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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE WAR IN EUROPE.
BEATY sKimMiBHxrre SEABBAAB
THE NEEDLE GUN PROVES ITSELF SUPERIOR
TO THE OHASSEPOT.
BASS OF OPERATIONS OF THE
NO BATTLE EXPECTED FOR SEVERAL DATS.
"napoleon ?nd the Corp? l?gislatif.
PAMS, Joly 23.
At the reception of the Corps L?gislatif by
Napoleon yesterday, President Schneider, in
the name of the Corps T l?gislatif, addressed
the Emperor as follows: ?J
Sire- The Corps L?gislatif has terminated
its labors; lt bas mianimoosly voted all aubel
dles and all laws needed for the national de?
fence, thus giving a signal proof ot Ita patriot?
ism. Ult is true that, hot he who declares
war, bot he who' causes lt, ls the real author,
there w?l be one voice among the nations to
lay the responsibility opon Prussia, who mad
denened by unnoj >ed for success, and encoor
EmtL by oar patience and desire to preserve for
Europe the benefits cf pes?e, bas conspired
against our security and attacked our honor.
Si such a case France knows ber duty. Ar
ent hopes follow yon to the army, which, ac?
companied by voca* son, yon take command of.
Behind yon. behind oar army, so accustomed
to carry high the standard of France, is the
nation. Remit, without uneasiness, the re?
gency to your aajrust sposne. She will unit?
with the authority which her great quail ties
insure the force niven by the ilbera! institu?
tions lnauguratec. by yon. The heart ot the
nation is with you aird the army.
To this tits Emperor re piled-as follows :
Messieurs-1 experience great satisfaction,
on the eve ci my departure for the army, In
being.able to thank yoa for the patriotic co?
operation you have given my government
war ls legitimate when it Is made witta the as?
sent ot tiie country and the approbation of its
representatives. Yon are'right'in recalling
the words of Mon iesouien. The true author of
a war is not he who declares, bathe who ren?
dan It necessary. We have done all that de?
fensed on us to avoid lt; fend I may say that
the entire nation in its' Irresistible, force has
dictated our resolutions. I confide to you, In
parting, the Empress, who will call you around
- ber should dream stances require. She knows
lftw to fill courageously the duty which the
position Imposes. I take with me ray son. He
will iearn In the midst of the army how to
serve his country. - Resolved to pursue with
-energy-tile great: mission confided to me, I
have faith lu the iMccess of our arms, for I
. know that France is standing behind me, and
thatvGod protects us. -
Pnaoh Provocation to Wu-Napoleon's ?
Oem^dt In tile Hoheniiollcrn Oma?.
The official publication ol the" demands of1
tranc? on Prussia, show that Prussia had no
alternative bat a refusal of them. France de?
manded from the-Berlin Government a pledge
that no German should ever ascend the Span?
ish throne; that one of the Hohenzollern Prin?
ces should reside permanently in Paris as a
hostage, of guarantee to. tins pledge, or, that a
very large amount of money should be deposit?
ed in France aa sharity of Its observance, the
money to. be ;forieited should' the. pledge be;
violated. It "was also- demanded,1 as ah alter-,
native, for this, that the Rhenish pro vin ce."ol
Prussia be banded over to French keeping.-fo
be held by France until the period of the death
.C the last Prince of the house of Hohenzollern-;
The Berilo OfflcW Gazette declares that be?
fore the present war doses Germany, with the
other , powers of Europe, will " exact from
France special guarantees for the observance
Of peace hereafter, and that in. case o? her re?
fusal to give them, the united forces will so,
cripple the French Empire as to. prevent fur
ther mischief"on her part.
In the Isorth German Parliament yesterday
Dr. Simson resal a, dispatch from America, an
nooncing that the Germans . of St. Louis offer?
ed $1,000,000 in aid of the wounded ?nd wid?
ows and orphans of the war.
Prussian Feeling ls Llfco the Uprising
Ot the North attar Samter-Prussia
Taken by Stu prise-Universities Clos?
ing and Student? Enlisting-Stow
v Concentration- Pm ?j La ns Bf e ? n to
#tt?li?i? LONDON, Friday, July 23.
The army, movements, on both sidas are
slow. A special correspondent writes from
Berlin, on the 20th Inst., that Prussia Was ac?
tually taken by surprise.. Nobody contemplat?
ed war. Hence the concentration of forces is
less advanced than with the French, nor will
Von Moltke.be harried. There are two meth?
ods of mobilizing the Prussian army. The
quicker is when regiments march as they are,
; not walting for the reserves, which follow
i^when ready,- The more regular method is
when regiments await their reserves till their
rasks are ML' The latter and slower method
has now been ' adopted, showing that Prussia
isla no dread of the threatened immediate
-' No soldier of the famous corps of Prussian
Guarda has yet left Berlin. Infantry reserves
< were arriving cn Tuesday, and regiments were
exdected to march on Friday.
J . Enthusiasm and confidence increase daily.
parable to that of the North when Sumter was
. attacked/ Still, the financial andapommoroial
distress ls terrible, and there are innumerable
fallares of pld and strong houses. __?
It ls perfectly understood in Berlin that the
German army, ii' victorious, will march to
Paris. The railroad freight traffic has ceased,
" and the passenger tra?fl c closes' on the 24th.
:A G?ttingen University ls closed, and all the
students have enlisted. From Bonn 300 are
expected.- All the universities will soon close.
The London Dally News has a special from
Strasbourg of the 21st instant, saying the de?
fences depend mach on the water, which ls
. now BO tow that,the place is comparatively
weak. Additional works are ia progress. The
garrison numbers about six thousand, and be?
sides there are in .camp about ten thousand
more. 'Communications across the rive-con?
tinue by ferry. Correspondents of La Libert?
and La Happel have been arrested, one while
sketching the fortlflcations, and the other by
reason.of his speak lng French with a German
accent Both have subsequently been releas?
ed.. The correspondent arrested yesterday, at
Metz, Is now reported to be William H. Rus?
sell, Journey lng towards Prussia.
Although the Journal Officiel to-day reiterates
Le Boufs order that no journalists shall be
admitted to the French army, it Is reported
that one poss was issued to the correspondent
?of an English . Bon apar tia t paper. In France
only official amy news is to be allowed. The
Pteench expeditionary naval force is expected
to ?all from Ch erbe arg on Saturday.
A Projected Alliance between France
/. . LONDON, Joly 25.
The Tim? publishes and vouches fdrj.be att?
ir?t icity of ?ne following projected treaty
submitted by France ta.Prussia. Thc preamv
tte sets forth that '"the King of Prussia and '
Emperor of the French, In order to strengt
the ties of friendship between the two govt
ernments and peoples, Ac, hereby conch
the subjoined treaty:"
In the first article Napoleon admits and
cognizes the late acquisitions ef Prussia f
Austria? In the second, the Prussian King
gages to facilitate the French acqulsltto]
Luxembourg; In the third, the Emperor ac
e?ces In the union of the North and South (
man States, Austria excepted; in -the fom
Franco, finding lt necessary to' absorb Bi
um, Prussia tenders her assistance to t
measure; the fifth article ls the usual 0n<
offensive and defensive alliance between
[We assume that this treaty, if a genii
document, was submitted by France at sc
time anterior to the late declaration of v
probably, after the withdrawal of the candi
ture orPrlnce Leopold. The rejection by Pi
Bia of this proposition may prove to have b
the immediate cause of the rupture of diploi
A French Reronnoisance-Two Pr
FORD ACH, July 21
The Prussians have been repulsed at Kar
A reconnolsance has been made on Prust
soil by the French.
Nsw YORK, July 21
A special to the Herald says: '-The Pi
siana left two Prussians on French soil at B
On a Raid-Cone? n trat lon of the Pren
. BERLIN, July 21
A body of lancers passed the border n
Saarbrnck, tore up the railroad toward M
tor a Icing distance, destroyed the viaduct, t
returned to camp without loss.
A French force ia concentrating on the co
near the Belgian frontier.
The: inhabitants of the Island near
mouth of the Elbe have removed, leaving!
Frenoh without pilots. -
Sailing of tile Frenen Fleet-Thc Ev
cu allon of Rome-A Beggarly Acron
PARIS, July 25
The Toulon fleet sailed to-day to rerafoi
The gradual evacuation of Borne has be
Viscount de Friesland, the present Fren
Minister to Chill, succeeds Parado! at Was
The Journal of Metz says the French ha
taken forty prisoners so ihr. ,
. The Emperor presided at a council of min
Thanks of the Prussian Parliament ai
People of Ute Germans or St. Loni?.
ST. Louis, July 21.
The following dispatch was received to-nig
from the President of the North German Pe
llame ni, In reply to the address adopted I
the meeting held here last Monday night :
BERLIN, July 21:
Your telegram of the 19th inst, has bee
brought to tho knowledge of King William, <
the Kelchstag, and of the' German people. .
am instructed by a unanimous resolution '<
the Reichstag to tender to you and our bret)
ren beyond the sea^in the name of the whol
German nation, our deep'gratitude and thanl
for this expression of your devotion. You ai
separated by wide distances from your o',
homes, but your hearts beat warmly for th
You snail find y dar people true, and you
faith m the future o ! Germany shall be fuuulec
So will lt, God. Signed, SIMSON.
Prunec and thc Rights of Neutrals.
WASHINGTON, July 25.
The State department bas official notlc
that France, In the present war, adheres t
the Treaty of Paris, as well In regard to th
United States as to other power*. Prussia
property In American bottoms will bo respect
ed. unless contraband of war, and America
property In Prussian ^bottoms will be re;
"Neither Prussia nor France will be allowe
to purchase vessels or war supplies In th!
Ireland Sides with France. .
DUBLIN, July 26.
The sympathy of Ireland is almost entire!;
with France. Large meetings were held here
hvCcrk and elsewhere yesterday, at whlcl
strong- resolutions In favor of the French wert
The Sinews of War.
FLORENCE, July 25.
The Italian Chambers have authorized the
negotiation of a loan of six million lire.
Volunteering in France-The Cor pi
L?gislatif Summarily Suspended
Movcments of the Emperor.
PARIS, July 25.
The number of volunteers already enrolled
in France is 110,000.
It ls tolerably certain that the Duke ol
Pallkao will be commander-in-chief of thc
Army of the Baltic.
The Journal Officiel publishes a decree clos
lng the sessions ol the Senate and Corps L?gis?
latif. - The Journal bas several other official
announcements; one touching the Inviolabili?
ty of tbe neutrality of neighboring powers, and
another in regard to strengthening tbe fortifi?
cations of France.
It 1B reported to-day that the Emperor has
gone to Cherbourg to visit the fleet. It is now
Bald that the Emperor will go to the front
about next Thursday.
A Carlo as Conversation-The Bargain?
ing Between Bismarck and Napoleon.
LONOON, July 26.
The Daily Telegraph prints to-day, in large
type, a communication recounting an inter?
view had with the Emperor Napoleon a fort?
night ago. The Emperor had no thought of
making war upon Prussia. He was still un?
prepared, but France was slipping from hlB
hands, and in order to rule he must
lead France to war. The Emperor re?
lated tbe contents of the dispatches
which bad passed between himself and
Bismarck, claiming that the latter wanted too
much and wanted it too soon. The Emperor
demanded Luxembourg in 1866 as an equiva?
lent tor his neutrality In the war between
Prussia and Austria. Bismarck replied by de?
manding Holland as an equivalent for Luxem?
bourg. To this the Emperor replied that
should the independence ol Holland be attacked
by Prussia it would be regarded by France as
a declaration ot war. Count Benedetti was
present when these facts were elicited.
The Prussians Cross the Border-A Suc?
cessful Recon?oissance-The Chassc
pot and the Needle-gan.
SAARBRDCK, July 24, via Berlin.
On Sunday a body of Prussians crossed the
frontier near Saarbruck, and penetrated into
the country several miles. At length they
found the French tn considerable force near
the town of Geremieller. Sharp skirmishing
followed between the forces, when the French
soon retired, leaving ten killed and wounded
on the field. There waa no loss on either side.
This engagement demonstrated that the naedle
gun ls superior to the ChBssepot.
. Subsequently a- company of-the Prussian
17th Regiment of the Une captured the French
customhouse at Schreckllngen. The officers
of the customhouse made a stout resistance,
and were all killed or captured. One Prussian
officer was slightly wounded in this engage?
The deserters from the French army are
very numerous. They are continualiy coming
within the Prussian lines.
-: The French Baise.
LONDON, July 25.
The French base ol operations extends from
Strasbourg to Huonville a few miles north of
Metz. The centre ls between Bitchoche and
St. Arnolo. Thc second line ls at Metz, and is
capable of expansion to the centre and to
No Battle lor Several Days.
PAWS, July 35-Night.
No report of a battle bas been received. -?In?
deed, no battle ls expected to take place for
The Position of Cuba-A Denial by Bis?
marck-The Disposition of the Dateh
LONDON, July 24.
The Saturday Review does not think the
fortunes of Cuba will be effected one way or
another by the European complications. "The
duty of the press in these war times,'' the same
paper says, u1B difficult. Holland, particular?
ly, begs for silence about the disposition of the
BERLIN, July 23.
In the North German Parliament last even-:
lng Count Von Bismarck denied the assertion
ef the Duke of Grammont that Gorman; had
confessed the Impossibility of Prince Hohen?
zollern's candidacy. He asserted that from'
the time the government first knew ol the pro-'
ject nothing personal or official was said to ;
Benedettl about lt
Lieutenant-General de Kirchbach will com-1
maud the Fifth army corps, and Lieutenant
General de Golbeau the Eighth.
. PARIS, July 23.
- The Swiss Legation at Paris has been charged
with the protection of thc interests of Bavarian ;
The Dutch Consul will protect the French
citizens in Prussia.
Belgium has forbidden the exportation of
The Very Latest.
WASHINGTON, July 25 -10 P. M.
There are no indications whatever of an'
early battle between the French and Prussian
Tbe Rothschilds, Kins; William and
[From th? Staats Zeitung.]
"There will be no war," said lately the aged
widow of Mayer Anselm Rothschilds to an ac?
quaintance, -for my son will not give them
the money." This was, doubtless, also the
Idea of her grandson, Alfonso Rothschild,
when he came to Ems to Induce the King of
Prussia to give up his obstinate purpose and
to grant some small concession to the longing
desire of the French monarch. Perhaps he
.wished to say to the King that the Rothschilds
would furnish him no money; and that if be
did not take pity on the embarrassment of thc
French Emperor they would employ all UK ir
financial power to the injury of Prussia and
However, King Willi an cares nothing for all
the Rothschilds in the world. He has a well
filled treasury, with more than thirty millions
of hard dollars, the exact opposite ot the
French treasury, whose accounts show noth- -
lng except on the debtor side. Besides, the
Council of the North German ConfederailoD,
relying on the iuture approbation of the Diet,
has granted him an unlimited credit. The
King, accordingly, was unwilling to receive
the financial negotiator; and while he himseli
packed off the Impertinent Count Benedettl
with a round answer, he sent word to the rich
Baron Rothschild by a servant that he was not
At this Mr. Alfonso gets angry and resigns
his office as Prussian Consul-Genera! in Paris.
It must be admitted that this ls a very proper
act on his part; for he would by no means be a
suitable persou to represent the commercial
interests of Germany.In the French capital at
the present time. He ought also to be praised |
for so warmly espousing the Interests of the
Emperor Napoleon. Gratitude is a beautiful
but not a very frequent virtue. When the <
Prince's lather, In 1848, made in Paris the per?
sonal acquaintance of Louis Napole?n, he was
worth about two hundred millions. Out of
these two hundred millions, In consequence of
the convenient information received (rom the
Cabinet of the President at the time ot the
coup d'?tat, and since then from the Cabinet of
the Emperor, he has made two thousand mil?
lions; but of these two thousand millions, the ,
greater part ls engaged in all sorts ot specula
Uons and enterprises, which would turn out !
disastrously if anything unexpected should
happen to the Emperor. 1
Prussia and the War. >
[From the New York Times. [ J
The King of Prussia, in his speech to the
North German Parliament, on the opening ol <
the session, alluded to the war as a struggle
"without which Europe can never be at last?
ing peace." Thia ls a very candid commentary I
on the situation. The policy of Pmssia belair ,
what lt ls, and the interests of Franee beln<r
what they are, war was inevitable. Even If lt
could be averted now-and nothing short of a '
miracle could do it-thc contest would have to i
be fought out at some future time. Two very
ambitious powers are anxious to take the lead?
ing place In Europe. We do not now say 1
Wnlch we ought to sympathize with. That is a i
matter of feeling and of opinion. What we ,
have to deal with ls the fact that the war
has been as clearly foreseen by Count 1
von Bismarck as by the Emperor Napaleon. 1
It ls nonsense to say that Napoleon has taken ,
Prussl a unawares. Bismarck laid down a course
of action which it would require years to com
plete, and he has been steadily pushing on his i
plans, well knowing In what quarters he would :
provoke opposition. First oi alt, Austria had ,
to be cleared out of the way. That was a mat?
ter of no great difficulty. But that was not the
end. France had grave interests at s.ake, and i
ll was only a question at what point of Bis- ,
mardi's design she would step in and Inter?
fere. Perhaps the Prussian minister did not 1
anticipate that the Spanish plot would be the i
critical move-mora probably be did foresee :
it, and determined to provoke the unavoidable .
conflict on thal very question. He has not been
caught in a trap, rle knew very well that a I
war with France would complete his jrreat pro- ?
Ject ol' "German unltv,': by bringing over the
Sooth German Confederation in a "body-and
he was content to take the risks of a war as the
price ot this advantage. "Not Prussia alone. I
but the entire German nation, rises in its full <
majesty against the audacious man who
presumes to trample nations into the '
dust to gratify his princely lust." Such 1
ls the language" of the preamble to the reso- i
luttons passed last night at the meeting of
the Germans held in thlB city. Tho "audacious
man" is, ol' course, Napoleon III. in other
quarters the opinion ?3 confidently expressed j
that the result of the war will be to extinguish (
Napoleon. That looks simple enough on pa?
per, but it is among the peculiarities of Na- '
foleon that he is not easily "extinguished." 1
t is in his favor at present that the French ,
people are at his back, not to mention the pos
slbility of Austria and Italy likewise ranging '
themselves on his side. The support of Eni? <
land ls counted upon for Prussia- no one can ,
say with what Justice, for the foreign politics
of England are always a muddle. England '
went Into a costly war for the purpose of main- I
talnlng a Mohammedan Prince in Europe. She <
gave her sympathies to the Southern States at
a dBW when lt was very necessary for her '
future well-being that she should have sup- f
ported the North?. She looked on and i
saw Denmark crushed, notwithstanding that a .
uanlsh Princess ls to be the future Queen of
Bngland. No one would be surprised if she 1
now decided to make deadly enemies of her <
nearest neighbors and her most powerful ally.
Prussia would receive her aid, and leave her
to settle her own scorco with France. We are
told that thecan.se ot Prussia Is the causeo: I
iberty. It may be so-we do not propose to
To into that question at present. But Bls
?arck "was not always above making termB
with despotism. It was only the other day
;hat liberty of speech and of the press was
mppressed in Prussia. When the war against
austria was decided upon, it has been 6tated,
ind never contradicted, that Bismarck prom
sed the Emperor Napoleon the Rhine Provin?
ces as the reward of his neutrality. This bar?
kala Is said to have been concluded at Biar?
ritz. The Emperor has waited for the fulfil?
ment of the contract, and, instead of getting
rds promised spoils, he has seen Prussia en?
deavoring to extend ber protecting arms
beyond the Pyrenees. We say noth?
ing of Hanover and the Elbe Duchies,
tor, after all, they were German. But there
is such a document as the Treaty of Prague
In existence, and instead of fulfiling the stipu?
lations it involved. Bismark has treated it with
derision. These are among the causes of the
war, which historians will have to consider,
and which we may as well keep in sight now.
We commend the Germans hera and elsewhere
tor the patriotic spirit they are displaying.
In their point of view they are quite In the right.
They pursue a course which ls highly honora?
ble to them-only outside observers may be
permitted to recognize the truth that some ex?
cuse may be made for the present feeling of
the French people. The two great Intriguers
of the age are now standing with crossed
Bwords. We, as. spectators, may sympathize
wIQf which we^lease, but the fact remains
that both are seeking territorial conquest. The
lust of Dower ls not confined to either side.
Nothing ls easier than to predict the over?
throw of Napoleon. After him, however,
France will survive. And before she can be
overthrown, we must expect a war on a Beale
which even this blood-stained century has
never seen surpassed.
?The Best Soldier la France."
The Army and Navy Journal of the 23d
makes the following assertion :
As Von Moltke was hardly known to readers
out of Prussia .anterior to the splendid cam?
paign which ended at Sadowa, the maa to
whose brain will be due whatever of success?
ful strategy shall characterize the Frerteh arms
in the coming war ls as yet unnamed. Gene?
ral Louis Jules Trochu ia to-day undeniably
the best soldier oi France. He is now fifty
five years of age. A graduate of the Staff
School of 8t? Gyr, he was made lieutenant In
1840, and promoted to a captaincy In 1843.
His first staff service Was with that fine soldier
Bugeaud in Algeria. Chef d'escadron and major
in 1846, and lieutenant-colonel In 1853, his first
European service was in the Italian campaign.
At the commencement of the Crimean war he
was made chief of the general staff, and
by reference to Klnglake's Htetory, it
will he seen that In all conferences
with Lord Raglan, Trochu.- rather than
St. Arnaud or Canrobert. was spokesman
on the part of Franco. Throughout the cam?
paign, having been made general of brigade
in 1864, he occupied this position of confiden?
tial staff officer of the commander-in-chief,
an office analogous to that ot Gneisenau under
Blucher, given in Just recognition of his mili?
tary ability and skill. In 1864 he reached
his grade of general of division. Two years
after be was charged with the preparation of
a plan to reorganize the army. Instead of, aa
hos beep suggested, lacking the imperial con?
fidence, he nos lt in the most flattering degree.
His essays upon organization,"ZMrm<fe Fran
?uise,''-published in 1867, ran through ten edi?
tions. Trochu ls known to have anticipated
the event of war with Prussia A recent pam?
phlet from his pen, which unfortunately can?
not be obtained In this country, develops an
immense deal of study ol the Rhenish frontier
as a flglUstig field, and palpably Indicates.the
national Impulse as occupying the strnte-i
gist's mind. Should the war survive its first
battle a fortnight, and promise, as seems very
likely, to be a long one, Trochu's name may
chance to appear at the head of thc French
NOTES OF THE WAR.
-The Fran?ais says: Italy promises to mam
tain a lrlendly attitude towards France. The
latter declines other aid unless Austria Inter?
feres. Reports are favorable from the diplo?
matic agents in Denmark and Spain. Russia,
however, seems inclined to favor the Germans.
-Many of our readers may not have a fair
understanding ol the word "rentes," which
occurs so constantly Just now In our foreign
dispatches, and whose rise and fall seem to
constitute the financial barometer of Paris.
They ore the funded debt of France, not, how?
ever, lu the form of bonds, but simply loans
from the people. These loans are entered to
the credit of the lenders on the government
ledgers and draw a specified rate of Interest.
The holders of the debt are called "renters,"
and the fluctuation in its value denote popular
distrust or confidence in the government.
-The quality of the Prussian soldiery as to
their personal and family respectability ls
probably higher than that of any nation in
Europe. The rigorous rule for all, even the
highest, commencing In the rar'-s; the excel?
lence of Prussian educational systems, and the
sober enthusiasm of the German people, cort>
stltute them a dangerous opponent. The
French have more ?lan ; but the Prussians,
like the Anglo-Saxons, will bear whipping,
and, after a defeat or two, may, perhaps, feel
lust ready to begin. On the other hand, the
French have always been demoralized by re?
-Auber's opera of "La Muette de Porlicl,''
known to English theatre-goers by the name
af "Masaniello," was always accounted mis?
chievous in political tendencies. The spark?
ling music, the tremendous ?lan of the chorus,
raised the Inflammable Frenchman to a pitch
sf nervous excitement, and royalty proscribed
Hie charming and Inspiring strains to French
audiences. In 1830 the production of "Masa
1116110" In Brussels was the last ounce that
turned the scale. The audience, after hearing
Lhe market chorus and the sufferings of the
iumb girl and the vengeance of her brother,
rushed into the streets, built up barricades,
ind all Europe was speedily in flames. Just
now Napoleon III permits Parisians to hear
-The "Marseillaise" hymn, after being in?
terdicted and replaced by the old royalist song
of "Dunol3 the Brave," ls again heard In thc
streets of Paris. It always used to be the toc?
sin of the barricade, but, singularly enough, it
now returns to Its first. purpose. Originally
written by Rouget de l'isle, an officer of the
Strasbourg garrison, in the days of the first re?
public, for express usc as a war song by the
army of the Rhine, its Introduction to Paris
was by the band of Marseillaise sympathizers,
orought to the capital by Barbaroux in 1792.
They chanted it In their march through the
streets to their work of blood. The declama?
tion of the hymn by Rachel was one of the
most inspiring efforts by that great actress. Its
sffect on the audience was electric.
-Castle Garden, lu New York.the Mecca of
foreigners, no longer echoes to the tread of
the'pountless hosts of German immigrants that
?r so many years have sought refuge under
the banner of liberty. The sudden change in
\\i aspect of affairs in Europe, and especially
;he stringent laws of Prussia regarding her
citizen soldiery leaving her dominions during
\ foreign war, have suddenly checked the exo
lus of Germans. Hamburg, Bremen, and Lu
jec, the great centres of emigration to this
country, are now doubtless blockaded by
FTench squadrons, and os there are no steam
ihip lines Irom Trieste, in Austrian territory,
x> this country, there ls now no possible outlet,
?nless it be through Holland, whose ports are
ivatched with Jealous eye3 by the enemies ol
Thc harvest In Oregon exceeds that or any
THE RADICAL COUNCIL
SCOTT TO BE RENOMINATED UNANI?
A COLORED MAN FOR LIEUTENANT
Thc War of the Contending Delega?
tion!!-Triumph of the DcLarpc
Wing-Whit tem o re Looming np for
[SPECIAL TELEGRAM TO.THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA. S. C., July 25.
The Radical State Convention assembles in
the Senate Chamber in the capitol at noon to?
morrow. At this moment R. B. Elliott, (col?
ored,) the Assistant Adjutant-General, and a
member of the lower House, is the most promi?
nent candidate for president of the conven?
tion. Ex-Congressman Whlttemore, the seller
of cadetship8, is next in favor.
The city is alive with delegates, and the can?
vass between the rival delegations from
Charleston is very active. Congressman
Bowen has his headquarters at the Columbia
Hotel. DeLarge, the leader of the left wing,
has his headquarters at his rooms in Main
street. The friends of DeLarge are jubilant,
claiming that a large majority of the delegates
are in favor ot admitting, the DeLarge
delegation, and will reject all com?
promises proposed by the Bowenites. These
last, lt is said, proposed that both delegations
should be admitted, and that each delegation
should cast nine votes-one-half the vote of
Charleston County. Another proposition was
that all the DeLarge delegation be admitted
excepting T. J. Mackey, in whose place one of
the Bowen delegates should be taken. Fall?
ing In this, the Bowen delegates offered to
withdraw from the convention, provided that
DeLarge's friends agreed to hold another
county convention ' for thc nomination of a
candidate for Congress from Bowen's district.
This was also declined.
It ls^felleved that R. K. Scott will be unani?
mously nominated for re-election as Governor,
and that A. J. Ransier, colored, will be nomi?
nated for Lieutenant-Go vernor.
A caucus of the delegates to the State Con?
vention will be held this evening.
A caucus of the delegates from the First
(Whittemore's) Congressional District will be
held to-night at Nickerson's Hotel, Whitte?
President Magrath and vice-President Tyler,
of the South Carolina Railroad, arrived here
this evening, on a business visit. Their main
object ls the location of the new buildings for
the South Carolina Railroad Company.
THE MILITIA OUTRAGES INNORTH
RALEIGH, N. C., July 25.
Writs of habeas corpus for the citizens ar?
rested at Vanceyvllle were issued by Judge
Mitchell, and served on Kirk last Friday, when
Kirk took them up and arrested, and still holds
In custody, the officers serving them. Governor
Holden will respond to-morrow to the order of
the Chief Justice requiring him to produce A.
G. Moore, one of the Alamance prisoners. It
ls not known what the answer will be.
A MURDEROUS AFFRAY.
ATLANTA, July 25.
Moses H. Bentley, the colored messenger of
the House of Representatives, was shot and
Instantly killed to-day, by Malcolm Claiborne,
a colored representative from Burke County.
The cause was a private quarrel. Claiborne
was expelled by the House and is lodged in
An election this fall ls considered a foregone
THE MALCONTENT MORMONS.
SALT LAKE OTT, July 25.
A crowd of Mormons insulted Colonel Find?
lay and his guests last night, and broke up a
party which he was giving to General Auger
and stan". George Cronin, a prominent mem?
ber of the anti-Brigham Young party, was
found dead to-day, and is sold to have com?
THE LOST CHILD.
NEW ORLEANS, July 25.
The Governor has received a telegram from
the Mayor of Cincinnati, asking whether a re?
ward would be paid for the recovery of Thom?
as Digby's child, stolen in New Orleans, and
supposed to have been sacrificed in the Voudou
orgies. The Governor replied that the reward
would be paid upon the delivery of the child
to its father. .
NEW ORLEANS, July 25.
Ono hundred and fifty Chinese ou a planta?
tion near the city, becoming dissatisfied, seized
Cum Wing, the Chinese contractor, and held
him until be was released by the Metropolitan
police. The ringleaders have been arrested.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
Mack, the negro minstrel, is dead.
The revenue yesterday was $940,000.
The Benecla was at Slmons's Bay, in South
Africa, on June 2. All well.
Majors George A. and James W. Forsyth ac?
company General Sheridan to Europe.
Two men were killed yesterday at Lowei],
by the fall of a grain elevator. Three men are
said to be in the ruins.
Rear Admiral Turner, commanding the Pa?
cido fleet, has sailed Jrotn Callao for San Fran?
cisco to turn over the command to Admiral
The steamers Tuscarora and Pilgrim, and
the monitors Wyandotte, Ajax and Manhattan
Balled from Southwest Pass, yesterday, for
A large and enthusiastic meeting was held
at Staunton, Va., yesterday, in furtherance of
the Valley Railroad. Colonel Mike Harman
resigned the presidency of the road, and
stated that ueneral Lee would accept the pres?
idency of the road, in connection with his
duties at Washington College, by consent of
the board of trustees.
ALL ABOVT THE STATE.
A Dastardly Outrage-The Colored
militia Fire Into the Heart at the
A Clinton correspondent of the Laurene
Herald calls the attention of that paper to one
of tbe most dastardly outraces that was ever
pnt upon a peaceful community. He says :
"In obedience, 1 suppose, to orders, the col?
ored people of this town, and ten miles around,
bave for a month past met on every Saturday,
wi tb in two Irnndred yards of tbe heart of the
town, to parade and drill. Until lase Saturday
the community had not bet n mau-rial ly dis?
turbed, bnt on that day, some three hundred
of these mili iamen being on tbe parade
aronnd, they every ono discharged their loai
ed rifles into the heart ot the to*n. The os?
tensible object was ti drive off two colored
men wh'o came riding toward tbem.
"Every one believes that the whole matter
was a plan to get an a riot for the purpose of
making capital for the election, and that there
was an understanding between these two Dem?
ocrat (so-called) negroes and the balance of
them. At any rate, though a hundred guns
were discharged, not a scratch can be found
on the persons aimed at, while the balls
whistled thick and fast through the town, very
fortunately hurting no one.
"On Tuesday the constabulary appeared in
towo to arrest tbeso two men on the chai ge
that they were hired by white men to make the
disturbance. The endeavor eoe ms to doubly
outrage aa innocent and already outraced
community. We all know that money can
nuke some people do a good deal ot hard
''Now, Mr. Editor, what think yon, is there no
way of getting snob outrages legally stopped ?
ls this case much different from that of the
men who beat and rob another and then call
bim thief ?
"These men are evidently doing their best to
stir up' dissensions between the whites and
freclmen; their whole heart is fall of hate and
morder. They woald think nothing of plank?
ing tho State into civil strife, ii they had a
chance to steal a few dollars.
"In conclusion, eir, what ought to be said of
men who, at the October election, will stay at
borne, even though ii they vote they nust do
it aer?se the bayonet of tho carpet-bagger."
A Lexington correspondent of the Colombia
Guardian says : "On Saturday last, this vil?
lage was thrown into a state of considerable
excitement by a reported attempt of a colored
man to poison two or three negroes. This
man came into the village with two water?
melons, and ont and gave different parts of
one melon to two or tere-: pf raoos, eating a
portion himself. He then went on to another
no use ot colored people, and served out th
other melon. Sometime, an hour or so, hav?
ing elapsed, one of the parties w JO had eaten
ofthemelou was suddenly taken sick. The
attack cootiouedon Sunday, sod symptoms
were also observed ia case of two others who
bad eaten of the first melon. Puyeiciaos pro?
nounced symptoms very like those of poison
from stryohmae. The supposed perpetrator
was arrested on Sunday, and is now in jail.
Oao ot tile palie ts may not recover, bat it ia
hoped that she will. Feeling among tue color?
ed people and whites against tho prisoner is
The Yorkvilie Inquirer says : "On last Mon?
day, Willie, agod anont eight years, a so 1 of
oar esteemed fellow-citizen, Mr. Joseph N.
Steelo, was accidentally drowned in Tool's
Fork Creek, a tew miles from this plaoe. He
visited tho creek in company with a little play?
mate, and entered tba water as usual, uncon?
scious of any danger ; bat the recent rains bav -
mg washed out thc bed of the creek beyond
hie depth, aad being amble ta swim, he was
drowjed almost instantly. The body was re?
covered without difficulty.
Mr. W. M. Bass, a resident of Beaufort
Oona ty, South Carolina, died at this place on
last Monday. Although a sojourner aad a
stranger, unknown to oar community, he was
not, tnerefore, frieodloss. Being a Mason, he
was attentively nursed in hie illness by mem?
bers of that benevolent society, and buried
with masonic honors in the grave-yard at Ebe?
An Atompted Riot In Lancaster,
The Herald says : "Late ia the afternoon,
af er the Radical msetiug bad adjourned, an
altercatioo occurred between a uegro from
Lancaetor, who was drunk, and a small white
boy, wbich at one time threatened to termin?
ate" Jn a riot. Tho negro had Hteppei on a
dog belonging to the boy, and" the two. we
learn, cursed ono another. The brother ot the
hov, Mr. W. B. WIIBOD, Jr., being told of the
difficulty, came to tne spot, and some words
passed, wheo he took away a good sized reek
which the negro was holding in his hand,
knocked bim down wi tb it and kicked him two
or three tunea. Colonel W. B. Wileon, by this
time, came ont and drew bis son into his
office, whilo tho negro was forcibly removed
by Hiles Johnson, Esq. The most of the
colored men in town were congregated near
Rose's hotel, and talking the matter over
among thomsalves, began to threaten ven?
geance. Bul air. Wilson having in the mean?
time been arrested and given bail, the threat?
ened riot was dying away, wheo John W.
Mead, on 3 of the nominees for the Legislature,
appeared on the scene- Being well ?Hod with
buroing fluid, he felt disposed to shed light,
and walked about the crowd with a pistol m
his hand, talking about "seeiog bis brother's
blood spilt," "vengeance," ?co., aod cursing
tho white lace promiscuously. NothioK but
the forbearance of the white people, who dis?
tinctly beard this insulting language and
could easily have mastered up a larger num?
ber than tue colored pooplo, prevented a- riot.
As it takes two parties to get up a fight, Mead
at leogtb gained a dim perception of the f Jct
tbat ho was making himself ridiculous, and
gradually cooled dow J. The State constables
stationed hero wore, wo learn, mixing freely
in the crowd, bat did aot seem called onto in?
terfere io any way for tho preservation ot the
peaco." _ _ _
A VENOIlfO A. DAUGHTER'S SHAME.
The Particulars of the Llndsey-Hay
ward Tragedy in Virginia-A Strik?
The killing of B. F. Lindsey at Chester, Vir?
ginia, on Tuesday, by hie father-in-law, Cap?
tain W. H. Hayward, for thc seduction of a
daughter, and the dismissal of Hayward from
custody after examination before a magistrate,
have been announced by telegraph. Both
Hayward and Lindsey are well known in Rich?
mond aad Petersburg and vicinity. *The fol?
lowing facts were elicited before the coroner's
Benjamin F. Lindsey, the deceased, arrived
at Chester, on Wednesday aiternoon, on the
3:20 P. M. train from Richmond. He went to
the store and took a drink. Captain Hayward
met bim there, and told him that a gentleman
in the hotel wished to see him. He took him
np stairs very coolly, and, approaching the
bed, Bald: "Let me introduce you to your soo
aad the victim of your villany." With this he
turned the bed-clothing dowu and showed him
a new-born infant. Turning to his daughter,
who was lyiog lu the bed, he asked her if this
was uot Lindsey's child. She replied that lt
was. He then remarked: "You have heard
what my daughter says, Mr. Lindsey. What
have you to say ?'. He replied, "I am taken
so much by surprise that I do not know what
to say." Captain Hayward put the question
again, and Lindsey replied, "That is my child
lishe says so." ?poo this C?ptala Hayward
drew a small Smith & Wesson four-shooter
aad commenced firing. Lladsey, who was
sittiog upoa the bed at this time, arose, but
made no resistance. Captain Hayward dis?
charged tne four barrels, two of the shots
taking effect, one in the fleshy part of the leg,
and tne other la the abdomen. The wounded
mau fell, aad was taken to his room, where he
lingered through the night, and died at half
past 9 o'clock the next morning.
The prompt discharge of the slayer in this
lostance,on the ground of justifiable homicide,
indicates perhaps more strikingly than any
similar case, the spirit of public sentiment in
regard to the crime of which Lindsey was
guilty. The following were the remarks made
by the Commonwealth's attorney at the exam?
ination of Captain Hayward, and the proceed?
ings consequent thereupon :
Colonel Ambers, Commonwealth's attorney,
addressed the presiding magistrale ana ex
plained that since 1867 the law had dispensed
with an examining court; that its duties had
been devolved upon the examining magistrate:
that it was in his power to send the prisoner
on with or without ball, or to discharge him
at once. He recommended the latter course.
There was no jury which c. aid be empanelled
on God's earth, white or black, savage or civ?
ilized, which would find the accusedguilty of
murder. The feelings of a father rise in every
man's bosom against the commission of such
foul crimes and proclaim that "the way of the
transgressor is hard indeed." He did not
think this was a case in which either .the pub?
lic morals or public safety required the accused
to be sent on. He should be discharged. Then
it would warn men of libidinous appetites that
when they do these deeds they do them not
only at the risk of an avenging father, but of
an avenging public also.
Captain Clopton, counsel for the prisoner,
said that he did not think It necessary, after
what had been so well and properly Bald by
the attorney for the Commonwealth, to make
The magistrate then said, "Captain Ha/ward,
stand up." *
"Under these circumstances I cannot ex?
press my feelings. I think lt my duty to an?
nounce your discharge."
There was every evidence of approval at the
termination of the caw on the part ot the
spectators, but no noisy demonstration was
The following was endorsed on the warrant
of arrest: \ .
"The evidence heard this day and the party
discharged, on the ground of justifiable homi?
cide. JOHN O. PEROUB, J. P."
The Richmond Dispatch says:
Hiss Hayward, the young lady so foully
wronged, Is about eighteen years of age, of
pleasing manners and retiring disposition. She
resided in this city since her father moved
here. Her condition was not suspected up to
the time of her delivery.
Captain Hayward is a well-known citizen of
Richmond. He commanded a cavalry com?
pany during the war. and has been lor some
time proprietor of the Dime Saloon. Recently
he took charge, with the deceased, ot the Cbes
tel Hotel. He ls a gentleman of great popu?
larity, of quiet and unassuming demeanor, and
could only be brought to such a deed under
the greatest provocation. He conducted him?
self calmly during his examination, but lt was
evident that he was laboring under great dis?
Benjamin F. Lindsey, the deceased, was a
man of great local prominence la Chesterfield.
He has occupied various positions of trust In
that county, such as presiding justice, regis?
trar, &c He was the Conservative candidate
for the Legislature at the last election,' and was
also a candidate for the nomination to the
Constitutional Conven lion Jn 1867.- He lived
for some years in this city. He was a man
widely known and generally much liked. He -
was married to Captain Haywood's eldest
daughter last December,
THE WEATHER AND CROPS.
la a n r e n s.
The Herald says: "We hear ot ehowors
tbrougbont the district and tho crops are
speedily advancing. Many sections have suf?
fered severely from drought-cotton generally
is backward and small, but now and then a
tine field .ie to be seen. Iha cotton on rod
laud, owing to the dry spring, came up late,
and is very backward. Corn looks cenera I ly
well, bnt tbefieldb are few aud far b?tween."
Tho Southerner says: "OJ Wednesday
afternoon we had a (rood fall of rain, just at
the ri? ht time, when our fanners were crowing
anxious. We believe it was general through
The News says: "The crops are growing
finely and the farmers are beginning to calcu?
late as to what they will make. There will not
be a full crop in this county."
The Press says: "We have been reliably in?
formed chat on Thursday last a severe storm
of wind, rain and hail passed through the
lower section of our county. In eomo places
levelled trees, removed fences, and materially
inj or ug the crops, especially corn, splitting
the blades in shreds and scattering the imtna
tured ears over the heida."
The Banner says: "This and other portions
of she district have been lavored dorins: the
past few days with partial showers, bnt rain is
still very generally^needed. This is a critical
time witt the cern crop, which is so often
rained by a drought in July. With seasonable
rains the crops promise well."
Drnrjg, Cljemuals, &z.
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CHARLESTON, May 16,1868.
Mr. J. B. RUSSELL, one of our careful and intel?
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CHARLESTON. S. 0.. 1888.
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W. M. FITCH, M. D.
CHARLESTON, S. C., 1863.
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T. L. OGLER, M. D.
MOUNT PLEASANT, S. C., 1868.
Afr. J. B. Ruase? :
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