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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE STATE CANVASS.
THE REFORM AF F OINTMENTS.
[SPECIAL TSLE9RAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUMBIA. August 3.
The Executive Committee of the Union Re?
form party announce the following appoint?
ment? for public speaking by the Reform can?
Liberty Hill, August 27th.
Darlington Courthouse, September 6th.
Chesterfield Courthouse, September 7th.
Bennettsvllle, September 9th.
Florence, September 10th.
Marlon Courthouse, September 12th.
Kingstree, September 14th.
Manning, September 16th.
Orangeburg Courthouse, September 19??.
Barnwell Courthouse, September 21st.
White Hali, Coll eton, September 23d.
Beaufort, September 25th. CORSAIR.
ROUSING REFORM MEETINGS AT
SALUDA OLD TOWN AND NEW
Steady Progress of thc Good Canse.
[FROM OUR OWM CORRESPONDENT.]
NEWBERRY C. H.. August 1.
At 7 o'clock this morning we left Abbeville
and arrived at Hodgea's Depot (where Ran?
dolph was killed) about 8 o'clock. Having
two boure to walt for the Greenville and Co?
lumbia train, the party was entertained by
Captain Cothran and General Hodges, at the
residence of the former. The two hours sped?
rapidly by, and all were dissatisfied that
the train "arrived on time." Two-.hours later
we arrived at Saluda Old Town Depot, where
the speaking was to take place. There a
stage had been erected in a grove near by,
and tile crowd was impatiently awaiting the
arrival of the speakers. About five hundred
persons were present, Including a large num?
ber of colored persons. This place, simply a
rguroud station, was made a regular appoint?
ment, as lt was of easy access to the citi?
zens of Newberry, Abbeville, Edgefield and
Colonel "Simeon Fair, a few moments alter
the arrival of the train, called the meeting to
order, and Introduced General. Kershaw, who,
after explaining, the principles ot the party,
said that by a vigorous effort lt would be easy
to carry the election and drive out the thiev?
ing'officiais who were rolling In wealth, all
' stolen from the people. Ten thousand colored
votes would be all that was necessary to se?
cure victory, and be had little doubt that they
coald be secured.. ? He would be sorry to think
that the white people of the State, of Intelll
Since and worth, could not, by reasoning with
e. colored peonte, convince ten thousand
that the mea who had controlled them by
means ot tho oaths of leagues were not their
friends, but only used them to ride Into office;
convince them that the white men of the State
are their best friends; that their Interests, were
. Identified. In the County of Edgefield," and in
other places, the colored men .had become
convinced of their ?error in arraying them?
selves against the white men, ana-were now
ready to co-operate with them. If the races
did unite, a good, honest government would
be secured, tue taxes diminished, and .'every
mas equally dealt with-where - $3 were paid
v in taxes now, SI would ba paid then. During
his speech, the General read the following let?
ter from Judge Wardlaw to him. endorsing the
. ABBEVILLE, August l, 1870.
My Dear General-I regret that during your
hurried visit to thia place I had not an oppor?
tunity for full conference with yon. The la?
bors for the public good In which you are en?
gaged merit my hearty approbation, and I
trust will be crowned with the success which
Who ls not for an honest administration of
the affairs of the State? Abstract questions
upon which heretofore parties differed, are
now Burperseded by practical issues which in?
volve tbe honor, perhaps the existence, of our
State. What la established must be acknow?
ledged. _ The means of Improvement left to us
must not be neglected ia Idle discontent with
changes which have taken place. Is there
corruption In the administration ol our public
affairs? Are some of our public offices filled
by men either incompetent or dishonest ?
Have there been shameful Instances ot bribery
in the Legislature? Have the guardians of
the public funds been engaged in speculating
wit$ them for their private advantage ? Have
our crippled resources been burdened by taxes
imposed arbitrarily and unjustly; the puMlc
debt enormously increased, and the public
money squandered In wasteful extravagance ?
If these things be so, they must be corrected
before the return of the State to prosperity
can be reasonably expected. Every man who
does not derive some advantages from mis?
government has an Interest in putting an end
to it, and no way of doing this so plain as by
turning out of office those who have misgov?
I have withdrawn trom public affairs, but I
cannot forbear from giving my hearty com?
mendation to those who are striving to expose
and correct public abuses.
With high regard, I am truly yours.
D. L. WARDLAW.
In concluding his remarks. General Kershaw
f-tated that the condition of Judge Carpenter's
voice, injured by hid frequent speaking of late,
prevented hlmvrom speaking to them; he had
thought it best to rest for a dav er two, so as
to recover bis voice and strength; however, be
had promised to address tbe people bere be?
fore the campaign was over. The General
then spoke of the worth ot Judge Carpenter,
and read the following letter from Judge
Glover, accompanying a 6et of complimentary
resolutions adopted by the Orangeburg bar, at
which Jndge Glover presided.
ORANGEB?RG, July 25, 1870.
Her.. B. B. Carpenter-Ur DEAR SIR : The
enclosed resolutions were unanimously adopt?
ed by tbe members of tbe Orangeburg bar, and
I am charged with .be pleasant duty of com
m?u^Oog them toyCP- Permit me with sin?
cerity to add, that the prai&C bestowed has been
'airly won by your honest, able ftnd impartial
administration ol public justice.
k Your obedient servant,*
THOMAS W. GLOVER.
General Butler, upon being introduced, said
he would not consume the time by defending
himself against tbe insinuations an? charge? of
a few persons that he had deseed Mo princi?
ples, but he would state tfc?x when he got in
edgefield he would repiy w a man named
Giles, living near Gr^nitevllle, who, under the
signature of .."iorvoy,"" had written letters
against him .ntbe i-dgefleld Advertiser, and
he would p0Ur 8ucij not coals upon his back as
JO ma^e hjm 8uOW D|B head; then I'll answer
dastardly, cowardly charges against myself
The General then, turning to the colored
people who were present, tnanked them for
coming, and said be was glad to see thom
there; he bad heard that at a meeting at Chap
ell's Depot, last Saturday. H?ge had told them
to keep away from the taluda meeting. Their
?>resence here was an evidence that they were
earning to think ai.d act for themselves; that
they desired to hear both sides of the question.
While such waa the case, he was not afraid of
the result; the> would learn who were their i
true friends, and leave those who had used !
?hem, deser'.t-d ifieui. and then picked them up
again to go lUPMg""! the Bame course whenever
an election drew nigh.
'.The General said that a great many people
in tbe Slate thought thal lhere was no use to
attempt to defeat Scott, as the majority tor
him was too great to be overcome. Wno, said
the speaker, knows what is the vote of the
State. There had been no election since the
war at which the full white vote bas been poll?
ed. Tbe highest colored vote polled was
85,000, and tho white vote 69,000. I claim
th.ay.here are now 70,000 white votes In the
State, leavlug a majority of 15,000 fur the
colored people. 1 know very well that there
are enough honest, true, Intelligent colored
men In the Stale who, if properly reasoned
with, will favor the movement lor Reiorm and
honesty-certainly we can secure by reason
alone 10,000 colored votes, which will give us
a maiority, and an honest, economical govern
ment. The General, after a stirring appeal to
the colored men to join in the movement to
drive out the rascals who preyed upon them
and the white men alike, took his seat.
Mr. L. S. Yonmans brought an array of
charges against Governor Scott and his King,
and by his statements, gathered lrom the offi?
cial records of the State, convinced his hearers
that such bribery and corruption on the part
of the Scott officials, high and low, never be?
fore existed to curse any people. On the mat?
ter of heavy taxes alone he showed that in
Fairfield County 45,000 acres of land, one-tenth
of the whole area of the county, and in Wil?
liamsburg County 85,542 acres, one-sixth of
the whole county, were advertised to be sold
for unpaid taxes; and he recapitulated his
facts in regard to the Increase of the State
debt $8,000,000. He alluded to the threats of
the Governor to rule the State and carry the
elections by the Winchester rifle law, and he
advised, entreated the colored men not to join
in any such scheme, as it would end in no good
to them or to the State; he appealed to t hem
to save the State by recourse to the ballot-box
In conjunction with the Union Reform move?
When Mr. Youmans concluded it was nearly
4 o'clock, and the meeting was adjourned to
permit all present to participate In the barbe?
cue prepared in an adjacent grove, which was
done, and all came away satisfied. The color?
ed people had been told by the Radicals not to
attend the barbecues given them by the white
people, as they were only gotten up to poison
them. The colored people, by their action in
freely partaking of the food spread before them
to-day, showed their disbelief in the lying re?
ports of the Radicals.
After the barbecue the crowd returned to
the speaking stand, and were briefly addressed
by Colonel T. Y. Simons, ol* Charleston, who
happened to be present, and told his audience
of the success of the movement In the low
A special train, which had brought up to
Saluda Old Town a large number of persons
from Newberry Courthouse and the depots
along the road, left Saluda, on the return trip,
at half-past 4 o'clock, carrying our party, and
arrived here about, halt-past 5 o'clock, during a
heavy Bhower of rain.
Near the depot, about one hundred colored
men assembled and cheered for Scott when?
ever a colored man who had been on the train
passed. They also cursed them and expressed
the hope that the "Reform bread and meat
?.hey bad eaten at Saluda would poison them.''
lt was expected by the people of Newberry
Courthouse that the speakers would address
them, and General Butler and Colonel Sim?
mons, notwithstanding a heavy rain was fall?
ing, determined that they should not be dis?
appointed. Accordingly they repaired to the
Courthouse, and from the steps addressed a
crowd ol' about three hundred whites and
blacks, about equally divided, and pre?
sided over by Major J. J. Pope. At firet
a few of the colored men took exceptions
to General Butler's bold denunciations ol'
the Scott Ring, and attempted by threats to
gag bim; but seeing that tills had only the
effect of causing him to make more deadly
thrusts at t*e bloated officials who preyed
upon the State, the disturbers concluded that
they bad ''mistaken their man" and kept
Alter General Butler's Bpeech, Colonel
Simons was introduced, and in showing up the
Radical officia H mentioned that in 1867 he met
Judge H?ge at Laurens Courthouse, and
H?ge said : ".T have been a Democrat all my
lite. Congress should never have given the
negro the right ol suflrage-they (the ne?
groes) are brutes. I wish the whole nigger
population had. but one head so I could cut it
off and free the white people." Lnst Friday
night, said the Colonel. I met H?ge in Colum?
bia und he said he had been defeated; that the
negroes had gone back npon him; that if the
Reform movement wished to win, it should
ron a good Republican for Congress from the
Third Congresslal District A friend ol Hoge's
standing by annwered the Colonel's question,
where ne could find a good Republican, by
saving Boge was the man, to which the Colo?
nel replied that the Reform party wouldn't,
tonca, him with a lorty-loot pole: The Colonel
then read aa editorial from the New York Tri?
bune advising that Whlttemore be at once con?
fined In the penitentiary for his offences
against the laws.
! The audience, standing and in the rain, had
paid the greatest attention to the remarks of
the speakers, but as it was growing dark, and
there was no prospect' of a cessation of the
rain, lt was determined to dismiss the crowd,
which was done.
About an hour after this, a few low negroes
made an assault upon a colored man named
Gourdin, of Ch Egleston, who had consistently
adhered lo bis white friends. He drew his
revolver and drove his assailants oft'.
About 8 o'clock, about seventy-five colored
men assembled In front of the Courthouse, and
were addressed by some of Scott's minions,
until 12 o'clock. They were told to vote for
Scott; that unless they did they would be put
back into slavery. They were advised not to
trust the white people, and not to attend the
meeting of the iteform party.
REFORM MEETING IN ORANGEE URG
A Noble and Cheering Meeting.
I FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
ORANGE BU KG, August 2.
The meeting held at this place on the 1st In?
stant, for the purpose of organizing a Union Re?
form Club for this county, was eminently a suc?
cess. It has been a long time since so many o?
the st erl lng, substantial and respectable citizens
of the county have gathered together iu a
common cause, and for the common good ol'
the people of our State. It had been announc?
ed in our spirited Reform paper that such a
meeting would be desirable. And, on the day
appointed, our courthouse appeared too small
to accommodate the numbers which thronged
together for consultation, and to devise ways
and means to aid the great movement. It was
unnecessary to state the object ot the meeting.
Ail seemed prepared to go in heart and hand for
the furtherance of the cause of Reform. There
was perfect unanimity (with the exception of
a few of the Ring, who came evidently with
the purpose of disturbing the meeting, but
who tailed in their object,) and an enthusiasm
In the cause, which it is encouraging to think
of, particularly In this "burgh,"' where Scott has
manlpiua.p?d his forces thus far so success?
The meeting was organized by Colonel Paul
S. Felder, who was called to the chair. ?j?
who briefly and eloquently Sgigfigj 0fi' tae
several causes which Induced the necessity of
Reform In cur State. The meeting then went
into the OOfinatlon and appointment of per?
manent officers, which resulted as follows :
For president, Colonel Paul S. Felder; vice
president. Mr. Alick Brown, colored; secretary,
W. T. DeTtevIlle. Esq. These gentlemen were
afterwards appointed for the same offices in
the county club, und Mr. N. A. Bull appointed
treasurer. An executive committee, consist?
ing of Messrs. M. E. Caldwell, John C Holmes.
Dr. B. H. Knotts, Wesley, Robinson. W. E.
McMichael, John S. Bowman and Ephraim
Carmichael was then appointed, and a centrai
executive committee, consisting of Messrs. M.
J. Browning, N. A. null, J L. Moorer, James
F. Izlar and Thomas Oliver.
Mr. Tilomas Boyd, in an eloquent address,
depicted the condition of our Stale, and thu
necessity ol' Reform. He was listened to with
earnest attention and loudly applauded
Mr. M. J. Browning, whose zeal in the cause,
and whose editorials in its support are so well
known, was loudly called for. He responded
In his happiest vein, throwing his whole heart
und soul into the subject, ending with the re?
mark thai If success crown our efforts, and the
cause of Honesty and Reform succeed, then
we will accomplish what is so much to be de?
sired, that ls, lo "lum over South Carolina
once more to honest South Carolinians."
Mr. Browning Iud scarcely taken his seat,
when up rose one Myers, who begged leave lo
slate that he had been sent there by his party,
and would take Issue with ihe gentleman on
his last remark. What the issue was, how?
ever, no one knows, and t don't believe Myers
knows now. He did not dem?nstrate any?
thing in particular, unless it be tho fact that
he felt himself very much out of piuco in the
society in which he was, and, anticipating
such sensations, liad primed up very consid?
erably before undertaking the Job his party
put him up to. He admitted that it had been
charged that Scott icus a thief. Well, if lt
could he shown that Carpenter was not a thief,
he for one would take the hand of any man
of the Reform party who would let him and
go with him. He would most positively vote
for General Butler, and. If General Kershaw
was the nominee for Governor, he would go
with him also; but the Idea of voting for Judge
Carpenter, who had been shown not to be
a thief, was preposterous; and sublimely
wound np "thusly:" "No man wants to see
an honest administration worse than I do." He
was repeatedly called to order, but without
effect. An Insinuation in the crowd that pos?
sibly he had better ask Judge Carpenter, when
he comes along, to explain the negative he
proposed, induced him In a maudlin way to
close np tor a while.
Sasportaa, with an intense air of wisdom,
and with his head closely shaved against heat
and all other annoyances, here got up and ex?
plained most lucidly what Reform meant,
foing back, If necessary, to the days of Martin
?tither; but killed everything by proposimr the
paradox that Reform could De best had in
Myers continued on the rampage, and about
this time arose with a look of solemn indigna?
tion, wanting to know if he was ruled out ot or?
der; in that event he would leave. His party sent
him, but he would go. No one objecting, and
no obstructions being placed In bis way, he
struck out for the door, carrying along with
him some score of "clacquers~ whom ne hod
brought along to applaud his brilliant effort,
and see him out. This was the only occur?
rence of any consequence tending to marthe
harmony of the meeting. It was evidently got
up for the purpose of breaking lt up. But the
assembly was a trifle to strong and too deter?
mined In their good purpose, and too much ac?
customed to order and decency, to be disturb?
ed by any such demonstrations.
Besides the crowd of colored men who came
in and went out with Myers, and among whom
the distinguished politician. Joseph Larkins,
( whose name lt would never do lo omit mention
of) was prominent with his stove-pipe hat,
there was a goodly number of others who lis?
tened with attention and respect to all said,
and manifested a disposition to learn and be
put aright. The fact that these people are
bound down by their obligations to the infa?
mous League, and are therefore not tree to
vote as they please, ls beginning to come home
to ?.hem forcibly, and the sensible ones are
growing restive under lt.
The meeting adopted suitable resolutions
and the platform of the Reform party, and ad?
journed with the conviction that there was
every reason to be sanguine of success in the
coming campaign, and that If our citizens who
desire honesty in our government and Reform
of the present corrupt administration will only
vote, we will elect Carpenter and Butler by an
REFORM MEETING IN M A RI OX.
A Vigorous Opening of the Campaign.
The Reform m?etiog at Moriou Courthouse,
on Monday, was gloriously sticceesful. 'ihe
Crescent Bays the crowd wie greater than it
bad seen for years. TbeS'-ar Biys tte meeting
was the most enthusiastic Marion bad had
Bioce the war.
The Star says : Intelligent and honest men
from every B?3tion of the coanty were prcseut,
ready and anxious to put their shoulders to utie?'
great Reform movement, which, we doubt not,
will be sustained bv a large mujontv in Marion,
nest October. A large number of ioflucutial
colored Conservatives were present and mini
rested much interest in tho meeting and rho i
success of the Reform cause. Hie Reform (
tide increases in volume as it rolls on, and
daily we bear of moro or leas wbo, when they
learn the origin cf tho Relorm movement and
its objects and pnuciples, turu their bac^s
upon too Scott admiuietration. and carse thc
day that they lent a helping hand to place at ?
lao head of affairs oorrupt men who have only
im DOB ed burdensome taxation upo.i them, in
order to fill their own pockets. The colored
men of Marion are iaat learning that they have 1
been cheated almost ontof their own eyps. and ,
chat they are to-day no better off than they
were before they elevated Scott. If they are '
uneducated, they cannot be fooled by Scott j
and his mercenaries much longer. They desire
to make a little money for their families, and
they axe learning that it ia impossible, while
the State is tottering under its present taxation
unjustly imposed by a set of imported thieves. |
We were convinced last Monday, by the inter?
est manifested by the colored people, that they
have been ridden till tbey are tired, and that
many of them will henceforth act for them?
selves a jd with the honest men ot tho State iu
putting down those who have boen i caping
the benefit of their toil since tbey became free.
And we urge them, if they desire io accumu?
late property for themselves aod their cbi'dren,
to join baod in hand with those with whom
they have been raised and whom they kno *. to
be honest, and help to telieve our State from
her present oppressed condinon.
The Crescent says : Mr. W. W. Sellars, the
president, upon taking the chair, explained i
that tho object of the meeting was to nominate !
ci' didates tor the Laeislature and lor district .
officers. After aa animated discussion, par
ticipated in by Messrs. St. Clair. Wilson. C. D.
Evans, General VV. W. Earlie:* und Dr. H arl! oe, ?
it was tboug.it by the meeting to be most ju?
die.cus to postpone tbe nomination until the
first Monday in September. Ia tbe meantime
it was determmed to appoint an executive com?
mittee of two frcm each township in the dis?
trict to take an oversight ot the campaign aud
carry on the war with vigor. Resolations ware
aliso parsed inviting the candidates for the
gubernatorial chair to meet at this place and
to discuss pub'iclv tho mattera in dispute bo- i
tween ibo c mteudintr parti?-. Altogether the
meeting was ihe occasion of great interest, and
from ail wo sa-v and heard wa shall have a
s ?ort and very lively camoaign in this district.
We tliinii the postpcn?meut of the nomina?
tions was most judicious. If our nfiuirs are
managed discieetiy. we have nothing to tear in
THE VIRGINIA SPRINGS.
A Serenade to Mr. Da vi*.
WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS, August 3.
Ex-President Davis, Governor Walker acd
ex-Senator Mason were serenaded late last
night. Mr. Mason made no response, being
unwell. Governor Walker spoke briefly, ex?
pressing his regret at the dismembennes"; Of
Virginia. Mr. Davis made a short and elo- ,
quent response. Avoiding political alludions
altogether, he Bald :
"Afy fVieqds-Accept my thanks for your ,
kindness. Thrown like a waif upon life's
shore, I have always met with that kind treat?
ment at the hands of Virginians, which is an
evidence more of your generosity than of my
own merit. Even in the lowest borders ol
Virginia I have met with the warmth of a
highland welcome. May God, in His mercy,
Hess you and keep you from every UL May
your prosperity be as wide as your borders.
May your homes be peace. This ls the earnest
prayer ol' him who has no more to say to you
on this occasion." [Loud cheering.]
Mr. D.vvlsis looking remarkably well and in
fine spirits, and though very retiring, he has
had to undergo the ordeal of shaking hands
with nearly everybody.
STARKS FROM THE WIRES.
The Goodyear Vuicauite Company hivebi
gau amt against %tti Richmond, Va., dentists
for au lnrringemaut of patent.
Souio Used amuniiion exploded at Fortress
Mo iroe, killing four men and woauding ouo
man. The budding took fire and the buretin<;
Bbell fell in all directions.
The Catholic puny in Belgium ba\e been
aucceaddl tu toe late elect ious.
xho Audtna.1 press ia generally exultant at
the abrogation of the Concordat
A Londou disputen ?aya that Madama Nill
eon is paid ?23 OW sterling for a six mo.itbs'
contract to ein; in tue TJuitod States. She ii
to receive ?500 as a cdt on starting for
THE FIRST BLOW.
CAPTURE OF SAARBR?CKEN BT
CONFLICTING ACCOUNT S.
PREPARATIONS POR A PITCHED
A REVIEW OF THE SITUATION.
THE ENGAGEMENT AT 8 A AB?
PARIS, August 2-P. M.
An evening official dispatch from Metz an?
nounces that to-day. at ll o'clock in the morn?
ing, the French had a serious engagement
with the Prussians. Our army took the offen?
sive and crossed the frontier, and invaded the
territory of Prussia. In spite of the numbers
and position of the enemy, a few of our battal?
ions were sufficient to carry.the heights which
overlook Saarbr?cken, and our artillery was not
slow to drive the enemy from the town. The
?lan of our troops was so great that our losses
were slight. The engagement commenced at
ll and ended at 1. The Emperor assisted In
the operations, and the Prince Imperial, who
accompanied him everywhere, received on the
first field of battle t?'s baptism of fire. His pres?
ence of mind and sung froid in danger were
worthy of the name he bears. The Emperor
returned to Metz at 5 P. M.
[Saarbr?cken ls a small Prussian manufac?
turing town on the Prussian-French frontier.
It ls situated on the River Saar, which is cross?
ed by tbe bridges at this point. Saarbr?cken
is on the line of rall from Metz to the fortified
City of Mayence.]
The Prussian Account.
LONDON, August 3.
The following is the Prussian account of the
affair at Saarbr?cken : The fortifications at
this place (Saarbr?cken) were attacked by a
column ol French infantry yesterday evening;
the French were repulsed.
A Desptrate Peat.
LONDON, August 3.
Rumors are In circulation here that the
French had stormed Weisseuburg, a town In
[There is some confusion here. Weissen
burg, or Wissenbourg, is a French frontier
town, and, unless lt was captured by the
Prussians a day or two ago, Its storming hy?
the French was neither difficult nor danger?
Another Version of the AlTAIr.
LONDON, August 3-Noon.
The following details of the engagement at
Saarbr?cken have been received:
The fight began at ll o'clock A. M. yes te r
lay. The French passed the frontier in force,
md by their sharp artillery fire the Prussians
?vere driven from their strong position. The
French remained the masters of the position,
which they won without serious loss.
The Emperor and Prince Imperial witnessed
:he conflict and returned to Metz to dinner.
PRUSSIAN DETAILED REFORTS.
Prussian Expedition into Prench Terri?
tory-Miners and Workmen Taught
to Ride on Horseback-The Needle Gun
Preferred to the Chanepot-First Con?
LONDON, July 31.
A corresponden at Saarbr?cken writes o n
Wednesday, July 27, that the French and Prus?
sians were within sight of each other. Pass?
ing Kreutznach he found the English residents
tied from fear of the French, the representa?
tives of the British Government refusing to
give them protection. The French at Forbach
were 15,000 strong. The Prussian force at
Saarbr?cken is not stated, but there was no
probability there of severe fighting immediate?
ly. The French are not ready.
Actual hostilities bagan July 21. Kraus, a
fusilier, shot the first Frenchman. There has
been continual skirmishing since Saturday.
The Prussian patrol went some distance be?
yond the border, finding no enemy, but on
the same day some French cavalry were re?
pulsed, losing an officer and thirteen men.
The Prussian forces are partly armed with a
new and lighter gun, having a shorter barrel,
using a smaller bullet, but with the same nee?
dle arrangement. The Bavarians tried the
Chassepot two years ago, but preferred thc
needle gun. During the recent skirmishes,
the Prussians were able to fire quicker than
the French. The cavalry ls splendidly
The same correspondent writes on the 20th
that the destruction of the raliway at Bitche
was extremely Important. Thc line runs from
Forbach and Saaregucmlnes to Haguenau, and
thence to Strasbourg. Thc order to destroy it
was given on the 19ih, so as to prevent the
sudden concentration ol' the French from the
south. Accordingly, a small number of picked
men of the 40th Uhlans startc-d under the
command ol Lieutenant Vin Voigh for Zwei
brucken, the nearo<st German town to the
French viaduct. At Zeibrucken an engineer
with minors and workman awaited the caval?
ry. On Tuesday they sent off the 30th Cavalry,
the men with thc miners and carts carrying
the necessary materials. But on this night,
and also on the following one. tue French out?
posts were too active lor them, and they had
to retire unsuccessful.
Now follows thc characteristic par: of the
expedition. They made up their minds thar
the heavy materials which inenmbered them
must be reduced to the smallest possible com?
pass, and that every man who took par: iu the
expedition mast be mounted. The next two
day8"wert:, therefore, giren n;> to riding les?
sons. Alter two days* instruction the miners
and workmen were able to keep themselves
on their horses, and, on .Saturday nigh:, tho
whole body crossed the French frontier. Tile
mounted miners and workmen were charged
to push on with ali haste to the viaduct, while
the Uhlans engaged the French, outposts who
were this time surprised.
They accomplished their task with perfect
intelligence and success. The country around
was roused lrom sleep by an explosion which
Bent the great viaduct into the air. The miners
rushed ont again upon the railway from the
spot whither they had retreated after lighting
the end of thc train, and succeeding in tearing
and blowing up some lenglh of line on both
Bides of the viaduct. Then they mounted their
horses again and got back safe into Bivarian
The heaviest skirmish that has taken ]
in this district ls reported on the mornin,
the 28th. A party of French infantry
crossed into Prussian territory about half
between Saarbr?cken and Saarlouis. F
men ol' the garrison of the latter place
longing to the infantry of '09, went ou
meet them and were coming up with t
between the villages of Ludwelller and Ge
lanterm, about six miles west of Saarbr?cl
when a squadron of French cavalry sudd
appeared. The Prussians fired away as fas
they could at the cavalry with their ne?
guns, and disposed of them before the in
try could come up. Then au infantry 1
followed, which ended In the French throv
off their "kits" and running away, lea;
one officer and eight men dead on the fl
Three Prussians were severely wounded,
cording to report no less than three Fre
companies of infantry were engaged.
Prussian and Bavarian troops are eaid t<
mustering in great strength in every towi
this district. Neuenkirchen Is spoken o
headquarters. It ls supposed that if
French army does not enter Germany wil
three or four days, war will be carried i
France. Neuenkirchen is admirably situa
for the concentration ot forces from ev
point of Germany. The country about h
would be very rough for fighting, but If ara
could push forward a little way over the fr
tier, they would be protected on the right
the fortress of Saarlouis, and on ?he left
A cavalry regiment is expected here (Si
br?cken) to-morrow. There has been a g
deal of firing to-day between the Pruss
and French outposts. One of our (Prussi
men had his horse shot under him, and
venturous civilians have consequently bi
Impressed by the good shooting of the Cha?
pot at 1250 or 1500 yards.
TUE PRUSSIAX PREPARATIONS^
LONDON*, August 1
Preparations for war on the part of Pru?
are being carried on with great activ
Trenches have been opened two leagues fr
Intrenched Camp EatablUhed.
An intrenched camp has been established
the triangle formed by Cologne, Coblentz e
Tr?ves. The fine park In Cologne and ;
magnificent chateau of the banker Oppenhc
have been razed.
Mayence In a State of Siege.
Mayence Is in a state of siege, and ls oe
pied by 25,000 soldiers. Trenches have bc
opened in front of the city, and persons ui
ble to provide themselves with six weeks' pi
visions have been notified to depart.
Position of Pi'n??iun Troops.
A large force ls encamped on the heights
St. Herbert, overlooking the valley of t
Nahe, which will protect an important gro
of coal mines at that place, and command t
junction of railroads from Bingerbr?ck
Provisions and .>Iunltlons.
Large rafts arc descending thc Rhine at
hours with provisions and military munitloi
between Mayence and Coblentz, and a forn
dable amount of war material and an lmmen
body of troops have been collected.
Change or Tactics.
In consequence of new instructions from i
War Office, there will be an entire change
tactics. Henceforth there will be no op<
campaign. . The tactics will be similar to tho:
hitherto employed in sieges, and the advan<
will be under cover of lntrenchments. Tl
Rhine provinces are being covered with in
provised loris. The country between Coblenl
and Mayence is entirely cut up in this iashioi
This new sytem of defence requires a ne
mode of attack, hence the delay of the Frene
Position of the Prussian Army.
A Prussian corps bas been stationed as
curtain to the Black Forest. The principi
troops have been concentrated in the trlangi
lar section of country formed by the rlvci
Rhine, Moselle and Saar. The last two rlvei
lorm the lines of defence. The left ol' the arm
rests on the Rhine, near Landau, and the rlgli
stretches out to Moselle, near Tr?ves.
Prussia Slay Advance ou Prance.
It is believed Prussia will raise her army to
million and a quarter, and advance on Franc?
The day after the declaration of war Moltk
said if Napoleon had not marched to the Rhin
by the 21st. he would never cross above May
ence. Saarlouis had been recently fortified
and serves as a centre. In case ol necesslt,
the Prussians can fall back on Mayence am
Coblentz, which protect the passage on th
Rhine, and behind which they have formklab!
corps in reserve.
The City of Hamburg is iu a slate of siege
expecting a French attnek. Batteries an
erected at mariy points on the coast. Krupp'
monster gun ls at Wilhelmshaven. Two Frencl
spies were caught in the act of sounding th
harbor of the port, lt ls considered perfectl;
unapproachable. Bremen and Lubec giv<
$100,000 toward Hie defence; Hamburg half !
Opinion of the King of Wnrtcmbarg
The King of Wurtemburg is quoted as say
lng that Germany will be ruined by war foi
twenty years, and emigration to America wil
swell to enormous proportions. He thought
Napoleon orred in not pushing promptly Inte
Bavaria. He would thereby have neutralized
the action of all Southern Germany. Such a
movement is impossible now, because it would
Subscriptions will be opened on the 3d and
4th of Augusi next for a five per cent, loan of
the German Confederation "Bondes Auleike,"
to the amount o? one hundred million thalers,
tobe issued at eighty-eight per cent., par
value. The payments are to be made between
the 10th of August and thc 28 th of December.
King William Goes to the Front-A
BERLIN, August 2-Noon.
No news of any movement or engagement
ol' importance has boon received from the
scen'j ol'war, but advices show that skirmishes
are becoming more frequent, though so far
they have been ol an insignificant character.
The Prussian command-rs rigorously exclude
foreign correspondents from their line.
Tue scene at the departure of King W?".?m
for tiie seat of war ou Sunday evening was ex?
traordinary. The King rode from tbe palace
to the railway station lu aa open carriage with
the Queen. He wore a short military cloak,
and his helmet was placed on the seat by his
side. The carriage was surrounded, followed,
and frequently stopped by the Immense multi?
tude with wild emotion, shouting farewells
and benedictions. Houses were hung with
flags and festooned with (lowers. At the rail?
way sutton arches were erected and patriotic
Inscriptions displayed. The Q.ieen, weeping,
parted from the King with repeated embraces.
When his Majesty from the platform of the rail?
way car finally saluted the crowd, the scene
was Indescribable. People were lrenzied with
enthusiasm. The entire court, ladles and all,
mingled with tit'.* crowd and participated In
its emotion, surrounded by old soldiers, a
bid him good-bye, with every demonstrati
of loyalty and devotion.
Count Bismarck and Generals Moltke a
Von Room were present, and were repeats
LoxDox, July 31
A dispatch late to-night from Paris stat
that the Emperor's headquarters to-night a
at St. Avolt, near the frontier. This indica!
that a general engagement ls close at hand.
Evacuation of Rome.
The? French troops will evacuate Rome ii
mediately. The Emperor told the Papal Nu
clo that the evacuation would begin lo-da
The passage in the Emperor's proclamation
the army, which predicts that the war will
long and arduous, produces depression and u
easiness. The campaign is based on a pl;
lound among Marshal Nell's papers.
The Archbishop of Paris has addressed a o<
toral letter to the clergy requesting th?
prayers for the success of France.
It is stated that the Emperor, before his d
parturefor the Rhine, wrote to the Pope e
plaining the cause of the withdrawal of tl
French troops from Rome.
The Freuch War Department has prempt
rily denied the request of Captain Horie,
the British navy, an attache of the British 1
gation in Paris, to visit the navy yard at Che
bourg, intimating that his object was to tal
notes of the fortifications, workshops, fleet, &
A number of Prussian soldiers who desert*
and came Into the French lines, have bet
sent to Tours.
The Journal Officiel to-day has inform?t!*
going to show that the sympathy of the pe
pie of the Danubian principalities is hearts
The Emperor has thanked the railway coi
panies for the celerity and prudence -wi
which they have transported troops to tl
The Council of the Ministers meets thr
timo6 a week at St Cloud. The Empress pi
A son of Abdel-Kader has asked pennies!*
of the Emperor to enlist in the regiment
The Journal du Peuple of Marseilles has be<
fined 6000 francs for an offence against tl
authority of the Empress, and its chief edit*
has been condemned to' fifteen days' impiiso
ment, wi th a fine of 2000 francs, for an artic
tending to incite Insubordination among tl
The Gaulois states that Rochefort has bee
officially notified that he will not be release
i rom confinement until he has served out tt
terms of the several sentences against hin
He will consequently remain in prison foi
The negotiations between Italy and Franc
for the withdrawal of the French troops froi
Italian soil have been brought to a satisfactoi
conclusion. The Italian Government he
guaranteed the preservation of order in Rom*
and the French troops have evacuated th
The French Government has received froi
Haly ample assurances of the observance <
the convention for the withdrawal of th
French troops from the Roman States. It i
asserted that the Pope has been advised b
some to go to Malta, and by others to re mal
In Rome, and it seems he has decided to stay
The Roman police have seized a quantity o
arms which were secreted in the city.
His Holiness yesterday received General Du
mont, special ambassador from France.
The women of France are sending immens*
quantities of bedding and hospital furniture t<
Nine hundred surgical students have gone t<
Among the chaplains in the French servie*
are nine Protestant and three Israelite clergy
Wearing of the shako will be discontinuec
in the army.
The Emperor, since he has been with th<
army, has kept one telegraph wire constant!;
busy with correspondence to the Empress.
Figaro says the government refused th*
offer of the American General Sheridan t<
serve in the army.
Two alleged newspaper correspondents hav*
been arrested as spi^s at Metz.
The Secret Treaty-Activity at the Wai
Office-Kassia and I] el glum.
LONDON. August 1.
in view of the public aentim int just now pre
vailing in England on tbe subject of the wai
between France and Prussia, and having du*
regard to tho manner ia which tba . senti mern
has found expression in the public press anc
Parliament, tbe British Cabinet will address ai
official note both to France and Prussia, de?
claring theiv explanations relative to the secrel
treaty affair unsatisfactory.
Judgmg from orders which have been issued
by the War O?ce here, and from the active stir
winch is observed at the Horse Guards, it is
believed by the people that the Gladstone
Cabinet intends to ask Russia to join England
in placing an "army of protection" in Belgium.
London Press Comments,
j A correspondent of the limes warns the
public against, precipitancy in forming an
opinion of the merits ot the two powers in the
present war, and he pointe out how widely
Engl ind eired regarding tho American wai.
The Poet appr >ves of Mr. Gladstone's policy
of peace so long as Belgium remains untouch?
ed. It refers to old treaties between the United
Sbites and Prussia, und says the restriction as
to articles contraband of war will probably be?
come a dead letter for the United States, espe?
cially as England pays no attention to them.
The Alliance Nearly Completed.
Il Naziauo, of Florence, states that the al?
liance to eecure th? neutrality of England,
Austria and Italy has nearly b3en completed
by those powere.
Parliament and the War.
In the House of Lorde to-day a bill giving
government power to cal! out thc militia waa
introduced under a suspension of the rules.
The Enlistment bill pa^ecd. Amendments
.were made io the Educational bill, and it was
read the tuird lime.
lu ihe Houso ol' Commons government pro?
posed to add 20 COO cen to thc army, and sub?
mitted estimates requiring ?2,000.000 for the
purpose. The artillery was reported to be in
tbb most effective state and the militia rapidly
Dieraeih rose to make some inquiries. He
thought the iradi.ional silence and reserve of
government should now bi diemiesed.
He especially desired to be enlightened as to
what extent Ejgland at the Congress of Vienaa
guaranteed co Prussia her Saxon acquisitions.
Such guirantee, if it still held gootl, would in
volve England in the quarrel.
He wanted to know what grounds had been
taken by the gjvorumeut, and he urged that
the army ba kept up to ita reateat strength,
and closed with a decoration that England,
I while ehe observed treacles, would maintain
the rights and independence of others.
Mr. Gladstone to ik eic sp ti on to the histori?
cal statements of the right honorable gentle?
man, and gave his version of events down to
the present day. He said the policy of gov?
ernment was not one of armed neutrality, but
of friendship to both combatants.
He declared that the obligations of the Vi?
enna treaty eDded with the Garmto Empire,
Government was now doing everything t? en?
force the observance of neutrality, but British
power was restricted to British waters.
All legal restraints had been imposed on tbe
sale of coil. A running debate followed be?
tween lesser members on tbe state of the army
and navy, which lasted uotil a late h sar; no
facts of importance were brought out.
LATES REPORTS FROM ENLANI).
Strength of the German Army.
LONDON*, August 3.
The following is given to-day as the number
and disposition of the Prussian army: The
Duke of Mecklenburg commands 108,000 men
at the mouth of the River Oder, and at the
mouth of the River Elbe. Count Ton Falken?
stein has 58,000 men near Ems. De Blt ten
field commands 50,000 men. The army of the
Rhine of the following bodies: 80.ooo men
at Cologne under Steimetz; 188,000 at the
junction of the Maine with the Rhine, under
Prince Frederick Charles, and 166,000 along
the Upper Rhine, under Prince Royal Frede
Wllllam. The chiefs of staff are Moltke, ?Blu
enthal, Sporllng and Stehele.
A Broad Hint-Blimarck'i Intrigues.
The Standard to-day, referring to the Ala?
bama question,hopes that England's neutrality
will be less ambiguous. England is now freely
exporting horses to Germany, which are im?
mediately forwarded to the seat of war.
A late number of the Vienna Post says tb at
the Duke of Baden asserts that King William,
in a conversation with bim in 1866, informed
him that Count von Bismarck was eager to
cede the region about the River Saar (part of
the Rhenish provinces) to France, but that
the King and his council declined.
Three hundred pounds has been paid in
Paris for a substitute.
The Daily News this morning says that the
French have declined the services of Generals
Lee and Beauregard.
It is rumored that England and the United
Sutes are urging negotiations whereby Ham?
burg and Bremen may be kept open during the
Horses are said to be scarce in both Ger?
many and France. The Germans need them
for cavalry and the French for artillery.
The Danish press is favorable to Prance:
Thc Dutch troops now occupy Haarlem and
Utrecht, and various points on the Yssel.
It ls understood that all the war correspon?
dents have been finally expelled from the lineo
of both armies.
LATEE NEWS FROM PARTS.
The Real Object of the War. 1
PARIS, August 3.-The Journal Officiel, o?
this morning, declares that the present war is
not agidnst Germany, nor against King Wil?
liam, but against Bismarck. The Journal re?
grets that the Prussian King should submit tc?
the domination of this violent and unscrupu?
So Change in the Situation.
PARIS, August 3.
Reports from headquarters received up le?
one o'clock this morning say there ls no change
in the mill tary situation.
A terrible calamity was prevented at Ver?
sailles to-day by some brave men, who hauled
a burning box of ammunition from the maga?
zine into the street, where it exploded.
Napoleon bas ordered the release of the
newspaper correspondents who are confined
Dr. Nelaton has gone to army headquarters
to organize an ambulance system.
The Presse says that the declaration of the
government regarding the neutrality of Bel?
gium, which was recently sent to London. .
will soon be communicated to Parliament.
A capUln in the Prussian army, who profess?
ed to be a Belgian, has been arrested here.
The Emperor ls now busy improving the sol?
diers' uniforms, which will be made much
The Garde Mobile ls going forward to Chal?
ons as fast us possible. The people there re?
ceive them with great enthusiasm.
The Moniteur says that there will be nc l^te
in Paris on the Emperor's birthday, August 16,
nor will the Empress visit the army as was re?
The Figaro of to-day announces the death of
General Gauja), commanding a sub-division at
KINO WILLIAM ASSUMES COM?
BERLIN, August 3.
King William has issued a proclamation!
from Mayence assuming the supreme com?
mand of the German forces.
A Levy Er; Magge.
BERLIN, August 3.
The Prussian Government has summoned a
levy en masse to defend the coast.
Prussia wants to know why Austria is arm?
The South German army ls armed with old
The war expenses of Prussia are twenty
two million francs per day.
Thirty thousand soldiers are billeted in
The only correspondent allowed with the
Prussian army is Dr. Russell.
THE POSITION OF ENGLASD.
LONDON, August 3.
The Premier, Mr. Gladstone, concluded some
explanations in the House of Commons to?
day by saying tnat further remonstrance now
can only exasperate both France and Prusair,
and the only course for England ls to seek a
safe opportunity for a renewal of efforts in
favor of peace.
WASHINOTON. August 3.
The revenue to-day is over one million.
Bank dividends declared on the 11th July ,
though payable on August 1, are liable to a U*?
ol five per cent.
The toul treasury disbursements for July,
exclusive of interest, are over $1,250,000.
The steamer Guard is ordered to Labrado i
for the protection of the American shipping
Strenuous efforts are about to be made to
secure the pardon of the Fenian General
Thc French minister has been officially in -
formed by his government that war exisu be?
tween France and Prussia.
NEW YORK, August 3
The Cuba and Manhattan take out a million.