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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE RU LATEST.
GROSSING THE RIVER!
J. SEBALD AC CO UNI OF THE
THE FRENCH ROUTED,
100,000 i.WDWEHR CROSSISO THE
BESAUCON AND M?LHAUS 0CC?P1EB BY
Thc Action of the 'French Senate.
PARIS, August 15.
The-Senate has adopted the financial bills
which passed the Corps L?gislatif last night.
Another Report of the Hatti e-The
WASHINGTON, August 15-Midnight.
The New York Herald has the following
special telegram from London:
"Advices irom Forbach say that the French
were retreating to the west side of the Moselle
when they wer? attacked by the Prussians un?
der General Steinmetz. The French were
thrown Into great confusion, and, after a gal?
lant stand, were rooted with great -slaughter.
"A dispatch from Carlsruhe says that the
Prussians occupy M?lhaus and Besancon.
"One hundred thousand Landwehr are cross?
ing the frontier."
No Later News.
; WASHINGTON, August 15-12 A. M.
Nothing further has been received. We have
news from London up to ll o'clock to-night,
but ?ot another word regarding the battle.
THE LAST DODGE.
DARE SCOTT MEET CARPENTER ON THE
The Attempt to Keep the Freedmen
from the Reform Meetings.
\ tSPXCIAX TELEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
COLUJOHA, AugUSt 15.
A. J. Ballsier, Ring candidate for Lieu ten?
ant-Governor, and chairman of the so-called
Republican Executive Committee,,has official?
ly replied to the letter of Mr. Seibels, secreta?
ry of the Executive Committee of the Union <
Befora Party; In which the Ring candidates j
were invited to meet the Reform candidates j
on the stump. Banaler does hot Bpeelfy toe j
speakers, but proposes that all the discussions
of the campaign.be conducted Jointly. Mr.
Seibels replied that the discussion must be
carried on by the candidates In person, and
not by proxy. To thi3 no answer has boen
The preparations are complete tor the Re?
form Mass Meeting to be held to-morrow. A
large meeting ia. expected. The Radical lead?
ers are travelling all-over the county to keep
the colored people from attending the meet?
ing. They dread the effect that will be pro?
duced by the speeches of the Reform, candi*
The Reform Convention for the Fourtb Con?
gressional District meets to-morrow evening.
The delegates are already here.
THE GOLD AND BOND MARKET.
LONDON, August 15.
Consols 911. Bonds Quiet at 87, Sugar dull.
NEW YORK, August 15.
Honey very easy. Sterling quiet. Gold opened
at 174, and soon reached 17 j, at which point
the market exhibited great strength. Under
heavy sales, it declined to Upon tele?
grams from Europe announcing great victo?
ries for both French and Prussians, it became
firmer at 16J. During the afternoon it was
stronger for a time, owing to the doubt whether
the battle at Metz was a victory lor Prussia or
France. Gold closed strong at lGjal7. Gov?
ernments opened dull, and during the after?
noon were dull and steady, closing the same.
Sixes 81;'coupons 11$; sixty-twos 12; fours ll;
fives Hg; new 9?; sevens 9?; eights 9J; forties
7?; Tennessee 63?, new 614; Virginias 62, new
62|; Louisianas 70, new 67; levees sixes 71,
eights 87; Alabama eights 98, fives 71; Georgia
sixes 82?, sevens 70; North Carolinas 62|, new
WASHINGTON, AugUSt 15.
The revenue to-day ls $851,000.
A warrant has been issued for the arrest ol
Congressman Butler, of Tennessee, charged
The Comptroller of the Currency has ap?
proved applications for railroad banks, under
the new law, at New Orleans and Montgomery.
Several other applications irom the South
will soon receive attention.
THE WAS INCUBA.
HAVANA, August 15.
The Spanish Minister has telegraphed De
Rodas that if the insurrection is not suppress?
ed by September 1st, he. will send 15,000 rein?
FLORENCE, August 15.
A dispatch from Palermo announces the
arrest of Mazzini, who had just arrived from
Genoa. He was taken to Gaeta.
SPARKS FROM THE WISES.
There was no disturbance between the
Orangemen and Ribbon men in New York yes?
The Cotton Exchange of New York have
elected S. D. Harrison president, and A.B.
The steamship Pennsylvania was destroyed
by fire at London late on Sunday evening.
The Catholic Bishop of Quebec is dying.
-""^Kladderadatsch," the German Punch, has
a cartoon in a late number which represents
the French Emperor depicted with all his
wrinkles, and with more than hhs rightful pro?
tuberance; his foot upon the Rhine, drinking
from a bowl of smoking blood. Beneath is the
legend : "The monster must needs drink blood
torbring back his lost youth. Be it so ! He
shall have his fill." Charivari presents us with
the portrait ot a Trench soldier working a
mitrailleur. Before him is an immense field
covered with dead bodies. Soldier, loquitur,
"It is not five minutes since I began, and the
war is already, over. I suppose I mi;st have
turned the handle too fast." s *
THE LAND HING.
Another Queer Land Purchase-Ques?
tions -for the Governor and Attorney
[FROM OUR "WS CORRESPONDENT ]
COLUMBIA, August 14.
The land camnnesion still lives, and ita oper?
ations have lost none ol their interest. In the
absence of all offioial reports, facts are report?
ing themselves. The; com?! forth sn spite of
every eff?rt to veil, disguise, or to distort them.
They come in figures and in form. We are
getting them from the mountains and the sea?
As to tho mountain regions, several lively
rumors have bc on afloat recentlv cf lands sold
to the State, through the agency of one Mr.
Cochran. Xhereplyoftbeaoti-Retbrmars was,
Why not ? Why should Mr. Cochran Bell lands
to rue Stat*?-and the answer wa3 sufficient.
Bat others went farther, and asserted that
Governor Scott and General Harrison had sold
some of these lands to Mr. Cochran for bim to
sell to the State. The reply of the anti-Be
formers was the usual one-Democratic in?
sinuations 1 -fibrications of the Rsformew 1
all boab 1
But it wDu't do.
From Anderson, Oconea and Picken s, there
oome deiiaire voices. Furores and facts in
form come pouring in like sunshine apon tbe
We are told that Mr. John -Cochran sold to
the land oonr.mission four tracts of land in An?
derdon County, measuring respectively 185
acres, 223 acres, 103 acres, sod 261 acree
which make 772acrsj-fjr $5 an aire; that he
sold in 0c332e five tracts or 1015.193, 357, 154,
and 261-in ail 2010 acres-it .50 an acre; and
that be. sold in P.ckens six tracts of 428, 327,
363, 40, 185, and 210-in all 1533 acres-al S3 50
an acre. T.tese fifteen tracts aggregate 4285
acres of land in thole turee counties sold to the
State for Ixl 18) 50. The purchases were com?
pleted on Fridiy, (unluc'.ty day I) the 20th of
May, 1870; and about that same date three
drafts were drawn in ia vor of John Cochran -
three drafts of nearly equal eira. Why were
there three drafts? Why were these drafts
so neirly equal? They are sud to bc S7?05.
$7000, and $6252. There is a balance still; but
that is not of interest. Now, we have all heard
and these gentlemen do not deny, because
they have explained it-that a large portion ol
these lands, it not all, wis sold to Mr. Cocbrau
by Governor Scott and General Harrison. The
connection of the latter gentleman appears to
have been regular; that is to Bay, it appears
that he made a regular sale of bis portion to
Mr. Cochran in the first iostance. He, of
course, bad a right to do so. His Excellency,
however, appears to bave first off-red bia por?
tion directly to the land commission. Will
Treasurer Farker tell us what Com p'roi 1er
jener il Neagle said when his Excellency m ide
this offer of sale to the advisory board ? Di du' ;
oe say it wouldn't do ? And was not the same
lands then sold to the land commission iu the
same 6f John Cochran ?
But Governor Scott ia the friend of the ce
??ro, and ho wants to bauefi; that raes by sell?
ing lands to the land oommidsion. Then, isn't
it a little rem irk able tbat bis Excellency's
lands lie near the mann taina, where there are
very few negroes to buy binds ?
In the figures above it will be observed that
the Oconee lands-the largest number of acres,
that is 2010 acres-are sold for tho largest
price, to wit, $6 an acre.
Will Attorney-General Chamberlain deny the
fact that Governor Scott urged the purchase of
these Cochran hnds in the advisory board ?
We ask the editor of the Reowee Courier to
bell ns whether these lands, in tho market,
would average $1 an acre, or $2 an acre.
If we subtract $14,000 from $21,180, we shall
have $7180, which would be a little over $150
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
Trial Justice Patterson, with a Jury and phy?
sician, held an Inquest upon the dead body of
Edmund Badger, who was found dead three
miles from Barnwell Courthouse. Cause of
death, according to verdict of Jury, disease of
The body of a colored woman was found in
the mill pond of Tristram Covington, Esq.,
about three miles irom Bennettsville, last Sun?
day week. The body was badly bruised and cut
in several places, and she had evidently been
murdered several davs previous and thrown in
the pond. An inquest was held over the body,
who rendered a verdict as above. Her hus?
band. Berry McIntyre, was arrested on suspi?
cion, there being very great evidence against
him, and he is now in Jail awaiting trial.
A colored boy about twelve years old; was
drowned in Mr. Adam's mill pond, near
Adam s vi ile. on the 1st Instant. He was swim?
ing with some other boys, and ventured too
tar out. He was drowned before assistance
could be given.
Death by Lightning.
On Friday morning last, Trial Justice W. L.
W. Riley held an Inquest over the body ol
Tony Hartwell, at the plantation of Mr. Jacob
Stroman in the Fork of Edisto, on Rocky
Swamp Creek, In Orangeburg County, lt ap?
pears that during a severe thunder storm the
deceased was struck bv lightning. His hair
was 6lnged, and hat scorched and some marks
of lightning on the cotton and ground-near his
body. The verdict of the jury was in accord?
ance with these facts.
Destructive Fire tn Georgetown.
The Times ol' Thursday says: Yesterday
morning, about 10 o'clock, our town was
thrown into great excitement by the alarm of
Are, which was no sooner heard than volumes
of black smoke were seen proceeding from the
direction of the turpentine distillery of Messrs.
Congdon, Hazard & Co., across the Satnplt,
opposite the town. Even where every advan?
tage is afforded to extinguish the fire, it. would
have been a task almost Impossible, witii the
immense amouut o? inflammable tu-aerial
which the verv name ol turpentine suggests,
but the difficulty of access to the scene of dis?
aster rendered lt doubly so. The Wlnyah Fire
Engine Company, and members of the Sala?
mander Company, were, however, as prompt?
ly to the spot as circumstances allowed,
and rendered signal service. All efforts,
however, proved vain to save the houses,
ind a large portion of the stock was con?
sumed. The fire also communicated to a
small distillery of Mr. A. Morgan, adjoining,
which" was likewise consumed. We were
gratified, however, to learn that some two
hundred barrels of spirits turpentine were
saved throughHie exertions of the lire com?
panies and cilizeas, who used their utmost ex?
ertions to that eud. Fears were entertained
that the building for the shingle factory ol'
Messrs. Miller, Greeg A Co., nowln process of
construction, would have been consumed,
which, but for the timely arriva! of the engine,
would doubtless have occurred. Several
houses In the town took fire from sparks blown
across, and much praise is due to the colored
Are engine company in speedily extinguishing
them before any damage was done. We learn
that the loss of Messrs. Congdon, Hazard &
Co. is about $10,000.
The Bennettsville Journal says : Wo have
been visited recently with an abundance of
rain, and the creeks and ponds are full. Corn
md cotton doing remarkably well notwith?
standing the showers are heavy and lrequent.
rte weather is exceedingly warm, the ther?
mometer ranging from 98 to 102 degrees.
A BATTLE AT METZ.
BOTH SIDES CLAIM THE VICTOET.
METZ REPORTED TO BE CARRIED BY
.30,000 FRENCH AT STRASBOURG.
AN ATTEMPTED INSURRECTION IN PARIS.
A Riot at Marseilles.'
THE OFFICIAL DISPATCHES FROM
A SUBPBISE AT METZ.
The French Ac count -Napoleon Claims
PARIS, August 15.
Last evening at 8 o'clock, by order of the
government, all telegraphing throughout the
French Empire was suspended. This morning
the restriction was removed.
The following Important dispatch to the Em?
press Eugenie has Just been made public:
?.LONGUEVILLE, August l-l-10 P. M.
'.The army commenced to cross to the left
bank of the Moselle this morning. Our advance
guard had no knowledge of the presence of
any loree of the enemy. When half of eur
army had crossed over, the Prussians sudden?
ly attacked in great force. After a fight ol
four hours they were repulsed with great loes
to them. (Signed) NAPOLEON."
[Longueville is a small village on the line ot
the Paris and Strasbourg Railroad, fifty-two
miles east southeast of Chalons.]
The Pru ss la n Account-King William
Hastens to thc Front.
BERLIN, August 15.
The Queen of Prussia to-day received the
following dispatch, dated "in the vicinity of
Metz, Sunday evening:"
..A victorious combat occurred near Metz
to-day, the troops of the First and Seventh
Corps participating. I hasten to the scene o?
conflict. (Signed) WILLIAM."
A Fall in Corn.
LONDON, August 15-12:30 P. M.
Nothing further from the seat of war. Corn
market drooping. English wheat is now quot?
ed at a decline of two or three shillings.
Troubled Times in the French Cham?
bers-The New Stay Law.
WASHINGTON, August 15.
The following is a summary of the latest dis?
The French Corps L?gislatif have increased
delay in payment of commercial bills to forty
Gambetta demanded immediate action on
Jules Favre's proposal resolving the Corps
L?gislatif into a committee of defence. He
declared there must be no trickery on the sub?
ject. The Chambers must decide between the
safety of the State and the safety of the
Great agitation arose, and a noisy Interrup?
tion, when the people were excluded, and
alter a stormy debate the Corps adjourned.
Metz not Evacuated.
METZ, August 14-8:10 P. M.
The Prefect of the Moselle sends the follow?
ing dispatch to the Minister of the Interior:
"The Emperor left to-day for Verdun, accom?
panied by the Prince Imperial. Before leaving
his Majesty issued the following proclamation:
"On quitting you to fight the invaders I con?
fide to your patriotism the defence of this
great cit}'. You will never allow the enemy to
take possession ol this great bulwark of
France, and I trust you will rival the army in
loyalty and courage. I will ever remember
with gratitude the reception I have found
within your walls, and I hope in more joyous
times I may be able to return to thank you for
your noble conduct."
Mulhaus Held by France.
PARIS, August 15.
The city ol Mainaus is still in the hands of
Tidings from thc Baltic.
LONDON, August 15.
Great events are expected at Kiel immedi?
The Defence ef Paris.
PARIS, August 15.
The Opinion Nationale computes the available
force lor the defence of Paris at 130,000 men,
with 600 guns mounted.
Thc French Government and the Wires.
LONDON, August 15-2 P. M.
The French orders In regard to telegraphic
dispatches have been modified. Priva e tele?
grams may be sent except to the following
departments : Moselle. Bas Rhin, Vosges,
Haute Rhin, Haute Marne, Meurthe, Marne,
Meuse, Haute Saone.
Neutrals in Blockaded Ports.
LONDON, August 15.
Ten days, and not fifteen, are allowed to
neutral 6hips to quit the German blockaded
The Whereabouts of McMahon.
PARIS, August 15.
It is reported that Marshal McMahon is at
Toul. The Constitutione!, however, *ays he ?B
Edmond About is still missing, and it is
feared that he has been killed.
A Pitched Battle at Metz-Another
LONDON, August 15-2 P. M.
A second pitched battle is reported to have
taken place this morning near Metz, the Prus?
sians being again victorious.
Revolutionary Movements In Spain
LONDON, August 15/
Revolutionary movements ol a formidable
character have recently taken place in Italy as
well as in Spain. Proclama: !ons establishing
a republic in both countries .ire hourly ex?
Disturbances in Marseilles-The Mob
Cry "Down with the Emperor."
NEW YORK. August 15-Night.
The Telegram has the iollowing special
'.LONDON, August 15.
..There has been serious disturbances at Mar?
seilles and Lyons. Crowds collected in the
streets shouting A bas VEmperev.r ! Three
persons are reported to have been killed. A
very strong rebellious feeling is manifested,
and serious fears are entertained that there
will be trouble to-day-the Emperor's jHe."1
On the Flank.
LONDON, August 15.
Advices respecting the Prussian flank
rnoveuumt on Metz are confirmed by the state?
ment that the German forces hold Ponta
VlESNA, August 15.
The Austrian Government denies having
moved troops to the Transylvunian frontier.
The German Uefagees.
BERLIK, August 15.
Hundreds of German families have been e:
pell ed from Paris. Many of them have jm
reached Cologne. Subscriptions for their r
lief have been opened in different parts of Ge
Twenty French Citizens Shot in Retail
PARI8, August 15.
Twenty French citizens of Woerth hav
been shot by the Prussians, in retaliation f(
cruelties Bald to have been inflicted on tl
wounded German prisoners. .
The Prussian Advance.
LONDON, August 15
The Prussian army has reached Vigneulle
which is a lew miles from Metz. The Frene
blew np twe bridges atVigneulles to check tl
rapid advance of the Germans.
Uletz Carried by Storm.
WASHINGTON, August 15.
It is reported that the State Department Ju
received advices that Metz has been carrie
by storm by the Prussians.
Poor Carlotta !
LONDON, August 15.
It is -said that the Empress Carlotta has r<
covered her reason by the great events noi
occurring, in which she takes the deepest ii
Thirty Thousand Men at Strasbourg
PARIS, August 15.
Thirty thousand men belonging to McMt
hon's -Corps, who were cut off from the mai
army and were believed to have lallen int
the hands of the Prussian?, have arrived ii
safety at Strasbourg.
An Attempted Insurrection in Paris.
PARIS, August 15.
The Journal Officiel reports the arrest on th
highway of an individual, in whose hous
were a quantity of poignards, revolvers c
large calibre, and ammunition. Ho was fol
lowed the night before last to an isolate;
house in the neighborhood of the fortifications
where were lound a list of names, a number o
red flags, different rallying signals, a dpscrlp
lion of the troops occupying forts surroundinj
the capital, and carte (ie visites of a person ii
thc service of a Sovereign now at war witl
Yesterday afternoon, at 4 "o'clock, a band o
from sixty to eighty men. all armed with re
volvers and poignards, exactly the same mode
as those previously seized, attacked the engln<
house ou Boulevard Villette, and assailed th<
guard with daggers and revolvers. One offlcei
was wounded in the breast, and a fireman wa?
very seriously wounded by three bullets. Foui
guns, kept at the station, were carried away,
The police of the Fourteenth Arondlsse-ment
ran to their aid and also received a vol?
ley. One fell instantly dead and others
were seriously wounded. The physicians
report 'here ls little hope of the recovery o'
two ol' them. A little girl was also killed by a
stray ball. The police, led by their officers, ar?
rested immediately the ringleaders. Tiie pop?
ulation co-operated with enthusiasm, and vol?
untarily made other arrests. The guns
taken lrom the firemen have been recaptured.
The weapons abandoned by the Insurgents
have also been seized.
A call to arms was spontaneously made in
the quarter Gobelins. A number of the Na?
tional Guards got together, who with the aid
of the citizens contributed to the establish?
ment of order. A squadron and a company of
the Guard of Paris, which immediately arriv?
ed, were hailed with warm acclamations. The
Serjens de Ville wera also received with th e
applause merited by their courage. The com?
missary and agents of police made great efforts
to protect from public indignation the individ?
uals under arrest, who number filly and were
Imprisoned in the depot of the prefecture.
During the evening, two persons were also
taken, whom a student pointed out on the
Boulevard Saint Michel. They carried dag?
gers identical with those seized on the Boule?
vard Villete. They offered resistance," and re?
fused to answer the first questions.
After five o'clock, the Boulevard Villete re?
sumed its usual quiet A crowd of from 3000
to 4000 persons continued to search for the
rioters, and manifested the highest indign a
At a quarter past six o'clock, other parties
made an attack on the sentries at the same
6tation. Two men were arrested by the Nation?
al Guard and locked np In the barracks. The
rioters will be brought before court martial to?
day. TheEmpresB has sent a letter of condo?
lence and aid to the parents of the ci ri who
The Battle of Metz-Official Dispatches
Claim a French Victory.
PARIS, August 15.
An official dispatch states that the corps of
Generals L'Admirault and De Caen were en?
gaged in a combat at Metz yesterday. Mar?
shal Bazaine was present. The enemy was re?
pulsed arter four hours' ol lighting. The troops
are in fine spirits.
The details ol the battle have not been re?
ceived from Metz, but the first reports, re?
ceived lost night, of the favorable result, creat?
ed an immense sensation. Crowds went to
the Ministry or the Interior and demanded the
particulars. All night masses of people march?
ed along the Boulevards shouting joyfully.
The Emperor and Prince Imperial are at
Bitsche holds out against the Prussians.
A council of ministers was held this morn?
ing, the Emperor presiding.
A Keconnolsuance at Toni.
PARIS, August 15-Night.
The Sous Prefect telegraphs to the Minister
of the Interior ?rom Tou!, under date of the
14th. 7 P. M., as follows :
"Some Prussians were noticed near the town
about 2 P. M., and a reconnoissance was made
by the gens d'armes and cavalry. They came
upon two hundred Uhlans and shots were ex?
changed, the gens d'armes killing one and
wounding one of the enemy. The latter sum?
moned them to surrender, but received a defi?
ant refusal and retired. Thc attitude of the
populace was excellent. The members of the
Mobile and National Guards hastened to the
TBE UPRISING IN GERMANY.
"1.a Guerre eut D?clar?e"-The Demand
for Horses- The Vexation of Travel in
Time of War-The Action of the War.
A correspondent of the New York Tribune
writes from Stuttgart under date of July 23:
The excitement in Stuttgart and environs
upon the war question is something fearful to
behold. Every one had been reading the vari
ours articles of the Independence Beige.
Schwaebische Murknr-Colnische Zeitung, and ,
other leading journals, lt is true, with great in?
terest, out still regarding the affair as a bit ol'
sparring between a set of gouty old fellows, i
rendered unusually crusty by the Intense heat i
of the past weeks, not a soul really expected j
war; PO Friday's telegram, "Lei Guerre est de?
clarer,"' burst like a bombshell In our midst.
Two days before the dreadful news came,
not a place large enough to accommodate a <
kitten was to bc had at any watering-place in 1
the vicinity of Stuttgart; and now the whole
Wurtemberg, Prussian, and a part of the
French army could be lodged with great com?
fort The guests at Lieb?nzell scattered like
leaves before the wind. Minister Von Varn
buler, Graf Wolf, the King's adjutant, and
other officials, forgot the interest of health in
the demands of duty, and returned to their
posts. Private families rushed off in breath?
less haste to be in their houses to protect their
Penates from the vandal hands of the soldiers
who are expected to be quartered in the city.
The superfluous horses, and, without excep?
tion, all kept as a luxury, have been called In
and appropriated to government use. One is
astonished at and cannot help but admire the
beautiful, harmonious working of the ma?
chinery of government at snch times. Twenty
four hours after the declaration of war the
head of the army knew how many horses
were at his command In the entire kingdom.
Every mayor, every official, knows his duty at
such times-to render an account of the num?
ber and condition of. the horses in the district
under his Jurisdiction. The order goes forth,
the horses are to be brought at a certain day
and hour to a designated place. The idea of
resisting or evading the Oder would occur to
no citizen of this well-ordered kingdom.
As we had considerable time to wait, I
amused myself watching the crowd and list?
ening to the remarks upon the war: crowds of
soldiers were leaving-some had been called
out, others had volunteered. The greatest en?
thusiasm prevailed. Mothers, wives, sisters
and sweethearts gathered around their dear
ones, some walling, some encouraging. Here
and there some broad joke from flans would
make the bystanders roar and Gretchen smile
through her tears, which she then wiped away
with her broad palm or upon her course apron.
But one sentiment prevailed; the impertinent
Frenchman had pushed matters too far-the
usually phlegmatic German could bear his in?
terference no longer.
The proprietor of a large hotel, who saw his
guess all departing, and all his prospects of
summer gains dispelled in a day. replied to
ray expressing sympathy: "To be sure I loose
money, but of what consequence ls that If the
Frenchmen ODIV get a good thumping." The
train moved off amid shouts and hurrahs-the
same scene was repeated at every station
till so many men were gathered together that
I wondered who was left behind to do the
work. In the hot excitement so many rush
forward that the government will ieel embar?
rassed to equip Hie multitude.
Finally, after a great detention, we arrived
at Stuttgart, to And a scene of wild confusion.
Strangers, English and American travellers,
were In a state of panic over the refusal of the
banks either to advance funds or pay even
upon the customary drafts. There is a stam?
pede for Switzerland, which, it is supposed,
will be the only peaceful spot in all Europe.
The wildest stories are afloat-no one knows
anything positive, so every one invents a
story of lils own. The inhabitants are all pre?
paring for the Einguarticrung. In every
house soldiers will be "quurtered. The Ameri?
cans are understood to be exempt from this,
but lt ls not decided yet. The American Con?
sul has been besieged with questioners, and Is
understood to have telegraphed to Mr. Ban?
croft for Instructions.
Onward to the Rhine ! Down with the
Frenchman ! Germany united ! are all pleas?
ant sounding phrases ; but when the men are
taken from the fields, who will gather in the
harvest ? Fortunately, then, the women can
work; the men are also drawn from the manu?
factories, which were in a wonderful state ol'
activity; but many will be closed now, to the
great distress ol" innumerable families drawing
their support from such sources. Even the
students and teachers of the universities ?md
schools are either drawn .by conscription or
volunteering in such numbers that many in?
stitutions will ol necessity have to be closed. '
A special meeting of Parliament having been
called to decide upon what couine Wurtemberg
should take, has resulted In a declaration of
firm adherence to Prussia; and. thanks to the
King for his prompt action, of course all the
South German States keep together and fight
with Prussia against the common enemy. For
foifr years statesmen lia ve been discussing
ways and means to bring about '"German
unity," but have met with vigorous opposition
irom a no Inconsiderable body of the people.
What they In ali this time failed to accomplish,
the Impertinent, overbearing demands of Na?
poleon have done in less than four dayB. A
call upon the people to express their sentiments
in a body to the King gathered last evening
before the palace a crowd ol hundreds upon
hundreds of citizens ol'every condition; even
the women with babies were there also. Pa?
triotic speeches, enthusiastic shouts, martial
music, national songs, ?c., seemed lo give im?
mense delight to the King, Queen, and their
attendants, who stood smiling and bowing
upon the balcony of the palace. But it made
me sad, and I turned Irom it all with a sigh,
for I lelt that the quiet, peaceful life that I have
enjoyed so much in Germany for many years
was at an end.
IS A BATTLE IMMINENT?
Von .Molt kt'J Plan of Attack-The
There are some reasons for believing a great
md decisive battle is not so imminent os is
now generally supposed. The reasons for so
thinking may be thus stated. It is beyond
Question a cardinal principle in Prussian
strategy ts concentrate a superior force before
ittaek. Thus at Sad nra Von Moltke only ad?
vanced against the 160,000 Austrians when, by
Ihe junction of all his corps, he had250,000
Prussians; and at Hagenau, on tho Otb inst.,
the Crown Priuce hurled at least three foll
irmy corps upon .McMahon's single corps and
ave of DeFaiilj's division.
Now, as the Prussian army advances into
France and tbe French retire before it, it ia
9 vident that the French are necessarily thrown
back closer and closer on their reserves of all
kinds, while the Prussians are, just io that
proportion, separated [arther and farther from
theirs. To ttausport teiuforcements to and
lonceutrate all tho troops now at the front in
me position is au ea?y tliiog for tho French, .
is their lines of communication are shortened,
ind a work of growing difficulty for the Pms
liana, as their lines, loog enough at first, are
now greatly extended. Moreover, it is to be
borne in mind that while the Prussian army, ;
(then all its reBerves and classes are in, is con- ;
?idetably larger than the French, tbe French :
s landing army much exceeds that of the Prus- .
siana. Marshal Bazaine bas now subject to
his orders close on to 400.000 men, already J
armed, unilormed, io camp, readv for service j
in all respects, and amply provided with map- ,
trazines, depots, and so on. The Prussian '
irmy can hardly bj as strong as this. The
forces on foot at the outbreak of the war we
know d-d not amount to 400,000, and it is
ioubttul if the baie tour weeks since the dec?
laration of hostilities have given time enough
to take the reserves from their various avoca- ;
tiona, uniform, arm, aud equip them, put them j
in their sevaral Organization s, provide the
accessary depots, &c, for their service, and
send them on to tho front. lu the Austrian
ivar it tasked tho railroad facilities of Prussia
10 the utmost to conc-.-ntrate 200 O?0 men in
(bree weeks on the frontiers of Saxony and
jile?is; how unlikely, then, that in twenty-six
lays soo has been able, on the much longer '
line leading to Fiance, to concentrate more 1
than about that number in FraDce. Every 1
nerve must have been strained to get tLe
standing armv up to the Rhine, and no chanco I
to bring the reserves in bas been afforded, '
sven il we can suppose tba brit! smco of lour j
weeks long enough to tit those reserves for 1
transportation to the front. But, it may be 1
urguccL, if this be so, why havo tho Prussian
forcei made so desperate an assault ou tbe 1
French line, broken through in two places, and !
u'iven every sign of being in force clough to j
march upon Paris ? The answer is easy.
Prussia is fighting just now an offensive-deteu- j
sive fight-trviug to hold the Rhine frontier 1
till ber reserves eui como into action, aud, .
that she may hold it, assuming the offensive,
fhe success of tbiB policy in its offensive aspect '
may seem to show a deliberate purpose to ad
rance at once; but the great length of their 1
w esent lines of communication, the couvement !
shortening ot rhe French luire, aud the ob- 1
nous impossibility of th? Prussian reserves 1
aeing now ready, are all good reasons tor sup- '.
posing that the Prussian generals are anxious 1
;o gani Mme. ir' so, no great battle may be ?'
ooked for in Borne dave.
-Ex-Governor Walker, of Florida, In a re- i
:eut letter says : "Having stolen nothing, 1 am
rory poor.'" ' :
SEA ISLAND LANDS.
ST. H EE ENA PARISH AND ITS
V Few Chapters from a Faithful Un.
published History of the War of Se?
On the 5th of August, 1861. the Congress of
the United States passed an act for raising
twenty millions of dollars by a direot tax on
all the States, and apportioned it upon the
basis established by the constitution. The
amount required from South Carolina was
The fact that a war then actually existed be?
tween the United States and the Confederate
States is not alluded to, but the 52d section
provides that, "If any State is in rebellion
when this act goes into operation (1st April,
1862,; It Is to be executed by the President as
soon as authority is restored." This was
strictly a tax act. unobjectionable in every
respect, and exactly In conformity to the con?
stitution, while the mode and manner of its
execution most effectually guarded and se?
cured the rights of the taxpayer, whether
present or absent. Like every other Just tax
law, it imposed a fair proportional tax, and
prescribed the manner in which each
taxpayer's share of the burden was, with
bis assent, to be determined and adjudged,
and who should be the judge, and Anally lt
provided for the compulsory payment of the
taxes thus determined, after ali other modes
of collection had failed. But it provides that
when extreme measures must be resorted to.
the collector shall first levy on the personal
property of the defaulter. Should that prove
Insufficient, then, and not before.' his land
may be taken, and, after thirty days' notice, lt,
or so much as may be necessary, may be sold,
the overplus, if any, retuned or jjaid to the
owner ; but il "the land cannot be sold
for the amount of the taxes, &c. due,
the collector shall purchase the same
In behalt of the United States for the said
amount," but always the owner shall have the
right, at any time within two years from the
day or sale, to redeem by paying the taxes.
Ac. The design of the act, and so ls Its effect,
was simply to compel the defaulter to raise
the amount by a mortgage on his land for a
period ol two years. In one event only, not
likely ever to occur, the United States may
become, throimh the collector, the owner at
the end of two years, if the land is not re?
deemed then, subject to very grave doubts
whether their title will be worth much. But
this is not forfeiture or confiscation, lt is a
title under a judicial proceeding to which the
owner ol the land was a party.
Now at the time this law was enacted, the
State had seceded and was out ol' the Union.
Supposing such a thing possible, It may there?
fore be assumed that it had no application to
this State; but when in November, 1861, that
part of the State known as Saint Helena Par?
ish-a political division of the State, divided
from the other part ol'the State by wide bays,
inlets and rivers-was subjugated and taken
possession o' by the forces of the United States,
it became again subject to the laws-"?/?e civil
authority of the Government of the United
States"1 was then re-established. In the
whole extent of the parish', it was in undispu?
ted operation, and from thence forward al?
ways without aid irom any other power, suffi?
cient for all civil purposes. That this was so
ls susceptible ol'the very highest proof.
But on The 7th day of June, 1862, seven
months after the subjugation of this parish
and the complete restoration therein of the
civil authorities, Congress passed another law,
which no respect' for that body will prevent
nie from denouncing as the most atrocious and
cruel wron},' which ever was Inflicted even by
an absolute despot upon his subjects. History
and the revolution of a few years may exhibit
this monstrous wrong in all Its deformity; at
present it is my purpose enly io show the ruin
and desolation walch have followed its applica?
tion to this part of the State, and that Messra.
Brisbane and Wording, styling themselves
"United States direct tax commissioners
for South Carolina." have warped and
bent this most ferocious and barbarous '
law irom its original meaning and pur- 1
pose to suit their own. A Judiciary sufficiently i
intelligent, Arm and honest may yet be found '
to redress these people's wrongs. The act is '
entitled, "An act for th?; collection of direct '
taxes In insurrectionary districts within the 1
United States, and for other purposes." The 1
Arst section ls: "That when In any State or
portion ol' any State by reason of insurrection 1
or rebtllion Hie civil authority of the Govern?
ment of the United States is obstructed so that
thc provision of the act of 1861 cannot be
peaceably executed, the said direct taxes shall
be apportioned in each State, or part thereof,
wherein the civil authority is thus obstructed,
upon all the lands situate therein"-by another
not very objectionable rule-"and each parcel i
of said land according to said valuation is
charged with the payment of its proportion ol' ?
the whole lax, and in addition thereto a pen- ;
ally ol' fifty per cent."
For what crime is this penalty inflicted ? !
Congress then did not reject the idea that a I
part of a Slate may be in rebellion and the
other part in perfect subjection and repose,
but provided for just such a condition of things.
It was only for that part or portion, wherein,
by reason of rebellion, Ac, the civil authority
was obstructed, that the net of 1862 was intend?
ed-for every other part or portion, the aet of
1861 was the law.
Now, on the 7th of June, 1S62, the whole ]
State of South Carolina, except that portion
known as St. Helena Parish, was in rebellion;
to the whole Stale, then, except this parish,
the act of 1802 applied; but how could it apply
to that portion wherein, as I have shown, the
civil authority ol' the Government of the United
States was and had been in continuous oper?
ation for at least seven months before, and
never bad been at any time from November,
1861, in any manner obstructed, or insufficient
for its' own viudlcatlon ? In the interval be?
tween November, 1801, and the end of the war
there were no persons in the parish except the
most loyal, namely. Federal soldiers and sail?
ors, negroes and Yankee shopkeepers'and ped
llers, who had flocked In with their notions.
By what ingenuity then did the tax cominis- '
sioners twist this law to their purposes ?
Tile second section provides, "That on l
jr before the first of July next, (1S62,) J
:he President, by proclamation, shall de- I
:)are in what States or parts of States ?
said insurrection exists." <&c. Within the I
ime he did proclaim that in South Carolina 1
ind several other States named, insurrection <
lid exist. Therefore, say the commisssloners '?
a July, 18G2, rebellion existed in St. Helena I
Parish, and the civil authority ol the govern?
ment could not have been sufficient lor the :
peaceable execution of the act of 1861 therein. '
Nothing can be more false and absurd. Be- i
sause insurrection existed in the State, there- '
fore it existed in the parish-when the thing i
ivas impossible. A j>arl of the State in the I
actual occupation since Sth November. 1861,
in its whole length and breadth, ot the most j
oyal and grateful ol' all bia loyal subjects. 1
Devoted soldiers and sailors, emancipated ]
slaves, thriving trades and nobody else, li' :
the President was deceived concerning the
condition ol'things in this parish, and meant I
more than he has said io his proclamation, t
ivho deceived him i Had he torgotten the <
?lorious conquest ol' that county by Admiral '
Dupont in November, 1861 ? One thin" is I
certain, they (the commissioners) knew that i
the civil authority of the government was un- 1
jbstructed in that parish, aud that, it was only I
ahen and where lt proved insufficient for the I
peaceable execution of the act ot 1861, by rea- i
son ot'rebellion and insurrection, they had any 1
shadow ol authority lo enforce the act of 18G2.
They also knew that where rebellion and in?
surrection did not in fact exist, the President,
By his proclamation could not make it.
But lu return to the first section. That makes
it the duty ol' the commissioners to assess the
ands iu the insurrectionary districts, and fix
:he amount of taxes to be paid on each parcel,
jut it does not seem to require notice to be
?ivea to the owners for any purpose. The
i hird section declares that it shall be lawlul
lor the owner, within sixty days after the :
.imonnt has been fixed, to pay it into the :
:reasury at Washington, or "to the commis- 1
?ioners, but it does not suggest by what means 1
the unfortunate owner i3 to And the extent of
ais obligation. Should he fail to pay, how?
ever, within sixty days, "the il'k to his land
shall thereupon become forfeited to the ?
United States," md the commissioner? ;
?hal! cau?e the same to be sold to the
highest bidder ior a sum not less than the
taxes, penalty and costs, and "sliall strike
the same off to the United States, unless some
person shall bid that or a larger sum," by
which sale "the title shall be vested .in the
United States or in the purchaser." But the
owner may, within sixty days after, appear
before the board in person, and, upon taking
tba oath, Ac, and paying the taxes, ?fcc, ana
expenses of sale and subsequent proceedings to?
be determined by the commissioners, redeem
his land. To execute this law the President
appointed three commissioners for each State,
with a salary of ?3000 each. The three for
South Carolina made their appearance in
Beaufort in October, 1862, about one year af?
ter the subjugation and exclusive occupation*
of the parish. Of their doings in that same?
parish I will speak presently.
Now any one can see that the title of the act
is a contemptible equivocation and falsehood.
It is in no 3ense a tax act. It is simply an act
of confiscation and forfeiture of the most
odious kind-a bill of attainder, intended to
punish without trial all who owned property
in an insurrectionary district, whether they
favored or opposed the rebellion-Just sucn
an act as the Congress ol the United States
had no Constitutional power to pass, If the
States had no right to secede. To the poor
exiles who were, without any fault of
theirs, debarred from all means of know?
ing what was transpiring in their par?
ish, its enforcement, supposing lt to have
been fairly and honestly done, was cruel
In the extreme. The act of 1861 subjected
lands to sale (not forfeiture) only in case suffi?
cient personal property could not be found; but
the overplus, aller the payment of the taxes,
Ac, belonged to the owner: while the rlghtto
redeem within two years after the day ot sale
was reserved. Now, from what I have said in my
first, it ls clear that had this act been enforced
instead of the act of 1862, not an acre of laud
In the whole parish would have been sold.
The personal goods of the taxpayers was
greatly more than enough to satisfy every de?
mand of the government.
Individual Instances of hardship or suffering
mav be referred to sometimes, to Illustrate the
folly and wickedness of special or Judicial
legislation. Congress adjudged that all who
owned property, or resided In the districts
then In rebellion, were traitors, and punished
all unheard. Assuming the parish to have
been in rebellion In June. 1862, let ns see the
justice of this by a single Instance. On the 7th
November, 1861, one of the residents of this
unfortunate parish, a widow lady of seventy
years and upwards-opposed to secession and
the war-a supporter, as far as her age and sex
would permit, of the Union-was compelled,
with others, to leave her home for tue up?
country. Cotton of the value of more than $15.
000 was left In her barn, and her plantation was
abundantly supplied for the support of a large
estate. Jn 1865 she returned, to find herself a
pauper. Her cotton had been seized by gov?
ernment officials, her other personal property
plundered or destroyed, and her plantation
sold to Yankee adventurers. But lb was sold
as the property of the government-as confis?
cated and forfeited-not as her property, and
whatever might have been the surplus over
the amount of taxes-and it was doubtless
very considerable-if that was not paid into
the public treasury, it certainly was never
Dald to her. For what offence was she BO
heavily punished ? Had the act ot 1861 been
enforced, she would have been untouched.
But to return. On the arrival of the com?
missioners in Beaufort they proceeded to busi?
ness, but they first shut their eyes to the fact
that the "'civil authority ot the government"
was and had been for nearly a year entirely
sufficient for the peaceable execution, in the
whole extent of that parish, ot the act of 1861,
and therefore that they had no business. But
they did see that there was no other part of
the State in which they could operate. If they
could not bend this entirely prospective law of
1802 back, so as to include tills parish, their
gains were likely to be small.
Aided by a plat of the town made in 1795,.
in which the streets were distinctly laid out
and named, and the lots numbered, they em?
ployed a wandering surveyor to make another
plat. On this they marked certain spaces'
which they called blocks, re-numbered from
one up to perhaps seventy or eighty. The
houses and lots In each block they designated
by capital letters. This plat they copied into
a large ledger-looking-llke manuscript In their
office, and called lt a Record, accessible to
every one. In the early part of 1863, pursu?
ant to a notice published in the "New South,"
the very existence of which was hardly known
outside of the town, they offered at public out?
cry all of the houses and lots and every plan?
tation and farm in the parish. How these
last were described, it is difficult to say.
The town lots were described according to
their own plat, as for example: Lot (B) block
70, valuation (perhaps) $7000, tax $56, penalty
128, costs $4-no owners name, street, number"
or other description of any Kind. Had the
purpose been to deceive the owners; nothing
could have been better or more skilfully con?
trived. But the commissioners never intend?
ed they should hear of these sales. In their
opinion, these lands already belonged to the
government, and no one else had any right or
Interest in them except themselves, to the
extent of their costs and commissions. Sev?
eral sales, from time to time, followed this
ilrst offer. Even up to a period after the war,
but very lew pieces were sold for their value.
Jonathan was unwilling to bid more than
would be equal to a few year's rent, for though
he took the usual certificate of sale.he was sus?
picious of the title. The consequence waa
that a great many tracts of land and houses
and lots were knocked off to the commission?
ers. I have heard lt asserted that property in
that parish estimated as worth three
millions of dollars ls now held by them
for the Government of the United States. The
single parish of St. Helena has thus been made
to pay, besides the property previously confis?
cated, taxes to len times the amount exacted
ofthewholo State of South Carolina. These
lands thus purchased are either lying waste or
occupied by freedmen for small rents or no
rent at all. Whether any rent has ever been
collected I suppose the commissioners can
tell, and every one else can tell that, cultiva?
ted as they are, by undirected negro labor,
these fine lands must yearly deteriorate.
What more 1 may have to say ol the outra?
ges and wrongs inflicted upon those who were
once the whole community of" St. Helena Pa?
rish by the officials of a great government, I will
reserve for my next, in which I will certainly
address a few words to the Hon. F. A Sawyer.
CHINESE HOUSE-SERVANTS.-The St. Louis
We are informed, on trustworthy authority?
that about one hundred gentlemen, house?
holders in this city, have completed arrange?
ments for the introduction ot Chinese house
servants into their families. The necessary
negotiations have been consummated with the
Chinese Emigration Society In San Francisco,
ind the first Instalment of Chinese for St.
Louis will number about three hundred
ilmond-eyed sons of the Flowery Kingdom.
The housekeepers who have joined in this
movement recognize the fact that house ser?
vants are exceedingly scarce, and that there
is a vacuum to be rilled in this species of labor
without in the least interiering with an exist
In"' class ot laborers. They must have reliable
servants for washlng.cooking and other house?
work, and they regard the Chinese as entirely
:apable of filling the void. They have accord
ugly agreed with their agents in California to
pay them good wases, certain stipulated sums,
ind to afford thein all necessary protection for
he term of years for which they are employed.
Ja the other hand, guarantees of good service
ire given by the Chinese under forfeiture ol
:outract. "These arrangements have been
rery quietly made. lu a short time the Chi
iese will come in here Just as quietly, and at
ince drop into the homes that have been pro?
dded for them. There is no necessity for any
itir or commotion in any department of indus?
try or labor on their advent in St. Louis, be
:ause they disturb no one, and merely occupy
JAMES CONNER'S SONS
UNITED STATICS TYPE AND ELECTROTYPE
FOUNDRY AND PRINTER'S WAREHOUSE,
NUS. 29, SO AND 32, CENTRE STREET,
CORNER READ AND DUANE STREETS,
A large Stock Of ENGLISH AND GERMAN
FACES, both Plain and Ornamental, kept on.
band. Ah Type cast at tlds establishment U
manufacturedjrom the metal known as Oonner'e
unequalled Hard Type Metal. Every article ne
cessary for a perfect Printing Onice furnished.
FOR SALE, THAT LARGE AND ELE?
GANT three story Brick Residence, situated
at the northwest corner of Pitt and Calhoun
streets. Terms easy. Apply to Vv. J. McRERALL,
Marlon, S. C. julylS-mth