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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
IS THE FBE3?CH EMPIRE TOTTERING
RUMORED FLIGHT. OF LEADING IMPE
ORB AT ACTIVAT y AHD FEVERISH
EXCITEMENT IN PARIS.
STRASBOURG INVESTED BT SIXTY
. THO?FAND PRUSSIANS.
MARSHAL BAZAINE, AND GENERAL TROCHO
IN COMMAND OF THE FRENCH ARMY.
jr. pi ? ~ ?:.
NO FIGHTING SINCE SATURDAY.
THE FRENCH - AND PRUSSIANS LOSSES.
The Iron IlanU in Paris, 'j c
' ?K i ? - , -PABI8, AUgUBt 9.
The Minister of the Interior has Issued a
proclamationannonnclng tha^ according to
the te rm 8 o t. t be law, of 1649, on the declaration
of a stateof 'sejge,' tte mill tary author! t ies have,
th e right - ta .interdict- all publication 3 ' 'of a
nature to exctte OT, keep up. disorder. .As such
a proposition as that made by the Si?cle to
institute a committee of . defence tends to
anarchy, and compromises unity of 'action,
creating useless agitation, on the advice of the
council ot ministers lt ls decided that the mill
tary authorities shall apply proscriptive meas?
ures to any journal renewing sucha prop os I
* Si arti lng Reports.
LONDON, August 9.
The Pall Mall Gazette has assurances from
private conrees in Paris that the.Empire is on
the verge ol collapse. The Germans are ex?
pected in Paris even If they are arrested IQ
their progress: The empire is dead. The Par?
isians are receiving arms, and they are all Re?
publicans-at heart. The establishment of a
provisional, government ls already talked of.
The Ofieanlsta, tb.rough Generals Changarn 1er
and" Trochu, are In the ascendant, and em i neat
Imperialists are leaving France. '
Tile Feeling In. Paris.
PARIS, August 9.
The Republican and-Democratic Journals
advise the immediate meeting of the Corps
L?gislatif and the arming of the people. They
all cens?te strongly Ute disorders which have
taken place In the streets,' and counsel calm?
ness and moderation. -The -deputies to the
Corps now In Paris nret yesterday afternoon,
and called upon the Empress. '
There was great activity in the enrolling of
volunteers In.'all parts of the city. Thirty
three, ?thousand workmen are strengthening. ?
the fortifications, assisted - by twenty thousand j
sailors from 'the navy. The Gaulois says falso
news of vlctery was disseminated la Stras- :
bourg last week, at the same hour it was sent j
ont here. There was a preconcerted attempt ;
to deceive the'nation. - ?
Mutterings of the Coming Storm.
. o S .11 y. I LONDON; August .9:'
Letter? from Paris, say the citizens are de fl- 1
ant ofj martial, law. and continue to assemble
lo th? sireets, anu discuss the war. j
. General Chan gamier at the Front.. '
,'?3 :, Mirra, August 9-9 P. M. i
'<?jea^_?^ra?garnle* hajjarrived here. He '
- wai conducted from toexailway station to the j
preiecturate by an' honorable citizen. - The.
General was la civilian's dress. ? He was im?
mediately taken into the presence of the Em?
peror.,' Publio opinion here receives with
laver the advent of Generai Changarn 1er.
V The Coaling Struggle at Meir.
: a y '..i MKTZ, Augu?:8^-8ao A. M.
The enemy .ls in .large measure concentrated
in front of Metze'- Marshal Bazaine will have
the direction of operations. The corps of Gen-,
eral- Froissart! has retired in good order on
Metz. All has, been'.quiet during the night:
Th? 'Emperor has just gone to the headquart?
ers of General Bazaine. , .' -
Investment of Straibourg-Advance of
the Prussian's Right.
- r. . i u LONDON, August 9.
A dlspatoh from Carlsruhe, dated to-day,
/ states that., Strasbourg ls surrounded by an
army or Bixty thousand Prussian, troops, most?
ly from Squib. Germany. 'The city mast sur- j
reader, aa the garrison la composed i of only
seven thousand soldiers. The advance of the
Pru ssl an's rigli t fr om Saarlou ia to Troves. has
coram -n ced. It 1B ' su ppo sed that1 Prince
Er>'ri erick Charle a.ls in. command, -
- -Chewing .Words for the French,
i ! ss J*.. ' PARIS, August 9^-6 P. M.
The proclamation of martial law was rather
a precautionary than an Imperative measure,
and its Vigorous enforcement ls not contem?
plated. -Gi SB? KITJAH
The Jonrnrl Offici??r after describing the re?
sources and patriotic spirit of the - nation,
which bas always been an obstacle to Prussian
ambition, asks: "What other power would like
to see Prussia making the North and the Baltic
Seas Prussian lakes, Invading smaller
States, and .acquiring a dangerous pre?
ponderance ?^ Favorable signs are already
apparent. Eh gi and, satisfied with the cate?
goric assurances of Fiance, hastens to render
secure tue northern frontier of France,-by
causing Belgian neutrality to be respected.
In Sweden, Norway and Denmark, the popu?
lar feeling is with France, and the Emperor of
Russia gives proof of the best understanding
with France. Austria and Italy are arming,
and will "cause embarrassment to Prussia.
Meantime, French diplomacy is not more idle
than the French arms wiU be, and, France
. will prove, that she has not degenerated In
1870.". . ..;!.,
The Journal Officiel contains the following
notices and decrees: , '
Minister 'Washburne was received by the
Empress for the purpose of delivering the
reply- of President Grant to letters recalling
Minister Barth ency.
Th??Departmont8 of Cote" d'Or, Saone, Lor
ralne,aridtbe' Rhone are declared in a state 1
The decree relative to the incorporation in j
the National Home Guard of all citizens be- 1
tween 'the ages of thirty and forty, who do not ]
already belong to some military organization, :
convokes alt chiefs of corps, and proscribes -
measures for .the immediate rearmament of !
the Guard, with gun3 altered to breech-loaders. '
in teed ?ons where thc National Guard has not 1
heretofore been organized. The chiefs of battal
lions have already been appointed, and thanks ?
to the efficiency pf measures taken, the or?
ganization of the National Guard will soon ex?
tend to every, part of France. In the depart?
ment of ibo Seine, where that organization is
strongest, it has already given proof ot devo?
tion and patriotism which cannot be changed
by the circumstances through which we are
On the demand of the Minister of War, the
prefect of the Seine this morning charged the
engineers ot the municipal service with the ex?
ecution of planB lor" strengthening the fortifl.
cations of Paris. The service will be organized
and divided between three chief engineers and
eleven assistants. Each 'chief will be in charge ol' |
an arrondissement The prelect of commune has
the chief supervision of the entire work, .The
contractors of Paris said they would make no
conditions for thc work, but placed their for?
tunes and their personal services, their mate?
rial and their experience, at the disposal of the
I authorities for the defence bf Paris. The offi
' dais and engineers at once took charge ol the
workshops offered by the contractors.
Trie Corps L?gislatif.
PAMS, August 9-Evening.
The .Corps L?gislatif met to-day. An order
I of the. day directed against the ministry was
proposed by Clement Duri ern is, and was
adopted by a large majority. Minister Ollivier
asked for a suspension of the sitting'for a-few
Latest-No Fighting since Sa tus ni ay.
LONDON, August 9-10 P. M.
There has been no fighting since Saturday.
General Trochu has entered upon the duties
of major-general of the French army. It is
not known whether Marshal L^Boenf will have
any command. A rumor has .reached here
that the Prussians are in Mulhauser, sixty
one miles southwest ot Strasbourg. ;
i Authentic advices show that Marshal Bazaine,
':commaader-m-chief,;;.t??. 'one hundred ami
thirty thousand men at Metz, McMahon fifty
thousand at Saint Avernet, .Canrobert fifty
. thousand at Nancy.
Prnistau Reports of tho Respective
BERLIN*, August 9.
i 'The losses of the French in the battle of J
Wourth on Saturday were five thousand dead,
wounded and missing, and elx thousand pris?
oners. McMahon's baggage, many cannon,
and two large railway trains with 6tores and
munitions, were captured. The Prussian cav?
alry, in their pursuit, bagged oae thousand
?stragglers, who had thrown away their arms.
The total Prussian loss was thirty-five hundred
dead and wounded.
The Elbe Cloted. -
., - HAMB'JUU, August 9.
; The RiverElbe bas been closed to prevent
the entrance of the French fleet, but a small
Ipassage is still left open at Goose Island.
! NEWS FJtOX WASHING TOIT.
WASHINGTON, August 9.
A recent decision of the Treasury Depart?
ment, that vessels arriving in the waters of
the United States cannot change then? clear?
ance papers, is adhered to. This is In conse
sequenoe of some vessels cleared lor New
York having changed their papers to New
Jersey ports, in order to avoid quarantine reg?
? The following is tho whereabouts of vessels
composing the North Atlantic squadron : The
Nantasket and S wa tara-are at St Domingo;
t he-Congress, Dictator and Sangus at Key West;
and the Severn at Hampton Roads. The Tus?
carora is engaged in conveying iron-cladB
from New Tork to Key West, and the Yantic
on ocean soundings.
It can be positively stated that both the
President and Cabinet are very decided In
opinion that both the laws and sound public
policy demand that an election should be held
in Georgia the coming fail. Among the
strongest in this bellet is tbe Attorney-General,
and the attempt to defeat an election ls held
by the majority of the Cabinet to be a gross
AFFAIRS IN NORTH CAROLINA,
RALEIGH, August 9.
Returns come in slowly. Enough is known
to put the election of Ave Democratic Con?
gressmen beyond a doubt. Thirty-two sena?
tors aud seventy-five commoners were elected
by the Democrats certain, probably more.
The Deputy United States Marshal served
on Kirk, yesterday, wilts of habeas corpus
issued by Judge Brook.1, to bring his prisoners
before him, at Salis! wry. Kirk replied h?
ho would answer after consulting Holden.
Twelve mechanics a? the company's shops
of the North Carolina Railroad, Alamance
County, were arrested yesterday by Bergen,
Kirks lieutenant-colonel. The son of Josiah
Turner, editor ol the Sentinel, was carried to
Yanceyvllle. arid is now in prison.
THE ??THAN MURDER.
NEW YORK, August 9.
Aman, supposed to be the murderer of Mr.
Nathan, was arrested at Nyack last night and
brought here this morning. .(
MR. DAVIS IN NRW YORK.
NEW YORK, August 9.
Jefferson Davis arrived tc-3ay from Balti?
more, and is at the N#w York Hotel, where
he is the recipient oT many attentions from
Southern guests. He refuses to be inter?
A STRANGE RECOVERY.
NEW ORLEANS, August 9.
Bigby's child has been recovered in good
condition. It has been in the possession of |
negroes in the south district of the city.
-Boston regrets the Franco-German war
chiefly because it will probably interfere with
the great design of the world-iamons Gilmore
to outshine all previous efforts by a great mu?
sical festival next year. The programme for I
that occasion included the bringing together of |
some of the great militar}' bands of Europe,and
though it ls confidently stated that the success
of the festival "cannot be doubted," it seems
extremely probable that this part of the pro?
gramme will have to be omitted. The Boston
Transcript dwells regretfully upon the great
concourse of military musicians that formed
an accompaniment to thc Paris hxhibitlou of |
18C7, and ls evidently filled with a great sorrow
In that "the Hub" will bc unable to surpass
this great occasion wheu " the "Overture to
Oberon" was performed on a hot day in July,
a dozen times In six hours, to a swoltering but
enthusiastic audience. At lliat meeting the
French warmly cheered the Prussians, whom
they are Just engaged in shooting, and the ex?
cellence ol tiie competition wus so even that
the Judges found some difficulty in awarding
the prizes. But. now that the "piping times of j
peuce'' have gone, let Mr. Gilmore beware how
he brings the Oilt and the Teuton together,
even on a spot hallowed by thc great Jubilee
and forever spgsfestive of the anvil chorus.
Boston may he.Ve the war of the Rhine re?
peated under Its own eyes il thc strains of the
"Marseillaise" and "Der Deutsche Vaterland"
"orne to be discoursed by militant bandsmen
from France and Germany.
FRANCE INVADED !
THE WHO LE FRENCH PEOPLE EIS
INO EN MASSE FOB DEFENCE.
MARSHALL BAZAINE IN SUPREME
OMINOUS TALK ABOUT NAPOLEON.
LATEST FROM THE SEAT OF WAR.
?fcc.. ?fcc., ?tc.
Changing Commander*-Much Agita?
tion tn Paris, but no Disorder.
; - . PARIS, August 8-P. M. .
, The Temps this evening announces that Mar?
shal Bazaine has been appointed commander
in-chief, and General Trocbu major-general of
the army. General LeBoeuf retires.
: Le Parlement says the ministry have deter?
mined to create a national committee with
power to act under all circumstances arising
from the war. . ..,.,"..
! It ls reported by LePays' that the regular
garrison of Paris has already Ijeen largely In?
Some of the deputies of the Left met at the
hall of the Corps L?gislatif te-day, and while
they were there a great crowd surrounded the
?place, shouting for arms.
It is rumored that Henri Rochefort will be
; The people ar? assembling in great num ?
bers on the Bonlevanis, and lhere is much
agitation, but as yet no disorder.
An Immense Uprising of the French
PAULS, August 9.
There is an Immense uprising of the people
of France to repel the Prussian invasion. .It
is said officially that two millions of men are
ready to march, and that the reserve corps
will number one million. The people are
'clamorous for organization and leaders.
The Americans in Paris are receiving their
The manners and soldiers still in Algeria
are ordered to the field.
Pursuing the Fleeing French.
LONDON, August 9.
Tbe following official dispatch is dated at Ham?
burg, in the Palatinate, 9.43 A. M.. August 6
Yesterday after the battle of Wourth, the enemy
retired in-the greatest disorder. The French
artillery endeavored to make a stand at Neld
derbrun. The town was taken by the Bava?
rians, and the enemy retired en route to
Bitsche. The cavalry of W'urtemburg captur?
ed the enemy's stores and four pieces ot artil?
lery at Reichshafer. Their dead and wounded
covered the route of the retreating army. This
morning we have occupied Haguenau, evacua?
ted by the enemy.
The German troops hold both banks of the
Saar, having occupied Sarregaemine and For
bach after a slight resistance by the French.
The Bavarians in Battle.
MUNICH, August 9.
The King ot Bavaria makes the following re?
port concerning the battle of Wburtli: Early
on the morning of the 7th instant, Just as our
troops had left their bivouac to march to Eu
glebelm, the thunder of cannon" was heard.
Our movements were hastened, and we soon
came up with the first corps which was en?
gaged with the enemy. The Bavarian troops
were placed in action at once, and participa?
ted- Jn the assault upon the heights of Gue
mene, which were carried about five o'clock,
the French being repulsed in disorder and
with heavy loss. The action was severe and
sanguinary. The King Issued a congratulatory
order to the second corps, thanking them
for their splendid conduct and gallantry.
The Evacuation Of Cl v ita Vece lila.
ROME, August 9.
The last of the French army ol occupation
left Cl vita Vecchia to-day, in the steamer Ma?
gellan, for Marseilles and the seat of war.
The Buoyancy In the Cotton Market.
LIVERPOOL, August 9.
The buoyancy in the cotton market ls at?
tributed to Prussian successes. The general
Impression here ls that the Prussian victories
augur a speedy restoration of peace.
Italy and Austria io the Rescue-Trie
London Times Predict-, Napoleon's
LONDON, August 9-3.30 P. M.
The Paris correspondent of the Manchester
Examiner telegraphs that Italy and Austria
each send 100,000 men to aid France.
The Empress Eugenie, according to the Pall
Mall Gazette, ls preparing for flight.
The army at Metz . is still undergoing a
The London Times ascribes the French dis?
aster to the Emperor's obstinacy in refusing
sound military advice and to his Illness. The
Times says that parties in France will make
the Emperor pay the penalty of his ill success.
His name ls already ignored in acts by which
the regency expects to rally the people.
Things arrange themselves as If hs was not
expected to resume his power, as If testing
liow he may bo dispensed with altogether
the only question ls who shall first utter the
Edmund About writes from the field utterly
condemning the Emperor's mismanagement.
He says: "Having declared war, he let the
Prussians begin it. It is true that neither par?
ty were ready, yet the French lost twenty
days In marching and countermarching. They
were surprised at WeisBenbuig by the enemy,
where there were no vldettes to watch, no
skirmishers to meet, and no plan to repel."
Thc French Warming to their Work.
PARI?!, August li.
The Patrie says : "The government calls
upon all former officers and soldiers having
served in the armies of France to take their
grades In regiments of volunteers of the Garde
Mobile,which are to go to the iront Immediately.
This request has been greeted enthusiastically,
and numbers are responding to the call."
There were two couacils of the ministry to?
General Changarnier left his residence this
morning to seek a command at headquarters
Thousands accompanied bim to the railway.
La Volontarle says : "General Changarnler,
as soon as he heard ol' the afLtir at Weissen
bnrg. telegraphed asking for a command."
This morning's papers say that nothing is
certain concerning the course of Austria. Rus?
sia ls keeping he r quiet with promises.
All Q.uiet on Monday.
METZ, August 8.
The army is concentrating to march' to the
Vosges and 'defend the passages. The night ls
calm. There has been no engagement to-day.
The French Out of Rome.
ROME, August 9.
Thc embarkation of thc French troops, which
was completed yesterday, was retarded by the
storm, but for this the last of the troops would I
have gone several days agu.
! No Battle on Tuesday. -
. PARIS,- August "9;
There has been no battle to-day. The corps
of General Fullly, which was not engaged in
the recent action, is, the rallying point of the
The proclamation of the ministers ls received
with enthusiasm. The Minister of the Interior
has-taken measures'to hare dispatches bulle?
tined at the Bourse and the Mayoralty houses.
Measures will be taken at once for strengthen?
ing the fo?tiflcat?ons of Paris.
The journals here announce, with warm ap?
proval, that Italy ls ready to send 100,000
armed men to assist France.
! The Patrie says it was rumored ..that. the
Bourse would b? closed to-day ac noon. Noth?
ing of the sort has taken place. There have
been no disturbances; the authorities having
been warned that the International Society ? f
Workingmen Intended to make demonstra?
tions, took precautions to prevent them,
which would have been effectual If any out?
break was really contemplated.
The Lieft Bank of thc Rhine-V Ger?
j A. correspondent writes to the New York
'Evening Post as follows:
A superficial dance at the map may possi?
bly sometimes lead to the impression that thc
Rhine is the natural, and that lt ought there?
fore to be the actual political boundary between
France and Germany. So, a casual glance at
the map might lead a stranger to imagine that
the Hudson River ought to be th j boundary
between New York and New England. - Bus'
the Germans would not tolerate an assumption
of this kind any sooner than the New Yorkers.
Indeed, the arguments against 1, derived?
from the past history and from the present
state of thing.*, are much stronger In the case
of the Rhine than of the Hudson.
? The Inhabitants of the left-bank of the Rhine
are, and always have been Germans. But tho
province called Elsass or Alsace, or Alsatla,
which extends aiong the left bank for thc dis?
tance of about one hundred miles below Basie,
In-Swltzerland, was oeded to France by the
treaty of Westphalia in 1G1S, by way ot "com?
pensation for the services ol' tho French to the
cause of the Protestants ia the Thirty Years'
War. This was the first, as it is still the only,
foothold of the French upon The Rhine. Stras?
burg is the principal city of Elsass. Its popu?
lation, after two hi'mured years of French
domination, remains German almost as mirch
as Its celebrated Gothic cathedral, lt was a
free city ol' the German empire, and as sjcii
entitled to a sent in its Diet.
; The same may btf said of fi ve'other towns in
Elsa1;.1-, and also of the lortifleJ to.vn of Metz
on the Moselle, In the province of Lorraine,
which was once a part of Germany.
Following down the left bank ol thc Rhine
below th? French possessions, we come to
Spires, the capital of Rhenish Bavaria, unher
wlse called the Palatinate, and then to Worms.
In the Grand Duchy of Hesse Darmstadt.'
These old Gorman towns were imperial free
cities, and in both of them diets of the empire
ware held. Several ol' the emperors resided at
Spire?, and nine of them, nmoa.: them Ru?
dolph, of Hapsburg, are buried In Hie vaidlffof
its cathedral. Here, la 1521). the deoree of the
diet against the doctrines of the Reformers
was passed, which led to a vigorous ..protest"
on the part of the minority, and hence the
name ot Protestants. In 1521, at Worms, was
held the diet at which Luther appeared r.nr.1 .
made his celebrated defence of him ?elf before
the Emperor. Charles Hie Fifth.
Continuing the Journey, we arrive at thc
garrisoned town of Mainz or Mayence, the
birthplace and residence of Gntemb?rg, and
the cindie of the art of printing The Arch- ;
bishops ol Mainz were powerful temporal
prince*, and were first In rank of the Electora
of the German.Empire. Crossing thc Nahe at
Bingen we enter the Prussian possessions on j
the west side ol the Rhine, which are com
posed chiefly of territories that belonged to
the Archblshonrlcs of Cologue and Tr?ves and ;
the Duchies of Cleves and J?lich, all of which !
were fiefs of the empire. The towns of Bop- ?
part and D?ren in this part of Prussia, and
also Cologne"(with its German cathedral,) the ,
largest and wealthiest town on tb?. Rhine,
Were Imperial free cities. So also was Aix-la- ,
Chapelle, or Aachen, situated west of Cologne, ?
on the borders of Belgium, renowned for its ,
congresses, its diets, its councils and corona- :
lions of ; Emperors.
Mention ought also to be made of Bonn, on j
the Rhine, the birthplace of Beethoven, and j
the seat of a flourishing German university, ,
where Niebuhr, Schlegel, Arndt and Dahlmann ?
lived and taught, and where Lange, whose (
Bible Commentaries are so well known In this .
country, lives and teaches. The population of 1
the Prussian, Bavarian and Hessian territo?
ries west of the Rhine is something over three
millions, and about two-thirdB of these are
subjects of Prussia.
The loregoing statement, though necessarily
meagre and imperfect, will serve to dispel any
Illusions as to the reasonableness of the French
Emperor In his ambition to extend his con?
quests to thc Rhine, and to explain the una?
nimity of the uprising of the Germans. They i
would as soon think of abandoning Berlin or
Leipsic to the Russians as ol' surrendering Co?
logne or Mainz or Tr?ves to the French. They ?
have no central city Uko Rome, or Parlss or i
London. Bu'. If there ls anything In the world .
which they regard as sacredly their own. It ls
the noble river and Its fertile valley, filled with 1
the ancient seats of their civilization and Hie ;
monuments ol' their art and Industry-the
faithful chronicles of their history-and they ?
will most assuredly fight to the last to defend '
and keep it from the French, as a man will
fight lo defend his home p.:;d hearthstone
The Coat of the European War.
The cost of war ls quite beyond estimate. It
begins the moment that it ls thought of, and
steadily Increases all the time up to an actual I
collision, and does not end until long after the
belligerent parties have sought the shades ol'
peace. It permeates every trade circle with
damaging effects to every ciass of productive
industry. It is, of course, impossible to ascer?
tain, even approximately and lo figures, the
amount of damage done by mere apprehen?
sion of Injury, and, In the language or a New
York cotemporary, "still more so to track lt 1
through all the channels of robbery and
misery in which lt results,.at last, in the pri?
vations, sorrows and ruin of unnumbered
homes." But one branch of the work lt I
leaves Is palpable, for it is represented
by the depreciation of values upon the stock
exchanges of the world. Every dollar of the j
Eublic securities Issued by different nations ls
eld by somebody, and its owner finds himself
worth, after the declaration of war, less than
before. The London Economist, of July 16, ;
has undertaken to estimate the amount of this
loss, as shown by the fall In securities In the
eight days between July 4th, the day before 1
the first alarm In the French Chamber of Depu?
ties, and Julv 12, when the war panic riret 1
reached its height. In this one week the value :
of French rentes fell equal to $150,000,000; .
that ot British consols $11,575,000; that ol'Ita?
lian bonds 144,575,000; that of United States
bonds SG3.000.000, and the total loss ol value in 1
the national securities sold in London was
no less than $381,475,000, or not far from ?
$400,000,000, without Including the stocks '
ot Germany, Austria, Belgium, Holland and J
some other countries, ot which no sales J
arc made in London. In railway stocks a si m- a
liar depression took place, und In those of
eleven prominent .English lines alone there
was a Tall In price ot $12,1*5,000. The total :
loss of property to investors by the mere dec- 1
laration of this French-Prussian war is certal n- !
ly far more than live hundred millions of dol?
lars, a greater amount, perhaps, than it was
ever before in the power of two men to do- !
alroy, and which, as the Economist justly says, ?
Impiles individual suffering difficult to or?r 1
estimate. This is tho beginning; but it i& not
by figures or by words that men will express :
the end of such a war. The fright and confu?
sion thus broutrht into the commercial world is ?
of Itself * gigantic evil, ami it war resulted in
no other injury to mankind than this, lt would 3
well deserve all the maledictions ever tutored !
against it. J
The Terrible French Artillery.
The Now York World translates and com?
ments upon an article from a late French paper
as follows: i
Prussia has her field artillery and mitrailleurs, ?
on which she very justly counts; but France, >
too, has her mitrailleurs and her field artillery, :
which do not bear comparison. For seven M
years France has steadily improved her famous i
mitrailleurs, and has multiplied enera su HUH
to-day there ls nota battalion of Infantry or
sharpshooters which has not at least two In
its ranks. The Prussian arsenals are gorged.
The French arsenals are full to overflowing.
Since the campaign of 1866, Prussia has spent
110,000,000 In renewing and modernizing its
war material, much of lt, however, being used
in the war crowned by Sadowa. France has
spent 210,000,000 on her military stores-camp?
ing equipments, provisions, drugs, ambulan?
ces, in a word, all the accessories of the grand
theatre of war have been stored in the
Invalides and the Ecole Militaire. The mitrail?
leurs themselves are not the latest thing out
and the supreme refinement of the destroying
art. *i he mitrailleurs only are known to the
public, but lt appears that we have better than
this, although the public may not be aware of
it. Two months ago, about, people began to
talk of engines of war hot yet named of the
Commander C- M-. These, If we are to
believe the report of one who witnessed re?
cent experiments with them, constitute some?
thing miraculous in destructive Inventions.
Their extreme range ls 3000 yards only, which
ls the mean range of the mitrailleurs, their
elder sisters, but these new and formidable
inventions snrpass them in massacreing power
as much as the mitrailleurs themselves sur?
passed everything which had preceded them!
At 2600 yards, the effect ot these 'engines,
which have been .temporarily baptized. "Les
Filles du Commandant'C. M.," ls so terri?
ble, so certain, that a single regiment, we
are told, could force Its way with them
from the frontier to Berlin, sowing death
and terror befare. This arm was invented
two years ago, and experiments with the first
model were made with the greatest secrecy at
Vincennes and Mendon. To prevent spies ob?
taining information or getting aglimpse of the
gun, or rather mitrailleurs, a cordon of troops
surrounded the place where the experiments
were being carried on, out of view of the in?
ventor and the gentlemen forming the com?
mission appointed by the Emperor to test the
merits ol the arm, with-orders to allow no one
to pass. The arm when approved was manu?
factured in the Vosges, the same surveillance
and caution being observed. As soon as the
g?es were ready they were packed In boxes,
which were sealed and sent to the various ar?
senals. No instructions were given In its use
lill three weeks ago, when lour men In each
regiment were couducted'socretly to a conve?
nient sp jt and taught how to manouvre lt.
The Frenrh Prince Imperial.
(laligsaui's Messenger has the following In?
teresting item about the "boy soldier" of
His Majesty gave a grand dinner the evening
before last, at the Palace of St. Cloud, to the
officers quartered there In garrison-Lancers
Ol ihe Guard, Voltigeurs, and CentiJardes.
Tile guest?, to the number of eighty, dined at
a table In the form of a horse-shoe. His Maj?
esty entered the room at 7.30. amidst enthu?
siastic cries'ot "Vive l'Empereur i*' "Vive
ITmperatrlce !" "Vive i'Prince Imperial !"'
"Viva la France !" and thu repast at once be?
gan) Tile dinner was.calm, cordial, and par?
ticularly noticeable for the absence ol* all cere?
mony. At the dessert, suddenly, without any
order having been given, the baud struck up
"Tue Marseillaise." "and the effect was electri?
cal. At the first holes the officers looked at
each other in amazement, unable to under?
stand the audacity of M. Schenck, the band?
master. Tlie Emperor was evidently much
pleased. au;l thc enthusiasm became beyond
description, and it won: 1 have needed" but
very little lor iii o guests to have Joined with
their voices in the famous chaunL
Tho Emperor then rose and went to compli?
ment :he musicians, and afterwards the party
repaired to tho garden, where coffee wai?
served. The Emperor and Empress mixed
with the different groups conversing with the
officers, all at once the young Prince was
looked for, and search was about to be made
for him, when he was seen coming iii, drag?
ging something after him, and which was at
MSC found to be his campaign bed. He set lt
out. put his tilings In order, and lay down on
it, to the great amusement of the military
men. present. One ol' them, however, re?
marked to MB Imperial Highness, that, for a
sub-lieutenant, his h?glige took up too much
room, but the Prince excited much laughter by
replying that it was not?t all the same thing for
bim, as lie belonged to the etan". He was also
triad to prove thai be spoke German well, and
entered into a discussion iu that language with
an officer from Alsace, as to the usefulness ol
the lance. Meanwhile, the Empress presented
to Captain Marty, of the Second Voltigeurs,
two of her proteges-the son of Baron Lam?
bert and the brother of her reader, both Just
engaged as volunteers in that officer's com?
pany. Questioned as to his departure, the
Emperor gave no decided reply, but the Prince,
less circumspect, said that lt would be per-:
haps in about Uve or six days. This news was'
somewhat disappointing. "Why, lt will be all
aver," exclaimed one officer. "Do not be un
?asy,"sald his Majesty, "you will still find
plenty to do." About 10 the company retired.
A BLOODY FEUD.
History of a Tennessee Vendetta.
Tho fearful Calahoula vendetta in Louisiana,
irbica culminated some months since in the
leath of nearly all the survivors, Colonel
Tones and his sous, is supplemented and
eclipsed by a tearful feud in Tennessee, cf
which thc tenth victim has just fallen. This,
known as tho Bolt on-Dickens hud, is described
at le jeth in the Memphis Avalanche.
Io Mav. 1857. Isaac L. Bolton, of tho then
firm of Dokena, Bolton & Co., of Memphis,
slave dealers, bou?ht of a Kentuckian named
McMillan, a necrro boy brought from Kentucky,
who was, by the twms of bis Kentucky mas?
ter, to bo free, if sold out of the State. The
boy au jd for his freedom a?d recovered it.
Bolton then shot McMillan, and his tris] soon
came on, in Covington. He ?ra* acquitted by a
jury every one of which was bribed. The ex?
penses incurred by this trial were at hast $100.
000, ail of which was paid by property said to
belong to the lirm of Bolton, Dickens & Co.,
composed of Isaao L. Bolton, Thomas Dickens,
Wade H. Bolton and Washington Bolton. The
?im expired a day or two after the killing of
McMidan; and Thomas Dickens and Washing?
ton Bolton refused to njjree to share any part
of the loss or expensa of defending Isa ic, and
demanded that tho money of the firm used for
that purpose should be refunded. Wade sided
with ms brother, refused to settle, and this be?
gan the vendrtta. During the war Dickens was
in Missouri, and Washington Bolton in?Ken
tuckv. where, in 1852, be died; in 1834, Isiac L.
Bolton died, and in 18S5 Dickens returned lo
Tennessee and tried to settle up the busiucss
with Wad J H. Bolton, who hud chartre of the
books. The expenses of the trial proved sn
insuperable obstacle, and no settlement was
effected. Ia January, 1869, two assassins
named Inman and Morgan tried to murder
Colonel Dickens at hid home, aud shot bim
twice. They killed a man and a negro womau
and wouud.'d another man. and fled to North
Alabama. Colonel Dickens laid the blame upon
his arch-onemy, Wade Bolton. Morgan and In
mau were pursued, hunted down and destroyed
like wild beasti in a cive where tiny were con?
cealed. In tho meantime, a o'aancery enii, in?
volving ever $250.C0D, was come on between
Dickens and Bolton. In June, 1839. Dickens
met Bolton iu Court square, Memphis, and
shot him f itally. He waa ir.ed for twnty-six
nays aiid acquitted. On the 30 h ult., as Colo?
nel Dickens was riding home from lue resi
'lonce of bis friend. John O. Bolton, at Haleigh,
be was shot by an unknown assassin concealed
in the brush, who lodged both charges of buck?
shot trom a double-barre-liel sun in Ins body,
in8taut.v killing and dreadfully manaling bim.
Who did the deed seems to be a mystery. Aa
'.Vade B Itou left no children. Colonel Dickons
loavea surviving bim only one c'aild, Dr. Sam
DicltCbfr; Isaae L. Dohna, several diughtere
?nd one son.. M. Sett) Bolton; and Washington
Boliou. several daughters aud one son. Isaac
Bolton and Wcde H. Bolton were brothers.
Washington B ilton w :a not related by blood to
sit'ier, but Isaac married Washiueton's sister.
Thoma* Dickens bad Two sons, and both mar?
ried dans'n ors of Isa", c Bolton, l'hey wer. ail
ot puro Ensr'ii?ii parentage. Whether the
bloody vendetta will end here or not, remain6
lo be seen.
-The Emperor Napoleon wears but one ring,
containing a valuable amethyst, which Gen?
eral de Beauharnois, alter being imprisoned
luring the Helga of Terror, sent to his wife
Josephine. Queen Hortense wore this ring
niter Josephine's death, and Louis Napoleon
lias had it on his hand ever .??nee his mother's
l li? ?l AIU UAJM V A??.
THE REFORM RAZZ ROZZING AND
An Impromptu Meeting at Alston-Good
Attendance and Decided Success.
[FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
ALSTON, AUgUSt 7.
From the short notice given, lt waa not ex?
pected that there would be many persons pre?
sent; but such is the prevailing interest In the
Reform movement, and the intense indigna?
tion excited everywhere by the astounding
disclosures ol the rascality of the Scott Ring,
that one or two runners In a brief time brought
together over five thousand persons, more
than half of whom were.of the colored popu?
Colonel E. W. Seibels, of Columbia, was first
introduced, and very gracefully opened the
discussion with kind words ol cheer to all.
He passed to a review of the causes wtaich
I have led to dur present oppressed and unfor
1 t?nate condition; and, while he claimed for the
South honesty, sincerity and truth in her
efforts to secure a separate nationality, yet he
thought a great mistake was made by the
political leaders In South Carolina, when the
war was over, not to accept the Inevitable re?
sult, viz: universal suffrage, and, with the
aid of the enfranchised colored man, to pro?
ceed at once to -organize an honest, faltoful
and impartial State Government. He next ex?
posed the land commission swindle in Lancas?
ter, and accounted for the sudden rise in cer?
tain chemicals by the great demand made for
them by the Scott Ring, in their hasty and
eager efforts to wash out, expunge and oblite?
rate the damning stain of the SOO.uOO-bond
robbery. Various other subjects were dis?
cussed with eloquence and force by Colonel
Seibels, and altogether his remarks made a
happy Impression upon the audience.
Judge Carpenter, the gallant and able stan?
dard-bearer of the Union Reform parly, was
then Introduced, und his appearance was wel?
comed with enthusiastic applause. It was evi?
dent that he had been overworked, and lt is u
matter of surprise how he and the gallant But?
ler have stood up so nobly through the her?
culean labors of the campaign. Jud^e Car?
penter told the people that on account of his
hoarseness he would only attempt a plain,
friendly talk In a conversational style. But as
he proceeded, and lils soul warmed up with
his theme, and his eye kindled with intellec?
tual HIT. then were seen and felt again those
terrible blows from his keen Damascus blade
which, on other occasions, have carried
consternai ion und dismay to his ene?
mies. His counsels and earnest appeals
to the colored people were ' well-timed
and well received, and their fruit will not be
wanting on the day of election. With a mas?
ter hand he dissected, seriatim, the members
of the Scott Ring, exposing their effrontery,
vileness and corruption, and dared any one of
them, or any other person, then or at any other
time, to face him and contradict the damning
proof, which he had In black and white, of
their guilt and infamy. Eloquently and ably
did he urge the white people to appreciate the
importance of the contest; to give freely of
their Lime and talents and raeann to secure
success; for lt was an Issue ot life and death to
them-an Issue on which was staked honesty,
truth and an impartial government on the
one hand, and the most unblushing corruption,
indecency and oppressive taxation on the
other. At the close of his reraarkss, three
heany cheers were given for Carpenter and 11
The colored people gathered close around
the stand, nad gave marked attention to the
forcible utterances ol the Judge, and it was
evident that a deep and favorable impression
was made upon their minds. This was seon
not only In thc cordial shaking of hands with
the Judge, but in their eurnest and outspoken
declarations aller thu speaking was over. 1
was an ear-witness to the tallowing conversa?
tion, between two colored men, as they were t
retiring from the ground: "Well, Sam, how t
did you like the talk ?'' "First-rate, first-rate
I tell yon Jim I'm done with the league, I (
mean to vote for that Judge, and, if the Lord ?
spares me, I mean lo carry a hundred votes t
with nie.'' That was the spirit kindled, and
that is the spirit of the mountains everywhere
Let every man go to work, and continue u
work, earnestly and faithfully until after the
elections, and even a more glorious victory
than has been achieved in the Did North State
will crown the noble efforts of the honest men ,.
of Eouth Carolina. W.K.B. |j
Reform Meeting and Barbecue at j
Wadllngton-. J ud g e Carpenter i
Threatened with Assassination.
[PROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
"ON TUE WINO," August 2, 1870.
Wadllngton, seven miles lrom Newberry
Courthouse, was to-day the scene of a grand
barbecue, and one of the most enthusiastic
meetings in favor of the Relorm movement
held during the campaign. Upon our arrival
here this morning, about ll o'clock, the seats
around the stand erected in a grove, a few
yards distant from the residence of Colonel
Wadlington, were filled with ladles. A few
paces further a large number of cooks wen
engaged In preparing the barbecue. The male
portion of the assemblage, under Colonel
Nance, were drawn up on either side of the
road, and saluted the Reform candidates as
they passed between their lines, and then fell
into line behind them and escorted them to the
Shortly arter 12 o'clock, Colonel Fair called
Hie meeting to order, and stirring addresses
were delivered by General Kershaw, Mr. You
mans, General Butler, Colonel T. Y. Simons
and the Rev. Jonas Byrd, colored, of Charles?
ton. All of the speeches were of a stirring | j
character, aud that the blows administered to
the Scott Ring were of telling effect, was
evidenced by the enthusiastic cheers of the
men and thc waving of handkerchiefs and ?
clapping of hands by the ladies. Being "on
the wing," time does not now permit us to
give even a faint synopsis of the remarks of
Hie speakers; suffice lt to say, they were earn?
est, eloquent and effective. That cf the Rev,
Jonas Byrd was listened to with the deepest
attention by both whites and blacks, especially
by the latter, who seemed to be deeply im- [ i
pressed with the speaker's earnestness in de?
nouncing the corruption of the "Ring," and
convinced by the proof which he brought to
sustain his charges
After the addresses, the assemblage, about
eight hundred lu number, partook of the
"good things" provided. When all had finish?
ed, there were a large number of loaves of
bread and Joints of meat left, which were dis
tributed among the colored people. The Radi?
cals had told thu colored men not to attend,
and had gotten up two barbecues within six
miles or Wadllngton to draw off as many as | j
possible, but the attendance to-day showed
that Uley had not heeded the advice ol'Scott's
After the speeches and barbecue, one hour or
so was spent la dancing at the house of Colo?
nel Wadllngton, after which our party, by in?
vitation, took quarters at the residence ol Mr.
R. B. Gist; and are now enjoying his generous
At thc close of to-dav's proceedings General
J. B. Kershaw anti Mr. Voumans, both of I j
whom volunteered their services and have
done faithful and efficient work in behalf of
the Reform movement, le|t us to visit home
for a short while. They will lend their power?
ful aid again in a few days.
JUDOE CARPENTER THREATENED WITH ASSASSI?
' The committee which arranged for the
meeting at Wadlington to-day, sent one of
their number to inform the Radicals that such
a meeting was to be held, and invited them to
send any of their leaders to meet the Reform
candidates and argue the questions at issue,
promising them a respecttul hearing and a
fair discussion. The gentleman to whom this
mission was entrusted we shall designate as
Mr. A. He first called upon Mr. Corwin, Uni?
ted States assistant assessor, and a leader
of the Radicals about Newberry, and found
him addressing a large number of col?
ored nen. Mr. A. told Mr. C. the object of
his mission, and Mr. C. stated that the Radi?
cals did not want to meet the Reform
candidates. Mr. A. thea went to Mr.
hZSZi ""?"'' .* ""?Kisiraie, _ now a mai.
justice and a local leader of the Radi?
cals, . to whom he also stated the purpose
?Ll^fty ,?? ,vWch Mr- SmItQ replied
tbat the Radicals "did. not wish to meet
Juage Carpenter in argument, but If the Judge
continued to make such speeches as he made
at Greenville and'other places, he would oe
met Mr. A. asked Mr. Smith what he meant
by say ne that Judge Carpenter would be
met; did he mean that he would be . met by
argument or force, to which Mr. Smith replied
that he would not state what he meant; all he
had to say was that Judge Carpenter would be
met. . .
Some of the colored men of Newberry
County Monday morning made threats against
the Reform candidates, and asserted that they
should not ?peak when they came in the even?
ing; but being informed by the citizens that
the speakers should deliver their addresses
without interrupting'those who threatened,
ceased their threats, and made no effort to
disturb the speakers when they came.
THE COLUMBIA C.LITIGATION
The Colnmbia Guardian, in noticing an affair
tbe main facts of wbich have already been
given in a special tea-gram to ?HE NEWS,
LI .irrstes the-provocation and. then.adda: ; j .
Captain Tupper, determined to defend bis
absent friend fnm suoa foul aspersions, im?
mediately approached Mr. Morris and demand?
ed to know it he was the author of the article.
Kir. Morris stated that he was one of the
editors and respousib:eior any editorial article.
With that he received a slap in the face, ac?
companied by a stunning blow of the fist that
sent bim whirling across thepassage. He had
bristled up and showed fight wbeu first ap?
proached, but the rapid aud vigorous attack
ptovei toa much for his carpat-bag valor, and
be fl.-J precipitately for the staircase, biB
-.peedy fears reciving additional impetus front
a lever power, strenuously aop'ied at every
?ump, in ti3 rear. The "posteriori argument
was more than th? hireling oald withstand,
and be went leaping to the upper rep ions of
tho hotel mid the uproarious laughter of the
Teou.ii devoid of personal courage, tho
fighting editor showed that be possessed a full
share of low Yankee spito, aad of that pru?
dence wjicb is ihe better part of valor
' -H ? that fights and runs away
M?y live to fight another day."
Thc spirited representative bf tho Bing had'
noteveu tac distant courage of a>>o;herday, but
mad-speedy up plication to a mjgis'rate and
bad Captain Tupper pLiced under bo id to keep
the peace, and to appear at the next'holding
of the Court of General Sessions, to answer a
charge of assault and battery. If Mr. Morris
and bis co-editors continue to nuke their
editorial columns the vehicles of personal
abuse aad insults against such men us General
Batter, tbey may expect to rec3ive traquent
repetitions cf tbe castigations administered by
Captain Tapp. r. Whatever a conseionsuess of
Built coupled witb a wiat ^f matdj vilor, may
ir duce political adventurers io suomit to, the
high-toned gentlemen of South Carolina will
?evc-r allow their good names and characters
Lo be traduced wini impunity.
The chastisement inflicted by Captain
lieorge Tupper upon tbe representative of the
"Organ of tue ?.ug." elicited each hearty ap?
probation from tiie g iod c:t.2ej3 of our city, -;
hat ho was presented with a couple of cow?
hides in compliment of his gallant condnct. -
The ' cruel ?ew/V seems likely at hst to be
properly' administered, and we trust that its
inplication to the shoulders of white political
niacreants ni ty teach them that "there ie.
ife iu tho oil land yet.''
THE HANGING OE SEAL.
A Fearful Scene at thc Gallows.
It ba3 already been stated that at the execu- :
Jon of John Beal, in New York on Friday last,
he black cap by some mistake was not drawn
iver his face. The New York Sun of Saturday
rives the following description of the scene on.
he scaffold :
When he arrived under the rope he and the
ines ts and Mr. Stevens turned around and
mel t down, while the deputies formed in front
>i the policemen and reverently knelt. A fer?
rent prayer was offered of several minutes'
luratlon, amid the most deathly silence, and
hen Real, the two priests and the deputies
?ose to their feet. During the prayer the exe
tutloner drew out the noose and fastened it to
he rope, putting a rubber band over the dou?
ble book to keep to keep lt from slipping.
iVhen the prayer was concluded, he again
itepped up and drew the noose tight with both
lands, so that the knot rested on the bone o?
he skull just behind the left ear. Real turned .
-ed In the fae" while this was being done, and
ils hands trembled, but be showed no other. -
sign of weakness.
Father Duranquet was then, at 9:08, lust
ibout to give him the crucifix to kiss, when
suddenly, without warning, a dull thud was
heard, and Real's body flew up to the height of
;ix or seven feet toward the right, and bound?
ed down more than a toot, the rope sinking
Jeep into his flesh, and the knot slipping like
ightnlng round to the hollow of the back ol
he neck. The priests just escaped being .
knocked down, and retired sorrowfully to the
corner in the rear. A look ol horror instantly
transfixed every countenance; strong men
threw their arms before their faces to shut out
the horrid sight, and some fairly groaned in
Tile black cap had not been pullec" "iwrr
over Real's face, and all the agony of a violent
.leach was about to be seen in the contortions
ot his countenance. It seems that it bad been
igreed upon that Under Sheriff Stevens
should first raise his hand as a signal to draw
iown the black cap, and afterward should
wave his handkerchief for the cutting of the
rope. While standing with bis bat in one
?and and his handkerchief In the other, awaiti?
ng the end of the religious ceremonies, a fly
aappeued to alight upon his nose, and he un?
consciously raised his handkerchief to brush it
Tha-hangman in the box saw what he took '
:o be the signal, and struck a blow which not
only instantly severed the rope, but sank deep
nto the sleeper below. Mr. Stevens was hor
.or-struck. He wrung his hands, and went to
lie reporters' desk, exclaiming, "It was not :
ny fault; it was the fault of that man there,"
jointing to the executioner.
The expression of the doomed man's face as
ie went into the air was one which will haunt
hose who saw it to their dying day. Both
>yes and the mouth opened wide, and the.
eatures wore a mingled look of Intense fear
ind reproach. When he fell his body turned
luickly to the left, his eyes still open and
ooklog apparently at the crowd around him,
vhile the noise of the air gurgling in his
:broat could be distinctly heard.
He then swung slowly to tbe right; bis eyes
:losed, and then opened twice with difficulty,
i film gathering over th un. and then abut for
3\er; his hands fell Leivily from his breast to
in's sides and twitched two or three limes and
vere still; his body ra;B:d itself convulsively
hi:ce and hung limp. He was theu lowered
dowly within a foot of the ground, and the
iront --f the cap wns pulled over his ejes in an
iwer to a deprecatoryhisa from the spectators.
He hung still for a minnie or two. and then
lia legs came together four or five times. After
bat ho never moved. His death was one of
be quickest and easiest of the kind on record;
ificr three seconds he was insensible. Had the
ob been bungled, aad h id he struggled as
nuch as Revnolds did, the saene would have
leen past bearing.
-A German statistical writer remarks that
he invention of the sewing machine has ena
iled one woman to sew as much as a hundred
:ould sew by hand a century ago; but, he con
inues, one woman now demands as much
?lothlng as a hundred did a century ago-so
hat matters are not much changed after all.
-A Parisian artesian well having got down
>00 metres through chalk without finding
vater, the projectors announce that they are
lound to strike water or disturb some China
nan's domestic arrangements in the attempt.
A FULL ASSORTMENT just received by
?R. H. BAER,
julji No. 131 Meeting street