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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
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LAST NIGHTS DISPATCHES.
THE MARCH TO PARIS.
POWERS TO SAVE THE CAPITAL.
"GENERAL TROCHU"S VIGOROUS MEA?
SURES FOR DEFENCE. 1 -
HIS PIIOCI<A31 AT?O?f TO HIS TROOPS.
GETTING- READY FOR A 8&GE.
WS L D EXCITEMENT IN PARIS,
?ic, *c, Acc.
A Kew Intervention ttcneaee.
BRUSSELS, August 21-Noon.
It is believed that England and Italy bave
determined to intervene Jointly to save Paris.
The concurrence ol" Austria is momentarily ex?
Late?? JFrencn Reposts.
PARIS, August 21.
Private letters describe the condnct of Mar?
shal Canrobert. In the battle of -Dancourt as
having been heroic in the extreme. During
the entire day he had in the front line person?
ally headed the charges. An ald-de-camp had
an arm shot off by his side.
Advices from .Pont-a-Mousson represent the
Prussians as continuing their exorbitant exac?
tions from the people, endeavoring to make
five thousand people feed one hundred and
fifty thousand troops. The Journals urge en?
ergetic reprisals by the Baltic fleet.
Advices from Mulhaus report that the Prus?
sians had entered Erstein; also that the garri?
son of Strasbourg had made another sortie,
capturing and killing a considerable number.
A number ol Prussians were seen near Saint
Marie aux Hines. The enemy have besieged
Sculettstadt. A dispatch from a Prussian
source announces the resumption of the bom?
bardment ol Strasbourg.
Prince Napoleon has gone to Chalons.
The excitement of the people of Paris last
night, on account ot the absence of news, was
intense. When the evening journals appeared,
the-people fought for the first coplea.
Paiikao's statement to the Corps L?gislatif
was read to a large crowd, who cheered
No official bulletins have appeared for two
General Trochu has Issued another proclam?
ation, the meaning of which is that Paris must
prepare to stand a siege.
Prince Frederick William Is reported to be
The Bourse fell to-day in anticipation of a
Marshal Bazaine has decided not to leave
Another seizure of artus has taken place.
Strong indications of an extended conspiracy
against the Empire ha e been discovered.
Bismarck is at Pont-a-Monsson.
The dispatches claiminr; a naval victor)* in
the Baltic on the 16th prove false.
The Very Latest.
PARIS, Sunday night, August 21.
Strong bodies of troops, belonging to McMa?
hon's corps, are moving toward Vosges.
A deputy to the Corps L?gislatif to-day an?
nounced to persons around the Chamber that .
the Prussians had entered Chatillon sur
Marne, a town twenty-nine miles W. N. W. of
Chalons. This movement would Indicate that
the Prussians are moving on Paris via Se?
zanne, a town twenty-five miles S. W. of Es
Itgjs now reported that Prince Napoleon has
gone to Italy on an important mission.
Large bodies of troops, in fine condition,
pass through Paris day and night for the front.
The capital has been supplied with immense
quantities ol provisions and munitions of war
during the past two weeks, and could now
stand a siege or sba months. The rapidity of
the accumulation has been wonderful, and still
The following is the proclamation of Gene?
"To the National Guard, the Garde Mobile, the
Troops and Seamen In the Army of Paris,
and to all the Defenders of the Capitol:
'.In the midst of events ol the highest impor?
tance, I have been appointed Governor. Bow
ever great the peril, I depend on your patriot?
ism. Should Paris be subject to a siege, never
was there a more magnificent opportunity to
prove to the world that long prosperity haB
not enervated the country. You have bet?re
you the example of the army, which lias
fought one against three. Their heroic strug?
gle compels the admiration of all. Show by
your conduct that you likewise have the feel?
ing ot profound responsibility resting upon
The Gaulois relates that when the Emperor
offered the governorship of Paris and com?
mand of the forces here to General Trochu,
the latter stipulated that he must be free to act
as he thought proper, and that he must be
absolutely uncontrolled. The Emperor re?
plie^ "General, I confide to you the safety of
the capital. Take command."
Republican and Democratic Journals alike
praise Trochu fer his independence and firm?
The statement of Count Pallkao that the
French drove the Prussians into the quarries
of Gaumont on the 18th, is repeated from other
sources. Gaumont is between Metz and Thion
Last Prussian Reports.
BERLIN, August 21-Noon.
It is officially stated that the only Important
news received since the battle ot Besanvllle ls
that the French withdrew all their forces Into
Metz. At Pont-a-Monssou, yesterday, the
Crown Prince visited thc King. He leaves to?
day. It is believed that his forces are not far
irotn Bas le Due.
FEVER IX LIVERPOOL.
WASHINGTON, August 21.
The Amerioan Consul at Liverpool reports
to the Stale Department that, in consequence
of the continued Increase o? fever in Liver?
pool, he has deemed it his duty to suspend the
issue ol* certificates to bills ol health lor the
present. He further states that during the
past five days previous to August G, over one
hundred and sixty cases were received into
the jjarish hospitals, which te full to overflow?
ing. 'There are two hundred and ten cases
more under treatment than there wereamoDth
COTTON IN NSW YORK.
NEW YORK, August 21.
The cotton movements for the week were
uniform In the line of receipts, as compared
with tile several weeks past, although the ex?
ports are largely below last week. The re?
ceipts at all the ports are 528 bales? against
551? bales last week, 5740 bales the previous
week, and 6612 bales three weeks since. The
total receipts since September are 2,594,223
bales, against 2,121,710 bales the correspond?
ing period the previous year, showing an in?
crease of 772,581 bales in favor ol the present
year. The exports from all the ports are 5762
bales, against 1109 bales last week, and 3652
bales this week last year. The total exports
for the expired portion of the cotton year are
2,164.330 baJes,against 1,4*1,838 bales last year.
The stock.at the seaports 86,765 bales, against
15,451 bales last year Stocks at the interior
lownB lf>,104 bales, against 20,085 bales last
week, TTS bales this week last year. Stock in
Liverpool 512,000 balee, against 228,000 bales
last year. Amount ofAmerican cotton afloat
for Great Britain 34,0t0 bale?, against 28,000
bales last year. Amount of Indian cotton afloat
lor Europe 476,650 bales, against 772,660-bales
last year. Cotton market at this point bas im?
proved during the week for high grades,
which are not In good supply; inferior -grades
remain dull; sales only effected at compara
lively low prices. -For future cotton prices are
also higher; no disposition to press salee.
A HAP?*' BEZI VERANCE.
RALEIGH, August 20.
Judge Pearson, in chambers to-day, dis?
charged all the prisoners, including Hon. John
Kerr, except five, there being not a partide of
evidence produced against them, after being
imprisoned five weeks. The five still held on
bench warrant are retained on the affidavit ol
Kirk, setting forth merely that he believed the
accused were .guilty of murder. Counsel for
the prisoners objected to the affidavit, as in?
sufficient to grant a bench warrant upon, be?
cause lt set forth no fact which could be taken
as evidence, and asked time to produce au?
thority on the question. The motion wa3
granted and time allowed until Monday, 9
A. M. The prisoners were bailed for the
meantime. It is thought no legal evidence
can be produced, when they will be released.
Three affidavits of prisoners are published,
sworn to before the clerk of the United States
District Court, describing their torture and
the cruelties of Bergen, Kirk's lieutenant
colonel, towards the prisoners as only worthy
of the darkest ages. They say that he tried
pistol to the heads and swinging up by rope
around the neck, at the dead hour ol' night, to
j extort a confession.
The United States marshal has served w rita
on Kirk and Bergen, to appear before Judge
Brook.?, on Tuesday next, on three several
writs. Brooks is looked upon as the saviour
of the State in her troubles, and he has no
doubt, by his firmness, averted civil strife.
The grand reception to Hon. Joe Turner
and other prisoners has been postponed lill
SC AUKS FROM THE WIRES.
The Atlantic cable of 1806 ls repaired, and
the signala perfect.
A dreadful colliery explosion occurred at
Wigan, in Lancashire. Twenty persons were
killed and many injured.
Reconstruction expenses for Mississippi are
$375,000, and Arkansas $150,000.
It is nettled that the French steamer Achue
lot left Hong Kong lor the scene of the recen t
Chines s massacre.
The Georgia House of Representatives has
refused to reconsider the resolution purchasing
Kimball's Opera-House-ayes, 33; nays, 78.
The price to be paid ls three hundred and
eighty thousand dollars.
THE REFOE2I MOVEMENT.
It? Position and Prospects.
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT. J
COLUMBIA, August 19.
The, earnest and well-timed appeals of tho
Reform canvassers have had their effect upon
all clatses of our citizens. Honest producers
and taxpayers are ceasing to drone morbidly
over existing evils, and are becoming alive to
the work before them in October.
On the other hand, those consuming har?
pies of the Ring are marshallin g their rifles,
but only to realize the increasing number of
desertions from tbeir Hable ranks. Dissension
is rife among the most faithful. The Legisla?
ture, unfortunately, has provided only for a
limited number of commissioners and trial jus?
tices, 80 that while every pjor bone that falls
serves only to pamper the maw of the lucky
dog that gets it, a hundred hungry curs are
left to snarl and gnash their teeth at their
keepers. -A large number of the non-commis?
sioned colored voters, however, are b3ginning
to think a little for themselves, and as such an
assertion of independence can lead only to one
result, the leagne is threatened witb total de?
moralization. The Rt v. Jonas Byrd passed
through the city to-day, fresh from the field at
Chester. Our old friend's honest enthusiasm in
the good cause is simply glorious. He is m
the best of spirits, much elated by the success
of the late meetings in Winnaboro and Chester,
and speaks confidently of the ultimate triumph
of Reform at the polls. He is on his way to
Ross's Station.to address a meetiog there upon
the special invitatiou of the citizens. (Jae of
the most intereatin : and noteworthy features
of the meeting in Columbia, on Tuesday, was
the reception of our Reverend champion by
the better class of bis colored hearers, many ot
whom, 'after the dispersion, took the opportu?
nity to come forward and grasp his hand with
CDrdial sympathy and encouragement. A slight
alteration has been made in the programme of
the canvass, Gadsden being droppsd from the
list of appointments of public meetings at which
Judge Carpenter and General Butler are to
The central committee of the Reform party
is flooded with applications rrona every part of
the State for speakers to meet the people, and
on every hand tue news is cheering in thc*
Reports concerning the crops in the up?
country are geuerally encouraging. A promi?
nent gentlemm from Oconee speaks or the
coin crop in that section as the finest; that has
been known there lor twenty years. Our citi?
zens are beginning to be persuaded that Slr.
Sprague, with bis canal, means business, and
are getting imoalieut to see a project which
must enure so sreatiy to tho advaotacre of the
capital, if carried out fairly in operation.
_ _ _. LAW.
Letters from Patts state that the first of the
wounded in battle have arrived there, and
were met bv friends, relatives, and ul hers, who
had before been made aware of their eouiinir.
The depots aud hospitals were crowded with
people. While the grief ot parents and rela?
tives was very great at this sad spectacle, it
was accompanied with Hie most unquestiona?
ble evidences of patriotism.
FROM THE SEAT OF WAR
KING WILLIA SI ANNO ONCES ANOTH?
ER VICTORY OS FRIDAY.
HE CLAIMS TO HAVE CUT OFF BAZAINE^
COMMUNICATION'S WITH PARIS.
"BOMBARDMENT OP STRASBOURG.
THE RUMORS OT NAPOLEON'S BEATS
A MASS OF CONFLICTING DISPATCHES.
BERLIN, August 28.
The Queen has the following from the King:
"Near Besonville, August 19-9 P. M.-The
French army was attacked to-day west of
Metz. Its ^position was very strong. My
command, .after a combat of nine hours, total?
ly routed the French forces, intercepted their
communication with Paris, and threw them
The official organ to-day say6 that although
Germany Is losing its noblest sons, she bas
this comfort, that the war is not in vain; that
it is one against a race known to our forefa?
thers as full of arrogrance and insolence, and
which has robbed us of our fairest provinces.
God will-enable our King to establish a dura?
ble peace in mid-Europe, In the shape of a
united Germany, the keystone of true free?
dom and morality.
CARLSRUHE. August 20-(Official.)
Three ?Bavarian divisions Invest Strasbourg,
and the iourth is harassing thc retreating
I French Accounts.
PARIS, August 20.
The press estimates the Prussian loss for the
last thpee days at 90,000.
In the Corps L?gislatif to-day, Count Pa
likao made the following statement: "The
Prussians assert that they were victorious on
the 18th. I affirm the contrary. I have com?
municated a dispatch to several depuiies
showing that t hree Prussian army corps united
and attacked Bazaine. They were repulsed
and driven into the quarries ol Jaumont. My
reserve about thi3 dispatch will be understood.
I need not mention the small advantage
gained near Basle Due. We are now actively
completing the fortifications of Paris. In
few days all will be assured."
Bullion in the Bank of France has decreased
120,000,000 francs. The decrease is attribu?
table to t!ie purchase of notes to pay the
troops, which requires 51,000,000 franc? per
month. Bank notes are live per cent, dis?
Prince Napoleon arrived here yesterday.
Bazaine, whose retreat the Prussians say
they have stopped, ls in a position enabling
him to support either Metz or Verdun. He
still keeps lils plans and movements a profound
General Trochu to-day publishes a letter ex?
plaining how he desires to aid the people. He
says: "The idea of maintaining order hy the
force of the bayonet and 6word in Paris, which
is so agitated and given up to grief, fills mc
with horror and disgust. The maintenance ol
order by the ascendancy of patriotism, freely
dispensed by knowledge of the evident, danger
11113 me with hope and serenity; but this pro?
blem is arduous, and I cannot solve it alone,
but I can with the aid ol' those having such
sentiments; that is, what I term moral aid.
The moment may arrive when malefactors,
seeing us defending the city, will seek to pil?
lage. Those who are honest must seize them.
Many more arrests have been made ol' per
sons suspected of connection with theVlllctte
Abbe Vurrun. chaplain of tile Army ol the
Rhine, died on the field.
The Journal des D?bats repels the English
mediation as premature. It says light, and
not purley, is the duty now. France has vic?
tories dully. Peace discussions will, therefore,
soon be possible.
The Guulcis says Pinard, ex-Minister of the
Interior, with d?Ticuity was dissuaded from
interpellating Trochu's proclamation, because
the Emperor and Empress were not named.
Baron Malortie.a Hanoverian.urges the Han?
overians in France to form a legion of sharp?
shooters. He sayp he ls not against Germany,
but Prussian tyranny, and that lils wisli ls to
combat Hohenzollern, who tried to efface
from the map ol' Europe the name of Hanover.
Malortie is said to be a nephew ol' Bismarck,
Thiers, willi Genera! Trochu, La Tour and
others, visited the fortifications to-day, after
which they held a long conference.
Various manufacturers of anus throughout
France are working diligently, and send daily
large quantities ot arms to equip all who wish
to go to the Iront.
The Seine Garde Mobile have returned to
Paris from Chalons, and are encamped at Sr.
Two councils of Ministers were held to-day.
Trochu was present at both.
A French loan of one thousand million francs
The town of Rarback. near Bltsche, has a
garrison ol' "OOo men.
j The inhabitants of Chaions have been order?
ed to get all grain away within twenty-four
hours. Nothing from the front. The public
are very anxious.
A council of war has ordered the pnrtial de
structiun of Bois de Boulogne.
The grave rumors in circulation here yester?
day relative to the health of the Emperor were
unfounded. I have the best assurance of th ii,
Signed Paris Agent New York Associated
Accounts via Loudon.
LONDON. August 20.
Gladstone, In view of the crisis in Europe,
has postponed his trip to Scotland. He re
wnius in Londou.
The rumor of the death ot the French Em?
peror at Rheims, under a surgical operation,
which has been in circulation here ali day, is
The Cabinet is summoned to consider in?
tervention for a speedy peace.
The Queen has addressed au autograph let?
ter to the King of Prussia, urging him lo ac?
cept peace proposals from France. The Pope
writes him to Hie same effect.
It is stated that more than 400,000 Germans
are between the Rhine and Paris.
The French have succeeded in victualling
It is admitted that the corps of Frederick
Charles suffered severely.
It is stated that Bazaine had to weaken his
forces while under fire to send a regiment to
defend the Emperor's person.
A part of thc Prussian army have re-ente
Nancy and appointed a Mayor.
An invasion from Luxembourg isconside
There was a bombardment of Strasbourg
friday from morning to noon, when it *?
suspended two hours. The return fire \
Great rejoicing of German citizens t<
place over the victory. Illuminations and p
cessions were the features of the occasion.
The French TVar Office forbids the publi
lion of war dispatches unless Bigned
Serious disturbances have occurred in 1
departments of Vendee, by the peasantry, vs
eay that the present war ls Lutheran agai:
the Catholic Church. The Protestants wi
Latest editions of journals this evening h<
little lrom the battle-fields of Thursday a
Friday, and nothing of to-day.
War Ne ivs from Various Point?.
BRUSSELS, August 2d
A Paris letter says Marshal McMahon is
treating on Paris, and will avoid a battle i
less he can form a junction with Bazaine.
The people o? Strasbourg replied, "We sb
never surrender." The commandant, dUn
sing the Prussian officer, said : "The peo
have given you my reply."
The Etoile Beige announces that the Sm
ror was extremely 111, on Wednesday, at- C
lons; also, Intimates his contemplated abdi
MUNICH, August IC
A bloody bailie occurred between Grm
lotte and Risonville to-day. The French w>
driven back to Metz. All communication i
tween Metz and Paris has been detroyed.
ATHENS, August 20
Two German vessels loaded with oil ht
ST. PETERSBURG. August 20
Orlon", the Enssian Minister to Vienna, 1:
gone to Paris. The Czar congratulated t
Slleslan regiment, of which he is colonel,
Its gallantry at Welssenburg; also sent t
usual surgeons to the Prussian camp.
FLORENCE, August 20
There was a violent debate in the Itali
Chambers yesterday. Deputy Willand accus
the Ministers of violating the neutrality
Italy by sending Italian troops to defend tl
Pope. One of the Ministers replied that Ma
zlni was arrested ?or travelling in Sicily und
a false name. The government was well awa
of al! his plans, and is determined to dele
them. Mazzini would have a fair trial. Sicl
was especially inflammable. Deputy Betta
denounced the arrest as illegal.
VIENNA, August 20.
An Imperial decree opens the Provine!
Diets. The Emperor empresses gratification
tlw patriotic unanimity ol all the people of tl
Empire. He hopes be shall be able to satis
the legitimate demands of Galicia and Tyr
by an immediate election to the Reichsrath.
MADRID, August 20.
The government ls preparing for heavy shi;
ments of troops for Cuba early in Septeinbe
Some two dozen Republican leaders, includin
Paul Arjula, have returned to Madrid, takln
advantage of the amnesty. .Senor Plerran
has not yet returned.
The Northern papers contain the followln
dispatches of dates less recent than the abovi
TUE BLOODY RATTLE ON SUNDAY.
BERLIN, August 18.
General Manteuffel telegraphs to the go^
ernment here relative to the battle of th
llth, dating his dispatch near Metz, yestenlu
afternoon. "The French, in heavy massei
issued lrom Metz, and, after a bloody eugagt
ment ol three hours, the first corps routed th
enemy's right. Our troops lotight with super
courage, carrying the enemy'? position by aa
sault splendidly. I write without waiting t<
remove my helmet."
Frederick, Duke of Schleswig, has issued I
manifesto imploring all Germans to sustaii
Prussia. Tlie Prussian government allows onl;
one correspondent ol' the Berlin press at tb?
iront, and Mr. Krelssler, ol the Halie, has beet
selected for the place.
. AID FOR TUE WOUNDED.
LONDON, August 18.
The Times eloipienlly cails for aid for tlu
French and German wounded, and says thai
tlie Iiiture result will depend on the develop
ment ot' the resources of the hostile powers
and declares thai the transfer ol Alsace t<
Prussia would violate the sacred principle o
national sovereignty, and conflict with lilt
permanent restoration ol' peace.
PRUSSIAN TERMS OK PEACE.
A well-informed diplomat says Prussia will
exact no surrender ol French soil, but will in?
sist on the exclusion of the Bonaparte lamil.;
from the throne of France, Other terms ol
peace, not reconcilable willi the French arno (ti
propre, including, doubtless, partial reim?
bursement of the cost ol' Hie war, may bi
added. Tlie rrelliical restoration of the house
ol Orleans is cnrreutly discussed as probable.
The French ambassador at Bruaaels baa re
(used Francois Hugo, sou of Victor Hugo, a
passport lo Paris.
EFFORTS IN BEHALF OF PEACE.
A special dispatch from Berlin states that
another attempt has been made for peace be?
tween France and Prussia. Tlie Queen's mes?
senger arrived at Berlin yesterday with pro?
posals for pence from the English Cabinet.
Tlie Emperor of the French expressed his
readiness to treat for peace, and proposals are
made through Lord Lyons. The King of
Prussia and Count Von Bismarck have been
telegraphed to at headquarters. The King
replied that ii Nupoleon wished for peace he
must ask tor an armistice in the usual way.
The Issue must be decided either by arbitra?
ment or war.
UENERAL TROCUU'd PROCLAMATION.
General Trochu has boon appointed com?
mander-in-chief ol all the lorces at Paris, and
has issued a proclamation counselling order
and calmness not ouly in the streets ol' the
eily, but a spirit of resignation nuder trials
consequent upon the situativ. He says that
France must have the demeanor of a* great
military nation conducting its own destinies,
and the government will gaiu the confidence
of the people hy showing the greatest confi?
dence in them. He appeals to all meu and to
all parlies, saving that be belongs himself to
no party save that ol' his country, and lie de?
clares thal all good citizens must, by moral
restraint, keep down those wno see in public
misfortunes only an opportunity to satisfv
their own detestable designs.
STItASBOl'Uii AND PFALSDCRO.
The investment of Strasbourg ls so slack
that the French troops hove entered and rein?
forced the garrison. Provisions have also
been carried there without an attempt at cap?
ture. The paymaster ol'the French army left
there with a large amount ol treasure without
hindrance. It would seem that as the Prus?
sians have no siege trains, they hare given up
the idea o:' a regular siege. Having attacked
Pfalsburg unsuccessfully, the (Prussians have
retired six mllometres to thc valley of boden?
heim to assure their communication.
DISPLEASED WITH THE O.UEEN.
There is deep displeasure here at the retreat
of the Queen to Balmoral ai this crisis, ami
some persons urge a regency, with the Prince
ot Wales at Hs head. The Cambridge Univer?
sity lins subscribed a handsome sum for the
wounded in France.
The Prussian war trial ol the armored ship
Iron Unk?' proves most satisfactory.
POSITION OF AUSTRIA.
VIENNA. Atignst 17.
The Abend Post denies the correctness ol'
the statement made in the London Times in
regard to the friendly attitude of Baron You
lieust towards French pretensions, and it
positively contradicts tlie Times' report thai
the Premier had offered to forma treaty ol'
alliance willi France.
SHERIDAN ON THE FIELD.
FRANKFORT, August 17.
General Sheridan, with Consul-General Weh?
ster, has, through the good offices of Minister
Bancrofts been cheerfully accorded permission
by the military authorities to follow the cam?
paign with tbe headquarters of the King.
A ROYAL GEEST.
General P. H. Sheridan, of the United States
army, has arrived at the King's headquarters
at Pont-a-Mousson, and has been received as
the royal guest.
SPIRIT OF THE GERMAN PRESS.
Confidence of Germany In the Result of
[From the National Zeitung-Berlin, July SO.]
Nobody can confidently foretell the result of
this or that battle to be fought between two
equally warlike nations. But a nation can
speak of her victory with confidence when she
goes to war for her most sacred possessions,
and does not sacrifice the blessings of peace
to vain thirst for glory or fancied interests.
The nation would be tar gone on the road to
ruin which did not feel in Itself the certainty
that it woidd victoriously defend its most pre?
cious possessions against invading armies. We
did not challenge the enemy; the leaders ot our
policy rather avoided the threatening colli?
sion, and even delayed the attainment of the
object most desired by the people, in order to
maintain a doubtful peace, until the violence
of the enemy left no room for retreat except
by the road of dishonor. The sword has been
forced Into our hands; but now we hold it
firmly, in order that it may win unity for the
German nation, and may secure to all the na?
tions of Europe the liberty for which they are
struggling. For years lt has been said from
month to month that the war between France
and Germaay was Inevitable: the history of
many ages had lett us the evil inheritance of
the French nation, that the weaknessof neigh?
boring nations was necessary to the greatness
of France. When Germany put her Hand en?
ergetically to the work, and advanced with
unusual rapidity, there was no time lor the
French to iree'themselves from their preju?
dices by the peaceful means ot. education;
their best minds, in spite of the best inten?
tions, ever fell back Into the inherited talse.
maxim, that Germany must, above all, be weak i
and divided, In order that France might pre- j
serve her proud greatness. Children must suf- j
fer for the mistakes of their ancestors, as we j
rejoice over the good deeds of our ancestors, j
Because Ave were lor ages weak and divided,1
because the French have long been united and ?
strong, and, ascribing their strength to this
disproportion of their neighbors, have made lt
a fancied right of theirs, therefore war appeared
to the wise to be Inevitable. Nevertheless, we
avoided war. * * * But the arrogance ol the
enemy has derived new strength from our
long-suffering and foresight. It Is not at the
war, but at nie pretext for it, that we and all
civilized Europe are astonished. The civilized
world bad expected too much decency and re?
spect for the public understanding, for France
to frame a casus belli owl of an empty nothing,
in daring disrespect for assembled Europe. We
have lo bear the struggle alone, and we wish
it. France seeks for allies in all corners, and
appears to knock at the smallest courts : we
are contented ii the European States will judge
Justly and act fairly. We have not delayed our
preparations, we have relused no sacrifice to
the Fatherland, and a clear consciousness of
our right Inspires us witli confidence that we
shall oe victorious. The nations joyfully re?
cognize our good right, some of the govern?
ments have the same opinion, and the rest ol
the European Cabinets admit it against their
will, forced to do so by the merit of our cause
and the impartial Judgment of the people.
Perhaps, in little Denmark, the loss, which 1
they have not yet got over, ol' German
territory, disturbs the judgment ot
many, but the remaining nations of
civilized Europe give us their sympa?
thies, because they know that we are engaged
In a national war against selfish interests, and
a d?fensive war against fancied privileges.
Since the eud of the firsUJanoleon .no war has
taken plac? In Furope lute this, In which am?
bition and the cool calculations of the Cabinet
were the only cause on the one ?Ide, while on
the other side the people rise in inst indigna?
tion to protect themselves. We light for tho
union of Germany and the liberty of all. Every
German stands with enthusiasm by the side o'f
his struggling nation, and foreign nations es?
teem and respect our great and lofty aim. We
look indeeil with quiet expectation to the re?
sult of the first battles; but we live In the full?
est conviction that we shall be victorious at
the end ol the contest. We have begun on
the defensive, but we shall end with the com?
plete victory ot the United Fatherland; for
though the contending powers may be equally
strong, the victory must belong to the nation
which fights for Its own freedom against for?
The War Feeling.
[From the Kieler Zeitung, July 23.]
To arms, Germany ! To arms, Schleswig
Holstein ! Well, then, be it so ! France
springs upon Germany like a beast o? prey, at
once sly and bloodthirsty. Never did even a
Napoleon lind so bad a pretext for a war.
France demands her prey. She is resolved to
tread down-.Germany, and to re-establish the
Europe of Napoleon. Germany will exert all
her strength and courage: she will joyfully
make every sacrifice to defend her hearths
and homes, her land and sea, and, if a Just
God blesses lier weapons, to punish the crime
which has squandered the wealth and the
blood of thousands on so frivolous a pretence.
We rejoice that the candidature of the Prince
of Hohenzollern was so quickly withdrawn,
more quickly than could have been expected.
The war has not arisen from a personal, dynas?
tic, or purely Prussian question, which wus
rejected by the German people. The question
between France and Germany is c'"ar and
simple. There was never less doubt as to
what honor and duty command. Houor and
duty point the way tor Schleswig-Holstein
also. We boast of not having spnred our blood
or shrunk from any sacrifices when we, alone
and deserted, had to defend the North of Ger?
many. Now we have a double object-the de?
fence of the North and the West, in unton
with the whole German people. Whatever
has happened, and come what may. Germany
will find Hie inhabitants of Schleswig-Holstein
at their posts.
[From the Nerd Deutsche Zeitung-Berlin, July 23.1
The true situation is now exhibited, in all Its
naked deformity, before'he eyes ol the civi?
lized world. It is a great moral victory which
we have gained, for this warlike manifesto of
France is not directed against Germany alone;
lt Is a menace to all other nations. No country
can henceforth feel itself secure ii France can
make such things a casus belli, and for that
reason the German armies will be accompanied
by the collective sympathy of Europe on the
road which, with the blessing of God, will con?
duct them to new victories. If the tact that
ihe -plan" of seating a Prussian prince on the
throne of Spain has been abandoned, was in?
sufficient to calm the apprehensions ol France,
and guarantees against the renewal of the
candidature were believed necessary, the Cabi?
net of the Tuileries might have obtained more
satisfactory sureties from the principals than
could have been offered by Iiis Prussian
Majesty, who was unable lo forbid the Spanish
Government; or the Prince of Hohenzollern to
resume the project, if they felt disposed. The
official text ol 'the French declaration of war
demonstrates clearly Lhat the Emperor has
conjured np this war under the most frivolous
pretexts, and lias not hesitated an instant to
sacrifice the lives and welfare of many thou?
sands to his own personal and dynastic in?
[From the Der Eilbote-Hanover, July 23.]
The declarations of the South German States
and the attitude of Austria have caused ihe
greatest consternation in Puris. It apper.rs
the French have relied loo much ou tue rep?
resentations of a few miserable German trai?
tors, who told them absurd stories about
French sympathies in Germaay. AS io the proc
lamatlon'to the Hanoverians, promising a re?
turn to the old slate of tilings, which Hie
French soldiers are said to carry iu their
pockets, we took on it as a Hietzlng canard,
though we are fully persuaded that some of
the aristocratic scoundrels now in Paris, such
as Herr .Miling, who contributed so much to
the full of George V. have talked several of the
government papers into the belie! that the
French troops would be received here with
open arms. The people of Hanover, who have
watered with their heroic blood almost every
bailie Held in this Century, where soldiers
stood against our hereditary enemy, will never
disgrace tbe herojc memory of their fathers.
The brave Hanoverians, German through aud
through, Will again uphold in this fight thc
houor ot their narrower ?iud wider country.
And clo not even that Infatuated clique, who
desiiv a revival of the old political relations ol'
Hanover, plainly perceive that they will never
arrive at the goa1, of their wishes with the aid
of France, the triumph of which would brip'
us nothing but the resurrection of the ola*
Kingdom ol Westphalia, with all the ineffable
misery that accompanied it, and a new race of
bloodsuckers to fatten on our ruin ? French
Journals have already designated the Red
Prince, or Plon-Plon, the son of Jerome, as
the heir to the Westphalian crown of his fath?
er. Woe, treble woe, to our unfortunate Han?
over, if this design were realized. But real?
ized it shall never be, for we will fight lor
our liberty, and God defends a righteous
[From the Due;sehe Allgemeine Zeltung-Lelpsig,
? July 23.
Neutrality ls all we at present require, or
Indeed wish. We feel strong enough alone
to fight out our quarrel with France. It ls no
vainglorious thoughtlessness which prompts
these words, but a calm and settled convic?
tion, arising lrom the firm union of all parts of
Germany, the South as well as the North, and
the unanimous enthusiasm of all classes of the
German people. Now that we are united
among ourselves, we are prepared to meet
France, little as we are Inclined to under-esti
matc the mllitarv strength of that nation and
the proverbial bravery ol its soldiers. And, If
we succeed alone In repulsing Prance, we
shall have the advantage of treating alone
with her, and making such conditions as the
interests of Germany demand.
[From the Provlnzial Correspondenz - Berlin,
The armament of Prussia and the whole of
Germany ls proceeding with as much quiet
confidence as zeal, and it will soon be suffi?
ciently advanced to permit the German armies
to take the field, either for attack or defence.
France, which had long been preparing, seems
for the moment to be readier, but lt ls to be
hoped that the excellent organization of our
army will soon enable us to overtake her. It
is possible that the French may endeavor to
gain a few cheap successes from their momen?
tary advantage, but these will have hardly any
effect on the results of the approaching war.
In this respect, too, the Germans mav confi?
dently depend on the cautious leadership of
their commander-in-chief, and his experienced
?counsellors. The European Powers have in
vain used their influence with France in order
to restrain her from an unjust war. There is
no government and no nation in Europe which
does not condemn with ever-increasing em?
phasis the course ol action adopted by France
since the candidature of the Prince of Hohen?
zollern has been withdrawn. All the other
Powers have also, without exception, declared
THE FINANCES OF PRUSSIA
The New War Loan Sot Very Success?
ful-Purl of it Subscribed Through
Patriotism--*Gold at a Discount- An
LONDON, Wednesday, August 17.
A correspondent at Berlin writes on Sun?
The attempt to raise a national loan of 120.
000,000 of thalers has not been successful. Up
to yesterday the subscriptions had reached
50,000.000 only. But this Joan did not pretend
to offer a chance of favorable investment. It
was issued as a five per cent, loan at a fixed
price of eighty-eight per cent., without any
stipulated sinking fund-it being left to the
option of the North German Reichstag to re?
deem lt by yearly purchases in the market,
as the state of the budget would allow.
'The prospect of such redemption, un?
der present circumstances, being very in?
definite, the investment might be con?
sidered as In perpetual annuities. As
such, it would hardly have soM for 86 even be?
fore the war. To such extent as it has been
brought into market, every single subscriber
has subscribed lrom patriotic motives. The
King himself has subscribed 500,000; the
velvet manufacturer. Diergardt. at Vlerson.
1,000.000. At Berilo 21,000.000 have been sub?
scribed; at Hamburg, ti,O00.0O0: following these j
are towns taking one. two or three million?,
and provincial cities ol' less fhan 10,000 in?
habitants at about 10 thalers per head. Most
subscriptions are ol' 100 thalers only; in very
many cases being at once presented to
charitable institutions, or destfned for or?
phans which the war will produce in a parish.
As j et there is ab prospect ol Prussia Imitating
the example ol' France and stopping the con?
version of notes of the Bank of Prussia. There
ls no run on the bank but what the actual
ueeds of the money market produce. Of want
of-confldence there is nowhere, a symptom.
Nobody wants specie Instead ol bank notes,
and go'd coln, French as well as English, is
even at a discount. Vet a demonstration ls in
course ot preparation to warn the government
against any attempt at making further Issues
ol'paper money. The free-trade organs pro?
pose a transitory tax on property. The prices
of provisions, especially corn, are going down.
As yet the magnificent harvest has tlie start of
Hie war. lt wus reported that the subscrip?
tion lias since reached 80,000,000 at Hamburg.
This was a mistake, it amounted to only 8.000.
WAR NOTES-BY MAIL AND CABLE.
Florence Nightingale, although dangerously
111 at Antwerp, writes a letter giving directions
tor the conduct ol army nurses in the present
Garibaldi has telegraphed in reply lo au in?
quiry about an advance on Rome: ""The day
that there will be some chance of success you
will receive orders."
The Elbing Steamship Company have handed
over their whole fleet ol' steamers to the naval
authorities at Dantzic. Five of their ships
have been lound serviceable for purposes ol
The trains passing from Belgium Into Prus?
sia are now unloaded at the frontier, as the
lines are mined on Hie Belgian side, and it ls
feared that a violent shock might cause an ex?
Thc French war administration has con?
tracted at Toulon for the supply of a million
litres of wine for tlie troops. Une house at
Bezlers and another at Narbonne are to de?
liver, within a tortnight. 000,000 litres at Cher?
bourg and 400,000 at Brest.
Krupp's new Prussian cannon to oppose the
mittrailleur, is said to consist of a small two
barrelled cannon, throwing shot at a prodigi?
ous distance with an accuracy equalling even
that ol'the lamons ride guns first used In the
Italian war of 1859 by the French.
Among the contributions timi have been al?
ready sent to the Prussian treasury for patrio?
tic purposes are three large gold medals with
the bust of Hie Emperor of the French, which
were awarded as prizes at the Industrial Ex?
hibition ol'Paris. The value of each is about
German navigation to England and America
having been interrupted by Hie war, the Aus?
trian government have established a line of
screws between Trieste, Loudon. Liverpool
and Southampton. The Austrian consuls in
Germany have been instructed to direct the
attention ol the mercantile classes to the
facilities offered by this route.
Au Englishman, writing from Saarbr?cken,
on July 2o, says: ,lI can't help reiterating that
in all the shooting there has yet been, the
Prussians have had out and out the best of it.
Nothing could be worse than the chassepot at
short ranges. We see the Frenchmen spitting
on their cartridges, sticking their lingers into
their guns, and girfng every possible sign that
after a lew shots the cliassep?t gets so foul
that they don't know how to treat it."
It is believed that Prussia, owing to the com?
plete disorganiz ?Hou ot' ali the habitual condi
lions of life which follows a universal arming
of the nation, must sillier more from a long
war than Frunce. From this fact, and the
?feat energy ol' Hie military operations, it ls
believed to be Hie policy ol' Bismarck to make
the war "short, sharp and decisive." meauing
tlierebv not lour years, nor even four months,
but, Judging from Hie Austrian precedent, less
than lour weeks. The present war, however,
is likely io be yet a lillie longer.
According to a German paper, the French
I roops carry but one eagle in each regiment,
it ls stated that in September last the French
Minister of War issued a regulation directing
Hie standards ot the second, third and fourth
battalions ol the regiments to be plain, bear?
ing neither the national colors nor the num?
ber ol' the regiment, nor any Inscription what?
ever. Tlie object ol' this regulation is to pre?
vent the flags, in case ol capture, from being
used as trophies. On the other liand. it is as?
serted that in the German regiments every
battalion carries such a standard as can be ol
use as a sign in the field.
THE STATE CANVASS;
THE REFORM CAUSE -TA* WINNS
JiORO' AND CHESTER.
[SPECIAL T2LEGRAM TO THE NEWS.]
CHESTER, S. C., August 21.
All is quiet here. The wounded are doing:
At Carmel Hill, twelve miles distant rronr
this place, yesterday, Colonel McKisslck, Gene?
ral Butler, and General Hamilton addressed'
ibout 2000 people, mostly colored. Two hun?
dred armed militia asked permission to hear
the speakers. This, of course, was granted,
and they came and stacked arms alongside of
the stand, and were attentive listeners during
the whole meeting. Many of them' offered
their services to prevent any disturbance.
Blas? Sleeting In IVinnsboro*.
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT^
WiNNSBORO, Aug USC 17T' -
At this place, the county seat of Fairfield
County, we had to-day a good barbecue, at
which were assembled nearly five'thousand
persons, of whom a majority were colored.
Although a heavy shower of rain fell nearly -.
all day, during the whole time of the speak?
ing, it did not dampen the ardor of the crowd,
and we doubt If one left. The meeting was
held In a grove. J. B. McCantz presided.
Rev. Jonas Byrd, and Mr. John Lee, of Colum?
bia, General Kershaw. General Butler and
Judge Carpenter delivered able and Interest
ATTEMPT TO BREAK CP THE MEETING.
The Radicals here resorted to their old
tricks to Interfere with the meeting, or to pre?
vent the attendance of the colored people. -
Henry Johnson, a member o? the Legislature. .
assembled about eighty or a hundred colored \
vagabonds at the Courthouse, and with a low-'
white youth named Miller made them speeches,
talking the usual stuff relative to the Reform
movement being a scheme of the D?mocrate
in disguise. Their efforts to draw off the
crowd of colored people irom the Reform meet?
ing resulted in a signal failure; the colored
men remained, listened attentively, and were
evidently Impressed w' li the truths uttered by.
the Reform speakers. The Courthouse Ring ?
of the Scott Ring is the worst of all of the lesser
Rings of Radicalism. Cblet of the Ring ls
State senator George Washington Barber, who
spoke but once during the last session. His
chief labors during the session consisted in
playing with two or three "pepper box" pis?
tols he kept in his desk. *
Mass Meeting In Chester
[FROM OCR OWN CORRESPONDENT. J
CHESTER COCRTHOCSK, August 19.'
Our party lett Winnsboro' yesterday morn?
ing, and two hours later reached this place,
where we were received by a committee, at
the head of whom wal Mayor A. H. Davega,
(brother of Dr. Davega, of Charleston,) and
by them were quartered at the Nicholson -
Previous to our arrival some of the Radicals,,
headed by Senator Lucius Wimbush, request?
ed that some ol' the Radical speakers should
be permitted to speak at the same time with
the Reform speakers. Wlmbush is peculiarly
obnoxious to all good and law-abiding citizens
of this county. He is the one who, in a speech
In Washington, at a labor convention, boasted
tifat he had a regiment of colored men at his
back to put down the white people. All of the
disturbances which have occurred in this
county were attributable to him directly, or
through his pernicious teachiugs to the color?
ed people, with whom he Is very popular. He
hates a white man, and teaches his adherents
to do the same. However, the gentlemen In?
terested in the Reform meeting consented to
treat with him. Messrs. Geo. W. Melton, 8. Pr
Hamilton and Giles J. Patterson were appoint?
ed a committee from the Union Reform party,
to meet L. Wlmbush. John Lilley, John Scott,
John Lee and Carter Ross, the committee of
the Republican party, and, if possible, to draw
up a plan for the speaking, wfilch was agreed
The result ot the public speaking is an other
evidence of what little trust ls to be placed in
even the solemn agreements of the Radicals.
It was held in Mrs. Wood's grove, about
three hundred yards from the depot. Assem?
bled In the grove were fully live thousand peo?
ple, of whom three-fourths were colored. The
speakers announced for the occasion were
Judge Carpenter. General Butler, Rev. Jonas
Byrd and Mr. John Lee on the side of the
Union Reform party, and Attorney-General
Chamberlain. Reuben Tomlinsbn, State au?
ditor, and Purvis, colored, member from Lex?
ington County, for the Radical party.
Mr. G. J. Patterson presided and introduced
the speakers. In opening the meeting, he
read the agreement (already published) be?
tween the two parties relative to the speaking,
and urged both parties to respect it. That li
anything was said which was distasteful to
any one. let him be silent. He begged all who
were in favor of free speech to unite with the
police in preserving order. [A police force,
thirty strong, fifteen whites and fifteen blacks,
bad been organized to preserve order during
the meeting, and were present.] The Char?
lotte brass band were in attendance.
REMARKS OF JONAS BYRD.
Alter referring to the organlzalion of the
Ullina Reform movement und impressing its
principles upon his hearers, Rev. .Mr. Byrd as?
serted that the Scott Ring said that the Re?
form party was a Democratic scheme in dis?
guise and stood upon a Republican platform,
and told the colored people that they were to
be put back into slavery, all of which was
lalse. He knew that the colored people were
not the fools the Radical adventurers said they
were, and he knew that they would not swal?
low all of the lying pills given them by the
Radicals. The Radical party, said he, has not
I'Hlfilled a single promise made lo the colored
people, and I charge that those ol'the party In
South Carolina, especially the members of the
Legislature, to be the most corrupt set of men
ever permitted lo curse a people; the General
Assembly was turned Into a gambling saloon,
and the votes ol' Its members were freely
bought and sold.
followed Rev. Mr. Byrd, and spoke over ant
hour. In the main confining his remarks to a
defence of the administration relative to the
financial condition of the State. In this con?
nection he read extracts from the Comptrol?
ler's report for the year 1839, and asserted that
the expenditures tor that year were $8.17.000:
in the year 18^8. $1,500.000. out of which there
should be deducted $500.000 lor payment of in?
terest on the State debt, only one-half of which
was chargeable to Scott's administration. In
1*59 the tax was paid in gold, and therefore
there should be deducted from that of 1866
thirty per cent, of $857,000. which would leave
us the actual tax of lS'J'J $993,000. The current
expenses of 18G0. said he, were $549.251 04; of
18U9, $1,103,372; this last amount was reduced
as above shown to $017,678 34. Two dollars
und two cents were necessary in I860 to govern
each free white man in the State; in 1869,
eighty-nine cents per head is the cost.
TUE STATE DEBT, AS SEEN TUROfGII SCOTT'c
At lids stage of the proceedings the Attor?
ney General concluded to show up the State
debt, which he said was, In I860, ?0,183,349,
from which was lo be deducted the bonds
passed for Hie funding ol'the bills ol the rank
of Hie State, amounting to $1.200,000. The
laud commission bouds, which amounted to
$700.000. were chargeable to the Scott admin?
istration: but the bonds i$1.000.000) tor the re?
lief of the Treasury, could not be considered a
part 01 the public debt, as they were issued as
collaterals upon which to borrow money for
the Treasury, and could be paid by the incom?
ing taxes. Ii was simply a transparent dodge
to^tulk uuout the 1 ?lue Ridge Railroad bonds;
ic was atrick of which he did not complain:
I hey were not apart of the public debt, as
every one knew that an endorsement was not
a debt. Ii these bonds were te -be added to
the State debt, of course the bonds issued to
other railroads must also be added. About
this point Mr. Chamberlain had worked hiro
[Continued on Fourth Pane.]