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VOLUME IX.-NUMBER 1360. CHARLESTON, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1870. SIX DOLLARS A YEAR.
THE DEFENCE OF PARIS
ANOTHER BATTLE REPORTED TO
HATE TAXER PLACE OR
MORD A I\
THE SPIRITS. AND TONE OF THE PARI?
THE CONSOLIDATION OF THE NA.
TIO.VAL GUARD WITH THJS
HOW THBFRENCH EXPLAIN THE HOSTILITY
OF THE THUNDERER.
Latest from Parla.
PARIS, Wednesday Night, August 24.
Telegraphic communication with all points
In tho departments of Aube and Coted'or is
cutoff. The minister of the Interior authorizes
the statement that. additional advices of a j
favorable character have been received from
the armies In the field, bnt info rm at ion ls pur?
posely withheld from the public, as some of tbe
Journals Indiscreetly give details which should
be kept back. ,
Tbe Constitutionnel, answering the state?
ment of the London Times that the French
are ina desperate condition, shows that that!
Journal draws conclusions without walting for
complete or authentic reports of recent events,
and denes lt to decide who new ls in the best
military position, Bazaine or King William.
It adds that the hostility of the London Times
ls accounted for by tbe fact that the proprie- j
tor's son married the daughter of the Prussian
Ambassador at London. Some persons say,
in addition, that the ?paper bas been heavily
subsidized by Bismarck.
It 1B reported that a Prussian spy near
Rheims, mistaking a general officer for Mar?
shal McMahon, fired at bim twice, missed'him.
but dangerously wounded an officer at his
side. The spy was secured.
The Journal Officiel Bays that^he amonnt of |
the national loans taken yesterday ls 620,000,
000 ?a?os, when tbe lists were closed. Crowd3
were Bent away. ' The loan was quoted in open
market at 60, the same figure as rentes.
> The press generally condemns the conduct I
of the deputies of the Left in the session of J
yesterday. Gambetta's attacks aro condemned
as Ill-timed. ,
The Constitutionnel says, officially, that with?
out going Into details, we may affirm that
work on the fortifications of tbe capital is pro?
gressing with wonderful rapidity, and the
elan ls Immense. The Prussian papers repre?
sent that Paris ls not the Paris of the period
between 1792.-?and 1815. They will
discover their mistake. The capital proves
now as ever that she ls the heart of France.
She ls ready to receive'the enemy. Neither
spies nor battalions can break down the walls
of defence which ber danger has cemented.
Should the Prussians advance to the rampart?
of Paris, tbey will find this out,
The process of Incorporating the National
Guard with the regular army has commenced.
Latest from London.
liOSDOK, August 24-Night. .
Count Von Izlitz Pietz, the Prussian Minister -
of Commerce, lost a son at Gravelotte.
Letters from Parts state that bureauocracy
and red tape Interfere sadly with every branch
of the French service.
The Constitutionnel reports another battle
on Monday, the 22d Instant, resulting- favora?
bly to the French, but gives no further par?
A battalion of sharpshooters passing through
Paris last night created great enthusiasm. The
rtone of the city is vasily improved.,
is no moro singing or shouting, but
more volunteering. All of the citizens are
providing themselves with arms. The wound?
ed who retara receive ovations.
It ls rumored that a well known lady ol high
position, arrested on a charge of communi?
cating information to the enemy, is now im?
prisoned at Vincennes.
Numbers ot farmers are bringing grain to
the government storehouse.
AFFAIRS IR COLUMBIA.
Doll Times-A "Political Meeting-The
Canal-Riehland Bolters-A Chance
for "The Power Behind the Throne.1
[FROM OCR PWM CO KR E SPON DENT. ]
COLUMBIA, August 24.
There ls almost a dearth of news here. Many
of our merchants and lawyers have gone off;
some to recruit at tbe springs, others to es?
cape the heated term, others still on business.
Closed offices, and streets almost deserted,
give. Columbia a rather melancholy ap?
pearance. Tbe wax news by. telegram from
Europe wakes those of us. who are deprived of j
sylvan retreats, cool 'shades, ?c., for a little
while, and supplies food tor conversation,
which ls rather a Godsend,
There was quite a large and enthusiastic
meeting of the Union Reform party'held at
gadsden on Monday last. The good work
goes bravely on. There were several good
'and efficient speakers, and they were cheered
heartily at each hit that was made at the
Mr. Sprague, through his agent, Colonel
Pearce, will soon have an effective force on
the canal pushing forward his work. This I
am inclined to believe will not take place,
however, before cool weather, as the Northern '
mechanics and workmen generally dread the
"pestilential miasmas of our swamps and
The bolters of this district have at last made
a nomination. Picket is nominated for the
Senate, and will soon take the fiVJ against
"Nash. Picket has been a freeman all of bis
Ufe, and ls a very respectable man, carries
great influence among the negroes. Sebastian
Kraits, (white,) and Esoo Goodwin, (colored,)
are nominated for the House of Representa?
tives. Heart, the Governor's secretary, has the
nomination for judge of probate against Wigg,
but whether he will accept or not is another
Suestion. One would think it beneath his
iguity to accept so small an office. However,
time will show, and we may have cause to ex?
claim, "How are the mighty fallen !"
There isa Radical meeting here to-nlghc.
Mr. Purvis led off in a speech of about two
hours in length. * ash was to have spoken,
but was sick and begged to be.excused. Pur?
vis took his place,and travelleorover the whole
ground, laying particular stress on hisdclence
of carpet-baggers, claiming Jesus Christ as a
carpet-bagger, Columbus as another, and then
Marion. Sumter, as more of tbe stripe, and
daims that there was no great man who was
not one ot tbe same lraternlty. He praised
Generals Kershaw and Butler, but abused
Carpenter, and says he has out-carpet-bagged
toe whole ol'tbem.
He was followed by Wigg, nominee for
judge of probate, but Purvis had covered the
ground so thoroughly, that Wigg had nothing
much to say. poor fellow ! except to elaborately
explain the finance ol the Scott Ring, which he
did most satisfactorily to himself. He put in a
word for himself by telling the people that
they should put only "t.'<e tried and trusted^,
Elliott followed in a harangue so lone that
lt waxed towards the "wee small, hours," and
your reporter left. LARA.
THE Q IBU ALTAR OF THE RING.
Light on a Dark Subject-A Local Ring
and Its Tricks and Manners-How
Political Movements are Engineered
tn Beaufort County, dec.
[FROH AS OCCASIONAL CORRSSPOSDEST. 1
BEAUFORT COUNTY, August, 1870.
You and your readers hear so little lrom this
Gibraltar of Radicalism, this county which
numbers eight thousand votes or more, seven?
ty-two hundred of which are cost solid in the
interest of Ignorance and profligacy, L e., for
the continuance of the power and patronage
of the Radical "Ring," that yolanda large
portion of the State as well, may be unaware
of many of the personal schemes and political
manoeuvrings that are pushed just now under
the cover of the State and local contest upon
which we have entered. Notwithstanding lt
has been sc torten charged, and perhaps with
truth, that the seeds which germinated into the
gigantic war recently terminated, were cast
into the soil of this same Radical county, where
lived the Rhetts, Barnwell?, Elliotts and
others who believed in, and actually fought to
sustain, the doctrine di State Rights, yet to-day
we are practically cut of! and insolated.
from, the great body of the State, as If some
not easily crossed desert intervened between
us and our neighbors.
To show i haft his ls true, you have but to look
over your own flies, and t hose of the Courier
or ot any other South Carolina newspaper for
a year past, and you shall find, perhaps once
in a twelve-month, some Incidental mention
of the old Town of Beaufort, or that cotton on
the sea Islands in that county ls a failure But
of the Hie. the political currents, the strife for
?irecedence, the corrupt bargaining and secret
ugglery, you can know very little, mainly be-1
cause we nave no paper of our own or other J
vehicle of general. inlQrmatlon. Certainly we
have a few copies, Irregularly sent into the
county, of what is called the "Beaufort" edi?
tion of the Ring Organ, which no one need
look at but once to recognize as a mere re?
print ot the Charleston sheet ot the same
name, having often not a line of reference to
us or our county, save In the column or two
ol free advertising, repeated weekly for a
year. If ever a locality, needed the dissemi?
nation ol light, and the influence brought to
bear upon the masses, by the free, open dis?
cussion ofjpolltlcal truth, and the great princi?
ples of sucn a government as curs, and at such
a time as this, by the publications of an un
tramelled, outspoken press, lt is this. But we
seem to be .doomed. Either, like the mouse,
we are too ipslgniflcant to be noticed, or we
are esteemed lions, whom lt 1B unsafe to ap?
proach, and so the Ring central committee ap?
point but one meeting for all the fall campaign,
and that .at an extremity of the county; and
the Reform party do likewise.
Other planets besides Saturn have "Rings,"
and you may already have learned that the
"Scott Ring," although a State institution, is
not destitute ot Imitators on a more narrow
and local scale. Beaufort County has its own
"Ring," the advisory board of which ls not
unknown to fame, or to those familiar with
the faces ot those who began to figure in con?
vention affairs at Charleston, and have fol?
lowed a lucrative- If not honorable path
through three sessions of the Legislature
since. It is almost surprising that men and
members of the advisory board, who. until
1868, never cast a single vote, should now be
able in effect to deposit seven thousand; and
it would be marvellous on the supposition
that such control ls obtained solely through
personal popularity, or even as a result of par?
tisan, unquestioning faith. But in fact this end
Is obtained through deep, studied chicanery
by the use of means as bold and vicious as
those devised and controlled by life-long dem?
agogues at Albany or elsewhere. Verily th#
progress ot the Beaufort "Ring," in corrupt
and demoralizing practices,!3 in inverse ratio to
their progress in the direction of any good.
Their lust ot power and place is as insatiable as
if they had been born to walkupon the necks
of subject masses. Instead of being so recently
of the same degraded pattern and instincts.
But to be more particular. The chairman of
the county committee, (long does he purpose
to reign.) aspires to the dignity of the highest
county office to be filled at tho comlng-?lec
tlon, to wit: To be State senator, In the place
of Judge Wright, promoted to the bench of the
Supreme Court. In a straight forward day?
light canvass he would undoubtedly be elected
to fill the coveted position, even though he
has played h ide-and-seek in the matter ol'Con?
gressional nominations, swearing to-day by
the God of Bowen, and to-morrow by the Devil
of DeLarge, a transfer of allegiance more
amusing and neutral under the circumstances
than honest or polite. The watchword, or
catchword In the contest ls, "color must not
be? regarded." Ergo, "my friends you must.
vote lor DeLarge," and lest the people, the
seven thousand voters aforesaid, should have
a voice in deciding certain preliminaries or In
claiming certain rights, they are kept from
knowing that they have either voices or rights,
and cajoled into believing that the dictum of
the countv chairman is their highest good
that he ls their Moses, u n d that he only can work
out their salvation, which they need pay
him nothing for doing, except to obey his bid?
ding, and give him power and authority.
-Such political legerdemain to be successful
must be practiced In the dark, anti hence the
"Ring"-the chairman thereof in particular
take especial pains to keep any notices of their
intended gatherings or proceedings from be?
ing brought to public attention. If a meeting
to elect delegates to a county convention is to be
held at Gardiner's Corner, a message goes out
in substance as follows: "Get Bill, and John,
and Peter, to meet you Saturday evening, and
elect yourself and Peter and John the dele?
gates, to come to Beaufort on the 12th Sep?
tember. Don't say anything about it to any?
body else, and lt will be all right, you.know,
for I shall have you nominateed as one of the
representatives." Think of the Influence ol twen?
ty-five such circulars Benito twenty-five ambiti?
ous local magnates. A lew ot the better class
of men In view of these things shrug the should?
ers aid remark, "Oh, well ! such deviltry will
wear Itself out after awhile." It will not "wear
Itself out;" the evil grows, and the corruption
extends, and lt will continue to enlarge aad
expand until the light of intelligence is dif?
fused. It is a huge ball of human energy,
welded together by the flux of ignorance and
superstiti?r, and kept In Its blind track aa lt
rolls by the "Ring," which Is its atmosphere,
so to speak, and through this medium it re?
ceives just as much light and warmth as the
said "Ring" sees flt to communicate. Through
such a medium the Reformer, doubless, ap?
pears blacker (or whiter ?) than one was ever
before painted, while our party and our (ste ?)
principles have a halo of glory. *
Here I will close this first chapter, reserving
further comment upon the doings ol "Ye
Beaufort Ring" for some of the expected de?
velopments of the next fortnight. THORN.
THE WAR IN CUBA.
HAVANA, August 24.
La'Gaceta officially reports the capture and
execution of General Pedro Figueredo, assis?
tant secretary of war, General Roderigo Ta
maga and his son, General Dugal Figneredo
and Colonel Femendlz. *
SPARKS FROS! THE WIRES.
The laying of the ocean cable between the
West Indies and Panama progresses well.
The case of the suspended Brooklyn City
Bank turns out worse than was expected. De?
positors lose 25 per cent., and stockholders
the full nominal value of their stock.
From Washington we hear that a large num?
ber of assistant assessors in the South and
West have been dismissed. .
George Wood, chief of the navigation divi?
sion in the Treasury Department at Washing?
ton, is dead.
NO HOPE OF PEACE.
THE QUEEN OF FEUSSXA 8AYS THE
WA H MUST OO ON.
FRANCE DECLARES PEACE IMPOSSIBLE
. WHILE THE INVADERS TREAD
ENORMOUS ESTIMATE OF THE
THE ISOLATION OFMETZ.
THE CROWN PRINCE REPORTED FALL?
RUSSIA IN A DILEMMA.
Peace Impossible While the Prussians
are In France.
PARIS, August 24.
The Prussians attacked and killed some Ba?
varian soldiers on the frontier. -
The Presse says the Great Powers have
been officially informed that peace is impossi?
ble while a Prussian soldier treads French soil.
The Figaro wants electric lights on the ram
t parts of Paris.
.. A dispatch from? Mezleres . yesterday says
Bazalne's small force prevented- the Prussian
advance until :. McMahon's preparations were
complete. McMahon and Bazaine are now
ready to assume the offensive.
La Liberte says the Crown Prince had not
passed St. Dizier, but had fallen back.
Metz is entirely isolated.
General Failly, who commanded at Chalons,
ls superseded by new combinations.
The Liberte knows from a reliable (?) source
that the Prussian loss is 35,000 killed and 85,
McMahon is* strongly posted on the plains
' before Chalons, with heavy detachments -at
St, Menehould, Verdun and Rheims. He com?
mands 170,000 men fully supplied with every?
Sharpshooters are hastening to Chalons.
The Temper of the London Market.
. LONDON, August 24.
News of a French victory would cause a
panic in the stock market here.
Obscurity surrounds McMahon's movements.
The Times correcting itself, says that Mad?
ame Canrobert and her family are not in Lon?
Victor Hago tn France.
NEW YORK, August 24.
Thc correspondent of the Courrier Des Etats
Unis thus concludes his telegram: ''Victor Hu?
go has been returned to us. The poet re-en?
ters France In the uniform ol the Home
The French Fleet In the Baltic,
SWIXEMCNDE, AUgUBt 24.
The French fleet in the Baltic have an Eng?
lish captain and a Danish skipper. They have
also secured pilots by promises of splendid re?
The Spirit of the Germans.
BERLIN, Wednesday, August 24.
The citizens to-day congratulated the Queen
on the recent victories. The Queen replied
that she earnestly desired peace, but letters
from the field stated ttut the army had unani?
mously decided that substantial guarantees
must be given for future peace before the war
Reports from London.
LONDON, August 24.
Prussian officers in the Held do not believe
that Paris will resist. They expect that in?
surrection will follow their approach, resulting
in the displacement of the present authorities,
when peace will speedily follow.
Count Reanord, a noted writer on political
economy and finance, has been appolnte'd Gov?
ernor of Alsace.
The Times recognizes the fact that the de?
termination ol' the French Corps L?gislatif for
self-government will be irresistible should Na?
Pnissia has sent to Bavaria a subsidy of ten
millions in gold.
Figaro's electric light proposition meets
with much favor In military circles. It '.i
claimed that the glare will perplex the besieg?
ers and aid the besieged. m
The Orleans party are hope ful. The princes
have watched events closely. They have an
agent of great skill and experience at Paris,
advising them of every event affecting their
The transportation of the Prussian wounded
is assuming an embarrasing aspect. Holland
refuses them passage. Belgium replies that
consent would be construed by France as an
act of hostility.
The Spirit in France.
PARIS, Wednesday, August 24.
La Patrie says that should the Prussians de?
feat the great army confronting them at Cha?
lons, Uley will have to vanquish another before
reaching Paris. Besides, they will find Paris
itself amply prepared. It is noticeable that
the people are growing calmer and more con?
fident, upon learning the immense measures
of defanc? that are in progress throughout tbe
The false dispatches to the London Times
cause intense indignation, and the effect is to
lucrease the determination of the French to
fight to the death.
La Liberte says that Senators Melinei and
Behie have been appointed on the committee
The journals continue to blame Prince Napo?
leon for his absence at such a time.
A meeting ol the National Guard resolved
that no proposition of peace should be enter?
tained while the Prussians were on French
Yesterday's session of the Corps L?gislatif
was unusually turbulent. The ministry, in
answering interpellations, assured the Cham?
bers that Varia wus abundantly provisioned.
The other answers ol* the ministry were equal,
ly satisfactory, bm the excitement continued.
Jules Simon proposed to send from the city
all of the population unable to bear arms.
[Applause.] Others proposed sending the
wounded away. Simon objected.
Tachard created a tumult by saying that
there was a scarcity of arms in certain quar?
ters. The majority protested. Minister Braine
said that arms would be duly distributed, and
called the attention of deputies to the fact
that such a questiou should not be discussed
Gambetta, much excited, made fume re?
marks so harsh in their character that the
majority refused to hear them, and the session
A large number of Prussian prisoners have
arrived at Soissons, and more are coming.
The journals unanimously oppose pen
sion being granted to carry the Prus:
wounded through Belgium.
Three more of the Vlllette rioters ii
been condemned to death. *
The Position of Russia.
ST. PETERSBURG, August 2
The official journal denies that Russia le c
mitted against the dismemberment of Frar
She is, however, unfavorable to that meast
Russia is seriously alarmed at Polish affa
Great agitation prevails In Poland In favoi
France, and many Poles are leaving to engl
in the French service. On the other ham
movement is on loot in the Russiau-Ba
provinces for annexation to the North Gern
Confederation. Thus Russia is placed betw<
the horns of a.dilemma, and it ls believed t
in self-defence she will be compelled to pa
cipate In the war.
We glean the following from the North<
THE BATTLE OF GRAVELOTTE.
The New York Tribune's Bpeclal at the Pr
sian headquarters sends the following accoi
of Thursday's battle:
The battle fought to-day, August 18th,
call to-night the battle of Gravelotte. It
gan at IO o'clock in the morning and las!
until after 9 in the evening. UntiT noon it v
an artillery duel.
The French lines stretched along the hi
covering the two roads leading from Metz
Verdun, having on their right dank a fat
house, known as La Vlllette, with a wal
farden, which they held In great force. A si
en road led straight from Gravelotte to f
centre of their position. OIL, the French 1
the road wound over the crest of a hill,
which twelve earthworks had been thrown i
Eight mitrailleurs, besides artillery, wi
posted to command every approach to t
strong position, and their guns swept t
crowning hills, along which the French Ht
ran, and up the valley reach, from Gr?velo
eastward, by which the Prussians had to a
vance. Behind this line of strong- defence 1
Forts St. Quentin and Conaeras, a position
apparently Impregnable strength, and co
pfetely protecting the French rear. The po
tion at tirst held by the Prussians was to t
east of the French, facing towards Metz, oct
pylng the southernmost road from Metz
Verdun, and reaching over the chain of hi
lyini between Gravelotte and Rezonvllle. T
result of the artillery contest was to comr
the French to abandon their most advanc
position, and the line by which they hep?
to cover both roads was pierced and drlv<
back. . . * 1
At noon the Prussians were able to pu
forward their artillery, the French fludli
their guns unable to resist the weight of tl
Prussian dre, and the Prussian batteries shoi
ly after noon were In position on either side
Gravelotte, so that neither of the roads whli
at that pojnt branched on" to Verdun, noe
and southwesterly, were any longer open
the French army. I reached the Held Just
the lorward movement of the Prussians ht
been accomplished. The ground was favor
ble for a good view of both positions, and
was apparent at a glance that the French ht
already relinquished a line of defence Impo
tant to them tactically as well as strateglcall
By two o'clock the" French batterie? cove
ing the Verdun road from the north and ea
were silenced, and the Prussians had a
vanced so far from south ofthat road as lo o<
cupy a farmhouse at Malmaison, a little nor tl
.west from Gravelotte. Twenty minutes lat<
the French dre so slackened and wavered thi
the Pni8?lan batteries were pushed lor war
and took a newjiosltlon In front of Gravelott
At twenty minutes past three thu Prussic
cavalry went Into action, and they proceed?
capitally under a hot Ure from the Frene
gun?. The attack was made in consideran!
force by the uhlans, cuirassiers and hussar
bat they were at tlrst wlthoc?- Infantry suj
port, and could make no serious impression o
a position naturally strong and still he)
in force by all the army of the Frencl
But half an hour later, it being now near]
lour o'clock in the afternoon, a portion <
the Third Prussian Corps had come upon th
ground. Infantry regiments were formed a
fast as they came, Into a position from wblc
a serious attack was to be expected upon wht
appeared the key ol the French lines. A'
o'clock the 33d regiment of the Prussian i In
was launched against the same position wblc
the cavalry had failed to reach. It moved foi
ward with the utmost determination; but b
this time the French had reinforced their de
fence more strongly that the Prussians had th
attack, and they still outnumbered their ossa!
ants aud steadily maintained the second lin
which they had occupied. As different div!
slons ol the Prussian army came into positlo;
they attacked successively; but were re
peatedly driven back with heavy loss. Tb
ptruggle lasted with varying fortunes on dlffei
ent portions of the lines until 8 o'clock. U|
to that hour the French held their ground
At 8 o'clock the Prussians, massing heav,
forces on their left, attacked and carried Li
Villette, a hamlet covering the French right
This, once in Prussian hands, enabled them ti
enfilade thc French lines* and take in rev?rsi
some of their outworks. The ground thi
French had held so obstinately and so gallant!;
during nine hours they were compelled t<
abnmlorn .ind at O o'ciock were driven bael
upou Metz, and, under cover of Its outlyin;.
forts, their last hold upon the Verdun road "wai
abandoned,thelr communications destroyed U
the east and lo the west, and the French 'Arm1
of the Rhine," after losing three pitched bat?
tles since Sunday, was shut up in the fortres!
which they had chosen for the base of theil
op?rations for the invasion of Germsuy.
I believe a strong Prussian force is moving
to-?ight to the north ol' Metz, to cut off al
cominunlcatlbn with Thlonvllle also. King
William was present throughout the battle
The Prussian lorces engaged were under Geu
eral Steinmetz's command, and personally di?
rected by him. Marshal Bazaine command?e
iu person on tho French side.
The Eighth Prussian Corps, numbering
with other divisions, over 50 OOO men, bort
the brunt of the battle. The Second and Third
Corps were partly engaged. Four 'housanc
Fren? h prisoners were taken. The Prussiar.
loss in killed, wounded and missing ls esti?
mated to-night at nofless than 10,000. Of the
French losses no estimate can yet be formed,
but their defeat is complete, and it ls believed
they are no longer In condition to make any
further attempts at escape. The Prussian
army, spite ot all its losses, ls In the highest
spirits. Rumors of peace are already circu?
lated in thc* camps, and the hardest work ol
the campaign is thought by the soldiers to be
TUE BATTLE UNDECIDED.
LONDON, August 21.
The battle at Rezonvllle (Gravelotte) was
without a decisive result. It1s claimed by the
Prussians, but the French fell back to Metz In
good order, their ammunition having given
out. The losses of the Prussians greatly ex?
ceeded those of the French, the former losing
40,000 men on Thursday alone, Steinmetz's
whole army being literally cut to pieces, and
his magnificent cavalry no longer exists.
NEUTRALITY AND MEDIATION.
PARIS, August 22.
The Constitutionnel has an editorial, evi?
dently inspired by thc government, reviewin"
the conduct ol the neutral powers. It says
Austria and Italy, at the breaking out of the
war, uuited in watchful neutrality, which, ac?
cording to circumstances, might be transform?
ed iuto intervention. Lately England entered
the sceue by proposing the formation of a neu?
tral league, with au obligation on each mem?
ber not to act without advising the others.
The propopal met with some difficulty, as
Italy had already entered into an engagement
with Austria. The Cabinet of Vienna then in?
formed the Government of Florence that it
might consider itself released from its prom?
ises, and Ilalv hastened to make the fact
known and to accept the proposals of England.
Russia also accepted them, whereupon France
advised Austria to do the same. It is not
known what action thc latter power has taken,
"but," concludes the writer, "all these nego?
tiations ure of secondary importance. Let us
happily terminale the war. There will be time
enough tix-n to think of neutral powers."
A decree in the Journal Officiel prohibits the
exportai ion of grain, cattle or forage along the
land from ?er from Dunkerque to Lauselbourg,
and on tim maritime Hue from St. Vallery to
A CALL TO ARMS.
The Constitutionnel publishes a circular from
the Minister of the Interior to the prefects of
departments, announcing that orders have '
been given for the distribution of arms to the
people from the arsenals. The minister con?
tinues: "Arm ! arm ! without delay.- We are
In a crisis, when all must come forward for the
defence of the country. Influence the young
men by your patriotism, and use every means
to make soldiers of them."
Profound enthusiasm was produced yester?
day by the passage through the streets of
American ambulances going to the front.
Every one remarked the completeness and
perfection of all the arrangements.
HARD TIMES IN PARIS.
There is no exaggeration in saying that we
mn a risk' of being starved already. The
Si?cle recommends that private families should
lay in a stock of salt, meat, Ash and flour, pre?
served vegetables, potatoes and pulse.
The Bank ol France pays neither gold nor
silver, and it is practicably impossible to
chango a thousand or five hundred franc note
for hundred or fifty franc notes. Bankers
cannot get them for their own use.
Edmund About writes to his journal, the
Soir, praising the grave self-devotion of all
classes. Paris ls preparing for a desperate de?
The Journal Officiel publishes a decree to?
day for the creation of a new cavalry regiment [
for the Imperial Guard. In some of the French
provinces people have attacked Innocent per?
sons who were supposed to be Prussian spies.
The government will take measures immedi?
ately to prevent these outrages hereafter.
Tho quarters of Jaumont, mentioned by
Count Pallkao In his statement to the Corps
L?gislatif ol'the defeat of the Prince Royal on
the 18th, have been In existence for over six
centuries. They are extensive, and have been
worked to a great depth.
Remnants of regiments of cavalry, culras
Biers and lancers, sc* terrible cut up in the late
battles, arrived bore last night aud were re?
ceived with great enthusiasm. .
The fortress of Toul was bombarded by the
Prussians on the loth, but was not seriously
WAK ITEMS BY WAY OF LONDON. ?
LONDON, August 22.
The Times this morning has a special tele
Eam from Berlin, containing the following
England would no doubt prefer to have the
old German Provinces of Alsace and Lorraine
established into an independent and neutral
Subscriptions as small as three francs are re?
ceived at Paris to the new national war loan of |
one thousand million of francs. It is said that
Prince Napoleon, after accompanying bis
family to a place of safety in Italy, has re?
turned to France.
The Paris correspondent ol the Standard
t-ays the French, 'notwithstanding their enor?
mous losses in the recent week o' battles, will
continue to fight for weeks, and even months
to come. .
Minister Washburnc continues to act as dip?
lomatic t peut for the Prussian Government at
M?HC DI6TUBANCES IN PARIS.
LONDON August 22.
A dispatch received here from Paris states
tint au alarming demonstration by the people
took place m Paris Saturday evening, occa?
sioned by the report that Marshal Bazaine had
been de fea1 ed. The disturbance was only
Snelled by a bold declaration by Palikao that
azaine had not beeo defeated, which state?
ment nau posted on walls throughout the citv,
an had'bo effect of quieting thc people. It
wis feared that a reaction would take pince.
MINING THE RAILROADS.
Every railroad leading lo tbe capital baa
been undermined, and the mines charged with
pyrites ol potassium.
It is questioned whether a popular rejoicing
will taka place, tboucr'n many intelligent peo?
ple expect one in a few days. No one thinks
of the Emperor. Trochu is privately prepar?
ing the way for a return of the Orleans family
A LETTER FROM LOUIS BLANC
Lonis Blanc, replying to tho appeals of
maru fri ends, publishes to-morrow a letter
reviewing the situation of France, declaring
it is time for the nation to choose between
i he empire and thc nation; that nevertheless
civil dissensions would iehver France to her
enemies, and that for himself he delays re?
turning to Paris only for fear that bis pres?
ence ni ght be the signal lor a revolution, and
that tbe republic ought not to be declared at
the mom3ut when it mnst assume the respon?
sibilities which would be devolved upon it by
the incapability of the Emperor. He advues
France resuming the control of ber destinies,
and should sav to Germany and the world,
'-this is a war between two men, and not two
NAPOLEON HISSED BY UIS SOLDIERS-TUE LA
VILLETTE AFFAIR-PARIS PROVISIONED FOR A
A correspondent at Paris wrlt?s on Friday
I'ulght, 19th : The Emperor, when at Chalons,
was hissed and hooted at by the soldiery. Nu?
merous letters from Gardes Mobiles mention
this. We are on the eve of an abdication-of
course in favor of Louis, with the Empress as
Regent. Then the crisis will come. r>obody
believes thc dynasty can last-bourgeoisie, Or?
ganists, workingmen, nor Republicans.
The riot at La Vlllette occasioned the arrest
of eighty-six persons. Nineteen have been
liberated. The remainder are in the military
prison. Thc charges are investigated by civil
not military authorities. Tho military "tribu?
nal meets this evening. No doubt exists thal
there is an extensive secret organization, of ]
which those arrested are but a small section.
The police have discovered numerous deposi?
tories of arms. Twenty persons in no way
connected with the La Vlllette affair have been
arrested. The city swarms with Prussian
The measures against German residents im?
pose onerous duties on the- American Lega?
tion, the doors of which are constantly be?
sieged by German applicants, and the street ls
Paris Is already amply victualed for a two
months' siege, but a siege cannot lost a fort?
VICTORIA ASSAILED BY NEWSPAPERS..
The Daily News . copies, with approval, the
Economist's article concerning the Queen's
perpetual absence from the seat of govern?
ment, even In a crisis like the present. The
Dailv News goes still further, and says Premier
Gladstone, instead of losing his valuable time
vibrating at the Queen's pleasure between the
extremists of Ireland, be made at once Re?
gent, with power to perform th? duties which
she so persistently deserts, though so enor?
mously paid to perform.. Complaints are fre?
quent that it takes more'than twelve hours iur
telegrams from the front to reach London.
PRUSSIA AND ROME.
The North German Gazette categorically de?
nies the rumor circulating through Italy thal
Prussia bas offered to send a garrison to Rome
to replace the French troops lately withdrawn.
Advices from Hong Kong ol' August 4 state
that the French and English fleets are al Che
Fong, where they await orders.
ST. PETERSHURO, August 21.
The Russian declaration of neutrality is sin?
cere, and ls to be more effectually observed
because Russia is not ready for war, and can?
not quickly get ready.-New York? Tribune
STRASBOURG IN FLAMES.
CARLSRUHE, August 21.
Strasbourg is in flames. The French have
fired the surrounding villages. They make
frequent sorties, which arc constantly repuls?
ed. Eight thousand Prussians have arrived
with a train of heavy siege artillery. The city
is surrounded by 30,000 men, under General
Werder. The 'inhabitants are demoralized,
and disorder everywhere prevails. A surren?
der is hourly expected.-Special to the New
THE PRUSSIANS AT MEZIERER.
BERLIN. August 22.
The Prussians have occupied Meziere.*.
which would Indicate a inovemenl toward*
TUE NORTH UEUMAN STEAMERS.
BREMEN, August 22.
The North German Lloyds announce that in
consequence of the success ol the Germans
tbeir steamers will be able to resume their
trips to America, and a time table for their de?
parture will soon be lssused.
A ruffian met Mrs. Caroline Welling yester?
day, while crossing the Elysian Fields, Hobo?
ken, New Jersey, and outraged her, after first
killing her little child, by dashing it against a
The Prompt Movements of the Prussian
Mr. Kapp, formerly of New York, who, by
the convention of the delegates from the varions
German aid societies In this country, was de?
signated as their representative at Berlin, has
written home an interesting letter. In ordi?
nary times a passenger from Cologne ls convey?
ed to Berlin in fourteen hours. Mr. Kapp
and his family had to travel sixty hours with?
out a drop of cold water, sleeping cars, and no
chance for any sort ol comfort. He says in
his letter to the Chicago Staatszeltu?g that tho
movement of the North-"German army waa
conducted with the regularity of clock work.
From the 23d of July every forty-five minutes
a train was started on the four principal rail?
ways, traversing Germany from east to west,
with a battalion of infantry or cavalry. He
counted during day lime sixty three military
trains on the Journey to Berlin, and adds :
Imitating the Americans during the last war,
arrangements were made by tie citizens at
every station to furnish the troops with eat?
ables, wine and beer. Young ladies ol the
best families served as walters, and every?
thing helped to maintain the spirits of the
troops, who would otherwise have greatly
suffered from the very oppressive heat. On
the 22d of June 100,000 men were announced
td the military authorities as passing through
the fortress. In the afternoon of the 23d an
entirely new pontoon bridge was completed
across the Rhine, so that the soldiers marched
simultaneously cflrar three bridges towards
the Palatinate. The reason why we were
ready sooner- than the French is that the
French marched their regiments, incomplete
as they were, to the frontier, and
ordered those ' who were on leave,
or who belonged to their reserves, to
Join their regiments singly as well au they
could. These men were scattered all over
France, whilst, according to the Prussian sys?
tem, every regiment is raised In a certain dis?
trict, where the reserves and those on leave of
absence can be called In a few hours. When
a Prussian regiment reacher the place of its
destination, it ls complete and ready to fight,
whilst it ls very difficult In Frnuce and other
States of Europe to reach the normal war
strength of the various regiments. In all
cases more men were ready for service In
every Prussian regiment, than were required
to make them complete. AB much as possible,
the married Landwebrmen were refused, be?
cause a sufficient number of single men offer?
ed themselves. Those Landwehrmen, who
distinguished themselves in the war of I3G6,?
are assigned to the fortresses, in order to give
to the younger ones an opportunity to serve In
in the front.
Paris vs. Richmond.
The Cincinnati Enquirer remarks :
The loss of a battle in which but a single
wing of an Immense army was engaged, say
40,000 ont of 250.000 men, two hundred miles
off, has thrown Paris, a city of two millions of
souls, Into apparent consternation. An easy
promenade there by thePrusslajsln the course
of a few weeks is anticipated by many Journals
In this country and In Great Britain. If such
an event is realized it will strongly contras1:
the American with the French style of light?
ing. In 1661 the United States called out as
large an army to conquer the South, which did
not exceed six millions of white people, os
the Prussians have to overthrow the Empire of
France, with its forty millions of people. The
objective point was Richmond, the Southern
capital. It was but one hundred and twenty
miles from Washington. Hardly any regular
fort ideations existed until the confines of Rich?
mond were approached. Yet, with over one
million men in arms, we failed to capture
Richmond for four long years. Army after
army was launched against it, commanded by
our ablest officers. They were repeatedly beaten
and turned back. Such was the way I ri which
the American citizens in the South, who were
opposed to the government, contended for
their capital. Unlike Paris, lt did not have In
its own population men sufficient to combat an
army of hundreds ol thousands. But the.
Southern people were desperately in earnest,
and fought In that spirit. If Paris Is taken in
a short time it will be because the French
nation are not united, and will not rally in be?
half of the government. They have resources
enough to keep all Europe at bay for years, if
they were united among themselves.
Thc Movements of thc Armies.
[From the Kew York World.]
It ls becoming more sure lrom day to day
that we have been perfectly correct In assum?
ing that it is the determination of Marshal Ba?
zaine to hold the line between Metz and Ver?
dun, and equally BO the determination of King
William to break through Bazalne's army;
therefore without it, the Crown Prince's contin?
ued advance towards Chalons and Paris is not
for a moment safe or to be thought of. For Uris
purpose all the terrific fighting has taken place
which hos been lately reported near Mars-la
Tour, Rezonvllle and Gravelotte. and the fight?
ing will be kept up until eitler Bazaine is
driven on lo Chalons or into Metz, or until the
German armies in the plains south of him
have been defeated and driven hack across
the Moselle. The Crown Prince's movements
are as much a puzzle as those ot Marshal McMa?
hon, and all wu know Is that while the Crown
Prince is supposed to march on to Paris, com?
paratively unmolested, General McMahon is
somewhere near Chalons, but entirely used up,
so far os the soldiers under his command are
concerned. Now, neither the one nor the
other can well be there. It is all folly to sup?
pose that the Crown Prince can, or would dare
to move on before his advance was secured
from a defeating attack ot Bazaine; and as to
McMuhon, although he has been very badly
used, h? is, by this time, most probably, ready
again to take his share in the final contest.
To sum up the situation, we would say:
First. That thc attack of the Germans on
Bazaine's position in the north, between Ver?
dun and Metz, for the purpose ol dislodging
him, and driving him either into Metz or to?
wards Verdun, has been unsuccessful.
Second. That the advance ol' the Crown
Prince has been checked, and that he has fal?
len back lrom St. Michel In order to effect a
Junction and concentration of all the German
forces near and between the cities of Metz,
Pont-a-MousBon, Nancy and neighboring vil?
Finally. That the fighting has been terrible
on both sides is not to be doubted, neither is
thore any doubt of good generalship on both
?ides; but as to the question who will finally
wlu, that is open yet for many a discussion.
'Mio Prussian Soldiers.
[Bellin Correspondence London Standard.]
Il Is Impossible to conceive finer bodies of
men limn those which daily arrive in Prussia
to join their regiments. They belong to the
first reserve, and all between the ages of 23
and 28. A very large number of them wear
the decoration they wore in the Austrian war,
and all are trained soldiers. As the trains ar?
rive they are met by a small party ol soldiers,
and the men are escorted to the barracks of
the corps to which they belong. Here they
are furnished with their uniforms, kits and
arms, andar? ready in half an hour to take
their place in the ranks. Nothing can exceed
the order and regularity with which every?
thing proceeds. To the great credit of the
Prussian soldier, I can state that since my ar?
rival in the country I have not seen a single
man in uniform the worse for liquor. Glory
indirectly makes a man more thirsty than does
patriotism. It is at a crisis like the present that
the full value of the Prussian military system is
evident. The whole of the regiments belong to
various localities, from which they are
exclusively raised. Each regiment ol' the Hue
has a r?giment of reserve composed exclusive?
ly of thc men who have served their time In
that regiment. Consequently when the re?
serve is, as al present, called in, every man
finds himself among friends. By his side is his
younger brother, around him are his neigh?
bors." He is at home at once, and has besides
every incentive to distinguish himself in ac?
tion, for he knows that his neighbors are look?
ing un, and that every deed ol' daring will be
noted and told at home. It would be difficult
to imagine any system so calculated to make
heroes. In regiments raised like those of
England, the local connection exists only in
name, and a soldier can scarcely hope that his
deeds ot bravery in the field will become the
common talk of his neighbors and townspeo?
ple, and that the girl he loves wlil look with
pride upon him as i he acknowledged hereof
the locality. Of cou rsc, under our present vol?
untary system, this could not be carried out in
England; but when the time comes that our
long-talked of reserve is to become a reality,
lt ls to be hoped that this important feat ure ol
the Prussian system will not be lost sight ol'. 1
t RETRIBUTION AT LAST.
HALEIGH, August 24.
Josiah Turner, editor of the 8entlnel, John.
Ireland and James Scott, some of those recent?
ly arrested by Holden, sued out ball writs fu
the United States Circuit Court against Kirk
and his lieutenant, Bergen. In default ol tbe
required bail, Bergen was placed in the com?
mon jail this afternoon, by United States Mar
8hal Carrow. Kirk is now at the Companj
shops on matters connected with the Caswell
and Alamance prisoners, who are still under
examination In the United States Circuit Coart
and Slate Supreme Court
THE GOLD BOOL IR NEW YORK.
NEW YORK, August 24-6 P. M.
The excitement regarding the gold pool is
the general topic of talk here, the war for the
moment having lost its interest
TRO HU AND RABIS.
Thc New Commander of Paris-Hr ts
Virtual Dictator of the Capital-a
Sketch ofhls Career.
Whatever may be the truth about the state
ci affairs at the seat of war in France, there
can be no doubt that Paris has found a tower
of strength for the nation's need In the calm,
high-souled and resolute bearing of her new
military commander, General Trochu.
One of the recent dispatches states that the
people already regard him as the virtual dicta?
tor, and that he ls talked of as the prospective
Consul ot the Republic. Still more definite
than this ls the Information that in his proc?
lamation to the people of Paris both the Empe?
ror and Empress were Ignored, for which ex
Minlster of the Interior Pinard wished to call
him to account In the Chambers, and was wita,
difficulty restrained from doing so. It ls also
rumored that Trochu, when recently urged to
take the Ministry ot War, refused to do so, ex?
cept at the bidding of the Corps Le<r!slatil,whicu
was rather significant for ar. officer of "the
personal government,'' but is not altogether
inexplicable If lt be true that he is an Organist
in his proclivities. If he .is really disaffected
towards the Emperor, he probably sees plainly
enough that changes are at band, which, if he
takes a proper advantage of the rapidly ad?
vancing waves of revolution, will bear him on
to fortune. As lhere are Indications that Gen?
eral Trochu ls one of the coming men, if not.
the coming man in France, a sketch of his ca?
reer will not be uninteresting.
Louis Jules Trochu was born In 1815, and he
is now In thc full vigor of his faculties. He en?
tered the military school of St. Cyr In 1835.
and, like most of che young French officers at
that time, he engaged In the war for the con?
quest ot Algeria, md bad attained the rank of
captain in 1843, when he took part in the bat?
tle of Sldl Yusef, in which he ha* his uniform
pierced In four places by rifle balls. He dis?
tinguished himself at the battle of Isly by the
bravery he displayed, and was on that occa?
sion selected by the successful and aile com?
mander, Marshal Bugeaud, as his aid-de-camp.
He became colonel in 1853; was placed on the
staff of Marshal St, Arnaud, and served during
the Crimean war. His brilliant conduct at
the assault on Sebastopol secured him a deco?
Klngslake represents him as the master miad
of the French army during the Crimean war,
and call') attention to the tact that in al1 the
conlerences with Lord Raglan, Trochu, rather
than St. Arnaud or Canrobert, was the spokes?
man. Ia 1859 he was made general of divi?
sion, and served with distinction in the Italian
war, and In 1866, alter the success ot Prussia
at Sadowa, he was charged with the prepa?
ration of a plan for the reorganization of the
French army, and 18G7 he produced an essay
upon organization entitled "VArmee Fran?
caise,- which ran through ten editions. He
was one of Hie first to foresee the inevitable
contest between France and Prussia, and in a
recent pamphlet he gave the results of an in?
tense study of thc Rhenish frontier as a fight?
ing field. By many of the French military
men General Trochu is esteemed to be the
most brilliant strategist in their anny, and it
bas been claimed that he is the equal, if not
the superior, of the Prussian veteran, Von
In personal appearance he ls described as
being of middle size, elegant in figure, but
stroog and sinewy. He has a pleasing counte?
nance, full of Intelligence, and his address is
quick, almost warm. He has a broad, thought?
ful forehead, slightly bald; small eyes, but so
brilliant and sparkling that they constitute a re?
markable leam re. His hand is nervous though
small, and while his whole aspect is that of a
soldier, there ls such absence of pretension
that one is not obliged to address him always
as M. lc General. His army predilections have
not hardened his heart, though they may have
given him stronger views of duty. His broth?
er having died and left nine children unpro?
vided lor, Trochu took charge of them aO,
and for tbclr sakes he has remained ? single
man. Ho is not a man of extended populari?
ty, but Iiis merits are known to the Judicious
few, and by then set at an exceedingly high
He ls neither n Republican nor a Royalist.
The people ol' Paris look upon him In the pres?
ent crisis of the nation and the government as
they looked upon Cavaignac in June, 1848,
when a provisional government, far weaker
and more incapable than the government ol
Napoleon, trembled and hesitated before an
enemy more terrible than many Crown Prin?
ces and King Williams. In the event of new
disasters to the French army, Trochu may
pass from the military government of Paris to
the head of the nation. Meanwhile his com?
mand of Paris assures to Bazaine tbe most per?
sistent reinforcement of his armies.
JAMES L. ORR.-We admire the cdftdor ot
Hon. James L Orr, of South Carolina, who,
without circumlocution, avows that he intends
to act with the Republican party because lt ls
so strong that lt will inevitably rule that State
for years to come ! There are a number of
patriots of tills sort In Virginia as well as in
each of the other States. They are acting,
and will continue to act with the Republican
party, because it controls all the Federal
offices, but let the Democrats come Into pdwer,
and these same slippery knaves will be among
the bitterest enemies of Radicalism to be
found In the ranks of the successful party.
Judge Orr, too, will of course resume his De?
mocratic principles whenever he shall see a
Srespect ol' the Democracy ruling South Caro?
na for a number of years.
? Itt is c cilanco ns.
A FULL ASSORTMENT just received by
DR. H. BAER,
julys yo. 131 Meeting street.
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Dragees de Ssatonlve.
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