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VOLUME X.--NUMBER 1449.
CHARLESTON, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1870.
SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
IN STATU QUO.
MAXING BEADY FOB THE BATTLE.
ROYALTY IN LODGINGS.
ANOTHER WILD STORY ABOUT EUGENIE
AND THE PB INCE.
EM1NTST FRENCHMEN JOIN THE ARMY.
SHERIDAN'S RIDE TO THE FRONT.
Tho Bavarian Advance.
* BERLIN, Angnst 12.
The Bavarians passed through the Vosges
mountains and bivouacked last night near
Ssjur Louis. [This must mean Sarre Bourg.]
General Sheridan has gone to the King or
The Queen of Prussia announces that she
will herself superintend the care of the
Patting Napoleon on the Back.
LONDON, August 12.
The Examiner says that Napoleon adopts the
course most worthy of his name and the
gravity of the situation. Roused by storming
blows, in the presence of unmistakable peril
to himseli and bis family, and to the proud
nation which lately reinvested him with king?
ly power, be tells France of ber danger, and
urges her peo ple to come to the rescue, not
for bis, but Fr ance'a sake.
The neices ol tbe Empress have left Paris.
t'' Another Wild Story About Engenlc.
PARIS, August 12.
The Echo asserts, without qualilicatlon, that
tbe Empress Eugenie and the Prince Imperial
are in lodgings at St. John's Wood, London.
Tbe London Weekly Register bas tbe same
report, but cautious readers should not put
too mach confidence in its truth.
Good Feeling In Ute French Army-N o
_ Danger of a Famine.
PARIS, August 12-Night.
\ Advices from tbe front represent that tbe
beat understanding exists between Marshal
Bazaine' and the other generals.
Among tbe-prisoners taken by the French
arc a, number of German landwehr, who have
been six weeks in service, snowing that Prus?
sia expected che war-long before lt was de?
The workmen at Lyons threatened the Ger?
The late Minister of Instruction has joined
"De Cassagnac, tbe editor of the F-js, ha?
jolned<a regiment of Zouaves.
- The appr?hension that the perils of famine
might be added to the horrors of war is set at
rest The crops this year exceed the average
forty per conti ' -1'.
MB. AX BEMAN ON GBOBGIA.
Tv,.'; . '
' ; ] WASHlNGtON, August 12.
Attorney-General A kerman" s speech, deliv?
ered" to-night, was strongly Republican. He
said that ; the - Sooth was peaceful .and bad
plenty,.although.lt had been predicted that
ruin must follow the clothing ol the negroes
with political rights. He attacked Mr. Stephens
and his late work opon "The War between the
'States,;1 stating that the doctrines therein in?
culcated were pernicious-.
Though opposed to Bullock's policy, -h? de?
fended him against the special charge of a
corrupt exercise of the pardoning power.
Analyzing' the Georgia Legislature, he
claimed that only about twelve were legitimate
ucarpet-baggers," and avoided tbe question ol
the Georgia election this fall. ?
THE COLO BED CADET.
. WASHINGTON, August 12.
The Court of Inquiry to investigate the al?
leged iH-treatment of the colored cadet at
W^st Point, report thai in the main he .was un?
truthful, and recommend that both be and the
cadet of whom be complains be court-martlal
od. Secretary Belknap, however, bas dispos?
ed of tbe case, by ordering that both the em?
bryo soldiers be reprimanded.
THE GEORGIA ELECTIONS.
ATLANTA, August 12.
.The motions for prolonging the terms of of?
fice were finally defeated in the Legislature to
day. An election is to be held this foll. There
is great rejoicing among the National Republi?
/ -WASHINGTON, August 12.;
Attorney-General Ackerman has written. a
letter to Colonel Farrow and others, taking
strong grounds against prolongation. A new
election this fail is now considered certain.
THE VIRGINIA SEEING8.
GRKENBRIER WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS, >
August 12. )"
The masquerade ball last night, in aid of th?
sufferers by the late railroad accident, was t
brilliant affair. Among the prominent gentle?
men present were: Ex-Senator Mason, Com?
modore Maury, the Hon. A. H. H. Stuart
General Lily, General Barringer, General Cling
man, ex-Senator Caperton, W. W. Corcoran o:
Washington, Hon. Duncan K. Mc Rae of Tennes
see, General M. D. Corse, and General Mc
Causland. About eight hundred persons wen
present, and several hundred dollars will b(
THE GOLD A.ND ROND MARKET
NEW YOBS, August 12.
Money easy at 2a4 per cent. Sterling dui
at 9?a9?. The gold markers firmer, opening
at 174, advancing to 17$, and afterwards Jail?
ing to 17?; during the afternoon it was active
and firm, and advanced to 18f, closing
at 18. Governments opened dull anc
steady, and, during the afternoon, we?
dull and weak, closing the same.
Sixes, 1881, coupons 141; sixty-twos 11$; sixty
fours Mi; sixty-fives 10|; new 9*; sixty-sevens
D|; sixty-eights OJ; forties 7j. Southern secu
ritles opened quiet and firm, aad continued sc
throughout the day. Tennessees 62; new CIA
Virginias 60; new 64. Louisianas 71; new 67
levee Bixes 67; eights 87. Alabama eights 93
flv68 70.' Georgia Bixes 83; sevens 91. Norti
Carolinas &0g; new 30*. South Carolinas 80
CONCORD, N. H., August 12.
Admiral Farragut is oy.ng.
THINGS IN CLARENDON,
Crop Prospects - Labor - A Mysterious
(FROH OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT.]
MANNING. August 10.
We have had ra'.n more or less almost every
day for the last three weeks. The crops are
doing very well, though the season is too wet
for cotton to do as well as it would have done
had there been less rain. I have never seen
better prospects for good corn crops, and it 1B
believed that Clarendon will, this year, make
a sufficiency of corn lor her white population.
The crops belonging to or under the exclusivo
control of negroes are Inferior, and. Judging
lrom present indications, this class of persons
will not harvest corn enough, in the aggre?
gate, to feed them until the ensuing christ?
mas. This state of affairs Is due to the indo?
lence and self-indulgent habits of the negroes
who are working for themselves, as they aro
frequently seen strolling Idly about, or lying
up in the shade, when they should be in the
fields at work. Of the negroes who have con?
tracted to work with white men this year, I
have heard but little complaint. They seem to
be doing very well.
A portion of the skeleton of a black man
was recently discovered by a citizen, in tbe
woods, some seven miles from this place, on the
plantation of a Mr. Jennings. A jury orinquest
was summoned by Coroner Gamble,and held an
Inquest over the remains on last Saturday,
coming to the conclusion that the remains
were those of a colored mau named Isaac
Fraser, and that he met his death from blows
on the head Inflicted with some heavy Instru?
ment. The Jury are continuing therr Investi?
gations as to the person who committed the
deed. The man Isaac Fraser was missed some
two years ago, and a close search for him failed
to discover his whereabouts. When found the
remains were lying In the woods on the edge
of a ?mall stream of water, within half a mile
of the house of the deceased. Lying near were
a portion of his clothing, hat and shoes, and
one ol the pockets in his pants contained a stone
Identified as belonging to the deceased, as he
carried lt to -catch fire with by striking a piece
ot steel against it. The bock part of his head
appears to have been crushed in by an axe.
his left am being also broken. The wife of
the deceased testified : "That her husband left
as usual to-go to his work after dinner, about
3 o'clock in the day, some two years ago, and
that she has never seen him since." It seems
singular that the dead body of the deceased
should have lain undiscovered for over two
years, in half a mlle of his own house.. I will
advise you of such results as may be elicited
by the jury when its investigations are closed.
MONTGOMERY, August 12.
The int bile ot new cotton waa receive!
here on the 10th, and the second bale this
morn i nj. Each, weighed abont 500 pounds.
The second bile sold at 36? cents.
THE NATHAN MURDER CASE.
New YORK, August 12.
The jury ol Inquest In the Nathan murder
case have been discharged. No verdict was
rendered. Tho coroner, in discharging the
jury, said he might call them together at some
future day to give their verdict.
SPARKS ERO M THE WIRES.
Philip R. Mertz, banker, of Pittsburg, com?
mitted suicide. He left a letter to Iiis wife
attributing the act to financial complications.
B. B. French, an eminent Mason, is dead;
The revenue receipts yesterday were
C. J. White has resigned as profeasor of thc
Go m rr odor e Boyle ls dead.
The Orange anniversary celebration In New
York yesterday passed off quietly.
At Saratoga, yesterday, Lady Petry beat
Felicity and Alta Vela-time, 1:24. Minnie
Douglas beat Tasmania-time, 4:28*.
AN INTERVIEW WITS NAPOLEON
"An Englishman," writing from Paris July
23, to the London Telegraph, gives tho follow?
ing account of an interview with Napoleon III :
Experience bas warned mi that authorita?
tive expressions of opinion emanating from the
protagonists in a great political diam rarely
find their way into foreign newspapers. It is
with the purpose of enaoling your readers to
form their own judgement upon the views now
expressed by the Emperor Napoleon that I ven?
ture to repeat the words which he yesterday
employed while Bpeaking to a friend and to my
self during an interview with which uehonortd
us at the Tuileries. I must 'begin bv rt-m irk?
ing tbat I have known the Emperor for many
years, and have ueidom seen tum looking be ?
ter. When last! spoke with him. five mouths
ago, he looked careworn and haggard, with a
complexion more than usually eallo v and aeb
colored. Yesterday bis face looked fuller, bi9
eye bright, his cheek healthy. I wish in addi?
tion to premise that, after he had spoken. 1
inquired whetbet we weru at liberty to repeat
bis words ? haute wi*. He answered "I wish
nothing better than that I should be represent?
ed to the people of England as holding these
The Em nero i', after streaking with his usual
quiet kindliness upon some private mitters.
turned suddenlv to the political situation of
France and of Europe. He said, "Oac fort
bight before the utterance of the Due de Gram
mont in the Corps Legislitif-which utterance
has as it seems to me. been eo unjustly re
fleced upoD by the English press-I bad no
notion that war was at band, nor am I, even at
this moment, by any means prepared Io it. I
trusted that, when the Due de Oramm mt bad
set me straight with Frince by Bpeaking man?
fully in public as to tbe Hobeuzolleru candida?
ture, I should be able so to manip?late and
handle the controversy as to make peace certain.
But France bas slipped ont of my hand. 1 can?
not rue uDless Head. ThiB is tba most national
war that in my time France, has undertaken
and I have no choice out to advance at tbe
head of a public opinion which lean neither
etem nor check. In addition. H d-Bismarck,
although a very clever man. wants too much,
and wants it t?o quickly. After the victorv o?
Prussia in 1866 I reminded him that but * for
the friendly and self-denying neutrality of
France he could nevei have achieved HU ch
marvels. I pointed oat to bim tb at I had u-.-ver
moved a French soldier near to tbe Rhine
fro'itii-r daring tbe continuance of the Genusa
war 1 quoted to bim from his own letter in
which he thanked me for my abstinence, and
said that be bad left neither a Prasaiau gun
nor a Prussian soldier upon thc Bhi??, but bad
thrown Praseia.'e whole a .d undivided strengt!:
ag linst Austria uudher allies. I told him tait,
as ome slight return tor my friendly inactivi?
ty. I thought that he m gilt suirender Las. an
b" nm:, and oce or two omer little towns which
gravely menace our frontier, to .France "1
?ided th nt m this way be would, by a tufiiog
sacrifice easiiy forgotten by Fin^sia, in view
of ber enormous successes and acquis! ions
pacify tbe French nation, whose jealousies it
was so ?aey ta arouse, eu difficult io disarm.
"M. de Bismarck replied to me, after some
delay, 'Not ono toot- ot territory, waetber Prus
s i an or neutral, ?"an I resign. Bat, perhaps, if
1 were to make some further acquisitions, I
rou ki mai'0 some conce-t-iou-?. H <w, for in?
stance, if 1 were to toko Holland ? What would
France want HS a ?op for Mol?an.i ?'
"1 replied " sai i the Emperor "that if he at?
tempted to take Hollaad it meant war wub
Franco; and tuero the conversation, in which
M. de Bis arck a:td M. de Benedetta were the
interlocutors, came to an en<l.n
1 bave repeated this conversation as near'y
as possible in the Emperor's words. While we
wero speakius thu une d9Ti?vme brought ;i
dispatch to ?iB "Jsjeetv wh:cn ibo lattnr read
and which wa? to ihr effect that "the E eveu'b.
Capitol tho Prussian ana? were ai toat mo?
ment trooping luto Ti ?ves." I bave little sir
io add to thiB n caouulati n. t'bese words,
wbicu 1 haveiaiihfuly endeavored to interpret,
mUct speak fer themeelve-.
THE RALLY AT METZ.
RATTLE MOMENTARILY EXPECTED.
THE ORLEANS PRINCES OFFER THEIR
SWORDS TO FRANCE.
LOUIS NOT IN' LONDON.
;' THE EMPIRE IS ENDED-A I EPUBL1C IS
The Great Battle.
ANTWERP, August 12-Noon.
Adrices from the seat ol war state that a
great battle la momentarily expected.
BERLIN, August 12.
Two thousand two hundred and sixty-five
French, included wounded, have arrived here.
The wounded will be sent to Spandau.
Louts not in London-The Capture of
LONDON, August 12.
The Duke de Chartres, (grandson of King
Louis Philippe) has asked permission to serve
in the French army, claiming thc right as a
The Telegraph is authorized to contradict
the report that the Prince Imperial of France
is in London.
The garrison of Strasbourg is one regiment
of foot and a small loree of tba National
Guard. Supplies in the place are in proportion
to the garrison. The capture of Strasbourg
will be easy.
The First Prussian Corps is al Phllllpsburg.
The London Times, of this morning, says
the pride of France is wounded and her pres?
tige dimmed. Whoever brought this on her
must suffer for it.
Napoleon's Blunder?- Y Republic Inevi
PARIS, August 12.
La Liberte says the Orleans princes have
volunteered to serve ia thc French army.
The Gaulois says Palikao has prepared a
decree for submission to the Emperor, order?
ing all Germans from French soil within
Correspondents returning from the front say
they were in the greatest danger of being
hanged by the people, who take all foreigners
The Pays publishes a letter from Desmoullns,
at Nancy, denouncing Napoleon's bad general
hip. Atter declaring the Prussian triumphs,
he says: "The people are desperate. The
soldiers believe themselves betrayed and
clamor ior a leader."
Thiers ls reported to have said the Empire is
ended. A Republic ls inevitable.
The Neutrality of Luxembourg-A Novel
LONDON, August 12.
The Great Powers agree that the existing
guarantees tor the neutrality o? Luxembourg
The Berlin correspondent of the London
Times says that England declines Von Beast's
proposition to guarantee the powers at war
against loss of territory, because the league
could not save the North German Confedera?
tion in case of Prussia's defeat.
IttcIUahon's Official Report-The Army
Concentrating at Metz-The Prepara?
tions In Paris.
PARIS, August 12.
The Journal of Metz publishes Marshal
McMahon's report to the Emperor upon the
battles of Saturday last. The report says :
The enemy, in greatly superior force, began
the attack at 7 o'clock on Saturday morning.
The first attack was repulsed. About noon
the enemy reopened the contest, throwing
forward numerous sharpshooters, who were
protected by six guns in a commanding posi?
tion. Masses of infantry were then brought
up, and at 4 o'clock McMahon was forced to
order a retreat, which he effected in good or?
der. The enemy's pursuit being without vigor,
was by no means troublesome. The Marshal
was able to send only a partial list ot the killed
A dispatch from Metz, dated 8:15 P. M. on
Thursday, says: "It bas rained all day. The
army is concentrated around the place, and ls
being revictualled and reinforced. The retreat
of McMahon has been fully accomplished in ex?
cellent order. Marshal Bazaine ls engnged in
visiting and inspecting the troops."
The report that the Prussians occupy Nancy
A circular from the Minister of the Interior
requires the prefects of the various depart?
ments to encourage the formation of compa
panlcs of National Guards, Volunteers and
Franctlreurs to take the field at once. They
will receive arms as soon as possible, but in
the meanwhile should assemble at the chief
towns ol their department to organize and
drill. They will be paid from the date of en?
The Journal Officiel says that the Minister
of War and the Interior, on assuming control
of their departments, immediately took the
most energetic measures to insure the effi?
ciency of the various branches of the service.
The Minister of War bas Issued very stringent
orders in regard to provisioning the army, and
In regard to ordnance and quartermaster
A Republican Manifesto.
MADRID, August 12.
? A manifesto has been issued by the leaders
of the Republican party demanding the convo?
cation of the Cortes, and the revision of the
monarchical clause of the constitution. Thc
manifesto counsels calmness and subordina?
tion as the only guarantees of success.
Cause of LcBceuf's Removal-The Inca?
pacity of iVupolcon-\'o Fu - her Prus?
sian Movements- Why McMahon was
LONDON, August 9.
Letters from Metz speak in the most undis?
guised way of the calamitous incapacity ot' the
Emperor. Marshal LeBoii? and all the mili?
tary dandles composing the military staff of
the army, utterly lost tho confidence of thc
army, and the change in the command was an
absolute necessity to prevent mutiny.
All this while there ts no official news what?
ever ol the whereabouts ot'the Prussian army,
and, nuder the circumstances, "no news ls
His stated that General McMahon wanted,
some days before the battle, to fire the forests
in his front, through which tue Germaus came
down unexpectedly upou tho French, but the
Emperor declined to authorize the step.
Le Favre, editor of the Soir, who hus just ar?
rived in Paris from Forbach, says he witnessed
the entire destruction of General Frolssard's
corps, and claims to spoak for thirty thousand
French soldiers, who were cut to pieces by the
fault of their leaders, and who lamented with
their latest cry that they fell uselessly. The
universal cry of the armyv M. Favre says, is,
give us generals that wc tan trust.
The Soir was hitherto a government paper,
but lt now attacks the Ministers for clinging to
power, and augmenting thc garrison of Paris
when every soldier is wanted at the frontier. It
further says : "Every soldier now here is an
Insult to ns. If you are incapable of saving
your country, the country must save itself."
It was rumored in Paris to-day that the Em?
peror is expected at St. Cloud incognito.
Recall of thc Baltic Expedition-Every
Available Mau to the Front.
PARIS, August 9.
I The troops intended for the Baltic expedi?
tionary corps have been recalled, and the en?
terprise has been abandoned.
I The marines and the infantry corps designed
to participate in the expedition, will arrive In
Paris to-night by rail, and will be immediately
! sent to the seat o? war.
The Doings In thc Corps L?gislatif
Which Lid to the Resignation or the
PARIS, August 9.
The session of the Corps L?gislatif opened
at two o'clock this afternoon, Schneider pre?
siding. As soon as the formalities of the open?
ing were over, M. Ollivler addressed the House
"Afessieurs-The Emperor In his proclama?
tion told you that if circumstances should
prove unfavorable that the Empress would call
you to her. We have waited until the situation
was compromised before calling yon." [Inter?
Favre exclaimed, "This is too audacious."
Ollivler continued. We call you at the first
sign ol trouble. Some ol" our troops have met
with reverses, but the greater portion remain
unvanquished. Our citadels, our natural de?
fences, and our monitors are Intact. We ask
you to aid us In organizing the National
Deputy Piere. All sacrifice, without you.
Ollivler resumed. We are all prepared: we
can arm 450,000 men. Paris and the depart
ments which are threatened are in a state of
elege. Prussia hopes to add tojier own advan?
tage by our intestine trouble.Cbut her expec?
tations will not be realized. We shall defend
ourselves. Order ls safely now. Messieurs,
one word. It were unpatriotic at such a time
to dwell upon personalities. Aconsc us, doubt
us, we ?hall not answer personalities, except
to defend measures we intend to propose.
If the Chamber is not with us, (Ironical laughs
and interruptions,) lt ls wantings the perioi
mance of Its first duty. Let us not lose time in
discussion; this I beg, as perhaps now ls the
last time I shall mount this tribune. Make no
more speeches; send us away if you deem it
best. [Shouts from the Left of "Yes, yes.7*]
Deputy Dumoulin interrupted, proposing
that thc presidency of the council of ministers
be conferred on General Trochu.
Jules Favre demanded that the Chambers
should at once assume the direction of public
Paul de Cassagnac said that if he ware a
minister he would send before a council of war
men sustaining such propositions.
A scene of great violence here ensued be?
tween members, Picard asking that the Cham?
bers pronounce a vote of censure against min?
isters, and members of the Left continually de?
manding calls to order*. *?
Cassagnac, temporarily presiding, refused to
accede to these demands, saying that violence
on one part would only produce violence on
the other. Finally Olli vier, alter Orgreat effort
to make himself heard In the confusion, said:
Some of my colleagues ask me if I would have
them shot ?
Duke de Grammen'. e.\claimed,tliey all ought
At this expression, Deputy Estancelln rush?
ed toward tbe Duke de Grammont, shaking
his fist In his face.
Deputy Ferry also leaves his seat and threat?
ens Duke de Grammont, and members ot the
Right rush lrom their seats and interpose to
restore order. The president puts on his hat,
and, In the midst ol the confusion. "the-sesslon
was temporarily suspended. *
Resignation of the Mi ni st ry.
Jules Favre, on resumption of the s usions,
demanded tbe immediate consideration of his
proposal, but it was refnsed, by a vole of 190
Clement Duvernois then proposed the order
of the day, declaring the Chambers desirous of
insuring energy in the national defence.
Olli ver refused to accept the order of the day,
aDd rested I he rite of the ministry on its pas?
sage. Order was adopted, and at the request
of Olliver a recess was taken that he might
withdraw and consult with his colleagues.
Olliver returning after a briet absence, aud
mounting the tribune, said : "In the presence
of the vote of the Chambers the ministry has
given its collective resignation to tbe Empress,
jthe regent, who has accepted it. I am instruct?
ed to declare that General Palikao has been
chat ged with tbe duty of forming the new min?
"As far as we eau we shall continue to do
whatever our country demands of us, and from
thc present moment our successors, whatever
misfortune they may encounter, will have onr
After this declaration the Chambers separat?
ed in great agitation.
In tho Senate tbs resignation of the minis?
ters was also announced.
Thc French Conspiracy.
BLOIS, Aucust 9.
The High Court nf Ju?I ice has pronounced
judgment o.i the conspirators, who have been
on trial here.
Alegy ie sentenced to twenty years' imprison?
ment at bard labor; Beaury to twenty years'
C')ntinemeot in a fortress; Petan, Moliin. Go
dinot and P?lerin to five years' imprisonment;
Grenier and .ireffier to fifteen vears' confine?
ment in a foi tress; Letoufe andLerenard to five
yean-; Ballot, in favor of whom extenuating
circumstances .vere introduced, to five yoars'
imprisoumeut; Gromi ;r to five yeirs. Vordier.
who turned Slate's eviden?, was. discharged,
and all the other accused acquitted.
ENGLAND AND THE WAR.
A Cure ful Statement of the Situation
The Surprise and Consternation In
England at the Declaration-Attitude
of Foreign Powers-Temper of thc
English Cabinet-Prospects of Media,
The London correspondent ot the New York
Times, who ls vouched for by that paper as
one of tbe best known and best informed
among English political writers, writes under
date of July 24:
SUDDENNESS OF Tf?E WAR.
Perhaps no war of so tremendous a nature
ever took tho civilized world more completely
by surprise. But of all nations certaiuly the
most thunder-struck was the English. I doubt
whether at any period of her history England
ever was plunged in such a tool's paradise.
Everything, moreover, at the present moment,
tended to heighten the illusion. The final and
overwhelming supremacy of that Liberal party
whose every tradition la Interwoven wi h the
doctrines ut peace and the humanitarian theo?
ries of thu economical school, the mere fact of
Mr. Gladstone's premiership and Mr. Bright's
place in the cabiuet, the splendid surpluses of
.ur. Lowe, the marked and substantial revival
of trade, the almost universal rise, and, in
many cases, unprecedented Inflation in tue quo?
tations of the stock aud share list, the almost
universal belief that some now or other wc
were only :it the beginning ol' another decen?
nial period ol' glorious prosperity-und the
strong impression that both Napoleon and
Bismarck were on their last legs, tottering
with every support ol' medical science at the
close of their ambitions careers to a peaceful
grave, whenauy complications that might arise
in Frunce would ''aller al! be spewd.ly settled"
-all i hese various Illusions and delusions
firmly rooted in the public mind, made the
very idea ol' war seem ridiculous. I myself,
by no means a slave to theory, scouted the
bare nol^a of European complications, aud
all my atteuilon, IU eoinmuu with other men?
was concentrated upouihe effect of the Prus?
sian candidature, not on the politics of
Europe, but on the politics of cSpaln. (Where
are Spanish politics now?) Nevertheless, I
bad a strange iustlncl, which told me
that somehow or other In the midst ol' all this
profound bellefin peace, things were not as
Wey were. I determined to emancipate iny
seli from the thraldom ol English op'.niou. and
set off to Paris on Sunday week last to
for myself. I had Intended remaining Li
four hours; I stayed the whole week;
myself thoroughly acquainted with the ii
outs of the Parisian press; fr?quente
Bourse and the Chambers, and heard t
rious rumors discussed by the most ei
ened critics in Paris. I mean the ?ni
circle of the late M.'dc Forcade. As this
belongs to the- mo3t eminent section <
peace party In Paris, I had a most exe
means ol gauging the true sentiments (
FEELING IS FRANCE AND GE UM ANT.
I was soon able to ascertain that the
party In France, however much and ho
justly distinguished, is so small as to be, f
present, at all events, practically micros
lt ls no exaggeration to say that from
bottom of the social scale, France, as one
accepts this war, or rather, I ought tr at
that, is the exact word j umps at lt. Thc E:
papers, particularly the Times and Daily '.
endeavored at first (who can blame them
strengthen the chances of peace by repr
lng the war spirit in France as confined
army and the riff-raff. But, believe me
I doubt not you are already persuaded (
such ls not the case. Frunce never, ii
long annals entered more unanimously,
enthusiastically, or with a closer, more
slonate, personal feeling into any wai
she bas now done Into this war against Pr
To be sure, she cherished the hope thai
war would be waged against Prussia
and that the South German States i
be. If not active allies o? France, a
events secret Mends. This hope has bee
pelled. Germany sprang to her feet as i
mously as France, and even the Germi
guns of Vienna, to the.great disgust o:
French, are as strongly in favor of Pms
if they were writtenfn Berlin. The concl
is plain. Tills Is a national war betweei
two chief nations of Continental Europ
which every single man on each side
that lie ls fighting In the great struggle ol
century ior the final pre-eminence ot' his
The very merchants and bankeis, on
sides, who refused at first to believe li
war, say, now that lt has come, tor Hea
sake fight lt ont; exhaust the question;]
have no hollow make-shifts; we are devc
with doubt: wc are crushed by annamer
you do not settle the matter now, confie!
hereafter will be hopeless: therefore, sol
once for all. Whether such a settlcmenl
tween two nationalities can be effected In
war, may be questioned. But one* thli
clear, this ls not a war to be settled In
battle, or two, nor perchance a dozen.
ATTITirDE OF rOKEIGN POWERS.
Moreover, lt is difficult to see how the (
powers can long remain neutral. Throus
the reticence of the English Cabinet, a p
clear intention ls visible to fight for Belt
nnd even Luxembourg. The growing f?
of all classes seems to be that Belgium
certainly be drawn into the vontex,~and
Belgium, England. The order was act
given to send English troops to Antwerp,
the excuse given for not sending them at
was that not less than thirty thousand o
to be sent"; and they were not ready. I
this information from a very good anthe
Then, again, Austria may be.'sald to be ai
lng at the supreme decision ol' her own
whether she fights, or whether she
stains. If France is victorious, bette
have been on th?; French side and rec
the reward of her services. If Pn
conquers. Austria will have sunk to
level ol' a third-rate power, her Ger
population being either absorbed, or foi
Imperial purposes paralyzed. It is airead
certalBcd that the Austrian Governmen
sires io join r rance, and that, the Hungai
and Czechs are prepared to go to war.
Count Beast lins a difficult team to drive,
his orly hope of getting the Cern?an hon
move, Austrian hatred ol' the Prussian, se
to have lolled him at the eleventh hour,
sian ?ympathy lor Prussia ls not disgulsei
spite ol profuse attention iavlshed, or sal
be lavished, by the Russian Court on Ger
Fleury. But Russia knows m sentiment,
simply watches her Interest. So long as
balance of power remains what lt ls,
knows that she cannot hope to get any ne
the apple orlier eye-Constantinople. " On
France ls paralyzed can she expect to n
another step-and the first step no di
would be the incorporation of Callida
the Roumanian Provinces. England alone ci
not prevent Russia from taking Const*
nople, and if France were exhausted and <
many willing, the thing could be done,
united Germany, with Denmark, Holland,
the Dutch colonies, would be quite powe
enough to allow Russia to lake Constantino
and tue incorporation ol'Denmark and Holl
with the Southern States of Germany, and
German possessions of Austria would no dc
be the price required. It is true that these
only speculations. But they are speculatl
which occupy the mind of every polltlclai
Europe. Italy has given her uncondltlt
adhesion to France, which means, without
expressed conditions regarding Rome,
il ls quite evident that ii the Emperor of
French is successful, the unexpressed <
dltlon will be fulfilled, and he will wlthd
his troops from Rome, partly as a reward
the alliance of Italy, partly because
success will make him Independent
the priest party, whom he loathes ' wltl
unique loathing, but uses, as Indian J
glers use their snakes, for livelihood. On
other hand, if the Emperor fails, the c
requires no discussion, for evidently he wo
then be compelled to withdraw his troops,
follows that the conduct of Italy is a pollt
necessity, admitting ol' no doubt. Spain hr
secret alliance with France, offensive and
fenslve, and received from the Bank of Frai
twenty millions the very day war was declar
This is not generally known, but I believe li
be true. You may think lt a page of polit!
GU Blas. Yet here lt ls. Neve-'hcless I
pretty certain that Prim was innocent of
storm he has raised. He has written priv
letters expressing the deepest despair at
unexpected result of his action, and the m
unfeigned friendship and devotion to the E
peror of the French. And there is really
mystery In the matter. Instead of his intr
ulog and outwitting Napoleon, Napoleon
trlgued and outwitted him. Prim had his o
difficulties to overcome. So completely had I
Emperor's Illnesses and ailments and prof
slons lulled Europe, that Prim never drea
of war, and thought he was doing a mig!
clever thing in proposing a candidate who n
related to the Emperor as a Murat, and lo t
Prussian King as a Hohenzollern. He tbou(<
he was satisfying both and damning the Ci
lists and Alphouslatsand Isabelilnus, and, abo
all, the Montpenslerlsts, Irretrievably. On t
other hand, the French Emperor, having ma
a tool of him for his purpose, waves the Spa
ish matter aside, and is as friendly and patrc
izlng ns if nothing bad happened. So mu
for Austria, Russia. Italy and Spain. As 1
Denmark, Holland. Belgium and Luxembout
they are simply waiting the dismal hour
their dissolution. It may not come, but tl
halter is round their neck.
The first emotion of the English mind ?
the declaration of war was a feeling of rage
tlic breaking up of ail the dreams of growiD
prosperity, and a disposition to treat the Et
peror of the French as an imperial scoundr
of the basest and most hateful type. This fee
ing translated itself at ouce and with perfei
fidelity in an article of the Loudon Times i
last Saturday week, so fierce and bitter tb
the French Ambassador remarked the nea
day to a lriend that -'stich an article was ?
good as a'declaration of war.'' In the House i
Commons all tue soldiers side with France, bi
the bulk ol'the Liberal party side with Pru
sin, and are of opinion that the Emperor <
the French has wantonly, for his own persoi
al ends, thrust ibis war' upon two uuwi
ling countries. This waa the prevalei
feeling during the first few days, and lt -.7a
reflected ia the Times as the organ ol'tbe-niei
camile middle classes, and in ibe Dally N-w
as the organ of the Ortcanist Liberals. Th
Standard-and iu this matter being a Libers
myself, ?is you know, I tun quite Impartial
was the only paper that gave a true and states
manlike view ol' the situation. With ??rea
moderation it showed that, ulthougn it wa
true Hutt the Emperor ol' the French hiv
chosen Li's own tune to declare war, am
placed himself formally, in the wrong by drlv
lug matters ut once to extremities, yet tim
he did not. create the war, still less thrust i
upon unwilling natious; Dint ic was, in the full
est sense of the word, a national war beiweei
two peoples righting for-supremacy; that i
has been slowly preparing siuce 18?G
that its outbreak, sooner or later, wot
a matter of political certainty, aud thal
in his choice of tne moment, all iht
Emperor of the French oould be accusei
of was of having accepted tue perquisite o
bis position, and chosen the hour must uselu
to himself and most likely to favor Freuet
success. To this opinion most reasonable mei
are slowly inclining, still there cannot oe a
doubt that English sympathy ls, in the main,
ns completely with Prussia as Irish sympathy
ls with France. And the policy adopted by
tho Time3 is to represent the war as entirely
due to the Emperor, and to show that, 5f he
can be got rid o?. France will at once return
into the paths ot' peace. After what I have
said,! need not add how thoroughly unfouud
cd thteview appears to be.
. PROSPECTS OF PEACE.
I cannot at present see any. Whatever may
happen seems equally adverse. For either
France will gain the first battle, .and lt ls idle
to expect Germany to surrender after one de?
feat. The German papers talk quite calmly of
the French taking Berlin, and promise to fight
on for all that Or Prussia will win the first
encounter, and France will be converted into
a cage of yelling tigers. Or, thirdly, the first
campaign may be a drawn one. In which case
both nations will cry aloud in God's name to go
on and settle it. Of course the Emperor may
die. But this ls a national, not merely an lm-*
perlai war, and the army will rally around the
Empress Regent, and the country suoport
the war. and settle its accounts with the
Empress atterward at leisure. The Empress
Is at present intensely unpopular. But if the
Emperor were to die and his generals conduct
the war to a satisfactory issue, it is quite pos?
sible that France would accept the Empress'
Regency and seat Napoleon's son on the
throne. Whatever betide, the only thing clear,
upon the most careful and reasonable survey
of all the clements In this disastrous war, is
that It is a luodamental war, that it touches
the deepest springs ol' European politics, that
lt points to the envenomed struggle for su-,
premacy and existence of the leading forces In
Europe, and that the wisest men and the cool?
est heads are unable to forecast the conse?
TEMPER OF TUE ENGLISH .CABINET.
The.bla* of.the English Cabinet Is not easy to
discover. If you want an indication, I can tell
you for certain that the clerks In the war office
have been warned against divulging anything
relating to their office. This unprecedented
proceeding speaks for itself. The Cabinet is
composed of, politically speaking, young men,
able administrators, lull of vigor, pride and
capacity. Mr. Gladstone has just thrown over
the Dissenters, and. with a too fatal facility,
stepped Into Lord Palmerston's shoes, flirting
with the Tories. What the effect may be ulti?
mately, on his own career, I cannot say. He
owes his present supremacy entirely to the
Dissenters. They have done everything for "him.
They carried hls'amendinents io Mr. Disraeli's
Reform bil!. They carried him to power. They
carried his Irish Church bill. And when he was
firmly seated In power by them, with a practi?
cal majority of a hundred votes, he pricked
them in the apple of the eye by handing over
the country schools, in the Elementary Edu?
cation bill, body and soul to the church. Then,
with u lofty waive of the hand and a heat of
demonstration very agreeable to the Conser?
vatives, he bade them in God's name take
their support where they pleased,'for he want?
ed them no longer. Of course the baseness of
this treachery will be remembered hereafter
both by friends and foes. Last night, at the
Cobden Club dinner, (where, by the by, Hon.
John Bigelow, I ara sorry to?say, made rather
an exhibition of himself, ) Mr. Gladstone tried
to soothe the Dissenters by protuse reference
to "Christian principle."' ''Christian brother?
hood." ' the Gospel ol' Christ,'" and other
political claptrap-one man remarking au?
dibly, that Mr. Gladstone had evident?
ly, 'brought his pulpit with him. But
the Dissenters are old birds, not caught with
chaff, least of all by the chaff of a man whom
they have used, and who now thinks he can
fling them over, to pander to his aristocratic
and clerical instincts. Still,-for the time, there
he ls, hand and glove with the Conservatives,
and, like Lord Palmerston, who he hated, de?
spised and secretly undermined, ruling his
party by means of his enemies. But, like
Lord Palmerston, he may make a very good
War Minister. Be sum of this, what he under?
takes he will do thoroughly. He is very pug?
nacious, and, as soon as he has adjusted the
focus of the Gospel to the requirements ol
war. you may trust him not to leave any gun
unfired. Woe betide his enemies, and, as soon
as his -enemies- -are disponed of -hia-frlends,
His epitaph is already written for him:
"Here lies the most brilliant of English
statesmen, who served every cause, van?
quished every foe, and betrayed every
friend." ft is hard, however, not to sympa
v thize with him In his present difficulties.
As a Cobdenite and party to the French
treaty, he is strongly beholden to the French
Emperor. As the Queen's Premier, his cour
tler-llke blas-and it ls not weak-is In iavoi
of the Prussians. As a peace-party man he is
bound to let Belgium go. As a secret ally ol
the Conservatives, he ls bound to fight for Bel?
gium. Between all these conflicting tenden?
cies, no wonder if he ls distracted. The gos?
sip ol' London is that "Gladstone and Childers
are both ill with fear" at finding themselves
caught by a European war unawares. That
they have been caught is certain. But that
they will sit down in the trap is not <o easy tc
affirm. This government is a government ol
splendid capacity-not easy to be trifled with
and If they fight, they will not fight by halves,
! Will they fight? I think they will. Three
Cabinet meetings have already been held, al
which the Belgian question has been most
anxiously discussed, and the result has been
the expressed determination to send troops tc
Belgium on the slightest indication of danger.
1 MONDAV, July 25, 1870.
Tt is hard *o keep pace with ihe telegraph
You know already that the Times this morn
. ing has published a secret treaty betweec
France and Prussia, offered twice by the for?
mer to the latter power, and twice rejected.
The sensation produced by this document h
1 profound, and the general feeling is that foi
? all practical purposes we might as well be al
i war already. Coupled by a most undesigned
coincidence, with a letter in the Telegraph,
describing, with the French Emperor's per
mission, Bismarck's offer to buy Holland, everj
Englishman feels that England was living be?
tween two schemers, who, in the midst ot th?
fairest professions, were ready to rifle hei
pockets, and li the worst came to the worst,
to garrote her between them in the oper
EFFECT ON THE STOCK EXCHANGE.
Probably the late panic on the Stock Ex?
change will have equalled in severity the worsi
In our records. Almost every stock was at lu
highest point. At 93 English Consols wen
relatively at a fancy price. Five-twenties wen
at par and in a strange country. Illinois were
at 112 and loudly declared by authoritative
Judges to be going to 150. Turkish live pei
cents, had had a rise ol' 10 per ceHt., and t
Greek rig had blown the bubble to the extreme
limit of endurance. Immense bull account!
were open for the rise in almost every con
celvable security. The recoil bas been mos
. disastrous. Already several failures have beei
declared. But these are believed to bi
only as the precursory drops that intro
duce a storm. The anxiety on the Stocl
Exchange is compressed but intense. Herol?
efforts are made to sustain markets and enabh
weak holders to get out with the skin of theil
teeth. But in three more days the dreadei
settlement will have come, and every man ii
scanning his neighbor's face to see if his owr
ruin ls not written in Its line3.
PROSPECTS OF MEDIATION".
These are small. If Prussia ls beaten sh<
will not surrender. It France should fall a
first .she will light again. Tne wiseBt critic;
are at a loss to determine which has the bette
army. On the whole, there seems nothing fo
it but to await the natural solution ol' time
and to give up barren forecasts.
TUE STOCK MARKET.
NEW YORK, August 12.
The reaction'.u tho stock mailcet is attrib
uted to the hall-monthly settlement and titi
indecisive character of the war news.
-The Fenians, who liave been assumed U
be French sympathizers from the public de
monstrallons in Ireland and the talk ot* th<
Irish in ibis country, now declare in an officia
document-official as l'a-r as anything emana
ting iruin that disintegrated and distractei
brotherhood can be official-that they do no
pronounce tor either France or Prussia, "al
our movements," they say, "must depend 01
those ot" England. Uutll she is involved wi
cannot become engaged. Until lt is clea
which side she will take, we shall not pro
nouuee tor either France or Prussia. Whei
ever she shall be lound, we shall be on thi
side of her antagonist. But, in any case, w
have no anti-German feeling. We desire th
liberty and uulty ot' Germany, and svinpali-izi
with all who love her. Our quarrel le no
with Prussia, but with England, and t?nglant
only." Tnus lt ls that the "nationalities" croi
out on all aides among us 'o spite of Americai
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