this ? Will the other nations per?
ri! t lt tobe done ? Is there still alive enough
>f thc sentiment of sympathy and of re
iiprocal interest Inspired by the alli
tnce against the first Napoleon to In
luce another combination against the I
nheritor of bis name and " ideas ?"
Phe engineries of these days bring on j
?vents so rapidly that we bave hardly time to
ipeculate before speculation is superseded by
ictunl occurrences. France is ready, and
iteam and telegraph enable her lo move quick,
f the other great powers are to do anything
hoy munt act nt one?.-. England, however, I
ms latterly manifested an indisposition to
neddie with matters not Immediately bearing
ipon her own Interests. Thc outgivings ot a
ninisterlal character on several occasions, and
?specially at the time of the war between
'russia and Austria, satisfied the world, we
lelleve, that England had changed lwr mind
ibout holy alliances, and meant thereafter to
address herself to her own Interests, gol nc no
arther with the "rest of mankind" than" she
night by example, appeal, and remonstrance,
or the preservation of pence and harmony
amongst nations. She has "gone into
rade," and would rather now feed and clothe
>nd arm the legions of other nations, ifuv to
lo any of their fighting. Russia has no pres
nt ambition beyond the extension of her e na?
il re in Asia, in which she ls impinging so
losely upon her British possessions in India
-s to engender suspicions that may of thom-|
elves be obstacles to some extent in the way
if any cordial reciprocal intention betweeu
tussla and England. These two nations are
verythlngin this matter. If they remain
lient, no other will Interfere. Austria, the
nly remaining great power of the old alli?
ac?, ls more lu sympathy with France than
rith Prussia, having so recently suffered de
eat, along with the loss ol'much of her terri
ory, from the latter.
The Left Bank.
The New York Times says:
We believe that this will be one ol the most [
lopular wars ia which France has ever en?
gaged. Thc same state of feeling exists In
'russia and North Germany. Rightly or wrong
y. however, the rest ot the world will see in the
?resent outbreak of hostilities, an effort on I
he part of France to rectify her irontler, and to
IOSSCSS once more the lea bank of the Rhine.
Startling as It may appear, the historical
act of a Rhine frontier ls 1400 years old. Na
loleon I only fulfilled a national aspiration
yhen he made Flanders, Luxembourg and
ither territories between the Rhine and the
ea an Integral portion of the First Empire,
.nd Napoleon III ls perfectly aware that he
yould cover his name with imperishable glory
?y making the Rhine, the Pyreness, the Alps,
nd the Ocean the boundaries of modern
It needs but a superficial glance at the map
o perceive that there ls a species of territorial
Itness in this much-coveted Rhine frontier,
ieglnnlng at the Mediterranean, France is
eparatea from Italy by the Var and the Alps;
rom Switzerland by the Rhone and the moun
alns of Jura, and finally, from the Grand
)uchy of Baden by the Rhine. Just at the
mgle which the Lauter forms by falling into
he Rhine, the natural boundary ceases, and
m imaginary line commences, which runs to
he North Sea. Taking this line as the base of
, triangle, and the further course of the
thine and the seacoast as the two sides, we
lave a territory, one-half of which is occu?
red by the Kingdom of Belgium, and the
ither by Rhenish Bavaria, Rhenish Hesse,
Ihenish Prussia, and a small slice of Holland,
iomprehending a superficial area which may
>e roughly stated at 24,000 square miles, occu?
lted by a population which probably numbers
lice millions. In language, not over three,
aillions of these speak French, the remainder
ising either Flemish, Dutch or German, with
m occasional admixture ot patois, compound
id out of some two of these languages. So far
LS national sympathies go, the German popu
atlons and the Flemish sections ot Belgium
lave an intense aversion to France, while the
.vowed partisans of an extension of the Em
ilre only exist Sn some of the large cities of
Jelglum, and even there have but little power
Any obvious determination on the part of
Yance to make a comprehensive annexation
if the left bank of the Rhine, would proba
?ly be a signal for a contest from which
carcelv any of the great powers of Europe
?ould stand aloof. The independence of
lelgium is guaranteed by Russia, Prussia,
Austria and England, as well as by France.
)n the partition of Europe in 1815, it was
riven to the King of Holland, and after the
mccessful revolution In ISM, the same pow
srs that had consented to the Treaty of VI
;una concluded a fresh agreement in London,
vhlch made the maintenance of the newly
?reated kingdom, shortly after accepted by
^eopold of Saxe-Coburg. a question which
iach and all of them would be obliged to sup
>ort by force of arms. The Prussian posses
ilons on the lett bank of the Rhine may probo
>ly become the immediate theatre ot the war,
ind the development of French policy will, no
loubt, be mainly guided by the success or
allure of the early operations there.
A DOUBTFUL NASSACRE.
ST. PETERSBURG, July 18.
A massacre of Frenchmen at Tiensen, China,
s reported. The Germans were spared. [This
s, most likely, the massacre already reported
rom London, and now set down to be a hoax.]
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
Doa Carlos, tho Spanish Pretendtr, ls ex?
pected from France.
The evacuation of Rome ls again reported.
THE RADICAL TYRANNY IN NORTH
Several Citizens Arrested by tbe Militia.
RALEIGH, July 18.
Colonel Kirk arrested several citizens of Al?
ternance on Friday.
A writ of habeas corpus., granted by Chief
Justice Pearson on Saturday, was served on
Kirk yesterday, but he refused to obey it, say- J
lng: "That sort of thing is played out."
The charges against those arrested have not
been made known. There was no warrant
sworn out against them. They are of the first
citizens of this county.
Trouble is anticipat?d. An injunction will
be sued out to-day forbidding the treasurer |
paying money to State troops. There is no
insurrection nor resistance to civil law in the
WILMINGTON, July 18.
The Cuban steamer Hornet cleared for Kew
York yesterday, with Captain J. N. Maflitt
temporarily in command.
The recent arbitrary arrests of Conservatives
by Kirk have created Intense feeling, bm the
people are determined to bear ali with pa?
tience and fortitude, and to rely on the ballot
o ox in Angustio correct the evil.
NBW OK LEANS, July 18.
? difficulty occured on the steamer Creole
when near Mississippi City, between the
white and colored passengers, during which
two of the latter were shot and killed, anda
white man severely cut with a razor.
The boiler of the steamer Right-of-way ex?
ploded near Bayou Lafourche. and the steam?
er snnk almost immediately. The following
ls a list ot casualties: Killed-Leon Comeux,
of Assumption; B. H. Smith, of St, Louis, first
engineer. Wounded-L. Nicoll, of St. James's
Parish, first clerk, severely; J. Dorset, sec?
ond clerk, slightly; Pierre Almon, pilot of|
Lorkport, severely; Jacobs, pilot of St.
James's slightly; William Sullivan, mate,
slightly. Badly-Captain A. Mesgood and
some of the colored deck hands, injured by In?
haling steam. John Larkin, passenger of J
Thibodeaux, scalded severely; James F. Legen?
dre, of Thlbodeaux, scalded slightly.
THE GEORGIA LEGISLATURE.
ATLANTA, July 18.
In the House, a communication was receiv?
ed announcing that Congress had passed a |
bill admitting Georgia to representation In
Congress in December; that the State, how
over, would remain under military rule, but
Governor Terry would allow the Legislature
to continue to enact laws.
The general Impression is that there will be
an election this fall.
THE MOVEMENT IN GRAIN.
A Precarious Speculation.
iFrom the New York Bulletin.]
The present, position ol the markets for flour
and wheat Is one that must excite apprehen?
sion of a repetition to Western operators of |
the severe losses which overtook them in the
few weeks which followed the "Black Friday"
of last September.
The prospect of a war in Europe has led to a
speculation which bas caused prices to be main?
tained at figures which have prevented the free
export which it is apparent should have been
going on In the last six weeks. We cannot,
with any degree of safety, enter upon the com-1
lng crop year, with the excessive stocks of |
wheat now in Blore.' For some weeks past,
with a great parade of a French demand, and
a severe drought In that country, our stoeks ot
wheat have been rapidly increasing. The
quantity of wheat in store at this market has
Increased 600,000 bushels in three weeks, and
the following table will show the
QUANTITY OF GRAIN "IN SIGHT."
W fi eat. corn. Oats.
Bush. Bush. Bush.
In store a'. New York.1,082,130 479,966 693,029
In store at Buffalo... 771,100 204,600 466,700
In store at Chicago..2,167,060 2,500,281 847,818
lu store at M ll wau keel ,827,577 57,106 78,628
In store at Toledo.... 331,800 298,800 94,-210
In store at Detroit... 74,461 2,319 42,740
In storeatOswego... 160,000 60,000 16,000
In s ture at Sr. Louis. 38,691 304,879 29,056
Afloat on lakes for
ButfalO and Oswego. 737,520 259,801 33,000
Afloat on N. Y. canals
for tide water.1,009,112 282,842 163,223
Rallshlpm"ts, week.. 07,921 19,082 27,561
TOTAL IN STOKE AND IN TRANSIT.
July 2 . 8,207.272 4,019,066 2,381,965
June 25 . 7,918.240 4,003,381 2,217,613
June ll.7,523,450 3,942,170 2,392,173
June 4 .6,975,655 2.811,866 2,006,067
May 27 . 6,919,306 2,450,134 1,799,343
May 20. 6,771,436 1,887 941 1,829,426
Here we have a rapid increase in the stocks
of wheat, corn and oats since the opening of j
spring business. There is now no longer any
doubt of the crops of wheat and oats, and of
corn the prospect was never better. The sole
dependence of speculators for a rise is, there?
fore, a war in Europe. What guarantee have
they that war will bring them any adequate
relief ? The first effect of a great war ls to de?
press prices generally and tighten the money
market. Closeness in discounts, by forcing
produce upon the market, would probably
more than counteract the effect which an in?
creased export demand would produce. Be?
sides, every day's delay which occurs in the
reduction of the present enormous stock ol
wheat, increases the danger to which lt is ex?
posed from an advance in ocean freights. The
last rate paid for Liverpool was 5id, or about
12 cents per bushel; a great pressure to ship
would certainly double this rate, and an addi?
tion of 12 cents to the cost of laying down
wheat in Liverpool would be no trifling mat?
It is no agreeable duty to write in this vein;
but a duty it plaiHly is, and If the result of this
admonition shall be to avert disaster from
even a few of our readers, we shall be grati?
What be Get? and What he Gives to
An aniysis of the Fourth Ann aal Report of
the United States Special Commissioner of the
Revenue, with reference to the average
weekly wages paid in the several States and
sections for factory labor In the years 18G7 and
I960, and for ordinary mechanical and agri?
cultural or farm labor in the years 1961 and
18G9; the cost o? provisions, groceries, dry
gooda, Jiouse rent in the various manufactur?
ing districts of the country in the years 1867
and 18G9, and the comparative cost of building
materials and labor in 1961 and 1969, exhibits,
some interesting facts.
There has been an average decrease of the
rates of wages paid in cotton mills in the
United States, comparing the years 1867 and
1809, of lour per cent, m spite of this decline,
however, it appears that the weekly earnings
of operatives in American cotton mills, omit?
ting overseers, was |6 56, gold, in 1869, while
in Great Britain the same year the average
was but $3 89. The second table shows about
the same rate of decrease in the average wages
paid to persons, employed in woollen mills in
the United States, (3.92 per cent.,) but at the
same time wages advanced 24.36 _per cent.,
gold, beyond what were paid in England in
1867. In paper mills the average advance of
rates, paid in the United States in 1869 over
those of England in 1867 was 82 per cent. c
The following figures show the general aver?
age of workman's wagen in the united States,
excluding the Pacific States^ndfrerrltortea.
daily wages, without board: '., ? ,?
Blacksmith.$UM "; $?&
Bricklayers, or masons. .a 30 ?>Z% 46
Cabinetmakers. 2 00 UM
Coopers..,..>...1 82 /..a Ci
Plasterers...... 2 ?bei 34?
Sho?mafcers. 17a -- a.62
Stonecutters. 2 36 3 41
Tailors.1 82 ""2 6*
TinsmlUis....".il.S?,. 2 03
The average rate of advanceJ?*mf*
wages paid for farm labor was, for export?-,
hands, in summer; 47 per cent.1, and m*mwL
51; for ordinary hands the same rate; for com?
mon laborers, other than farm, 53 per sent;
for female servant?,.54 per cent. The Increase
in monthly wages was, on.a general aver
23 per cent The general average pf tf?
expenditures of workmen's fanMesrTd' s
of the m an nf ac tu ring to wt s f toe TJnlOed
States,in 1869, clothing exc,i>^drwaati4n98.
The average for 1867 waa ti4 29-, but Irr toe-for?
mer average was. included- the Items of fleh,
spirits, beer, tobacco, taxes and benevolent
contributions, which are not' included ttl'' tire
latter. Taking these into the account,' toe
average weekly expenditures In 186?, as coor
pared with those in 1867; are reduced to $,13 38.
This average appears very; low, but taking lt
into account that th?. expenses are li mi ted to,
actual necessities, including toe cheapest bonn -
rent, ($10 to $16 per monto,) it ls perhaps a.
tolerably fair one.
THE EXPLOSIVE BVLLET^
_ ? '.
A Fearful In? (rainent of Warfare.
The last and most destructive of the death
dealing projectiles ls the explosive ballet, de?
signed by Pertnlset, and executed by a French
artisan in the celebrated firearms factory of
Dt-visme, and is thus described'in toe last
number of toe Army and Navy Journal:
Externally quite similar to the original
Minie, a cyllncLrJc-conlcal mass of lead, it ls
discovered, by unscrewing of its length about
midway, to be internally a magazine of fulmi?
nate. The explosive compound-dynamite
powder, condensed powder, or whatever lt
may be-has an explosive force six times that
of gunpowder. Experiments which have been
made under toe patronage ot the ?fo?Vnrti
Prussian and Austrian Governments, and last
by our own War Department, demonstrate
not only its effectiveness, but toe singular
properties its inventor bas given to lt. "Being
given the distance of the target, its density,
the quantity of charge in the gun, and the .
same of the ingredients constituting the pro?
jectile." be bas established a most exact rela?
tion, by accurate calculation, between the
force necessary to explode the projectile andr
its penetration before subjection to this pres?
sure. Thus toe magazine can be BO constitu?
ted that the passage of toe bullet through ?
sheet of paper will explode it, or so that the
severe impact of iron or hard wood ls needed
for Buch a result. It is comforting tob?
sured that "a ball which would not explode in -,
the body of a soldier or a horse, Ii not ata. ?
very limited distance, would explode in the
more resisting body of an ammunition wagon-"
Though M. Pe rt UL* et ls the inventor ol the -
particular missile to which our attention has
been drawn, by a singular propriety of circum?
stances Prince Pierre Napoleon, the b?te notre
of the Bonaparte family, appears to bave been
Its Inspirer. From a little pamphlet, badly
translated from an essay on explosive projec?
tiles, written by the Prince, we are not sur?
prised to learn that Its author entertained the -
Idea quite a number of years ago, and even
applied to Devisme to make him a gun of par?
ticular calibre, suited to a hollow projectile et'
copper, or of an alloy of lead and antimony. The
fact of Demlsme'B declining to produce toe
arm defeated the Prince's purpose.
The ethics of slaughter are defined in no
recognized code, but there is a pretty general >
accord among nations that explosive bullets
shall not be used in small arms.' Our reader?
have not forgotten the convention Into which,
at the instance of Russia, the prominent na?
tions of Europe entered a year or two ago.
During our own war there was an occasional
suggestion ol such missiles being used, but we
preter to believe that the few cited instances
were altogether imaginary. We know that
an invention of this nature-whether Per?
mise t's or not we are uncertain-was offered
to thc Confederates and declined, on toe
score ol pure sentiment, by the board of ex?
amining officers; and, if our memory is not at
fault, the Infernal missile was considered in a.
similar spirit by our War Department.
At the recent trial of Pertuiset's projectile,
made at the Ordnance Department at Wash?
ington, the purpose of experiments seems to
have been to demonstrate its utility in explod?
ing caissons, artillery wagons, Aa. The twen?
ty-seven shots, made at all sorts of targets,
proved the excellence of the fulminate for such
purposes. We are very sure that no civilised
government will be disposed to adopt an ex
posive missile lor any other purpose. Despite
the partisanship of Prince Pierre, in a letter
to his imperial cousin, Napoleon rejected lt at
once. _ .
THE ADVANTAGES OP AIKEN.
A First Rate .Notice.
[Prom the Philadelphia Ledger.]
A correspondent writes that Aiken, South
Carolina, possesses all the advantages as a re?
sort for persons suffering from pulmonary
complaints that are claimed for Mentone, sit?
uated on the western coast of the Gulf of Ge?
noa. At Aiken, the dew. point ls low, and the
atmosphere ls so dry that none of toe fungus
vegetation or mould depending on moisture
for its growth is ever seen. Owing to its ele
vated position, Aiken has less heat in summer
than other points in the State. The mean an?
nual temperature is 61.69 degrees, and the
mean winter temperature ls 61.63 degrees.
Easterly winds seldom blow, and the south?
easterly winds, the most Injurious to con?
sumptives, are extremely rare. 'As fas:a?
the advantages are concerned of passing
much of the time of an invalid In the open
air, Aiken presents special privileges. An ob?
server noticed that during fifty-five winter
days only three occurred in which an invalid
would have been obliged to remain In .the
house. The soil ".round the town ls sandy, so
that rain leaves no mud and but little moisture.
Our correspondent states that his father, who
went to Aiken a lew montos ago given over
by his physician, writes that he is Improving
in strength, and now every day takes walks of
several miles with great enjoyment, whereas
previously, at home, be had been unable to
walk a square or two without suffering great
fatigue. Aiken is described as a pleasant
town, largely inhabited by Northern people,
and readily accessible by railroad and tele?
graph. It has five churches cl various de?
nominations, and public walks and drives
maintained by private contributions. With
these advantages, Aiken would furnish for
persons suffering from pulmonlc diseases a
much more accessible resort than Mentone,
which cannot be visited except by persons ol
ample fortune. . _
-Dr. Paul Schoeppe. convicted in Carlisle,
Pa., of murder by poisoning, has found his
latest struggle to escape toe executioner's
hand abortive. The Supreme Court of. Penn?
sylvania bas decided adversely upon his last
application for a writ of error. Dr. Schoeppe's
first application was made within thirty days
alter his conviction, and refused for want of
sufficient cause. The second application was
made because the attorney-general, from mo?
tives of humanity, and because a point ot law
waa made which had not before arisen in
practice, gave his consent to the proceeding.
This application went before the Supreme
Court of the State, and was also unsuccessful,
as has been his lost appeal for a writ of error;
eo there is but one hope further for the nrdor
tuuate doctor-a pardon or commutation of
his sentence from toe Governor of the State.
-It is just related that one of. toe leading
lights of toe Republican party in. Maine,, the
morning after the election of Grant, met one .?
of his co-workers, who. after' shaking hands,
exclaimed, "Well, we have saved the conn- -
try ;* "Yes," wasche reply, "and (with a air
twinkle in his eye) we sholl claim the .sal?
vage." ' aa i ?
-A prominent manufacturing house of New.
york, it |s understood, has quietlj^im*de ar?
rangements to employ one thousand* tjninawr
hands. They are expected to begin work \n>