Newspaper Page Text
VOT-??1VTF. X.-NUMBER 143S.
CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 1, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR
THE STATE CANVASS.
THE EEFOB3TBALLY J.V AEDEE80E.
TTlte Speeches-Judge Carpenter ?nd the
Hine Ridge Railroad-The Meeting tn
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
ANDERSON C. H., Wednesday, July 27.
We arrived at this place early this morning,
from Pendleton, and found tbe -village alive
with the residents of Anderson County, who
had assembled to hear the addresses of the
Reform party nominees for Governor and Lleu
tenant-Governor. The night before the citi?
zens had serenaded Major John E. Bacon, who
ls a candidate for Congress for the Third Con?
gressional district, and were addressed by him
and Leroy F. Y ou m ans, Esq., -who was also
called on-both making strong speeches In
behalf of ?he Reform movement, ,>
The large building erected for a workshop
of the Blue Ridge Railroad was selected as the
place for tbe delivery of the addresses, and by
eleven o'clock, between twenty-four and
twenty-five hundred persons were assembled
therein. Among the audience there were fully
a thousand colored si#n-a much larger num?
ber, we are Informed, than attended a Radical
mass meeting held at the same place the
Friday night previous. A fine brass band was
present to-day, and enlivened the occasion
with some good music. Ou the stage were j
Judge Carpenter, Generals Butler and Ker?
shaw, Major John E. Bacon, J. A. Hoyt, B. F.
Clayton, Leroy F. You m a ns. John B. Moore,
?and others. v
Hr. Cray to n called the assemblage to order
and introdpjed General Kershaw, who ex?
plained tne principles of the Beform move?
ment, showing that it was neither a Demo?
cratic or Republican party, as lt. had men of
both parties actively engaged in aiding it, and
had had the endorsement of newspapers and
prominent men, irrespective of party, both
North and South. He said that the advocates
of Reform had no quarrel with either party,
but only desired to enlist all lu its ranks to
move vigorously against the band of corrupt
men who were plundering the State, and drive
them from the offices which they bad only
conducted with a view of filling their own
pockets. He showed that the action of Con?
gress, on the last day of the session, in pass?
ing a special bill to remove General Butler's
disabilities, when the members well knew
why he wished lhem removed, and a dissent?
ing voice could have prevented the introduc?
tion of the bill, yet there was not one, was
proof positive that all these were convinced of
the necessity of ejecting the band of plunder?
ers holding the offices In South Carolina, and
who had so conducted themselves as to bring
down upon their heads the denunciations of
every honest man tn the United States. In
earnest words he urged all to come and stand
on the broad platform of Reform, and aid in
putting honest men into office, without regard
to the color of a man's skin or the character of
General Butler was next introduced, and
reiterated his charges against Governor Scott,
and showed conclusively to the audience that
they were based upon evidence sufficient to
convict him before any ialr-minded jury. He
showed that although there were reports irom
almost all of the State officers to the Governor,
even the librarian of the College and the State?
house keeper, there wer? none from the land
commissioner and the financial agent of the
State, each of whom had charge of vast sums
of money belonging to the state, and from
whom reports were necessary to give the peo?
ple an Idea of what was the financial condi?
tion of the State. After a scathing denuncia?
tion of Governor Scott and his paid spies, the
State constabulary, whom the Governor said
were, necessary to protect the citizens from
the Ko-Klux, he defied the -'Picket-line Gov?
ernor" to show any canse for keeping np such
a force. Said the General, the Governor says
he stood four years on the picket line. Well,
perhaps he did. Every soldier knows that
when the battle charge ls made- the picket Une
goes to the rear, and I doubt not that he went ;
along with Als picket line, and he will
now "stay in the rear as the Reform -
battle array chargea upon his thieving camp,
and dare not advance to meet them.
Just belora the Presidential election, thi,s
valiantGovernor.knowing that by his outrage?
ous acts he had aroused the Just indignation of ..
the people of the State, In cowardly fear and
with shaking knees sent for General Wade
Hampton and told him that if he would exert
"fttinwlBfl i noe to quell thia popular indignation
he (Governor Scott) would use. bis personal
and political Influence to moke the-Bjtatego
Democratic; that he was tired of the negroes
and would make enough of them In the Legis?
lature resign BO as to give the whlteaMhe ma?
jority In that body. General Hampton be-,
lleved Mm and exerted his Influence, and .
when the people- acquiesced in the existing
state of things, Governor Scott treacherously
receded from his position and used every
means in his power to advance the canse of
the plunderers ot the State.' After some re?
marks regarding the promises made to the
colored people by the Radicals, and showing
that not one had been lui?lled; that appro?
priations for them had been made, not that
they might be benefited by them, bot only
that the members of the '-Ring" mleht pocket
the money, the Gen*'ral took his seat.
Judge -Carpenter was next Introduced, and
alter expressing the satisfaction of once again
meeting the citizens of Anderson County, at
whose court he had once the honor to preside,
he Bald that he had.fought against secession;
he. waa.a-citizen of,.the United States; was
proud of it, and also, too, proud' of the State
ot South Carolina, which Justly boasted of Its
Marions, Rutledge*, Pinckneys, Calhouns, and
he was not willung that it should leave the
Union of States, carry away its bright star
from the glorious constellation, and he. had
therefore resisted all efforts to take lt away.
I. have been told? said he. that lt might be
necessary to answer some of the charges made
against me op here. The first charge ls, that
I am opposed to the completion ot the Blue
Ridge Railroad. This ls not true. I have
lived In the West, and can well appreciate the
Importance to South Carolina of connecting,
by tron arms, the Atlantic ocean at Charl lis?
ton with the fertile plains and valleys ot the
West I have nothing to say again st the road,
and earnestly desire its completion:. but I
know that Mayor Pillsbury and Governor
Scott-'ill In a B?ng together-have control of
the funda, and I think we all would do well to
see that these men do not carry off the .funds
approproprlated - for it. [Enthusiastic ap?
plause.] I have nothing tn Bay against General
Harrison, the president of the road, ot bis
management, or that of the directors. He ls
well known to all of you as a worthy gentle?
man, and I believe that he ls doing bis best to
advance the.Interests of the road. If I am
eleefVQ I will see that the road ls completed.
A person in the crowd said that General
Worthington a few nights previous, at a Radi?
cal ma?s meeting, had charged the Judge with
being opposed to completing the road, where?
upon the Judge said, truly Worthington's
opinion was valuable; he had been living In
the State exactly five weeks, six days and
two hours; he was the small tool of a large
robber; but at a meeting -In Edgefield where ?
there were six thousand persons present, he "
said In a speech to them, that General Butler
was a gallant soldier and a truthful gentle?
man, and Judge Carpenter a just judge, and
theo had sneaked off up here "to malign those
whom when face to face he had praised; but
Worthington had now gone. Let him rest, he
was a small craft with only a small swivel,
and could not stand the seventy-four gun
frigate Reform as lt advanced upon the vessels
I understand that one or two of the men who
were engaged in the dirty work of bribing the
Legislature to pass the various bills, have de?
cided that there shall be no tax executions en?
forced In this section. Now. this ls only a po?
litical trick lo make the people believe that the
State Government is sympathizing with them;
but not so, the tax executions will be enforced
aftep the election; the evil dayle only pat off;
but having the payment of taxes postponed
and electing him (Carpenter) Governor, the
taxe? would be applied for the use ofthe-8tate
and n ot put in th? pockets of the Bings which '
wouMj?fe the casq jr the Ring were allowed to.
remain in powerr 'TTremendous applause.} IT '
the taxes be paid before the election and the
Ring be defeated, they will run off with the
taxes. The pockets of the Ring are what I call
the sinking fund bill, where all of the property
of the State will go. ' Under the Sinking Fund
bill all of the property of the State can oe sold
at any time and the proceeds pocketed, and no
one ont the members o? the Ring be the wiser.
Who knows that there is a dollar left of Ihe
four millions of Blue Ridge bonds; the Ring
has entire control of them.
it has been charged that I am opposed to the
homestead law. This is not true. I was call?
ed uDon to decide a question under the home?
stead act, and I decided that in a case where
a man had given a mortgage on his homestead,
or 'a judgment had been obtained prior to the
passage of the act, then the act did not apply ;
or, In other words, I decided that before a
debtor could claim a homestead the creditor
should be Informed ol the state o? law. I ap?
prove of the homestead law.
To prejudice the colored men against me
they have been told that I decided a slave
bond to be valid. I did so decide, because I
believed it to be correct. Anyhow, the ques?
tion bas gone up to the courts, and as Govern?
or I would have nothing to do with lt. As it ls,
I do not see if I decided that a slave bond was
valid or Invalid how lt affects thc colored peo?
ple In any way.
The colored people I would ask, if they have
! received any benefit under the Scott rule ?
What has been given you for all the promises
of free schools, homes, Ac. ? Nothing but a
Loyal League, in which you are sworn to vote
for the men nominated: deprived of your right
to vote as you please. I say to you that, un?
der this system of the Loyal League, you are
almost as much a .-lave as ever you were, only
In a little different form. Why do yon not
throw off this servile yoke ? I understand
that many of you wish to do so, but are afraid
you will be maltreated by the League. ? I tell
you that yon will be protected in voting as you
choose, whether you vote with us or for the
Scott Ring. We are determined that there
shall be fair play at this election, and every
man, of whatever color or principles, allowed
the free exercise of the right to vote. Instead
of the Scott Ring aiding you as they promised,
they have done all they could to prevent you
from elevating yourselves; they have wrought
upon your prejudices and placed you in antag?
onism with the white, race, when no cause' for
antagonism existed; 'they have endeavored to
Incite a-war of races; they have done all a set of
unprincipled adventurers and robbers could
do to estrange yon from your white friends,
when the co-operation of the two races is so
necessary for the general welfare of the State
and all of its people.
THE BLUE RI DUE ROAD.
As Judge Carpenter took his Beat, General
Harrison, president of the Blue Ridge Road,
arose and stated that he desired to make an
explanation. A ready consent was given, and
he WM invited to the stand but refused, and,
standing where he arose, he said substantial?
ly: During the remarks of Judge Carpenter,
while he exculpated me from ?any connection
with the charges he made against the manage?
ment of the affairs of the Blue Ridge Railroad,
?et he made insinuations relative to the
lends of the road, against centlemen whom
I know tobe unjustly charged; and lt would Ul
become me to remain silent under such cir?
cumstances; if I did they should turn me out
ot office. In the act of 1868 relative to the
road, the passage of which was secured by me,
and subjected myself to the reproach of my
friends and others because I acknowledged the
existing state of affairs, I had a section inserted .
providing that the Governor of the State, at ,
all .future meetings of the road directors, j
should represent the Slate, and making him ?
txrofficio a director. Although I am no politl- (
cal friend of Governor Scott, I will say In his J
defence that he has never had any control of j
the funds of the road-every cent has passed
through my hands. I have not even had a
treasurer. Of the $4,000,000 of bonds, not ODO
bas been sold. They are not even ready to
be sold. They have not been Blgned. No one
has the power to appropriate the lands, even
If they wished to do so. Owing to the Euro?
pean war, the bonds which would have to be
offered In the markets of Europe cannot be
sold before the election certainly, and at that
time we may have a new regime. The names
of some of the- directors (mentioning those in
Charleston) is a sufficient guarantee that the"
money appropriated will be used in good faith.
Judge Carpenter replied briefly that he had
not charged that there had been a misappro?
priation of the Blue Ridge bonds; that as for
those whose names were a guarantee for good
faith In conducting the affairs of the road,
they could be turned ont at any time by Scott :
but he did charge that under the sinking fund
bill these bonds or any other property ot the
State could be sold by the "Ring;" sold in the
darkness of the night, If it were so desired. | (
When he was elected he would do all he could
for the road, bat he might find that all of its
bondB were gone into tho pockets of R. K.
Scott, whose conduct in the first was a suffi?
cient guarantee that all the State property he
could lay his hands on would go into the capa?
cious pockets as aforesaid.
; It was expected that. speeches would be
made by Major Bacon and Mr. Toumans, but
it was now after 3 o'clock, and it .was deter?
mined that alter a speech from Mr. Youmans
the exercises should close.
Mr. Youmans was introduced, but, his time
being limited, he confined himself merely to a
recapitulation of the causes which led to the
Reform movement ; the necessity for its suc?
cess, and made an earnest and eloquent ap?
peal for all to unite in lt and rescue the State j t
from the band of plunderers which had settled
themselves in it, and were stealing its sub?
The meeting at this place was a most grati?
fying evidence of the popular feeling of the j ,
people with the Reform movement. Tho ire-1
quent applause and earnest looks boded no good
to the Scott Ring at the coming election ; and
we venture to say that not oniy will there be a
full white vote for Relorm, but a majority of
the colored vote will be polled for the same
. Reform Meeting at Walhalla.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
WALHALLA, July 28.
This place, at which we arrived yesterday
evening,,from Anderson Courthouse, is well
known to many of the people of the State as
one of the most delightfully located and healthy
spots in the Palmetto State. It bas a thrifty
and energetic population, which is plainly de?
noted by the appearance of the houses, gar?
dens, stores, churches, public buildings, &c.
At this very time, there are more buildings in
course of construction than at all ot the points
in this section of the State combined.
To-day, at ll* o'clock,, at the courthouse,
were the time and place designated for the ad?
dress from the leaders o? the Union Reform
movement. At the hour named, the court?
house, capable of containing eight hundred
people, was literally jammed, and maoy had to
go away because of their inability to gain ad?
Colonel R. S. Porcher was called to the
chair, and after explaining the object of the
meeting, Introduced General J. B. Kershaw.
The General, with his usual force, earnest?
ness and eloquence, explained to the audience I 1
the causes and necessities of the movement | c
which had been inaugurated, and that if it
were unsuccesful the band of plunderers,
best known as the Scott Ring, would take
what little of the State property they had kept
their hands off, and leave the State la a de?
plorable condition indeed-if it could be tn a
worse condition that it is. He read letters c
from General Conner, of Charleston, General r
Wright, of the Sixth Corps, army of the Poto- ?
mac. and an editorial from the Nev/ York t
World, (Democratic) cited editorials irom thc
Nation and Philadelphia Press, (both Republi- I
cans) lo show that prominent men t
and newspapers of both parties were i
in favor of the movement, and scath- i
lngly denounced the State Government, 1
which not only disgraced the people of I
the State, hut of the United States. He read t
a published letter from the Hon. Isaac W. ?
Hay ne, of Charleston, to illustrate that not c
only with him; but with numerous other prom- t
lnent men of South Carolina, many of the past r
cherished Ideas were dead; that much apper- e
tainiDg to our new condition was yet to be c
learned, and that the young men were more r
competent than the old men to grasp the new 1
order of things. The letter states that he (Mr. i
Hayne) believes that there are many things r
which it is wise to forget, and that he Is cer- e
tain that much that ls valuable has been ?
learned in the last five years, and that very t
much more appertaining to our new condition 1
re??alas to be learned. ~ "I must decline, how?
ever, undertaking to teach In ihe new
Behool. My eames', and God knows hon?
est, though humble efforts, for thirty years, to
bring about the assertion of the right ol sell
government In the South, have proved so dis?
astrous that I shrink from any new experi?
ment. It ls my deliberate judgment that In
the present unprecedented condition of
things-the upheaval and subversion of all
that was-the obliteration of past Institutions
ast manners and modes of thought-lt
etter that old men should stand aside and
leave lt to younger men to solve the novel and
difficult problems as they arise. The instincts
ot the young are fresher and truer, and there
is a greater adaptability to what is new, which
In a crisis like this, renders them wiser
their generation than an honest old man could
be. i believe the young to be safer counsel
lore, and certainly they are more efficient
General Butler was next introduced, and
lils charges of bribery and corruption against
the Scott Ring and its minions, asked if there
was any corruption among the Radical
point?es In Oconee County, and answered
question by charging, upon the authority
the county commissioners, that the county
treasurer (Bryce, a white mani wa9 a default?
er to the tune of $1991 55. [Enthusiastic ap?
At this point, Andrew Bryce, a disgusting
featured individual, a local politician, and
father of the county treasurer, denied the
charge made against the treasurer. General
Butler gave the county commissioners as
authority, and stated that when the commis
stoners charged him with being a defaulter
said, "sue on my bond." Now, said the Gen
eral, the bond was -disapproved by the com
missioners, and no one knew whether It was
worth the paper it was written on, and as for
suing those bond-signers, it is as useless
?ulng a bobtailed rabbit, .
In alluding to the Governor's Winchester
rifle speech, the General said that If his Win?
chesters were brought Into use, as the Gov
ernor desired them to be, at the first click the
Iiovernor, like a cowardly cur as he is, would
sttek his tall between his legs, and no bullet
ivould find bim unless the gun which propel!
ed it would be able to shoot about three hun
[Ired and filly miles-way into the State
Mr. Youmane, of Edgefleld, was Introduced
md In a speech full ol eloquent, earnest ian
linage, illustrated the sad and humiliating con
iitlon of the State, brought about by the
thieves, Scott A Co., and made a heartfelt ap?
peal to the audience, to white and black. Re?
publicans and Democrats, to unite and drive
out the band of robbers who were preying
ipon the State, and restore an honest and up?
right administration of the public affairs.
Judge Carpenter was tbc next and last
weaker. He, with bis usual vim and In unse
!ected language, poured with telling effect
^roadside after broadside Into the Scott Ring,
mill the thick walls of deceit and perjury in
?Ide of which they carried on their base ope
?ations. were breeched and the mass of cor
.option exposed to the view of the audience
lisgusting all, even the colored members
;he league who were present. Charge after
marge ne made, and brought-facLalter fact
support of them. The mau Bryce made sevc
.al attempts to interrupt him by asking ques
ions, but the ready answers ot the Judge
>rought the ridicule of the audience upon the
nterrupter and silenced him. The great point
)f the Judge's speech to-day was the denn nc il?
ion o? the Loyal League; the slavish o ndl
.lon it Imposed upon its members, binding
bern by oaths to vote as the league dictated
ind ruling .he colored man, body and soul
ills appeal for them to come out of the league
md vote as they pleased-as their consciences
lot as a few unprincipled men, dictated-was
.eceived by cheers from all, the colored men
The effect of these speeches lu Oconee has
>een to unite the Democrats and R -publicans
vhlte and colored, lu aid of the Union Reform
novement, and especially 'to open the eyes of
he colored people to the trickery and thievery
it the men whom they elevated to office. An
lerson, Pickens and Oconee Counties- have
teen visited by the leaders of the ?Reform
novement, and only two men have aCknowl
idged themselves in favor of Scott-one Sam
)urham, was sent to the penitentiary for -a
xlmeand pardoned out, upon lt being proven
hat he was of insano mind,.and the other
Iryce, who is the father of the delonlUng
reasurer,of Oconee County, and who l? held
n contempt by the citizens of thaf coan ty.
Reform Meeting; In Greenville.
[PROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
GREENVILLE, July 29.
Through the courtesy ol the officers of the
ireenville and Columbia Railroad our party
vere given a Bpeclal train, by which we were
?nabled to reach this point in time for the
peakers to fulfil their appointment at 12 M
Ve started for Walhalla at 2 A. M. At Ander?
en Courthouse the members of the brass
?and of that place volunteered their services
ind came along with us. A large number of
:ltlzens from the various depots along the
oute also came along. We arrived here
shortly after 9 o'clock-an hour sooner than
ve were expected, but found conveyances in
vatting, and, In a lew minutes alter our arrlv
il, were transferred to a hotel. Arrangements
ind been made to give the nominees a fitting
.eception, but the early arrival Interfered with
A stranger unacquainted with the size and
population of Greenville, seeing its streets
.h ranged with masses of human beings as they
.vere this morning, through which tho large
lumber of vehicles vainly endeavored to pass
svonld have concluded that he had been sud
ier.ly dropped into a most populous and flour
suing city. While Greenville can claim a
arge share of prosperity, yet the busy appear
mee to-day was an unusual thing. It was
mused by the assembling of the citizens from
ill portions of the county to listen to the
ipeeches of the nominees of the Union Rclorm
party. Until ll o'clock the city was ail In a
)ustle, but in a few moments thereafter an
leared deserted, nearly every one having
rone to a grove in the vicinity, the place ap
>olnted for the meeting, and where a stand
ind 6eats were erected. Oa the stand were
!X-Governor Perry, Judge Carpenter, Generals
?utler, Kershaw, Easley, and Leroy F. You
There were two bands present, thc one from
Anderson and one from Greenville, composed
ii colored men. They agreed to play alter
lately, and added much to the interest ol ihe
EX-GOVERNOR PARRY'S INTRODUCTION.
iTfew minutes after ll o'clock. ex-Governor
?erry stepped io the front ol the platform,
ailed the meeting to order, and said sub3tan
Fellow-citizens of Greenville County-We
lave assembled here to-day for the purpose o f
tearing the distinguished speakers, who have
some to address you on the sad and liuralliat
ng condition of our beloved State. Some
veeks since, a large number of the good and
rue men of the State, Irrespective of party or
olor, assembled in convention, at Columbia,
sud selected Judge R. B. Carpenter and Ge ne?
al M. C. Butler as the standard bear
sra In this campaign agalast the cor
upt administration - one a Republican,
md the other a Democrat-both standing on
he same platform opposed only to the bribery
md corruption which characterize the ndinin
stratlon of our public affaire. Ju-ige Carpen
er ls known to have worn the judicial ermine
n this State, and worn it unsullied amidst so
mien corruption which surrounded him. He
las now thrown aside his Judicial robe which
ie wore with so much honor to enter upon
his heated and excited contest: he has left an
?asy posltioa to labor in behalt ot the people
if the State, and to fight their battle against
iribery and corruption. General Butler ls a
lative of this county, and all of her citizens
md all of South Carolina are proud
if bis fame which he has won on so
nany battle-fields, and since has acquired
n thc arena of political Hie; he ls young, eer?
iest, gifted, and will be remembered in histo
y. Accompanying these gentlemen ls anoth
:r pure and earnest soldier and citizen of
>outh Carolina, General J. B. Kershaw, one
vho ls known to you as the soldier who so gal?
?n tl y led the sons of South Carolina on many
t hard field of conflict, and one who bas since
he war labored earnestly to restore his State
to her former glory and prosperity. Mr. F. S.
Youmans, of Edgeneld County, who served his
State in the Legislature, where he acquired
lame by his statesmanship, volunteered to ac?
company the nominees, also to exert his efforts
in behalt of the Reform movement.
This ls no party lssne, but a combination of
the true and honest men of ail parties, only to
oppose the corruption which has disgraced
our Legislature aDd the swindling officials
who have plundered the State and her people.
This is a movement to put honest, true men
in office, who will avoid high taxation and ad?
minister the affairs of the State in an honest
economical manner. I now have the honor to
introduce to you General J. B. Kershaw.
Alter the applause which greeted ex Gover?
nor Perry's remarks had subsided, General
Kershaw expounded the principles of the
Union Reform movement; spoke ol the spirit
ol those who Inaugurated it, and showed con?
clusively that lt was a movement of the peo?
ple, not of any clique, class or party, but o? the
citizens generally, standing on a broad plat?
form giving equal rights to all, Ignoring past
Issues, and grasping the new ones grown out
of the war only with a view ot benefiting the
State. In his remarks he paid a glorious tri?
bute to the press of the State, which, he said,
was entitled to all the honors of initiating the
movement and putting It on the road to suc?
General Butler was next introduced, and,
after expressing his gratification at being once
again among the scenes of his boyhood, pro?
ceeded to the work in hand-that of exposing
the corruption of the Scott "Ring," which he
did to the satisfaction of all present. While
engaged in making his charges against Scott
the colored people present, some three or four
hundred in number, listened very attentively,
and, by their frequent applause, showed that
they approved of the charges made and estab?
lished. This did not suit thc minions ol Scott
present, and two low white men circulated
among them and endeavored to maice them
create a disturbance ; but tills they refused to
do, some of them saving that they wanted to
hear what was said ; besides, they did not wish
to disturb the white men's meetings, as the
white men did not interfere with theirs. One
of these Bame white men. with a most repulsive
countenance, then attempted to disturb Gen?
eral Butler by asking him questions, and ask?
ed *lhow about the ?Black Code V. " to which
the General replied that he was glad the ques?
tion was asked. He had been charged with
having voted for it. It was untrue. He had
fought and voted against IL The other ques?
tions asked were of a trifling character, and
only intended to in'errunt the proceedings,
and the General,by ridicule, silenced the inter?
rupter, who left the vicinity of the stand, and
got about five white and colored men drunk,
preparatory to making another effort to break
up the meeting or get the.colored men away.
General Butler concluded his remarks with?
out further interruption, excepting, from one
or two colored men who asked questions for
information, and were well pleased with the
answers they received. His remarks relative
to the manner Governor scott and his friends
had of showing their appreciation ot the ser?
vices rendered by thu colored men opened the
eyes of many. He stated, and cited Instances
In proot, tbat when Governor Scott and his
friends wanted men to do any work, he sent
to Ohio or New York, got white men and paid
them high salaries, but when they wanted any
one to clean ont their Jails or do other dirty
work, they called upon the colored men and
paid them $16 p?r month. In this very county,
said he, Governor Soott ha?, of all his appoint?
ments, only given one colored man an office
he has apDointed one man a trial justice.
Elsewhere lt is the same, the while men get
nearly all of the offices-all of any value, cer?
tainly, and the colored man. ls left te do the
drudgery with poor pay.
Judge Carpenter followed General Butler,
and at once plunged into the work of denounc?
ing the Ring, which he showed.was only ?t for
the scorn and contempt of every honest man.
.In speaking of-the wealth amassed by Gover?
nor Scott since his election, which he him3elt
confessed to be $130,000, Judge Carpenter said
that he had taken particular pains to learn
what the. Governor was worth when he came
into South Carolina, and from the books in the
county in Ohio where Scott lived, he fofand that
the Governor was charged with having one
blind lame mare, twenty-two years old, and
one old chaise, with the shaft and a wheel bro?
ken-the former valued at eleven dollars and
seventy-five cents, and the other at three dol?
lars, total value fourteen dollars and seventy
five cents. With this amount of property Just
before his ?lection, he has suddenly Increased
it on a salary of $6500 per annum to, by his
own confession, $130,000. The Judge said this
Increase was beyond his understanding: he
confessed he didn't see how lt could be done
unless by pocketing the funds ot the people,
and it was well known that he had done that.
The insult offered the white people of the
State by the Governor In arming only the col?
ored people as militiamen was the next sub?
ject treated of by the Judge, who said it was
not only an Insult to the "brave men of the
State, but it was intended to make the colored
men use the arms against the whites. He
warned the Governor that the Winchester rifle
law was not, as he said, the law for the people
of South Carolina, as it was a law which could
be argued by the people at large as well as by
the militia, and ne was confident that the
white people and law-abiding citizens, who de?
sired to have peace, would not allow the elec?
tion to be carried over their heads by the bay?
onet. He would also tell the Governor that
the colored men who desired to vote contrary
to the mandates of the League should not be
persecuted as heretofore, but should be pro?
During Judge Carpenter's address, the
white men above referred to attempted
to create a disturbance, but upon being
warned by General Butler that the strong
arm of the people would immediately
pat down the disturbers, if they did not
cease, the rioters slunk away, and interfered
no further during che meeting. Only four or
five colored men co-operated with these two
white men-thc remainder listened attentively
to the speeches, and discountenanced the
efforts of the rioters to break up the meeting.
Greenville County lias a largo white ma?
jority, and this will be larely Increased by
colored voters for Reform. In Pickens, An?
derson, Oconee and Greenville Counties,
where the Union Reform candidates have
spoken, not an opponent of the movement is
to be found, unless he be a member of thc
"Scott Ring," or his hands have been stained
by its gold.
To-night, from the porch of the Mansion
House, Mr. L. F. Younmans addressed a large
crowd in support of the movement, and enter?
tained his audience for nearly an hour by his
eloquence, the force of his illustrations and
the earnestness of his appeals.
Judge Carpenter, Generals Butler and Ker?
shaw, were called upon, and made brief
speeches, complalalng that their efforts during
the day prevented them from complying with
the request of the audience for speeches.
J IIP. NOHTII CAROLINA OUTRAGES.
RALEIGH, July 30.
Geo. Williamson, a citizen of Casswell, went
to serve writs of ftaoeas corpus, lssaed by the
Chief Justice la behall' of Hon. John Kerr and
other citizens of Casswell who were arrested
by Kirk. Kirk ordered him to leave, or he
would have him fired on. Williamson made
a return to the Cliiel Justice in accordance
with the facts. The Chief Justice decided thc
writs had not been properly served : First,
Because Williamson was not appointed by the
Chiei Justice to make such service ; second,
being a cittizen of Casswell, he was an insur?
gent, therelore he could not serve writs. The
Chief Justice reaffirms his opinion that the
writ of habeas corpus was not suspended,
and ordered thc marshal ot' tho Supreme
Court to go to Casswell and serve the writs.
There is not, nor has there been, any disturb?
ance or resistance to law in any part of the
A telegram from Hillsboro", just read, says
Kirk's men arrested thirty citizens of Ala
mance to-day. They hung William Patten, a
respectable citizen, three times, cutting bim
down each time, to make him contees who
murdered a negro outlaw. The last time lt
was an hour before he recovered. He made
-The family of Mr. Nathan. In New York,
offer $30,000, and the Board of Brokers offer an
additional $lo,000.ior the detection of Nathan's
A BLOW STROCK.
THE FRENCH REPULSED FROM
THE PRUS9IANS ADVANCING.
ACTIVITY A\D EXCITEMENT TS THE
PRE VCII CAMP.
HIGHLY INTERESTING DISPATCHES
FROM THE SEAT OF WAR.
MAYEKCE, July 30.
This morning the French attacked Saar?
br?cken with a largely superior force, but
were vigorously repulsed.
Every able-bodied man between twenty and
thirty is now in the ranks.
THE POSITION OF PRUSSIA.
Headquarter* of the Prussian Army
Still ct Berlin-Napoleon's Original
Plan nf Campaign Altered-Russian
S yin pa til I CH.
LONDON, Wednesday, July 27.
A correspondent, under date of the 24th in?
stant, writes from Berlin that the Prussian
headquarters were still in that city. Prince
Frederick Charles is at present In command
of the army of the Rhine. It is considered as
certain in Berlin that Napoleon, counting on
disloyalty on the part ol Southern Germany,
had planned a sudden movement across the
Rhine before Prussia could concentrate a con?
siderable force; that he was bitterly
disappointed by the unanimity of all
Germany; and not daring to risk a movement
northward with the Soutn German army
on his flank, he has certainly delayed, and
perhaps altered, bis original plan of campaign.
It is believed that no advance can now be
made at any point without risking a general
engagement. Prussia, though not ready to
attack, is ready everywhere for defence. The
prolonged stay ol' headquarters, Including the
King and General Moltke, at Berlin, shows a
confidence that the Prussian lines cannot any?
where be suddenly forced.
Danish neutrality is reckoned impregnable.
Austria is now Biding with Prussia rather than
with France. Thc French are purchasing
j arms at Liege, pretending that they arc to
supply American orders.
A correspondent lu St. Petersburg writes on
the 20th Instant that Gortschakoff will not re
! turn at present. Baron Fredericks, of thc For?
eign Office, has been sent to assist him at WH
bad. The Russians are concentrating troops
on the frontier of Galatia. The sale of army
horses has been discontinued. All leaves of
' absenee in the army are cancelled. The troops
at the camp of Krasnoeselo are held ready to
march. Government opinions favor Prussia;
the liberal papers sustain France. The St. Pe?
tersburg Gazette blames France wholly; the
Moscow Gazette and the Exchange Gazette
blame Prussia. The Golos was at first for
Prussia, and is now against; but urges strict
neutrality on the part of thi'government. The
I Messenger, an official paper,* at first attacked
Prussia so strongly that the Prussian Charg?
de Affaires complained. Fleury is to remain
In St. Petersburg at present. The Russian Gov?
ernment-attempted to interfere by persuading
the Prussian King to make to England the de?
claration which waa demanded by France, but
THE FRENCH POSITION AND PLANS.
Immense Warlike Preparation?-Eight
Hundred Thousand Men on the Fron.
tier-Everything Ready for an Ad?
vance-Splendid Discipline of the
Army-Their Chances of Snccesi.
LONDON, Wednesday, July 27.
The New York Tribune special correspon?
dent at Metz, on 8unday night, sent the fol?
lowing very important letter containing the
first clear statement of thc French position
I left Hagenau on the 23d, taking the train
by the line which leads past Bltch? and Sar
regucmlnes to Metz. Along this line warlike
preparations of every kind were to be seen. I
passed field batteries parked complete at the
different shunting place.?, until I got tired of
looking at them. Although the French carry
their Infantry and artillery a good deal over
the railways, they seem Inclined to allow the
cavalry to march along the roads. We saw
more than a single party of horsemen, and in
one case a whole regiment walking along thc
highway, which, just before we arrived at the
Vosges, ran parallel with the rails. The regi?
ment in question seemed in the highest spirits,
as they waved their hands and splrred their
somewhat Jaded steeds lntoa trot in answer to
the salutations which reached them from the
foot soldiers in our train.
About 4 o'clock we reached the Vosges. This
range of hlll?, which takes rise near Bellort,
runs nearly parallel with the Rhine until lt
slopes down to the lowlands about Coblenz
and Mayence, where the Strasbourg, Bitch e
and Metz lines pierce the range. As a mili?
tary obstacle the Vosges have always been
considered the second line of defence posses?
sed by France on the east. Still, the thinness
of the range, the breadth of which near
Bltche Is under twenty miles, and the large
number of valleys which cross lt In a transverse
direction prevent lt from forming a very con?
siderable military obstacle. There is a society
called the ..Francc-Tlralleurs of the Vosges,"
which, on a small scale, bears some resem?
blance to bur volunteers. As a self-organized
force it seems contrary to the military genius
of France. They have always been considered
in an amusing light by the French journals,
which are, however, now beginning to express
their astonishment at finding that the bands of
the Vosges are seriously demanding permission
to elect a general, and to co-operate with the
TUE APPROACH TO THE FRONTIER.
After winding for some lime through a de?
file, and before we had altogether descended
the western slope of the Vosges, we arrived
at Bitcbe, a small fortified place with a strong
citadel, the strength ol' which seemed to lie
in tho high and scarped sides ol'the hill upon
which lt was perched. From Bltche to Sarre
gueralnes we passed camp after camp. True,
many of these were small, but everything
connected with them unmistakably revealed
that these were the outlying parts of the hugo
force. From Bitche to Sarreguemlnes Is about
twenty miles, and throughout this distance,
and for about twenty ralles west ot Sorregu?
mines, forty miles in all, thc line constantly
approaches within a lew miles of the
frontier. Eetween Eitche and Sarregue
mlnes their numbers evidently inspir?
ed the French with confidence ; but
beyond the latter post, if was clear that the
line which, a9 lt leads lrom Metz to Bltche, ls
just now o? extraordinary importance, was
carefully picketed. Of course, I only saw a
portion of the precautions taken, but I could
observe that at important points, such as
where roads crossed the line, there were
camps of cavalry and artillery combined, evi?
dently placed to support thc vldettes and
pickets which are watching the frontier, and
to save the line from being interrupted. When
we got about thirty miles west, and a little
south of Sarreguemines, the aspect of affairs
became tamer, and we did not see a camp
oftener than one in ten miles, and only passed
at the stations occasional trains laden with
military material and personnel; but the line
from Strasbourg to some distance beyond
Sarreguemines has left Btamped upon my
brain impressions not likely ever to be effac?
by stronger ones of the same kind.
I fear I cannot reduce these impressions I
writing, but some faint idea may be convoye
by imagining a crammed railway line in whic
all the trains were filled with soldiers, chee
ingand being cheered; stations lined wli
sympathizing spectators; trucks laden wil
guns in such numbers that one ceased t
take Interest in them; the roads, when th?
could be seen from the trains, incurabere
with cavalry: and lastly, for the twenty mile
between the Bltche and Sarreguemines' tent
so thick that I could hardly make out whethe
I was passing through one or several camp:
Abundance ol good forage and wood was ?to
ed along the lines. This last puzzled me unt
I found that this portion of the French rai
ways are supplied with coal from Prussia
mines, which, it is teared, they will flood b<
fore abandoning. But one feature struck m
as conspicuous by its absence. There was bi
little show ol either baggage or baggage-an
mais. I saw also none ot the droves of cattl
which might have been expected to bc see
with a large army.
SCENES AT METZ.
When I arrived at Metz for the first tim?
transport horses were to be found lu number:
They were heavy, strong-look lng'horses, man
of them- grays. They were picketed in a larg
square, their halters tied to the wheels of cour
try wagons. The horses had clearly Just com
from the plough, and beside them lay thel
ordinary harness. An auxiliary corps of peas
ants bad been engaged to conduct the wagon:
They had no uniforms, but carried cards oi
their hats, denoting the corps d'arm?e t
which they belonged. I tried to get a room a
the Hotel de l'Europe, but was Informed tha
lt was full of generals, and of the Etat Major
I then applied at the Grand Hotel de Metz, am
was told that although they had eighteen gen
erais, they would manage te accommodate me
Upon repeating this speech to the lady whi
appears to manage the Hotel de l'Europe
where I again repaired to Inquire for letters
she grew a little Indignant, and said that sin
had more generals in her hotel than th
madame opposite, and even she had no
eighteen, but then she was not In the habit o
exaggerating.. The court-yards of both hotel
were crowded with baggage carts belonglnj
to the staff masters. Bazaine alone had a
least five two-horse wagons marked : ..Mar
shal Bazaine, No. 1," &c, up to No. 5-not ai
Illiberal allowance even for a marshal. Or
derlles and guards crowded the gates; the prl
vate sitting-rooms were turned Into offices
and the calling saloons were surrounded wit!
uniformed men. It was aulle a distinction ti
wear a plain coat, but by no means a pleasan
This evening I took a walk with an acquaint
ance. He asked me: "Do yon observe any
thing peculiar about the French officers ?" '.
replied, "No." "I do." he said, "they an
dressed In marching order; they embrace In
stead of bowing when they part; they say at
au revoir, and not an adieu; there will be t
march to-morrow." True enough, whep w?
got to the hotel the staff wagons were load?
ing, and we were Informed that Marshal Ba
zuTne and at least one division of his corp;
would set out at dayoreak. Marshal Bazaine
commands not only a corps d'arm?e, but th?
left wing of the French army.
THE GRAND MOVEMENT.
My own belief ls, that a grand movemenl
across the frontier will begin on Wednesday
or Thursday. The centre and nearly the
whole of the right wing, except the Army ol
Africa, which ls rapidly coming up. and ol
which the Corps d'Elite is already at hand, are
now In linc between Bltche and Sarreguemines.
The left wing, which ls Immensely strong at
Metz and Thlonvllle, will make for Saarlouls
and Blrckenfeld, the right and centre heading
for Kaiserei art ern ; and thus the movement
will be along the western slopes of the Vosges,
although a corps will probably be ordered tc
move In a parallel direction along the east ol
that range, to watch the defiles, and to give
warning of a flank attack by the Prussians. Il
is not unlikely that the French army will then
descend the Valley of the Nahe, and that the
King ol Prussia, if ho ls willing to fight at all
on the left bank, will accept battle somewhere
about Kreutznach, a position strong In Itself,
and affording a secure retreat upon Mayence,
thc bulwark ol Germany, and the standing
menace ol France.
ODDS IN FAVOR OF FRANCE.
With regard to the chances ot success of the
two combatants In the first battle, I believe
the odds to be Immensely In favor of France.
For the last twelve days she has been massing
the whole of her army on the frontier, and
within one or two day's march of Bltche and
Sarreguemines. I have read ot a certain num?
ber of battalions being sent forward, and of
others remaining behind, but, as far as I can
Judge, the French are evacuating every garri?
son en masse. I put 800,000 down as the low?
est number the Emperor means to have under
his hand, and In complete communication at
the entrance of the campaign, and I believe
the concentration now to be within forty-eight
hours of completien. The number of guns
will be large, but they will not be adequately
housed. The cavalry also will not bear a high
proportion-probably under one-tenth of the
Thc whole of these troops aro in a magnifi?
cent state of discipline, and the officers are
much more numerous than those of the Prus?
sians. The French artillery was superior to
the Austrian at Solferino, and the Austrian
was superior to the Prussian at Konlggratz.
There ls no doubt of the Chassepot being a bet?
ter weapon than the Prussian arm. I can hardly
believe In thc Prussians having yet been able
to effect such a concentration ol strength as
the French have certainly done, and believe
that, on the opening of the campaign, either
with or without a battle, the Prussians must
retire behind the Rhine.
Tlie weather is most inviting for military
operations. Even a lady could not consider lt
a hardship to sleep under a tent. The
country seems made lor war, from the absence
offences to embarrass movements. Water,
fuel and standing or stacked corn for forage,
are to be met with everywhere. There are
many villages in which the troops might, if
necessary, sleep at night. At present tho
authorities avoid billeting the mea upon
the inhabitants, and form their corps outside
the town?. Metz, with generals choking the
hotels, and baggage animals covering the
squares, is an exception.
THE FEELING IN FRANCE.
Now lor a few words as to the attitude ol'the
population. I have by thia time gone through
a large section ol'France-the war section. It
ls true that, having only travelled by rail, the
view 1 have had is but as a hasty cutting up of
this portion of the country. Still I find opin?
ions too clearly and evidently marked to make
mo personally doubtful ol' the state of public
First. By the officers the war is received as
at once their due, and as the greatest boon
the Emperor could bestow upon them.
Second. The soldiers with the colora accept
it with enthusiasm, in many cases with nleas
Third. The reserves, who have been out on
unlimited leave, take It as a terrible duty, which
it is their hard luck to have to discharge, but
their opinions rapidly merge with those of
Fourth. The upper classes, commercial, edu?
cated, Ac, all talk of "La France ;" how the
Prussians must bo beaten ; hov/ "La France"
should be and is united; hov/ it is not patriotic
to abuse the government. This being settled,
they immediately pull the government to
pieces. They say: "Mexico was the cause of
Sadowa. We should have fought In 1866. In
both Hismarck outwitted our government.
The pretext for war is a bad one: we should
not have fought until 1871. Still, the war was
inevitable, and "La France' must be and is
Fifth. Thc peasantry and the lower classes
ef Alsace support the war ; their attitude ls
Claln and unequivocal ; their homes may be
urned : their crops and cattle taken by requi?
sitions (although it must be said that
they firmly believe this will happen to
their German neighbors over toe bor?
der,) still they acclaim the war. They fete
the soldiers. Most of them talk German
as well as French. To be sure, that ls
not saying much. Many of them do not talk
French at all. Still, as M. Thiers says. "The
wise policy of Colbert has made of them the
best Frenchmen in France, and the larger the
j number of men who speak their own tongue
that fall in the first battle, the better they will
1 be pleased."
BEPORTS FROM ENGLAND.
LONDON, July 30.
It is now thought the Prussian army proposes
to cross the Rhine from Baden Into France,
near Huningu, two miles below Basle. There
is much activity in German military circles to?
The French press, regardless of politics,
praises the Emperor's address to tho people.
Prices of breadstufls and other articles at
Paris are nearly the same now as on the eve
of an Austro-PruBsIan war.
The secret treaty alleged to have been propos?
ed by France to Prussia is still the general to?
pic of discussion. It is now announced that
the original draft, In the autograph of Count
Benedetti, the French Ambassador, is on pub?
lic exhibition In Berlin. The accuracy of the
copy of the treaty recently printed In the Lon?
don Times is vouched forby some who have
seen the original paper, and a Berlin corres?
pondent of the Independence Beige says that
France has repeatedly demanded to withdraw
the document, and that being refused in every
case, and now satisfied that its recovery is im?
possible, assumed a hostile attitude towards
Prussia. Similar sinister treaty negotiations
with Prussia are alleged against Napoleon
with regard to Switzerland, on which occasion
he intimated that "he did not know where
France ended and Italy began." Bismarck
says that, since 1866, France has in a sort of
satanic way Incessantly tempted Prussia with
visions of territorial aggrandizement, and
thinks she will make no more ont of Prussia
by fighting than by diplomacy.
The statement of Earl Granville in the House
of Lords, though meagre, ls considered reas?
suring. He said nothing of the secret treaty,
nor of Bismarck's telegram to Count Berns
torff. The chief importance of the speech, the
Daily News of to-morrow will state, was in re?
ference to the position of England as a neutral
nation; but the purpose of English neutrality
must be Judged less from Granville's guarded
speech than from the tone of Parliament
-France and Prussia cannot too clearly ander?
stand that if England Is not in the fight, it Is
because she is not In the quarrel. No states?
man on either side in the House of Lords ls
now disposed to say that under no circum?
stances would England fight The tone of the
press and of Parliament alike shows that
"peace at any price" is not the national motto.
England's interest and her obligations on the
Continent are as binding and Important as
ever, and she will stand by them. France
knows that England will never allow her to
make Antwerp another Cherbourg.
The special correspondent of the Dally News
writes from Paris on Wednesday that there
were still some hopes of peace. "Negotiations
of some sort are proceeding actively. Lord
Lyons is constantly with Grammont The Em?
peror is reported as hesitating, fearing a coali?
tion against him. European Cabinets are
under a Btrong impression that peace ls possi?
ble." Improbable as this is, Its source gives it
The Catholic clergy are preparing tor a
grand demonstration in favor of France to?
morrow, which the government will probably
The popular excitement at the course of
the British Government in the present war is
very great The people want peremptory no?
tice given to France that England vlaw* wah
grief and displeasure the intrigue evidently
having for its aim the violation of the inde?
pendence of Belgium, and will oppose with the
whole strength of the nation any attempt to
extend French power on the Continent before
or after the war. The British Government, on
the other hand, while condemning France for
breaking peace, closes Its eyes to large pur?
chases of coal and ammunition made in Eng?
land for the use of the French army.
It ls reported that the Landwehr throughout.
Germany responds sluggishly to the summons
to come forward. Mach dlsconteut ls felt in
Vienna at the neutrality of Austria
Belgium has 100,000 men in position.
The English home force now cr-.lsts only of
The South German States announce their
adherence to the Geneva Convention so far as
relates'to the Ambulance Corps, Sic.
The steamer Artemis, belonging to Hull, and
laden with flax, ls detained at Memel by the
Prussians. The pretext for the detention is
The proposed Gallican demonstration at
Limerick;, to-morrow, has been forbidden by
the authorities. The Bermingham Gazette
hints that the affection of the Irish for Napo?
leon ls nourished by French gold.
The French army is disposed as follows;
First Corps, Marshal McMahon, at Strasbourg;
Second Corps, General Frolssard, at Stavoldt;
Third Corps, Marshal Bazaine, at Metz; Fourth
Corps, General Count Ladmeranth, at Thion
ville; Fifth Corps, General De Failly, at Bltche;
Sixth Corps, Marshal Canrobert, at Chalons;
Seventh Corps, General Donay, at Belfort;
Eighth Corps, General Bourbaky, at army
Prussia has Issued a decree calling for volun?
teers and marines to protect the coast, and of?
fering heavy premiums to successful enter?
prises in sinking the enemy's warships.
The Danubian principalities are greatly ex?
cited over the war, and hopes are enkindled of
a chance for independence. Turkey ls arming
to prevent a revolt
Considerable military activity ls noted in
Belgium. Troops have been distributed among
the frontier fortresses to guard Belgian neu?
trality, and work on fortifications ls being hur?
ried to completion.
The legion of Americans now being organ?
ized in Paris to fight for the Emperor Napo?
leon will be under the command of a French,
officer to be nominated by that goverument
The famous Algerian chieftain. Abdel Kader,
has tendered his services to Napoleon.
Great excitement prevails at Metz. The
news that the Prussians arc moving causes a ~\
general hurry in French operations. There is
little doubt that the main body will strike
through Rhenish Bavaria, and an advance of
the Prussians on the left is expected.
The French fleet has arrived at Copenhagen.
Bets are freely offered that the Prussians
will be in Paris within a fortnight.
PARIS, July 30.
The Journal Officiel, this morning, published
Count Benedetti's explanation of the secret
treaty affair. It is weil known that Count 0
Von Bismarck made Fraace an offer both be- 1
fore and after the war with Austria The
substance ot this offer was that France should
take Belgium as compensation for the aggran?
dizement of Prussia. The Emperor, in all
cases, declined the proposition. The very
moment fte treaty of Prague was concluded,
Bismarck again betrayed his desire to "restore"
the equilibrium, and made proposals to combi?
nations affecting the Integrity of the States -.
bordering on France. During one of these
conversations Coimt Von Bismarck dictated
io Count Benedetti this secret treaty project.
[Continued on Fourth Page.]