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VOT-??1VTF. X.-NUMBER 143S.
CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 1, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR
SO BATTLE YET!
RUMORS OF A FIGHT AT F ORR AC H.
BISMARCK AGAIN EXPLAINS HIMSELF.
Austria, Sweden and Denmark Arming.
KING WILLIAM GOES TO, THE FRONT.
? _ I
THE BRITISH LION GROWLING
No Battle Known to have been Fought.
PAMS, August 1-3 P. M.
Up to this hoar there has not been any se?
LONDON, August 1-5 P. M.
No battle ls known to have been fought, but
the streets are full of rumors. It ls not be?
lieved that the French fleet has attacked the
defences at Hamburg.
Jp" PRUSSIAN REPORTS.
All Civilians Ordered ont of Berlin-The
Old Capital of Poland Thoroughly
Prussian In Sentiment-The Prussian
Army to Take the Offensive-A Vol?
unteer Navy for Prussia.
LONDON, Friday, July 29.
The correspondent o? the Tribune, under
date of 27th, writes from Frankfort that all
civilians In Berlin are obliged to decide either
to leave on Saturday or to remain.till farther
orders for a fortnight at least after Saturday.
All railway transportation, except that for mil?
itary purposes, reached Frankfort with the
greatest difficulty, thirty-six hours bein? re?
quired instead of eleven. The whole country
is occupied with war preparations.
In journeying by the military train, our cor
. respondent found the Polish soldiers conspicu?
ous by their patriotic manifestations and vehe?
ment hatred of the French. The people of
Posen are thoroughly Prussian. Only the
landed proprietors and priests are hostile. No
outbreak is possible In Polish Prussia without
the concurrence of Russian and' Austrian
Poles. France need hope for no assistance
thence. Everywhere on the road was ardor
shown, and soldiers were cheered and feted.
The beginning of strategic movements ls at
hand. The German programme is not inaction
nor mere expectation. The army will speedily
assume the offensive. A great battle is immi?
nent on French soil. Two thousand mea have
begn continuously strengthening the fortiflca
tlcds of Mayence dally since war was declared.
These fortifications were Incapable of resisting
a sodden attack a fort nig! it ago, but now they
could stand a long siege, and may serve as a
base for offensive operations. The report that
the King of Prussia would make Frankfort his
headquarters seems Improbable.
The correspondent of the Tribune Ul Berlin
writes on the 27th that a volunteer naval ser?
vice ls organizing to protect coast vessels, and
the men are enrolled in the Federal navy.
Premiums are offered for destroying. French
The correspondent of the Tribune at Brus?
sels writes on the -28th that the citadel of
Ghent ls arming. The Belgian army is again'
In motion. The Liberal party, has published
an address declaring that the present Cabinet
ls Incapable, and must be replaced by another
sympathizing, with the popular resolution to
The correspondent of the Tribune at Munich
writes on the 26th that the town is full of
Prussian soldiers. There are enthusiastic
demonstrations. AB the houses are lodgings
Hopes of Peace Declining-American
Against Prince Napoleon. '
LONDON, Friday, July 20..
The special correspondent of the Daily News
In i^ris partially contradicts his peace minors
of yesterday. All hopes are postponed until
after a battle. The "American Volunteer Le?
gion1' scarcely exists except o? paper and In
the police journals. General Sheridan is re?
ported as having intended coming from Ameri?
ca, but was refused leave to accompany the
army. American feeling ls misrepresented.
No French journal dares to republish the long
telegram of the Daily News from the JJnlted
States* dealing the general sympathy with
It ls reported that Prince Napoleon is obliged
to accompany the Emperor as a precaution
against his possible disloyalty after a defeat
An independent command was denied him.
Le Bouf positively refused-to give him a divi?
sion. Dan te marre, commanding Paris during
the Emperor's absence, has full power to de?
clare martial law, if needed.
Dr. Evans, aa American resident of Paris,
bas been authorized to reject the offer of Gen?
eral P. H. Sheridan and other Americans, who
were said to have been anxious to serve
against Prussia The French wanted General
Sheridan authorized to go as a professional
spectator merely, bot this, too, has been re?
jected by the government.
ENGLAND'S ATTITUDE IN THE WAE.
Further Caution would be Timidity
Disraeli's Policy will Force .England
to Protect Belgium-Unanimity of all
Parties In England.
h. LONDON, Friday, June 29.
The assurances of the Marquis de. La Valette,,
the Ambassador of France in England, to Eari
Granville, in reply to Bismarck's dispatch,
were received in Parliament with general dis?
trust. There is' no doubt whatever that Mon?
day's debate lu the Commons will reveal Eng?
land in the attitude of resolute hostility to de?
signs from every quarter affecting Bel?
gium. The caution of the government
cannot be maintained much longer with?
out being regarded as timidity. Its sup?
porters will compel straightforward decla?
rations. Disraeli's purpose is known in ad?
vance to be to commit the country to a policy
which shall force France to let Belgium ..'.lone
or confront England. But no party lines will
be drawn on this question at the present
crisis. The Dally News of to-morrow will say:
'There will be no longer an opposition. A
unanimous Parliament will recognize but one
party-that of Ihe country. Without distrust?
ing the good-will either of Franco or Prussia,
it does not do to depend upon either. England
must depend on herself."
Reports from Berlin.
BERLIN, August 1.
The King went to the iront-last ?vening.
The Queen left him at the cars. The people
were very enthusiastic.
Futren loaded ships are moored in the Elba,
below Hamburg, ready to be sunk upon the
appro ach of the French fteet.
Bismarck bas issued a circular to diplomats
at neutral courts, wherein, among other
things, he says: Napoleon has constantly
tempted Prussia. Prussia remained honest,
but ihr the sake of peace lt was thought best
to encourage Napoleon in his delusions, and a
[.note implying approval was returned. Time
was counted on to revolutionize France and
extinguish the scheme, hence the long delay
The Prussians have mined the banks of the
There are rumors of fighting near Forbach.
Reports from Paris.
PAMS, August 1
The Mediterranean fleet has arrived at Brest,
and will go north to join the Baltic fleet.
Prince Napoleon.departs shortly lor the
The French will remain at Borne until Sep
Austria is organizing a formidable army.
The Archduke Albrecht, whose sympathy with
France is notorious, is in supreme command.
Sweden is arming, and will co-operate with
The Bank of France has raised the rate of
discount to five per cent.
Reports from Landon.
LoxnoN, August 1.
It Is certain that England will take action to
The Times says Lord Gladstone's speech at
the Mayor's dinner proves that he recognizes
the war and is ready to meet it
The French squadron is still cruising off the
coast of Scotland.
Jt is reported that England intends occupying
The Affair at Saarbr?cken.
WASHINGTON, August 1.
A special to the New York Herald says the
French lost twenty, the Prussians eight at Saar
The French Government now requires pass?
ports from all persons entering or leaving
Hungary Making Ready.
PESTH, August 1.
The Lower Chamber of the Hungarian Diet
has voted five millions, and authorized the
mobilization of next year's contingent.
Brutal Treatment of French Citizens
in Baden-The Belgian Question.
PARIS, Angust II
In addition to the passports required of all
persons, the subjects of States at war with
France must have a special permission from
the minister of the interior to enter, leave or
travel through France.
The French citizens found in Baden were
conducted to the frontier in chains, and were
made to pay for the piares wherein they were
locked up to save them from the violence of the
The Libert? says that the occupation of Bel?
gium by Engiand would unsettle that king
dom, wound France, and, probably, draw Rus?
sia into the war.
The Belgian army of observation occupes
the line between Liege and Alx-la-Chapelle.
A volunteer artillery force for the defence of
Paris, if necessary, will be formed at once.
England Still Hold? Off.
LONDON-, August 1.
. The British troops do not occupy Antwerp.
Prussian Reasons for Napoleon** Delay.
BERLIK, August 1.
The hesitation of the French in commencing
hostilities, and the delay in issuing the Impe?
rial declaration of war, ls ascribed here to the
consciousness on the part of Napoleon that the
war would be long and painful, owing to the
superiority of the needle gun over the Cbasse
pot, which has already been demonstrated in
the encounters between the skirmishers of the
Thc Special Corps of the French Army.
Besides the zouaves, of which a description
has lately been given, the French army con?
tains the following special corps:
They resemble the zouaves in their uni?
forms, arms and equipment, and their organi?
zation and drill are almost the same; but while
the zouaves are a proud corps, and believe in
military honors, such ls by no means the case
with the zephyrs. They are simply & corps of
culprits and jail-birds. If a soldier of the
French army commits a vulgar and dishonor?
ing crime, that ls, if he robs, steals, cheats, or
proves to be a coward, he is condemned to
serve ou the galleys; but If he only commits
what might be termed a genteel crime, that
is; if he commits manslaughter, or ravishes a
woman, or is insubordinate, then he ls
condemned to serve in the corps of
the zephyrs. They are permanently sta
tioned in Africa, and the discipline
among these rather dangerous and
desperate characters is terribly severe. Every
officer has the right to kill a zephyr on the
spot should he show the least sign of insubor?
dination, and to this circumstance they owe
their name, which they have adopted them
selves, to express thereby of how little value
their lives are, which at any time might die
out like a zephyr. Their official appellation ls
Corps ol Punishment, and they now number
several thousand men. They paint themselves
with blue Ink all over their bodies in the most
fantastical manner, and e v?n the hardest pun?
ishment could not put a stop to this singular
amusement, to which they seem to have taken,
because they are not permitted to have cats,
and get no pay. When General Pelissler was
offered the command in the Crimea he accept?
ed lt only under the condition that the zephyrs
would accompany him there, and that it they
should behave well, they were to be pardoned
aad permitted to return to their regiments.
They were sent there and their success was
In the battle near Traktir the Russians had
formed a square which the Sardinian cavalry
had vainly attacked, when General Bosquet,
who then commanded them, advanced the ze?
borne English officers requested him not to
sacrifice his men uselessly, but General Bos?
quet made them a speech which commenced,
"You sons of hell." and closed with "forward
to the attack." with tho war-cry, Vive la
Mort, Instead of Vive VEtnpereur, they swept
Into and over the Russian bayonets like a
whirlwind, and soon their yataghans had made
such terrible havoc in the Russian lines that
the most desperate exertions of the Russian
tffiivors were unable to avert defeat.
THU CHASSEURS D'AFSIQI'E.
These are a cavalry corps consisting of four
regiments. They carry a long rifle, two re?
volvers, and a sword, and are all mounted on
select horses of the best Barbary blood. Their
continuous service in Africa amongst and
against thc Bedouins, has made them superb
riders, and they perform all the feats on horse
b'-?k in which the sons ot the desert excel; and
will ride at full gallop, turn in the saddle, and
fire to the rear with precision. They also dis?
tinguished themselves during the Crimeun
war. General Allonvlly, who commanded a
corps of 1500 Chasseurs d'Afrique, attacked
with them 12,000 Russian dragoons, tho favor?
ite cavalry corps of the Emperor Nicholas, on
the plain of Simferopol, and defeated them so
completely that their commander. General
Corn*, committed suicide from shame.
THE TURCOS AND 8PAUIS.
These are native African or Algerian corps,
and consist exclusively of volunteers. The
Turcos are light mfantry, and come more par?
ticularly from the mountain regions of Al?
T,he Spahis are a cavalry corps, and are re?
cruited amongst the Bedouins. Both the Tur?
cos and Spahis are Mahomedans, but their offi- ?
cers are mostly Frenchmen. But they are not e
at all prohibited, on religious ground, from ad- (
\ancing to the highest military positions, and
one of them, General Jussuff, now occupies a
high position in the French army. There are
three regiments of Turcos, or about 10,500
men, ana three regiments ol' Spahis, or about
TUE FOREIGN LEGION*.
There is at present but one regiment in ex?
istence containing representatives of all na?
tionalities. The words of command are given
in French. The officers are half French, half
from other European nationalities. In their
contracts with the French Government, it ie
distinctly understood that they are not obliged
to serve outside of Algeria, and particularly
not against their respective native countries.
But they fought, nevertheless, in the Crimea,
in Lombardy, and in Mexico.
New Inventions In Arms.
It becomes daily more evident that not only
France, but also Prussia, bas for a number of
years silently but steadily made the most ac?
tive preparations for the great struggle for
European supremacy which has just now com?
menced between themv
This ls not only indicated by a thorough re?
organization of both the French and the Ger?
man armies, but also by the strenuous efforts
of each to produce weapons more improved
and of greater destructiveness than possessed
by the other.
It is claimed by the French that the Chasse
potlsan improvement on the Zundnadelge
wehr, and, as long as the latter served them
as a model, they are probably all right there.
Besides that, they have introduced into their
artillery service a light field-piece, a kind of
revolving cannon, called the mitrailleuse, said
to be most effective against infantry ana cav?
All of a sudden one hears, however, of seve?
ral new Inventions qulety introduced by Prus?
sia, an i first amongst them a gun which can
be fired twenty-two times a minute with ease,
and Bald to be a decided improvement on both
the Zundnadelgewehr and the Chassepot. In
connection with this they have an improved
arrangement for carrying 200 rounds of ammu?
The superiority ot this new gun becomes at
once self-evident, inasmuch as the present
needle gun can only be fired off about ten or
twelve times a minute, and a soldier carries
only sixty rounds of ammunition.
It ls, therefore, at least twice as effective as
their present style of needle gua, and a con?
siderable number of them have already been
manufactured and ls ready to be distributed
among the army. Another new invention of
which the Prussians seem to think much ot, is
a kind of heavy and very large rifle with a
cast-steel barrel four and a bali leet long, and
mounted on two light wheciB very much like a
piece of artillery.
It is named the wallbuechse or wall rifle,
probably because a similar very heavy and long
rifle has been in use daring the middle ages
for the defence of the walls and turrets of can?
tiles and other fortifications. The -wall rifle
bas been distributed exclusively among the In
lantry, every battalion of which has now a
number of them. It ls aimed and fired off by
a soldier kneeling >>ehlnd it and catching the
recoil, in order to steady the aim, by
means of a padded cushion or saddle. The
distance at which this new gun carries ls very
great, the same as that of the heaviest artil?
lery. It shoots with great precision, and
seems to be more particularly destined to be
used against the enemy's artillery, for the
killing of the men serving the guns,
their horses and the explosion of ammunition
chests, although lt may also be used against
inlantry and cavalry. The projectile ls two
and a halt inches long, of cast-iron, hollow,
and filled with a highly explosive substance.
It explodes, however, only when lt strikes
wit li its point, which is furnished with a slight?
ly projecting knob pressing a needle into the
charge, and thus causing an Immediate explo?
Besides these new inventions, numerous Im?
provements bave been introduced, particular
y In the artillery of both nations, and most of
;nem of such a destructiveness to lile and limb
bat this war will probably become the blood
est on record.
A Fearful Weapon.
The mltrallleure, which Is as yet untried In
iractlcal warfare, is considered by the Frencli
is the most destructive ratltary weapon
Recently, three hundred wretched horses,
dready condemned to the poleaxe, were pur?
chased at the rate of lour or five francs each,
md ranged at a considerable distance. Two
mitrallleures were brought to play on them,
md In three minutes ofter two dlsrnarges, not
Dne of the animals remained standing. Ona
second occasion, five hundred horses were
brought down at a Bingle trial. This formi?
dable weapon is constructed as follows: It
Is a light thirty-seven-barrel gun, arranged
that its barrels may be discharged simul?
taneously, or consecutively. The thirty-seven
cartridges, Intended for one charge, are con?
tained In a small box. A steel plate, with
?orrespondlng holes, ls placed on the open
box, which ls then reversed, and the cart?
ridges fall polat foremost into their respective
holes. They are prevented from falling through
by the rims at their bases. The loaded plate
is then introduced into the breech-slot, and
when the breech is closed by a lever, a num?
ber of steel pins, pressed by spiral springs, are
only prevented irom striking the percussion
arrangement in the cartridges by a plate In
Iront ol them. When this case is moved
?lowly by a handle, the cartridges are fired one
by one. If the plate be withdrawn rapidly,
they follow each other so quickly that their
ilscharge is all but simultaneous. The Inven?
tion seems very well adapted for use in forts
jr other permanent places of defence or
jffence, but its carriage and management in
:ue field would present many and insuperable
obstacles to its general use.
THE MURDER OF MR. NATHANS.
NEW TOBE, August 1.
It has been ascertained that the murderer of
tfr. Nathans secured $60,000.
Three wealthy Israelites have offered a hun
ired thousand dollars, if necessary, to bring to
mnishmentthe author of an article in a Sun
lay paper accusing Washington Nathans, the
ion of the murdered man, of themurder.
THE OUTFLOW OF SPECIE.
WASHINGTON, August 1.
The public debt statement Bhows a coin de?
cease of over $17,000,000. The amount in the
xeasury is $103,000,600, of which $38,000,000
ire in currency.
RALEIGH, Aug lot 1.
Tue m irs hil of the Supremi Court has not
retretunieJ from Yauoyville, where he went
>n Saturday to serva tho writs lssaacl by Chiel
The airest of thirty mora c',tiz3U3of Alla
nance is canSrmed. Bargen, (K rk'e lieu
cmnt-colonel ) hung Mr. Patton three turna,
md tied up soveral others by the thu nt?, to
nalte them confess they were Eu-Elux.
The Governor (says ho ie supported by thc
Probident, and tU; couria givo no relier, but
:be people have made DO resistance.
Threa companies ot United States tromps ar
ivedbero yesttnliy. It i> s .id thattwo com?
?anles will go to Yance v ille.
.?-V INDIAN FIQUV IN TEXAS.
WASHINGTON, August 1.
Official advices from Fort Richardson repre
leat that a part of Texas is infested with
indians, who aro armed with revolvers and
.ide carbines and are well mounted and
slothed. Captain McClellan, with fifty-fivo
nen, fought them ia Biylor Coauty, losing two
nen and killing fifteen. It ta believed that
be eo-callel Indians aro renegade soldiers
rom Now Mexioo to whom the contrabinl
raders on tbe border supply arms.
The yacht America, now owned by the Unit
id States, will take part In the race for the
LOOK TO TOUS BEARINGS.
TO Ti IE EDITOR OF THE NEWS.
It is a striking and significant fact that the
Charleston Radical sheet-Scott's own special
organ, that is the head and front of the Radi?
cal party of the State-now quotes, weekly, in
aid and comfort (approvingly) from the edito?
rial columns of the Sumter News.
The Hst ol papers opposed to Reform, which
were published in the Sumter News, with its
own name In a fancy square, under the style of
"The Grecian Phalanx," has dwindled down
to one little hebdomadal, the Sumter News.
And as Its self-assumed title of "The Grecian
Phalanx" ls evidently a misnomer, it is recom?
mended to adopt the much more appropriate
and equally classical name of "The Trojan
Let it be borne in mind, at the same time,
that the only newspapers In the State opposed
to the Union Reform party are the Sumter
News and the Radical Scott organ, (said to he
published in Charleston.)
During the few years since it was first pub?
lished, has it not changed front repeatedly
without changing its publishers ? Did it not
at one time lose nearly ali Its subscribers on
account of Its Radical leanings ? And what
was the hitch which broke off the trade when
lt was about to become Radical out-and-out !
Did not a Democratic editor dissolve his con?
nection witli the Sumter News because Its pro?
prietors objected to the Democratic cast of his
Is it not a substantial supporter of Scott and
Moses, while boasting that it ls ttie only Dem?
ocratic ( ? ) paper in the State, its columns
being filled with abuse of Carpenter and
Butler and the Reform party ? Why dont it
advocate Scott openly, and fall into line with
those who pronounce lt their "best ally ?"
Its circulation may be small, but its offence
is a grave one, when, under the name ol De?
mocracy, it substantially aids those who are
crushing the State, and who are seeking to
faBten upon us for two years more a set of
rulers who are a stench in the nostrils of de?
cency every where. The people begin to see
this, and they haw too much at stake to look
on with indifference. CRAYON.
SOUTH CAROLINA BAPTIST STATE
[KKOM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT. ]
G BEEN-VILLE, S. C., July 23.
Last night Bev. Dr. Beynolds, of Columbia,
delivered an historical address, to a very large
audience. He traced tbe early history of
Biptists in South Carolina, and cave aa inter?
esting account of the trials and experiences of
the great pioneers of this denomination. Ac?
cording te his statements, Rev. Wm. Screven
was the first Baptist minister who located in.
South Carolina. This was about tbe year 1G75.
Georgetown was the scene of his first 'ibors,
but in a few years be removed to Charleston
and founded the First Baptist Church of tbat
city, about the year 1683. Dr. Beynolds paid a
beautiful and deserving tribute to Rev. Dr.
Richard F arman, whose memory ie still so
much cherished not only io yonr city, but
throughout the entire State. The address of
Dr. Reynolds was well received^aad displayed
that elegant diction and classic finish for which
the learned divine is so well-known.
To-day the delegation lo the convention was
considerably increased by fresh arrivals, and
it is now estimated tbat the convention is
larger than any held since the war.
Resolutions were adopted recommending to
the cordial support of the Baptists of the State,
the "Working Christian," a religious paper,
which is now published in Charleston. Several
prominent members of the convention deliver?
ed adlresBes in supporl of this en ter pris?.
Bev. Dr. Teasdale, of Memphis. Tennessee,
addressed the convention in behalf of the Sun -
dav-Bchool Board of the Southern Baptist Con?
vention, and secured contributions to aid in
establishing Sunday-schools in the South and
West, and in circulating a religions literature.
The time of holding the annual conventions
W8B changed, by resolution to-ua.v, frjm July
to the last Thursday in November of each
To-nigbt tbe important subject ol State and
Domestic Missions will be discussed before a
large mass meeting, and addressee are eject?
ed iroui Rev. Dr. Bumner, of Alabama: Rev.
Dr. Oargan, ot Darlington; Rev. John G. Wil?
liams, ot coileton; Rev. J. F. Morral!, of New?
berry, and Rev. T. R. Gaines, of Charleston,
i bo sessions of tbe convention have been quite
harmonious and lntereotine. The number of
persoun from the town and country a'tendiuT
the convention wad nit so lar-,e this morniug,
as crowds gathered at au early hear to hear
the speeched or Judge Carpenter aod General
Butler, Beform candidates for Governor and
TBE VIBQIN1A SPRINGS.
Masquerade Ball at the White Sulphur.
IPROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
GREESBRIER WHITE SCLFHUR SPRINGS. )
VIRGINIA, July 28. ' \
Last night the first taney dress and masque?
rade ball of the season was given, and
though not quite so decided a success as the
first fancy ball of last year, lt was a very beau
tllul and enjoyable affair.
At nine o'clock the ball room was thrown
open. Soon the crowd began to gather. At
ten o'clock the room was full, and presented a
scene ol rich and?plcturesque beauty. It was
so "gay, so brilliant, so sparkling. All was joy,
brightness and happiness.
How can wc select from this brilliant throng
and particularize ? We must, and here goes.
Miss Beck, of Kentucky, as Queen Elizabeth,
wa9 as stately but more beautiful than her
haughty prototype. The lovely Miss Taylor, of
Georgetown. D. C., by her grace, beauty and
loveliness, represented in all perfection a lady
of the Cuurt of Queen Mario Antoinette; her
dress was a brocaded silk ol' ashes of rose-col
or, with court train, flowing sleeves, the whole
beautifully embroidered in wood leaves in th e
rich glow ol' autumn; her wit fascinated Uic
wise, while lier dnnciug delighted tn* young.
Mrs. J. B Tinsley, of Virginia, as thc Eveuing
Star, was sweet and charming. Miss Merri?
field, ot Baltimore, as Night, attracted much
attention by her dark, rich costume-.
Interspersed in the gay throng were tr.e
usual number ol gypsies, knights, Spanish la?
dies, cavaliers, newsboys, negroes, sailors,
clowns, hunte rs, flower giris, court ladies, In?
Mr. James P. Cowardin, of the Richmond
(Va.) Dispatch, affurded much amusement by
his personation of Sambo, with the plantation
jig, and Shoo Fly in tho best style of thc min?
About one hundred and fifty masks were on
the floor, and live hundred others in evening
dress. Every one was delighted, and the
whole thing wa3 a brilliant commencement of
the gay season-at White Sulphur.
-Thc Saturday Review bas a severe condom
natory article on thc Hie of Dickens, and the
morality of his later work?.
THE RADICAL NOMINATIONS.
"What is to he Done with Whittemore.
THE SITUATION IN THE CONGRESSIONAL
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
COLUMBIA, Augast 1.
Toe smoke of battle is beginning to lift irom
the field where tbe Anti-Reformers have been
fighting among themselves for nearly a week.
The State nominations-Scott and Hausier -
have not produced any surprise. N" obody
talks of them.
Bat the Congressional nominations are far
different. The feeling evolved in these con?
tests is raging still. Curses both loud and
deep are still to be heard.
In the First District it is understood that
nothing short of the District Attorney's arrest
or Whittemore can keep him out of the nomi?
nation on the 16th, at Florence. Sinca the
New York Tribune's editorial on the subject
of Whittemoro and his crimes, there is some
talk here of forcing the District Attorney to
the performance of the unpleasant duty of pro?
ceeding against Whittemore fer cadetship
In yonr Second Distri rt the nomination of
both DeLarge and Bowen, by their respective
factions, bas left but little excitement here in
Columbia, because of ths remoteness of the
field. It is coronen ted on as a straw, showing
that while the negroes are Republican enough
to prefer a thorough party man, they are ready
to Jet the carpet-b?g^er dlide-if they can.
Bowen declines to slide; and he is something
like the mon in the fable of the horse and the
stag. Bat the caneas work was bitter in the
extreme, and mutual denunciations were
wrathful and ominous.
In the Third'tD.strict, the nomination of
Elliott over H?ge has made a lively stir, which
has not all quieted yet. Our entire communi?
ty will vote for Elliott if H?ge dare to carry out
his threat of running without the nomination,
and the issue be between the two. But H?ge 's
threat is probably mere bravado to ease down
his f ill. As far as intelligent mon of his party
can see, Hose's r?le is played one. Tbe Gov?
ernor had quite set his heart on Hoge's suc?
cess; but now, since be is defeated, what use
has the Govcrror for him ? There is probably
no place which his Excellency has not already
promised timo and again to his numerous
frionds. Our people, both white and black,
look npon H?ge jost now very much as the
English may look upon a convict about to be
banish; d to Yan Dieman's Land, with a feeling
ol pity, but no desire to interfere with hiB sen?
tence or his departure.
But it was in the Fourth District that there
was the highest ron of excitement and mu?
tual lecriminatioo. Wallace and Tomiinsoa
and Pfifer were the contestants fer the nomi?
nation; and here, os in some other issues, the
carpet-baggers were worsted. But, if we aro
to take the Bince-published testimony of Wim
basb, Cook, Barber, Duncan, and representa?
tives from two other coun .ies, Wallace's nomi?
nation was not regular. Their testimony will
have the effect of fettling, perhaps, both the
question and Wallace too. Another conven
vention in the Fourth is to bo called, when, if
signs are to be trusted, a colored candidate
will be nominated. The disorders of the fac?
tions in the sessions here last week were dis?
graceful in the highest degree.
Upon the whole, tho carpet-baggers are
badly worsted and tho anti c ir pet-bag feeling
grows stronger every day,
The meeting of the Richland County Con?
vention on Saturday-the bolters from the
former convention-indicated a decided ten?
dency to rebuke the corrupt officials and rep?
r?sentatives of Richland who rushed them?
selves into nomination irregularly at the
former convention. The discussions were
temperate, earnest and well-timed. They ad?
journed without offering another ticket, but
have taken steps to prepare one, and it will be
an improvement on the other no doubt.
The shooting affiir on Friday does not pos?
sess any interest. It was merely one boy
trying a new revolver on another-Mooney
(son of a Radical Alderman) shooting a de?
formed beggar named Holloway. Both about
fourteen years old.
Seegera'B icc factory ie rapidly approaching
completion._ _ CORSAIR.
CURIOSITIES OF CRIME.
Taney, who was stabbed at Augusta, on Sa?
turday night, died soon afterward.
James White has been arrested as the mur?
derer of a boy named DeKrll, aged fourteen,
who was run over in New Orleans and lils foot
The Ceorgla Senate has preferred charges ot
corruption against a Radical named Merritt.
A negro desperado at Memphis shot his wife,
and a Mrs. Martin with whom his wife lived,
and escaped to the woods.
SPARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The steamer Dan Abel is burned. Loss
The stern-wheeler Silver Spray blew up yes?
terday at a point twenty-five miles above Mem?
The negroes voted without molestation In
Louisville, Ky., yesterday.
Another detachment of the French army has
sailed from Clvita Vecchla for Marseilles.
THE "WHITTEMORE PA ?TT."
[From the Philadelphia Le.lger.]
When such a man as Whittemore is not only
reelected to the place in Congress which he dis?
graced by his corruption, but ls made the
prominent figure in a State Convention of his
party, lt is not hard to see that a dangerous
class of politicians and a debased condition of
political morals are again uppermost in South
Carolina. No lair-minded, intelligent Ameri?
can, whatever his party leanings may be, can
have any other feeling than that of disgust lor
the political chicanery that leads to such Im
miliatlii!; results, nor should lie have any other
language for them than unqualified condemna?
[From Hie New York World.]
It appears that the cadet-broker Whittemore
took entire charge ol' the Republican state
Convention on Thurs lay iast. It was Whitte?
more who decided which of the delegates were
duly elected; Whittemore who framed the pint
form "indorsing President Grant's admistra
tion," and Whittemore who nominated the
candidates for the coming race. In one word,
from Its head to its tall, the whole Republi?
can party in South Carolina was incarnated
In this convicted and twice-branded cadet
selling, carpet-bag Congressravn; and so
decided a prominence on the heels of lils sec?
ond rejection by the House seems to indicate
that, just in proportion as any man becomes
degraded in general estimation, just in that
proportion does he rise ia the estimation of
those rice-field suffragans, who form, with
some Whltteraore-lsh white men, the Republi?
can party of South Carolina. This fellow was
driven from the House for plain theft, and his
constituents sent him back; the House spurned
him from Its threshold, and, lo ! he rises Btill
higher in South Carolina Republicanism, and
from the simple Congressman becomes the
great head-centre ol the party throughout the j
WINCHESTER RIFLE LAW.
Attempts of the Ring to Excite the
[From the LaurensvlUe Herald.]
On Saturday last, at au early hour, our Til
lace began to be thronged with negroes from
allparts of the county. It had been industri?
ously circulated that scott would be a speaker.
About 10 o'clock the drums beat through the
streets, and a procession was formed, com?
posed of about fire hundred able-bodied field
hands, while probably an equal number of
stragglers, ancient Africans, men and women
and hoys, filled the sidewalks. A hali dozen
rand marshals, mounted on the horses of the
tate constabulary, Joseph Crews and Nathan?
iel Freeman, gallopped to and fro the streets
of the little village.
At the head ol' the procession, composed
probably of about five hundred men, marched
a company of about sixty negroes in full uni?
form, armed and equipped according to Win?
chester or Springfleld'rifle iaw, with fixed bay?
onets, cartridge boxes, and all the accoutre?
ments of war. The remainder of tue negroes
were armed with every pattern of firearm
known to modern warfare-shot guns, single
and double; pistols lu belts, old squirrel rifles,
bludgeons, sticks, stones, ?c., and every fash?
ion of sabre and sword since Nimrod. They
paraded every nook and corner of the town for
several hours, the bayonets of the escort com?
pany bristling terror to the half dozen white
men occupying the fronts of their business
About 12 M., they moved to a deep ravine
near the town, and listened to harangues from
the miserable scalawags, Y. J. P. uwens, Jos.
Crews, one Fifer, from Newberry, and two or
Owens and Crews made Incendiary speeches,
and talked of nothing but the arms in the
hands of the negroes, the ballot box and the
cartridge box going hand In hand, &c. Fifer,
who came, we believe, lrom Newberry, spoke
in the same warlike tone, only bia strain was
In contrast with these speakers, the negro
orators made no allusion to arms and blood.
Owens and Crews never move with the ne?
groes in procession through the streets, but
sneak off when they have delivered their in?
cendiary harangues. Delegates were appoint?
ed to the Republican Convention. The sense
of the Scott militia was taken, and lt appeared
that Scott and Hausier are the favorites for
Governor and Lieutenant-Go vernor.
The negroes are evidently vain oi their uni?
forms and their bayonets, but peaceably In?
clined, while Owens, Crews and Scott,
(through his agents, the constabulary,) are
determined to have them used on the white
THE "SINEWS OF WAR."
The Rothschild* and their Sympathie?
-An Important Ally for France.
In the Juden Strasse, in Frankfort, is a tall,
ramshackle old house, which strangers, par?
ticularly such as have a commercial tendency
or education, find a peculiar Interest In exam?
ining. It is the birthplace of the Rothschilds,
the financial magnates, who have propped up
more thrones and monarchs than any bankers
since the days of the Florentine Petruzzl, who
once stiffened the financial legs of Europe,
but whoso vast fortune, dissipated by worth?
less heirs, is, like its founders, well-nigh for?
gotten. In all these years since Anselm's
time in 1743, or thereabouts, the fami?
ly has been amassing riches by loans,
purchases and other regular methods, and
meeting with no reverses save those of
1848, when the revolutionary whirlwind swept
away values and despots indiscriminately.
Some two score million would cover that par?
ticular damage, an amount which was soon
recovered. Every nation In Europe has tested
the Rothschilds' purse. England drew upon lt
to the extent o? $200,000,000, Austria some
?5?,000,000, France over $60,000,000, and Na?
ples, Russia, Tuscany and Bmaller States found
ks help in their times of need. Even Prussia
discovered $40,000,000 in the Juden Strasse
when she could have procured it nowhere
else, and as fop private enterprises-railways,
steamboats, canals and so on-there was hard?
ly one, where the security was even passable,
that failed to obtain the cash resources essen?
tial to development and success.
When thc head of the house in Paris died,
not long since, lt required months even to es?
timate his wealth, it was of such vast extent
and so varied in its character; and since his
death equally able management has further
increased the value of the whole, until the ac?
cumulation attains a figure almost beyond the
possibility of comprehension. With their
wealth, loo, has come to the Rothschilds a
reputation for integrity based upon that well
known transaction with the fugitive Elector of
Hesse Cassel, whose $5,000,000 in silver, hur?
riedly deposited, was returned to him swollen
with the eight years' interest they paid
for Its safe and lucrative keeping. The
Paris house has taken tho control of all
the branches ol' the firm within the past ten
years, the original one at Frankfort becoming,
like those of Vienna, London and Naples, a
subordinate. So vast ac last has grown this
concentrated power, and so judicious is its ap?
plication, that Rothschild's influence now ex?
tends to all the bourses and exchanges of Eu?
rope, and Rothschild's operations supply a
barometer for the guidance of banking houses
the world over. As the Rothschilds move, so
do monled men in London, Sun Francisco and
New York move, their facilities for informa?
tion and the never-falling shrewdnees that
points their action being universally acknowl?
Such a power, it may be Imagined, is pro?
digious. Although flying no banners and
beating no drums, it is superior to au army,
however numerous. Needle-guns and Chasse
pots cannot resist the subtle force of a cheque.
Despotism and Imperialism are powerless to
coerce the credit willingly accorded by this
firm's asking. Consequently, there is a sig?
nificance lu the resignation by Alfonzo Roths?
child of the Prussian consulate at Paris, which
will be readily comprehended in counting
houses in various parts of the world. The of?
fice was conferred to palliate the injuries in?
flicted upon the Rothschilds and other banking
houses when Frankfort was absorbed by Prus?
sia-that lively period succeeding Sadowa,
when free cities and free provinces were swal?
lowed without so much as a by your leave;
when German potentates fled to Paris and
Vienna, and sustained lawsuits In Loudon and
insults and humiliation everywhere, from
Stuttgart to Stralsund. AU Franklort was
wroth at Prussia's exactions. The levies madu
by Bismarck exceeded the worst anticipations,
and naturally engendered the bitterest hostili?
ty against the kingdom he represented.
The abrupt relinquishment ol' his official hon?
or is an unequivocal proof of Rothschilds' me?
mories aud a decided expression of the Roths?
child sympathies, lt means aid to France as
the house has before aided her; and it also in?
dicates a belief that she is worth (arther aid?
ing. This antagonism ol' finance may prove
formidable to Prussia, whose exchequer ls not
so plentiful as rumor pretends. To the Roths?
childs will go the possessions and Aiuds of all
who seek a safe deposit for them, and their
resources will tams swell into an unparalleled
magnitude. As France contains so much I hat
makes the Rothschilds' wealth, anil, as we
have said, loans having already been made her.
the Emperor will .Iud whatever additional ac?
commodation he may need. His empire re?
presents payment in lull: his downfall repudia?
tion. Such an alliance ls better for him than
that of any kingdom. It means supplies and
arms, and a cupacity to prolong the war Inde?
finitely. The fliiaucial soundness of the Roths?
childs being Involved in the security of France,
they will hardly fail to use all their efforts to
secure both-their efforts, it being understood,
comprising the efforts of all the great bankers
with whom they are BO closely and indissolu?
M. Edmund About, who so vigorously as?
saulted Napoleon III the other day, now de?
mands unrelenting war. He says that the
true enemy of the French is not the German
people, but "the Court of Prussia, Bismarck,
and a gang of generals and clique of inter?
NEW TOBE GOSSIP.
The European War and tue Fall
Trade-The Radicals and the Germans
-A Coming Scand a 1-Terrible
NEW YORK, July 28.
One effect of the loreign "unpleasantness" ls
a lively start to the fall trade. Ordinarily there
ls scarcely anything done by the wholesale
houses before the middle of August, but this
season they find customers dropping In three
weeks ahead. The certainty of high prices tor
foreign goods, If the war stretches out for any
time, Ss the cause of the little activity noticea?
ble during the past week, and more noticeable
the present. Holders,- however, are not over
inclined to sell. The German Importers, es?
pecially, are stiff, though dealers In French
goods are tightening up, too. It is, of course,
quite reasonable to anticipate some higher
values for foreign fabrics if production falls
off, as lt certainly will io the event of a long
war; and the Impression that the war win
be .-short, sharp and d?cisive" Is wear?
ing off. It is now believed that neither side
will give way while it bas strength to fight,
that other powers will become Involved, de?
spite their professions and probably their pur?
pose of neutrality, and that the mass of the
lighting material of Europe will be employed
at the trade ol slaughtering before the end of
the conflict appears. Should this expectation
prove correct, of course production for the
American market will almost cease, and prices
will necessarily go up. Yet it Is possible that
parties buying largely at present rates, In an?
ticipation of a further rise, will find themselves
In tight places. The war may be over In a few
months s-^er all. The safest plan Is to buy
moderately, Just enough* to keep stocks wefi
assorted, and this is what the majority of deal?
ers are likely to do. It will take several
months to exhaust the stock of French and
German goods on hand and coming when Na?
poleon and Bismarck determined to let slip
the dogs of war.
AFTER THE GERMAN VOTE.
The Tribune takes the World and Express to
task for saying that the Union League had
come out for Prussia with a view to catching
German votes, or, rather, of recovering those
its party had lost. The Tribune is partly right.
It was the Radical general committee, not the
Union League, that held a meeting to sympa?
thize with Prussia. But It amounts to pretty
much the same thing. Both concerns aro pre?
cisely the same In spirit. What the one does
the other approves, and the two always work
together for the same end. The German Radi?
cal vote In New York has fallen off greatly In
the past three years, and its recovery ls
extremely desirable to the party. This Is
the sum and substance of the motive for
Radical expressions of sympathy for Prus?
sia. Speaking to a gentleman on this sub?
ject the other day, he said : --Every?
body knows that it ls because the Germans
are a great political power in this country that
sympathy goes to the Prussian side, Just as the
Fenians have been allowed to keep up an
illegal organization, because they are a political
power." Sift the whole matter down, and you
will probably find this view correct At any
rate, the Radicals are determined to make all
they can out of the present opportunity. They
never had so good a one to court the German
vote. It ls absurd to suppose that sentiment
has anything to do with starling their sympa?
thy. It Is interest from top to bottom-the
interest of office. Their efforts to trammel
naturalization show their real feelings to?
wards Germans as well as other foreigners.
Their sympathy meetings and newspaper
articles in favor of Prussia are bids for German
assistance in recovering the power they have
lost-merely this, and nothing more. And I
think the average German understands the
whole matter, and knows Just what sort of bar?
gain the sympathizers desire to make. *
THE NEXT SOCIAL SCANDAL.
The prurient prudes of first-class society are
eager tor the beginning of the suit for divorce
soon to be commenced by the daughter of
Colonel Lasalle, of the Courier des Etats
Unis. It ls expected to interest and gratify
scandal hunting tastes beyond any similar
case tried in New York for many years. The
plaintiff is still young and almost as captivat?
ing as at the time of her marriage, a few years
ago, when she waa one of the belles of Gotham.
The ground of divorce Is-well, marital in?
constancy sounds better than the shorter term.
The offence began, it ie said, soon after the wed?
ding, and was continued recklessly and in a
promiscuous sort of way. Before her marriage
the plaintiff wast one of the most popular and
beautiful young ladles in New York society.
Her husband is a naval officer, I believe, and
their wedding was one of the chief fashionable
events of the day. The suit for divorce will
be commenced in a few weeks, and the social
standing of the plaintiff promises to give lt an
interest that is not often attained by cases of
this class. As I have said, the prurient prudes
are already on the qui vive for what are called
THE HOT WEATHER.
There never was such a month for scorching
people and promoting the undertaking busi?
ness as this has been. New York has suffered
terribly-more, I think, than any other part of
the country. The death-rate has been fearful?
ly increased. Over a hundred persons have
been struck dead in the streets in the past two
weeks, and ten times a hundred have either
died of exhaustion, or been so debilitated that
they can never again be strong. Yet, Intense
as the heat has been, and many as are the
seeds of epidemic scattered through the
city, thanks to the activity of the health
board, not even a sign of epidemic
disease has appeared this season. The
fashionable quarters are almost deserted, and
thc fashionable resorts out of town are crowd?
ed. A better season for the country boarding?
houses and watering-place hotels has not oc?
curred In many years. Long Branch is a Jam,
Saratoga ls packed, the mountains are swarm?
ing with city folk, and the fresh-air hunters
are still moving countryward. Orily the drudg?
es remain In town, and these practice the
philosophy of making the best of the situation.
And though the hegira has been going on for
six weeks, the streets are Just as bustling and
crowded as though not one New Yorker had
left the city. _ _
THE QUEEN'S CUP.
The ?nut International Tacht Race to
Come off in August.
The regatta for the priz9 of the Qaeen's cap,
of which the ocean race between the Dauntless
and Cambria was but a preliminary incident,
will take place as econ as arrangements can be
made by the New York Yacht Club. The
primary object of the owner of the Cambria in
bringing his yacht to America, is is generally
known, was to compete for this prize, whioh
was won by the yacht America, in English
I waters, nineteen years ago, and is now held
! in trust by the New York Yacht Club as a chal?
lenge cup for tho yachts of all nations. In ac?
cepting the challenge, Mr. Ashbury, the owner
.jt the Cambria, said :
Before my yachting time, your schooner
America, in 1851. had tbs honor of Winning
thc cup preecr.^d Dy hor Majesty to the Royal
Yacht Squadron, and I am led to believe the
New York Yiicht Club (or the winner) have, In
tho most friendly and courteous manner,
offerod the cup in question, to be sailed tor in
>ew York waters, to any English yacht which
will compete for it. It is au esteemed honor
for any Englishman to win at any timo "the"
Queen's pnzo; but I venture to think none
wonld ba so much valued as the on i so tri?
am obantly taken away in 1851 by the America,
and eubject to conditions which I bope wul be
deemed equitable and responsible to all con?
cerned 1 now have the pleasure to ask yon
to kindlv state to your committee that lam
disposed to challenge all America for the pos?
session of the cup in question.
The regatta for the cup will probably take
place abou 11 he middle of August. The course
wi'l bo the same ss hat usually run in regat?
tas n\ the New York Ya^bt (Hub-from Owl's
H?autotbe lightship off Sandy Hook and re?
turn. As haB been previously stated, the
vaclit America, which originally won the cup,
?nd which is uow owned by the United States
Government, will again run for the prize, and
for that purpose she bas been rigged ont by
the Navy Department, in precisely the same
style-masts, sails, and everything-as when
she won the cup nineteen years ago.