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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE WAR IN EUROPE.
FAIL URE CF THE EFFORTS TO PRES
FRANCE WILL NOT ADMIT THE NEU?
TRALITY OF THE BALTIC
THE NORTH GERMAN STEAMERS.
Diplomacy Falls to Slake Peace?
LONDON, Joly li-Midnight,
The Paris correspondent of the London
Times closes his telegraphic dispatch last night
with the following conclusion.: "Diplomacy
ls: makings final effort to prevent the armed
disruption of peace by appealing to the terms
of the protocol 011856. The success of these
amicable efforts is hopeless.'"
War Offlclally Declared.
PARIS, July 19.
Count Wimpfen, the late commander of the
Fjrench army operating against the Algerian
insurgents, bas left this city for Berlin, con?
veying to the Prussian Government, the official
declaration of'var by France. Official notice
of the declaration, of war by France against ?
Prussia was ?ot yesterday to the European
PmsstaTs mnwwto the French Dec lura
La Libert? lays the official declaration of |
* war win net lie communicated to the Cham
hen until an answer has been returned from
Prussia, the Cabinet ef Berlin having received
notlneatieaef 4he declaration. Deputy Dreollo,
it ls said, intends to move that the Chambers
, ' during the war may be represented by a per?
manent committee ol senators and deputies.
France has 'communicated to the powers a
notification that she has entered into recipro?
city engagements with Belgium and Holland
ensuring their neutiwy. France is also In
active negotiation with Russia to obtain her
formal promise of neutrality.
- The London Gazette publishes the proclama?
tion of the neutrality of the "government of j
Great Britain during the war between France [
aa 1 Prussia.
Sondbig oft* the German Ambassadors.
. The .Corps L?gislatif yesterday adopted the
projects of law submitted and credits asked by.
' . the government, and to-day the Senate con
curred in* the action of the Corps. The Nancy
Journals protest against the law for the regula?
tion of the press in time of war.
There are rumors that Denmark ia, giving
way to the influence of England. Russia so
far has shown no signs of swerving from her j
attitude of neutrality. It Is reported that the j
Ambassadors o ' Baden, Saxony, Hesse, Bava- J
ria and Wu rte m burg have been ordered to
Patting Holland on the Batest.
- The Journal Officiel to-day has a significant
article on the altitude of Holland, with which
it professes to be pleased, and continues :
But no one can Ignore the ambitious designs
of Prussia against the Independence of Hoi- <
. land. Bismarck wished to make that gener- I
o us ?nd illustrious little nation submit as the
Danish Duchies were forced to submit He
wished to render Holland a naval State of the
North German Confederation, and, under the
pretext of esta!)] ts hing closer commercial rela?
tions, tried to place Prussian customs officers
at Amsterdam. The patriotic emotions arous?
ed in the.Netherlands at the time.Of the Lux?
embourg affair win also be remembered; nor
wu! lt be forgotten that without the firm stand
taken by France then, Pruaalan policy would
hej-e had results fatal to the independence and
autonomy of the Netherlands. The Cabinet of
the Hague is on Its guard, and will not fail to
maintain the real Interests of,the country.
Switzerland ?nd Denmark: Good Fel?
The same paper has the following on the
relation of Swi tzerland to France :
We learn from several Swiss cantons, and
particularly from NeufchateL, that the military
measures of th ? Federal Government are not
directed against France, but are Inspired by a
friendly neutrality. Switzerland knows she
hasTnothing to fear from France, her natural
ally and firm friend. The measures taken by
Switzerland to secare the respect Of Prussia
for her neutrality are in oar ?vor, as by her
geographical position she protects an impor?
tant portion of our frontier.
The friendly feeling of the Spanish people
toward France is also pointed out by the Jour?
nal, which says :
We hear front Spain that all notice how care?
fully, in the present conflict, our government
and chambers have avoided any act of expres?
sion of unfriendliness toward that pow er. This
results from the tee!ings of sympathy between
the itwo nation*;.
Germany XaJceu by Surprise.
The Berlin correspondent; of the London
The declaration of warby France took Ger
' many by surprise. The French Government
' has lor a long L me been secretly armin?, and
was ready soon ir than expected to Invade the
German frontier In several columns before a
sufficient defenje had been prepared. Thanks
to the excellent organization of the German
army, this advantage did not last long.
The special ^rrespondent of the Times at
Pe8th, Hungary, declares that the popularsym- j
path/ of Ausjrii. is .with Prussia. Austria and
Hungary unanimously demand peace and non- j
JiC ? "Pacts ?ni Ka ra o rs. -
The Catholics of the South German States
are reported to be opposed to Prussia.
Eight Prussian officers have been seized in
Strasbourg as sjrtes.
One hundred thousand, volunteers have en
rollA-their names in Paris and" the depart?
Admiral Wellaumez will take general com?
mand of the French fleet, and Admiral Dela?
tors vieri of the .Rhine gunboats.
France has notified Prussia that she will not I
use explosive bullets if Prussia will not.
After the first battle has been fought all the
po weis of Europe will make another effort to
atop the conflict. . ;~ ?
King William, in addressing a toW2 council
of Prussia, Bald, feelingly : ,lGod knows I am
not answerable for this war. The dem ands
sent are such as; I was forced to reject."
The City of Cologne has been placed in a
state of siege. ??
The greater portion of the troops garrison?
ing the City of Alx la Chapelle have been with?
The Prussianfi now In Paris and elsewhere
in France will not be expelled from the conn
try, so long as tbey observe a strict neutrality.
It is announced that the belligerents will
respect the neutrality ? o? Luxembourg, and;
will avoid taklnj" advantage of her situation as !
a base for strategic operations.
France has' complied with Hie demand of j
Spain, that Don Carlos be removed beyond ;
French territory, and has ordered him to
A grand dinner was given by the Emperor
at sr.ftond, on Monday, after the council ol
war. The principal officers of the regiments ;
of the line and ?; e Imperial Guard, who are on
lhe eve of leaving Paris, - were pr?sent. T?i .y
testified ia a most enthusiastic manner tb
devotion to the Emperor. The band play
Tbe Western Germans.
CINCINNATI, July 19.
The Germans held a very largi. and entt
elastic meeting last night, at Turner Garde
to give expression to their feelings on the sn
ject of the war in Europe. Resolutions we
adopted, in strong terms resenting the inst
. by the French Minister to the German nalii
through King William. A committee was a
' pointed to collect money for the benefit ot tl
, wounded and relief of the orphans and widoi
[ made by the war. A considerable Bum w
\ pledged on the spot. Dr. Brae hi pledged hil
f self to give $100 a week during the war, ai
like liberality was displayed by others. .
EVANSVILLE, July 19.
A large and enthusiastic meeting ot Ge
mans was held to-night. They pledged the
money and sympathy to a united Germai
against tyrannical France.
LOUISVILLE, Jnly 19.
A mass meeting of Germans was held he:
last evening. Resolutions were adopted t
the effect that ?0,000 Germans of Loulsvil
express their admiration of Count Blsmari
for the course he has pursued in opposio
French usurpation. A committee to receh
subscriptions to aid Prussia was appointe
Three thousand five hundred and tend?
lars was collected in the hall. Thc mee tit
was largely attended, and tho greatest enthi
j CHICAGO, July 19.
The Intelligence from the seats of tho li
pending conflict in Europe continues to exe!
a lively Interest in this city, particularly arnot
the German population. The various dal
journals have to employ their utmost capaolt
to supply the demands for their issues, ac
huge numbers crowd around the balletic
boards to gain the latest intelligence. Theil
terest and excitement are scarcely less tba
during the inauguration and progress of oe
war. In response to a dispatch sent by th
Germans of Chicago, on Sunday last, to Kin
William of Prussia, the following telegran
was received last evening:
BERLIN, July ie, 1870.
To Edmund Jossen, and others?
I thank you, and feel convinced that Gei
many will answer the hopes of her couotrj
men beyond the sea.
(Signed) WILLIAM, Rex.
Prussians in Paris to be Protected b;
A mer lem.
PARIS, July 19.
: The American Minister, Mr. E. B. Wash
burne, consents to extend the protection o:
the flag of the United States to the Prot
slan subjects sojourning in this city. Th
Fronen Government has consented to thl
step, as the Germans are deprived of diplc
matte appeal in the absence cf Baron Werther
OSE BAT LATER.
Ueetlng of tne North German Parlla
: ment-Speech . f King William-Th?
' German Loa.-.
BERLIN, July 20.
The North German Parliament met yester?
day afternoon. The Grand Duke of Mecklen?
burg-Schwerin was chosen president. Vehe?
ment cheering followed Count von Bismarck'!
announcement of a declaration of war by
France. The Sing then opened the session
with a speech, which was greeted with the
The King said: ' "Prussia bas no Interest in
.the selection of the Prince of Hohenzollern
lor the Spanish throne, except that he might
bring peace to a friendly people. It had,
nevertheless, furnished the Emperor of the
French with a pretext for war unknown to
.diplom?is, and, Boorning peace, he had indulg?
ed In language to Germany which could only
have been prompted by miscalculation of her
strength. Germany was powerful enough to
resent such language and repel such violence.
He said so in oil reverence, knowing the event
was bi God's hands. He had fully weighed
the responsibility which rested on the man
who drives Into war and havoc two great and
tranquil nations yearning for peace and the
enjoyment of common blessings, Christian
civilization and prosperity, and lor contests
more salutary than those of blood. Those
who rule France have shrewdly studied the
proper methods of hitting tbe sensitive pride
of that great neighbor nation, and to promote
selfish interests, have misguided lt." The King
concluded: "As our lathers before us have
done, let us fight for our liberty and rights
against wrongs inflicted by a foreign conquer?
or, and as He was with our fathers, so God
will be with us in a struggle without which
Europe can never enjoy lasting peace."
In the North German Parliament, after the
King's speech had been delivered, a loan of a
120,000,000 thalers was carried unanimously,
amid the wildest expressions of enthusiasm by
' Announcement mt the Declaration..
PARIS, July 20.
In the Corps L?gislatif to-day Duke de
Gram mont announced that war had been de?
clared with Prussia and her allies in the follow?
ing words: "ifessieurs-An expos? presented
to you on the 15th instant, made known the
causes we have for war against Prussia. Ac?
cording to the rules and usage of nations, and
by order of the Emperor, I have requested the
charg? d'affaires at Berlin to notify the Cabi?
net of Prussia of our resolution to seek with
arms the guarantee we could not obtain by
discussion This has been done, and I have
the honor to make known to the Corps L?gis?
latif that in consequence thereof a state ol war
exists since the 19th instant, between France
and Prussia. This declaration applies to the
allies of Prussia who give her armed assis?
American Sanitary Commission.
PARIS, July 20.
A meeting ol citizens of the United States
was held at the residence of Dr. Evans lost
night, to take measures for the organization of
a sanitary commission, lt is proposed that
the commission shall co-operate with the in?
ternational and French societies in aid of the
wounded. Dr. Evans placed at the disposal
ol the new organization the report of the
American sanitary commission, and a collec?
tion of modes of ambulances, stretchers, hospi?
tal t?-nts and other appliances used by the
commission during the late war. Adonation
of 10,000 francs was also made by the. doctor
as a nucleus for a sanitary fund.
PARIS, July 20.
The warlike enthusiasm in France ?B un?
abated. A rich manufacturer of Mulhouse has
offered to equip 5000 volunteers and supply
them with rations during the war. The depu?
ties in the Corps L?gislatif sign liberal sub?
scriptions for the wounded. Schneider gives
Arrest of Swiu Officers.
BASLE, July 20.
A general of the Swiss army and several
other officers of high rank have been arrested
'n Germany, it is believed Prussia purposely
retards her answer to Switzerland's declara?
tion of neutrality.
Belgian \cutralit j -Spanisl Hostility.
LONDON, July 20.
The Belgian official organ says that France
misconstrues, as evidence of hostility, the de?
struction of the bridge near Blandain, which
was merely the result of a misapprehension of
orders, and declares that Belgium remains
The Spanish papers unanimously-con dem J:
Napoleon for declaring war.
Tbe Opposing Armies
LONDON, July 20.
A gentleman just returned from a trip up
the Rhine, tells his experience to the Times
this morning. He says the German army is
quiet, grave, anxious and resolute. On the
other hand, the French are yelling, drinking'
swaggering, and literally "spoiling for a
fight." He says norther, that for every one
German soldier he Baw one hundred French.
Russian Scandal, ?ic.
BERLIN, July 20.
It ls said here that the failure of an Intrigue
by the Empress Eugenie to marry her neice,
the Duchess of Alba, to Prince Leopold of
Hohenzollern, ls the real source of the present
trouble between France and Prussia. The
father of the Duchess ls now in Madrid,
drowned In debt and generally despised.
All Germans In service In France have been
ordered to return forthwith.
The War not a National One.
FRANKFORT, July 20.
The Gazette, In an editorial, asks bow the
cause of the war concerns the people ot France
or Germany, and Intimates that the question
is one between the monarchs of tho respective
countries, and one that the people do not fee1
at all interested in. -,
BERLIN, July 20.
The most perfect harmony exists in th e
government of all North German States. In
the Saxon Chambers yesterday, Baron de
Friesen, Minister of Finance, made a speech,
telling the deputies France was anxious for
war, and that she should have it as sharply
and severely as possible. His remarks were i
greeted with enthusiasm.
PARIS, July 20.
La Libert? asserts that Ylmegrate has gone
to Florence with a treaty of alliance between
France and Italy The same poper says in
case Denmark jr _i& France in tbe war, the
Prince of Orleans will serve in the Danish
No Fighting Yet.
PARIS, July 20. .
No fighting on sea or land has yet been re?
ported. The deputies from the department of
the Upper and Lower Rhino, Moselle and
Meurthe, are kept well informed by telegraph
of the movements of the army, and they state
that no important conflict hos yet taken place
between the hostile forces. There have been
some skirmishes between patrols and customs
officers, but no blood bas been split and not a
gun fired. The Emperor did not come to
Paris to-day. He received ministers and an?
swered dispatches at St Cloud.
.-?Prussians on the border say. Bismarck is
much troubled at the slowness'of the Land?
wehr In coming forward.
The Empresa Eugenie ls delighted that the
Prince Imperial will now see his first cam?
paign with his father. M. Olllvier avows bis
entire confidence In the lavor&ble result of the
A Newspaper Correspondent in a Tic h
Place-T h e Prussians Retire their
Lines-?Half a million Hen In the
Field-A French Estimate of the Prus?
WASHINGTON, July 22.
The following is a summary of the latest ca?
The correspondent of the London Times was
arrested as a spy at Metz. He spent the night
In Jail and was then expelled from the French
A collier arriving at Newcastle, England,
reports that she was ?hot at by a French
It is reported that the Prussians have re?
tired from their position between Luxembourg
aud the Palatinate, and are now massing be?
tween Coblentz and Mayence.
The German Lloyds announce a suspension
of the American steam servie?.
Austria is not arming.
The belligerents will begin with about a
quarter of a million of men on a side; but Eu?
ropean journals say the French have been
made soldiers by recent service in Africa,
while the Prussians are mere militia. France
puts an army In the field-Prussia only an
Napoleon ls 111.
PARIS, July 22.
Tbe Emperor is ill at St. Cloud, and will not
join the army for some days.
The Bavarian Army in the Field.
BERLIN, July 22.
Sing William assumes control of the Bava?
rian army, placing it in the Third Army Corps.
No Bloodshed Yet.
WASHINGTON, July 22-1 P. M.
The latest dispatches Bay there has been no
bloodshed yet, nor ls battle Imminent
France and th* North German Steam
?rs-The Funeral of Paradol.
WASHINGTON, July 22.
Official advices have been received that the
French Government refuses to exempt the
North German steamers from capture, except?
ing only those ignorant of the war entering
In response Lo au invitation from the French
Minister, through Secretary Fish, to attend the
funeral ol Prevost-Paradol, Baron Gerolt, the
Prussian. Minister, said : "Certainly; there ls
no war alter death."
A Significant Meeting-Thc Successor
PARIS, July 22.
Its is reported that General Prim and the
Prince ol Hohenzollern have met on the
M..Berthemy will remain at Washington as
the French Minister.
Spain Stands Neutral-The Neutrality
of the Baltic.
The Moniteur says it is not true that Spain
has mode au alliance with France; Spain re?
The Moniteur, discussing the demand of
Prussia for the neutrality of the Baltic Sea,
says that any support of that demand will be
treated as an act or hostility to Fran ee, as the
Baltic Sea ls destined to play an important
role in the war.
The Imperial Government will guarantee a
loan for-the construction of the Canadian
Paclflo Railroad, from Montreal to British Col?
TUE ADVENT OE WAR.
How Prim and Bismarcks Intrigue
was Kept a Secret from Napoleon.
[Correspondence of the New York Tribune.]
PARIS. July 8.
I little thought-almost as little aa the gov?
ernment-when I la9t wrote you, that, before
the week was out, the political excitement in
Paris would be at such fever heat as it ls to?
day. Men's minds are, or were, yesterday, for
sleep has brought reflection, almost as hot as
their bodies In these days when the dog-star
rages. Even while I am writing,. you know
all that bas happened, but yon should be on
the spot to see the effect that has been pro?
duced by Marshal Prim's last extraordinary
proposition to make a Spanish Xing out of a
Prussian Colonel ! It reminds nie of a, recipe
In an old cookery book, "To dress a leg of mut?
ton to eat like venison," and the very notion
of the dish has whet ali our appetites to that
gol nt that we are fuming with impatience lo
ave it set on the table. I think, it once
the two chefs of the cuisink. -Prim and
Bismarck, do make up their minds to
serve this new plat, the eating'.-'of lt
will go far to curing, or killing, the
sick man of St. Cloud. And, Just now, all
the signs are that he will have to eat the leek,
and digest lt as he may. It is hardly a figure
of speech to say that the news came upon
France like a thunder-clap out or a clear sky.
It is only niue days ago that M. OUI vier, in the
same speech In which, with his accustomed
want of tact as well as of politeness, he called
the pkbisciwm "the French Sadowa,-' and the
following words, so often thrown' into his
teeth during the last two days, and likely to
be thrown at him for many days to come: "On
the morrow of the day when the people, rising
like one man. proclaimed anew their trust in
the name of Napoleon, do you think the world
did not know a great event had taken place P
I wish you could bear "?ad the' dispatches of
our ambassadors. I . ish you could have
heard the words of our diplomatists. All of
them expressed themselves proudly in the
same terms: "Henceforth ali negotiations will
be easy for the French Government:'' and, fur
ther-on,after he had stopped to throw a few In?
solent speeches at some objectors, he said :
"Since we came Into power we have had to
deal with no disquieting affair;. our only im?
portant negotiation-the only one with regard
to which lt will be necessary tb explain our
conduct to the Chamber, ls that relative to the
Council /" Three days after this pompous dec?
laration, the French people are informed by a
telegraphic dispatch published by the Gazette
de France, that Marshal Prim had offered the
Spanish throne to Prince Leopold, of Hohen
zullern-Slgmaringen, brother to Prince Charles
of Roumania; and this telegraphic dispatch, at
first read with general incredulity, gave ac?
tually the first intimation to the French Gov?
ernment ol' what had been going on between
the Provisional Government of Spain and the
Prussian Minister. The French Minister at
Berlin, M. Benedetta, knew no more about
what Bismarck had been at than you or
I, and the Minister at Madrid, M. Mercier,
knew just as little. Neither ot these offi?
cials wa-? at bis post, M. Benedeitl, who
receives a salary of 200,009 francs and
perquisites, was at one watering-place,
and M. Mercier de Lostende, who gets 250,090,
was at another, both enjoying themselves on
their money as well as they could, and leaving
the bore or writing dispatches to their agents,
who could not be expected, of course, to Know
more than their masters of tbe trick that was
being played. So clever and secret were the
! players, that the Prussian Minister M. Werther,
in recounting bis sorrows to M. de Grammont.
declared that he had been in no way consulted
about the matter, and as for M. Olozaga, the
Spanish Minister, he flew about, day before
yesterday, like a parched pea-now to Olli vier,
now to Grammont, declaring that he was as
innocent of knowledge on the subject as a
new-born babe. Yet it would seem that ail
parties might have been on their guard, for lt
1B not the first time that the candidate In ques?
tion has been brought forward?- In Prim's fa?
mous speech, made on the l itu of June, in the
Cortes, describing his search for a King, he
spoke of one whom, he said, he could not nonie,
but who united lu his person all the requisites
for a monarch, being a mau of full age and a
Catholic, married and having children, and
who would have fulfilled all their desires if he
could have been brought to accept the throne.
Now, at the time this speech was reported
there were several English journals, and at
least one or two French ones, Le Temps
among them, which put their fingers on this
mysterious Prince atone and named him-that
ls, culled him-a Prince ot Hohenzollern,
whic'a was quite enough, If they did get his
first name wrong, and mistook him for his
younger brother Frederic. One would have
thought that diplomatists would have had too
keen a scent to be led away by Marshal Prims
manouvres; but they were, and none of the
government Journals had any suspicion that it
, would be worth while to find out who thia un?
named candidate might be, and keep au eye
on him. Edmund About has written In Le
Soir a scathing review of the situation, In
which, after doing lull justice to the im?
becility of the diplomatists, he turns full
upon the Emperor, and charges the whole
blunder to the account of personal govern?
ment. "They say," he begins, "that we have a
diplomacy. It may possibly be so. I am too
well-bred to deny it, lor I have many friends
who wear the embroidered coat of Talleyrand.
But, when I study our foreign policy as dispas?
sionately as my nature will allow me; when I
try lo range In order, and to reduce to some
one principle the events that have taken place
about us from 1849 to 1870, 1 ask myself, with
a sort of impatience, what sort of diplomacy
we have, and whether ii would not be better,
on the whole, if v/e had none at all ? * * *
Whatever my dislike may be to bring thc
Chlel of Stale personally before the bar of pub?
lic opinion, the loots of the case do not permit
me to allow him to take shelter behind his
ministers. It is too plainly demonstrated, too
surely established, that the responsibility of
our foreign policy for the last twenty-two years
rests solely upon one head. A single mau bas
planned everything, conducted everything,
executed everything; our glories, our prosper?
ities, our misfortunes, our dangers, are the
complex work of one will." And M. About
is right, and we are seeiog at thia moment
acted before ou - eyes the most scandalous of
farces, in which, whatever masks the actors
may wear, one face, the Emperor's, peers out
at the empty eye-holes; whatever the name of
the puppets-Olllvier, Grammont, De Val
drome-one hand, the gouty man's at St. Cloud,
pulls the string that makes them play such fan?
tastic tricks before high heaven, it is not easy
to see how the government could have com?
mitted the blunders that it has Bince the news
first came to light. In the first place, lt ls only
in the papers to-day that we get hold of any?
thing taot looks like certainty on the subject
ot the candidacy. It is now declared that
Prim sent a dispatch to the Spanish Minister,
Olozaga, informing him that the throne had
been offered to Prince Leopold of Hohenzol?
lern, and that he had accepted it In a letter
written willi his own hand. This, however,
is a mere story of the Constitutionnels,
and may bc true or false; certainly we may
as well believe M. Olozaga il' he declares
that he never knew anything about it. But
we know that the Prussian Ambassador,
M. Werther, knew nothing, and the Prussian
Government has replied to a dispatch sent by
M. de Grammont that lt was a complete
stranger to the candidacy of Prince Leopold.
Whatever may be the situation, would it not
have seemed ihe most sensible course in any
country but France, and under any govern?
ment but that of the Liberal Empire, to fud
out. first, what the facts really were, before de?
claring, as tho Due de Grammont did In the
CorpsLegislatll, that on no account would the
French permit a Prussian to ascend the throne
of Spain ? Looked ai from the side of French
supposed interests, there is, no doubt, consid?
erable objection to the proposed arrangement;
but was it not plain that, supposing it to be
contemplated, it was an affair that demanded
the most careful treatment ? Are the French
so spoiling for a fight with Prussia that the
mere naming of a candidate for the Spanish
throne, who is an Independent Prince, and
whose only connection with Prussia is the tact
that he is a colonel in the Prussian army,
should be seized upon as a cause of war ?
French honor ls a ticklish thing, I
know, and French patriotism, but I
don't believe the French want lo go to war
on such a silly pretext. Yet Dc Grammont's
speech In the Corps L?gislatif has made war
almost inevitable In case either the Prussians,
or Prim, or Prince Leopold, cannot be bullied
out of their position or in case the g punish
Cortes, a body ot men desperately proud, and
filled with dislike, if not hatred, for France,
chooses to elect the king offered them by
Prim, in defiance of the Tuileries. Aa for the
Prussians, they say they knew nothing of tho
manouvres of Prim, and aa Prince Leopold is
an independent prince, they cannot pretend to
control niR action, so they wash their hands ol
the whole business. Now,, suppose the Cortes
elect Prince Antoine Gustave Edouard Leo?
pold Etiene Charles Thassilo of Hohenzollern
(that 1B bis string of names, and you may choose
the one you like best to call him by,) and the
Prince accepts, by what right, human or di?
vine, will the French interfere in the matter,
and how can they pfek a quarrel with Prussia
on the subject Yet, if all this happens and
they don't fight with Prussia, where will the
fovernment be ? I think there can be little
oubt that such a fiasco would be the last
feather that would break the back of this most
patient came), the French people.
APPROACHING EXECUTION OF JE?
TEE PHILLIPS-HIS CONFESSION.
RICHMOND, Joly 22.
Yesterday the father of Jeter Phillips bade
him farewell, when, for the first time, Phillips
broke down and wept bitterly.
Last night, the Rev. Mr. Woodward, Metho?
dist minister, stayed with him till 10 o'clock.
The jail guard went into the cell about 1
o'clock. Phillips slept an hour or two soundly,
got up, bathed, and remained awake reading
the Bible till daylight. This morning he sent
his love to the chaplain of his old regiment.
About sunrise a number of clergymen visited
Phillips has made a confession that he took
his wife out on Sunday, the 17th of February,
walked her four miles from the city, and then
walked her about in the woods until she was
so tired that she had to sit down. He then
fired on her, but failed to kill her, and she
commenced screaming for help and struggling,
which he ended by leaping on her and strang?
ling her. He then returned to Richmond and
stayed that night at a hotel.
LATER.-Phillips ascended the scaffold about
1 o'clock. The remarkable character of the
murder drew a great crowd to witness the ex?
ecution, but only a hundred persons were ad?
mitted into the jail-yard. His confession was
then read. In lt he acknowledges the justice
of the sentence. The Rev. Mr. Jeter made a
statement that Phillips bod never denied his
guilt to his religious Instructors. After the
prayer, during which he wept bitterly, Phillips
embraced the minister, the officers of the jail
and one of the witnesses against him. The
drop fell, and Phillips, after struggling for four
or five minutes, was pronounced to be dead.
THE MILITIA OUTRAGES.
? RALEIGH, July 22.
The Chief Justice will give his decision in
the AJamance prisoners' habeas corpus cases
The treatment of Mr. Willey by the militia?
men when arrested was very cruel. Finding
that he had no arms but a pocket-knife, the
militiamen knocked him down with a fence
rail, and otherwise abused him. A n effort ls
making to Induce the Governor to order the
Court of Oyer and Terminer to try the prison?
ers which can be done as fairly in Caeswell as
in any part of the United States. The United
States soldiers are indignant at seeing Hie
militia parade thc streets in full United States
uniform. The militiamen are raked from the
lowest and most abandoned classes of the pop?
THE GEORGIA LEGISLATURE, jg
ATLANTA, July 22.
The Senate refused to expel Aaron Alpeoria
Bradley, and adjourned to Monday.
In the House, the report of the Finance
Committee recommending the use ol the
school fund for other purposes was tabled.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
General E. Delea-jcy, foreign consul-general,
A pleasure-boat was run down in Halifax
harbor yesterday, and James and Martin Con?
ner and their sister were drowned.
Lieutenant-General Sheridan sails on the
Cuba to observe the European war.
THE UNION REFORM CANVASS.
Tne Reform Meeting at Anderson.
[From the Anderson Intelligencer.]
We trust that the people are taking aa in?
terest in this matter, and that there will be a
general attendance of all classes of our citizens,
lt is suggested that employers of colored
voters will take pains to explaio the object ot
this meeting to their employees andwillnot
only give them a chance to attond and hear
tbe Union Reform candidates, but w ll urge
them to do so. We linow ibat Ju due Carpen?
ter and General Butler will be able to convince
many colored people ot their lolly in blindly
adhering to thc men who have heretofore con?
trolled them for selfish purpose*, an j we thins
it is the duty of every farmer that they make
an effort to bring along .that element of the vo?
Good Signa from all Q,uarterg.
[From the Cheater Reporter.]
It is cheering to see from our exchanges toe
UL atna; itv manifested ia evjry part of the
State, on the part of the lovers of good govern?
ment and an honest administration ot the laws,
in favor of the scheme for Reform adopted by
tne Jnne Convention, and ia favo- of the nom?
inees of the Union Reform pany. From tue
seacoast to the mountain* there bas been
scarcely a murmur of oppoaition to the plat?
form or to the candidates, except on the part
of those who are fattening on the distresses of
the State, and whose political days will be
.numbered as soo u as the regime a? honesty and
justice is established. From every quarter
come unmistakable sums of the demoralization
and disintegration of the Radical Ring.
la Charleston, ia spite of tne persistent ap?
peals ot tho pirty organ, the colorod elemant
are nsiog in their might aod perfecting their
plans to spew out from among them the while
scoundrels who have u->ed them heretofore
only to a baie them.
In the Third CongresBiocalDisirictthe same
state of affair j exist. H?ge is striving to bold
his own against Elliott; but the seutimeut
aroused in Charleston bas spread, and become
too deeply imbeddid in tbe beatle of the De?
crees to leave ht*n aoy hopo of success,
j Elliott will get the nomi na ri oe ,\t tho Conven -
i tton in Columbia on tbe 26th instant, tor the
Third District, and Beuarge for tho tJecond.
i or there will v>e a boret ap, to which tho split of
; the Democratic Convention in 1*360 wouldn't
be a cir mm-itance.
j Wiiittemore has already been nominated b??
same of tho Radicals in the First District, a's
their candidate for the Poriy-socond Congress.
Whether he gets the nomination regularly or
not, he is determined to ba a candidate. Tue
Radical party will either bo forced to sustain
bim >r to mike a nomination against Irm. Iii
the first ev3nt they would acagrer undera
load of infamy which no party could carry and
live; in the latter event they would ba divided,
and consequently, easily beaten.
And so it is in every quarter ol the State;
our enemies are demoralized by quarrels over
the picuings and stealings, and nothing is
wanting for us to secure a complete and over?
whelming triumph, but for every min who
loves the State, every man who loves honesty,
ever-, man who c hens hes the free institutions
bequeathed lo ns by oar patriot fathers, to Or
?et tor a season bis privtte affairs, and dovote
imselfwith an undivided ooei-gy to the re
demi ion of the country.
A colored woman named Polly Cannon, in
the employ ol Mr. J. B. Fielding, who resides
on the outskirts of Columbia, was struck by
lightning Last Wednesday afternoon, while in
the act of going to the well for a bucket of
water. She died the same night about 8
THE PHOSPHATE CASE.
Trouble in the Radical Wigwam.
[8PECIAL TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA, July 22.
Thc phosphate cases to-day were post?
Sampson, the treasury clerk, charged with
forgery, was balled several days ago. The
bonds are signed by P. F. Frazee, sheriff o?
Richland District, and James Windsor. The
amount of the bond ls $5000-$2600 for each of
the two cases. . .
The proceedings of the Republican County
Convention to-day indicate much caucus work
and dissatisfaction of individuals. The speeches
were numerous, fiery and frothy.
All tho indications are in favor of the re?
nomination of Scott for Governor. Lee ls
spoken of for Lieutenant-Governor.
The State of the Crops-The Right Sort
of M?n for Congre??- in .Interesting
[rao ll OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.J
COLUMBIA, July 21,
The news from the up-country crops con?
tinues very favorable. A gentleman who bas
recently travelled ihron?h Edgefiald and Ab?
beville Counties, representa crops as unusual?
ly fine. The only drawback seems to be the
grass, which, however, has > done but little
damage. A friend ir om Fairfield inf?rmame
that be has neverirnown in that county better
crops of both cotton and corn; and his memory
must extend back twenty-five or thirty years.
There are farm ora, however, true to tbe tra?
ditions of the past, w io are prophesying
droughts, floods, rusts, worms and the plagues
of ?gypt generally; but these are dyspeptio;
and, all things considered, we have in the en?
tire up-country of this State, if not ail over it,
as fine a prospect of a larc e yield all round : s
the country bas known at the corresponding
date m twenty years.
TEE NOM TN ATI ON OP MAJOR OAEY.
The nomination of Major Wm. T. Gary, of
iscUrcfield, for representative of the Third
Congressional District, made recently in a
Columbia paper, strikes oor community with
favor. He is the kind of man for these times
prompt, fearless, clear-sighted, and young. It
is the day for energy, dodson and freedom
from the leadership of a dead past. While
some question the expediency of iodividual
nominations for such posts, previous to tbe
combined action of the party, ali agree upon
the kind of men we want and our country
wants. Major Gary is a man for lue times.
' AN INTERESTING COTTON CASE.
The municipal case, argued Wedneeday be?
fore Jad ge Melton, was one of interest to both
sellers and huyere of cotton; and many cotton
growers are said to be keeping back cotton in
consequence of the muddle about weis bing it
in Columbia. To all these the decision of
Judge Melton will be of immediate interest.
The facts ont of which this case grew are
briefly these : In 1859. the City Council.of Co?
lumbia passed an ordioanoe requiring all cot?
ton, bought by merchants in Columbia, to be
weighed by piblio weighers, who are elected
by City Council. That ordinance continued in
force, and the present Connell have endeavor?
ed to enforce it aa their predecessors bad done;
but a new difficulty arose in their election of
public weighers who in soma way were not
agreeable to a large number of the cotton
bayera. This state of feeling is said to have
interfered to some extent with the ootton trade
of the city. Messrs. James E. Friday and J.
M. Blakeiy, cotton buyers, recently refuse d to
regard the ordinance of 1869. and weighed cot?
ton for themselves. They were reported for
that course and cited before the Mayor, wbo
fined them for the refusal to comply with the
ordinance. Messrs. 'Pope and Haskell, at?
torneys for Friday and Blakeiy, proceeded with
a writ of prohibition, restraining the City
Council from enforcing tba collection of the
fine. Tho oase was argued before Judge Mel?
ton by .Messrs. Pope and Haskell (or the rela?
tors, and by Jjmea D.- Tradewell, city attorney,
for th o respondents; the oase being of
tho State ez relation* James E. Fri?
day and J. M. Blakeiy against the City
Connoil of Columbia. His Honor Jadge Mel?
ton ordered the prohibition to issue, holding
that the City Council had no authority to pasB
such ordinance. He held that the question at
issue was ooe purely of law; and that while
the city scales were established by law, the
Council had no right to compel buyers or sel?
lers to use them, and reference was to be had
to them only when there was disagreement
between buyers an 1 sellers about the weight
of cotton offered for sale.
The effect of this decision will bs to allow
bnyeru and sellers or cotton to do the weighing
of cotton as they please, so long as they acree
abont it. The cotton which ia slid to ba held
back from this market by reason of dissa tief lo?
tion with weighers, will now come forward.
lhere is a rumor this evening that the Oily
Council inteni to appeal to a higher court.
The cause of this boggle Hes with the old
Council, and the occasion of it is in the charac?
ter of the officers elected by the new.
Professor James H. Carlis'e, of Wofford, is
to deliver an address to-night bafore the
Young Men's Christian association, of Colum?
bia; and the reputation of the lecturer war?
rants the expeclation of a capital lecture.
AX OTHES LAND SOB BEST.
The Taxpayer* of Lancaster County
Swindled ont of Six Thousand Dollars.
[From the Lancaster Ledger.l
The charges of theft, robbsry and fraud
agiinst the "Scjtt Ring" aad their understap
pers are eo frequent, that they have almost
ceased to create surprise. Bat a few weeks
ago the State wis robbed of $90 030 in on?
transaction of the land commission. Now we
are called upon to record aiother nearer home,
and the facts of which all of oor people, both
whi'e and black, are well acquainted with.
Two tracts of lind, known as the "Jack
Hood" and ' Rasser" places, have been pur?
chased by tue land commission. The facts of
the case are as follow.-:
These two tracts (1004 acres) were pur?
chased by J. F. G. Mittag, about eighteen
months aso. for one dollar and fifty cents per
acre. Repeated efforts to sell the land to the
State by Mittag failed, and neediog the as
sistance of other parties to carry out bis de?
signs, he called to his aid one Middleton S.
Gill and B. J. Donaldson, the State senator
from Chesterfield. Mittag, to relieve himself
from all further connection njth. the matter,
arjparentlv, selle the 1004 acte? to Gill for
$2000. but at the same time he signs the deed
for three thousand-& suspicious circumstance
to say the least.
Mittag sold the land to Gill in April. 1870;
but we And, by reference to the clerk's office,
that the sale to the land commission by Gili
took plaea January 20, 1870-three months be?
fore tbe titles passed from Mittag to Gill.
If this is nota arrange proceeding in legal
natters wo are at a loss to comprehend.
The land commission paid QUI eight dollars
per acre- $8032 for tho 1004 acres-a clear
gain to Gill. Donaldson and Mittag of six
The land is known' to be nt terly worthless,
and there is not a colored or white man io this
county who wov.ld accept it as a free gift trom
rhe ?tate and be compelled to depend opon it
for a suppert.
We understand the colored oeople are ore
parin?? a protest against the parchase, which
will be presented to the advisory board.
We think if the colored oeople wdl sift this
and other matters thorough!;, in which these
men hare been ejpeged for the last two years,
they will arrive at a just appreciation oz then*'
services lo the interest'of the colored Yoee.
The above facts are without exaggeration,
and received the assent of a nrominent colored
Ridical before they were put in type.
Attorney-General Chamberlain will
[From the Anderson Intelligencer.]
Attorney-General Chamberlain represents
the State In a legal capacity, but who has heard
of any legal proceedings to feret out the cor?
ruptions of the Land Commissioner ? There art
some small transactions tn this section of the
State, and it is said that Governor Scott has
been directly interested in the profits. Woald a
legal investigation bring to light any or all of,
these transactions, and prove that the highest
officials have speculated upon the State funds
and improved their private fortunes ? It h? no
wonder that a magnificent girt towards pur?
chasing a school-house for the colored people
of this town could be afforded, when the profits
arising from recent land speculations are to be
drawn from the deluded and deceived colored
population, if they purchase these lands from
the land commission. Why ls lt necessary
that a piece of property has to pass through
that office In order to become "eligible" lor
the colored people to purchase ? Why do
their benefactors buy land atti per acre and
then sell it to the lana commission for$3, mak?
ing the colored man pay the profit r These are
important questions for the colored people to
propound to their Radical leaders, and we
think lt equally important that the Attorney
General of the State should cause an investi
fatlon to be made, no matter If the greatest
ght of the Radical party ls exposed and made
to wince at the result. In every portion ol
South Carolina, these charges are rife: and we
think lt due to the people and the officials that
lt be placed beyond a doubt.
ALL ATtOXTT TSE STATE.
aa d iMimia.Baraffi.':Sfi."?T
??The Bennettsrille Journal says the negroes
ot Marlboro' are organizing militia companies,
and are having a ger-lorious time of lt in the
village and other places, marching with fife
and drum, and whooping and hollering, and
raising all kinds ol unearthly noises. The col?
ored women attend their turnouts at the col?
ored academy, nearly every night, and render
assistance by shouting and screeching and
raising the wind in general. We understand
they are to be furnished with arms by Gover?
Fire tn Beunettsvllle.
On last Monday night, the house occupied'
by Mr. Kuker as a storehouse, at the'factory,
about three miles from Ben nc tts ville, was
burnt down, and the stock of goods totally
destroyed. The house was the property of
Sheriff Joel L. Easterling. The stock of goods,
the property of Mr. Eliker, was insured for
about $4000. The building waa not insured-a
total loss to the owner. The fire was caused
by the explosion of a' kerosene lamp, which
fell accidentally from the bands of the clerk
on the floor. When .the lamp exploded,'the
buming fluid was scattered in every direction,
and. reaching the powder can, caused another
and louder explosion, and lt was Impossible to
extinguish the flames.
The Crops In Anderson.
The Intelligencer says : "The crop prospect
ls very encouraging. Cotton ls yet backward
in some respects, but where a good -stand' was
secured early the appearance ls Indeed grati?
fying. Corn is growing vigorously, and the
only regret In this connection Is that there is
not more planted. We are inclined to think,
however, from the best Information we can
obtain, that the area planted in corn is greater
than heretofore supposed, and that this county
will produce an abundance of corn to supply
Its'population, il there be no disasters. The
wheat crop is larger than for several years,,
and the oat crop turned out far better than
was anticipated. Renee we Incline to the
opinion that the farmers of Anderson will be
independent, so far as supplies for man and
beast are concerned."
The Anderson Intelligencer says: "It has
been a long while since the County of Ander?
son was disgraced by one of those dastardly
outrages, where a party of men, banded to?
gether for evil purposes, make an attack upon
defenceless and unprotected parties. It is our
duty, however, to record such an occurrence
as transpiring on last Saturday night, two or
three miles north ol this place. It seems that
a party of either colored or disguised white
men visited the house of a colored woman
named Mary Sloan, and bursting open the door,
proceeded to administer a severe whipping to
her, and after unmercifully beating her for
nearly au hour, as ls alleged, they left her In .
this terribie and dangerous condition. We
learn that she did not recognize any of the
parties, but believes that they were white
men with their faces blacked. The proper au?
thorities have charge of the investigation oi
thia outrage, and will make every effort to ar?
raign the perpetrators and bring them to jos- .
tice. Medical aid was sent to the woman by
one of our public officers, and it may be relied ,
upon that the utmost care and diligence have
been exercised by the civil authorities. The
outrage ls universally condemned by the citi?
zens of this community, and there ls a general
expression of indignation at this unwarranta?
ble and unjustifiable conduct.
STEAM ENGINES AND ENGINEERS'
A full assortment of BRASS and IRON FIT?
TINGS, for steam and gas-fitters and pi umbers.
Steam Gnages, Gnage-cocks, Low Water Detec?
tors, Oil Cups, Tools for machinists and black
smiths, Bellows, Ac
For sale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY k CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mchM emo Charleston, s. a
E L T I N G
A large Stock of Leather and Rubber BELTING
and RUBBER GOODS, including Manhole and
Handbole Gaskets, (a!) sizes.) Hose, Sheet Rub?
ber for packing, Pure Vulcanized Gum for valves,
"Regulation" LEATHER HOSE, double-riveted
and of approved manufacture
For Bale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY k CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mch24 arno _Charleston, 8. ft
The cheapest and best PUMP now in use. They
give no taste to the water and are applicable in.
For sale by
CAMERON, BARKLEY k CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mch24 emo_Charleston, a O.
piPEFOR GAS, STEAM AND WATER.
Sole Agency of MORRIS TASKER k CO.'S Pas?
cal Iron Works. At atore of
CAMERON, BARKLEY k CO.,
Corner Meeting and Cumberland streets,
mena* orno Charleston, s, <L.